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  • 6751.
    Wylleman, Paul
    et al.
    Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussel, Belgium.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Do we do what our results show? European career researchers about their own careers2019In: Abstract book: The 15th European Congress of Sport and Exercise Psychology – Building the Future of Sport and Exercise Psychology / [ed] B. Strauss, 2019, p. 74-74Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Four prominent career researchers – Dorothee Alfermann (Leipzig University), Natalia Stambulova (Halmstad University), Miquel Torregrossa (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona) and Paul Wylleman (Vrije Universiteit Brussel) – discuss the associations between their research during the past 20 to 30 years and their own professional careers. Some of the most important findings from their research on topics such as career transitions, career termination/retirement, psycho-socio-cultural factors/holistic development, and athletes’ crises include that:  *   a career and its termination are the result of multiple factors (athlete and social environment);  *   transitions have the power to change the development of careers in sport and life;  *   research should include retrospective accounts and rationalizations and also future prospects;  *   athletes’ careers are influenced by their concurrent development in different domains and the occurrence of transitions.Challenges in their own career included balancing career and family, coping with life-long mobility requirements, making Russian career research meaningful internationally, balancing personal career with the growth of the own research team, and applying research findings.After four brief career narratives the researchers will discuss:  *   How their thinking about athlete careers evolved during their research career;  *   The associations between a research-based ‘career-type-of-thinking’ and their own career;  *   The people and organizations having influenced their career;  *   The major lessons learned and what recommendations could be given to younger career researchers and sport psychology/career/dual career practitioners?Questions from the audience also will be encouraged.

  • 6752.
    Wylleman, Paul
    et al.
    Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussel, Belgium.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    P.F. Lesgaft State Academy of Physical Education, St.-Petersburg, Russia.
    Biddle, Stuart
    Department of Physical Education, Sports Science and Recreation Management, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK.
    Career transitions in sport: Research and interventions1999In: Psychology of Sport and Exercise: Enhancing the Quality of Life, Proceedings of the 10th European Congress of Sport Psychology – FEPSAC, Part 2 / [ed] V. Hosek, P. Tilinger, & L. Bilek, Prague: Charles University , 1999, p. 301-303Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6753.
    Wändal, Catarina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Leijbertz, Natalie
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Det gäller ju att hänga med...: seniorers upplevelser av e-tjänster2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte och frågeställningar: Studiens syfte är att studera hur seniorer upplever användandet av e-tjänster för att få förståelse för hur digitala tjänster används i seniorers vardag.

    -      Hur kan seniorers upplevelser av e-tjänster i vardagen förstås utifrån domesticeringsteorins processer? 

    -      Hur kan seniorer som mottagare förstås av digitala tjänsters utmaningar och potential utifrån Rogers teori om innovationsspridning? 

     

    Metod och material: En kvalitativ studie med fokusgruppsintervjuer för insamling av empiri. 

    Huvudresultat: Resultatet visade att seniorerna upplever e-tjänster som bekväma, tidsbesparande och underlättar vardagen. Ett enkelt sätt att få och tillgå information igenom samt kommunicera. Utmaningar var när tekniken upplevdes svår samt att bryta traditioner och vanor de trivdes med. Resultatet visar också att det måste finns intresse för e-tjänsten hos seniorerna och att tekniken uppfyller ett behov. Tekniken och e-tjänster ingår till stora delar i seniorers vardag men vilka e-tjänster de använde skilde sig emellan individerna. 

  • 6754.
    Wärnestål, Pontus
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Facilitating Urban Planning with Human-Centred Digital Design Methodology2019In: IM+io Best and Next Practices aus Digitalisierung, ISSN 1616-1017, no 29, p. 90-93Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Future Smart Cities and societies can benefit greatly from interdisciplinary Human-Centred Design (HCD). The Participatory Urban Design project has developed and verified a human-centered service design methodology as a new way of working for architects and urban planners. The method is based on the impact mapping and “customer” journey mapping methods. This approach allows the architects in the project to e ectively tie the city’s long-term vision into concrete design solutions for the design and construction of residential areas, and to communicate these values and effects to other stakeholders such as builders and property owners. © 2019 August-Wilhelm Scheer Institut für digitale Produkte und Prozesse gGmbH

  • 6755.
    Wärnestål, Pontus
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Formal Learning Sequences and Progression in the Studio: A Framework for Digital Design Education2016In: Journal of Information Technology Education: Innovations in Practice, ISSN 2165-3151, E-ISSN 2165-316X, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 35-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines how to leverage the design studio learning environment throughout longterm Digital Design education in order to support students to progress from tactical, well-defined, device-centric routine design, to confidently design sustainable solutions for strategic, complex, problems for a wide range of devices and platforms in the digital space. We present a framework derived from literature on design, creativity, and theories on learning that: (a) implements a theory of formal learning sequences as a user-centered design process in the studio; and (b) describes design challenge progressions in the design studio environment modeled in seven dimensions. The framework can be used as a tool for designing, evaluating, and communicating course progressions within – and between series of – design studio courses. This approach is evaluated by implementing a formal learning sequence framework in a series of design studio courses that progress in an undergraduate design-oriented Informatics program. Reflections from students, teachers, and external clients indicate high student motivation and learning goal achievement, high teacher satisfaction and skill development, and high satisfaction among external clients.

  • 6756.
    Wärnestål, Pontus
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Kan man föreläsa på ett bibliotek?: Kombinerad lärande- och designmiljö på fältet2012In: NU2012: Gränslöst lärande: Göteborg 17-19 oktober 2012: konferenskatalog, 2012, p. 29-31Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6757.
    Wärnestål, Pontus
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Lindqvist, Mats
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Course Structuring for Procedural Knowledge in Interaction Design Education2012In: IRIS 35: Proceedings of the 35th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia: Designing the Interactive Society, Uppsala: Department of Informatics and Media, Uppsala University , 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Society’s use of increasingly complex information technology is, in a long-term perspective, shaped by the way we train our future designers and developers of information systems. By preparing students for practice on the field, in complex use-contexts, we aim to help student’s bridge theory and practice, thereby helping them incorporate procedural knowledge and reflective practice in their skill repertoire. This paper presents a new course structure founded on active, contextual, and peer-based formative learning. Based on student and teacher reflections from two implementations of a course in Interaction Design, we find that our approach enhances the students’ understanding, and assimilation, of the reflective aspect of interaction design practice.

  • 6758.
    Wärnestål, Pontus
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Lindqvist, Mats
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Designerly Ways of Teaching and Learning: A Course Structure for Interaction Design2013In: Journal of Learning in Higher Education, ISSN 1936-346X, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 179-188Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Society´s use of increasingly complex information technology is, in a long-term perspective, shaped by the way we train our future designers and developers of information systems. By preparing students for practice on the field, in complex use-contexts, we aim to help student’s bridge theory and practice, thereby helping them incorporate procedural knowledge and reflective practice in their skill repertoire. This paper presents a new course structure founded on active, contextual, and peer-based formative learning. Based on student and teacher reflections from two implementations of a course in Interaction Design, we find that our approach enhances the students’ understanding, and assimilation, of the reflective aspect of interaction design practice.

