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  • 1.
    Boström, Mattias
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Ferdinandsson, Sanna
    Halmstad University.
    Olsson, Elias
    Halmstad University.
    Av naturen för naturen: En studie om implementering av biokol och dess positiva inverkan på miljön2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2.
    Egeskog, Andrea
    et al.
    Division of Physical Resource Theory, Department of Energy and Environment, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Barretto, Alberto
    Brazilian Bioethanol Science and Technology Laboratory (CTBE), Campinas, Brazil.
    Berndes, Göran
    Division of Physical Resource Theory, Department of Energy and Environment, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Freitas, Flavio
    Division of Land and Water Resources Engineering, Department of Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Holmén, Magnus
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Sparovek, Gerd
    USP- Esalq- University of São Paulo, Piracicaba, Brazil.
    Torén, Johan
    SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, Department of Energy and Bioeconomy, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Actions and opinions of Brazilian farmers who shift to sugarcane: an interview-based assessment with discussion of implications for land-use change2016In: Land use policy, ISSN 0264-8377, E-ISSN 1873-5754, Vol. 57, p. 594-604Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sugarcane ethanol systems can deliver large greenhouse gas emissions savings if emissions associated with land-use change are kept low. This qualitative study documents and analyzes actions and opinions among Brazilian farmers who shift to sugarcane production. Semi-structured interviews were held with 28 actors associated with sugarcane production in three different regions: one traditional sugarcane region and two regions where sugarcane is currently expanding. Most farmers considered sugarcane a land diversification option with relatively low economic risk, although higher risk than their previous land use. Beef production was considered a low-risk option, but less profitable than sugarcane. In conjunction with converting part of their land to sugarcane, most farmers maintained and further intensified their previous agricultural activity, often beef production. Several farmers invested in expanded production in other regions with relatively low land prices. Very few farmers in the expansion regions shifted all their land from the former, less profitable, use to sugarcane. Very few farmers in this study had deforested any land in connection with changes made when shifting to sugarcane. The respondents understand “environmental friendliness” as compliance with the relevant legislation, especially the Brazilian Forest Act, which is also a requirement for delivering sugarcane to the mills. Indirect land-use change is not a concern for the interviewed farmers, and conversion of forests and other native vegetation into sugarcane plantations is uncontroversial if legal. We derive hypotheses regarding farmers’ actions and opinions from our results. These hypotheses aim to contribute to better understanding of what takes place in conjunction with expansion of sugarcane and can, when tested further, be of use in developing, e.g., policies for iLUC-free biofuel production.

  • 3.
    Foxner, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Jordbruksfastigheter: En studie kring jordbruksfastigheters värde och tänkbara prispåverkande faktorer2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4.
    Landgren, Emilia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Wallman, Sabina
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Hästavmaskningsmedels påverkan på miljö och välfärd2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Healthy, natural pastures is very valuable for biodiversity in the form of both plants and animals. An efficient use of pastures helps to preserve biodiversity, but grazing animals needs to be de-wormed to keep them healthy and to prevent harmful parasites spread on the pasture. The awareness about the environmental impact of the frequent use of deworming agents is low among the public. Some people are unaware that the absorption in horses of anthelmintics is incomplete, which make the circumstances about enviromental effect important to investigate further. The scientific evidence in this area is limited and more studies and trials are needed to deepen the knowledge about the effects of anthelmintics in the environment. Our report includes a compilation of studies conducted on anthelmintics and equine parasites, as well as an experiment which was conducted at the University of Halmstad biogaslaboratory April 2014. Anthelmintics have been shown to have negative impact on the manure ecosystem and especially against manure living fauna. Deworming routines has changed over the years as the equine industry has developed. Nevertheless, there’s still a lack of concrete approach to deworming.

  • 5.
    Marcusson, Emma
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Frederiksen, Sofia
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Livsmedelsmärkning i butiker i Halmstad: kontroll av utvalda varor samt undersökning av kunskapsläge bland butiksföreståndare2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In light of the recent scandals in Europe involving food labelling, this study will be focusing on food labelling. This study’s purpose is to investigate the extent of knowledge concerning labeling and presentation of food in the different food stores in Halmstad.

