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  • 6151.
    Zadayannaya, Liudmila
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    ORGANIZATIONAL MEMORY SYSTEMS AS A SOURCE OF LEARNING FOR NEW EMPLOYEES IN AN INNOVATIVE CONTEXT2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Organizational memory is said to be one of the essential factors of organizational learning, particularly in a part that is concerned with knowledge flowing from an organization to its employees. Often viewed as a system of knowledge repositories, organizational memory is argued to be important in various contexts. The purpose of this study is to explore an impact of the organizational memory in two such contexts, namely in a situation of presence of new employees and organization involved in innovation activity. The importance of organizational memory for the new employees can be explained by the fact that it is through facing it they socialize in the organization. Organizational memory also influences innovative behaviour of employees.

    This researched is performed in a form of a case study; where the object of study finds itself in a combined context – new employees of R&D department learn from different organizational memory systems. The data for this case study were collected through qualitative interviewing of both the newcomers and their supervisor.

    The results show that new employees face a range of memory systems, and this range does not depend on the innovativeness of the work they are involved in. It was found possible to look separately into the systems and methods the newcomers accessed them. The most important access methods in this case turned out to be personal communication and IT-enabled means, however a number of other methods were also found relevant for the case.

    Focusing on how this knowledge can support innovative behaviour of the new employees, this study has found several ways in which both incremental and radical innovations can be enhanced. The memory systems have been found to affect innovative behaviour of the newcomers by demonstrating expectance of this behaviour, by providing “old” knowledge, as well as hints where one can possibly find “old” and “new” knowledge.

    In general, the findings suggest that looking into memory systems separately from the ways to access them might give valuable insights for rethinking how properties of the memory systems have been defined so far.

  • 6152. Zahar, Timothé
    et al.
    Dupré, Nicolas
    Shock advertising and the French generation Y2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6153.
    Zahra, Abdulkarim
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Ingenting är gratis!: En undersökande studie av affärsmodellen gratis på internet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel:                                   Ingenting är gratis!                                             - En undersökande studie av affärsmodellen gratis på internet.

    Författare:                         Zahra Abdulkarim

    Handledare:                       Klaus Solberg Soilen

    Examinator:                      Ulf Aagerup

    Nivå:                                  Kandidatuppsats, ekonomi (15hp), VT16

    Nyckelord:                         Gåvor, freemium, treaktörsmarknad, korssubventionering, BMC,                           BMI,  gratis

    Syfte & Frågeställning:    Syftet med studien är att ta reda på vilka förutsättningar som finns                        för affärsmodellen gratis. Detta på grund av att internet med sin                                  stora trafik skapat stor konkurrens.

                                                          

                                                Vilka förutsättningar finns det med affärsmodellen                                                    "gratis/kostnadsfritt"?

                                                Hur kan affärsmodellen etableras i företag som inte arbetar med                            den idag?

     

    Metod:                               En kvalitativ och abduktiv ansats har använts för att undersöka                              studien. Kvaliteten ligger i att informationen från sekundärkällor                                         analyserat snarare än beräknats. Undersökningen består av ett                                        dokumenturval eftersom information inte är framtagen av                                             forskaren.

    Teori:                                 Business model canvas, BMI och SWOT är modeller som använts                         för att analysera de olika beståndsdelarna i affärsmodellen gratis.                                      Vidare har även prissättning och psykologiska aspekter av pris                                         tagits upp.

    Empiri:                              Affärsmodellen gratis har delats in i fyra underkategorier. Studien                         är baserad på tio olika företag som använder gratis som                         affärsmodell. Varje företag får representera något av de fyra                                       typerna av gratis.

    Slutsats:                             För att företag skall kunna implementera affärsmodellen gratis är                           de i behov av att skapa en stor kundkrets. Vidare måste de                                            upprätthålla produktutveckling så att intresset för deras erbjudande                                  inte sjunker. Om det ska vara möjligt att implementera                                             affärsmodellen bör företag se över sin kostnadsstruktur och dra ner                       kostnaderna så lågt att gratis generar vinst av varje användare.                               Hela konceptet med gratis är precis som andra affärsmodeller                                            byggt på ekonomisk vinning.

  • 6154.
    Zamora, Soledad
    Halmstad University.
    The Role of Arts in Nordic Society: Health and Lifestyle2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The role of arts in both formal and non-formal education has been scientifically demonstrated to create positive outcomes in people to deal with all kinds of social problems in daily life. At present, there are international public and private institutions that support this view, such as the International Arts Education Week, celebrated for the first time by UNESCO on 21-27 May 2012 when not only artists participated, but also educators, researchers, NGO actors, and international associations. This provides us with a wider perspective on how arts and education can play an interdisciplinary role in society.

    The aim of this research is to study how arts (e.g., performative arts, literature, film) interact with and affect Nordic society; the kind of practices, contributions and challenges that exist within the cultural and educational sectors (based on three case studies) and their relationship between the government in the form of cultural policies in Denmark, Sweden and Finland in support of the well-being of the Nordic lifestyle whenever applying a wider perspective to the role of the arts in society. 

    This qualitative study is composed of three case studies, which explore the role of arts in three Nordic institutions (two public ones and a private one): 1) The Academy of Fine Arts in Helsinki, Finland; 2) Skissernas Museum - Museum of Artistic Process and Public Art in Lund, Sweden; and 3) Louisiana Museum of Modern Art in Humbaelek, Denmark. The empirical material collected has been done through the usage of the hermeneutics—texts, semi-structured interviews of professionals (two art educators with multidisciplinary backgrounds, two art historians, and a museum guide), publications, catalogues, and active participation in cultural/educational activities in Sweden, Denmark, and Finland. The data collected is analyzed within the framework of the reflexive methodology. “The Theory of Communicative Action” by Jürgen Habermas aims to understand the multidisciplinary relationship among the artistic/educational institutions, society, and government as support for the well-being and sustainability of Nordic society. 

    The results will reveal a multidisciplinary application of the arts as support to Nordic welfare, healthand lifestyle. The results will also show how arts can be included in people’s lifestyles in an organic manner, being a benefit for the well-being of the society and supporting the sustainability of Nordic welfare when people have a wider understanding of the application of the arts in their lives, for instance, through literature, concerts, performances, but also, attending to festivals, arts and crafts activities, gardens, parks, and even experiencing architecture.

  • 6155. Zander, Karl Gunnar
    En diskursanalys av arbetsmarknaden: En diskursanalytisk studie av hur arbetsmarknadens parter konstruerar relationer med varandra i samband med en politisk reform2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is through a case study using discourse analysis investigate how the parties of the labour market creates relationships with each other, if it’s possible to identify a new liberal wave as well as where the labour movements stands in these relationships. The case that was studied is the process from proposal to directive from the parliament to the government about changes of 22§ LAS in accordance with The Committee on the Labour Market proposal. The empirical material this study is based on are articles from printed press during the period from 15/10-1998 to 30/4-1999 that are partially found in the media archive and are also matches to the search terms "sist in först ut" (last in first out in), "turordning*" (turn-taking) and "arbetsrätt*" (labour law), (“*” in the search terms are wildcards, meaning every word starting with ‘turordning’ and ‘arbetsrätt’ are included in the search results). And motions and The Committee on the Labour Markets proposal. The results of the analysis suggests that there probably is a new liberalistic ideology affecting some parties of the labour market. It also suggests that relations are creates in the discourse which happens in the communicative event and in the discursive practice which in turn affects the social practice, by reducing the labour union's opportunities for achievement, meeting and resisting changes in accordance to Luke's expanded concept of power.

