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  • 401.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Hedelin, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Nilsson, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Welander, Charlotte
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Violent advertising in fashion marketing2004In: Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management, ISSN 1361-2026, E-ISSN 1758-7433, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 96-112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, violent advertising is discussed. An empirical study, using picture analysis, is carried out. The intent of the advertisers' message is compared with the interpretation of a male and a female consumer group. It is concluded that the consumers' interpretations not are the ones that the advertisers had intended. The violence was interpreted in a much more negative way than expected. It is also concluded that there are differences in interpretations between men and women. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

  • 402.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Servais, Per
    Department of Marketing and Management, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Combining industrial buyer and seller strategies for international supply and marketing management2010In: European Business Review, ISSN 0955-534X, E-ISSN 1758-7107, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 64-81Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to review international industrial purchasing and marketing literature with a focus on portfolio models, to develop portfolio models for buyers' and sellers' international strategies, and to combine the models so that both the buyer and seller perspectives are dealt with simultaneously. Design/methodology/approach: Literature on international industrial purchasing and marketing is discussed. Dimensions that are important for the buyers' and sellers' strategies are identified. Portfolio models for buyers and sellers are developed and the two perspectives are matched together. Findings: The paper contributes a specification of features that are important for industrial buyers' and sellers' international purchasing and marketing strategies. These dimensions are used to develop a model of supplier relationship management and a marketing management model for supplier strategies. The consequences for the firm's international activities are discussed. A model combining industrial buyers' and sellers' international supply and marketing management strategies is developed. Research limitations/implications: This paper provides a deeper understanding of international exchange processes by combining literature on international industrial purchasing and international marketing. Situations are identified where different areas of theory are applicable. The paper also contributes to the discussion on what should be the conceptual domain of international business. Here, it is argued that international exchange is the product of joint decisions made by two or more actors based in different countries. Earlier academic literature reveals a striking imbalance: while one side of the coin - the exporter side - has been extensively studied, the importer side has largely been neglected. In this paper, it is tried to present a balanced view of both sides. Practical implications: This paper introduces portfolio management models that can be used for both industrial purchasing and marketing management. The paper stresses the importance of finding a fit between the marketing and purchasing strategies within a relationship. If both parties have positioned the relationship in a similar way, there are much greater possibilities for the relationship to create value for both parties. Originality/value: The paper combines international industrial purchasing and international marketing perspectives as few studies have done before. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

  • 403.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Servais, Per
    Combining Industrial Buyer's and Sellers International Strategies2005In: EIBA Conference, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 404.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Servais, Per
    Linneus University, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Different types of International New Ventures Based on Different Commercialization Processes in a Business-to-Business Context2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An emerging topic in the field of International Entrepreneurship (IE) is currently focused on international new ventures (INVs) and/or born-globals (Oviatt and McDougall, 1997; Madsen and Servais, 1997; Knight and Cavusgil, 1996) which are, by theoretic definition, start-ups that become international at inception or very shortly thereafter. More concretely, INVs have been previously defined as “a business organization that, from inception, seeks to derive significant competitive advantage from the use of resources and the sale of outputs in multiple countries” (Oviatt and McDougall, 1994: 49; McDougall et al., 1994:470). Quite similarly, Knight and Cavusgil (1996:11) conceptualise the born-global firm as ““small, [usually] technology-oriented companies that operate in international markets from the earliest days of their establishment”.

    Even if the born global research has grown rapidly during the last decades, most studies have focused on entrepreneurs, resources and networks and only a few researchers are observant about the context in which the born global firms are established and thrives. Literature reviews in international entrepreneurship has shown that most research in this area is based on business to business firms (Jones et al, 2012). However, we have not found any studies which go deeper in the different customer-supplier relationships that exist in a B2B context.

    Adaptation on B2B markets is important to make a relationship more productive, according to Hagberg-Anderson (2006).  There are structural factors, in the relationship between sellers and buyers which make different internationalization strategies more likely to succeed (Andersson, 2000).In this article we thoroughly discuss and review scientific articles that highlights the variation, differentiation and typology of international new venture. We complement this review with literature dealing with buyer-seller relationship in a B2B context. Based on these two strands on literature we develop a framework of different types of international new ventures in a business to business context. The framework gives theoretical contributions to the area of international entrepreneurship research but also managerial implication, showing how different types of relationships with customers make different internationalization strategies more or less likely to succeed.

  • 405.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Sundermeier, Janina
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Firms’ use of networks to get access to resources for internationalization2013In: The 16th Annual McGill International Entrepreneurship Conference: Researching New Frontiers: The Conference Program and Collection of Short Summaries, 2013, p. 18-18Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To get access to resources for internationalization many studies have acknowledged the importance of different types of networks. Therefore, this study intends to explore how different types of networks are beneficial for firms’ international growth. Three types of networks are identified in this study: Self established business networks, business networks established by a third party and social networks. A web-based survey is conducted among companies operating in the health technology industry in order to gain additional insights related to the accessibility of resources through different types of networks. The participating companies consists of members of the non-profit organization Health Technology Alliance (HTA) located in Southwest Sweden as well as several companies that are closely related to and take part in the activities of the HTA. Questionnaires have been sent out to 89 respondents of which 13 returned because of ambiguous or non-existing email addresses. Of the 76 firms that have received the questionnaire, 21 participated in the survey what equals a response rate of 36%. The findings reveal which resources are accessed through different types of networks. It is found that self-established business networks offer most access to resources whereas third-party founded business networks and social networks provide only limited access. Financial resources are not provided through any of the discussed networks. 

  • 406.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Sundermeier, Janina
    Department of Information Systems, Digital Entrepreneurship Hub, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany.
    Firms' use of organizational, personal, and intermediary networks to gain access to resources for internationalization2019In: Thunderbird International Business Review, ISSN 1096-4762, E-ISSN 1520-6874, Vol. 61, no 4, p. 609-621Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores which networks are beneficial for gaining resources for firms' internationalization. Little is known about firms' use of organizational, personal, and intermediary networks to gain access to resources for internationalization. Firms are seeking resources through their organization's relationships (organizational networks) and individuals' personal contacts (personal networks). Governmental and industry actors are implementing networks to promote international growth and act as an intermediary between business actors (intermediary networks). We conduct in-depth interviews with firms and representatives for intermediary networks complemented with a survey. The findings reveal which resources are accessed through the different networks. We find organizational networks provide considerable access to most resources (except financial resources) that are beneficial for internationalization, whereas intermediary networks provide access to reputational, human, and market resources. Personal networks primarily provide access to human resources. This study contributes to theory by giving a more fine-grained understanding of how different types of networks give access to different resources valuable for internationalization. © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. 

  • 407.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Svensson, Göran
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    A Glocal marketing model2009In: Glocal Marketing: think globally and act locally / [ed] Svante Andersson & Göran Svensson, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, 1, p. 391-396Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 408.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Svensson, Göran
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Anti-climate Change Management in Marketing2009In: Glocal Marketing: think globally and act locally / [ed] Svante Andersson & Göran Svensson, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, 1, p. 373-390Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 409.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Svensson, Göran
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Early Internationalizing Firms2009In: Glocal marketing: think globally and act locally / [ed] Svante Andersson & Göran Svensson, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, 1, p. 45-64Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 410.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Svensson, Göran
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Global versus Glocal strategy and Marketing Think2009In: Glocal marketing: think globally and act locally / [ed] Svante Andersson & Göran Svensson, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, 1, p. 27-44Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 411.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Svensson, GöranHalmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Glocal Marketing: think globally and act locally2009Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 412.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Svensson, Göran
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    The International Entrepreneur2009In: Glocal Marketing: think globally and act locally / [ed] Svante Andersson & Göran Svensson, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, 1, p. 257-276Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 413.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Svensson, Göran
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Think Globally and Act Locally2009In: Glocal Marketing: think globally and act locally / [ed] Svante Andersson and Göran Svensson, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, 1, p. 13-26Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 414.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Svensson, Göran
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Wood, Greg
    Deakin University, Australia .
    International Corporate and Business Ethics2009In: Glocal Marketing: think globally and act locally / [ed] Svante Andersson, Göran Svensson, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, p. 319-338Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 415.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Tell, Joakim
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    The relationship between the manager and growth in small firms2009In: Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, ISSN 1462-6004, E-ISSN 1758-7840, Vol. 16, no 4, p. 586-598Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is to improve the understanding of the relationship between the manager and growth in small firms, through a review of earlier research.

    Design/methodology/approach

    A review of articles published during the last 25 years is carried out in order to answer the question: How does the top manager influence growth in small firms?

    Findings

    Three key relationships are identified: between growth and, respectively, managerial traits and characteristics, managerial intentions, and managerial behavior or roles. The diverse findings in the literature are contradictory and give a paradoxical picture of the impact of the manager. A deeper analysis of the results from the review, supplemented with leadership theory, yields a better understanding of small-firm growth with a special focus on the behavior of the manager.

    Research limitations/implications

    This paper problematizes the complexity in managing small-firm growth, and can be further empirically validated by using multiple methods including qualitative ones such as observational studies.

    Practical implications

    The findings have a bearing on education and policy implications. If a behavior can be identified that promotes small firms' growth, education and policy implications can be developed in line with these results.

    Originality/value

    In small firms there seems to be a general consensus that managers do influence the performance of small firms, but so far there has not been a systematic review of earlier empirical research, that is done in this paper. From this review, a more complete picture of how managers influence growth in small firms is presented.

  • 416.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Wictor, Ingemar
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Innovative international strategies in new firms - born globals2001Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 417.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Wictor, Ingemar
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Innovative International Strategies in new firms: Born Globals - the Swedish case2001In: 4th McGill Conference on International Entrepreneurship : researching new frontiers : 21-23 September 2001, Strathclyde International Business Unit, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland / [ed] Dimitratos, P. and Jones, M.V., eds., 2001, p. 39-63Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 418.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Wictor, Ingemar
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Innovative Internationalisation in New firms: Born Globals–the Swedish Case2003In: Journal of International Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1570-7385, E-ISSN 1573-7349, Vol. 1, no 3, p. 249-275Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the past few years, the phenomenon of Born Globals has been highlighted in many studies. Such firms adopt a global approach right from their inception or very shortly thereafter. This behaviour challenges the traditional internationalisation models of slow and gradual development with respect to geographical markets and market entry modes. In this paper a conceptual framework is developed from earlier research and includes the factors: globalisation, entrepreneurs, networks, and industry. A survey showed that Born Globals were still very uncommon in Sweden. However, four Born Global firms were identified and analysed with the framework. It was concluded that the ongoing globalisation has made it easier to conduct Born Global strategies. However, active entrepreneurs, who recognised the global opportunities, were crucial for the implementation of these strategies, in which personal networks were used as tools.

  • 419.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Wictor, Ingemar
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Knowledge transfer in Born Globals2004In: McGill Conference on International Entrepreneurship, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 420.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Wictor, Ingemar
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    The Internationalization of Born Globals: the Swedish case2001Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Principal Topic

    Born Global firms adopt an international approach right from their birth or very shortly thereafter. This behavior challenges the traditional models of internationalization that propose that internationalization is developed in a slow and gradual manner with respect to geographical markets and market entry modes. The “slow and gradual view” of internationalization is very strong in Scandinavia as the creator of one of the most well known models in this area, the Uppsala Internationalization model, is developed in Sweden. The aim of the study is to explore the Born Global phenomena, and to compare it with earlier studies from other nations to further enhance the theory development in this area. Do the already developed framework fit on Swedish Born Globals? Do the framework have to be adopted according to the Swedish environment and culture? Can the general framework be further developed?

    Method

    To be able to compare our results with earlier studies in the USA, Denmark and Australia the same definitions and methods are used. Born Globals are defined as firms that have reached a share of foreign sales of at least 25% after having started export activities within three years after their birth. Data from a survey is used, followed by qualitative case studies. The database is used to present descriptive statistics and to identify Swedish Born Globals. The case studies are built mainly on personal interviews, but secondary data, such as such as business magazines, annual reports and internal documents have also been used to complement our primary data source. The cases are confronted with each other and with theories used in the framework but also compared with traditional internationalization theory. The framework includes institutional, network, resource-based and entrepreneurship theory.

    Results and Implications

    The results show that, although still a relatively uncommon phenomenon, the ongoing globalization has made it easier for small firms to conduct Born Global strategies. Active entrepreneurs and personal networks were important tools for implementing these strategies. The findings may have implications for practice as well as policy. Maybe can successful behaviors, found in the Born Global firms, be transferred to other firms? Can policy-makers change the firms institutional environment so it will be easier for firms to became Born Globals?

  • 421.
    Andersson, Svante
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Wikström, Niclas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Why and how are social media used in a B2B context, and which stakeholders are involved?2017In: The journal of business & industrial marketing, ISSN 0885-8624, E-ISSN 2052-1189, Vol. 32, no 8, p. 1098-1108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This study aims to explore why and how business-to-business (B2B) companies use social media and which users and stakeholders they communicate with.

    Design/methodology/approach – The study employs a case study approach because of its exploratory nature. Data from three companies consisted of interviews and observation of websites. The analysis includes within-case and cross-case displays to find patterns and themes in the data.

    Findings – The study shows that companies in a B2B contexts use social media as communication to enhance customer relationships, support sales and build their brands, in line with prior research. However, they also use social media as a recruiting tool, a seeking tool and a product information and service tool.

    Research limitations/implications – The findings confirm extant literature showing that B2B companies can directly influence content through corporate user accounts. Furthermore, firms in early stages of social media do not target any special stakeholders with broader messages, while more experienced social media users develop special messages for different stakeholders.

    Practical implications – This study contributes by shedding light on how B2B companies use social media. It also shows how different channels are effective with different stakeholders.

    Originality/value – Few studies have investigated the use of social media in a B2B context. This study goes beyond prior work by detailing how different social media tools are used, identifying different users and stakeholders, and explaining why different tools are used for different purposes targeted towards different stakeholders. New applications of the use of social media are also identified. © Emerald Publishing Limited 2017

  • 422.
    Andersson, Therese
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Bland Jackpottar och extra spins: -En analys av hur spelföretag försöker locka kunder samt hur manligt och kvinnligt framställs i reklamfilmer.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen har varit att undersöka vilka kommunikationsstrategier som används i reklamfilmer för spelbolag samt vilka gemensamma drag och olikheter som finns i de olika spelbolagens marknadsföring då tv-reklam utgör mediet. Jag har i min uppsats besvarat följande frågeställningar:

    • Hur byggs reklamfilmerna upp för att locka specifika målgrupper att spela på just deras sajter?

    • Hur gestaltas manligt och kvinnligt i reklamfilmerna?

    Jag har analyserat fem reklamfilmer från fem olika spelföretag; Karamba, Maria, Jackptjoy, Vera & John samt Mr Green. Jag har analyserat reklamfilmerna utifrån begreppen: humor, metafor, ljud, bild, kvinnlighet och manlighet. Dessa begrepp är formade utifrån Jens Elmelund Kjeldsen, Maria Nikolajeva samt Ulf Dahlqvist och Magnus Lindes teorier om retorik, genusschema och reklamutformning. Min slutsats är att reklamfilmerna använder sig av en ensam huvudkaraktär och humor samtidigt som kvinnor får ta en stor plats i reklamen.

  • 423.
    Andersson, Therese
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Nicolle, Caroline
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Hur fungerar gruppen?: En studie om gymnasieelevers upplevelser av tre grupprocesser och dess påverkan på kunskapsutvecklingen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen har varit att undersöka elevers upplevelser av tre grupprocesser samt vilken påverkan eleverna upplever att grupprocesserna har på elevernas kunskapsutveckling. De studerade grupprocesserna är groupthink, rollagande och free-riding. Vi har valt att utföra studien genom kvalitativa intervjuer med fyra stycken gymnasieelever för att ta reda på deras upplevelser av grupparbete och grupprocesser. Resultatet av intervjuerna presenteras i kapitel 4. Analys i form av citat där vi även har reflekterat över det som sagts. Det visade sig att våra respondenter var medvetna om att grupprocesserna kunde förekomma i en grupp. Dock menade respondenterna att det var endast vissa aspekter av groupthink, rolltagande och freeriding som påverkade deras kunskapsutveckling. Vår slutsats är att samtliga respondenter uppgav att deras kunskapsutveckling mer eller mindre blev påverkad av de olika grupprocesserna. Groupthink påverkade dem minst då de upplevde att de i viss mån kunde bortse från groupthinksyntomen, med undantag av några av få symtom. Rolltagande och freeriding upplevde respondenterna som mer avgörande för kunskapsutvecklingen. Vi upptäckte under studiens gång att respondenterna tyckte att gruppindelning var ett stort problem. För att lösa detta problem menade respondenterna att det var fördelaktigt att lärarna delade in grupperna, ett resultat som vi inte hade räknat med.

  • 424.
    Andersson, Thomas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Differences between American and Swedish cases – a study of how case studies can differ2017Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 425.
    Andersson, Thomas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Liking and commenting on Facebook – what are the reasons?2016Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 426.
    Andersson, Thomas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Why entertainment content posts get more likes and comments on Facebook2017Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 427.
    Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Tengnäs, Alexander
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Implementering av affärssystem - Påverkan på ekonomistyrning inom SMF2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 428.
    Andersson, Victor
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Tillit till Polisen: Individuella, Sociala eller Institutionella förklaringsfaktorer i de nordiska länderna och EU's medlemsländer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Polisen ar den organisation som i fredstider har mandat att uppratthalla ordningen i samhallet. Vad som paverkar tilliten till polisen ar viktigt att veta eftersom okad tillit ger polisen okade mojligheter att bekampa brott. Den okade globaliseringen och ett mer transnationellt samhalle kraver samarbete mellan olika landers polis for bekampning av brott. Denna studie ar kvantitativ och undersoker individuella, sociala och institutionella faktorer som paverkar tilliten till polisen i de nordiska landerna och EU’s medlemslander. Studien visar att tillit till polisen i de nordiska landerna och EU’s medlemslander till stor del paverkas av de politiska systemfaktorerna ”grad av demokrati” och ”det politiska systemets mojligheter till effektiva och tillforlitliga statliga institutioner”. De nordiska landerna och EU’s medlemslander bor darfor varna om den demokratiska utvecklingen samt se till att det politiska systemet mojliggor att statliga institutioner bedrivs effektivt och tillforlitligt for att oka tilliten till polisen.

  • 429.
    Andersson, Viktoria
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Bungerfeldt, My
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Revisorns betydelse vid kreditbedömningen av mindre aktiebolag2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Drygt ett och ett halvt år har gått sedan revisionspliktens avskaffande genomfördes och det har förts en del diskussioner om hur viktig revisorns roll är. Halling (2007) menar att bankerna använder den reviderade årsredovisningen som en noggrannare granskning och har företaget valt bort revisor kan kreditbeslutet påverkas. Detta beror på att redovisningsinformationen kan hjälpa bankerna att förutse en del risker som kan ligga till grund för beslutsfattandet (Svensson, 2003). Tidigare forskare menar på att en reviderad årsredovisning är viktig och om förtaget inte väljer att ha revisor så kommer bankerna vara mer försiktiga när de beviljar en kredit. Vi ställer oss frågande till detta och vill undersöka om det är andra faktorer som påverkar småföretagens möjligheter till lån om de har valt bort revisor.

     

    Syfte: Vi vill beskriva och analysera om valet av att inte ha en reviderad årsredovisning påverkar de mindre aktiebolagens kreditvärdighet ur revisorers och bankers olika bedömningar. Detta för att söka utveckling i begreppet kring kreditvärdering i och med ändringarna i 9:1 Aktiebolagslagen om vilka företag som är skyldiga att ha revisor. Dessa funderingar bidrog till vår problemformulering ”Hur bedömer kreditgivarna mindre aktiebolag utan en reviderad årsredovisning vid en kreditansökan?”.

     

    Metod: Vi har valt att göra en kvalitativ studie och vår ansats vi har använt oss av är den abduktiva ansatsen. Vi har valt att fokusera oss på småföretag som omfattas av den nya lagen om revisionspliktens avskaffande. Vi har intervjuat fem revisorer och tre banker för att kunna utveckla begreppet om småföretagets kreditvärdighet efter revisionspliktens avskaffande.

     

    Resultat och slutsatser: I vår studie har vi kommit fram till att varken banker eller revisorer har märkt av revisionspliktens avskaffande i någon större bemärkelse. Det är inte av någon större betydelse heller om småföretagen har en revisor eller inte när de ansöker om krediter. Vidare kan vi konstatera att de deltagande bankerna i vår studie tycker att en redovisningskonsult ger samma kvalitetsstämpel på räkenskaperna som en revisor ger. Vi kan även se tendenser att småföretag som väljer bort revisorn inte får högre ränta på sina lån. Detta är för att bankerna inte ser en icke reviderad årsredovisning som en högre risk utan det som påverkar bankens räntesättning mest är vilka säkerheter företaget har.

  • 430.
    Anderssson, Linus
    et al.
    FM.
    Karlberg, Fredrik
    FM.
    Gemensamt mål eller gemensamma medel?: En komparativ textanalys av svensk och finsk säkerhetsstrategi efter kalla krigets slut och dess konsekvenser för det svensk-finska försvarssamarbetet.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    COMMON ENDS OR COMMON MEANS?

    The Cold War is over and Sweden and Finland are starting to deal with the new security enviroment that has emerged. Grand Strategy in both countries is changing to meet the new Europe and surroundings. Both Sweden and Finland consider the risk of a direct attack in the near future to be highly unlikely and this has effects on the respective countries grand strategy. A broadened approach to security is applied and the military instrument is no longer the primary concern in the strategy. Both Sweden and Finland become members of the European Union in 1995 but neither is a member of NATO, the countries both consider themselves as military non-aligned, the only two countries with a coastline to the Baltic Sea with that stance. This makes for a logic choice to cooperate for the common security and a cooperation is formed to cover security policies to be relevant in peace, crisis and war. Even though the countries are existing in and interpret the new security enviroment in similar ways they approach the challanges in differing ways. This creates the differences that we identify and describe in this thesis.

    The purpose of this thesis is to identify and describe the differences between Sweden's and Finland's grand strategy, how this difference has changed from 1996 to 2018 and if these differences can have consequences for the cooperation between the two countries, mainly military and at the highest strategic level. The thesis is focused on the elements of the grand strategy that involves the armed forces of the respective countries.

    This comparative text analysis compares political policy documents within the grand strategy field from both Sweden and Finland. We will compare the period from 1996-2018. The comparison will be made by examining three occasions in the period, year 1996, Year 2004 and year 2018. The documents used have relevance against these years and are analyzed by applying Jacob Westberg's model; ends, means, ways and environment.

    The differences and the consequences that are the conclusions of this thesis are that cooperation are not always formed because it is the best possible option but sometimest the only possible options. Sweden and Finland's history differ in some parts and this has affected the respective country's security strategies. Finland has a history of coping for itself and has thus a national focus with focus on a stable national defense while Sweden has a history without war in modern times and a constant glance at military international engagement and the political benefits that can be achieved on the international scene.

  • 431.
    Anderstedt, Sandra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Stark, Lisa
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Pedagogers uppfattningar av bemötande gentemot elever i svårigheter2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolan har idag svårt att uppfylla sitt uppdrag gentemot alla elever vilket är att utformaundervisningen så den tillgodoser alla elevers behov. Uppfyllandet av uppdraget brister främst närdet att få elever i svårigheter att utveckla sina kunskaper. Det ställs höga krav på elevernasprestationer och kunskaper i skolans ämnen, vilka de har svårt att nå upp till. Detta innebär attlärarna måste ta hänsyn till elevernas unika inlärningsstil samt deras olikheter och utifrån demskapa en varierad undervisning där alla elever ges möjlighet att utvecklas. Varför elever hamnar isvårigheter har varit omdiskuterat och vissa menar att det är miljön som brister medan andrapåstår att det är eleven själv som brister.Syftet med vårt examensarbete är att undersöka pedagogers uppfattningar av hur de börbemöta och tillgodose elever i svårigheters behov. Undersökningen utgår från tre fiktivafallbeskrivningar som representerar elever i olika typer av svårigheter. Inspirationen tillundersökningen växte fram under lärarutbildningen då vi läste specialiseringenSpecialpedagogik. Vi har i undersökningen inspirerats av den fenomenografiska ansatsenvilken syftar till att undersöka individers uppfattning av samma fenomen. Resultatet haruppkommit genom sju kvalitativa intervjuer med pedagoger verksamma i grundskolanstidigare åldrar. I fenomenografisk anda har vi utifrån resultatet kunnat urskilja likheter ochskillnader i pedagogernas syn på hur de ska bemöta och tillgodose elever i svårigheter ochderas behov. Genom resultatet har vi sedan funnit beskrivningskategorier tilllitteraturgenomgången, resultatredovisningen och analysen vilka är självkänsla, socialasvårigheter matematiksvårigheter och koncentrationssvårigheter. Vidare framkom det iresultatet att föräldrakontakt och skolmiljöns utformning är väsentliga faktorer när det gällerpedagogers bemötande. Undersökningen visar på att den framtagna forskningen ochpedagogerna är överens om att det är viktigt att se till helheten för att tillgodose elever isvårigheters behov och det första steget att undanröja svårigheter är att stärka elevernassjälvkänsla. Det visade sig även att en gemensam uppfattning var att alla i elevens omgivningoch eleven själv har ett gemensamt ansvar för att på bästa möjliga sätt underlätta och hjälpa.

  • 432.
    Andius, Disa
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Puskar, Amna
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Att lyssna till pappors röster: En kvalitativ studie av pappors upplevelser kring att befinna sig i vårdnadstvist2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study highlights the problematic situation fathers encounter when they require help and support in a custodial dispute. Previous research shows the emergence of a new, more involved father. In the light of this earlier research, this study will show a father that is willing to fight for his rights to be a present and engaged parent in the case of a separation from the mother. The aim was to analyze the subjective perceptions of five fathers in custodial dispute. This analysis did not only show how they perceive their role as a father and their masculinity but also the way they feel about the help they got from social services and other institutions. The fathers show feelings of subordination and discrimination of their parenthood compared to the one of the mother’s; as a result of the treatment they got from social services and other institutions.

  • 433.
    Andrade, Débora Mengarda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Prada, Danielle Fiamoncini
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Customer Value Creation: How do external factors influence SME's customer value creation in a new foreign market? A case study of Axelent A.B.2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When companies go international some factors present in the host country act like forces that might drive the company to standardize or adapt its strategies. The choices between to standardize or to adapt to local needs are of a great importance, since it can have significant impact in the company’s performance in the foreign market. In this paper these forces are characterized in country specific and industry specific factors. The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of external factors in the customers’ value creation in a new foreign market, under standardization and adaptation strategies. In order to fulfill the purpose of the paper, a qualitative research was conducted using a single case study of a Swedish SME, focusing on a single product, namely machine guarding, in connection with one foreign market, Brazil. The study shows that the factors that were most influenced in the customers’ value creation were social/cultural aspects and competition, which tend to lead the company to adapt in order to fulfill local needs and to react to the competitiveness. It was also presented that economic factors and market size did not represent any influences in the standardization or adaptation strategies of the company studied. However, other external factors, as technological, political/legal and industry structure, have shown impact to some degree, whether in adaptation or standardization strategies.

  • 434.
    ANDRAL, Mélanie
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    LARROQUE, Axelle
    Halmstad University.
    The emojis consumer perception in the online advertising2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: The emojis consumer perception in the online advertising

    Research question: How consumers perceive emojis in online advertisement?

    Supervisor: Venilton Reinert

    Course: Strategic Marketing with Independent Project

    Keywords: Emojis, brand image, digital marketing, perception, online advertisement

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to analyse the consumer’s perception regarding brands

    using emojis in their online communication strategy. The purpose is also to understand the

    profit that could earn brands by using emojis and what they can add to the brand image.

    Methodology: Quantitative survey has been created to answer the research question. We have

    used a questionnaire with the use of a non-random sampling by convenience. Three hundred

    eighty-two people were answering closed and multiple-choice questions in order to quantify

    the weight of emojis in consumer’s mind.

    Findings: The results of the survey show that women from 15-25 years old are the most positive

    receptive group regarding brands using emojis. In addition, using emojis is a good way to

    improve the brand image but companies have to adapt the strategy depending on the target.

    Most of the respondents have a positive image about emojis but it doesn’t mean that it

    influences their willingness to consume a specific brand rather than another.

    Research limitation: Information is pretty hard to find because of the fact that the emojis topic

    is really recent. It is complicated to find data and reliable sources about it. Moreover, the

    sampling we used is not representative of the whole population, so it is not obvious to generalize

    the findings. Finally, to complete our survey, it would have been interesting to conduct a

    qualitative study in parallel to go deeper in the analysis of perception.

  • 435.
    Andreas, Andersson
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Simon, Ramsén
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Företagsobligationer: En kvalitativ studie om samband mellan transparens och likviditet på sekundärmarknaden2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish corporate bond market has grown in both volume and number of issuers since the financial crisis in 2007/2008. The market is undergoing fundamental changes that may affect the attractiveness of corporate bonds among market participants. In February 2015 came the Swedish Financial Supervisory practices in force for increased transparency and openness in the corporate bond market. The literature review conducted for the paper indicates that, from a theoretical perspective it is unclear what impact increased transparency will have for variables such as interest, liquidity, competition and costs. The purpose of this paper is to describe the relationship between transparency and liquidity in the Swedish market for corporate bonds. In a qualitative study, 13 interviews with various actors in the corporate bond market has been analyzed by using the theory written on the subject. In general, market participants seem to agree that transparency is positive, however, there are divided opinions on the appropriate degree of transparency and what impact transparency will have on the market. The market must be sufficiently transparent for investors to be confident to participate but the degree of transparency should not disfavor market makers whom set prices.

  • 436.
    Andreas, Knutsson
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Lindberg, Joel
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Ränteavdragets effekt på finansiering och kapitalstruktur: Vilka faktorer är viktiga för kapitalstruktur och hur kan en ränteavdragsbegränsning påverka svenska företag?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur företag väljer att finansiera sin verksamhet grundas på många faktorer. Tidigare forskning har visat att företagsspecifika förutsättningar som storlek och bransch är viktiga. På samma sätt kan personliga attribut hos finansiella beslutsfattare påverka. Utöver detta kan omvärldsfaktorer, exempelvis regleringar, influera finansiering. Avdragsrätten för räntor har tills nu i princip alltid varit orörd men kommer begränsas inom EU. Uppsatsen undersökte hur en generell ränteavdragsbegränsning kan påverka kapitalstruktur och studerade samtidigt vilka faktorer som är viktiga när svenska företag tar beslut om kapitalstruktur. Undersökningen genomfördes kvalitativt genom intervjuer med tjänstemän som besitter kunskap och inblick inom ämnet. Resultatet visar att det finns flertalet faktorer som kan påverka företags val av finansiering. Storlek är den mest betydande faktorn huruvida företag aktivt arbetar med kapitalstruktur. Studien visar att större företag generellt arbetar med att effektivisera kapitalstrukturen. Mindre bolag gör inte detta i samma utsträckning men skulle kunna dra fördel av det. Enligt rapporten är bland annat bransch, konjunktur, ränteläge, ägarstruktur och riskattityd viktiga faktorer vid beslut om kapitalstruktur. Vidare visar resultatet att en ränteavdragsbegränsning skulle kunna påverka företags kapitalstruktur, i högre grad tungt belånade företag, till exempel fastighetsbolag. Resultatet indikerar att företag skulle behöva samla mer eget kapital för att göra investeringar vilket skulle förlänga investeringscykeln och därmed hämma företag som vill expandera.

  • 437.
    Andreasson, Adam
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Olofsson, Jennie
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Komponentavskrivning: - En uppsats om informationsförändringen i årsredovisningen och dess väsentlighet för beslutsfattare2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In June 2012 the Swedish Accounting Standards board presented the K3-regulation which is the new main regulation for annual reports and consolidated account statements.  One of the new requirements is that companies now have to use component depreciation for their fixed assets. This has been under great debate because the real estate companies were very critical and thought that the benefits would be negligible compared to the costs since depreciation-information is considered to be unimportant and does not bring any value to the stakeholders. Accounting experts, on the other hand, argued that they would benefit from the requirement by a more evenly distributed profit and improved financial reporting.

    The purpose of this paper is to describe the expected effects of component depreciation on the different parts of the annual report of a real estate company. Because of the recent debate about whether or not it will benefit the stakeholders, we also want to examine the effect from the users perspective. The study focuses on decision-making. Our research question is: Which effects will the new K3-requirement of component depreciation have on real estate companies annual report?

    This is a case study where we have used a deductive approach and a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods. The quantitative data collection has been based on the annual report of the company together with data from internal documents. The data has been used to construct different types of economic data for a "model-building" according to the method used today and the component depreciation method which are then compared to see the effects. The qualitative data has been collected by interviews with the different stakeholders of the company.

    Our study has strengthened the already described effects on annual reports concluded by theorists earlier. However, we have been able to go deeper in some of our explanations than what we have  read on the subject. The most important effects are a more evenly distribution of maintenance costs over the years; it will no longer affect the profit and it will eliminate the cost peaks which occur during years with high maintenance levels. This will also result in a rearrangement of the company's cash flow. The study has also concluded that component depreciation will have a contribution to the stakeholders.  The improved profit during the first years and changed cash flow are expected to lead to different decisions concerning maintenance. The level of maintenance is based on this data and an increase of profits will increase the maintenance level. An increased level of maintenance can lead to a general increase of the building standards. This effect is believed to be especially important to real estate companies with a high share of buildings from the "million programme". We also found an indirect correlation between component depreciation and an increased rent; the possibility of higher building standards may be used as decision basis in negotiations to increase rent.

  • 438.
    Andreasson, Emilie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Persson, Anna-Lena
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Ledarskapets betydelse för den friska arbetsplatsen: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om hur ledare inom offentliga human service verksamheter arbetar för en frisk arbetsplats ur ett hälsofrämjande perspektiv.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of sick leave and an increase of ill health in the workplace is a social problem inSwedenthat is currently an important topic. Public human service organisations are one of the sectors where this is a major problem. The aim of this study is to examine what significance the leadership in public human service organisations has on the health and sense of well being among the staff within the organisation. We have chosen to look at this issue from a health promoting perspective where we focused on health factors and to what extent the management can influence and promote the possibilities for a healthy workplace with healthy staff. The results of the study are based on interviews with three leaders within the public human service sector. Results shows that having staff that are content and healthy is a key ingredient in the organisations goal to provide the best possible care and service to their clients. The results also identify leadership qualities and tools that are important such as being present in the workplace and available for the staff and also setting a good example. Other leadership qualities such as being clear in their role as to what they expect from their staff, being goal orientated, and being strong and secure in their leadership proved to be important in relation to health in the workplace. Making sure that the staff feel that they have the possibility to influence their working conditions and given the opportunity to participate in changes were also identified as important health promoting factors. The study also shows that showing trust in the staff and allowing them to take responsibility as well as seeing them as individuals is also important health promoting factors. It became evident that achieving a healthy workplace is a process where all the factors are equally important.

  • 439.
    Andreasson, Isabel
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Brunnebo, Julia
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Projektframgång, är det så svårt?: En studie om hur projektledare i fastighetsutvecklingsprojekt använder sig av interna kritiska framgångsfaktorer i syfte att nå uppsatta projektmål2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 440.
    Andreasson, Lovisa
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Skogström, Caroline
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Läs- och skrivutveckling med hjälp av digitalaverktyg: En kunskapsöversikt2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I läraryrket är det av stor vikt att en väl fungerande läs- och skrivutveckling upprätthålls. Inlärningen sker på olika vis och därför är det positivt att lärare hittar olika verktyg och metoder för att utmana eleverna att utveckla sin läs- och skrivning. Lärares engagemang och kompetens inom området skiljer sig dock. Kunskapsöversikten problematiserar om det finns forskningsresultat som talar för att använda digitala metoder vid läs- och skrivutveckling. Därmed är syftet att ta reda på hur läs- och skrivutveckling ser ut idag. Metoden som används i arbetet för att framställa kunskapsöversikten är systematisk litteraturstudie. Viktiga resultat i kunskapsöversikten visar att ett sporadiskt användande av digitala verktyg i undervisningen inte gynnar elevers läs- och skrivutveckling. Däremot finner elever inspiration och motivation till skrivning när digitala verktyg har ett tydligt syfte i undervisningen. Forskningsresultaten har inte belyst hur digitala verktyg kan underlätta elevers läs- och skrivinlärning, utan fokuserat på utvecklingen. För framtida forskning vore det intressant att i en studie se hur läs- och skrivinlärning kan ske från grunden med hjälp av digitala verktyg.

  • 441.
    Andreasson, Martina
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    From Obstacle to Opportunity: making reading meaningful in the classroom2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to learn how I as a teacher can work with reading in different ways to promote learning for students in upper secondary school. This is discussed with examples from Mark Haddon's The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-time and Randa Abdel-Fattah's Does My Head Look Big In This?. In this study, I found out that there are many factors that contribute to students' attitude towards reading and that affect their experience of a text. These factors consist of five emotions that affect reader response: assimilation, accommodation, sympathy, memories and identification, as well as four categorizing factors: age, gender, ethnicity and class.  Knowing these factors, we teachers have the tools to turn students' resistance to reading into something positive, and by doing this, we open up a myriad of learning opportunities through reading.

  • 442.
    Andreasson, Martina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Laurila, Jessica
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    "De skulle behöva så mycket mer, utav oss alla": En diskursanalys om inkludering av elever med ADHD och/eller dyslexi2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att diskutera hur sex lärare från grundskolan till gymnasieskolan talar kring inkludering och strategier för inkludering av elever med ADHD och/eller dyslexi. Insamling av empiri gjordes med hjälp av enskilda kvalitativa intervjuer. Studien är gjord utifrån ett diskurspsykologiskt perspektiv som metod. Ur intervjumaterialet synliggjordes fyra inkluderingsdiskurser där olika definitioner läggs i begreppet. Lärarna i vår studie har uttryckt att de känner sig begränsade inför arbetet med strategier för inkludering. Deras egna kunskaper om diagnoser samt tidsbrist var något som lärarna valde att ta upp vid intervjuerna, vilket också forskningen har visat får konsekvenser för vilket stöd eleven får. Några viktiga slutsatser vi dragit av arbetet är att lärarens syn på begreppet inkludering och perspektiv på elevsvårigheter påverkar det arbetssätt och de eventuella strategier som läraren använder sig av.

  • 443.
    Andreasson, Sandra
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Barn i behov av särskilt stöd: Specialpedagogik - inkludering2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstrakt

    Dagens skola har fått mycket kritik för att allt fler elever inte når upp till skolans

    kunskapskrav. Skolans misslyckade är störst bland elever med olika typer av

    svårigheter. Inkluderingsbegreppet belyser alla elevers rätt till en likvärdig skola

    där alla skall känna delaktighet och gemenskap. Specialpedagogiken som sådan

    beskrivs som något som uppkommer när den ordinarie pedagogiken inte räcker

    till. Studien beskriver aktuella specialpedagogiska teorier genom en

    litteraturöversikt. Nilholms tre perspektiv, det kompensatoriska, kritiska och

    dilemmaperspektivet kommer att belysas och ligger till grund för analysen av de

    observationer och intervjuer som är det empiriska materialet. Arbetet är en

    fältstudie vars syfte är att belysa hur två elever upplever sin vardag i skolan

    genom intervjuer och observationer. Syftet med studien är att ta reda på

    betydelsen av inkludering för alla elever, vilka är fördelarna/nackdelar? Läraren

    i klassen intervjuas för att se vad hennes tankar om arbetet med barn i behov av

    särskilt stöd och hur hon arbetar för att skapa inkludering. Resultatet visade att

    inkludering främjar barns delaktighet och gemenskap. De största anledningarna

    till att elever exkluderas är rädslan för att elever med svårigheter inte kommer nå

    upp till kunskapskraven.

  • 444. Andréasson Lidberg, Eva-Marie
    et al.
    Svensson, Sandra
    Lära tillsammans2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 445.
    Andréasson, Sara
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Gustafsson, Julia
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Föräldraledighet: – och korstrycket männen ställs inför2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    De reformer av föräldrapenningen som genomförts sedan mitten på 1990-talet innebär att pappor fått utökad rätt att ta ut föräldraledighet. Även om fäder under en tioårsperiod ökat sitt uttag av föräldraledighet uppgår den idag endast till 22,3 procent i genomsnitt i Sverige. Att de trots de möjligheter som finns idag att ta ut minst lika mycket föräldraledighet som kvinnor samt att det kan innebära chanser att komma nära sina barn och få del av deras uppväxt, inte utnyttjar sin rätt i större omfattning, kan framstå som något av en paradox i ett samhälle där jämställdhet är ett mål inom flera politikområden. Att uppmärksamma detta fenomen ser vi som mycket aktuellt och viktigt för att kunna föra jämställdhetspolitiken vidare.

    För att undersöka detta fenomen har vi haft en ansats med kvalitativa intervjuer. Vår målsättning har varit att undersöka fenomenet utifrån tre olika perspektiv; genus, hushållsekonomi samt sociala normer . Genom att intervjua åtta fäder utifrån dessa tre aspekter har vi fått en ökad förståelse för hur det kommer sig att män inte utnyttjar sin rätt till föräldraledighet i större omfattning.

    Vi har efter noga genomfört arbete kommit fram till att det inom vår undersökningsgrupp är vanligt att ekonomiska överväganden styr hur föräldraledigheten delas upp mellan parterna. Det är dock bara en av orsakerna till varför statistiken ser ut som den gör. Även om vi kunnat notera att den officiella jämställdhetspolitiken har haft ett genomslag hos många av våra intervjupersoner har traditionella genusmönster också en stark ställning. Det gäller inte enbart bland männen, av intervjuerna framgår att kvinnor i förhandlingen om uttaget av föräldrapenningen kan hävda att de ska ha merparten av föräldraledigheten.

  • 446.
    Andrén, Kristoffer
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Urberg, Joakim
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Tillit till chefen: En kvalitativ studie om faktorer som påverkar tillit till chef2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Svensk äldreomsorg tycks stå inför problem då den svenska befolkningen blir äldre och fler behöver äldrevård, samt ser man en minskning av antalet chefer och att det har blivit en oattraktiv arbetsplats. Tidigare forskning visar att tillit till chefen har positiva effekter i organisationen och personalens välbefinnande. Författarna vill undersöka huruvida det förekommer likheter och skillnader i hur personal och chefer tänker kring begreppet "

    tillit till chefen". Författarna har inte funnit några studier gällande angående tillit till chef utförda i svensk äldrevård. Studien är av kvalitativ metod i kombination med en hermeneutisk tolkning. Resultaten visar att både personal och chefer anser att lyhördhet samt chefens tillgänglighet är viktiga faktorer för tillit till chefer. Samtliga chefer anser att tillit byggs upp tillsammans av alla parter på arbetsplatsen. Vissa ur personalen anser att det är av stor vikt att chefen arbetat som vårdare inom äldrevården för att kunna förstå den problematik som finns i arbetet. Personalen tycker tillit till chefen är en tidskrävande process. Författarna har dragit slutsatsen att detta forskningsområde innebär viss tvetydighet då tillit som begrepp är en social konstruktion och har olika innebörd för olika personer.

  • 447.
    Andén, Sara
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science. 1993.
    How cases can be used as exams2016Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 448.
    Angbo, Malin
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Deltagardemokratins förhinder: En fallstudie av det medborgerliga deltagandet i Framtid Oskarström2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En intensiv förändringsprocess har kunnat identifieras runt om i Sveriges kommuner där en rad reformer genomförts i syfte att skapa forum för ökat medborgerligt deltagande. Syftet är att på så vis stärka demokratin på lokal nivå. I Halmstads kommun arbetar man med medborgerligt deltagande i flera projekt, Framtid Oskarström är ett av dem. Det finns dock en spänning i debatten kring om den lokala demokratin stärks genom att arbeta med medborgerligt deltagande. Omfattande kritik har riktats mot det deltagardemokratiska idealet, ändå arbetar Sveriges kommuner intensivt med att öka det medborgerliga deltagandet i politiska projekt och processer mellan de allmänna valen.

    Denna uppsats har två stycken syften. För det första har nivån av medborgerligt deltagande i projektet Framtid Oskarström studerats och för det andra har utsagor om kritik mot det deltagardemokratiska idealet undersökts. Fem stycken intervjuer har genomförts och resultatet visar att nivån av medborgerligt deltagande i Framtid Oskarström är medverkande dialog och respondenternas utsagor om kritiken som riktats mot det deltagardemokratiska idealet visar att det finns kritik som respondenterna håller med om, och som de inte håller med om. 

  • 449. Angela, Moussallem
    Den latenta förbrytaren: En diskursanalys av hur ”invandraren” framställs i relation till brottslighet.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande uppsats syftar till att undersöka hur ”invandraren” i relation till brottslighet framställs i diskursen samt vilka premisser representationen vilar på. Metoden utgörs av en kvalitativ diskursanalys, diskursen utgörs av opinionsbildande texter i dags- och kvällstidningar. Det har framkommit ett antal olika konkurrerande diskurser som samspelar. Den dominerande diskurser består av en presumtiv hållning att kategorin ”invandrare” är mer kriminell än övriga kategorier. En annan konkurrerande representation är ”invandraren” som offer för främlingsfientlighet och en politiserad debatt, eller dålig socialpolitik. ”Invandraren” beskrivs i genomgående termer som offer för hög arbetslöshet, låg utbildningsnivå, fattigdom, isolering och dålig integrations- och migrationspolitik. Inte sällan förekom samtliga representationer tillsammans. Sättet att beskriva ”invandraren” som mer utsatt och i behov av ”vår” hjälp bidrar till en reducering av ”invandraren” som ständigt i behov av sociala åtgärder, detta i sin tur kan förväntas bidra till en bild av den framtida förbrytaren.

  • 450.
    Angelica, Thyrsson
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Johan, Waldebrand
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Att hitta rätt stödhjul: En kvalitativ studie om elevers uppfattning av föräldrars stöttning2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande undersökning är att studera hur en viss grupp flickor på gymnasiet upplever föräldrarnas stöttning i sin skolgång. Studien ämnar även studera en eventuell åtskillnad i hur stöttningen kan tas i uttryck beroende på föräldrarnas utbildningsnivå. Begreppet stöttning har i studien operationaliserats med utgångspunkt i motivations- och förväntansteorier och med hjälp av Bourdieus teori kring kapital ämnar studien att förklara den reproducerande kraft som utbildningskapitalet hos föräldrarna bidrar till. Studiens empiriska underlag består av kvalitativa intervjuer med sex flickor, varav tre har högutbildade föräldrar och övriga tre har icke utbildade föräldrar. Studien visar att eleven själv har en stor avgörande roll i huruvida föräldrarnas stöttning tillåts ha en framträdande roll eller ej. Eleverna med högutbildade föräldrar har en större benägenhet att tillåta föräldrarna att vara närvarande och dessa föräldrar har även en större tendens att ställa höga förväntningar på sina barn. Dock tenderar en allt för hög grad av föräldranärvaro att uppfattas som kontrollerande vilket leder till att dessa elever upplever en mindre grad av självständighet jämfört med eleverna vars föräldrar inte är högutbildade. Studien bidrar därmed till en förståelse för den rådande reproduktionen där barn till högutbildade föräldrar presterar bättre i skolan. 

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