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  • 6301.
    von Reis, Rebecka
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Olsson, Sarah
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    "Nu är det ju så att det är jag som är din chef": En kvalitativ studie om chefers och medarbetares uppfattning om svåra samtal utifrån ett maktperspektiv.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att undersöka chefers och medarbetares uppfattning om svåra samtal utifrån ett maktperspektiv. Studien har genomförts med en kvalitativ forskningsansats där empirin erhållits genom intervjuer. Studien har totalt nio respondenter, varav tre stycken chefer, fem stycken medarbetare och en person från Företagshälsovården. Studien fokuserar på hur svåra samtal kan påverkas av den maktrelation som finns mellan en chef och en medarbetare och på så vis hur makt kan inverka på parternas beteenden. De svåra samtal som vi fokuserat på i studien är när chefen lämnar ett besked till medarbetaren som kan uppfattas som negativt såsom upplysning om misskötsamhet, aningar om missbruk och/eller uppsägning. I studien har vi funnit att makt påverkar främst chefers agerande genom deras kroppsspråk. Vi ser dock att organisationen har en stor betydelse för chefers agerande då chefer är av uppfattningen att de har organisationen att luta sig mot vid svåra samtal. Vi drar vidare slutsatsen att det är organisationen som har den övergripande makten och att personen som är chef “får” makt genom att iklä sig en maktkostym. Vi har kunnat urskilja att medarbetarna har desto mindre makt i samtalssituationen då de främst påverkas av chefens makt, men att medarbetarna i efterhand har en form av makt då de kan utföra hämndattraktioner för att försvåra för chefens arbetsledning. Förutom maktrelationen har vi även kunnat belysa andra faktorer som kan påverka svåra samtal. 

  • 6302.
    Voordeckers, Wim
    et al.
    Hasselt University, Belgium.
    van Gils, Anita
    Maastricht University, The Netherlands.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Lund University.
    Huse, Morten
    Norwegian School of Management BI.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Lund University.
    Structures and behaviour: A cross-country comparison of boards of directors in SMEs2008In: Proceedings of EURAM Annual Conference 2008, 2008, p. 1-30Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Prior cross-country governance studies mainly built on agency theory’s governance model. Recently, the use of this theoretical perspective has been criticized from both institutional theory as well as the behavioural perspective. Institutional theory would predict that a significant part of the variation in board behaviour could be attributed to the institutional context of a country. In contrast, the behavioural perspective follows the reasoning that board behaviour is expected to be determined by firm-specific challenges and needs rather than the broader institutional context and hence, predicts that the institutional context of a country does not explain variation in actual board behaviour. The aim of this study is to examine the empirical validity of these opposing predictions about board behaviour. Using a database of SMEs of three countries with a different governance system (Belgium, the Netherlands and Norway), our statistical analyses mainly support the predictions of the behavioural perspective.

  • 6303.
    Voordeckers, Wim
    et al.
    Hasselt University, Hasselt, Belgium.
    Van Gils, Anita
    Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL). Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Huse, Morten
    University of Witten/Herdecke, Germany & Department of Communication and Culture, Norwegian School of Management BI, Oslo, Norway.
    Board structures and board behaviour: A cross-country comparison of privately held SMEs in Belgium, the Netherlands and Norway2014In: International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics, ISSN 1477-9048, E-ISSN 1741-802X, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 197-219Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we examine and compare formal board structures and actual board behaviour in privately held SMEs. We integrate and build on ideas from institutional theory and the behavioural theory of the firm to propose that privately held firms have specific governance needs that 'decouple' formal board structures from actual board behaviour. Following this logic, we expect board structures to vary across countries while board behaviour does not. We test this in a cross-country sample of SMEs in Belgium, the Netherlands and Norway. The empirical results support the proposition that board structures are largely decoupled from actual board behaviour in privately held SMEs. Overall, the findings imply that it is possible to coordinate and disseminate board development research and practice across countries despite national differences in formal board structures. Copyright © 2014 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

  • 6304.
    Vriens, Dirk
    et al.
    Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands.
    Solberg Søilen, Klaus
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Disruptive intelligence - How to gather information to deal with disruptive innovations2014In: Journal of Intelligence Studies in Business, ISSN 2001-015X, E-ISSN 2001-015X, Vol. 4, no 3, p. 63-78Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Disruptive innovations are innovations that have the capacity to transform a whole business into one with products that are more accessible and affordable (cf. Christensen et al. 2009). As Christensen et al. argue no business is immune to such disruptive innovations. If these authors are right, it might be relevant to be able to recognize these innovations before they disrupt a business. Incumbents may use this information to protect their business and others may use it to participate in the disruption. Either way, gathering information about potential disruptive innovations is a relevant activity. The production of this information (we call this information "disruptive Intelligence") is the topic of this paper. In particular, we analyze disruptive innovation theory and formulate several intelligence topics which may help in predicting disruptive innovations. In addition, we formulate several ’biases’ which may impair the production of ’disruptive intelligence’.

  • 6305.
    Vu, Dellila
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Johansson, Linnea
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Sjuksköterskors attityd till patienter med HIV och AIDS2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) leads to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) a fatal disease. Thirty-seven million people in the world have been affected by the virus. Only in Sweden 6500 people are suffering from HIV/AIDS. Research show that nurse ́s attitudes towards patients with HIV/AIDS are affecting their care to these patients. The aim of this study was to illuminate nurse’s attitudes against patients with HIV/AIDS and factors that determined these attitudes. The study was conducted as a literature study. Thirteen articles that highlighted nurse’s attitudes to patients with HIV/AIDS were applied to the result. All the articles were analyzed and from that three themes emerged during data processing. The themes were: positive attitudes, negative attitudes and the importance of knowledge. The results showed that nurses have both positive and negative attitudes towards patients with HIV/AIDS. A crucial factor affecting nurses' attitude to patients with HIV/AIDS was their lack of knowledge. Therefore it is necessary to increase nurse’s knowledge about HIV / AIDS. 

  • 6306.
    Vukojevic, Slavica
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Möjligheter och hinder med framtidsarbetet "Morgondagens idrott": Ur kontaktpersonernas synvinkel2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att beskriva deltagandeidrottsföreningars redogörelser kring framtidsarbetet inomframtidsgrupperna i projektet ”Morgondagens idrott” utifrån ettlärande perspektiv. Detta med hjälp av frågeställningen: vilkamöjligheter respektive hinder upplevde kontaktpersonerna att detvarit med framtids- och utvecklingsarbetet i derasidrottsföreningar? Studien är intressant då ingen tidigare forskningpå detta projekt finns tillgängligt. Studien genomfördes med hjälpav en kvalitativ totalundersökning. Resultatet av intervjuerna visaratt möjligheter som kontaktpersonerna såg var meningsfullhet,stöd, framtidstänk, rekrytering och utbildning. Hindrena varekonomi, ledarrekrytering och genomförande.

