hh.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
3456789 251 - 300 of 3104
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 251.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Wictor, Ingemar
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Knowledge transfer in Born Globals2004In: McGill Conference on International Entrepreneurship, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 252.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Wictor, Ingemar
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    The Internationalization of Born Globals: the Swedish case2001Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Principal Topic

    Born Global firms adopt an international approach right from their birth or very shortly thereafter. This behavior challenges the traditional models of internationalization that propose that internationalization is developed in a slow and gradual manner with respect to geographical markets and market entry modes. The “slow and gradual view” of internationalization is very strong in Scandinavia as the creator of one of the most well known models in this area, the Uppsala Internationalization model, is developed in Sweden. The aim of the study is to explore the Born Global phenomena, and to compare it with earlier studies from other nations to further enhance the theory development in this area. Do the already developed framework fit on Swedish Born Globals? Do the framework have to be adopted according to the Swedish environment and culture? Can the general framework be further developed?

    Method

    To be able to compare our results with earlier studies in the USA, Denmark and Australia the same definitions and methods are used. Born Globals are defined as firms that have reached a share of foreign sales of at least 25% after having started export activities within three years after their birth. Data from a survey is used, followed by qualitative case studies. The database is used to present descriptive statistics and to identify Swedish Born Globals. The case studies are built mainly on personal interviews, but secondary data, such as such as business magazines, annual reports and internal documents have also been used to complement our primary data source. The cases are confronted with each other and with theories used in the framework but also compared with traditional internationalization theory. The framework includes institutional, network, resource-based and entrepreneurship theory.

    Results and Implications

    The results show that, although still a relatively uncommon phenomenon, the ongoing globalization has made it easier for small firms to conduct Born Global strategies. Active entrepreneurs and personal networks were important tools for implementing these strategies. The findings may have implications for practice as well as policy. Maybe can successful behaviors, found in the Born Global firms, be transferred to other firms? Can policy-makers change the firms institutional environment so it will be easier for firms to became Born Globals?

  • 253.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Wikström, Niclas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Why and how are social media used in a B2B context, and which stakeholders are involved?2017In: Journal of business & industrial marketing, ISSN 0885-8624, E-ISSN 2052-1189, Vol. 32, no 8, p. 1098-1108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This study aims to explore why and how business-to-business (B2B) companies use social media and which users and stakeholders they communicate with.

    Design/methodology/approach – The study employs a case study approach because of its exploratory nature. Data from three companies consisted of interviews and observation of websites. The analysis includes within-case and cross-case displays to find patterns and themes in the data.

    Findings – The study shows that companies in a B2B contexts use social media as communication to enhance customer relationships, support sales and build their brands, in line with prior research. However, they also use social media as a recruiting tool, a seeking tool and a product information and service tool.

    Research limitations/implications – The findings confirm extant literature showing that B2B companies can directly influence content through corporate user accounts. Furthermore, firms in early stages of social media do not target any special stakeholders with broader messages, while more experienced social media users develop special messages for different stakeholders.

    Practical implications – This study contributes by shedding light on how B2B companies use social media. It also shows how different channels are effective with different stakeholders.

    Originality/value – Few studies have investigated the use of social media in a B2B context. This study goes beyond prior work by detailing how different social media tools are used, identifying different users and stakeholders, and explaining why different tools are used for different purposes targeted towards different stakeholders. New applications of the use of social media are also identified. © Emerald Publishing Limited 2017

  • 254.
    Andersson, Thomas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Differences between American and Swedish cases – a study of how case studies can differ2017Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 255.
    Andersson, Thomas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Liking and commenting on Facebook – what are the reasons?2016Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 256.
    Andersson, Thomas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Why entertainment content posts get more likes and comments on Facebook2017Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 257.
    Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Tengnäs, Alexander
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Implementering av affärssystem - Påverkan på ekonomistyrning inom SMF2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 258.
    Andersson, Viktoria
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Bungerfeldt, My
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Revisorns betydelse vid kreditbedömningen av mindre aktiebolag2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Drygt ett och ett halvt år har gått sedan revisionspliktens avskaffande genomfördes och det har förts en del diskussioner om hur viktig revisorns roll är. Halling (2007) menar att bankerna använder den reviderade årsredovisningen som en noggrannare granskning och har företaget valt bort revisor kan kreditbeslutet påverkas. Detta beror på att redovisningsinformationen kan hjälpa bankerna att förutse en del risker som kan ligga till grund för beslutsfattandet (Svensson, 2003). Tidigare forskare menar på att en reviderad årsredovisning är viktig och om förtaget inte väljer att ha revisor så kommer bankerna vara mer försiktiga när de beviljar en kredit. Vi ställer oss frågande till detta och vill undersöka om det är andra faktorer som påverkar småföretagens möjligheter till lån om de har valt bort revisor.

     

    Syfte: Vi vill beskriva och analysera om valet av att inte ha en reviderad årsredovisning påverkar de mindre aktiebolagens kreditvärdighet ur revisorers och bankers olika bedömningar. Detta för att söka utveckling i begreppet kring kreditvärdering i och med ändringarna i 9:1 Aktiebolagslagen om vilka företag som är skyldiga att ha revisor. Dessa funderingar bidrog till vår problemformulering ”Hur bedömer kreditgivarna mindre aktiebolag utan en reviderad årsredovisning vid en kreditansökan?”.

     

    Metod: Vi har valt att göra en kvalitativ studie och vår ansats vi har använt oss av är den abduktiva ansatsen. Vi har valt att fokusera oss på småföretag som omfattas av den nya lagen om revisionspliktens avskaffande. Vi har intervjuat fem revisorer och tre banker för att kunna utveckla begreppet om småföretagets kreditvärdighet efter revisionspliktens avskaffande.

     

    Resultat och slutsatser: I vår studie har vi kommit fram till att varken banker eller revisorer har märkt av revisionspliktens avskaffande i någon större bemärkelse. Det är inte av någon större betydelse heller om småföretagen har en revisor eller inte när de ansöker om krediter. Vidare kan vi konstatera att de deltagande bankerna i vår studie tycker att en redovisningskonsult ger samma kvalitetsstämpel på räkenskaperna som en revisor ger. Vi kan även se tendenser att småföretag som väljer bort revisorn inte får högre ränta på sina lån. Detta är för att bankerna inte ser en icke reviderad årsredovisning som en högre risk utan det som påverkar bankens räntesättning mest är vilka säkerheter företaget har.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Revisorns betydelse vid kreditbedömningen av mindre aktiebolag
  • 259.
    Anderssson, Linus
    et al.
    FM.
    Karlberg, Fredrik
    FM.
    Gemensamt mål eller gemensamma medel?: En komparativ textanalys av svensk och finsk säkerhetsstrategi efter kalla krigets slut och dess konsekvenser för det svensk-finska försvarssamarbetet.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    COMMON ENDS OR COMMON MEANS?

    The Cold War is over and Sweden and Finland are starting to deal with the new security enviroment that has emerged. Grand Strategy in both countries is changing to meet the new Europe and surroundings. Both Sweden and Finland consider the risk of a direct attack in the near future to be highly unlikely and this has effects on the respective countries grand strategy. A broadened approach to security is applied and the military instrument is no longer the primary concern in the strategy. Both Sweden and Finland become members of the European Union in 1995 but neither is a member of NATO, the countries both consider themselves as military non-aligned, the only two countries with a coastline to the Baltic Sea with that stance. This makes for a logic choice to cooperate for the common security and a cooperation is formed to cover security policies to be relevant in peace, crisis and war. Even though the countries are existing in and interpret the new security enviroment in similar ways they approach the challanges in differing ways. This creates the differences that we identify and describe in this thesis.

    The purpose of this thesis is to identify and describe the differences between Sweden's and Finland's grand strategy, how this difference has changed from 1996 to 2018 and if these differences can have consequences for the cooperation between the two countries, mainly military and at the highest strategic level. The thesis is focused on the elements of the grand strategy that involves the armed forces of the respective countries.

    This comparative text analysis compares political policy documents within the grand strategy field from both Sweden and Finland. We will compare the period from 1996-2018. The comparison will be made by examining three occasions in the period, year 1996, Year 2004 and year 2018. The documents used have relevance against these years and are analyzed by applying Jacob Westberg's model; ends, means, ways and environment.

    The differences and the consequences that are the conclusions of this thesis are that cooperation are not always formed because it is the best possible option but sometimest the only possible options. Sweden and Finland's history differ in some parts and this has affected the respective country's security strategies. Finland has a history of coping for itself and has thus a national focus with focus on a stable national defense while Sweden has a history without war in modern times and a constant glance at military international engagement and the political benefits that can be achieved on the international scene.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 260.
    Andrade, Débora Mengarda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Prada, Danielle Fiamoncini
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Customer Value Creation: How do external factors influence SME's customer value creation in a new foreign market? A case study of Axelent A.B.2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When companies go international some factors present in the host country act like forces that might drive the company to standardize or adapt its strategies. The choices between to standardize or to adapt to local needs are of a great importance, since it can have significant impact in the company’s performance in the foreign market. In this paper these forces are characterized in country specific and industry specific factors. The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of external factors in the customers’ value creation in a new foreign market, under standardization and adaptation strategies. In order to fulfill the purpose of the paper, a qualitative research was conducted using a single case study of a Swedish SME, focusing on a single product, namely machine guarding, in connection with one foreign market, Brazil. The study shows that the factors that were most influenced in the customers’ value creation were social/cultural aspects and competition, which tend to lead the company to adapt in order to fulfill local needs and to react to the competitiveness. It was also presented that economic factors and market size did not represent any influences in the standardization or adaptation strategies of the company studied. However, other external factors, as technological, political/legal and industry structure, have shown impact to some degree, whether in adaptation or standardization strategies.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Andrade and Prada _ Thesis Customer Value Creation
  • 261.
    Andreas, Andersson
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Simon, Ramsén
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Företagsobligationer: En kvalitativ studie om samband mellan transparens och likviditet på sekundärmarknaden2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish corporate bond market has grown in both volume and number of issuers since the financial crisis in 2007/2008. The market is undergoing fundamental changes that may affect the attractiveness of corporate bonds among market participants. In February 2015 came the Swedish Financial Supervisory practices in force for increased transparency and openness in the corporate bond market. The literature review conducted for the paper indicates that, from a theoretical perspective it is unclear what impact increased transparency will have for variables such as interest, liquidity, competition and costs. The purpose of this paper is to describe the relationship between transparency and liquidity in the Swedish market for corporate bonds. In a qualitative study, 13 interviews with various actors in the corporate bond market has been analyzed by using the theory written on the subject. In general, market participants seem to agree that transparency is positive, however, there are divided opinions on the appropriate degree of transparency and what impact transparency will have on the market. The market must be sufficiently transparent for investors to be confident to participate but the degree of transparency should not disfavor market makers whom set prices.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 262.
    Andreas, Knutsson
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Lindberg, Joel
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Ränteavdragets effekt på finansiering och kapitalstruktur: Vilka faktorer är viktiga för kapitalstruktur och hur kan en ränteavdragsbegränsning påverka svenska företag?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur företag väljer att finansiera sin verksamhet grundas på många faktorer. Tidigare forskning har visat att företagsspecifika förutsättningar som storlek och bransch är viktiga. På samma sätt kan personliga attribut hos finansiella beslutsfattare påverka. Utöver detta kan omvärldsfaktorer, exempelvis regleringar, influera finansiering. Avdragsrätten för räntor har tills nu i princip alltid varit orörd men kommer begränsas inom EU. Uppsatsen undersökte hur en generell ränteavdragsbegränsning kan påverka kapitalstruktur och studerade samtidigt vilka faktorer som är viktiga när svenska företag tar beslut om kapitalstruktur. Undersökningen genomfördes kvalitativt genom intervjuer med tjänstemän som besitter kunskap och inblick inom ämnet. Resultatet visar att det finns flertalet faktorer som kan påverka företags val av finansiering. Storlek är den mest betydande faktorn huruvida företag aktivt arbetar med kapitalstruktur. Studien visar att större företag generellt arbetar med att effektivisera kapitalstrukturen. Mindre bolag gör inte detta i samma utsträckning men skulle kunna dra fördel av det. Enligt rapporten är bland annat bransch, konjunktur, ränteläge, ägarstruktur och riskattityd viktiga faktorer vid beslut om kapitalstruktur. Vidare visar resultatet att en ränteavdragsbegränsning skulle kunna påverka företags kapitalstruktur, i högre grad tungt belånade företag, till exempel fastighetsbolag. Resultatet indikerar att företag skulle behöva samla mer eget kapital för att göra investeringar vilket skulle förlänga investeringscykeln och därmed hämma företag som vill expandera.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 263.
    Andreasson, Adam
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Olofsson, Jennie
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Komponentavskrivning: - En uppsats om informationsförändringen i årsredovisningen och dess väsentlighet för beslutsfattare2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In June 2012 the Swedish Accounting Standards board presented the K3-regulation which is the new main regulation for annual reports and consolidated account statements.  One of the new requirements is that companies now have to use component depreciation for their fixed assets. This has been under great debate because the real estate companies were very critical and thought that the benefits would be negligible compared to the costs since depreciation-information is considered to be unimportant and does not bring any value to the stakeholders. Accounting experts, on the other hand, argued that they would benefit from the requirement by a more evenly distributed profit and improved financial reporting.

    The purpose of this paper is to describe the expected effects of component depreciation on the different parts of the annual report of a real estate company. Because of the recent debate about whether or not it will benefit the stakeholders, we also want to examine the effect from the users perspective. The study focuses on decision-making. Our research question is: Which effects will the new K3-requirement of component depreciation have on real estate companies annual report?

    This is a case study where we have used a deductive approach and a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods. The quantitative data collection has been based on the annual report of the company together with data from internal documents. The data has been used to construct different types of economic data for a "model-building" according to the method used today and the component depreciation method which are then compared to see the effects. The qualitative data has been collected by interviews with the different stakeholders of the company.

    Our study has strengthened the already described effects on annual reports concluded by theorists earlier. However, we have been able to go deeper in some of our explanations than what we have  read on the subject. The most important effects are a more evenly distribution of maintenance costs over the years; it will no longer affect the profit and it will eliminate the cost peaks which occur during years with high maintenance levels. This will also result in a rearrangement of the company's cash flow. The study has also concluded that component depreciation will have a contribution to the stakeholders.  The improved profit during the first years and changed cash flow are expected to lead to different decisions concerning maintenance. The level of maintenance is based on this data and an increase of profits will increase the maintenance level. An increased level of maintenance can lead to a general increase of the building standards. This effect is believed to be especially important to real estate companies with a high share of buildings from the "million programme". We also found an indirect correlation between component depreciation and an increased rent; the possibility of higher building standards may be used as decision basis in negotiations to increase rent.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Uppsats
  • 264.
    Andreasson, Isabel
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Brunnebo, Julia
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Projektframgång, är det så svårt?: En studie om hur projektledare i fastighetsutvecklingsprojekt använder sig av interna kritiska framgångsfaktorer i syfte att nå uppsatta projektmål2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 265.
    Andrén, Hanna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Jönsson, Johanna
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Självledarskapsstrategier hos IT-konsulter: En kvalitativ studie om självledarskap och välbefinnande2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    IT-branschen är en av de snabbast växande branscherna. Det är ett högt tempo och en bransch med ständiga förändringar. Många IT-konsulter arbetar idag på kundföretag, vilket gör att de inte har sin chef närvarande dagligen. Till följd av detta ställs det högre krav på konsulterna att vara självstyrande och därmed är självledarskap viktigt för att de ska kunna bedriva deras arbete framgångsrikt. Studien riktar därför in sig på hur IT-konsulter arbetar ute på kundföretag med självledarskapsstrategier och hur detta kan resultera i välbefinnande hos konsulterna. Syftet är att studien ska fylla forskningsluckan om hur IT-konsulter arbetar med självledarskap och hur användningen av dessa kan leda till välbefinnande då det sedan tidigare inte finns forskning som kombinerat dessa ämnen. Studien genomfördes på ett kvalitativt sätt med en abduktiv forskningsansats. En litteraturstudie gjordes med syfte att samla in tidigare forskning, och därefter genomfördes semi-strukturerade intervjuer. Respondenterna var åtta stycken IT-konsulter, perspektivet på studien är således konsultens. Resultaten från denna studie visar på att IT-konsulter inte medvetet använder sig av självledarskapsstrategier utan att detta sker omedvetet. Konsulterna använder sig mer av strategier för konstruktiva tankemönster jämfört med naturliga belöningsstrategier och beteendefokuserade strategier, och egna belöningar är inget som är används aktivt utan det kommer ifrån företagen som beröm. Något som IT-konsulter är bra på att använda är självobservering och de är väldigt medvetna om sina styrkor och svagheter. Studien har även visat på att konsulterna via eget självledarskap ges möjlighet till en mer flexibel vardag som sedan bidrar till deras motivation och balans och därmed leder till ett ökat välbefinnande.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 266.
    Andén, Sara
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science. 1993.
    How cases can be used as exams2016Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 267.
    Andén, Sara
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Hauser, Matilda
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Ledaren och organisationskulturens roll for anstalldas motivation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ledarskap och organisationskultur är två avgörande parametrar för företags framgång och är två faktorer som tidigare visats har stor inverkan på anställdas motivationsnivå. Motiverade anställda leder i sin tur till högre prestationer och därmed även högre resultat för hela företaget. Tidigare forskningsresultat har visat hur ledarskap, organisationskultur och motivation har samvarierat men att det är ett komplext ämne som ständigt behöver undersökas i nya miljöer. Syftet med denna studie är därför att skapa en djupare förståelse för hur ledarskap och organisationskultur påverkar motivation samt se i vilken utsträckning det tidigare funna sambandet kan appliceras på arbetsgrupper i Sydsverige. Med hjälp av en kvalitativ studie som baserats på intervjuer med ledare och arbetsgrupper i sydvästra Sverige ska följande problemformulering besvaras Hur påverkar ledaren och organisationskulturen anställdas motivation i arbetsgrupper?. Resultatet visade att den transformativa ledarskapsstil som ledarna i de intervjuade bolagen arbetade efter med högre grad av empowerment hade positiv påverkan på de anställdas motivation. Det framgick dock ur studien att de grupper som arbetade inom standardiserade arbetsmiljöer där empowerment är begränsat resulterade i lägre genomsnittlig motivationsnivå. Organisationskulturens roll i strävan mot att öka motivationen hos de anställda visade sig i dessa fall inte ha någon större påverkan på hur motiverade de anställda var. Resultatet visade också att det fanns andra motivationsfaktorer som spelade in som varken ledaren eller organisationskulturen kan råda över som krävs mer forskning.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 268.
    Annekanavar, Sankarshan
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Circular Business Model Innovation within the manufacturing industry in India: Integrated Barriers2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Manufacturing is found to be crucial for the globally industrialized countries whereas its impacts on environment is a concern. Competition worldwide has challenged manufacturing industries with severe economic and environmental pressures, out of which resource scarcity is the most severe. Therefore, since Circular Economy (CE) mitigates these sustainable development challenges, a need to move from the linear “take-make-use-dispose” process to a CE is generated by adopting innovative business models which are called circular business models (CBM). However, a wide gap can be seen between how CE is conceptualized in the literature and how the real life practitioners in India face barriers in realizing it. Hence, the purpose of this thesis is to explore and examine in detail, the various barriers to the adoption of CBMs and thus, creating a shift towards CE among manufacturing firms by exploring challenges faced by practioners in India from various perspectives of the company and the external actors influencing the company and triangulate the barriers found out in the findings with the barriers from the existing literature with an aim of shrinking the literature gap mentioned previously. To fulfil the aims and objectives in this thesis, an extensive literature review is conducted to accumulate information about what information already exists about Sustainable Development (SD) in developing context, Business Model Innovation (BMI) and CE with its barriers. Further, an in-depth case study is conducted on Shree Renuka Sugars Limited (SRSL), which is a sugar manufacturing company in India who practice circular economic principles by achieving resource efficiency through conversion of by-products and wastes into new forms of value. Interviews are conducted on the case company to explore the barriers from the perspectives of the company staff as well as from the perspectives of external actors who influence the company by thinking of the company as a system dependent on its surroundings. Apart from this, additional secondary data has been researched which is used to triangulate with the findings in the later part of the thesis. The findings uncover that the challenges faced by the company are complex, diverse and multidimensional. These identified challenges are clubbed under four dimensions, that is, the barriers from the government, barriers from the supply chain, barriers from financial perspective and barriers from the organizational structure and culture. It was seen that CE was practiced differently in this context than conceptualized in the literature and therefore, other conditions along with this created new barriers for the firm. Also, different opinions were found from different people who were interviewed. This thesis aimed to fill the literature gap on how CE is conceptualized in the literature and how practitioners in India face barriers. The identified barriers in Indian context although not significantly different from the ones in literature yet has tremendous impacts when applied to manufacturing scenario within India. This further leads to also conclude that while all the barriers are interconnected, meaning that they depend on each other extensively, some barriers are more crucial than the other barriers in the Indian context as compared to the literature.

  • 269.
    Annie, Arvidsson
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Josephine, Scholey
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Fjärrvärmeinvesteringar för företag: En studie om investeringsbedömning, risker samt osäkerheter och riskhantering2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to describe how companies on the district heating market implements their investment analysis, identify which risks and uncertainties exists within investments in district heating and define the implementation of risk management.

    The theoretical framework includes two main sections: Financial theory and District heating theory. Some of the introduced theories are: Knight’s definition of risk and uncertainty, Lygnerud’s risk management model, discounted cash flow methods, discount rate, sensitivity and risk analysis, solidity, risk areas in district heating, price dialogue and Nils Holgersson investigation.

    Before companies on the district heating market make an investment there are various methods to assess the investment’s most important factors; economic value and environmental benefit. Every investment involves risks and uncertainties that must be managed by accepting, minimizing, avoiding or eliminating with different interventions. It is essential for companies to implement risk management to remain active on the district heating market.

    • Companies use discounted cash flow methods, discount rate, sensitivity and risk analysis and solidity when making investment analysis.
    • The primary risks are costly main investments, maintenance costs, production breakdown, competition, demand, price and politics.
    • The risk interventions most frequently used are diversification, continuous maintenance, participate in planning, price dialogue, Nils Holgersson investigation, agreement construction and attend to political decisions.
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 270.
    Anongdeth, Alissa
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Lundgren, Amanda
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Intressenters påverkan på prissättning av hyresrätter: En jämförelse mellan kommunala bostadsaktiebolag och privata fastighetsbolag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 271.
    Antonsson, Emma
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Johansson, Carolina
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Värdering av kulturinvesteringar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Profitability assessments are made in traditional businesses before investments: possible revenues are compared to costs to determine which investments can be profitable. Investing in culture is often associated with high investment costs but not with high revenues, therefore it can be difficult to get a cultural investment to become profitable. Culture is valuable for the community, but is also difficult to valuate in monetary terms since it is perceived differently and existing valuation methods can be used to value the culture output in various ways. Municipalities often invest in culture, why it is interesting to examine how they proceed in order to justify such investments, which this report covers.

     

    Purpose: The purpose of this report is to describe and analyze the factors that can affect decisions in culture investments, and to explain how culture can be evaluated in monetary terms.

     

    Method: In this qualitative report Varberg municipality was selected as a case study. A deductive approach has been used, with a starting point in existing theories and then compared with collected empirical data. The theories are derived from scientific articles and printed literature, the collected empirical data are gathered through qualitative interviews and a quantitative survey.

     

    Conclusion: The report concludes that the municipality of Varberg takes into account the number of visits, population increases, the demand and needs of the residents when making decisions about cultural investments, and not traditional profitability assessments. Method of valuing culture is not used, but the municipality sees culture as an essential part of the community and instead examine the benefits it brings to local residents.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 272.
    Antonsson, Malin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Borup, Malin
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Belöningssystem: Regiformens betydelse för belöningssystemet2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Regiformerna har olika målsättningar och olika intressenter. Kan detta vara varför belöningssystemen inte är likadant utformade, trots att individerna utför liknande arbetsuppgifter.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 273.
    Antonsson, Malin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Borup, Malin
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Ren eller oren revisionsberättelse: En undersökning om revisorns träffsäkerhet i konkursdrabbade gasellföretag 2006-20112012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Gasellföretag har en snabb tillväxt under en kort tidsperiod men trots en snabb tillväxt försätts en del av företagen i konkurs efter att de erhållit utmärkelsen till gasellföretag. Tidigare forskning tyder på att revisorer som arbetar på en Big 4 revisionsbyrå är mer träffsäkra vid utgivandet av revisonsberättelser än de revisorer som arbetar på andra revisionsbyråer. Tidigare forskning visar också på att auktoriserade revisorer är mer träffsäkra vid utgivandet av revisionsberättelser än godkända revisorer.

    Syftet med arbetet är att kartlägga och förklara revisorns träffsäkerhet av den sista revisionsberättelsen i gasellföretag som försatts i konkurs. Vidare vill vi analysera vilken typ av revisor som är mest träffsäker vid utgivandet av en oren sista revisionsberättelsen till gasellföretag som försätts i konkurs.

    Genom en deduktiv ansats kommer vi testa befintliga teorier för att sedan antingen förkasta eller acceptera hypoteser och genom en kvantitativ metod kommer vi samla in sekundärdata till undersökningen.

    Vårt resultat visar att revisorns träffsäkerhet vid utgivandet av revisionsberättelser inte beror på vilken revisionsbyrå denne arbetar på eller vilken examensnivå revisorn uppnått. Det som istället kan ha betydelse för om ett konkursdrabbat gasellföretags sista revisionsberättelse blir ren eller oren är företagets soliditet.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 274. Appelgren, Magnus
    et al.
    Kanon, Patrik
    Exceptionella tider - Exceptionella åtgärder?: En kvalitativ studie om innovativt arbetsklimat iFörsvarsmaktens specialförbandssystem.2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 275.
    Aradini, Adelina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Tahiri, Ilirian
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Mellanchefers användning av Simons fyra styrsystem via styrmedlet budget: En studie om Simons fyra styrsystem2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    Simons fyra styrsystem
  • 276.
    Argento, Daniela
    et al.
    Department of Business and Social Studies, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.
    Grossi, Giuseppe
    Department of Business and Social Studies, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.
    Tagesson, Torbjörn
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Collin, Sven-Olof
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    The ‘externalisation’ of local public service delivery: experience in Italy and Sweden2010In: International Journal of Public Policy, ISSN 1740-0600, E-ISSN 1740-0619, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 41-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, the local government sector in European countries has undergone important changes involving, among other things, the externalisation of local public service provision through various forms of corporatisation, public-public collaboration, public-private partnerships and contracting out. An important consequence of these institutional changes has been the recasting of local governance systems through the need for increased cooperation between public and private actors. This article addresses these matters with comparative reference to the experience in Italy and Sweden. In doing so, it considers local governments in their constitutional and legal contexts, leading to more detailed discussions of their externalisation initiatives and resultant organisational forms and governance arrangements. Issues of ownership have been important concerning the significance of 'community' and 'place' in the management of public affairs. © 2010 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

  • 277.
    Arias Garau, Victoria Carmen
    et al.
    Halmstad University. University of Balearic Islands.
    Crinquette, Alexis
    Halmstad University. University of La Rochelle.
    Social Network Perception by Teenagers2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    Bachelor Thesis
  • 278.
    Arnesson, Matilda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Kullander, Helen
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Fastighetsvärdering: En betydelsefull innebörd baserat på en kvalificerad gissning Studien är genomförd i Varbergs tätort2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem

    Property valuation is a broad term that affects many operators. With real estate valuation, it means that the market value is to be produced, which is the price that would likely be paid/received in a sale. The operators which this paper will be focusing on are the sellers, buyers, brokers and bank. The paper is concentrated in the real estate valuation primarily at the time of sale. The property valuation affect the seller as it is he or she who decides whether the property will be offered for sale at the starting price recommended by the broker. The buyer affects the valuation through his or her personal preferences, as it is those that ultimately determine whether the property is attractive at the offered price on the open market. The broker affects property valuation through their experience in the valuation process, and will, based on said experience and historical prices of comparable objects, estimate a probable market value of the property. In the end, it’s usually the bank that determines whether a purchase is possible for the interested buyer, as it is the bank that determines whether it is safe enough to lend the money at the agreed-upon final price of the property. Property valuation is critical to all of the above operators, and this is where our thesis problem has its starting point.

    How do they come to the rightvalue ​​andwhatproblemsare there forthose who are involved?

     

    Purpose

    The purpose ofthis paper is todescribethe approach andproblems that existin the subjectproperty valuation.

     

    Method

    To get an answer to the essay problems, both qualitative and quantitative studies have been made. Through open-ended interviews, we have comprehensive information from our interview respondents, and, by the survey carried out, we have also asked potential buyers their opinions of what they prioritize and what they think about the starting price that has been set.

    Conclusion

    Through the work of our paper, we concluded that property valuation is a variety of means for estimate a value. The market value as appraisers try to extract is a varying value. The market value is mainly affected by the property itself and its attributes but at the same time, it is influenced by the surroundings and the outside world. Although appraisers have adequate comparison objects, can external economic factors affect the final price of the sale. Thus, property valuation is just a guess based on experience about probability. Despite this real estate appraisal is very important. Conclusions drawn from that location of the property is the most important for the value, closely followed by the standard and condition of the house. Seller can through strategic renovations maintain alternative increase the property value but during the sale, the seller may only affect the final price not the market value. The buyer is responsible for the market's opinions and wants school and healthcare close by, they also wants parks and scenic areas close to their homes. The bank also sees that location of the property as most important and that coastal properties represent a better safety aspect in real estate then the country properties.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 279.
    Arnevall, Klara
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Siberg, Natalie
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Influencers påverkan på konsumentens beteende och attityd i köpprocessen: En kvalitativ studie om hur konsumentens köpprocess påverkas av influencer marketing på sociala medier2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Digitaliseringen idag har blivit en stor del av vår vardag och är ett fenomen som har en omfattande förändring för detaljhandeln och dess aktörer. Influencer marketing är en effektiv marknadsföringsstrategi som många företag använder sig av idag. Syftet med denna uppsats har varit att studera hur influencer marketing kan påverka konsumentens köpprocess. Den teoretiska bakgrunden för det studerade ämnet är baserad på tidigare forskning inom influencer marketing, parasociala relationer, elektronisk word-of-mouth, köpprocessen och konsumentbeteende. För att analysera fenomenet genomfördes en kvalitativ studie i form av intervjuer, där åtta respondenter fick besvara frågor för en bättre förståelse för hur konsumenter påverkas i deras köpprocess kopplat till influencer marketing. 

    Enligt empirin påverkades respondenterna i början av köpprocessen starkt av influencer marketing. Detta beror på att respondenterna såg influencers som en inspirationskälla snarare än reklam för att sälja produkter. Resultat av undersökningen indikerar att relationen mellan influencer och konsument har en stor påverkan i köpprocessen och tilliten är en ledande faktor. Det framgick även att den upplevda trovärdigheten respondenterna hade gentemot influencers var extremt komplext och kunde variera i hög grad mellan respondenterna. Relationen influencern har till konsumenten samt hur trovärdig influencern är utgör en stor påverkan på konsumentens köpprocess.

  • 280.
    Arnold, Anders
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Lindgren, Alexander
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Finansiering via Crowdfunding: En kvantitativ studie om ägarbilden i små företag2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    Finansiering via Crowdfunding
  • 281.
    Arnryd, Ola
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Pettersson, Alexander
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Tyrling, Pontus
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    FRAMTIDENS BISYSSLA: Faktorer som påverkar beslutet att bli reservofficer2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish Armed Forces is increasing both its defence capability and the number of war time units. A large amount of personnel in the war time units are reserve officers. A reserve officer does not serve in the Armed Forces full time, the service is a side job in parallel with other work or studies. The problem is that there are not enough reserve officers to fill the needs of the war time unitsThe main purpose with this study is to examine which factors affect the individual in their decision-making process on whether to become a reserve officer or not. We also want to create a deeper understanding of the individuals drive force to strive for double careers, a civilian and a military. Through a qualitative study, with semi-structured interviews, we explore what has influenced individuals to want to become reserve officers in the Swedish Armed Forces. The empirical result has been produced with the method Grounded theory. The analysis has been conducted from an individual and organizational perspective based on motivating forces, resources, and profession.We have come to four conclusions, which are the key factors for a military reserve officer career and thus also dual careers, the civilian and the military.

    These four are

    • A positive experience of conscription training.• Proximity to reserve officers as role models during conscription training.• A positive perception of the reserve officer profession in society.• Possibility for a combined career where the civilian career is the primary.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 282.
    Aronsson, Cristian
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Stolt, Andreas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Revisionsberättelsens användbarhet -företagsrådgivares uppfattningar avrevisionsberättelsens innehåll.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    Revisionsberättelsens användbarhet
  • 283.
    Aronsson, Jessica
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Arnkil, Mathilda
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Ekonomsik anpassning: Fastighetsbolags strategier under kostnadshöjningar2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim & Research Question: The purpose of this study is to analyze how real estate companies adjust their financial strategy, namely how they navigate investment decisions, manage their financial structure, and address challenges and risk management.

    - How do real estate companies adapt their financial strategy to address the challengesof current cost increases?

    Background: Previous research has been conducted across various industries to explore different aspects of firms’ strategic behavior during periods of economic uncertainty, including their handling of cost increases. However, there is a knowledge gap regarding studies within this subject in the Swedish real estate industry today. Currently, there is a challenging situation in the real estate market, where the combination of low property yields and high financing costs has resulted in limited interest in property purchases.

    Method: This essay encompasses a research strategy characterized by abductive methodology. The literature review was conducted by gathering theories and insights from previous research. Furthermore, a qualitative study was carried out, interviewing nine individuals with diverse roles within the real estate sector.

    Conclusion: Regardless of the company size, commercial portfolio companies have indexed their rents to compensate for inflation. Overall, respondents believe that the major change is being more cautious in new investments. However, it is important to note that there is no onesize-fits-all solution for all companies.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 284.
    Aronsson, Martina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Andersson, Josefine
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    OMBILDNING FRÅN HYRESRÄTT TILL BOSTADSRÄTT : En jämförelse mellan ett allmännyttigt och ett privat fastighetsföretag2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With this essay we want to describe the transformation process that the real estate owner has to go through to sell the current rented flats to tenant. We also want to provide an understanding how the valuation is performed in the transformation process and highlight the issues that affects the price in the valuations. In the essay we would like to see if the valuation and the transformation process differ in a public real estate company compared to a private real estate company. Based on this we have asked us the following question to answer:

     

    -Is there any differences in how real estate’s are valued in the transformation process between public real estate companies and private real estate companies?

     

    We have used a qualitative approach to keep our main question. The qualitative approach is based on two studies in the city of Helsingborg, where we have performed interviews with a public real estate company called Helsingborgshem and one private real estate company called Akelius. No previous study has been made with this approach which confirms our choice of approach. With this comparison we have been able to confirm a number of differences that affects some factors that in the end have big effect on the final selling price. A clear difference between the two real estate companies is that Helsingborgshem is political run because there are elected politicians in Helsingborgshem´s board that shall decide for the greater good of the community. Akelius on the other hand is run by a board that is selected by the company owners. The board’s primary objective is to fulfill the company owner’s demand for return profit. Our theory supports that the major parts of Helsingborgshem´s decisions and actions are affected by their responsibility towards the community and the tenants. The different factors are taken in to consideration when the calculations for the valuation process are made. Furthermore we consider the factors that affect the selling price the most in the transformation process in Helsingborg is where the real estate is located and demand for profit. Due to the fact that Helsingborgshem is a public real estate company without any profit purpose they have a lower demand for profit then Akelius which is a private real estate company with a demand for good return profit. Akelius chooses to have the real estate’s located in the northern, more attractive parts to go through the transformation process because they fulfill the demands that Akelius has for good return profit. In the southern parts the real estate’s that go through the transformation process don’t give the same good return profit and that is one example of why Akelius says that there are not the same conditions for performing the transformation process. By that we consider that Akelius demands a higher price than Helsingborgshem does when a transformation process is made.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 285.
    Arrhenius, Linda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Kadunic, Esma
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Kvinnligt ledarskap i byggbranschen: Kvinnliga ledares egenskaper2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kvinnliga chefer sitter i en minoritetsställning eftersom det fortfarande är mest män som är chefer (Bohlin, 2006). Könsfördelningen i byggbranschen är 4 % för kvinnor och 96 % för män (SCB, 2010). Det finns starka skäl att tro att kvinnor inte har en plats i byggbranschen eftersom kvinnorna är ett andrahandsval. När det är högkonjunktur och brist på arbetskraft rekryteras kvinnor men annars anses byggyrkena för tunga, trots att fysisk styrka inte krävs inom vissa befattningar. Dessutom finns en manlig jargong som hindrar kvinnorna att komma in i branschen (Olofsson, 2000). Gary Yukl (2002) har identifierat och delat upp ledarskap i olika förhållningssätt, ett av dessa är egenskapsperspektivet som säger att en del människor är naturliga ledare och har särskilda egenskaper. Detta med fokus på ledarens personliga egenskaper.

    Litteraturen diskuterar kvinnliga ledarstilar men det finns inga studier som visar om män och kvinnor använder sina egenskaper på olika sätt trots deras olika socialisering (Isaac, Behar-Horenstein, Koro-Ljungberg, 2009). Eftersom det inte finns några studier om kvinnor och män använder sina egenskaper på olika sätt vill vi utreda vilka dessa är och hur de skiljer sig åt i ledarskapet. Trots alla hinder finns det kvinnor som lyckats och har ledarpositioner inom byggbranschen. Vi vill ta reda på vilka egenskaper dessa kvinnor har som ledare i en väldigt mansdominerad bransch. Vår frågeformulering för uppsatsen är: Vilka egenskaper präglas en kvinnas ledarskap i byggbransch av? Syftet med vår studie är att se hur kvinnliga ledare uppfattar kvinnligt ledarskap och deras egenskaper inom en mansdominerad bransch som byggbranschen. För att uppfylla vårt syfte har vi använt oss av en kvalitativ metod med deduktiv ansats. Fyra olika respondenter i byggbranschen har intervjuats där alla fyra var kvinnor i ledande positioner. Intervjufrågor som vi ställde var formulerade utefter vår teoretiska referensram. Det vi har kommit fram till genom vår studie är att det finns egenskaper som präglar en kvinnas ledarskap inom byggbranschen. Vi har även kommit fram till att det finns en del hinder och därför är det viktigt att vara anpassningsbar.

    Vårt bidrag med denna studie är att visa vilka egenskaper som kvinnor har, samt att vi vill visa att kvinnor har en plats som ledare i byggbranschen.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Kvinnligt ledarskap i byggbranschen
  • 286.
    Arro, Cecilia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Boström, Lina
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Crowdfunding – Kan det bidra till att minska informationsasymmetrin och det finansieringsgap som råder för nystartade företag?2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    För såväl samhällsutvecklingen som ökade jobbmöjligheter är uppstart av nya företag en viktig faktor. Däremot visar forskning att ett stort problem med att starta företag är svårigheterna entreprenörerna möter vid ansökan om finansiering. Finansiering är en förutsättning för att företag ska kunna utvecklas och fortleva men även för att startas. Ett alternativt finansieringssätt för bland annat nystartade företag som har växt fram det senaste decenniet är crowdfunding. Detta finansieringssätt är relativt outforskad vilket är den största bidragande faktor till att författarna till denna studie fann ett forskningsgap som behövde fyllas.

    Syftet med denna studie är att jämföra och analysera crowdfunding med andra externa finansieringssätt för att kunna förstå vad crowdfunding kan innebära för nystartade företags överlevnad. Detta genom att undersöka om finansieringssättet kan bidra till att minska informationsasymmetrin mellan finansiärer och entreprenörer och därmed det finansieringsgap som råder för nystartade företag. Vilka för- och nackdelar crowdfunding har för nystartade företag jämfört med andra externa finansieringssätt undersöks därför. För att uppfylla studiens syfte och fylla det funna forskningsgapet har en kvalitativ metod genomförts, där empirin har samlats in genom nio semistrukturerade intervjuer fördelat på tre olika aktörer (entreprenör, inkubator och bank).

    Studiens resultat visar på att det krävs ökad kunskap för att crowdfunding ska kunna påverka informationsasymmetrin och finansieringsgapet som finns för nystartade företag. Crowdfundings nyanser och fenomenets komplexitet medför möjligheter för entreprenörer angående deras finansiering. Samtidigt som det är viktigt för entreprenörerna att väga för- och nackdelarna mot varandra kräver en crowdfundingkampanj mer tid och engagemang än vad som kan tänkas.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 287.
    Arsenic, Slobodanka
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Ansgariusson, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Informationskällor vid kreditbedömning-skillnad mellan kvinnor och mäns informationsinsamling vid kreditbedömning-2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 288.
    Arvidsson, Andreas
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Lönn, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Företags arbete med, och kommunikation av, CSR: Hur företag arbetar med CSR och hur de kommunicerar arbetet till sina intressenter.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Title: Companies work with CSR and their communication of it.

    - How companies work with CSR and how they communicate the

    work to their stakeholders.

    Authors: Andreas Arvidsson and Anna Lönn

    Adviser: Navid Ghannad

    Examiner: Ulf Aagerup

    Level: Bachelor thesis in marketing (15 Swedish credits), spring 2014.

    Keywords: Corporate social responsibility, CSR, Social responsibility,

    Sustainability, Communication, Integrated marketing

    communications, Stakeholders.

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to bring a better understanding about

    how companies work with CSR and how they communicate it to its

    different stakeholders. The thesis will explore the following question:

    How do companies use CSR and how do they communicate their

    CSR-related work to different stakeholders?

    Method: A qualitative research method, with a deductive approach, has been

    implemented. Three personal interviews have been made on three

    different case companies.

    Theoretical framework: The chapter begins with an explanation of the CSR concept followed

    by theories about stakeholders and communication.

    Empirical framework: The empirical framework presents the outcome of the three

    interviews. The respondents give their explanations and opinions of

    each company’s CSR-related work.

    Conclusions: The companies work and communication of CSR includes both

    differences and similarities and a major factor depends on the size and

    budget of the company.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Kommunicera CSR
  • 289.
    Arvidsson, Barbro
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Arvidsson, Susann
    Department of Research and Development, Spenshult Hospital, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Hellström, Elisabeth
    Department of Research and Development, Spenshult Hospital, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Persson, Ulrika
    Department of Research and Development, Spenshult Hospital, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Petersson, Ingemar F.
    Department of Research and Development, Spenshult Hospital, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Patients' perceptions of drug dispensing in a rheumatological in-patient unit2005In: Musculoskeletal Care, ISSN 1478-2189, E-ISSN 1557-0681, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 213-223Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction:

    The dispensing of drugs in medical care systems is, in most countries, strictly regulated, and nurses are responsible for distributing drugs to in-patients.

    Aim:

    To describe the perceptions of patients with rheumatic diseases regarding traditional drug dispensing during in-patient care and rehabilitation in a specialized rheumatological care unit.

    Method:

    Twenty in-patients who stayed in the Spenshult Hospital unit for 3-4 weeks and who were on continuous medication were chosen for the study. The phenomenographic approach was used for the collection and analysis of data.

    Findings:

    Three descriptive categories emerged - Relief, Active Participation and Dependence. These descriptive categories comprised: three perceptions for Relief (to experience security, to be served, to dare to bother), two for Active Participation (to rely on one's own ability, to search for knowledge) and two for Dependence (lack of independence, lack of information).

    Conclusion:

    The patients experienced relief due to the nurse assuming responsibility for the medication and its dispensation. Patients expressed a wish to be more active in the management of their medication, as they trusted their own ability. The patients articulated that they were dependent on the nurse to give them the correct medication and they also asked for more information about their medication.

  • 290.
    Arvidsson, David
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Hansen Charles, Christoffer
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Sponsorship of grassroots- and youth football teams: A qualitative study from the sponsors’ perspective2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Title: Sponsorship of grassroots- and youth football teams: A qualitative study from the sponsors’ perspective.

    Authors: David Arvidsson and Christoffer Rex Hansen Charles.

    Supervisor: Hèléne Laurell.

    Level: Bachelor thesis in marketing (15 Swedish credits), Spring 2016.

    Keywords: Sponsorship, Sport sponsorship, Local sponsorship, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Football,Grassroots, Effectiveness measurement.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to increase the understanding of sponsoring grassroots- and youth football teams.

    Theoretical framework: The theoretical framework begins with theory regarding sponsorship. CSR and its importance are also discussed. A link between sponsorship and CSR is brought forward at the end of this chapter.

    Methodology: A deductive approach and a qualitative method have been used in order to get a more detailed, deeper and descriptive explanation of the chosen subject.

    Empirical framework: The empirical framework was collected through personal interviews with respondents from five different companies. The respondents were the ones responsible for the work with sponsorship at each respective company.

    Conclusion: Companies are involved in the sponsoring of grassroots- and youth football teams in order to be seen as good citizens. It is also seen as a brand building activity and away to build relationships. A link between CSR and sponsorship can be done and sponsorship can be used as a tool to communicate companies’ CSR-initiatives. Finally, are the effects from sponsorship not measured due to the difficulties in this process, however, methods for this purpose do exist, such as customer surveys.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 291.
    Aschinger, Philipp
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Muthsam, Michaela
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    The Influence of Universities on their Region: Twenty years of Universities in Krems2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Universities play an important role within their region and the common economy. They are source of the development of essential knowledge and industrially relevant technology, have a strong influence in economic development of a region, and, as employers, they are part of the regional society. In addition universities have an influence on the competitiveness of a region through a combination of people’s wellbeing, regional feeling, reputation, and everyday happiness. Students of universities get an impression of the universities themselves and of the surrounding environment. They promote their feelings about the universities, the campus, and the city to their relatives, families, and friends.

    The focus of the present study is to visualize the influence of universities on their region, the development in the past decade and the existing challenges to combine third level education with traditional occurrences and the vicissitude of a region influenced by the universities themselves.

    The research area is the Austrian municipality Krems at the Danube with five universities which has a long tradition in education. The foundation of the first two universities in the middle of the 1990s was the start of higher education within the region.

    Inductively based approach was used for investigating how universities are influencing their environment, which needs exist and which benefits are created through a common planning and confident cooperation with the regional government. Empirical data was collected through a mix of methods; in addition to literature and statistics the main data was extracted from interviews with involved persons of the universities and the local government.

    As a result of this study the predominating topics mentioned by the interviewees are the challenges for both participants which are given by a change of society through increasing numbers of students and young people, the tasks to solve infrastructural problems, the effects and advantages for the local labor market and the purchasing power of the region, the reputation and its effects to the region, and finally the common need and ways to intensify the cooperation between the local government and the universities.

    The aim of this study is to give a broad but detailed overview about the thinking of involved persons and to compile implications to focus further research.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 292.
    Asheim, Björn
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Annerstedt, Jan
    Copenhagen Business School, Frederiksberg, Denmark.
    Blazek, Jiří
    Charles University, Praha, Czech Republic.
    Boschma, Ron
    Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Brzica, Danes
    Institute of Slovak and World Economy, Bratislava, Slovakia.
    Lindholm Dahlstrand, Åsa
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Knowledge Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Research (KEEN).
    Cooke, Phil
    Cardiff University.
    Del Castillo Hermosa, Jaime
    Información y Desarrollo S.L., Bilbao, Spain.
    Laredo, Philippe
    Laboratoire Territoires, Techniques, Sociétés, Paris, France.
    Moula, Marina
    Cyclotron Ltd, Athens, Greece.
    Piccaluga, Andrea
    Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, IN-SAT Lab, Pisa, Italy.
    Constructing Regional Advantage: Principles, perspectives, policies2006Report (Other academic)
  • 293.
    Asklander, Niklas
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Schmidt, Christian
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    ILLUSIONEN OM DET VÄPNADE ANGREPPET2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Defence Commission has proposed that the Swedish Armed Forces once again will be assigned the main task of defending Sweden against an armed attack. Defence against an armed attack has gained more focus since the defence decision 2015 and prior to the upcoming defence decision it is even more emphasized. Are the politics and the Swedish Armed Forces in agreement regarding the meaning and implications of this on basis of contemporary threats?

    The overall aim of the study is to understand the interaction between politics and the Swedish Armed Forces in the designing and shaping of the Swedish Armed Forces. This study has a starting point in the prelude to the planned political defence decision 2020 and aims to understand some of this major context. It is focusing on identifying the coherence between the Defence Committee and the Swedish Armed Forces’ military strategic leadership in terms of the meaning of an armed attack being the primary basis of designing and shaping the Swedish Armed Forces. In addition, important factors that have an impact on the interaction between politics and the Swedish Armed Forces are identified.

    The empiricism is taken from international law, the military strategic doctrine of the Swedish Armed Forces, reports from the Defence Commission and interviews with members of the Defence Committee and the military strategic leadership of the Swedish Armed Forces.

    The results show that there is lack of coherence within the Defence Committee as well as between the Defence Committee and the Swedish Armed Forces regarding the meaning of the proposed main task to the Swedish Armed Forces and how it should relate to other tasks. There is an illusion regarding the definition of an armed attack. In reality it is the government that, under constitutional responsibility, defines an armed attack when there is an act of aggression. In addition, it is identified that it is suitable to mutually improve trust between politics and the Swedish Armed Forces by increasing knowledge of each other's realities.

     

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 294.
    Aslantepe, Taner
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Ezzo, Hani
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Avskaffandet av Revisionsplikten: En studie ur Skatteverkets kontrollverksamhet hos småbolag2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 295.
    Assabie, Yaregal
    et al.
    Addis Ababa University, Department of Computer Science, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia .
    Bigun, Josef
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Intelligent systems (IS-lab).
    Structural and Syntactic Techniques for Recognition of Ethiopic Characters2006In: Structural, syntactic, and statistical pattern recognition joint IAPR international workshops SSPR 2006 and SPR 2006, Hong Kong, China, August 17-19, 2006 : proceedings: Lecture Notes in Computer Sciences (Volume 4109/2006), Berlin: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2006, p. 118-126Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OCR technology of Latin scripts is well advanced in comparison to other scripts. However, the available results from Latin are not always sufficient to directly adopt them for other scripts such as the Ethiopic script. In this paper, we propose a novel approach that uses structural and syntactic techniques for recognition of Ethiopic characters. We reveal that primitive structures and their spatial relationships form a unique set of patterns for each character. The relationships of primitives are represented by a special tree structure, which is also used to generate a pattern. A knowledge base of the alphabet that stores possibly occurring patterns for each character is built. Recognition is then achieved by matching the generated pattern against each pattern in the knowledge base. Structural features are extracted using direction field tensor. Experimental results are reported, and the recognition system is insensitive to variations on font types, sizes and styles.

  • 296.
    Astambli, Mohamad Nour
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Vahér, Jacob
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Implementering och arbete med strategisk CSR: Vad, vem och hur2022Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    1. Introduction: Sustainability is becoming increasingly relevant in today’s society, and companies play a major role in global sustainability. The way companies can achieve sustainability is through Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). By introducing a CSR perspective in the company's strategic plans, strategic CSR arises, and in order to have a functioning implementation and work with strategic CSR, we came to the conclusion that the three key factors what, who and how, need to be taken into account.

    Research questions:

    -       What needs to be done to implement and work with strategic CSR?

    -       Who is responsible for the implementation and work with strategic CSR?

    -       How should the implementation and work with strategic CSR be done?

    The purpose of this study is to explain the three key factors, what, who and how, for a company to be able to successfully implement and work with strategic CSR, and develop a model for the implementation and work with strategic CSR.

     

    2. Theoretical framework: The theoretical framework begins with an overall model that compiles an overall picture of Strategic CSR in relation to the three key factors: what, who and how, for a successful implementation and work with strategic CSR. Furthermore, the theoretical framework resulted in what and how sections consist of the same four main parts: Strategic planning, ethics and policy, stakeholder relations and reporting, and the who section consist of two main parts: roles and responsibilities. At the end of the chapter, a coding of the theoretical framework is presented.

     

    3. Method: This study is a qualitative study that uses an abductive research approach, and to answer the purpose of the study, small-N study is used as a research strategy.

     

    4. Results: The result presents information about what Amazon, Tesla, Nike, PwC and Spotify do in their work with CSR, which is taken from company reports and other sources that describe the companies' CSR work. The result is divided into five sections and each section contains data about a company as well as a within-case analysis that begins with a model, where the coding of the empirical work has been analyzed with the coding of the theoretical framework.

     

    5. Discussion: In the discussion, a cross-case analysis is presented, which is a connection of the within-case analyses, where similarities and differences between the companies and the theoretical framework. are discussed. New parts were identified that could not be interpreted using the theoretical framework. Furthermore, an additional literature review is presented in order to be able to interpret the new parts that emerged during the data collection. The chapter ends with a concluding model for strategic CSR.

     

    6. Conclusion: The study resulted in a clear explanation of the three key factors and a model for implementation and work with strategic CSR. The model describes the following five main areas: strategic planning, ethics and policy, stakeholder relations, reporting and the collaboration with other organizations within the key factors: what and how. The key factor who is described by describing who in the organization is responsible for strategic CSR.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 297.
    Augustsson Hvit, My
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Odell, Daniel
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Användning av Customer Relationship Management hos svenska klädföretag2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today's fashion companies always want to improve their relationships with customers that allows customers to become loyal and stay with companies. The fashion companies are in a very competitive industry which means constantly keeping customers happy and try to meet their needs. More and more companies are starting to use the CRM system to keep the clients they have and also gain new ones. Using these systems, businesses can ensure each individual's shopping behavior and then use this information to make marketing and possible discounts more to the persons wants and needs. Our purpose in this study was to see whether and how three popular Swedish clothing companies work with CRM to achieve customer loyalty, and if they did not use any system, how they did instead. Therefore, we did a case study on these companies. In order to have an antithesis, we also did a case study on consumers, so we got a picture of how consumers look on customer loyalty and what they consider important when buying clothing, both in stores and online. We use, because of that, an abductive onset in this paper because it is a mix between inductive and deductive.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Anv av CRM hos svenska klädföretag
  • 298.
    Awan, Muhammad Zaigum
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Ngwa, Asoh Gwendoline
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Exploring Branding During Exportation: AMulti-case Study of SMEs in the B2B Sector2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACTPurpose: The purpose of this study is to assess and examine the nature and scope of brandingduring exportation within SMEs in the B2B context. The findings of this study will increaseknowledge of the relative challenges that SMEs are faced with when it comes to branding duringexportation and how it influences their export performance.Research Methodology: This research uses an exploratory approach with a qualitative methodfor understanding the in-depths of the subject matter because it is mostly appropriate for smallsamples, while its outcomes are not measurable and quantifiable.Research Findings: This research points out to the main challenges faced by SMEs in the B2Bduring exportation from this study which are; lack of resources, time and talents for brandmanagement activities. Hence, showing that previous research on branding has in SMEs has beenlacking in the Marketing literature.Contributions: It contributes to the branding literature by comprehensively identifying andsynthesizing relevant studies on B2B SMEs during exportation which makes a call for theadvancement of theory by suggesting the need to examine more issues raised in different economiccontexts, as well as business sectors.Research Type: Academic ResearchKey Words: Branding, Business-to-business sector, Exportation, Small and medium sizedenterprises.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 299.
    Awuah, Gabriel
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Internationalization processes of firms as a challenge to handle exchange relationships2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - Researchers have mostly focused on entry processes and entry forms. What happens to a firm that has been in a foreign market for a long time would be an issue of its ability to handle important exchange relationships. This paper aims to increase our knowledge of what it takes to establish and handle exchange relationships with some actors so as to achieve a win-win and stable exchange in a foreign market.

    Design/methodology/approach – An in-depth case study was used to study the phenomenon, where the conceptual framework, interconnected networks in value creation, was used to analyze the case.

     Findings – It was found out that the multinational company (MNC) has been able to prioritize and/or invest time and resources to closely co-operate with some important customers that have brought about ‘win-win’ and stable exchange relationships between them. It was also found out that mutual orientation and adaptations have helped them to overcome any mismatch resulting from cultural influences.

    Research limitations/implications – The in-depth study with only one case is a stark limitation. Future research should explore the same phenomenon by studying several cases; every effort should be made to also interview customers and not only suppliers.

    Practical implication – Despite limitations, this study’s results have significant implication for a firm in that its internationalization process would also be the ability to establish and handle relationships that enhance the development of competitive capabilities that enable it to compete in any market.

    Originality/value – The major contribution of this study is to emphasize the managerial problems associated with the establishment and handling of business relationships with some important actors (e.g. suppliers and customers) in foreign markets.

  • 300.
    Awuah, Gabriel
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    The search for foreign direct investment (FDI): The case of Ghana2005Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    That foreign direct investment (FDI) is a valuable undertaking that all nations strive to attract and sustain is well known and well discussed in the literature. However, a systematic study and/or analysis of how some countries invest much in attracting FDI, but with poor results, is lacking. This paper contributes by analyzing the incessant efforts which countries make to attract FDI with very dissatisfying results. One important conclusion from this study is that while a country uses numerous incentives and alleged macro and micro policies as means to bring in much FDI, potential investors might not respond because they might be thinking about areas where they could profitably and securely put their resources to use. Ghana is a case in point when looking at a country that has not succeeded well, in spite of investments in attracting FDI.

3456789 251 - 300 of 3104
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf