hh.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
78910111213 451 - 500 of 2015
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 451.
    David, Jennifer
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Mostowski, Wojciech
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Aramrattna, Maytheewat
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Fan, Yuantao
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Varshosaz, Mahsa
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Karlsson, Patrick
    Roden, Marcus
    Bogga, Anders
    Carlsen, Jakob
    Johansson, Emil
    Andersson, Emil
    Design and Development of a Hexacopter for the Search and Rescue of a Lost Drone2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Search and rescue with an autonomous robot is an attractive and challenging task within the research community. This paper presents the development of an autonomous hexacopter that is designed for retrieving a lost object, like a drone, from a vast-open space, like a desert area. Navigating its path with a proposed coverage path planning strategy, the hexacopter can efficiently search for a lost target and locate it using an image-based object detection algorithm. Moreover, after the target is located, our hexacopter can grasp it with a customised gripper and transport it back to a destined location. It is also capable of avoiding static obstacles and dynamic objects. The proposed system was realised in simulations before implementing it in a real hardware setup, i.e. assembly of the drone, crafting of the gripper, software implementation and testing under real-world scenarios. The designed hexacopter won the best UAV design award at the CPS-VO 2018 Competition held in Arizona, USA.

  • 452.
    David, Jennifer
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Philippsen, Roland
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Task assignment and trajectory planning in dynamic environments for multiple vehicles2015In: Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications, ISSN 0922-6389, E-ISSN 1879-8314, Vol. 278, p. 179-181Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider the problem of finding collision-free trajectories for a fleet of automated guided vehicles (AGVs) working in ship ports and freight terminals. Our solution computes collision-free trajectories for a fleet of AGVs to pick up one or more containers and transport it to a given goal without colliding with other AGVs and obstacles. We propose an integrated framework for solving the goal assignment and trajectory planning problem minimizing the maximum cost over all vehicle trajectories using the classical Hungarian algorithm. To deal with the dynamics in the environment, we refine our final trajectories with CHOMP (Covariant Hamiltonian optimization for motion planning) in order to trade off between path smoothness and dynamic obstacle avoidance. © 2015 The authors and IOS Press. All rights reserved.

  • 453.
    David, Jennifer
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Valencia, Rafael
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Iagnemma, Karl
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA.
    Task Assignment and Trajectory Planning in Dynamic environments for Multiple Vehicles2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider the problem of finding collision-free trajectories for a fleet of automated guided vehicles (AGVs) working in ship ports and freight terminals. Our solution computes collision-free trajectories for a fleet of AGVs to pick up one or more containers and transport it to a given goal without colliding with other AGVs and obstacles. We propose an integrated framework for solving the goal assignment and trajectory planning problem minimizing the maximum cost overall vehicle trajectories using the classical Hungarian algorithm.To deal with the dynamics in the environment, we refine our final trajectories with CHOMP (Covariant Hamiltonianoptimization for motion planning) in order to trade off between path smoothness and dynamic obstacle avoidance.

  • 454.
    David, Jennifer
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Valencia, Rafael
    Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, USA.
    Philippsen, Roland
    Google Inc..
    Bosshard, Pascal
    ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland.
    Iagnemma, Karl
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA.
    Gradient Based Path Optimization Method for Autonomous Driving2017In: 2017 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), [Piscataway, NJ]: IEEE, 2017, p. 4501-4508Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the possibilities of extending and adapting the CHOMP motion planner to work with a non-holonomic vehicle such as an autonomous truck with a single trailer. A detailed study has been done to find out the different ways of implementing these constraints on the motion planner. CHOMP, which is a successful motion planner for articulated robots produces very fast and collision-free trajectories. This nature is important for a local path adaptor in a multi-vehicle path planning for resolving path-conflicts in a very fast manner and hence, CHOMP was adapted. Secondly, this paper also details the experimental integration of the modified CHOMP with the sensor fusion and control system of an autonomous Volvo FH-16 truck. Integration experiments were conducted in a real-time environment with the developed autonomous truck. Finally, additional simulations were also conducted to compare the performance of the different approaches developed to study the feasibility of employing CHOMP to autonomous vehicles. ©2017 IEEE

  • 455.
    David, Jennifer
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Valencia, Rafael
    Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, USA.
    Philippsen, Roland
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Iagnemma, Karl
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, USA.
    Local Path Optimizer for an Autonomous Truck in a Harbour Scenario2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, functional gradient algorithms like CHOMP have been very successful in producing locally optimal motion plans for articulated robots. In this paper, we have adapted CHOMP to work with a non-holonomic vehicle such as an autonomous truck with a single trailer and a differential drive robot. An extended CHOMP with rolling constraints have been implemented on both of these setup which yielded feasible curvatures. This paper details the experimental integration of the extended CHOMP motion planner with the sensor fusion and control system of an autonomous Volvo FH-16 truck. It also explains the experiments conducted on the differential-drive robot. Initial experimental investigations and results conducted in a real-world environment show that CHOMP can produce smooth and collision-free trajectories for mobile robots and vehicles as well. In conclusion, this paper discusses the feasibility of employing CHOMP to mobile robots.

  • 456.
    David, Jennifer
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Valencia, Rafael
    The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, USA.
    Philippsen, Roland
    Iagnemma, Karl
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, USA.
    Trajectory Optimizer for an Autonomous Truck in Container Terminal2017In: ICRA 2017 Workshop on Robotics and Vehicular Technologies for Self-driving cars, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 457.
    Davidsson, Adam
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Lindbom, Fredrik
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Slow-response generator2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Because of environmental pollution, forces the automotive industry constantly reduced emissions requirements legislated by the authorities. Improved techniques for engine control are a must for bringing down emissions. The use of an Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) reduces NOx emissions significantly. Faulty EGR valves affect the emissions negative and therefore needs to be eliminated.

    It is possible to create malfunctions on the EGR valve by modifying the software of the control unit (ECU), but it does not create realistic malfunctions. The problem by modifying the software is that flags and various parameters are set to confirm the malfunction of the ECU. To create actual failure of the EGR valve an external tool to modify the control signal is needed.

    The project's main objective is on a flexible way creating malfunctions on the EGR valve in a truck engine. By investigating engine behavior in a realistic and credible way, one can eliminate malfunctions on the EGR valve. The aim was achieved by a model that has been developed that can, using electronics and a microprocessor read and create a control signal.

    The electronic circuit is controlled by the microprocessor, which can modify the signal and create malfunctions in the form of a slow valve "slow-response". A graphical user interface is used to change and influence the error signal. The circuit with the microprocessor is placed safely in a box to both protect and preserve the components.

    Simulation of Slow response has resulted in an incorrect operated valve being created. Using two different methods a Slow-response can be created. One method is a delay in time, which occurs when the new position is given, the second method is a ramp function when the control signal is gradually increasing. The software can also create an error that mimics a stuck valve of a fixed value. With the above listed methods it is possible in theory to find unknown malfunctions on the EGR valve that influence emissions negatively. 

  • 458.
    Dawood, Sivan
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Frindt, Catharina
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Bluetooth Low Energy using Trilateration with Anybus Wireless Bolt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 459.
    de Freitas, Edison Pignaton
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Allgayer, Rodrigo S.
    Electrical Engineering Department – Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Heimfarth, Tales
    Computer Science Department – Federal University of Lavras Lavras, Brazil.
    Wagner, Fla ́vio R.
    Institute of Informatics – Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Larsson, Tony
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Pereira, Carlos E.
    Electrical Engineering Department – Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Ferreira, Armando M.
    Defense Engineering Graduate Program – Military Institute of Engineering Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    Coordination Mechanism and Customizable Hardware Platform to Provide Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks Support2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an effort to support emerging Wireless Sensor Networks applications composed by different types of sensor nodes. The work is composed by two parts, in which the first is dedicated to provide cooperation abilities to sensor nodes, while the second is a customizable hardware platform intended to provide different types of sensor nodes, from those more resource constrained up to the resource-rich ones. A description of a testbed demonstra- tor of the proposed system is provided and comparisons with previous published simulation results denote the feasibility of the proposal.

  • 460.
    de Freitas, Edison Pignaton
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Allgayer, Rodrigo S.
    PPGEE, UFRGS, Brazil.
    Wehrmeister, Marco A.
    PPGC, UFRGS, Brazil.
    Pereira, Carlos E.
    PPGEE, UFRGS, Brazil.
    Larsson, Tony
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Supporting platform for heterogeneous sensor network operation based on unmanned vehicles systems and wireless sensor nodes2009In: 2009 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, Volumes 1 and 2 / [ed] Institute of Electrical and Electronics, New York: IEEE Press, 2009, p. 786-791Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Advances in vehicle intelligence technology is enabling the development of systems composed of unmanned vehicles, which are able to interact with devices spread on the environment in order to take decisions related to their movements. Sensor networks represent an area that can profit a lot of this new possibilities, as autonomous vehicles can be used to carry sensor devices, which interacting with static sensor nodes can enhance the results provided by the overall system. However, some problems arise in applications' development in such systems due to the network nodes heterogeneity, and also the dynamicity of the environment in which they are deployed, which changes constantly. Thus, new platform solutions are necessary to handle the heterogeneous nodes capabilities in order to facilitate coordination and integration among them. This paper proposes a supporting infrastructure to address these problems composed of an adaptive middleware and a customizable sensor node platform. The goal is to support cooperation in heterogeneous sensor networks, which are composed by static and mobile nodes with different capabilities. The middleware adapts itself in order to manage the very distinct computing resources of the nodes, and also changes in the environment and in the application demands. The customizable sensor node platform allows optimizations in hw/sw modules to meet specific application requirements, allowing the creation of low-end and resource rich nodes that work in an integrated network. In order to illustrate the proposed approach, a system for military surveillance applications is presented as case study.

  • 461.
    de Freitas, Edison Pignaton
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Binotto, Alécio Pedro Delazari
    Fraunhofer IGD / TU Darmstadt, Germany.
    Pereira, Carlos Eduardo
    PPGC UFRGS, Brazil.
    Stork, Andre
    Fraunhofer IGD / TU Darmstadt, Germany.
    Larsson, Tony
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Dynamic activity and task allocation supporting uav teams in surveillance systems2009In: Proceedings of the International Multiconference on Computer Science and Information Technology, 2009. IMCSIT '09, Piscataway, N.J.: IEEE Press, 2009, p. 51-58Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles is increasing in the field of area patrolling and surveil- lance. A great issue that emerge in designing such systems is the target workload distribution over a fleet of UAVs, which generally have different capabilities of sensing and computing power. Targets should be assigned to the most suitable UAVs in order to efficiently perform the end-user initiated missions. To perform these missions, the UAVs require powerful high-performance platforms to deal with many dif- ferent algorithms that make use of massive calculations. The use of COTS hardware (e.g., GPU) presents an interesting low-cost alternative to compose the required platform. However, in order to efficiently use these heterogeneous platforms in a dynamic scenario, such as in surveillance systems, runtime reconfigu- ration strategies must be provided. This paper presents a dynamic approach to distribute the handling of targets among the UAVs and a heuristic method to address the efficient use of the heterogeneous hard- ware that equips these UAVs, with the goal to meet also mission timing requirements. Preliminary simu- lation results of the proposed heuristics are also provided.

  • 462.
    de Freitas, Edison Pignaton
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES). Institute of Informatics, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
    Bösch, Bernhard
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Allgayer, Rodrigo
    Electrical Engineering Department, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
    Steinfeld, Leonardo
    Electrical Engineering Institute, Universidad de la República, Uruguay.
    Wagner, Flávio
    Institute of Informatics, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
    Carro, Luigi
    Institute of Informatics, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
    Pereira, Carlos
    Institute of Informatics, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil; Electrical Engineering Department, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
    Larsson, Tony
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Mobile Agents Model and Performance Analysis of a Wireless Sensor Network Target Tracking Application2011In: Smart spaces and next generation wired/wireless networking: 11th International Conference, NEW2AN 2011 and 4th Conference on Smart Spaces, RuSMART 2011, St. Petersburg, Russia, August 22 -25, 2011 ; proceedings / [ed] Sergey Balandin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2011, Vol. 6869, p. 274-286Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Advances on wireless communication and sensor systems enabled the growing usage of Wireless Sensor Networks. This kind of network is being used to support a number of new emerging applications, thus the importance in studying the efficiency of new approaches to program them. This paper proposes a performance study of an application using high-level mobile agent model for Wireless Sensor Networks. The analysis is based on a mobile object tracking system, a classical WSN application. It is assumed that the sensor nodes are static, while the developed software is implemented as mobile agents by using the AFME framework. The presented project follows a Model-Driven Development (MDD) methodology using UML (Unified Modeling Language) models. Metrics related to dynamic features of the implemented solution are extracted from the deployed application, allowing a design space exploration in terms of metrics such as performance, memory and energy consumption. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011.

  • 463.
    de Freitas, Edison Pignaton
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Ferreia, Armando Morado
    Instituto Militar de Engenharia (IME) · Mechanical Engineering Department.
    Pereira, Carlos Eduardo
    Electrical Engineering Department, Military Institute of Engineering, Brazil.
    Larsson, Tony
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Middleware Support in Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Wireless Sensor Networks for Surveillance Applications2009In: Intelligent Distributed Computing III: Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Intelligent Distributed Computing – IDC 2009, Ayia Napa, Cyprus,October 2009 / [ed] Papadopoulos, George Angelos & Badica, Costin, Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2009, p. 289-296Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the architecture of a middleware that provides an intelligent interoperability support to allow the integration and cooperation among Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) nodes and small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) implementing a surveillance system. The motivation for this study is that the cooperation among distinct types of sensor nodes to achieve common goals can notably enhance the results obtained in surveillance operations. A discussion around the requirements of such systems is also presented, supporting the design decisions and the choice of the techniques employed to develop the middleware. Finally, preliminary results are presented.

  • 464.
    de Freitas, Edison Pignaton
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Heimfarth, Tales
    Computer Science Department UFLA - Brazil.
    Costa, Luiz Augusto Guimarães
    Computer Science Department UFLA - Brazil.
    Ferreira, Armando M.
    Military Institute of Engineering - Brazil.
    Pereira, Carlos Eduardo
    PPGC UFRGS - Brazil.
    Wagner, Flávio Rech
    PPGC UFRGS - Brazil.
    Larsson, Tony
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Analyzing different levels of geographic context awareness in agent ferrying over VANETs2011In: Proceedings of the 2011 ACM Symposium on Applied Computing, New York: ACM Press, 2011, p. 413-418Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of mobile software agents is a promising approach to implement services over ad hoc networks. This paper presents an analysis of mobile autonomous agents with different degrees of intelligence that allow them to make usage of the positioning information of vehicle carried sensor nodes with different depth of complexity, considering the nodes’ current and future locations. The agents’ intelligence is used to decide their movement during opportunistic connections among the nodes in order to accomplish missions. In this work, the analysis is done over an application of “virtual sensors”, implemented by services provided by the mobile agents. These agents run on top of an infrastructure-less Vehicular Ad hoc Network (VANET). Simulation results are presented and discussed to support the proposed ideas.

  • 465.
    de Freitas, Edison Pignaton
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Heimfarth, Tales
    Computer Science Department, UFLA, Brazil.
    Ferreira, Armando Morado
    Military Institute of Engineering, Brazil.
    Pereira, Carlos Eduardo
    PPGC UFRGS, Brazil.
    Wagner, Flávio Rech
    PPGC UFRGS, Brazil.
    Larsson, Tony
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Decentralized task distribution among cooperative UAVs in surveillance systems applications2010In: 2010 Seventh International Conference on Wireless On-demand Network Systems and Services, New York: IEEE Press, 2010, p. 121-128Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Teams of small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are being largely proposed to be used in different areas for both military and civilian applications. Their integration in wider sensor networks is also being considered in order to provide a better cost-benefit ration. However, coordination among UAV teams is not a trivial problem in an ad hoc network. This paper presents a decentralized coordination strategy to orient the actions of a team of UAVs, which take part in a wider sensor network, relying on ad hoc network communication. The proposed sensors network inclused static sensors that issue alarms indicating the presence of possible targets that must be handled by one of the UAVs and possibly relay messages among them. Preliminary results of the proposed approach are presented and are contrasted with results provided by a centralized solution for the problem.

  • 466.
    de Freitas, Edison Pignaton
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Heimfarth, Tales
    Institute of Informatics, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Ferreira, Armando Morado
    Defense Engineering Graduate Program, Military Institute of Engineering, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    Wagner, Flávio Rech
    Institute of Informatics, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Pereira, Carlos Eduardo
    Institute of Informatics, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Larsson, Tony
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Embedded Systems (CERES).
    An agent framework to support sensor networks’ setup and adaptation2009In: International Multiconference on Computer Science and Information Technology, 2009. IMCSIT ’09, Piscataway, N.J.: IEEE Press, 2009, p. 619-626Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sensor networks are being used in several emerging applications not even imagined some years ago due to advances in sensing, computing, and communication techniques. However, these advances also pose various challenges that must be faced. One important challenge is related to the autonomous capability needed to setup and adapt the networks, which decentralizes the control of the network, saving communication and energy resources. Middleware technology helps in addressing this kind of problem, but there is still a need for additional solutions, particularly considering dynamic changes in users' requirements and operation conditions. This paper presents an agent-based framework acting as an integral part of a middleware to support autonomous setup and adaptation of sensor networks. It adds interoperability among heterogeneous nodes in the network, by means of autonomous behavior and reasoning. These features also address the needs for system setup and adaptations in the network, reducing the communication overhead and decentralizing the decision making mechanism. Additionally, preliminary results are also presented.

  • 467.
    de Freitas, Edison Pignaton
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Heimfarth, Tales
    Computer Science Department, Federal University of Lavras, Lavras, Brazil.
    Netto, Ivayr Farah
    Computer Science Department, Federal University of Lavras, Lavras, Brazil.
    Cardoso de Sa, Alex Guimaraes
    Computer Science Department, Federal University of Lavras, Lavras, Brazil.
    Pereira, Carlos Eduardo
    Institute of Informatics, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Ferreira, Armando Morado
    Defense Engineering Graduate Program, Military Institute of Engineering, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    Wagner, Flavio Rech
    Institute of Informatics, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Larsson, Tony
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Enhanced Wireless Sensor Network Setup Strategy Supported by Intelligent Software Agents2010In: Sensors 2010 Hawaii: IEEE Sensors 2010 Conference : November 1-4, 2010, Waikoloa, Big Island, Hawaii. / [ed] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J.: IEEE Press, 2010, p. 813-816Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A well know problem in the Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) research area is the usage of appropriate strategies to setup the sensor nodes such that they may accomplish sensing missions. This problem refers to the selection of appropriate nodes to perform the different tasks required to the missions' accomplishment and may be thus characterized as an instance of the task and resource allocation problem. Traditional approaches consider pre-planned strategies, which are not flexible to deal with changes in the network and environment operating conditions. This paper presents an enhanced agent-oriented strategy, which consists of a usage of mobile intelligent agents to disseminate missions and nodes' information over the network, as well as stationary software agents installed in the sensor nodes to provide advanced reasoning apparatus for decision making purposes. The proposed enhancement complements the original agent-based approach with robustness features required to overcome extreme adverse conditions in which an ordinary WSN presents poor results. Results from simulations provide evidences of the efficiency of the complete enhanced approach.

  • 468.
    de Freitas, Edison Pignaton
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Heimfarth, Tales
    Computer Science Department, Federal University of Lavras, Lavras, Brazil.
    Netto, Ivayr Farah
    Computer Science Department, Federal University of Lavras, Lavras, Brazil.
    Lino, Carlos Eduardo
    Federal University of Lavras, Department of Computer Science, Lavras Brazil .
    Pereira, Carlos Eduardo
    Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Institute of Informatics, Porto Alegre Brazil .
    Ferreira, Armando Morado
    Instituto Militar de Engenharia, Defense Engineering Graduate Program, Rio de Janeiro Brazil .
    Wagner, Flávio Rech
    Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Institute of Informatics, Porto Alegre Brazil .
    Larsson, Tony
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Embedded Systems (CERES).
    UAV relay network to support WSN connectivity2010In: 2010 International Congress on Ultra Modern Telecommunications and Control Systems and Workshops: ICUMT : Moscow, 18-20 Oct. 2010 / [ed] IEEE, Piscataway, N.J.: IEEE Press, 2010, p. 309-314Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An important problem in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) is the occurrence of failures that lead to the disconnection of parts of the network, compromising the final results achieved by the WSN operation. A way to overcome such problem is to provide a reliable connection to support the connectivity via other types of nodes that communicate with the sensor nodes. This paper proposes the usage of a network composed by Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) as a relay network to guarantee the delivery of data produced by WSN nodes on the ground to the users. Results from simulations of the proposed technique are provided and discussed.

  • 469.
    de Freitas, Edison Pignaton
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Embedded Systems (CERES). Institute of Informatics, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Heimfarth, Tales
    Institute of Informatics, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Pereira, Carlos Eduardo
    Institute of Informatics, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Ferreira, Armando Morado
    Electrical Engineering Department, Military Institute of Engineering, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    Wagner, Flávio Rech
    Institute of Informatics, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Larsson, Tony
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Evaluation of coordination strategies for heterogeneous sensor networks aiming at surveillance applications2009In: Sensors 2009 New Zealand: IEEE Sensors 2009 Conference: 25-28 October, 2009, Christchurch, New Zealand, Piscataway, N.J.: IEEE Press, 2009, p. 591-596Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A new challenge in the sensor network area is the coordination of heterogeneous sensors (with different sensing, mobility and computing capabilities) in an integrated network. This kind of sensor networks have clearly high relevance in surveillance systems, in which both low-end static ground sensor nodes and more sophisticated sensors carried by mobile platforms, such as Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), cooperate. This paper provides an analysis of two different strategies to guide the collaboration among the sensor nodes mentioned above, applied to area surveillance systems. The first analyzed problem is related to the choice of the UAV instance that will respond to a given alarm issued by a ground sensor node. The second issue is the estimation of the response time until any UAV can be engaged in handling an alarm and effectively handles it. Two strategies are introduced and compared: one based on a pheromone inspired approach and another based on utility functions inspired on risk profiles that models decisions of investors in the stock market. ©2009 IEEE.

  • 470.
    de Freitas, Edison Pignaton
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Heimfarth, Tales
    Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Institute of Informatics, Porto Alegre Brazil .
    Pereira, Carlos Eduardo
    Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Institute of Informatics, Porto Alegre Brazil .
    Ferreira, Armando Morado
    Instituto Militar de Engenharia, Defense Engineering Graduate Program, Rio de Janeiro Brazil .
    Wagner, Flávio Rech
    Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Institute of Informatics, Porto Alegre Brazil.
    Larsson, Tony
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Experimental Analysis of Coordination Strategies to Support Wireless Sensor Networks Composed by Static Ground Sensors and UAV-Carried Sensors2010In: International Symposium on Parallel and Distributed Processing with Applications, ISPA 2010, New York: IEEE Press, 2010, p. 152-161Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a comparison among different strategies to coordinate the use of heterogeneous wireless sensors aimed for area surveillance. The heterogeneity among the sensor nodes is related to their sensing and mobility capabilities. The goal of the strategies is to provide coordination among the different nodes, in order to make the wireless sensor network perform its missions with higher efficiency. Strategies combine advantages of bio-inspired and utility-based approaches to coordination. Simulations of scenarios with different characteristics were performed and the results are compared and analyzed.

  • 471.
    de Freitas, Edison Pignaton
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Heimfarth, Tales
    Computer Science Department, Federal University of Lavras, Lavras, Brazil.
    Pereira, Carlos Eduardo
    Institute of Informatics, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Ferreira, Armando Morado
    Defense Engineering Graduate Program, Military Institute of Engineering, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    Wagner, Flávio Rech
    Institute of Informatics, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Larsson, Tony
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Pheromone-based coordination strategy to static sensors on the ground and unmanned aerial vehicles carried sensors2010In: Ground-Air multi-sensor interoperability, integration, and networking for persistent ISR: 6-9 April 2010, Orlando, Florida, United States / [ed] Michael A Kolodny, Bellingham: SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering, 2010, Vol. 7694, p. Article number 769416-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A current trend that is gaining strength in the wireless sensor network area is the use of heterogeneous sensor nodes in one coordinated overall network, needed to fulfill the requirements of sophisticated emerging applications, such as area surveillance systems. One of the main concerns when developing such sensor networks is how to provide coordination among the heterogeneous nodes, in order to enable them to efficiently respond the user needs. This study presents an investigation of strategies to coordinate a set of static sensor nodes on the ground cooperating with wirelessly connected Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) carrying a variety of sensors, in order to provide efficient surveillance over an area of interest. The sensor nodes on the ground are set to issue alarms on the occurrence of a given event of interest, e.g. entrance of a non-authorized vehicle in the area, while the UAVs receive the issued alarms and have to decide which of them is the most suitable to handle the issued alarm. A bio-inspired coordination strategy based on the concept of pheromones is presented. As a complement of this strategy, a utility-based decision making approach is proposed.

  • 472.
    de Freitas, Edison Pignaton
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Wehrmeister, Marco Aurélio
    PPGEE, UFRGS, Brazil.
    Ferreira, Armando Morado
    Military Institute of Engineering 22290-270 – Rio de Janeiro/RJ, Brazil.
    Pereira, Carlos Eduardo
    PPGC UFRGS, Brazil.
    Larsson, Tony
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Multi-agents supporting reflection in a middleware for mission-driven heterogeneous sensor networks2009In: Proc. of 3rd Agent Technology for Sensor Networks (ATSN), in conjunction with 8th AAMAS, 2009, p. 25-32Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The emerging applications using sensor networks technologies constitute a new trend requiring several different devices to work together and this partly autonomously. However, the integration and coordination of heterogeneous sensors in these emerging systems is still a challenge, especially when the target application scenario is susceptible to constant changes. Such systems must adapt themselves in order to fulfill requirements that can also change during the system runtime. Due to the dynamicity of this context, system adaptations must take place very quickly, requiring system autonomous decisions to perform them without any human operator intervention, besides the first directions to the system. Thus a reflective behavior must be provided. This paper presents a reflective middleware that supports reflective behaviors to address adaptation needs of heterogeneous sensor networks deployed in dynamic scenarios. This middleware presents specific handling of users’ requirements by representing them as missions that the network must accomplish with. These missions are then translated to network parameters and distributed over the network by means of the reasoning about network nodes capabilities and environment conditions. A multi- agent approach is proposed to perform this initial reasoning as well as the adaptations needed during the system runtime.

  • 473.
    De Mol, Wouter
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Comparison and evaluation of the accuracy of accelerometers and gyroscopes for detecting gait events in a real life setting2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 474.
    de Morais, Wagner Ourique
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Sant'Anna, Anita
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Wickström, Nicholas
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    A Wearable Accelerometer Based Platform to Encourage Physical Activity for the Elderly2008In: Gerontechnology : international journal on the fundamental aspects of technology to serve the ageing society, ISSN 1569-1101, Vol. 07, no 02, p. 129-181Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The growth in the elderly population will pose great pressure on the healthcare system to treat common geriatric problem. Preventive approaches like encouraging elderly people to perform physical exercises can decrease the risk of developing chronic diseases. In cases when diseases already have developed, further developments could possibly be retarded. In this work a wearable platform to recognize user’ s    movements    presented.    The    platform    provides interactions with simple computer games designed to promote physical activity.

  • 475.
    Demin, Mikhail
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), MPE-lab.
    Finite Volume Methods for Option Pricing2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 476.
    Deng, Der-Jiunn
    et al.
    Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, National Changhua University of Education, Changhua, Taiwan.
    Vinel, Alexey
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Atiquzzaman, Mohammed
    Department of Computer Science, The University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, United States.
    Editorial: Recent Advances in Heterogeneous Networking for Quality, Reliability, Security and Robustness2017In: Journal on spesial topics in mobile networks and applications, ISSN 1383-469X, E-ISSN 1572-8153, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 1-3Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 477.
    Diao, Zhu
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), MPE-lab.
    Sauer, Vincent T. K.
    National Institute for Nanotechnology, Alberta, Canada; Department of Biological Sciences & Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Alberta, Alberta, Canada.
    Hiebert, Wayne K.
    National Institute for Nanotechnology, Alberta, Canada & Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Alberta, Canada.
    Integrated On-Chip Nano-Optomechanical Systems2017In: International Journal of High Speed Electronics and Systems, ISSN 0129-1564, Vol. 26, no 1-2, article id 1740005Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent developments in integrated on-chip nano-optomechanical systems are reviewed. Silicon-based nano-optomechanical devices are fabricated by a two-step process, where the first step is a foundry-enabled photonic circuits patterning and the second step involves in-house mechanical device release. We show theoretically that the enhanced responsivity of near-field optical transduction of mechanical displacement in on-chip nano-optomechanical systems originates from the finesse of the optical cavity to which the mechanical device couples. An enhancement in responsivity of more than two orders of magnitude has been observed when compared side-by-side with free-space interferometry readout. We further demonstrate two approaches to facilitate large-scale device integration, namely, wavelength-division multiplexing and frequency-division multiplexing. They are capable of significantly simplifying the design complexity for addressing individual nano-optomechanical devices embedded in a large array. © 2017 World Scientific Publishing Company.

  • 478.
    Dillon, Tharam
    et al.
    Curtin University of Technology, Bentley, Australia.
    Parashar, Manish
    Rutgers University, New Jersey, USA.
    Taha, Walid
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Chen, Guolong
    Suzhou University, Jiangsu Sheng, China.
    Zomaya, Albert
    University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
    Pan, Yi
    Georgia State University, Georgia, USA.
    Message from U-Science 2014 general chairs2014In: 2014 IEEE 12th International Conference on Dependable, Autonomic and Secure Computing, Piscataway: IEEE, 2014, article id 6945646Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Presents the introductory welcome message from the conference proceedings. May include the conference officers' congratulations to all involved with the conference event and publication of the proceedings record.© 2014 IEEE

  • 479.
    Dincay, Berkan
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    GPS/Optical Encoder Based Navigation Methods for dsPIC Microcontroled Mobile Vehicle2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Optical encoders are being widely suggested for precise mobile navigation. Combining such sensor information with Global Positioning System (GPS) is a practical solution for reducing the accumulated errors from encoders and moving the navigational base into global coordinates with high accuracy.

    This thesis presents integration methods of GPS and optical encoders for a mobile vehicle that is controlled by microcontroller. The system analyzed includes a commercial GPS receiver, dsPIC microcontroller and mobile vehicle with optical encoders. Extended kalman filtering (EKF), real time curve matching, GPS filtering methods are compared and contrasted which are used for integrating sensors data. Moreover, computer interface, encoder interface and motor control module of dsPIC microprocessor have been used and explained.

    Navigation quality on low speeds highly depends greatly upon the processing of GPS data. Integration of sensor data is simulated for both EKF and real time curve matching technique and different behaviors are observed. Both methods have significantly improved the accuracy of the navigation. However, EKF has more advantages on solving the localization problem where it is also dealing with the uncertainties of the systems.

  • 480.
    Djervbrant, Karl-Johan
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Häggström, Andreas
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    A Study on Fingerprinting of Locally Assigned MAC-Addresses2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The number of WiFi Devices is increasing every day, most people traveling hasa device with a WiFi network card enabled. This is something EffectSoft AB in Halmstad utilizes in their service Flow, to track and count devices. The accuracy of counted devices was however not accurate enough for a commercial use and this is where this candidate Thesis will continue research on how to improve the accuracy. It introduces the fundamental problem on how one cannot directly count transmitted MAC-Addresses to count present devices, since the manufacturers implement features against this such as MAC-Address randomization. It covers how manufacturers are not consistent in their implementation of the IEEE 802.11 standard, how this can be utilized to estimate how many devices are present in the networkwith three different approaches. It also concludes that Control Frame Attacks is not a viable approach any longer to count devices and the best method for counting devices are a combination of Passive Probe Request Analysis techniques.

  • 481.
    Dorrell, David G.
    et al.
    University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
    Vinel, Alexey
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Cao, Dongpu
    Cranfield University, Bedford, United Kingdom.
    Connected Vehicles – Advancements in Vehicular Technologies and Informatics2015In: IEEE transactions on industrial electronics (1982. Print), ISSN 0278-0046, E-ISSN 1557-9948, Vol. 62, no 12, p. 7824-7826, article id 7322333Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Vehicles are becoming increasingly more sophisticated and the technology being developed in them covers a number of areas. At the heart of these developments are often the communication, information and control systems. This is very much illustrated in this "Special Section on Connected Vehicles - Advancements in Vehicular Technologies and Informatics" of the IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics that we are pleased to present. The Special Section contains twelve papers related to automotive technology. Obviously there a range of areas covered from very high speed machines, that could be used for cooling fans in automotive fuel cells or scaled up for drive motors, to energy management and into various communications aspects of vehicular technology. © 1982-2012 IEEE.

  • 482.
    Dremkova, E.
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Ehrhardt, M.
    Lehrstuhl für Angewandte Mathematik und Numerische Analysis, Fachbereich C Mathematik und Naturwissenschaften, Bergische Universität Wuppertal, Gaußstrasse 20, 42119 Wuppertal, Germany.
    A high-order compact method for nonlinear Black-Scholes option pricing equations of American options2011In: International Journal of Computer Mathematics, ISSN 0020-7160, E-ISSN 1029-0265, Vol. 88, no 13, p. 2782-2797Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to transaction costs, illiquid markets, large investors or risks from an unprotected portfolio the assumptions in the classical Black-Scholes model become unrealistic and the model results in nonlinear, possibly degenerate, parabolic diffusion-convection equations. Since in general, a closed-form solution to the nonlinear Black-Scholes equation for American options does not exist (even in the linear case), these problems have to be solved numerically. We present from the literature different compact finite difference schemes to solve nonlinear Black-Scholes equations for American options with a nonlinear volatility function. As compact schemes cannot be directly applied to American type options, we use a fixed domain transformation proposed by Sevcovic and show how the accuracy of the method can be increased to order four in space and time.

  • 483.
    Duc, Benoıt
    et al.
    Motorola, Inc., Geneva, Switzerland.
    Fischer, Stefan
    FASTCOM Technology, S.A., Lausanne.
    Bigun, Josef
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Face authentication with Gabor information on deformable graphs1999In: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, ISSN 1057-7149, E-ISSN 1941-0042, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 504-516Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Elastic graph matching has been proposed as a practical implementation of dynamic link matching, which is a neural network with dynamically evolving links between a reference model and an input image. Each node of the graph contains features that characterize the neighborhood of its location in the image. The elastic graph matching usually consists of two consecutive steps, namely a matching with a rigid grid, followed by a deformation of the grid, which is actually the elastic part. The deformation step is introduced in order to allow for some deformation, rotation, and scaling of the object to be matched. This method is applied here to the authentication of human faces where candidates claim an identity that is to be checked. The matching error as originally suggested is not powerful enough to provide satisfying results in this case. We introduce an automatic weighting of the nodes according to their significance. We also explore the significance of the elastic deformation for an application of face-based person authentication. We compare performance results obtained with and without the second matching step. Results show that the deformation step slightly increases the performance, but has lower influence than the weighting of the nodes. The best results are obtained with the combination of both aspects. The results provided by the proposed method compare favorably with two methods that require a prior geometric face normalization, namely the synergetic and eigenface approaches

  • 484.
    Duracz, Adam
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Rigorous Simulation: Its Theory and Applications2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Designing Cyber-Physical Systems is hard. Physical testing can be slow, expensive and dangerous. Furthermore computational components make testing all possible behavior unfeasible. Model-based design mitigates these issues by making it possible to iterate over a design much faster. Traditional simulation tools can produce useful results, but their results are traditionally approximations that make it impossible to distinguish a useful simulation from one dominated by numerical error. Verification tools require skills in formal specification and a priori understanding of the particular dynamical system being studied.

    This thesis presents rigorous simulation, an approach to simulation that uses validated numerics to produce results that quantify and bound all approximation errors accumulated during simulation. This makes it possible for the user to objectively and reliably distinguish accurate simulations from ones that do not provide enough information to be useful. Explicitly quantifying the error in the output has the side-effect of leading to a tool for dealing with inputs that come with quantified uncertainty.

    We formalize the approach as an operational semantics for a core subset of the domain-specific language Acumen. The operational semantics is extended to a larger subset through a translation. Preliminary results toward proving the soundness of the operational semantics with respect to a denotational semantics are presented. A modeling environment with a rigorous simulator based on the operational semantics is described. The implementation is portable, and its source code is freely available. The accuracy of the simulator on different kinds of systems is explored through a set of benchmark models that exercise different aspects of a rigorous simulator. A case study from the automotive domain is used to evaluate the applicability of the simulator and its modeling language. In the case study, the simulator is used to compute rigorous bounds on the output of a model.

  • 485.
    Duracz, Adam
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Bartha, Ferenc Ágoston
    Rice University, Houston, TX, USA.
    Taha, Walid
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES). Rice University, Houston, TX, USA.
    Accurate Rigorous Simulation Should be Possible for Good Designs2016In: Proceedings of the 2016 International Workshop on Symbolic and Numerical Methods for Reachability Analysis (SNR) / [ed] Erika Ábrahám & Sergiy Bogomolov, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE conference proceedings, 2016, article id 7479376Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of Cyber-Physical Systems benefits from better methods and tools to support the simulation and verification of hybrid (continuous/discrete) models. Acumen is an open source testbed for exploring the design space of what rigorous-but-practical next-generation tools can deliver to developers. Central to Acumen is the notion of rigorous simulation. Like verification tools, rigorous simulation is intended to provide guarantees about the behavior of the system. Like traditional simulation tools, it is intended to be intuitive, practical, and scalable. Whether these two goals can be achieved simultaneously is an important, long-term challenge.

    This paper proposes a design principle that can play an important role in meeting this challenge. The principle addresses the criticism that accumulating numerical errors is a serious impediment to practical rigorous simulation. It is inspired by a twofold insight: one relating to the nature of systems engineered in the real world, and the other relating to how numerical errors in the simulation of a model can be recast as errors in the state or parameters of the model in the simulation. We present a suite of small, concrete benchmarks that can be used to assess the extent to which a rigorous simulator upholds the proposed principle. We also report on which benchmarks Acumen's current rigorous simulator already succeeds and which ones remain challenging.

  • 486.
    Duracz, Adam
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Eriksson, Henrik
    SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, Borås, Sweden.
    Bartha, Ferenc Ágoston
    Rice University, Houston TX, USA.
    Zeng, Yingfu
    Rice University, Houston TX, USA.
    Xu, Fei
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Taha, Walid
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES). Rice University, Houston TX, USA.
    Using Rigorous Simulation to Support ISO 26262 Hazard Analysis and Risk Assessment2015In: 2015 IEEE 12th International Conference on Embedded Software and Systems (ICESS) / [ed] Meikang Qiu, Yongxin Zhu, Daikai Zhu & Fengling Han, Piscataway, N.J.: IEEE Press, 2015, p. 1093-1096Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rigorous simulation is a new technology that can play a key role in managing uncertainty in the design of safety-critical cyber-physical systems. One of its important applications is the analysis and evaluation of functional safety for road vehicles according to international standards such as ISO 26262. Previous work  presented preliminary evidence to support the feasibility of using rigorous simulation for this purpose. Here we report on advances in our implementation of rigorous simulation and show how they enable the rigorous simulation of more refined and more complete models. A larger case study highlights the benefits of these advances and helps us identify new challenges that should be addressed by future work. © 2015 IEEE.

  • 487.
    Duracz, Adam
    et al.
    Rice University, Houston, TX, United States.
    Moggi, Eugenio
    DIBRIS, Genova University, Genova, Italy.
    Taha, Walid
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Lin, Zhenchao
    Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.
    A Semantic Account of Rigorous Simulation2018In: Principles of Modeling: Essays Dedicated to Edward A. Lee on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday / [ed] Marten LohstrohPatricia DerlerMarjan Sirjani, Amsterdam: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2018, Vol. 10760, p. 223-239Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hybrid systems are a powerful formalism for modeling cyber-physical systems. Reachability analysis is a general method for checking safety properties, especially in the presence of uncertainty and non-determinism. Rigorous simulation is a convenient tool for reachability analysis of hybrid systems. However, to serve as proof tool, a rigorous simulator must be correct w.r.t. a clearly defined notion of reachability, which captures what is intuitively reachable in finite time. As a step towards addressing this challenge, this paper presents a rigorous simulator in the form of an operational semantics and a specification in the form of a denotational semantics. We show that, under certain conditions about the representation of enclosures, the rigorous simulator is correct. We also show that finding a representation satisfying these assumptions is non-trivial. © 2018, Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature.

  • 488. Duracz, Jan
    et al.
    Farjudian, Amin
    University of Nottingham Ningbo China, Ningbo, China.
    Konečný, Michal
    Aston University, Birmingham, United Kingdom.
    Taha, Walid
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES). Rice University, Houston, Texas, USA.
    Function Interval Arithmetic2014In: Mathematical software -- ICMS 2014: 4th International Congress, Seoul, South Korea, August 5-9, 2014. Proceedings / [ed] Hoon Hong & Chee Yap, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014, p. 677-684Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose an arithmetic of function intervals as a basis for convenient rigorous numerical computation. Function intervals can be used as mathematical objects in their own right or as enclosures of functions over the reals. We present two areas of application of function interval arithmetic and associated software that implements the arithmetic: (1) Validated ordinary differential equation solving using the AERN library and within the Acumen hybrid system modeling tool. (2) Numerical theorem proving using the PolyPaver prover. © 2014 Springer-Verlag.

  • 489.
    Duracz, Jan
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Konečný, Michal
    School of Engineering and Applied Science, Aston University, Birmingham, United Kingdom.
    Polynomial Function Intervals for Floating-Point Software Verification2014In: Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence, ISSN 1012-2443, E-ISSN 1573-7470, Vol. 70, no 4, p. 351-398Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of our work is the verification of tight functional properties of numerical programs, such as showing that a floating-point implementation of Riemann integration computes a close approximation of the exact integral. Programmers and engineers writing such programs will benefit from verification tools that support an expressive specification language and that are highly automated. Our work provides a new method for verification of numerical software, supporting a substantially more expressive language for specifications than other publicly available automated tools. The additional expressivity in the specification language is provided by two constructs. First, the specification can feature inclusions between interval arithmetic expressions. Second, the integral operator from classical analysis can be used in the specifications, where the integration bounds can be arbitrary expressions over real variables. To support our claim of expressivity, we outline the verification of four example programs, including the integration example mentioned earlier. A key component of our method is an algorithm for proving numerical theorems. This algorithm is based on automatic polynomial approximation of non-linear real and real-interval functions defined by expressions. The PolyPaver tool is our implementation of the algorithm and its source code is publicly available. In this paper we report on experiments using PolyPaver that indicate that the additional expressivity does not come at a performance cost when comparing with other publicly available state-of-the-art provers. We also include a scalability study that explores the limits of PolyPaver in proving tight functional specifications of progressively larger randomly generated programs.

  • 490.
    Durán, Boris
    et al.
    RISE Viktoria, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Englund, Cristofer
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research. RISE Viktoria, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Habobovic, Azra
    RISE Viktoria, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Andersson, Jonas
    RISE Viktoria, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Modeling vehicle behavior with neural dynamics2017In: Future Active Safety Technology - Towards zero traffic accidents, Nara, Japan, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Modeling the interaction of vehicles during certain traffic situations is the starting point for creating autonomous driving. Data collected from field trials where test subjects drive through a single-vehicle intersection was used to create behavioral models. The present work describes two implementations of models based on the dynamical systems approach and compares similarities and differences between them. The proposed models are designed to closely replicate the behavior selection in the intersection crossing experiment.

  • 491.
    Dzharayan, Gayk
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), MPE-lab.
    Voronova, Elena
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), MPE-lab.
    Pricing of exotic options under the Kou model by using the Laplace transform2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis we present the Laplace transform method of option pricing and it's realization, also compare it with another methods. We consider vanilla and exotic options, but more attention we pay to the two-asset correlation options. We chose the one of the modifications of Black-Scholes model, the Kou double exponential jump-diffusion model with the double exponential distribution of jumps, as model of the underlying stock prices development. The computations was done by the Laplace transform and it's inversion by the Euler method. We will present in details proof of finding Laplace transforms of put and call two-asset correlation options, the calculations of the moment generation function of the jump-diffusion by Levy-Khintchine formulae in cases without jumps and with independent jumps, and direct calculation of the risk-neutral expectation by solving double integral. Our work also contains the programme code for two-asset correlation call and put options. We will show the realization of our programme in the real data. As a result we see how our model complies on the NASDAQ OMX Stock-holm Market, considering the two-asset correlation options on three cases by stock prices of Handelsbanken, Ericsson and index OMXS30.

  • 492.
    Díez Rodríguez, Victor
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Detournay, Jérôme
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Vinel, Alexey
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Lyamin, Nikita
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    An Approach for Receiver-Side Awareness Control in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks2018In: IEEE transactions on intelligent transportation systems (Print), ISSN 1524-9050, E-ISSN 1558-0016, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 1227-1236Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Vehicular Ad hoc networks (VANET) are a key element of cooperative intelligent transport systems. One of the challenges in VANETs is dealing with awareness and congestion due to the high amount of messages received from the vehicles in communication range. As VANETs are used in critical applications, congestion on the receiver side caused by the buffering of the packets is a safety hazard. In this paper, we propose a streamwise queuing system on the receiver side and show how it improves the timeliness of the messages received and maintains the awareness of the system in a congestion situation. © Copyright 2017 IEEE

  • 493.
    Díez Rodríguez, Víctor
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Detournay, Jérôme
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    An Approach for Receiver-Side Awareness Control in Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Vehicular Ad-Hoc Network (VANET)s are a key element of Intelligent Transport System (ITS)s. One of the challenges in VANETs is dealing with awareness and congestion due to the high amount of messages received from the vehicles in communication range. As VANETs are used in critical applications, congestion on the receiver side caused by the buffering of the packets is a safety hazard. In this thesis, we propose a stream-wise queuing system on the receiver side and show how it improves the timeliness of the messages received and main- tains the awareness of the system in a congestion situation.

  • 494.
    Eaton, Ben
    et al.
    Department of IT Management, Copenhagen Business School, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Elaluf-Calderwood, Silvia
    Department of Management, The London School of Economics and Political Science, London, Great Britain.
    Sørensen, Carsten
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab). Department of Management, The London School of Economics and Political Science, London, Great Britain & University West, Trolllhättan, Sweden.
    Yoo, Youngjin
    Fox School of Business, Temple University, Philadelphia, United States.
    Distributed Tuning of Boundary Resources: The Case of Apple’s iOS Service System2015In: MIS Quarterly, ISSN 0276-7783, Vol. 39, no 1, p. 217-243Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The digital age has seen the rise of service systems involving highly distributed, heterogeneous, and resource-integrating actors whose relationships are governed by shared institutional logics, standards, and digital technology. The cocreation of service within these service systems takes place in the context of a paradoxical tension between the logic of generative and democratic innovations and the logic of infrastructural control. Boundary resources play a critical role in managing the tension as a firm that owns the infrastructure can secure its control over the service system while independent firms can participate in the service system. In this study, we explore the evolution of boundary resources. Drawing on Pickering’s (1993) and Barrett et al.’s (2012) conceptualizations of tuning, the paper seeks to forward our understanding of how heterogeneous actors engage in the tuning of boundary resources within Apple’s iOS service system. We conduct an embedded case study of Apple’s iOS service system with an in-depth analysis of 4,664 blog articles concerned with 30 boundary resources covering 6 distinct themes. Our analysis reveals that boundary resources of service systems enabled by digital technology are shaped and reshaped through distributed tuning, which involves cascading actions of accommodations and rejections of a network of heterogeneous actors and artifacts. Our study also shows the dualistic role of power in the distributed tuning process.

  • 495.
    Ebbesson, Esbjörn
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Facilitating Distributed Multi-stakeholder Co-creative Innovation Processes– A Case from the Media Industry2012In: IRIS: Selected Papers of the Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia / [ed] Judith Molka-Danielsen, Christina Keller & Mikael Wiberg, Trondheim: Akademika forlag, 2012, Vol. 3, p. 69-82Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Facilitating distributed co-creative activities within an innovation process involving multi-stakeholder perspectives such as diverse user groups, designers and organizational representatives is a challenging task. The distance on a conceptual level between participants has the potential to lead to both barriers and opportunities for co-creative activities, while also changing the role of the facilitator. The paper aim to explore this phenomenon further through the research question: How can facilitators work towards bridging conceptual distance between stakeholders in distributed multi-stakeholder co-creative innovation processes?’

    The researcher investigated the work of facilitators within a co-creative innovation process of user generated content services with the media industry through a case study. A theoretical framework centered around communities of practice and boundary spanning were used to gain an understanding of the facilitators work. The study concludes that the development of a shared language, use of boundary objects to aid translation and outer-level brokering before and during innovation activities are important processes that a facilitator use to decrease conceptual distance.

  • 496.
    Ebbesson, Esbjörn
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Fragmented Digital Infrastructures: The case of Social (News) Media2015In: 21st Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS 2015), Red Hook, NY: Curran Associates, Inc., 2015, p. 1172-1182Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Digitization and contemporary use of social media platforms is changing how we perceive and use IT, both in organizations and as citizens or consumers. These developments have also transformed and changed many industries, bringing both opportunities and challenges. One industry that was affected by digitization relatively early is the media industry, leading to studies on online journalism, gatekeeping, reader interaction and other changing practices enabled by IT.

    This study attempts to highlight the IT infrastructure behind the changing practice to understand the relationship between the IT and the use. Through an online ethnography, this paper investigates the use of social media platforms in the newspaper industry. The findings indicate that newspapers either use an integration strategy, where they relinquish control over the feature to the social media platform, or an appropriation strategy where they take the integration a step further, to have the social media platform work for them. 

  • 497.
    Ebbesson, Esbjörn
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Bergquist, Magnus
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Changing Boundaries in Virtual (Open) Innovation Work2014In: Proceedings of the 20th Americas Conference on Information Systems, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Co-creation and open innovation is changing the context for virtual work and the role of culture in boundary spanning. Organizations that are opening up to embrace a more open way of innovating often meet heterogeneous stakeholders. Culture in IS research is often analyzed on an organizational level, however, boundary spanning in innovation work calls for theorizing culture on several levels. This study addresses the role of culture in a boundary spanning innovation project within the newspaper industry where end-users and newspaper representatives collaborated to design a new e-service.We apply grid-group theory to unfold the complexity of virtual open innovation and conclude that stakeholders from both inside and outside the organization need to cross cultural boundaries to align themselves with other actors in order to help facilitate collaboration. The findings indicate that boundary spanners move between cultural positions based on differing cultural values in relation to other involved stakeholders.

  • 498.
    Ebbesson, Esbjörn
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Bergquist, Magnus
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Dancing in the Dark: Social Media Tactics in the News Industry2016In: The 10th Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems, MCIS 2016, Paphos, Cyprus, September 4-6, 2016, 2016, article id 20Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The news media ecosystem has expanded over the years leading up to today’s society to include advertisers, newspapers and other media houses, content producers, along with new players like social media platforms to together form a value packed mix of services for end-users to embrace. The shift from being a dominant platform owner concerning the printed paper, often with its own distribution network, presents the newspaper with many challenges when transforming into, or entering other platform owners’ ecosystems. While previous research has mainly focused on the newspaper industry’s development of strategies for embracing social media into their ecosystem, this study investigates newspaper workers’ social media usage for the purpose of attracting attention and generating value. The study of newspaper workers’ practices shows that, moving into digital platforms controlled by other dominant actors in the ecosystem, workers enact a tactical approach. Two tactics are identified: adaption and exploitation. The paper contributes with empirical insights into how newspaper workers develop practices to embrace social media that goes beyond previous research on social media strategy. We also apply the theory of everyday tactics developed by Michel de Certeau as a scaffold to theorize newspaper positioning in the rapidly changing news media landscape.

  • 499.
    Ebbesson, Esbjörn
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    A User Driven Design Approach to Creating UGC Services – Challenging the Newspaper Industry2013In: Human Interface and the Management of Information Information and Interaction Design: 15th International Conference, HCI International 2013 Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 2013 Proceedings, Part I / [ed] Sakae Yamamoto, Berlin: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2013, Vol. 8147, p. 187-196Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a user driven approach to creating user generated content services together with newspaper representatives and researchers in a Living Lab setting. Two cases are discussed, one with creating city district blogs and one with creating a site for un-employed youth. In each case both situated and distributed design activities were conducted, and the paper discusses the challenges with this approach. As the newspaper industry traditionally designs their services in-house from their own ideas and thereafter tests them with their readers, a user driven approach by readers was very challenging. However, the newspaper representatives also found it rewarding to embrace their ideas. The participating readers were very active in the situated activities but only a few continued the same activity online. The paper concludes by proposing a model for how to view the changing role of a researcher or facilitator in these types of setting. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

  • 500.
    Ebbesson, Esbjörn
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Co-creating Innovative UGC Services with the Media Industry2013In: Proceedings of the Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, Piscataway: IEEE Press, 2013, p. 3057-3066, article id 6480212Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we identify challenges of involving different stakeholders in distributed co-creative open innovation processes and discuss how these challenges can be handled. In the LoCoMedia project, researchers, newspaper representatives and readers/users have co-created innovative user generated content (UGC) services. With a Living Lab approach with the user in focus in a real life setting, we have experimented with different ways of involving different stakeholders in nine experimental UGC projects. The study concludes that careful recruitment, face to face meetings as a compliment to online activities, heterogeneous participant groups, feedback and careful selection of a flexible online platform is important aspects for involving different stakeholders in co-creating innovative processes. © 2012 IEEE.

78910111213 451 - 500 of 2015
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf