hh.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
Avgränsa sökresultatet
1234 51 - 100 av 164
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Träffar per sida
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
Markera
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 51.
    Erlandsson, Maria
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Forslund, Elin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Are intermediary luxury fashion brands excluding overweight and obese women in the UK, by not offering their sizes among its assortments?2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Are intermediary luxury fashion brands excluding overweight and obese women in the UK, by not offering their sizes among its assortments?

    Authors: Elin Forslund and Maria Erlandsson

    Supervisor:Ulf Aagerup

    Level: Bachelor thesis in marketing (15 ECTS). Spring 2015.

    Key concepts: Fashion, Intermediary Luxury, Brand Identity, Brand Image, User Imagery and Self-image Congruence.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to review the sizes available in store by three leading intermediary luxury fashion brands offered in the UK and compare it with the actual body shapes of the female UK population. This will show whether intermediary luxury fashion brands exclude overweight and obese women, by not offering their sizes among its assortments. We want to find out whether it is possible to reveal a correlation between existing branding theories and intermediary luxury fashion assortments in the UK.

    Theoretical framework: Our frame of reference consists of established branding theories and previous research concerning brand identity, brand image, self-image congruence, user imagery, segmentation and luxury branding.

    Method: This is a cross-sectional research of the descriptive kind.  We have used a deductive research approach and a quantitative research method.

    Empirical findings: In this chapter we are presenting the results of our study through a table demonstrating the distribution of individuals and garments over weight classes. Also, any significant differences between supply and demand within any of the categories will be revealed through a Z-test.

    Conclusions: Obese women are by all means excluded by intermediary luxury fashion brands. The overweight women have significantly less jeans to choose from than what should be supported by their relative share of the female UK population. However, it turned out that they are not entirely excluded as they still have an amount of tops to choose from that closely matches their demand. Also we succeeded with identifying a causal correlation between branding theories and the result of our study. Therefore we have managed to provide further knowledge on how intermediary luxury fashion brands can become successful.

  • 52.
    Evers, Natasha
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER). JE Cairnes School of Business and Economics, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Decision-making logics in international opportunity exploration and exploitation in high tech ventures2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the decision-making logics of entrepreneurs during the exploration and exploitation phases of international opportunities. Data was collected from four med-tech international new ventures in Ireland and Sweden. Adopting a longitudinal approach, we captured the processual dynamics of exploration and exploitation and identified decision-making behaviours adopted by INV entrepreneurs in different phases of the international opportunity process. This study finds that he entrepreneur’s decision-making logic falls contingent on their personal knowledge base and nature of industry dynamics surrounding the exploration and exploitation processes. The study finds that those entrepreneurs with a scientific and engineering background drew on causation decision-making logic in the exploration processes concerning technology development, whereas during the exploitation process they enacted more effectuated behaviours in decisions particulary relating to marketing experimentation and development, mainly due to their lack of prior commercial experience and business know-how. This study contributes to the domain of international entrepreneurship (IE) research with a particular focus on decision-making logic in the exploration and exploitation processes of international opportunities. It offers empirical insights into the degree of applicability of effectuation and causation logic in entrepreneurial decision-making. As IE is a young discipline, this study makes a number of inroads in advancing knowledge in the causation and effectuation theoretical perspectives on IE with specific focus on the complex entrepreneurial processes of exploration and exploitation of international opportunities in high tech contexts.

  • 53.
    Evers, Natasha
    et al.
    National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Dynamic Managerial Capabilities And International Opportunity Creation – Empirical Insights From Irish And Swedish Case Firms2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper builds upon and empirically tests our recently JIEN published conceptual model developed by Andersson and Evers (2015). This conceptual framework which advances the three core components of the dynamic managerial capabilities: cognitive, social and human capital (Adner and Helfat, 2003) is an attempt to conceptualise and provide theoretical understanding as to how dynamic managerial capabilities are developed within small internationalising firms for creating and capturing international opportunities.  Building upon this conceptual model and extant theoretical studies, this paper sets out to do three things. Firstly, drawing upon the recent conceptual model developed by Andersson and Evers, (JIEN 2015), this research inquiry explores the role of dynamic managerial capabilities in how international opportunities are created and exploited in Irish and Sweden small internationalising companies. Second, it examines the dichotomy between opportunity discovery and the emergent yet controversial concept of opportunity creation. Thirdly, it explores empirically the theoretical relevance of opportunity creation across the findings. Fourthly, this research pays particular attention to top managers and their top management teams (TMTs) as the primary source of dynamic managerial capabilities.  In the empirical evidence, we seek to understand how dynamic managerial capabilities are developed and utilized by INV managers to create and capture international opportunities. 

  • 54.
    Evers, Natasha
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER). Marketing Discipline, J.E. Cairnes School of Business & Economics, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.
    Cunningham, James A
    Newcastle Business School, Northumbria University, Newcastle Upon Tyne, United Kingdom.
    Hoholm, Thomas
    Department of Innovation and Economic Organisation, BI Norwegian Business School, Oslo, Norway.
    International entrepreneurship in universities: Context, emergence and actors2016Ingår i: Journal of International Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1570-7385, E-ISSN 1573-7349, Vol. 14, nr 3, s. 285-295Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This special issue presents an opportunity to explore the international aspects of academic and university based international entrepreneurship. Over the last decades much research attention has been focused on university spin-off firms (USOs) on issues such as, creation, risk, strategies and performance (see Druilhe and Garnsey, 2004; Link and Scott, 2005; Lockett and Wright, 2005; Walter et al, 2006; Wright et al., 2006). There has been a dearth of studies that have examined the international dimensions and aspects of university-based spin-off firms. The six articles presented in this special issue point towards interesting future research agendas at the interface between academic and international entrepreneurship. Three core themes emerge from this special issue: Context, Emergence and Actors. In sum, this special issue pinpoints: firstly, specific features of universities and research organizations as contexts for international technology entrepreneurship; secondly, the process of organizational emergence and entrepreneurial cognition; and thirdly, insight into learning processes of USOs and the role of non-academic actors. Our article concludes by identifying future avenues of research. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media New York

  • 55.
    Evers, Natasha
    et al.
    National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.
    Kuivalainen, Olli
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Industry Factors Influencing International New Ventures’ Internationalisation Processes2015Ingår i: The Rise of Multinationals from Emerging Economies: Achieving a New Balance / [ed] Palitha Konara, Yoo Jung Ha, Frank McDonald & Yingqi Wei, Houndmills, Basingstoke Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015, 1, s. 226-242Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The nature of the industry, or the environment in which the firm operates, can have a significant impact on the internationalisation of the new venture. The impact of industry factors has received limited attention in the context of international entrepreneurship. This chapter builds on extant studies on International New ventures (INVs) operating in different industrial contexts. Particular attention is given to the role of industry influences in the processes of new venture internationalisation, in terms of geographical scope (number of target markets the firm enters), entry strategy (entry mode in foreign markets, e g distributers or subsidiaries) and internationalisation speed (the time span between the legal creation of a firm and its first international sale and the speed of a firm’s continued international growth). The goals of this chapter are the following: First, we present some insights into the industry idiosyncrasies and INVs and present a conceptual framework identifying key industry variables to aid further examination of the role industry factors on new venture internationalisation processes and strategies. Such key influencing factors are (1) knowledge intensity and product 2) industry life cycle, 3) degree of global industry integration [A1] (4) industry network dynamics, (5) business model and 6) local industry cluster internationalisation. Second, we build up propositions how industry affects the internationalisation process of the INVs. In this we provide a platform for further studies in the domain of international entrepreneurship.

  • 56.
    Floriani, Dinora Eilete
    et al.
    UNIVALI - Universidade do Vale do Itajaí, Itajaí, Brazil.
    Morandi, Carini
    UNIVALI - Universidade do Vale do Itajaí, Itajaí, Brazil.
    Vasconcellos, Silvio
    FURB - Universidade Regional de Blumenau, Blumenau, Brazil.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Speed and Permanence: Elements of Internationalization of Technology-Based Firms2019Ingår i: Multinational Enterprises and their Non-market Social and Political Strategies', 46th Annual Conference of the Academy of International Business AIB-UKI (UK & Ireland Chapter), Brighton, The University of Sussex / [ed] Vikrant Shirodkar, 2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyzes the speed of internationalization and the permanence of the international operations of technology-based firms. We evaluated two types of technology-based companies: the creative ones, which are those whodevelopand sell software for digital entertainment, education, andgames; and the traditional ones, that is, those that develop and sell software for financial, legal, industrial sectors, among others. The speed with which these firms enter the international market after their foundation was analyzed, as well as the length of time these companies stay operating abroad, thus identifying sustainability over time. The search for results of this research used a qualitative, multiple case study with four internationalized technology-based firms, divided into two groups: creative and traditional. The contribution of this research is to explore which factors that influence the speed and permanence consider the potential of the intangible resource of creativity as a competitive advantage for rapid access to international markets, which, in turn, generates the knowledge that reflects in technological innovation to adapt and compete globally, making international operations sustainable over time.

  • 57.
    Fri, William
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    Pehrsson, Tobias
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Solberg Søilen, Klaus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    How Phases of Cluster Development are Associated with Innovation: the Case of China2013Ingår i: International Journal of Innovation Science, ISSN 1757-2223, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 31-44Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Both Volvo and SAAB are now Chinese owned car companies. This means that a substantial amount of Swedish innovation takes place in China. In order to understand this phenomenon better and what it means to innovation strategy we look at how industrial clusters in the automobile industry in different phases of development differ. The Diamond Model is used to explain and measure the competitive situation in three cluster regions in China. The new automobile manufacturing clusters of Chongqing and Chengdu (2C) is compared with two well-developed clusters in Shanghai and Jiangsu, and Beijing and Hebei. Although Shanghai is the most attractive automobile cluster, automobile manufacturing firms choose to locate their production in other regions. The move is also related to the level of innovation in different regions.

  • 58.
    Gedda, David
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Nilsson, Billy
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Såthén, Zebastian
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Solberg Søilen, Klaus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Crowdfunding: Finding the Optimal Platform for Funders and Entrepreneurs2016Ingår i: Technology Innovation Management Review, ISSN 1927-0321, E-ISSN 1927-0321, Vol. 6, nr 3, s. 31-40Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    As a steadily expanding source of venture capital, crowdfunding has become an alternative to traditional funding sources, such as banks and financial investors. The phenomenon of crowdfunding is represented by a growing number of Internet sites, here called crowdfunding platforms, devoted to the service. In this article, we investigate crowdfunding and their payout models, which are standard components on crowdfunding platforms. We consider the perspectives of both entrepreneurs and funders to determine the most attractive combination of models found on crowdfunding platforms. Our findings indicate that the most popular crowdfunding platforms, at the time of this study, reflect the preferences of entrepreneurs. The funders’ favoured crowdfunding model, which we call the equity model, is not currently found, in combination with the often-grouped, non-financial crowdfunding models of pre-order, sponsoring, or reward, on any of the top platforms. Thus, the research identifies a new market for crowdfunding platforms.

  • 59.
    Gerritsen, Bart H. M.
    et al.
    Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands.
    Solberg Søilen, Klaus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    de Visser, Pieter Bas
    Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands.
    Hoogreef, Philip J. M.
    Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands.
    Hulst, Kimberly
    Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands.
    Janssen, Marloes L.
    Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands.
    Horselenberg, Loes
    Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands.
    Van Dijk, Rens R.
    Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands.
    Consenheim, Ernst
    Jos de Vries Company, Maarssen, The Netherlands.
    Social Media Coming to the Mall: A Cross-Channel Response2014Ingår i: Product Development in the Socio-sphere: Game Changing Paradigms for 21st Century Breakthrough Product Development and Innovation / [ed] Dirk Schaefer, Heidelberg: Springer Publishing Company, 2014, Vol. 9783319074047, s. 169-235Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Traditional shopping malls experience the effects of expanding online shopping. In addition, social media grew as a platform for customer orientation and expression. In-mall retail must respond. We take the customer journey as the guiding model for customer experience building and focus on converting cross-channel built customer expectation into enriched customer experiences in in-mall stores. We focus on the in-mall part of the journey but recognize the need to engage with customers in other parts of the journey and on social media. That is where the word-of-mouth spreads nowadays. We develop a ’u-retail’ process model and a cyber-physical system concept for a mall: we combine a mall website, mobile apps and interactive storefronts containing Facebook processes into an integrating system. Customers can manipulate info and processes displayed on the interactive storefront through touch or mobile devices. The Facebook shopping-with-online-friends process inserts real-time feedback from social media friends in the storefront window. We show how ’gamification’ and trust and loyalty breeding can be employed. Mall and retailers attract customers in a collective manner, from parking services to package deals. Cross-channel customer tracking is part of the concept, providing a view on both online and offline communities. Ubiquitous tracking of customers foster deep customer relation and experience of data. We implemented a first partly surrogate prototype to validate the concept. This partly empirical, partly designed experimental implementation can itself be a big data tool for scientists and retailers to acquire deeper insights. The concept can be generalized to other social contexts. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014. All rights reserved

  • 60.
    Gerritsen, Bart H. M.
    et al.
    Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands.
    Solberg Søilen, Klaus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Pieter-Bas, de Visser
    Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands.
    Hoogreef, Philip J. M.
    Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands.
    Hulst, Kimberly
    Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands.
    Janssen, Marloes L.
    Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands.
    Horselenberg, Loes
    Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands.
    Van Dijk, Rens R.
    Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands.
    Consenheim, Ernst
    Jos de Vries Company, Maarssen, The Netherlands.
    Social Media Coming to the Mall: A Cross-Channel Response2014Ingår i: Product Development in the Socio-sphere: Game Changing Paradigms for 21st Century Breakthrough Product Development and Innovation / [ed] Dirk Schaefer, Cham: Springer, 2014, 1, s. 169-235Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Traditional shopping malls experience the effects of expanding online shopping. In addition, social media grew as a platform for customer orientation and expression. In-mall retail must respond. We take the customer journey as the guiding model for customer experience building and focus on converting cross-channel built customer expectation into enriched customer experiences in in-mall stores. We focus on the in-mall part of the journey but recognize the need to engage with customers in other parts of the journey and on social media. That is where the word-of-mouth spreads nowadays. We develop a ‘u-retail’ process model and a cyber-physical system concept for a mall: we combine a mall website, mobile apps and interactive storefronts containing Facebook processes into an integrating system. Customers can manipulate info and processes displayed on the interactive storefront through touch or mobile devices. The Facebook shopping-with-online-friends process inserts real-time feedback from social media friends in the storefront window. We show how ‘gamification’ and trust and loyalty breeding can be employed. Mall and retailers attract customers in a collective manner, from parking services to package deals. Cross-channel customer tracking is part of the concept, providing a view on both online and offline communities. Ubiquitous tracking of customers foster deep customer relation and experience of data. We implemented a first partly surrogate prototype to validate the concept. This partly empirical, partly designed experimental implementation can itself be a big data tool for scientists and retailers to acquire deeper insights. The concept can be generalized to other social contexts.

  • 61.
    Granquist, Christoffer
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Strömberg, Filip
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Solberg Søilen, Klaus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Games as a Marketing Channel – The Impact of Players and Spectators2015Ingår i: International Journal of Electronic Business Management, ISSN 1728-2047, E-ISSN 2077-1061, Vol. 13, s. 57-65Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The current study examines how advertising in video games are received by players and spectators. To test how the design of the advertisement affects the player/spectator, respondents were exposed to different types of advertising. The results showed no significant differences between players and spectators, however, the brands with high relevance to the game resulted in a higher ad recognition. It was also found that passive advertising has the greatest effect on the spectator and the active advertising yielded higher ad recognition of the player.

    The results of the study give researchers and marketers insight into important consequences, as well as comparative data for future research to explore consumer perceptions of brands in a virtual environment. The study also presents the potential of video games as a marketing and communication tool.

