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  • 1.
    Kodeda, Marika
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Förebygga turistdiarré: - är råden kring kost och vaccin evidensbaserade?2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Travel between countries continues to increase and many trips go from richer to poorer countries in tropical and subtropical areas. Travellers meet a different spectrum of diseases than in their home countries and the most common health problem among travellers is travellers´diarrhoea. It is common among travellers to seek advice at a travel clinic prior                                         to the trip. Advice is given on, among other things,                                                          diet and vaccine to prevent travellers´ diarrhoea. The aim of this literature study was to investigate the evidence base to enable nurses to provide evidence based advice on diet and vaccine to prevent travellers´ diarrhoea. The search for articles in mainly PubMed and Cinahl lead to 15 quantitative articles, which constituted material for the result of the literature study. The literature gave contradictory answers to the question of the significance of dietary advice. The results indicated that the risk for travellers´ diarrhoea varied with age, duration of the trip and destination. The results further showed that there is a vaccine with some effect against travellers´ diarrhoea. There was a lower incidence rate among the vaccinated and the ones who did contract travellers´ diarrhoea were ill during a shorter period of time. The vaccine protected mainly against more severe diarrhoea. The studies carried out on the area were few and in many cases relatively old. More studies are needed to enable assertive conclusions as material for individually suited evidence based advice.                                             

  • 2.
    Lissbrant, Maria
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Öberg, Helen
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Individen bakom sjukdomen- Ulcerös colit och Morbus crohn: - Ulcerös kolit och Morbus crohn2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of widespread diseases and is to be considered a rising problem. IBD involve several gastrointestinal diseases, where Ulcerative colitis and Crohn disease are the most common. These will be illuminated in this literature review. IBD is chronical, involves inflammation and appears in relapsing episodes. The aim of this literature review was to investigate how these gastrointestinal diseases affect the adult individual, both physical and psychological, regarding quality of life. The result showed how IBD might cause anxiety, depression and social isolation. It is of importance that the healthcare system provides individual nursing care and adequate information to individuals suffering from these conditions. Continuing research regarding what way of support these individuals need in order to improve quality of life, ought to be carried out.

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