  • 6759.
    Wärnestål, Pontus
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Lindqvist, Mats
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Designerly Ways of Teaching and Learning: A Course Structure for Interaction Design2012In: Joint International Conferences 2012 Academic Business World International Conference & International Conference on Learning and Administration in Higher Education: Proceedings, 2012, p. 79-79Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6760.
    xinjing, chen
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    simin, pan
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    The influences of national culture on new product development collaboration2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To  ensure  success  in  the  rapid  pace  of  globalization,  it  is  crucial  for  companies  to understand the management practice within and outside national boundaries. This study investigates  the  influences  of  national  culture  on  new  product  development  (NPD) collaboration between China and Sweden.  

    By applying  the  qualitative approach  with a single  case,  the  study  shows that national culture influences on NPD  collaboration  by  means  of organizational  culture and  work values   regarding   six   national   culture   dimensions   between   China   and   Sweden. Concerning  organizational  culture,  power  distance  and  masculinity  versus  femininity dimensions  of  national  culture  have  impacts  on  NPD  collaboration.  In  terms  of  work values, the  influences  of power  distance and uncertainty avoidance are  ranked at  first place, whereas individualism and collectivism, masculinity  versus femininity, harmony and long-term versus short-term orientation are relative weak comparing with first two dimensions.  

    However,  the  results  also  show  that  some  organizational  characteristics  including uncertainty  avoidance,  long-term  versus  short-term  orientation  and  harmony  have barely  effects on NPD  collaboration. This  implies that there  could  be  context-specific factors  that  affect  performances  of  NDP  collaboration  regardless  of  in  which  country the NPD project takes place.

  • 6761.
    Xu, Chenke
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Hu, Hao
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Factors influencing SMEs' export performance: A case study of Chinese SMEs2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Small and medium-sized enterprises play much more important roles in both domestic and international markets nowadays. The issue that factors influence their export performance (mainly the export sales and profits) also becomes much more attractive these years. The purpose of this thesis is to investigate the factors which influence the SMEs’ export performance and how each factor influences the SMEs’ export performance. This study is built on a modified model of the factors influencing the SMEs’ export performance. The authors use case study to conduct this research, and one company’s (Company B’s) data is collected through the semi-structured interview. Some findings are obtained: the important factors which influence Company B’s export performance contain the trade shows, the expenses on getting the authentication, capital sources, export rebate, firm network, firm previous experience, firm competencies, personal network, international orientation and personal previous experience. In addition, the authors also find the effect of firm size is indirect. However, customs duty, transportation, as well as building up the brand do not play important impacts on export performance. Take the trade shows as an example, personal cards and product samples are sent to the customers, then the customers who are interested in the products will contact Company B. In this way, the customers are accumulated and the export sales increase. Thus, the export performance is enhanced.

  • 6762.
    Xu, Haiyi
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Yang, Runyu
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Capturing environmental and entrepreneurialinfluences on business model formulation: A Case study on technology-based SMEs2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6763.
    XU, XIAOCHEN
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    JIN, YOUQI
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Chinese Buying Process and the Influence of Different Marketing Promotional Tools: Marketing Promotional Tools in an Evolving Context2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A company might offer the best product with best price on the market, but the marketing 

    plan would not be reached unless you have a great marketing communication strategy 

    with your target consumers and other important audience. Promotion as the key of marketing 

    mix plays a core role in consumers’ decision as well as the success of the market. In order to 

    use marketing promotional tools strategically, companies should learn about the consumers 

    purchase behavior as well as the process of consumers to have a purchase decision. The 

    purpose of this thesis is to give some implication from the perspective of how to mix the 

    marketing promotional tools in an appropriate way for those who want to entry Chinese 

    clothing market. This study is built on a modified model by Charles's (2012) "The goals 

    of promotional mix in AIDA".

    We use the method of case study to conduct this investigation, and the data of two companies 

    which in clothing industry (Company M and Company Y) are collected through the semi-structured 

    interview. The data of consumer behavior is collected by the questionnaire sent to our friends to fill. 

    Some findings are obtained: Chinese company use different promotional tools mix to meet Chinese 

    consumers' buying behavior over time. The influence of promotional tools on Chinese buying process 

    may have some difference to western people.

  • 6764.
    XU, ZAOXUAN
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    The Challenges of brand innovation in different brand portfolio strategies2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s knowledge-based economies, the global competition has become fiercer. In order to respond to competition and gain a competitive advantage or, in some cases, survive, company takes a variety of means to improve its competitiveness. Companies that do not acknowledge the effective ways to innovate its brands fail to gain more market share and there is also a risk of losing their occupied market share. It is important for companies to innovate its brand effectively.

     

    The purpose of this thesis is to identify the challenges related to brand innovation in the context of two different types of brand portfolios (i.e. “the house of brands”, and “the branded house”).

     

    In this thesis, I use a case study to analyze three cases in one company so as to realize the importance of brand innovation and its challenges. In order to gather the important information, I interview respondents of Haier which is a big home appliance company in China.

     

    This study demonstrates that the companies need to know the challenges of brand innovation a company face depending on its brand portfolio strategy. In addition, it is better for companies to make the right strategies when they innovate their brands, and to learn how to overcome the challenges of brand innovation. 

  • 6765.
    XU, ZAOXUAN
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    WU, HOUQIANG
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Analyzing how companies respond to competition in an Industry: A Case Study of two B2C e-commerce companies in China2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 60 credits / 90 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays global competition has become more and more rigorous when entrepreneur operates a company in e-commerce industry. Companies, which don’t acknowledge the effective ways to respond to global competition, fail to gain more market share and there is also a risk of losing their occupied market share. It is important for companies to respond to competition effectively. By using Porter’s five forces model, we can analyze how companies respond to competition more comprehensive.  

     

    The purpose of this thesis is to demonstrate some of competition that companies face and analyze how companies respond to competition when operating in e-commerce industry.

     

    In this thesis, we use a case study to analyze two companies’ competition strategies so as to develop an understanding of the e-commerce competitive environment and realize the importance of responding to various competitions in e-commerce market. In order to gather the important information, we interview respondents of two Chinese B2C companies. Two B2C companies are: JD Company and Amazon China. JD Company is a domestic company and Amazon China is a multinational company.

     

    This study demonstrates that the companies need to improve their competitiveness to respond to competition such as improving the quality of product, the logistic system, and the after-sale service. In addition, it is better for companies to make the strategies such as low-price strategy and differentiation strategy to respond to competition. 

  • 6766.
    Yalcin, Hamza
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    ” Allt börjar och slutar med dig”      :   Aktörskap  hos studenter med invandrarbakgrund2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det övergripande syftet med denna kvalitativa studie var att få en djupare förståelse för aktörskap hos studenter med invandrarbakgrund. En tidigare delrapport visade att studenter med invandrarbakgrund på Högskolan i Halmstad höstterminen 2007 hade delvis annorlunda föreställningar om, förhållningssätt till och prestationsnivå i utbildningen än studenter med nordisk bakgrund på samma program. Jag bestämde mig för att skapa en djupare förståelse kring hur dessa skillnader mellan studenter med invandrarbakgrund och svensk bakgrund ser ut, vad de nämnda skillnaderna kan bero på och vilka konsekvenser de kan leda till. Jag valde begreppet aktörskap som utgångspunkt och använde mig främst av Freire som teoretiker i min studie. Jag samlade empiri med hjälp av kvalitativa och semistrukturerade intervjuer och diskussioner.  Resultatet pekar på en traditionell studentroll som stämmer överens med en s.k. ”bankutbildning” som bygger på ett anpassningsinriktat lärande, vilket kan resultera i okritisk kunskap, underlägsenhetskänslor och motivationsförlust hos studenter med invandrarbakgrund.

  • 6767.
    Yalda, Nora
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Alija, Valbone
    Halmstad University.
    Medarbetarnas välmående på arbetsplatsen: En kvalitativ studie som undersöker undersköterskor i äldrevården2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att kartlägga upplevelser kring faktorer som ökar välmående på arbetsplatsen hos personal som inte varit sjukskrivna det senaste året och få en djupare inblick i de faktorer som höjer personalens välmående. Äldreomsorgens medarbetare som inte varit sjukskrivna det senaste året i Halmstad kommun deltog i gruppintervjuer där deras upplevelser kring välmående på arbetsplatsen belystes. Vi kommer att använda oss av en kvalitativ studie där våra gruppintervjuer är semistrukturerade. Den kvalitativa studiens utgångspunkt ligger i den humanvetenskapliga ansatsen hermeneutiken och grundas på att skapa förståelse kring individers upplevelser. Den kvalitativa metoden är därför en fördel för att studera medarbetarnas upplevelser kring de faktorer som ökar deras välmående på arbetsplatsen. Med stöd av metoden får vi en djupgående beskrivning av medarbetarnas upplevelser kring sin arbetsplats.

  • 6768.
    Yang, Ming
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Chen, XinJing
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Transformation of Chinese OEM-----Case study2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the globalization trend, the transformation of Chinese OEM has become a hot topic in the last decades. Although the previous literature suggested that there were many different determinants influencing firms to be successful companies, there is a lack of combination in the context of Chinese OEM. Thus, the purpose of this research study is to find out the approach of Chinese OEMs to successfully launch their own products based on three perspectives - organizational structure, processes and culture.Applying a qualitative approach, the data was gathered through semi-structured telephone interviews with the senior personnel of one Chinese OEM company (Damekiss), complemented with secondary data collected from the company’s and public websites.The results of analysis showed different views of how organizational structure, process and culture influencing on the transformation of Chinese OEM. We found that four functions (i.e. manufacturing, distribution, new product development and human resource management) influenced the transformation of Chinese OEM in organizational structure perspective. Among these functions, human resource management and distribution are extremely weak in the organizational structure of Chinese OEM. Regarding to the process of formulating these functions, the deep understanding of the customers’ preferences and collaboration partners that influenced building distribution were figured out. In the case company, it showed a relative poor ability on distribution which would be the barriers for further developing. Building HRM process was raised as another issue of the transformation of Chinese OEMs. According to the case company, HRM was poorly organized. The recruitment did not get enough attention; the training programs stayed at a lower level. The last not least, the corporate culture was also proven to be playing an important role in the transformation of Chinese OEMs. Awareness of corporate culture as one of significant aspects influencing the entire company was found in the case company. Slogan, company heroes and rituals as an internal culture were properly used to motivate employees.

  • 6769.
    Yang, Peng
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    EU Trade: The Issues at Stake with China - With the exploration of International Political Econom2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    China has been the second largest trading partner of EU in goods and the forth largest

    in services since it joined the WTO in 2001. For its part, the European Union has been

    China’s largest trading partner since 2004. Despite this, there are a range of issues at

    stake between the EU and China who are not only involved into economica l disputes,

    but are also at odds on politica l matters . In this paper the authors conduct the study

    based on trade hindrances instead of trade achievements with the approaches of IPE

    based on the assumption: the tenser of trade-ties, the deeper the politica l dimension

    involved and the more delica te the relationship between Economy and Politics

    projected to be. Considering the limitation of time and space, the paper focuses

    prima rily on the trade issues regarded from three different angles: the internal issues

    related to trade (e.g. trade deficit, IPR infringement); the external issues related to

    trade (e.g. huma n rights); the ultimate issues rela ted to trade (e.g. technology). Instead

    of putting forth feasible resolution to these issues, the ma in feature of this paper lies in

    the analysis of trade issues in combination with the approaches of Internationa l

    politica l economy. It’s interesting and far-reaching to research EU (trade) from the

    perspective of IPE because as Michael Smith argued “The EU’s place in the IPE is

    challenging not only in the empirica l sense, but also in the conceptual sense, for

    simple reason that (on the one hand) it is not a state and that (on the other hand) it

    performs a number of vital state functions in the IPE” (Michael Smith 2006, p.527).

  • 6770.
    Yang, Peng
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    EU Trade: The Issues at Stake with China - With the exploration of International Political Economy2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract

    China has been the second largest trading partner of EU in goods and the forth largest in services since it joined the WTO in 2001. For its part, the European Union has been China’s largest trading partner since 2004. Despite this, there are a range of issues at stake between the EU and China who are not only involved into economical disputes, but are also at odds on political matters. In this paper the authors conduct the study based on trade hindrances instead of trade achievements with the approaches of IPE based on the assumption: the tenser of trade-ties, the deeper the political dimension involved and the more delicate the relationship between Economy and Politics projected to be. Considering the limitation of time and space, the paper focuses primarily on the trade issues regarded from three different angles: the internal issues related to trade (e.g. trade deficit, IPR infringement); the external issues related to trade (e.g. human rights); the ultimate issues related to trade (e.g. technology). Instead of putting forth feasible resolution to these issues, the main feature of this paper lies in the analysis of trade issues in combination with the approaches of International political economy. It’s interesting and far-reaching to research EU (trade) from the perspective of IPE because as Michael Smith argued “The EU’s place in the IPE is challenging not only in the empirical sense, but also in the conceptual sense, for simple reason that (on the one hand) it is not a state and that (on the other hand) it performs a number of vital state functions in the IPE” (Michael Smith 2006, p.527).

  • 6771.
    Yar Hamidi, Daniel
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL). University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Chairperson leadership and entrepreneurial strategic posture in SMEs: a conceptual framework and research model2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper outlines a conceptual framework with a research model for understanding innovation-promoting board leadership in entrepreneurial small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The framework and research model depict the behavioural aspects of board leadership and how these are related to strategy development and the entrepreneurial strategic posture of entrepreneurial SMEs. Engaging in innovation is identified as a fundamental strategic posture in entrepreneurial SMEs. The advantages of a team production perspective on board leadership embedded in behavioural theories are discussed, as are the theoretical and managerial implications of the proposed framework and research model.

  • 6772.
    Yar Hamidi, Daniel
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL). University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Governance for Innovation – Board Leadership and Value Creation in Entrepreneurial Firms2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation has identified, developed and empirically tested concepts associated with the capacity of chairpersonship to promote innovation in entrepreneurial small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). A multi-methodological approach is applied in five studies, comprising a systematic literature review, three empirical studies and a concluding conceptual paper.

    The dissertation focuses on how the chairperson of the board of directors influences value creation in entrepreneurial SMEs. Value creation in this context is about the performance of strategic leaders at entrepreneurial firms’ upper echelons in acting and making strategic choices aimed at increasing firms’ capability to engage in innovation. Innovation is defined as the generation and/or adoption of an idea or behaviour, relating to a product, service, device, system, policy or program, which is new to the adopting organization.

    Innovation has been widely recognized as a concept central to economic growth and societal development. Governance is widely recognized as essential for the support and development of innovations in firms. However, the academic literature is scarce regarding how the chairperson of the board can contribute to and promote innovation in SMEs.

    This dissertation offers theoretical and empirical insights into how the chairperson of the board of directors influences value creation in entrepreneurial SMEs. In this respect, the dissertation offers a conceptual framework and a research model for understanding board leadership in promoting innovation in entrepreneurial SMEs. The framework and research model emphasize the behavioural aspects of board leadership and show how these are related to the development of entrepreneurial SMEs.

    Furthermore, the findings in this dissertation provide actionable knowledge for practitioners and policymakers. In this respect, the dissertation contributes theoretical and empirical understandings of the benefits of employing external chairpersons with relevant knowledge and experience in SMEs. These insights also provide practitioners with advice on the qualifications and processes that can help them to develop innovation-promoting boards.

  • 6773.
    Yar Hamidi, Daniel
    University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    What do non-executive chairpersons do in owner-managed firms? – evidence from Sweden2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The board of directors is often emphasized as an untapped resource in small and medium enterprises (SMEs). However, literature and research addressing issues of boards and governance has by tradition focused on large publicly held corporations while leaving the SME context largely unexplored. In this study, the aim is to examine how board leadership and the external chairperson may contribute to value creation in owner managed SMEs. More specifically, this study adopts a process perspective by looking at the role of the external board chairperson in owner-managed SMEs and how this role is carried out by the chairperson by engaging in different tasks and interpreted by the owner-managers. The study is based on a case study and interviews with chairpersons, board members and owners of two owner-managed SMEs. The tasks and processes of the board of directors in SMEs are thus discussed. The leadership responsibility of the board is in the center of attention and an eclectic theoretical perspective is applied to the discussion. Findings provide theoretical and practical insights into chairperson’s task involvement in owner managed SMEs. Suggestions about implications and further research are presented.

  • 6774.
    Yar Hamidi, Daniel
    et al.
    University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Board chairmanship and innovation in growth oriented firms: Opening up the black box of leadership in the boardroom2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we present a framework of how board chairperson practices may promote innovation in small entrepreneurial firms. A case study approach is employed involving interviews with experienced board members. In our analysis we identify a set of chairperson practices related to issues such as structure, processes and culture, which serves as prerequisites for effective board work. In addition, we distinguish another set of innovation-driving chairperson practices related to the cognitive aspects of the board’s work. Overall, our findings provide a conceptual foundation for the value creating potential of board leadership embedded within the boundaries of the entrepreneurial firm and its operations. 

  • 6775.
    Yar Hamidi, Daniel
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Chairpersonship and board strategy involvement in small and medium-sized enterprises2018In: Journal of Leadership, Accountability and Ethics, ISSN 1913-8059, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 86-97Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A critical issue when setting up a board of directors in small and medium-sized enterprises relates to the chairperson position. This study examines whether and how chairperson’s experience and leadership influence the extent to which the board of directors is involved in strategy. We rely on survey data from multiple respondents in 326 firms and use regression analysis to test our hypotheses. We find that chairpersons’ board experience and leadership efficacy have a positive and significant effect on boards’ involvement in strategy. Our findings provide ample support for the significance of chairperson behaviours in explaining board outcomes in firms.   

  • 6776.
    Yar Hamidi, Daniel
    et al.
    University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Corporate governance and innovation in small entrepreneurial firms: The board chairperson’s role2016Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 6777.
    Yar Hamidi, Daniel
    et al.
    University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Corporate governance and innovation in small entrepreneurial firms: The board chairperson's role2017In: Handbook of Research on Corporate Governance and Entrepreneurship / [ed] Jonas Gabrielsson, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017, p. 248-267Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6778.
    Yar Hamidi, Daniel
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL). University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL). Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Developments and Trends in Research on Board Leadership: A Systematic Literature Review2014In: International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics, ISSN 1477-9048, E-ISSN 1741-802X, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 243-268Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a systematic literature review of 139 articles on board leadership that were published in business and management journals since 1980s. Journal names, author country affiliations, topics and focus levels, theories, empirical contexts, and methodologies are presented and analysed. We also assemble and analyse this data thematically in order to identify and frame developments and trends in researchers ideas on board leadership. This analysis provides guidance for researchers by identifying different research streams on board leadership. The analysis may also serve as basis for theory development in board leadership research that can inform policymaking and best practice recommendations. Copyright © 2014 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

  • 6779.
    Yar Hamidi, Daniel
    et al.
    Borås University, Borås, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    The chairperson and board strategy involvement in SMEs2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For decades boards of directors have been strongly encouraged to take on an active strategy role. However, while such behaviour is generally seen as an indicator of board effectiveness much is still unknown about drivers of board strategic involvement. This is particularly true for small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) that make up around 95 percent of all business enterprises. A critical issue when setting up a board of directors in SMEs relate to the chairperson position. In this study we seek to contribute to scholarly research and literature on actual board behaviour in SMEs by examining whether and how the experience and leadership efficacy of the chairperson influence the extent to which the board of directors are involved in setting the strategic direction of the firm. We rely on questionnaire data collected from multiple respondents in 324 Norwegian SMEs. The variables used are based on validated scales related to behavioral aspects of actual board work developed by corporate governance scholars. We use multiple regression analysis to test our hypotheses. Overall, we find that the board experience and leadership efficacy of the chairperson has a positive and significant effect on the extent to which the board of directors are involved in strategy in SMEs. To this end, our findings suggest that chairperson behaviours have a greater impact compared to structural leadership conditions in explaining board outcomes in SMEs.

  • 6780.
    Yera, Daniel
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Pichou, Alexandra
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Sports Marketing in European Clubs2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sports marketing have been growing constantly over the last years and have become a key for the success of the football clubs. The methods used have become more sophisticated and an increasing number of clubs are realizing the importance of the marketing and specially the promotion strategies. The purpose of this study is to have a better understanding on how the communication strategies are being used in the European football teams (French, Spanish and German) to attract fans to their stadiums. In order to reach this purpose, research question is focused on how the European teams use this promotion strategies to attract people to the stadium. Based on this research question, a review of relevant literature was conducted, resulting in a frame of references, which was used to guide this study's data collection. A qualitative, multiple case study approach was used to find the data. The findings indicate that although his individual objectives of the tools can be different they can still be used overall to lead to the same overall goal.

  • 6781.
    Yilmaz, Yekta
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Gajnok, David
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
     ”Att tillhöra det svenska samhället men ändå inte riktigt”: -         En studie om andra generationens invandrares identitetskänsla och tillhörighet2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigare forskning har belyst svårigheter som de så kallade andra generationens invandrare går igenom. De präglas bland annat av två kulturer, föräldrarnas ursprungliga kultur och den svenska kulturen, vilket medför att de uppfattar sig själva som främlingar i båda kulturerna.

    Att dessutom leva i en stigmatiserad tillvaro, där majoritetssamhället kategoriserar dem som ”invandrare”, utifrån förutfattade meningar om kulturella skillnader. Det är några av ämnena som belyses i denna uppsats som är utförd med kvalitativ metod och baseras på nio djupintervjuer. De intervjuade är barn till arbetskraftsinvandrarna som kom till Sverige under 1960 – 1970 – talet. Huvudfrågeställningen för uppsatsen är hur andra generationens invandrare upplever och hanterar sin identitet och tillhörighet i de två kulturella världar de lever i? Huvudfrågan utmynnar till några underfrågor angående arbetsmarknaden och framtidstankar. Teoretiskt utgår uppsatsen från Anthony Giddens, Aleksandra Ålund och Erving Goffman. Sammanfattningsvis resulterar respondenters livssituation i kluven identitetskänsla, där de försöker finna en balans mellan två kulturer.

  • 6782.
    Yngvesson, Lovisa
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    "Vi behöver göra mer": En diskursanalys av svensk nyhetsrapportering om klimatet under en vårvecka 20192019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte och frågeställningar: Studien presenterar bilden av svensk klimatrapportering under en veckas tid. Syftet med studien är således att få en ökad förståelse för svensk klimatrapportering.

    Studien har följande övergripande frågeställning:

    - Hur ser bilden av klimatet ut i en svensk nyhetsvecka 2019?

    För att kunna besvara den huvudsakliga frågeställningen ställs följdfrågorna:

    - Vilka teman går att urskilja ur en veckas svensk medierapportering om klimatet?

    - På vilket sätt gestaltas nyheter om klimatet utifrån teorier om nyhetsvärdering?

    - Hur framställer nyhetsmedierna klimatproblem utifrån idéer om konstruktiv journalistik och hur påvisas lösningar till problemen?

    Metod och material: En diskursanalys genomförs på det valda materialet. Materialet för studien består av klimatrelaterade inslag och artiklar från Rapport, Tv4 Nyheterna, Dagens Nyheter, Svenska Dagbladet, Aftonbladet och Expressen under en veckas tid under våren 2019.

    Huvudresultat: Resultatet av studien visar på att en stor del av rapporteringen kring klimatet är präglat av områdena transport och ekonomi. Varför dessa teman är återkommande i en såstor del av materialet kan inte med säkerhet fastställas. Det kan dock bero på att både transport och ekonomi är breda ämnen med flera olika aspekter.

  • 6783.
    Yorgun, Helin
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Högläsning ur elektroniska böcker: En kvalitativ studie om en ny företeelse av högläsningspraktiker inom förskolans verksamhet.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Med grund i tidigare forskning som belyser problematiken om att barn lämnas ensam med digitala verktyg vid högläsning av elektroniska böcker har denna studie fokuserat på högläsning av elektroniska böcker med pedagoger. Syftet med studien är att undersöka vilka kunskaper inom literacy som konstitueras när pedagoger läser högt ur elektroniska böcker. Studien har tar sin utgångspunkt ifrån följande frågeställningar, Vad kännetecknar pedagogens handlingar under högläsningsaktiviteten av den elektroniska boken och hur möjliggör handlingarna interaktionen mellan deltagarna? Vilka kunskaper medierar den elektroniska boken till barnen? samt Hur medierar den elektroniska boken dessa kunskaper? Studien grundar sig på ett sociokulturellt perspektiv på lärande och genomfördes utifrån en kvalitativ ansats med observation som metod och videodokumentation samt fältanteckningar som dokumentationsverktyg. Observationerna skedde på en avdelning, på en förskola, i södra Sverige med barn i åldern 2-4 år. Resultatet har analyserats med analysmetoden interaktionsanalys och är tematiserad tre i teman, Pedagogens handlingar som ett stöd för barns begreppsförståelse, Pedagogens handlingar som ett stöd för e-bokens hotspots  och E-bokens mediering av begrepp. Resultatet visar hur pedagoger genom verbala och icke-verbala handlingar stöttade barns begreppsförståelse samt vägledde de genom e-bokens interaktiva funktioner och berättelse. De verbala handlingarna kännetecknas av undervisande frågor, uppmaningar och vägledning medan de icke-verbala handlingarna är blickarnas riktning, gester och fysisk beröring. Pedagogernas handlingar har även möjliggjort interaktion mellan deltagarna. Ett annat framstående resultat är hur e-boken medierade olika begrepp för barnen genom sina illustrationer, animationer och ljudeffekter. Dessa interaktiva funktioner levandegjorde begreppen stundvis och gav barnen möjlighet att delta i undervisningen, istället för att endast lyssna.

  • 6784.
    Yu, Cui
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Zhang, Ting
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    American Fast Food in Chinese Market: A Cross-Culture Perspective: The Case of KFC and McDonald's2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Culture differences play a significant role in the international marketing, which has drawn many researchers‟ attention. This dissertation will focus on how the cross-cultural environments influence the choice of marketing strategies.

    The theoretical framework of this study mainly contains cross-culture theories and 4P marketing strategy. These theories are put together in an analytical model where a connection between the two theories is explained that will be used as a foundation in gathering and analyzing the empirical findings.

    The qualitative research strategy is employed in this dissertation. Utilizing the multiple case studies, we choose two sample companies both from USA. The empirical data was gathered through semi-structured interviews on the telephone. Data was also supplemented with secondary data such as company web pages and scientific articles.

    The conclusion can be drawn from this study is that culture differences influence the 4P marketing strategies in both of the companies in different ways. Language, value and customer behaviors of a national culture are main factors to affect the implementation of marketing strategy in the international markets.

  • 6785.
    yu, cui
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    zhang, ting
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Internal factors affecting the organizational internationalization process: Evidence from Huawei case study2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The relevance of global economy are being enhanced day by day, organizational internationalization is becoming more and more important nowadays. Many companies have stated their internationalization process, but not all of them are successful. Thus, the main purpose and aim of this study is to research the relationship between the internal management of organization and firm internationalization process, and find out the most important internal factors (entrepreneur, corporate culture, organizational human resource management) which could push organization to identify the internationalization opportunity and to operate the internationalization process. In this paper, authors construct an original theoretical framework, and chooses Huawei Company as a real example to examine the theoretical results which are concluded from the existing studies.

  • 6786.
    Yu, Hyungmin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Wei, Yuxiang
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    An Exploratory Study: The Main Challenge of Chinese Expatriate Managers Working in Western Companies2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6787.
    Yu, Lijing
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Fu, Yun
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Successful Entry Strategies on the Chinese Market: -A Case Study of a Swedish Industrial Company: SKF2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays, the Chinese market is attracting more and more attention from foreign countries, which consider China as a potential partner. Making feasible decisions is the foundation of accessing success in the Chinese markets. Thus, it is important to take the first step as choosing the entry strategies, and then analyzing the variety of social environment and economic circumstance. According to different situations, companies are required to prepare alternative strategies for the changeable markets.

    This is a case study of a Swedish industrial company- SKF, which entered into the Chinese market successfully. The purpose of this study is to analyze the strategies that SKF used during the process of entering the Chinese market, and find out the successful factors as well as the cause of failure. Our case study is aimed to provide an answer to the research questions and generate imitable entry strategies for western industrial companies who want to explore in the Chinese market.

    Our research questions are: Q1: What strategies have adopted by SKF and how these strategies worked out to enter into the Chinese market? Q2: What are the successful factors of industrial companies to enter the Chinese market?

    Two experienced product managers are invited to be the interviewee of our thesis. The collected data provided both Swedish and Chinese perspectives, which reflect the eastern western culture differences and concept differences.

    The results show that SKF made the acquaintance with big customers through distributors, which built up the customers’ network and company’s foundation at the early age of the expansion. However, failing experience of joint venture gave a lesson to SKF and encouraged SKF to work with independent consultant firms, which occurred to be an alternative solution to replace the position of joint venture. Although there are different perspectives from Swedish side and Chinese side, the successful factors have been concluded as unique products, marketing demands, communication and customers.

    The implication of this case study is to provide the strategies that contribute SKF to be the leaders in bearing industry, which is worth to be learned and imitated by other similar industrial companies. 

  • 6788.
    Yue Wen, Zhao
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Key Success Factors behind Mobile Games: A Business Model for the Chinese mobile game market2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The research question is formulated as “what are the key success factors making a mobile game become a big success in China? ” to view the key success factors behind new launched mobile games and how company’s business model and marketing strategy that bring them into and help them succeed in the China market.

     

    A qualitative method with the deductive approach has been using in this paper to be able to answer and interpret the studied questions. Four in-depth interviews were conducted to collect the primary data, which have been following as the purpose is to do a cross-case analysis to identify the similarities and difference of each company behave their business model and marketing strategy, to contribute game success in China market.

     

    The main factors contributing to the success of mobile game in China market including internally strategic factors and externally tactic factors. Technical skill and resource, R&D ability and market knowledge and experience as the internal key success factors behind mobile game success in China. The mobile game companies use localization, wide distribution channel collaboration and social integration to suit the market needs and requirements.

     

    From the results of the study have been identified to as to how is the business model for the China mobile game market. Through collaborating with abroad local distribution channel can increase their knowledge capacity of the local market to create a better value proposition. In China mobile game market, social integration and cross promotion can be seen as very important and through collaborating firms can work around these factors and create, capture and deliver better value to the customers.

  • 6789.
    Zachrisson, Anna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre for Studies of Political Science, Communication and Media (CPKM), Media and Communication Science.
    Persson, Ida
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre for Studies of Political Science, Communication and Media (CPKM), Media and Communication Science.
    "Alla vi andra?" - konstruktioner av Vi och Dem i Elle: En kritisk diskursanalys av personporträtt i Elle - världens största modemagasin2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Svenska Elles personporträtt har studerats med syfte att belysa hur ett Vi och Dem förhållande konstrueras, men även för att klargöra vilka som utgör Vi och Dem i kontexten. Detta för att ta reda på vilka sociala konstruktioner som Elle medverkar till.

    Metod: Studien är en kritisk diskursanalys vilken är inspirerad av Norman Fairclough Critical discourse analysis. Texterna har vidare behandlats utifrån en symtomal innehållsanalys, med hjälp utav verktyg hämtade ur semiotiken.

    Resultat: Studiens resultat visar på att ett specifikt narrativ appliceras på samtliga av Elles personporträtt. Detta sker likt en schablon som skapar en fiktiv karaktär av intervjuobjektet vilket därmed konstrueras till ett Vi. Genom flertalet faktorer exkluderas läsaren i relation till vi:et och blir därmed ett uttalat Dem.

  • 6790.
    Zachrisson, Carin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Sjöström, Viktor
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Dagligvaruhandelns implementering av e-handel: En studie om hur företag arbetar i en pågående förändringsfas2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background and problem: It is only in recent years that e-commerce of groceries has gained momentum. Between 2014 and 2016, the annual increase in digital food sales was approximately 30% and it is expected to increase sharply in the future. In an article from Svenska Dagbladet, it is found that food giants are making millions of e-commerce losses, but in spite of that, they strive to sell food online.

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to describe and explain how companies in the grocery trade are working to secure growth as a result of the e-commerce development of groceries.

    Method: The method is based on a qualitative approach with semistructured interviews as the basis for the primary data collection. The sample of interviewees comprised five respondents from various grocery stores in Halland and Northern Skåne, all offering e-commerce as analternative to the physical store.

    Theory: The theoretical reference framework on which the analysis is based consist of competition strategies, integration of different sales channels and customer loyalty.

    Conclusion: Through the study, we have come to the conclusion that the stores work in asimilar way to ensure future growth. What distinguishes them and which probably affects the degree of e-commerce growth is how well the stores prepared for the implementation of ecommerce in the form of offering a smooth solution for the customer, and how they then work with the range and pick-up efficiency.

  • 6791.
    Zadayannaya, Liudmila
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    ORGANIZATIONAL MEMORY SYSTEMS AS A SOURCE OF LEARNING FOR NEW EMPLOYEES IN AN INNOVATIVE CONTEXT2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Organizational memory is said to be one of the essential factors of organizational learning, particularly in a part that is concerned with knowledge flowing from an organization to its employees. Often viewed as a system of knowledge repositories, organizational memory is argued to be important in various contexts. The purpose of this study is to explore an impact of the organizational memory in two such contexts, namely in a situation of presence of new employees and organization involved in innovation activity. The importance of organizational memory for the new employees can be explained by the fact that it is through facing it they socialize in the organization. Organizational memory also influences innovative behaviour of employees.

    This researched is performed in a form of a case study; where the object of study finds itself in a combined context – new employees of R&D department learn from different organizational memory systems. The data for this case study were collected through qualitative interviewing of both the newcomers and their supervisor.

    The results show that new employees face a range of memory systems, and this range does not depend on the innovativeness of the work they are involved in. It was found possible to look separately into the systems and methods the newcomers accessed them. The most important access methods in this case turned out to be personal communication and IT-enabled means, however a number of other methods were also found relevant for the case.

    Focusing on how this knowledge can support innovative behaviour of the new employees, this study has found several ways in which both incremental and radical innovations can be enhanced. The memory systems have been found to affect innovative behaviour of the newcomers by demonstrating expectance of this behaviour, by providing “old” knowledge, as well as hints where one can possibly find “old” and “new” knowledge.

    In general, the findings suggest that looking into memory systems separately from the ways to access them might give valuable insights for rethinking how properties of the memory systems have been defined so far.

  • 6792. Zahar, Timothé
    et al.
    Dupré, Nicolas
    Shock advertising and the French generation Y2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6793.
    Zahra, Abdulkarim
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Ingenting är gratis!: En undersökande studie av affärsmodellen gratis på internet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel:                                   Ingenting är gratis!                                             - En undersökande studie av affärsmodellen gratis på internet.

    Författare:                         Zahra Abdulkarim

    Handledare:                       Klaus Solberg Soilen

    Examinator:                      Ulf Aagerup

    Nivå:                                  Kandidatuppsats, ekonomi (15hp), VT16

    Nyckelord:                         Gåvor, freemium, treaktörsmarknad, korssubventionering, BMC,                           BMI,  gratis

    Syfte & Frågeställning:    Syftet med studien är att ta reda på vilka förutsättningar som finns                        för affärsmodellen gratis. Detta på grund av att internet med sin                                  stora trafik skapat stor konkurrens.

                                                          

                                                Vilka förutsättningar finns det med affärsmodellen                                                    "gratis/kostnadsfritt"?

                                                Hur kan affärsmodellen etableras i företag som inte arbetar med                            den idag?

     

    Metod:                               En kvalitativ och abduktiv ansats har använts för att undersöka                              studien. Kvaliteten ligger i att informationen från sekundärkällor                                         analyserat snarare än beräknats. Undersökningen består av ett                                        dokumenturval eftersom information inte är framtagen av                                             forskaren.

    Teori:                                 Business model canvas, BMI och SWOT är modeller som använts                         för att analysera de olika beståndsdelarna i affärsmodellen gratis.                                      Vidare har även prissättning och psykologiska aspekter av pris                                         tagits upp.

    Empiri:                              Affärsmodellen gratis har delats in i fyra underkategorier. Studien                         är baserad på tio olika företag som använder gratis som                         affärsmodell. Varje företag får representera något av de fyra                                       typerna av gratis.

    Slutsats:                             För att företag skall kunna implementera affärsmodellen gratis är                           de i behov av att skapa en stor kundkrets. Vidare måste de                                            upprätthålla produktutveckling så att intresset för deras erbjudande                                  inte sjunker. Om det ska vara möjligt att implementera                                             affärsmodellen bör företag se över sin kostnadsstruktur och dra ner                       kostnaderna så lågt att gratis generar vinst av varje användare.                               Hela konceptet med gratis är precis som andra affärsmodeller                                            byggt på ekonomisk vinning.

  • 6794.
    Zamora, Soledad
    Halmstad University.
    The Role of Arts in Nordic Society: Health and Lifestyle2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The role of arts in both formal and non-formal education has been scientifically demonstrated to create positive outcomes in people to deal with all kinds of social problems in daily life. At present, there are international public and private institutions that support this view, such as the International Arts Education Week, celebrated for the first time by UNESCO on 21-27 May 2012 when not only artists participated, but also educators, researchers, NGO actors, and international associations. This provides us with a wider perspective on how arts and education can play an interdisciplinary role in society.

    The aim of this research is to study how arts (e.g., performative arts, literature, film) interact with and affect Nordic society; the kind of practices, contributions and challenges that exist within the cultural and educational sectors (based on three case studies) and their relationship between the government in the form of cultural policies in Denmark, Sweden and Finland in support of the well-being of the Nordic lifestyle whenever applying a wider perspective to the role of the arts in society. 

    This qualitative study is composed of three case studies, which explore the role of arts in three Nordic institutions (two public ones and a private one): 1) The Academy of Fine Arts in Helsinki, Finland; 2) Skissernas Museum - Museum of Artistic Process and Public Art in Lund, Sweden; and 3) Louisiana Museum of Modern Art in Humbaelek, Denmark. The empirical material collected has been done through the usage of the hermeneutics—texts, semi-structured interviews of professionals (two art educators with multidisciplinary backgrounds, two art historians, and a museum guide), publications, catalogues, and active participation in cultural/educational activities in Sweden, Denmark, and Finland. The data collected is analyzed within the framework of the reflexive methodology. “The Theory of Communicative Action” by Jürgen Habermas aims to understand the multidisciplinary relationship among the artistic/educational institutions, society, and government as support for the well-being and sustainability of Nordic society. 

    The results will reveal a multidisciplinary application of the arts as support to Nordic welfare, healthand lifestyle. The results will also show how arts can be included in people’s lifestyles in an organic manner, being a benefit for the well-being of the society and supporting the sustainability of Nordic welfare when people have a wider understanding of the application of the arts in their lives, for instance, through literature, concerts, performances, but also, attending to festivals, arts and crafts activities, gardens, parks, and even experiencing architecture.

  • 6795. Zander, Karl Gunnar
    En diskursanalys av arbetsmarknaden: En diskursanalytisk studie av hur arbetsmarknadens parter konstruerar relationer med varandra i samband med en politisk reform2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is through a case study using discourse analysis investigate how the parties of the labour market creates relationships with each other, if it’s possible to identify a new liberal wave as well as where the labour movements stands in these relationships. The case that was studied is the process from proposal to directive from the parliament to the government about changes of 22§ LAS in accordance with The Committee on the Labour Market proposal. The empirical material this study is based on are articles from printed press during the period from 15/10-1998 to 30/4-1999 that are partially found in the media archive and are also matches to the search terms "sist in först ut" (last in first out in), "turordning*" (turn-taking) and "arbetsrätt*" (labour law), (“*” in the search terms are wildcards, meaning every word starting with ‘turordning’ and ‘arbetsrätt’ are included in the search results). And motions and The Committee on the Labour Markets proposal. The results of the analysis suggests that there probably is a new liberalistic ideology affecting some parties of the labour market. It also suggests that relations are creates in the discourse which happens in the communicative event and in the discursive practice which in turn affects the social practice, by reducing the labour union's opportunities for achievement, meeting and resisting changes in accordance to Luke's expanded concept of power.

  • 6796.
    Zattoni, Alessandro
    et al.
    LUISS University and Business School, Rome, Italy.
    Witt, Michael A.
    INSEAD, Singapore, Singapore.
    Judge, William Q.
    Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA.
    Talaulicar, Till
    University of Erfurt, Erfurt, Germany.
    Chen, Jean Jinghan
    Xian Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Suzhou, China & Nankai University, Tianjin, China.
    Lewellyn, Krista
    University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY, USA.
    Hu, Helen Wei
    University of Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Luis Rivas, José
    ITAM School of Business, Mexico DF, Mexico.
    Puffer, Sheila
    D’Amore-McKim School of Business, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA.
    Shukla, Dhirendra
    University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada.
    Lopez, Felix
    University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain.
    Adegbite, Emmanuel
    Leicester Business School, De Montfort University, Leicester, United Kingdom.
    Fassin, Yves
    Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
    Yamak, Sibel
    University of Wolverhampton, Wolverhampton, United Kingdom.
    Fainshmidt, Stav
    Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA.
    van Ees, Hans
    University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.
    Does board independence influence financial performance in IPO firms?: The moderating role of the national business system2017In: Journal of world business (Print), ISSN 1090-9516, E-ISSN 1878-5573, Vol. 52, no 5, p. 628-639Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Prior evidence suggests that board independence may enhance financial performance, but this relationship has been tested almost exclusively for Anglo-American countries. To explore the boundary conditions of this prominent governance mechanism, we examine the impact of the formal and information institutions of 18 national business systems on the board independence-financial performance relationship. Our results show that while the direct effect of independence is weak, national-level institutions significantly moderate the independence-performance relationship. Our findings suggest that the efficacy of board structures is likely to be contingent on the specific national context, but the type of legal system is insignificant. © 2017 Elsevier Inc.

  • 6797.
    Zeneli Ugzmajli, Lumnije
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Strukturell diskriminering eller O-kompetenta aktörer? – en studie kring invandrarnas situation på den svenska Arbetsmarknaden2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en uppsats där diskriminering av personer med invandrarbakgrund på den svenska arbetsmarknaden undersöks. Det är en undersökning där sex personer med invandrar bakgrund intervjuas och fått chansen att ge en bild av hur de själva upplever att de blir bemöta på den svenska arbetsmarknaden. Tre av de intervjuade har arbete och tre av dem är arbetslösa. Denna uppdelning har jag valt för att se om det finns skillnader i attityder beroende på de intervjuades arbetssituation. Vad jag främst kom fram till med denna uppsats är att skapandet av stereotyper bidrar till en nedvärdering av invandrarnas kompetens.

    De teorier som jag använt i uppsatsen är: Erving Goffmans ”stigma teori”, ” beständig ojämlikhet” av Charles Tilly. Anthony Giddens teorier om ” skapandet av självidentitet i det moderna samhället”. Pierre Bourdieu ” socialt rum, habitus och fält”

  • 6798.
    ZENG, LE
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    CHEN, SIYUAN
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Green marketing strategies for international firms in China: A case study of Emerson Electric Co., Ltd2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6799.
    Zeqiraj, Xhejran
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Kolmodin, Helena
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Motiv och attityd till kompetensutveckling på två små företag2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to gain insight into how two enterprises work with competence development and thereby study how the relationship between competence development and workers, employees, look like. The focus was on the workers motives and motivation towards a participation in a competence development course, their attitude to education, and how the transfer of skills gained from the course, into the workplace looks like. Further on, the work situations influence on the workers competence development has been taken into account.

    In the study, six people were interviewed in the role of either manager, coach or course participant who are employed in two different enterprises in the south of Sweden.

    The results showed that the participants were motivated by a strive for personal development or that the participants viewed education implementation as a part of the professional

    career, which has resulted in a positive attitude towards the competence development course. The managers’ motive for decisions about education was to change the prevailing attitude among the staff for the better and thereby strengthen the company’s brand. 

    The work situation has encouraged the desire to participate in developmental education as the feeling of control has encouraged the workers to further development. However, their already high work demands seemed to serve as a stressor, as the education participation increased the work load. Finally a difference is seen in both companies after completing the education, which indicates a successful transfer and application of the knowledge.

  • 6800.
    Zeqiri, Jehona
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Martell, Martina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    "Jag vill också vara med": en studie om barns och pedagogers interaktion i barns fria lek2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Problemområdet för föreliggande studie grundar sig i behovet av att studera de deltagandemönster som förekommer i barns och pedagogers interaktion i barns fria lek på förskolan. Detta eftersom tidigare forskning har fokuserat på att undersöka hur pedagoger kan utveckla barns lek i framförallt pedagogstyrda lekar. Vidare synliggör tidigare forskning vikten av den fria leken, men belyser även att det vanligen är svårt för pedagogen att delta i barns fria lek och intar därför en bevakande roll. Studiens syfte är därför att studera de deltagandemönster som förekommer i interaktion mellan barn och pedagoger i barns fria lek på förskolan. Forskningsfrågorna är följande: Vad karaktäriserar barns och pedagogers deltagande i barns fria lek på förskolan? Skapar pedagoger villkor till deltagande i barns och pedagogers interaktioner och i så fall vilka villkor? Studien utfördes kvalitativt och genomfördes på en förskola, där barnen observerades med videokamera samt kompletterande anteckningar. Materialet transkriberades och analyserades med hjälp av interaktionsanalys. I föreliggande studie är den vetenskapsteoretiska utgångspunkten det sociokulturella perspektivet. Utifrån resultat framträdde följande tre teman: förhandling, stimulering och försvar. Resultat synliggjorde vikten av pedagogers stöttning för barns delaktighet i interaktionen. Vidare synliggjordes det att deltagarna kommunicerar med verbala och icke-verbala uttryck för att göra sig delaktiga i interaktionen. Slutsatsen av studien är att pedagogens stöttning i interaktion med barn har stor betydelse för vilka deltagandemönster som framträder under den fria leken. Pedagogen bör ha samma avsikt som barnen i leken för att delaktigheten ska upprätthållas och leken fortskrida Föreliggande studie tillför forskningen insyn i att det krävs mer än enbart närvarande pedagoger i barns fria lek, för att erbjuda barnen villkor till deltagande i interaktioner.

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