  • 62.
    Hannibal, Martin
    et al.
    Department of Marketing and Management, IBE, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Evers, Natasha
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER). Marketing Discipline, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.
    Sevais, Per
    Department of Marketing and Management, IBE, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Opportunity recognition and international new venture creation in university spin-offs—Cases from Denmark and Ireland2016Ingår i: Journal of International Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1570-7385, E-ISSN 1573-7349, Vol. 14, nr 3, s. 345-372Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Extant research suggests that the founder’s activities and interactions are considered pivotal in driving the opportunity recognition process leading to international new venture emergence. This paper aims to explore the opportunity recognition process and international new venture emergence in the context of university hightechnology spin-offs that are internationally market driven from inception. University spin-offs (USOs) are defined as ‘new firms created to exploit commercially some knowledge, technology or research results developed within a university’ (Pirnay et al., Small Bus Econ 21:355–369, 2003). To address this inquiry, this study imports theory from the entrepreneurship literature on organizational emergence, opportunity recognition, effectuation and the principle of individual self-efficacy. Drawing on empirical case data from four case USOs from Denmark and Ireland, this paper finds that the inventor-founders are typically engaged in opportunity recognition processes that are characterized as creative, driven by scientific innovations. It is indicated that the process of USO emergence and continuous development involves activities and interactions similar to typical international new ventures. The scientific knowledge that created opportunities for the emergence of INV-USOs across our cases endorses the view that innovation and internationalization are strongly correlated. Insights are provided on inventor-founders’ entrepreneurial intention demonstrated through activities and interactions in the on-going processes of creating the USO. Findings further highlight that self-efficacy of the inventor-founder(s) and access to specific resources (means at hand) are salient determinants for international new ventures to materialize. The study concludes with a proposed conceptual framework for further research on the creation of INV-university spin-offs. Conclusions and implications are drawn at the end of the article. © Copyright 2016 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

  • 63.
    Hilmersson, Mikael
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER). School of Business and Economics, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Johanson, Martin
    Department of Social Sciences, Business Administration, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden & Department of Business Studies, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Speed of SME Internationalization and Performance2016Ingår i: Management International Review, ISSN 0025-181X, Vol. 56, nr 1, s. 67-94Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the performance consequences of the speed of SME internationalization. The authors identify three research gaps: few studies treat speed as an independent variable; most studies analyze speed only until internationalization starts; and, finally, studies have paid little attention to the multidimensionality of the speed concept. The authors seek to address these gaps and to contribute to the literature on the dynamics of internationalization by developing three measures of internationalization speed, which capture its multidimensionality. Building on the theories of learning advantage of newness and time compression diseconomies, the study presents three hypotheses on speed’s effect on performance, and the theoretically derived research model is tested on a sample of 183 SMEs visited on site. The analysis demonstrates that the speed of a firm’s increase in the breadth of its international markets has a positive but curvilinear effect on firm performance. It also demonstrates that the speed of a firm’s increase in commitment of foreign resources has a negative but curvilinear effect on the performance of the firm. These results have implications both for scholars interested in the dynamics of firm internationalization and for SME managers. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

  • 64.
    Hilmersson, Mikael
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Papaioannou, Stylianos
    Mid Sweden University, Härnösand, Sweden.
    SME international opportunity scouting – empirical insights on its determinants and outcomes2015Ingår i: Journal of International Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1570-7385, E-ISSN 1573-7349, Vol. 13, nr 3, s. 186-211Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    International opportunities are the catalysts of SME internationalization. Our knowledge regarding the role of international opportunities in internationalization is undisputable, yet our understanding of the underlying mechanisms of international opportunity development remains inadequate. In this paper, we seek to address this shortcoming in the literature by answering the following research questions: how do internal and external factors influence the international opportunity scouting of SMEs, and what are the effects of the international opportunity scouting strategy in the internationalization of the firm? From a case study of nine Swedish SMEs, the authors develop propositions on the interplay between the theoretical constructs: international experience, network structure, international opportunity scouting, and international opportunity novelty. We propose that the greater the international experience of the SME, the more systematically the SME will scout for international opportunities; the more closed the network the SME is embedded in, the more systematically the SME will scout for international opportunities; and the more systematically the SME scouts for international opportunities, the lower the novelty of the opportunities identified by the SME. These findings come with implications for theory as well as for SME managers. © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

  • 65.
    Hilmersson, Mikael
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER). Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Sandberg, Susanne
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Pourmand Hilmersson, Firouze
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Political knowledge, political turbulence and uncertainty in the internationalization process of SMEs2015Ingår i: European Business Review, ISSN 0955-534X, E-ISSN 1758-7107, Vol. 27, nr 3, s. 234-252Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of the study is to examine the political sources of uncertainty in the internationalization process of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).

    Design/methodology/approach – The authors theoretically derived a research model embracing three hypotheses. These hypotheses are tested on a sample of 203 on-site interviewed SMEs. Regression analysis is used to test two individual hypotheses and one interaction effect.

    Findings – The regression analysis reveals that political knowledge possessed by the firm reduces uncertainty in the internationalization process. Political turbulence is shown to increase uncertainty in the internationalization. The interaction shows that political turbulence obliterates the uncertainty reducing effect by political knowledge.

    Research limitations/implications – The authors identifies two main political sources of uncertainty in the internationalization process of SMEs. For managers and business researchers, it is shown that experiential knowledge is useful under stable conditions. When turbulence increases, however, firms need to develop alternative strategies for uncertainty management.

    Originality/value – This study is the first to test the uncertainty reducing effects of experiential knowledge in turbulent environments. Thus, by running the interaction between political knowledge and political turbulence, the authors shed new light on the usefulness of previous experiences in the internationalization process. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited

  • 66.
    Hoeltgebaum, Marianne
    et al.
    Regional University of Blumenau (FURB), Blumenau, Brazil.
    Amal, Mohamed
    Regional University of Blumenau (FURB), Blumenau, Brazil.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Interdependence between Corporative Entrepreneurship and International Performance: Theoretical Essay2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the theoretical relationships between corporate entrepreneurship dimensions and international performance. To achieve our purpose, we will address specifically two main research questions: How different dimensions of Corporative Entrepreneurship (CE) influence International Performance (IP)? And In which extent institutional context of the host country affects the relationships between CE and IP? Our study contributes to the literature in several ways. First, although corporative entrepreneurship generally has been found to have a positive impact on organizational performance, no research to date has explicitly focused on the impact of the different components of corporative entrepreneurship on international performance. Thus, this study complements and adds to earlier studies on entrepreneurial orientation and international performance. Second, we look specifically at how different contexts shape the strategic orientation of firms, where research on corporate entrepreneurship and international performance is to a large extent lacking. Finally, the link between CE and IP represents a theoretical opportunity to handle the differences and hierarchies among the variables in the way how they affect strategies and performance of multinational subsidiaries operating in different national contexts.

  • 67.
    Hoeltgebaum, Marianne
    et al.
    Universidade Regional de Blumenau (FURB), Blumenau, Brazil.
    Andreassi, Tales
    Fundação Getúlio Vargas (FGV-EAESP), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    Amal, Mohammed
    Universidade Regional de Blumenau (FURB), Blumenau, Brazil.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Hensbergen, Marleen
    Universidade Regional de Blumenau (FURB), Blumenau, Brazil.
    Corporate Entrepreneurship and International Performance: a Cross-Country Study2017Ingår i: Revista de Negócios, ISSN 1980-4431, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 47-60Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall purpose of this article is to examine the theoretical connections between Corporate Entrepreneurship-CE and International Performance-IP. More specifically, we address two main research questions: (1) How do different dimensions of CE influence IP and (2) To what extent the context of host country matters? Using a two-case study approach, we employ hybrid qualitative–quantitative analyses to address the effects of different dimensions of CE on IP. We adopted four statistical techniques: descriptive statistics, decision tree, cluster analysis, and principal components (factorial maps). The results show that country matters for the perception of the relationship between CE and IP. They show that it is meaningful to separate the different dimensions of CE (innovative behavior, new business ventures, competitive aggressiveness, product/service and process innovation, self-renewal, proactiveness, and risk taking) when examining their influence on IP. The paper focuses on three level of the organization: the production sector (staff), middle management (managers), and top management (CEO and directors). Such perspective allows to explore the role of first-level managers in a “bottom-up” process of corporate entrepreneurship. Furthermore, we distinguished between two levels of corporate entrepreneurship: results and entrepreneurial behavior.

  • 68.
    Hoeltgebaum, Marianne
    et al.
    Regional University of Blumenau (FURB), Blumenau, Brazil.
    Andreassi, Tales
    Escola de Administração de Empresas de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Hensbergen, Marleen
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Amal, Mohamed
    Regional University of Blumenau (FURB), Blumenau, Brazil.
    Corporate Entrepreneurship and International Performance: Evidences of a Cross Countries Comparative Study2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between corporate entrepreneurship dimensions focused on international performance. More specifically, we investigated the differences between the companies, countries, employee’s perception at different levels of the organization, the dimensions of corporate entrepreneurship, and their correlation with the international performance of the organization. Our study contributes to the literature in several ways. First, although corporate entrepreneurship generally has been found to have a positive impact on organizational performance, no research in the best of our knowledge has explicitly focused on the impact of the different components of corporate entrepreneurship on international performance. Second, we look specifically at how different contexts shape the strategic orientation of firms. In order to capture the context effect, we selected Brazil as a developing country and host of the studied multinational subsidiaries, and two developed countries as high internationalized economies (Sweden and Netherlands) as the origins of multinationals. The two groups of countries present significant differences in terms of institutional environment, openness of the economy, and last but not least different level of firms´ internationalization Finally, in order to capture how corporate entrepreneurship affect the international performance of firms operating in different contexts, we investigated two top high tech companies, operating in three different countries: two developed countries (Sweden and Netherlands), and one emerging economy (Brazil). Two top high tech companies were researched, and at least one representing all levels at the pyramid of the companies was interviewed from the 3 different countries. Marco Teórico Literatures of entrepreneurship and international business have shown that the international performance of firms is highly correlated to their capabilities to develop unique strategies to enter and grow into foreign markets. On the other hand, it shows that pro-activeness and innovativeness affect the performance of the firms in domestic and foreign market (Zahra and Covin, 1995). Two main streams in the literature can be pointed out when we discuss the corporate entrepreneurship. The first one is more to establish the different dimensions that feature entrepreneurial behaviour by firms. Most part of the authors that studies corporate entrepreneurship uses 3 dimensions; pro-activeness, innovativeness, and risk taking. However, several authors have pointed to the high complexity of the entrepreneurial phenomena, which means that to capture complex entrepreneurial behaviour, there is a need to adopt diverse and multiple variables. We will adopt mainly the Goosen; De Coning; Smit (2002), Ireland, Kuratko; Morris (2006), and Antoncic and Hisrich (2001) to identify the dimensions of corporate entrepreneurship. This multidimensional approach of corporate entrepreneurship will be more effective particularly in cross countries comparative studies. Furthermore, the restrictive theory of the three corporate entrepreneurship dimensions approach may limit our understanding of the differences between entrepreneurial behaviour and entrepreneurial results. Drawing upon the contributions of the above cited authors, we distinguished between dimensions related to entrepreneurial behaviour, and entrepreneurial results. While the former corporate entrepreneurial dimensions are related to Pro-activeness, Innovative behaviour, and Self-renewal, the entrepreneurial results focused mainly on the following dimensions: Risk-taking, Competitive aggressiveness, Product/service innovation and process innovation, and New business ventures. Based on this we derived the following hypothesis: H1. There is a positive association between pro-activeness and international performance. H2: There is a positive association between innovative behaviour and international performance. H3. There is a positive association between a self-renewal and international performance. H4. There is a positive association between risk taking and international performance. H5. There is a positive association between a competitive aggressiveness and international performance. H6. There is a positive association between innovativeness and international performance. H7. There is a positive association between a New Business and Ventures and international performance. H8. There is a positive association between a country’s context that is characterized as entrepreneurial and international performance. In order to achieve our objectives, we opted to investigate companies that operate in different countries. In order to capture the perceptions of different levels of management, we interviewed employees in the production department, middle management, and top management. To analyze the relationships between international performance and the 7 corporate entrepreneurship dimensions, this study opted, considering the data obtained, to use 4 statistical techniques: descriptive statistics, decision tree, cluster analysis (Dendrogram) and principal components (factorial maps). The four methods help in the convergence of the data analysis. The adopted techniques are more suitable for small samples, with limited case studies. Método de investigação se pertinente We examine the relationship between Corporate Entrepreneurship (CE) focused on international performance. Using a two case study, with more than one employee from the three countries and in three different levels of the organization, we used hybrid qualitativequantitative analyses to present and estimate the effects of different dimensions of CE. Two companies were selected, that operate in high tech industries, and have continuous involvement in foreign markets, they are Alpha and Beta, respectively with headquarters in Sweden and the Netherlands; that are from Developed Countries and operate as well in developing Countries. We will focus on investigating Brazil, Sweden and the Netherlands. In order to assure the pertinence of the information derived from the data collection, we selected the companies according to the following criteria: (i) being engaged in international activities using different modes of entry; (ii) being operating in different foreign markets; (iii) being operating in high tech industries; (iv) and presenting strong evidences of CE. In total we interviewed 16 employees from the two companies that are acting in 3 countries. The responses were wrote directly into a internet platform, and imported into Excel, SPSS and LHStat. To calculate the dimensions, a categorical variable was created from the number (that are the average of the group), were defined how many classes (categories), which names the class boundaries (by default, equally spaced divisions) and the variable name was created. By default, three classes were created equally spaced (low, middle and high). To analyze the relationships between International Performance and the 7 CE dimensions, this study opted, considering the data obtained, to use 4 statistical techniques: descriptive statistics, decision tree, cluster analysis (dendrogram) and principal components (factorial maps). The four methods help in the convergence of the data analysis. The adopted techniques are more suitable for small samples, with limited case studies. Resultados e contribuições do trabalho para a área The results of the present study suggest when we disaggregate the three traditional dimension of corporate entrepreneurship in 8 dimensions, that there are strong specific correlations between international performance and entrepreneurial characteristics, as entrepreneurial results or behaviour. Those can be seen particularly well in the decision three results and multi-factorial maps. This study contributes in several ways to the literature on corporate entrepreneurship and international performance. First, the study identifies and shows that it is meaningful to separate the different dimensions of corporate entrepreneurship (innovative behaviour, new enterprise, competitive aggressiveness, products and process innovations, self-renewal, pro activeness and risk taking), when studying the influence of corporate entrepreneurship on international performance. It was concluded that pro-activeness, innovative behaviour and self-renewal have direct relationship with international performance. However, the study shows that pro-activeness was the dimension that showed the most clear positive connection to international performance. The results of the present study point to some important and relevant theoretical implications for the study of the determinants of international performance. First, the distinction between entrepreneurial behaviour and entrepreneurial results can be seen as a fundamental perspective for the understanding of the relationships between corporate entrepreneurship and international performance. Second, it seems that the dimensions related to entrepreneurial behaviour (proactivity, innovative behaviour, self-renewal) have higher impacts on the international performance than organization dimensions (risk taking, product, service and process innovation, competitive aggressiveness, and new ventures). This finding is not in line with the literature, and may suggest new research perspectives. The dimensions risk taking, competitive aggressiveness are less sensitive to entrepreneurial attitudes, and are more likely to express organizational behaviour than individual involvement. Their effects are particularly significant for the managerial and strategic positioning of the firms in the markets, while proactivity and innovative behaviour and self-renewal are correlated with individual experience and engagement. The study shows that the international context has an influence on corporate entrepreneurship in the same organization. Brazil was the country that has presented a higher perception of corporate entrepreneurship, which was significantly higher than Sweden and Netherlands in corporate entrepreneurship. This contradicts earlier findings that have seen developing countries as a low cost production alternative. This may suggest that the institutional environment of the host country will have a strong influence on the behaviour of the top management. In countries where there is some institutional uncertainties, and high market imperfections, pro-activeness and aggressive market approaches will shape significantly the performance of the firm and its commitment in the host market.

  • 69.
    Hutchinson, David B.
    et al.
    Odette School of Business, University of Windsor, Windsor, Canada.
    Singh, Jang
    Odette School of Business, University of Windsor, Windsor, Canada.
    Svensson, Göran
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER). Oslo School of Management, Oslo, Norway.
    Mysen, Tore
    Oslo School of Management, Oslo, Norway.
    Towards a Model of Conscientious Corporate Brands: a Canadian Study2013Ingår i: The journal of business & industrial marketing, ISSN 0885-8624, E-ISSN 2052-1189, Vol. 28, nr 8, s. 687-695Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This paper attempts to validate a conceptual model for conscientious corporate brands (CCB) by exploring environmental and climate change issues together with perceptions of the internal and external effectiveness of corporate codes of ethics as dimensions of CCBs. Design/methodology/approach: By surveying organizations, the paper attempts to extend and validate previous research in ethical branding by proposing an additional empirically grounded conceptual model of "the conscientious dimension" of corporate brands. Research limitations/implications: The CCB model was tested on a sample of small-, medium- and large-sized companies in Canada, which may indicate less generalizability to larger companies or in other countries and contextual settings. Practical implications: The CCB-framework provides insights into the relationship between the natural environment, climate change and corporate codes of ethics, which organizational managers might relate to their organization. Originality/value: This empirical study extends previous research by studying the willingness among business managers to support aspects of conscientious corporate brands (CCBs) in business-to-business relationships: when considering the impact of their brands on the natural environment and climate change, and when considering their corporate codes of ethics. Such findings imply that ethical conscientiousness is not just a rider to brand value; rather, it is an integral dimension in the manufacturer-supplier relationship. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

  • 70.
    Hutchinson, David
    et al.
    Odette School of Business, University of Windsor, Windsor, ON, Canada.
    Singh, Jang
    Odette School of Business, University of Windsor, Windsor, ON, Canada.
    Svensson, Göran
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER). Oslo School of Management, Oslo, Norway; Deakin University, Australia & University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Mysen, Tore
    Oslo School of Management, Oslo, Norway.
    Antecedents and Postcedents of Satisfaction in Business Relationships in Canada2011Ingår i: International Journal of Logistics Economics and Globalisation, ISSN 1741-5373, E-ISSN 1741-5381, Vol. 3, nr 4, s. 189-209Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports the findings of an investigation of whether trust and commitment influence satisfaction, and whether satisfaction then influences specific investments, opportunism, and formalisation. Using data collected in a survey of Canadian managers and executives, a model derived from marketing theory and previous empirical research was tested. The model includes both relationship marketing concepts and transaction cost theory concepts, an approach rarely encountered in existing studies. Satisfaction in an exchange relationship is formed by keeping promises in an iterative process, and serves as a safeguard against possible future risks (e.g., opportunism). Finally, we discuss the limitations of the study.

  • 71.
    Högström, Julia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Types of companies over- and underrepresented in case studies2016Studentarbete övrigt, 5 poäng / 7,5 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 72.
    Høgevold, Nils M.
    et al.
    Oslo School of Management, Oslo, Norway.
    Svensson, Göran
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER). Oslo School of Management, Oslo, Norway.
    A business sustainability model: a European case study2012Ingår i: The journal of business & industrial marketing, ISSN 0885-8624, E-ISSN 2052-1189, Vol. 27, nr 2, s. 142-151Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: "Business sustainability" refers to the total effort of a company - including its demand and supply chain networks - to reduce the impact on the Earth's life- and eco-systems. The objective of this paper is to describe a business sustainability model based upon a case study of a European manufacturer.

    Design/methodology/approach: A case study approach was applied describing the efforts of business sustainability in the demand and supply chain networks of a Norwegian office chair producer. It is based upon a series of semi-structured in-depth interviews with top executives of the company as well as observations and content analyses of internal and external documents about the company's efforts of business sustainability.

    Findings: The case study shows that business sustainability is not about doing just one thing, but that a multitude of simultaneous efforts (e.g. actors, resources and activities) should be in place. Furthermore, business sustainability is not only about a company's own business operations, but its whole demand and supply chain networks which need to be included and taken into consideration.

    Research limitations/implications: The case study in focus is limited to just one company's effort of business sustainability and its demand and supply chain networks. It provides a business sustainability model that offers opportunities for further research.

    Practical implications: Focusing on the corporate impact of the natural environment can be highly profitable. Business sustainability and by extension the carbon footprint of demand and supply chain networks is becoming a criterion in the decision-making process of customers across industries. Business sustainability is a concern to everybody in society as the indicatives of climate change and global warming become more evident and troublesome. No one can have missed the fact that the weather is becoming more extreme, causing damage around the globe.

    Originality/value: The authors argue that research into business sustainability needs at this stage of development to be inductive rather than deductive - it may be an irreversible mistake to try to re-package existing theory into business sustainability, as climate change prediction and the poor condition of the Earth have not been fully understood or comprised in previous theory. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

  • 73.
    Iddris, Faisal
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    The Role of Key Activities within National Innovation Systems (NIS) in Achieving Innovation Capabilities: Ghana’s Experience2014Ingår i: 2nd UGBS Conference on Business and Development 2014: Conference Proceedings, Accra: University of Ghana Business School , 2014, s. 252-263Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to understand the effects of key activities within National Innovation Systems (NIS), with the support of institutional actors on firm’s innovation capabilities building. The methodology used was mainly reviewed of existing literature on innovation capabilities, NIS and general management, after which a theoretical framework on innovation capabilities within the context of NIS in a less developing country was proposed.

  • 74.
    Iddris, Faisal
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    The Use of Innovation Capability and National Innovation Systems in Promoting Sustainable Development: A Conceptual Analysis2015Ingår i: Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, ISSN 1520-5509, E-ISSN 1520-5509, Vol. 17, nr 3, s. 116-127Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper was to examine the use of key activities of National Innovation System (NIS) and innovation capability of firms in promoting sustainable development. It addresses what institutional actors- government, universities/research institutions and private sector can do to generate key activities within NIS, which comprises of incubation activities, competence building, financing of innovation and consultancy services that may stimulates firm’s innovation capability. Exploratory research was used with the objective of examining insights from extant literature on innovation management, NIS and innovation capability and sustainable development.

    This study depicts that innovation capabilities may be influenced by key activities within NIS. It also shows that innovation capability dimensions such as strategy for innovation, idea management, idea implementation and creative self-efficacy may contribute to sustainable development. Furthermore, the best performing firms are classified as innovative and continually innovate in order to ensure sustainable development.

  • 75.
    Iddris, Faisal
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Awuah, Gabriel Baffour
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    The Role of Innovation Capability on Internationalisation of Low-Tech Manufacturing Firms2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore innovation capability and its effect on internationalisation of small low-tech herbal manufacturing firms, thereby also contributing to theory development in the subject area. 

    Design/methodology/approach: A single case study method is adopted to explore the process of innovation capability of low-tech manufacturing for internationalisation process. 

    Findings: Our result indicates that in low-tech herbal manufacturing innovation capability has been crucial for the company’s internationalization. The uniqueness of the products is derived from mutual learning, collaboration, most importantly team work pertaining in the organisation. The findings in this study support the notion that the development of innovation capability in a natural resource-based sector could be pursued as a strategy for internationalisation in countries like Ghana. 

    Research limitations/implications: 

    In this study we attempted to examine low-tech manufacturing firms’ innovation capability and how it affects internationalisation. Our study, like any study, suffers from some limitations. First, the data is based on a single firm. Ideally we would like to include data from few more firms. However, getting data from innovative companies is a difficult task. Future research may consider multiple case studies within the same sector or across different sectors. 

    Originality/Value: Although the research field of innovation capability is growing lately, few attempts have been made to explore innovation capability and its effect on internationalisation process of low-tech manufacturing firms.

  • 76.
    Iddris, Faisal
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Awuah, Gabriel Baffour
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Gebrekidan, Desalegn Abraha
    School of Technology and Society, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    The Role of Innovation Capability in Achieving Supply Chain Agility2014Ingår i: Proceedings of 11th International Conference of Management and Behavioural Sciences: “An Interdisciplinary Conference”: June 28-29, 2014 at University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada / [ed] S. Kumar, Society of Management and Behavioural Sciences Canada (SMBS Canada) , 2014, s. 18-18Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Innovation capability has been recognized as important approach for organizations to be competitive. The purpose of this study is to understand how innovation capability, with the notion of cloud computing, trust and open innovation affect supply chain agility.

    The main research question to be addressed is How Does Innovation Capability enabled by cloud computing, trust and open innovation affect supply chain agility of a firm?

    The methodology used in this study is to review existing literature in innovation capability, cloud computing, trust, open innovation and agility and develop some propositions on how firms can achieve supply chain agility.

    Some of the expected results from the study are, development and interaction of trust with cloud computing and open innovation is crucial in innovation capability building process. Second, innovation capability building process enabled by cloud computing, trust and open innovation will influence agility of a firm, leading to firm competitiveness.

  • 77.
    Iddris, Faisal
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Ibrahim, Masud
    University of Education Winneba, Department of Management Studies Education, Kumasi, Ghana.
    Examining the relationships between e-Marketing adoption and Marketing Performance of Small and Medium Enterprises in Ghana2015Ingår i: Journal of Marketing and Consumer Research, ISSN 2422-8451, Vol. 10, s. 160-169Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Given the importance of the Internet in general and for the marketing function in particular there has been a growing focus on understanding the determinants of e-Marketing adoption within firms. The purpose of this study was to explore factors that influence adoption of e-Marketing by SMEs in Ghana, and to examine the relationship between e-Marketing adoption factors and marketing performance. Primary data was collected using a quantitative research approach from 107 SMEs. Exploratory factor analysis was employed to identify the main e-Marketing adoption factors: which consists of Perceived Usefulness (PU), Perceived Ease of Use (PEOU), External pressure and Strategic intent. The study revealed that all the four constructs significantly influence e-Marketing adoption among the SMEs, however factors identified in this study were found not to have significant impact on the SMEs marketing performance. An important implication of the study is that even though SMEs are using e-Marketing, the findings did show positive impact on SMEs marketing performance. A further study is needed to establish the relationship between e-Marketing adoption factors and marketing performance.

  • 78.
    Iddris, Faisal
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Musa, Ahmed
    University of Education, Winneba, Ghana.
    The Perception of Ghanaian Students on Teaching and Learning at The College of Technology Education, University of Education Winneba2016Ingår i: International Journal of Educational Leadership (IJEL), E-ISSN 2472-744X, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 163-171Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the perception of students on approaches to teaching, and how this is influenced by different dimensions of teaching and learning environments. A quantitative research approach was employed in this study. The questionnaire instruments were modelled on the revised version of the Enhanced Teaching and Learning Questionnaire (ETLQ) developed in United Kingdom. The data was gathered for the first time from 245 Organisational Behaviour students of the Kumasi Campus of University of Education, Winneba in May, 2015. Analysis of the data was done by using Maximum likelihood varimax rotation in factor analysis. The results indicate that approaches to learning may be represented by deep approach, surface. approach, feedback, assessment and support from students and staff. The findings of this study corroborate the applicability of the Enhanced Teaching and Learning (ETL) instruments in Ghana and has set the stage for further research in the area.

  • 79.
    Karlsson, Niklas P.E.
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Rydberglaboratoriet för tillämpad naturvetenskap (RLAS).
    Laurell, Hélène
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Lindgren, John
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Pehrsson, Tobias
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Svensson, Göran
    Kristiania University College, Oslo, Norway.
    A cross-country comparison and validation of firms’ stakeholder considerations in sustainable business practices2018Ingår i: Corporate Governance : The International Journal of Effective Board Performance, ISSN 1472-0701, E-ISSN 1758-6054, Vol. 18, nr 3, s. 408-424Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare and validate firms’ internal and external stakeholder considerations in sustainable business practices across business settings. It aims to assess the validity and reliability of a stakeholder framework appearing in previous studies.

    Design/methodology/approach: The study uses a questionnaire survey and a cross-industry sample consisting of the largest firms in corporate Sweden. Multivariate analysis tests the stakeholder framework. Each of the 294 key informants was initially identified and contacted by telephone, generating a response rate of 36.5 per cent.

    Findings: The tested stakeholder framework appears valid and reliable across countries to assess the internal stakeholders of focal firms, as well as their up- and downstream, market and societal stakeholders. This study provides additional empirical support to categorize firms’ stakeholder considerations in sustainable business practices.

    Research limitations/implications: This study validates previous findings in terms of Swedish firms’ considerations of internal and external stakeholders in sustainable business practices in relation to one similar country (Norway) and one different country (Spain). The study also shows how the three countries perceive the focal company and societal stakeholders differently. Practical implications: The tested framework sheds light on focal firms’ stakeholder considerations in sustainable business practices and elucidates the extent to which firms’ account for their internal and external stakeholders in sustainable business practices.

    Originality/value: This study contributes to the development of valid and reliable stakeholder theory across contexts and through time. In particular, it contributes to the development of a valid and reliable framework to categorize firms’ stakeholder considerations in sustainable business practices. © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited.

  • 80.
    Kormann, Gerhard
    et al.
    IMC University of Applied Science Krems, Krems an der Donau, Austria.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Moser, Reinhard
    University of Economics and Business, Wien, Austria.
    Wictor, Ingemar
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Will the Digital Transformation become a Game Changer in the Field of Internationalisation Research?2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims at investigating the way in which digital technologies affect the internationalisation of businesses and how digital transformation can be incorporated into current theories of internationalisation and international entrepreneurship (IE).

    In order to define how digitalisation has been treated in the academic literature on Internationalisation, we will attempt to examine the range of existing research in the field. The Uppsala Model will be used as a tool to assess whether the impact of digital technologies can be integrated into current “stage” theories of internationalisation. This will eventually allow us to determine to what extent these models are valid in the context of our research.

    We will need to consider the evolution of digitalisation, which in the context of internationalisation has normally been understood as to mean merely internet-based communication technologies. The concept of digitalisation used in this paper goes beyond communication technologies and includes such aspects as industrial technologies and the “Internet of Things”, often referred to as emerging digital economies or “digital revolution”.

    Our goal is to identify aspects which have so far not been satisfactorily investigated. These may call for adjustments to current theories of internationalisation or, alternatively, require the emergence of totally new theories.

    The paper will be organised as follows. We will first define a contextual framework of the phenomenon we call digital transformation based on a meta-analysis through a comprehensive literature review. We will then integrate this digital framework into the Uppsala Model (UM) in order to assess whether it is sufficient to explain a “digitalised establishment chain”, and finally discuss whether “stage” theories are still useful. The paper will close closes with major findings followed by considerations of limitations and implications for further research.

    The work on this paper is part of an Austrian-Swedish research project called “Enterprise 4.0”, which aims at investigating digital transformation processes in international entrepreneurial firms, with special emphasis on internationalisation processes.

