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  • 51.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Winlund, Henrik
    Boards of directors in small and medium-sized industrial firms: examining the effects of the board's working style on board task performance2000In: Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, ISSN 0898-5626, E-ISSN 1464-5114, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 311-330Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Increased attention towards the role of the board makes demands on reforms in the boardroom. In many countries, even small and medium-sized firms are experiencing the challenges of creating well functioning boards. In this paper the authors examine the importance of structures and processes in the boardroom of 302 small and medium-sized industrial firms in Sweden. The contribution of the paper is not only that it tries to explore the relationship between processes in the board and board performance, but also that it pays attention to the working structures that exist to maximize the board's task performance. In this study board task performance is measured as the performance of various control and service roles. There are two main findings. (1) The board members' involvement, and (2) the board's formal structures are important for the board's ability to perform its tasks effectively. The findings empirically support the arguments about the importance of a good and clearly defined working style in the board.

  • 52.
    Holmquist, Mats
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Nyman, Carin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Urbas, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Trolle-Schultz Jensen, Jette
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Samverkansinsatser inom Samordningsförbundet Halland: Slutrapport av följeforskningsuppdrag 2013-20172018Report (Other academic)
  • 53.
    Huse, Morten
    et al.
    Norwegian School of Management (BI), Oslo, Norway.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Board leadership and value creation: An extended team production approach2012In: The SAGE Handbook of Corporate Governance / [ed] Thomas Clarke & Douglas Branson, London: Sage Publications, 2012, 1, p. 233-253Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 54.
    Huse, Morten
    et al.
    Norwegian School of Management, BI, Oslo, Norway & Bocconi University, Milan, Italy.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL). Norwegian School of Management, BI, Oslo, Norway.
    Preface: Perspectives from Europe on Boards and Governance: Contingency, Behavioral, and Evolutionary2004In: International Studies of Management and Organization, ISSN 0020-8825, E-ISSN 1558-0911, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 3-10Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 55.
    Huse, Morten
    et al.
    Norwegian School of Economics BI, Norway.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    The effects of entrepreneurial posture on international activities in light of emerging globalization2004In: Crossroads of entrepreneurship / [ed] Guido Corbetta, Morten Huse & Davide Ravasi, Springer, 2004, p. 127-145Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Conclusion:

    This paper has contributed to research on entrepreneurship and internationalization by conducting a study of the impact of a firm’s entrepreneurial posture on its international activities. The findings suggest that a firm’s entrepreneurial posture may have positive effects on its international activities, but also indicate that international activities are not as entrepreneurial as it used to be as markets have become increasingly integrated and global.

    Research and literature on internationalization predict an acceleration of international business activities in the 21st century as firms increasingly seem to pursue more active strategies that involve international activities (McDougall and Oviatt, 2000; OECD, 1997; Reynolds, 1997). The near future consequently provides rich opportunities for continued studies in the intersection between entrepreneurship and a firm’s international activities.

  • 56.
    Huse, Morten
    et al.
    Norwegian School of Management BI, Oslo, Norway.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Lund University.
    Minichilli, Alessandro
    Bocconi University, Milan, Italy.
    How boards contribute to value creation2009In: The value creating board: Corporate governance and organizational behaviour / [ed] Morten Huse, Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Routledge, 2009, p. 523-532Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research about boards and governance has generally had limited practical implications. In this article we present some of the practical implications from the 'value creating board' research programme. Challenges for practice and organizational behaviour include how boards may contribute to value creation throughout the whole chain, the importance of board leadership and how systems for board evaluations can be developed. We indicate that the emphasis on the 'value creating boards' may have some of the features of a new research stream or field of research.

  • 57.
    Huse, Morten
    et al.
    Norwegian School of Management, Oslo, Norway.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    School of Management, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Minichilli, Alessandro
    School of Business, Bocconi University, Italy.
    Improving corporate governance practices2008In: The Peak Performing Organization / [ed] Ronald J. Burke & Cary L. Cooper, New York: Routledge, 2008, p. 318-337Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 58.
    Huse, Morten
    et al.
    Norwegian School of Management BI, Oslo, Norway & Bocconi University, Milan, Italy.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Minichilli, Alessandro
    Bocconi University, Milan, Italy.
    Knowledge and Accountability: Outside Directors' Contribution in the Corporate Value Chain2009In: Board Members and Management Consultants: Redefining the Boundaries of Consulting and Corporate Governance / [ed] Pierre-Yves Gomez & Rickie Moore, Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing, 2009, p. 137-153Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we position outside directors ́ contribution in the corporate value chain. Our objective is to show how outside board members may contribute to value creation through knowledge and accountability. We will also provide tools for outside board members to make contributions. The directors are accountable to balance the interest of various sets of stakeholders. It is their responsibility to use their knowledge to create values throughout the whole corporate value chain. Novel heuristic approaches to board accountability are presented. Accountability is discussed in relation to board role expectations, and we introduce a board role taxonomy. This taxonomy is related to the various parts of the corporate value chain. The value chain approach shows various requirements to the knowledge and competency of the outside directors, and to the inner working of boards. The article also presents frameworks for evaluating and analysing actual board behaviour. Board evaluations are tools that may help develop board knowledge and accountability to fulfil outside directors ́ value creative potential.

  • 59.
    Huse, Morten
    et al.
    Norwegian School of Management, BI, Oslo, Norway & Bocconi University, Milan, Italy.
    Neubaum, Donald O.
    Oregon State University, College of Business, Corvallis, OR, USA.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    CIRCLE, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Corporate Innovation and Competitive Environment2005In: The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, ISSN 1554-7191, E-ISSN 1555-1938, Vol. 1, no 3, p. 313-333Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Empirical studies have shown that the characteristics of the competitive environment influence the corporate innovation activities of U.S. firms. This study attempts to internationalize these studies in two ways. First, it examines the environment-corporate innovation relationship in Norwegian manufacturing firms. Second, it examines how the firms’ corporate innovation activities are influenced by their international activities. Results indicate that environment and internationalization are positively related to corporate innovation, but models developed using U.S. firms may not be generalizable to firms from other countries.

  • 60.
    Hägg, Gustav
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    From action to ACTION: A systematic review of research on pedagogy in entrepreneurship education2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we conduct a systematic literature review to create a theoretical understanding of how research on entrepreneurship education has emerged and developed from 1980 to 2012. We identify and review 173 articles published and reported in peer-reviewed scholarly outlets to analyse how pedagogy in entrepreneurship education has developed with respect to who is involved as instructors, what content are included, to whom entrepreneurship education is targeted, and how teaching is conducted in terms of pedagogical methods. Overall, our findings illustrate how the field has evolved from the 1980s, with a heavy emphasis on didactics and how to teach entrepreneurship, through the 1990s, where the individual learner was put at the centre stage of the discussion, and finally to the 2000s and onwards, where action and experience has become increasingly emphasized as the key to effective learning in entrepreneurship education.

  • 61.
    Johansson, Jörgen
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Holmquist, Mats
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Sociala innovationer i Halland - forskningsstöd till utvecklingsprojekt för sociala innovationer och samhällsentreprenörskap2017Report (Other academic)
  • 62.
    Judge, William Q.
    et al.
    Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA.
    Hu, Helen
    University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Talaulicar, Till
    University of Erfurt, Erfurt, Germany.
    Witt, Michael A.
    INSEAD, Fontainebleau, France.
    Zattoni, Alessandro
    University LUISS Guido Carli, Rome, Italy.
    López-Iturriaga, Félix
    University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain.
    Chen, Jean Jingham
    University of Southampton, Southampton, Hants, England.
    Shukla, Dhirendra
    University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada.
    Quttainah, Majdi
    University of Kuwait, Safat, Kuwait.
    Adegbite, Emmanuel
    Durham University, Durham, United Kingdom.
    Luis Rivas, José
    ITAM School of Business, Mexico City, Mexico.
    Kibler, Bruce
    Gannon University, Erie, PA, USA.
    Configurations of Capacity for Change in Entrepreneurial Threshold Firms: Imprinting and Strategic Choice Perspectives2015In: Journal of Management Studies, ISSN 0022-2380, E-ISSN 1467-6486, Vol. 52, no 4, p. 506-530Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Imprinting theory suggests that founding conditions are ‘stamped’ on organizations, and these imprinted routines often resist change. In contrast, strategic choice theory suggests that the firm can overcome organizational inertia and deliberately choose its future. Both theories offer dramatically different explanations behind an organization's capacity for change. IPO firms provide a unique context for exploring how imprinting forces interact with strategic choice factors to address organizational capacity for change as a firm moves from private to public firm status. Juxtaposing imprinting and strategic choice perspectives, we employ fuzzy set analysis to examine the multi-level determinants of organizational capacity for change. Our cross-national data reveal three effective configurations of organizational capacity for change within IPOs, and two ineffective configurations. Our results suggest that the antecedents of organizational capacity for change in entrepreneurial threshold firms are non-linear, interdependent, and equifinal. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd and Society for the Advancement of Management Studies.