  • 6307.
    Vulovic, Danijela
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Berättandedrama i förskolan: En studie om kommunikation och samspel mellan barn under berättandedramats tre områden: berättande, bokskapande och drama2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta examensarbete handlar om hur berättandedrama kan stimulera till samspel och kommunikation mellan barnen och om hur barns lärande kan uppstår under dessa omständigheter. Studien tar sin utgångspunkt i ett sociokulturellt perspektiv, som ser lärande som socialt och kontextuellt betingat. Av särskilt intresse är hur barnen samspelar och kommunicerar med varandra under berättandedramats tre områden: berättande, bokskapande och drama. Den empiriska delen av studien har genomförts med hjälp av videoobservationer vid nio aktivitetstillfällen.

     

    Mot bakgrund av studiens empiriska undersökning framträder fyra utmärkande drag som de som i huvudsak kännetecknar kommunikation och samspel mellan barnen under berättandedrama, nämligen barnens tendens att: använda konkreta föremål och egen kropp vid samspelet, ge och söka bekräftelse, stötta varandra och förhandla med varandra.

     

    Sammantaget präglas barns samspel och kommunikation under berättandedrama av konkretisering, bekräftelsebehov, stöttning och förhandling. En analys av resultatet utifrån det sociokulturella perspektivet antyder att berättandedrama är ett medierande verktyg som möjliggöratt barnen i mindre grupperlär sig i samspelet med andra barn.

  • 6308.
    Vuorinen, Miikka
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Jürisoo, Carin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    "Vägen till ett eget hem": En socialpsykologisk studie om mötens betydelse för män under den process då de fick ett hem2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    By qualitative methods of research the study aims to provide more information on the significance of the encounters between homeless men and non-homeless people during the period when they received an apartment. For our approach we have used Stern`s description about face-to-face interaction, focusing on intersubjective meetings and Scheff`s theory about shame and pride. We have also used Collins`theory about interaction ritual chains that emphasize interpersonal group processes. We have also used May`s theory about belonging. We have gathered our empirical data through ten semistructured life world interviews from three different countries. As result we found out that these meetings had had a significant role during the period where the respondents had received homes. Also, we noticed that they got a chance to redefine their self-image and that made it easier for them to work actively towards a change in their lives. Finally it can be said that the meetings with the non homeless seemed to be a start for series of positive events, where men got to new situations and contexts that contributed to a more stable being and richer social life.

  • 6309.
    Vuorinen, Säde
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Saarela, Ida-Laura
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Varför studerar jag egentligen - en socialpsykologisk studie om studieval2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats handlar om studieval. Studien baserar sig på tolv kvalitativa semi-strukturerade intervjuer med förstaårsstudenter på Halmstad Högskola från utbildningsprogrammen Affärssystem inriktning företagsekonomi och Statsvetenskap inriktning politisk kommunikation. De centrala frågeställningarna i denna studie är för det första vilka överväganden som styr studenter till att välja att studera på en högre utbildning och på en specifik utbildning. För det andra handlar uppsatsen om vilka värderingar som speglas i individens studieval samt för det tredje, huruvida individen upplever val och värderingar som personliga respektive påverkade av omgivningen. För att närma sig dessa frågeställningar studeras studenters värderingar, attityder och förhållande till den egna omgivningen. Studien avslutas genom en analys av intervjuerna genom vilken dessa olika upplevelser kan förstås utifrån teoretiska perspektiv som vi tror belyser både samhälleliga och individuella skäl till individens studieval. Dessa är förknippade till nutidens villkor i ett samhälle som på många sätt bygger på konkurrens, rationalitet och individualitet. De teoretiska utgångspunkter som har används i analysen och som bidrar till förståelsen av de tre ovan nämnda aspekterna är socialisationsteorin, Maslows behovshierarki, Fromms teori om "flykten från friheten" samt Moscovicis teori om de sociala representationerna. Resultaten tyder dels på individualism och dels på rationalism som kan urskiljas i respondenternas svar där motiven till högre utbildning kan förstås i relation till bland annat ekonomiska och självförverkligande orsaker. Studenternas upplevelser samt resonemang av sina studieval indikerar till rationella överväganden där kvalifikationer på den framtida arbetsmarknaden upplevs av respondenterna att bidra till större möjligheter att få inte endast ett intressant arbete utan ett arbete som i framtiden har en god anställningsutsikt. Självförverkligande motiv till studier samt i det framtida arbetet är en annan aspekt som lyft fram hos respondenterna som ett eftersträvansvärt värde vilket en högre utbildning antas bidra till. Självförverkligandet i sin helhet kan förstås som något som råder inom samhällsramarna där de individuella valen kan oundvikligen förstås vara förknippade med att göra samhällelig nytta, och försäkran om att kunna vara konkurrenskraftig på arbetsmarknaden.

  • 6310.
    Vu-Thi, Xoan
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Stenberg, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    A Literature Review of the field of Knowledge Management Systems2017Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge Management Systems (KMS) studies, with roots from the information theory, knowledge and knowledge management (KM) has increased during the past years and moved to a broader spread of occupations. Therefore, a need of a literature review on the field of KMS arose and is fulfilled in this article. From selected ample scientific articles in the field some major similarities and controversies as well as research gaps were discovered.  Conclusions from the review result in that even if there are some differences in the field regarding knowledge and KM most authors agree on the bases of KMS. Another conclusion result in a connection to the information theory that mainly concern about information exchange and the relevant process, which was first developed by the founder Claude E. Shannon from the thematic school.  

  • 6311.
    Vu-Thi, Xoan
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Stenberg, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Local History of Scania: The Embedded Drivers in Movement from Agriculture to Industry2017Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6312.
    Vu-Thi, Xoan
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Stenberg, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Local-History-of-Scania-the-embedded-drivers-in-movement-from-agriculture-to-industry-Stenberg-Vu-Thi2017Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Scania is well known for its agriculture, previously the region consisted of mostly agricultural landscape and farming. Scania is the wealthiest part in Sweden of agricultural landscape and stands out from the rest of the country’s landscape. In the late eighteenth century the industrialization came to the region and the agriculture developed in pace with the industry. Most previous studies have described the evolution from agriculture to industrialization and urbanization of the region but seemed to fail to investigate the embedded drivers that drove the transformation. Therefore this study investigated embedded drivers during the period from agriculture to industrialization in the region of Scania. The result showed that factors of agricultural transformation, social change and entrepreneurship were the key embedded drivers for transformation.

  • 6313.
    Vöcks, Hanna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Latifaj, Albina
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Ett samarbete sinsemellan: Ungdomsorganisationer2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is often we hear and read about the children and young people are seen as a problem in society based on their actions and behavior. In recent years youth organizations have increased in number which has led to that the young people have more places to go and spend their leisure time on.

