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  • 1.
    Bergman, Cilie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Lorentsson, Kajsa
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Gåvan till liv: upplevelser av att donera en njure2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att ge bort en del av sig själv för att förbättra livet för en annan människa, är att ge gåvan till liv. Levande njurdonatorers upplevelser kommer ofta i skymundan eftersom studier ofta fokuserat på mottagarens upple-velse av njurtransplantationen. Donationen beskrivs med både positiva och negativa upplevelser. De negati-va upplevelserna förknippas med fysiska och psykiska komplikationer efter donationen. De positiva upplevel-serna beskrivs som ökad livskvalitet och glädje inför att hjälpa en människa till ett bättre liv. Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att beskriva levande donatorers upp-levelser av att donera en njure från beslutsfattandet till tiden efter donationen. Studien genomfördes som en lit-teraturstudie, där 13 artiklar granskades och analysera-des. Resultatet visar att det finns flera faktorer, såsom oro inför mottagarens situation och oro inför sin egen framtid som påverkar donatorernas beslutsfattande. Det framkom även att både fysiska och psykiska upplevelser förekommer efter donationen. De fysiska upplevelserna var framförallt smärta, illamående samt ömhet och obe-hag runt operationssåret. Donatorns psykiska upplevel-ser efter donationen var vanligen oro inför mottagarens tillfrisknande, stress, depression samt nedstämdhet. Överlag upplevde donatorerna donationen positivt och var nöjda med sitt beslut. Mer forskning kring levande njurdonatorers upplevelser kan bidra till att sjuksköters-kor lättare kan stödja donatorer i donationsprocessen samt att blivande donatorer kan få en inblick i hur dona-tionen upplevs.

  • 2.
    Eliasson, Mona
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Karlsson, Erika
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Mannens ensak eller bådas angelägenhet: Prostatacancers påverkan på den heterosexuella relationen2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When a man is diagnosed with prostate cancer it implies a psychological strain for the man and his female partner where reactions such as shock, loss of meaning, loneliness and anxiety are common. The purpose of this literature review was to describe how everyday life is perceived and influenced in couples where the man has been diagnosed with prostate cancer. The results of the study are based on ten scientific articles focused on exploring couple’s experiences of the disease and how they are affected by the situation. Symptoms such as impotence, incontinence and fatigue were changes that affected the couple’s everyday life and their relationship. These changes were psychologically trying for the couple’s health and their quality of life decreased because of the cancer.  Psychological problems like depression, anxiety and guilt were more common for the woman. Despite the fact that the couples were in great need of information, they felt that health care providers were not attentive to these needs. Clearer guidelines are needed within the health-care system for how couples living with prostate cancer should be treated. The nurse would thereafter be better equipped to meet the couple’s needs for information and support. The nurse should highlight and approach women’s individual needs and show openness towards the sexual problems that can befall couples. More research is needed, particularly in Scandinavia, in order to get a clearer picture of how a homosexual and heterosexual relationship is affected by prostate cancer.

  • 3.
    Larsson, Stefan
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Östberg, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Långvarig sjukdom förändrar den levda kroppens tanke: Hur sjuksköterskan kan identifiera och förebygga depression hos människor som behandlas med dialys2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mental illness is increasing in society, 20% of Sweden's population is at risk to suffer some from depression at some point in their lives. 600 people each year suffer from chronic kidney failure, which can lead to the need for dialysis treatment. To live with a lifelong disease and suffer from mental illness at the same time exposes the individual for a great suffering. By responding to the patients with empathy and compassion the nurse creates good conditions for the relationship, to be able to be characterized by trust and honesty. The purpose of this literature study was to elucidate how the nurse can identify and prevent depression for people treated with dialysis. The results show that depression is common among dialysis patients. For these people, depression can lead to sleeping problems, nutritional problems, feelings of loss, and social isolation. Identification of depression can be done through the use of evaluation forms; this can also be used as a measure to prevent depression. More qualitative research on the subject would be a good method to increase the understanding of the situation these patients are in. Raising awareness also increases the understanding of depression and what it means to live with a lifelong disease, and the complex situation it means.

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