  • 63.
    Judge, William Q.
    et al.
    Department of Management, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia, U.S.A..
    Witt, Michael A.
    Economics & Political Science Area, INSEAD, Singapore, Singapore.
    Zattoni, Alessandro
    Strategic and Entrepreneurial Management Department, SDA Bocconi School of Management, Milan, Italy.
    Talaulicar, Till
    Department of Organization and Management, University of Erfurt, Erfurt, Germany.
    Jinghan Chen, Jean
    Centre of Accounting, Finance and International Banking, University of Southampton, Southampton, U.K..
    Lewellyn, Krista
    Department of Management & Marketing, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming, U.S.A..
    Wei Hu, Helen
    Department of Management & Marketing, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.
    Shukra, Dhirendra
    Management and Entrepreneurship Department, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada.
    Bell, Robert Greg
    Department of Management, University of Dallas, Irving, Texas, U.S.A..
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Centre for Innovation, Research and Competence in the Learning Economy, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Lopez, Felix
    Department of Finance & Accounting, University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain.
    Yamak, Sibel
    Department of Management, Galatasaray University, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Fassin, Yves
    Entrepreneurship, Governance & Strategy Area, Vlerick Business School, Gent, Belgium.
    McCarthy, Daniel
    Department of Management, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A..
    Rivas, Jose Luis
    ITAM School of Business, Mexico City, Mexico.
    Fainshmidt, Stav
    Department of Management & International Business, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, U.S.A..
    Van Ees, Hans
    Faculty of Economics & Business, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Corporate governance and IPO underpricing in a cross-national sample: A multilevel knowledge-based view2015In: Strategic Management Journal, ISSN 0143-2095, E-ISSN 1097-0266, Vol. 36, no 8, p. 1174-1185Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Prior studies of IPO underpricing, mostly using agency theory and single-country samples, have generally fallen short. In this study, we employ the knowledge-based view (KBV) to explore underpricing across 17 countries. We find that agency indicators are insignificant predictors, board of director knowledge limits underpricing, and external knowledge both substitutes for and complements internal board knowledge. This third finding suggests that future KBV studies should consider how internal and external knowledge states interact with each other. Our study offers new insights into the antecedents of underpricing and extends our understanding of comparative governance and the KBV of the firm. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • 64.
    Laurell, Hélène
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Knowledge Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Research (KEEN).
    A Revised Model of Factors Influencing Internationalization Speed in the Medical Technology Sector Through an Institutional Lens2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 65.
    Laurell, Hélène
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Adapting the theory of international new ventures to institutionally heterogeneous healthcare markets: Implications for international sales of medical technology innovations2017In: Australian Centre for Entrepreneurship (ACE) Research Exchange Conference 2017, 2017, p. 24-25Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 66.
    Laurell, Hélène
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Internationalization speed and performance outcomes of international new ventures in the medical technology sector2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The demand for medical technology innovations for improving and managing human health is global. Many players in markets for medical technology are new ventures operating in relatively small niches (Altenstetter, 2003) and struggling to build capabilities and develop internationalization strategies to scale up production and sales. However, the regulation and financing of the healthcare sector are to a large extent country specific. For example, the healthcare sector in the UK is financed through taxes, while US healthcare is primarily financed through insurance systems (Donaldson et al., 2004). Such differences affect the processes of valuing, buying and paying for medical technology innovations across the different healthcare systems and complicate procurement and reimbursement procedures for new ventures engaged in the commercialization of medical technology innovations. 

    The development and commercialization of medical technology innovations are embedded in institutionally complex markets, in which layers of regulative, normative and cultural-cognitive elements (e.g. Scott, 2014) vary significantly across countries. Research that investigates the institutional environment is a promising direction to build theoretical explanations of the impact of heterogeneous markets on international entrepreneurial activities (Etemad, 2013; Jones et al., 2011a, 2011b). However, the international entrepreneurship literature has largely failed to address how institutional cross-country heterogeneity affects the sales and marketing strategies of new ventures (cf. Coeurderoy and Murray, 2008). In addition, only recently has the literature begun developing frameworks that shed better light on the impact of different customer and product types when penetrating new markets (Hennart, 2014; Onetti et al., 2012). 

    The global demand for medical technology innovationscalls for better understanding of how differences across national healthcare organizations influence the international performance of medical technology ventures.Against this, in this paper we aim to develop a theoretical framework that explains the relationship between internationalization speed and performance outcomes of international new ventures (INVs) when commercializing medical technology innovations across institutionally heterogeneous markets. Our theory and logic emphasizes factors such as industry conditions, foreign market knowledge and network intensity (Oviatt and McDougall, 2005).In this vein, we acknowledge that it is critical to understand how different actors in the healthcare value chain influence INVs’ choice of countries to enter and whether their existing knowledge bases and networks are aligned with industry- and/or country-specific requirements (e.g. regulations, health economics, clinical trials). However, we also complement and extend general models of international entrepreneurship by identifying institutional healthcare dimensions (i.e. regulative, normative and cultural-cognitive) as moderating forces that explain either the acceleration or deceleration of international sales of medical technology innovations, depending on each country’s institutional healthcare setting. Thus, we suggest that a country’s healthcare setting also affects the sales process of INVs and how quickly they can get medical technology innovations adopted in the healthcare system. Building on our theory and logic, we formulate propositions and illustrate relationships among different constructs. 

