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  • 1.
    Ekmekci, Mehtap
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Franck, Thomas
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Utmattat trött: Upplevelsen av multipel skleros-relaterad fatigue och dess påverkan på dagligt liv2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Fatigue är ett vanligt förekommande symtom vid multipel skleros (MS). Denna ihållande och svåra trötthet beskrivs ofta som det svåraste MS-relaterade symtomet att hantera. Symtomet har en negativ påverkan på individens funktionella status samt på livskvaliteten. Syftet med litteraturstudien var att belysa upplevelserna av MS-relaterad fatigue samt hur symtomet påverkar det dagliga livet. Som metod användes en systematisk genomgång av tidigare forskning med en induktiv ansats. Forskning visar att fatigue upplevs som en oavbruten förlamande effekt som uppfattas skilja sig mycket från tidigare upplevd trötthet. Fatigue påverkar hela kroppen och leder till att kroppen blir svårare att styra och hantera. Den begränsade förmågan att utföra önskade aktiviteter påverkar individernas liv negativt. Individer med MS blir tvungna att reglera och planera sitt dagliga liv för att undvika och minska graden av fatigue. En bibehållen självkänsla samt en positiv attityd och en acceptans för sjukdomen och symtomet upplevs minska graden av fatigue. Kommande forskning bör fokusera på individanpassade metoder eller strategier som upplevs minska graden av fatigue.

  • 2.
    Persson, Lisbeth
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Svensson, Annika
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Upplevelser av stroke2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem: Stroke is a worldwide, serious and costly disease. Nursing interventions of patients with stroke should be individualized and adapted to promote recovery and prevent complications. It is therefore important for nurses to have knowledge of how the stroke affected patients experience their illness. The purpose was to illustrate patients’ experience of suffering from and living with a stroke. Method: A literature study, where 11 qualitative and one quantitative article that met the study’s purpose, were used. Results and conclusion: To suffer a stroke, affects the patient’s whole life with loss of control over both body and personality. Worries concerning the possibility to suffer a new stroke often results in a life of uncertainty but also in changing of lifestyles. The stroke affects the patient’s role in the family and in the relationship with the spouse; anger and frustration over the situation affect the immediate family negatively. The social relationships with family and friends deteriorate, because the residual physical or cognitive disabilities make it difficult to participate in social contexts in the same way as before the illness. Exaggerated emotional expressions and extreme fatigue makes social interaction even more difficult. Implication: It is important that nurses are more aware of stroke patients' experiences in order to provide individualized care. There is a need for further research on coping strategies and the stroke patients' experiences of nursing.

  • 3.
    Schmelz, M.
    et al.
    Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Faculty of Clinical Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Germany; Department of Physiology and Experimental Pathophysiology, University of Erlangen, Germany.
    Hilliges, Marita
    Department of Basic Oral Sciences , Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Schmidt, R.
    Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, University of Uppsala, Sweden.
    Ørstavik, K.
    Department of Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology, Rikshospitalet, University of Oslo, Norway.
    Vahlquist, C.
    Department of Dermatology, University of Uppsala, Sweden.
    Weidner, C.
    Department of Physiology and Experimental Pathophysiology, University of Erlangen, Germany.
    Handwerker, Hermann Otto
    Department of Physiology and Experimental Pathophysiology, University of Erlangen, Germany.
    Torebjörk, H. E.
    Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, University of Uppsala, Sweden.
    Active "itch fibers" in chronic pruritus2003In: Neurology, ISSN 0028-3878, E-ISSN 1526-632X, Vol. 61, no 4, p. 564-566Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An itch-specific neuronal pathway was recently discovered in healthy humans and animals. Here the authors report that activity in this specific pathway coincides with itch under pathophysiologic conditions in a patient with chronic pruritus. Microneurographic recordings from the symptomatic area revealed spontaneous activity in six single C-fiber afferents that had the characteristic features of "itch fibers." Itch may be caused by activity in a specific subpopulation of C-fiber afferents.

  • 4.
    Svensson, Emma
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Månsson, Sofie
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Copingstrategier hos vuxna personer med diagnosen epilepsi: En litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The number of people who are diagnosed with epilepsy increases each year and what is more each person stricken by the disease also experiences different issues all related to the illness. To be able handle the problems generated from epilepsy they can use different coping strategies. The aim of this study was to examine coping strategies among adults diagnosed with epilepsy and it was made as a literary study where article search, examination and selection was done according to a structural and methodical approach. The result was based upon eight scholarly articles. After an analysis of the articles three main categories emerged: Internalized coping strategy, external coping strategy and allocation and use of coping strategies. Internalized coping strategy gave rise to two additional lower categories: situation-focused coping and emotion-focused coping. The result shows that the most common coping strategies are adaption, denial and religion. Furthermore it is also shown that similar strategies are used among many countries, whereas there is a difference between men and women. Additional research is needed within this field to increase the knowledge about coping strategies among people with epilepsy. The effect of this knowledge is that it will be easier for nurses to guide and understand people diagnosed with epilepsy. 

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