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  • 401.
    Hein, Katja
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Bode, Deike
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    The Influence of Brand Equity and Brand Identity on Brand Extension Strategies2015Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The times of following a ‘one brand – one product’ strategy have long past. Nowadays, firms are increasingly recognizing the true value of their brands and are starting to use these as a source of competitive advantage. By introducing new products under an existing brand name, firms leverage the power of their brands and thus, aim at benefiting from the success of the parent brand. Brands are amongst the most valuable assets owned by a company, which encourages them to engage in brand extensions. The authors mainly distinguish between three brand extension strategy types: line extension, vertical line extension and category extension.

                Previous quantitative studies have identified that particularly brand equity and brand identity stand out as significantly influencing brand extension strategies. Therefore, this qualitative case study further explores how these two branding constructs affect firms’ brand extension decisions. While most past studies investigated the potential success of fictitious brands, this study performs qualitative interviews with brand and product managers of eight real case firms operating in the FMCG industry in Germany.

                The empirical data indicates that the pressure to innovate rises, as more and more new extension products are being introduced to the market in recent years. Nevertheless, the majority of firms opt for line extension strategies, while only few dare to enter a further distanced market segment. Hence, the condition of a “fit” between the parent brand and extension product is mostly accounted for. The study further suggests that a brand without strong brand equity will not be able to perform brand extensions at any level. However, even if brands do benefit from strong brand equity, firms may adopt divergent strategies, which is mainly dependent on the brand’s identity. The research results show that narrowly defined brands, predominantly distinguishable by concrete product features and physical facets, restrict the firms’ capability to extend a brand beyond its original product line. Contrarily, brands with a more abstract or value based identity provide more opportunities to stretch further from the parent brand. An emotional brand that succeeds in building a relationship to the customer, in representing a distinct personality or telling a story, is able to extend to a new product category. The study concludes that certain brands may be under-exploited, as they do not leverage their high equity and identity capabilities in terms of extending the brand to a further distanced market segment.

                As a result of the findings, two Brand Extension Strategy Matrices are constructed, setting the brand identity abstraction level (product or value based identity) into relation to (1) brand equity and (2) the identity “fit” of an extension product and the parent brand. Each of these two matrices explains the strategic consequences of a given set of brand equity and brand identity.

  • 402.
    Hertzman, Josefina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    Kimplaire, Benoit
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    Tell, Joakim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Strategic Approaches and Barriers in Eco-Innovations: Case Studies in the Belgian and Swedish Beer Industries2014Ingår i: Engineering Management Research, ISSN 1927-7318, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 1-9Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article contributes to the research on Eco-innovations in its exploration of the barriers to such innovations and of the different strategies managers use as they try to make their production and their products greener. The research consists of four case studies of manufacturers of ecological beer: two Swedish breweries and two Belgian breweries. The article examines how breweries, as first movers or fast followers, operate proactively orreactively when a new trend appears and takes hold in the alcohol industry. Based on the study’s findings, a conceptual framework is presented that depicts the barriers and strategies relevant to Eco-innovations. The article concludes with managerial recommendations for how firms involved with Eco-innovations may develop strategies that overcome their barriers.

  • 403.
    Hilmersson, Mikael
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER). School of Business and Economics, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Johanson, Martin
    Department of Social Sciences, Business Administration, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden & Department of Business Studies, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Speed of SME Internationalization and Performance2016Ingår i: Management International Review, ISSN 0025-181X, Vol. 56, nr 1, s. 67-94Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the performance consequences of the speed of SME internationalization. The authors identify three research gaps: few studies treat speed as an independent variable; most studies analyze speed only until internationalization starts; and, finally, studies have paid little attention to the multidimensionality of the speed concept. The authors seek to address these gaps and to contribute to the literature on the dynamics of internationalization by developing three measures of internationalization speed, which capture its multidimensionality. Building on the theories of learning advantage of newness and time compression diseconomies, the study presents three hypotheses on speed’s effect on performance, and the theoretically derived research model is tested on a sample of 183 SMEs visited on site. The analysis demonstrates that the speed of a firm’s increase in the breadth of its international markets has a positive but curvilinear effect on firm performance. It also demonstrates that the speed of a firm’s increase in commitment of foreign resources has a negative but curvilinear effect on the performance of the firm. These results have implications both for scholars interested in the dynamics of firm internationalization and for SME managers. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

  • 404.
    Hilmersson, Mikael
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Papaioannou, Stylianos
    Mid Sweden University, Härnösand, Sweden.
    SME international opportunity scouting – empirical insights on its determinants and outcomes2015Ingår i: Journal of International Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1570-7385, E-ISSN 1573-7349, Vol. 13, nr 3, s. 186-211Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    International opportunities are the catalysts of SME internationalization. Our knowledge regarding the role of international opportunities in internationalization is undisputable, yet our understanding of the underlying mechanisms of international opportunity development remains inadequate. In this paper, we seek to address this shortcoming in the literature by answering the following research questions: how do internal and external factors influence the international opportunity scouting of SMEs, and what are the effects of the international opportunity scouting strategy in the internationalization of the firm? From a case study of nine Swedish SMEs, the authors develop propositions on the interplay between the theoretical constructs: international experience, network structure, international opportunity scouting, and international opportunity novelty. We propose that the greater the international experience of the SME, the more systematically the SME will scout for international opportunities; the more closed the network the SME is embedded in, the more systematically the SME will scout for international opportunities; and the more systematically the SME scouts for international opportunities, the lower the novelty of the opportunities identified by the SME. These findings come with implications for theory as well as for SME managers. © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

  • 405.
    Hilmersson, Mikael
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER). Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Sandberg, Susanne
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Pourmand Hilmersson, Firouze
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Political knowledge, political turbulence and uncertainty in the internationalization process of SMEs2015Ingår i: European Business Review, ISSN 0955-534X, E-ISSN 1758-7107, Vol. 27, nr 3, s. 234-252Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of the study is to examine the political sources of uncertainty in the internationalization process of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).

    Design/methodology/approach – The authors theoretically derived a research model embracing three hypotheses. These hypotheses are tested on a sample of 203 on-site interviewed SMEs. Regression analysis is used to test two individual hypotheses and one interaction effect.

    Findings – The regression analysis reveals that political knowledge possessed by the firm reduces uncertainty in the internationalization process. Political turbulence is shown to increase uncertainty in the internationalization. The interaction shows that political turbulence obliterates the uncertainty reducing effect by political knowledge.

    Research limitations/implications – The authors identifies two main political sources of uncertainty in the internationalization process of SMEs. For managers and business researchers, it is shown that experiential knowledge is useful under stable conditions. When turbulence increases, however, firms need to develop alternative strategies for uncertainty management.

    Originality/value – This study is the first to test the uncertainty reducing effects of experiential knowledge in turbulent environments. Thus, by running the interaction between political knowledge and political turbulence, the authors shed new light on the usefulness of previous experiences in the internationalization process. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited

  • 406.
    Hjort, Bengt
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Early Procurement by Partnering2003Ingår i: Construction economics and organization: Proceedings of the 3rd Nordic Conference on Construction Economics and Organization, 23-24 April 2003, Lund, Sweden / [ed] Bengt Hansson & Anne Landin, Lund: Division of Construction Management, Lund Institute of Technology, Lund University , 2003, s. 191-198Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The procurement strategy ”Partnering” has been and is used in Sweden, although to a rather limited extent. One variant of this strategy is when the contractor very actively works in the market in order to get in touch with a client and in order to enter into a building or construction project in a very early phase. This variant can be called ”Early Procurement by Partnering” (EPP). This paper describes a project with the aim of studying and analysing this special procurement strategy.