    The study was conducted out of our own interests with the guidance from the environmental health office. The study included nine different food stores of different size. The focus in this study was to verify how well five selected products follow the labeling rules. The five selected products was candy, honey, soda/energizers, freshly baked bread and self packed food. When the control was carried out it revealed some errors in the labeling of the selected products. Later when managers of the food stores were interviewed it was revealed that a connection between the errors that had been found earlier in the control and the level of knowledge about labeling existed. Because of the limited knowledge in particularly the smaller food stores there was bound to be some errors in the labeling of food in these stores. One way to reduce food labeling errors would perhaps be to offer free courses and increase information in the area of food labeling.

  • 6.
    Melin, Martin
    et al.
    Department of Work Sciences, Business Economics and Environmental Psychology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp, Sweden.
    Barth, Henrik
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Lean in Swedish Agriculture: Strategic and Operational aspects2018In: Production planning & control (Print), ISSN 0953-7287, E-ISSN 1366-5871, Vol. 29, no 10, p. 845-855Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to present and test a framework for lean implementation in the agricultural sector, addressing challenges from an operational and strategical perspective. The article builds on the previous literature on the use of Lean and reports empirical data from a lean implementation project in the south-western Sweden, including interviews, observations, diaries and questionnaires. A framework is developed to examine strategic and operational perspectives on Lean Thinking. Using this framework, a number of challenges encountered in Lean implementation are presented. This article is limited to the study of Lean among a group of Swedish farms although its findings may have implications for the wider agricultural sectors. Many societal challenges are linked with agricultural sustainability, stressing the need for productive, resource-efficient, resilient and less wasteful food production. This article is the first to develop and test a Lean implementation framework in the agriculture sector. © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

  • 7.
    Mokonya, Ngomba Henry
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Diversity of vascular plants in Swedish forests.: Comparison among and within forest, partially cut down and clear cut forest communities.2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish forests are mostly used for timber harvesting and 96 % of this harvesting is made by clear cutting while only 4 % is effected through other methods such as single tree harvesting. All species are not affected by forestry to same magnitude. Some specifically generalists are not affected at all. Hence, this study, had its aim to find out vascular plant species that persist, disappear or colonize other species as a result of anthropogenic disturbances in different production forests, so as to determine not only if canopy openness affects the species distribution but also the magnitude of the effects. I examined 10 different forest localities during May and June 2008. Three of these localities were made up of clear cut forest plots, 3 with partially cut down forest plots and 4 with undisturbed production forest plots. Species composition and diversity were then compared between these plots. A total of 34 different species were found. Statistical Analysis was made on how well the species in the partially cut down forest plots fitted into the undisturbed forest group as well as comparing this results with results of how counterpart species in the clear cut forest plots fitted into the undisturbed forest groups. These results showed that there was no significant difference, ANOVA values of P = 0.839, 0.602 and 0.564 respectively among the species composition between the forest, partially cut down and clear cut forest groups between the forest, partially cut down and clear cut forest plots. However, among the 54 species found in all study plots, 11 were common between the forest and partially logged sites whereas only Carex sp in the clear cut forest was common to those in the forest plots implying that canopy openness did not affect the total species number but had an effect in species composition. Clear cutting seems to kill off everything but trees and generalists. Hence, resiliency of vegetation should be increased by management practices that ensure the maintenance of prior species.

  • 8.
    Pitkänen, Kim
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    Ekologiskt Hållbar Turism: En nisch för naturens bästa2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det är allmänt känt att turismen för med sig negativa ekologiska konsekvenser och har gjort det sedan charterturismen på allvar slog igenom under -50 och 60-talet. På senare tid har alternativ turism börjat gro och tagit sig upp. Att massturismen är dominerande råder det inga tvivel om men det är viktigt att alternativ turism såsom ekoturism ser dagens solljus, en nisch i turismen som ska vara ekologiskt hållbar.

    Vandringen mot toppen är lång och brant för den ekologiskt hållbara turismen, nyligen har den börjat se dagsljuset men massturismen tar åt sig nästan all energi från solljuset. Det innebär att den ekologiskt hållbara turismen måste kämpa i hård konkurrens med de andra aktörerna på marknaden. Aktörer som i dagsläget och även i fortsättningen kommer vara starkare, men det säger inte att det inte finns plats för ekologiskt hållbar turism.

    Uppsatsen visar att det finns ett bra utbud av litteratur om ekoturism som tar upp både skrämmande exempel där varumärket utnyttjats till skadligare verksamhet och exempel med rätt använd ekoturism som ett verktyg för värnande av biologisk mångfald. Den litterära granskningen redogör för betydelsen av ekologiskt hållbar turism och vad som kan göras för att nå dit.

    En enkätundersökning gjordes i sydvästra Sverige med syfte att ta reda på hur folket ser på ekologiskt hållbar turism. Vissa intressanta skillnader fanns mellan personer av samma kön och kvinnor gentemot män, men glädjande var att de flesta av dem 136 svarande trodde eller hoppades att den ekologiskt hållbara turismen har en ljus framtid att gå till mötes. I Sverige har vi idag 81 av Naturens Bästa godkända ekoturistarrangörer. Trots skuggan från de större verksamheterna verkar det finnas tillräckligt med ljus och plats för den ekologiskt hållbar turismen att slå sig in på marknaden.

  • 9.
    Strömberg, Conny
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Jordbruksreformatorn: Peter von Möller och jordbruket i teori och praktik åren 1831-18832011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien undersöker Peter von Möllers agerande inom jordbruksutvecklingen i teori och praktik för åren 1831-1883, en tid som i Sverige sammankopplas med det allra mest intensiva skedet av den agrara revolutionen. Von Möllers egna skrifter utgör grunden för undersökningens jordbruksteoretiska del. Det praktiska jordbruket på von Möllers gods, i Skottorp, har studerats utifrån ett flertal kvantitativa metoder i godsarkivets material. Studien syftar till att beskriva teori och praktik samt finna de sammanlänkande kopplingarna dem emellan. Det ges också jämförande utblickar mot regional och nationell utveckling för samma tid. Undersökningarna finner flera kopplingar mellan de av von Möller beskriva teorierna och det jordbrukets utveckling på Skottorps gods. Det fastslås även att von Möllers betydelse som jordbruksreformator i den halländska historien har reviderats genom undersökningens svar.

  • 10.
    Sutton, M. A.
    et al.
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Edinburgh.
    Nemitz, E.
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Edinburgh.
    Theobald, M. R.
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Edinburgh.
    Milford, C.
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Edinburgh.
    Dorsey, J. R.
    University of Manchester.
    Gallagher, M. W.
    University of Manchester.
    Hensen, A.
    Energy research Centre of the Netherlands.
    Jongejan, P. A. C.
    Energy research Centre of the Netherlands.
    Erisman, J. W.
    Energy research Centre of the Netherlands.
    Mattsson, Marie
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS).
    Schjoerring, J. K.
    University of Copenhagen.
    Cellier, P.
    Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France.
    Loubet, B.
    Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France.
    Roche, R.
    Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France.
    Neftel, A.
    Agroscope Reckenholtz-Tänikon Research Station, Zürich.
    Hermann, B.
    Agroscope Reckenholtz-Tänikon Research Station, Zürich.
    Jones, S. K.
    Agroscope Reckenholtz-Tänikon Research Station, Zürich.
    Lehman, B. E.
    University of Bern.
    Horvath, L.
    Hungarian Meteorological Services, Budapest.
    Weidinger, T.
    Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest.
    Rajkai, K.
    Research Institute of Soil Science and Agrochemistry of Hungary.
    Burkhardt, J.
    University of Bonn.
    Löpmeier, F. J.
    Agrometeorological Research Station of Deutscher Wetterdienst, Braunschweig.
    Daemmgen, U.
    Institut fur Agrarokologie, Bundesforschungsanstalt fur Landwirtschaft, Braunschweig.
    Dynamics of ammonia exchange with cut grassland: Strategy and implementation of the GRAMINAE Integrated Experiment2009In: Biogeosciences, ISSN 1726-4170, E-ISSN 1726-4189, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 309-331Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A major international experiment on ammonia (NH3) biosphere-atmosphere exchange was conducted over intensively managed grassland at Braunschweig, Germany. The experimental strategy was developed to allow an integrated analysis of different features of NH3 exchange including: a) quantification of nearby emissions and advection effects, b) estimation of net NH3 fluxes with the canopy by a range of micrometeorological measurements, c) analysis of the sources and sinks of NH3 within the plant canopy, including soils and bioassay measurements, d) comparison of the effects of grassland management options on NH3 fluxes and e) assessment of the interactions of NH3 fluxes with aerosol exchange processes. Additional technical objectives included the inter-comparison of different estimates of sensible and latent heat fluxes, as well as continuous-gradient and Relaxed Eddy Accumulation (REA) systems for NH3 fluxes. The prior analysis established the spatial and temporal design of the experiment, allowing significant synergy between these objectives. The measurements were made at 7 measurement locations, thereby quantifying horizontal and vertical profiles, and covered three phases: a) tall grass canopy prior to cutting (7 days), b) short grass after cutting (7 days) and c) re-growing sward following fertilization with ammonium nitrate (10 days). The sequential management treatments allowed comparison of sources-sinks, advection and aerosol interactions under a wide range of NH3 fluxes. This paper describes the experimental strategy and reports the grassland management history, soils, environmental conditions and air chemistry during the experiment, finally summarizing how the results are coordinated in the accompanying series of papers.

  • 11.
    Thorell, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Food Security from a Spatial Perspective; The Situation in Advanced and Less Advanced Economies2016In: International Journal of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, Vol. 3, no 8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Food security has been one of the most important policy issues on the global arena after the Second World War. The overall aim of this presentation is to describe preconditions for a sustainable food supply from a spatial perspective. Special attention is paid to the differences between advanced and less advanced economies around the world. The theoretical framework is based upon models which are explaining complex systems of factors that affect the preconditions for agricultural productions. In addition to this, theories about how population and environmental pollution change through different stages of societal development are explained. The results are based upon data of agricultural practices, population growth, hunger and nutrition levels from different countries around the world. The analysis shows that  factors which affect preconditions for agricultural production are dynamic. Factors which support the food security in the near future are a decreasing population growth, technological development  and innovation but the environmental crisis is associated to high risks. It is, therefore, important to develop environmental policies and improved methods for organic farming. A final conclusion is that the spatial pattern is clear; the food supply is sufficient within advanced economies but rather complicated in development countries.

  • 12.
    Viebke, Jakob
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Gustav, Eriksson
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Hylobius Safegurad2011Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this report you will get an insight into one of the most promising ideas. The problem that we have solved is caused by an insect called the pine weevil (Hylobius Abetis) that are barely larger than a fingernail. The Pine weevil causes problems for the forest industry corresponding 1.5 billion SEK every year and this only on the Swedish market.  The problem is worldwide and are found throughout Scandinavia, Russia, Asia and to some extent also in North America. There are a plethora of different attempts at solutions to this problem. All have their weaknesses when compared to the strict requirements that exist for these devices.  We have the solution to the problem of the pine weevil. The advantage of our protection is that we have taken into account all the steps that the protection undergoes during its product lifecycle such as, manufacture, application, planting and environmental asspects.  The potential of this product is very large. Much thanks to the EU directive that will ban insecticides at the end of 2014. Today, the insecticides are the most common security measure to prevent pine weevil attacks. There is therefore a very great and urgent need for a new and environmentally friendly alternative. At this writing, a patent application started has begun and the market has shown great interest in the protection.  Sweden alone is planting an annual of 400 million spruce seedlings, at least half of those needing protection. Our product cost 1.15 SEK each to end customer. We then have a profit of 0.10 SEK per product. The initial costs for manufacturing and machinery stands at 2 million SEK. We then need to take 5% of the Swedish market to achieve break-even. If only Södra Odlarna apply our product to all its needs, it would generate a profit of 2 million SEK in the first year and this is after investment costs are paid of. This is in a market that has no good solution to the pine weevil issue. We must also remember that this is a global problem. 

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