    This paper contributes to theory and research on international entrepreneurship field. Its main contribution is to better understand the relationship between internationalization speed and performance outcomes for INVs when operating in institutionally heterogeneous healthcaremarkets. Informed by this reasoning, we therefore introduce a conceptual model that specifies different factors that influence internationalization speed and subsequent performance outcomes.

  • 67.
    Martina, Richard
    et al.
    University of Curaçao, Willemstad, Curaçao & The United Nations University – Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (UNU-MERIT)/Maastricht Graduate School of Governance (MG-SoG), Maastricht, The Netherlands.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL). Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Yar Hamidi, Daniel
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden & University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Entrepreneurial Strategies in University Spin-offs: Coping with Uncertainties in the Process of Market Creation2014In: Advancing European Entrepreneurship Research: Entrepreneurship as a Working Attitude, a Mode of Thinking and an Everyday Practice / [ed] Brady Wagoner & Nandita Chaudhary, Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing, 2014, 1, p. 251-278Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective with the chapter is to develop theoretical and empirical insights into how university spin-offs use inter-organizational networks to cope with the uncertainties that surround the entrepreneurial process of market creation. We rely on effectuation theory to contrast between the use of predictive and emerging approaches to network strategies during early stages of venture development. In the chapter, we first employ a case study of a single university spin-off originating from Lund University. This inductive approach is followed by a questionnaire survey to university spin-offs in incubators across Sweden, where we test our tentative findings from the case study on a broader sample of fi rms. In all, we find that the use of predictive or emerging approaches is influenced by the entrepreneurial experience of the founder but also that it shifts depending on the network position of the spin-off firm during different stages of development. Moreover, the use of emerging approaches decreases over time when the spin-off ventures beyond the post-commercialization stage and when facing uncertainty about likely responses from competitors.

  • 68.
    Minichilli, Alessandro
    et al.
    Strategic Management Department, Bocconi University, Milan, Italy.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    CIRCLE, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Huse, Morten
    Norwegian School of Mangement, Oslo, Norway & Tor Vergata University, Rome, Italy.
    Board Evaluations: making a fit between the purpose and the system2007In: Corporate governance: An International Review, ISSN 0964-8410, E-ISSN 1467-8683, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 609-622Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Board evaluations can contribute to effective boards and improved corporate financial performance. The increasing interest in the practice of board evaluations, however, calls for a more systematic and careful approach than has been employed in the past. While most attention has primarily been focused on the content of board evaluations, this article outlines the features of various possible board evaluation systems. Based on state-of-the-art research on boards and governance, we contend that a comprehensive board evaluation system needs to include decisions about: (a) the agent who evaluates the board; (b) the content, or what the evaluation should deal with; (c) the addressee and other stakeholders for whom the board is evaluated; and (d) how the board is evaluated. These key decisions should not be seen as independent of each other as they have consequences for the kind of system that will be adopted. Following this argument, we present four different board evaluation systems: (i) board-to-board, (ii) board-to-market, (iii) market-to-board and (iv) market-to-market. The key message we communicate in this article is that there must be a fit between the purpose and the system of board evaluations. There is no universal or "one best way" to evaluate boards of directors. Board evaluations will not meet their purpose unless there is a fit between the agents, the addressees, the content and the modalities of the evaluation. It is important to know who is doing what for whom and how. © 2007 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  • 69.
    Politis, Diamanto
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Lund University.
    Entrepreneurial decision making: Examining preferences for causual and effectual reasoning in the new venture creation process2006Report (Other academic)
  • 70.
    Politis, Diamanto
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    CIRCLE. Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Entrepreneurs' attitudes towards failure: An experiential learning approach2007In: Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research 2007: Proceedings of the Twenty-seventh Annual Entrepreneurship Research Conference / [ed] Zacharakis, Andrew [et al.], Wellesley, Mass.: Babson College , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we employ theories of experiential learning to examine why some entrepreneurs have developed a more positive attitude towards failures compared to others. The empirical findings support our guiding proposition that more favourable attitudes towards failing can be learned through entrepreneurs' life and work. Our results suggest that previous start up experience is strongly associated with a more positive attitude towards failure. Moreover, we also find that experience from closing down a business is associated with a more positive attitude towards failure. In sum, our findings add to our knowledge of why some entrepreneurs have a more positive attitude towards failures compared to others. It also provides some general implications for our understanding of entrepreneurial learning as an experiential process.