    Based on interviews with four individuals, three cases are described and analysed.

    The results of the project are mainly the following:

    • In order to have successful EPP-activities, the construction company must have employees with a suitable character, attitude and interest and with appropriate technical and economic competence.

    • EPP-projects can have a great economic importance for a local division of a construction company. It has not been possible, however, to express this importance in quantitative terms.

    • The interviewed individuals have mentioned that there are several advantages of EPP-projects. Among the most important is a simplified situation for the client and possibilities for the construction company to have long-range planning and to take its experience and wishes into consideration at the design stage. For individuals within the construction company the main advantage is that they have the possibility of joining a project very early and thereby having the potential to influence it and to be creative and innovative.

  • 407.
    Hjort, Bengt
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Innovation in construction engineering education: some experiences and a planned follow-up1999Ingår i: Byggandets ekonomi och organisation : nordiskt seminarium, Göteborg 12-13 april 1999 = Construction economics and organization : proceedings of the Nordic Seminar on Construction Economics and Organization 12-13 April 1999, Göteborg, Sweden / [ed] Jan Bröchner & Per-Erik Josephson, Göteborg: Department of Management of Construction and Facilities (Institutionen för byggnadsekonomi), Chalmers tekniska högskola , 1999, s. 227-232Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes an attempt to include a course, “Innovation”, in an educational programme for construction engineers. This course has been divided into two parts; part 1 which is entirely theoretical, and part 2 which mainly consists of a project. The course has been given during six academic years and the response from the construction engineering student has been mainly positive. Some of the projects have resulted in feasible new products. The intention is to execute some research within the field “Innovation in Construction” with this course as a starting point.

  • 408.
    Hjort, Bengt
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Larsson, Bengt
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Widén, Kristian
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Adoption of a Working Environment Innovation: “Rollout Bar Carpets”2015Ingår i: Proceedings CIB W099 Belfast 2015 / [ed] Mike Behm & Ciaran McAleenan, Downpatrick: EEI Publishing , 2015, s. 417-425Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Work environment problems associated with reinforcement work at constructions sites are often great and difficult. This applies especially to the ergonomic situation. The situation is particularly difficult in connection with reinforcement in horizontal structural elements such as slabs and foundation slabs on the ground, where several of the most difficult load factors occur. Since about 15 years there is an innovation (rollout bar carpets) available on the Swedish market. This innovation can many times be used at these structural elements and gives both time savings and working environmental benefits. Despite this the innovation has been and is adopted rather seldom. The reasons for this have been studied through semi structured interviews with with design-engineers, site-managers, workers and persons working at a reinforcement manufacturing company. The main results from the study are as follows: i) Rollout bar carpets have a potential of improving both work environment and time consumption on site. However, this may not be enough in itself to achieve a general adoption of the technology. ii) The implementation and adoption of innovations in construction may be more complex than the novelty of the innovation may suggest. This is due to the contextual delimitations of a project-based industry and the different roles in the construction process.

  • 409.
    Hjort, Bengt
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Lindgren, John
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Larsson, Bengt
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Emmit, Stephen
    School of Civil and Building Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom.
    Success Factors Related to Industrialized Building in Sweden2014Ingår i: CIB International Conference 2014: W55/65/89/92/96/102/117 & TG72/74/81/83: Construction in a Changing World: Book of Abstracts / [ed] Dilanthi Amaratunga, Richard Haigh, Les Ruddock, Kaushal Keraminiyage, Udayangani Kulatunga & Chaminda Pathirage, Salford: School of the Built Environment, University of Salford , 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decade there has been intense discussion in Sweden about industrialization in construction. The discussion has focused on industrialization in connection with erection of multi dwelling houses. It has been argued that industrialization is a key factor as regards obtaining affordable high-quality dwellings. During the last ten years some new industrialization concepts have been developed and tested. Even though some concepts have failed others have been more successful and are under further development. Industrialization is a reality within the Swedish construction sector and can be assumed to play an important role in the future as regards obtaining affordable high-quality dwellings. In this paper success factors related to four industrialized building concepts/methods are described and discussed. The review is based on available literature relating to each of the concepts/methods/producers, from which it was possible to ascertain success and failure factors.

  • 410.
    Hjort, Bengt
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Petersson, Pontus
    Sendabo, Teferi
    Ström, Kaleb
    Widén, Kristian
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Introduction of sustainable low-cost housing. Experiences from a demonstration project viewed from an innovation diffusion perspective2016Ingår i: Proceedings of the CIB World Building Congress 2016: Volume V - Advancing Products and Services / [ed] Nebil Achour, Tampere: Tampere University of Technology, 2016, Vol. 5, s. 431-442Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to describe and analyse, from an innovation diffusion perspective, factors important when using demonstration projects as a tool for introduction of sustainable low cost housing. The study is focused on Ethiopia, a country with big challenges as regards population increase, lack of resources, deforestation, land erosion and a general need for better and sustainable housing, especially in rural areas. The study is furthermore focused on the adobe technology as a more sustainable alternative to the traditional building technology which is very timber consuming. Many attempts have been made to introduce this technology with the use of demonstration buildings. A great part of these attempts have failed, some have been successful. In order to study and discuss important factors in connection with the use of demonstration buildings, a project executed some years ago in southern Ethiopia has been analysed. The study is based on findings collected during and after the erection of these buildings mainly through practical tests, interviews and observations. From a technical point of view this demonstration project was successful. It was possible to develop an appropriate production technology and the result was buildings with a good standard and good function. Experiences up to now indicate a good durability. From an innovation diffusion perspective however the demonstration buildings have not fulfilled their purpose. The impact in the region seems to be very small. The conclusion in the paper is that the reasons behind this failure mainly are: (1) Lack of clear and visible relative advantage in comparison to the traditional building technology. The supply of construction timber in the area in question is still good. (2) Lack of a champion advocating the technology by using the demonstration buildings and thereby giving the message to the society that the technology is valuable and trustworthy. (3) Lack of continuity in the demonstration efforts, as a result of the lack of a champion.

  • 411.
    Hjort, Bengt
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Sendabo, Teferi
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Sustainable Low-Cost Housing: new technology and attitudes – the importance of creating awareness. A discussion based on results obtained in a pre-study2006Ingår i: Konferensen Hälsa möter teknik, Varberg 18-19 september 2005, Tokyo: SB05 Tokyo National Conference Board , 2006, s. 8-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the most serious problems in Ethiopia today is the rapid pace of de-forestation. The consequences are well-known: soil-erosion, shortage of fire-wood and, to a certain extent, lack of timber for construction. In Ethiopia some of the most durable indigenous species have been almost eradicated due to de-forestation.

    Against this background a research project named “Sustainable Low Cost Housing – needs, possibilities and attitudes. A project with focus on the Kambaata Region in Ethiopia” has been initiated at Halmstad University. The aim of the project, which is interdisciplinary, is to develop and introduce a new low-cost housing technology and to analyse attitudes towards low-cost housing. This project has been preceded by a pre- study which forms the basis for this paper. The aim of the pre-study was mainly to gather necessary information on which the planning of the major project could be based

    One of the main conclusions of the pre-study is that developing a new technology alone is not enough. An introduction of a new technology must take societies’ attitudes into account, if it shall be successful. This can be done by an active and systematic awareness building. This, in its turn, must however be based on further research about attitudes towards low-cost housing technology.

