hh.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
6789101112 401 - 450 of 1939
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 401.
    Cervin, Johanna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Smith, Susanne
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Patientsäkerhet i samband med interhospital transport av intensivvårdskrävande patient: Specialistsjuksköterskors erfarenheter2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The frequency of inter-hospital transport (IHT) of intensive care patients is increasing and research shows that adverse events related to transportation are common. When transporting a critical care patient a specialist nurse often accompanies. In this complex health care environment, according to the laws, patient safe care should be conducted. Research shows that specialist nurses who accompanies IHT experiences insecurity associated to not having an overall control of the care of the patient. There are a limited number of scientific publications of specialist nurses' experiences and management of patient safety in these situations and it seems relevant to examine how specialist nurses proceed.Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the specialist nurses' experiences and management of patient safety associated to terrestrial inter-hospital transport of intensive care patients. Method: A qualitative method with inductive approach. Data collection was conducted through 15individual semi-structured interviews. Collected data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results: The results revealed four main categories and twelve subcategories. The four main categories were: Clear and targeted communication is a basic requirement for patient safety., Knowledge of and adherence to routines provides equivalent patient safety., The skills of the Working Group on IHT should be composed correspondingly to the patient's care needs., The working environment can be an asset or a threat. Conclusion: To work in an environment that did not belong to routine and sometimes in a combination with unknown staff made the specialist nurses experience the mission as a solo work where patient safety was depending on his/her past experiences and expertise. Implication: An effort to achieve equivalent safe care requires a comprehensive plan for IHT and to work towards national guidelines for IHT. Since it is a rare work it means a small volume of patients per specialist nurse and year performing IHT. Work performed less frequently by a larger number can be compensated with team training and regular follow-ups.

  • 402.
    Chaletorn, Tichna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Thun, Maja
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Kan 4 veckors beta-alaninsupplementering öka prestationen hos idrottare inom högintensiva sporter i jämförelse med placebo?: Examensarbete inom biomedicininriktning fysisk träning 180 hp2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagsläget finns det en hel del kosttillskott som lovar bättre prestation, men många av substraten har inte tillräckligt med forskning bakom dem som bevisar att de verkligen fungerar. Tre av de kosttillskotten där det finns mycket forskning på och har visat sig förbättra prestationen är kreatin, koffein och natriumbikarbonat. Nyare forskning har studerat supplementering av beta-alanin som tros kan fördröja muskeltröttheten under fysisk aktivitet. Det är inte mycket av denna forskning gjord på överkroppen hos elitidrottare, därför ska detta undersökas i denna studie. Många teorier om muskeltrötthet involverar att vätejoner (H+) som härrör från bl.a. laktat, ändrar pH-värdet i muskeln, vilket kan vara en av anledningarna till varför prestationen minskar. Beta-alaninsupplementering ökar karnosin nivåerna i muskeln vilket fungerar som en H+ buffert och kan motverka sänkningen av pH-värdet i muskeln och kanske därför kan fördröja muskeltröttheten. Syftet med denna studie var att se om fyra veckors beta-alaninsupplementering kan förbättra prestationen hos högintensividrottare. Testpersonerna delades upp i två grupper, en grupp som fick beta-alanin (n=6) och en placebogrupp (n=4) som fick maltodextrin 2,5 g 2 gånger om dagen. Testet som utfördes var ett modifierat wingatetest för överkroppen, det utfördes för- och eftertester. Även blodlaktat testades direkt efter utfört test samt 2 minuter efteråt. Testet resulterade inte i några statistiska signifikanta skillnader i average power och peak power varken hos gruppen med beta-alanin eller placebo (p≥0,13). Eftertesterna visade ett högre värde av blodlaktatet 2 min efter avslutat test i jämförelse med förtesterna i beta-alaningruppen (p=0,05). Slutsatsen av denna studie var att vi inte kunde visa att 4 veckors beta-alaninsupplementering leder till bättre prestation i överkroppen hos tränade individer i den utförda interventionen, större studier bör utföras.

  • 403.
    Chaudary, Mubina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Dunér, Isabel
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Att leva med en urinkateter: En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: It is important for nurses to create understanding about the impact aurinary catheter can have on people’s lives to be able to provide as good care aspossible. Aim: The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of patients livingwith a urinary catheter. Method: The study was conducted through a structuredliterature review with a systematic search. An analysis according to Friberg’sinstructions was performed, based on eight qualitative articles. Results: Four themeswere identified based on different aspects of how patients experienced their lives witha urinary catheter: Possibilities and limitations in everyday life, Not having sufficientknowledge, Fear and discomfort as well as Self-image and relationships with others.Something that became clear was the importance of the patients’ experiencesregarding the introduction of the catheter and how that effected the rest of thepatients’ lives with it. Implication: For nurses, it is important to remember that thepatients must live with the catheter for the rest of their lives. For further research, itmay be interesting to research how patients deal with the problems that arise and hownurses can inform, support and prepare the patients for a life with the catheter.

  • 404.
    Christerson, Eva
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Kejonen, Helena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Distriktssköterskors upplevelser av hälsofrämjande arbete inom kommunal hemsjukvård2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Health promotion is important in all of the health care system, where the district nurse has big responsibility. Since the “ädelreform”, most counties are taking responsibility for providing health care, including the care takers who live at home. Orem´s nursing theory focuses on self-care and believes that man is an active and free being capable of achieving wellness through self-care. The aim of the study was to describe nurses' experiences of health promotion in municipal home care. A qualitative method with inductive approach was used and five interviews were performed, with district nurses from two counties in northwest Skåne. The interviews were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The study revealed categories: caring is health promotion, health promotion lacks priority and the home as the arena. District nurses felt that health promotion is based on a holistic approach and the foundation for all nursing work, while they leaned towards their medical expertise. Furthermore, they felt that health promotion has low priority by lack of skills in the health care team, lack of time and short-term interventions. Health promotion efforts were affected since the home was the arena, where the individual's terms and conditions governed the work. Future studies based on the resident's perspective could further develop the results of this study while being a step in the healthcare developments in municipal home care.

  • 405.
    Chrisén, Mia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Holm, Sofia
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Faktorer som har betydelse för telefonsjuksköterskans triage och rådgivning2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sjukvårdsrådgivningen via telefon är väl förankrat hos Sveriges befolkning då det varje år rings många samtal dit. Avsaknaden av visuell kontakt och den begränsade tillgången till problemet gör att triage och rådgivning försvåras. Telefonsjuksköterskan kan inte ta del av den icke verbala kommunikationen såsom exempelvis ansiktsuttryck, kroppshållning eller sjukdomstecken på kroppen. Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att belysa faktorer som har betydelse för telefonsjuksköterskans triage och rådgivning i kontakt med den vårdsökande. I litteraturstudien som grund för resultatet har metoden varit att granska fjorton artiklar med kvalitativ ansats ur ett sjuksköterskeperspektiv. Resultatet visar att telefonsjuksköterskans triage och rådgivning påverkas av olika faktorer som är relaterade till den vårdsökande, telefonsjuksköterskans egna färdigheter och erfarenheter samt faktorer relaterade till organisation. Samtalen som telefonsjuksköterskorna tar emot är varierande till innehåll. Detta ställer krav på telefonsjuksköterskans professionella kompetens. Tidigare klinisk erfarenhet, bred kunskap och en god kommunikativ förmåga är viktiga egenskaper för telefonsjuksköterskan. Omvårdnadssituationen är komplex och för att kompensera för detta använder hon sig av olika strategier. Organisatoriska faktorer som påverkar triage och rådgivning via telefon är tillgången till beslutsstöd och tillgängligheten i vården. Framtida forskning som belyser hur telefonsjuksköterskan kan hantera stress och konfliktsituationer kan underlätta för telefonsjuksköterskan i hennes utsatta arbetssituation. Specialistutbildning till telefonsjuksköterska skulle göra vården säkrare för uppringaren men även förbereda telefonsjuksköterskan inför hennes yrkesroll.