     The aim of this work is to investigate some youth organizations by interviewing employees in organizations and thus get an idea of their approach to work, philosophy and development of the organization.

    The theories we have chosen to avail ourselves of our work is human resource management (organizational structure), group processes and interactions within the relational perspective. To best way to explore it, we have chosen to rely on qualitative interviews as a result of our investigation is marked by the employees' feelings and thoughts that are difficult to calculate in quantitative studies.

    What we come up during our time with the essay is that collaboration between organizations is appreciated and shows a success in work with children and adolescents. There are weaknesses in the organizations we have been looking at, and it is the economic aspect such as is found in too few employees.  The good thing is that you always see a positive development in youth organizations, which in turn affects society.

  • 6314.
    Wagner, Beverly
    et al.
    Department of Marketing, Strathclyde Business School, Glasgow, UK.
    Svensson, Göran
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER). Oslo School of Management, Oslo, Norway.
    A framework to navigate sustainability in business networks: The transformative business sustainability (TBS) model2014In: European Business Review, ISSN 0955-534X, E-ISSN 1758-7107, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 340-367Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    – The purpose of this paper is to describe a transformative business sustainability (TBS) model of stakeholders and sources in sustainable business practices with an interface and exchange node of resource residuals.

    Design/methodology/approach

    – The research is based upon a grounded methodology drawn from four in-depth case studies, spanning over six years in different countries and industries. Data were gathered from multiple sources, and interview transcriptions were returned to interviewees for clarification, accuracy, final proofreading and approval.

    Findings

    – The TBS model complements existing research by emphasising the importance of commitment to an overarching vision through corporate leadership assigning areas of strategic priority that respond to current and future environmental regulation and social needs.

    Research implications/limitations

    – Efforts aimed towards business sustainability and application of sustainable business practices in business networks include interfaces and interactions between involved stakeholders and sources. We argue that stakeholders and sources should be recognised as intertwined, where resources used in activities in a business network causing resource residuals may be recovered and reused by other actors in the business network.

    Practice implications

    – The TBS model can be used by managers to plan, implement and assess practices to provide a holistic view of sustainable business activities that supports the development of a company and its network. It may also be used to map and navigate interactions between elements within and external to the company.

    Originality/value

    – The principal contribution of the current research is twofold, a TBS model and a tool to map and navigate corporate sustainability efforts. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

  • 6315.
    Wagner, Beverly
    et al.
    University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, United Kingdom.
    Svensson, Göran
    Oslo School of Management, Oslo, Norway.
    Conceptual Development of a Sustainable Business Approach2010In: Cuadernos Aragoneses de Economía, ISSN 0211-0865, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 19-34Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article sets out literature to underpin a conceptual framework that explains one way to organise sustainable business approaches. The literature review highlights seven interconnected issues, the natural environment, driving forces, purchasing policies, value-adding processes, intermediaries, retail practices and the marketplace. It is through a combination of these concepts that retailers, wholesalers, producers, suppliers and other intermediaries join forces to create sustainable approaches across the business network.

  • 6316. Wagner, Wolfgang Rainer
    et al.
    Torgerson, H.
    Einsiedel, Edna
    Jelsoe, Erling
    Fredrickson, H.
    Lassen, Jesper
    Rusanen, Timo
    Boy, Daniel
    De Cheveigné, Suzanne
    Hampel, Jürgen
    Stathopoulou, A.
    Allansdottir, Agnes
    Midden, Cees
    Nielsen, T.
    Przestalski, Andrzej
    Twardowski, Tomasz
    Fjæstad, Björn
    Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
    Olsson [Öhman], Susanna
    Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
    Olofsson, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
    Gaskell, George
    Department of Social Psychology, London School of Economics, London, United Kingdom.
    Durant, John
    Bauer, Martin
    Liakopoulos, Miltos
    Europe ambivalent on biotechnology1997In: Nature, ISSN 0028-0836, E-ISSN 1476-4687, Vol. 387, no 6636, p. 845-847Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Eurobarometer on Biotechnology (46.1) was conducted during October and November 1996. The survey conducted in each EU (European Union) country used a multi-stage random sampling procedure and provided a statistically representative sample of national residents aged 15 and over. The total sample within the EU was 16,246 respondents (about 1,000 per EU country). The survey questionnaire was designed by the authors as part of a larger study involving the comparative analysis of public perceptions, media coverage and public policy in relation to biotechnology from 1973 to the present.

  • 6317.
    Wagrelius, Oskar
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Eriksson, Sara
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Is fat the new skinny?: A study on weight and perception of models in green marketing2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Is fat the new skinny? A study on weight and perception of models in green marketing.

    Date: 2018-05-22

    Level: Bachelor Thesis in International Marketing

    Author: Oskar Wagrelius & Sara Eriksson

    Supervisor: Ulf Aagerup

    Problem formulation: How does the perceived weight and warmth/competence of a model in green marketing affect sales through perceived greenness and attractiveness?

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to increase the knowledge, for brands being green, about how the choice of models in their advertisement will impact the brand's perception and affect greenness, attractiveness, and sales. The goal is to understand if the choice of a diverse model (considering weight) might be more effective considering green marketing and brands who want to be perceived as warm and/or competent.

    Theoretical framework: In this thesis, the theoretical framework is made up of existing theories on brand positioning, brand identity, consumer behavior, the perception of people and the usage of models.

    Methodology: This thesis is conducted with a deductive approach through a quantitative study made up of 131 respondents since non-coffee drinkers and non-coffee buying respondents as well as, non-Swedish people were excluded from participating. A total of 160 people responded to the online survey. The groups were randomized as to which one of four different surveys they got to answer. Secondary sources are scientific articles and books, journals as well as websites since the topic is in an academic viewpoint under-researched.

    Empirical findings: This thesis and its findings consist of an analysis of the quantitative study which is presented through theoretical models, figures, diagrams and tables as well as text.

    Conclusion: The findings in this thesis shows that green products have a higher purchase propensity than neutral products. Therefore the first assumption is considered to be true. The second and third assumptions are however falsified through the findings that a brands (being either warm or competent) choice of model will not affect the perceived greenness, attractiveness or sales.

  • 6318.
    Waha Nordenhed, Kerstin
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Elever omotiverade till skolarbete: En kvalitativ studie om elevers och lärares upplevelser av ungdomar som är omotiverade tillskolarbeteExamensarbete inom2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6319.
    Wahlgren, Christoffer
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Johansson, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Rekrytera rätt: En studie om rekrytering med fokus på matchning av individ och organisation2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to gain insight about recruiters perceptions of the relationship between compatibility of individual and the organization (P-O fit) compared to the compatibility of individual and job assignments (P-J fit). To answer the purpose six interviews were conducted including recruiters from different companies. These interviews were later summarized using methods that shorten the answers, categorized by interesting themes and finally presented in a way that connects them with the literature. The results of the study show that P-O fit had a greater impact on the final decision of the recruitment process than P-J fit when it comes to employments with low qualifications. When the employments qualifications are higher both concepts were equally important but they were assessed together on the basis of minimum requirements for the work tasks versus how good fit would be between the individual and the groups in the organization and the organization itself. To determine the fit between the individual and the organization the applicants were assessed based on the organizational core values or if no core values were present the organizational culture. This leads to an implicit evaluation of how the individual would fit into the organization and its culture.

  • 6320.
    Walan, Susanne
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Pernilla
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Birgitta, Mc Ewen
    Department of Health Sciences, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Why Inquiry? Primary Teachers’ Objectives in Choosing Inquiry- and Context-Based Instructional Strategies to Stimulate Students’ Science Learning2017In: Research in science education, ISSN 0157-244X, E-ISSN 1573-1898, Vol. 47, no 5, p. 1055-1074Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies have shown that there is a need for pedagogical content knowledge among science teachers. This study investigates two primary teachers and their objectives in choosing inquiry- and context-based instructional strategies as well as the relation between the choice of instructional strategies and the teachers’ knowledge about of students’ understanding and intended learning outcomes. Content representations created by the teachers and students’ experiences of the enacted teaching served as foundations for the teachers’ reflections during interviews. Data from the interviews were analyzed in terms of the intended, enacted, and experienced purposes of the teaching and, finally, as the relation between intended, enacted, and experienced purposes. Students’ experiences of the teaching were captured through a questionnaire, which was analyzed inductively, using content analysis. The results show that the teachers’ intended teaching objectives were that students would learn about water. During the enacted teaching, it seemed as if the inquiry process was in focus and this was also how many of the students experienced the objectives of the activities. There was a gap between the intended and experienced objectives. Hardly any relation was found between the teachers’ choice of instructional strategies and their knowledge about students’ understanding, with the exception that the teacher who also added drama wanted to support her students’ understanding of the states of water. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht

  • 6321.
    Wallander, Josefine
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Östersgård, Sebastian
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
     Självkänsla:  Könsskillnader och koppling till individers livskvalitet2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study was designed to examine self-esteem and differences between men and women. The study also highlights how low or high self-esteem affects individuals' quality of life. Since the method is both quantitative and qualitative interesting comparisons can be made between the results from the questionnaire survey and the interview in which they intended to study the same subjects. Previous research has indicated that men have higher self-esteem than women (McMullin, Cairney, 2004). The current study's results showed no significant difference between men's and women's self-esteem in the questionnaire survey. The interview survey showed that men perceive a gender difference in favor of men, the women wasn’t of the same opinion. According to Rosenberg (1962) individuals' quality of life is affected negatively by low self-esteem. The actual study examined the different areas of an individual's quality of life and the results showed that men and women value different areas for high quality of life. The results also showed that self-esteem and quality of life can be linked together but in different ways for men and women. Men and women had different opinions about which areas in quality of life they felt was important for their self-esteem.

  • 6322.
    Wallander, Rikard
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Mervärdesskattedirektivet – Ett hot mot den svenska demokratin?2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att beskriva och förklara tänkbara konsekvenser som ett införande av EU:s mervärdesskattedirektiv kan medföra för Sveriges ideella föreningar och dess roll som en grundbult för en fungerande svensk demokrati. Studien ämnar undersöka eventuella ekonomiska, administrativa och demokratiska konsekvenser. Det teoretiska ramverket utgörs av teorier om föreningslivets roll som demokratiskola och skapande av socialt kapital. Studien utgörs sedermera av en jämförande fallstudie av föreningarna, Alets IK, IS Halmia och Halmstads BK. Undersökningens material bygger mestadels på samtalsintervjuer och utredningar som gjorts inom ämnet.

    Resultatet visar att konsekvenserna är av varierande karaktär för de valda föreningarna. Ett fenomen som samtliga föreningar kan komma att ställas inför vid ett införande av direktivet är att det i framtiden kan bli svårt att rekrytera nya medlemmar på grund av ökad administration och bolagisering, vilket kan få negativa konsekvenser för de ideella idrottsföreningarnas roll som demokratiskola och skapande av socialt kapital.

  • 6323.
    Walldén, Dean
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Woxö, Martin
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Militariseringen av EU: Varför valde Sverige att ingå i Pesco?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In response to the changing security environment in Europe a process started aimed at increasing cooperation in the security and defence area within the EU. This defence cooperation is called the Permanent structured cooperation (Pesco) and means a more gradual and substantial military cooperation than before in the EU. Through a membership in Pesco, the members commit to more intensively develop of its own defence capabilities in research and acquisition of defence equipment, but also to obtain and maintain a strong defence budget. In addition, the member states should also contribute with battle groups ready for military missions within the framework of the EU.

    How can we understand the logic of Sweden joining more binding defence cooperation like Pesco. The purpose of this study is to identify the underlying driving forces to understand why Sweden decided to join Pesco. This case study uses a theoretical perspective based on Graham Allison's conceptual models to achieve this purpose. Through a qualitative text analysis, the data that is studied in this case study consisting of Swedish government proposition and Defence committee report regarding Pesco and Defence bill 2016-2020. In order to widen the study, mail interviews were conducted with strategically selected informants. Those were members of the Swedish parliament and staff officers in the Swedish Armed Forces.

    The study concludes that the underlying driving forces for the decision were several. The main driving force was that Sweden previously ratified the EU solidarity clause and stated a declaration of solidarity in relation to other member states of the EU. By joining Pesco is also expected to boost Sweden's credibility as a member state of the EU. An additional driving force was to join Pesco at an early stage in order to forge cooperation and have influence in the direction in which Sweden considers compatible with own military nonalignment, and also to continue to drive the intergovernmental nature that Pesco now holds. An additional driving force was also building up the national defence, increase the operational capacity and strengthen the armed forces through the defence cooperation. A majority of the parliamentary parties agreed on joining Pesco because of the previously decided defence bill 2016-2020, which also considers as a driving force for why Sweden chose to join Pesco. 

  • 6324.
    Walldén Persson, Johanna
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Kvinnlig konstruktion och konsumtion i ELLE: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys av redaktionell text och reklam i ett modemagasin2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel: Kvinnlig konstruktion och konsumtion i ELLE 

    Författare: Johanna Walldén Persson                                                   

    Handledare: Ronny Severinsson 

    Examinator: Ebba Sundin

    Typ av arbete: Examensarbete för kandidat i medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap (15 hp) 

    Termin: VT16

    Antal ord: 13 229

    Syfte och frågeställningar: Syftet med denna uppsats är att urskilja på vilket sätt kvinnlighet framställs och upprätthålls i förhållande till konsumtion i tidningsmagasinet ELLE. Från olika håll i samhället finns krav på hur kvinnor ska vara. ELLE är ett magasin för kvinnor och därför är det intressant att analysera den bild av kvinnlighet som ELLE presenterar för sina läsare. Den här bilden skapar ett kvinnligt ideal för läsarna att leva upp till.

