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  • 51.
    Karlsson, Jana
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Mårtensson, Lina
    Halmstad University.
    ARBETE I FÖRÄNDRING: En studie om hur arbetet förändrades för undersköterskor när elektronisk dokumentation infördes2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vårt syfte med undersökningen är att synliggöra hur undersköterskor upplever det administrativa arbetet som elektronisk dokumentation innebär samt hur skiftet från pappersdokumentation till elektronisk dokumentation upplevs. Vi har genomfört en kvalitativ undersökning med åtta undersköterskor, fem enskilda intervjuer och en gruppintervju på tre personer, studien utfördes på ett äldreboende. Vi undersöker hur personalen upplever att elektronisk dokumentation påverkar deras dagliga arbete. Resultatet visar att personalen anser att förändringen gjort att arbetsbelastningen och oron har ökat, detta eftersom det har skett förändringar i arbetsfördelningen i förvaltningen och att elektronisk dokumentation leder till ytterligare ett arbetsmoment för undersköterskorna på älderboendet. Personalen upplever att dokumentationen är detsamma som innan med pappers dokumentation eftersom dokumentation alltid har gjorts, utan att det är själva utförandet som har förändrats. Det uppkom att vissa upplever arbetsbelastning och oro för att hantera datorn samt att möjligheten att skriva fel i anteckningarna. Detta beror på många anledningar, såsom skriva för långsamt vilket gör att tiden försvinner från kunderna, att personen inte vågar erkänna att denne inte kan hantera datorn, de vet inte vad de ska skriva och behöver mer utbildning inom området. Genom att ta hjälp av varandra och chefernas stöd upplever personalen att de kan hantera de administrativa arbetsuppgifterna, men att det kan behövas mer utbildning för de som upplever oro i arbetsmomentet. De flesta respondenterna ansåg, att elektronisk dokumentation har skapat möjligheter och är tidsbesparande, så har de fått möjligheter att skapa en bättre vardag för sina kunder, då de hade mer tid till dem. Administrationsuppgifterna i sig har inte ökat, menar respondenterna, utan det är arbetsfördelningen som har förändrats vilket innebär att undersköterskorna utför mer administration än tidigare. De som är märkvärt är hur de anställda kan hantera den förändrade arbetsfördelningen och de nya rutinerna bakom denna

  • 52.
    Karlsson, Niklas
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, The Rydberg Laboratory for Applied Sciences (RLAS). Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Hoveskog, Maya
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Halila, Fawzi
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Mattsson, Marie
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, The Rydberg Laboratory for Applied Sciences (RLAS).
    Business modelling in farm-based biogas production: towards network-level business models and stakeholder business cases for sustainability2019In: Sustainability Science, ISSN 1862-4065, E-ISSN 1862-4057, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 1071-1090Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Farm-based biogas production is a promising renewable energy technology with the potential for creating sustainable economic, environmental, and social value. However, Swedish farmers engaged in this activity struggle to turn a profit because of high-investment costs and severe price competition with fossil fuels. One way to address this situation is to re-organize the activity by innovating the business model (BM) towards sustainability. In this study, a team of researchers took an action research approach that proposed solutions for the financial difficulties at a farm cooperative that intended to develop its farm-based biogas production. Two participatory workshops (including researchers, producers, students, and consultants) were conducted using the sustainable business-modelling tool called the Flourishing Business Canvas (FBC). Based on the 215 ideas developed in the workshops, five sustainable BM prototypes were created. These five prototypes form the basis of an approach for initiating the development of a network-level BM for sustainability that highlights its superiority over a single-firm BM. The network-level BM’s main advantage in the farm-based biogas context is its strong focus on stakeholder collaboration that supports the development of a stakeholder business case for sustainability. Overall, this study highlights the usefulness of the network concept in the practice of sustainable BM development. Collaborative business modelling for developing network-level BMs that address environmental and social problems for and with stakeholders can be an effective way to increase long-term financial profit and promote the growth of a firm, a network, or an industry. © 2018 The Author(s)

  • 53.
    Karlsson, Viktor
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Sambandet mellan olika socioekonomiska indikatorer och mild psykisk ohälsa i regional befolkningshälsa2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies in public health show an increase in Common Mental Disorders, and where some socioeconomic indicators are differently associated with the prevalence of mental illness, it’s uncertain to what extent and how the associations displays in a regional public health context. The purpose of the study is to analyze, on the basis of regional data, the association between different socioeconomic indicators (Occupational group, Educational level, and Economic Stress) and Common Mental Disorders in relation to men and women in different age groups and discuss whether there is a socioeconomic gradient in Common Mental Disorders. The results shows that economic stress is highly associated to mental illness for both men and women in their different age groups. The regression analyzes also show gender and age differences both within the indicators' categories and the statistical significance of the correlations. No significant gradient between the various socioeconomic indicators used and Common Mental Disorders could be demonstrated since there were reverse associations within and between the statistical analyzes. The great variat ion in the correlationanalyzes shows that further stratifications can be made both for the independent and dependent variables.

  • 54.
    Kjellman, Cecilia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Högdin, Sara
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Ranagården, Lisbeth
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Supportive tools for resilient, open minded and non-violent grassroot work in schools - Sweden2013In: Violence prevention and resilience promotion in schools: Report about the international research project STRONG, Supportive Tools for Resilient, Openminded and Non-violent Grassroots in schools / [ed] Kalus Fröhlich-Gildhoff, Cecilia Kjellman, Patrick Lecaplain, Miguel Prata Gomes and Tomaz Wojciechowski, Freiburg, Germany: FEL Verlag , 2013Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The results of an erlier project "Implementation and evaluation of quality criteria concerning the professional support for violent children and adolescents" indicate that professionals in the context school (e.g. teachers) show an increased need of acquiring a wider range of options for dealing with phenomena related to violence in their schools. Within this project, a comprehensive conception which consider both the need for prevention and the need for intervention. The Main objecti was prevention of violence or violent behavior in schools by promoting pupils’ resilience and life skills. With focussing on the strengths of the children and adolescents a contribution to counteract social processes of exclusion and stigmatization which also use to occur in the organizational framework of the “institution school”. The project coaching the “institution school” in dealing with the great variety of the phenomenon of violence. In the Swedish part of the project used the method of research circles with teachers and other school staff, interviews with principals, interviews and questionairs with pupils, toolbox, mapping.

  • 55.
    Klavina, Aija
    et al.
    Department of Physiotherapy, Sport Medicine and Adapted Physical Activity, Latvian Academy of Sport Education, Riga, Latvia.
    Jerlinder, Kajsa
    Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
    Kristén, Lars
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
    Hammar, Lena
    The National Agency for Special Needs Education and Schools, Örebro, Sweden.
    Soulie, Tine
    Danish Disability Sport Information Centre, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Cooperative oriented learning in inclusive physical education2014In: European Journal of Special Needs Education, ISSN 0885-6257, E-ISSN 1469-591X, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 119-134Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study the implementation of cooperation directed learning of peer tutoring in elementary general inclusive physical education (GPE) setting in three elementary city schools in Sweden was studied. The purpose was to assess the impact of peer tutoring on the interaction behaviours between students with and without disabilities in GPE. A design of multiple case study with elementary school age students with moderate disabilities (n = 4) was used. Peer tutors (n = 37) were students without disabilities who voluntary participated in a peer tutor training programme. The programme included the collaborative learning values, teaching instructions and communication skills served as the independent measure. Dependent measures were multiple interactions between students with and without disabilities. Data to the case studies were collected through a design of mixed methods, containing both quantitative and qualitative data. Totally 43 observation sessions of inclusive GPE settings were collected on videotapes and analysed using the Computerized Evaluation Protocol of Interactions in Physical Education (CEPI-PE). In addition, interviews with school personnel and children served as a complementary study outcome. The percentage of interactions between target students and peer tutors significantly increased (3.2–11.8%, respectively, p < .05) during peer tutor intervention. This study indicated that peer tutor arrangements can contribute the successful cooperation between students with and without disabilities in inclusive GPE in Swedish elementary school. All four students with moderate disabilities maintained high percentage of activities done independently throughout baseline and intervention phase (50.5 and 57.6%, accordingly). Qualitative data throughout field notes and interviews with school personnel and pupils confirmed a positive class climate change and improvement in peer relation culture. © 2013 Taylor & Francis.

  • 56.
    Klavina, Aija
    et al.
    Department of Physiotherapy and Sport Medicine, Latvian Academy of Sport Education, Riga, Latvia.
    Kristén, Lars
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Center for Sport and Health Science (CIHF).
    Hammar, Lena
    The National Agency for Special Needs Education and Schools, Örebro, Sweden.
    Jerlinder, Kajsa
    University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
    Soulie, Tine
    Danish Disability Sport Information Centre, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Cooperation directed learning in inclusive physical education2012In: EUCAPA 2012, Book of abstracts, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Peer tutoring is a type of collaboration directed learning strategy in which students support each other rather than relying only on assistant teacher or paraprofessional assistance. Utilizing peers as a natural support might facilitate interactions between students with and without disabilities. However, the research on cooperation oriented education approaches in Europe is very spare.

    PURPOSE:

    This study aims the implementation of cooperation oriented learning of peer tutoring in elementary general inclusive physical education (GPE) setting in three city schools in Sweden. The study was utilized within a Nordplus- Horizontal project.

    METHODS:

    A single subject multiple baseline design across elementary school age students with moderate disabilities (n=4) was used. While peer tutor training program was provided for the whole class target students were included when attending GPE, peer tutors (n=37) were students without disabilities who volunteered for this role. The peer tutor training program incorporating disability awareness, teaching instructions and communication skills served as the independent measure. Dependent measures included physical, instructional and social interactions between students with and without disabilities. Totally 43 observations sessions (á 20 minutes) were collected on videotapes. The obtained data were coded using the Computerized Evaluation Protocol of Interactions in Physical Education (CEPI-PE) (Klavina, 2011).

    RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS:

    Age appropriate peer tutors were effective at assisting students with moderate disabilities in inclusive GPE in Swedish elementary schools. The percentage of interactions between target students and peer tutors significantly increased (3.2% to 11.8 % respectively, p<.5). These results replicate findings of previous studies done in the United States demonstrating that peer tutor arrangements can contribute the successful collaboration between students with and without disabilities in inclusive GPE (Houston-Wilson et al., 1997; Klavina & Block, 2008; Lieberman et al., 1997; Murata & Jansma, 1997). All four students with disabilities maintained high percentage of activities done independently throughout baseline and intervention phase (50.5% and 57.6%, accordingly). While collected data did not demonstrate significant change in social interactions for students with disabilities across the two study conditions (11.6% in baseline and 13.9% in intervention), anecdotal notes and social validation outcomes indicated that peer tutoring conditions provided them with the sense of being included in the class. For example, the classroom teachers stated that students with disabilities experienced more social interactions and positive attitude from their classmates during other situations during the school day increasing self-esteem of target students. Along this line, Goodwin and Watkinson (2000) found that factors contributing to positive experience for students with physical disabilities in GPE were a sense of belonging and companionship. Also, school principals and teacher assistants at all four research sites indicated positive change regarding social climate and the quality of the social interactions in the whole class after the study, not only between students with and without disabilities. The positive perceived peer culture (Jansson, 2005) reported by the school personal is an essential additional outcome of the peer tutoring training. The importance of using a class wide peer tutoring approach when including students with moderate disabilities in GPE become obvious.

    References

    Goodwin, D.L., & Watkinson, E.J. (2000). Inclusive physical education from the

    perspective of students with physical disabilities. Adapted Physical Activity

    Quarterly, 17, 144-160.

    Houston-Wilson, C., Dunn, J.M., Van der Mars, H., & McCubbin, J. (1997). The effect          of peer tutors on motor performance in integrated physical education classes. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 14, 298–313.

    Jansson, U. (2005). Vad är delaktighet? En diskussion av olika innebörder.

    Pedagogiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet. [in Swedish]

    Klavina, A. (2011). Development and Initial Validation of the Computerized

    Evaluation Protocol of Interactions in Physical Education. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 15(1), 26-46.

    Klavina, A. & Block, M. (2008). The effect of peer tutoring on interaction behaviors in inclusive physical education. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 25, 132-158.

    Lieberman, L.J., Newcomer, J., McCubbin, J., & Dalrymple, N. (1997). The effects of cross age tutors on the academic learning time in physical education of children with disabilities in inclusive elementary physical education classes. Brazilian Journal of Adapted Physical Education & Recreation, 4, 15–32.

    Murata, N.M., & Jansma, P. (1997). Influence of support personnel on students with and without disabilities in general physical education. Clinical Kinesiology, 51 (2), 37-46.

  • 57.
    Klavina, Aija
    et al.
    University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia.
    Kristén, Lars
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Center for Sport and Health Science (CIHF).
    Hammar, Lena
    Specialpedagogiska skolmyndigheten, Härnösand, Sweden.
    Jerlinder, Kajsa
    Gävle University College, Gävle, Sweden.
    Soulié, Tine
    Handikappidrottens Videncenter, Roskilde, Denmark.
    Peer–tutoring and cooperative learning in PE: a collaborative project2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel ”Samarbetsorienterat lärande med kamratstöd/mentorsstöd för ökad delaktighet i ämnet idrott och hälsa”. Syfte Att ta del av ny forskning och pröva en modell med kamrat/mentors-stöd som visat positiva resultat i USA. Syftet med projektet är att öka möjligheten till delaktighet för elever med funktionsnedsättning. Studien riktar sig mot ämnesområdet Idrott och hälsa som har brister när det just gäller delaktigheten. Målgrupp Primär målgrupp är elever i grund- och särskolan, med funktionsnedsättning, lärare i Idrott och hälsa, rådgivare, specialpedagoger och rektorer. Bakgrund Kunskapen om, och vikten av lek, rörelse och fysisk aktivitet är idag ett väl utforskat område som har många förespråkare. Även politiker och myndigheter arbetar med nya förslag och rapporter som ligger i linje med detta, och ger ytterligare stöd för mer fysisk aktivitet i skolan. Problematiken ligger ofta i att detta måste komma alla elever till del. Genom satsningar såsom ex. handslaget och tillägg i läroplanen om daglig fysisk aktivitet, som borde gynna barn med funktionsnedsättningar, upplevs i istället att det ofta görs särskilda lösningar med följden att många elever med funktionsnedsättning upplever att de inte är delaktiga.  I detta sammanhang är det också anmärkningsvärt att notera att personer med funktionsnedsättningar, och i synnerhet personer med rörelsehinder, har den sämsta folkhälsan i Sverige (Folkhälsoinstitutet, 2008) Delaktighet är en viktig faktor för att må bra och elever som mår bra lär sig bättre. Forskning visar att delaktighet på lektioner också påverkar delaktigheten på raster och fritiden. Det förekommer alltför ofta att elever med någon funktionsnedsättning får en bristfällig undervisning i ämnet Idrott och hälsa, samt i andra fysiska aktiviteter inom skolans ram. Många elever deltar inte alls, andra deltar, men utan att vara delaktiga. Att ha en eller flera elever med någon funktionsnedsättning i sin klass bör ses som en tillgång. I forskningssammanhang internationellt, fr.a. från USA har man de senaste åren undersökt hur delaktigheten påverkas av kamratstöd istället för assistentstöd inom skolämnet Idrott och hälsa. I dessa studier har det visat sig att elever inte bara upplever markant ökad delaktighet, utan också att elever med funktionsnedsättning får ett bättre och mer situationsanpassat stöd. Metod Kvantitativ ”Single subject study”, videodokumentation. Kvalitativ intervjuer med fenomenografisk ansats.Projektgrupp Aija Klavina ass. Prof universitetet i Riga, Lettland; Kajsa Jerlinder, Högskolan i Gävle/GIH Stockholm; Lena Hammar, Specialpedagogiska skolmyndigheten. Tine Soulié, Handikappidrottens Videncenter, Roskilde Danmark. Lars Kristén, Högskolan i Halmstad