  • 406.
    Cider, Asa
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Mårtensson, Jan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Pihl, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Response to 'Exercise programmes and quality of life in the elderly important facts'2012In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 128-128Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 407.
    Claeson, Andreas
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
    Johnson, Urban
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
    Psychological risk factors on rehabilitation on post-surgery and conservative rehabilitation after severe sport injury2008In: : Nordic Conference: Health, participation and effects of sport and exercise / [ed] Carlsson, B., Johnson U., Stambulova, N, 2008, p. 24-Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 408.
    Claesson, Alexander
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Meditationens inverkan på idrottslig prestation2011Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 409.
    Claesson, Anna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Ohlsson, Lena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Anestesisjuksköterskans upplevelser av att handleda studenter2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The competence description says that nurses will be involved in tutoring, teaching, and assessment of new nurses or colleagues. As a nurse/ supervisor, you are responsible for patient safety and determine if the mentee has sufficient knowledge to perform nursing actions. Previous studies show that lack of time, lack of support and lack of experience and knowledge is of great importance to be able to give a good supervision. The question is how we can influence the supervisors to be able to provide better supervision. The purpose of this study is to describe the nurse anesthetist experience of tutoring students. The results are based on interviews which were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The result shows three categories: development, the need for cooperation and the need for expertise. The supervisors think it is fun, stimulating and instructive with students. The supervisors have good support from the university and main facilitators regarding the training tasks and goals for the students. Although most do not have supervisors they feel safe in the role of supervisor. The time available for instruction and reflection for students is still too small and desires are about dedicating more time to the benefit of the students' development in their professional role. Further research into the guidance and anesthesia nurses' experiences of tutoring students needed because many studies complain of short comings in and around the tutoring process.

  • 410.
    Claesson, Hanna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Sidorson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Äldres syn på förutsättningar för att bibehålla välbefinnandet efter pensioneringen: En kvalitativ studie2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The health of the elderly has improved during the last years, and they have at the same time become more physical active. The aim of the study was to describe the seniors’ views on prerequisites in order to maintain their well-being after retirement. The study was carried out using a qualitive method through semistructured interviews of informants in the age range of 63-84 years. The interviews showed the importance of at least one close friend in order to promote well-being. Interaction between friends and family was another important aspect. Also, maintaining the physical ability counted as important as walking in the nature was a significant aspect of well-being. It also appeared to be of great importance to continue having an active life after reirement. Several of the informants were engaged at no profit to create added value. Avaliability was of a major importance in making the choice of activity, but the informants were to a great deal satisfied by the supply. The study can be used as a foundation for further research in the area of activities, communities and active life among elderly. An important aspect would be to illuminate how people who does not engage in organisationed activities view their well-being and the reason to why they do not participate

     

  • 411.
    Claesson, Jenny
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Hallquist, Ewa
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Patienters behov av information i palliativ omvårdnad2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is complex in a palliative stage to provide accurate and personalized information to patients. It is therefore important that nurses maintain an ethical approach to identify the need of the patient. The aim was to illuminate the patient's need of information in palliative care. A literature review was carried out in which fifteen scientific articles processed and examined. Five main themes emerged, highlighting the need for information to gain insight into their illness, need of information to be living with the disease, need of information to cope near death, the need of tailored information, need to get information from the right person. The patients had a need of information about their specific disease and symptoms to cope with their daily life, forecast to plan their future and the end of life. Individualized information from staff with specific knowledge was considered important. The information would be honest without any false hopes and was thus able to increase the life quality. A major problem as the patient was the lack of information and how it was performed. It is therefore important that the education of the nurse includes education and training in difficult and sensitive conversations. More research is needed to spread the knowledge how the nurse should approach the patient and provide personalized information correctly.

  • 412.
    Claesson, Matilda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS). Varberg.
    Hultqvist, Annika
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS). Varberg.
    I nöd och lust: Anhörigvårdens påverkan på parrelationer2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Anhörigvårdsom innefattar vård av partner är något som blivit allt mer vanligt. Detta pågrund av ekonomiska nedskärningar inom vårdorganisationen, brist påsjukhusplatser samt ökad livslängd hos befolkningen. Syftet med studien var attsynliggöra hur relationen påverkas av att vårda eller att vårdas av sinpartner. Studien är en litteraturöversikt där 17 artiklar valdes ut efterkvalitetsgranskning, då samtliga besvarade syftet. Ur artiklarna framkomresultatet där fyra teman synliggjordes, trygghetoch belastning i relationen, förändrade roller, avsexualiserad relationsamt minskat socialt liv. Det ärviktigt i sjuksköterskans hälsofrämjande arbete att vara medveten omanhörigvårdens positiva och negativa inverkan i människors liv, för att kunnaförhålla sig till situationen på bästa sätt. Då endast begränsad forskningfinns inom området vård av maka/make bör forskningen utökas och bli meromfattande för att individer inte skall lida i tystnad och utveckla ohälsa.

  • 413.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Teider, Karin
    Vänersborgs kommun.
    Dokumentation av elevers hälsa2012In: Skolsköterskans hälsofrämjande arbete / [ed] Eva K. Clausson och Siv Morberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012, 1, p. 121-136Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 414.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Teider, Karin
    Vänersborgs kommun, Vänersborg, Sverige.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    School VIPS: A Swedish Model for Documenting All Aspects of Schoolchildren’s Health2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    BAKGRUND:

    Dokumentation av skolbarns hälsa kan vara en praktisk och etisk utmaning för skolsköterskor. Då forskning visar att skolbarns psykiska och sociala hälsoproblem har ökat under de senaste decennierna och god omvårdnad innefattar en tillförlitlig dokumentation finns ett uppenbart behov av att utveckla en struktur som underlättar arbetet för skolsköterskor. VIPS-modellen är väl utvärderad och används i en mängd olika vårdsammanhang.

    SYFTE:

    Syftet med projektet var att utveckla en särskild skol-VIPS modell.

    METOD:

    Original -VIPS, Psyk-VIPS och Prim-VIPS användes som förlaga. Modellen expertgranskades samt pilottestades av yrkesverksamma skolsköterskor.

    RESULTAT:

    Resultatet presenteras i en folder utifrån omvårdnadsprocessens huvudrubriker. Sökord relaterade till hälsosamtal och vanliga hälsoproblem bland skolbarn i olika ålder såsom kost och hudproblem är exempel på sådant som kommenteras. Hälsoproblem som kan vara ett dilemma för skolsköterskor att dokumentera är självförvållade skador och könsstympning vilka också kommenteras specifikt. Andra sökord som är relevanta för skolhälsovården är Sexualitet / Reproduktion inklusive pubertetsutveckling där även pojkars utveckling lagts till. I sökordet Psykosocialt ingår skolsituationen och drogmissbruk.