  • 71.
    Politis, Diamanto
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Entrepreneurs' attitudes towards failure: An experiential learning approach2009In: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, ISSN 1355-2554, E-ISSN 1758-6534, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 364-383Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    – This paper employs theories of experiential learning to examine why some entrepreneurs have developed a more positive attitude towards failures compared to others.Design/methodology/approach – The paper conducts statistical analysis on a sample of 231 Swedish entrepreneurs that have started new independent firms in 2004.

    Findings

    – The empirical findings support the guiding proposition that more favourable attitudes towards failure could be learned through entrepreneurs' life and work. The results suggest that previous start up experience is strongly associated with a more positive attitude towards failure. The paper also finds that experience from closing down a business is associated with a more positive attitude towards failure. In addition, a more fine‐grained analysis suggests that experience from closing down a business due to reasons of poor performance is a highly valuable source of learning while closure due to more personal reasons does not lead to the same result.

    Research limitations/implications

    – In sum, the findings add to the knowledge of why some entrepreneurs have a more positive attitude towards failure compared to others. It also provides some general implications for the understanding of entrepreneurial learning as an experiential process.

    Practical implications

    – A positive attitude toward failure might be a significant asset for entrepreneurs as it might help them to deal with and learn from their mistakes and to move forward. The results indicate that the attitudes toward failure are not homogeneous among entrepreneurs. Rather, this attitude can, at least to some degree, be influenced due to new experiences and new information.

    Originality/value

    – The paper provides novel insights with regard to the role that critical career experiences can play for the development of entrepreneurs' attitudes towards failure. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

  • 72.
    Politis, Diamanto
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Lund University.
    Exploring the role of experience in the process of entrepreneurial learning2005Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Researchers have recently showed an increasing interest in understanding entrepreneurship as an experiential learning process. In this article, we investigate the role of prior career experience for the development of entrepreneurial knowledge, i.e., knowledge that facilitates for individuals to recognize and act on opportunities as well as to organize and manage new ventures. Based on an analysis of 291 Swedish entrepreneurs we find links between various career experiences and the development of entrepreneurial knowledge. In addition we also find evidence that the entrepreneurs’ preference for exploring new possibilities vs. exploiting pre-existing knowledge are important to consider to explain this process. The study ends with a discussion of the findings, together with suggestions for future research.

  • 73.
    Politis, Diamanto
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Informal investors and value added: the contribution of investors' experientially acquired resources in the entrepreneurial process2006Report (Other academic)
  • 74.
    Politis, Diamanto
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    CIRCLE, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Informal investors' governance of their portfolio firms: A board perspective2001Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 75.
    Politis, Diamanto
    et al.
    Lund University School of Economics and Management, Lund, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL). Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Modes of learning and entrepreneurial knowledge2015In: International Journal of Innovation and Learning, ISSN 1471-8197, E-ISSN 1741-8089, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 101-122Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we examine how entrepreneurs differ in their modes of learning and whether variations in modes of learning have any influence on their possession of entrepreneurial knowledge that increase their ability to recognise and exploit new business opportunities. Based on statistical analysis of 291 entrepreneurs we find that a learning mode that favours exploration is positively associated with the ability to recognise a higher number of business opportunities. A learning mode that favours exploitation is on the other hand negatively associated with the ability to cope with liabilities of newness. Adding to this, we find that the positive association between career experience and entrepreneurial knowledge is stronger with a learning mode that favours exploration. Copyright © 2015 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

  • 76.
    Politis, Diamanto
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Norwegian School of Management BI, Oslo, Norway.
    The role of informal investors in the entrepreneurial process: An empirical study of opportunity, motivation and ability2005Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study seeks to advance the understanding of the role of informal investors in the entrepreneurial process, something that up to date has received very limited attention. By analysing the life experience and career background of four informal investors the study explore their motivation for being involved in entrepreneurial opportunities, and the personal resources these individuals build up and develop during their careers that facilitate this involvement. The overall results suggest that their careers can be described as an experien- tial learning process that has facilitated the development of valuable skills and knowledge that is of critical importance for the entrepreneurial projects they become involved in. The paper ends with a discussion of its findings and implications for future research.

  • 77.
    Politis, Diamanto
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL). Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Lindholm Dahlstrand, Åsa
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Academic entrepreneurship: Multi-level factors associated with female-led incubator projects2014In: Women’s Entrepreneurship in the 21st Century: An International Multi-Level Research Analysis / [ed] Kate V. Lewis, Colette Henry, Elizabeth J. Gatewood & John Watson, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2014, 1, p. 32-49Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter we examine how institutional factors in and around university incubators are associated with the likelihood that a female will engage in the commercialization of university science by championing an incubator project. Our empirical data comes from a unique database consisting of over 1400 venture projects in 19 Swedish incubators that are part of a nationally financed incubator program. Our findings suggest that women’s engagement in academic entrepreneurship is related to a number of institutional factors operating at multiple levels in and around incubators. We find systematic differences related to 1) the proportion of female faculty in senior positions at the associated university, 2) the presence of women on incubator boards; and 3) the technological sector of the project itself. In all, our findings largely support the notion that university incubators can be seen as embedded in gendered structures, where socially and culturally constructed roles and relationships between men and women create imbalances in their prospective career opportunities.

  • 78.
    Rodgers, Waymond
    et al.
    University of Texas, El Paso USA & University of Hull, Hull, United Kingdom.
    Simon, Jon
    University of Hull, Hull, United Kingdom.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Combining experiential and conceptual learning in accounting education: A review with implications2017In: Management Learning, ISSN 1350-5076, E-ISSN 1461-7307, Vol. 48, no 2, p. 187-205Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Within accounting education, both conceptual and experiential learning have been important learning approaches. However, while experiential learning has been extensively studied in accounting education, the critical role of conceptual learning has received considerably less attention. In this article, we review theory and research to develop a framework involving the Throughput Model that relates to both conceptual and experiential learning. Based on our review and combination, we suggest implications for the design and implementation of accounting education. © The Author(s) 2016.

  • 79.
    Tell, Joakim
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL). Lund University.
    Management Development in Small Firms: Understanding the Learning Dilemma for Small Business Managers2013In: International journal of Innovation Science, ISSN 1757-2223, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 143-151Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we link discussions about management development in small firms to the work environment of small business managers. In particular, our aim is to examine management development as an experiential process carried out in daily managerial practice. Using structured observations of managerial work, we found that small business managers operate in work environments with rich opportunities for learning. However, we also found that various and unexpected interruptions and problems typically fragment their workdays. In addition, such managers lack peer support and guidance and have few external interactions and little internal communication. As a result, small business managers find themselves in a learning dilemma that, in the long run, may limit their creativity and innovation. Based on these empirical findings, we draw conclusions about support for work-based management development in small firms.

  • 80.
    van Ees, Hans
    et al.
    University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Huse, Morten
    BI Norwegian School of Management, Oslo, Norway & Tor Vergata University, Rome, Italy.
    Toward a Behavioral Theory of Boards and Corporate Governance2009In: Corporate governance: An International Review, ISSN 0964-8410, E-ISSN 1467-8683, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 307-319Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Manuscript Type: Review

    Research Question/Issue: A coherent alternative to an economic approach of corporate governance is missing. In this paper we take steps towards developing a behavioral theory of boards and corporate governance.

    Research Findings/Results: Building upon concepts such as political bargaining, routinization of decision making, satisficing, and problemistic search, a behavioral theory of boards and corporate governance will focus more on (1) interactions and processes inside and outside the boardroom; (2) the fact that decision making is made by coalitions of actors and objectives are results of political bargaining; and (3) the notion that not only conflicting, but also cooperating, interests are parts of the boards' decision making and control over firm resources.

    Theoretical Implications: The consequences are a new research agenda for boards and corporate governance. The agenda will focus on actual instead of stylized descriptions of board behavior. In a behavioral perspective the emphasis on problems of coordination, exploration, and knowledge creation may dominate over problems of conflict of interest, exploitation, and the distribution of value. A future research agenda based on a behavioral framework calls for novel and adventurous research designs.

    Practical Implications: A behavioral theory of boards and corporate governance will be closer to actual board behavior than the traditional economic approach and research about boards and corporate governance may thus become more actionable for practitioners. © 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  • 81.
    Voordeckers, Wim
    et al.
    Hasselt University, Belgium.
    van Gils, Anita
    Maastricht University, The Netherlands.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Lund University.
    Huse, Morten
    Norwegian School of Management BI.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Lund University.
    Structures and behaviour: A cross-country comparison of boards of directors in SMEs2008In: Proceedings of EURAM Annual Conference 2008, 2008, p. 1-30Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Prior cross-country governance studies mainly built on agency theory’s governance model. Recently, the use of this theoretical perspective has been criticized from both institutional theory as well as the behavioural perspective. Institutional theory would predict that a significant part of the variation in board behaviour could be attributed to the institutional context of a country. In contrast, the behavioural perspective follows the reasoning that board behaviour is expected to be determined by firm-specific challenges and needs rather than the broader institutional context and hence, predicts that the institutional context of a country does not explain variation in actual board behaviour. The aim of this study is to examine the empirical validity of these opposing predictions about board behaviour. Using a database of SMEs of three countries with a different governance system (Belgium, the Netherlands and Norway), our statistical analyses mainly support the predictions of the behavioural perspective.