  • 6156.
    Zattoni, Alessandro
    et al.
    LUISS University and Business School, Rome, Italy.
    Witt, Michael A.
    INSEAD, Singapore, Singapore.
    Judge, William Q.
    Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA.
    Talaulicar, Till
    University of Erfurt, Erfurt, Germany.
    Chen, Jean Jinghan
    Xian Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Suzhou, China & Nankai University, Tianjin, China.
    Lewellyn, Krista
    University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY, USA.
    Hu, Helen Wei
    University of Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Luis Rivas, José
    ITAM School of Business, Mexico DF, Mexico.
    Puffer, Sheila
    D’Amore-McKim School of Business, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA.
    Shukla, Dhirendra
    University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada.
    Lopez, Felix
    University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain.
    Adegbite, Emmanuel
    Leicester Business School, De Montfort University, Leicester, United Kingdom.
    Fassin, Yves
    Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
    Yamak, Sibel
    University of Wolverhampton, Wolverhampton, United Kingdom.
    Fainshmidt, Stav
    Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA.
    van Ees, Hans
    University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.
    Does board independence influence financial performance in IPO firms?: The moderating role of the national business system2017In: Journal of world business (Print), ISSN 1090-9516, E-ISSN 1878-5573, Vol. 52, no 5, p. 628-639Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Prior evidence suggests that board independence may enhance financial performance, but this relationship has been tested almost exclusively for Anglo-American countries. To explore the boundary conditions of this prominent governance mechanism, we examine the impact of the formal and information institutions of 18 national business systems on the board independence-financial performance relationship. Our results show that while the direct effect of independence is weak, national-level institutions significantly moderate the independence-performance relationship. Our findings suggest that the efficacy of board structures is likely to be contingent on the specific national context, but the type of legal system is insignificant. © 2017 Elsevier Inc.

  • 6157.
    Zeneli Ugzmajli, Lumnije
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Strukturell diskriminering eller O-kompetenta aktörer? – en studie kring invandrarnas situation på den svenska Arbetsmarknaden2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en uppsats där diskriminering av personer med invandrarbakgrund på den svenska arbetsmarknaden undersöks. Det är en undersökning där sex personer med invandrar bakgrund intervjuas och fått chansen att ge en bild av hur de själva upplever att de blir bemöta på den svenska arbetsmarknaden. Tre av de intervjuade har arbete och tre av dem är arbetslösa. Denna uppdelning har jag valt för att se om det finns skillnader i attityder beroende på de intervjuades arbetssituation. Vad jag främst kom fram till med denna uppsats är att skapandet av stereotyper bidrar till en nedvärdering av invandrarnas kompetens.

    De teorier som jag använt i uppsatsen är: Erving Goffmans ”stigma teori”, ” beständig ojämlikhet” av Charles Tilly. Anthony Giddens teorier om ” skapandet av självidentitet i det moderna samhället”. Pierre Bourdieu ” socialt rum, habitus och fält”

  • 6158.
    ZENG, LE
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    CHEN, SIYUAN
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Green marketing strategies for international firms in China: A case study of Emerson Electric Co., Ltd2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6159.
    Zeqiraj, Xhejran
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Kolmodin, Helena
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Motiv och attityd till kompetensutveckling på två små företag2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to gain insight into how two enterprises work with competence development and thereby study how the relationship between competence development and workers, employees, look like. The focus was on the workers motives and motivation towards a participation in a competence development course, their attitude to education, and how the transfer of skills gained from the course, into the workplace looks like. Further on, the work situations influence on the workers competence development has been taken into account.

    In the study, six people were interviewed in the role of either manager, coach or course participant who are employed in two different enterprises in the south of Sweden.

    The results showed that the participants were motivated by a strive for personal development or that the participants viewed education implementation as a part of the professional

    career, which has resulted in a positive attitude towards the competence development course. The managers’ motive for decisions about education was to change the prevailing attitude among the staff for the better and thereby strengthen the company’s brand. 

    The work situation has encouraged the desire to participate in developmental education as the feeling of control has encouraged the workers to further development. However, their already high work demands seemed to serve as a stressor, as the education participation increased the work load. Finally a difference is seen in both companies after completing the education, which indicates a successful transfer and application of the knowledge.

  • 6160.
    Zhang, Dongdong
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Challenges in Marketing Strategy of Online Travel Booking Industry in China: -A case study of Ctrip.com and Qunar.com2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Information technology plays an important role in the hospitality and tourismindustry. The internet has reshaped the distribution channels and thus suppliers andconsumers can contact directly. It also changes consumers searching and bookingbehaviors. So information technology brings online travel agents some challenges inthe marketing strategy.Literature Review includes the theoretical background of online travel bookingindustry and summaries the previous researches in the field of hospitality and tourismindustry. The analytical framework of this study mainly includes the impact ofinformation technology on the Porter’s five forces model which was used forgathering and analyzing the empirical data and the PEST model. Nowadays,intelligent travel is highly efficient and trendy.In conducting this study, I adopted a qualitative approach to analyze challengesfaced by online travel agents. I chose two sample companies Ctrip.com andQunar.com from China. The empirical data were mainly collected from twosemi-structured interviews and secondary data such as the official website andtravel-related information.The conclusion is that the information technology has a great impact on thetourism enterprises. The competition is fierce and consumers are more demanding.Through cooperating and integrating travel-related information resources, the tourismenterprises can provide better products and professional services to consumers andimprove their travel experiences.

  • 6161.
    Zhang, Pingying
    et al.
    Department of Management, Coggin College of Business, University of North Florida, FL, USA.
    Voordeckers, Wim
    KIZOK Research Center, Hasselt University, Belgium.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    CIRCLE, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Huse, Morten
    eDepartment of Innovation and Economic Organisation, Norwegian School of Management BI, Norway.
    From boards as value assemblers to value creators: Integrating static and dynamic perspectives on board information2009In: Contemporary Issues in International Corporate Governance / [ed] Suzanne Young, Prahran, Vic.: Tilde University Press , 2009, p. 43-57Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 6162.
    Zhu, Yuqi
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Zhang, Yunbu
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    A Comparative Case Study on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) between SMEs and MNCs2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to describe the behaviors that multinational corporations(MNCs) and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are taking for carrying outcorporate social responsibility (CSR) under the context of sustainable development.Besides, the factors which drive and influence the performance are further exploredand discussed.The thesis is to be analyzed by means of a literature review, qualitative case study,semi-structured interviews, within case study and cross case study.By adopting these methods, the thesis shows that both MNCs and SMEs are aware ofand actively shouldering CSR in spite of different contents and approaches. MNCs areable to integrate economic, environment and social values into CSR strategy whileSMEs focus more on economic values. Competitive pressures, social expectations andinternal governance system are the main drivers of MNCs. By contrast, owners’ desiregives rise to the performance of carrying out CSR strategy by SMEs.It is suggested that a new domain of CSR namely, political social responsibility isfound through the study. It demonstrates that MNCs with the state-owned nature haveparticular missions and responsibilities to serve the country and society, which is notcommon but exists in the world.

  • 6163.
    Zhubi, Adrian
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Zhubi, Albert
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    K2 eller K3: Motiv till att redovisa enligt K32016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: K2 or K3 : Reasons to account according to K3 

    Authors: Adrian Zhubi and Albert Zhubi 

    Published: Spring 2016 

    Tutor: Eva Berggren 

    Background: Since 2004 BFN has given accounting standards, which started the K-project that divides companies into four different categories based on company size. The K-project's most common regulations are the main regulation principles-based K3 and the alternative regulation rules-based K2. Since 2015 it became mandatory for all joint-stock companies and economic associations to apply one of these two regulations. Companies should therefore reflect on its business and stakeholders when making a choice of regulation. This requires that the annual report should be relevant to the stakeholders. With the study we therefore want to examine the main differences that explains why companies choose K3 instead of K2 from accounting advisors’ perspective. 

    Aim: The aim of the study is to describe why companies prefer K3 instead of K2 according to accounting advisors. 

    Formulation of the problem: What do accounting advisors consider explains the companies’ choice of K3 instead of K2? 

    Methodology: The study is based on a qualitative approach. The empirical data contains a total of five interviews, one of those is a pilot interview. The study's respondents are three auditors, an accounting expert and an accounting specialist. The respondents have different experiences and are from different accounting firms.

    Results: The study shows that accounting advisors consider differences in tangible, intangible and financial assets between K2 and K3 makes companies prefer K3. Factors as depositions, deferred taxes and stakeholders also affects the choice. According to the study’s respondents, K2 is easier to apply because the regulation contains robust rules for accounting. K3 require greater knowledge at professional judgement, because the regulation includes companies with a complex business with many stakeholders.

  • 6164.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Going in Dialysis is Time to Live: Family’s Experiences of Everyday Life with Haemodialysis Treatment2010In: Proceedings of the Sustaining Everyday Life Conference: April 22–24 2009, Campus Norrköping, Sweden / [ed] Kristina Karlsson and Kajsa Ellergård, Linköping: Linköping University , 2010, p. 123-133Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Time is a central concept when attempting to capture how life develops as results of the interaction between the individual and those in his/her immediate environment. Chronic renal disease such as ESRD with chronic haemodialysis not only shortens life but also places everyday life on a thin line survival paramount. The haemodialysis is also a time-consuming treatment that makes it necessary to carefully plan of everyday life and involves next of kin to a large degree. The aim of this study was to explore the content of time in everyday life as experienced by the next of kin of haemodialysis patients. This study used explorative and descriptive design with a content analysis approach. The interviews, which were conducted in the informants’ homes, lasted 20-60 minutes and were audio-taped and transcribed verbatim in order to not to lose any information. Twenty next of kin were selected purposive with the criterion of having at least one year of experience as a next of kin of a patient on haemodialysis. The content of time in everyday life can be described as follows: fragmented time, vacuous time and uninterrupted time. Conclusion which illustrate how time is minimised and life space contracted for next of kin and their family. They were aware of the prognosis of renal disease and the fact that haemodialysis is life-sustaining treatment, which forced them to live for the moment. It is important to gain insight into how time influences the next of kin’s experiences of everyday life and how this knowledge can be communicated in the nursing science.

  • 6165.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Journal club - a forum of discussion for scientific dialectics2010In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 4652-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the sometimes hectic routines of daily academic work, it can be difficult to find opportunities for naturally creative encounters with our colleagues, where we can jointly focus methodological issues in research. Where do we find the time and place for constructive discussions on published research? And how can we foster such meetings?

    As a senior lecturer and researcher, I have a strong interest in research seminars in the field of clinical activity, as well as long-standing experience of coordinating and leading such seminars. I also gained extensive knowledge of seminar dynamics from my doctoral studies at the University of Linköping.

    Over the years, I have developed a particular way of working with seminars, aiming to contribute to the establishment of interdisciplinary research groups at the School of Health and Social Science, at Halmstad University. One of my ideas was to take advantage of the privileged position of our university, and the fact that it hosts a scientific journal and its Editor-in-Chief, Professor Lillemor Hallberg. This is why I started the Journal Club in 2006—the same year that the International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being was launched.

    Initially, I simply sent an invitation to my fellow researchers at the School of Health and Social Science, explaining the purpose of the meetings. The idea was to use the Journal Club to discuss selected articles from the International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, and critically examine them.

    It is essential that the articles are distributed to participants well in advance, and that participants have had time to read the contents, so they are prepared to critically examine the aims, methods and results of the discussed articles.

    My vision with the meetings at the Journal Club was to give added impetus to scientific dialectics at the School, to develop a critical approach and deepen methodological understanding. We need a continuous reflection concerning qualitative research approaches and various standpoints with respect to research ethics, in order to increase methodological awareness in our research. In this way, the monthly seminars contribute to developing our competencies as researchers, as well as keeping our knowledge up-to-date.

    Another aim of the Journal Club is to be a discussion forum for interdisciplinary research issues, relating to health, life-styles, well-being and the quality of life. Uniting a critical mass at our school, and bringing about an engaging discussion, allows us to test our ideas in a stimulating dialogue with colleagues. It also provides an opportunity to widen and deepen our understanding of current issues.

    The Journal Club has met since the autumn term 2006, always on the same day of the week, at the same time and place, at the School of Health and Social Science. The objective is to give these encounters a “club feeling”, and to shape a tradition of a recurrent event at the School. Before each seminar at the Journal Club, an invitation is sent to all teaching and research staff at the School.

    The availability of the most recent articles from the International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, combined with the Editor-in-Chief's contribution to the seminars, gives the meetings an additional dimension, and strengthens the impact that the Journal Club has at Halmstad University. The role of the Club is also strengthened by the important position that the International Journal of Qualitative Studies occupies on our own nursing programmes, both at junior and senior levels. The articles are widely used and discussed on our Nursing science and Methods courses.

  • 6166.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Maintaining families´well-being in everyday life2011In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 7206-7211Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to discuss how everyday life changes for the family in the event of chronic illness or disability. It changes physically due to loss of body function and socially due to time and other constraints related to treatment or lack of mobility. Equally important, there is a psychological impact due to the uncertainty of the future. The article will explore how family participation can help to maintain well-being in everyday life. The family should therefore focus on their own needs as much as on the needs of the family members who are ill. In order to maintain well-being in everyday life, it is crucial for the family to create routines and spend time doing things that they enjoy. By doing this, the family will create a rhythm of well-being regardless of the critical family situation. Family members and professional caregivers also need to come together at the beginning and during the illness or disability event to discuss changes that could be made day-to-day for all those involved, thereby making for an easier transition into care giving.

  • 6167.
    Zillinger, Malin
    et al.
    Department of Service Management, Lund University, PO Box 882, SE-251 08 Helsingborg, Sweden.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Adolfsson, Petra
    School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Guided tours and tourism2012In: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 1-7Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 6168.
    Zimmerman, Ewa
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Disseminating information within municipalities2005In: BIR 2005: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Business Informatics Research / [ed] Per Backlund, Sven Carlsson, Eva Söderström, Skövde: Skövde University , 2005, p. 117-126Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A trend today is to disseminate information fast and make it available for everyone. In municipalities the implementation and use of intranets as a communication channel for the dissemination of information is growing. All employees in municipalities are not working in an office and have limited access to the technology; they can not visit the intranet every day. This paper presents a study of how available communication channels are used to disseminate information to employees in municipalities. The results are presented as guidelines promoting the use of intranet as a communication channel and design of further research is presented. © The authors, except as noted.

  • 6169.
    Zimmerman, Ewa
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Cronquist, Björn
    Kristianstad University, SE-291 88 Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Emergent functions in Intranet information management2003In: Knowledge Management in Electronic Government / [ed] Wimmer, M.A., Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2003, p. 186-191Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizations and municipalities implements advanced information technology, intranets, in order to enhance information management within the organization.. This technology is implemented with great reliance on the technology aspect. New functions emerge as a consequence of technology, functions not planned for. This paper puts focus one such function, the key persons responsible for publishing on intranets. A descriptive study shows that these persons do exist and describes some problems they appreciate.

  • 6170.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT). Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Contrasts in Teacher Educators´ Discursive Positions; an Effect of Changes in Educational Policy Discourses?2017In: ECER 2017" Reforming Education and the Imperative of Constant Change: Ambivalent roles of policy and the role of educational research”, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6171.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Coteaching in ”music-drama”: An arena for joint creative learning2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In an aesthetic methods course within teacher education, teachers and students experienced that the different aesthetic subjects and the teachers were separated from one another. In order to improve subject collaboration and joint professional reflection in action, a coteaching project in “music-drama” was initiated. The aim of the project was to investigate how three aesthetic teachers in teacher education engaged in a coteaching project concerning music and drama and to explore the potential of coteaching in addressing the issue of providing a more integrated approach to teacher learning.. The project was designed in three phases; coplanning, coteaching and coevaluation (Murphy & Scantlebury, 2010). The aim of the study was to analyse how a music teacher and two drama teachers reflected in action in a coteaching project. The theoretical framework is sociocultural, where aspects of learning from ´the other´ in praxis by working in a ZPD is of special interest. Empirical material consists of classroom reflections in action, focus group conversations and students´ written reflections. Preliminary findings show three prominent patterns in the empirical material: • creativity as a problem solver, • synergies in subjects parallels • differences as resources for joint learning. Coteaching provided an arena for joint creative intutitive learning where trust among the teachers enabled them to work in their ZPD, a process that acquired courage and self-confidence. In conclusion, the teachers´ reflections in action appeared as expressions of being in their zone of proximal development, where courage and trust were crucial in order to engage in mutual professional learning.

  • 6172.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Inclusion functioning as exclusion: new students entering the Academy of Music in Sweden2015In: Teachers and Teaching: theory and practice, ISSN 1354-0602, E-ISSN 1470-1278, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 277-288Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents findings from a pioneer study addressing the first co-action between students with intellectual disabilities and an Academy of Music in Sweden. The aim of the article is to study and discuss subject positions that are constructed in rhythmic lessons related to a gathering where students with intellectual disabilities interact with a group of Master of Education in Music students at an Academy of Music, and also to describe how constructions of identity are manifested in the interaction between the actors. With poststructuralist and social constructionist theories as theoretical framework, video observations were conducted to enable an overarching view of the pedagogic practice. The findings reveal that the gathering between the groups becomes an expression of inclusion functioning as exclusion, since the teacher’s position the students with intellectual disabilities in ways that obstruct equal interaction with the other student group. Finally, implications of the findings are discussed in addition to inclusion as an ideal model in educational settings.

  • 6173.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    Göteborgs universitet, Högskolan för scen och musik, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Musiklärares val av undervisningsinnehåll: En studie om undervisning i ensemble och gehörs- och musiklära inom gymnasieskolan2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The way in which music teachers choose and use the subject content in ensemble and music theory in the upper secondary school is focused in this study. The point of interest is the everyday classroom teaching of music teachers. The intentions that music teachers have with their teaching is also studied.

    This thesis is a study of music teaching and is a subject-didactic investigation, inspired by variation theory. The overarching aim of the thesis is to study how music teachers in upper secondary school choose teaching content when teaching ensemble and music theory. The teachers’ use of the teaching content implies that they choose to focus and teach certain parts in their teaching. This choice of con- tent and how it is used is in focus in this study. The research questions are: How do music teachers choose teaching content when teaching ensemble and music theory in upper secondary school? How do music teachers use the teaching con- tent in their teaching?

    The data collection includes video-documented lessons and qualitative inter- views with five music teachers in upper secondary school in 2004.

    The analysis reveals two different choices of content. When the teachers have music and theory as the content of their teaching, it is the content that guides the teaching methods, where the teacher uses a fixed content, which is then presented in different ways; this was mainly in music theory. When the content is music activities, the music teachers adjust the activity-based content in accordance with the level of the pupils’ skills in ensemble. The differences that occur in the varia- tion theory results are closely related to the teaching content. The foundations of the two different choices of content that are made by the music teachers, as well as the significance of the learning objects, are finally discussed. 

  • 6174.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Practical and Theoretical Knowledge in Contrast: Teacher Educators´ Discursive Positions2017In: Australian Journal of Teacher Education, ISSN 1835-517X, Vol. 42, no 8, p. 29-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Higher education in general and teacher education in particular have been subjected to significant changes. As there are few studies examining how actors rhetorically position themselves within this context, the ambition of the paper is to study conversations between teacher educators related to norms and values in education. The aim of the paper is to study interpretative repertoires and subject positions that are constructed in conversations between teacher educators and to discuss these in relation to qualities in teacher education.The theoretical framework emanates from post-structuralist and social constructionist theories. The empirical material consists of group conversations with teacher educators. The findings reveal that the practical and theoretical appear to be in contrast, which in turn seem to affect education quality. Finally, implications of the findings are discussed, where a future diagonal diverse discourse, combining theoretical and practical knowledge, is argued for.

  • 6175.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Why using a digital learning platform?: Teacher and school leader conversations about digital devices in teaching2018In: ICERI2018 Proceedings / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez & I. Candel Torres, Seville: The International Academy of Technology, Education and Development, 2018, p. 9372-9376Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    At present, digital technologies are implemented in school and as such, influence teachers´ practices in different ways. Digital resources could involve a reconsideration of the concept of learning in educational contexts, as well as a change in teachers´ roles and practices in the classroom. In an implementation process, different agendas and arguments could be in conflict. This is in great need of further studying, enabling a more complex discussion, giving emphasis to varying arguments concerning digital resources in school. Based on these considerations, this study focuses on a secondary school, where the municipality has decided to implement a software related to a digital learning platform for different teaching subjects. For the specific software, the software company needs to approve teachers´ design before allowing them to accomplish their teaching. In this way, it might be assumed that the software company governs the teachers´ in a way that could have consequences for their possibilities to implement their professional knowledge into their teaching practice. The aim of this paper is to study dialogues between principal and teachers related to the implementation of a digital platform in teaching, and further to discuss in what way this digital platform influences on teachers´ teaching practices. The empirical material consists of group conversations during staff meetings between principal and teachers. The theoretical framework emanates from social constructionist and poststructuralist theory, with discursive psychology and discourse theory as methodological approach. Findings reveal several aspects in the conversations, presented as different interpretative repertoires. From a principal perspective, the repertoire of persuasion is characterized by stressing positive aspects of the learning platform, regardless of subject. The principal is positioning himself as knowledgeable of the digital platform on a general level. From a teacher perspective, two repertoires appear. The repertoire of promoting is characterized by emphasizing the digital platform as user friendly for the students, while the repertoire of resistance implies questioning the adequacy of the platform related to subject matter content and student learning. The former implies that the teachers are positioning themselves as supporters of the digital platform whereas the latter means teachers positioning themselves as disputing the adequacy of the platform related to student needs. Concludingly, according to the repertoire of persuasion and the repertoire of promoting, student learning and student needs related to a specific subject matter content is considered as less important, than implementing the digital platform per se. From an educational perspective, several problematic aspects on teaching quality as well as on teacher agency appear. These aspects, as well as implications for secondary school settings, are finally discussed in addition to digital technologies as an influential tendency.

  • 6176.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Ericsson, Claes
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Studenter med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning i rytmikundervisning inom högre musikutbildning: subjektspositioner, identitet och kunskapsbildning2013In: Nordisk musikkpedagogisk forskning: Årbok, ISSN 1504-5021, Vol. 14, p. 105-125Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is based on a larger research project where the overall ambition is to critically discuss the encounter between students with intellectual disabilities and the Academy of Music. The aim of the article is to study the subject positions that are offered to the students, and how identity is constructed in interaction between the participants in teaching situations. The aim is also to describe the knowledge formation in a broad sense. The theoretical points of departure are the poststructuralist and the social constructionist theories, where the subject is considered as an agent that constructs reality in social interaction, but also as restricted by prevailing discourses. Discourse analysis is being used, with the aid of analytic tools developed within discursive psychology. Two different promi- nent discourses in rhythmics are identified: the protective therapeutic discourse, and the reproductive musical discourse. As a final conclusion, subject positions as well as knowledge formations contained in these discourses are discussed. 

  • 6177.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Ericsson, Claes
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    The silenced discourse2012In: NORDISCO 2012, Book of Abstracts, 2012, p. 77-77Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, based on a larger research project, the ambition is to problematize the first appointment between persons with intellectual disabilities and Swedish Higher Music Education. The aim of the study is to investigate subject positions that are constructed in eurhythmics related to the appointment between a group of students with intellectual disabilities and a group of student teachers, and to study how identity is constructed in interaction between the actors. Also, the aim is to describe the knowledge formation that is materialized. The theoretical framework is built on post-structuralist and social constructionist theory. Discursive psychology has been useful in the micro analysis of the situations in the classroom. A Foucault inspired analysis has contributed with an overarching view on the concept of discourse as well as a point of departure to reveal the silent discourse. Finally, Discourse theory as it is formulated by Laclau and Mouffe is suitable for discussing different available subject positions and a so called overdetermined identity. Inspired by an ethnografic approach, video observations were made for an extended period of one term in order to develop an understanding of the culture constructed in the practice. The results show that the silenced discourse, the unspeakable, is constructed from the fact that the students with intellectual disabilities both are insufficiently skilled for the task as leaders in eurhythmics, and less skilled than the student teachers. When the teachers feel awkwardness spreading among the visiting students, they use verbal and bodily strategies trying to cover up the fact that the disabled students do not possess adequate skills. Finally, the silenced discourse is discussed in addition to a hegemonic discourse in the Swedish politics of education.

  • 6178.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Fritzdorf, Liselott
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Panzio, Fredrik
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Mission Possible 2.0: Livesändning som fördjupning av examination2017In: Högskolepedagogisk konferens: Aktiv studentmedverkan i högre utbildning - vad innebär det?: Program 16 november 2017, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Lärarlaget i Förskollärarutbildningen på Högskolan i Halmstad har sedan starten HT 2011 systematiskt arbetat med utbildningens digitala progression. Vi har hittills genomfört digitala projekt med studenterna trots att brist på utrustning och teknikstöd har gjort det komplicerat. I föreliggande projekt har vi tagit nästa steg i kvalitetsutvecklingen av den digitala progressionen med stöd av de nya möjligheter Digitalt laborativt center (DLC) erbjuder. Examinationsformer inom högre utbildning tenderar att präglas av kunskapsredovisning och akademiskt skrivande. Mot bakgrund av detta är motivet för projektet att bidra till att synliggöra hur digital ljud- och bildproduktion kan utgöra examinationsformer i lärarutbildning, vilket vi ser som strategiskt viktigt för utbildning vid såväl akademi som hela Högskolan. Motivet är också att lyfta fram hur kvalitet i lärarutbildningen kan utvecklas via studentaktivt lärande med stöd av DLC för redan befintliga utbildningsdelar. Vårt projekts ambition är sammantaget att uppmärksamma lärar- och studentroller i vår undervisning med nya digitala redskap och att beakta de kritiska aspekter som förs fram. Projektets syfte är att utveckla kursmomentet Mission Possible till 2.0, vad gäller digital visuell produktion. Detta har inneburit att del av examination har sänts live ifrån DLC, där det finns ljud och bild av god kvalitet. Studenter har skött den digitala tekniken respektive agerat experter utifrån de områden de har läst in sig på i kursen och ställt frågor till inbjudna gäster inom respektive område ifrån fältet. Lärarna har haft rollen som debattmoderatorer. Den live-sända examinationsdelen har utvärderats specifikt av studenterna, vilket också inbegriper deras perspektiv på projektet i relation till erfarenheter av deltagande. Under presentationen kommer examinationens utformning och genomförande att beskrivas närmare tillsammans med en problematisering av såväl process som produkt.

  • 6179.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Holmberg, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Immanence, realism and construction: variations of posthumanistic subjects2015In: Abstract book, Gothenburg: University of Gothenburg , 2015, p. 163-163Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, posthumanist perspectives have become increasingly influential in the pedagogical research debate. The need for theories also capable of handling materialities as actors can be related to the increasing amount of technical devices present in everyday life, as in teaching contexts from preschool to university. Today, human´s use of different materialities is taken for granted, but materialities´ influence on the human has not been as obvious. From a posthumanist perspective characterized by anti-anthropocentrism where immanence and non-hierarchical approaches are emphasized, opportunities to understand materialities as acting subjects are created.

    Within this perspective, different ways of handling the subject have evolved which we find both interesting and important to further explore. The aim of the study is to analyze and problematize posthumanist subjects in pedagogical research. Thus, the ambition is to clarify subject formations and specify subjects that appear, which in turn contributes to visualizing different subject forms. Methodological tools from posthumanist theory are used to find different Entrances in the research Rhizome. The findings are presented as specific Entrances in the Rhizome. The Entrances show different subject formations, where subjects with similarities to poststructuralist perspectives, subjects in a critical framework, as well as more radical posthumanist subjects emerge. Finally, the subject variation that has appeared is further discussed and problematized. 

  • 6180.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Holmberg, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Students served at all costs and rescued from difficulties: consequences of neoliberal ideas in teacher education in Sweden2014In: ICERI2014 Proceedings / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres, Valencia: IATED Academy , 2014, p. 867-873Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decades, neoliberal ideas have increased their influence in society at large, as well as in higher education. As teacher educators, we experience a growing trend that emphasizes the teacher's ability to be “liked” and “popular” at different levels of the educational system. Also, teacher education at large seems to profile through management, where a good reputation becomes weapon in the race to gain market shares. As a consequence of this emphasis is placed on quantification of students´ apprehensions, as it becomes a tool for success in the popularity-rankings, which in turn create possibilities to attract more students. For students already in the system, we have identified that they are more concerned about them selves and their own education than they are taking collective responsibility for a mutual education.

    This is in great need of further studying, enabling a more complex discussion, giving emphasis to varying consequences of neoliberal ideas in teacher education. Such a discussion opens up for issues as student freedom related to knowledge, teaching and becoming a teacher in a market-driven logic as well as issues related to the educational system at large and to society.

    Based on these considerations, the aim of this ongoing project is to study dialogues between students and teachers related to activities in teacher education and to discuss this in the light of neoliberal ideas. Data consists of written correspondence between teacher students and teachers produced during two months in 2014. The theoretical framework is built on social constructionist and poststructuralist theory, with discursive psychology and discourse theory as methodological approach.

    Findings show several aspects in the dialogues between teachers and student teachers, presented as different interpretative repertoires. From a student perspective, the repertoire of demands implies claiming to be served at all costs, while the repertoire of resignation implies appealing to be rescued from difficulties. The students are positioning themselves as consuming children in need of support whereas the teachers are positioned as helping facilitators. From a teacher perspective, the repertoire of adherence is characterized by responsiveness, whereas the repertoire of resistance means questioning students´ matter. Here, the teachers position themselves as facilitators or as critics, where the latter is seen as an expression of a competing idea, challenging the repertoires from a student perspective. From an educational perspective, several problematic aspects on education quality as well as on the supply of teachers to society appears. Finally, implications for teacher education settings are discussed in addition to neoliberalism as an influential tendency. 

  • 6181. Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    et al.
    Lindgren, Monica
    Zandén, Olle
    Singing in Swedish Secondary Schools: A diverse discursive practice2018In: 23rd Conference of Nordic Network for Research in Music Education, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6182.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Nilsson, Pernilla
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Does content matter?: Developing preschool teachers' pedagogical content knowledge in music education2018In: The Finnish Journal of Music Education, ISSN 1239-3908, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 25-38Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6183.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Nilsson, Pernilla
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Teaching in a digital learning platform: A case study of how second language English teachers express their Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) during collegial reflections2018In: ICERI2018 Proceedings, International Academy of Technology, Education and Development (IATED) , 2018, p. 9366-9371Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decade, digital technologies have been more and more integrated into teachers´ classroom practice. Perceptions of knowledge and the teacher´s role might change when digital resources are introduced in the classroom - regardless of the subject. As a consequence, teachers might reconsider the concept of learning in educational contexts. Despite a vast number of studies from a Technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK) perspective, there is still a need for studies that focus on how TPACK develops among teachers. Thus, the aim of this case study is to explore how three teachers´ Technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK) is expressed during a second language English project in secondary school. The research question is: How are teachers´ components of TPACK expressed and integrated within their reflections on their teaching in a second language English project with a digital learning platform? The theoretical framework is based on Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK) and more specifically on technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK), which is essential to this study. The empirical data consists of video recorded stimulated recall group interviews and the analysis is inspired by the structures of content analysis. The research context was a compulsory school situated near a larger town. The school had a special license with a digital learning company that provided a digital learning management system called Digital learning platform (DLP), that offered opportunities to arrange teaching projects digitally. The results show that several combined components of TPACK are present in teachers´ reflections on their teaching; Technological pedagogical knowledge (TPK), Technological content knowledge (TCK), and Pedagogical content knowledge (PCK). The way in which these components appear seems to depend on the phase in the project. Thus, when planning the project, expressions of TPACK are characterised by suggestions of how to use the Digital Learning Platform (DPL), whereas reflections after teaching were characterised by analysing the use of the DPL related to advantages or disadvantages for students´ learning processes. Overall, the teachers´ reflections on their teaching developed, where components of TPACK related to functions in the DPL after the project were referred to in a more deepened and differentiated way. In summary, discussions and reflections with regard to the possibilities and limitations for learning with the use of DPL in school and important questions concerning teachers´ digital competence were elucidated. As such, the result of this study might create a discussion of and recommendations for how teachers choose, combine, implement, and evaluate digital technologies for different teaching and learning situations.

  • 6184.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Nilsson, Pernilla
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    When Content Matters - Capturing and Developing Preschool Student Teachers´ Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Music2017In: ABSTRACTS: SENIOR RESEARCH: NNMPF 2017: The 22nd Annual Conference of the Nordic Network for Research in Music Education, March 14-16 2017, 2017, p. 37-37Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on a group of preschool student teachers´ reflections of their Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK) during a 10-week music methods course. The student teachers created Content Representations (CoRe) when planning before and reflecting after their music lessons in a preschool context. The analysis of written reflections in CoRe protocols about the teaching of “Dynamics” indicates changes in focus between CoRe 1 and CoRe 2, suggesting a development of PCK. More specifically it was a progress from children gaining experience to children´s understanding, from teaching strategies to children´s learning, and from the teacher governing the activity to involve children collaboration. In conclusion, this approach to enhancing preschool teachers´ professional development in music adapting a CoRe based methodology has a promising potential to make their PCK more explicit and elaborate.

  • 6185.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Wennergren, Ann-Christine
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Sjöberg, Ulrika
    Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Tensions in communication – Teachers and academic facilitators in a critical friendship2018In: Action Research, ISSN 1476-7503, E-ISSN 1741-2617, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 7-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper concerns the complex relationships between external facilitators and tea- chers in action research, as they work in a critical friendship to develop interaction in specific ways that open up rather than shut down communication and learning. The aim is to contribute with knowledge about interpersonal communication between academic facilitators and teachers in a development process where the teachers had a lack of influence in the initial phase of the project. The findings reveal that communication in a context of incompatible positions and professional distance did not lead to further communication, whereas communication in a context of confidence, mutual reliance, and challenge opened up possibilities for further dialogue. We identified three aspects affecting communication: absence of ownership of specific problems, trust without relationship, and courage before trust. Implication for the action research community is the importance of making strategies for critical friendship explicit. This assists for teachers to internalize the role. © The Author(s) 2016

  • 6186.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Heléne
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Estetisk verksamhet inom högre utbildning2011In: Musik och kunskapsbildning: En festskrift till Bengt Olsson / [ed] Monica Lindgren, Anna Frisk, Ingemar Henningsson, Johan Öberg, Göteborg: Konstnärliga fakulteten, Göteborgs universitet , 2011, p. 201-205Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 6187.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Heléne
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Inclusion as exclusion2013In: The 41st Annual Congress of the Nordic Educational Research Association: Disruptions and eruptions as opportunities for transforming education: Abstract book, 2013, p. 305-305Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, which is a part of a larger research project, the ambition is to problematize and to critically discuss the first appointment between students with intellectual disabilities and the Academy of Music in Sweden. The aim of the study is to investigate subject positions which are constructed in an encounter between a group of music instrumentalist student teachers and a group of students with intellectual disabilities. Also, the aim is to study how identity is constructed in interaction between the actors. The theoretical framework is post-structuralist and social constructionist theory. Discursive psychology has been used in a micro analysis of the activities in the classroom. A Foucault inspired analysis has provided an overarching view on the concept of discourse and Discourse theory as it is formulated by Laclau and Mouffe is suitable for a discussion of different available subject positions and a so called overdetermined identity. Inspired by an ethnografic approach, video observations were made for an extended period of time in order to study how the culture was constructed in practice. The results show that inclusion can be considered as exclusion, since the teachers positions the group of students with intellectual disabilities in ways that obstruct interacting with the other student group, constructing a practice that widen the gap between them.

    Finally, the results are discussed in addition to inclusion as an ideal model in educational settings. The study´s relevance to Nordic educational research show as it is a pioneer study, covering the first time students with intellectual disabilities are gaining access to an university setting in Sweden, enabling a discussion of similar projects in other countries. Also, the issue of inclusion is of interest, as it constitutes a hegemonic discourse in Swedish, as well as in Nordic politics of education.

  • 6188.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Heléne
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Muntlig gestaltande examination som lärtillfälle2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Många examinationsformer inom högskolan präglas av kunskapsredovisning och akademiskt skrivande. Mot bakgrund av lärarstudenternas missnöje med en sådan examinationsform i kursen estetiska lärprocesser påbörjades 2008 processen att förändra densamma. Idag ges kursen Estetiska lärprocesser och samspel där planeringen inför den avslutande muntliga, gestaltande examinationen börjar redan vid kursintroduktionen. Under kursens gång har studenterna flera handledningstillfällen inför examinationen samt ett litteraturseminarium där de presenterar kunskapsinnehållet praktiskt genom estetiska uttrycksformer samtidigt som de problematiserar litteraturen. För att studenterna ska befinna sig i sin utvecklingszon är instruktionerna till examinationen att de själva lägger upp genomförandet. Under examinationen redovisar sedan varje student individuellt sin lärprocess i kursen. Studenten ska beskriva den egna lärprocessen i relation till teoretiska perspektiv med hjälp av estetiska uttrycksformer som gestaltar det egna lärandet. Det egna kunskapandet står i centrum och studenten reflekterar ofta kring vad hon/han har lärt sig i processen och under genomförandet av examinationen. Efter examinationen får studenterna reflektera över sin kunskapsutveckling. Den fortsatta utvecklingen av examinationen pågår kontinuerligt tillsammans med studenterna. En aspekt är avvägningen mellan omfånget på det skriftliga underlaget till examinationen och den praktiska redovisningen. Under presentationen kommer examinationens utformning och genomförande att beskrivas närmare tillsammans med en problematisering av såväl process som produkt.

  • 6189.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Heléne
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Ericsson, Claes
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    The Silenced Discourse: Students with Intellectual Disabilities at the Academy of Music in Sweden2012In: Australian Journal of Teacher Education, ISSN 1835-517X, Vol. 37, no 9, p. 67-80Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, based on a larger research project, the ambition is to critically discuss the first collaboration between students with intellectual disabilities and the Academy of Music in Sweden. The article presents an analysis of video observations of lessons in rhythmics, related to an encounter between the students with intellectual disabilities and a group of student teachers. The theoretical and methodological framework emanates from post-structuralist and social constructionist theories. The results show that the silenced discourse, the unspoken, is constructed from the fact that the students with disabilities both are insufficiently skilled for the task as leaders in rhythmics, and less skilled than the student teachers. Finally, the silenced discourse is discussed, where assumptions of normality and issues of inclusion are addressed as well as a hegemonic discourse in the Swedish politics of education.

  • 6190.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Heléne
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Holmberg, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Quality and Knowledge Content in Music Activities in Preschool: The Impact of Human Materiality Combinations2017In: Journal of Research in Childhood Education, ISSN 0256-8543, E-ISSN 2150-2641, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 103-112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Traditionally, pedagogical research has been child centered, where materialities often have been considered as objects and tools. However, in recent posthuman research, attempts have been made to consider human materiality combinations to have impact on pedagogical activities in preschool, but to a large extent music as an issue has been neglected. Therefore, the aim of this research study is to discuss pedagogical quality and knowledge content in music activities in preschool by focusing on combinations of human and materiality subjects as “cyborgs.” Particularly, this is essential for preschool, teacher education, and research, contributing alternative understandings of learning settings. A theoretical framework emanates from posthumanist theories, where the authors apply methodological concepts used in their earlier work to study music activities. The empirical material was produced in Spring 2013. The analysis of video observations identifies two different characters of a cyborg, the guitar-human, and the CD human having quite different impacts on the music activities. Nevertheless, they have in common that they create intensities with the children, where entanglements between human and materiality become the activity. Finally, the cyborgs are discussed, where issues and dilemmas related to pedagogical quality, knowledge content, agency, and competence are addressed.

  • 6191.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Heléne
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Holmberg, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    The Sounding iPad as a Resource for Teaching Children in Preschool2014In: Minding the Sound – Sounding the Mind: Soundscapes Past and Present, Imagined and Real: 27-28 November 2014, Halmstad: Halmstad University , 2014, p. 6-6Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, digital technologies have become more important in educational contexts in general and in preschool educational activities in particular. This paper is a part of a larger study focusing on every day activities in preschool where educators and children are using I-pads as musical and physical movement resources. More specifically, the aim in this paper is to study how musical activities with sounding I-pads in preschool are staged. The theoretical framework is built on discursive psychology, which emanates from social constructionist and poststructuralist ideas. Discursive psychology has been used in an extensive micro-analysis of video recorded I-pad related music activities in preschool. Data was collected during March/April 2013. Findings show that an increased space for children's participation and agency constructs an educator position that is challenged, transformed and opened up for negotiation. The educator position is questioned by the child's alternative music repertoire and prominent position related to the sounding I-Pad. At the expense of other sounding musical resources that enable the teacher to position him-/herself as a competent educator, the I-pad permeating the music activities implies a resource that both teachers and children have mutual access to. Hereby, the educator position becomes open to both teachers and children. Altogether, this legitimates a dismantled educator responsibility, Findings are considered problematic referred to quality and available knowledge formation in the music activities.

  • 6192.
    Zirnig, Bianca
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Ska vi leka med nå't?: - En studie om leksaksutbudet på två förskolorsamt två pedagogers argument kring valet avleksaker.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Följande studie handlar om leksaksutbudet på två förskolor i Småland. Leksaksutbudet harkartlagts och pedagogernas argument kring sina val av leksaker, har undersökts. I min studiehar jag valt en kvalitativ forskningsansats där jag har observerat leksaksutbudet samtintervjuat pedagogerna på förskolorna. Tidigare forskning ger en överblick på hurleksaksutbudet såg ut för ca 20 år sedan och beskriver vikten av att förskolepersonal gör ettaktivt val då leksaker köps in. Det finns olika syn på vilka leksaker som lämpar sig bättre änandra. Exempelvis är begreppet ”pedagogiska leksaker” ett uttryck som diskuteras. Mittresultat visar att leksaksutbudet på förskolorna är relativt klassiskt, samt att pedagogernasargument kring valet av leksaker, överensstämmer med det utbud av leksaker som finnstillgängligt för barnen på förskolorna.

  • 6193.
    Zivanovic, Gordana
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    "Här lever vi, och här ska vi satsa på vår och våra barns framtid": -En "framgångsrik" berättelse om romska kvinnors liv i Sverige idag2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to find out how a few different women with a Roma heritage sees their to succeed possibilities in Sweden.

    To illustrate these issues has an hermeneutical approach been used. Materials were collected through interviews with Romani women in a municipality in western Sweden. The material created during the interview sessions is based on the five interviewees' interpretations of how they look at their life and the recognition of Roma people.

    The interview results show that Roma women have gone through various changes linked to school, language, family, work. Young women and their parents have become more aware that education is an important capital to invest in, in order to later obtain a good job and future. When it comes to school the results show that Roma children have become better at reading but there is still some Roma children who do not attend school, even though there is their native language, Romani, in many schools. Furthermore, the results show that the cooperation between home and school is still not good. With the recognition of Roma, Roma got their own national day and information on Romani at different authorities. However, books still lack on novel Chib. Despite recognition of the Roma as a minority group in Sweden, the results show that there is still discrimination against Roma people in the labor market. The results were used as a basis for the analysis based on theoretical approaches: Bourdieu, social and symbolic capital, individualization of women Beck & Beck-Gernsheim, "We and "the others "of Ålund respectability of Skeggs and Nancy Fraser recognition and redistribution

  • 6194.
    Zivkovic, Philip
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Mygren, Emelie
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    IKT - Möjligheter och hinder för lärare: Begreppets villkor ur ett sociologiskt perspektiv2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6195.
    Zivkovic, Philip
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Persson, Magnus
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Mentorskap för elever i gymnasieskolan: Organisations- och professionsrelaterade villkor för lärare2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6196.
    Zizzi, Sam J.
    et al.
    West Virginia University, Morgantown, USA.
    Andersen, Mark B.Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Being mindful in sport and exercise psychology: Pathways for practitioners and students2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 6197.
    Zlocki, Jakob
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Center for Sport and Health Science (CIHF).
    Johansson, Mattias
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Center for Sport and Health Science (CIHF).
    Mindfulness och dess effekt på uppmärksamhets- och perceptionsförmåga bland tävlingsinriktade idrottsutövare: En experimentell pilotstudie.: 2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of one 45 minute mindfulness session on: (1) Sustained attention abilities, (2) executive attention abilities, and (3) perceptual abilities. An experimental study was carried out on athletes (n = 48) who all met the specific requirements for being able to participate in this study. The results showed no significant difference in all three variables between the experiment group and the control group. In conclusion, the results and implications are discussed in relation to previous research, supported by theoretical frames of references. 

  • 6198.
    Zuckermann Hirsch, Jørgen
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    How does a company Go green?: Important steps towards a sustainable business strategy2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The results of the supposed man-made climate change have lead to a concern for the environment that is affecting how businesses operate. Businesses are facing greater pressure from stakeholders and government regulations to take more responsibility and care for the environment. Thus companies are facing a wide spectrum of new problems, but also new opportunities. In facing these problems companies must react to how the world is changing and to integrate environmental concerns into the vision and company strategy to become a more environmentally friendly and thus greener company. An issue pressing is how to maintain sustainability for the environment as well as pursuing to be a sustainable company facing the threats of today and the future to come due to climate change. Important aspects a company must take into consideration in order to go green are: sustainability, company strategy, government regulations, internal processes and policies, corporate social responsibility and how to form a corporate culture as these are all parts of how a company changes into focusing on becoming greener and thus more environmentally friendly.

     

    This study brings forth the actions and reactions of three companies perceived as pioneers towards becoming greener in their respective industries. During the course of mapping out how a company goes green, an analytical model has been created with the help of already existing and accepted theoretical frameworks. The purpose of the model is to create structure and consistency to map out what important steps the company has taken to become greener. A qualitative method of research has been applied. Three respondents active in various fields, all with environmental connections, from Wilhelm Wilhelmsen (WW), Statkraft and Statoil has been interviewed with questions concerning their work towards sustainability and a green vision within the company. The analysis is based on relevant theories combined with the empirical data collected. What stands out in the conclusions is that the companies researched have taken different important steps when becoming greener and working to achieve sustainability. The differences can be illustrated in the own-developed model. The model is applied to crystallize what dimensions in the companies that are affected. Factors such as government regulations and how internal processes and policies are changed are standing out as examples of how a company’s dimensions are affected differently depending on the respective company’s strategy and business model. 

     

  • 6199.
    Zukauskaite, Elena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Variety of Regional Innovation Systems and Their Institutional Characteristics2018In: New Avenues for Regional Innovation Systems: Theoretical Advances, Empirical Cases and Policy Lessons / [ed] Arne Isaksen, Roman Martin & Michaela Trippl, Cham: Springer, 2018, p. 41-60Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Regional Innovation Systems (RISs) come in many shapes. Current RIS typologies, however, pay insufficient attention to institutional factors and as a consequence they fall short of capturing an essential source of variety of RISs in a systematic way. This chapter contributes to a further conceptual development of the RIS approach by capturing regional variety not only in terms of actors and networks but also in terms of institutions. It is shown that an institutional perspective can enrich existing RIS typologies by providing insights into the distinctive institutional frameworks of different RIS types and their particular institutional bottlenecks. Three main causes of institutional bottlenecks are identified, that is, lack of or poorly developed institutions, inappropriate institutions, and contradicting/poorly aligned institutions. As shown in this chapter the institutional perspective advocated here holds a strong potential to contribute to a further conceptual development of the RIS approach. © Springer International Publishing AG 2018. All rights reserved.

  • 6200.
    Zukauskaite, Elena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Trippl, Michaela
    University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
    Plechero, Monica
    University of Venice, Venice, Italy.
    Institutional Thickness Revisited2017In: Economic Geography, ISSN 0013-0095, E-ISSN 1944-8287, Vol. 93, no 4, p. 325-345Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last two decades, the notion of institutional thickness has become a key reference for a large body of work that has sought to provide profound insights into the link between institutions and regional development. However, only few attempts have been made to reassess the concept, to improve its methodology, and to reflect on its empirical application. The aim of this article is to revise the original concept of institutional thickness. We draw on and seek to contribute to current work in economic geography and related disciplines on the role of organizations and institutions in regional development. We identify some crucial limitations and provide suggestions for how they can be addressed. It is argued that much can be gained by (1) explicitly elaborating on the relation between the organizational and institutional dimensions of thickness, (2) moving beyond overly static views on thickness, (3) developing a multiscalar approach to thickness, and (4) identifying features for assessing thickness in absolute and relative terms. © 2017 Clark University.

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