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  • 401.
    Carpatorea, Iulian
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Slawomir, Nowaczyk
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Rögnvaldsson, Thorsteinn
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Elmer, Marcus
    Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Lodin, Johan
    Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Learning of Aggregate Features for Comparing Drivers Based on Naturalistic Data2016In: Proceedings: 2016 15th IEEE International Conference on Machine Learning and Applications (ICMLA) / [ed] Lisa O’Conner, Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society, 2016, p. 1067-1072Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fuel used by heavy duty trucks is a major cost for logistics companies, and therefore improvements in this area are highly desired. Many of the factors that influence fuel consumption, such as the road type, vehicle configuration or external environment, are difficult to influence. One of the most under-explored ways to lower the costs is training and incentivizing drivers. However, today it is difficult to measure driver performance in a comprehensive way outside of controlled, experimental setting.

    This paper proposes a machine learning methodology for quantifying and qualifying driver performance, with respect to fuel consumption, that is suitable for naturalistic driving situations. The approach is a knowledge-based feature extraction technique, constructing a normalizing fuel consumption value denoted Fuel under Predefined Conditions (FPC), which captures the effect of factors that are relevant but are not measured directly.

    The FPC, together with information available from truck sensors, is then compared against the actual fuel used on a given road segment, quantifying the effects associated with driver behavior or other variables of interest. We show that raw fuel consumption is a biased measure of driver performance, being heavily influenced by other factors such as high load or adversary weather conditions, and that using FPC leads to more accurate results. In this paper we also show evaluation the proposed method using large-scale, real-world, naturalistic database of heavy-duty vehicle operation.

  • 402.
    Castellani, Ilaria
    et al.
    INRIA Sophia Antipolis Méditerranée, Valbonne, France.
    Mousavi, Mohammad Reza
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Preface: Special issue on Trends in Concurrency Theory (selected invited contributions from the workshops TRENDS 2014 and 2015)2017In: The Journal of logical and algebraic methods in programming, ISSN 2352-2208, E-ISSN 2352-2216, Vol. 87, p. 93-93Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 403.
    Castellani, Ilaria
    et al.
    INRIA Sophia Antipolis Mediterranee, Biot, France.
    Mousavi, Mohammad Reza
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Special issue on Trends in Concurrency Theory (selected invited contributions from the workshops TRENDS 2014 and 2015) Preface2017In: The Journal of logical and algebraic methods in programming, ISSN 2352-2208, E-ISSN 2352-2216, Vol. 87, p. 93-93Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 404.
    Chalangar, Ebrahim
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS). Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Graphene-based nanocomposites for electronics and photocatalysis2019Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of future electronics depends on the availability of suitable functional materials. Printed electronics, for example, relies on access to highly conductive, inexpensive and printable materials, while strong light absorption and low carrier recombination rates are demanded in photocatalysis industry. Despite all efforts to develop new materials, it still remains a challenge to have all the desirable aspects in a single material. One possible route towards novel functional materials, with improved and unprecedented physical properties, is to form composites of different selected materials.

    In this work, we report on hydrothermal growth and characterization of graphene/zinc oxide (GR/ZnO) nanocomposites, suited for electronics and photocatalysis application. For conductive purposes, highly Al-doped ZnO nanorods grown on graphene nanoplates (GNPs) prevent the GNPs from agglomerating and promote conductive paths between the GNPs. The effect of the ZnO nanorod morphology and GR dispersity on the nanocomposite conductivity and GR/ZnO nanorod bonding strength were investigated by conductivity measurements and optical spectroscopy. The inspected samples show that growth in high pH solutions promotes a better graphene dispersity, higher doping and enhanced bonding between the GNPs and the ZnO nanorods. Growth in low pH solutions yield samples characterized by a higher conductivity and a reduced number of surface defects.

    In addition, different GR/ZnO nanocomposites, decorated with plasmonic silver iodide (AgI) nanoparticles, were synthesized and analyzed for solar-driven photocatalysis. The addition of Ag/AgI generates a strong surface plasmon resonance effect involving metallic Ag0, which redshifts the optical absorption maximum into the visible light region enhancing the photocatalytic performance under solar irradiation. A wide range of characterization techniques including, electron microscopy, photoelectron spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction confirm a successful formation of photocatalysts.

    Our findings show that the novel proposed GR-based nanocomposites can lead to further development of efficient photocatalyst materials with applications in removal of organic pollutants, or for fabrication of large volumes of inexpensive porous conjugated GR-semiconductor composites.

  • 405.
    Chalangar, Ebrahim
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), MPE-lab. Linköping University, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Machhadani, Houssaine
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Lim, Seung-Hyuk
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Karlsson, K. Fredrik
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Nur, Omer
    Linköping University, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Willander, Magnus
    Linköping University, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Pettersson, Håkan
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), MPE-lab. Linköping University, Norrköping, Sweden & Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Influence of morphology on electrical and optical properties of graphene/Al-doped ZnO-nanorod composites2018In: Nanotechnology, ISSN 0957-4484, E-ISSN 1361-6528, Vol. 29, no 41, article id 415201Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of future 3D-printed electronics relies on the access to highly conductive inexpensive materials that are printable at low temperatures (<100 C). The implementation of available materials for these applications are, however, still limited by issues related to cost and printing quality. Here, we report on the simple hydrothermal growth of novel nanocomposites that are well suited for conductive printing applications. The nanocomposites comprise highly Al-doped ZnO nanorods grown on graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs). The ZnO nanorods play the two major roles of (i) preventing GNPs from agglomerating and (ii) promoting electrical conduction paths between the graphene platelets. The effect of two different ZnO-nanorod morphologies with varying Al-doping concentration on the nanocomposite conductivity and the graphenedispersity are investigated. Time-dependent absorption, photoluminescence and photoconductivity measurements show that growth in high pH solutions promotes a better graphene dispersity, higher doping levels and enhanced bonding between the graphene and the ZnO nanorods. Growth in low pH solutions yields samples characterized by a higher conductivity and a reduced number of surface defects. These samples also exhibit a large persistent photoconductivity attributed to an effective charge separation and transfer from the nanorods to the graphene platelets. Our findings can be used to tailor the conductivity of novel printable composites, or for fabrication of large volumes of inexpensive porous conjugated graphene-semiconductor composites. © 2018 IOP Publishing Ltd.

  • 406.
    Champati, Jaya Prakash
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Al-Zubaidy, Hussein
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Gross, James
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Statistical guarantee optimization for age of information for the D/G/1 queue2018In: INFOCOM 2018 - IEEE Conference on Computer Communications Workshops, IEEE, 2018, p. 130-135Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Age of Information (AoI) has proven to be a useful metric in networked systems where timely information updates are of importance. Recently, minimizing the 'average age' has received considerable attention. However, various applications pose stricter age requirements on the updates which demand knowledge of the AoI distribution. In this work, we study the distribution of the AoI and devise a problem of minimizing the tail of the AoI distribution function with respect to the frequency of generating information updates, i.e., the sampling rate of monitoring a process, for the D/G/1 queue model under FCFS queuing discipline. We argue that computing an exact expression for the AoI distribution may not always be feasible. Therefore, we opt for computing a bound on the tail of the AoI distribution and use it to formulate a tractable a-relaxed Upper Bound Minimization Problem (a-UBMP), where a > 1 is an approximation factor. This approximation can be used to obtain 'good' heuristic solutions. We demonstrate the efficacy of our approach by solving a-UBMP for the D/M/1 queue. We show, using simulation, that the rate solutions obtained are near optimal for minimizing the tail of the AoI distribution. © 2018 IEEE.

