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  • 51.
    Ali, Lilas
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hedman Ahlström, Britt
    University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Krevers, Barbro
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Sjöström, Nils
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Need and Usage of Different Kind of Support among Young Informal Carers of Persons with Mental Illness2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The high prevalence of mental illness among young person’s means that their relatives and close friends are exposed to stress by having to take on the responsibility for the support of family members or friends in difficult situations of life when suffering from mental illness. Young informal carers have shown to be exposed to a great burden in which they put their own daily tasks aside in order to stay close to the person who suffers from mental illness. Objective: Explore how young (16–25) informal carers of a person with a mental illness experience and use different kind of support, such as web-support, counseling, and group counseling, friends, family, relatives support societies, health care services etc. Method: In a mixed method approach, we first interviewed 12 young carers, and 241 completed a self-administered questionnaire. While the young carers strive to maintain control, their main support seems to be others in their lives, who often define the situation differently. Results: The carers said web-support, counseling, and group counseling might be helpful, yet very few had any professional support. The results also showed that the young informal carers’ safety net is their social network and the person who suffer from mental illness. Conclusion: Young informal carers are in need of a combination of web-based and face-to-face person-centered support, but they do not receive it. Professional support is required. Further studies about the needs of young informal carers of persons with mental illness especially those supporting friends, is necessary to gain before planning to start support interventions for them.

  • 52.
    Ali, Lilas
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hedman Ahlström, Britt
    University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Krevers, Barbro
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Sjöström, Nils
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Need and usage of support among young informal carers of persons with mental illness: a mixed-method study2013In: Horatio, European Psychiatric Nursing Congress 2013: Abstract book / [ed] Neslihan Keser Özcan, Hülya Bilgin, 2013, p. 94-94Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 53.
    Ali, Lilas
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Hedman Ahlström, Britt
    University West, Trollhättan.
    Krevers, Barbro
    Linköping University.
    Sjöström, Nils
    Gothenburg University.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Support for young informal carers of persons with mental illness: a mixed-method study2013In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 34, no 8, p. 611-618Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore how young (16-25 year old) informal carers of a person with a mental illness experience and use support. In a mixed method approach, we interviewed 12 young carers, and 241 completed a self-administered questionnaire. While the young carers strive to maintain control, their main support seems to be others in their lives, who often define the situation differently. The carers said web-support, counseling, and group counseling might be helpful, yet very few had any professional support. Young carers are greatly in need of support and it should be provided.

  • 54.
    Ali, Lilas
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg University, Institute of Health and Care Science, Sweden.
    Krevers, Barbro
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Sweden.
    Sjöström, Nils
    Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg University, Institute of Health and Care Science, Sweden.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Effectiveness of web-based versus folder support interventions for young informal carers of persons with mental illness: a randomized controlled trial2014In: Patient Education and Counseling, ISSN 0738-3991, E-ISSN 1873-5134, Vol. 94, no 3, p. 362-371Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Compare the impact of two interventions, a web-based support and a folder support, for young persons who care for people who suffer from mental illness. 

    Methods: This study was a randomized control trial, following the CONSORT statements, which compared the impact of two interventions. Primary outcome variable was stress, and secondary outcome variables were caring situation, general self-efficacy, well-being, health, and quality of life of young informal carers (N = 241). Data were collected in June 2010 to April 2011, with self-assessment questionnaires, comparing the two interventions and also to detect changes. 

    Results: The stress levels were high in both groups at baseline, but decreased in the folder group. The folder group had improvement in their caring situation (also different from the web group), general self-efficacy, well-being, and quality of life. The web group showed increase in well-being. 

    Conclusion: Young informal carers who take on the responsibility for people close to them; suffer consequences on their own health. They live in a life-situation characterized by high stress and low wellbeing. This signals a need for support. 

    Practice implications: The non-significant differences show that each intervention can be effective, and that it depends upon the individual's preferences. This highlights the importance of adopting person-centered approach, in which young persons can themselves choose support strategy. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 55.
    Ali, Lilas
    et al.
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg University, Centre for Person-Centred Care Research (GPCC), Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Krevers, Barbro
    Vårdal Institute – The Swedish Institute for Health Sciences, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sjöström, Nils
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    The impact of a person-centred web-based intervention on young informal carers of people with mental illness2015In: Abstracts: 19th International Philosophy of Nursing Society (IPONS) conference August 24-26, 2015 Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden: Technology, Health Care and Person-centeredness: Beyond Utopia and Dystopia. Thinking the Future., Stockholm: Karolinska Institutet , 2015, p. 4-5Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Previous research show that young person’s often take responsibility and offer care and support for significant others who suffer from mental illness. This adoption of responsibility has consequences not only for the mentally ill, but also for the carer. A person-centred support approach to provide the young informal carers of what they are in need of is according to previous research essential, and in need of. As the internet becomes increasingly fundamental to young people in their daily lives, person-centred web-based interventions may be effective in supporting those caring for a person with mental illness.

    Objective: To analyze (according to stress, burden, quality of life, and self-efficacy) the impact of a person-centred web-based intervention (information, education, and support) for young persons who support family members or close friends with mental illness.

    Methods: The study design was prospective and randomized. The sample consisted of young informal carers (N = 241; 16–25 y), where N = 241 completed structured questionnaires at baseline and were allocated to person-centred web-based support (N = 121) respectively folder support (n =120) regarding available support in the society for young persons who support someone suffering from mental illness.

    Results: Data show that the stress levels were high in both groups at the start of the intervention, but decreased in the folder group, who also showed improvements in their caring situation (also different from the web-support group), general self-efficacy, well-being and their quality of life. The group who received person-centred web-based support showed significant increase in their well-being.

    Conclusion: It is of great importance to measure the stress and caring situation of young informal carers of persons with mental illness in order to understand their situation. One type of support could be person-centred web-based, however our results indicate that individuals seek support depending on their individual preferences. Since the responsibility of care has shifted from the health care services to the family and friends of the person suffering from a mental illness, more person- centred care/support interventions should be investigated for further development.

  • 56.
    Ali, Lilas
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden & Vårdal Institute, The Swedish Institute for Health Science, Lund & Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Krevers, Barbro
    Vårdal Institute, The Swedish Institute for Health Science, Lund & Gothenburg, Sweden & Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden; Vårdal Institute, The Swedish Institute for Health Science, Lund & Gothenburg, Sweden; Department of Psychiatry, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Caring Situation, Health, Self-efficacy, and Stress in Young Informal Carers of Family and Friends with Mental Illness in Sweden2015In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 36, no 6, p. 407-415Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study compared the caring situation, health, self-efficacy, and stress of young (16–25) informal carers (YICs) supporting a family member with mental illness with that of YICs supporting a friend. A sample of 225 carers, assigned to a family group (n = 97) or a friend group (n = 128) completed the questionnaire. It was found that the family group experiences a lower level of support and friends experienced a lower positive value of caring. No other differences in health, general self-efficacy and stress were found. YICs endure different social situations, which is why further study of the needs of YICs, especially those supporting friends, is urgently needed.

  • 57.
    Ali, Lilas
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Att använda internet vid datainsamling2017In: Vetenskaplig teori och metod: från idé till examination inom omvårdnad / [ed] Maria Henricson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, 2, p. 217-232Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 58.
    Ali, Lilas
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    eHälsa2017In: Vårdpedagogik / [ed] Margret Lepp & Janeth Leksell, Stockholm: Liber, 2017, 1, p. 190-217Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 59.
    Aljaberi, Suhad
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Avdullahi, Lorik
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Patientens uppfattning om att vara delaktig i vården: Ett patientperspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Human life is expected to be longer, which means that more people need healthcare. Therefore, healthcare professionals need to use several strategies to improve human health and quality of life, one of the strategies being to allow patients to be involved in their care. Hence, patient participat'ion is important for patients' well-being and quality of life. The Patient Act (2014: 821) aims for the health care system to strengthen the patient and promote the patient's self-determination and participation. The purpose was to describe patients' perceptions of participation in healthcare. A systematic literature review was conducted and the result was based on 11 scientific articles. The study resulted in two categories: conditions for participation and influencing factors. The result showed that the care staff's attitude and confidence affected the patient's participation and the feeling of being involved in their healthcare. When the patients received better information regarding their care, they were able to understand their health situation better and were given a greater opportunity to be involved in their own healthcare. Patient participation increased when patients felt heard and understood as well as when a good relationship was created with the healthcare staff.

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  • 60.
    Alm, Rasmus
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Cassel, Philip
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Svenska tennistränares erfarenheter och upplevda kompetens av mental träning ur ett tränar filosofiskt perspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka svenska tennistränares erfarenheter och upplevd kompetens inom mental träning ifrån ett tränarfilosofiskt perspektiv. För att undersöka syftet användes tre frågeställningar: (1) Hur prioriterar svenska tennistränare mentala förberedelser jämfört med fysiska, taktiska och tekniska förberedelser? (2) Vilka erfarenheter har svenska tennistränare av mental träning? (3) Vilken upplevd kompetens av mental träning finns hos svenska tennistränare? Deltagarna i studien var 13 (M-ålder=31,5, SD-ålder=9,8) män som var tennistränare inom Västra Götaland. En semi-strukturerad intervjuguide konstruerades med fyra huvudsakliga temaområden tränarfilosofi, erfarenhet av mental träning, kompetens av mental träning och utveckling av mental träning. Resultatet visade att: (1) svenska tennistränare anser att mental träning är viktigt inom tennis men prioriterar inte det i deras tränarfilosofi (2) svenska tennistränarna har erfarenhet av mental träning genom att använda det på banan för sina spelare samt ifrån sina egna tenniskarriärer (3) tränarna upplever att de har låg eller ingen kompetens av mental träning samt att tränarna önskar att få mer kompetens. Slutsatsen från studien är att mental träning är något som svenska tennistränarna anser är viktigt men tränarna har för lite erfarenhet och låg kompetens i deras tränarroll.

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  • 61.
    Almerud, Sofia
    et al.
    Växjö University, School of Health Sciences and Social Work, Vaxjo Sweden.
    Baigi, Amir
    Sahlgrenska Academy, Department of Primary Health Care, Gothenburg Sweden.
    Hildingh, Cathrine
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Jogre, J.
    Växjö University, Centre for Acute and Critical Care (CACC), Vaxjo Sweden.
    Lyrström, L.
    Växjö University, Centre for Acute and Critical Care (CACC), Vaxjo Sweden.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    School of Health Sciences Jonkoping, School of Health Sciences, Jonkoping Sweden.
    Acute coronary syndrome: social support and coping ability on admittance2008In: British Journal of Nursing, ISSN 0966-0461, E-ISSN 2052-2819, Vol. 17, no 8, p. 527-531Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To compare social support and coping ability in acute coronary syndrome patients at the time of the cardiac event with a healthy community-based sample, with regard to age, sex, education and marital status.

    Method: The study comprised 241 patients and 316 healthy controls. The participants answered a self-administered questionnaire that included three well-established scales. Multiple logistic regression was used in the analysis to compare the health situation between the patients and controls.

    Results: Persons suffering from acute coronary syndrome rated emotional support significantly lower than the healthy controls. However, there were no differences between the two groups in terms of socio-demographic variables.

    Conclusion: This study indicates that social support may be a predictor of acute coronary syndrome.

  • 62.
    Almheden, Daniela
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Knopp, Susanna
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Faktorer som påverkar sjuksköterskans empatiska förmåga2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Empathy exists in most people from birth and involves an ability to listen to others and put themselves into a situation by understanding their feelings and reactions. Empathy is very important in health care, among other things, to create a good relationship between the nurse and patient and to offer good care. Although an empathetic approach is of great importance and is the basis for the nurse's main field of nursing, research suggests that the nurse deficiencies in their ability to show empathy. The study was a literature study and aimed to identify factors affecting the nurse's empathy in nursing. The result presenters two themes; factors identified by nurses and factors identified by patients. The factors identified by nurses were identified as working environment significance where both well-being and stress were factors that influenced the nurse empathy. The nurse will to do good and to practice the profession were also factors that impacted. Age, number of years in the profession and education level were also highlighted in the results as factors affecting the nurse's empathy. Factors identified by patients were to be heard and understood, and that the patient's suffering was identified by the nurse. Even nurses who took the time and made sure that a relationship between them were established perceived empathic. Empathy has positive effects both for patient physical care and for the nursing care. Empathy also promotes the nurse's self-esteem. Nurses’ empathy is possible to train and the care management must be aware of the positive effects of empathy and work to promote the existence of empathy in care.

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  • 63.
    Almquist-Tangen, Gerd
    et al.
    Child Health Care Unit, Halmstad, Sweden & Department of Paediatrics, Institute of Clinical Sciences at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bergman, Stefan
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Dahlgren, Jovanna
    Department of Paediatrics, Institute of Clinical Sciences at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindholm, Annelie
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Roswall, Josefine
    Department of Paediatrics, Institute of Clinical Sciences at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Alm, Bernt
    Department of Paediatrics, Institute of Clinical Sciences at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Consuming milk cereal drinks at one year of age was associated with a twofold risk of being overweight at the age of five2019In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 108, no 6, p. 1115-1121Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: We previously reported that consuming milk cereal drinks at six months of age was associated with a high body mass index (BMI) at 12 and 18 months. This study examined the association between daily consumption at 12 months of age and BMI at the age of five.

    Methods: We followed up 1870/2666 (70%) children recruited at birth in 2007–2008 for the Swedish longitudinal population‐based Halland Health and Growth Study a mean of 5.09 ± 0.28 years. Feeding practices were obtained from parental questionnaires, and anthropometric data were collected by child health nurses.

    Results: At five years, 11.6% were overweight and 2.3% were obese. Milk cereal drinks were consumed by about 85% and 10% at one and five years of age, respectively. Consumption at 12 months was associated with almost double the risk of being overweight at five years of age (adjusted odds ratio 1.94, 95% confidence interval 1.08–3.50). Other risk factors were a family history of obesity, low paternal educational level and paternal smoking.

    Conclusion: Consuming milk cereal drinks daily at 12 months was associated with a twofold risk of being overweight at five years. These findings may affect the counselling guidelines used at child healthcare centres. Copyright © 2019 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved

  • 64.
    Almqvist-Tangen, Gerd
    et al.
    Child Healthcare Team, Region Halland, Sweden & Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Arvidsson, Susann
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Alm, Bernt
    Child Healthcare Team, Region Halland, Sweden & Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bergman, Stefan
    Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden & Research and Development Centre Spenshult, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Roswall, Josefine
    Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden & County Hospital, Region Halland, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Dahlgren, Jovanna
    Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nevonen, Lauri
    Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden & Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    What makes parents act and react? Parental views and considerations relating to ‘child health’ during infancy2017In: Journal of Child Health Care, ISSN 1367-4935, E-ISSN 1741-2889, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 415-423Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lifestyle factors and behaviours are adopted very early in life and tend to persist throughout life. Considering that the parents are the primary gatekeepers for their child’s health, there is a need to gain more knowledge and deeper understanding about what causes parents to act and react in order for early preventive efforts to have any effect. The aim was to explore the parental views and considerations concerning ‘child health’ among parents with infants 8–10 months old. The sample was strategic and 16 parents (aged 23–41) were recruited from three child health centres in Sweden. Open-ended interviews were conducted and a qualitative, manifest content analysis approach was utilized. The parents described the subject ‘child health’ as a large, multifaceted concept. Three categories emerged during data analysis: developing a sixth sense, being affected by perceptions and believing health and ill health as a continuum. The parents perceived food and feeding issues as one of the most worrying aspects and a significant indicator of ‘child health’. In order to meet the parents on their turf, the ‘healthy health message’ conveyed needs to take the parental perspective into consideration rather than attempting to educate the parents from predetermined assumption, belief and values. © The Author(s) 2017

  • 65.
    Almqvist-Tangen, Gerd
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Axelsson, Åsa
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Considerations of the concept of infant health: a literature review2006In: Early Child Development and Care, ISSN 0300-4430, E-ISSN 1476-8275, Vol. 176, no 6, p. 575-589Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined a wide range of literature in order to describe factors associated with the concept of infant health. The design of the study is a literature review examining 21 research studies, written in the English language. The study explored which factors were found to exert an influence on the concept of infant health. The result showed that the concept infant health is dependent on many factors but what seems to exert an influence are foremost maternal health and well-being, the family's health care utilization and the parental assessment of their own health. Additional studies are needed to fully understand the concept of infant health. The need for an infant definition that empowers infant health arises because, if a common ground is not clearly established, miscommunication may arise. Furthermore, there is a need to initiate a model for infant health.

  • 66.
    Alsén, Kim
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Lagundzija, Marijana
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Ser du mig?: En litteraturstudie om upplevelsen av att leva med Parkinsons sjukdom utifrån teorin Preserving Self2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Parkinson's disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disease in the elderly population. The disease adversely affects the bodily function in various ways and the medication of the disease is important in order to handle the various symptoms that arise. People with Parkinson's disease are at risk of impaired quality of life due to the limitations in life that the disease causes. The purpose with this study was to highlight the patient's experience of living with Parkinson's disease. The study was conducted as a general literature study with a deductive approach, in which ten result articles were used. The result was categorized and presented based on the five stages and four transitions in the theory of Preserving Self. The theory contributed to a broad and detailed result from the resultarticles and added an in-depth picture of life with Parkinson's disease. The nurses’ responsibility includes getting the patient to participate in their care and taking advantage of the resources that exist in each individual. Using the theory of Preserving Self can contribute to in-depth knowledge in the care for people with Parkinson's disease.

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  • 67.
    Altnäs, Sabina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Pärlsjö, Johanna
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Självstigma vid allvarlig psykisk störning: ”Du är rädd att be om hjälp när du behöver det. Det finns så mycket skam…2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Severe mental illness is a growing health problem. Severe mental illness and self-stigma in combination needs to be examined to clarify what impact they have in combination for each individual. The purpose of this study was to examine what kind of impact self-stigma has to individuals with severe mental illness. The study was conducted as a literature review and the results consisted of three categories: Becoming ones illness Feeling of shame and Feeling of hopelessness. Self-stigma affects the individuals negatively and makes it harder for them to recover. The combination of severe mental illness and self-stigma creates negative consequences from the stereotypical and jaundiced. Individuals have problems with finding meaning of life and are reluctant to seek treatment for their symptoms because of the feeling of shame and hopelessness. In return the symptoms of the mental illness increases and provides more suffering and decreases the meaning of life. It is important that nurses are aware of and are mindful to the individuals prejudice, feelings of shame and hopelessness about their mental illness. Nurses need to make sure that it is possible to be empowered as a patient. Interventions and nursing that aim to reduce the symptoms of self-stigma in severe mental illness should be adapted to the prejudice of the society. More scientific research is needed because of the limited number of present studies concerning self-stigma. There is a need to further investigate self-stigma in severe mental illness. Preferably studies with longitudinal design that focus on the phenomenon self-stigma and how it affects people with severe mental illness, to give a greater understanding.

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  • 68.
    Alvarsson, Evelina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
    Lorentzson, Moa
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
    Mobbning på arbetsplatsen: En litteraturstudie om mobbningens konsekvenser ur ett folkhälsoperspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Eftersom det inte finns någon riktig benämning på vad vuxenmobbning innefattar är detta område inte särskilt belyst. Det som på senare år tagits fram är att mobbing som förekommer på arbetsplatsen är orsaken till många sjukskrivningar. 

    Syftet: Syftet med studien var att beskriva hälsokonsekvenserna av mobbning på arbetsplatsen.     

    Metod: Studien genomfördes som en litteraturstudie där 15 vetenskapliga artiklar utgjorde grunden. Artiklarna granskades och därefter skapades två teman. 

    Resultat: De psykiska hälsoeffekterna av mobbning kan vara kort- och långsiktiga. De psykiska hälsoproblemen som ångest och depression kan övergå till fysiska åkommor så som sömnproblem, muskelsmärta och infektioner. 

    Implikation: Kunskap om mobbning kan användas till att utveckla trygga arbetsmiljöer för att motverka mobbning. 

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  • 69.
    Alveheim, Anja
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Lander, Cecilia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Att tillfriskna från Anorexia Nervosa2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s society many women have to endure health hazard. To live up to society's norms and what is seen as the ideal appearance can put a lot of pressure as well as force the women to strive for this ideal. This constant endeavor can make the recovery from Anorexia Nervosa more complex. The purpose of the literature study was to examine women's recovery from AN. The study is performed as a general literature study with scientific articles as a base. Results have proven that support is the most important caretaking method the nurse can provide throughout this process. For the women’s part, it’s of highest importance that the decision of recovery is self-decided. That consideration is taken to both body and soul is a challenge in the caretaking for women with AN and the fact that gaining weight is not related with full recovery is distinctly highlighted. It’s required for the nurse to possess in depth knowledge of women’s experiences surrounding the recovery to gain an entirety. Additional research of the experiences after finished treatment and after recovery from the disease is required. Even further complementary research surrounding women’s view on a recovery may be required.

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  • 70.
    Alyhr, Viktoria
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Huss, Josephine
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Implementeringsfaktorer i skolans värld: En kvalitativ studie om de bakomliggande faktorerna till en lyckad implementering av en pedagogisk modell för lärare2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Todays society is characterized by a constant change and development, which requires the school to develop at the same rate as the rest of society. The school should be equivalent to everyone. How can this be insured if we do not know which factors that affect the implementation of educational models? By ensuring the factors that affect implementation, better results can be achieved. This makes it more likely that the new educational model is used and becomes part of the everyday work. To make an implementation possible, a change work is carried out in the organization.

    We have conducted a qualitative study whose purpose is to study which factors teachers experience may affect the implementation of a new educational model in school. The survey has been conducted at three schools in a town in Sweden. The form of the interview has been semi-structured, two of which have been held in groups and one individual. Through the interviews we have acquired empirical evidence for our study.

    The result show that there are many different factors that affects, often in combination with each other, how well an implementation results in. The factors that are significant and have been made visible in our survey are the following: Relevance, attitude, advantageous, easy-to-use, customizable, coaching, support, time, participation, follow-up systems, clear results, culture and communication.           

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  • 71.
    Alzubaidy, Doa
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Wärm, Elin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Ny flyktingkris, nya samhälleliga utmaningar?: En jämförande textanalys av medierapporteringen om flyktinginvandring från Jugoslavien 1992 och Syrien 2015/2016.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim and main questions: This study aims to examine differences and similarities in how the swedish newspaper Dagens Nyheter portrayed the refugee immigrations during these wars. The main questions are: •How didDagens Nyheterportray the immigration of refugees from the wars in Balkans in 1992 compared to refugees from the Syria war in 2015/2016?•What themes or patterns can be distinguished in the news articles? Main results: The results indicates that there is an expectationthat refugees should work and contribute to the Swedish society and that the subject of financial consequences is characterized by two aspects; one that indicates that refugees strengthens the Swedish economy through working and another indicates that refugee immigration is a burden for the economy. Although, the refugee immigration is portrayed as a problem during both periods. Refugees are portrayed with more sympathy and their situations are raisedby individuals from civil society during 2015/2016. The articles depicta perspective that shows a concern and fear of what problems themassive immigration mightcause to the society.

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  • 72.
    Ambjörnson, Lina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare. 9303295381.
    Holgersson, Hanna
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Vem bestämmer övertidsarbete?: En kvalitativ studie om övertidsarbete bland tjänstemän inom den privata sektorn.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 73.
    Ambratt, Emelie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Camacho Peterson, Sophia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Närståendes upplevelser av palliativ vård2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Palliative care aims to ensure patients and carers as a whole, where the goal is to contribute to the welfare and dignity in end of life. In order to facilitate the families’ situation caregivers plays a big role. The aim was to describe the families’ experiences of palliative care. The method used was literature study which was based on twelve scientific articles. The results showed that relatives are in great need of supportive action from the nursing staff. Three themes emerged in the results: Families’ experiences of information and communication, Families’ perceptions of support and Families’ experiences of involvement. Further research is needed to elucidate families’ perceptions of palliative care, where much of the existing research mainly focuses on the patient or the nurse’s experiences.

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  • 74.
    Amoudi, Mariam
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Tamerjei, Amani
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Maskrosbarn - som fann ljuset i den svarta tunneln: En kvalitativ studie av åtta personers upplevelser av barndomen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we have used Jenkins, Berger and Luckmann and Scheff's theories which is social identity, shame, pride and socialization. In order to understand the situation of the dandelion children, these theories have been useful. The study has been conducted on the basis of qualitative method and interviews.

    When children grow up with parents who are addicts or psychologically ill, the child does not have a normal upbringing and therefore one needs a protection factor from society. According to various studies, it has been found that some children follow the same pattern as their parents and end up addicted in adulthood. Other studies show that some children deviate from parental behavior, these are called dandelion children. This study aims to investigate the subject of dandelion children and the study is based on highlighting what caused the adult dandelion children not to follow the same pattern as fine parenting and a developed social well-being. The study's starting point has been to investigate underlying factors that adult dandelion children have survived in life, from a sociological perspective.

    The study has shown that the reasons for their survival are because they have had a close relative who has supported them. They have also chosen to break the contact and legacy of their parents to move forward in life without more terauma.

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  • 75.
    Andell, Monica
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Falkenström, Marika
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Barnsjuksköterskans erfarenhet av familjecentrerad vård i familjerum på neonatalavdelningen: En litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Family-centered care in family rooms is more common in Swedish neonatal care units nowadays. Infants were previously cared for in open bay, where multiple newborn children were cared for. In order for the pediatric nurse to be able to provide patient-safe and good family-centered care and obtain a good working environment, it is important to examine the pediatric nurse´s experience of working in family rooms. Aim: The aim of the study was to illustrate the experiences of pediatric nurses working with family-centered care in family rooms at a neonatal care unit. Method: The study was conducted as a literature review with systematic search and examination and builds upon nine scientific articles. The contents were reviewed according to the Bettany-Saltikov and McSherry method. Results: Pediatric nurses experienced that working in a family room promoted family-centered care. Pediatric nurses experienced a worsened work environment. A large part of the work was done alone, and it could give them a sense of isolation. They perceived that their time was no longer enough, and it led to stress and anxiety. Conclusion: Work in family rooms is a new way of working for pediatric nurses. It takes time getting used to the new operating procedures for family-centered care in family rooms to be good and patient safety, simultaneously to maintain a good work environment.

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  • 76.
    Anderberg, Louise
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Moser, Mimmi
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Mannens erfarenheter av papparollen som stöd för sjuksköterskan inom barnhälsovårdens föräldrastöd: En litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The father is central to the child´s development, but knowledge and understanding of the father´s experiences of his role are lacking. The purpose of this literature study was to explore and describe the man´s experiences of his role as a father to children under six years old. The study resulted in 13 qualitative articles where five themes emerged: dealing with biological differences, passing on masculinity, responsibility as a family provider and decision-maker, striving for equality and involvement, and emotional and practical connection. The result consists of articles from several different countries: Norway, USA, Canada, Ireland, Finland, Czech Republic, Thailand, Poland, Sweden and Ghana. The geographical place and context tend to be significance for the experience´s men have of the father role. Society requires awareness and openness to how different fathers experience their role, knowledge may also be of importance to students in various health care educations who may come to meet fathers in the child health care. Suggestions for continued research may be how same sex couples experience their parenting roles.

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  • 77.
    Andersen, Mark
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Working with an anxious and psychologically abused athlete: A mindful, neuropsychotherapy approach2014In: Neuropsychotherapy: Theoretical concepts and clinical applications / [ed] Rossouw, Pieter J., Brisbane: Mediros , 2014, p. 193-207Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 78.
    Andersen, Mark B.
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Hanrahan, Stephanie J.University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.
    Doing exercise psychology2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 79.
    Andersen, Mark B.
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
    Ivarsson, Andreas
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
    A methodology of loving kindness: how interpersonal neurobiology, compassion, and transference can inform researcher–participant encounters and storytelling2016In: Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, ISSN 2159-676X, E-ISSN 2159-6778, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 1-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article concerns some central aspects of methodology in qualitative research: the participants’ and investigators’ storytelling, and the main instruments in many interview-based qualitative studies, the researchers themselves. We discuss several ethical and interpersonal aspects of qualitative research encounters between investigators and their interviewee participants. Interviewing research participants is a fundamentally exploitative process, and we make suggestions for how we can temper that exploitation by giving something of value back to our participants and to make sure the well-being of the participant is not compromised by our actions. Many research topics in qualitative studies concern experiences of stress, distress and trauma, and interviewees re-telling their stories may become retraumatised. Such retraumatisation constitutes abuse on the part of the researcher. To counter potential abuse and exploitation, we discuss how researchers, as the central instruments in interview-based investigations, can use knowledge of interpersonal neurobiology, psychodynamic theory and mindful practice to enable them to hold their participants (and their participants’ stories) in loving care and maybe even help in healing processes. © 2015 Taylor & Francis

  • 80.
    Andersen, Mark
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Barney, Steve T.
    South Utah University, Cedar City, Utah, USA.
    Waterson, Andrew K.
    High Performance Sport New Zealand, Cambridge, Waikato, New Zealand.
    Mindfully Dynamic Meta-Supervision: The Case of AW and M2016In: Global Practices and Training in Applied Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology: A Case Study Approach / [ed] J. Gualberto Cremades & Lauren S. Tashman, New York: Routledge, 2016, p. 330-342Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 81.
    Andersen, Mark
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Waterson, Andrew K.
    High Performance Sport New Zealand, North Dunedin, New Zealand.
    A brief impressionistic history of paying attention: The roots of mindfulness2017In: Being mindful in sport and exercise psychology: Pathways for practitioners and students / [ed] Sam J. Zizzi & Mark B. Andersen, Morgantown: FiT Publishing , 2017, p. 5-27Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 82.
    Anderson, Lisa
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Upplevelser av karriäravslut: En kvalitativ studie på före detta professionella golfspelare2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine former golf players’ experiences of their career

    termination. The following questions were asked: (1) What barriers does golf players experience during the career termination? (2) What resources does golf players experience during the career termination? (3) What strategies does the golf players identify as useful during a career termination. Semi structured interviews were conducted with four female and one male golf players on international level. Through a qualitative content analysis (Hassmén & Hassmén, 2008) 18 high order themes emerged distrubuted on barriers (6), resources (7) and strategies (5). Prominent themes that emerged as both barriers and resources were identity, volontariness of retriment, preparations and social support. The strategies preparations, find new pursuits, social support, take advantage of the golf career and have an optimistic approach were identified as useful. The themes are discussed based on the theoretical framework and previous research. Suggestions for future research and implications are given.

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  • 83.
    Andersson, Alice
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Nygren, Moa
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Miljöns roll i utvecklandet och bibehållandet av sydvästsvenska elitidrottares karriärer2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Elite sport is tied to high demands and the sport milieus are on a constant quest to get new top results and produce new talented athletes to achieve them. According to Systems Theory, no phenomena is to be understood without understanding the context in which it exists. Former research within the Holistic Ecological Approach have relied on this perspective to study how the environment can be formed to develop talented athletes. What has not been studies is elite athletes’ own perceptions of how the characteristics of the environment has contributed to their athletic career, and what characteristics of the environment they find important to be able to continue their elite career. This purpose of this thesis was therefore to investigate this by interviewing 10 elite athletes who compete with the world top athletes in their sport. Each of the participants lived in the south-west of Sweden and represented traditionally individual sports. The thesis concluded that the values of the family and the competition friendly culture of the childhood sports club had been important environmental characteristics in developing the career, together with interactions of key persons and key events. To continue their careers, the participants expressed the importance of a holistic wellbeing through the understanding from all parts of their environment, together with the possibility of equal sparring as most important.

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  • 84.
    Andersson, Amanda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Daunfeldt, Michelle
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Lundberg Pulli, Sarah
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    "Det är en självklarhet för oss att hänga med i framtidens utveckling": - En kvalitativ studie om ledares uppfattningar av krav, resurser och lärande i en organisatorisk digital förändringsprocess2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As digitalization increases in speed and we become more digital, changes are brought upon every part of society, not least our workplaces. While these changes often create efficiency in organizations, they also come with high demands on individual learning and well-being. Leaders play a central role in change processes, thus improvingleadership is of utmost importance. The purpose of this study was to examine leaders’perception of job demands, resources and learning in an organizational digital change process and contribute to the body of research with understanding of what creates success and health promotion in such change processes. To examine and answer the research questions, eight semi-structured interviews were held with leaders from the care office of the municipality. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed using conventional qualitative content analysis. The results from this study show that theleaders’ positive attitude towards digitalization induce wellbeing and that individualmotivation drivers are important resources to support healthiness. The study also finds that the most prominent demand that leaders experience in the digitalization process is to be a good role model. Further, the results show that occasions for education and reflection regarding digitalization are main drivers to promote leaders’ learning.Success is created from having a positive attitude, individual motivation drivers, a supportive learning environment for formal learning, and opportunities for informal learning. For an organizational digital change process to be health promotional, motivation and support are important factors as they create opportunities for improvement of well-being and learning at the workplace.

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  • 85.
    Andersson, Amanda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Nilsson, Isabella
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Kompressionsbehandling vid venös insufficiens: Faktorer av betydelse för följsamhet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Compression therapy is the basic treatment for venous insufficiency and venous leg ulcers. Living with venous leg ulcers has an impact on patients’ well-being and daily life. The nurse has an important role in promoting wound healing through collaboration with the patient. According to studies patients’ adherence to compression therapy is insufficient, which can lead to origin and recurrence of leg ulcers and extended healing time. The purpose of the study was to illustrate significant factors for adherence to compression therapy in patients with venous insufficiency. The study was conducted as a general literature study based on an inductive approach. The result is based on five qualitative studies, four quantitative studies and two studies with a mixed method approach. Two main themes emerged in the result of the literature study: Internal factors and external factors with a total of ten sub themes. The result of the literature study reveals that motivation, mental illness, knowledge and understanding, discomfort, self – image, independence, education, finances and trusting relationship between nurse and patient are key factors in adherence to compression therapy. Further research on the patients’ experiences is needed to gain better understanding, which can develop into guidelines, where it can be stated which nursing actions to prevent and manage the patients that are unwilling to be treated.

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  • 86.
    Andersson, Angela
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Vasileva, Stefani
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Stressen som aldrig tar slut: Akutmottagningens stressfaktorer och dess konsekvenser för sjuksköterskors hälsa och patienternas omvårdnad2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sjuksköterskor som arbetar på akutmottagningar utsätts för höga nivåer av arbetsrelaterad stress. Stress kan orsaka negativa konsekvenser i form av fysiska och psykiska besvär. Syftet var att kartlägga faktorer som orsakade arbetsrelaterad stress för sjuksköterskor på akutmottagningar samt stressens konsekvenser för sjuksköterskors hälsa och patienters omvårdnad. Studien var en allmän litteraturstudie. Datainsamlingen utfördes via databaserna Cinahl, PubMed och PsycINFO där 10 vetenskapliga artiklar valdes ut då dess innehåll besvarade studiens syfte. Resultatartiklarna analyserades genom ett induktivt förhållningssätt. I studiens resultat framkom att faktorer som orsakade arbetsrelaterad stress för sjuksköterskor på akutmottagningar kunde bero på organisatoriska och patientrelaterade faktorer. Konsekvenserna av stressen var i form av psykiska, fysiska och omvårdnadsmässiga. Studien resultat bekräftar vikten av att upptäcka symtom av stress i ett tidigt skede då långvarig stress kan leda till större konsekvenser för hälsan. Det är betydelsefullt med regelbunden handledning och uppföljning av sjuksköterskors välmående på arbetsplatsen och utbildning kring stresshantering för att motverka detta.

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  • 87.
    Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Johansson, Ida
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Sjunnesson, Kajsa
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Föräldrars upplevelser av att komma hem med sitt prematurt födda barn2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Every year roughly 15 million children are born prematurely. A premature born child is in need of specialized care focusing on his or her well-being. This may cause parents' involvement in the care of their child to be overridden and the possibility of connection becomes impaired. The aim of this literature study was to describe parents' experiences of coming home with their premature born child. A general literature study was conducted with systematic searches in databases and supported by content analysis. The result was presented in three main themes: Experiences of coming home, Experiences of caring for one's child at home and Experiences of support. The result showed that feelings like positivity and relief were predominant, but parents also experienced insecurity and concern. At home everyday life was characterized by new routines and various obstacles. Parents' received support from the nurse, support groups and relatives. The support from the nurse was considered important for parents to experience homecoming as positive. This literature study can give the nurse an increased understanding of parents' experiences of coming home with their premature born child and lead to better support from the nurse in those areas where the insecurity among parents' is the greatest.

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  • 88.
    Andersson, Antonia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Generationsskite: En studie om hur en offentlig verksamhet arbetar inför ett generationsskifte2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 89.
    Andersson, Beatrice
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Sinani, Ramiza
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Danielsson, Ronja
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    “De pratar aldrig om det” - att göra det osynliga synligt: En möjlighet att synliggöra lärandet och kunskapen kring psykisk hälsa och ohälsa i gymnasieskolan.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Studies show that mental illness has increased among the youth and that they are affected negatively by the stress and high demand in school. The current research touches the mental health of the youth but what knowledge the youth have about mental health and illness is limited. The school is an important place for learning where the students should be able to develop and improve their mental health. In order to be able to absorb the knowledge that is offered in school the students have to feel well. That is why strategies are needed where all school personnel together strive to raise the mental health among the students. It is of utmost importance that the students are aware of the subject and know where to seek guidance if needed.

     

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to raise awareness of the learning about mental health and illness in Swedish high schools and analyze different conditions for mental health raising work from both the student's perspective as well as personnel in the student care.

     

    Research questions: 1. What knowledge do the students show regarding mental health and illness? 2. How do the students perceive that mental health and illness is discussed from a learning perspective? 3. In what ways does the student care team try to raise mental health in the school? 4. How can the work that is being done to raise mental health be improved? 5. How well do the students' and student care team's perception of how mental health and illness is handled from a learning perspective match?

     

    Results: High school students' knowledge regarding mental health and illness is limited. Students and school personnel feel that the subject is almost non-existent in the education and both parties agrees that the subject should be more integrated with the lectures. The student care team has as an ambition to work preventive against mental illness as well as to raise mental health but limitations with time and resources prevent this type of action. Both students and the student care team have suggestions on how to develop the work that is being done for mental health, e.g. organize theme days and break activities in school.

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  • 90.
    Andersson, Caroline
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Andersson, Felicia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Är man inte som alla andra hamnar man lätt utanför: En kvalitativ studie om hur unga personer med psykisk ohälsa använder sig av Facebook2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte och frågeställningar: Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur unga personer som lever med psykisk ohälsa uppfattar sin användning av Facebook och hur de resonerar kring betydelsen av Facebook i deras vardag. Vi vill även belysa hur de uppfattar att de påverkas av samhällets krav kring ideal, normer och känslan av tillhörighet genom Facebook.

    ● Hur beskriver unga människor som lever med psykisk ohälsa sin användning av Facebook?

    ● På vilka sätt uppfattar unga människor att Facebook kan utgöra ett verktyg för tillhörighet och delaktighet för personer som lever med psykisk ohälsa?

    ● På vilka sätt uppfattar unga människor att de normer och ideal som förmedlas via Facebook utgör ett hinder för tillhörighet och delaktighet för personer som lever med psykisk ohälsa?

    Metod och material: Studien utgår ifrån en kvalitativ metod där det empiriska materialet samlades in genom 6 semistrukturerade intervjuer med unga personer med psykisk ohälsa.

    Huvudresultat: Studiens resultat visar att Facebook känns som en trygghet där Facebookgrupper ökar tillhörighetskänslan och används för att få tips och hjälpa andra i svåra situationer. Kraven att behöva leva upp till samhällets ideal kan påverka känslan av utanförskap.

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  • 91.
    Andersson, Caroline
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Ljungblom, Sara
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Livet efter hjärtinfarkten: En litteraturstudie om kvinnors erfarenheter2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hjärtinfarkt är den dominerande dödliga sjukdomen i Sverige, vilket fler kvinnor än män avlider i. Kvinnor insjuknar senare i livet och upplever fler och mer diffusa symptom än män. Stress är en vanlig förekommande riskfaktor, vilket kan skapas från samhällets förväntningar på kvinnor. Det finns förväntningar om omsorgsfulla kvinnor som samtidigt ska prestera bra både på arbetet och i hemmet, vilket genererar stress. Förväntningar från samhället och kroppens biologi skiljer sig mellan män och kvinnor. Män har historiskt sett representerat normen för människan i forskning och därför är det viktigt att uppmärksamma kvinnors erfarenheter. Syftet med studien var att belysa kvinnors erfarenheter av livet efter hjärtinfarkt. En litteraturstudie användes som metod, vilket genererade tio vetenskapliga artiklar som resulterade i tre teman och nio kategorier. Kvinnornas erfarenheter visade att hjärtinfarkt medförde ett avbrott i livet och med hjälp av närstående samt egna reflektioner lärde kvinnorna känna sig själva igen. En ny prioriteringsordning skapades med fokus på kvinnornas hälsa och liv. Studien visar att stress är en stor faktor i kvinnors erfarenheter efter hjärtinfarkt och att kvinnors erfarenheter behöver uppmärksammas för att vårdpersonal ska kunna ge adekvat vård. Det hade varit betydelsefullt om framtida forskning hade uppmärksammat hur stress skiljer sig mellan könen vid hjärtinfarkt, eftersom stress är en riskfaktor.

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    Livet efter hjärtinfarkten
  • 92.
    Andersson, Elin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Mattsson, Sofie
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Faktorer som påverkar hjälpsökande beteenden hos nyblivna mammor med symptom på postpartum depression2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Postpartum depression affects 13-19% of new mothers, and the consequences when treatment is not introduced in time can have permanent effects for both the mother and the child. Purpose: To describe factors that affect help seeking behaviors in new mothers with symptoms of postpartum depression. Method: A general literature study was conducted where ten qualitative articles were examined, analyzed and compiled. Results: The results of the literature study featured the themes: the impact of healthcare, the meaning of family and close relatives, the level of knowledge regarding postpartum depression, the significance of culture and expectations about maternity. Healthcare and family were described as promotive factors in women's help seeking behavior while culture, ignorance, lack of information and expectations about motherhood were prominent barriers in help seeking. Conclusion: The study showed several factors that influenced the help seeking behavior. In order to reduce stigmatization around the diagnosis and instead increase knowledge, more comprehensive information measures are needed. Nurses need to have knowledge of postpartum depression in order to understand women's help seeking behaviors and further research on the health care experience as a barrier is desirable for this only be a promotive factor in the future.

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  • 93.
    Andersson, Elin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Svensson, Jonna
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Närståendes vaka: En djupt berörande kärlekshandling2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Vigilance is a term in nursing science that plays a central part in nursing profession, but is equally as central for the affected family. Vigilance needs to be made visible as there occurs vagueness about the deep meaning of the term. The aim of this literature study was to highlight what family vigilance means in nursing tradition. The study was designed as a general literature study, where nine scientific articles with qualitative assumptions form the basis for the outcome. Hermeneutically inspired questions have been used, to generate a deep understanding about human actions. The questions contributed to a categorization of the results from the included articles, and emerged as: Feelings, which formed a main category that further formed three subcategories. The subcategories were entitled as: Protection, Commitment and Lifestyle adjustments. Protection and Commitment emerged as a way for the family to maintain their vigilance. Lifestyle adjustments arose as an inevitable result of the eternal vigilance. A further need regarding complementary research exist, concerning the deep and emotional meaning of family vigilance. By highlighting vigilance and seek understanding about the meaning of the phenomenon for the family, nursing diagnoses can be created.

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  • 94.
    Andersson, Emil
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Egertz, Sofia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Socialt stöd som moderator i relation mellan stressfyllda händelser och mental ohälsa2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande studie var att undersöka om socialt stöd fungerar som en moderator i relation mellan stressfyllda händelser och mental ohälsa hos elitidrottare. Genom ett strategiskt bekvämlighetsurval deltog 88 elitidrottare (ålder M=17.3, SD=2.4) från södra Sverige, som representerade idrotterna fotboll (N=71) och volleyboll (N=17). Studien baserades på ett frågeformulär med följande instrument: Life Events Survey for Collegiate  Athletes (LESCA), The Athlete Received Support Questionnaire (ARSQ) och General Health Questionnaire (GHQ 12). Resultatet visade stöd för hypotesen då socialt stöd delvis modererade sambandet mellan stressfyllda händelser och symptom av mental ohälsa. Resultatet diskuterades utifrån studiens referensramar.

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  • 95.
    Andersson, Frida
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Klaesson, Marina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Svensson, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Inte som alla andra: Faktorer som påverkar sjuksköterskors attityder till patienter ur normavvikande grupper2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Patients who deviate from the norms of society will be affected by nurses' negative attitudes as a result of lack of knowledge and prejudice from society. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the factors that influence attitudes nurses have in meeting with patients from the norm deviant groups. This literature studies results reflect the overall importance of knowledge and the importance of education, work environment and gender of nurses and is based on 15 scientific articles conducted in different countries. Articles consisting of 12 from quantitative approach, two from qualitative approach and one from mixed method. The results are analyzed in different stages where themes were created and a deeper understanding reached by summarizing and compiling results in article overviews. Nurses’ negative attitudes can result in poorer care and a bad attitude, which can be reduced through more education and to find out the contributing factors for nurses' attitudes may create a greater understanding and acceptance. Further research is needed to influence the factors that lead to negative attitudes.

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  • 96.
    Andersson, Gunvor
    et al.
    Socialhögskolan, Lunds universitet.
    Linge, Else Charlotte "Lotta"
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Tioåringars kompetens och levnadsförhållanden1998Report (Other academic)
  • 97.
    Andersson, Ida
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Johansson, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Man måste gilla det, annars blir det tufft- en studie om mellanchefers psykosociala arbetsmiljö2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka mellanchefers upplevelser av den psykosociala arbetsmiljön. Studien baserades på fem utvalda respondenter, där kriteriet var att de befann sig på en mellanposition, med rapporteringsskyldighet både uppåt och nedåt inom organisationen. Insamlingen av data utgick från semistrukturerade intervjuer, och analyserades genom innehållsanalys. Resultatet tyder på att upplevelsen av tydligheten på kraven som ställs, det stora beslutsutrymme och det höga stödet från samtliga parter i organisationen gör att mellancheferna i denna studie upplever den psykosociala arbetsmiljön i organisationen som god. Trots stressigare perioder upplever de att ovan nämnda faktorer reducerar risken för skadlig stress. Till skillnad från tidigare forskning visade analysen av resultatet i vår studie att rollen som mellanchef inte behöver leda till skadlig stress. Slutligen diskuteras studiens arbetsvetenskapliga bidrag och förslag till framtida forskning. 

    Nyckelord: kontroll, krav, mellanchef, psykosocial arbetsmiljö, stöd. 

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  • 98.
    Andersson, Janicke
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    En sannskyldig gudagåva2018In: På liv & död: Kulturen 2019 / [ed] Mats Engström, Lund: Kulturen , 2018, p. 82-96Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 99.
    Andersson, Janicke
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Konsten att leva länge: föreställningar om livets förlängning i handböcker 1700-19302007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Drömmen om evigt liv och evig ungdom är inte ny. Föreställningarna om vägen dit är ungefär desamma idag som för 300 år sedan. Men de tekniska möjligheterna har vidgat gränserna.Att förbli ung, eller åtminstone se ung ut, är ett ideal som växer sig allt starkare. Åldrande och död ska bekämpas, att hålla sig ung och att leva länge är viktigt. Det gäller att träna och sköta sin hälsa.Det kan förefalla vara ett modernt ideal, men det är det inte. Människans kamp för att förlänga livet, och drömmen om evig ungdom, har rötter långt bak i historien. Uppfattningarna om hur man ska nå dit har också stått sig förvånansvärt väl genom tiderna.- Grunden i de praktiska råden är sig lika från 1700-talet och fram till våra dagar. Det handlar om att äta och dricka måttligt, leva naturligt, sova ordentligt, motionera, leva lantliv och andas frisk luft, säger Janicke Andersson, som disputerar vid Tema äldre och åldrande, Linköpings universitet. Hon har studerat historiska handböcker om hur man förlänger livet och jämfört dem med dagens debatt och rådgivningsböcker.

    På 1700-talet var uppfattningen att människan hade en optimal ålder, ända upp till 250 år (som sades vara patriarkernas ålder) och att vi hade degenererat och därför levde betydligt kortare. Det borde gå att uppnå den optimala åldern igen genom att leva rätt.Idag finns ingen bortre gräns för hur länge vi tror oss kunna leva. Inrättningar som Immortality institute, Life extension institute och föreningar som Transhumanisterna arbetar för ett längre eller t o m evigt liv här på jorden. Med transplantationskirurgi kan vi byta ut utnötta kroppsdelar, hormoninjektioner och piller ska bromsa åldrandet, och döda kan frysas ned i förhoppning om att tinas upp igen den dag det blir tekniskt möjligt att få liv i dem.Att sköta sin hälsa och sträva efter att leva länge har blivit en fråga om moral. Budskapet är att med rätt livsstil går det att förhindra åldrandet och behålla sitt unga utseende. Skröplighet blir därför ett tecken på moraliska brister. Själva livsförloppet har blivit ett personligt projekt som handlar om självkontroll och självdisciplin. Det gäller inte bara att leva länge, utan också att leva aktivt. Successfull ageing och Active ageing är rörelser i tiden.”Hur man åldras styr man själv. Det är på dig det beror hur du hanterar situationen” heter det i en modern handbok.Tidigare användes religionen för att underbygga detta budskap. Endast som god kristen kunde man uppnå ett långt liv. Idag har hälsorörelser övertagit mycket av denna gamla retorik. De populära stenåldersdieterna, exempelvis, bygger på uppfattningen att vi har förlorat ett paradisiskt tillstånd, Edens lustgård, som vi kan hitta tillbaka till.

    Vi vill uppnå det eviga livet, men vi vill göra det här på jorden och själva bestämma spelreglerna, skriver Janicke Andersson. 

  • 100.
    Andersson, Janicke
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Successful Dying? Older Adults Reflection on Finitude of Life and Strategies to Cope with Ageing2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, I have followed a group of older adults (the oldest born 1925 and the youngest 1946) through a total of 6 focus group events to highlight how older people relate to their own aging in aspects of temporality and the finitude of life. In total, 5 women and 9 men attended the focus groups. Themes for the focus groups have been: “Popular and public beliefs about aging”, “Older, Senior, Old”, “Breakpoints in Life”, “My Aging”, “Recap”. Finitude proved to be something that all informants reflected on virtually daily and in several dimensions. The informants also expressed the feeling that there were aspects of, in particular, the bodily aging, which they felt were beyond their control. Here the statements follow the same reasoning as has been shown in previous studies on the aging body as divided into an interior body and an exterior body. The lack of control was combined with strategies to take control over their future ageing. Self-governing strategies such as exercising and being active physically as well as cognitive was used to increase the number of healthy years. Other ways of taking control were about future written instructions to healthcare professionals and related people about how to be cared for in the final stages of life and the drastic alternative of euthanasia. The chosen strategies, and the will to take control over ageing as well as dying made the boundaries of successful ageing expand to also include strategies for successful dying.

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