    SLUTSATS:

    En gemensam struktur av dokumentationen i skolhälsovårdsjournalen kan göra det möjligt att jämföra barn och ungdomars hälsoutveckling samt att utvärdera omvårdnadsåtgärder. Möjligheterna till uppföljning av verksamheten och framtida omvårdnadsforskning kan också öka.

  • 415.
    Clausson, Eva
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Kristianstad, Sverige.
    Teider, Karin
    Vänersborgs kommun, Vänersborg, Sverige.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    School-VIPS: a Swedish Model for Documenting All Aspects of Schoolchildren's Health2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    BAKGRUND:

    Dokumentation av skolbarns hälsa kan vara en praktisk och etisk utmaning för skolsköterskor. Då forskning visar att skolbarns psykiska och sociala hälsoproblem har ökat under de senaste decennierna och god omvårdnad innefattar en tillförlitlig dokumentation finns ett uppenbart behov av att utveckla en struktur som underlättar arbetet för skolsköterskor. VIPS-modellen är väl utvärderad och används i en mängd olika vårdsammanhang.

    SYFTE:

    Syftet med projektet var att utveckla en särskild skol-VIPS modell.

    METOD:

    Original -VIPS, Psyk-VIPS och Prim-VIPS användes som förlaga. Modellen expertgranskades samt pilottestades av yrkesverksamma skolsköterskor.

    RESULTAT:

    Resultatet presenteras i en folder utifrån omvårdnadsprocessens huvudrubriker. Sökord relaterade till hälsosamtal och vanliga hälsoproblem bland skolbarn i olika ålder såsom kost och hudproblem är exempel på sådant som kommenteras. Hälsoproblem som kan vara ett dilemma för skolsköterskor att dokumentera är självförvållade skador och könsstympning vilka också kommenteras specifikt. Andra sökord som är relevanta för skolhälsovården är Sexualitet / Reproduktion inklusive pubertetsutveckling där även pojkars utveckling lagts till. I sökordet Psykosocialt ingår skolsituationen och drogmissbruk.

    SLUTSATS:

    En gemensam struktur av dokumentationen i skolhälsovårdsjournalen kan göra det möjligt att jämföra barn och ungdomars hälsoutveckling samt att utvärdera omvårdnadsåtgärder. Möjligheterna till uppföljning av verksamheten och framtida omvårdnadsforskning kan också öka.

  • 416.
    Clausson, Eva
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Kristianstad, Sverige.
    Teider, Karin
    Vänersborgs kommun, Vänersborg, Sverige.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    School-VIPS: a Swedish Model for Documenting all Aspects of Schoolchildren's Health2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    BAKGRUND:

    Dokumentation av skolbarns hälsa kan vara en praktisk och etisk utmaning för skolsköterskor. Då forskning visar att skolbarns psykiska och sociala hälsoproblem har ökat under de senaste decennierna och god omvårdnad innefattar en tillförlitlig dokumentation finns ett uppenbart behov av att utveckla en struktur som underlättar arbetet för skolsköterskor. VIPS-modellen är väl utvärderad och används i en mängd olika vårdsammanhang.

    SYFTE:

    Syftet med projektet var att utveckla en särskild skol-VIPS modell.

    METOD:

    Original -VIPS, Psyk-VIPS och Prim-VIPS användes som förlaga. Modellen expertgranskades samt pilottestades av yrkesverksamma skolsköterskor.

    RESULTAT:

    Resultatet presenteras i en folder utifrån omvårdnadsprocessens huvudrubriker. Sökord relaterade till hälsosamtal och vanliga hälsoproblem bland skolbarn i olika ålder såsom kost och hudproblem är exempel på sådant som kommenteras. Hälsoproblem som kan vara ett dilemma för skolsköterskor att dokumentera är självförvållade skador och könsstympning vilka också kommenteras specifikt. Andra sökord som är relevanta för skolhälsovården är Sexualitet / Reproduktion inklusive pubertetsutveckling där även pojkars utveckling lagts till. I sökordet Psykosocialt ingår skolsituationen och drogmissbruk.

    SLUTSATS:

    En gemensam struktur av dokumentationen i skolhälsovårdsjournalen kan göra det möjligt att jämföra barn och ungdomars hälsoutveckling samt att utvärdera omvårdnadsåtgärder. Möjligheterna till uppföljning av verksamheten och framtida omvårdnadsforskning kan också öka.

  • 417.
    Clausson, Eva
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Kristianstad, Sverige.
    Teider, Karin
    Skolsköterska med medicinskt ledningsansvar Skolhälsovården Vänersborgs kommun, Sverige.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Skolsköterska med medicinskt ansvar Skolhälsovården Höganäs kommun, Sverige.
    SkolVIPS: en modell för omvårdnadsdokumentation i skolhälsovårdsjournalen2010Other (Other academic)
  • 418.
    Clausson, Eva
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Kristianstad, Sverige.
    Teider, Karin
    skolsköterska med medicinskt ledningsansvar Vänersborgs kommun, Sverige.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    SkolVIPS: En modell för skolsköterskans dokumentation2014Other (Other academic)
  • 419.
    Cojanu, Ionela
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Perby, Perby
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Musikens effekt på postoperativ smärta2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    All surgical procedures, whatever the extent, cause tissue damage with subsequent pain. Untreated or inadequately treated pain can lead to both physiological and psychological postoperative complications. Pharmacological treatment and especially opioid treatment is often associated with side effects. A complement to pharmacological may be non-pharmacological pain management such as music. Music is an old social phenomenon which has shown to have a positive effect on anxiety, stress and pain. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of music on postoperative pain. The study was conducted as a literature study and the result is based on fifteen scientific peer-reviewed articles. The result showed that the majority of patients undergoing surgery and who received music interventions assessed their pain lower than those who did not. Music intervention is a simple, riskfree and cost-effective method which may be a complement to pharmacological treatment of post-operative pain.

  • 420.
    Condelius, Anna
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Staffan
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing. Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Exploring the Implementation of Individual Care Plans in Relation to Characteristics of Staff2016In: Open Journal of Nursing, ISSN 2162-5336, E-ISSN 2162-5344, Vol. 6, no 8, p. 582-590Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to explore the implementation of individual care plans in municipal elderly care in relation to characteristics of staff. Data regarding characteristics of staff were derived through a questionnaire distributed to all staff working in the care for older people, (N = 908, n = 245) in four municipalities in Sweden. The number of care plans established during a one-year period was collected through a contact person in each municipality. In total 47 individual care plans were es-tablished during the study year. Significantly more staff in the municipality that had the most number of established individual care plans agreed that there had been sufficient education (p = 0.017), sufficient time (p = 0.002) and routines established regarding individual care plans (p = 0.014) and had a significantly better job satisfaction (p = 0.001), compared to staff in the other municipalities. Implementation leaders may need to take the working conditions and the percep-tion of available resources among staff into consideration in the on-going process of implementing individual care plans.