  • 407.
    Charismas, Angelos
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Investigation of UWB radar for human monitoring2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Ultra Wide Band ( UWB ) radar technology shows great promise for non-contact remotemonitoring of vital signs such as respiration and heart rate. Previous studies show us theusefulness of the UWB-based radar for breathing and heart rate estimation. The obstaclepenetration capabilities of UWB radar make it appropriate for applications such as humanmonitoring, detection of people and parameters of their motion inside buildings and remotediagnosis of a person’s emotional state. The use of UWB radars for vital signs monitoringpresent some challenges:• Small torso movement during the measurement may compromise results.• Respiratory signal may overshadow the heartbeat rate.• Bio-signals are not stationary.• UWB utilizes very low-low power signals that are easily overpowered by noise.Knowing these problems this thesis investigates signal processing techniques in order to overcome these challenges and detect heart rate. In particular, this thesis investigates a new type ofUWB radar which has not be considered in previous publications. The proposed methods istested under several different experimental conditions and several different subjects. Resultsindicate that this type of UWB radar can be successfully used for breathing and heart ratedetection.

  • 408.
    Chen, Kunru
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Recurrent Neural Networks for Fault Detection: An exploratory study on a dataset about air compressor failures of heavy duty trucks2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 409.
    Chen, Lei
    et al.
    Viktoria Swedish ICT, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Englund, Cristofer
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research. Viktoria Swedish ICT, Gothenburg, Sweden & SAFER Vehicle and Traffic Safety Centre, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg.
    Cooperative Intersection Management: A Survey2016In: IEEE transactions on intelligent transportation systems (Print), ISSN 1524-9050, E-ISSN 1558-0016, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 570-586Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Intersection management is one of the most challenging problems within the transport system. Traffic light-based methods have been efficient but are not able to deal with the growing mobility and social challenges. On the other hand, the advancements of automation and communications have enabled cooperative intersection management, where road users, infrastructure, and traffic control centers are able to communicate and coordinate the traffic safely and efficiently. Major techniques and solutions for cooperative intersections are surveyed in this paper for both signalized and nonsignalized intersections, whereas focuses are put on the latter. Cooperative methods, including time slots and space reservation, trajectory planning, and virtual traffic lights, are discussed in detail. Vehicle collision warning and avoidance methods are discussed to deal with uncertainties. Concerning vulnerable road users, pedestrian collision avoidance methods are discussed. In addition, an introduction to major projects related to cooperative intersection management is presented. A further discussion of the presented works is given with highlights of future research topics. This paper serves as a comprehensive survey of the field, aiming at stimulating new methods and accelerating the advancement of automated and cooperative intersections. © 2015 IEEE.

  • 410.
    Chen, Lei
    et al.
    Research Institutes of Sweden, RISE Viktoria, Lindholmspiren 3A, Gothenburg, 417 56, Sweden.
    Englund, Cristofer
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Every Second Counts: Integrating Edge Computing and Service Oriented Architecture for Automatic Emergency Management2018In: Journal of Advanced Transportation, ISSN 0197-6729, E-ISSN 2042-3195, p. 13-, article id 7592926Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Emergency management has long been recognized as a social challenge due to the criticality of the response time. In emergency situations such as severe traffic accidents, minimizing the response time, which requires close collaborations between all stakeholders involved and distributed intelligence support, leads to greater survival chance of the injured. However, the current response system is far from efficient, despite the rapid development of information and communication technologies. This paper presents an automated collaboration framework for emergency management that coordinates all stakeholders within the emergency response system and fully automates the rescue process. Applying the concept of multiaccess edge computing architecture, as well as choreography of the service oriented architecture, the system allows seamless coordination between multiple organizations in a distributed way through standard web services. A service choreography is designed to globally model the emergency management process from the time an accident occurs until the rescue is finished. The choreography can be synthesized to generate detailed specification on peer-to-peer interaction logic, and then the specification can be enacted and deployed on cloud infrastructures. © 2018 Lei Chen and Cristofer Englund.

  • 411.
    Chen, Lei
    et al.
    Viktoria Swedish ICT, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Habibovic, Azra
    Viktoria Swedish ICT, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Englund, Cristofer
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research. Viktoria Swedish ICT, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Voronov, Alexey
    Viktoria Swedish ICT, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Walter, Anders Lindgren
    MTO Säkerhet, Swedish Road Administration, Stockholm Bypass Project, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Coordinating dangerous goods vehicles: C-ITS applications for safe road tunnels2015In: 2015 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV), Piscataway, NJ: IEEE, 2015, p. 156-161, article id 7225679Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the existing regulation efforts and measures, vehicles with dangerous goods still pose significant risks on public safety, especially in road tunnels. Solutions based on cooperative intelligent transportation system (C-ITS) are promising measures, however, they have received limited attention. We propose C-ITS applications that coordinate dangerous goods vehicles to minimize the risk by maintaining safe distances between them in road tunnels. Different mechanisms, including global centralized coordination, global distributed coordination, and local coordination, are proposed and investigated. A preliminary simulation is performed and demonstrates their effectiveness. © 2015 IEEE.

  • 412.
    Cheung, Jonas
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Persdotter, Helena
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Designprinciper för att stödja nyanlända genom hybrida digitala kamratstöd2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sociala medier med sina över två miljarder användare världen över har möjliggjort en väg för hälsorelaterade insatser. Trots att undersökningar om dess användning för hälsorelaterade ändamål är begränsad finns det fördelar. Exempelvis erbjuder sociala medier samarbete mellan olika användare och ger möjligheter för individer att dela sina historier och erfarenheter med andra. Det blir likt ett digitalt kamratstöd som är en typ av socialt stöd som sammankopplar människor med liknande bakgrunder eller upplevelser genom kommunikation, empati, förtroende, känslomässigt stöd, och råd. Digitalt kamratstöd kan specifikt vara lämpligt för nyanlända, en målgrupp som möter utmaningar när det kommer till kommunikation, ekonomisk integration, lokalisering och som dessutom möter en fragmenterad stödsektor. En hybrid av de båda mediumen sociala medier och traditionella digitala kamratstöd efterlyses och det behöver undersökas vilka komponenter som ska kombineras. Därtill behöver kontextuella och kulturella faktorer hos nyanlända undersökas för hur digital teknik kan stödja dem.

    Denna studie ämnar undersöka hur hybrida digitala kamratstöd kan designas för att stödja nyanlända genom att använda komponenter från både sociala medier och traditionella digitala kamratstöd. En studie med en kvalitativ ansats har genomförts där insamlad data har legat till grund för designmål och designutmaningar. Dessa applicerades i en prototyp som sedan utvärderades av tio testpersoner. Utifrån utvärderingen identifierades fem teman som efter en analys sammanfattades som fyra designprinciper: tolerans, kontroll, transparens och tillförlitlighet. Designprinciperna bidrar med kunskap om hur digitala hybrida digitala kamratstöd kan designas för att stödja nyanlända. 

  • 413.
    Chowdhury, Soumitra
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Co-creation of Innovative Digital Services2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the context of digital innovation, this paper discusses co-creation of digital services with the help of translation processes described in the Actor-Network Theory (ANT). While using the translation processes such as problematization, interessement and enrolment, the paper delineates how different stakeholders can be involved in the co-creation of innovative digital services. Thus the paper makes a contribution by presenting the co-creation of digital services in the perspective of translation processes of ANT by showing how different actors can be involved in co-creation of digital services. ‘Establishing trust on digital innovation’ and ‘prioritization during digital innovation’ are identified as influential issues for the involvement of actors during digital innovation. In that way, the paper also makes contribution to the emerging literature on digital innovation.