  • 412.
    Hjort, Bengt
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Sendabo, Teferi
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    The demonstration project as a tool for introduction of sustainable low cost housing – some experiences from Ethiopia2011Ingår i: Innovation and Sustainable Construction in developing countries / [ed] Ben Obinero Uwakweh, Hanoi: Construction Publishing House , 2011, s. 133-137Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    One of many serious problems in Ethiopia today is the rapid pace of deforestation. This accelerates fire-wood shortage and put a high stress on the natural resources including timber for construction. Based on the assumption that low cost housing based on soil is an economically viable and environmentally sound choice, a research programme at Halmstad University was initiated in 2004. This research, aiming at the Kambaata Region in Southern Ethiopia, has focused on the introduction of adobe technology and cement stabilised soil block technology.

    A final stage of this research programme is to erect demonstration buildings. Its objective is to demonstrate new building technologies and to use the demonstration buildings as reference objects in studies regarding building technique and attitudes towards these new technologies.

    This paper is focused on the role of demonstration projects at the introduction of sustainable low cost housing. As an introductory background some executed demonstration projects are described and their impact is analysed. Against this background, a currently executed demonstration project is described.

  • 413.
    Hjort, Bengt
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Widén, Kristian
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Introduction of Sustainable Low-cost Housing in Ethiopia – an Innovation Diffusion Perspective2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    As many developing countries, Ethiopia is facing a lot of problems. A high population growth and erosion caused by deforestation can be considered the most serious one. The need for housing is increasing while deforestation causes a lack of sustainable and appropriate timber for construction. A challenge facing the Ethiopian society is thus to give a growing population opportunities to obtain decent, sustainable and affordable housing. One way to achieve this is to use adobe technology, which means that houses are built with sun-dried clay blocks. Used correctly, the adobe technology has many benefits. The main advantages are that the technique is relatively simple, local materials can be used and that timber demand is low. Because of this, the technology also has many advantages from a sustain ability perspective. In Ethiopia, most attempts with the adobe technology have been less successful without lasting impacts. In this paper, the reasons for this are discussed. Six cases where adobe has been used are described an analysed. Many factors have been identified as being important for the diffusion of the technology, i.e., a strong champion, market and risk factors, cultural factors creating stigma and basic training. © 2015 Published by Elsevier B.V.

  • 414.
    HOANG, QUYLAN
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Inblandning av flygaska i betong - inverkan på tidig hållfasthetsutveckling vid låg temperatur2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta examensarbete har haft till syfte att undersöka utvecklingen av tryckhållfasthet vid låg

    temperatur hos betong med olika innehåll av flygaska. Tryckhållfastheten har bestämts genom

    provtryckning av kuber med åldrar upp till 28 dygn. Provningen har utförts på tre delserier;

    delserie 1 utan innehåll av flygaska, delserie 2 med 7,5 % och delserie 3 med 15% flygaska räknat

    på cementvikten. Kuber från dessa delserier har förvarats under olika temperaturförhållanden;

    från lägst ca 7 °C till höst ca 20 °C. Temperaturutvecklingen i representativa kuber har

    kontinuerligt registrerats. Tryckhålfastheten har bestäts efter 1 dygn, 2 dygn, 7 dygn och 28

    dygn.

    Resultaten frå de utföda mäningarna ä i huvudsak föjande: (i) Inblandning av 7,5 % flygaska ger

    en reduktion med 8,3 –11 % av hålfastheten vid hädning vid ca 20 °C och vid provning vid olika

    åder. Inget klart samband mellan provningsåder och reduktion. (ii) Inblandning av 15 % flygaska

    ger en reduktion med 22,1 –24,6 % av hålfastheten vid hädning vid ca 20 °C och vid provning vid

    olika åder. Inget klart samband mellan provningsåder och reduktion.

    Pågrund av svåigheter att styra temperaturen hos provkropparna påett noggrant sät visade det

    sig svåt att dra sära slutsatser avseende inverkan av säkt hädningstemperatur. Föjande kan

    dock sköjas i de uppmäta resultaten. (i) Inverkan av reducerad hädningstemperatur minskar

    med öande åder. Detta gäler oavsett halten av flygaska. (ii) Lå temperatur i tidigt skede (de 7

    fösta dygnen) ger en föhöd sluthålfasthet. Detta gäler oavsett halten av flygaska.

    Fö de olika kuberna som provtryckts har den ekvivalenta mognadsådern beränats med hjäp av

    uppmäta temperaturer. Detta har gjorts dels med TT-faktormetoden, dels med hjäp av

    Ahrreniusfunktionen. Baserat pådetta har teoretiska hålfasthetsutvecklingsfunktioner formulerats

    fö de tre serierna. Genom dessa funktioner har inverkan av flygaska och temperatur kunnat

    analyseras. Dessa analyser tyder påföjande: (i) En inblandning av 7,5 % flygaska ger en reduktion

    av den relativa hålfastheten med 5 –10 %. En minskande temperatur och en minskande åder ger

    minskande inverkan. (ii) En inblandning av 15 % flygaska ger en reduktion av den relativa

    hålfastheten med ca 20 %. Detta gäler oavsett åder och temperaturnivå

  • 415.
    Hoekstra, Marike
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad. University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Lundberg, Max
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Tell, Joakim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Towards inter-organizational democracy?: Employee participation in the development of a network of small and medium sized enterprises1997Ingår i: The 5th Annual International Conference on Post-compulsory Education and Training, Queensland, Australia, Brisbane, Queensland: Griffith University , 1997, s. 159-169Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the authors present and discuss a new and important development in a network of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs), that is the creation of a network of employees that will function in parallel and in interaction with the network of their managers. The meaning of trust and power will be highlighted as will the significance of both explicit and tacit knowledge. Finally, attention is drawn to this network structure as a form of inter-organisational democracy.

  • 416.
    Hoeltgebaum, Marianne
    et al.
    Regional University of Blumenau (FURB), Blumenau, Brazil.
    Amal, Mohamed
    Regional University of Blumenau (FURB), Blumenau, Brazil.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Interdependence between Corporative Entrepreneurship and International Performance: Theoretical Essay2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the theoretical relationships between corporate entrepreneurship dimensions and international performance. To achieve our purpose, we will address specifically two main research questions: How different dimensions of Corporative Entrepreneurship (CE) influence International Performance (IP)? And In which extent institutional context of the host country affects the relationships between CE and IP? Our study contributes to the literature in several ways. First, although corporative entrepreneurship generally has been found to have a positive impact on organizational performance, no research to date has explicitly focused on the impact of the different components of corporative entrepreneurship on international performance. Thus, this study complements and adds to earlier studies on entrepreneurial orientation and international performance. Second, we look specifically at how different contexts shape the strategic orientation of firms, where research on corporate entrepreneurship and international performance is to a large extent lacking. Finally, the link between CE and IP represents a theoretical opportunity to handle the differences and hierarchies among the variables in the way how they affect strategies and performance of multinational subsidiaries operating in different national contexts.

  • 417.
    Hoeltgebaum, Marianne
    et al.
    Universidade Regional de Blumenau (FURB), Blumenau, Brazil.
    Andreassi, Tales
    Fundação Getúlio Vargas (FGV-EAESP), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    Amal, Mohammed
    Universidade Regional de Blumenau (FURB), Blumenau, Brazil.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Hensbergen, Marleen
    Universidade Regional de Blumenau (FURB), Blumenau, Brazil.
    Corporate Entrepreneurship and International Performance: a Cross-Country Study2017Ingår i: Revista de Negócios, ISSN 1980-4431, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 47-60Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall purpose of this article is to examine the theoretical connections between Corporate Entrepreneurship-CE and International Performance-IP. More specifically, we address two main research questions: (1) How do different dimensions of CE influence IP and (2) To what extent the context of host country matters? Using a two-case study approach, we employ hybrid qualitative–quantitative analyses to address the effects of different dimensions of CE on IP. We adopted four statistical techniques: descriptive statistics, decision tree, cluster analysis, and principal components (factorial maps). The results show that country matters for the perception of the relationship between CE and IP. They show that it is meaningful to separate the different dimensions of CE (innovative behavior, new business ventures, competitive aggressiveness, product/service and process innovation, self-renewal, proactiveness, and risk taking) when examining their influence on IP. The paper focuses on three level of the organization: the production sector (staff), middle management (managers), and top management (CEO and directors). Such perspective allows to explore the role of first-level managers in a “bottom-up” process of corporate entrepreneurship. Furthermore, we distinguished between two levels of corporate entrepreneurship: results and entrepreneurial behavior.

  • 418.
    Hoeltgebaum, Marianne
    et al.
    Regional University of Blumenau (FURB), Blumenau, Brazil.
    Andreassi, Tales
    Escola de Administração de Empresas de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Hensbergen, Marleen
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Amal, Mohamed
    Regional University of Blumenau (FURB), Blumenau, Brazil.
    Corporate Entrepreneurship and International Performance: Evidences of a Cross Countries Comparative Study2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between corporate entrepreneurship dimensions focused on international performance. More specifically, we investigated the differences between the companies, countries, employee’s perception at different levels of the organization, the dimensions of corporate entrepreneurship, and their correlation with the international performance of the organization. Our study contributes to the literature in several ways. First, although corporate entrepreneurship generally has been found to have a positive impact on organizational performance, no research in the best of our knowledge has explicitly focused on the impact of the different components of corporate entrepreneurship on international performance. Second, we look specifically at how different contexts shape the strategic orientation of firms. In order to capture the context effect, we selected Brazil as a developing country and host of the studied multinational subsidiaries, and two developed countries as high internationalized economies (Sweden and Netherlands) as the origins of multinationals. The two groups of countries present significant differences in terms of institutional environment, openness of the economy, and last but not least different level of firms´ internationalization Finally, in order to capture how corporate entrepreneurship affect the international performance of firms operating in different contexts, we investigated two top high tech companies, operating in three different countries: two developed countries (Sweden and Netherlands), and one emerging economy (Brazil). Two top high tech companies were researched, and at least one representing all levels at the pyramid of the companies was interviewed from the 3 different countries. Marco Teórico Literatures of entrepreneurship and international business have shown that the international performance of firms is highly correlated to their capabilities to develop unique strategies to enter and grow into foreign markets. On the other hand, it shows that pro-activeness and innovativeness affect the performance of the firms in domestic and foreign market (Zahra and Covin, 1995). Two main streams in the literature can be pointed out when we discuss the corporate entrepreneurship. The first one is more to establish the different dimensions that feature entrepreneurial behaviour by firms. Most part of the authors that studies corporate entrepreneurship uses 3 dimensions; pro-activeness, innovativeness, and risk taking. However, several authors have pointed to the high complexity of the entrepreneurial phenomena, which means that to capture complex entrepreneurial behaviour, there is a need to adopt diverse and multiple variables. We will adopt mainly the Goosen; De Coning; Smit (2002), Ireland, Kuratko; Morris (2006), and Antoncic and Hisrich (2001) to identify the dimensions of corporate entrepreneurship. This multidimensional approach of corporate entrepreneurship will be more effective particularly in cross countries comparative studies. Furthermore, the restrictive theory of the three corporate entrepreneurship dimensions approach may limit our understanding of the differences between entrepreneurial behaviour and entrepreneurial results. Drawing upon the contributions of the above cited authors, we distinguished between dimensions related to entrepreneurial behaviour, and entrepreneurial results. While the former corporate entrepreneurial dimensions are related to Pro-activeness, Innovative behaviour, and Self-renewal, the entrepreneurial results focused mainly on the following dimensions: Risk-taking, Competitive aggressiveness, Product/service innovation and process innovation, and New business ventures. Based on this we derived the following hypothesis: H1. There is a positive association between pro-activeness and international performance. H2: There is a positive association between innovative behaviour and international performance. H3. There is a positive association between a self-renewal and international performance. H4. There is a positive association between risk taking and international performance. H5. There is a positive association between a competitive aggressiveness and international performance. H6. There is a positive association between innovativeness and international performance. H7. There is a positive association between a New Business and Ventures and international performance. H8. There is a positive association between a country’s context that is characterized as entrepreneurial and international performance. In order to achieve our objectives, we opted to investigate companies that operate in different countries. In order to capture the perceptions of different levels of management, we interviewed employees in the production department, middle management, and top management. To analyze the relationships between international performance and the 7 corporate entrepreneurship dimensions, this study opted, considering the data obtained, to use 4 statistical techniques: descriptive statistics, decision tree, cluster analysis (Dendrogram) and principal components (factorial maps). The four methods help in the convergence of the data analysis. The adopted techniques are more suitable for small samples, with limited case studies. Método de investigação se pertinente We examine the relationship between Corporate Entrepreneurship (CE) focused on international performance. Using a two case study, with more than one employee from the three countries and in three different levels of the organization, we used hybrid qualitativequantitative analyses to present and estimate the effects of different dimensions of CE. Two companies were selected, that operate in high tech industries, and have continuous involvement in foreign markets, they are Alpha and Beta, respectively with headquarters in Sweden and the Netherlands; that are from Developed Countries and operate as well in developing Countries. We will focus on investigating Brazil, Sweden and the Netherlands. In order to assure the pertinence of the information derived from the data collection, we selected the companies according to the following criteria: (i) being engaged in international activities using different modes of entry; (ii) being operating in different foreign markets; (iii) being operating in high tech industries; (iv) and presenting strong evidences of CE. In total we interviewed 16 employees from the two companies that are acting in 3 countries. The responses were wrote directly into a internet platform, and imported into Excel, SPSS and LHStat. To calculate the dimensions, a categorical variable was created from the number (that are the average of the group), were defined how many classes (categories), which names the class boundaries (by default, equally spaced divisions) and the variable name was created. By default, three classes were created equally spaced (low, middle and high). To analyze the relationships between International Performance and the 7 CE dimensions, this study opted, considering the data obtained, to use 4 statistical techniques: descriptive statistics, decision tree, cluster analysis (dendrogram) and principal components (factorial maps). The four methods help in the convergence of the data analysis. The adopted techniques are more suitable for small samples, with limited case studies. Resultados e contribuições do trabalho para a área The results of the present study suggest when we disaggregate the three traditional dimension of corporate entrepreneurship in 8 dimensions, that there are strong specific correlations between international performance and entrepreneurial characteristics, as entrepreneurial results or behaviour. Those can be seen particularly well in the decision three results and multi-factorial maps. This study contributes in several ways to the literature on corporate entrepreneurship and international performance. First, the study identifies and shows that it is meaningful to separate the different dimensions of corporate entrepreneurship (innovative behaviour, new enterprise, competitive aggressiveness, products and process innovations, self-renewal, pro activeness and risk taking), when studying the influence of corporate entrepreneurship on international performance. It was concluded that pro-activeness, innovative behaviour and self-renewal have direct relationship with international performance. However, the study shows that pro-activeness was the dimension that showed the most clear positive connection to international performance. The results of the present study point to some important and relevant theoretical implications for the study of the determinants of international performance. First, the distinction between entrepreneurial behaviour and entrepreneurial results can be seen as a fundamental perspective for the understanding of the relationships between corporate entrepreneurship and international performance. Second, it seems that the dimensions related to entrepreneurial behaviour (proactivity, innovative behaviour, self-renewal) have higher impacts on the international performance than organization dimensions (risk taking, product, service and process innovation, competitive aggressiveness, and new ventures). This finding is not in line with the literature, and may suggest new research perspectives. The dimensions risk taking, competitive aggressiveness are less sensitive to entrepreneurial attitudes, and are more likely to express organizational behaviour than individual involvement. Their effects are particularly significant for the managerial and strategic positioning of the firms in the markets, while proactivity and innovative behaviour and self-renewal are correlated with individual experience and engagement. The study shows that the international context has an influence on corporate entrepreneurship in the same organization. Brazil was the country that has presented a higher perception of corporate entrepreneurship, which was significantly higher than Sweden and Netherlands in corporate entrepreneurship. This contradicts earlier findings that have seen developing countries as a low cost production alternative. This may suggest that the institutional environment of the host country will have a strong influence on the behaviour of the top management. In countries where there is some institutional uncertainties, and high market imperfections, pro-activeness and aggressive market approaches will shape significantly the performance of the firm and its commitment in the host market.

  • 419.
    Hofmaier, Bernd
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Regionalt lärande och ledarskap (RELL).
    Action and Interactive Research: Beyond Practice and Theory2007Ingår i: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 13, nr 2, s. 79-82Artikel, recension (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 420.
    Hofmaier, Bernd
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Regionalt lärande och ledarskap (RELL).
    An evaluation tool for practice-based learning (PBL)2009Ingår i: Proceedings of the ECER VETNET Conference 2009: Papers presented for the VETNET programme of ECER 2009 "Theory and Evidence in European Educational Research" / [ed] Deitmer; Ludger, Lassnigg; Lorenz; Manning, Sabine (Eds.), Berlin: Wissenschaftsforum Bildung und Gesellschaft e.V , 2009, s. 11 s.-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Study programmes in universities include now a variety of praktikum, with different duration, organisational forms and names. In the paper an evaluation- and support method is presented which is based on self reflection and self evaluation. This is the first report from a nation wide cooperation in five countries.

  • 421.
    Hofmaier, Bernd
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Regionalt lärande och ledarskap (RELL).
    Diffusion of technological and organisational innovations as a process of social construction2008Ingår i: Technology in time, space, and mind: Aspects on technology transfer and diffusion / [ed] Karl Gunnar Hammarlund, Tomas Nilson, Halmstad: Högskolan i Halmstad , 2008, s. 178-200Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Since innovations are seen as a joint endavour between different actors, comming from different knowledge cultures, with different resources and with different interests, an approach of social constructivism is presented and discussed.

  • 422.
    Hofmaier, Bernd
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Innovationer, innovationsarbete och arbetslivsforskning2016Ingår i: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 22, nr 3/4, s. 101-107Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 423.
    Hofmaier, Bernd
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Institutional and Organizational Perspectives on Dialogue: Lessons Learned from Scandinavian Experiences2014Ingår i: Mindful Change in Times of Permanent Reorganization: Organizational, Institutional and Sustainability Perspectives / [ed] Becke, Guido, Berlin: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2014, 1, s. 91-111Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The contribution deals with the origins of the Scandinavian dialogue approach which is based partly on attempts to develop working life issues and partly rooted in institutional features of the Swedish labour market relations. Thereafter the practical organization of dialogue conferences is described and some experiences and results for improving the dialogue approach for organizational change and development are given.

  • 424.
    Hofmaier, Bernd
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Organizational participation - Myth and reality1999Ingår i: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, E-ISSN 1461-7099, Vol. 20, nr 3, s. 489-492Artikel, recension (Refereegranskat)
  • 425.
    Hofmaier, Bernd
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Per-Ola Börnfelt: Arbetsorganisation i praktiken. En kritisk introduktion till arbetsorganisationsteori2010Ingår i: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 16, nr 3, s. 75-77Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 426.
    Hofmaier, Bernd
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Regionalt lärande och ledarskap (RELL).
    Regional Development and Learning: Case Studies in Southern Sweden2000Ingår i: Towards the Learning Region: Education and Regional Innovation in the European Union and the United States / [ed] Barry Nyhan, Graham Attwell, Ludger Deitmer, Thessaloniki: CEDEFOP , 2000, s. 105-114Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The contribution discusses the different attempts in a Swedish region. Some developments are seen as departure points for a learning region.

  • 427.
    Hofmaier, Bernd
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Reviews: Walter Müller-Jentsch, Hans Joachim Sperling and Irmgard Weyrather (1997) Neue Technologien in der Verhandlungsarena2000Ingår i: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, E-ISSN 1461-7099, Vol. 21, nr 3, s. 407-409Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 428.
    Hofmaier, Bernd
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Regionalt lärande och ledarskap (RELL).
    The winding road to the learning region: A case study from Sweden2007Ingår i: Learning together for local innovation: Promoting learning regions / [ed] Bjørn Gustavsen, Barry Nyhan, Richard Ennals, Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities , 2007, s. 152-164Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Learning region is a wide spread concept for cooperation between people, organisations and institutions in a regional context. The concept is discussed in a Swedish context.

  • 429.
    Hofmaier, Bernd
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Eriksson, Helena
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för lärande, humaniora och samhälle, Centrum för samhällsanalys (CESAM), Samhällsförändring, lärande och sociala relationer (SLSR).
    Benchmarking av innovationsprocesser i Norden: Jämförelse av utvecklingsorganisationer - Halland/Gnosjö och Hardanger/Sunnhordland2008Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten har sin utgångspunkt i en diskussion mellan VINNOVA (Sverige), Norges Forskningsråd (Norge) och i ett senare skede TEKES (Finland) om benchmarking av innovationssystem, vilket alla tre länder använde som ett centralt begrepp i innovationspolitiken. Utgångspunkten är att man i de tre länderna utgår från att man kan identifiera och skapa innovationssystem, det vill säga samverkansformationer där olika aktörer samverkar med varandra i syfte att skapa innovationer. Hur man uppfattar detta, vilka aktörer eller aktörsgrupperingar som ingår och vilka slags relationer som utvecklas mellan dessa, varierar. Det här redovisade projektet behandlar fyra utvecklingsorganisationer i Sverige (Halland/Gnosjö) respektive Norge (Hardanger/Sunnhordland). Syftet med projektet har varit att lyfta fram olika aspekter som ses som centrala för utvecklingsorganisationer och med utgångspunkt i dessa lära av varandra. I denna rapport lyfts några av de delar som setts som centrala och som förts diskussioner kring under projektets gång fram. Här belyses likheter och skillnader mellan utvecklingsorganisationerna i de båda regionerna, innebörder av dessa och hur de kan förstås. Avslutningsvis diskuteras några centrala företeelser och processer som förefaller finnas i de flesta innovations- och utvecklingsprocesser.

  • 430.
    Hofmaier, Bernd
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Eriksson, Helena
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för lärande, humaniora och samhälle, Centrum för samhällsanalys (CESAM), Samhällsförändring, lärande och sociala relationer (SLSR).
    Governance and Learning in Innovation Networks: A tool for support and evaluation of innovation networks2008Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Collaboration formations such as innovation networks and triple helix formations are becoming important instruments of economic policy and can be formulated as guiding visions. These guiding visions can be effective for turning the view towards specific goals and point out a direction, but they do not help us to understanding what it means to collaborate. With the specific characteristics of collaboration formations there is a need for ways to support the organization and management of the network. The “Support and Evaluation Tool for Innovation Network” (SEVIN) is here suggested as a method to support the collaboration processes through self-evaluation and empowerment.

  • 431.
    Hofmaier, Bernd
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Hansson, Agneta
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för samhällsanalys (CESAM), Samhällsförändring, lärande och sociala relationer (SLSR).
    Holmquist, Mats
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Lundberg, Max
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Lärande, ledarskap och jämställdhet i regionala innovationssystem: Slutrapport2007Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under 2003 startade VINNOVA forskningsprogrammet ”Kunskapsbildning och organisering”. Programmet inriktade sig på metod- och kunskapsutveckling för organisering och ledarskap, för att, som man uttryckte det

    ”…främja utvecklingen av framgångsrika kunskaps- och värdeskapande system” (Vinnova, 2005). Programmet handlade om att utveckla kunskap och kompetens om metoder och former för organisering av kunskapsbildnings-

    och innovationsprocesser. Ett tjugotal projekt fick finansiering och föreliggande rapport är ett av resultaten av dessa projekt.

  • 432.
    Holmquist, Mats
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Regionalt lärande och ledarskap (RELL). Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Research on Innovation in a Societal Perspective (RISP).
    Collective Learning in Innovative Networks2005Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    There are different forms for boundary-crossing learning in and between organizations. One growing form is network. This paper will present a study of collective learning in two innovative networks at the west coast of Sweden. One network is about regional health and growth, the other about leadership development among general directors. Representatives from different organizations meet to learn from each other’s practice. How does this learning take place? What supports and what prevents it? Does it have any effects in their own organizations? Data has been collected through questionnaires, observations, systematic reflections and focus interviews. Results show that the participants express great satisfaction with their outcomes on a personal base. It gives them inspiration, ideas, knowledge and contacts. It also gives them support, strength and self-confidence. One important factor in this context is differences. The participants are coming from different organizations, have different perspectives and experiences. The findings show interesting variances between the two networks that has effects on the type of learning. A problem is the transformation of learning from the network, by the participants into their organizations. There seems to be some important learning barriers. This will be further discussed in the paper.

  • 433.
    Holmquist, Mats
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Regionalt lärande och ledarskap (RELL).
    Interactive research and joint learning for practical contributions2009Ingår i: Journal of Workplace Learning, ISSN 1366-5626, E-ISSN 1758-7859, Vol. 21, nr 3, s. 240-251Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine whether universities can find ways to make more practical contributions through collaboration, collective reflection and joint learning. Design/methodology/approach – The approach takes the form of action research and cooperation in three different development networks in Sweden. Data are analyzed by theories on science in society, organizational learning, dialogue and reflection. Findings – Results show that the participants in the networks reduced their insecurity and increased their competence to handle change. The dialogue, exchange of experiences and systematic reflections gave ideas, knowledge and contacts that supported them in their work life and inspired them to take development action. Research limitations/implications – Researchers can contribute to the development process by acting as facilitators and using interactive methods for joint learning. Coming from different cultures and aiming to collaborate under equal and democratic conditions, all involved actors must have an attitude that is humble and free of an assumed prestige. Practical implications – External development networks with university participation can be a useful tool for internal development. Originality/value – Interactive research is a possible way for universities to make practical contributions at work. All academics who work with applied research should consider this approach.

  • 434.
    Holmquist, Mats
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Regionalt lärande och ledarskap (RELL).
    Lärande nätverk: En social oas i utvecklingsprocessen2010Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Intresset för nätverk mellan organisationer växer i arbetslivet. Fler och fler chefer, ledare och ansvariga går med i nätverk för att få stöd i sitt utvecklingsarbete. Varför? Vad är det för speciellt med lärande i nätverk? Vad får individen och organisationen ut? Mina egna och kollegors erfarenheter från tio års praktiskt arbete i fem nätverk i Halland, har gett mig en unik tillgång till data för att söka svar på frågorna.

    Med hjälp av flervetenskaplig teori och tidigare empirisk forskning har jag skapat en modell över nätverk som stöd i utvecklingsprocessen. Modellen har jag använt till att analysera mina data för att förstå lärprocessen i nätverk, vilka förutsättningar och organiseringsformer som är viktiga för att stimulera det kollektiva lärande som uppstår i samverkan mellan olika individer och organisationer. Jag har även undersökt vad deltagandet ger i utbyte och vad som stödjer respektive hindrar en transformering till organisatorisk nytta och förändring.

    Resultaten visar att nätverk fungerar som en social oas för chefer och ledare, som kan vara ganska ensamma och osäkra i sitt arbete. De uppskattar en plats där de kan möta andra i en liknande situation, för att under tillitsfulla former utbyta erfarenheter och reflektera över sina handlingsalternativ. Deltagarnas olikheter tillför variationer som stimulerar ett kreativt lärande och genererar innovativa idéer.

    I stort sett alla deltagare är mycket positiva till nätverkformen. Utbytet är huvudsakligen personliga insikter och kunskaper i form av ökat självförtroende, reducerad osäkerhet och stärkt förändringskompetens. Deltagandet ger även inspiration, idéer och organisatoriska förändringsförslag. När dessa sedan ska föras över från nätverket till organisationen möter dock deltagarna ofta svårigheter och hinder.

    Organisationernas förmåga att absorbera nätverksresultaten brister. De har många gånger svårt att ta tillvara nya kunskaper och idéer, att integrera nätverkslärande med organisatoriskt lärande och därmed svårt att utnyttja den utvecklingspotential som nätverk rymmer. Viktiga hinder är strategi- och förankringsbrist på ledningsnivån.

    Nätverkets styrka som en stödjande social oas för deltagaren i utvecklingsprocessen rymmer också en svaghet. Utbytet riskerar att begränsas till personlig bekräftelse och bidra till få organisatoriska förändringar. För att undvika detta behöver deltagarens, organisationens och nätverkets utvecklingssyfte tydliggöras från början.

    Analysen leder fram till en idealmodell av en utvecklingsprocess med stöd av nätverk. I modellen stimulerar gemensamma reflektionen över praktiska erfarenheter ett kreativt lärande som ger nya kunskaper och idéer i utbyte. När dessa ska överföras och tillämpas i verksamheten behövs en utvecklingsorganisation med en ledning som kan ta ett strategiskt helhetsgrepp över förändringsprocessen.

    Slutsatserna talar för lärande nätverk som ett stöd i utvecklingsprocessen. De talar för fortsatt forskning för att pröva idealmodellen och för att fördjupa kunskaperna om absorberingssvårigheten och strategibristen.

  • 435.
    Holmquist, Mats
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Managing Project Transformation in a Complex Context2007Ingår i: Creativity and Innovation Management, ISSN 0963-1690, E-ISSN 1467-8691, Vol. 16, nr 1, s. 46-52Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Complex projects are often undertaken in uncertain situations in which project participants who adopt a rational-oriented strategy tend to face difficulties in adapting and adjusting to changes that occur during the project. In this context a process-oriented strategy, although difficult to manage, can be a better way to handle project transformation. Collective learning then becomes crucial. This article describes some lessons learned when a project manager and team applied a process-oriented strategy in a complex project. Data has been collected through interactive research and evaluation with different methods including surveys, observations and interviews. The analysis shows that it is possible to organize for learning and to manage transformation in a complex context. Important factors for success are a process-oriented strategy, a creative climate, formative evaluation and systematic reflections. A major issue that is discussed in the article is the transfer of outcomes from the project to the participating organizations.

  • 436.
    Holmquist, Mats
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Research on Innovation in a Societal Perspective (RISP).
    Samverkan och lärande - reflektioner om interaktiva möjligheter och hinder2008Ingår i: Gemensamt kunskapande : den interaktiva forskningens praktik / [ed] Johannisson, B. , Gunnarsson, E. , Stjernberg, T., Växjö: Växjö University Press , 2008, s. 155-169Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 437.
    Holmquist, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Regionalt lärande och ledarskap (RELL). Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Wigforss-gruppen.
    Barow, Thomas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Institute for Education and Special Education, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Jan
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Junge Menschen mit geistiger Behinderung in Schweden und deren Übergang in die Arbeitswelt: Forschungsstand und Perspektiven2016Ingår i: Teilhabe und Vielfalt: Herausforderungen einer Weltgesellschaft / [ed] Hedderich, I. & Zahnd, R., Bad Heilbrunn: Verlag Julius Klinkhardt, 2016, s. 337-343Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [de]

    Der Übergang von der Schule in die Arbeitswelt bedeutet eine Weichenstellung im Lebenslauf, nicht zuletzt mit Blick auf die Situation von Menschen mit geistiger Behinderung. Gerade für diese Personengruppe und im Kontext hoher Jugendarbeitslosigkeit bestätigen jüngste Forschungen in Schweden die Schwierigkeiten, im Erwerbsleben Fuß zu fassen. Der Beitrag präsentiert den schwedischen Forschungsstand und die sich daraus ergebenden Perspektiven.

  • 438.
    Holmquist, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Regionalt lärande och ledarskap (RELL). Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Research on Innovation in a Societal Perspective (RISP).
    Hansson, Agneta
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Regionalt lärande och ledarskap (RELL). Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Research on Innovation in a Societal Perspective (RISP).
    Researchers and Practitioners Learn Together in a Process of Joint Knowledge Creation2007Ingår i: Researching Work and Learning: 5th International Conference on Researching Work and Learning (RWL5) : Conference proceedings, Cape Town, South Africa, 2-5 December 2007, Bellville: University of the Western Cape: Division for Lifelong Learning , 2007, s. 341-347Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1997 a new university law imposed Swedish universities a third mission. In addition to research and teaching, universities now have to “collaborate with the surrounding society”.

    This new law was quite indistinct which raises questions about how, how much and in what way the co-operation between university and society should be performed. What obstacles and possibilities are there for real deep cooperation between such different cultures as the academic sector, the commercial private sector and the political public sector?

    In our paper we reflect upon the collaboration between research and practice from two different processes where we have been involved as action researchers. Both these processes were aimed to bridge the gap between the academic world and the industry and public sector. We reflect upon our role as researchers in relation to the role of the practitioners. What were our different incentives and expectations when entering a joint learning process? What did we learn and what different knowledge was there to serve our different needs?

    We discuss the two cases by highlighting the research methods, where researchers and practitioners in joint action take part in development processes, and how these processes both contribute theoretical knowledge and practical knowledge to as well academy as working life. But we also discuss the difficulties in handling the role as action researcher and the problems faced when people from different cultures and with different expectations act together. 

  • 439.
    Holmquist, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Nyman, Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Urbas, Anders
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för lärande, humaniora och samhälle, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Trolle-Schultz Jensen, Jette
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Samverkansinsatser inom Samordningsförbundet Halland: Slutrapport av följeforskningsuppdrag 2013-20172018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 440.
    Holmén, Magnus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Berglund, Henrik
    Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Björkdahl, Joakim
    Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Mansoori, Yashar
    Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sjölander, Sören
    Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Entrepreneurs Searching for Scalable Business Models: The Barriers of the Customer Development Process2015Ingår i: Australian Centre for Entrepreneurship Research Exchange Conference 2015, 3-6 February 2015 Adelaide, South Australia: Conference Proceedings / [ed] Per Davidsson, Queensland, Australia: Queensland University of Technology , 2015, s. 396-411Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper identifies and analyzes barriers startups encounter when following the Lean Startup approach, i.e. the Customer Development process during the initial phase of identifying and validating a business model. In an action research setting, we mentored and interviewed eleven startups enrolled in a business development program called “Born Global” running 7-10 months. For the barrier prior experience, entrepreneurs who had previously encountered failure, had a long period of unsuccessful work, or had heard about Customer Development previously were more likely to follow the process. A main finding was that the entrepreneurs were busy and lacked time and/or money. Deeper reasons included team conflicts, lock-in to an earlier business model by means of a business plan and boards intent of following the old business plan. The lock-in to the old business model can be explained that several startups had gotten a first round of funding based on a flawed business plan.

  • 441.
    Holmén, Magnus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Broechner, Jan
    Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Mokhlesian, Shahin
    Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Integrating contractor and property developer for product system innovations2017Ingår i: Facilities, ISSN 0263-2772, E-ISSN 1758-7131, Vol. 35, nr 9/10, s. 511-524Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The aim of this paper is to explain why construction groups facing opportunities for product system innovations, such as green buildings, may choose to integrate construction and property development, taking on facilities management (FM) for a limited period.

    Design/methodology/approach - Conceptual analysis based on prior literature and illustrated by a single case of integration.

    Findings - For product system innovations, an in-house developer should be more able to reduce uncertainty than independent developers, due to unobservable long-term technological quality for customers, because the property becomes associated with lower risk after having been owned and operated. Alternatives such as building certification systems support incremental innovations, warranties suffer from double moral hazard in the long run and risk allocation in public- private partnership projects often fails to encourage system innovations. Integration allows the contractor to work continuously with innovative projects, developing new capabilities, which allow the firm to signal proficiency to the market, employees and the investment community.

    Research limitations/implications - The phenomenon is new, and further empirical surveys are needed to confirm the hypothetical conclusions drawn here.

    Practical implications - The value of close collaboration between those who develop innovative green building technologies and facilities managers is outlined.

    Originality/value - The relation between the scope of corporate activities in construction groups, technological innovations and FM has not been studied before.

  • 442.
    Holmén, Magnus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Florén, Henrik
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Types and Nature of Business Model Innovation Processes2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper explores the population of business model innovation processes of incumbent rms Thus, the paper identi es and describes different types of business model innovation processes and set out to characterize their relations We suggest that there are (at least) seven types of business model innovation processes: i) No process, (ii) “lazy approach”, (iii) tools approach, (iv) (unintentional) trial and error or “business model innovation happens”, (v) (intentional) experimental approach, (vi) trigger-oriented approach, and (vii) planned (sequential) approach By depicting business model innovation processes as involving (a) cognitive operations, (b) eld activities, and (c) creation of artefacts, the seven identi ed types of business model innovation processes are characterized and related Type (i) and (ii) have rarely been dealt with in the literature, despite their commonality Type (iii) has recently become much used, sometimes being a managerial toy, sometimes as a crucial mechanisms or stage gate for business creation and is often a critical part of the other approaches The paper concludes by suggesting a typology of business model innovation processes, based on the identi cation of three dimensions: intentional vs unintentional, ad hoc vs systematic and event- vs process- oriented

  • 443.
    Holmén, Magnus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Gullbrand, Jeanette
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Barth, Henrik
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Florén, Henrik
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Additive manufacturing and industrial transformation: evidence from the literature2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 444.
    Holmén, Magnus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Linnér, Maria
    HMS Industrial Networks, Halmstad, Sweden.
    How acquisitions affect innovation and entrepreneurial behaviour: An innovation governance perspective2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There are many studies of how acquisitions of small technology based startups and firms affect innovation growth and performance but less attention on how acquisitions affect the innovative behavior of the acquired firms. This paper explains changes in the innovative behavior of acquired technology-based small firms from an innovation governance perspective. An interview based case study of founder and top managers of three acquisitions by a Swedish medium-sized IT company from an insider-outsider perspective found that innovative efforts shifted from building a company to an incremental product innovation focus, by means of accumulation of continuous hardware and software upgrades. This “acquisitional” termination of innovative and entrepreneurial behavior is explained by a shift in vision from firm creation by founders (owners) to a product-oriented vision driven by product managers. This vision framed the underlying dimension of discovering opportunities, which became oriented towards improved product performance and was executed by formal and informal steering relating to incremental product innovations. Capability creation related to product and marketing to support the product-oriented business units. The paper suggests that the focus on Schumpeterian innovative behavior of acquired entrepreneurial firms from an innovation governance perspective is a useful new way of analyzing technology-based acquisitions.

  • 445.
    Holmén, Magnus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Ljungberg, Daniel
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Förnyelsens källor: Akademikers roller och innovativa beteenden2016Ingår i: Sveriges entreprenöriella ekosystem: Företag, akademi, politik / [ed] McKelvey, M. & Zaring, O., Stockholm: Esbri , 2016, s. 150-163Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 446.
    Holmén, Magnus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Ljungberg, Daniel
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The teaching and societal services nexus: Academics' experiences in three disciplines2015Ingår i: Teaching in Higher Education, ISSN 1356-2517, E-ISSN 1470-1294, Vol. 20, nr 2, s. 208-220Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we investigate the perception of academics regarding how their experiences from societal interaction (third mission) inform their teaching and vice versa. We report on a phone survey of Swedish academics in three engineering-related disciplines. The findings show that there is a perceived positive and bidirectional relationship between societal interaction and teaching. Industry-related activities were perceived to inform teaching more than other types of societal interaction. While societal interaction is at large more important for the academics in their search for relevant teaching topics and content, teaching was deemed more important for the implementation of societal interaction. We conclude by proposing that academics creatively (re)combine experiences from third mission and education, often mediated by their research activities. © 2014 Taylor & Francis.

  • 447.
    Holmén, Magnus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Ljungberg, Daniel
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Dalitz, Robert
    University of Canberra, Canberra, Australia.
    Towards a behavioral explanation of university transformation2016Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 448.
    Holmén, Magnus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Ljungberg, Daniel
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Preciado, Deycy Janeth Sanchez
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Evolution of systems of technology transfer in rural developing economies2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Longitudinal studies show that technology transfer changes over time but do not systematically address how this occurs. This paper addresses the evolution of technology transfer by analyzing changes in the focal actors, their perceived problems, problem-solving activities and implemented technological and organizational solutions. Empirically, we analyze the evolution of fish and silk production in Cauca, Colombia, a rural region characterized by a low level of education. While production was initiated by national and international governments, these policy programs failed by themselves to establish technology transfer activities successfully because of governmental short sightedness, lack of producer commitment and transferor-producer arm’s length relations. Over time, interaction among producers and producer cooperatives (recipients), universities (transferors) and intermediaries created a “technology transfer system”. The creation and professionalization of the cooperatives and intermediaries were key events allowing for creating a functioning technology transfer system. The evolution of the system was largely determined by the types of problems the main actors formulated and acted upon. Major problem diversified from being technology-related, to customer, market and distribution oriented. A main organizing principle of both solving and formulating these problems consisted of projects, which means the evolution can be characterized by sequences of projects addressing specific and changing problems over time. The cases are in in line with evolutionary theorizing and the paper concludes with general lessons for technology transfer from an evolutionary perspective.

  • 449.
    Holzweissig, Kai
    et al.
    Baden-Wuerttemberg Cooperative State University Stuttgart, School of Business, Stuttgart, Germany.
    Rundquist, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Factors affecting organisational acceptance of formal NPD processes2017Ingår i: International Journal of Innovation Management, ISSN 1363-9196, E-ISSN 1757-5877, Vol. 21, nr 2, artikel-id 1750011Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Formal new product development (NPD) processes have become an important tool in NPD management. However, our understanding of what makes formal NPD process implementation successful in terms of acceptance and performance is still limited. This paper contributes to an improved understanding of factors affecting the acceptance and use of formal NPD processes. Our results show that acceptance of formal NPD processes is determined by several factors, such as ease of use, transparency of discourse, continuous improvement, involvement of NPD actors, and the ability to bridge differences in thinking. Furthermore, that acceptance of formal NPD processes affects NPD performance positively. These results draw on data from a survey posted to employees working for nine large manufacturers of commercial vehicles worldwide. The results should encourage managers to consider and enhance the factors affecting acceptance. This could be done through using new media for publication to increase transparency and perceived ease of use of the NPD process. Further acceptance of the formal NPD process is increased if it mirrors an operative reality and if organisational structures for improvement of the process are implemented and inclusive to employees involved in NPD. © 2017 World Scientific Publishing Europe Ltd.

  • 450.
    Hossam, Deraz
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Xiaoxiong, Ye
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    SNSs Advertising Value2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Scholars considered advertising within the SNSs’ as one of the crucial integrated communication tools within the recent few years, due to the cost reduction, its efficiency in reaching the targeted market, in addition SNSs give wider access to new markets as they have high penetration value worldwide. Therefore, many companies consider the SNSs as an essential marketing tool in both local and international markets.

    Problem & Purpose: Due to the identified shortage in the earlier studies about measuring the Social Network Sites (SNSs) advertising value, the present authors found the reasons for why it is important to identify the factors affecting the SNSs users’ perception of SNSs’ ad value. The main purpose for the authors was to identify and explore the related factors to the SNSs’ ad value and to measure the SNSs’ users' perception to those factors.

    Theoretical Framework: The gap in the SNSs ad value theories as identified from the literature review, made the authors built their own model based on Duccoff’s (1996) model, which was later developed according to other literature related to the online ad value. Then ten hypotheses were created to test the correlation between the new model variables.

    Methodology & Analysis: In this exploratory research, the authors used the quantitative approach to collect the empirical data through distributing a survey to the university students in Halmstad University. To analyze the collected data both descriptive and correlation analyses were used, which helped to achieve the research purpose and to test the new model.

    Conclusion: By analyzing the empirical data the authors concluded that the SNSs’ users from the Swedish university students were more information oriented, males were more interactive with SNSs ad than females but in general both genders were more irritated and less trusting to the SNSs’ ads. The ten tested hypotheses proved the efficiency of the created model; even so, further research with different market segments may support the conceptual framework model as recommended by this research.

    Key Words: Advertising value, I-marketing, Personal characteristics, Personal orientation, SNSs

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