  • 58.
    Kohring, Matthias
    et al.
    Department of Media Science, University of Jena, Jena, Germany.
    Meijnders, Anneloes
    Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands.
    Midden, Cees
    Department of Technology Management, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands.
    Öhman, Susanna
    Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
    Olofsson, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
    Matthes, Jörg
    Institute of Mass Communication and Media Research, University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland.
    Rusanen, Maria
    National Public Health Institute, Kuopio, Finland.
    Gutteling, Jan
    University of Twente, Enschede, Netherlands.
    Twardowski, Tomasz
    Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poznań, Poland & Technical University of Łódź, Łódź, Poland.
    Whom to trust with genes on the menu?2006In: Genomics and Society: Legal, Ethical and Social Dimensions / [ed] George Gaskell, Martin W. Bauer, London: Earthscan Publications Ltd., 2006, 1, p. 60-75Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 59.
    Kristén, Lars
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Adapted physical activity: Active healthy lifestyle for all2008In: Proceedings / Nordic conference Health, participation and effects of sport and exercise 2-4 October 2008: / [ed] B. Carlsson, U, Johnsson, K. Josefsson & N. Stambulova, Halmstad: Högskolan i Halmstad , 2008, p. 15-15Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Children and young people with disabilities do not have today the same opportunities to participate in sporting and health-promoting activities as other young people without such handicaps. Sporting activities for these children and teenagers can in many cases not be pursued in their leisure time and are not exploited to any great extent within rehabilitation. Within the curricular framework of the school, special needs teaching in Physical Education is available but as with amateur sports provision in general it is dependent on the expertise and methods of the teacher or trainer. Today, the concept of health is defined as more than merely the absence of disease, and there is an ongoing development towards a total health concept, a holistic concept. APA is well in line with WHO’s new International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), where disability is replaced by activity and handicap by participation. The revised version supersedes the previous International Classification of Impairment, Disability and Handicap (ICIDH), whereby the sporting activity becomes a means of achieving both health and participation. Among others, findings shows that adapted physical activity can involve different health aspects for the child or adolescent with a disability e.g. strengthening one's physique and having a good time as well as facilitating their participation in society e.g. getting new friends and becoming someone. On the other hand, physical activity can have both a positive and a negative influence on the different dimensions of health, seen in terms of physical, mental, social and spiritual/existential well-being. It would be desirable to more clearly tie research and educational investment into the area which would reflect not only national and community aims but also favour the individual’s opportunities and benefits in terms of sporting and health-promoting activities.

  • 60.
    Kristén, Lars
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Anpassad fysisk aktivitet för barn och ungdomar med funktionshinder2010In: Hälsa och livsstil: forskning och praktiska tillämpningar / [ed] Lillemor R-M Hallberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010, 1:1, p. 157-171Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 61.
    Kristén, Lars
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Report. The conference of adapted physical activity in Örebro, Sweden, 12-16 September 2006.2006Report (Other academic)
  • 62.
    Kristén, Lars
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
    Ivarsson, Andreas
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
    Parker, James
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Challenges for Intervention Research in Health and Lifestyle Research – A Systematic Meta-literature Review2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    Health and well-being are two concepts that are widely discussed within today’s society. A major perspective in health and lifestyle research is to investigate what determinants are associated with health. When it comes to the delivery of health interventions several different approaches have been suggested.

    Methods

    The meta-synthesis was chosen for synthesis of research studies using a health and lifestyle the review format and analyse meta-questions. The process included the following five phases:

    1. Literature search for articles.

    2. Selection of relevant articles after repeated reading and appraisal of the articles.

    3. Extraction of data from each article and creating a list of findings as key phrases, ideas and concepts for each individual study.

    4. Determining how the findings of the selected studies are related and translating findings into one another.

    5. Synthesizing the translations to produce a new theoretical interpretation.

    Results

    The search yielded a total of 561 unique citations and finally 24 citations remained. Of those 11 studies focused on health determinants, while 13 focused on interventions for health promotion. The meta-synthesis led to four recommendations for the design of future intervention studies. (1) scientific disciplines should collaborate in the design, implementation and evaluation of the study. (2) to use theoretical frameworks that focus on health determinants and to apply longitudinal studies with a repeated measures design.(3) involve behavioral interventions. (4) to design face-to-face intervention studies.

    Discussion

    Determinants was related to a physical active lifestyle, more specifically high quality school programs for physical education. It could be a starting point for a nationwide approach of daily physical activity in whole society. In all intervention studies physical activity behaviors were included as outcome or intervention program. It is therefore speculated that physical activity behavior could be discussed as one mediator between health determinants and health outcomes.

    References

    Bailey, R. (2006). Physical education and sport in schools: a review of benefits and outcomes. Journal of School Health, 76, 397-401.

    Dodge, R., Daly, A., Huyton, J., & Sanders, L. (2012). The challenge of defining wellbeing. International Journal of Wellbeing, 2, 222-235.

    Kahn, E. B., Ramsey, L. T., Brownson, R. C., Heath, G. W., Howze, E. H., Powell, K. E., & Corso, P. (2002). The effectiveness of interventions to increase physical activity: A systematic review. American journal of preventive medicine, 22, (4), 73-107.

    Paterson, B.L., Thorne, S., Canam, C., Jilings, C., (2001). Meta-Study of Qualitative Health Research: A Practical Guide to Meta-Analysis and Meta-Synthesis. Sage, Thousand Oaks,CA.

    Södergren, M. (2013). Lifestyle predictors of healthy ageing in men. Maturitas, 75, 113-117.

    Corresponding author email: Lars.Kristen@hh.se

  • 63.
    Kristén, Lars
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
    Ivarsson, Andreas
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
    Parker, James
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Future challenges for intervention research in health and lifestyle research: A systematic meta-literature review2015In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 10, article id 27326Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this systematic meta-literature review was to (1) summarize the findings of review studies focusing on health determinants, (2) give an overview of intervention studies that have been used to facilitate health and lifestyle, and (3) provide recommendations for future studies in health promotion. A literature review, using a meta-method, was conducted to identify health and lifestyle research based on research articles related to health changes. The search yielded a total of 561 unique citations and finally 24 citations remained. Of those, 11 studies focused on health determinants, whereas 13 focused on interventions for health promotion. Results from this meta-synthesis led to four recommendations for the design of future intervention studies. (1) To increase the likelihood of capturing different biopsychosocial aspects of health, researchers from different scientific disciplines should collaborate in the design, implementation, and evaluation of the study. (2) It is recommended to use theoretical frameworks that focus on health determinants in longitudinal studies with a repeated measures design. (3) Studies should involve behavioral interventions. (4) Design face-to-face intervention studies where the participant can interact with other persons.

  • 64.
    Kurnik, Mattias
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Testing the Cumulative Frequency Hypothesis with Multilinguals in Reading2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The non-selective and the cumulative frequency hypotheses offer competing explanations to the neurological origins of the cognate facilitation effect. Researchers have yet to establish which of these has the strongest empirical foundation, with important theoretical implications. This experiment tested the cumulative frequency hypothesis with 22 SwedishEnglish bilinguals in the eye-tracking paradigm. Data was gathered and analysed from sentence stimuli containing cognate and control words using mixed-effects statistical analysis. A significant interaction was found between Cognate Facilitation and Contextual Diversity in FFD. The results were inconclusive as regard to the dichotomy or symbiosis of non-selectivity and cumulative frequency as neurological phenomena. However, they did indicate the strong presence of cognate facilitation throughout both early and late stages of processing.

  • 65.
    Landström, Linn
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Falk, Alexandra
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Projektimplementering i kommunala verksamheter: stödjande och hindrande faktorer2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to find out what measures could be taken in an implementation process and emphasise what supports and hinders the results of projects being implemented in ordinary operations. We chose to formulate three questions; what measures can be taken in an implementation process? What factors supports implementation? What factors hinders implementation? The study was conducted at a municipal occupational rehabilitative operation that carried out a three-year ESF project. The study was conducted by using a combination approach consisting of semi structured interviews, a participatory observation and documents from the operation and the project. The results from this study have shown that the measures that can be taken in the implementation process include for instance making the project owners, decision makers and collaborative partners involved in the project from the start and then having a working collaboration throughout the project period. The results have also shown that the factors which may seem supportive in an implementation are the need for what is intended to be implemented and also that there is an effective collaboration among all concerned parties. Finally the study results showed that the factors that may hinder the implementation are the lack of financial resources and time set aside to work on the implementation. 

  • 66.
    Larsdotter, Maria
    Halmstad University.
    Discursive (dis)orders of Disability Research: A Critical Discourse Analysis of ’participation in research’ in Swedish Disability Research articles and overviews2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis my aim is to analyse and discuss discourses of Swedish disability research, with focus on participation in research by disabled people. My research question is based on an observation that research overviews and evaluations repeatedly argue for the importance of participation of disabled people. This request has been recurrent and more or less intact in its form for over 20 years.

    My question is why this request has not been fulfilled or altered in its form. I base my theoretical framework and methodology on Critical Discourse Analysis, and the power of language in a constructed and reconstructed social reality, with a semi-structuralist approach as developed by the British sociolinguist Norman Fairclough. In focus is the discursive construction of research participation and participants.

    My result after a systemic-functional grammar analysis of governmental research reports and peer-reviewed articles published in English, in international academic journals, by researchers with affiliation to Swedish universities, is that participation is discussed in terms of disabled people primarily as the source of information rather than as actual actors in a research process. The discursive construction of disabled participants rests on identification and representation connected to being disabled / having an impairment. A discourse of knowledge validation is based on a division of roles, tasks and labour, in which researchers and participants are constructed in opposing subject positions. Participant influence is constructed in terms of subjectivity and personal interest, as opposed to the objective expertise of the researchers.

    Discourses are, however, found to be contested and inconsistent, both in terms of conceptual definitions of disability and disability research, and as manifested in actual use of language. The most fixed discourse seems to be that of requests for increased participation, and the attributing of personal experiences to participants, in contrast to attributing professional expertise to researchers.

     

     

     

  • 67.
    Larsson, Elisabeth
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Den skenbara normbrytaren: - En studie av genuskonstruktion i fyra svenska bilderböcker för barn2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstract

    Elisabeth Larsson

    Den skenbara normbrytaren – en studie av fyra svenska bilderböcker

    UV5002 Ht 2011

    I förskolans uppdrag ingår att motverka stereotypa genusnormer, vilket även innefattar att oreflekteratpresentera sådana via litteratur skriven för barn. Genom att uppmärksamma barnlitteratur somskapare och upprätthållare av genusstereotyper och genusnormer kan detta medvetandegöras ochdärmed bemötas.Är bilderböcker för barn bärare av genusnormer eller är de objektiva och fria från dylika värderingar?Med den frågeställningen som utgångspunkt tar föreliggande uppsats sig an Pija Lindenbaumsbilderböcker Gittan och gråvargarna, Gittan och älgbrorsorna, Lill-Zlatan och morbror raringsamt Kenta och barbisarna för att undersöka huruvida dessa motverkar eller cementerar rådandesyn på kön och genus.Studien tar avstamp i ett feministiskt poststrukturalistiskt perspektiv, då man inom denna riktningfokuserar på de normer och ramar som styr formandet av sociala genusstrukturer, vilket är engrundläggande del i föreliggande studie.Studien bygger på Maria Nikolajevas förslag till analysverktyg, vilka fokuserar på hur genusframställs i bilderböcker riktade till barn.Analysen visar att samtliga studerade verk är bärare av genusvärderingar som inte ligger i linjemed dem som förskolan förväntas förmedla, trots att verken till ytan sett marknadsför sig som genusmedvetna.Studien har relevans för aktiva inom pedagogisk verksamhet för yngre barn då den fokuserar påhur sagda verk inverkar på en yngre publik. Studien kan även med fördel läsas av litteratur- och genusvetaredå dessa ämnen intar en framträdande roll i tidigare nämnda undersökning.

  • 68.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Balancing performance-based expectations with a holistic perspective on coaching: a qualitative study of Swedish women’s national football team coaches’ practice experiences2017In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 12, no 1, article id 1358580Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore how an exclusive sample of women’s national football team coaches described how they implement careful coaching while facing social and organizational pressure to win medals.

    Method: To consider coaches’ negotiations, we drew on Noddings’ concept of caring. Using an interpretive research paradigm, we conducted in-depth interviews with five Swedish women’s national football team coaches. An abductive approach was used to simultaneously process the theoretical framework of “ethics of care” and the empirical data.

    Results: The coaches unanimously adopted a holistic perspective to coaching. The coaching strategies they described included promoting players’ development, well-being, and sustainable elite performance; listening to the players’ voices and engaging in dialogue; and creating a positive environment and promoting fair play.

    Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that the women coaches, despite performance pressure, adopt caring coaching in the form of Noddings’ pedagogical modelling, dialogue, and confirmation strategies, and provide an example of how coaches can adopt caring, holistic, and athlete-centred coaching while working at the highest level of competitive sport and achieving competitive success. 

    © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. 

  • 69. Ljungmark, Oscar
    et al.
    Palmer, Robert
    Ledarskap i samband med #Metoo.: En intervjustudie om Försvarsmakten och Polismyndigheten.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskningsområdet hur myndigheter utövar ledarskap i relation till deras #metoo-inspirerade upprop är mycket begränsat. Studiens syfte har varit att undersöka hur två av Sveriges största myndigheter, Försvarsmakten och Polismyndigheten, har utövat ledarskap i samband med upprop sprungna ur egen organisation och anställda kvinnors uppfattning härom.

     

    Denna induktiva studies teoretiska utgångspunkter utgörs av ledarskapsteorier utvecklade vid Försvarshögskolan, däribland ledarskapsmodellen, indirekt ledarskap samt studier om militära chefers containerfunktion och ”smittostudien”. Givet analys av empiriskt utfall har teoretiska utgångspunkter kompletterats med ytterligare perspektiv som tidigare studier om etiskt ledarskap och test av en ”trickle down modell” och Försvarsmaktens ledningsfilosofi.

    Inom ramen för studien har sjutton (17) personer deltagit från Försvarsmakten och åtta (8) från Polismyndigheten.

     

    Studiens resultat visar att respektive myndighet har utövat ett indirekt ledarskap. I fallet Försvarsmakten erhåller myndighetsledningen fortsatt högt förtroende för ledarskapet och dess hantering i samband med upprop. Inom Polisen hyses lågt förtroende för sin myndighets ledarskap och hantering av upprop. Inom båda myndigheter är trenden att förtroendet sjunker på lägre organisatorisk nivå. I relation till teoretiska utgångspunkter visar studiens resultat på att chefers bristande förmåga till containering dvs meningskapande och meningsgivande leder till negativ smitta med följden att anställda kvinnor alltjämt hyser lågt förtroende för sin arbetsgivare att åstadkomma varaktig förändring.  

     

    Studiens bidrag till samhällsvetenskapen innefattar ny empiri, ett vidgat perspektiv för studier om ledarskap, indirekt ledarskap och identifiering av vilka krafter som inverkar vid chefers förmedling av budskap. Process, begrepp och relaterade krafter redovisas i genererad modell; budskapsmodellen.

  • 70.
    Luthfa Karim, Sabrina
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    The Uncertainty-Embedded Innovation Process: A study of how uncertainty emerges in the innovation process and of how firms address that to create novelty2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite much discussion in the literature of uncertainties in relation to the innovation process, there is little knowledge of how they emerge in this process. This thesis accordingly aims to understand how uncertainty emerges in the innovation process and how firms address that uncertainty to create novelty from the process. Uncertainty is embedded in the innovation process (Jalonen, 2012), which implies that it is not only a factor affecting the innovation process but also an outcome of the process itself. To fulfil the purpose of this study, it is important to understand how the innovation process unfolds over time. It is well established that innovation is a process of recombining resources (Schumpeter, 1934) through the performing and linking of certain activities in sequence (Richardson, 1972; Dubois, 1994; Bankvall, 2011) by various actors (i.e., firms and organizations) in a network context (Håkansson and Olsen, 2012; Lampela, 2012; Love and Roper, 2001; Pittaway et al., 2004; Powell et al., 1996). To fulfil the purpose of this study, the following research question has been asked: How and why do actors undertake and link resource recombination activities in a network context, thereby managing uncertainties in the innovation process?

    The thesis investigates the innovation process in two companies. One of the companies had completed its innovation journey and the other had almost done so. The discussion gives a detailed account of: the activities these companies performed alone and jointly with their partners in a network context; the resources they exchanged with each other and recombined to bring new solutions to the market; the uncertainties created in the process of recombining the resources; and the activities they undertook in response to address these uncertainties. The innovation process in the case companies is analysed in light of a conceptual model developed here based on Dubois’ (1994) “end product related activity structure model”, Håkansson’s (1987) “ARA model/network model”, and Goldratt’s (1997) “critical chain concept”.

    This study identifies the conditions under which uncertainties emerged in the innovation process in the studied companies. One of the significant conditions was resource unavailability, which was caused by actors’ reluctance to share resources, prohibition by government policy, and the resources’ own conflicting conditions and internal resistance (Håkansson and Snehota, 1995; Håkansson and Waluszewski, 2002; Waluszewski, 2004). Resource unavailability caused inertial and repetitive activities and delayed the process of producing an outcome, having such an impact on the activities under the condition of path dependency (Arthur, 1994; David, 2000). Another observed condition was the actors’ lack of knowledge of resource combination (Jalonen, 2011).

    A type of uncertainty that seriously affects the outcome of the innovation process is the activity void, a situation in which no activity is taking place. Activity voids are created from resource unavailability either by an actor’s reluctance to share resources or by the outcome of combining conflicting resource properties.

    The outcome of the innovation process is therefore affected by the key actor’s attempt to reduce the activity void by making compromises at the three levels, interplay among which construct the process, i.e., actors, resources, and activities. To manage uncertainties, managers make many compromises when they perform and link various activities. Although the underlying motivation for making compromises is rational, it is boundedly rational (Simon, 1957) because by making compromises, managers forego expectations of having all the properties or of being able to plan, undertake, and link activities as intended. This study also reveals that sometimes actors prefer not to make compromises despite knowing that this might cost a great deal. Accordingly, the findings suggest that compromises made within a working relationship allow actors to produce novelty without deviating from the desired path by ensuring access to resources and partners’ abilities. On the contrary, compromises not made in the relationship can threaten actors’ ability to produce the desired novelty, as the exchange of partners’ resources and abilities is hindered in a poor relationship. Compromises made in resource configuration and activities threaten actors’ ability to produce the desired novelty by limiting their choices, while compromises not made in resource configuration and activities allow actors to produce the desired novelty without deviation.

  • 71.
    Malmberg, Claes
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Hållbar utveckling och bedömning2018In: Lärportalen: Hållbar utveckling / [ed] Claes Malmberg, Stockholm: Skolverket , 2018, p. 1-11Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här texten behandlar formativ bedömning som, eftersom den har fokus på elevers lärande, också går under namnet lärande bedömning. Texten kommer att knyta an till såväl utbildning för hållbar utveckling som ämnesövergripande undervisning. Anknytningen rör komplexiteten i frågorna, autenticiteten, det pluralistiska perspektivet och det demokratiska handlingsperspektivet. När det gäller formativ bedömning görs nedslag i autentiska problem, autentisk bedömning, planering genom formativt förhållningsätt samt matriser.

  • 72.
    Malmstrom, Malin
    et al.
    Department of Economics and Technology and Society, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL). Department of Economics and Technology and Society, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Department of Economics and Technology and Society, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden & Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland.
    Gender Stereotypes and Venture Support Decisions: How Governmental Venture Capitalists Socially Construct Entrepreneurs' Potential2017In: Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, ISSN 1042-2587, E-ISSN 1540-6520, Vol. 41, no 5, p. 833-860Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present study, we conduct a discourse analysis on a set of longitudinal observations of government venture capitalists' decisions to identify how gender stereotypes are socially constructed and activated when assessing entrepreneurs' potential in the financial distribution of venture support. The present study finds that female entrepreneurs risk receiving significantly less venture capital, which is caused by the language and rhetoric used that relates to gender differences when funding decisions are made. We consider and discuss the implications of our results for related research about distributing venture capital and the social constructions of female and male entrepreneurs. © 2017 The Authors

  • 73.
    Mellbourn, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Developing a culture of conflict prevention2004Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 74.
    Mellbourn, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Development, security and conflict prevention: security as a millennium goal2005Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 75.
    Midden, Cees J. H.
    et al.
    Department of Technology Management, Eindhoven University, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
    Boy, Daniel
    Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, Centre d'Études de la Vie Politique Français (Cevipof), Paris, France.
    Einsiedel, Edna
    Faculty of General Studies, University of Calgary, Canada.
    Fjæstad, Björn
    Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
    Liakopoulos, Miltos
    Europäische Akademie zur Erforschung von Folgen wissenschaftlich-technischer Entwicklungen, Bad Neuwahr-Ahrwiler, Germany.
    Miller, John D.
    Centre for Biomedical Communications, Northwestern University, Chicago, USA.
    Öhman, Susanna
    Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
    Wagner, Wolfgang
    Institute für Pädagogie und Psychologie, Johannes-Kepler-University, Linz, Austria.
    The structure of public perceptions2002In: Biotechnology: The making of a global controversy / [ed] Martin W. Bauer, George Gaskell, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002, p. 203-223Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 76.
    Moberg, Hillevi
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Olsson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    En resa till företagets medelpunkt: - en studie av kompetens på mellanchefsnivå2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The profit a company makes is dependant of its employees which means that their competence is important for the company to perform well. The middle manager has a central position in the organization and is expected to take on different roles. This probably puts a lot of demands on the middle managers and their competence. We want to contribute with a comprehension of how learning, competence and needs for competence can look at a middle management level. Furthermore we also want to find out what kind of strategy for competence development the middle managers want the company to use so their competence development can be facilitated. We used a qualitative method and got our result from nine different interviews. All the interviews were made at middle management level. Our study has showed that the organizational culture is offering the middle managers great opportunities for informal learning. The company also offers possibilities for formal learning, but a lack of clear strategy when it comes to this seems to be in the way of the competence development for the middle managers. These wishes for strategies could be obliged with, for example mentorship or creating a manual for the managers. The competencies that are demanded by the middle managers’ positions are for example social competence, competence in communication, leadership competence and the ability to build networks. We have found that there is a need for further competence development within these aspects of competencies.

  • 77.
    Mortenius, Helena
    et al.
    Region Halland, Dept Res & Dev, Halmstad, Sweden. & Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Dept Primary Hlth Care, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Baigi, Amir
    Region Halland, Dept Res & Dev, Halmstad, Sweden. & Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Dept Primary Hlth Care, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Palm, Lars
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Dept Primary Hlth Care, Gothenburg, Sweden. & Jonkoping Univ, Sch Hlth Sci, Jonkoping, Sweden..
    Björkelund, Cecilia
    Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Dept Primary Hlth Care, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Hedberg, Berith
    Jonkoping Univ, Sch Hlth Sci, Jonkoping, Sweden. & Ryhov Hosp, Jonkoping Cty Council, Jonkoping, Sweden..
    Impact of the organisational culture on primary care staff members' intention to engage in research and development2015In: Journal of Health Organisation & Management, ISSN 1477-7266, E-ISSN 1758-7247, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 234-251Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is to understand how organisational culture influences the intentions of primary care staff members (PCSM) to engage in research and development (R&D).

    Design/methodology/approach

    The participants (n = 30) were PCSM employed in a care centre in south-western Sweden. The study had an observational design with an ethnographic approach. The data were collected by means of observations, interviews and analysis of documents.

    Findings

    The results revealed the perceptions of PCSM in two domains, research and clinical practice, both of which existed at three different cultural levels: visible (structures and policy), semivisible (norms and values) and invisible (taken-for-granted attitudes).

    Research limitations/implications

    It is difficult to conduct a purely objective ethnographic study because the investigation is controlled by its context. However, it is necessary to highlight and discuss the invisible level to improve understanding of negative attitudes and preconceptions related to the implementation of R&D in the clinical setting. Practical implications - By highlighting the invisible level of culture, the management of an organisation has the opportunity to initiate discussion of issues related to concealed norms and values as well as attitudes towards new thinking and change in the primary health context.

    Originality/value

    This paper is one of the very few studies to investigate the influence of organisational culture on the intentions of PCSM to engage in R&D.

  • 78.
    Nilson, Tomas
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Historieförmedling i samverkan2018In: Samverkansformer: Nya vägar för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap / [ed] Martin Berg, Vaike Fors, Robert Willim, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, p. 209-227Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 79.
    Nilsson, Gabriella
    et al.
    Lunds universitet, Lund, Sverige.
    Ekstam, Lisa
    Lunds universitet, Lund, Sverige.
    Andersson, Janicke
    Lunds universitet, Lund, Sverige.
    "Här händer nästan mirakel" Äldrekollot som fenomen, görandet av ålder under vistelsen och kollots implikationer för äldres hälsa och livskvalitet2016Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Where "miracle" happens. Senior camps, doing age and implications for older people's health and quality of life: Summer camps for older people - senior camps - has in various forms been established around Sweden, not least since the early 2000s. They are usually arranged in a natural setting that will allow staying outdoors and the days alternate between planned group activities and free time. Recurrent is the positive effect senior camps are de-scribed to have on the participants' health, wellbeing and quality of life. The stay at a senior camp is said to break a socially exclusive everyday life and lead to new habits and long-term friendships. Summer camps are usually associated with children and childhood, where urban children are given an opportunity to get out of the country and play, swim and breathe fresh air. In this report it is discussed how these associations affect how senior camps are organized and experienced?

  • 80.
    Nilsson, Gabriella
    et al.
    Department of Arts and Cultural Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Ekstam, Lisa
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Andersson, Janicke
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Pushing for Miracles, Pulling Away from Risk: An Ethnographic Analysis of the Force Dynamics at Senior Summer Camps in Sweden2018In: Journal of Aging Studies, ISSN 0890-4065, E-ISSN 1879-193X, Vol. 47, p. 96-103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With an ageing population and a discourse of active ageing guiding welfare policies, initiatives to engage older people in health promoting activities have been established. One growing phenomenon is Senior Summer Camps, arranged all over Sweden in beautiful natural environments close to water. Their main purpose is to enable older people to participate in outdoor activities in an institutionalized setting. Although many professionals consider acts of infantilization as highly inappropriate, research has shown that still this is frequently done in institutional settings targeting older people. This paper wish to contribute to this field of research. The objective is to study how the camp leaders handle the dilemma of on the one hand, wanting to push senior campers into participating in challenging activities, and on the other, needing to pull them away, to reduce risk and ensure their safety, as well as how senior campers experience alternately being pushed into and pulled away from activities. What strategies are used by the camp leaders to push the campers to challenge themselves without taking unnecessary risks, and what consequences do these strategies have for the campers? The study was conducted in the form of ethnographic observations at two different camps. During one week at each camp we stayed with the participants, alternately being a silent observer and listener in the background, and an active participant in conversations and activities. Narratives, direct quotes, descriptions and reflections were written down in a field diary that forms the empirical basis for the analysis. Various modes of pushing and pulling were identified and defined as cheering, tricking, compelling, monitoring and restricting. These different modes of pushing and pulling were analyzed as manifestations of force, exerted by the camp leaders within a certain age-based force dynamic that resulted in different responses among the campers, especially in terms of how they “did age” in relation to notions on autonomy and vulnerability. It is shown that manifestations of force involve the risk of putting the campers in a position of vulnerability, regardless of whether or not they are actually vulnerable. The main argument in this paper is that initiatives that in an institutionalized context aim to promote a prolonged health and well-being, targeting “older people” in a general sense, run the risk of getting the exact opposite result, namely instead learned vulnerability is implicitly promoted by removing or downplaying the agency and autonomy of the campers. © 2018

  • 81.
    Nilsén, Åke
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Med insikter, utan utsikter2012In: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652-7224Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 82.
    Nordin, Leif
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Rundquist, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Pemberthy-Gallo, Luz Stella
    Universidad del Cauca, Popayán, Colombia.
    Interacción Universidad-Industria: una experiencia de la Universidad de Halmstad, Suecia = University – Industry Interaction: an Experience at the University of Halmstad, Sweden2013In: Universidad-Empresa-Estado: hacia la cultura de la investigación y la innovación: Segunda Rueda de Negocios de Innovación en Cauca y Nariño = University-Company-State: Towards a Culture of Research and Innovation: Second Conference of Business Innovation in Cauca and Nariño / [ed] Isabel Hernández Arteaga & Luz Stella Pemberthy-Gallo, Bogotá: Editorial Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia , 2013, p. 45-67Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To take advantage of knowledge and obtain better interaction between students, universities and companies, the University of Halmstad in Sweden has developed a method over the last thirty years that has produced significant results. This method contains a philosophy and a structure that promotes the university’s academic development, while fostering learning among students and directly adding long-term value to the companies of the region. The method is described in this chapter, along with reflections and the results. The conclusions are presented in relation to the program, the interaction and the significance of this process for students and companies.

  • 83.
    Nybakken, Astrid
    Halmstad University.
    "...hela tiden operationer för att göra ens kropp bättre": Vuxna med cerebral pares och deras erfarenheter av fysisk aktivitet2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In our society it is a strong focus on physical activity. Many people are engaged i some form of physical activity and exercise. From a public health perspective, a certain amount of physical activity is good. Similarly, a sedentary lifestyle increase the risk of lifestyle diseases. A person who has no disabilities should have ample opportunity to be physical active. There are different diagnoses or causes that lead to motor disability. Cerebral Palsy, CP, is the most common cause of motor disability for children. Most of those who have CP are adult. The purpose of this study is to describe the experiences of adults with cerebral palsy have in relation to physical activity. What is the experience of participation in relation to physical activity is described, as well as the motivators are. Four adults with CP, aged 20-42, participated in the study. Qualitative approach in the form of semi-structured interview was used. Those who described a small degree of participation by children experienced an increase in participation with age, when they understand what and why they would do certain exercises. Motivation Factors to be physical active are different, for example, it may be the experienced utility and satisfaction that can be decisive. The findings suggest that a supportive environment and to have the opportunity to try out various non-organized  ctivities can have positive impact on the experienced participation and motivation factors, and thus help people keep a certain level of physical activity. 

  • 84.
    Nygren, Jens M.
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Zukauskaite, Elena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Westberg, Niklas
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    User-participation in Coproduction of Health Innovation2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: This project concerns advancing knowledge, methods and logics for user-participation in coproduction of health innovations. Such advancement is vital for several reasons. From a user perspective, participation in coproduction provides an opportunity to gain real influence over goal definition, design and implementation of health innovations, ensuring that the solution developed solves real problems in right ways. From a societal perspective, it’s amean to improve the efficiency of healthcare and the implementation of the Patient Act. As for industry, frameworks and knowledge of coproduction offers tools to operate in a complex sector, with great potential for innovation of services and products.

    Objectives: The fundamental objective of this project is to advance knowledge and methods of how user- participation in the coproduction of health innovations can be applied in order to benefit users, industry and public sector.

    Method: This project is a synergy project, which means that the objective will be accomplished through collaboration and meta-analysis between three sub-projects that address different user groups, apply different strategies to promote human health and relate to different parts of the health sector. The work on the work packages will use case methodology for data collection and analysis based on the subprojects as data sources. More concretely, a logic of a multiple case studies will be applied with each subproject representing a separate case which is similar to each other in its attention to user-participation in coproduction, but different regarding e.g. context and target groups. At the synergy level the framework methodology will be used to handle and analyse the vast amount of information generated within the subprojects.

    Results and conclusions: By addressing the objective of this project, we will create new knowledge on how to manage challenges to health innovation associated with the coproduction process, the positioning of solutions and realisation.

  • 85.
    Olofsson, Anna
    et al.
    Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap, Mittuniversitetet, Östersund, Sverige.
    Öhman, SusannaInstitutionen för samhällsvetenskap, Mittuniversitetet, Östersund, Sverige.
    Risker i det moderna samhället: samhällsvetenskapliga perspektiv2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi blir alltmer medvetna om de risker som omger oss i dagens samhälle. På en global nivå handlar det om klimatförändringar, terrorism, svält och översvämningar, medan det som berör flest människor i Sverige fortfarande är faror i vardagen som rökning, trafik och sjukdomar. Kunskap om hur risker uppfattas, kommuniceras och hanteras av individer och i samhället är viktig för att både offentliga och privata verksamheter ska fungera väl. 

    Risker i det moderna samhället : samhällsvetenskapliga perspektiv ger en introduktion till samhällsvetenskaplig riskforskning och presenterar aktuell svensk forskning. Boken behandlar riskbegreppet utifrån förutsättningen att vi lever i ett heterogent samhälle. Den visar att denna heterogenitet är viktig både för att förstå individens riskuppfattning och behov av kommunikation, och för att få ett begrepp om olika organisationers hantering av risker och kriser.

    Boken vänder sig till studerande inom sociologi, socialpsykologi, psykologi och riskhantering på universitet och högskola samt yrkesverksamma inom krisberedskap och riskhantering.

  • 86.
    Pedersen, Eja
    et al.
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, Göteborg University, Sweden.
    Persson Waye, Kerstin
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, Göteborg University.
    Wind turbine noise, annoyance and self-reported health and well-being in different living environments2007In: Occupational and Environmental Medicine, ISSN 1351-0711, E-ISSN 1470-7926, Vol. 64, no 7, p. 480-486Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of perception and annoyance due to wind turbine noise among people living near the turbines, and to study relations between noise and perception/annoyance, with focus on differences between living environments.

    METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in seven areas in Sweden across dissimilar terrain and different degrees of urbanisation. A postal questionnaire regarding living conditions including response to wind turbine noise was completed by 754 subjects. Outdoor A-weighted sound pressure levels (SPLs) were calculated for each respondent. Perception and annoyance due to wind turbine noise in relation to SPLs was analysed with regard to dissimilarities between the areas.

    RESULTS: The odds of perceiving wind turbine noise increased with increasing SPL (OR 1.3; 95% CI 1.25 to 1.40). The odds of being annoyed by wind turbine noise also increased with increasing SPLs (OR 1.1; 95% CI 1.01 to 1.25). Perception and annoyance were associated with terrain and urbanisation: (1) a rural area increased the risk of perception and annoyance in comparison with a suburban area; and (2) in a rural setting, complex ground (hilly or rocky terrain) increased the risk compared with flat ground. Annoyance was associated with both objective and subjective factors of wind turbine visibility, and was further associated with lowered sleep quality and negative emotions.

    CONCLUSIONS: There is a need to take the unique environment into account when planning a new wind farm so that adverse health effects are avoided. The influence of area-related factors should also be considered in future community noise research.

  • 87.
    Perez Vico, Eugenia
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL). Lunds universitet, Lund, Sverige.
    En översikt av forskningen om samverkansformer och deras effekter2018In: Samverkansformer: Nya vägar för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap / [ed] Martin Berg, Vaike Fors & Robert Willim, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, 1, p. 29-50Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 88.
    Perez Vico, Eugenia
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Forskardjuren – Hunden, elefanten och räven2019In: Kampen om kunskap: Akademi och praktik / [ed] Axel Brechensbauer, Maria Grafström, Anna Jonsson & Mikael Klintman, Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2019, p. 137-145Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 89.
    Perez Vico, Eugenia
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden & KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hallonsten, Olof
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    How industry collaboration influences research: The case of the Swedish Interdisciplinary Material Consortia 1990-20002019In: Industry & higher education, ISSN 0950-4222, E-ISSN 2043-6858, Vol. 33, no 5, p. 289-307Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article provides new insights into the consequences of university–industry collaboration for the content and conduct of academic research by analysing the Swedish research funding programme for the so-called ‘materials consortia’, in place between 1990 and 2000. Using secondary sources, the analysis highlights the causality in university–industry collaboration and the impact of such collaboration on the academic research environments involved. While the funding programme was clearly aimed at influencing the conduct of academic research, impacts are seen mostly in content. Also, collaborative activities with long-term positive outcomes grew organically rather than top-down, with mutual trust and recognition at the operational level of great importance. The policy implications include the realization that the durability of efforts, from funders as well as at the operational level, is key to achieving deeper added value in university–industry collaborations. The article contributes to a deepened and broadened understanding of the multidimensionality of university–industry collaborations and their effects on research.  © The Author(s) 2019.

  • 90.
    Perez Vico, Eugenia
    et al.
    Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden & Department of Business Administration, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Olof, Hallonsten
    Department of Business Administration, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    A resource- and impact-based micro-level conceptualization of collaborative academic work2017In: Aslib Journal of Information Management, ISSN 2050-3806, E-ISSN 2050-3814, Vol. 69, no 5, p. 624-639Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to develop new conceptual tools for analyzing how contemporary collaborative academic work is organized on micro-level, and its social and economic impact, in broad terms. Thus it makes a contribution towards a better view on how contemporary academics organize their professional activities in light of profound changes to the framework conditions of academic work, and a better view on the productivity and potentially very wide societal impact of academia.

    Design/methodology/approach: Based on previous research, the arguments are developed conceptually. The paper builds both on previous empirical findings and strong traditions in organization theory (resource dependence theory) and innovation studies.

    Findings: The paper achieves a synthesized conceptual view on impact of academia, strongly related to how individual academics organize their professional activities today, given the recent profound structural changes to the academic system. The paper launches resource dependence as a key concept for understanding contemporary academic work in a collaborative context, and sequences of impact as a key tool for conceptualizing the very varied role of academia in society.

    Research limitations/implications: While building strongly on previous research, the paper is conceptual in nature and thus its value lies chiefly in assisting future studies.

    Practical implications: The contribution can assist in policymaking by promoting the achievement of more accurate and better balanced models and appraisal schemes. Originality/value: The paper has theoretical originality and its synthesized argument about organizing and impact is of high value for current scholarly debate on these topics. © 2017, © Emerald Publishing Limited.

  • 91.
    Perez Vico, Eugenia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL). Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Serger, Sylvia Schwaag
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden & Swedish Govt Agcy Innovat Vinnova, Int Strategy & Networks, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wise, Emily
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Benner, Mats
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden & Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Knowledge triangle configurations at three Swedish Universities2017In: Foresight and STI Governance, ISSN 2312-9972, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 68-82Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of a knowledge triangle, i.e., the principle of strengthening the linkages between research, education and innovation, has emerged as a result of policymakers’ expectations that universities assume a broader societal responsibility. Yet, little is known about how these tasks and their interactions are orchestrated at universities. We explore concept of how the knowledge triangle is manifested in the organisation and strategy of three different Swedish universities, and how these manifestations are shaped by the policy landscape. The article highlights the fact that although the knowledge triangle remains a priority, explicit national policies are lacking, with the responsibility of integration falling upon universities themselves. We observe great diversity in how the principles of the knowledge triangle are orchestrated at the universities, e.g., through individuals’ interpretations and attitudes, and through management strategies and incentive schemes. However, the three tasks have largely been handled separately, with weak coordination and generally limited ambition demonstrated by university management teams to forge new combinations of remits. At the individual and group levels, we observe weak task articulation, although some role models serve as inspiration. Tensions emerge as the responsibilities of operationalising the knowledge triangle falls on individuals who sometimes lack the appropriate mandate and resources. These findings raise questions for further research and implications for policy and university management.

  • 92.
    Petersen, Elin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Gasimova, Leyla
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Elderly people's existential loneliness experience throughout their life in Sweden and its correlation to emotional (subjective) well-being2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Existential  loneliness  is  a  specific kind  of  loneliness,  associated  with decreased emotional  well-being.Existential loneliness differs from physical aloneness and is connected to negative feelings and  moods;  in  contrast,alonenesscan  be  experienced  as  something  positive  and  emotionallycharging.The institutionalized elderly care is an integral,part of the Swedish Welfare state. The Swedish population is getting older, factors likedemographic changesand migration flowinfluence on  the  traditional  welfare  system. Societal  culturesand  lifestyleare  underestimated  health determinants affect subjective(emotional)well-beingof the citizens. Sweden demonstrateshigh rates of single households,and a traditional societal structure encourages social isolation. A sense of belonging, the importance of the presence of attachmentfigures,and supportiverelationshipsincrease the individual’spossibility to a positive aging processwith a transition from a materialistic to a cosmic coherencedue to the Theory of Gerotranscendence. The sense of belonging increasesfeelings  of  being  attachedand the presence  of  attachment  figuresenhance  understanding  of protection and security in times of need;both of those concepts boost emotional well-being. Being attached and  belonged  keep  functioning  throughout  life  as aninstinct  of  human  beingsandno one  is  completely  free  from  being  relianton  others. Constructive social,  individual,and institutional supporthaspositive effects on the overall individual and societal health.Individuals’ life circumstancesand experiences define thekind of social, individualand institutional supportdesiredand needed.

  • 93.
    Petrovski, David
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Pestana, Joao Pedro
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Book Review: The Importance of Private and Public Intelligence2017Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of the paper is to critically review the book “Introduction to Private and Public Intelligence: The Swedish School of Competitive Intelligence” by Søilen (2005). The aim of the book has been to gather ideas and concepts about the subject of private and public intelligence for students to use in an introductory course.

    Structure: The paper is structured that first an introduction of the book is provided, after which the content of the book is presented by chapters. Thereafter, the discussion and conclusion about the book are presented. The book is structured as a systematic review of private and public intelligence. The book contains definitions, theories, discussions, practical examples, and analytical implications.

    Authorship: The author of the book, Klaus Solberg Søilen, is a professor and researcher at Halmstad University in Sweden. His research is mainly within the fields of management, intelligence studies, competitive intelligence, geoeconomics, digital marketing, etc. He has many years of experience within marketing research and auditing. Moreover, he serves on the board of several companies, as well as, operates as a consultant. He is also the editor of the Journal of Intelligence Studies in Business (JISIB).

    Audience: Students, professionals and anyone else who is interested in private and public intelligence.

    Impact: The book has been reviewed and citied from numerous authors. Most of them, agree with Søilen, and use the book as a foundation of the study of private and public intelligence. However, there are authors who argue against Søilen’s opinions.

  • 94.
    Pink, Sarah
    et al.
    RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia.
    Fors, Vaike
    Ethnography, Stakeholders, and Audiences: Toward Openness and Inclusivity2017In: Sociological research online, ISSN 1360-7804, E-ISSN 1360-7804, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 169-173Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The environments in which ethnography is currently being played out are in many ways shifting as part of a world where academic research is increasingly implicated in applied and public scholarship and practice. This calls not simply for new ways of applying ethnographic insights to societal, industry, and policy problems but, we argue, for a reconfiguration of how we understand the possibilities, potentials, and impacts of ethnographic practice when situated as part of a world in progress. It invites us to revise how we understand ethnographic processes, practices, and ethics as they are played out with and through different sets of stakeholders, beyond researchers, participants, and the academic communities of critics (Strathern, 2006) who were their traditional audiences. This new context, we argue, takes us beyond past iterations of applied ethnography because there is a more widespread and institutionally driven aim to seek to do ethnographic work that has impact and may intervene in the world. This new institutionally endorsed and indeed encouraged way of practicing as an ethnographer and scholar brings new configurations and considerations to our profession. It makes partnering with industry or with creative practitioners unsurprising, yet at the same time potentially challenging. This Special Section represents our interest in exploring how this new and emerging context might be conceptualized and how it might be played out through responsible and ethical ways of conducting ethnographic research and forms of intervention in contemporary worlds. © The Author(s) 2017

  • 95.
    Pink, Sarah
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS). RMIT University, Melbourne, Australien.
    Fors, Vaike
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Samverkansetik2018In: Samverkansformer: Nya vägar för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap / [ed] Martin Berg, Vaike Fors, Robert Willim, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, p. 69-91Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 96.
    Pink, Sarah
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Leder Mackley, Kerstin
    Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK.
    Flow and intervention in everyday life: Situating practices2015In: Social practices, intervention and sustainability: Beyond behaviour change / [ed] Yolande Strengers & Cecily Maller, Taylor and Francis Inc. , 2015, p. 163-178Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 97.
    Rånge, Max
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Wilson, Matthew C.
    West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA.
    Sandberg, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Center for Social Analysis (CESAM). Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Introducing the MaxRange Dataset: Monthly Data on Political Institutions and Regimes Since 1789 and Yearly Since 16002015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The MaxRange dataset provides information on political institutions for all countries of the world going back to 1789 on a monthly and yearly basis, and to 1600 on a yearly one.  The yearly dataset spanning 1600 to 2014 has over 90,000 country-year observations, and in its monthly format from 1789 has over 660,000 observations.  The time-series data are at least 200 years longer than any other comparable time-series dataset on political institutions.  Created by Max Rånge, the datasets aggregate specific attributes to create nominal and ordinal rankings of political regimes on a 1-100 scale (the MaxRange1 dataset) and on a 1-1,000 scale (the MaxRange2 dataset).  At the same time, however, the codes for each attribute underlying the categorization of political regimes are also included.  It is more detailed than any other dataset on political institutions, yielding up to 1,000 different unique combinations of institutional features.  In addition to supporting a rigorous classification of democratic and nondemocratic regimes, the dataset allows researchers to exploit institutional variation and to explore alternative ways of aggregating political institutions.  The MaxRange dataset on political institutions is by far the biggest and most comprehensive political regime dataset to date, and it offers several advantages compared to other available data.  In particular, the availability of monthly time-series data provides greater detail and reliability to support more accurate research on political transitions.  

  • 98.
    Sandberg, Frida
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Bristande tillgänglighet och högre studier: 148 studenter med funktionsnedsättning och deras erfarenheter av universitetsstudier2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, there is an ambition that higher education should be accessible for all people who have the ability to study. Universities should work towards widening participation and from the 1st of January 2015 lack of accessibility can be a form of discrimination (Prop.2001/02:15, s.18 f.; 1kap. 5 § stycke 4 HL; DO, 2015). The question is if the ambition of widening participation and an education free from discrimination correspond with how the students with disabilities experience their study situation? 

    The result of this study shows that the students use different types of supports in their study situation and that the satisfaction with them varies. The support that the students value the most is personal support which is also the support that the students wants more of. 

    One quarter of the respondents, 25 % (37/148), answered that they had experienced some form of discrimination. When it comes to lack of accessibility 45 % (67/148) of the respondents had experienced this, which was connected to lack of support, lack of information, lack of accessibility in the physical environment or in the study situation, lack of understanding and time issues.

  • 99.
    Sobis, Iwona
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Cregård, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Dissemination of Sustainability Information and its Effects on Local Sustainable Development. A Comparative Study between the Swedish and Polish Big Cities.2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to Action Agenda 21, adopted at the Rio Conference in 1992, sustainable development should be realized as a major objective for local and global development. Economic growth, good living conditions, and protection of the earth's natural environment are very important to all people in the world. Ball et al., 2006; Marcuccio & Steccolini, 2005; Osborne and Ball, 2011; Lodhia et al., 2012 show that local government has a leading position regarding practical work and dissemination of information on sustainability among stakeholders. Schoolars like Wilmhurst & Frost, 2000; Deegan et al., 2002; Steccolini, 2004; Gonzalez and Perez-Chamorro, 2008 share the opinion that research focus mostly on content of information on sustainability, when analysing reports, brochures, or other documents, while knowledge about dissemination process of information on sustainability among stakeholders, and its effects on decision making by local authority is limited. The purpose in this paper is to compare the dissemination process of information on environmental sustainability among stakeholders and to explain its effects on decision making in two countries (Sweden and Poland). We ask: What do we know about the local governments’ practical work with the dissemination of information on environmental sustainablity among stakeholders within the Gothenburg Region in Sweden and the Lodz Region in Poland? What effects do the dissemination of such information have on decision-making by the local authority and on sustainable development in the chosen municipalities? The research is based on semi-structured interviews with key-respondents responsible for sustainable development in four municipalities in each region; homepages and official reports in the chosen municipalities, and state, regional and local regulations.

    Our research indicates that the dissemination of information on environmental sustainablity among stakeholders have a positive effect on decision-making by the local authorities and sustainable development in general. The dissemination of such information in Poland is not just bleak imitations of the Swedish municipal work but it is adapted to the Polish context, financial possibilities and local specific needs. In both countries, the local authorities follow the EU:s recommendations rather strictly. In both countries innovative work is observed but also a growing awarnes among the residents and other stakeholders that improvement of sustainable development as “the must” for the future. The bigger municipalities take on greater challenges than the smaller ones. Hence their work is more intense and is a paragon for smaller municipalities. Although the production and dissemination of information on environmental sustainability is time consuming and not always proves useful in the short run, our respondents point out that in the long run, it may give surprisingly positive effects on a local sustainable development and hence, it may contribute to the improvement of global sustainable development.  

  • 100.
    Solberg Søilen, Klaus
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management, Karlskrona.
    The shift from Geopolitics to Geoeconomics and the failure of our modern Social Sciences2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Geoeconomics is gradually replacing the importance of Geopolitics. The transition is marked by the start of the process we call Globalization , about two decades old now, but still in its infancy, when government and government institutions discovered that they no longer were self-evident key actors and watchmen of world events . The process is an effect of the end of the Cold War and marks a strategic shift from political ideologies to economic realities.For decades fellow economists have praised the value of public and private borrowing, the production of services at the expense of the production of goods and they have underestimated the importance of trade surpluses for the Competitive Advantage of Nations. They have done so because they have failed to see what makes a nation, a region or a city wealthy in the long run. We have developed a social science paradigm at our universities which have undermined our own development. At the same time we have disregarded much of the tradition for critical thinking, as implied in Critical Theory but more fundamentally as understood for centuriesThe study of all living organisms is now studied with the use of Evolutionary Theory; except for the study of Man. We must start to ask ourselves why. Why should the Social Sciences be any different than Zoology in this respect, unless we say that Man stands outside of biology?

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