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  • 1.
    Lerbom, Jens
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    The troublesome province: Reduction, tax lease and peasant unrest in Swedish Ingria during the late 1600s2016In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 136, no 4, p. 731-733Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Lygnerud, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, The Rydberg Laboratory for Applied Sciences (RLAS).
    Challenges for business change in district heating2018In: Energy, Sustainability and Society, ISSN 2192-0567, Vol. 8, no 1, article id 20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The Swedish district heating sector is successfully transitioning to a low-carbon energy system. The industry has expanded since the 1950s and currently meets more than half the Swedish heat demand. The heat market was deregulated in 1996, and thereafter, companies have been exposed to an increasing number of challenges related to technology, institutional factors and market. Since municipal ownership dominates, municipal companies must manage these challenges to ensure future competitiveness. However, theory suggests that business change is difficult when the current model is still working. To date, Swedish district heating companies have revisited their price models and customer perceptions. There is limited knowledge on how the business challenges are managed and on the management strategy’s impact on the business. In this paper, new knowledge is generated regarding how the customer and resource-oriented sides of the municipally owned district heating business in Sweden are changing. Methods: A case study approach was adopted. Data were collected by interviews and by review of the national research programme on district heating (Fjärrsyn). The programme served as a proxy for frontline research on Swedish district heating. The data were analyzed through the business model canvas framework. Results: Changes to meet external pressures are identified on the customer side of the business model, but changes are also spreading to other parts of it. However, the key resource component (distribution networks and production unit) and its logic of economics of scale are unchanged and dominate. The logic is not compatible with shrinking heat demand; nevertheless, it is preferred. Conclusions: It is concluded that external challenges have resulted in changes in the customer side of the business model. However, the largest challenge is the transformation of key resources. Accounting for external challenges extends the life of the current business model, but it is not increasing competitiveness. The prolonged life creates a window of opportunity for the companies to begin the needed transformation of their key resources. If the transformation is successful, district heating will have a role in the future energy system. If the transformation is not undertaken, the future is less certain. © 2018, The Author(s).

  • 3.
    Olsson, Sven-Olof
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM), Contexts and Cultural Boundaries (KK).
    Managing Crises and De-Globalisation: Nordic Foreign Trade and Exchange, 1919-19392010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As small, open economies the Nordic states have always been more dependent on foreign trade than larger powers, and have thus had a historic preference for free trade. But during the inter-war period the Nordic countries were squeezed between powerful and aggressive trading partners: above all Great Britain and Germany. Although the period between the end of the First World War and 1929 was marked by a return to a liberal world economy, the Great Depression ushered in a decade of protectionism. The bilateralisation of international trade was especially evident after Britain's Ottawa treaties in 1932 and the Nazi seizure of power in 1933. Their dependence on trade with Britain and Germany meant that the Nordic countries were exposed to the full force of British and German bilateralism.

    The paradox is that in spite of international trade wars and regulated exchange the Nordic countries managed better than other European states during the interwar period, and that the Great Depression was not as deep or long lasting as in other countries. The chapters in this book discuss why and how this rather successful Nordic experience was achieved. The topics covered include commercial and monetary policies but also important industries such as forestry, agriculture and fishing. Many of the chapters are comparative and discuss economic developments in two or more Nordic countries.

  • 4.
    Olsson, Sven-Olof
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM), Contexts and Cultural Boundaries (KK).
    Nordic trade cooperation in the 1930s2010In: Managing Crises and De-Globalisation: Nordic Foreign Trade and Exchange, 1919-1939 / [ed] Sven-Olof Olsson, London: Routledge , 2010, p. 17-33Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Rånge, Max
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Sandberg, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL). Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Windfall Gains or Eco-Innovation? 'Green' Evolution in the Swedish Innovation System2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In theory, innovation processes lie behind the evolution of national systems as they create interacting dynamics among organisations. Institutions and policies are considered means for influencing these interactive dynamics, such as shifting innovative focus from traditional to environmentally oriented production, more environmentally friendly types of energy use, or environmental protection measures, products or services. Institutions and policies are thus considered drivers of change in technologies, processes, markets, raw materials or organisational forms--innovation in a Schumpeterian sense. Shifts in energy sources, from fossil to non-fossil sources, among organisations in the Swedish innovation system therefore call for explanations in terms of changed institutions and policies and their resulting eco-innovations. This paper looks more closely into climate gas emission and the shift to non-fossil energy in Sweden; what types of organisations are behind the shift to non-fossil energy use, what are the relative effects on emissions, to what extent can these interactive dynamics be considered eco-innovations, and if so, can they be related to specific institutions and policies? Quantitative analysis of evolving innovation processes in national systems is not always possible due to a lack of reliable and multi-level time-series data sets. This is also true for eco-innovations ('green' innovations). In the Swedish case, there are detailed data sets at national, regional, organisational and employee levels, making possible the estimation of evolutionary models. Register data can be merged with time series on environmental energy consumption and emissions. Data allow for a detailed analysis of environmentally oriented innovation from at least 2003. Analyses in this paper are based on time-series of data on the recent shift from fossil to non-fossil energy sources in the Swedish innovation system, as well as data on emissions, and potentially innovation promoting parameters at organisational and employee levels. Methods are quantitative, and Cox regression is used. Previous investigations of the energy use of Swedish organisations reveal a clear shift from fossil to non-fossil energy use. This is described both in terms of cumulative energy use and effects on emissions of carbon dioxide. Data provide us with information for conclusions on why energy sources change and in interaction with what organisational parameters. For example, wood fuel and solid waste increase as sources of energy while fossil oil has decreased during the years 2003 to 2010. This result is in line with national industrial and environmental policies and presented as institutionally and policy related 'green innovation'. But a quantitative analysis contests such a conclusion and it is noticed that the shift to non-fossil sources of energy has not led to verifiable decreases in green-house gas emissions. Public ownership is the single most important contributor to green innovation in non-fossil energy use. Still, CO2emissions are not fundamentally reduced by this low-tech shift, since they do not affect end-of-pipe reductions. What we observe is in fact wind-fall gains rather than eco-innovations behind the Swedish shift from fossil to non-fossil energy use.

  • 6.
    Solberg Søilen, Klaus
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Geoeconomics2012Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the shift from geopolitics to geoeconomics the focus is no longer the Heartland or the Rimland, or any coherent geographical region, but the set of all geographical locations containing economically-important natural resources, what we shall call the Nareland (Natural Resource Lands). This new logic of dispersed geographical locations marks the shift from geopolitics to geoeconomics. The centre stage has been taken over by the private-sector organization, the corporation. This means that power has been transferred from the public to the private sphere. It means that the nation state is ceding its power to individuals – less in some countries and more in others, for instance less in Sweden than in the USA; but the trend is clear, and it is global.

  • 7.
    Solberg Søilen, Klaus
    School of Management, Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Macklean som ekonom2009In: 1700-tal och lite till / [ed] Eva Möller & Dan Johansson, Skurup: Vemmenhögs härads fornminnes- och hembygdsförening , 2009, p. 37-48Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Rutger Macklean (1742-1816) står ofta beskriven som friherre, politiker, och skiftesreformist. I vilken grad var han också ekonom? Frågan kan verka något långsökt vid en första anblick, men då får man komma ihåg, att ekonomi är ett gammalt grekiskt ord för ”hushållningsadministration" och att det var just detta som präglade mycket av hans verksamhet på Svaneholm, både för egen och för andras räkning . På Mackleans tid fanns det inte ekonomer i den betydelsen som vi idag förstår begreppet. Adam Smith (1723-1790), som ofta räknas som grundläggaren av det vetenskapliga studiet av ekonomi, var t.ex. moralfilosof. Hans mest kända verk Wealth of Nations från år 1776 finner vi också i Mackleans bokhylla. På den tiden benämndes inte det vetenskapliga fackområdet ekonomi, men politisk ekonomi vilket var en blandning av vad vi i dag skulle kalla statsvetenskap och ekonomi.

  • 8. Sukurica, Amer
    Livscykelkostnad för tak och fasad2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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