  • 81.
    Lantenois-Dheu, yann
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    The impact of color on the customer's perception2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 82.
    Lashgari, M.
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sutton-Brady, C.
    Business School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
    Solberg Søilen, Klaus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Ulfvengren, P.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Adoption strategies of social media in B2B firms: a multiple case study approach2018Ingår i: The journal of business & industrial marketing, ISSN 0885-8624, E-ISSN 2052-1189, Vol. 33, nr 5, s. 730-743Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to clarify business-to-business (B2B) firms’ strategies of social media marketing communication. The study aims to explore the factors contributing to the formation and adoption of integration strategies and identify who the B2B firms target. Design/methodology/approach: A multiple case study approach is used to compare four multinational corporations and their practices. Face-to-face interviews with key managers, and extensive readings and observations of the firms’ websites and social media platforms have been conducted. Findings: The study results in a model, illustrating different processes of selection, adoption and integration involved in the development of social media communication strategy for B2B firms. Major factors involved in determining the platform type, and strategies used within different phases and processes are identified. Research limitations/implications: As the chosen methodology may limit generalizability, further research is encouraged to test the model within a B2B context especially within small and medium enterprises as only large multinational corporations were investigated in this study. Practical implications: The paper provides insight into how B2B marketers can align social media with their firms’ goals through the strategic selection of platforms to reach the targeted audience and communicate their message. Originality/value: The study uncovers the benefits gained by B2B firms’ through interaction with individuals on social media. This is a significant contribution as the value of such interaction was previously undefined and acted as a barrier for adopting social media in some B2B firms. © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited.

  • 83.
    Laurell, Hélène
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    An international new venture’s commercialization of a medical technology innovation: The role of institutional healthcare settings2018Ingår i: International Marketing Review, ISSN 0265-1335, E-ISSN 1758-6763, Vol. 35, nr 1, s. 136-163Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore how different country-specific institutional healthcare settings affect an international new venture’s (INV’s) selling strategies and internationalization process when commercializing a medical technology innovation.

    Design/methodology/approach: The study is based on a longitudinal in-depth case study approach with a comparative healthcare analysis in Sweden, UK, Germany and the USA.

    Findings: An institutional framework helps elucidate the regulative, normative and cultural-cognitive dimensions in different healthcare settings. National markets differ when operating in a healthcare setting and thus affect both sales patterns and the internationalization process. In this study, three different sales patterns emerged from the countries’ and even regions’ distinctive institutional differences. Although the actual internationalization process starts from the INV’s inception, the subsequent internationalization process was both slow and focused due to institutional diversity and complexity.

    Practical implications: Every nation has its own unique healthcare structure, indicating the importance of choosing markets that facilitate a swift uptake of a specific medical technology innovation. Commercializing a medical technology innovation in different country-specific healthcare settings is a lengthy, complex and costly process, especially if new behaviors and routines need to be created.

    Originality/value: The paper contributes to the international entrepreneurship-marketing interface by developing an analytical framework for understanding country differences in relation to regulative, normative and culture-cognitive dimensions and by advancing six propositions related to the role of institutional healthcare settings and their impact on INVs’ sales patterns and internationalization processes. © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited.

  • 84.
    Laurell, Hélène
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    International new ventures in the medical technology sector - the process of gaining international market acceptance through actors, resources and activities2012Ingår i: 15th McGill International Entrepreneurship Conference, 2012, 2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 85.
    Laurell, Hélène
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Achtenhagen, Leona
    International Business School, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    The changing role of network ties and critical capabilities in an international new venture’s early development2017Ingår i: The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, ISSN 1554-7191, E-ISSN 1555-1938, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 113-140Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of networks for firm internationalization has been pointed out for several decades. Especially for small and new firms, networks have been found to be an important tool to gain access to resources and to overcome liabilities of newness, smallness and foreignness. Yet, there is a lack of understanding regarding which types of capabilities are developed through networking and how and when networks are used. The aim of this article is to explore how and when different networking activities develop critical capabilities during different phases of an international new venture’s early development. The article is based on a longitudinal, in-depth case study of a Swedish international new venture from the medical-technology industry. We find that the development process is greatly affected by how the individual key actors leverage their network ties to develop critical capabilities – they use existing network ties and different indirect ties during the pre-founding, start-up and establishment of production phases. During the commercialization and sales growth phases, however, many new network ties are developed. The heterogeneity of the individual actors’ backgrounds plays an important role during the different developmental phases. We conclude by advancing a number of propositions in relation to how critical capabilities are developed through networking during different developmental phases. © 2016, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

  • 86.
    Laurell, Hélène
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Bollue, Sebastien
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Wackerbarth, Johannes
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Internationalization through business model innovation in the medical technology sector – a case study of an international new venture entering the complex German market2017Ingår i: Australian Centre for Entrepreneurship (ACE) Research Exchange Conference 2017, 2017, s. 25-25Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 87.
    Laurell, Hélène
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Bollue, Sebastien
    Redsense Medical, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Wackerbarth, Johannes
    Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Prague, Czech Republic.
    Market Complexity and Business Model Innovation – A Case Study of an International New Venture from the Medical Technology Sector Entering the German Market2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 88.
    Laurell, Hélène
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Knowledge Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Research (KEEN).
    A Revised Model of Factors Influencing Internationalization Speed in the Medical Technology Sector Through an Institutional Lens2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 89.
    Laurell, Hélène
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Adapting the theory of international new ventures to institutionally heterogeneous healthcare markets: Implications for international sales of medical technology innovations2017Ingår i: Australian Centre for Entrepreneurship (ACE) Research Exchange Conference 2017, 2017, s. 24-25Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 90.
    Laurell, Hélène
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Internationalization speed and performance outcomes of international new ventures in the medical technology sector2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The demand for medical technology innovations for improving and managing human health is global. Many players in markets for medical technology are new ventures operating in relatively small niches (Altenstetter, 2003) and struggling to build capabilities and develop internationalization strategies to scale up production and sales. However, the regulation and financing of the healthcare sector are to a large extent country specific. For example, the healthcare sector in the UK is financed through taxes, while US healthcare is primarily financed through insurance systems (Donaldson et al., 2004). Such differences affect the processes of valuing, buying and paying for medical technology innovations across the different healthcare systems and complicate procurement and reimbursement procedures for new ventures engaged in the commercialization of medical technology innovations. 

    The development and commercialization of medical technology innovations are embedded in institutionally complex markets, in which layers of regulative, normative and cultural-cognitive elements (e.g. Scott, 2014) vary significantly across countries. Research that investigates the institutional environment is a promising direction to build theoretical explanations of the impact of heterogeneous markets on international entrepreneurial activities (Etemad, 2013; Jones et al., 2011a, 2011b). However, the international entrepreneurship literature has largely failed to address how institutional cross-country heterogeneity affects the sales and marketing strategies of new ventures (cf. Coeurderoy and Murray, 2008). In addition, only recently has the literature begun developing frameworks that shed better light on the impact of different customer and product types when penetrating new markets (Hennart, 2014; Onetti et al., 2012). 

    The global demand for medical technology innovationscalls for better understanding of how differences across national healthcare organizations influence the international performance of medical technology ventures.Against this, in this paper we aim to develop a theoretical framework that explains the relationship between internationalization speed and performance outcomes of international new ventures (INVs) when commercializing medical technology innovations across institutionally heterogeneous markets. Our theory and logic emphasizes factors such as industry conditions, foreign market knowledge and network intensity (Oviatt and McDougall, 2005).In this vein, we acknowledge that it is critical to understand how different actors in the healthcare value chain influence INVs’ choice of countries to enter and whether their existing knowledge bases and networks are aligned with industry- and/or country-specific requirements (e.g. regulations, health economics, clinical trials). However, we also complement and extend general models of international entrepreneurship by identifying institutional healthcare dimensions (i.e. regulative, normative and cultural-cognitive) as moderating forces that explain either the acceleration or deceleration of international sales of medical technology innovations, depending on each country’s institutional healthcare setting. Thus, we suggest that a country’s healthcare setting also affects the sales process of INVs and how quickly they can get medical technology innovations adopted in the healthcare system. Building on our theory and logic, we formulate propositions and illustrate relationships among different constructs. 

    This paper contributes to theory and research on international entrepreneurship field. Its main contribution is to better understand the relationship between internationalization speed and performance outcomes for INVs when operating in institutionally heterogeneous healthcaremarkets. Informed by this reasoning, we therefore introduce a conceptual model that specifies different factors that influence internationalization speed and subsequent performance outcomes.

  • 91.
    Laurell, Hélène
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Holmén, Magnus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Internationalization through business model innovation in the medical technology sector2017Ingår i: Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Conference of the European International Business Academy: International Businessin the Information Age / [ed] Lucia Piscitello & Stefano Elia, 2017, s. 59-59Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 92.
    Laurell, Hélène
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Karlsson, Niklas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Rydberglaboratoriet för tillämpad naturvetenskap (RLAS). Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Lindgren, John
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Svensson, Göran
    Kristiania University College, Oslo, Norway.
    Re-testing and validating a triple bottom line dominant logic for business sustainability2019Ingår i: Management of environmental quality, ISSN 1477-7835, E-ISSN 1758-6119, Vol. 30, nr 3, s. 518-537Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The triple bottom line (TBL) is still commonly explored in research without joint consideration of economic, social and environmental elements of business sustainability (BS). The purpose of this paper is to re-test and validate a BS framework based on the TBL approach.This study is based on a questionnaire survey consisting of the largestfirms in corporate Sweden. A total of 107 usable questionnaires were ultimately received, for a response rate of 36.5 percent. The findings validate and extend a framework of a TBL-dominant logic for BS. A total of 19 dimensions indicating satisfactory validity and reliability of the BS framework were identified. The BS framework offers relevant insights to monitor and assess a TBL-dominant logic for BS. It also provides opportunities for further research. Managers can use the BS framework as a tool to map firm priorities in connection with BS. Each dimension of the BS framework offers insights into how to monitor and assess firms’ efforts in the TBL.This study contributes to validate and extend the TBL-dominant logic for BS. The BS framework also offers a timely and relevant contribution to both scholars and practitioners engaging in business sustainability. © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited.

  • 93.
    Laurell, Hélène
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Servais, Per
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    The Role of Different Decision-Making Logics During an International New Venture’s Commercialization Process of Medical Technology Innovations2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 94.
    Laurell, Hélène
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Servais, Per
    Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden.
    The role of different decision-making logics during new venture internationalization and commercialization of medical technology innovations2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 95.
    Lawton Smith, Helen
    et al.
    Department of Management, Birkbeck, University of London, London,UK & Oxfordshire Economic Observatory, Oxford University, Oxford, UK.
    Trippl, Michaela
    Department of Geography and Regional Research, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
    Waters, Rupert
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Zukauskaite, Elena
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Policies for New Path Development: The Case of Oxfordshire2018Ingår i: New Avenues for Regional Innovation Systems: Theoretical Advances, Empirical Cases and Policy Lessons / [ed] Arne Isaksen, Roman Martin & Michaela Trippl, Cham: Springer, 2018, s. 295-314Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter reflects on how evolutionary economic geography (EEG) can be extended to incorporate public policy in its explanations of path development. A weakness of EEG is the poor conceptualisation of the role of the state (central, regional, local) in regional path development. It is therefore argued that a multi-scalar perspective of policy is required and that a large set of policies deserve attention. Oxfordshire in the UK is used to explore the link between public policy and path development. © Springer International Publishing AG 2018. All rights reserved.

  • 96.
    Lee, Tzong-Ru (Jiun-Shen)
    et al.
    Department of Marketing, National Chung-Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan, ROC.
    Svensson, Göran
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER). Oslo School Management, Oslo, Norway & Deakin University, Australia.
    Mysen, Tore
    Oslo School Management, Oslo, Norway.
    'Antecedents' and 'postcedents' in relation to satisfaction in Taiwanese business relationships2010Ingår i: International Journal of procurement management, ISSN 1753-8432, E-ISSN 1753-8440, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 199-213Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The research objective is to test whether satisfaction in business relationships may constitute a mediating construct between trust and commitment on the one hand, and coordination, cooperation and continuity expectancy on the other. The structural relationships are summarised in an AMP-model (i.e., antecedents, mediator and postcedents), the sample at that time consisted of attitudes among leading executives in small and medium-sized companies in Taiwan. The tested structural relationships of the AMP-model complement previous theory and research of antecedents and postcedents in relation to satisfaction in business relationships. One contribution is that the empirical findings indicate that satisfaction in studied buyer-supplier relationships may be seen as a mediating construct between antecedents (such as trust and commitment) and postcedents (such as coordination, cooperation and continuity). Research limitations and suggestions for further research are provided. Copyright © 2010 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

  • 97.
    Lee, Tzong-Ru
    et al.
    National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan .
    Mysen, Tore
    Oslo School of Management, Oslo, Norway.
    Svensson, Göran
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER). Oslo School of Management, Oslo, Norway.
    A Conscientious Corporate Brand Model – A Taiwanese Assessment2012Ingår i: International Journal of Business and Globalisation, ISSN 1753-3627, E-ISSN 1753-3635, Vol. 8, nr 2, s. 256-267Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A construct of conscientious corporate brands (hereinafter called CCBs) is tested by examining the environmental and climate change issues, and the internal and external corporate codes of ethics as dimensions of CCBs. The objective is to validate research in ethical branding by testing 'the conscientious dimension' of a corporate brand. The study is based upon Taiwanese business-to-business relationships. Copyright © 2012 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

  • 98.
    Mysen, Tore
    et al.
    Oslo School of Management, Oslo, Norway.
    Svensson, Göran
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER). Oslo School of Management, Oslo, Norway.
    RELQUAL's impact on satisfaction in Norwegian business relationships2010Ingår i: The journal of business & industrial marketing, ISSN 0885-8624, E-ISSN 2052-1189, Vol. 25, nr 2, s. 119-131Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop a RELQUAL-construct and to test its impact on satisfaction in Norwegian business relationships.

    Design/methodology/approach – This study is based upon a survey and random sample of small and medium-sized companies in Norway. Initially, respondents were contacted by phone and a total of 581 surveys were mailed. A total of 212 surveys were returned, a response rate of 36.5 percent.

    Findings – Two principal findings are: business relationships characterized by commitment/continuity and coordination/cooperation indicate a higher degree of a company's perceived satisfaction of the supplier; and business relationships characterized by opportunism/distrust and dependence indicate a lower degree of a company's perceived satisfaction of the supplier.

    Research limitations/implications – The RELQUAL-construct and its impact on satisfaction in business relationships appears to be accurate for those Norwegian business relationships studied, but only further work in examining other companies will verify its universal applicability if it is to be seen as a valid and reliable measurement for other companies' business relationships too. Suggestions for further research are provided.

    Practical implications – This study is of managerial interest to executives since it provides a framework of dimensions to be considered in corporate efforts in maintaining satisfactory levels of relationship quality in business relationships.

    Originality/value – The RELQUAL-construct makes a contribution to theory since it proposes a higher order-construct and measurement instrument for the benefit of other researchers and practitioners in the field. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

  • 99. Nerme, Philip
    et al.
    Stenström, Christoffer
    Darefelt, Niklas
    Solberg Søilen, Klaus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Usage of internet banking among different segments as an example of innovation: trust and information needs2013Ingår i: Journal of Internet Banking and Commerce, ISSN 1204-5357, Vol. 18, nr 2, s. 2-18Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The usage of internet has had what can only be descried as an enormous growth in the last decade. This has also resulted in an increased risk in the usage of Internet, in particular for an area as internet banking. This paper examines the confidence among different segments of e-banking users or customers. It explains why results differ. Data were collected with a questionnaire with a sample of 50 fully completed answered. The results show that trust in internet banking usage differs among segments and also that the perceived lack of information tends to differ among segments. Moreover we found that the most valuable segmentation can be divided into three groups, between 18-25, above 66, and the rest. The findings have significance for both security and marketing of internet banking services.

  • 100.
    Nielsen, Henry
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Dusén, Anton
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Hur använder företag CSR i rekryteringsprocessen och för att påverka deras image som arbetsgivare?: En kvalitativ fallstudie på tre hållbarhetsfö̈retag2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att med hjälp av lämpliga teorier och intervjuer med företag erbjuda en förståelse kring hur företag använder Corporate Social Responsibility i deras rekryteringsprocess samt hur innehållet används för att påverka företagets image som arbetsgivare 

1234 51 - 100 av 164
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf