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  • Silva Musa, Cynthia
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Komplexa teman: En studie av Chimamanda Ngozi Adichies roman En halv gul sol som pedagogiskt verktyg i gymnasieskolans undervisning om krig och konflikter2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This degree thesis explores the potential use of Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie's novel Half of a Yellow Sun as a tool in literature education to enhance students' understanding of complex themes such as war, identity, and cultural influence. Through a combination of in-depth analysis of the novel and integration of secondary literature and educational resources, the study highlights how various theoretical perspectives and reading strategies can improve students' comprehension and interpretation of the text. By focusing on the novel's exploration of characters' identity and meaning in turbulent times, the study contributes to a deeper understanding of literature's pedagogical potential and its ability to promote students' reflection and discussion on central topics. The conclusion drawn by this paper is that through the application of different theoretical perspectives and educational strategies such as reading strategies and critical literacy, literature education can contribute to a more rewarding learning environment for students as they become more engaged and involved in their learning.

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  • Forsman, Kajsa
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Digital nudging och generation Z:s köpbeslutsprocess: En kvalitativ studie om hållbar klädkonsumtion2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The clothing industry has undergone a rapid development towards mass production, which has resulted in increased clothing consumption. Today, the average Swede buys 15 kilos of clothes per year, something that has led to overconsumption and a reduction in the usage time for each garment. The rapid availability of cheap clothing makes it difficult for consumers to make informed choices, increasing the importance of influencer marketing and digital channels for purchasing decisions. Generation Z, who spend a lot of time online, are particularly influenced by social media in their purchasing decisions. With the advancement of digitization, digital nudging has become more common, especially to reach a generation that is heavily present on digital platforms. Despite nudging's purpose of promoting positive behaviors, there are risks of negative consequences such as overconsumption and environmental destruction if used incorrectly. Therefore, it is important to understand how digital nudging affects the decision-making process of Generation Z.

    Research question: Is generation Z aware of digital nudging and if so, how does generation Z feel that the awareness of digital nudging affects their decision-making process regarding sustainable clothing consumption?

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to investigate whether generation Z is aware of digital nudging and to describe how generation Z feels that their awareness of digital nudging affects their decision-making process regarding sustainable clothing consumption. By analysing young consumers' reflection on their experiences of nudging in this context, the study aims to contribute with insights into how nudging can shape and guide young consumers' purchase decisions within the clothing industry.

    Method: In the study, a deductive approach has been used to design semi-structured interview questions for the study's focus groups. The study's participants were selected using a snowball sample and include individuals from generation Z. Furthermore, a thematic analysis was used to identify patterns and themes in the results.

    Conclusion: The study's findings show that despite being aware of digital nudging and its influence on their clothing purchases, Generation Z still tends to prioritize other factors such as price and convenience over sustainability. To promote more sustainable clothing consumption, they suggest that companies can use digital nudging to highlight environmentally friendly options and offer better campaigns for sustainable clothing. Overall, the study indicates that although Generation Z is aware of digital nudging, it does not always lead to an increased propensity to make sustainable consumption choices. 

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  • Mabrouk, Amina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Persson, Hannah
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Rebranding av visuell varumärkesidentitet.: En kvalitativ studie om konsumenternas attityd.2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to understand how consumers perceive and react to changes in logo and packaging design due to a rebranding of visual brand identity. The research also investigates how these reactions shape consumers attitudes toward the brand. The study seeks to provide insights into how visual brand identity, specifically logo and packaging design, influence consumer behavior and brand attitude. 

    A deductive approach and qualitative empirical study are used to explore consumers reactions to changes in visual brand identity. Data were collected through three focus groups consisting of consumers from southern Sweden and was analyzed thematically. Previous research emphasized brand recognition, consistency, the factors behind a rebranding, and consumer attitudes. Furthermore, the empirical findings underscored the importance of a clear and well-communicated purpose for consumers reception of the visual rebranding. The results indicate that consumers attitudes toward a brand after a rebranding are influenced by their perception of the purpose and process behind the change, as well as the recognition and aesthetics of the product. This can result in either a positive or negative change in consumer brand attitude. 

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  • Söder, Lina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Kjellin, Smilla
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Transformativt ledarskap och dess påverkan på medarbetares motivation: - En kvalitativ studie om hur ledare arbetar transformativt och hur denna ledarskapsstil påverkar motivationen hos medarbetare2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent decades, our world has experienced rapid change, posing challenges for both individuals and organizations. In this dynamic environment, leadership is crucial, with motivation playing a central role. The quality and styles of leadership are essential for understanding and promoting motivation in the workplace. In this context, transformative leadership has emerged as an important leadership style, aiming to create positive relationships and development through participation and inspiration.

    To understand how leaders work in a transformative way and how it affects employee motivation, it is important to investigate how this works in practice. This constitutes the purpose of this study, where both positive and potential negative consequences of transformative leadership are identified. By interviewing both leaders and employees, the authors aim to gain different perspectives and more in-depth information on the subject.

    In this study, a deductive approach has been chosen to base the research design on existing literature, and data collected for this study has been interpreted from a social constructionist and hermeneutic perspective. The method used is thematic analysis, and qualitative data has been collected through semi-structured interviews. Respondents were selected through convenience sampling with diversity in age and gender to ensure different perspectives.

    Through a coding scheme, the results of the empirical data are presented, which are then discussed and analyzed based on the theoretical framework. The results and discussion demonstrate how leaders work in a transformative manner while employees discuss how it affects their motivation. Based on the empirical data, it can be observed how leaders work in a transformative way and that it mostly positively affects employees, but there is a risk of negative impact as well.

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  • Wieske, Eliza Noelle
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Civil Society action for an integrated Nordic Region: How the Nordic Vision 2030 positions the Nordic Council of Ministers and Civil Society in a dynamic of reliance2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis addresses the relationship between civil society and the Nordic Council of Ministers (NCM) within the frame of the Nordic Vision 2030 to become “the most integrated and sustainable region of the world”. It reviews civil society's role in Vision 2030's social sustainability objectives by focusing on integration and social challenge response. As the analysis discovers a dynamic of interdependence between Civil society and the Nordic Council of Ministers, it observes how the NCM attempts to encourage Civil Society action by promoting shared values of a collective “Nordic Identity” and inviting them into policy conversation. The results are drawn qualitatively from policy papers and audio-visual panel discussions of the NCM and Civil Society by following a mixed method of thematic and content analysis. This study concludes that civil society is value-driven and eager to engage in social challenges and participate in policy changes. However, decisions on integration policies are a matter of nations, not the NCM, despite the Nordic Cooperation, which limits their agency to include civil society in policy work. This study contributes to the awareness of civil society being a source of empirical best practices, which has the potential to influence integration policies sustainably.

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  • Andersson, Nathalie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Janfalk, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    "Har vi lyckats?": En kvalitativ studie om ungdomsbrottslighet, brottsförebyggande arbete och samverkan2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine the existing and necessary interventions and potential developments needed to prevent youth from engaging in criminal activities. It also examines the cooperative crime prevention efforts and the identified risk factors associated with youth delinquency in a commune in southern Sweden. Central to this study are the cooperation, risk factors, and interventions related to crime prevention. 

    Through a qualitative approach, semi-structured interviews were conducted with professionals to gather their experiences, thoughts, and knowledge on the subject. The findings of the study were analyzed and interpreted using previous research and selected theories. The results indicate that the SSPF cooperation model serves as a complement to existing interventions. It was also found that a combination of risk factors increases the likelihood of youth developing deviant behavior or engaging in criminal activities. Some challenges noticed by professionals include the lack of resources and time, significantly impacting the effectiveness of crime prevention efforts. Central prerequisites that help prevent youth crime include early interventions and relationship building. The results also demonstrate that effective cooperation is crucial for successful crime prevention. A conclusion drawn from the findings in the study is that early action, an understanding of prominent risk factors and well-functioning cooperation are essential for preventive work with youth delinquency. 

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  • Berg, Matilda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Martaeng, Maja
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Barnets vilja är inte alltid barnets bästa: En kvalitativ studie om hur familjerättssekreterare gör barn delaktiga i vårdnad-, boende- och umgängesutredningar i fall där det förekommer riskfaktorer2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: “The will of the child isn't always what's best for the child”

    A qualitative study on how family law caseworkers involve children in custody-, residence-, and visitation investigations in cases involving risk factors. 

    Our study aims to examine how family law caseworkers involve children in custody-, residence-, and visitation investigations in cases involving risk factors. The study also aims to investigate how family law caseworkers perceive the child's own wishes and to what extent the risk factors influence assessments regarding what is in the child's best interest.In this study, a qualitative methodological approach employing qualitative interviews has been utilized, employing a vignette method in combination with semi-structured interviews. The sample consists of eight active family law caseworkers located in southwestern Sweden. A thematic analysis has been conducted to interpret the empirical data.The results have been categorized into four main themes: Child Participation, family lawcaseworkers handling of risk factors, family law caseworkers assessment of the child's best interests, and family law caseworkers' room for action.The study's findings indicate that children are involved to the extent possible, considering their age and maturity. However, family law caseworkers argue that it is their responsibility to protect children from harm, and therefore, the adult perspective sometimes needs to take precedence over the children's own will in decision-making.In summary, the study's results reveal that the child's wishes are not always aligned with what is considered to be in the child's best interest. Additionally, while the child's involvement is highly valued, the presence of risk factors plays a crucial role in family law investigations regarding custody, residence, and visitation.

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  • John, Bineeta
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Krishnakumar, Parvathy
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    STUDY ON BARRIERS TO REUSE OF CONCRETE IN THE SWEDISH CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The construction industry has a significant impact on the environment, and from the extractionof raw materials to the construction process to the operation and maintenance of buildings, eachphase contributes to environmental degradation in various ways. Consequently, promotingreuse in the Swedish building sector holds excellent potential for substantially reducing wastegeneration and CO2 emissions, aligning with broader sustainability objectives. We are tryingto create a circular economy paradigm where construction materials and resources are reused,remanufactured, and recycled, minimizing waste and environmental impact. However,realizing the full benefits of the Circular Economy requires significant changes in thinking andthe adoption of innovative business models. The project aims to identify barriers to the reuseof concrete in Sweden's construction sector, along with their causes and effects. A literaturereview was conducted to understand various barriers, forming the basis for subsequentinterviews with experts in a similar field, which is qualitative and semi-structured. Aninnovative collaboration project named Återhus helps to facilitate a comprehensive approach,exploring the challenges hindering reuse practices to inform strategies to overcome thesebarriers and promote greater reuse. The overall results, analysis, and discussion from all thesestudies reinforce the comparison of the views and experiences of different stakeholder groupsand how these differences affect the overall implementation of reuse in construction. Theseinterviews identified barriers and grouped them into the following categories: standardization,economic, material handling, knowledge, and technical barriers. Many barriers are highlyinterconnected, and multiple connections were found within knowledge within the market, aswell as a lack of standardization within the people's knowledge, culture, and understandingtoward a new transition of circularity for reuse. 

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  • Martinelle, Hannah
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Hedbrandh, Julia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    ”Allt vi gör bygger på kulturen”: En kvalitativ studie om hur företagskulturen påverkar ledare inom IKEA2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Society consists of many different organizations, all of which contain two important elements: corporate culture and leadership. Given the current state of knowledge, there are reasons to investigate the complex interplay between these two phenomena. The aim of this study is therefore to analyze how leaders within IKEA perceive and are influenced by the corporate culture. The first research question investigates how leaders within IKEA perceive the corporate culture. The second research question examines how leaders within IKEA perceive they are affected by the corporate culture. The empirical material of the study has been collected through nine semi-structured interviews and one observation. The gathered data were then categorized based on the findings from the interviews and the observation, using a thematic analysis. The results indicate that leaders' perception of the culture is strong and is characterized primarily by values but also by visible aspects and unwritten rules. Furthermore, the results indicate that leaders are influenced by the corporate culture in their daily work, and that it can both facilitate and challenge their leadership. Only one respondent had a different opinion, stating that the corporate culture is not something they actively work with in their daily work, but only occasionally.

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  • Parthan, Ajay
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Methiramthottathil Biju, Anandhu
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    METROLOGY AND INSPECTION TECHNIQUES IN MACHINING PROCESSES: A Case Study2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study project looks at how metrology and inspection methods have advanced inside machining processes to improve production efficiency, accuracy, and precision. The study includes an extensive examination of the literature, observational research, and critical analysis to provide insights into the possibilities, difficulties, and practices that exist in the sector today. The literature review charts the development of metrology from manual measurement techniques to highly automated systems, emphasizing the crucial roles that optical inspection systems and coordinate measuring machines (CMMs) play in contemporary production. Modern inspection technologies, including as non-contact techniques and laser scanning, are also discussed, along with the difficulties in combining metrology data with digital production systems. Observational research offers direct knowledge of how metrology and inspection techniques are used in real-world industrial settings. Alongside difficulties including operator skill levels and equipment calibration, the usage of portable measuring tools, CMMs, and optical inspection systems for assessing surface finish and dimensional correctness is noted. Findings study points to growing problems such the requirement for experienced operators and operational unpredictability in machining processes, as well as the increasing integration of metrology and inspection methods into machining processes. But there are also prospects for development, with an emphasis on the ability to increase efficiency and quality control, via Industry 4.0 projects and additive manufacturing technology. All things considered, this study project clarifies the crucial function metrology and inspection methods play in contemporary manufacturing and provides guidance for enhancing quality assurance and machining process efficiency.

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  • Rabe, Emmy
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Fritz, Ebba
    Halmstad University.
    Bostadsrättsbyggande i en lågkonjunktur: En studie om hur fastighetsbolag bemöter marknadsförändringar2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Title: Building condominiums in a recession

    Subject: Master's thesis in business administration, 15 credits

    Author: Ebba Fritz & Emmy Rabe

    Keywords: Recession, capital structure, housing market, household purchasing power

    Purpose: The purpose of the thesis is to investigate which factors affect the private real estate companies' ability to acquire capital to build and sell condominiums. The study will also investigate which factors are the basis for fewer condominiums being built in a recession.

    Method: This study used an abductive research approach with a qualitative method. The empirical data collection is based on interviews from six respondents who represent different companies that are active in Gothenburg. The theoretical frame of reference has been developed with the help of relevant scientific articles, literature and internet sources connected to the real estate & construction industry.

    Conclusion: The study's conclusion shows that the current market situation has made it difficult for private real estate companies to acquire capital to build condominiums. The restrictiveness of the banks has been shown through stricter requirements on the sales ratio, which has made it more difficult for the real estate companies to finance new projects. Surplus unsold condominiums, the increased interest rate and reduced demand due to economic uncertainty have also contributed to companies building less. The caution of households due to high interest rates and psychological factors has led to restraint and limited willingness to invest, which has been a contributing factor to the fact that property companies have had difficulties with their sales. The companies work with strategic planning to survive the recession and position themselves for the future.

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  • Karlsson Lillienberg, Emil
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Holgerson, Rasmus
    Halmstad University.
    Universell dragprovmaskin: För dragprov av tillverkade produkter2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    In this bachelor thesis we will present our development and design of a universal tensile

    testing machine made for FA-TEC i Falkenberg AB capable of creating a pulling force

    of 1 MN which is approximately equal to a load of 100 tonnes. The purpose of the

    machine is to allow for the company to further their inhouse capabilities of tensile

    testing of their diverse steel products, allowing them to streamline and reduce delivery

    time and cost. The goal is for FA-TEC to be able to assemble the construction

    themselves in their metal workshop and put the machine into use this fall 2024.

    The project focuses on the design process and how and why we make different choices

    in reference to different perspectives such as safety in the form of solidity of the design

    and work environment. We also have a requirement specification as well as other

    limiting factors like available equipment for construction, subcontractors production

    catalog, work space and a deadline.

    The methodology we used is inspired by the method from the book “Product Design

    and Development” by Karl T. Urlich, Steven D. Eppinger, and Maria C. Yang. Chosen

    methodology is crossed by product development and semantic discontinuity detection

    by using FEA to conduct calculations of the construction giving us valuable feedback

    we can use to optimize and change the design, this is then done in multiple iterations

    until we arrived at our final design.

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  • Aljer, Abdulrahman
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Mohsenah, Amro
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Skanning och 3D Printing av hylsa för benprotes2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Idag är den traditionella tillverkningsprocessen för benproteshylsor som främst begränsar amputerade individer i olika länder från protesförsörjning på grund av att processen är både tidskrävande och kostsam för att producera högkvalitativa och anpassade proteshylsor. Syftetmed arbetet är att studera möjligheterna att använda 3D-skanning och additiv tillverkning (3Dprinting) för att skapa benproteshylsor med hjälp av dessa 3D-tekniker. Studien fokuserar på skanningsnoggrannhet och effektivitet samt två olika svarvariabler (ytjämnheten och maximalabelastningen) för 3D-printade benproteshylsor, där två olika processparametrar (lagerhöjd och infilltäthet) testas på två olika nivåer med en centrumpunkt genom att driva printingsprocessen systematiskt med hjälp av experimentell design (22-faktoriell design). Hårdvarorna Artec Eva, Artec Space Spider och Prusa MK4 användes för att utföra skanningsprocessen och printingsprocessen. Ett Polylacitic Acid-filament användes under printingsprocessen.Svarvariablerna togs fram med hjälp av två olika metoder (kompressionstest och ytjämnhetsmätning) som sedan analyserades för att visa variationen och undersöka hur processparametrarna kan påverka ytjämnhet (Artimetisk medelhöjd) och maximal belastninghos den 3D-printade proteshylsan. Artec Eva var snabbare och effektivare och kunde fånga upp 1990 bilder per sekund på cirka 164 sekunder. Testresultaten och analysen av svarvariablerna och processparametrarna visar att en ökning/minskning av lagerhöjden kan påverka ytjämnheten, samt att en ökning/minskning av infilltätheten kan påverka maxlasten.

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  • Rogersson, Leonard
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Blom, Erik
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Trapphiss2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis is about the creation of a cheap, simple and easily installed stair lift with the purpose of facilitating the availability in an apartment building for people with limited mobility because of their nerves and joints. Existing stairlifts, AFS 2008:3 and SS-EN 81-40:2020 have been analysed to establish requirements that needed to be followed throughout the course of the project. After carefully validating different drive mechanisms, gear and rack were chosen as the most suitable mechanism based on the established requirements. Selection and dimensioning of components for the stair lift was made with the help of calculations and are based on the requirements. A model, along with its associated components, was constructed using CATIA. The model has been simulated using both Simsolid and CATIA, and optimizations were made based on the simulation results, which proved to be partly valid. The conclusions demonstrate that meticulous planning, design and optimisation of the product have contributed to achieving the set goal of creating an adjustable and easily installed stair lift.

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  • Blixt, Emil
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Svensson, Albin
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Independent Steering: Rear steering axle with independent actuators2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis has been done in collaboration with Kalmar Solutions AB and is a conceptual study that aims to design a hydraulic steering arrangement for the reachstacker DRG 450 where each wheel is steered independently of each other. This is done in order to reduce tire wear by achieving an Ackermann steering geometry; lesser tire wear reduces costs for customers. When steered independently of each other the same steering arrangement could be used on multiple different wheelbases while still achieving an Ackermann steering geometry. During the thesis, calculations for required steering angles and their required piston strokes has been done by creating a geometrical model of the steering arrangement. CAD-modeling and kinematic simulations of concepts has been conducted with CATIA R2024x where the concepts movement when turning could be simulated. Three main concepts of the steering arrangement were studied and developed during the thesis. Kinematic simulations concluded that by changing to two independent cylinders, along the same axis, and redesigning the steering knuckles could allow for the same steering arrangement to achieve an Ackermann steering geometry for multiple different wheelbases. This reduces tire wear and turning radius when compared to the current steering axle. Having the cylinders along the same axis proved to be best because less redesigns were needed and mainly no major redimensioning of the steering arrangement or chassis were needed.

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  • Fejes, Hanna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Kirkhoff, Jannika
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Att hitta balansen: En kvalitativ studie om svenska småbarnsföräldrars livspussel2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor’s thesis investigates the daily challenges faced by Swedish parents of young children in balancing work and family life. The aim is to understand the strategies used by parents in relationships to maintain a sustainable balance and to identify the most effective societal supports. The study employs qualitative methods, including semi-structured interviews, to collect data. Boundary theory serves as the primary framework, while conflict theory and gender theory concepts are used as interpretive tools. The results show that parents often feel overwhelmed by demands from both work and home, but clear communication, guidelines, and support structures can help. Additionally, the importance of societal supports, such as parental insurance and efforts to change norms, is highlighted as crucial for facilitating balance. The conclusion is that a combination of individual strategies and structural support is necessary for parents of young children to maintain a sustainable balance between work and family life.

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  • Hoffmann, Alice
    Halmstad University.
    Murgrönsmöja (Ranunculus hederaceus): Uppföljning av populations stärkande insatser inom ÅGP samt analyser av vattenkemi av lokalerna i Halland2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • Reinwalds, Johanna
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    “It’s us volunteer together who are receiving and giving support which will be able to make changes”: A qualitative study of female youth shelter volunteers given and received support in working with intimate partner violence2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Intimate partner violence is a global health issue to women’s rights and women can be victims of this violence at an early age. Literature shows that there needs to be a further understanding of the people who support these young women. This article presents a qualitative study where the aim of the study was to explore female youth shelter volunteers’ perspective of the support, they give to victims of intimate partner violence and the support they themselves receive in this role. To investigate this, 12 volunteers from various female youth shelters in Sweden took part in digital semi structured interviews. The material was coded through a thematic analysis where three main themes was displayed. The first theme was (1): Giving support by acknowledging the victim. The second (2) was: Drawing support from social connections with other volunteers. The third (3) theme were: The relation between giving and receiving support is intertwined. These themes included various subthemes. This study can be useful in educating and providing knowledge of the circumstances of female youth shelter volunteers views of the support they provide and themselves see as importance of access to. Findings may be beneficial to authorities, policy makers, volunteering organizations and public health. 

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  • Rönnqvist, Emelie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Krusing, Jennifer
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Personaliserad digital marknadsföring: När övergår den till att bli den jagande?2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • Ljung, Angelica
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Does eutrophication cause greater growth of epiphytic algae on the seagrass Zostera marina?2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The most common eelgrass along the Swedish coast is Zostera marina. It is an ecosystem engineer which provides both nature and humans with important ecosystem services and various ecosystem functions. Eutrophication is one of the main reasons why the Swedish coast has lost a lot of Z. marina meadows. When there is more nitrogen in the ocean, it is an advantage for epiphytic algae so that they can grow faster. The epiphytic algae grow on Z. marina and reduce Z. marina from receiving light. And therefore, the aim of my thesis is to investigate the effect of eutrophication on the growth of epiphytic algae on Z. marina. I took water samples at 8 different locations (spanning 7.21 km) along the coast of Halmstad, from the mouth of river Nissan, which I hypothesize to be a main source of nitrogen, to the open sea. From the water samples nitrogen, absorbance and TOC was measured to see if there was any difference in the water composition from Nissan's outlet and seawards. Z. marina leaves were taken from two different sites on one occasion to investigate the degree of epiphytic algae on the leaves. I found that the nitrogen concentration was decreasing from the outlet of Nissan River along coast towards the open sea. Also, the growth of epiphytic algae on Z. marina was decreasing from the outlet of Nissan River along the coast towards the open sea. The growth of epiphytic algae on Z. marina was not solely dependent of the concentration of nitrogen. In Scandinavia, Z. marina meadows are one of the most diverse coastal ecosystems. On otherwise sandy and species-poor substrates, Z. marina is an important habitat for a rich epiflora and fauna so a more integrated understanding in both management and science of Z. marina's stress responses is needed.

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  • Fetahu, Kosovare
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Tokovic, Azra
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    An Analysis of Surface Structure for Battery Packs: A study on Reduction of Sensitivity to Contamination2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The primary focus of this study is the reduction of sensitivity to contamination of the

    battery pack surfaces. During the project, information on adhesion mechanisms that

    cause particles to accumulate on surfaces has been collected through literature research.

    This has been done to create a fundamental understanding regarding the factors that

    affect dust and particle accumulation. In addition, an in-depth study of articles

    concerning the modification of surface structure has been carried out. In connection

    with the literature study, an experimental analysis was carried out where a number of

    surfaces provided by Scania were examined to understand their structure and properties.

    This was done in order to identify suitable surface treatments/methods that could be

    applied. The experimental results show that all the surfaces consist of only micro-level

    structures. Two of the samples showed increased risk for dust accumulation due to one

    of them having a step profile and the other having a wavy surface structure with peaks

    and valleys.

    Previous research suggests that surfaces that are structured on the micro- and nano-level

    are essential to achieve dust- and particle-free/repellent surfaces. By structuring surfaces

    at the micro- and nano-level, a so-called hierarchical structure inspired by the natural

    self-cleaning mechanisms of the lotus leaf can be achieved. This results in surfaces with

    a high water contact angle and low surface energy, which contribute to minimized

    adhesion forces and in turn particle repellent surfaces.

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  • Christiansson, Tilde
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Carlman, Emelie
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Impact of High-intensity Interval Training on Calprotectin Levels in Controls and Patients with Axial Spondyloarthritis2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Axial Spondyloarthritis (axSpA) is an autoimmune, chronic, rheumatic and inflammatory disease. In axSpA, the sacroiliac joint and the spine are affected, and common symptoms are stiffness and pain. For axSpA patients, systemic inflammation is a contributing factor to an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Calprotectin is a protein with multiple functions involved in the inflammatory response, and axSpA patients' calprotectin levels are elevated due to inflammation. Exercise is a non-pharmacological treatment, and for axSpA patients, it can reduce pain and increase mobility. The effects of High-intensity Interval Training (HIIT) have yet to be extensively researched in this patient group. Performing HIIT can increase maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), reducing the risk of CVD. HIIT may also reduce inflammation, an essential factor in reducing the risk of CVD. Aim: The aim is to investigate how HIIT can affect calprotectin serum levels in axSpA patients and how calprotectin serum levels differ between healthy controls and axSpA patients. Method: Serum was collected before and after a HIIT bout from a cross-sectional pilot study, including axSpA patients (n=10) and healthy age- and sex-matched controls (n=11) and at baseline and after three months from a randomised control trial (RCT), which consisted of axSpA patients. The patients in the RCT were split into two groups: a control group (n=14) performing regular exercise and an intervention group (n=15) performing three HIIT sessions per week. Calprotectin in patients and healthy controls serum was analysed with a sandwich ELISA. Results: The comparison of serum calprotectin before and after a HIIT bout decreases in healthy controls (p=0.013) and indicates an increase of calprotectin in axSpA patients (p=0.059). After three months, the mean value of serum calprotectin in axSpA patients indicates a decrease in both the control and HIIT intervention groups. Conclusion: Our results suggest a trend towards regular HIIT, which can decrease serum calprotectin levels after three months. Therefore, HIIT could be considered a non-pharmacological treatment for axSpA patients. More studies with a larger axSpA population are necessary to investigate whether HIIT impacts serum calprotectin.

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  • Andersson, Sylvester
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Åkesson, Annie
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Startup-bolags förändrade interna kommunikation vid personaltillväxt: En fallstudie om hur nya behov av intern kommunikation uppkommer och bidrar till förändringar i startup-bolags interna kommunikation i takt med att startup-bolags team växer2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I Sverige överlever färre än ett av tio startup-bolag på lång sikt. Startup-bolag är ofta i innovativa branscher och stöter på utmaningar som är relaterade till intern kommunikation under en snabb tillväxt. Trots den interna kommunikationens betydelse så försummas den ofta, vilket kan leda till allvarliga organisatoriska problem. Därför är syftet med studien att tydliggöra vilka behov som leder till förändringar inom intern kommunikation i startup-bolag i takt med att ett team växer från ett litet till ett medelstort team. För att besvara syftet fokuserar studien på att besvara följande frågor:

    - Vilka behov av intern kommunikation som uppkommer i takt med att ett team växer från ett litet till ett medelstort team.

    - Hur startup-bolags interna kommunikation förändras under tillväxten från ett litet till ett medelstort team.  

    Studien baseras på en fallstudie med en kvalitativ forskningsmetod och en abduktiv ansats. Data samlades in genom sju semistrukturerade intervjuer. Fyra av dessa intervjuer genomfördes på studiens primära fallstudiebolag Helios Innovations. De återstående tre intervjuerna utfördes på Moln1, Snickarteamet Jönköping och Fjällbolaget, varav alla bolag befinner sig i olika tillväxtstadier. Resultaten visar att när ett team växer så ökar behovet av skriftlig kommunikation och formell kommunikation. För att möta dessa behov används verktyg som Trello, Slack, Microsoft Teams och Planner. Studien visar att vid personaltillväxt så ökar komplexiteten inom organisationer och nya behov uppstår, vilket gör att den interna kommunikationen förändras och anpassas för att hantera det.

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  • Swenson, Oscar
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Wedlin, Martin
    Halmstad University.
    Organisationsstrukturens inverkan på kundinteraktion: En fallstudie på Grossist AB2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Large companies grapple with complex organizational challenges, especially concerning communication, power structures, and decision-making processes. This complexity creates an "organizational distance" that can impact customer interactions and limit employee’s capabilities. Research indicates that companies need to adapt their structures to handle uncertainty and variation, particularly related to customer interaction. Friction in information flow primarily occurs in large companies with extensive organizational distance, leading to prolonged lead times and misunderstandings between customers and employees. Against this backdrop, we formulated the following aim: "to empirically investigate whether and how organizational structure affects employee’s ability to conduct effective customer interactions in a large company." Through this study, we aim to describe and explain how the organizational structure of Grossist AB affects employees' ability to conduct effective customer interactions. To address this, we selected four main categories to study: organizational structure, effective customer interaction, customer touchpoints, and organizational distance. Our theoretical framework is based on theories concerning organizational structures, customer point of contact, organizational distance, and customer interaction in service providing companies. The study involved personal interviews with five employees from Grossist AB in selected positions relevant to our study. Results and analysis were based on the empirical data obtained from the interviews and a comparative analysis with our chosen theories. The results show that the transition from a centralized to a decentralized structure has enhanced employee’s autonomy and speed in decision-making, thereby improving customer interactions. Both formal and informal structures are important, and balancing these creates a dynamic work environment. Improved internal communication reduces organizational distance and facilitates a better understanding of customer needs. Further research is suggested to optimize structural adjustments and integrate new technology to further enhance customer interactions and customer satisfaction.

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  • Schölin, Emilia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Olofsson, Olivia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Employer branding, en lyxfaktor för företagets överlevnad: En kvalitativ studie om strategier för att behålla personal2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate the strategies organizations use to retain their talents and how these strategies meet employees' expectations. By integrating theoretical aspects of employer branding and employer attractiveness theory with a thematic analysis of the empirical material, the study examines organizations' strategies for retaining talent. The study employs a qualitative method with semi-structured interviews. Through a strategic selection of key personnel followed by convenience sampling leading to a snowball sampling, data has been collected through digital interviews. The empirical material of the study has been gathered through eight interviews with respondents from two different organizations. The main result of the thematic analysis shows that the examined organizations employ somewhat different strategies to retain staff. These strategies are adapted to the companies' designs and conditions. Employees feel that their expectations are met to some extent and that they can always communicate with their colleagues and managers if they feel a lack of, for example, career opportunities or a sense of community. This study provides insights that can support organizations in designing strategies to retain competent staff.

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  • Andersson, Emma
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Heinrich, Amanda
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Vad anser högskolestudenter som ska ut på arbetsmarknaden attraktivt hos en framtida arbetsgivare?: En kvalitativ studie om motivation, självbestämmande och genusaspekter2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine what university students find most attractive when choosing a future employer and whether there are differences in how men and women prioritize when selecting a future employer. The study was conducted using a qualitative method, and the collected data was analyzed through thematic analysis, organizing the material into seven themes. These themes are based on what our respondents identified as the key factors influencing their choice of employer. The material was analyzed using theoretical perspectives on motivation, self-determination, and gender aspects.

    The results show that both men and women highly value intrinsic factors when choosing a future employer, such as job tasks, opportunities for development, and work motivation. The analysis indicates that there are no significant differences between men and women in what they value most in a future employer. This study contributes to a better understanding of the factors that influence university students when choosing their future employers. The findings of this study can be useful for companies and organizations in their recruitment strategies to attract and retain newly graduated talent.

    In conclusion, the results of our study show that both male and female university students largely value the same attributes and qualities in choosing an employer, particularly intrinsic factors such as job tasks and opportunities for development. This result provides companies with important insights into what students entering the job market are looking for, enabling them to develop effective strategies to attract new, competent workforce.

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  • Ramadani, Anita
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Lundberg, Linnéa
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    ”Det pratas om att vara inriktade på 14-åringar, men vissa ser att det är för sent”: En kvalitativ studie om fältarbetares upplevelser av det brottsförebyggande arbetet med barn och unga2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Youth crime is a continuously growing social problem, where professionals face the complexity of the phenomenon. To manage and prevent youth crime, it is essential to implement measures and preventive interventions where field workers play a crucial role. Therefore, it is interesting to examine how field workers experience and actively implement crime prevention measures for children and youth in Sweden. This is a qualitative study based on two semi-structured group interviews with field workers. The analysis of the empirical material was conducted using a qualitative methodology, previous research, and two selected theories relevant to the study's purpose. The results of the analysis generated various themes describing the field workers' experiences and insights. 

    The results section of the study is divided into different parts related to the three research questions we aim to investigate. Additionally, the results section outlines the difficulties field workers face in their professional roles, where resources, time, and collaboration have proven to be lacking. Finally, it has emerged that relationship building, and early interventions are effective methods for preventing youth crime in Sweden. 

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  • Alhoushan, Ahmad
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Almasri, Ahmad
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Energieffektivisering Avasfalttillverkning: Ett Hållbarttillvägagångssätt Genomvärmelagring Och Varmdosering: Effektiva åtgärder för energibesparingar och 𝐶𝑂2-minskning.2024Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The construction industry strives for climate neutrality by 2045-2050 with a focus oncollaboration, innovation, and efficient use of resources to reduce greenhouse gasemissions and promote sustainable construction methods. This degree project from theBuilding Engineering program at Halmstad University investigates energy efficiency andoptimization of the asphalt manufacturing process, especially heat storage in silos, incollaboration with Skanska Industrial Solutions.The study applies qualitative methods, including interviews with experts and visits to anasphalt plant in Sperlingsholm, Halmstad. The theoretical framework includes sustainabledevelopment, sustainable road networks, hot mix asphalt (HMA), and design andmaterials for heat storage silos.The research methodology included data collection, interviews, field visits andsimulations with COMSOL Multiphysics to analyse temperature changes and comparedifferent silo design options. Autodesk AutoCAD was used to create 2D drawings.The results emphasize energy efficiency and sustainability in asphalt manufacturing, withthe potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through optimized silo design andinsulation. Specifically, the implementation of heat storage silos shows a significantreduction in oil consumption and 𝐶𝑂2 emissions. The study further recommends researchfor validation and improvement in real production environments and contributes withinsights into sustainable construction methods, underscoring the need for technologicalinnovation to meet the environmental challenges in the construction industry.

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  • Kadoura, Jamal
    et al.
    Shaaban, Amjaad
    Jämförelse av isoleringsmaterial ur ett miljöperspektiv och i relation till cirkulär ekonomi 2024Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • Ahmed, Ahsan
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Balzer, Alexander
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Passion for the Job: The Missing Link Between Work Engagement and Employee Well-Being2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates the correlation between passion and both work engagement and employee well-being among young professionals in the Swedish labor market. Given the significant economic losses attributed to low work engagement globally, this research aims to explore how fostering passion in the workplace relates to both productivity and human well-being. By integrating theories of motivational psychology and leadership, the study examines the nature of passion and its correlation to job performance and personal well-being. Utilizing a descriptive quantitative research methodology, data was collected from 74 young professionals aged 18 to 45, currently employed in various industries across Sweden. The research employed validated scales to measure passion, work engagement, and employee well-being and applied statistical analysis to test the hypothesized relationships. The findings reveal a positive correlation between passion and work engagement, indicating that individuals who are passionate about their jobs exhibit higher levels of engagement and job satisfaction. Additionally, the study finds that passion correlates with employee well-being, contributing to reduced stress and improved mental health. These results suggest that organizations can achieve sustainable productivity by fostering environments that nurture employee passion and engagement. The thesis contributes to the field of Human Resources (HR) by providing empirical evidence that supports the integration of passion-focused strategies in organizational practices. It offers practical recommendations for HR professionals and leaders to identify and cultivate passion within their workforce. The implications of this research underscore the importance of adopting a human-centric approach to leadership and organizational development in the contemporary workplace.

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  • Guldbrand, Lina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Ebbesson, Linn
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Kommuner och biologisk mångfald: En kartläggning av deras arbete för att främja biodiversitet med hjälp av ängsytor2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att kartlägga kommunernas eventuella skillnader i arbetet med att främja biologisk mångfald med hjälp av ängsytor. Vi ville ta reda på vilka drivkrafter samt vilka hinder/begränsningar det finns med att anlägga ängsytor för att konkret kunna se vilka åtgärder som behövs för att motivera till en omställning. Via en kartläggning och enkätundersökning samt en kvalitativ innehållsanalys har vi kunnat värdera och tolka insamlad data för att kunna fastställa ett resultat. Resultatet visar att kommunernas hemsidor har förbättringspotential då endast två av sex kommuner hade lättillgänglig information om vårt ämne. Det finns många drivkrafter hos kommunerna i omställningen att främja biologisk mångfald och de hinder som lyfts fram existerar i samtliga kommuner. Ängsytor är resurseffektivt som ger mer tid till annat och är ett mer ekonomiskt alternativ till gräsmattor. Att ta hand om det klippta gräset samt att införskaffa dyra anpassade maskiner anses vara begränsningar i arbetet, men skulle kunna lösas genom att samverka mellan kommunerna eller med externa parter. Styrverktyget LONA har varit positivt för att driva på arbetet med biologisk mångfald men främst fungerat för de större kommunerna som har råd att vara medfinansiär.

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  • Jakobsson, Ida
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Bengtsson, Isabelle
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Obetald övertid inom handelsbranschen: En kvalitativ studie om unga deltidsanställda och deras upplevelser av att arbeta obetald övertid inom handelsbranschen2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to investigate the reasons why young part-time employees work unpaid overtime in the trade industry. The phenomenon of working overtime without financial compensation can be understood as part of the informalization of working life. In order to understand the reasons that young store employees work unpaid overtime, the results are analyzed based on the perspective of power by Foucault (1980) and with the help of the human capital theory by Becker (1993). The questions that deal with the reasons why young part-time employees work unpaid overtime are based on these two theories, to describe how the results can be understood based on the theoretical frameworks. Previous research has made it clear that part-time employees are a vulnerable group and that unpaid overtime is a widespread problem. Research has also highlighted that power and human capital can be underlying causes of the problem. Based on a qualitative method, the material has been collected using eight semi-structured interviews, the majority of which were conducted physically. To analyze the results of the collected material, a thematic analysis has been used where five different themes have been identified. The result shows that young part-time employees experience unpaid overtime to a large extent and this can be explained based on the fact that there are underlying power structures and a strong desire to invest in the human capital.

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  • Stodulska, Wiktoria
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Englund Svanberg, Linn
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Chefers organisatoriska förutsättningar att utöva sitt ledarskap: En kvalitativ studie inom en kommunal verksamhet2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how managers in a municipal organisation perceivethe organisational conditions for exercising their leadership. The study has a qualitative focuswhere the empirical data was collected through semi-structured interviews with eight managersat different levels within the organisation. The empirical material has been analysed with thesupport of Karasek and Theorell's (1992) demand-control-support model and House's (1981)theory of social support.

    The results show that managers who have less experience in the field of leadership are at adisadvantage compared to managers with extensive leadership experience. The managers in theorganisation are in both an active and tense work situation. An active work situation has positiveeffects such as job satisfaction, but on the other hand, the managers state that they have a tensework situation that can lead to stress and wear and tear. The majority of managers rarely gettime to breathe or reflect because their working days are characterised by meetings andadministrative tasks that take up much of their time. Overall, managers experience a highworkload while many of them place high demands on themselves, which can contribute to ablurring of the work-life balance. Overall, managers feel relatively well supported by their workenvironment, but that the support functions are not quite enough. This is particularly true fornew managers, who rarely receive enough support and training to develop as a leader but alsoto be a good leader for their employees. The results of the study also show that there is a linkbetween effective communication channels and managers' ability to exercise their leadership.Therefore, it is of great importance to explore this area further in future studies.

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  • Jäkärä, Sofie
    et al.
    Avalos, Diego
    Helplansritning som standard i svenska byggbranschen2024Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The construction industry’s ongoing evolution in digitalization lays the groundwork for projects to miss out on the benefits associated with the implementation of digital tools. Since construction projects are driven and conveyed through construction drawings, these drawings play a pivotal role in the efficiency of project execution across all roles. Therefore, this study specifically aims to investigate how and whether digital floor plans in a 1:50 scale contribute to streamlining work in a construction project.To achieve this, a qualitative study was conducted, involving observations of an ongoing project, as well as interviews and a literature review. The results indicated that the primary effects of implementing these drawings included that the interviewed roles gained an increased overview of the project and became more confident in their decision-making. Furthermore, a specific example of real-life situations was discussed, demonstrating a reduction in production errors as a result of the implementation of floor plans.Finally, this study suggests that projects benefit from implementing floor plans as the positive aspects presented outweigh the few negative aspects. In conclusion, the study demonstrates that floor plans work towards a promising future standard in the Swedish construction industry.

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  • Engberg, Ida
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Isaksson, Linnéa
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Hållbart byggande i KL-trä: Är det den optimala lösningen?2024Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 1994, it once again became permissible to construct multi-family residential buildings with more than two stories using wood, following a long-standing ban. Since then, growth has increased significantly, and new types of wood construction solutions have been developed. At the same time, we are currently facing a growing housing shortage, which places increasing demands on the housing market to meet the needs of residents. Concurrently, awareness of environmental issues and the demand for reduced environmental impact are rising, necessitating a shift towards more sustainable solutions in housing construction. In this context, cross-laminated timber (CLT) has emerged as a solution that addresses these challenges. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate whether the use of CLT in the construction process can constitute a sustainable and long-term solution for future constructions, to examine the current state of development of this technology, and to identify its current obstacles and opportunities.

    To address the purpose, seven semi-structured interviews were conducted digitally, and one physical and more comprehensive interview was conducted during a visit to Södra Sågverk in Värö. The respondents consisted of various stakeholders active throughout the chain from planning to construction for CLT buildings.

    The results show that a lack of expertise and experience is the greatest obstacle we face, with the primary opportunities highlighted being the high degree of prefabrication and the ability to tailor and customize unique projects according to customer needs. The greatest potential for development lies in beginning to use the right materials in the right places to develop the most optimal solution. The conclusion is that CLT, in combination with other materials, constitutes a sustainable and long-term solution for future construction projects. 

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  • Jonsdottir, Hugrun Dis
    Halmstad University.
    The utilization of BDA in digital marketing strategies of international B2B organizations from a dynamic capability´s perspective: A qualitative case study2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In B2B organizations, the adoption of digital marketing strategies has increased, leading to the collection of large amounts of data, big data. This has enabled the use of big data analytics, BDA, to uncover valuable insights for digital marketing purpose. Yet, there is limited research on how the B2B organizations integrate and utilize BDA in their digital marketing strategies, especially in the international context. This study aimed to address this research gap by examining how international B2B organizations integrate and utilize BDA in their digital marketing strategy, employing a dynamic capabilities perspective. The methodology of qualitative case study was applied, focusing on two established Swedish B2B organizations with an international presence. Empirical data was collected through semi-structured interviews and complemented with document analysis. Through abductive approach and hermeneutic interpretation, the findings show that despite the need for internal structural improvements, international B2B organizations are actively integrating BDA into their digital marketing strategies. By developing new routines and skills, these organizations can navigate the challenges posed by BDA while harnessing its benefits. Additionally, a framework comprising 10 practices in which international B2B organizations leverage BDA is proposed. 

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  • Rydén, Isac
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Gustavsson, Jim
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Effects on aerobic capacity and oxygen saturation and compliance of external nasal dilator strips in healthy young adult ice hockey players2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Ice hockey is a fast-paced sport with a high possibility of acquiring dental damage and concussions which can be prevented by mouthguards (MG). Despite this, many athletes choose not to use MG due to drawbacks such as discomfort and restricted airways. Restricted airways provided by MG might be reduced by external nasal dilator strips (ENDS). ENDS could contribute to increased aerobic capacity, blood oxygen saturation and self-reported compliance of ENDS by elevating airflow through the nose. Therefore, ENDS could contribute to enhanced performance and recovery rate while reducing the discomfort of MG that could lead to an increased usage of MG among healthy young adult ice hockey players. Aim: The aim was to study aerobic capacity, and oxygen saturation using mouthguard with and without external nasal dilator strips during submaximal bicycle tests. A second aim was to study the compliance of external nasal dilator strips when using mouthguard in healthy young adult ice hockey players. Method: In this experimental study using a cross-over design 15 young adult ice hockey players were contacted to attend on two separate test occasions, with and without ENDS. Aerobic capacity was measured with a Ekblom-Bak submaximal bicycle test (VO2max) and a pulse oximeter was used to examine oxygen saturation (%SpO2). Post-testing, the participants stated self-reported compliance using ENDS based on the numeric rating scale (0-10, positive-negative attitude of usage). Data are presented as mean and standard deviation. Differences between groups were analyzed with the Wilcoxon- signed rank test based on median (Q1-Q3). Result: Nine participants, aged 18-19 completed both test occasions. This study found that ENDS provided no significant difference in estimated VO2max mean (±SD), with ENDS 63.3 (±5.5) and without ENDS 64.2 (±5.0), nor %SpO2 during standard load. A significant increase showed in %SpO2 for higher individual load by 3%, with ENDS 97.1 (±1.3) and without ENDS 94.1 (±4.5). The participants experienced the test as more strenuous with ENDS than without ENDS applied, without significant difference. Despite this, the participants had a positive attitude towards the usage of ENDS. Conclusion This study regarding healthy young adult ice hockey players showed that ENDS provided no significant difference in aerobic capacity. Oxygen saturation however resulted in a positive significant difference at the higher individual load. The majority of the participants in this study propose a positive compliance with ENDS. The results are interpreted with caution due to the small sample.

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  • Olsen, Martin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Johansson, Pontus
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Comparison of lipid profiles based on different physical activity levels of young adults in Sweden2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract 

    Background: Knowledge regarding young individuals' physical activity habits and blood lipid levels can be useful to determine possible risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD). CVD was responsible for 32% of all global deaths in 2019 and is the most common cause of death in Sweden. This is mainly due to complications of atherosclerosis which is a multifaceted condition that progresses over a long time. CardioChek Plus is a portable instrument that can reliably measure blood lipid levels and give quick results, in combination with a global physical activity questionnaire one can easily screen individuals and provide valuable information for CVD prevention. Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate how different physical activity levels and time spent sedentary correlate with total cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and the ratio of total cholesterol/ high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in healthy Swedish males and females aged 18-25.

    Method: Fifteen healthy Swedish males and females aged 18-25 were recruited to participate in this cross sectional study. All tests were made during one occasion in the movement lab at Halmstad University. Data was collected from GPAQ to measure physical activity levels, CardioChek Plus for the blood lipids and InBody 770 to measure body composition. Statistical analyses were performed using Pearson’s and Spearman’s for correlation and ANOVA for linear regression analysis.

    Results: 15 young adults participated in the study and consisted of 10 women and 5 men with a varying level of physical activity with a median of 3240 MET minutes/week (IQR 2060, 4540). The primary findings were a moderate correlation between time sedentary and triglyceride concentration (r=0.623) and a unstandardized β-value of 13.8 (CI=2.2-25.5) p= 0.024, which entails that TG is expected to increase by 13.8mg/dl for every unit of time spend sedentary. No relevant associations between physical activity and blood lipid concentrations were found in our tests. 

    Conclusion: In the studied population, time spent being sedentary was a more important factor for triglyceride levels than volume of physical activity. This suggests that one who wants to decrease their risk of developing CVD may benefit from reducing sedentary time rather than increasing physical activity. Further studies may benefit from a larger population size with a broader range of physical activity levels.

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  • Schouten, Suzanne
    Halmstad University.
    Association between physical fitness and pain, health-related quality of life, anxiety, and depression in early knee osteoarthritis2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • Safari, Shaghayegh
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Effects of High-Intensity Training on pain and physical function in individuals with Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, and Axial Spondyloarthritis: A Systematic Review2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Individuals with rheumatic diseases such as Osteoarthritis (OA), Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) and axial Spondyloarthritis (axSpA) usually are less physically active and engage in low-intensity training. Pain and function impairment lead to reduction in their quality of life. Evidence prove High-Intensity Training (HIT) can positively impact pain and function, however, usually neglected. Assessing the previous research and addressing knowledge gaps in this area can lead to more beneficial intervention to improve the overall quality of life among these populations.

    HIT is a beneficial and promising approach in most situations to managing symptoms including pain and function in individuals with OA, RA, and axSpA. However, contradictory results arise the need for further meticulous and high-quality studies in this area.

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  • Kallin, Jesper
    Cardiorespiratory fitness levels, metabolic risk factors and knee pain: a longitudinal study in individuals at risk for knee osteoarthritis2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • Morkos, Bishoy
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Abdulai, Joel
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Surface modifications for improving contamination sensitivity in batterypack applications2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Various potential methods and techniques for modifying surfaces to make themless sensitive to contamination have been researched for various applicationsbefore, to varying degrees of success. These are discussed in detail to potentiallyapply them in the automotive sector, to face the increasing technical cleanlinessrequirements, that are linked to more complexity in design and electrification. TheTheoretical background in dust adhesion and contact mechanics is discussed, withdevelopments in analytical and numerical methods highlighted. Then, someexamples of the surfaces in question are presented, and their topographiesmeasured.

    Potential techniques are identified from previous experimental research in otherfields, and their applicability and feasibility are discussed within the limits ofavailable data, then an attempt at a structured approach for choosing candidatesfor further experimental testing on a case by case basis is laid out, and suggestionsfor more comprehensive research into effective parameters and analytical methodsare made.

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  • Prasannan, Krishna Geeth
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Bindu, Akshay Deva Paramsivan Nair
    Halmstad University.
    Design And Testing Additive Manufactured High Performance Polymer For Industrial Application2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • Ahlgren, Alma
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Batterilagring För Södra Hallands Kraft: Nyttor Och Potential2024Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the goal of achieving 100% fossil-free electricity production by 2040 in Sweden, the electricity system is expected to undergo significant changes due to increased electrification, digitalization, and automation. Battery storage will become crucial for supporting and stabilizing the power grid, as well as balancing demand and production, which reduces the risk of overload. It also contributes to increased grid flexibility and a smoother, more efficient use of the power network.

    The purpose of this work is to develop a deeper understanding of battery storage technology and its potential impact on the Swedish power grid to meet current and future energy needs. The method examines the energy usage patterns of Södra Hallands Kraft to appropriately size a battery storage system and determine its operational scenario. It is essential to consider both the battery’s power (W), which describes the total amount of power that can be delivered, and storage capacity (Wh), which describes the total amount of energy that can be stored. By implementing battery storage systems, the share of renewable energy usage can increase, and dependence on external energy sources can decrease.

    This work examines different threshold levels: 60 MW, which requires a 33 MW/ 735 MWh battery; 65 MW, which requires a 28 MW/ 414 MWh battery; and 70 MW, which requires a 23 MW/ 153 MWh battery. These thresholds successfully reduce all power peaks between 2019 and 2023. This also leads to significant economic savings in the form of reduced grid fees.

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  • Johansson, Kajsa
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Mitev, Joanna
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Högläsning som språkutvecklande aktivitet: En kunskapsöversikt om hur lärare kan arbeta med högläsning på ett språkutvecklande sätt och hur det påverkar eleverna2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this literature review was to examine how reading aloud in school can be used as a language development activity by the teacher and how it affects students. The results of this review were based on two dissertations and seven scientific articles, selected by searching in different databases. The dissertations and scientific articles were both national and international. A thematic analysis was made to categories the samples, which resulted in three themes being identified. These themes were book talks, book choice, and the teacher’s role in reading aloud. The results showed that reading aloud in itself does not have a language development effect, but instead it depends on the teacher’s work with the material. Book talk and book choice were described as useful and beneficial methods to make reading aloud language developing. However, it became clear that not all types of book talks and book choice were beneficial. The teacher’s important role in language development was again described, for example through the use of open questions in book talks and by varying the genre of the choice of book. If reading aloud is carried out in a language-developing way, the students´ vocabulary, reading comprehension and listening comprehension can be developed, among other things. 

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  • Ahlström, Jonatan
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Berntsson, Emil
    Halmstad University.
    Dimensionering av solceller med lagringsalternativ2024Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyzes different options for solar panel installations for four apartment buildings owned by Eksta Bostads AB and are located in Åsa, Kungsbacka. The objective of this thesis is to find an installation suitable for the properties and the area, The aspects to be examined is the economic aspect, the environmental impact, and solutions for storage options for surplus excess electricity produced.

    To achieve this, various components of a solar panel are examined to decide different sizes and storage possibilities. This is dimensioned using a programme called Polysun to obtain realistic production and self-consumption rates. Economic calculations are then made for the different options to assess the profits. The result of this gives a variety of combinations that show both production and self-consumption, as well as the investment cost and profit for the installations.

    Simultaneously,   emissions, aesthetics and improvements for the installation are investigated. After all aspects have been explored and calculated, an installation is chosen that is most suitable for the properties. The installation deemed most suitable is one with 45 solar panels (19,8 kWp) and a lithium-ion battery with a capacity of 20 kWh. The investment cost for the facility is 313 784 SEK, and it produces between 18 000 – 19 000 kWh per year depending on the house. The self-consumption rate for the installation ranges between 70,9% and 73,2% depending in the house. This installation can return a profit of 155 420 SEK after 25 years at the lowest estimated discount rate but can also result in a loss of 42 451 SEK after 25 years at the highest discount rate used.

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  • Berglund, Isac
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Gunnarson, Erik
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Produktutveckling av bygelhandtag2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is conducted in collaboration with Hilfa Sweden AB to develop a new bridge handle, aiming to optimize the injection molding process, reduce material usage and improve the ergonomics. The goals of the project is to design a handle that is more suitable for injection molding, to make it both stronger and more resource-efficient while offering better user comfort.

    The process includes several steps: an initial study to define basic requirements and guidelines, a grip analysis to investigate how ergonomics can be improved and FEM analysis to test various concepts and enhance the design. Finally, a validation of the injection molding process was conducted using simulations to ensure that the final concept is manufacturable in production. The project utilizes computer-aided design and simulation to iteratively refine the product's characteristics.

    The final result is an optimized handle that not only meets but exceeds the initial goals. Material usage was reduced by 8% while its strength improved with lower emerged stresses and less deformation under load. The new design provides better grip around the handle and the injection molding principles are followed more accurately, making it more suitable for manufacturing.

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  • Kurukangadparambil Pazhanthotathil, Pranisha
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Salim Laila, Shinoj
    Halmstad University.
    Hybrid Energy Storage System Model in MATLAB, Based on Solar Energy for Residential Applications2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • Ivansson, Felicia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Dahlberg, Michaela
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    "Egentligen så får jag fatta många beslut, men ändå är det någon annans bedömning som styr": En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares handlingsutrymme på ekonomiskt bistånd2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social workers who work with financial aid have a pronounced discretion and a certain freedom in the handling process. Despite this, there are also laws, rules, organizational guidelines and individual factors that affect this discretion. Therefore, discretion can be used in different ways, which is based on the fact that the social workers have different experiences and interpret frameworks and guidelines in different ways. The purpose of the study is to investigate social workers' experience of which factors affect their discretion when handling financial assistance. Six qualitative interviews have been conducted with social workers from four different municipalities. The study shows that the social workers experience their discretion as large, but within strict limits. The study also shows that the social workers' perceived discretion is affected by their experience and perceived professional role, as more experience contributes to greater certainty in what they can do for their clients. The discretion is also affected by organizational guidelines and resources. Resources in the form of time are overall a major factor that affects the discretion of the social workers.

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  • Åkerlund, Sebastian
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Grunditz, Wilmer
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Innovation and Sustainability.
    Integration av hållbarhetsfaktorer i fastighetsvärdering: En kvalitativ studie om hållbarhetsfaktorers påverkan på processen vid värdering av kommersiella fastigheter i Sverige2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Title: Integration of Sustainability Factors in Property Valuation - A Qualitative Study on the Impact of Sustainability Factors on the Valuation Process of Commercial Properties in Sweden

     

    Subject: Bachelor's Thesis in Business Administration, 15 Credits

     

    Authors: Sebastian Åkerlund & Wilmer Grunditz

     

    Supervisor: Peter Palm

    Research Questions:

    • How are sustainability factors managed in the process of valuing a commercial property?
    • How do sustainability aspects impact risk assessment in property valuation?

     

    Purpose: The study aims to investigate how sustainability aspects are managed in the valuation process of a commercial property. It also seeks to explore how sustainability aspects influence the risk assessment of a property during valuation. The study intends to collect empirical data from expert actors within the Swedish property valuation industry. This includes external consultants from independent entities, internal appraisers, and appraisers from credit institutions.

     

    Method: The study was conducted using a qualitative research approach and involved semi-structured interviews with property valuers from various segments and geographical areas in Sweden.

     

    Conclusion: The conclusion is that property valuers handle sustainability factors differently due to the lack of an industry standard. Furthermore, sustainability aspects impact risk assessment differently due to the nature of property valuation and the lack of transparency in the commercial property market. It is evident that the valuation industry is undergoing significant changes with sustainability integration.

     

    Keywords: Property Valuation, Sustainability, Risk Assessment, Commercial Properties, Sustainability Integration

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