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  • 351.
    Carpatorea, Iulian
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Nowaczyk, Sławomir
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Rögnvaldsson, Thorsteinn
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Elmer, Marcus
    Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Advanced Technology & Research, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Towards Data Driven Method for Quantifying Performance of Truck Drivers2014In: The SAIS Workshop 2014 Proceedings, Swedish Artificial Intelligence Society (SAIS) , 2014, p. 133-142Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding factors that influence fuel consumption is a very important task both for the OEMs in the automotive industry and for their customers. There is a lot of knowledge already available concerning this topic, but it is poorly organized and often more anecdotal than rigorously verified. Nowadays, however, rich datasets from actual vehicle usage are available and a data-mining approach can be used to not only validate earlier hypotheses, but also to discover unexpected influencing factors.

    In this paper we particularly focus on analyzing how behavior of drivers affects fuel consumption. To this end we introduce a concept of “Base Value”, a number that incorporates many constant, unmeasured factors. We show our initial results on how it allows us to categorize driver’s performance more accurately than previously used methods. We present a detailed analysis of 32 trips by Volvo trucks that we have selected from a larger database. Those trips have a large overlap in the route traveled, of over 100 km, and at the same time exhibit different driver and fuel consumption characteristics.

  • 352.
    Carpatorea, Iulian
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Nowaczyk, Sławomir
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Rögnvaldsson, Thorsteinn
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Lodin, Johan
    Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Features extracted from APPES to enable the categorization of heavy-duty vehicle drivers2017In: 2017 Intelligent Systems Conference (IntelliSys), 2017, p. 476-481Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Improving the performance of systems is a goal pursued in all areas and vehicles are no exception. In places like Europe, where the majority of goods are transported over land, it is imperative for fleet operators to have the best efficiency, which results in efforts to improve all aspects of truck operations. We focus on drivers and their performance with respect to fuel consumption. Some of relevant factors are not accounted for inavailable naturalistic data, since it is not feasible to measure them. An alternative is to set up experiments to investigate driver performance but these are expensive and the results are not always conclusive. For example, drivers are usually aware of the experiment’s parameters and adapt their behavior.

    This paper proposes a method that addresses some of the challenges related to categorizing driver performance with respect to fuel consumption in a naturalistic environment. We use expert knowledge to transform the data and explore the resulting structure in a new space. We also show that the regions found in APPES provide useful information related to fuel consumption. The connection between APPES patterns and fuel consumption can be used to, for example, cluster drivers in groups that correspond to high or low performance. © 2017 IEEE

  • 353.
    Carpatorea, Iulian
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Slawomir, Nowaczyk
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Rögnvaldsson, Thorsteinn
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Elmer, Marcus
    Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Lodin, Johan
    Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Learning of Aggregate Features for Comparing Drivers Based on Naturalistic Data2016In: Proceedings: 2016 15th IEEE International Conference on Machine Learning and Applications (ICMLA) / [ed] Lisa O’Conner, Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society, 2016, p. 1067-1072Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fuel used by heavy duty trucks is a major cost for logistics companies, and therefore improvements in this area are highly desired. Many of the factors that influence fuel consumption, such as the road type, vehicle configuration or external environment, are difficult to influence. One of the most under-explored ways to lower the costs is training and incentivizing drivers. However, today it is difficult to measure driver performance in a comprehensive way outside of controlled, experimental setting.

    This paper proposes a machine learning methodology for quantifying and qualifying driver performance, with respect to fuel consumption, that is suitable for naturalistic driving situations. The approach is a knowledge-based feature extraction technique, constructing a normalizing fuel consumption value denoted Fuel under Predefined Conditions (FPC), which captures the effect of factors that are relevant but are not measured directly.

    The FPC, together with information available from truck sensors, is then compared against the actual fuel used on a given road segment, quantifying the effects associated with driver behavior or other variables of interest. We show that raw fuel consumption is a biased measure of driver performance, being heavily influenced by other factors such as high load or adversary weather conditions, and that using FPC leads to more accurate results. In this paper we also show evaluation the proposed method using large-scale, real-world, naturalistic database of heavy-duty vehicle operation.

  • 354.
    Castellani, Ilaria
    et al.
    INRIA Sophia Antipolis Méditerranée, Valbonne, France.
    Mousavi, Mohammad Reza
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Preface: Special issue on Trends in Concurrency Theory (selected invited contributions from the workshops TRENDS 2014 and 2015)2017In: The Journal of logical and algebraic methods in programming, ISSN 2352-2208, E-ISSN 2352-2216, Vol. 87, p. 93-93Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 355.
    Castellani, Ilaria
    et al.
    INRIA Sophia Antipolis Mediterranee, Biot, France.
    Mousavi, Mohammad Reza
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Special issue on Trends in Concurrency Theory (selected invited contributions from the workshops TRENDS 2014 and 2015) Preface2017In: The Journal of logical and algebraic methods in programming, ISSN 2352-2208, E-ISSN 2352-2216, Vol. 87, p. 93-93Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 356.
    Castellano Jorge, Aurora
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS), Environmental Science.
    Species richness in riparian vegetation, a pilot study in Halmstad2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The riparian forests are hotspots of biodiversity and serve important roles in maintainingthe water quality. The study and understanding of this ecosystem is basic to know how theriparian zones respond to the threat and the changes produced by the urbanization. Theobjective of this pilot study was to know the species richness and check the status of theriparian vegetation along two different rivers in Halmstad, Nissan and Fylleån. The studywas focus on the status of trees at both rivers to see if the proximity of the city has anyimpact on the biodiversity. In total 9 different species were found, nevertheless only 3 ofthese species were founded on both localizations: Quercus robur, Betula pendula and Pinussylvestris. The Shannon Index showed a higher biodiversity on Nissan riparian zones, whichis the river that present the urban component. The urban area is the one that presentshigher level of biodiversity, tree species and number of individuals but there are notenough to be in a good standard. The result just show that the urban area is in a bettercondition that the natural one. The institutional efforts should be focusing on preserveboth environments with special attention to the natural environment.

  • 357.
    Ceder, Patric
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Jönsson, Christopher
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Tillväxttakt hos sydsvenska populationer av trollsländor (Odonata) i ett varmare klimat - en pilotstudie.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In order to gain better understanding of climate change effects on ecosystems, it is necessary to study the response of different species to predicted climate change. Dragonflies are, due to their ecology, a suitable organism group for conducting such studies. In this pilot study we examined the response in growth- and mortality rate to increased ambient temperatures in an experimental set-up of three temperature levels (20°C, 22°C och 24°C) in larvae of three species from the Aeshnidae family (Aeshna grandis, Aeshna cyanea and Anax imperator).

    A. imperator were, due to insufficient number of collected specimens, excluded in the 22°C temperature regime. The studied species are reproducing in Sweden, but A. grandis and A. cyanea are native, whereas A. imperator is considered newly established since it was first discovered in Sweden in the early 2000’s. Our results show that A. grandis and A. cyanea reacted positively to an increased ambient temperature, in terms of growth rates. However, the response to increased temperatures differed between the two species as A. grandis showed both higher growth- and mortality rate, compared to A. cyanea. Thus, we assume that both species are likely to benefit from the ongoing climate change, but that interactions between them may change. Further studies are required to elucidate how the two species will be affected in presence of newly established species, such as A. imperator. Although, based on our results, the competitiveness of both native species might increase with rising temperatures - which should be considered in future conservation planning.

  • 358.
    Celander, Patrik
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Strandsandjägaren (Cicindela maritima) i Gullbranna, Tönnersa- och Hökafältets naturreservat– förekomst, hot och förslag till bevarandeåtgärder2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det halländska kustdynlandskapet har utsatts hårt historiskt av framförallt igenväxning, men även andra faktorer som exploatering och friluftsliv har påverkat. Plantering av bergtall och gräs på sanddynerna, för att förhindra sandflykten som drabbade bönderna redan på 1600- talet, gjorde att nästan hela kustdynlandskapet var täckt med vegetation på 1800- talet. Mellan 2012- 2018 restaurerades stora delar av Laholmsbuktens sanddynreservat i samverkan med EU- projektet SandLife, vilkas syfte var att bevara sanddynmiljön, samt gynna dess hotade arter. I sanddynmiljön lever många evertebrater, däribland skalbaggen strandsandjägaren, som i rödlistningsbedömningen 2015 är klassad som Sårbar i Sverige och är föremål för ett nationellt åtgärdsprogram för dess långsiktiga bevarande. Södra Sveriges troligen enda återstående större population återfinns i Gullbranna naturreservat, som tillsammans med Tönnersa- och Hökafältets naturreservat utgör Laholmsbuktens sanddynreservat. Strandsandjägaren lever i Halland längs havsstränder och vid åmynningar, där dess larver gräver tunnlar i lätt fuktig hårt packad fin sand. Tillbakagången av strandsandjägaren i detta habitat tros överensstämma med tillbakagången av det forna dynamiska kustdynlandskapet.

    Detta arbete har gått ut på att inventera larver av strandsandjägare i Laholmsbuktens sanddynreservat, att utvärdera om arten gynnats av de storskaliga sanddynrestaureringarna i samband med SandLifeprojektet 2012-2018, samt urskilja hot och förslag till konkreta bevarandeåtgärder. Jag fann att populationen har ökat betydligt de senaste 15 åren, dock inte till följd av riktade åtgärder utan troligen tack vare den nybildning av habitat som stormen Gudrun åstadkom 2005, samt att en viss spridning av populationen kan ses. Åtgärdsprogrammets långsiktiga mål fram till 2025 är dock inte uppnått än, men en positiv trend syns och möjligheterna finns i Halland att närma sig målet ytterligare. Restaureringarna inom SandLife verkar inte gynnat strandsandjägarpopulationen, då inga nyrestaurerade områden koloniserats, vilket indikerar att riktade bevarandeåtgärder krävs. En stor och förmodligen mycket underskattad störning i området är trampslitage, så åtgärder behöver vidtas genom att t.ex. sätta upp informationsskyltar och göra vissa lämpliga områden där larver hittats svårtillgängliga. Hela 97% av larvpopulationen, som räknades till 3287 larver, återfanns i augusti på näset i Gullbranna naturrservat, på en bara 6 m bred och 435 m lång yta, av habitattypen sandrevlar/åmynningar. I Tönnersa- och Hökafältets naturreservat fann jag bara enstaka larver längs habittypen havsstrand, men dock är det första gången som strandsandjägarlarver hittats i de områdena. Näst största lokalen med strandsandjägare hittades på norra stranden av Gullbrannas naturreservat, med 44 larver räknade i augusti. Resultatet indikerar att havsstränderna är ett sekundärt val för strandsandjägaren i området, och att de inre sanddynerna/sänkorna i nuläget inte verkar erbjuda lämpligt habitat överhuvudtaget, då inga larver återfanns i den habitattypen. Sandrevlar/mynningar är alltså det mest gynnsamma habitatet i området, men då inga larver hittades vid den andra ån Lagan så indikerar det att fler faktorer spelar in, inte minst frånvaro av alltför kraftigt trampslitage. Orsaken till att Genevadsåns mynning hyser nästan hela populationen är troligen att där finns ännu mycket bra habitat, strandsandjägarens troligen små hemområden med låg spridningstendens vid goda förutsättningar och få störningar. Resterande områden har mindre bra habitat, låg spridning till dessa områden, samt mer störningar. Med riktade åtgärder finns det dock potential för flera metapopulationer i de andra områdena, vilket kan leda till en livskraftigare population av strandsandjägaren i Halland.

  • 359.
    Celik, Ali
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Flygare, Andreas
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Digital mobbning - en explorativ fallstudie med särskilt fokus på utredning2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Internet Infrastructure Foundation has reported that the use of Internet is widespread and places Sweden among the best countries in the world. In 2010, 84 percent of the Swedish population aged 16 and above had access to the Internet at home, and 97 percent of those users had broadband. The most frequent Internet users were in the age group 16-24 years old where 92 percent stated they use the Internet on a daily basis.The spread of the Internet is essentially positive and contributes to the public debate on problems of modern society. This simultaneously leads to a series of new problems that society has to deal with. One of these new problems is harassment and bullying that has reached entirely new dimensions by the use of Internet. Harassment over the Internet has a distribution that is difficult for the victim to handle and respond to. When harassment crosses the border for what is considered a crime according to the penal code, the police face new challenges to handle.The goal of this bachelor's thesis has been to use an exploratory case study to illustrate how the legal system responds to this new form of harassment, including the considerations to start a police investigation, the procedures of the investigation and the court’s ruling. We start from a case of harassment that the court classified as aggravated defamation. The perpetrators are a number of young men aged fifteen to nineteen years old. The young men have made films about girls containing highly offensive content with sexual innuendo and then spread the films through the chat network MSN and even on the video website YouTube. According to the investigation forty girls have been affected. We have reviewed the investigation protocol, the court records and conducted interviews with police investigators in order to illustrate the phenomenon of harassment and bully behavior on the Internet. We also discuss how society measures could be improved.

  • 360.
    Chalangar, Ebrahim
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS). Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Graphene-based nanocomposites for electronics and photocatalysis2019Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of future electronics depends on the availability of suitable functional materials. Printed electronics, for example, relies on access to highly conductive, inexpensive and printable materials, while strong light absorption and low carrier recombination rates are demanded in photocatalysis industry. Despite all efforts to develop new materials, it still remains a challenge to have all the desirable aspects in a single material. One possible route towards novel functional materials, with improved and unprecedented physical properties, is to form composites of different selected materials.

    In this work, we report on hydrothermal growth and characterization of graphene/zinc oxide (GR/ZnO) nanocomposites, suited for electronics and photocatalysis application. For conductive purposes, highly Al-doped ZnO nanorods grown on graphene nanoplates (GNPs) prevent the GNPs from agglomerating and promote conductive paths between the GNPs. The effect of the ZnO nanorod morphology and GR dispersity on the nanocomposite conductivity and GR/ZnO nanorod bonding strength were investigated by conductivity measurements and optical spectroscopy. The inspected samples show that growth in high pH solutions promotes a better graphene dispersity, higher doping and enhanced bonding between the GNPs and the ZnO nanorods. Growth in low pH solutions yield samples characterized by a higher conductivity and a reduced number of surface defects.

    In addition, different GR/ZnO nanocomposites, decorated with plasmonic silver iodide (AgI) nanoparticles, were synthesized and analyzed for solar-driven photocatalysis. The addition of Ag/AgI generates a strong surface plasmon resonance effect involving metallic Ag0, which redshifts the optical absorption maximum into the visible light region enhancing the photocatalytic performance under solar irradiation. A wide range of characterization techniques including, electron microscopy, photoelectron spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction confirm a successful formation of photocatalysts.

    Our findings show that the novel proposed GR-based nanocomposites can lead to further development of efficient photocatalyst materials with applications in removal of organic pollutants, or for fabrication of large volumes of inexpensive porous conjugated GR-semiconductor composites.

  • 361.
    Chamberlain, Richard
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Validating Citizen Science data for use in the design and management of constructed wetlands: a case study of Tufted Duck and Eurasian Teal.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Citizen science offers a potentially powerful tool for the environmental scientist to access large data sets over increasingly greater time scales. Given the ease of which information can be reported or shared online and the increase in community interest there is an overwhelming amount of data available. But two major questions remain; is the data reliable and how is it best used? This study addresses the first question by testing the ability of such data from Artportalen, Sweden’s Species Gateway for reporting observations of birds (and other flora and fauna), to reflect patterns in the presence and absence of breeding records of Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula) and Eurasian Teal (Annas crecca). This was done by undertaking wetland assessments in a set of constructed wetland sites from Artportalen in Halland, Southern Sweden, with breeding records of the target species. A literature review was also undertaken to explore the existing ecological knowledge of breeding habitat requirements for each species. Physical and biological characteristics from the wetlands visited were then qualitatively compared to the existing ecological knowledge for each species’ preferred breeding habitat. This method resulted in some support for the reliability of this particular Citizen Science data, in that it reflected Tufted Duck’s preference to breed in wetlands closer to the coast, that provided some form of cover or screening around the edges and which had a large proportion of their shoreline bordered by tall emergent vegetation. Conversely, it reflected Eurasian Teal’s preference for inland wetlands that were closer to relatively open natural freshwater bodies, where tall emergent vegetation wasn’t as abundant. How this and other Citizen Science data can be used in the design and management of constructed wetlands for conservation purposes in light of these results is then discussed.

  • 362.
    Charlson, Alexandra
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Reduktion av föroreningar i processvatten från en äggfabrik i Brasilien: Kväve- och fosforrening i anlagda våtmarker.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A water treatment unit consisting of two aeration basins, two settling tanks, a residence basinand a horizontal subsurface flow wetland were used to treat wastewater from an eggprocessing factory in Brazil. The aim of this paper was to determine the efficiency of thesystem in reducing nitrogen, phosphorus, BOD5 and TSS (among other parameters) andgetting a further understanding on different kinds of constructed treatment wetlands as well astheir nitrogen and phosphorus removal processes. The wastewater from the factory consistedof process water from manufacturing and water used for cleaning, no stormwater or sewagewater entered the system. Tests were taken three times a month from October 2013 ‘til April2014. The mean influent concentrations from wastewater directly from the factory were2,606 mg/L, 46.60 mg/L, 318.3 mg/L and 1,112 mg/L for BOD5, TP, TKN and TSS. Themean results of reduction through the wetlands gave the following results; BOD5 42 ± 351%,TP 66 ± 9.7%, TN 42 ± 13% and TS -11 ± 30%. Compared to other wetland systems treatingsimilar wastewater the reduction of BOD5 and TSS is low. Recommended solutions toincrease the reduction in the wetland are presented in the discussion.

  • 363.
    Cheema, Ansar Zaman
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Saqib, Imran Ullah
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Collaborating ISPs Supporting Various Real-Time Services2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    These days, internet service providers (ISPs) face the challenge about how to increase profitability while hey must ensure a good quality service at the same time and scale up their network. The study involves previous research papers. On the bases of those papers,the comparison is made between different alternatives. The purpose on this study is to find a solution that combines different methods and configurations about how several ISPs could cooperate. Its implementation includes how different ISPs can configure their networks to cooperate on service provision supporting various real-time services.

  • 364.
    Chen, Lei
    et al.
    Research Institutes of Sweden, RISE Viktoria, Lindholmspiren 3A, Gothenburg, 417 56, Sweden.
    Englund, Cristofer
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Every Second Counts: Integrating Edge Computing and Service Oriented Architecture for Automatic Emergency Management2018In: Journal of Advanced Transportation, ISSN 0197-6729, E-ISSN 2042-3195, p. 13-, article id 7592926Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Emergency management has long been recognized as a social challenge due to the criticality of the response time. In emergency situations such as severe traffic accidents, minimizing the response time, which requires close collaborations between all stakeholders involved and distributed intelligence support, leads to greater survival chance of the injured. However, the current response system is far from efficient, despite the rapid development of information and communication technologies. This paper presents an automated collaboration framework for emergency management that coordinates all stakeholders within the emergency response system and fully automates the rescue process. Applying the concept of multiaccess edge computing architecture, as well as choreography of the service oriented architecture, the system allows seamless coordination between multiple organizations in a distributed way through standard web services. A service choreography is designed to globally model the emergency management process from the time an accident occurs until the rescue is finished. The choreography can be synthesized to generate detailed specification on peer-to-peer interaction logic, and then the specification can be enacted and deployed on cloud infrastructures. © 2018 Lei Chen and Cristofer Englund.

  • 365.
    CHEN, XINYAO
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Using PCA & Repeated ANOVA to evaluate the In Situ Bioremediation performance of sites contaminated by trichloroethylene2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Currently, one of the most common techniques to remediate contaminated sites of TCE is in situ bioremediation (ISB). In this study, PCA and repeated ANOVA were used to statistically analyze the trends of variables over time to aid in the interpretation of the performance of the in situ bioremediation (ISB) technique. cDCE, Mn2+, chloride and alkalinity have appeared a significant trend over time suggested they have relative stronger indicating power to the performance of ISB. The variables that most effectively describe the bioremediation performance are Fe2+, DOC, Mn2+, methane and alkalinity. Their dramatic changes with time indicate the active functioning of dechlorinating bacteria to remediate the contamination. Three group of indicators can be identified according to their trends over time having a certain consistent character. The first group is methane and ethane, the second group consists of chloride, sulfate and alkalinity and the third group consists of cDCE and tDCE. Definitely, PCA can be an effective tool to analyze the overall trends and transformation pattern of variables over time and at different sampling points within the site. However, the fragmented data set reduce the possibilities for a complete understanding of the remediation process at the site.

  • 366.
    Chibba, Aron
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Mechanical Engineering and Industrial Design (MTEK).
    Rundquist, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Effective Information Flow in the Internal Supply Chain: Results from a snowball method to map information flows2009In: Journal of Information & Knowledge Management, ISSN 0219-6492, E-ISSN 1793-6926, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 331-343Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Information sharing is an important factor for effectiveness within the internal supply chain. In this paper we use a methodology for mapping information flows in an internal supply chain, and case studies in two Swedish multinational organizations. Eight retrospective cases were used to map, describe and analyze the information flow that supports the physical material flow from the receipt of an order to point of delivery. Every involved person was interviewed on at least one occasion each. The interviews were conducted to map and describe the information and physical material flow. The aim was to identify factors that could improve and rationalise information flows and generate a better flow within the organization.

    The study shows the importance of an integrated information system, but also clearly indicates the importance of a collaborative culture and an awareness of the human-technology interface. The study also shows that three factors of interface distortions are most frequent in the cases: (1) changes registered in the database trigger no action among the staff, (2) new knowledge to staff is stored only orally and not in the database, and (3) interface between the paper system and the database, and between the old and the new information storage culture.

  • 367.
    Chowdhury, Soumitra
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Co-creation of Innovative Digital Services2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the context of digital innovation, this paper discusses co-creation of digital services with the help of translation processes described in the Actor-Network Theory (ANT). While using the translation processes such as problematization, interessement and enrolment, the paper delineates how different stakeholders can be involved in the co-creation of innovative digital services. Thus the paper makes a contribution by presenting the co-creation of digital services in the perspective of translation processes of ANT by showing how different actors can be involved in co-creation of digital services. ‘Establishing trust on digital innovation’ and ‘prioritization during digital innovation’ are identified as influential issues for the involvement of actors during digital innovation. In that way, the paper also makes contribution to the emerging literature on digital innovation.

  • 368.
    Chowdhury, Soumitra
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Expanding Business from Products to Digital Services: Value Dimensions of Digital Services Enabled by Embedded Technology2014In: Proceedings of the 8th Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems / [ed] Mola, L., Carugati, A., Kokkinaki, A., Pouloudi, N., 2014, p. Paper 12-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Manufacturing firms are now embedding digital technology into products with an aim to offer digital services to their customers. Digital services create opportunities for firms to add new value dimensions to their businesses as firms now can expand their businesses from tangible products to digital services. Existing research explains three value dimensions. ‘Value-in-exchange’ is traditionally followed by manufacturing firms where they determine monetary value for their products and exchange the value with customers. Recent research argues that ‘value-in-exchange’ is not customer centric and therefore to gain customer value, ‘value-in-use’ and ‘value-in-cocreation’ are necessary. With growing utilization of embedded digital technology in products, new digital services are rendered and new value dimensions are emanating. Existing research informs little about the value dimensions of digital services that result from the combination of digital technology and tangible products. Therefore, in this research, we seek answer to the question, ‘What are the value dimensions of digital services that are enabled by embedded digital technology in tangible products?’ A qualitative study has been conducted to investigate Remote Diagnostics Services (RDS) for vehicles. Along with the three known value dimensions, that is, value-in-exchange, value-in-use and value-incocreation, this research contributes to knowledge by showing two new value dimensions: ‘value-in-connectivity’ and ‘value-in-architecture’.

  • 369.
    Chowdhury, Soumitra
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab). Department of Applied Information Technology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Service Logic in Digitalized Product Platforms: A Study of Digital Service Innovation in the Vehicle Industry2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The digitalization of products has become an important driver for service innovation in manufacturing firms. The embedding of digital technology in previously non-digital products creates digitalized product platforms that enable digital service innovation. Digital service innovation offers new business opportunities for manufacturing industries, as well as challenges established premises for value creation.  While digital service innovation can be found in many manufacturing industries, this thesis studies service logic in digitalized product platforms in the vehicle industry.

    Existing Information Systems (IS) literature presents challenges in digital service innovation relating to value, architecture, and generativity. The design of the architecture of digitalized product platforms requires the identification and combination of digital and non-digital assets. Understanding the architectural aspects is useful in digital service innovation. Moreover, with growing instances of generative digital technologies, it is challenging to develop strategies to leverage generativity for service design in digitalized product platforms. While digital technologies are embedded in products, the role of technology-embeddedness in value creation of digital services is relatively unexplored. Drawing on these challenges, this thesis describes and conceptualizes the underlying premises brought by the architecture and generativity to the value creation of services in digitalized product platforms. The research question addressed in this thesis is: What are the underlying premises for services in digitalized product platforms?

    To address the question, an interpretive qualitative research approach was adopted in a collaborative research project concerning services enabled by digitalization of vehicles. Drawing on digital innovation and service literature, this thesis presents a theoretical perspective on the role of the architecture and generativity of digitalized product platforms for value creation of digital services. This perspective is conceptualized as underlying premises for this specific class of services. The premises frame the service logic in digitalized product platforms and provide a ground for understanding services in digitalized product platforms in relation to value dimensions, architecture and generativity. The premises are based on five concepts: value-in-architecture, value-in-connectivity, fundamental asset for value creation, mutual dependence of modular and layered modular assets, and re-evaluation of value propositions. The proposed premises offer a basis for understanding value creation of this class of services, and guidance for manufacturing firms designing digitalized product platforms.

  • 370.
    Chowdhury, Soumitra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Akram, Asif
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Challenges and Opportunities Related to Remote Diagnostics: An IT-based Resource Perspective2013In: International Journal of Information Communication Technologies and Human Development, ISSN 1935-5661, E-ISSN 1935-567X, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 80-96Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Remote diagnostics is expanding the business scope of vehicle manufacturers, ranging from products to services. In this paper, we focus on investigating the business challenges and opportunities related to the remote diagnostics of vehicles from an IT-based resource perspective. Remote diagnostics involves technology, human skills and intangibles. IT-based resources consist of physical IT infrastructure, human IT skills and IT-enabled intangibles. In this study, we find that remote diagnostics not only faces challenges in these three categories of IT-based resource, but also creates opportunities. One contribution of this paper is to provide an overview of the challenges and opportunities for business related to the technology. The paper also makes a contribution to information systems by shedding light on the discussion of digital infrastructure. It also highlights the application of IT-based resource perspective to find out the business challenges and opportunities of an emerging technology like remote diagnostics.

  • 371.
    Chowdhury, Soumitra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Akram, Asif
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    E-Maintenance: Opportunities and Challenges2011In: Proceedings of IRIS 2011 / [ed] Leino, Timo, Turku, Finland: Turku Centre for Computer Science , 2011, p. 68-81Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    E-maintenance offers various opportunities as well as challenges in contemporary business undergoing transformation. This paper provides an overview of opportunities and challenges in different areas related to e-maintenance. Literature review and empirical findings through action oriented research give way to identify and present these opportunities and challenges. One contribution of the paper is, it finds the opportunities and challenges with e-maintenance in different industries which creates a pathway for future direction in further studies regarding e-maintenance. The findings indicate that there is much potential to study these with respect to technology and business.

  • 372.
    Chowdhury, Soumitra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Akram, Asif
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Åkesson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    E-Maintenance as an Emerging Customer Value Generating IT-Enabled Resource2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports business related challenges and opportunities for e-maintenance as an emerging customer value generating IT-enabled resource. The research study is concerned with the e- maintenance based on remote diagnostics in the vehicle industry. E-maintenance of vehicles is of great importance as e-maintenance technology has great potential to provide various state of the art maintenance related services for the vehicles. This emerging technology brings challenges and opportunities to generate value both for the companies and their customers. In this paper, we have presented several business related challenges and opportunities for e-maintenance. In the form of a set of propositions, the contribution of this paper is to conceptualize e-maintenance as an emerging customer value generating IT-enabled resource by showing challenges and opportunities related to it.

  • 373.
    Chowdhury, Soumitra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Bergquist, Magnus
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab). University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Åkesson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Architectural Characteristics of Digital Services Enabled by Embedded Technology: A Study on Remote Diagnostics Services2014In: Proceedings of the 47th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences: 6-9 January 2014: Waikoloa, Hawaii / [ed] Ralph H. Sprague, Jr., Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society, 2014, p. 3909-3918Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we characterize the architecture of digital services that are enabled by embedded technology. Digitalization with embedded technology in physical products has become a common phenomenon. In spite of growing instance of such digitalization, little is known about the architectural characteristics of digital services enabled by embedded technology. Based on a research on vehicular remote diagnostics services, we characterize the architecture of such digital services. Following the framework on layered modular architecture continuum, our findings provide the following architectural characteristics: i) the architecture of the digital services spans along the layered modular architecture continuum, ii) the application program of the digital services is simultaneously de-coupled and partly coupled with the embedded devices, iii) there exist layers within layer of the digital services, iv) application program layer of the digital services is a closed innovation platform. © 2014 IEEE

  • 374.
    Christensson, Daniel
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Eriksson, Emelie
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    The Smart Home From a Security Perspective2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Based on the fact that many electronic devices are digitalized in our world in order to facilitate our lives, there is a large potential for development in the home. Smart Home solutions are giving us the opportunity to control and manage for example alarms, electricity and surveillance but the technology's rapid improvement paves the way for issues related to security. The objectives for this work will bring up common communication technologies, security and vulnerabilities in the context of a Smart Home and what could be done for future work. In order to investigate the objectives, a literature study has been conducted together with an experiment. The experiment result exploits a weakness in a common Smart Home technology used in the network enable devices in the form of threats and vulnerabilities. In order to mitigate and minimize threats and vulnerabilities one conclusion is that a security policy could be produced. This security policy should provide the user with good practice of how to manage security in order to mitigate vulnerabilities and threats within the Smart Home.

  • 375.
    Christiansson, Matilda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Björkman, Luisa
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Att undersöka och tolka pedagogisk dokumentation: Hur synliggör pedagoger från en förskola barns matematiska lärprocesser?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att dokumentera barnens lärande och utveckling är en central del som förskolans verksamhet ska sträva efter. Det finns ett allmänt intresse för pedagogisk dokumentation i dagens förskolor eftersom det finns ett större behov av att synliggöra förskolans verksamhet. Matematik är även ett aktuellt ämne då det anses vara viktigt att tidigt börja arbeta med ämnet för det livslånga lärande. Detta intresse och behov ligger till grund för syftet med undersökningen som är att undersöka och tolka pedagogisk dokumentation. Vi vill skapa förståelse för hur pedagoger från en förskola framställer barns matematiska lärprocesser. Vi har fått ta del av åtta stycken dokumentationer från en förskola med barn i åldrar 3-5 år. I arbetslaget finns det tre pedagoger som deltagit i vår undersökning. Genom textanalys som metod har vi kommit fram till tre huvudsakliga faktorer som har betydelse för hur pedagogerna dokumenterar barnens lärprocesser inom ämnesområdet matematik. De faktorerna är hur förskolans styrdokument synliggörs, vardaglig matematik eller uppstyrda matematiska situationer och vem kommuniceras dokumentationerna till.

  • 376.
    Christner, David
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Norén, Rebecca
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Just Arrived: Utmaningar med Lean UX2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 377.
    Chronwall, Anton
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Haapala, Jacob
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Brolle ny på jobbet: En studie om RPAs påverkan på digital arbetsmiljö2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den ökade datakraften och digitaliseringen av arbete har bidragit till möjligheten att automatisera processer. En metod för att automatisera processer är med Robotic Process Automation (RPA), vilket utför regelstyrda uppgifter baserat på detaljerade processbeskrivningar. Användningen av RPA blir allt vanligare inom den offentliga sektorn. Ett exempel på detta är Trafikverket som infört RPA för att automatisera processer med målet att frigöra tid för medarbetare. Denna studie har undersökt vad Trafikverkets införande och användning av RPA har inneburit för den digitala arbetsmiljön. Studien har undersökt detta genom att genomföra intervjuer med medarbetare som påverkats till följd av införandet och användning av RPA eller varit delaktig i införandet av RPA-lösningen.

    Studiens bidrag skapar en ökad förståelse för vad införandet och användandet av RPA har för konsekvenser på digital arbetsmiljö i organisationer i den offentliga sektorn genom att presentera tre konsekvenser. Studien visar att användningen av RPA kan resultera i en initial oro och en upplevd minskad anställningstrygghet bland medarbetarnas. Nya arbetsuppgifter kan uppstå till följd av införandet av RPA, dessa kan upplevas som monotona och irritationsmoment av medarbetarna. Slutligen kan det innebära att medarbetare får mer tid till varierande och kvalificerade arbetsuppgifter med möjlighet till kompetensutveckling. Detta resulterar i att medarbetarna uttrycker en ökad förändringsbenägenhet gentemot fortsatt automatisering med RPA.

  • 378. Chu, H.S.
    et al.
    Bååth, Lars B.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Rantakyrö, F.T.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Zhang, F.J.
    Nicholson, G.
    VLBI observations of the puzzling BL Lacertae object 0235+1641996In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, E-ISSN 1432-0746, Vol. 307, no 1, p. 15-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For over 20 years, many models have been proposed to explain the variability of AO0235+164. Among them, the most favorable has been micro-lensing. We have made a series of VLBI observations on this source in order to better understand its nature. The resultant maps indicate dramatic changes in the position angle of the jet between observations as well as a correlation between the intensity of the VLBI core and flux outbursts which occurred between the observing sessions. These characteristics, in conjunction with other arguments, suggest that the source variability is intrinsic, i.e. microlensing is of minor importance. We suggest two models: 1) a model in which the jet starts at a very small angle to the line of sight and then curves away to become about 6deg at about 1 mas from the core; and 2) a CME (Coronal Mass Ejection) model that also may explain the violent variability in intensity, polarization position angle, and jet direction in AO0235+164.

  • 379. Chu, H.S.
    et al.
    Bååth, Lars B.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Zhang, F.J.
    Spencer, R.E.
    Discovery of Helical Magnetic Fields in AGN and CME and Ejection of Large Scale Magnetic Fields from AGN2003In: Symposium - International astronomical union, ISSN 0074-1809, Vol. 214, p. 303-310Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Magnetic Fields are the crucial and most important ingredient involved in the processes of various violent activities in Active Galactic Nuclei and other celestial bodies. The generally accepted 2-sided symmetric-jets model of active galactic nuclei (AGN) does not include the magnetic fields. We present here the first direct detection of helical magnetic field in AGN, and the first direct detection of ejection of large scale magnetic fields from AGN. (CME) 2. The annular (helical) magnetic field is responsible for the collimation of the jet (through Pinch Effect) and may be of crucial importance for extraction of black hole rotational energy. 3. The CMEs are responsible for sporadic ejection of jet components in AGN, while the general accepted 2-sided jets pertain to the quiescent Jets. 4.Observations show that the CME with Asymmetric Jets can explain many phenomena and much of the morphological diversities in AGN.

  • 380.
    Chu, H.S.
    et al.
    Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Science, Nanjing, China.
    Bååth, L.B.
    Onsala Space Observatory, Onsala, Sweden.
    Rantakyrö, F.T.
    Onsala Space Observatory, Onsala, Sweden.
    Booth, R.S.
    Onsala Space Observatory, Onsala, Sweden.
    Spencer, R.E.
    Nuffield Radio Astronomy Laboratories, Jodrell Bank, Macclesfield, Cheshire, UK.
    Zhang, F.J.
    Shanghai Observatory, Chinese Academy och Science, Shanghai, China.
    AO 0235+164 - A "Heretic" BL Lac1994In: VLBI TECHNOLOGY: Progress and Future Observational Possibilities / [ed] Tetsuo Sasao, Seiji Manabe, Osamu Kameya & Makoto Inoue, Tokyo: Terra Scientific Publishing Company , 1994, p. 146-155Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 381.
    Churchill, Martin
    et al.
    Swansea University, Swansea, Wales, United Kingdom.
    Mosses, Peter D.
    Swansea University, Swansea, Wales, United Kingdom.
    Mousavi, Mohammad Reza
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES). Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
    Modular Semantics for Transition System Specifications with Negative Premises2013In: Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Concurrency Theory / [ed] Pedro R. D'Argenio & Hernán Melgratti, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2013, p. 46-60Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Transition rules with negative premises are needed in the structural operational semantics of programming and specification constructs such as priority and interrupt, as well as in timed extensions of specification languages. The well-known proof-theoretic semantics for transition system specifications involving such rules is based on well-supported proofs for closed transitions. Dealing with open formulae by considering all closed instances is inherently non-modular - proofs are not necessarily preserved by disjoint extensions of the transition system specification. Here, we conservatively extend the notion of well-supported proof to open transition rules. We prove that the resulting semantics is modular, consistent, and closed under instantiation. Our results provide the foundations for modular notions of bisimulation such that equivalence can be proved with reference only to the relevant rules, without appealing to all existing closed instantiations of terms. © 2013 Springer-Verlag.

  • 382.
    Cimini, Matteo
    et al.
    Department of Computer Science, Reykjavík University, Reykjavík, Iceland.
    Mousavi, Mohammad Reza
    Department of Computer Science, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
    Reniers, Michel A.
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
    Gabbay, Murdoch J.
    Computer Science Department, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.
    Nominal SOS2012In: Proceedings of the 28th Conference on the Mathematical Foundations of Programming Semantics (MFPS XXVIII) / [ed] Ulrich Berger & Michael Mislove, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2012, p. 103-116Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Plotkin’s style of Structural Operational Semantics (SOS) has become a de facto standard in giving operational semantics to formalisms and process calculi. In many such formalisms and calculi, the concepts of names, variables and binders are essential ingredients. In this paper, we propose a formal framework for dealing with names in SOS. The framework is based on the Nominal Logic of Gabbay and Pitts and hence is called Nominal SOS. We define nominal bisimilarity, an adaptation of the notion of bisimilarity that is aware of binding. We provide evidence of the expressiveness of the framework by formulating the early π-calculus and Abramsky’s lazy λ-calculus within Nominal SOS. For both calculi we establish the operational correspondence with the original calculi. Moreover, in the context of the π-calculus, we prove that nominal bisimilarity coincides with Sangiorgi’s open bisimilarity and in the context of the λ-calculus we prove that nominal bisimilarity coincides with Abramsky’s applicative bisimilarity. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

  • 383.
    Claesson, Cecilia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Isbring, Emmy
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Källsortering i Halmstad: En studie om vad som kan få fler invånare att sortera sitt avfall2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the residual waste bags in the municipality of Halmstad, only 28% of the waste was sorted correctly according to the pick analysis from spring 2018. In the municipality's new waste plan from 2019, one of the objectives is that this number should be 75% in 2025. Our aim with this study is to provide a basis on what it takes to get more inhabitants in Halmstad to sort their waste correctly. We hope that our results will be useful for Halmstad’s municipality in their work to achieve objective 2.1 in the new waste plan. Our main study question is: What would be required to get residents in Halmstad to sort their waste to a greater degree? To get answers to these questions, we conducted telephone and physical interviews with residents of the Vallås district in Halmstad. Our results from the interviews show that women recycle more than men, those who live in detached house/townhouses and co-operative apartment recycle more than those who live in rented apartment, age group 18-35 recycled the least and the ones over 65 years recycled the most. The main reason why people recycle is for the sake of the environment. Of those who did not recycle at least one fraction, most said that it is either because they could not manage to or that they have too far to a recycling station. According to our study, there are clear differences between different groups of inhabitants and their recycling habits, which means that you have to insert different actions for different groups. Some appropriate actions could be to inform about source separation more often on tv and in newspapers and to provide information in more languages.

  • 384.
    Claesson, Jenny
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Hur fungerar en glaselektrod?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To understand the glass electrode needs knowledge from more than one level. The construction ofthe glass electrode is one part, an other is the composition and structure of glass. The Nernstequation have an important role, but also the sources of errors in the analysis and the calibration ofthe glass electrode. Focus for this article is how the glass electrode really works and how Gibbs freeenergy made the potential dependent of the concentration of H+and gives the logarithm to thefunction. Nikolskii's ion exchange theory starts to explain the question about how the potentialcreates and Baucke's dissociation mechanism made it more explicit. The big different in theequations from the both theories respectively is the meaning of the constants, but for practical useof the glass electrode in analysis it is not important when the value of the constant is given bycalibration. This is not an excuse for that fact that the dissociation mechanism is more completethan the ion exchange theory in the understanding of the glass electrode.

  • 385.
    Classon, Linnea
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Fluctuations in the odonate (dragonfly) species composition in relation to anthropogenic modifications of the forest landscape2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study is to assess if the odonate species composition have transformed in relation to modifications in the forest landscapes of Norrbotten County since the mid 1900´s. In order to reach this aim, 19 grids (1x1 km) with documented odonate observations in Norrbotten County were chosen, and grid images of the 19 grids were analyzed and quantified using ten landscape variables. In order to analyze the changes over time, four time periods were selected and grids from other counties were chosen for simulated historic odonate compositions. The data was analysed using the statistical tests discriminant analysis and canonical correspondence analysis (CCA). Time period 4 (representing the years 2010-2018) stands out from the historic time periods in terms of species composition in relation to landscape development. Significant changes can be observed in number of forest fragments and in the abundance of three odonate species; Aeshna caerulea, Pyrrhosoma nymphula and Somatochlora alpestris. To conclude, the odonate compositions have changed in relation to anthropogenic changes, perhaps mainly because of lag effects (delayed effects caused by previous impacts) induced by climate changes, and not as a result of modified forest landscapes.

  • 386.
    Cohen Scalie, Natalie
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Vilken matematik ligger g(l)ömd?: En studie om matematikens och de övriga ämnenas inbördes förhållande i mellanstadiets kursplaner2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    ”Vilken matematik ligger g(l)ömd?” är en studie som syftar till att rannsaka matematiken i den nya läroplanen och om den håller även för övergången till det ämnesintegrerande arbete i skolan som den har för avsikt. Här finner du svaret på hur väl matematikämnets syften och centrala innehåll överensstämmer med eventuell matematik i övriga ämnens syften och centrala innehåll i Lgr 11, årskurs 4-6? Utifrån en hermeneutisk ansats med kritisk-teoretiska inslag gjordes en innehållsanalys deducerad från en övergripande definition av vad matematiken innebar. Den skulle ge kvalitativ förståelse för lärares skoltillvaro och vilken effekt den får för eleverna genom att analyseras idécentrerat. För att förenkla den kontextuella insikten gjordes detta sedan överskådligt med hjälp av en matris byggd på kategorier. De fick bearbeta alla ämnena i läroplanen och utgjordes då av delarna matematiska idéer, matematisk operationalisering och matematiskt angreppssätt samt områdena algebra, geometri och analys, vilka alla ingick i vardera delen. Efter en pilotstudie användes sedan matrisen strukturanalytiskt och förde samman matematiska komponenter av samma sort grundat på beningsbärande koder. Då syntes ett mönster av återkommande matematiska bitar i de övriga ämnena som inte tycktes vara ha någon motsvarighet i matematikämnet. Men med återkoppling till litteratur och ett granskande med hänsyn till och av tolv författares särpräglade teorier utformades en ny klarläggande modell som gick ut på att man beroende på vilket problem man tar sig för får olika vetenskaplig beskaffenhet på de matematiska bitarna algebra och geometri’s teoretiska idéer och praktiska verksamheter på väg mot en lösning. Denna modell bidrog med en ny dimension av undersökningen, som till slut visade att de saknade bitarna i själva verket var av ämnesövergripande slag och att överensstämmelsen tycktes oinskränkt.

  • 387.
    Conache, Gabriela
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), MPE-lab.
    Gray, Struan M.
    Avd. f. Fasta tillståndets fysik, Lunds Universitet.
    Bordag, Michael
    Institute for Theoretical Physics, Leipzig University.
    Ribayrol, Aline
    Avd. f. Fasta tillståndets fysik, Lunds Universitet.
    Fröberg, Linus
    Avd. f. Fasta tillståndets fysik, Lunds Universitet.
    Samuelson, Lars
    Avd. f. Fasta tillståndets fysik, Lunds Universitet.
    Pettersson, Håkan
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), MPE-lab.
    Montelius, Lars
    Avd. f. Fasta tillståndets fysik, Lunds Universitet.
    AFM-based manipulation of InAs nanowires2008In: Proceedings of the IVC-17 (17th International Vacuum Congress) [also] ICSS-13 (13th International Conference on Surface Science) [also] ICN+T-2007 (International Conference on Nanoscience and Technology): 2-6 July 2007, Stockholm, Sweden, Bristol: Institute of Physics (IOP), 2008, Vol. 100, no 5, 1, p. 052051-052051-4Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A controlled method of manipulation of nanowires was found using the tip of an Atomic Force Microscope (AFM). Manipulation is done in the ‘Retrace Lift’ mode, where feedback is turned off for the reverse scan and the tip follows a nominal path. The effective manipulation force during the reverse scan can be changed by varying an offset in the height of the tip over the surface. Using this method, we have studied InAs nanowires on different substrates. We have also investigated interactions between wires and with gold features patterned onto the substrates.

  • 388.
    Conache, Gabriela
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Applied Mathematics and Physics (CAMP).
    Gray, Struan M.
    Solid State Physics/Nanometer Consortium, Lund University, Box 118, S-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Ribayrol, Aline
    Solid State Physics/Nanometer Consortium, Lund University, Box 118, S-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Fröberg, Linus E.
    Solid State Physics/Nanometer Consortium, Lund University, Box 118, S-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Samuelson, Lars
    Solid State Physics/Nanometer Consortium, Lund University, Box 118, S-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Pettersson, Håkan
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Applied Mathematics and Physics (CAMP).
    Montelius, Lars
    Solid State Physics/Nanometer Consortium, Lund University, Box 118, S-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Friction measurements of InAs nanowires on Silicon nitride by AFM manipulation2009In: Small, ISSN 1613-6810, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 203-207Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A study was conducted to perform friction measurements of InAs nanowires (NW) on silicon nitride (Si 3N 4) through atomic force microscopy (AFM) manipulation. The investigations revealed the friction force per unit length for sliding and static friction over a range of nanowire diameters. It was found that there is a significant difference between the coefficients of the two sliding modes for large wires. It was also found that the difference between the two sliding modes disappears at smaller diameters and the sliding friction becomes equal with the static friction. The AFM investigations were performed on a Nanoscope IIIa Dimension 3100, using rectangular cantilevers, with a nominal spring constant of 30 N m -1. The nanowires were manipulated, using the 'Retrace Lift' mode of the AFM controller. The friction force per unit length was gathered from the local curvature of the NWs, using standard elasticity theory.

  • 389.
    Conache, Gabriela
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), MPE-lab.
    Gray, Struan M.
    Avd. f. Fasta Tillståndets Fysik, Lunds Universitet, Sweden.
    Ribayrol, Aline
    Avd. f. Fasta Tillståndets Fysik, Lunds Universitet, Sweden.
    Fröberg, Linus
    Avd. f. Fasta Tillståndets Fysik, Lunds Universitet, Sweden.
    Samuelson, Lars
    Avd. f. Fasta Tillståndets Fysik, Lunds Universitet, Sweden.
    Montelius, Lars
    Avd. f. Fasta Tillståndets Fysik, Lunds Universitet, Sweden.
    Pettersson, Håkan
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), MPE-lab.
    Comparative friction measurements of InAs nanowires on three substrates2010In: Journal of Applied Physics, ISSN 0021-8979, E-ISSN 1089-7550, Vol. 108, no 9, p. 094307-094307-5Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have investigated friction between InAs nanowires and three different substrates: SiO2, fluorosilanized SiO2, and Si3N4. The nanowires were pushed laterally with the tip of an atomic force microscope and the friction force per unit length for both static and sliding friction was deduced from the equilibrium shape of the bent wires. On all three substrates, thick wires showed a difference between sliding and static friction of up to three orders of magnitude. Furthermore, all substrates display a transition to stick-slip motion for nanowires with a diameter of less than about 40 nm. Hydrophobic and hydrophilic substrates display similar friction behavior suggesting that a condensed water layer does not strongly influence our results. The patterns and trends in the friction data are similar for all three substrates, which indicates that they are more fundamental in character and not specific to a single substrate. ©2010 American Institute of Physics.

  • 390.
    Conache, Gabriela
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), MPE-lab. Lund University, Solid State Physics/Nanometer Consortium, Box 118, S-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Gray, Struan M.
    Lund University, Solid State Physics/Nanometer Consortium, Box 118, S-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Ribayrol, Aline
    Lund University, Solid State Physics/Nanometer Consortium, Box 118, S-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Fröberg, Linus
    Lund University, Solid State Physics/Nanometer Consortium, Box 118, S-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Samuelson, Lars
    Lund University, Solid State Physics/Nanometer Consortium, Box 118, S-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Pettersson, Håkan
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), MPE-lab.
    Montelius, Lars
    Lund University, Solid State Physics/Nanometer Consortium, Box 118, S-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Nanowire friction with an applied bias2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, we have shown how the friction acting on nanowires pushed across a surface by an AFM tip can be determined by measuring the radius of curvature of the bent wire aŸer manipulation. This technique allows us to study the friction properties of an extended mesoscale contact. Our main focus has been to determine whether such contacts behave like macroscopic objects, in which dišerences between the 'true' and 'apparent' contact areas play a key role and friction varies linearly with the applied normal force, or whether they are more like atomic-scale point contacts, wheremore fundamental processes dominate and friction oŸen is independent of the normal force. In this work we show how the friction between InAs nanowires and an insulating silicon nitride layer on a conductive silicon substrate varies when a DC voltage is applied to the AFM tip during manipulation. e tip charges the capacitor formed by the wire and the grounded silicon back contact, giving rise to attractive Coulomb forces and thus increasing the contact pressure between the wire and the silicon nitride. In this way we can vary the normal force on the sliding surfaces using a single wire, with a constant structure and contact geometry. Using nanowires of about 40-50 nm diameter and a few microns in length we have applied tip voltages in the range +12 to -12 V. Simplemodeling indicates that these voltages su›ce to give similar levels of band-lling and depletion to when the same wires are used in working wrap-gate or back-gate devices. A monotonic increase of the sliding friction with the voltage applied on the tip was observed. is implies that the friction increases with the normal force and that this mesoscopic system behaves more like a macroscopic contact, despite the nanometer size of the contact in the direction of motion.

  • 391.
    Conache, Gabriela
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), MPE-lab.
    Ribayrol, Aline
    Avd. f. Fasta Tillståndets Fysik, Lunds Universitet, Sweden.
    Fröberg, Linus
    Avd. f. Fasta Tillståndets Fysik, Lunds Universitet, Sweden.
    Borgström, Magnus T.
    Avd. f. Fasta Tillståndets Fysik, Lunds Universitet, Sweden.
    Samuelson, Lars
    Avd. f. Fasta Tillståndets Fysik, Lunds Universitet, Sweden.
    Montelius, Lars
    Avd. f. Fasta Tillståndets Fysik, Lunds Universitet, Sweden.
    Pettersson, Håkan
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), MPE-lab.
    Gray, Struan M.
    Avd. f. Fasta Tillståndets Fysik, Lunds Universitet, Sweden.
    Bias-controlled friction of InAs nanowires on a silicon nitride layer studied by atomic force microscopy2010In: Physical Review B Condensed Matter, ISSN 0163-1829, E-ISSN 1095-3795, Vol. 82, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By studying how nanowires lying on a surface bend when pushed by an atomic force microscopy tip we are able to measure the friction between them and the substrate. Here, we show how the friction between InAs nanowires and an insulating silicon nitride layer varies when a dc voltage is applied to the tip during manipulation. The bias charges the capacitor formed by the wire and the grounded silicon back contact. Electrostatic forces increase the contact pressure and allow us to tune the friction between the wire and the silicon nitride surface. Using nanowires of about 40-70 nm diameter and a few microns in length we have applied biases in the range +12 to -12 V. A monotonic increase of the sliding friction with voltage was observed. This increase in friction with the normal force implies that the mesoscopic nanowire-surface system behaves like a macroscopic contact, despite the nanometer size of the contact in the direction of motion. The demonstrated bias-controlled friction has potential applications in MEMS/NEMS devices.

  • 392.
    Cooney, Martin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Berck, Peter
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Designing a Robot Which Paints With a Human: Visual Metaphors to Convey Contingency and Artistry2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Socially assistive robots could contribute to fulfilling an important need for interaction in contexts where human caregivers are scarce–such as art therapy, where peers, or patients and therapists, can make art together. However, current art-making robots typically generate art either by themselves, or as tools under the control of a human artist; how to make art together with a human in a good way has not yet received much attention, possibly because some concepts related to art, such as emotion and creativity, are not yet well understood. The current work reports on our use of a collaborative prototyping approach to explore this concept of a robot which can paint together with people. The result is a proposed design, based on an idea of using visual metaphors to convey contingency and artistry. Our aim is that the identified considerations will help support next steps, toward supporting positive experiences for people through art-making with a robot.

  • 393.
    Cooney, Martin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Bigun, Josef
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    PastVision+: Thermovisual Inference of Recent Medicine Intake by Detecting Heated Objects and Cooled Lips2017In: Frontiers in Robotics and AI, E-ISSN 2296-9144, Vol. 4, article id 61Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses the problem of how a robot can infer what a person has done recently, with a focus on checking oral medicine intake in dementia patients. We present PastVision+, an approach showing how thermovisual cues in objects and humans can be leveraged to infer recent unobserved human-object interactions. Our expectation is that this approach can provide enhanced speed and robustness compared to existing methods, because our approach can draw inferences from single images without needing to wait to observe ongoing actions and can deal with short-lasting occlusions; when combined, we expect a potential improvement in accuracy due to the extra information from knowing what a person has recently done. To evaluate our approach, we obtained some data in which an experimenter touched medicine packages and a glass of water to simulate intake of oral medicine, for a challenging scenario in which some touches were conducted in front of a warm background. Results were promising, with a detection accuracy of touched objects of 50% at the 15 s mark and 0% at the 60 s mark, and a detection accuracy of cooled lips of about 100 and 60% at the 15 s mark for cold and tepid water, respectively. Furthermore, we conducted a follow-up check for another challenging scenario in which some participants pretended to take medicine or otherwise touched a medicine package: accuracies of inferring object touches, mouth touches, and actions were 72.2, 80.3, and 58.3% initially, and 50.0, 81.7, and 50.0% at the 15 s mark, with a rate of 89.0% for person identification. The results suggested some areas in which further improvements would be possible, toward facilitating robot inference of human actions, in the context of medicine intake monitoring.

  • 394.
    Cooney, Martin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Karlsson, Stefan M.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Impressions of Size-Changing in a Companion Robot2015In: PhyCS 2015 – 2nd International Conference on Physiological Computing Systems, Proceedings / [ed] Hugo Plácido da Silva, Pierre Chauvet, Andreas Holzinger, Stephen Fairclough & Dennis Majoe, SciTePress, 2015, p. 118-123Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Physiological data such as head movements can be used to intuitively control a companion robot to perform useful tasks. We believe that some tasks such as reaching for high objects or getting out of a person’s way could be accomplished via size changes, but such motions should not seem threatening or bothersome. To gain insight into how size changes are perceived, the Think Aloud Method was used to gather typical impressions of a new robotic prototype which can expand in height or width based on a user’s head movements. The results indicate promise for such systems, also highlighting some potential pitfalls.

  • 395.
    Cooney, Martin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Leister, Wolfgang
    Norsk Regnesentral, Oslo, Norway.
    Using the Engagement Profile to Design an Engaging Robotic Teaching Assistant for Students2019In: Robotics, E-ISSN 2218-6581, Vol. 8, no 1, article id 21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report on an exploratory study conducted at a graduate school in Sweden with a humanoid robot, Baxter. First, we describe a list of potentially useful capabilities for a robot teaching assistant derived from brainstorming and interviews with faculty members, teachers, and students. These capabilities consist of reading educational materials out loud, greeting, alerting, allowing remote operation, providing clarifications, and moving to carry out physical tasks. Secondly, we present feedback on how the robot's capabilities, demonstrated in part with the Wizard of Oz approach, were perceived, and iteratively adapted over the course of several lectures, using the EngagementProfile tool. Thirdly, we discuss observations regarding the capabilities and the development process. Our findings suggest that using a social robot as a teachingassistant is promising using the chosen capabilities and Engagement Profile tool. We find that enhancing the robot's autonomous capabilities and further investigating the role of embodiment are some important topics to be considered in future work. © 2019 by the authors.

  • 396.
    Cooney, Martin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Ong, Linda
    I+ srl, Florence, Italy.
    Pashami, Sepideh
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Järpe, Eric
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Ashfaq, Awais
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Avoiding Improper Treatment of Dementia Patients by Care Robots2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The phrase “most cruel and revolting crimes” has been used to describe some poor historical treatment of vulnerable impaired persons by precisely those who should have had the responsibility of protecting and helping them. We believe we might be poised to see history repeat itself, as increasingly humanlike aware robots become capable of engaging in behavior which we would consider immoral in a human–either unknowingly or deliberately. In the current paper we focus in particular on exploring some potential dangers affecting persons with dementia (PWD), which could arise from insufficient software or external factors, and describe a proposed solution involving rich causal models and accountability measures: Specifically, the Consequences of Needs-driven Dementia-compromised Behaviour model (C-NDB) could be adapted to be used with conversation topic detection, causal networks and multi-criteria decision making, alongside reports, audits, and deterrents. Our aim is that the considerations raised could help inform the design of care robots intended to support well-being in PWD.

  • 397.
    Cooney, Martin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Sant'Anna, Anita
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Avoiding Playfulness Gone Wrong: Exploring Multi-objective Reaching Motion Generation in a Social Robot2017In: International Journal of Social Robotics, ISSN 1875-4791, E-ISSN 1875-4805, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 545-562Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Companion robots will be able to perform useful tasks in homes and public places, while also providing entertainment through playful interactions. “Playful” here means fun, happy, and humorous. A challenge is that generating playful motions requires a non-trivial understanding of how people attribute meaning and intentions. The literature suggests that playfulness can lead to some undesired impressions such as that a robot is obnoxious, untrustworthy, unsafe, moving in a meaningless fashion, or boring. To generate playfulness while avoiding such typical failures, we proposed a model for the scenario of a robot arm reaching for an object: some simplified movement patterns such as sinusoids are structured toward appearing helpful, clear about goals, safe, and combining a degree of structure and anomaly. We integrated our model into a mathematical framework (CHOMP) and built a new robot, Kakapo, to perform dynamically generated motions. The results of an exploratory user experiment were positive, suggesting that: Our proposed system was perceived as playful over the course of several minutes. Also a better impression resulted compared with an alternative playful system which did not use our proposed heuristics; furthermore a negative effect was observed for several minutes after showing the alternative motions, suggesting that failures are important to avoid. And, an inverted u-shaped correlation was observed between motion length and degree of perceived playfulness, suggesting that motions should neither be too short or too long and that length is also a factor which can be considered when generating playful motions. A short follow-up study provided some additional support for the idea that playful motions which seek to avoid failures can be perceived positively. Our intent is that these exploratory results will provide some insight for designing various playful robot motions, toward achieving some good interactions. © 2017, The Author(s).

  • 398.
    Costa Paiva, Sofia
    et al.
    University of Sao Paolo, São Carlos, Brazil.
    Simao, Adenilso
    University of Sao Paolo, São Carlos, Brazil.
    Varshosaz, Mahsa
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Mousavi, Mohammad Reza
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Complete IOCO Test Cases: A Case Study2016In: A-TEST 2016 - Proceedings of the 7th International Workshop on Automating Test Case Design, Selection, and Evaluation, co-located with FSE 2016, New York, NY: ACM Press, 2016, p. 38-44Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Input/Output Transition Systems (IOTSs) have been widely used as test models in model-based testing. Traditionally, input output conformance testing (IOCO) has been used to generate random test cases from IOTSs. A recent test case generation method for IOTSs, called Complete IOCO, applies fault models to obtain complete test suites with guaranteed fault coverage for IOTSs. This paper measures the efficiency of Complete IOCO in comparison with the traditional IOCO test case generation implemented in the JTorX tool. To this end, we use a case study involving five specification models from the automotive and the railway domains. Faulty mutations of the specifications were produced in order to compare the efficiency of both test generation methods in killing them. The results indicate that Complete IOCO is more efficient in detecting deep faults in large state spaces while IOCO is more efficient in detecting shallow faults in small state spaces. © 2016 ACM.

  • 399.
    Cotton, W. D.
    et al.
    National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Socorro, NM, USA.
    Owen, F. N.
    National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Socorro, NM, USA.
    Geldzahler, B. J.
    E. O. Hulburt Center for Space Research, Washington, DC, USA.
    Johnston, K.
    E. O. Hulburt Center for Space Research, Washington, DC, USA.
    Bååth, L.B.
    Onsala Space Observatory, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Romney, J.
    Max-Planck Institut für Radioastronomie, Bonn, Germany.
    High Resolution Observations of the Steep Spectrum Source 2147+1451984In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 277, p. L41-L44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The results of an eight station, 18-cm intercontinental very long baseline interferometry for which the synthesized beam obtained was 0.008 x 0.003 arcsec are presented for the steep spectrum compact radio source 2147+145. These observations reveal a structure similar to flat spectrum compact sources and, if the source radiates due to the synchrotron process, a very weak magnetic field. The source consists of a line of knots 0.022 arcsec long along position angle of 38 deg dominated on one side by a component of size 0.0032 arcsec measured along a position angle of 38 deg. It is suggested that 2147+145 and, perhaps, related steep spectrum objects are similar to flat spectrum, optically active sources except that the magnetic field is much weaker.

  • 400.
    Cranen, Sjoerd
    et al.
    Department of Computer Science, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, NL-5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
    Mousavi, Mohammad Reza
    Department of Computer Science, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, NL-5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
    Reniers, Michel A.
    Department of Computer Science, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, NL-5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
    A rule format for associativity2008In: CONCUR 2008 - Concurrency Theory: 19th International Conference, CONCUR 2008, Toronto, Canada, August 19-22, 2008. Proceedings, Berlin: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2008, Vol. 5201, p. 447-461Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose a rule format that guarantees associativity of binary operators with respect to all notions of behavioral equivalence that are defined in terms of (im)possibility of transitions, e.g., the notions below strong bisimilarity in van Glabbeek's spectrum. The initial format is a subset of the De Simone format. We show that all trivial generalizations of our format are bound for failure. We further extend the format in a few directions and illustrate its application to several formalisms in the literature. A subset of the format is studied to obtain associativity with respect to graph isomorphism.

567891011 351 - 400 of 1882
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