    *I vilken utsträckning förekommer konsumtionsidealen body perfect och material good life?*Hur stor del av tidningen uppmuntrar till konsumtion?*Vilka kopplingar gör ELLE mellan kvinnlighet och konsumtion?

    Metod och material: Kvantitativ innehållsanalys av tre nummer av ELLE 2016

    Huvudresultat: 80 % av magasinet innehåller direkt eller indirekt (i form av redaktionella guider) reklam som uppmuntrar till konsumtion. Konsumtionsideal som förespråkar en perfekt kropp och ett rikt materialistiskt liv förekommer i stor utsträckning, totalt 79 % av innehållet.

    Nyckelord: konsumtion, modemagasin, genus, ideal, reklam

  • 6325.
    Wallenborg, Emma
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Holmqvist, Ida
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Byggföretags förberedelser inför en lågkonjunktur: En kvalitativ studie om strategisk planering och styrning2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6326.
    Wallgren, Hannah
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Wigert, Elin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Lean i kommunal sektor: En kvalitativ studie om framgångsfaktorer för långsiktigt Lean-arbete2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to with a qualitative method and from a management perspective, identify important factors for municipalities in their work with implementing and maintain a long-term Lean methodology. The study was conducted in two Swedish municipalities. We have studied why and how municipalities are working with Lean and what Lean so far generated in. A total of six semi-structured interviews were conducted with key-people who has a managing- or supporting function.

    The result found that the aim of introducing Lean in the municipalities is to improve the quality for the customer, reduce waste, and make the organization more efficient so that it can meet future increased demand. Their main focus is to create a Lean culture where Lean is a natural part of the daily work. The main tools used are 5S, value stream-mapping, visual control. Some departments also use the PDCA wheel. What Lean work so far generated in is that some tasks and processes have changed which resulted in a reduced waste. In one case has the value for the end customer increased by reducing waiting time. The study establishes the following factors as crucial to creating a long-term Lean work: focus must be on creating value for the end customer, the organization must possess a great knowledge of Lean as a method, and the leadership must at all levels be engaged and supportive. Lean must be adapted to each individual organization, the focus should be on culture rather than tools, and have a reliable approach to reduce any resistance.

  • 6327.
    Wallin, Ellen
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    How would a case study look from a feminist perspective?2016Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The issue addressed in this article is how a feminist case study would look like. This includes that the one who does the research, the purpose of the study, the content of the study and to whom the case study contributes should have feminist perspectives in order to be a feminist study. The case studies mapped in this article are limited to case studies about leadership, education and organizations. By analysing 20 different case studies with feminist point of views, I concluded that feminist case studies often includes gender inequality issues like acceptation of gender inequalities or gender employment discrimination but some of them cover how feminism ideology in organizations operate.

  • 6328.
    Wallin, Emelie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Holm, Evelina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Kommunicera Hållbart: En receptionsanalytisk studie om hur konsumenter tolkar Wapnoshallbarhetskommunikation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie har varit att undersöka Wapnös hållbarhetskommunikation och ta reda på hur de vill att kommunikationen ska förstås. Vidare har hållbarhetskommunikationen studerats ur ett konsumentperspektiv för att undersöka hur Wapnös konsumenter tolkar företagets hållbarhetskommunikation. Studien ämnar att undersöka vilka faktorer som kan påverka människor att göra olika tolkningar av samma budskap.

    Hur vill Wapnö att deras hållbarhetskommunikation ska tolkas och förstås? Hur tolkar Wapnös konsumenter företagets hållbarhetskommunikation? Hur kan resultatet förstås utifrån Encoding/decoding-modellen?

    Utifrån de resultat som framkommit i studien har det visat sig att Wapnö vill framställa sig som ett hållbart företag med en kommunikation som tolkas och förstås som öppen och transparent. Vidare har det framkommit att de olika tolkningar som konsumenterna har gjort av de material som presenterats har berott på faktorer som ålder, intresse och kunskap i en specifik sakfråga. 

  • 6329.
    Wallin, Fredrik
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Lindberg, Fredrik
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Kampen för tillräcklighet: En fallstudie om situationen bakom kulisserna på Livgardet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Försvarsmakten har sedan år 2000 varit en organisation under konstant förändring. Till förmån för krigsförbanden har depåorganisationen reducerats personellt under denna förändring. Officerare i depåorganisationen har trots detta fortsättningsvis viktiga uppgifter att lösa för att Försvarsmaktens verksamhet skall fungera.

    Hur upplever officerarna vid Livgardets depåförband sin situation?

    Syftet med studien är att öka förståelsen för hur officerare i depåförbanden upplever och hanterar sin situation. Undersökningen har genomförts som en fallstudie med metoden grounded theory och datainsamling via observationer samt 8 stycken djupintervjuer.

     Slutsats: Officerarna i Livgardets depåförband upplever en orimlig arbetsbörda. Officerarna saknar verktyg för att förändra denna situation och hanterar den genom att lösa uppgifter som de upplever bidrar till att uppfylla grundläggande mänskliga behov för att känna tillräcklighet. Om denna situation inte förändras riskerar dessa officerare att drabbas av utmattning.

  • 6330.
    Wallin, Jonas
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Ingelstam, Gustaf
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    En fastighetsinvestering blir till: -En studie om fastighetsbolagens beslutsmodeller-2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6331.
    Wallin, Martin W.
    et al.
    Department of Industrial Dynamics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindholm Dahlstrand, Åsa
    Department of Industrial Dynamics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sponsored spin-offs, industrial growth and change2006In: Technovation, ISSN 0166-4972, E-ISSN 1879-2383, Vol. 26, no 5-6, p. 611-620Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the role of sponsored spin-offs for industrial growth and dynamics. A sponsored spin-off is a firm born out of the venturing activities and the active involvement of an established organization; in this paper the latter in the form of retained partial ownership in the new firm. Sponsored spin-offs are one mechanism whereby the respective potential advantages of large and new firms may be exploited. Little is known about the nature and magnitude of contributions by existing firms to the creation of new technology-based firms and the effects these new firms have on innovation, change and renewal.

    In this paper, an empirical sample of 101 Swedish IPO firms is used in the analysis of three research questions. (1) Are sponsored spin-offs an important mechanism for the creation of new technology-based firms? (2) Are sponsored spin-off firms important for industrial growth? (3) Are sponsored spin-offs influencing industrial renewal and change? The results add to the understanding of how, and to what degree the venturing activities of existing firms contribute to the creation of new firms, as well as how and to what extent these spin-offs differ from other new firms in terms of their impact on industrial growth and change.

  • 6332.
    Wallin, Victor
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Wentzel, Niklas
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Vem är controllern?: En kvalitativ studie om controllern i rollen som styrorienterad och traditionell ekonomichef2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

     

     

    There are many definitions of what the profession controller imply, which indicates that the profession is difficult to define. The purpose of this study is to describe the controller's job role in medium-sized manufacturing companies within the private sector and if the controller’s role focuses more on controlling-oriented tasks or more on traditional business tasks. Therefore we enunciated the following framing of question: Is today’s controller in manufacturing companies more controlling-oriented or more a traditional chief financial officer? We chose to conduct a qualitative study because it enables a deeper understanding and then we chose a deductive approach where we went from theory to empiricism. In our theoretical framework we described various characteristics, skills, roles and ways of working as part of the controller's profession. Our empirical study involved personal interviews with five controllers, which were supplemented by a survey where the respondents ranked their tasks in relation to time. The result shows that we can’t demonstrate that the controller works with more controlling-oriented tasks or more with traditional business tasks, but we believe that the controller works with both controlling-oriented- and traditional business tasks.

     

    Keywords: Controller, Role, Chief financial officer, Controlling-oriented

  • 6333.
    Wallmark, Torkel
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Blomqvist, Jan Einar
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Jarreby, Bertil
    Spin-off companies and innovation activities at Chalmers and Halmstad: an attempt to compare1992In: Product development in engineering education: Proceedings, Halmstad: Halmstad University , 1992, p. 185-192Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A study has been made of the Development Engineer education at Halmstad University by a written questionnaire to the graduates in 1982-91. Some of the results regarding patent applications, formation of spin-off companies and monthly salary are presented. Although not exactly comparable some related data are presented from Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg. The results indicate very high rates of patent applications and spin-off company formation. The monthly salary level of graduates from Halmstad is on level with graduates from other Swedish technical universities.

  • 6334.
    Wallquist, Frida
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Zetterqvist, Ronja
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Sociala medier - ett effektivt sätt att stärka varumärket: En studie om hur sociala medier används i varumärkesstärkande syfte2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6335.
    Wamsler, Erika
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Jonsson, Linnea
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Reinventing Traditional Shopping2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digitalization has impacted online retailing heavily, however traditional stores have not

    changed as much in comparison. Earlier studies have not only suggested how stores could

    reinvent themselves, but also indicated that brands could have great advantages by doing so.

    Furthermore, the customer experience and it’s reinforced importance within brick and mortar

    has been highlighted. It has also been established that the customer experience could be

    strengthen by implementing advanced technology. Due to the lack of research within the

    subject and a mainly theoretical discussion about how and why stores implement advanced

    technology in store, this study aims to investigate from more practical point of view how and

    why companies implement advanced technology. This study has a qualitative method, by

    conducting a total of 7 interviews. Five interviews were conducted with employees within

    different retailing companies implementing advanced technology in store; BMW, Clas

    Ohlson, Volvo Car Company, Volkswagen and Synsam Group. To continue, two

    complementary interviews from a rather general market perspective were conducted; one

    with AMF Fastigheter on their new project The Lobby focusing on the development of the

    future store and one with Curiat (NZ) Limited a subject specialist on Augmented Reality,

    which was one of the most common technologies in this study. The study identifies several

    factors correlating to how and why brands reinvent their physical stores through advanced

    technologies. In order to implement the technology successfully, such as Virtual Reality,

    Augmented reality and Interactive Digital Signage, traditional retailers have to modify their

    business models and their operational skills within the organization. One main motivation as

    for why traditional retailers implement advanced technology is a changed consumer behavior

    and market. This puts a new kind of pressure on traditional retailers and stresses the

    importance of the customer experience. The customer experience and relationships can be

    strengthened by implementing advanced technology and are two important factors as to why

    retailers utilize advanced technology in store. Traditional retailers also use the implemented

    advanced technology as a marketing tool, in order to market themselves as innovative and

    meet the new market. In addition to this, there has been a change in communication between

    customer and store. Retailers can use the advanced technology in order to not only interact in

    a new way with their customers, but also communicate through various of their channels.

    This creates a smoother and more seamless experience for the customer, and connect offline

    with online.

  • 6336.
    Warringer, Mina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Lenander, Jenny
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Förmågan att lära matematik: En läromedelsanalys utifrån läroplanens matematikförmågor.2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 210 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskningsfrågan som kommer behandlas är: Hur de matematiska förmågorna som efterfrågas i läroplanen år 2011 återspeglas i matematikböcker för årskurs 3? Frågan kommer att besvaras genom en kvantitativmetod med en komparativanalys och resultatet presenteras statistiskt. Resultatet visar att metodförmågan tränas till störst del och är den enda förmågan som tränas i tillräckligt stor utsträckning. Begrepps- och resonemangsförmågan är de förmågor som är mest representerade efter metodförmågan, men ändå till en förhållandevis liten del.Problemlösnings- och kommunikationsförmågorna lyser med sin frånvaro och finns nästan eller inte alls angivna i läromedlen. Om matteboken är det enda eleverna möter i matematikundervisningen, kommer inte alla förmågorna att utvecklas, oavsett vilket läromedel av de som ingår i undersökningen som används.

  • 6337.
    Wartanian, Sara
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Höjman, Felicia
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Elevers syn på skönlitterär läsning: En studie om elevers läsintresse för läsning av skönlitteratur både på fritiden och i skolan.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Alla elever kommer till skolan med olika erfarenheter och förutsättningar vilket kan påverka deras läsintresse. I tidigare forskning visar det att flickor har mer läsintresse än pojkar. Elever besöker sällan biblioteket på fritiden även om det visar att de uppskattar dessa besök. Det finns heller inte tillräckligt med böcker som eleverna genuint är intresserade av, därav behovet av skolbibliotek. För att eleverna ska få ett ökat intresse för den skönlitterära läsningen bör böckerna vara tilltalande och intressanta.

    En abduktiv analys har genomförts där såväl kvantitativ och kvalitativ metod används. Studiens resultat har analyserats utifrån de teoretiska ramverken literacy och sociokulturellt perspektiv men även ur ett genusperspektiv. Syftet med den här studien är att bidra med kunskaper om elevers intresse och dess påverkan gentemot läsning. Studien ska även belysa hur eleverna tar sig an den skönlitterära läsningen i svenskundervisningen. Empiriska materialet har samlats in med hjälp av videoinspelningar, foton, enkät, observationsloggar och utvärdering av ”läskvarten”. Resultatet visar ingen skillnad på pojkar och flickors läsintresse, men flickor läser mer i hemmet än vad pojkar gör. Skolbiblioteket har en stor betydelse då det väcker och ökar elevernas intresse för skönlitterär läsning. Majoriteten av eleverna har svårt att välja en bok utifrån sin läsförmåga och vill ha stöttning vid val av bok. Studiens resultat bör uppmärksamma alla verksamma inom skolans värld att stötta eleverna vid val av skönlitterär bok, vilken betydelse skolbiblioteket kan ha, och att elevernas läsförmåga kan påverka deras läsintresse. 

  • 6338.
    Wasserman Stexgård, Katarina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Walter, Emil
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Att organisera och leda militär verksamhet vid påfrestningar: Utmaningar och lösningar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish armed forces are normally organized for education and training on a daily basis, for the purpose of rapidly being able to deal with sudden events or strains. What signifies a military organization and command dealing with these kinds of strains whilst maintaining a high level of operational effect? What challenges do they face and what kinds of solutions are available? In order to expand the perspective a comparison was made with a military unit and an emergency hospital. This study was carried out withan inductive and qualitative method, and seven semi-structured interviews were conducted. By the perspectives of High Reliability Organizations and Ambidextrous Organizations, the results are discussed. The resemblances between the two researched units are surprisingly striking in the investigated areas of interest. In order to improve organization and command at the researched military unit, the authors recommend the following actions: the use of joint functions command groups to a greater extent in order to enhance the ability to handle strains and sudden events, to strive for a greater level of situational awareness on all levels in the organization and the demand for loyalty to organization and structure of management decided by the commander. These actions are deemed to increase the level of operational effect at the unit.

  • 6339.
    Waters, Rupert
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Clusters and resilience: economic growth in Oxfordshire and Cambridgeshire2015In: International Journal of Global Environmental Issues, ISSN 1466-6650, E-ISSN 1741-5136, Vol. 14, no 1/2, p. 132-150Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Oxfordshire and Cambridgeshire are two of the most important knowledge economies in the UK. Home to world class research universities and public and private research laboratories as well as a full range of business and professional services to support the development of the knowledge economy, they have been identified as exemplars of high technology local economies by both policy makers and academics (see for example, DTI, 2002; Garnsey and Lawton Smith, 1998). This paper draws on national datasets relating to economic issues such as new firm formation, sectoral composition and gross value added to review the continued development of these centres, before conclusions are drawn on the extent to which the presence of successful clusters (Spencer et al., 2010) influences outcomes for the local economy more generally, and how Oxfordshire and Cambridgeshire have performed over the last ten years. Copyright © 2015 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

  • 6340.
    Waters, Rupert
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER). Birkbeck, University of London, London, United Kingdom.
    Lawton Smith, Helen
    Birkbeck, University of London, London, United Kingdom.
    Global economic crises and local fortunes: The case of Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire2016In: Global Economic Crisis and Local Economic Development: International cases and policy responses / [ed] Jason Begley, Dan Coffey, Tom Donnely & Carole Thornley, New York, NY: Routledge, 2016, p. 30-46Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 6341.
    Waterson, Andrew K.
    et al.
    High Performance Sport New Zealand, North Dunedin, New Zealand.
    Andersen, Mark
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    One shot at a time: A mindfulness-based case study in golf2017In: Being mindful in sport and exercise psychology: Pathways for practitioners and students / [ed] Sam J. Zizzi & Mark B. Andersen, Morgantown: FiT Publishing , 2017, p. 247-267Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6342.
    Watson II, Jack
    et al.
    West Virginia University, Morgantown, USA.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Clement, Damien
    West Virginia University, Morgantown, USA.
    Johnson, Urban
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Linnér, Lukas
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Ekengren, Johan
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    The Internationalization of Training in Sport and Exercise Psychology2016In: AASP 2016: 31st Annual Conference: Phoenix, AZ, Sept. 28 - Oct.1: Conference Proceedings & Program, Indianapolis: Association for Applied Sport Psychology , 2016, p. 164-164Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    University faculty are often encouraged by administrators through strategic plans to develop international exchange opportunities to help students expand ideas and forms of thought (Lumby & Foskett, 2016). Given the educational, practical, and legal issues associated with the provision of sport psychology around the world, such a charge could be very helpful for the development of the field of sport and exercise psychology. This encouragement to internationalize programs makes sense in terms of the potential benefits for the educational, social, cultural and professional development of students, as well as the professional development of faculty. However, the logistical challenges of developing such programs can be overwhelming, especially when added on to the other pressures and time demands facing faculty in the current structure of higher education. This symposium will provide attendees with an overview of a specific exchange program developed between an American and European  university with the goal of enhancing the educational opportunities for students at both institutions. Individual presentations will address: 1) the benefits and challenges associated with internationalization of programs, 2) the steps associated with moving from concept development to actual travel, 3) the process of coordinating the receipt of study abroad students and faculty, and 4) future perspectives about international collaboration in the education of sport and exercise psychology students. The primary goals of this symposium will be to provide the audience with an understanding of the benefits and challenges of establishing and carrying out such a program from both the sending and receiving institutions, the provision of suggestions for moving forward with such a program from the perspective of both the sending and receiving institutions, and the identification of future directions with regard to the internationalization of sport and exercise psychology programs.

  • 6343.
    Watson, Jack
    et al.
    West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Clement, Damien
    West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA.
    Johnson, Urban
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Linnér, Lukas
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Ekengren, Johan
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Future perspectives on international collaboration in sport and exercise psychology education2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    After two successful experiences of organizing study abroad trips, the American and the European Universities now work to continue and expand the collaboration for the benefit of both sides’ students and staff. Strategic planning for the future development of this internationalization initiative now includes the development of bi-direction exchanges, semester long study abroad opportunities, the development of a shared online learning platform for the creation of discussion boards and learning modules that would be available to both the American and European students, and the development of a joint on-line course on selected topics in international sport and exercise psychology related to major expertise areas at both universities. The focus of this presentation will be to reflect on the potential strategies in place to meet the current challenges of internationalization. This portion of the presentation will utilize a discussion based format and include the audience to help facilitate the achievement of the stated goals.  Such a discussion will include an overview of the lessons learned in the past, a discussion of the future vision for internationalization, and a discussion about problem solving strategies that can be used within university settings to enhance the likelihood of creating a successful internationalization experience for both students and faculty within sport and exercise psychology. As an outcome, the benefits and challenges of developing such an initiative will be outlined.

  • 6344.
    Waymond, Rodgers
    et al.
    University of Hull, Hull, UK & University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas, USA.
    Simon, Jon
    University of Hull, Hull, UK.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Combining experiential and conceptual learning in management and accounting education2016In: Academy of Management: Proceedings, New York: Academy of Management , 2016, article id 16208Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Within management and accounting education both conceptual and experiential learning have been important learning approaches. However, while experiential learning has been extensively studied in accounting education the critical role of conceptual learning has received considerably less attention. In this article we review theory and research to develop a framework that relates to both conceptual and experiential learning. We use a Throughput Model to suggest and demonstrate that both learning cycles can live alongside each other to support accounting education from both student and educator perspectives. Based on our review and combination we suggest implications for the design and implementation of management and accounting education. Copyright © 2016, Academy of Management

  • 6345.
    Weberg, Emelie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Willumsen, Trine
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Elevers kommunikation i en digitaliserad läs- och skrivundervisning2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien utgår från tidigare forskning om att ett socialt lärande gynnar elevers läs- och skrivinlärning och att en digitaliserad läs- och skrivundervisning kan gynna ett socialt lärande. Samtidigt kan de digitala verktygen ta fokus från elevers lärande. Dessutom kan arbete i olika gruppkonstellationer leda till att inte alla elever gynnas. Syftet med föreliggande studie är att studera det sociala samspel som uppstår i en digitaliserad läs- och skrivundervisning genom att undersöka den kommunikation som uppstår när elever använder digitala verktyg. Eleverna har i denna studie använt sig av en iPad, i par. Studien har inspirerats av etnografin och har genom videoobservationer dokumenterat tio par, från klass ett och två, under två veckor. Resultatet visar att eleverna kommunicerar både verbalt och icke- verbalt. Gemensamt för både den verbala och icke-verbala kommunikationen är att eleverna till största del interagerar med varandra och iPaden samt att kommunikationen innefattar olika former av samlärande. iPaden utgör en gemensam plattform som tillåter båda eleverna att interagera med varandra och texten samtidigt. Dock visar det sig även att en stor del av kommunikationen handlar om teknikens funktion och andra företeelser som gör att uppgiften i sig blir lidande. Dessutom framkommer det att den icke-verbala kommunikationen kan påverka samspelet mellan eleverna negativt, vilket leder till att en av eleverna hamnar utanför lärsituationen. Konklusionen är att lärsituationen, där eleverna arbetar i par med ett digitalt verktyg, inte alltid gynnar alla elever. Med detta i åtanke är det av stor vikt att verksamma lärare ser till att alla elever är delaktiga i pararbetet och drar nytta av arbetssättet. Vidare forskning kan undersöka vilka roller elever tar i en digitaliserad undervisning och hur dessa roller påverkar deras inlärning. 

  • 6346.
    Weberg, Emelie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Willumsen, Trine
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Läs- och skrivinlärning i en digitaliserad skola: Positiva och negativa aspekter med en IKT-baserad undervisning2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I takt med att samhället utvecklas ställs krav på att skolans undervisning anpassas. Läs- och skrivundervisningen går mot en digitalisering där IKT tar en allt större plats. Syftet med denna systematiska litteraturstudie är att undersöka hur elevers läs- och skrivinlärning påverkas av en digitaliserad läs- och skrivundervisning. Resultatet i studien bygger på ett begränsat urval av källor som kvalitetsgranskats och visar på att en digitaliserad undervisning har många fördelar för elevernas läs- och skrivinlärning. Bland annat visas en förbättring i elevernas textskapande och att motivationen till utveckling av läs- och skrivförmågor ökar. Den största negativa aspekten som lyfts är de hinder som tekniken kan medföra då teknikens funktion kan ta fokus från elevernas inlärning. En annan viktig aspekt är lärares inställning och kompetens. De digitala verktygen är ingen framgångsfaktor i sig. Fortsatt forskning behövs därför för att undersöka hur dagens digitaliserade samhälle kan bidra till att utveckla den IKT-baserade undervisningen så att den gynnar varje enskild elevs läs- och skrivinlärning.

  • 6347.
    Wedbäck Pizevska, Viktoria
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Fagerström, Alexandra
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    "Allmän rösträtt": En kvantitativ studie om demokratidefinitioner som utesluter kvinnlig rösträtt från sina mått2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstract

    Syfte: Studien grundar sig på ett problemområde gällande uteslutandet av kvinnlig rösträtt i demokratimätningar. Syftet är att undersöka hur demokratimått förändras när kvinnlig rösträtt tas med i mätningarna. Studien analyserar två klassiker inom demokratiforskning, Seymour Lipset (1959) och Samuel P. Huntington (1991) samt tre modernare demokratimått (Democracy index, BMR, Polity IV Revised combined score).

     

    Teori: Studien utgår ifrån en teori hämtad från Pamela Paxton (1995). Teorin handlar om konsekvenser och kritik mot demokratiforskare som uteslutit kvinnlig rösträtt i mått på demokrati.

     

    Metod: En kvantitativ metod i form av statistisk dataanalys har använts. Med hjälp av tidsserier har jämförelser över införandet av demokrati samt kvinnlig rösträtt genomförts.

     

    Resultat: Resultatet visar att Paxtons kritik är befogad samt bekräftar hennes teori och slutsatser. Införandet av kvinnlig rösträtt i ovannämnda demokratimått innebär en förändring för de studier där måtten har använts.

     

    Nyckelord: kvinnlig rösträtt, demokrati, demokratisk transition, Huntington, Lipset, Paxton, women’s suffrage 

  • 6348.
    Wei, Bin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Wang, Yichen
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    The Need of a HRM Change from Traditional to Strategic with Organizational Transition: A Case Study of a Swedish High-Speed-Growth Company2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With organizational development, many of management systems should be established and developed to handle different challenges and situations. Flamholtz and Randle (2007) figure out different but typical management orientation and systems at different stages of this development process and emphasize the importance of organizational transition between the stages. Human resource management (HRM) is regarded as one of the most important management systems to overcome challengers and gain competitive advantages during organization development. This paper concentrates on a HRM perspective to research on the relationship between organizational transition and HRM changes.

    The findings show HRM correlated with organizational transition from an entrepreneurial stage to a professionally managed one needs to change from traditional to strategic. The essence of this process is correspondingly a role change from a service provider to a strategic participant. Meanwhile, the functions and abilities to support them in HRM should be changed also.

  • 6349.
    Weibull, Fredrik
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Watt, Antony
    Victoria University, Australia.
    Johnson, Urban
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Psychometric analysis of the Swedish version of the sport imagery ability measure2009In: The 12th World Congress of Sport Psychology / [ed] Baria, E., Nabli, E.H., Madani, A., Essieydal, M., Aragon, M., Quartissi, A.E., 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6350.
    Weidner, Marie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Lindqvist, Marie
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Bojen - verksamheten som håller dig flytande tills du simmar själv2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats handlar om hur den kommunala verksamheten Bojen kan påverka livskvalitén för familjer som har barn med neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar så som ADHD och Asperger syndrom. Intervjuer har genomförts med ungdomar och föräldrar som är knutna till verksamheten. Därefter har materialet analyserats med hjälp av teoretiska begrepp som KASAM (känsla av sammanhang), socialt stöd/sociala nätverk och empowerment. Resultatet visar på vilken betydelse verksamheten har för den enskilda individens livssituation, samt hur förbättrade förutsättningar kan göra skillnad för ungdomarnas framtid. Exempelvis kan utvecklade färdigheter och rätt verktyg gynna Bojens deltagare för att klara sig även i sociala sammanhang som inte är anpassade till deras svårigheter.

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