  • 421.
    Corazza, Madeleine
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Motiv till idrottsdeltagande och personliga egenskaper hos handbollsspelare2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine motivation of elite and exercise handballplayers and what characterizes the motivation of each group. The study aimed to examine personal traits and motives for sport participation and study possible interactions between these two factors among players at elite and exercise level. The study consisted elite (n = 47) and exercise (n = 54) handballplayers. Total number of participants was 101 players. Participants were both males and females divided into one men's and six women's team. Three teams playing in the highest division and four teams in lower divisions. The instrument used was a battery of questions with three different parts (1) background and demographic data, (2) NEO-FFI, and (3) Participation Motivation Questionnaire (PMQ). The personality traits extraversion and agreeableness and the motives fitness, environmental and social recognition showed significant differences. Elite players showed higher levels of extraversion, agreeableness and teamspirit, while exercise players were higher in neuroticism and conscientiousness. The result can be applied by coaches, because knowledge about why people play handball and understanding regarding personality traits can enhance the understanding about players physical activity. Interesting future studies is to study coaches effects on players based on their motives for participating in sport and personality traits.

  • 422.
    Corderfeldt, Robert
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Olhammer, Jens
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Anestesisjuksköterskors upplevelser av interhospitala patienttransporter2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nurse anesthetist work in several areas but working at an anesthetic clinic is the most common. Working at a clinic involves overseeing patients during interhospital patienttransports. Earlier studies have shown that many specialist nurses are worried and concerned over transporting patients. They experience feelings of insecurity, vulnerability, and a lack of clear guidelines. The responsibility is major and sometimes there are long distances between the hospitals. The aim of the study was to evaluate how the nurse anesthetists experience their participation during the transport of patients. The study was conducted using a quantitative approach and empirical data was collected using a questionair. Descriptive statistics were used to present the results. The results showed that the nurse anesthetists experiences of transporting patients varied greatly. Several responded that they found it difficult to give good care during the transport. There was also a large range of the answers to the question about whether they felt stressed or unconcerned during these assignments, but most were in the middle of the scale. Cooperation between the nurse anesthetists and the ambulance nurses generally worked well, they even had a strong confidence in their competence. One fourth of the nurse anesthetists reported they would prefer not to be involved in interhospital patienttransports. More research is needed in this area is great.

  • 423.
    Cregård, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, The Rydberg Laboratory for Applied Sciences (RLAS). Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Inter-occupational cooperation and boundary work in the hospital setting2018In: Journal of Health Organisation & Management, ISSN 1477-7266, E-ISSN 1758-7247, Vol. 32, no 5, p. 658-673Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to add a little piece to the research on boundary work and inter-occupational cooperation by addressing two questions: how do actors perform boundary work in an inter-occupational cooperation project that seeks to improve the personnel health work in a hospital setting? What impact does the boundary work have on such cooperation in the personnel health project?

    Design/methodology/approach: The study is based on individual, in-depth interviews and participative observations of focus group discussions conducted at a regional municipal organization in Sweden. Respondents are hospital line managers, experts and strategists in the HR departments, and experts from the internal occupational health service.

    Findings: The concepts on boundary work, which include closing/opening boundary strategies, provide the framework for the empirical illustrations. The cooperation runs smoothly in the rehabilitation work because of an agreed upon process in which the professionals’ jurisdictions are preserved through closing strategies. Illness prevention and health promotion are not areas of inter-occupational cooperation because the stronger actors use closing strategies. While the weaker actors, who try to cooperate, use opening boundary strategies in these areas, they are excluded or marginalized.

    Research limitations/implications: The empirical investigation concerns one cooperation project and was completed at one data collection point.

    Originality/value: No similar study of boundary work and inter-occupational cooperation in a hospital setting is available despite the frequency of this professional group configuration in practice. A more inclusive concept of professionalism may facilitate the study of boundary work and inter-occupational cooperation among actors with different professional authority. © Emerald Publishing Limited 2018

  • 424.
    Creson, Hadassa
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Juul, Christina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Är jag anhörig eller är jag sjuksköterska?: Legitimerade sjuksköterskors upplevelse av att vara anhörig till en närstående som vårdas på sjukhus2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Nurses who care for patients have a responsibility, to care for thepatient and relatives and to support the relationship between the patient and therelatives. Relatives knowledgebase can vary and sometimes a relative can be aregistered nurse. Depending on previous experience and knowledge the experience ofbeing a relative can be different. Aim: The aim of the literature study was to exploreregistered nurses experience of being relative to a hospitalized family member.Method: A literature study was conducted, the results were based on nine qualitativestudies. Results: Out of the nine studies, five themes emerged: Conflicts between thenursing-role and the relative-role, Professional experience, Information needs,Participation and Finding support. The results showed a clear role conflict due to theincreased knowledge of the nurse relatives in comparison to the general relatives.Since the nurse relative possessed more knowledge they demanded more informationand wished to be involved in their family members care when possible. Conclusion: There is a clear conflict between the nurse role and the relative role within relativeswho are registered nurses. In order to be able to encounter relatives with differentlevels of knowledge in health care, research on the subject should be pursued.

  • 425.
    Cronquist, Emma
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Asplund, Sara
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Att leva med svårläkta sår2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 426.
    Cronqvist, Sofie
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Emma, Persson
    Halmstad University.
    Kvinnors upplevelser i samband med en framkallad abort: En allmän litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background In Sweden, approximately 37,000 induced abortions / year are carried out. Reasons for why women carry out an induced abortion can be many. Induced abortion is a sensitive subject where ethics and morals are usually discussed. Aim The aim of this study was to highlight women's experiences in connection with an induced abortion. Methods The metod used for the actual study was a general literature study. Both qualitative and quantitative articles were used. Collected material was analyzed with an inductive approach. Trough the analysis, two main categories and six subcategories emerged. Results The results show that when a woman thinking about undergoing or has undergone an induced abortion the need to receive support and the need to perceive controll is the two most important needs. Main category The need for support has subcategories: Experience of anxiety, Experience of sadness, guilt and shame. Main category Need for control has subcategories: Experience of strength, maturity and taking responsibility, Experience of relief, Experience of discomfort and fear and experience of disappointing and loss. Conclusion of this study reveals that it is important to have good treatment and having support from both nurses and related parties has a significant role. The need for control is also an important factor for the woman that the nurse can contribute to. Depending on how well these two needs are met, different experiences may emerge. The study shows that more research is needed on women's experiences in connection with an induced abortion and which nursing care are important.

  • 427. Cucovic, Amina
    et al.
    Osmani, Arbresha
    Jag kan inte ta av min hudfärg: Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av patienters rasdiskriminering2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nurses are exposed to racial discrimination very often which can result in ill health. There is a law in Sweden that prevents from all types of discrimination and legislation that ill health at workplace should be prevented. A study was made in which the aim was to illuminate nurses’ experiences of racial discrimination caused by the patients. To reach the aim, the study was completed by a literature study and eight scientific result articles. Codes and analysis was completed by the result articles. The themes were the expression of racial discrimination and the consequences of racial discrimination. The main theme, which was the consequences of racial discrimination, was divided into two subtitles, which were feelings and coping strategies. The result showed that the patients used comments and facial expressions when they racially discriminated the nurses, which could lead to physical and mental as well as stress related damages. Being exposed to racial discrimination leads to negative feelings. Nurses have embraced different types of coping strategies in order to deal with racial discrimination, and in the worst case scenario if it didn´t work, their last alternative was to leave their workplace.

  • 428.
    Custovic, Belma
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Babic, Dragana
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Spädbarnskolik - det långvariga, otröstliga gråtandet: En litteraturstudie om föräldrarnas upplevelser2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Infant colic is a common problem that affects every fifth to tenth infant in Scandinavia and is a common reason for parents seeking to child health services for help. The aim of this study was to describe parents' experiences of living with an infant who has colic. The study was conducted as an integrative literature review based on 12 scientific articles. The results showed that infant colic affected the entire family whose living constantly alternated between hope and despair. Parents of children with colic experienced both physical and psychological impact on the health. They had difficulty controlling their emotions, which could cause the child harm. Infant colic complicated partner relationships, affected relationships within the family and reduced parents' social networks. Relief from family and friends, as well as support from the CHC-nurse was of great importance to parents. Many parents, however, felt a lack of support from the CHC-nurse and wanted more confirmation and understanding from the CHC-nurse of what they experienced during the infant's period with colic. 

  • 429.
    Daggenstedt, Anna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Leandersson, Erica
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Studenters attityder till användande av alkohol och narkotika2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund/syfte: Det har visats att studenters alkohol-och narkotikakonsumtion ökat de senaste åren. Studenter har visats ha en större potential till att få ett alkohol- och narkotikamissbruk. Syftet med denna studie var att belysa studenters attityder till användandet av alkohol och narkotika. Metod: En kvalitativ metod användes och fem intervjuer genomfördes med studenter på en högskola i sydvästra Sverige. Intervjuerna transkriberades och materialet analyserades sedan genom en temaanalys. Resultat: Vid analysen framkom det tre olika teman; skapa sociala relationer, krav från andra studenter och risk för missbruk. Under de tre olika temana framkom det att alkohol är en stor del av studentlivet. Vidare upplevs det i vissa lägen finnas mer negativa erfarenheter av alkohol än narkotika. Implikation: Resultatet i föreliggande studie visar att sociala relationer och krav från andra studenter påverkar studenters konsumtion av alkohol och narkotika. Det resultat som har tagits fram kan i samarbete med olika aktörer användas för att skapa temadagar och gruppaktiviteter.

  • 430.
    Dahl, Isabelle
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Niklasson, Emma
    Halmstad University.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda patienter när livsuppehållande behandling avslutats: En litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: There is a difference between withholding life-sustaining treatment or withdrawing life sustaining-treatment. Withholding life-sustaining treatment is defined as not initiating or not continue life-sustaining treatment, while withdrawing life-sustaining treatment is about actively stopping the treatment. Through science and proven experience, the benefits and risks associated with life-sustaining treatment should be considered for the dying patients when there is no cure. Aim: The aim was to highlight the nurses' experience of caring for patients when life-sustaining treatment is terminated. Method: The study was conducted as a general literature study. A systematic literature search was performed. Result: The study resulted in ten scientific articles that formed the results. The results revealed three categories: nurse's supporting role, emotional influence and participation in the decision-making process. Conclusion: Caring for patients with life-sustaining treatment was terminated had an emotional impact on the nurses and the nurses had lack of time and knowledge to be able to process their grief. Caring for the close relatives was seen as an important part of the nurse's care in patients. To be included in the doctor's opinion about whether the life-sustaining treatment should be terminated or not, was considered valuable because the nurses were those who followed the patient for a long time. This literature study increases the understanding of nurses' experience of caring for patients where life-sustaining treatment has been terminated. Nurses' are an important component in nursing of patients and it is important for nurses to learn how to process their feelings.

  • 431.
    Dahl, Mattias
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Andersson, Viktor
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Can we recreate the ”Bengan Boys” era?: A case study on Athletic Talent Development Environment and psychological needs in young handball players2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study’s purpose was to describe a handball ATDE (Athletic Talent Development Environment) in the south of Sweden and to examine and derive the success factors of the ATDE, and within this context explore the motivational climate and autonomy support as perceived by members of the ATDE. The study is based on three theories: the Holistic ecological approach, Self Determination theory and Achievement Goal theory. The study’s participants all represented a club in the south of Sweden and consisted of players in the age of 15-19, the club manager, coaches and parents. The study was conducted through semi-structured interviews, observations and analysis of documents surrounding the club's vision and training/match policies. A total of seven interviews with four players, two coaches and the manager were conducted. Five observations at a minimum of 90 minutes gave the authors a broader view of the ATDE. An analysis of content and a triangulation with the supervisor were conducted in order to interpret the empirical data.

    The study revealed that the club is under re-organization, and its enthusiasm to evolve and become even better. The study found the ATDE to have a mastery oriented and autonomy supportive climate which in many ways contributed to the successful features of the ATDE. The study confirms earlier research regarding ATDE success factors as well as connections between SDT and AGT. The results also provide a deeper understanding of how successful factors, relationships, motivational climate and the autonomy support in an ATDE, affects young handball player’s motivation to evolve and reach their full potential. Implications with a basis in the theories used are presented.

  • 432.
    Dahl, Oscar
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Upplevelsen av arbetsrelaterad stress i relation till socioekonomisk status och hjärt- och kärlsjukdomar: En litteraturstudie2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Job strain is a common problem and it has been shown that different factors causes stress. Stress is also the basis for the state of several health problems, including cardiovascular disease. Socioeconomic status is also something that is associated with both stress and cardiovascular disease. Because of insufficient research regarding whether job strain, socioeconomic status and cardiovascular disease correlates, it was of interest to investigate this. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the experience of job strain in relation to socioeconomic status and cardiovascular disease. Method: The method that was used was a literature study and databases used for data collection was PubMed and PsycInfo. Results: Individuals with low socioeconomic status experienced higher job strain than individuals with high socioeconomic status. Individuals with low socioeconomic status experienced low job control and job insecurity, while those with high socioeconomic status perceived greater social support at work. High demands and low job control and imbalance between effort and reward could lead to cardiovascular disease, and it also affected blood pressure and metabolic syndrome. Low job control, low social support, high work fatigue, working overtime and active and passive jobs could lead to cardiovascular disease. People with low socioeconomic status had a greatest risk of developing cardiovascular disease. The risk of dying from cardiovascular disease was high for individuals with low socioeconomic status. Implication: This knowledge can be used to inform management and individuals at risk how to reduce the risk of stress and cardiovascular disease. To control this problem in the future it requires an increased knowledge in the field.

  • 433.
    Dahlberg, Sandra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Melkić, Melisa
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Effekter av fysisk aktivitet efter hjärtinfarkt2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Patients know the importance of being physically active but   few know why, which leads to lack of motivation. After myocardial infarction patients don´t have enough knowledge about lifestyle changes and the effects of secondary prevention. Nurses have got the responsibility to give information and guidance after myocardial infarction. The purpose with the literature study was to describe the effects of physical activity as secondary prevention after myocardial infarction. In the study 17 scientific articles was used. The result shows that physical activity has got a lot of advantages after myocardial infarction. The study shows that even a short period of heart rehabilitation has got god effects and leads to duration in physical activity. High intensity and variation in training gives better result which prevent a re-infarction. Physical activity also reduces stress which can be a big advantage for heart patients. In the aftercare of myocardial infarction patients it can be suitable to introduce a standard treatment plan to inform about the effects of physical activity. To maintain an enduring lifestyle change monitoring times are important. Nurses could use more evidence-based knowledge about the effects of physical activity to be able to provide safe healthcare. Further science about the patient experience of effects in relation with physical activity could be relevant to reach wider broad knowledge.

  • 434.
    Dahlgren, Malin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Kullberg, Linnea
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Kvinnors kroppsuppfattning efter mastektomi: En litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Mastektomi är en vanlig behandlingsform vid bröstcancer vilket innebär att hela bröstet opereras bort. Upplevelsen av en mastektomi är individuell och framkallar olika känslor. Det är därför viktigt att sjuksköterskan har kunskap om hur kroppsuppfattningen kan påverkas hos kvinnan efter en mastektomi. Syftet med studien var att belysa kvinnors kroppsuppfattning efter en mastektomi. En litteraturstudie genomfördes och relevanta sökord användes i databassökningen utifrån syftet. Studiens resultat bestod av 12 vetenskapliga artiklar som granskades och analyserades. I studien framkom två teman och sex kategorier vilka var Förlust i relation till kroppsuppfattning: Att förlora ett bröst, Att förlora sin femininitet och identitet samt Tacksamhet över förlusten och Kvinnans förhållningssätt efter mastektomin: Kvinnans begränsningar i vardagen, Att distansera sig och Att sträva efter en förbättrad kroppsuppfattning. Resultatet visade att det var vanligt med en negativ kroppsuppfattning efter mastektomin. Det fanns även kvinnor som inte upplevde att mastektomin förändrade deras kroppsuppfattning. Det är viktigt att sjuksköterskan får mer kunskap om kvinnors kroppsuppfattning efter en mastektomi för att kunna identifiera och vårda dessa kvinnor. Vidare forskning behövs angående vilka omvårdnadsåtgärder en sjuksköterska kan utföra för en kvinna med negativ kroppsuppfattning. 

  • 435.
    Dahlqvist Jönsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Region Halland, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Sandlund, Mikael
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    The meaning of Shared decision making for persons with long-term mental illness2013In: Breaking barriers 2013, 2013, p. 19-19Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 436.
    Dahlqvist Jönsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). Department of Research, Development and Education (FoUU), Region of Halland, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    School of Health and Social Work, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Rosenberg, David
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Sandlund, Mikael
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Service users’ experiences of participation in decision making in mental health services2015In: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 1351-0126, E-ISSN 1365-2850, Vol. 22, no 9, p. 688-697Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Service user participation in decision making is considered an essential component of recovery-oriented mental health services. Despite the potential of shared decision making to impact service users knowledge and positively influence their experience of decisional conflict, there is a lack of qualitative research on how participation in decision making is promoted from the perspective of psychiatric service users. In order to develop concrete methods that facilitate shared decision making, there is a need for increased knowledge regarding the users' own perspective. The aim of this study was to explore users' experiences of participation in decisions in mental health services in Sweden, and the kinds of support that may promote participation. Constructivist Grounded Theory (CGT) was utilized to analyse group and individual interviews with 20 users with experience of serious mental illness. The core category that emerged in the analysis described a ‘struggle to be perceived as a competent and equal person’ while three related categories including being the underdog, being controlled and being omitted described the difficulties of participating in decisions. The data analysis resulted in a model that describes internal and external conditions that influence the promotion of participation in decision making. The findings offer new insights from a user perspective and these can be utilized to develop and investigate concrete methods in order to promote user's participation in decisions. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  • 437.
    Dahlstrand, Anna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Söderblom, Sofie
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Lust, hopp och saknad: Kvinnors upplevelser av sexualitet efter hysterektomi2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge about women’s experiencesof sexuality after hysterectomy isdeficient among healthcareprofessionals. Since sexuality is acomplex phenomenon further researchis required to illustrate women’sexperiences and consequently alter thebehaviour of the healthcareprofessionals and the approach ofnursing. The aim of the study was toexplore women’s experiences ofsexuality after hysterectomy. The studywas conducted as a systematic literaturereview in which the results were basedon eleven research articles. The resultsshowed that sexuality is a subjectivephenomenon that by women isexperienced to be a part of the femaleidentity. Women who have undergonehysterectomy were likely to experience amaintained or improved sexual function postoperatively. A few womenexperienced a severely impaired sexualfunction postoperatively, which seemedto depend on several factors other thansurgery. Many women considered thereproductive ability to have a strongcorrelation with sexuality. In themeeting with women who haveundergone hysterectomy, the nurseshould have a holistic approach. Moreknowledge about the phenomenonsexuality should be involved in theeducation of nurses to improve theability of communication about intimacy.Further research of qualitative characterabout the female sexuality is needed inorder to alter the nursing to women’sneeds.

  • 438.
    Dahlström, Filip
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Jump ability and knee stability in adolescents with different elasticity training2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Jump height, utilization of the stretch-shortening cycle (SSC) and knee stability is key qualifications and important factors for athletic performance. This is usually practiced with the help of plyometric training. However, plyometric training is considered as an exercise with high-impact that adds stress on the body. Trampoline training is an activity with a growing number of adolescent’s performers, and with the ability to train the same qualities that plyometric training. However, few studies have investigated trampoline trainings effect on jump height, utilization of the SSC and the knee stability in comparison to ordinary plyometric exercises. Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate whether the jump height in a countermovement jump (CMJ) and a squat jump (SJ), the use of SSC and knee stability at landing is different in adolescents who are training using a trampoline and adolescents training using plyometric exercises. Methods: Thirty (n=30) participants, 19 handball players and 11 trampoline practitioners, aged 14-18 years, completed this cross-sectional study. This study involved three tests, a CMJ and a SJ for measuring the jump height and SSCand a double leg drop jump test for measuring the knee stability. Results: The result showed a significant difference in relative jump value between the groups, were the handball group showed a higher value in the CMJ and the SJ compared to the trampoline group. In the utilization of the SSC there were no significant difference between the groups. The result showed that there was a significant difference between the groups knee stability, were the handball group showed a greater knee degrees of varus compared to the trampoline group. Conclusion: Findings from this study suggests that adolescents might benefit from performing plyometric training to achieve a greater jump height and trampoline training to achieve a greater knee stability. Both activities had the same effect on the utilization of theSSC. More studies are needed, including a more homogenous group with larger sample sizes, to support the present results and investigate whether the results are reliable.

  • 439.
    Dahlén, Anneli
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Korsheden, Liza
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Se mig för den jag är: Homosexuella personers erfarenheter av omvårdnad2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Heteronormativity prevails in today's society. In the field of healthcare, everyone is entitled to equal care. However, there may be attitudes among nurses who can contribute to unequal care for homosexual persons. The purpose of the literature study was to illustrate homosexual persons´ experiences of nursing. The literature study was based on nine qualitative scientific articles and one quantitative article. The results showed that homosexuals experienced negative attitudes, ignorance and discrimination in nursing, which appeared in different ways. This led to shortcomings in communication between the nurse and the patient and many homosexuals felt that they were at risk of poorer care if they chose to be open with their sexuality. The result of this could be that they avoided the medical care for fear of being discriminated against. Homosexuals could use different strategies in contact with healthcare to facilitate the treatment. Homosexuals who had experiences of meeting nurses without prejudices made them feel confirmed and seen for whom they were. The nurse may have processed her own values, which has resulted in a value base for sexual identity in order to ensure that all patients receive an equal care. The results of the study can be used in the education of nurses and professional nurses to raise awareness of this norm perspective.

  • 440.
    Dahlén, Johanna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Andersson, Isabelle
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Kellgren, Linn
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Sjuksköterskans omvårdnad till patienter med bipolär sjukdom2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bipolar disorder is a common mental illness throughout the world. The disease means that a patient commutes between manic and depressive phases. The disease debuts at all ages, but most common between puberty and the age of 35. The disease is difficult to diagnose because it is common for other problems to be involved. Bipolar disorder is stressful to the patient who has suffered and usually requires drug treatment in combination with support from the nurse. The purpose of the study was to illuminate nursing care for patients with bipolar disorder. A literature study has been performed, where scientific articles has been critically reviewed. The processing of the data revealed three main categories. The result is based on trust, support, and information and education to highlight the nursing care of patients with bipolar disorder. The result showed that the nurse’s support and guidance to self-care are important factors of good nursing care. The result revealed that patients feel both health and illness in their bipolar state. Mutual trust, respect and being taken seriously were something that was highly valued for the patients as well as information and education being a major part of the nursing care. Further research could lead to increased knowledge and a deeper understanding of patients with bipolar disorder. 

  • 441.
    D´Alesio, Mitya
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    En pilotstudie för medicinsk yogaintervention - ett verktyg för egenvård2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background: Stress reducing breathing exercises gives the ability to prevent psychosocial issues that may give an extended risk of illness. Yoga, breathing exercises and meditation (mindfulness) are tools, which the individual can use to influence his/her wellbeing for the better. With the tool of medicinal yoga the individual is taught self-care that could generate improved wellbeing.Use: To describe differences of medicinal yoga by vitality, self-efficacy (faith in his/her own ability), depression, anxiety- and stress symptoms before and after yoga intervention. Method: The selection for the pilot study was randomly selected. The participants reported themselves to medicinal yoga class that was held for 10 weeks. Thirty-seven participants trained yoga and they got to before and after completed yoga class fill in a self-assessment form containing the measure instruments SF-36, General Self-Efficacy Scale [GSES] and Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale [DASS-21]. T-test was used to compare data before and after yoga intervention.Results: Result shows that adults can reduce their anxiety and perceived stress by support of medicinal yoga and that this training approach could be a possible tool of self-care.Conclusion: In long term being able to evolve new areas of treatment requires more science about efficiency mechanisms of medicinal yoga that could be of importance to our health.

  • 442.
    Danielsson, Louise
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Ekdahl, Caroline
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    HIV är en del av mig: Upplevelsen av att leva med humant immunbristvirus som ungdom och ung vuxen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The number of HIV-positive individuals in the world is increasing and nurses therefore need adequate knowledge about living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Living with HIV as a youth and young adult can be hard since these individuals are in a sensitive transition age. The purpose of this literature study was to highlight the experiences of living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) as a youth and young adult. This study is a general literature study where a content analysis was used to reach the results. Ten different categories were identified which resulted in four themes: When life stops, I in relations to others, Health-care related factors and When life goes on. Living with HIV as a youth was found to be difficult and was affected by stigmatization in society. Trying to keep the diagnosis a secret could affect sexual health and drug adherence. Relationships with healthcare professionals were found to be significant, which together with support groups could contribute to increased self-confidence and acceptance about the disease. It’s vital for nurses to have correct knowledge about HIV and a holistic approach to be able to provide a person-centred care. More research on the experience of living with HIV is needed.

  • 443.
    Danielsson, Sara
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Karlsby, Pia
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Trösta mig!: Betydelsen av tröst i omvårdnad2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    People are in need of comfort throughout life, it is a part of health care from a holistic approach. It is therefore important that the nurse understands the value of comfort in their work and the importance for the patient. The aim was to highlight what consolation is in nursing. The study was conducted as a literature review where 13 scientific articles were the basis for the results. Often patients have many emotional feelings such as concern, anxiety and are in need of consolation in nursing. The nurse comforted by listening, being quiet, talking and sitting next to the patient calmly, which reassured the patient and relieving suffering. The family was as a support and a comfort because they knew the patient's needs. Consolation often occurred when patients with the same diagnosis were conversing with each other. They felt that they could talk about everything, even the experiences that they couldn’t share with their family. Patients also found solace within themself, and they could control their own anxiety, worry and nervousness. It is of great importance that comfort emerges in nursing education, research and out in the field for a better understanding of consolation.

  • 444.
    Danås, Anna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Wiman, Virginia
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Preferences and Experiences towards HIV/AIDS- Education among                        Secondary School Students: – A questionnaire study in Dodoma region, Tanzania.2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to investigate secondary school students´ preferences and experiences towards HIV/AIDS- education. A cross- sectional study was carried out in Dodoma region on five different secondary schools. Data was collected by a self-administered questionnaire, which was completed by 380 informants. The sample was made from the independent variables; gender, school location and school ownership. The result showed that 93 % of the students thought they need more information about HIV/AIDS. Only 51 % of the students felt that they had enough knowledge about HIV/AIDS to protect themselves from being infected by the virus. Half of all the students felt that there is a lack of support from the school to students living with HIV/AIDS. The students selected teachers, parents and doctor or health worker as the key persons in the HIV/AIDS- education. The conclusion is that there is a need of more information about HIV/AIDS among secondary school students. To reach out with the message to the students, the key persons have to interact and struggle towards the same goal. Further research should have a qualitative approach to examine secondary school students´ preferences and experiences towards HIV/AIDS- education.

  • 445.
    Daram, Tsogzolmaa
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Nilsson, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Ravenborn, Monica
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Patienters upplevelser av hur sjukdomen glaukom kan påverka det dagliga livet2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Glaucoma is a chronic age related disease that affects several million people and is one of the most common causes of blindness in the world. The aim of the pilot study was to describe patients' experiences of how glaucoma affects daily life. The pilot study had a qualitative descriptive design and was conducted as an interview study that were analysed using qualitative content analysis. The results are presented in three categories: Powerlessness, Security and Independence. Patients experience powerlessness in daily life because of the anxiety of having glaucoma and the limitation that comes with a visual impairment. With support of family and thinking positively, they may experience security and a positive future. Through adaptation and experience they may become independent. The results may support ophthalmic nurses in understanding patients with glaucoma difficulties in daily life and strengthen them finding strategies that may by support ease daily life. Further research is needed to get a deeper understanding of how patients with glaucoma perceive their visual impairment. There is a great need to educate more ophthalmic nurses as the population ages and therefor the population with glaucoma is estimated to increase. 