  • 414.
    Chowdhury, Soumitra
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Expanding Business from Products to Digital Services: Value Dimensions of Digital Services Enabled by Embedded Technology2014In: Proceedings of the 8th Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems / [ed] Mola, L., Carugati, A., Kokkinaki, A., Pouloudi, N., 2014, p. Paper 12-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Manufacturing firms are now embedding digital technology into products with an aim to offer digital services to their customers. Digital services create opportunities for firms to add new value dimensions to their businesses as firms now can expand their businesses from tangible products to digital services. Existing research explains three value dimensions. ‘Value-in-exchange’ is traditionally followed by manufacturing firms where they determine monetary value for their products and exchange the value with customers. Recent research argues that ‘value-in-exchange’ is not customer centric and therefore to gain customer value, ‘value-in-use’ and ‘value-in-cocreation’ are necessary. With growing utilization of embedded digital technology in products, new digital services are rendered and new value dimensions are emanating. Existing research informs little about the value dimensions of digital services that result from the combination of digital technology and tangible products. Therefore, in this research, we seek answer to the question, ‘What are the value dimensions of digital services that are enabled by embedded digital technology in tangible products?’ A qualitative study has been conducted to investigate Remote Diagnostics Services (RDS) for vehicles. Along with the three known value dimensions, that is, value-in-exchange, value-in-use and value-incocreation, this research contributes to knowledge by showing two new value dimensions: ‘value-in-connectivity’ and ‘value-in-architecture’.

  • 415.
    Chowdhury, Soumitra
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab). Department of Applied Information Technology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Service Logic in Digitalized Product Platforms: A Study of Digital Service Innovation in the Vehicle Industry2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The digitalization of products has become an important driver for service innovation in manufacturing firms. The embedding of digital technology in previously non-digital products creates digitalized product platforms that enable digital service innovation. Digital service innovation offers new business opportunities for manufacturing industries, as well as challenges established premises for value creation.  While digital service innovation can be found in many manufacturing industries, this thesis studies service logic in digitalized product platforms in the vehicle industry.

    Existing Information Systems (IS) literature presents challenges in digital service innovation relating to value, architecture, and generativity. The design of the architecture of digitalized product platforms requires the identification and combination of digital and non-digital assets. Understanding the architectural aspects is useful in digital service innovation. Moreover, with growing instances of generative digital technologies, it is challenging to develop strategies to leverage generativity for service design in digitalized product platforms. While digital technologies are embedded in products, the role of technology-embeddedness in value creation of digital services is relatively unexplored. Drawing on these challenges, this thesis describes and conceptualizes the underlying premises brought by the architecture and generativity to the value creation of services in digitalized product platforms. The research question addressed in this thesis is: What are the underlying premises for services in digitalized product platforms?

    To address the question, an interpretive qualitative research approach was adopted in a collaborative research project concerning services enabled by digitalization of vehicles. Drawing on digital innovation and service literature, this thesis presents a theoretical perspective on the role of the architecture and generativity of digitalized product platforms for value creation of digital services. This perspective is conceptualized as underlying premises for this specific class of services. The premises frame the service logic in digitalized product platforms and provide a ground for understanding services in digitalized product platforms in relation to value dimensions, architecture and generativity. The premises are based on five concepts: value-in-architecture, value-in-connectivity, fundamental asset for value creation, mutual dependence of modular and layered modular assets, and re-evaluation of value propositions. The proposed premises offer a basis for understanding value creation of this class of services, and guidance for manufacturing firms designing digitalized product platforms.

  • 416.
    Chowdhury, Soumitra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Akram, Asif
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Challenges and Opportunities Related to Remote Diagnostics: An IT-based Resource Perspective2013In: International Journal of Information Communication Technologies and Human Development, ISSN 1935-5661, E-ISSN 1935-567X, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 80-96Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Remote diagnostics is expanding the business scope of vehicle manufacturers, ranging from products to services. In this paper, we focus on investigating the business challenges and opportunities related to the remote diagnostics of vehicles from an IT-based resource perspective. Remote diagnostics involves technology, human skills and intangibles. IT-based resources consist of physical IT infrastructure, human IT skills and IT-enabled intangibles. In this study, we find that remote diagnostics not only faces challenges in these three categories of IT-based resource, but also creates opportunities. One contribution of this paper is to provide an overview of the challenges and opportunities for business related to the technology. The paper also makes a contribution to information systems by shedding light on the discussion of digital infrastructure. It also highlights the application of IT-based resource perspective to find out the business challenges and opportunities of an emerging technology like remote diagnostics.

  • 417.
    Chowdhury, Soumitra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Akram, Asif
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    E-Maintenance: Opportunities and Challenges2011In: Proceedings of IRIS 2011 / [ed] Leino, Timo, Turku, Finland: Turku Centre for Computer Science , 2011, p. 68-81Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    E-maintenance offers various opportunities as well as challenges in contemporary business undergoing transformation. This paper provides an overview of opportunities and challenges in different areas related to e-maintenance. Literature review and empirical findings through action oriented research give way to identify and present these opportunities and challenges. One contribution of the paper is, it finds the opportunities and challenges with e-maintenance in different industries which creates a pathway for future direction in further studies regarding e-maintenance. The findings indicate that there is much potential to study these with respect to technology and business.

  • 418.
    Chowdhury, Soumitra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Akram, Asif
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Åkesson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    E-Maintenance as an Emerging Customer Value Generating IT-Enabled Resource2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports business related challenges and opportunities for e-maintenance as an emerging customer value generating IT-enabled resource. The research study is concerned with the e- maintenance based on remote diagnostics in the vehicle industry. E-maintenance of vehicles is of great importance as e-maintenance technology has great potential to provide various state of the art maintenance related services for the vehicles. This emerging technology brings challenges and opportunities to generate value both for the companies and their customers. In this paper, we have presented several business related challenges and opportunities for e-maintenance. In the form of a set of propositions, the contribution of this paper is to conceptualize e-maintenance as an emerging customer value generating IT-enabled resource by showing challenges and opportunities related to it.

