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  • 51.
    Ali, Lilas
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hedman Ahlström, Britt
    University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Krevers, Barbro
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Sjöström, Nils
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Need and usage of support among young informal carers of persons with mental illness: a mixed-method study2013In: Horatio, European Psychiatric Nursing Congress 2013: Abstract book / [ed] Neslihan Keser Özcan, Hülya Bilgin, 2013, p. 94-94Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 52.
    Ali, Lilas
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Hedman Ahlström, Britt
    University West, Trollhättan.
    Krevers, Barbro
    Linköping University.
    Sjöström, Nils
    Gothenburg University.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Support for young informal carers of persons with mental illness: a mixed-method study2013In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 34, no 8, p. 611-618Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore how young (16-25 year old) informal carers of a person with a mental illness experience and use support. In a mixed method approach, we interviewed 12 young carers, and 241 completed a self-administered questionnaire. While the young carers strive to maintain control, their main support seems to be others in their lives, who often define the situation differently. The carers said web-support, counseling, and group counseling might be helpful, yet very few had any professional support. Young carers are greatly in need of support and it should be provided.

  • 53.
    Ali, Lilas
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg University, Institute of Health and Care Science, Sweden.
    Krevers, Barbro
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Sweden.
    Sjöström, Nils
    Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg University, Institute of Health and Care Science, Sweden.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Effectiveness of web-based versus folder support interventions for young informal carers of persons with mental illness: a randomized controlled trial2014In: Patient Education and Counseling, ISSN 0738-3991, E-ISSN 1873-5134, Vol. 94, no 3, p. 362-371Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Compare the impact of two interventions, a web-based support and a folder support, for young persons who care for people who suffer from mental illness. 

    Methods: This study was a randomized control trial, following the CONSORT statements, which compared the impact of two interventions. Primary outcome variable was stress, and secondary outcome variables were caring situation, general self-efficacy, well-being, health, and quality of life of young informal carers (N = 241). Data were collected in June 2010 to April 2011, with self-assessment questionnaires, comparing the two interventions and also to detect changes. 

    Results: The stress levels were high in both groups at baseline, but decreased in the folder group. The folder group had improvement in their caring situation (also different from the web group), general self-efficacy, well-being, and quality of life. The web group showed increase in well-being. 

    Conclusion: Young informal carers who take on the responsibility for people close to them; suffer consequences on their own health. They live in a life-situation characterized by high stress and low wellbeing. This signals a need for support. 

    Practice implications: The non-significant differences show that each intervention can be effective, and that it depends upon the individual's preferences. This highlights the importance of adopting person-centered approach, in which young persons can themselves choose support strategy. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 54.
    Ali, Lilas
    et al.
    Gothenburg, Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Krevers, Barbro
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Sjöström, Nils
    Gothenburg, Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Gothenburg, Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Effectiveness of Web-Based versus Folder Support Interventions for Young Informal Carers of Persons with Mental Illness: a Randomized Controlled Trial2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Changes in psychiatric services mean more young persons have to care for a mentally ill family member or friend while they themselves are in the sensitive transition to adulthood.

    Objective: Compare the impact of two interventions, a web-based support and a folder support, for young persons who care for people who suffer from mental illness.

    Method: This study was a randomized control trial, following the CONSORT statements and eConsort support. Primary outcome variable was stress, and secondary outcome variables were caring situation, general self-efficacy, well-being, health, and quality of life of young informal carers (N=241). Data were collected in June 2010 to April 2011, with self-assessment questionnaires three times, four months apart, comparing the two interventions and also to detect changes.

    Results: The result showed that stress levels were high in both groups at baseline, but decreased significantly in the folder group. The folder group had significant improvement in their caring situation (also significantly different from the web group), general self-efficacy, well-being, and quality of life. The web group show significant increase in well-being.

    Conclusion: Young informal carers who take on the responsibility for people close to them with mental illness; suffer consequences on their own health. They live in a life-situation characterized by high stress and low well-being. This signals a need for support for these young persons.

    Clinical relevance: The findings in this study are uniquely valuable because of the target group and the comparison of two different interventions to support them. The non-significant differences in the data show that each intervention can be effective, and that it depends upon the individual’s preferences. This highlights the importance of adopting person-centred approach, in which young persons can themselves choose support strategy

  • 55.
    Ali, Lilas
    et al.
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg University, Centre for Person-Centred Care Research (GPCC), Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Krevers, Barbro
    Vårdal Institute – The Swedish Institute for Health Sciences, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sjöström, Nils
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    The impact of a person-centred web-based intervention on young informal carers of people with mental illness2015In: Abstracts: 19th International Philosophy of Nursing Society (IPONS) conference August 24-26, 2015 Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden: Technology, Health Care and Person-centeredness: Beyond Utopia and Dystopia. Thinking the Future., Stockholm: Karolinska Institutet , 2015, p. 4-5Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Previous research show that young person’s often take responsibility and offer care and support for significant others who suffer from mental illness. This adoption of responsibility has consequences not only for the mentally ill, but also for the carer. A person-centred support approach to provide the young informal carers of what they are in need of is according to previous research essential, and in need of. As the internet becomes increasingly fundamental to young people in their daily lives, person-centred web-based interventions may be effective in supporting those caring for a person with mental illness.

    Objective: To analyze (according to stress, burden, quality of life, and self-efficacy) the impact of a person-centred web-based intervention (information, education, and support) for young persons who support family members or close friends with mental illness.

    Methods: The study design was prospective and randomized. The sample consisted of young informal carers (N = 241; 16–25 y), where N = 241 completed structured questionnaires at baseline and were allocated to person-centred web-based support (N = 121) respectively folder support (n =120) regarding available support in the society for young persons who support someone suffering from mental illness.

    Results: Data show that the stress levels were high in both groups at the start of the intervention, but decreased in the folder group, who also showed improvements in their caring situation (also different from the web-support group), general self-efficacy, well-being and their quality of life. The group who received person-centred web-based support showed significant increase in their well-being.

    Conclusion: It is of great importance to measure the stress and caring situation of young informal carers of persons with mental illness in order to understand their situation. One type of support could be person-centred web-based, however our results indicate that individuals seek support depending on their individual preferences. Since the responsibility of care has shifted from the health care services to the family and friends of the person suffering from a mental illness, more person- centred care/support interventions should be investigated for further development.

  • 56.
    Ali, Lilas
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden & Vårdal Institute, The Swedish Institute for Health Science, Lund & Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Krevers, Barbro
    Vårdal Institute, The Swedish Institute for Health Science, Lund & Gothenburg, Sweden & Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden; Vårdal Institute, The Swedish Institute for Health Science, Lund & Gothenburg, Sweden; Department of Psychiatry, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Caring Situation, Health, Self-efficacy, and Stress in Young Informal Carers of Family and Friends with Mental Illness in Sweden2015In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 36, no 6, p. 407-415Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study compared the caring situation, health, self-efficacy, and stress of young (16–25) informal carers (YICs) supporting a family member with mental illness with that of YICs supporting a friend. A sample of 225 carers, assigned to a family group (n = 97) or a friend group (n = 128) completed the questionnaire. It was found that the family group experiences a lower level of support and friends experienced a lower positive value of caring. No other differences in health, general self-efficacy and stress were found. YICs endure different social situations, which is why further study of the needs of YICs, especially those supporting friends, is urgently needed.

  • 57.
    Ali, Lilas
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Att använda internet vid datainsamling2017In: Vetenskaplig teori och metod: från idé till examination inom omvårdnad / [ed] Maria Henricson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, 2, p. 217-232Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 58.
    Ali, Lilas
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    eHälsa2017In: Vårdpedagogik / [ed] Margret Lepp & Janeth Leksell, Stockholm: Liber, 2017, 1, p. 190-217Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 59.
    Ali Mohamad, Amina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Nilsson, Jennika
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Kostråd till föräldrar vid introduktion av fast föda till spädbarn: BVC-sjuksköterskans erfarenheter - en pilotstudie2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Child Health Nurses meet many parents with questions about infant´s food introduction, one of the child health nurse´s tasks is to educate parents on nutrition issues. Studies have shown that parents feel that they get different advice from Child Health Nurses, which can make them uncertain about which advice to follow. The aim of this pilot-study was to describe Child Health Nurse´s experiences of giving nutrition advice to parents at the introduction of solid foods to infants. Four interviews were conducted with Child Health Nurses within Child Health Servicesin Region Halland. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyze the text. The result of the pilot study shows that the Child Health Nurses felt that they gave good nutrition information to the parents related to structural factors of importance in food introduction and family resources and needs at food introduction. A future full-scale survey in the field could provide a basis for structural changes within the Child Health Services and enhanced educational initiatives for both Child Health Nurses and Child Health Nurse students.

     

     

     

     

     

     

  • 60.
    Allirol-Molin, Céline
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Vilken av stretchingmetoderna statisk stretching, dynamisk stretching och proprioceptiv neuromuskulär facilitering är mest effektiv för att öka rörligheten i hamstrings?- en litteraturstudie2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Bakgrund: Stretching har använts i många år inom sport och rehabilitering med målet att minska risken för muskelskador, bland annat skador i kombination med kort hamstrings. Flera olika stretchingmetoder används för att uppnå ökad rörlighet. Tre av dessa är; 1) Statisk stretching, 2) Dynamisk stretching, 3) Proprioceptiv neuromuskulär facilitering (PNF).

    Syfte: Syftet med den här litteraturstudien var att jämföra och undersöka tre olika stretchingmetoder (statisk, dynamisk och PNF stretching) för att se vilken som är mest effektiv för att öka rörligheten i hamstringsmuskulaturen.

    Metod: Sökning av artiklar gjordes i databaserna Pubmed, Sport Discus, samt Science Direct. Sökorden som användes var static stretching, dynamic stretching, pnf, flexibility samt range of motion. Totalt inkluderades till slut 26 artiklar i den här litteraturöversikten som dels överensstämde med inklusionskriterierna och som dessutom var tillgängliga gratis och i fulltext.

    Resultat: De flesta studierna var gjorda på unga vuxna mellan 16 och 35 år. Alla studier utom två visade på en statistisk signifikant ökning av rörligheten i hamstrings. Ferber et al. som studerade olika PNF-tekniker, uppvisade bäst resultat med en ökad hamstring rörlighet på 15,66 ± 0,95°. Den PNF-teknik som gav detta resultat var PNF- Agonist Contract-Relax.

    Slutsats: Baserat på de resultat som gavs i studierna verkar statisk stretching och PNF fungera lika bra, men, studierna som gjorts på PNF är för få för att verkligen kunna fastställa att denna teknik är lika bra som statisk stretching. Mycket få studier har gjorts på dynamisk stretching (färre än PNF) vilket innebär att det är svårt att bedöma exakt vilken effekt dynamisk stretching har på hamstrings rörlighet.

  • 61.
    Allisson, Anna
    Halmstad University.
    Anestesisjuksköterskans omvårdnadsstrategier i samband med patienters oro inför generell anestesi2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is well-known that patients feel anxious about general anesthesia and that makes a problem in the nursing of anesthesia. Studies made over decades show that over 80% of the patients undergoing operation feel anxious about general anesthesia. Patients feel anxious about to lose control, wake up during the operation, never wake up, to get a needle and to wait long. The anesthesia nurse sees the patient at the first time in the preoperative meeting and have to identify anxiety and plan the nursing strategies in a few minutes. This lead to a large need of adequate nursing strategies which can mitigate patients anxiety. The aim of this study was to describe nursing strategies preoperative to mitigate patients anxiety before general anesthesia. The study has a descriptive qualitative design and semi structured interviews were used to collect data. The study was based on four working anesthesia nurses in a hospital in the west of Sweden. After the analysis two categories were identified to describe the nursing strategies to ease the patients anxiety before operation. The results of the study can get around and add the consciousness to use different nursing strategies. This could in turn conduct to help patients ease the preoperative anxiety before general anesthesia.

  • 62.
    Almheden, Daniela
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Knopp, Susanna
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Faktorer som påverkar sjuksköterskans empatiska förmåga2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Empathy exists in most people from birth and involves an ability to listen to others and put themselves into a situation by understanding their feelings and reactions. Empathy is very important in health care, among other things, to create a good relationship between the nurse and patient and to offer good care. Although an empathetic approach is of great importance and is the basis for the nurse's main field of nursing, research suggests that the nurse deficiencies in their ability to show empathy. The study was a literature study and aimed to identify factors affecting the nurse's empathy in nursing. The result presenters two themes; factors identified by nurses and factors identified by patients. The factors identified by nurses were identified as working environment significance where both well-being and stress were factors that influenced the nurse empathy. The nurse will to do good and to practice the profession were also factors that impacted. Age, number of years in the profession and education level were also highlighted in the results as factors affecting the nurse's empathy. Factors identified by patients were to be heard and understood, and that the patient's suffering was identified by the nurse. Even nurses who took the time and made sure that a relationship between them were established perceived empathic. Empathy has positive effects both for patient physical care and for the nursing care. Empathy also promotes the nurse's self-esteem. Nurses’ empathy is possible to train and the care management must be aware of the positive effects of empathy and work to promote the existence of empathy in care.

  • 63.
    Almquist-Tangen, Gerd
    et al.
    Child Health Care Unit, Region Halland, Kungsbacka, Sweden & Department of Paediatrics, Institute for Clinical Sciences at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Strömberg, Ulf
    Research and Development Department, Halland, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Holmén, Anders
    Research and Development Department, Halland, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Alm, Bernt
    Child Health Care Unit, Region Halland, Kungsbacka, Sweden & Department of Paediatrics, Institute for Clinical Sciences at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Roswall, Josefine
    Department of Paediatrics, Halland Hospital, Halmstad, Sweden & Department of Paediatrics, Institute for Clinical Sciences at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bergman, Stefan
    Research and Development Centre, Spenshult Hospital, Oskarström, Sweden.
    Dahlgren, Jovanna
    Department of Paediatrics, Institute for Clinical Sciences at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Influence of neighbourhood purchasing power on breastfeeding at four months of age: a Swedish population-based cohort study2013In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 13, no 1, article id 1077Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Parental socioeconomic status (SES) is an important determinant in child health, influencing beneficial factors such as breastfeeding. A better understanding of the influence of neighbourhood-level SES measures, relating to spatial determinants, might lead to targeted actions to promote breastfeeding during infancy.

    METHODS: A cross-sectional study analysis the association between breastfeeding at four months of age and neighbourhood purchasing power, taking account of individual-level variables including maternal age, smoking and parental level of education. Data were obtained from a prospective population- based cohort study recruited from birth in 2007-2008 in the Halland region, southwestern Sweden. Questionnaire data on the individual-level variables and the outcome variable of breastfeeding at four months (yes/no) were used (n=2,407). Each mother was geo-coded with respect to her residential parish (there are 61 parishes in the region) and then stratified by parish-level household purchasing power. It emerged that four neighbourhood characteristics were reasonable to use, viz. <10%, 10-19%, 20-29% and ≥ 30% of the resident families with low purchasing power.

    RESULTS: The proportion of mothers not breastfeeding at four months of age showed a highly significant trend across the neighbourhood strata (p=0.00004): from 16.3% (< 10% with low purchasing power) to 29.4% (≥ 30% with low purchasing power), yielding an OR of 2.24 (95% confidence interval: 1.45-3.16). After adjusting for the individual-level variables, the corresponding OR=1.63 (1.07-2.56) was significant and the trend across the strata was still evident (p=0.05). A multi-level analysis estimated that, in the neighbourhoods with ≥ 30% of the families with low purchasing power, 20% more mothers than expected, taking account of the individual-level factors, reported no breastfeeding at four months of age (≥ 95% posterior probability of an elevated observed-to-expected ratio).

    CONCLUSION: The neighbourhood purchasing power provided a spatial determinant of low numbers of mothers breastfeeding at four months of age, which could be relevant to consider for targeted actions. The elevated observed-to-expected ratio in the neighbourhoods with the lowest purchasing power points toward a possible contextual influence. © 2013 Almquist-Tangen et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

  • 64.
    Almqvist-Tangen, Gerd
    et al.
    Child Healthcare Team, Region Halland, Sweden & Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Arvidsson, Susann
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Alm, Bernt
    Child Healthcare Team, Region Halland, Sweden & Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bergman, Stefan
    Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden & Research and Development Centre Spenshult, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Roswall, Josefine
    Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden & County Hospital, Region Halland, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Dahlgren, Jovanna
    Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nevonen, Lauri
    Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden & Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    What makes parents act and react? Parental views and considerations relating to ‘child health’ during infancy2017In: Journal of Child Health Care, ISSN 1367-4935, E-ISSN 1741-2889, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 415-423Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lifestyle factors and behaviours are adopted very early in life and tend to persist throughout life. Considering that the parents are the primary gatekeepers for their child’s health, there is a need to gain more knowledge and deeper understanding about what causes parents to act and react in order for early preventive efforts to have any effect. The aim was to explore the parental views and considerations concerning ‘child health’ among parents with infants 8–10 months old. The sample was strategic and 16 parents (aged 23–41) were recruited from three child health centres in Sweden. Open-ended interviews were conducted and a qualitative, manifest content analysis approach was utilized. The parents described the subject ‘child health’ as a large, multifaceted concept. Three categories emerged during data analysis: developing a sixth sense, being affected by perceptions and believing health and ill health as a continuum. The parents perceived food and feeding issues as one of the most worrying aspects and a significant indicator of ‘child health’. In order to meet the parents on their turf, the ‘healthy health message’ conveyed needs to take the parental perspective into consideration rather than attempting to educate the parents from predetermined assumption, belief and values. © The Author(s) 2017

  • 65.
    Alsén, Kim
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Lagundzija, Marijana
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Ser du mig?: En litteraturstudie om upplevelsen av att leva med Parkinsons sjukdom utifrån teorin Preserving Self2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Parkinson's disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disease in the elderly population. The disease adversely affects the bodily function in various ways and the medication of the disease is important in order to handle the various symptoms that arise. People with Parkinson's disease are at risk of impaired quality of life due to the limitations in life that the disease causes. The purpose with this study was to highlight the patient's experience of living with Parkinson's disease. The study was conducted as a general literature study with a deductive approach, in which ten result articles were used. The result was categorized and presented based on the five stages and four transitions in the theory of Preserving Self. The theory contributed to a broad and detailed result from the resultarticles and added an in-depth picture of life with Parkinson's disease. The nurses’ responsibility includes getting the patient to participate in their care and taking advantage of the resources that exist in each individual. Using the theory of Preserving Self can contribute to in-depth knowledge in the care for people with Parkinson's disease.

  • 66.
    Alvarsson, Christel
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Carlsson, Karolina
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Finns dropparna så finns de och finns de inte får det gå bra ändå: Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att ge omvårdnad till inneliggande patienter med ögonsjukdomar2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Patients with ocular diseases are a large group which is expected to increase since many of the ocular diseases are age-related and world population is aging. These patients are found in various wards where they are inpatients because of other causes than ocular diseases. Nursing care is the nurse´s major responsibility and they are obliged to follow guidelines and laws regularizing their profession. The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate nurses´ experience of providing care for inpatients with any ocular disease, in their anamnesis. The pilot study was conducted using a qualitative content analysis using interviews. The results were compiled into three categories; Experiencing inadequate accountability, Experiencing the need for priorities, and Experiencing the ignorance of ophthalmology. The nurses in the pilot study experienced nursing care to patients with various eye diseases in history difficult. They thought they lacked sufficient knowledge and because of the workload which made them prioritize in a way which did not benefit the patients. The nurses expressed a need of more education in ophthalmic care. More knowledge would support them in experiencing an increased security in their profession and lead to improved patient safety. The pilot study shows that there is potential for improvement to enhance patient safety and should be followed up in a full scale study.

     

  • 67.
    Alvarsson, Evelina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
    Lorentzson, Moa
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
    Mobbning på arbetsplatsen: En litteraturstudie om mobbningens konsekvenser ur ett folkhälsoperspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Eftersom det inte finns någon riktig benämning på vad vuxenmobbning innefattar är detta område inte särskilt belyst. Det som på senare år tagits fram är att mobbing som förekommer på arbetsplatsen är orsaken till många sjukskrivningar. 

    Syftet: Syftet med studien var att beskriva hälsokonsekvenserna av mobbning på arbetsplatsen.     

    Metod: Studien genomfördes som en litteraturstudie där 15 vetenskapliga artiklar utgjorde grunden. Artiklarna granskades och därefter skapades två teman. 

    Resultat: De psykiska hälsoeffekterna av mobbning kan vara kort- och långsiktiga. De psykiska hälsoproblemen som ångest och depression kan övergå till fysiska åkommor så som sömnproblem, muskelsmärta och infektioner. 

    Implikation: Kunskap om mobbning kan användas till att utveckla trygga arbetsmiljöer för att motverka mobbning. 

  • 68.
    Alveheim, Anja
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Lander, Cecilia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Att tillfriskna från Anorexia Nervosa2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s society many women have to endure health hazard. To live up to society's norms and what is seen as the ideal appearance can put a lot of pressure as well as force the women to strive for this ideal. This constant endeavor can make the recovery from Anorexia Nervosa more complex. The purpose of the literature study was to examine women's recovery from AN. The study is performed as a general literature study with scientific articles as a base. Results have proven that support is the most important caretaking method the nurse can provide throughout this process. For the women’s part, it’s of highest importance that the decision of recovery is self-decided. That consideration is taken to both body and soul is a challenge in the caretaking for women with AN and the fact that gaining weight is not related with full recovery is distinctly highlighted. It’s required for the nurse to possess in depth knowledge of women’s experiences surrounding the recovery to gain an entirety. Additional research of the experiences after finished treatment and after recovery from the disease is required. Even further complementary research surrounding women’s view on a recovery may be required.

  • 69.
    Alverdes, Lukas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Short-term effects of 90/90 breathing with ball and balloon on core stability2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background Breathing is a life preserving mechanism that can influence muscles of the core and its stabilizing mechanisms, especially by the function of the diaphragm and intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) build-up. The 90/90 bridge with ball and balloon (90/90 breathing) is one technique doing so, thereby affecting the core and core stability (CS). Both have been shown to influence injury, and in some studies performance, and are therefore deemed important. In the Functional Training branch exercises that influence CS are used as core activations in the warm-up to increase performance in the short-term, but scientific proof for that is lacking. Objective The aim of this study was therefore to investigate if a core activation in the form of the 90/90 breathing can increase the short-term CS. Methods To test this an intervention trial was designed where the subjects were divided into a control group (CG) and a breathing group (BG). Three CS-tests were done to assess the CS at two times, Pre and Post. The double-leg-lowering (DLL), the unilateral-hip-bridge (UHB) and the single-leg-stand (SLS). The BG did the 90/90 breathing in between Pre and Post, whereas the CG did nothing. The data was checked for group differences at Pre and Post as well as the difference in the performance change from Pre to Post between groups using Independent t-test and Mann-Whitney U test. Improvements from Pre to Post within groups were calculated with Pared Samples t-test and Wilcoxon tests. Results No consistent effect of the intervention was found. The DLL showed the most positive results with a performance improvement in the BG and a greater performance change for the BG than for the CG. The UHB showed mixed results with a better performance at Post for the BG in both legs but only an improvement for the non-dominant leg in the BG. The SLS showed no improvement for the BG in any test. Conclusion The inconsistent results show no general positive effect of the 90/90 breathing on CS. However, the positive effects in the DLL make a position and task specific effect of the 90/90 breathing on CS possible. Practitioners and coaches should consider this task specificity when planning warm-ups. Future research should also choose CS tests and training exercises more task specific to the studied objectives to obtain more distinct results. More research on the short-term effects of CS interventions is needed for a clearer understanding of the subject.

  • 70.
    Ambratt, Amanda
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Hasku, Allden
    Halmstad University.
    Närståendes upplevelser av en anhörigs insjuknande i stroke2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Every year around 30 000 people in Sweden are affected by stroke, which means that many family members and relatives also are affected. It is important to see the person related with the related as a whole when the family has a significant role in the disease process. Aim: The aim of the study was to illustrate the experience of being related to a family member who is in stroke. Method: Literature study with ten articles. Results: Two categories appeared in the result; A Changed Life Situation and Being left outside, and their associated subcategories. The result showed that life was reversed for the related. One major change was that one's own needs ended aside, roles changes, social life was limited and the person who once felt experienced was someone else. Conclusion: More implementation of research results is needed to make nurses more informed about how close relatives experience the situation when a family member is in a stroke. The goal is that close relatives should feel participant, acceptance and understanding by seeing nurses the whole family as a whole where the relationship is based on security, empathy and respect.

  • 71.
    Anderberg, Louise
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Samuelsson, Jessica
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Ågren, Caroline
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    (O)självklara val: En litteraturöversikt om föräldrars beslut kring barnvaccination2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Vaccination of typical childhood diseases in the world has as an intervention itself saved millions of people the last 200 years. Despite this the anti-vaccine movement is a growing phenomenon. The aim of this review was to map out the different factors affecting parents in their decision-making regarding childhood vaccination. 18 peer reviewed articles were analyzed and constituted the basis for the result. From this three themes emerged, all of them with inspiration from Rogers (1995) Diffusion of Innovation theory. The themes are: The Innovation, Communication Channels and A Social System. Some of the reasons for why parent choose to vaccinate their children were following a tradition/norm and/or a fear of the vaccine preventable diseases. The most prominent factors to why parents chose to refrain from childhood vaccinations were a fear of side effects and permanent disability as well as the belief that an infant is too young and its immune system is too vulnerable. An information aspect permeated all studies and the primary problem seemed to be inadequate and unreliable information from authorities and health care providers. Therefore, as a nurse, there is a need to be open to take part of the factors behind parents’ childhood vaccination beliefs to be able to help them make an adequate decision.

  • 72.
    Andersen, Sara
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Johannesson, Caroline
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Det finns inget kvar att erövra: Upplevelse av att leva med myelom2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Multiple myeloma is a cancer illness that arises in the bone marrow. In Sweden 500-600 people per year get diagnosed with multiple myeloma. The purpose of the literature study was to highlight the experiences of individuals with multiple myeloma through the six dimension of pain. The study is based on a theoretical frame of reference. To get at overall picture of the individuals experiences of living with multiple myeloma, the result was described through the six dimensions of pain. The result shows that multiple myeloma patient´s social life becomes reduced, their habit changes and booth their physical and psychological health reduces. Pain, fatigue and infections caused by lower immune system affects the individuals. The knowledge of the illness in society is trivial and this makes the understanding for people with multiple myeloma and their illness slight. A proper pain assessment is necessary for the nurse to complete, to get a full understanding about the individuals and their quality of life. More research about the illness, treatments and medications is needed and the goal should be to cure the disease.

  • 73.
    Anderson, Lisa
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    COPINGS INNEHÅLL, EFFEKT OCH RELATION TILL PRESTATION INOM GOLF2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 74.
    Andersson, Alexandra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Ljungberg, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    En oduglig kvinna: Kvinnors upplevelse av infertilitet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Infertilitet är ett globalt problem som drabbar ungefär 186 miljoner kvinnor världen över. Infertilitet medför ett stort lidande och påverkar kvinnor psykiskt, fysiskt, kulturellt och emotionellt. Då sjuksköterskan har ett ansvar att upptäcka och lindra lidande är det av relevans att ha kunskap om kvinnors upplevese av infertilitet. Syftet i litteraturstudien var att belysa kvinnors upplevelse av infertilitet. Metoden i studien är en litteraturstudie där innehållet utgörs av elva vetenskapliga artiklar. I resultatet speglas kvinnors upplevelser av infertilitet och delas in i emotionella upplevelser vid infertilitet, upplevelse av okvinnlighet, upplevelse av social isolering och upplevelse av kulturell och religiös påverkan vid infertilitet. Att få barn ses som en naturlig och fundamental del i livet. Infertilitet innebär därför ett sorgearbete och en krisreaktion hos kvinnor. Infertila kvinnor upplever ofta känslor av att vara misslyckade och odugliga, då de inte kan få biologiska barn. Då infertilitet har en stark påverkan på kvinnors hälsa bör kunskap om infertilitet tillämpas både i utbildningen och i vården. Då samhället är i ständig förändring kan detta inverka på kvinnors syn på fertilitet och därmed upplevelse av infertilitet. Kunskapen kan då förebygga och lindra kvinnans lidande av infertilitet. Det krävs därför fortsatt forskning kring kvinnors upplevelse av infertilitet. Det behövs särskilt ny forskning på svenska och europeiska kvinnor, då det är en brist på forskningsområdet idag.

  • 75.
    Andersson, Amanda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Mellerhav, Jessica
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Patienters upplevelse av vård vid depression2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Depression är idag ett av de största folkhälsoproblemen. Antalet insjuknade i depression ökar ständigt. Ungefär 25 % av alla kvinnor och 15 % av alla män beräknas någon gång få en depression som kräver behandling. Som sjuksköterskor kommer vi i vården att möta patienter med depression och för att kunna ge en så adekvat vård som möjligt behövs kunskap om hur patienten upplever sin situation och vården som erhålls. Ges inte rätt och passande behandling finns risk för försämring. Syftet med studien var att belysa patienters upplevelse av vård vid depression. Studien utfördes som en litteraturstudie där elva kvalitativa artiklar valdes ut till att ingå i resultatet. Resultatet påvisade att patienterna upplevde stöd som en betydelsefull faktor i vården. I de fall där patienterna mötte personal som var oförstående upplevde patienterna sig kränkta och hade svårare att acceptera sjukdomen och ta till sig behandlingen. Patienterna ansåg att en anpassad och tillräcklig information var av stor vikt för att kunna hantera sin depression. Information innebar även att patienten kunde vara delaktig i beslutsprocessen och ta kontroll över situationen. Vidare forskning inom området hade varit önskvärd för att kunna utveckla vårdarbetet och för att kunna möta patienterna på bästa sätt.

  • 76.
    Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Johansson, Ida
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Sjunnesson, Kajsa
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Föräldrars upplevelser av att komma hem med sitt prematurt födda barn2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Every year roughly 15 million children are born prematurely. A premature born child is in need of specialized care focusing on his or her well-being. This may cause parents' involvement in the care of their child to be overridden and the possibility of connection becomes impaired. The aim of this literature study was to describe parents' experiences of coming home with their premature born child. A general literature study was conducted with systematic searches in databases and supported by content analysis. The result was presented in three main themes: Experiences of coming home, Experiences of caring for one's child at home and Experiences of support. The result showed that feelings like positivity and relief were predominant, but parents also experienced insecurity and concern. At home everyday life was characterized by new routines and various obstacles. Parents' received support from the nurse, support groups and relatives. The support from the nurse was considered important for parents to experience homecoming as positive. This literature study can give the nurse an increased understanding of parents' experiences of coming home with their premature born child and lead to better support from the nurse in those areas where the insecurity among parents' is the greatest.

  • 77.
    Andersson, Camilla
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS), Biomechanics and Biomedicine.
    Törnqvist, Lena
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS), Biomechanics and Biomedicine.
    Effekten av plyometrisk träning i starten för unga elitsimmare2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies on power have shown the relevance for athletic performance. Furthermore, there are several studies in plyometric training that demonstrate improvement in elasticity in sprint performance. However, few studies have been made on plyometric training for swimmers. We find it startling that no further studies have been made according to the positive effects that have been shown in swim performance. 

     

    The aim of this study was to investigate if the swimmer can increase in power output by performing plyometric training for eight weeks in link with regular exercise. In this study we used a test group of seven male and three female elite junior swimmers from Laxen, Halmstad.

     

    The tests conducted were 1RM squat, long jump, squat jump and the time between start and slide phase. We analyzed data with Dartfish. The training program was carried out twice a week for eight weeks to increase power output. The exercises were one leg bounding, truck jump, countermovement jump with medicine ball and vertical jump with weight.

     

    The improvements were significant in three of four tests. Mean pre-test of 1RM was 86.7 kg (± 16.8) and post-study had average increased to 95 kg (± 10.8). The results showed a significant difference (p = 0.05). Mean pre-test on the squat jump was 36.4 inches (± 5.5) and post-test had average increased to 41.8 cm (± 6.3). The results showed a significant difference (p = 0.001). Mean pre-test on the long jump was 2.42 meters (± 22.5) and post-test had average increased to 2.64 m (± 23.3). The results showed a significant difference (p = 0.001). The swim start showed no significant difference but the time was reduced by 9.2 percent. The greatest difference was in squat jump, which had an increase of 20 percent.

     

    The conclusion was that the swimmers gained a greater force after the training period. The tests in 1RM, squat jump and long jump had a significant difference. The swimmers had an increase in performance at the start of 9,2 percent. Although it was not a significant difference in the start, each percent increase in elite swimming is important.

  • 78.
    Andersson, Caroline
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Ljungblom, Sara
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Livet efter hjärtinfarkten: En litteraturstudie om kvinnors erfarenheter2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hjärtinfarkt är den dominerande dödliga sjukdomen i Sverige, vilket fler kvinnor än män avlider i. Kvinnor insjuknar senare i livet och upplever fler och mer diffusa symptom än män. Stress är en vanlig förekommande riskfaktor, vilket kan skapas från samhällets förväntningar på kvinnor. Det finns förväntningar om omsorgsfulla kvinnor som samtidigt ska prestera bra både på arbetet och i hemmet, vilket genererar stress. Förväntningar från samhället och kroppens biologi skiljer sig mellan män och kvinnor. Män har historiskt sett representerat normen för människan i forskning och därför är det viktigt att uppmärksamma kvinnors erfarenheter. Syftet med studien var att belysa kvinnors erfarenheter av livet efter hjärtinfarkt. En litteraturstudie användes som metod, vilket genererade tio vetenskapliga artiklar som resulterade i tre teman och nio kategorier. Kvinnornas erfarenheter visade att hjärtinfarkt medförde ett avbrott i livet och med hjälp av närstående samt egna reflektioner lärde kvinnorna känna sig själva igen. En ny prioriteringsordning skapades med fokus på kvinnornas hälsa och liv. Studien visar att stress är en stor faktor i kvinnors erfarenheter efter hjärtinfarkt och att kvinnors erfarenheter behöver uppmärksammas för att vårdpersonal ska kunna ge adekvat vård. Det hade varit betydelsefullt om framtida forskning hade uppmärksammat hur stress skiljer sig mellan könen vid hjärtinfarkt, eftersom stress är en riskfaktor.

  • 79.
    Andersson, Christoffer
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Golf swing rotational max power correlation to clubhead speed, ball speed and carry distance in young elite golf players.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In ballistic sports like golf power production in rotational movement play a major role for performance. To hit the ball far, high clubhead speed is crucial in golf and rotational power (medicine ball throws) have shown to have a good correlation to clubhead speed. A lower golf handicap has also shown to correlate well with higher clubhead speed. Few sport specific power tests have been executed and training and testing sport specific are associated with high performance in a sport. Aim: The aim of this study was to examine the correlation between three parameters (power, velocity and force) measured in a golf specific rotational test and clubhead speed (CHS), ball speed (BS) and carry distance (CD) on young elite golfers. Methods: Twenty-six golfers, 16 men and 10 women, completed the study. Two tests were performed on separate occasion; one golf performance test using Trackman launch monitor and one golf specific rotational test in 1080 Quantum. CHS, BS and CD were collected in the golf performance test and max power, force and velocity in the golf specific rotational test. To study the relationship between the selected variables, spearman’s correlations coefficient (rs) was used and analyzed the total group, and in men and women separately. Results: Excellent correlation was found between max power and CHS (r=0.9, p<0.00). Good correlation was found between force and CHS (r=0.8, p<0.00). Moderate correlations were found between force and BS and force and CD and max power and CD (r=0.7, p<0.00). Poor correlations were found between velocity and CHS, BS and CD (r=0.3, p>0.50). Conclusion: This study showed that strong correlations seem to exist between power production in a golf specific rotation test and Golf performance in young elite golfers. Even force also seems to have an impact on golf performance while velocity showed little to no correlation to golf performance.

  • 80.
    Andersson, Elin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Mattsson, Sofie
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Faktorer som påverkar hjälpsökande beteenden hos nyblivna mammor med symptom på postpartum depression2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Postpartum depression affects 13-19% of new mothers, and the consequences when treatment is not introduced in time can have permanent effects for both the mother and the child. Purpose: To describe factors that affect help seeking behaviors in new mothers with symptoms of postpartum depression. Method: A general literature study was conducted where ten qualitative articles were examined, analyzed and compiled. Results: The results of the literature study featured the themes: the impact of healthcare, the meaning of family and close relatives, the level of knowledge regarding postpartum depression, the significance of culture and expectations about maternity. Healthcare and family were described as promotive factors in women's help seeking behavior while culture, ignorance, lack of information and expectations about motherhood were prominent barriers in help seeking. Conclusion: The study showed several factors that influenced the help seeking behavior. In order to reduce stigmatization around the diagnosis and instead increase knowledge, more comprehensive information measures are needed. Nurses need to have knowledge of postpartum depression in order to understand women's help seeking behaviors and further research on the health care experience as a barrier is desirable for this only be a promotive factor in the future.

  • 81.
    Andersson, Elin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Svensson, Jonna
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Närståendes vaka: En djupt berörande kärlekshandling2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Vigilance is a term in nursing science that plays a central part in nursing profession, but is equally as central for the affected family. Vigilance needs to be made visible as there occurs vagueness about the deep meaning of the term. The aim of this literature study was to highlight what family vigilance means in nursing tradition. The study was designed as a general literature study, where nine scientific articles with qualitative assumptions form the basis for the outcome. Hermeneutically inspired questions have been used, to generate a deep understanding about human actions. The questions contributed to a categorization of the results from the included articles, and emerged as: Feelings, which formed a main category that further formed three subcategories. The subcategories were entitled as: Protection, Commitment and Lifestyle adjustments. Protection and Commitment emerged as a way for the family to maintain their vigilance. Lifestyle adjustments arose as an inevitable result of the eternal vigilance. A further need regarding complementary research exist, concerning the deep and emotional meaning of family vigilance. By highlighting vigilance and seek understanding about the meaning of the phenomenon for the family, nursing diagnoses can be created.

  • 82.
    Andersson, Elisabet
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Jönsson, Helena
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Sjuksköterskans förmåga att uppmärksamma och åtgärda malnutrition hos äldre2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is the nurse’s responsibility to observe, prevent and treat malnutrition. The reform of geriatric care, where the responsibility for the elderly residents has been moved from county council into municipality, has implied that access to nurses in Home Care Service is deficient in proportion to the amount of residents. This matter together with poor knowledge in nutrition among the nursing care staff, accompanied by high burden of care, have led to deficiencies in nutritional care, which can remain for a long time before revealed. The aim of the literature study was to examine the nurse’s ability to discover and treat malnutrition in elderly Home Care residents. A literature study based on 20 scientific articles was made. The nutritional knowledge among nurses and members of nursing care staff is generally low, only a small amount of the nursing care staff had knowledge in nutritional screening methods and even fewer used screening methods in practice. The individual requirement of energy for the elderly in the studies was in most of the cases not met, but increased energy intake through energy enriched food or supplement drinks, had a positive effect to counteract malnutrition. Further research in Swedish conditions, where the knowledge among the nursing care staff ought to be inventoried, is highly relevant for further development of the Home Care Services.

  • 83.
    Andersson, Emil
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Egertz, Sofia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Socialt stöd som moderator i relation mellan stressfyllda händelser och mental ohälsa2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande studie var att undersöka om socialt stöd fungerar som en moderator i relation mellan stressfyllda händelser och mental ohälsa hos elitidrottare. Genom ett strategiskt bekvämlighetsurval deltog 88 elitidrottare (ålder M=17.3, SD=2.4) från södra Sverige, som representerade idrotterna fotboll (N=71) och volleyboll (N=17). Studien baserades på ett frågeformulär med följande instrument: Life Events Survey for Collegiate  Athletes (LESCA), The Athlete Received Support Questionnaire (ARSQ) och General Health Questionnaire (GHQ 12). Resultatet visade stöd för hypotesen då socialt stöd delvis modererade sambandet mellan stressfyllda händelser och symptom av mental ohälsa. Resultatet diskuterades utifrån studiens referensramar.

  • 84.
    Andersson, Emilia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    West, Malin
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Idrottande ungdomars inställning till mental styrka2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet (även kallat huvudtema i kategoriprofilen) med studien var primärt att (1) undersöka vilkeninställning idrottande ungdomar har till begreppet mental styrka. Sekundärt syfte som förs upp tilldiskussion var att (2) skapa en förståelse om hur de tränar och upprätthåller sin mentala styrka samt(3) vilka faktorer under träning och tävling som deltagarna anser är viktiga för att utveckla ochupprätthålla mental styrka. I studien deltog tio idrottande ungdomar (m= 16,24), 6 män och 4kvinnor inom både lag och individuella idrotter. En egen utformad semi- strukturerad intervjuguideanvändes, utvecklad med teoretiskt stöd från Jones et al., (2007) och Gucciardi et el., (2009).Resultaten i studien visade att deltagarnas inställning och kunskap om begreppet mental styrkavarierade. De flesta deltagarna hade en positiv inställning och ansåg att det var en viktig faktor i deflesta situationer inom deras idrott. Vidare visade resultaten att ungdomarna fick för liteundervisning och fokus på mentala faktorer från både skola och tränare. Såväl praktiskaimplikationer av resultat som förslag på vidare forskning inom området ges.

     

  • 85.
    Andersson, Erica
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Ungdomars upplevelser av skolidrott som motivation till fysisk aktivitet2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Obesity is currently a major problem in children and adolescents, especially because of physical inactivity and poorer eating habits. The school is an important element in the promotion of child and adolescent habits of physical activity. School sports are also important for children and adolescent´s habits of physical activity in a lifelong perspective. The aim of the study was to highlight adolescent´s experience of school sports as motivation for physical activity. Qualitative interviews were used as data collection methods, followed by content analysis method of analysis. The sample in the study was a strategic choice, a total of nine students from grades three to two high schools in southwestern Sweden participated. The analysis of the data collection resulted in three main categories with four subcategories. The first main category was Knowledge as motivation, with subcategories Knowledge of Physical Activity and Knowledge of the health conept. The second main category was Participation and acknowledgment, with the subcategories To get positive feedback/respond and To be involved in decison-making. The last main category was Lack of personal interest. Overall theme of the results was Teachers create opportunities for physical activity. This is because the overall result of the study was that the teachers had a crucial role in the informants' experiences of physical education as a motivational and inspirational to physical activity. Continued research in this area may advantageously be to also find out the PE teachers' attitudes towards creating conditions for motivation to physical activity among students who are not interested in the topic in their teaching.

  • 86.
    Andersson, Erica
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Andersson, Sandra
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Sociala och mediala orsaker påverkar utvecklingen av Anorexia Nervosa bland unga kvinnor: En litteraturstudie2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Mental illness among young woman is a public health problem. Anorexia nervosa is categorized as a mental illness. Young woman affected by Anorexia nervosa, wich for example may be due to earlier life events that gave rise to mental imbalance in their everyday lives. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the socio-cultural reasons that contribute to the development of Anorexia nervosa among girls and young women 12-25 years. METHOD: The study is a literature review, based on 21 differens aricles. The method has been to look up earlier research in the area through various databases on the internet. Databases that have been used is pubmed and psycinfo. The articles were divided into different themes, with main category and subcategory. RESULTS: The results of the study was divided into two main categories each with two subcategories. Social causes for the occurrence of Anorexia nervosa: School and youth culture and the second was lack of family relationship. Media reasons in the emergence of Anorexia nervosa: Media image of the feminine ideal and negative inspiration on the internet. Socio-cultural reasons, medial reasons, family reasons, and cultural reasons. IMPLICATION: For example, one can study the various reason in a more specific level, and studying each factors separately. The study can also be used as a form of inspiration that reinforces the importance of health promotion activities for mental illness is the focus.

  • 87.
    Andersson, Frida
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Bodén, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Käll, Elin
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    En förändrad framtid – Kvinnors upplevelser av att behandlats för cervixcancer2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan 1960 talet har screening för och vaccinering mot cervixcancer blivit allt mer utbrett, trots detta drabbas fortfarande 450 kvinnor varje år av cervixcancer i Sverige. Då incidensen minskar finns risken för att kunskapen om sjukdomen minskar. Syftet var därför att belysa kvinnors upplevelser av att behandlats för cervixcancer för att öka kunskap och förståelse i mötet med kvinnorna. Studien utfördes som en litteraturstudie där 20 artiklar låg till grund för resultatet. Resultatet belyser kvinnors upplevelser av att behandlats för cervixcancer och hur det påverkade vardagen, reproduktiv och sexuell hälsa, deras syn på framtiden samt hur de upplevde sjukvården. Att ha behandlats för cervixcancer var något som drabbade hela människan, såväl fysiskt, psykiskt som sexuellt och inte bara genitalierna där sjukdomen hade sitt ursprung. Det framkom att kvinnorna ville samtala om tabubelagda ämnena men inte alltid vågade ta upp dem själva. Därför är det betydelsefullt att sjuksköterskorna ställer frågor angående de här ämnena. Omvårdnad bör grundas på evidens och därför är det viktigt att forskningen fortskrider för att optimera vården för kvinnor med cervixcancer.

  • 88.
    Andersson, Frida
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Klaesson, Marina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Svensson, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Inte som alla andra: Faktorer som påverkar sjuksköterskors attityder till patienter ur normavvikande grupper2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Patients who deviate from the norms of society will be affected by nurses' negative attitudes as a result of lack of knowledge and prejudice from society. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the factors that influence attitudes nurses have in meeting with patients from the norm deviant groups. This literature studies results reflect the overall importance of knowledge and the importance of education, work environment and gender of nurses and is based on 15 scientific articles conducted in different countries. Articles consisting of 12 from quantitative approach, two from qualitative approach and one from mixed method. The results are analyzed in different stages where themes were created and a deeper understanding reached by summarizing and compiling results in article overviews. Nurses’ negative attitudes can result in poorer care and a bad attitude, which can be reduced through more education and to find out the contributing factors for nurses' attitudes may create a greater understanding and acceptance. Further research is needed to influence the factors that lead to negative attitudes.

  • 89.
    Andersson, Hanna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Ohlsson, Elin
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Hälsofrämjande åtgärder på arbetsplatser-: Enkätstudie bland stora och medelstora företag i Halmstad kommun2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how enterprises in Halmstad municipality, Sweden, worked with health promotion. A survey, in the form of a questionnaire was performed on large- and medium-sized enterprises in Halmstad. The respondents can be described as staff responsible for health promotion and work environmental issues. The results show that of 34 companies, 31 offer health promotion benefits, 23 actively work on improving the work environment by introducing ergonomic measures and 21 works with health services. The analysis indicates that by having these benefits and services in place, the absence due to sickness decreases while the employee’s health status increases. However, the study also found that there were difficulties in promoting health in these enterprises; mainly lack of time, economy and lack of motivation among employees. To further improve health promotion in work places we recommend educating responsible staff in particular and employees in general.

  • 90.
    Andersson, Jennie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Andreasson, Anette
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Hur påverkas familjens livskvalité när ett barn har en ADHD-diagnos?2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 91.
    Andersson, Jennie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Mazurs, Sara
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Hantera din stress - få tid att arbeta: En kvalitativ studie om universitetslärares hantering av stress på arbetsplatsen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Stressrelaterade sjukdomar är ett problem som ökar i samhället. Universitetslärare upplever ofta känslan av att inte räcka till. Syftet med studien var att se hur universitetslärare lär sig att hantera stressorer på arbetsplatsen. Vi utgick ifrån teorierna erfarenhetsbaserat lärande och KASAM (känsla av sammanhang), vi valde dessa två eftersom vi tycker att de kompletterar varandra. I tidigare forskning ses känslan av sammanhang och copingstrategier som hälsoresurser på arbetsplatsen. Vid problemlösning på arbetsplatsen kan individen genom att lösa problem få en ny erfarenhet, det är vad erfarenhetsbaserat lärande handlar om. I vår studie använde vi oss utav kvalitativ metod, då vi genomförde intervjuer av lärarna på ett högre lärosäte i Sverige. I vår studie deltog sex universitetslärare. I vårt resultat framkom det generella motståndsresurser (GMR) som exempel ta hand om sig själv, ha en egen copingstrategi, goda relationer med kollegor och gränssättning mot för mycket arbete. Vi ser i vår studie att individer utvecklar olika copingstrategier. Exempel på copingstrategier som resultatet i vår studie visar var att tänka positivt och bryta ner saker till mindre delar. Alla hade olika sätt att hantera stress och det handlar om vilka erfarenheter de har skapat sig längs vägen. I diskussionen väljer vi att bland annat diskutera likheter och skillnader mellan copingstrategier mellan vår studie och tidigare forskning. Vi ser även närmare på likheter och skillnader på våra teorier som vi valt för studien.

  • 92.
    Andersson, Johanna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Hellsten, Johan
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Individuella idrottares upplevda källor till self-efficacy2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine the sources to self-efficacy among individual sportathletes based on self-efficacy theory and the high performance pyramid.  The objectives were to examine: (A) sources individual sportathletes uses in high self-efficacy (B) sources of individual athletes in low self-efficacy (C)  the relationship between self-efficacy and performance. Ten semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten individual athletes (five men and five women) in age 18 - 27. The results showed that past experience was the major source of high self-efficacy with expressions such as "trained well before" and "good preparation" used the most by the participants. "Performance anxiety" and "external pressure” were the largest source of low self-efficacy. Examining the relationship between self-efficacy and performance revealed two pattern, high self-efficacy in 90 % cases is associated with successful performance and low self-efficacy in 80% cases is associated with poor performance.

  • 93.
    Andersson, Jonna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Gaviola Poblete, Marianne
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Volioti, Christina
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Migrän: En osynlig sjukdom: En litteraturstudie om icke-farmakologiska metoder vid migränanfall hos vuxna2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Migraine is a recurrent headache that occurs in periods of sudden attacks and is regarded as one of the 20 most disabling disorders in the world. It is the responsibility of the nurse to promote the health of patients with migraine by educating about migraine and by providing vital information about non-pharmacological methods that has beneficial effects on migraine. The aim of this literature study was to describe non-pharmacological methods on adult migraine patients. The result of this literature study was based on 13 scientific articles that generated three themes: acupuncture, knowledge about trigger factors and lifestyle changes. The result showed that acupuncture, knowledge about migraine triggers and lifestyle changes are favourable alternative treatments in migraine health promotion as they demonstrated significant reduction of migraine attacks. To attest its validity further research regarding the use of non-pharmacological methods on migraine is necessary. Specific guidelines regarding migraine and adequate available treatment methods in healthcare settings would be of great importance. We encourage additional education on migraine and nonpharmacological, preventive methods to be integrated in nursing schools.

  • 94.
    Andersson, Josefin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Nilsson, Elisabet
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Rör sig elever tillräckligt mycket?: En studie om pojkar och flickors fysiska aktivitet på fyra olika skolor2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine the extent to which children's physical activity during school  hours  are  met  in  relation  to  today’s  health  recommendations.  This  study  was  a quantitative  research  method  through  study  with  pedometers  and  observation.  The  main instrument was pedometers which the pupils wore during one day at school. The study group consisted of 74 students, made up of 36 boys and 38 girls from the 4th grade in four schools in  southern Sweden. The  results demonstrate  that  the boys were physical active 47-50 % of what  they should and  the girls 33-36 % of what  they should according  to recommendations. The boys  took about 3000 more  steps  than  the girls.  In our  study only one boy  reached  the recommended  amount  of  steps  per  day,  but  no  girl  did. The  conclusion  is  that  the  pupils  are  inactive  during  their  time  in  school.    There  are differences  in  boys'  and  girls'  physical  activity,  both  within  each  school  and  between  the schools. The observation showed that the girls stand still more than the boys during break and the girls are generally less active than the boys at all four schools.

  • 95.
    Andersson, Lena
    et al.
    The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden & Nordic School of Public Health, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Staland Nyman, Carin
    The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Krantz, Gunilla
    The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Associations between general self efficacy, barriers to care and self-reported mental illness—a population-based study2010In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 20, no Suppl. 1, p. 69-69Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Mental illness is an increasing health problem globally. However, many individuals do not seek health care although evidence-based care is available. Research has shown that self efficacy is associated with various health outcomes and it is of importance to investigate if it also is associated mental illness. Early detection promotes recovery and decreases suicide risk.

    Aim

    The aim of this study is to investigate whether low levels of self efficacy is associated with a higher degree of mental illness and whether level of self-efficacy influence health seeking behaviour.

    Methods

    This is a cross-sectional study based on data from the Health Assets study, with data collected in 2008 in West Sweden. The study population is a randomly selected population sample of 4027 individuals, aged 18–65 years. Data collection was done by a postal questionnaire and the response rate was 50.4%. Bi-and multivariate analyses were employed to investigate associations and results were stratified on sex, age, civil status, education and social support.

    Results

    A total number of 1361 (36%) out of 3811 individuals answered ‘Yes’ on the question ‘Have you ever felt so mentally ill that you had (felt a need) to seek care’. A total of 33% of the women answering yes were found in the lowest quartile of the general self efficacy scale, 20% in the highest quartile. Corresponding figures for men were 30 and 23% respectively. The most common reason stated for not seeking health care was a belief that the mental health problem would disappear by itself. Others reasons mentioned were beliefs that health care would not help, they did not know were to go or they felt ashamed for showing others they suffered from mental illness.

    Conclusion

    Mental illness is a serious health problem and access to care needs to be improved. Health promotion should also include individual traits/characteristics such as self efficacy and health-seeking behaviour.

  • 96.
    Andersson, Lena
    et al.
    The Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Department of Social Medicine, PO Box 453, SE-405 30 Göteborg, Sweden.
    Staland Nyman, Carin
    The Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Department of Social Medicine, PO Box 453, SE-405 30 Göteborg, Sweden.
    Spak, Fredrik
    The Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Department of Social Medicine, PO Box 453, SE-405 30 Göteborg, Sweden.
    Hensing, Gunnel
    The Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Department of Social Medicine, PO Box 453, SE-405 30 Göteborg, Sweden.
    High incidence of disability pension with a psychiatric diagnosis in western Sweden. A population-based study from 1980 to 19982006In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 343-353Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Regional differences in Sweden in the prevalence of disability pension with a psychiatric diagnosis are unexplained, in spite of the significant impact on the population's health, rehabilitation systems, and the health care system. The purpose of this study was to describe the pattern of disability pensions with a psychiatric diagnosis and to analyze the impact of age and gender. We examined the incidencerates in one urban and one semi-rural region and compared these to national rates. The study sample was drawn from employed persons between 16-64 years of age who, because of their sickness insurance coverage, would be eligible to access disability pensions should it be necessary. Analysis of annual incidences and standardized morbidity ratios were made for 1980, 1985, 1990, 1995, and 1998. Data ondisability pension cases were collected from the National Social Insurance registers. In the urban region we found that the proportion of men and women clearly outnumbered the national average: approximately twice the number of persons between 16-64 years of age with apsychiatric diagnosis were receiving a disability pension. In the semi-rural region there were fewer men overall on disability pensionswith psychiatric disorders, but in 1980, 1985, and 1995 women clearly outnumbered men. Access to psychiatric care, unemployment, alcohol dependence, and previous sickness absence are suggested as possible factors that might affect the rates of disability pension in different geographical settings. © 2006 IOS Press. All rights reserved.

  • 97.
    Andersson, Lena
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Twum-Antwi, Akwasi
    Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada.
    Nyman, Carin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    van Rooyen, Dalena
    Nelson Mandela University, Port Elizabeth, South Africa.
    Prevalence and socioeconomic characteristics of alcohol disorders among men and women in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa2018In: Health & Social Care in the Community, ISSN 0966-0410, E-ISSN 1365-2524, Vol. 26, no 1, p. e143-e153Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is growing concern about alcohol problems in low- and middle-income countries. More research is required, particularly among the younger generation. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of alcohol disorders and associated socioeconomic characteristics among young men and women living in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. This was a cross-sectional population-based study of 977 participants (52% male and 48% female) aged 18–40, the majority of whom lived in low-income areas. Data collection was carried out in 2012 by trained fieldworkers. The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (DSM-IV) was used to investigate the prevalence of alcohol dependence (increased tolerance to alcohol, failed attempt to cut down, risk of physical and mental effects) and alcohol abuse (harmful use, consistent intoxication, risk behaviour, physically hazardous, social problems). A high 12-month prevalence of alcohol dependence was found (26.5% in total; 39.0% among men and 19.1% among women) as well as of alcohol abuse (9% in total; 19.0% among men and 6.0% among women). Few socioeconomic differences emerged among the men, except older men (OR 1.94, CI 1.11–3.42) and those supported by social grants (OR 2.28, CI 1.06–4.93), who presented higher odd ratios for alcohol dependence than the reference groups. Among the women, more differences emerged: women who were widowed/single (OR 2.35, CI 1.20–4.62), had no education (OR 3.41, CI 1.04–11.21), had a low income (OR 3.26, CI 1.55–6.80) and had no social support from friends when ill presented higher odd ratios (OR 1.73, CI 1.07–2.80). In the adjusted model, marital status and low income remained statistically significant. With regard to alcohol abuse, fewer socioeconomic differences emerged. Interventions need to address the early onset of alcohol misuse in order to meet both current needs and long-standing mental and physical illness. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd

  • 98.
    Andersson, Linda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Karlsson, Annika
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Sunnenell, Marie
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Dagbok över intensivvårdstiden: Patientens upplevelse2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To become seriously ill and cared for in an intensive care unit is for many an unpleasant experience. Monitoring and treatment of vital functions takes place around the clock in an environment that is foreign to the patient. Many patients, due to drug treatment and difficulties in communication, can suffer from memory loss and hallucinations. As an act of caring, the nurse can write a diary throughout the hospital stay. The aim of this study was to focus on the patient's experience of reading a personal diary of their time in the intensive care unit and assess how it can affect the patient's recovery. Twelve articles were analyzed and summarized in five categories: Experience of receiving and reading the diary, The importance of feeling cared for, To gain insight into their own vulnerability, To interpret memories and fill memory gaps and The diary's importance for recovery. Many patients feel unpleasant after a period of intensive care. Results have shown that the diary helped them cope with time afterwards as it filled memory gaps which supported a faster recovery. Patients felt a greater level of care and received the diary as a gift. To optimize this support for the patient, further research on what the diary should contain would be of interest.

  • 99.
    Andersson, Linnéa
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Ivansson, Therese
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Distriktssköterskans erfarenhet av kommunikation inom omvårdnadsteamet2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kommunikation är en central del i distriktssköterskans arbete och forskning visar att

    bristande kommunikation och informationsöverföring mellan distriktssköterska

    och omvårdnadsteamet är riskområden för patientsäkerhet. Syftet med studien var att

    beskriva distriktssjuksköterskans erfarenheter av kommunikation och informationsöverföring

    inom omvårdnadsteamet. Fyra intervjuer genomfördes och datan analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Tre kategorier framkom: tillämpa kommunikationsstrategier, verka för samarbete och arbeta med organisationsansvar. Distriktssköterskan använde olika strategier i kommunikationen med omvårdnadsteamet för att skapa goda relationer. Hög kontinuitet mellan distriktssköterskan och omvårdnadsteamet ger förutsättningar för ett effektivt samarbete vilket ökar patientsäkerheten. Organisationen var en betydande påverkansfaktor. Förbättringsarbete inom klinisk verksamhet kan uppnås genom att uppmärksamma kommunikation som ett komplext område. Vidare forskning krävs om kommunikation mellan distriktssköterskan och omvårdnadsteamet.

  • 100.
    Andersson, Louise
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Kamberi, Besarta
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Nutritionens betydelse för palliativa patienter: Ur patientens och sjuksköterskans perspektiv2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Genom hela livet har nutrition en stor betydelse för människan. I palliativ vård prioriteras inte alltid nutrition trots att det är viktigt för patienten. Sjuksköterskans roll är att stötta patienten och gynna nutritionen för att på så sätt främja välbefinnande och lindra lidande. Syftet med studien var att belysa nutritionen i ett palliativt skede. Studien är en litteraturöversikt där 13 artiklar användes, artiklarna söktes i databaserna PubMed och Cinahl. Resultatet delades in i tre teman: en symbol för livet, ett etiskt dilemma. Nutritionen hos de palliativa patienterna har flera fördelar, den kan förlänga livslängden, förbygga undernäring, ge patienten komfort och lugna oroliga närstående. Nutritionsfrågan kan lätt bli ett etiskt dilemma då patienten, närstående och vårdpersonal har olika syn på hur behandling bör ges, olika kunskapsgrad ligger ofta till grund för oenigheten. Kommunikationen är en viktig faktor för att alla berörda ska känna sig delaktiga. Trots att nutritionsbehandlingen har få medicinska effekter är det en viktig del för patienten och närstående, nutritionen kan förebygga känslor av övergivenhet, hopplöshet och bristande förtroende hos både patient och närstående. Sjuksköterskan behöver god kunskap och hög kompetens för att kunna vara mer delaktig i beslut som tas om patientens nutrition. Det krävs mer forskning inom området palliativ vård som inriktas mot nutrition för att kunna tillgodose krav från patienter och närstående.

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