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  • 1.
    Andersson, Maria
    et al.
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Section of Rheumatology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden & Spenshult Research and Development Center, Oskarström, Sweden.
    Larsson, Ingrid
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). Spenshult Research and Development Center, Oskarström, Sweden.
    Reasons to stop drinking alcohol among patients with rheumatoid arthritis – a mixed method study2016In: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, ISSN 0003-4967, E-ISSN 1468-2060, Vol. 75, no Suppl 2, article id 1295Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Studies of alcohol use in patients with rheumatoid arthritis are sparse and studies of why patients choose to stop drinking alcohol in particular.

    Objectives: The aim of the current study was twofold: first to identify patients with RA who stopped drinking alcohol and compare those to patients drinking alcohol, and second, to explore reasons to stop drinking alcohol.

    Methods: In 2010 a self-completion postal questionnaire was sent to all 2,102 prevalent patients in the Better anti-rheumatic farmacotherapy (BARFOT) study enquiring about disease severity, physical function (HAQ) and health related quality of life (EQ5D), pain, fatigue, patient global assessment (PatGA) and lifestyle factors e.g. alcohol. The questions assessing alcohol included the question “Have you stopped drinking alcohol?” and an open question “Why have you stopped drinking alcohol?” A mixed method design was used and 1512 patients had answered the alcohol questions and was included in the study of those 86 had stopped drinking alcohol. Seventy-one patients answered the open question and their answers were analyzed with qualitative content analysis (1).

    Results: Comparing patient with RA using alcohol or not, the patients who stopped drinking alcohol was older median age (min-max) 69 (36–90) vs. 66 (23–95), p=0.011, more men 42% vs. 29%, p=0.015, had worse physical function, median HAQ (min-max) 0.50 (0–3.00) vs. 1.00 (0–2.75), p<0.001, worse health related quality of life, median EQ5D (min-max), 0.69 (-0.59–1.00) vs. 0.76 (-0.02–1.00), p<0.001, worse self-perceived health, median PatGA (min-max) 5 (0–10) vs. 3 (0–10), <0.001, more pain, median (min-max) 5 (0–10) vs. 3 (0–10), p<0.001, and more fatigue median (min-max) 6 (0–10) vs 4 (0–10), p<0.001. There were no differences between the groups regarding disease duration, swollen and tender joints. The qualitative content analysis resulted in five categories describing the reasons for patient with RA to stop drinking alcohol: disease and treatment, health and wellbeing, work and family, faith and belief and dependences and abuse.

    Conclusions: Patients with RA who stopped drinking alcohol have a lower physical function, health related quality of life, self-perceived health and more pain and fatigue comparing to patients with RA drinking alcohol. The reasons to stop drinking alcohol were of different nature such as medical, physical, mental, social and spiritual

  • 2.
    Danielsson, Carl
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Frid, Kira
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Patienters upplevelser av hur vårdpersonal bemöter patienter med beroendeproblematik2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In today's society, alcohol and drug problems are common. Alcohol and drug problems lead to negative changes in everyday life. From a societal perspective, there is the stigma of alcohol and drug problems, which leads to people that avoid seeking care. Purpose: To describe how patients with alcohol and/or drug problems experience the treatment of healthcare professionals in the healthcare sector. Method: General literature study with inductive approach. Result: The result is presented in two themes which are supportive treatment and obstructive treatment. In the result, it was found that the care staff's treatment was experienced as supportive because the care staff listened and treated patients professionally and that the care staff showed that they had good knowledge in the meeting with patients. Furthermore, it emerged in the results that patients perceived the treatment of care staff as an obstacle in the care process because the care staff treated patients insufficiently and unworthily in the form of discrimination, stigmatization and abuse of power. Conclusion: The result is presented in two themes, which are supportive treatment and obstructive treatment. The result can contribute to increased understanding among healthcare professionals who meet people with alcohol and/or drug problems, which can thus contribute to better conditions for good treatment.

  • 3.
    Svensson, Ove
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Wellfare and Well-being (V&V).
    Ungdomars spelkarriärer: från speldebut till konstruktion av självidentitet och livsstil utan spel2010In: Spelberoendes riksförbund 10 år: en jublieumsskrift / [ed] Per Binde och Jakob Jonsson, Östersund: Statens folkhälsoinstitut , 2010, p. 135-156Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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