  • 419.
    Chowdhury, Soumitra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Bergquist, Magnus
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab). University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Åkesson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Architectural Characteristics of Digital Services Enabled by Embedded Technology: A Study on Remote Diagnostics Services2014In: Proceedings of the 47th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences: 6-9 January 2014: Waikoloa, Hawaii / [ed] Ralph H. Sprague, Jr., Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society, 2014, p. 3909-3918Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we characterize the architecture of digital services that are enabled by embedded technology. Digitalization with embedded technology in physical products has become a common phenomenon. In spite of growing instance of such digitalization, little is known about the architectural characteristics of digital services enabled by embedded technology. Based on a research on vehicular remote diagnostics services, we characterize the architecture of such digital services. Following the framework on layered modular architecture continuum, our findings provide the following architectural characteristics: i) the architecture of the digital services spans along the layered modular architecture continuum, ii) the application program of the digital services is simultaneously de-coupled and partly coupled with the embedded devices, iii) there exist layers within layer of the digital services, iv) application program layer of the digital services is a closed innovation platform. © 2014 IEEE

  • 420.
    Chowdhury, Soumitra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Åkesson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    A Proposed Conceptual Framework For Identifying The Logic Of Digital Services2011In: Proceedings of the 15th Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems: Queensland University of Technology (QUT) in Brisbane, Australia, from 7-11 July 2011, Brisbane, Australia: Association for Information Systems, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we propose a conceptual framework for identifying the logic of digital services. Digital services are those services that we acquire after the digitalization of previously non-digital products or services. The objective of the framework is to apply it in identifying the logic of digital services which are the results of digital innovation in the context of remote diagnostic services in the vehicle industry. While building the framework, looking at the transformation of the non-digital to digital service and the involvement of physical products, i.e., digital devices in the transformation, it was found essential to identify the logic of the digital services on the basis of service logic and goods logic.For that purpose, we have reviewed the literature on service logic and goods logic as those logics discuss differently about the determination and meaning of value, role of customer, role of physical products, primary unit of exchange and some other aspects which are important to know in case of transforming a non-digital service to digital service. These logics and the concept of digital innovation are utilized in building the framework for identifying the logic of digital services.

  • 421.
    Christensson, Daniel
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Eriksson, Emelie
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    The Smart Home From a Security Perspective2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Based on the fact that many electronic devices are digitalized in our world in order to facilitate our lives, there is a large potential for development in the home. Smart Home solutions are giving us the opportunity to control and manage for example alarms, electricity and surveillance but the technology's rapid improvement paves the way for issues related to security. The objectives for this work will bring up common communication technologies, security and vulnerabilities in the context of a Smart Home and what could be done for future work. In order to investigate the objectives, a literature study has been conducted together with an experiment. The experiment result exploits a weakness in a common Smart Home technology used in the network enable devices in the form of threats and vulnerabilities. In order to mitigate and minimize threats and vulnerabilities one conclusion is that a security policy could be produced. This security policy should provide the user with good practice of how to manage security in order to mitigate vulnerabilities and threats within the Smart Home.

  • 422.
    Christner, David
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Norén, Rebecca
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Just Arrived: Utmaningar med Lean UX2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 423.
    Chronwall, Anton
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Haapala, Jacob
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Brolle ny på jobbet: En studie om RPAs påverkan på digital arbetsmiljö2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den ökade datakraften och digitaliseringen av arbete har bidragit till möjligheten att automatisera processer. En metod för att automatisera processer är med Robotic Process Automation (RPA), vilket utför regelstyrda uppgifter baserat på detaljerade processbeskrivningar. Användningen av RPA blir allt vanligare inom den offentliga sektorn. Ett exempel på detta är Trafikverket som infört RPA för att automatisera processer med målet att frigöra tid för medarbetare. Denna studie har undersökt vad Trafikverkets införande och användning av RPA har inneburit för den digitala arbetsmiljön. Studien har undersökt detta genom att genomföra intervjuer med medarbetare som påverkats till följd av införandet och användning av RPA eller varit delaktig i införandet av RPA-lösningen.

    Studiens bidrag skapar en ökad förståelse för vad införandet och användandet av RPA har för konsekvenser på digital arbetsmiljö i organisationer i den offentliga sektorn genom att presentera tre konsekvenser. Studien visar att användningen av RPA kan resultera i en initial oro och en upplevd minskad anställningstrygghet bland medarbetarnas. Nya arbetsuppgifter kan uppstå till följd av införandet av RPA, dessa kan upplevas som monotona och irritationsmoment av medarbetarna. Slutligen kan det innebära att medarbetare får mer tid till varierande och kvalificerade arbetsuppgifter med möjlighet till kompetensutveckling. Detta resulterar i att medarbetarna uttrycker en ökad förändringsbenägenhet gentemot fortsatt automatisering med RPA.

  • 424.
    Churchill, Martin
    et al.
    Swansea University, Swansea, Wales, United Kingdom.
    Mosses, Peter D.
    Swansea University, Swansea, Wales, United Kingdom.
    Mousavi, Mohammad Reza
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES). Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
    Modular Semantics for Transition System Specifications with Negative Premises2013In: Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Concurrency Theory / [ed] Pedro R. D'Argenio & Hernán Melgratti, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2013, p. 46-60Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Transition rules with negative premises are needed in the structural operational semantics of programming and specification constructs such as priority and interrupt, as well as in timed extensions of specification languages. The well-known proof-theoretic semantics for transition system specifications involving such rules is based on well-supported proofs for closed transitions. Dealing with open formulae by considering all closed instances is inherently non-modular - proofs are not necessarily preserved by disjoint extensions of the transition system specification. Here, we conservatively extend the notion of well-supported proof to open transition rules. We prove that the resulting semantics is modular, consistent, and closed under instantiation. Our results provide the foundations for modular notions of bisimulation such that equivalence can be proved with reference only to the relevant rules, without appealing to all existing closed instantiations of terms. © 2013 Springer-Verlag.

  • 425.
    Conache, Gabriela
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), MPE-lab.
    Gray, Struan M.
    Avd. f. Fasta tillståndets fysik, Lunds Universitet.
    Bordag, Michael
    Institute for Theoretical Physics, Leipzig University.
    Ribayrol, Aline
    Avd. f. Fasta tillståndets fysik, Lunds Universitet.
    Fröberg, Linus
    Avd. f. Fasta tillståndets fysik, Lunds Universitet.
    Samuelson, Lars
    Avd. f. Fasta tillståndets fysik, Lunds Universitet.
    Pettersson, Håkan
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), MPE-lab.
    Montelius, Lars
    Avd. f. Fasta tillståndets fysik, Lunds Universitet.
    AFM-based manipulation of InAs nanowires2008In: Proceedings of the IVC-17 (17th International Vacuum Congress) [also] ICSS-13 (13th International Conference on Surface Science) [also] ICN+T-2007 (International Conference on Nanoscience and Technology): 2-6 July 2007, Stockholm, Sweden, Bristol: Institute of Physics (IOP), 2008, Vol. 100, no 5, 1, p. 052051-052051-4Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A controlled method of manipulation of nanowires was found using the tip of an Atomic Force Microscope (AFM). Manipulation is done in the ‘Retrace Lift’ mode, where feedback is turned off for the reverse scan and the tip follows a nominal path. The effective manipulation force during the reverse scan can be changed by varying an offset in the height of the tip over the surface. Using this method, we have studied InAs nanowires on different substrates. We have also investigated interactions between wires and with gold features patterned onto the substrates.

  • 426.
    Conache, Gabriela
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Applied Mathematics and Physics (CAMP).
    Gray, Struan M.
    Solid State Physics/Nanometer Consortium, Lund University, Box 118, S-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Ribayrol, Aline
    Solid State Physics/Nanometer Consortium, Lund University, Box 118, S-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Fröberg, Linus E.
    Solid State Physics/Nanometer Consortium, Lund University, Box 118, S-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Samuelson, Lars
    Solid State Physics/Nanometer Consortium, Lund University, Box 118, S-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Pettersson, Håkan
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Applied Mathematics and Physics (CAMP).
    Montelius, Lars
    Solid State Physics/Nanometer Consortium, Lund University, Box 118, S-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Friction measurements of InAs nanowires on Silicon nitride by AFM manipulation2009In: Small, ISSN 1613-6810, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 203-207Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A study was conducted to perform friction measurements of InAs nanowires (NW) on silicon nitride (Si 3N 4) through atomic force microscopy (AFM) manipulation. The investigations revealed the friction force per unit length for sliding and static friction over a range of nanowire diameters. It was found that there is a significant difference between the coefficients of the two sliding modes for large wires. It was also found that the difference between the two sliding modes disappears at smaller diameters and the sliding friction becomes equal with the static friction. The AFM investigations were performed on a Nanoscope IIIa Dimension 3100, using rectangular cantilevers, with a nominal spring constant of 30 N m -1. The nanowires were manipulated, using the 'Retrace Lift' mode of the AFM controller. The friction force per unit length was gathered from the local curvature of the NWs, using standard elasticity theory.

  • 427.
    Conache, Gabriela
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), MPE-lab.
    Gray, Struan M.
    Avd. f. Fasta Tillståndets Fysik, Lunds Universitet, Sweden.
    Ribayrol, Aline
    Avd. f. Fasta Tillståndets Fysik, Lunds Universitet, Sweden.
    Fröberg, Linus
    Avd. f. Fasta Tillståndets Fysik, Lunds Universitet, Sweden.
    Samuelson, Lars
    Avd. f. Fasta Tillståndets Fysik, Lunds Universitet, Sweden.
    Montelius, Lars
    Avd. f. Fasta Tillståndets Fysik, Lunds Universitet, Sweden.
    Pettersson, Håkan
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), MPE-lab.
    Comparative friction measurements of InAs nanowires on three substrates2010In: Journal of Applied Physics, ISSN 0021-8979, E-ISSN 1089-7550, Vol. 108, no 9, p. 094307-094307-5Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have investigated friction between InAs nanowires and three different substrates: SiO2, fluorosilanized SiO2, and Si3N4. The nanowires were pushed laterally with the tip of an atomic force microscope and the friction force per unit length for both static and sliding friction was deduced from the equilibrium shape of the bent wires. On all three substrates, thick wires showed a difference between sliding and static friction of up to three orders of magnitude. Furthermore, all substrates display a transition to stick-slip motion for nanowires with a diameter of less than about 40 nm. Hydrophobic and hydrophilic substrates display similar friction behavior suggesting that a condensed water layer does not strongly influence our results. The patterns and trends in the friction data are similar for all three substrates, which indicates that they are more fundamental in character and not specific to a single substrate. ©2010 American Institute of Physics.

  • 428.
    Conache, Gabriela
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), MPE-lab. Lund University, Solid State Physics/Nanometer Consortium, Box 118, S-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Gray, Struan M.
    Lund University, Solid State Physics/Nanometer Consortium, Box 118, S-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Ribayrol, Aline
    Lund University, Solid State Physics/Nanometer Consortium, Box 118, S-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Fröberg, Linus
    Lund University, Solid State Physics/Nanometer Consortium, Box 118, S-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Samuelson, Lars
    Lund University, Solid State Physics/Nanometer Consortium, Box 118, S-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Pettersson, Håkan
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), MPE-lab.
    Montelius, Lars
    Lund University, Solid State Physics/Nanometer Consortium, Box 118, S-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Nanowire friction with an applied bias2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, we have shown how the friction acting on nanowires pushed across a surface by an AFM tip can be determined by measuring the radius of curvature of the bent wire aŸer manipulation. This technique allows us to study the friction properties of an extended mesoscale contact. Our main focus has been to determine whether such contacts behave like macroscopic objects, in which dišerences between the 'true' and 'apparent' contact areas play a key role and friction varies linearly with the applied normal force, or whether they are more like atomic-scale point contacts, wheremore fundamental processes dominate and friction oŸen is independent of the normal force. In this work we show how the friction between InAs nanowires and an insulating silicon nitride layer on a conductive silicon substrate varies when a DC voltage is applied to the AFM tip during manipulation. e tip charges the capacitor formed by the wire and the grounded silicon back contact, giving rise to attractive Coulomb forces and thus increasing the contact pressure between the wire and the silicon nitride. In this way we can vary the normal force on the sliding surfaces using a single wire, with a constant structure and contact geometry. Using nanowires of about 40-50 nm diameter and a few microns in length we have applied tip voltages in the range +12 to -12 V. Simplemodeling indicates that these voltages su›ce to give similar levels of band-lling and depletion to when the same wires are used in working wrap-gate or back-gate devices. A monotonic increase of the sliding friction with the voltage applied on the tip was observed. is implies that the friction increases with the normal force and that this mesoscopic system behaves more like a macroscopic contact, despite the nanometer size of the contact in the direction of motion.

  • 429.
    Conache, Gabriela
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), MPE-lab.
    Ribayrol, Aline
    Avd. f. Fasta Tillståndets Fysik, Lunds Universitet, Sweden.
    Fröberg, Linus
    Avd. f. Fasta Tillståndets Fysik, Lunds Universitet, Sweden.
    Borgström, Magnus T.
    Avd. f. Fasta Tillståndets Fysik, Lunds Universitet, Sweden.
    Samuelson, Lars
    Avd. f. Fasta Tillståndets Fysik, Lunds Universitet, Sweden.
    Montelius, Lars
    Avd. f. Fasta Tillståndets Fysik, Lunds Universitet, Sweden.
    Pettersson, Håkan
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), MPE-lab.
    Gray, Struan M.
    Avd. f. Fasta Tillståndets Fysik, Lunds Universitet, Sweden.
    Bias-controlled friction of InAs nanowires on a silicon nitride layer studied by atomic force microscopy2010In: Physical Review B Condensed Matter, ISSN 0163-1829, E-ISSN 1095-3795, Vol. 82, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By studying how nanowires lying on a surface bend when pushed by an atomic force microscopy tip we are able to measure the friction between them and the substrate. Here, we show how the friction between InAs nanowires and an insulating silicon nitride layer varies when a dc voltage is applied to the tip during manipulation. The bias charges the capacitor formed by the wire and the grounded silicon back contact. Electrostatic forces increase the contact pressure and allow us to tune the friction between the wire and the silicon nitride surface. Using nanowires of about 40-70 nm diameter and a few microns in length we have applied biases in the range +12 to -12 V. A monotonic increase of the sliding friction with voltage was observed. This increase in friction with the normal force implies that the mesoscopic nanowire-surface system behaves like a macroscopic contact, despite the nanometer size of the contact in the direction of motion. The demonstrated bias-controlled friction has potential applications in MEMS/NEMS devices.

  • 430.
    Cooney, Martin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Berck, Peter
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Designing a Robot Which Paints With a Human: Visual Metaphors to Convey Contingency and Artistry2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Socially assistive robots could contribute to fulfilling an important need for interaction in contexts where human caregivers are scarce–such as art therapy, where peers, or patients and therapists, can make art together. However, current art-making robots typically generate art either by themselves, or as tools under the control of a human artist; how to make art together with a human in a good way has not yet received much attention, possibly because some concepts related to art, such as emotion and creativity, are not yet well understood. The current work reports on our use of a collaborative prototyping approach to explore this concept of a robot which can paint together with people. The result is a proposed design, based on an idea of using visual metaphors to convey contingency and artistry. Our aim is that the identified considerations will help support next steps, toward supporting positive experiences for people through art-making with a robot.

  • 431.
    Cooney, Martin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Bigun, Josef
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    PastVision: Exploring “Seeing” into the Near Past with Thermal Touch Sensing and Object Detection – For Robot Monitoring of Medicine Intake by Dementia Patients2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present PastVision, a proof-of-concept approach that explores combining thermal touch sensing and object detection to infer recent actions by a person which have not been directly observed by a system. Inferring such past actions has received little attention yet in the literature, but would be highly useful in scenarios in which sensing can fail (e.g., due to occlusions) and the cost of not recognizing an action is high. In particular, we focus on one such application, involving a robot which should monitor if an elderly person with dementia has taken medicine. For this application, we explore how to combine detection of touches and objects, as well as how heat traces vary based on materials and a person’s grip, and how robot motions and activity models can be leveraged. The observed results indicate promise for the proposed approach.

  • 432.
    Cooney, Martin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Bigun, Josef
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    PastVision+: Thermovisual Inference of Recent Medicine Intake by Detecting Heated Objects and Cooled Lips2017In: Frontiers in Robotics and AI, E-ISSN 2296-9144, Vol. 4, article id 61Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses the problem of how a robot can infer what a person has done recently, with a focus on checking oral medicine intake in dementia patients. We present PastVision+, an approach showing how thermovisual cues in objects and humans can be leveraged to infer recent unobserved human-object interactions. Our expectation is that this approach can provide enhanced speed and robustness compared to existing methods, because our approach can draw inferences from single images without needing to wait to observe ongoing actions and can deal with short-lasting occlusions; when combined, we expect a potential improvement in accuracy due to the extra information from knowing what a person has recently done. To evaluate our approach, we obtained some data in which an experimenter touched medicine packages and a glass of water to simulate intake of oral medicine, for a challenging scenario in which some touches were conducted in front of a warm background. Results were promising, with a detection accuracy of touched objects of 50% at the 15 s mark and 0% at the 60 s mark, and a detection accuracy of cooled lips of about 100 and 60% at the 15 s mark for cold and tepid water, respectively. Furthermore, we conducted a follow-up check for another challenging scenario in which some participants pretended to take medicine or otherwise touched a medicine package: accuracies of inferring object touches, mouth touches, and actions were 72.2, 80.3, and 58.3% initially, and 50.0, 81.7, and 50.0% at the 15 s mark, with a rate of 89.0% for person identification. The results suggested some areas in which further improvements would be possible, toward facilitating robot inference of human actions, in the context of medicine intake monitoring.

  • 433.
    Cooney, Martin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Karlsson, Stefan M.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Impressions of Size-Changing in a Companion Robot2015In: PhyCS 2015 – 2nd International Conference on Physiological Computing Systems, Proceedings / [ed] Hugo Plácido da Silva, Pierre Chauvet, Andreas Holzinger, Stephen Fairclough & Dennis Majoe, SciTePress, 2015, p. 118-123Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Physiological data such as head movements can be used to intuitively control a companion robot to perform useful tasks. We believe that some tasks such as reaching for high objects or getting out of a person’s way could be accomplished via size changes, but such motions should not seem threatening or bothersome. To gain insight into how size changes are perceived, the Think Aloud Method was used to gather typical impressions of a new robotic prototype which can expand in height or width based on a user’s head movements. The results indicate promise for such systems, also highlighting some potential pitfalls.

  • 434.
    Cooney, Martin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Leister, Wolfgang
    Norsk Regnesentral, Oslo, Norway.
    Using the Engagement Profile to Design an Engaging Robotic Teaching Assistant for Students2019In: Robotics, E-ISSN 2218-6581, Vol. 8, no 1, article id 21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report on an exploratory study conducted at a graduate school in Sweden with a humanoid robot, Baxter. First, we describe a list of potentially useful capabilities for a robot teaching assistant derived from brainstorming and interviews with faculty members, teachers, and students. These capabilities consist of reading educational materials out loud, greeting, alerting, allowing remote operation, providing clarifications, and moving to carry out physical tasks. Secondly, we present feedback on how the robot's capabilities, demonstrated in part with the Wizard of Oz approach, were perceived, and iteratively adapted over the course of several lectures, using the EngagementProfile tool. Thirdly, we discuss observations regarding the capabilities and the development process. Our findings suggest that using a social robot as a teachingassistant is promising using the chosen capabilities and Engagement Profile tool. We find that enhancing the robot's autonomous capabilities and further investigating the role of embodiment are some important topics to be considered in future work. © 2019 by the authors.

  • 435.
    Cooney, Martin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Menezes, Maria Luiza Recena
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Design for an Art Therapy Robot: An Explorative Review of the Theoretical Foundations for Engaging in Emotional and Creative Painting with a Robot2018In: Multimodal Technologies Interact. Special Issue Emotions in Robots: Embodied Interaction in Social and Non-Social Environments, ISSN 2414-4088, Vol. 2, no 3, article id 52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social robots are being designed to help support people’s well-being in domestic and public environments. To address increasing incidences of psychological and emotional difficulties such as loneliness, and a shortage of human healthcare workers, we believe that robots will also play a useful role in engaging with people in therapy, on an emotional and creative level, e.g., in music, drama, playing, and art therapy. Here, we focus on the latter case, on an autonomous robot capable of painting with a person. A challenge is that the theoretical foundations are highly complex; we are only just beginning ourselves to understand emotions and creativity in human science, which have been described as highly important challenges in artificial intelligence. To gain insight, we review some of the literature on robots used for therapy and art, potential strategies for interacting, and mechanisms for expressing emotions and creativity. In doing so, we also suggest the usefulness of the responsive art approach as a starting point for art therapy robots, describe a perceived gap between our understanding of emotions in human science and what is currently typically being addressed in engineering studies, and identify some potential ethical pitfalls and solutions for avoiding them. Based on our arguments, we propose a design for an art therapy robot, also discussing a simplified prototype implementation, toward informing future work in the area.

  • 436.
    Cooney, Martin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Ong, Linda
    I+ srl, Florence, Italy.
    Pashami, Sepideh
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Järpe, Eric
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Ashfaq, Awais
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Avoiding Improper Treatment of Dementia Patients by Care Robots2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The phrase “most cruel and revolting crimes” has been used to describe some poor historical treatment of vulnerable impaired persons by precisely those who should have had the responsibility of protecting and helping them. We believe we might be poised to see history repeat itself, as increasingly humanlike aware robots become capable of engaging in behavior which we would consider immoral in a human–either unknowingly or deliberately. In the current paper we focus in particular on exploring some potential dangers affecting persons with dementia (PWD), which could arise from insufficient software or external factors, and describe a proposed solution involving rich causal models and accountability measures: Specifically, the Consequences of Needs-driven Dementia-compromised Behaviour model (C-NDB) could be adapted to be used with conversation topic detection, causal networks and multi-criteria decision making, alongside reports, audits, and deterrents. Our aim is that the considerations raised could help inform the design of care robots intended to support well-being in PWD.

  • 437.
    Cooney, Martin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Pashami, Sepideh
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Pinheiro Sant'Anna, Anita
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Fan, Yuantao
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Nowaczyk, Sławomir
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Pitfalls of Affective Computing: How can the automatic visual communication of emotions lead to harm, and what can be done to mitigate such risks?2018In: WWW '18 Companion Proceedings of the The Web Conference 2018, New York, NY: ACM Publications, 2018, p. 1563-1566Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What would happen in a world where people could "see'' others' hidden emotions directly through some visualizing technology Would lies become uncommon and would we understand each other better Or to the contrary, would such forced honesty make it impossible for a society to exist The science fiction television show Black Mirror has exposed a number of darker scenarios in which such futuristic technologies, by blurring the lines of what is private and what is not, could also catalyze suffering. Thus, the current paper first turns an eye towards identifying some potential pitfalls in emotion visualization which could lead to psychological or physical harm, miscommunication, and disempowerment. Then, some countermeasures are proposed and discussed--including some level of control over what is visualized and provision of suitably rich emotional information comprising intentions--toward facilitating a future in which emotion visualization could contribute toward people's well-being. The scenarios presented here are not limited to web technologies, since one typically thinks about emotion recognition primarily in the context of direct contact. However, as interfaces develop beyond today's keyboard and monitor, more information becomes available also at a distance--for example, speech-to-text software could evolve to annotate any dictated text with a speaker's emotional state.

  • 438.
    Cooney, Martin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Sant'Anna, Anita
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Avoiding Playfulness Gone Wrong: Exploring Multi-objective Reaching Motion Generation in a Social Robot2017In: International Journal of Social Robotics, ISSN 1875-4791, E-ISSN 1875-4805, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 545-562Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Companion robots will be able to perform useful tasks in homes and public places, while also providing entertainment through playful interactions. “Playful” here means fun, happy, and humorous. A challenge is that generating playful motions requires a non-trivial understanding of how people attribute meaning and intentions. The literature suggests that playfulness can lead to some undesired impressions such as that a robot is obnoxious, untrustworthy, unsafe, moving in a meaningless fashion, or boring. To generate playfulness while avoiding such typical failures, we proposed a model for the scenario of a robot arm reaching for an object: some simplified movement patterns such as sinusoids are structured toward appearing helpful, clear about goals, safe, and combining a degree of structure and anomaly. We integrated our model into a mathematical framework (CHOMP) and built a new robot, Kakapo, to perform dynamically generated motions. The results of an exploratory user experiment were positive, suggesting that: Our proposed system was perceived as playful over the course of several minutes. Also a better impression resulted compared with an alternative playful system which did not use our proposed heuristics; furthermore a negative effect was observed for several minutes after showing the alternative motions, suggesting that failures are important to avoid. And, an inverted u-shaped correlation was observed between motion length and degree of perceived playfulness, suggesting that motions should neither be too short or too long and that length is also a factor which can be considered when generating playful motions. A short follow-up study provided some additional support for the idea that playful motions which seek to avoid failures can be perceived positively. Our intent is that these exploratory results will provide some insight for designing various playful robot motions, toward achieving some good interactions. © 2017, The Author(s).

  • 439.
    Cooney, Martin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Yang, Can
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Arunesh, Sanjana
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Padi Siva, Abhilash
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    David, Jennifer
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Teaching Robotics with Robot Operating System (ROS): A Behavior Model Perspective2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Robotics skills are in high demand, but learning robotics can be difficult due to the wide range of required knowledge, increasingly complex and diverse platforms, and components requiring dedicated software. One way to mitigate such problems is by utilizing a standard framework such as Robot Operating System (ROS), which facilitates development through the reuse of opensource code—a challenge is that learning curves can be steep for students who are also first-time users. In the current paper, we suggest the use of a behavior model to structure the learning of complex frameworks like ROS in an engaging way. A practical example is provided, of integrating ROS into a robotics course called the “Design of Embedded and Intelligent Systems” (DEIS), along with feedback suggesting that some students responded positively to learning experiences enabled by our approach. Furthermore, some course materials, videos, and code have been made available online, which we hope might provide useful insights.

  • 440.
    Costa Paiva, Sofia
    et al.
    University of Sao Paolo, São Carlos, Brazil.
    Simao, Adenilso
    University of Sao Paolo, São Carlos, Brazil.
    Varshosaz, Mahsa
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Mousavi, Mohammad Reza
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Complete IOCO Test Cases: A Case Study2016In: A-TEST 2016 - Proceedings of the 7th International Workshop on Automating Test Case Design, Selection, and Evaluation, co-located with FSE 2016, New York, NY: ACM Press, 2016, p. 38-44Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Input/Output Transition Systems (IOTSs) have been widely used as test models in model-based testing. Traditionally, input output conformance testing (IOCO) has been used to generate random test cases from IOTSs. A recent test case generation method for IOTSs, called Complete IOCO, applies fault models to obtain complete test suites with guaranteed fault coverage for IOTSs. This paper measures the efficiency of Complete IOCO in comparison with the traditional IOCO test case generation implemented in the JTorX tool. To this end, we use a case study involving five specification models from the automotive and the railway domains. Faulty mutations of the specifications were produced in order to compare the efficiency of both test generation methods in killing them. The results indicate that Complete IOCO is more efficient in detecting deep faults in large state spaces while IOCO is more efficient in detecting shallow faults in small state spaces. © 2016 ACM.

  • 441.
    Cristofer, Englund
    et al.
    Viktoria Swedish ICT, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Chen, Lei
    Viktoria Swedish ICT, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Vinel, Alexey
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Lin, Shih-Yang
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Future Applications of VANETs2015In: Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks: Standards, Solutions, and Research / [ed] Claudia Campolo, Antonella Molinaro & Riccardo Scopigno, Cham: Springer Publishing Company, 2015, p. 525-544Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Current transportation systems face great challenges due to the increasing mobility. Traffic accidents, congestion, air pollution, etc., are all calling for new methods to improve the transportation system. With the US legislation in progress over vehicle communications and EU’s finalization of the basic set of standards over cooperative intelligent transportation systems (C-ITS), vehicular ad hoc network (VANET) based applications are expected to address those challenges and provide solutions for a safer, more efficient and sustainable future intelligent transportation systems (ITS). In this chapter, transportation challenges are firstly summarized in respect of safety, efficiency, environmental threat, etc. A brief introduction of the VANET is discussed along with state of the art of VANET-based applications. Based on the current progress and the development trend of VANET, a number of new features of future VANET are identified, together with a set of potential future ITS applications. The on-going research and field operational test projects, which are the major enabling efforts for the future VANET-based C-ITS, are presented. The chapter is of great interest to readers working within ITS for current development status and future trend within the C-ITS area. It is also of interest to general public for an overview of the VANET enabled future transportation system. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015.

  • 442.
    Cronquist, Björn
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Sweden.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Innovation in SME: A Case of Firm-Supportive Research2009In: IRIS 32: selected papers of the 32nd Information Systems Research Seminar of Scandinavia : Inclusive design : IRIS 32 was hosted at Molde University College, Norway 9.-12. August 2009 / [ed] Judith Molka-Danielsen, Trondheim: Tapir Akademisk Forlag, 2009, p. 187-201Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes a case of collaboration between academia and business firms in supporting innovation processes. The research developed into a firm-supportive model called the CILO method, named after the CILO project (communication in learning organisations). We describe the outcomes from applying the CILO method in relation to one of the partner companies and discuss the methodological implications in relation to established research models. We propose the notion of firmsupportive research as a concept to consider in research aiming at developing business firms.

  • 443.
    Cronquist, Björn
    et al.
    Lund University, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    The CILO method: firm-supportive research approach enhancing enterprise performance2010In: Knowledge Management and Innovation: A Business Competitive Edge Perspective - Proceedings of the 15th International Business Information Management Association Conference, IBIMA 2010, Vols. 1-3 / [ed] Soliman, K S, International Business Information Management Association (IBIMA), 2010, Vol. 2, p. 1239-1251Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes a case of collaboration between academia and business firms in supporting innovation processes based on the CILO method, named after the CILO project (communication in learning organizations). The CILO method is an example of firm-supportive research approach. We describe the outcomes related to enhancing enterprise performance from applying the CILO-method in relation to one of the partner companies. The aim of the paper is to describe and discuss the concept of firm-supportive research in relation to the concept of innovation and to demonstrate how the specific characteristics of this research approach can enhance enterprise performance in one of our partner companies, Flower Systems Ltd.

  • 444.
    Cronquist, Björn
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Sweden.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Kjellin, H.
    Kristianstad University, Sweden.
    Communication Enabling the Implementation of Innovation2006In: Proceedings of the 29th IRIS, 2006, p. 15-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes the proposed research approach of a research projectcalled, Communication Enabling the Implementation of Innovation. The point of departurefor the project is a view on innovation described as hard work rather than mere creativityor inventions. This leads to the conclusion that innovation processes can be supportedand enhanced through planned activities. The paper promotes a perspective linkinginnovation to the well established concept of a learning organization. The aim for theresearch project is threefold; 1) to generate a method for the development on an indexmeasuring “innovation maturity” of organizations. 2) to generate specific measures ofinnovation processes and 3) to develop a feedback system enhancing the innovativeorganizations towards a learning organization.

  • 445.
    Crowston, Kevin
    et al.
    Syracuse University School of Information Studies, Syracuse, New York, USA.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Päivärinta, Tero
    University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway.
    Introduction to genres in communication and digital documents minitrack2008In: Proceedings of the Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, ISSN 1530-1605, article id 4438833Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rhetoricians since Aristotle have attempted to classify communications into categories or "genres" with similar form, topic or purpose. Given a socially recognized need to communicate, individuals will typically express similar social motives, themes and topics in a communication with similar physical and linguistic characteristics, that is, they will communicate in a recognized genre.

  • 446.
    Dahl, Oskar
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Johansson, Fredrik
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Understanding usage of Volvo trucks2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Trucks are designed, configured and marketed for various working environments. There lies a concern whether trucks are used as intended by the manufacturer, as usage may impact the longevity, efficiency and productivity of the trucks.

    In this thesis we propose a framework divided into two separate parts, that aims to extract costumers’ driving behaviours from Logged Vehicle Data (LVD) in order to a): evaluate whether they align with so-called Global Transport Application (GTA) parameters and b): evaluate the usage in terms of performance. Gaussian mixture model (GMM) is employed to cluster and classify various driving behaviors. Association rule mining was applied on the categorized clusters to validate that the usage follow GTA configuration. Furthermore, Correlation Coefficient (CC) was used to find linear relationships between usage and performance in terms of Fuel Consumption (FC).

    It is found that the vast majority of the trucks seemingly follow GTA parameters, thus used as marketed. Likewise, the fuel economy was found to be linearly dependent with drivers’ various performances.

    The LVD lacks detail, such as Global Positioning System (GPS) information, needed to capture the usage in such a way that more definitive conclusions can be drawn.

  • 447.
    Dalati, Fares
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Martinez Lopez, Pablo Enrique
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Vital Sign Radar Redesign: Further Development of a Compact, Highly integrated 60 GHz Radar for Human Vital Sign Monitoring2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays, thanks to the modern technologies, the human being has been able todevelop new techniques to solve problems present in the past. Regarding the medicalfield, it is common to use several apparatus in order to measure the vital signs. Themain drawback about the traditional methods employed for this purpose is that theyare invasive towards the patient. However, in this thesis it has been developed afurther design of a radar system so as to be able to measure these vital signs in awireless way.

    Based on a 60 GHz frequency modulated continuous wave radar chip, it has been ableto increase the performance of the measurements by adding a second radar chip.Because of this new feature, the radar system is now having a better precision byprocessing greater data matrix to analyse the targets positions and theirmeasurements. In addition, an enhanced MCU has been incorporated in order toavoid performance bottlenecks because it is necessary to handle the processing of thedata received by the two radar chips. Lastly, reducing the sweeping time (periodbetween the lowest frequency broadcast to linearly reach the highest frequencybroadcast) from 20 ms the previous design to 1 ms, which requires higher samplingrate to cover the fast sweep and provide higher flow of information that leads to fasterdetection process.

    A 3D design of the prototype has been designed to show the physical appearance itwould have once entering in production. The result is a compact and highlyintegrated radar system which will be able to monitor the heart beating andrespiration frequency of a human being in a range of ten meters.

  • 448.
    Dankers, Wouter
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Learning wireless channel models to design real-time communications from vehicles2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this project is to analyze a data log of wireless packet traffic, and to produce: (1) models for dynamic fluctuations in wireless channel and link quality, and, (2) a design for real-time communications over the given wireless channel. The models and designs are useful in setting up real-time communications in a vehicular test track (www.astazero.com). The data log came from experimental measurements at the test track. From this data, we fitted simple models for packet losses and retransmissions in the wireless communication system. These models took the form of a combination of a statistical model for the packet losses, with a deterministic model for retransmissions of lost packets. Such fitted models can be used to predict the average quality of vehicle position monitoring based on periodically transmitted position information. Such predictions help us decide the feasibility of safe and reliable conduct of testing with two or more moving test objects.

  • 449.
    Danqing, Ni
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Zao, Sun
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Junwei, Chen
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    On Time Discrete Simulation of cooperative Vehicle's Kinematic Behaviour2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The vehicle plays an important role in peoples life in modern times. The vehi- cle's behaviour is a complex and detailed subject, which requiring the knowledge of mathematics and physics. Meanwhile, the vehicles' behaviour is aected by a lot of dierent conditions, such as the driver and the environment. For the purpose of trac safety, simulation is required to analyze the vehicles' behaviour. Vari- eties of behaviour models, based on dierent levels (Macroscopic, Mesoscopic and Microscopic) have been presented. Vehicles are able to interact with each other through the Vehicular Ad Hoc Network (VANET). It is worthwhile to simulate how the behaviour is aected by an exchange of kinematic data. This thesis presents a new simulator, which is designed at microscopic level, based on the graph theory. Not only dierent vehicles' behaviour, but also coop- eration between vehicles can be implemented in the simulator. A new model of collision avoidance is created, incorporating the concept of kinematics and human emulation. The car-following model is also performed for the formation of trac

    ow. Overall, the modeling in the simulator is simplied by ignoring the network disturbances. The data collected from the results of the simulation is used to display a scenario as visualization of a vehicles behaviour.

  • 450.
    David, Jennifer
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Mostowski, Wojciech
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Aramrattna, Maytheewat
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Fan, Yuantao
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Varshosaz, Mahsa
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Karlsson, Patrick
    Roden, Marcus
    Bogga, Anders
    Carlsen, Jakob
    Johansson, Emil
    Andersson, Emil
    Design and Development of a Hexacopter for the Search and Rescue of a Lost Drone2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Search and rescue with an autonomous robot is an attractive and challenging task within the research community. This paper presents the development of an autonomous hexacopter that is designed for retrieving a lost object, like a drone, from a vast-open space, like a desert area. Navigating its path with a proposed coverage path planning strategy, the hexacopter can efficiently search for a lost target and locate it using an image-based object detection algorithm. Moreover, after the target is located, our hexacopter can grasp it with a customised gripper and transport it back to a destined location. It is also capable of avoiding static obstacles and dynamic objects. The proposed system was realised in simulations before implementing it in a real hardware setup, i.e. assembly of the drone, crafting of the gripper, software implementation and testing under real-world scenarios. The designed hexacopter won the best UAV design award at the CPS-VO 2018 Competition held in Arizona, USA.

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