  • 82.
    Voordeckers, Wim
    et al.
    Hasselt University, Hasselt, Belgium.
    Van Gils, Anita
    Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL). Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Huse, Morten
    University of Witten/Herdecke, Germany & Department of Communication and Culture, Norwegian School of Management BI, Oslo, Norway.
    Board structures and board behaviour: A cross-country comparison of privately held SMEs in Belgium, the Netherlands and Norway2014In: International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics, ISSN 1477-9048, E-ISSN 1741-802X, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 197-219Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we examine and compare formal board structures and actual board behaviour in privately held SMEs. We integrate and build on ideas from institutional theory and the behavioural theory of the firm to propose that privately held firms have specific governance needs that 'decouple' formal board structures from actual board behaviour. Following this logic, we expect board structures to vary across countries while board behaviour does not. We test this in a cross-country sample of SMEs in Belgium, the Netherlands and Norway. The empirical results support the proposition that board structures are largely decoupled from actual board behaviour in privately held SMEs. Overall, the findings imply that it is possible to coordinate and disseminate board development research and practice across countries despite national differences in formal board structures. Copyright © 2014 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

  • 83.
    Waymond, Rodgers
    et al.
    University of Hull, Hull, UK & University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas, USA.
    Simon, Jon
    University of Hull, Hull, UK.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Combining experiential and conceptual learning in management and accounting education2016In: Academy of Management: Proceedings, New York: Academy of Management , 2016, article id 16208Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Within management and accounting education both conceptual and experiential learning have been important learning approaches. However, while experiential learning has been extensively studied in accounting education the critical role of conceptual learning has received considerably less attention. In this article we review theory and research to develop a framework that relates to both conceptual and experiential learning. We use a Throughput Model to suggest and demonstrate that both learning cycles can live alongside each other to support accounting education from both student and educator perspectives. Based on our review and combination we suggest implications for the design and implementation of management and accounting education. Copyright © 2016, Academy of Management

  • 84.
    Wigren-Kristoferson, Caroline
    et al.
    CIRCLE, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    CIRCLE, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Fumi, Kitagawa
    Manchester Business School, University of Manchester, Manchester, Sweden.
    Mind the gap and bridge the gap: research excellence and diffusion of academic knowledge in Sweden2011In: Science and Public Policy, ISSN 0302-3427, E-ISSN 1471-5430, Vol. 38, no 6, p. 481-492Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to highlight the changing and diversifying nature of academic work related to various forms of knowledge production and diffusion. Focusing on the changing research policy landscape in Sweden, three interrelated questions are investigated: what academics do in terms of commercialisation and public dissemination; how they perform these activities; and why they engage in these activities. Based on data from a recent survey with over 10,000 academics in Sweden, we identify and analyse ‘high-performing’ researchers, in the context of the commercialisation and public dissemination of their academic work. The quantitative analysis is supplemented by qualitative interviews with scientists at strong research environments in Sweden. We argue that there is a virtuous cycle connecting different academic activities in strong research environments — research excellence and excellence in knowledge production on one hand, and knowledge diffusion activities, such as commercialisation and public dissemination, on the other hand. © Beech Tree Publishing 2011.

  • 85.
    Yar Hamidi, Daniel
    et al.
    University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Board chairmanship and innovation in growth oriented firms: Opening up the black box of leadership in the boardroom2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we present a framework of how board chairperson practices may promote innovation in small entrepreneurial firms. A case study approach is employed involving interviews with experienced board members. In our analysis we identify a set of chairperson practices related to issues such as structure, processes and culture, which serves as prerequisites for effective board work. In addition, we distinguish another set of innovation-driving chairperson practices related to the cognitive aspects of the board’s work. Overall, our findings provide a conceptual foundation for the value creating potential of board leadership embedded within the boundaries of the entrepreneurial firm and its operations. 

  • 86.
    Yar Hamidi, Daniel
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Chairpersonship and board strategy involvement in small and medium-sized enterprises2018In: Journal of Leadership, Accountability and Ethics, ISSN 1913-8059, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 86-97Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A critical issue when setting up a board of directors in small and medium-sized enterprises relates to the chairperson position. This study examines whether and how chairperson’s experience and leadership influence the extent to which the board of directors is involved in strategy. We rely on survey data from multiple respondents in 326 firms and use regression analysis to test our hypotheses. We find that chairpersons’ board experience and leadership efficacy have a positive and significant effect on boards’ involvement in strategy. Our findings provide ample support for the significance of chairperson behaviours in explaining board outcomes in firms.   

  • 87.
    Yar Hamidi, Daniel
    et al.
    University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Corporate governance and innovation in small entrepreneurial firms: The board chairperson’s role2016Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 88.
    Yar Hamidi, Daniel
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL). University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL). Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Developments and Trends in Research on Board Leadership: A Systematic Literature Review2014In: International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics, ISSN 1477-9048, E-ISSN 1741-802X, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 243-268Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a systematic literature review of 139 articles on board leadership that were published in business and management journals since 1980s. Journal names, author country affiliations, topics and focus levels, theories, empirical contexts, and methodologies are presented and analysed. We also assemble and analyse this data thematically in order to identify and frame developments and trends in researchers ideas on board leadership. This analysis provides guidance for researchers by identifying different research streams on board leadership. The analysis may also serve as basis for theory development in board leadership research that can inform policymaking and best practice recommendations. Copyright © 2014 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

  • 89.
    Yar Hamidi, Daniel
    et al.
    Borås University, Borås, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    The chairperson and board strategy involvement in SMEs2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For decades boards of directors have been strongly encouraged to take on an active strategy role. However, while such behaviour is generally seen as an indicator of board effectiveness much is still unknown about drivers of board strategic involvement. This is particularly true for small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) that make up around 95 percent of all business enterprises. A critical issue when setting up a board of directors in SMEs relate to the chairperson position. In this study we seek to contribute to scholarly research and literature on actual board behaviour in SMEs by examining whether and how the experience and leadership efficacy of the chairperson influence the extent to which the board of directors are involved in setting the strategic direction of the firm. We rely on questionnaire data collected from multiple respondents in 324 Norwegian SMEs. The variables used are based on validated scales related to behavioral aspects of actual board work developed by corporate governance scholars. We use multiple regression analysis to test our hypotheses. Overall, we find that the board experience and leadership efficacy of the chairperson has a positive and significant effect on the extent to which the board of directors are involved in strategy in SMEs. To this end, our findings suggest that chairperson behaviours have a greater impact compared to structural leadership conditions in explaining board outcomes in SMEs.

  • 90.
    Zattoni, Alessandro
    et al.
    LUISS University and Business School, Rome, Italy.
    Witt, Michael A.
    INSEAD, Singapore, Singapore.
    Judge, William Q.
    Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA.
    Talaulicar, Till
    University of Erfurt, Erfurt, Germany.
    Chen, Jean Jinghan
    Xian Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Suzhou, China & Nankai University, Tianjin, China.
    Lewellyn, Krista
    University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY, USA.
    Hu, Helen Wei
    University of Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Luis Rivas, José
    ITAM School of Business, Mexico DF, Mexico.
    Puffer, Sheila
    D’Amore-McKim School of Business, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA.
    Shukla, Dhirendra
    University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada.
    Lopez, Felix
    University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain.
    Adegbite, Emmanuel
    Leicester Business School, De Montfort University, Leicester, United Kingdom.
    Fassin, Yves
    Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
    Yamak, Sibel
    University of Wolverhampton, Wolverhampton, United Kingdom.
    Fainshmidt, Stav
    Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA.
    van Ees, Hans
    University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.
    Does board independence influence financial performance in IPO firms?: The moderating role of the national business system2017In: Journal of world business (Print), ISSN 1090-9516, E-ISSN 1878-5573, Vol. 52, no 5, p. 628-639Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Prior evidence suggests that board independence may enhance financial performance, but this relationship has been tested almost exclusively for Anglo-American countries. To explore the boundary conditions of this prominent governance mechanism, we examine the impact of the formal and information institutions of 18 national business systems on the board independence-financial performance relationship. Our results show that while the direct effect of independence is weak, national-level institutions significantly moderate the independence-performance relationship. Our findings suggest that the efficacy of board structures is likely to be contingent on the specific national context, but the type of legal system is insignificant. © 2017 Elsevier Inc.

  • 91.
    Zhang, Pingying
    et al.
    Department of Management, Coggin College of Business, University of North Florida, FL, USA.
    Voordeckers, Wim
    KIZOK Research Center, Hasselt University, Belgium.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    CIRCLE, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Huse, Morten
    eDepartment of Innovation and Economic Organisation, Norwegian School of Management BI, Norway.
    From boards as value assemblers to value creators: Integrating static and dynamic perspectives on board information2009In: Contemporary Issues in International Corporate Governance / [ed] Suzanne Young, Prahran, Vic.: Tilde University Press , 2009, p. 43-57Chapter in book (Refereed)
12 51 - 91 of 91
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