  • 446.
    de Mauleon, Adelaide
    et al.
    Department of Geriatric Medicine, Gerontopole, Toulouse University Hospital, INSERM 1027, Toulouse, France.
    Sourdet, Sandrine
    Department of Geriatric Medicine, Gerontopole, Toulouse University Hospital, INSERM 1027, Toulouse, France.
    Renom-Guiteras, Anna
    Institut fuer Allgemeinmedizin und Familienmedizin, Universitaet Witten/Herdecke, Witten, Germany.
    Gillette-Guyonnet, Sophie
    Department of Geriatric Medicine, Gerontopole, Toulouse University Hospital, INSERM 1027, Toulouse, France.
    Leino-Kilpi, Helena
    Department of Nursing Science, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
    Karlsson, Staffan
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Bleijlevens, Michel
    Department of Health Services Research, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
    Zabalegui, Adelaida
    Hospital Clinic de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
    Saks, Kai
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.
    Vellas, Bruno
    Department of Geriatric Medicine, Gerontopole, Toulouse University Hospital, INSERM 1027, Toulouse, France.
    Jolley, David
    Personal Social Services Research Unit, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.
    Soto, Maria
    Department of Geriatric Medicine, Gerontopole, Toulouse University Hospital, INSERM 1027, Toulouse, France.
    Associated Factors With Antipsychotic Use in Long-Term Institutional Care in Eight European Countries: Results From the RightTimePlaceCare Study2014In: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, ISSN 1525-8610, E-ISSN 1538-9375, Vol. 15, no 11, p. 812-818Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: To determine factors associated with the antipsychotic (AP) prescription for people with dementia (PwD) recently admitted to institutional long-term carefacilities (LTCFs) and to ascertain differences in the use of this medication in 8 European countries.

    Design: An exploratory cross-sectional study.

    Setting: LTCFs from 8 European countries (Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, The Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and England).

    Participants: A total of 791 PwD recently admitted to an LTCF and their caregivers.

    Measurements: Baseline data from RightTimePlaceCare survey was used. Patients' medical conditions, neuropsychiatric symptoms, physical and cognitive status, and medications were recorded. Multiple logistic regression models were used to assess associations with the AP use. 

    Results: A group of 296 patients (37.4%) of 791 patients recently admitted received AP medication. The prevalence of the use of 1 or more APs varied between study countries, ranging from 12% in Sweden to 54% inSpain. Factors independently associated with the AP use were living in Sweden [odds ratio (OR) 0.12, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.05-0.30], Finland (OR 0.26, 95% CI 0.14-0.48), Germany (OR 2.75, 95% CI 1.55-4.86) and Estonia (OR 6.79, 95% CI 3.84-12.0). The odds of AP use decreased with the presence of a dementia specific unit inthe LTCF (OR 0.60, 95% CI 0.39-0.92), but was higher among residents with a hyperactivity behavior (OR 2.12, 95% CI 1.41-3.18).

    Conclusion: The current study shows that more than one-third of the residents recently admitted received APs and that prescription frequency across countries varied significantly. This study raises the possibility that the presence of a dementia-specific unit might play a role in the AP use. Further studies should investigate this association and seek better understanding of what will achieve optimal quality of AP use among newly admitted residents in LTCF. © 2014 AMDA - The Society for Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Medicine.

  • 447.
    de Morais, Wagner Ourique
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Sant'Anna, Anita
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Wickström, Nicholas
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    A Wearable Accelerometer Based Platform to Encourage Physical Activity for the Elderly2008In: Gerontechnology : international journal on the fundamental aspects of technology to serve the ageing society, ISSN 1569-1101, Vol. 07, no 02, p. 129-181Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The growth in the elderly population will pose great pressure on the healthcare system to treat common geriatric problem. Preventive approaches like encouraging elderly people to perform physical exercises can decrease the risk of developing chronic diseases. In cases when diseases already have developed, further developments could possibly be retarded. In this work a wearable platform to recognize user’ s    movements    presented.    The    platform    provides interactions with simple computer games designed to promote physical activity.

  • 448.
    Dehlin, Lena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Mårtensson Rag, Lena
    Research and Development Unit, Varberg Hospital, Varberg, Sweden.
    Adolescents' experiences of a parent's serious illness and death2009In: Palliative & Supportive Care, ISSN 1478-9515, E-ISSN 1478-9523, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 13-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective:

    Adolescence is characterized by increasing liberation from parents as the young person evolves into an independent individual. Experiencing the serious illness and death of a parent during this phase implies great stress. Serious illness involves uncertainty, worry, and hope at the same time that it is necessary for everyday life to function. This study sought to describe adolescents' experiences in the serious illness and death of a parent.

    Methods:

    The study was carried out using a qualitative method. Data were collected in interviews with five adolescents who were 14-17 years of age when one of their parents died.

    Results:

    The results show that the parent's illness was a strong threat, as the adolescents understood that their own and the family's lives would be greatly changed by the illness/death. The incomprehensibility of the parent's serious illness and death was a threatening condition on its own. The adolescents strived to make the inconceivable more conceivable to understand what was happening. They also described the necessity of finding different ways of relating to and managing the threat, such as restoring order, seeking closeness, adapting, gaining control, avoiding talking about the illness, not accepting and counting the parent out. The adolescents described feelings of being alone and alienated, even though they were close to family and friends and they did not actively seek support. The lives of the adolescents were changed by their experiences, beyond their bereavement over the parent. They felt that they had become more mature than their friends and that there had been a change in their thinking about life, changes in values, and changes in their views of relationships with other people.

    Significance of results:

    The results of the present study can form a basis for developing a support program whose purpose would be to prevent effects on health.

  • 449.
    Delander, Eva
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Petersson, Malin
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Upplevelser av kommunikation i öppenvården för den äldre personen med kronisk sjukdom2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many older people with chronic illness are cared for in their own homes and often need input from outpatient care. The aim was to highlight the experiences of communication for the older person with chronic illness in the meeting with outpatient care. The study was conducted as a literature review of 10 scientific papers. The importance of having time for conversation and that health professional listens actively emerged. The older persons with chronic disease want to feel compassion by getting attention and friendly treatment. Reliance occurs when communication has good quality. Participation in the care creates the opportunity to follow the advice given and the ability to live with and manage their chronic disease and the aging process better. Education for nursing students and nurses working in out patient care and research in communication is important in the future. This can create conditions for a credible and safe environment for the older person with chronic illness.

  • 450.
    Della Casa, Cristina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Holmer, Linnea
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Anhörigas erfarenheter av att närvara under återupplivning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Cardiac arrest is an unexpected traumatic event, in which resuscitation is a necessary practice. Previous guidelines have recommended family-members to be taken outside of the room. Nowadays it is recommended that they are given the chance to be present during resuscitation. There are different opinions among healthcare professionals in the field, therefore there is a need of in-depth understanding of it. The aim of this study was to describe family-members experiences when being present during resuscitation. This study is conducted as a general literature study. Through the analysis of scientific articles, four categories emerged: Communication when present during resuscitation, Support when present during resuscitation, Understanding of death when present during resuscitation, Processing when present during resuscitation. The result showed the importance of the healthcare professionals supporting role, by maintaining a good communication with the family members. Furthermore, the result showed that having family-members present at the time of resuscitation, led to a lower grade of depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, along with an eased grief process, compared with the family-members reactions, who weren’t present during resuscitation. Increased knowledge is required for healthcare professionals to be able to practice a professional disposal of family- members during resuscitation. 

6789101112 401 - 450 of 1939
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf