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  • 301.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Lee, Carmen
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Survival through Business Model Innovation: A Longitudinal Case Study from the Process Industries2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Itis widely acknowledged that the design and quality of the business model is amain building block in what constitute a successful company. In this paper, weapproach the critical question of how firms can successfully renew theirbusiness models over time. The aim is to identify the main sequences of eventsthat precede business model innovation and which trigger evolutionary changesin how a firm develops and capture value. Theoretically, we approach businessmodel innovation as an evolutionary phenomenon by emphasizing the dynamic andpath dependent aspects of strategic change processes. Empirically, we employ ahistorical case study where we make an in-depth analysis of a firm in theprocess industry that has managed to innovate its business model several timessince its inception. In all, the study identifies five main sequences of eventsrelated to customer value proposition, strategic investments, corporateidentity, corporate structure, and value networks.

  • 302.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Lee, Carmen
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Survival Through Business Model Innovation: A Longitudinal Case Study from the Process Industries2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It is widely acknowledged that the design and quality of the business model is a main building block in what constitute a successful company. In this paper, we approach the critical question of how firms can successfully renew their business models over time. The aim is to identify the main sequences of events that precede business model innovation and which trigger evolutionary changes in how a firm develops and capture value. Theoretically, we approach business model innovation as an evolutionary phenomenon by emphasizing the dynamic and path dependent aspects of strategic change processes. Empirically, we employ a historical case study where we make an in-depth analysis of a firm in the process industry that has managed to innovate its business model several times since its inception. In all, the study identifies five main sequences of events related to customer value proposition, strategic investments, corporate identity, corporate structure, and value networks.

  • 303.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Halila, Fawzi
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Hörte, Sven-Åke
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Management av eco-innovationer2011Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 304.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Lee, Carmen
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    The Business Model and Supply Strategy: What is the Connection between them?2013Ingår i: Proceeding of 20th International Annual EurOMA Conference, Dublin, Ireland, 2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    An assumption of this paper is that investments in business model development are only beneficial when firms understand how to deal with both customer and supplier interdependencies. We argue that an inadequate understanding of how to align supply strategy and business model design has hampered knowledge development within business model research.

    We review the literatures on business models and supply strategy to identify the conceptual intersection between these interrelated areas. We synthesize the fields of supply strategy and business model research to provide to an improved understanding of firms should incorporate a supply perspective in business model design.

  • 305.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Halmstad Univ, Sch Business Engn & Sci, Halmstad, Sweden..
    Rundquist, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Halmstad Univ, Sch Business Engn & Sci, Halmstad, Sweden..
    Fischer, Sebastian
    Sanofi Aventis Deutschland GmbH, Frankfurt, Germany.
    Entrepreneurial orientation and human resource management: effects from HRM practices2016Ingår i: Journal of Organizational Effectiveness, ISSN 2051-6614, E-ISSN 2051-6622, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 164-180Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between HRM practices and entrepreneurial orientation (EO) in large established firms. More specifically, the purpose is to add to the understanding of the influence of HRM practices on EO.

    Design/methodology/approach

    An e-mail survey was distributed to a sample of Swedish and German manufacturing firms in high-tech and medium high-tech manufacturing industries, and firms in knowledge-intensive services sectors, with more than 250 employees. In total, 810 surveys were distributed, with a response rate of 12.7 per cent. Findings - The results show that an emphasis on entrepreneurial aspects leads to an increased EO only in the case of training and development. A conclusion therefore is that it seems difficult to recruit personnel or to use appraisal and rewards as to create EO on a firm level.

    Practical implications

    The study indicates that firms aiming to increase their EO should make sure to emphasize entrepreneurial aspects during staff training and development activities. Originality/value - This empirical study paves the way towards a better understanding of the link between HRM practices and EO. The results should be of interest for both HR professionals and researchers interested in understanding this important relationship.

  • 306.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Rundquist, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Schuler, Randall S.
    Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ, USA.
    Bondarouk, Tanya
    University of Twente, Enschede, Netherlands.
    Ruël, Huub
    Windesheim University of Applied Sciences, Zwolle, Netherlands.
    HRM and innovation: themes, contingencies and directions for future research2014Ingår i: European Journal of International Management, ISSN 1751-6757, E-ISSN 1751-6765, Vol. 8, nr 5, s. 570-577Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purposes of this special issue were to connect Human Resource Management (HRM) research and innovation research and to contribute towards a better understanding of how HRM can be deployed to support organisations in their innovation efforts. In this commentary, we review the results from the five articles in this special issue in general and offer suggestions for future research from these five contributions. We do this by pinpointing a number of themes, contingencies, measurement challenges and ideas on working with other research areas that might be useful in future research on the relationship between HRM and innovation.

  • 307.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Tell, Joakim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    A Review of the Literature on Learning and SMEs2002Ingår i: The SEAANZ Conference, 22nd-24th September 2002, Adelaide, Australia, 2002Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 308.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Tell, Joakim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Key learning themes in the small-business literature2003Ingår i: Small Enterprise Research: The Journal of SEAANZ, ISSN 1321-5906, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 56-70Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a review of the literature on learning in small businesses. The sources for the review are two major databases on management research: Social Science Citation Index (SSCI) and ABI/INFORM (ABI). In all, about 500 abstracts published between 1973 and 2002 have been classified. The review shows that research still is built on primary empirical research and that there are no obvious core groups of researchers publishing in the field. Our review does, however, identify a general trend pointing towards an increasing interest in research on learning in small businesses. Further, it is shown that key learning themes discussed during the last 30 years related to small businesses are: education and training (of both management and employees), strategic planning and IT/Software support. During the last decade, the interest in inter-organizational learning (networks and clusters) has increased dramatically. The review indicates that research on small businesses and learning is multidisciplinary and in an early stage of its growth. An in extenso analysis, of all articles in the five most prominent journals found in the review, shows few signs of coherent bodies of knowledge on which the literature draws. Many of the articles (37%) give no accounts of explicit theory. This is the case particularly in the early publications. The review does not reveal any 'original' theory generated by the small-business research community. Instead theories are extracted from other academic disciplines, mainly from the field of economics but also from other social sciences such as sociology and psychology and from engineering. The review shows that empirical studies of learning in small businesses are rare. This means that our understanding of learning processes in this kind of organisations is limited. Research is necessary to increase our knowledge of learning in different levels but also from different perspectives in small firms. The 'small-firm effect' on learning needs to be further explored.

  • 309.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Tell, Joakim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Managerial behavior in slow and fast growing small firms2009Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of the paper is to fill a gap in our understanding of what makes certain small firms grow while others do not by exploring the relation between managerial behavior and small firm growth. This has been done by direct observation of the owner‐managers in twelve small manufacturing firms (six slow‐growing and six fast‐growing). Methodologically the project draws on the extensive research that has been conducted within the area of mana‐ gerial work. We have used the method of structured observation as developed by Henry Mintzberg as the primary tool for data collection. Data consists of approximately 330 hours of observation and about 2460 activities have been observed and classified according to their primary purpose.The framework used to analyze the data comes from established conceptualizations of “ma‐ nagerial behavior”. More specifically, the two groups of managers have been compared in terms of; how the managers’ allocate their time; with whom they interact; with whom do they communicate; and the roles they shoulder in their firms.What is both striking and surprising in the empirical material is that there are only minor dif‐ ferences between the groups of growing and slow‐growing firms. These differences, however, all point in the same direction and confirm one suspicion following our observations of the two groups which is that the hectic and turbulent work situation characterizing the situation of the slow‐growing managers were not present in the growing firms. There might not seem to be such a big difference between the two groups, but trivial questions consumes much of the time for managers in slow‐growing firms which isn’t the case for managers in fast‐ growing firms. This gives the managers in fast‐growing firms more time to focus on other work than the daily operations and problems of the firm, which consumes much of the man‐ agers time in slow‐growing firms

  • 310.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Tell, Joakim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Managerial behaviour in small firms: Does it matter what managers do?2012Ingår i: The work of managers: Towards a practice theory of management / [ed] Stefan Tengblad, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012, s. 245-263Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter examines why some small firms grow and others do not. The focus is on the relationship between managerial behaviour and small firm growth in fast- and slow-growing firms. Using Sune Carlson’s and Henry Mintzberg’s methodology, twelve top managers are observed - six from fast-growing firms and six from slow-growing firms. The results indicate there are no significant differences in the two manager groups as far as their roles, ’proactiveness’, networking behaviour, or managerial formality is concerned. It is suggested that there is a generic aspect that is common to the management at both fast- and slow-growing firms. Much of a small firm manager’s work, regardless of the pace of company growth, involves this generic, non-managerial behaviour (acting as a specialist or a substitute operator). Small firm managers should not overstate the importance of acting only ’managerially’. © Oxford University Press, 2013.

  • 311.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Tell, Joakim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Managerial Work and Growth in Small Firms2007Ingår i: The 20th SEAANZ Conference,  23rd- 26th September, 2007, Auckland, New Zealand, 2007Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 312.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Tell, Joakim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Managerial Work in Small Firms: Testing the Robustness in Mintzberg’s propositions2006Ingår i: CPDR on Innovation and Product Development / [ed] Sven-Åke Hörte, Halmstad: Halmstad University , 2006, s. 123-140Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 313.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Tell, Joakim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    On learning in University Driven Networks: Prerequisites for the learning process in networks of SME-managers and researchers2000Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 314.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Department for Project Management and FENIX Research Program, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden & Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Tell, Joakim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    The emergent prerequisites of managerial learning in small firm networks2004Ingår i: Leadership & Organization Development Journal, ISSN 0143-7739, E-ISSN 1472-5347, Vol. 25, nr 3/4, s. 292-307Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Descriptive studies have shown that co-operation in networks produces better possibilities for higher-level learning than small firms can organise on their own. Previous studies of learning in networks, however, have not considered how the prerequisites for higher-level learning develop over time in networks. This paper reports on a seven-year participant observational study of two different network constellations. A conclusion from the study is that the learning in networks of small-firm owner/managers is based on trust and has emergent prerequisites. These prerequisites are reciprocity between learning actors, the learning actors’ receptive and confronting capacity, and the transparency of the dialogue in the networks. Over time these prerequisites develop and create better opportunities for higher-level learning.

  • 315.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Tell, Joakim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    What do owner-managers in small firms really do?: Differences in managerial behavior in small and large organizations2004Ingår i: Small Enterprise Research: The Journal of SEAANZ, ISSN 1321-5906, Vol. 12, nr 1, s. 57-70Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The research presented is a replication of Mintzberg's on managerial work. The article focuses on owner-managers in small manufacturing firms in an initial attempt to reveal the nature of the work undertaken by this type of managers. The purpose is to describe what they do and to compare their behaviour with that of managers in large and intermediate organizations as described by Mintzberg and Kurke & Aldrich. Our study compliments an earlier small-scale study on managerial behavior in small firms and includes sufficient data to test Mintzberg's propositions on managerial work. Empirically this paper draws on an observational study that deployed the method of structured observation. The daily activities of the small-firm owner-managers in our study are characterized by, among other things, informality and constant interruption as the process by which their work is organized. This differs partly from the results found in the studies of managers' work in larger organizations, where formal and planned activities serve more often as the procedure through which the managers design their work. Of Mintzberg's seven propositions, we found support for four, although with some hesitation. This calls into question the asserted generality of several such propositions. Our study indicates that there seem to be certain myths about what small-firm owner-managers really do, myths that need to be considered in future research.

  • 316.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Tell, Joakim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    What do owner-managers of small firms really do?2003Ingår i: The 48th ICSB World Conference, June 15-18, 2003, Belfast, Northern Ireland, 2003Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 317.
    Franzén, Tintin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Sahlberg, Johan
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Ledarskap, svåra samtal: En studie om chefers uppfattning om svåra samtal kopplat mot utbildning och erfarenhet2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien syftar till att undersöka vad Luftstridsskolans chefer upplever som det svåra i samband med ett svårt samtal. Vi kommer även att undersöka hur deras utbildning och erfarenhet påverkar hanterandet av svåra samtal. I denna studie har vi valt att belysa det svåra samtalet mellan chef och medarbetare, detta utifrån chefens perspektiv, med hjälp av enkät och intervjuer.   Svåra samtal är en del av chefers vardag och genomförs av chefer på alla nivåer i olika former. Redan från gruppchefsnivå förväntas chefer tillämpa det utvecklande ledarskapet enligt Försvarsmaktens ledarskapsmodell. I ledarstilen eftersträvas bland annat personlig omtanke i form av att ge stöd och feedback.   Vad som upplevs vara det svåra i samband med ett svårt samtal beror på flera aspekter, såsom vilken erfarenhet man har, vilket mått av empati man besitter och vilken personlig relation man har till medarbetaren.   Det som övergripande upplevs som svårt är oron för hur medarbetaren reagerar på negativ feedback och dennes känslomässiga reaktioner i samband med detta. Även oro för att budskapet inte skall nå fram på grund av bristande självinsikt hos medarbetaren är en gemensam nämnare för de flesta cheferna i studien. Dessa oroskänslor upplevs oftast starkare inför samtalet än under själva genomförandet.  Utbildning kan underlätta själva genomförandet av ett samtal i form av samtalsmetodik och utbildning av delgivning av feedback. Utbildning minskar dock inte det obehag som kan upplevas inför ett svårt samtal. Obehaget grundar sig till stor del på oro för hur motparten kommer att reagera på negativ feedback eller kritik. Denna oro blir inte mindre oavsett utbildning, men kan lindras genom personlig reflektion och tillvaratagande av erfarenhet genom liknande genomförda samtal eller situationer.  

  • 318.
    Freeman, Joanne
    et al.
    University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore, Australia.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Lawley, Meredith
    University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore, Australia.
    Export Performance: Regional verses Metropolitan SMEs2006Ingår i: McGill International Entrepreneurship Conference Series 2006, Conference Proceedings, 2006Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the largely unresearched area of export performance of SMEs located in regional areas. In many countries like Australia exporting is fundamental to sustaining regional communities. In addition the contribution of SMEs is increasingly important in many economies as they play a critical role in economic development. However, in general the literature fails to take into account the environmental context where SMEs are located and much research combines regional and metropolitan SMEs, thus not allowing a clear distinction to be made.

  • 319.
    Fri, William
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    Pehrsson, Tobias
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Solberg Søilen, Klaus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    How Phases of Cluster Development are Associated with Innovation: the Case of China2013Ingår i: International Journal of Innovation Science, ISSN 1757-2223, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 31-44Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Both Volvo and SAAB are now Chinese owned car companies. This means that a substantial amount of Swedish innovation takes place in China. In order to understand this phenomenon better and what it means to innovation strategy we look at how industrial clusters in the automobile industry in different phases of development differ. The Diamond Model is used to explain and measure the competitive situation in three cluster regions in China. The new automobile manufacturing clusters of Chongqing and Chengdu (2C) is compared with two well-developed clusters in Shanghai and Jiangsu, and Beijing and Hebei. Although Shanghai is the most attractive automobile cluster, automobile manufacturing firms choose to locate their production in other regions. The move is also related to the level of innovation in different regions.

  • 320.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Characteristics in information processing approaches2002Ingår i: International Journal of Information Management, ISSN 0268-4012, E-ISSN 1873-4707, Vol. 22, nr 2, s. 143-156Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes and compares different information processing approaches (terms). The purpose is to identify similarities and differences in the terms, relate them to and compare them with each other, but also to identify their underlying concepts and the course of events they represent. The terms or approaches addressed are Environmental scanning, Business, Competitive, Competitor, Market and Political intelligence, Marketing research and Information management. It was concluded that all approaches have a strong future orientation and strong ties to decision-making, and advocate that information is ennobled in one way or the other. The main differences lie in their focus, and in their scope. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 321.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Information use in strategic decision making2003Ingår i: Management Decision, ISSN 0025-1747, E-ISSN 1758-6070, Vol. 41, nr 4, s. 318-326Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the issue of information use in strategic decision making. The study employs a case study as a research strategy together with personal interviews and documentation as means of data collection. The starting-point is four specific strategic decisions recently made by medium-sized companies in Sweden. The study provides the reader with an insight into management information behaviour when taking strategic decisions, by addressing questions such as: Why is information used? What kind of information does management use? How do they obtain it? And finally, where do they obtain it? In addition, a short review of the literature pertaining to the above stated questions is provided.

  • 322.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Managing Information in New Product Development: A Literature Review2005Ingår i: International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management (IJITM), ISSN 0219-8770, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 259-275Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The new product development (NPD) process is frequently described as a sequence of information processing activities, but "information in NPD" occupies a broader conceptual space than the reduction of uncertainty. This article reviews the area of "information in NPD" by examining the literature on environmental scanning, market orientation, gatekeepers, cross-functional integration, and information use. It is argued that we can understand the process of managing information in terms of three steps: Acquiring, sharing and using. A tentative framework for this area is proposed, and managerial implications resulting from this literature review and tentative frame are outlined and presented.

  • 323.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Towards a theory of managing information in new product development2005Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with various information aspects of new product development (NPD). In total, the thesis consists of 6 research articles appended in full, and an introductory text that integrates and theorizes with and from these papers.

    The first paper is a review article examining the literature on and role of information in NPD. The main argument put forward here is that information processing can be understood in terms of three steps: acquiring, sharing, and using information. The second paper is a largescale survey that examines the relationship between market and entrepreneurial orien-tation and performance in NPD. A market orientation is to a large extent about acquiring, disseminating and using market information, while an entrepreneurial orientation partly is about ignoring such information, and instead trying to be innovative, proactive, and take risks. The results show that a market orientation and innovativeness are positively related to NPD performance, and that neither product nor environmental characteristics moderate these relationships. The third paper is also a survey, and investigates the extent to which management of external information is associated with innovation performance. The main findings are that scanning the technological sector of the environment was positively associated with innovation performance, while scanning customers, suppliers, and competitors proved to be negatively correlated with innovation performance. Crossfunctional integration in the form of collaboration as well as using information from the industry environment also proved to be positively related to innovation performance.

    The last three papers have a centre of gravity in “management of information & environ-ment”, and not so much in new product development per se. Paper four describes and com-pares different information processing approaches (e.g. environmental scanning, marketing research) in order to identify their similarities and differences, but also their underlying con-cepts and the course of events they represent. The main conclusion is that differences exist primarily in terms of focus and scope. Paper five is a review and tentative integration of different perspectives in organization – environment research: the adaptive, the resource-dependence, the cognitive and the population-ecology perspective. The review identifies differences and similarities among these perspectives, suggests tentative conclusions on why the adaptive perspective is so frequently utilized at the expense of the other three, and suggests constructivism as a feasible avenue for combining and integrating these perspectives. Finally, the sixth and final paper deals with information use in the context of strategic decisionmaking. With a case study approach, the questions of why information is used, what kind of information is used, where it is obtained, and how it is obtained were addressed, and the results from this paper are mainly descriptive.

    The purpose of the introductory text is two-fold. In addition to providing integration of the appended papers, the main purpose is theory construction (i.e. elicitation of constructs and propositions). In the introduction, all six appended papers together with a new literature search and a new pilot case study are used to generate propositions about management of information, information sources, and the need for cross-functional integration in three different phases of the NPD process. In addition, suggestions regarding theoretical connections are made. The introduction text concludes with reflections, managerial implications, limitations, and future research.

  • 324.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Role of Strategic Orientations for International Performance in Smaller Firms2006Ingår i: McGill Conference on international Entrepreneurship, 2006Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 325.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Division of Entrepreneurship and Industrial Management, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    The overestimated role of strategic orientations for international performance in smaller firms2009Ingår i: Journal of International Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1570-7385, E-ISSN 1573-7349, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 57-77Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how market orientation (MO) and entrepreneurial orientation (EO) relate to international performance in small firms. Empirically, the article draws on survey data from 188 Swedish SMEs. Results show that strategic orientations have a very limited influence on international performance in these firms. Proactiveness and, to some extent, a market orientation proved positively associated with international performance, while innovativeness and risk taking show no such relationship. Our findings highlight the problems associated with using “traditional” MO and EO constructs in an SME setting and point to the need of developing more appropriate constructs tailored to this context. We also note that the MO construct was developed from a “causal view” of marketing, while successful small international firms rely more on effectuation logic. The article also contributes to the debate between the two dominant perspectives that address firms’ early internationalization processes: the process theory of internationalization and the international new venture perspective, where our results are in favor of the latter.

  • 326.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Florén, Henrik
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Research Note: What is the “fuzzy front end”, why is it important, and how can it be managed?2009Ingår i: Managing Innovation: Integrating Technological, Market and Organisational Change / [ed] Joe Tidd, John Bessant & Keith Pavitt, Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, 2009, 4, s. 341-343Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 327.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Center for Management of Innovation and Technology in Process Industry (Promote), Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
    Florén, Henrik
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Where New Product Development Begins: Success Factors, Contingencies and Balancing Acts in the Fuzzy Front End2008Ingår i: Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Management of Technology, IAMOT 2008, 2008, s. 47-Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In light of the increasing attention to predevelopment activities in new product development, this paper reviews the literature on the “fuzzy front end” (FFE). By means of an extensive literature study, we identify, describe and analyze 17 important success factors for organizing and managing the FFE. Our findings first highlight which success factors firms need to excel in when managing and organizing the FFE. Second, the findings show that focusing these factors is not sufficient as such, as interdependencies among factors call for a broader approach. Therefore, relationships among factors and not just the factors per se need to be taken into account. Third, the paper identifies key contingencies requiring adjustment of the FFE process at the firm level. Furthermore, the paper draws attention to several “balancing acts” which impose on firms a trade-off among important variables, where maximizing one dimension may imply the minimizing on another. The paper ends with additional post-hoc analysis of the literature, followed by implications for the scholarly literature as well as management practice.

  • 328.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Center for Management of Innovation and Technology in Process Industry, Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
    Florén, Henrik
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Joakim, Wincent
    Division of Entrepreneurship, Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
    Patterns of Uncertainty and Equivocality during Predevelopment: Findings from Process‐Based Firms2009Ingår i: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Management of Technology, 2009, s. 14-Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous literature suggests that innovation managers should prioritize uncertainty reduction in early phases of innovation projects. When uncertainty is high, the general prediction is negative consequences in the form of time‐delays, waste of resources, unclear team vision and, ultimately, concept failure. There are strong reasons to believe, however, that simultaneous management of equivocality is equally important, but this concept has largely been neglected in previous research. By means of a case‐study relying upon exploratory interviews addressing unique observations of 58 innovation projects, we notice that the perhaps most significant challenge for being successful or not is not the initial levels of uncertainty. Rather, it is managerial attempts to actively fight for reducing uncertainty but also addressing the equivocality dimension in the pre‐development stages of the innovation process. We observe reduced patterns of uncertainty and equivocality in successful product innovation and process innovation projects in pre‐development stages. This was not the case for unsuccessful projects. Similarly, we find significantly lower levels of equivocality for successful projects, which is a contribution to prior research suggesting that uncertainty is the major concern during predevelopment. Moreover, our results show that perceived patterns of uncertainty and equivocality differ between product innovation and process innovation projects in different sub‐phases of pre‐development. Key results are summarized as propositions which not only provide guidance for future research, but also provide direct managerial implications on how to address uncertainty and equivocality in different sub‐phases of predevelopment.

  • 329.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Florén, Henrik
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Beyond Managing Uncertainty: Insights from Studying Equivocality in the Fuzzy Front-End of Product and Process Innovation Projects2011Ingår i: IEEE transactions on engineering management, ISSN 0018-9391, E-ISSN 1558-0040, Vol. 58, nr 3, s. 551-563Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown uncertainty reduction to be critical in the fuzzy front end of the innovation process, but little attention has been given to the equally important concept of equivocality, although it is a defining characteristic of many front-end projects. To address this research gap, this paper report the resultsfrom a longitudinal, multiple case study of four large companiesoriented to both product and process innovation. First, our results show that both uncertainty and equivocality is more effectively reduced in successful front-end projects than in unsuccessful ones. Second, the negative consequences of equivocality appear more critical to front-end performance than the consequences following uncertainty. Third, our results show that uncertainty and equivocality are reduced sequentially in successful projects and simultaneously in unsuccessful projects. Finally, uncertainty and equivocality takes longer time to reduce in process innovation projects than in product innovation projects, which is a consequence of the systemic nature of process innovation. Altogether, these findings provide strong implications for managing front-end projects more proficiently.

  • 330.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Hörte, Sven Åke
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    The role of market orientation and entrepreneurial orientation for new product development performance in manufacturing firms2007Ingår i: Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, ISSN 0953-7325, E-ISSN 1465-3990, Vol. 19, nr 6, s. 765-788Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall purpose of this article is to examine the relationships between two strategic orientations and performance in new product development. The first orientation considered is market orientation; the second one considered is entrepreneurial orientation, which reflects a firm's propensity to innovate, to be proactive, as well as its willingness to take risks. Drawing upon a sample of 224 mid-sized manufacturing firms, multiple regressions with and without interaction terms were used for testing seven hypotheses. The results show that a market orientation and innovativeness were positively related to performance in new product development, while proactiveness and risk taking show no such relationship. The results also show that neither product characteristics nor environmental characteristics moderate these relationships. In terms of implications, our results suggest that contradictory and to some extent paradoxical capabilities are needed to increase performance in new product development, and that the different components of an entrepreneurial orientation do not impact new product development performance equally.

  • 331.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Hörte, Sven-Åke
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Managing External Information in Manufacturing Firms: The Impact on Innovation Performance2005Ingår i: The Journal of product innovation management, ISSN 0737-6782, E-ISSN 1540-5885, Vol. 22, nr 3, s. 251-266Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing upon a sample of 206 medium-sized manufacturing firms, this article investigates the extent to which management of external information is associated with innovation performance. The overall purpose of the article is to examine whether or not those organizations that are better at managing external information are also those that are the better innovators. The research strategy used was a survey, and data were collected by means of mail questionnaires (with a 62.4% response rate). A multiple regression analysis was used for hypothesis testing. The results show that scanning the technological sector of the environment was positively associated with innovation performance, while scanning customers, suppliers, and competitors proved to be negatively correlated with innovation performance. Cross-functional integration in the form of collaboration also proved significantly correlated with innovation performance, while interaction showed no such relationship. Further, decision-making based on information from the industry environment correlated significantly with innovation performance. Research and managerial implications of these findings are presented and are discussed.

  • 332.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Entrepreneurship and Innovation Group, Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
    Lichtenthaler, Ulrich
    University of Mannheim, Department of Management and Organization, Mannheim, Germany .
    Rundquist, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Identifying technology commercialization opportunities: the importance of integrating product development knowledge2012Ingår i: The Journal of product innovation management, ISSN 0737-6782, E-ISSN 1540-5885, Vol. 29, nr 4, s. 573-589Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    New product development (NPD) is a knowledge-intensive activity, perhaps even more so in recent years given the shift toward more open innovation processes, which involve active inward and outward technology transfer. While the extant literature has established that knowledge is critical for NPD performance, knowledge generated through NPD can have an additional impact on external technology exploitationas when firms go beyond pure internal application of knowledge to commercialize their technologies, for example, by means of technology outlicensing. Grounded in the knowledge-based view of the firm, this paper examines how the integration of domain-specific knowledge, procedural knowledge, and general knowledge generated through NPD affects a firm's proficiency in identifying technology commercialization opportunities. Additionally, analysis of how technology opportunity identification relates to technology commercialization performance is provided. Empirically, the paper draws on survey data from 193 Swedish medium-sized manufacturing firms in four industries active with NPD, and regression analyses and structural equation modeling were used to test the hypotheses. The results highlight the importance of integrating domain-specific and general NPD knowledge to proficiently identify technology licensing opportunities. The empirical findings also provide strong support for a subsequent link between technology opportunity identification and technology commercialization performance. Altogether, these results point to strong and previously unexplored complementarities between inward and outward technology exploitation, that is, between NPD and technology licensing. As such, the results provide important theoretical implications for research into the fields of knowledge integration, technology exploitation, opportunity identification, and technology markets. Moreover, the results have significant managerial implications concerning how knowledge generated through NPD can help firms to achieve both strategic and monetary benefits when trying to profit from technology. In particular, to set up proficient technology commercialization processes, it appears beneficial for firms to integrate knowledge that is gained through the ordinary activities of developing and commercializing products. Specifically, the integration of domain-specific knowledge and general knowledge helps firms to match their technologies with new applications and markets, which is often the critical barrier to successful technology commercialization activities. Managers are thus encouraged to integrate domain-specific knowledge and general knowledge from NPD to reap additional benefits in profiting from investments in innovation and technology.

  • 333. Fürst Hörte, Gunilla
    et al.
    Hansson, Agneta
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Projekthanteringskompetens nödvändig för långsiktigt arbete2006Ingår i: Vad hände sen?: Långsiktiga effekter av jämställdhetssatsningar under 1980- och 90-talen / [ed] Elisabeth Sundin & Ulla Göranson, Stockholm: VINNOVA - Verket för innovationssystem , 2006, s. 221-243Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 334.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Handbook of Research on Corporate Governance and Entrepreneurship2017Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 335.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Lunds universitet.
    Styrelsearbete i riskkapitalfinansierade företag2003Ingår i: Småföretaget och kapitalet: Svensk forskning kring små företags finansiering / [ed] Hans Landström, Stockholm: SNS förlag, 2003, s. 225-243Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 336.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Calabrò, Andrea
    University of Witten/Herdecke, Witten, Germany.
    Huse, Morten
    BI Norwegian Business School, Oslo, Norway.
    Boards and Value Creation in Family Firms: An Extended Team Production Approach2016Ingår i: The Handbook of Board Governance: A Comprehensive Guide for Public, Private, and Not-for-Profit Board Members / [ed] Richard Leblanc, Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 2016, 1, s. 748-763Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 337.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Norwegian School of management, BI, Oslo, Norway .
    Huse, Morten
    Norwegian School of Management, Oslo, Norway & Bocconi University, Milan, Italy.
    Context, behavior and evolution: Challenges in research on boards and governance2004Ingår i: International Studies of Management and Organization, ISSN 0020-8825, E-ISSN 1558-0911, Vol. 34, nr 02, s. 11-36Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we present an overview of empirical research on boards and governance in leading U.S. and international academic journals in general management. Samples, methods, theories, and main concepts are presented and compared. The contributions are positioned with respect to contingency perspectives, behavioral perspectives, and evolutionary perspectives. Through an analysis of 127 empirical articles, we find that most studies on boards and governance have been influenced by a research tradition that treats the board of directors as an isolated “black box.” Only few studies explore boards in context or explore behavioral perspectives of boards. Almost no studies include evolutionary perspectives. Based on our analysis, we explore alternative research streams and outline various directions for future research.

  • 338.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Lund University.
    Huse, morten
    Norwegian School of Management BI, Oslo, Norway.
    Context, behaviour and evolution: Challenges in research on boards and governance2009Ingår i: The Value Creating Board: Corporate governance and organizational behaviour / [ed] Morten Huse, Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Routledge, 2009, s. 10-32Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we present an overview of empirical research on boards and governance in leading U.S. and international academic journals in general management. Samples, methods, theories, and main concepts are presented and compared. The contributions are positioned with respect to contingency perspectives, behavioral perspectives, and evolutionary perspectives. Through an analysis of 127 empirical articles, we find that most studies on boards and governance have been influenced by a research tradition that treats the board of directors as an isolated “black box.” Only few studies explore boards in context or explore behavioral perspectives of boards. Almost no studies include evolutionary perspectives. Based on our analysis, we explore alternative research streams and outline various directions for future research.

  • 339.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Norwegian School of Management BI, Oslo, Norway.
    Huse, Morten
    Norwegian School of Management BI, Oslo, Norway.
    “Outside” directors in SME boards: a call for theoretical reflections2005Ingår i: Corporate Board: Roles, Duties & Composition, ISSN 2312-2722, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 28-37Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Good governance for SMEs is critical for economic development and growth in both developed and developing economies. In this paper we focus on boards and governance in small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) by investigating the role and contribution of “outside” directors in this setting. By contrasting board role theories against different types of SMEs, firms are expected to recruit “outside” board members for various reasons. Illustrated by 52 empirical studies of “outside” directors in SMEs we show how agency theory, resource based view of the firm, and resource dependence theory can be applied to understand the multiple roles that “outside” directors can play in family firms, venture capital-backed firms and other SMEs. The illustration shows that the concept “outside” director is not the same in different theories and in different empirical settings. Based on this finding, we argue for the need to have a conscious and balanced use of theories for understanding the role and contribution of “outside” directors in SMEs.

  • 340.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Huse, Morten
    Centre for Church Research and Scandinavian Institute for Research in Entrepreneurship, Slependen, Norway.
    The venture capitalist and the board of directors in SMEs: roles and processes2002Ingår i: Venture Capital: an International Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance, ISSN 1369-1066, E-ISSN 1464-5343, Vol. 4, nr 2, s. 125-146Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper provides an attempt to direct the research in the area of venture capitalists and the board of directors in SMEs. Issues about boards in venture capital-backed technology based industrials are explored, and various research designs are used to meet different research questions. Empirical results indicate that venture capital firms purposefully use boards in the portfolio firm, and boards in venture capital-backed firms are more active than boards in other firms. The venture capitalist and the entrepreneur/owner-manager of the portfolio firm may have diverging expectations to board roles. In this setting the board becomes an interesting meeting place for studying the processes and the dynamics between external and internal stakeholders. Future research in this area should integrate board role theories and board process theories.

  • 341.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Hägg, Gustav
    Lund university, Lund, Sweden.
    Landström, Hans
    Lund university, Lund, Sweden.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Lund university, Lund, Sweden.
    Entrepreneurship education as a scholarly field of research: A systematic review of scientific articles 1980-20172018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We conduct a systematic literature review of research on entrepreneurship education published in the period 1980-2017 to examine how entrepreneurship education research has developed as a scholarly field since the 1980s. Our search enables us to synthesize and analyse 334 articles published in 62 peer-reviewed academic journals. Two major observations emerge. First, entrepreneurship journals are over time playing a decreasing role as primary outlets for communicating and disseminating entrepreneurship education research. Second, entrepreneurship education research has over the past decades continued to be an interesting and highly relevant topic. However, the migration of entrepreneurship education research from “mainstream” entrepreneurship conferences and journals, combined with its closeness to (educational) practice, seems to have produced a practice-oriented research agenda largely guided by empirical descriptions, thus compromising some of its academic legitimacy.

  • 342.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Lunds universitet.
    Johnsson, Eythor
    University of Iceland, Copenhagen Business School.
    Styrelser i unga entreprenörsdrivna företag2013Ingår i: Magma - Tidsskrift for økonomi og ledelse, ISSN 1500-0788, E-ISSN 1500-6069, nr 7, s. 40-50Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Styrelser lyfts ofta fram som en outnyttjad resurs i nya och unga företag. Det finns dock begränsat med studier som lyfter fram det unga framväxande företagets särskilda behov och villkor. I denna artikel tar vi ett steg mot att bättre förstå användandet av styrelser i unga entreprenörsdrivna företag som vill växa och expandera på inhemska och internationella marknader. Studiens empiriska data kommer från unga företag som medverkat i Seed Forum International. Vi analyserar företagens finansieringskällor och utvecklingsfas i förhållande till deras styrelseaktivitet. Sammantaget visar studien att styrelsen får större roll och betydelse när organisationens resursberoenden utvecklas i takt med att företaget växer. Vidare finner vi att aktiva styrelser i unga entreprenörsdrivna företag tar ett helhetsansvar för organisationens utveckling genom att vara involverade i en bred repertoar av olika styrelserelaterade uppgifter.

  • 343.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Landström, Hans
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Hägg, Gustav
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Exemplary contributions from Europe to entrepreneurship education research and practice2018Ingår i: A Research Agenda for Entrepreneurship Education / [ed] Alain Fayolle, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, s. 105-126Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The growth of entrepreneurship education has played an important role in building up an academic infrastructure for entrepreneurship research. In this chapter we identify exemplary European contributions to entrepreneurship education research and practice. We discuss the evolution of entrepreneurship education as a scholarly field in Europe with particular emphasis on its social infrastructure and cognitive development. Thereafter we use a systematic literature review to identify important contributions made by European-based scholars to entrepreneurship education research published in peer-reviewed academic journals. Based on the review we identify top research journals with the most published articles on entrepreneurship education, the most cited articles, and the most influential scholars. We end the chapter with a description of the European Entrepreneurship Education Award (EEEA) together with summary analyses of the work of the six Award Laureates.

  • 344.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). CIRCLE, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Lindholm Dahlstrand, Åsa
    CIRCLE, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Politis, Diamanto
    CIRCLE, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Sustainable high-growth entrepreneurship: A study of rapidly growing firms in the Scania region2014Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, ISSN 1465-7503, E-ISSN 2043-6882, Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 29-40Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of high-growth entrepreneurship is widely acknowledged. Previous studies, however, have shown that only a few rapidly growing firms manage to sustain their growth trajectory over long periods. This paper addresses high-growth entrepreneurship in the Scania region of Sweden. The authors analyse a sample of high-growth firms and find that only a minority exhibit sustained high growth. They also compare sustainable high-growth firms with temporary high-growth firms, using unique data about their innovation and R&D activities. The analysis shows that sustainable high-growth firms are more often involved in activities aimed at developing and improving existing production processes, and are also less committed to international operations in new foreign markets. The results can be used to advise policy makers on how to understand and support high-growth entrepreneurship in regional innovation systems.

  • 345.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Career motives and entrepreneurial decision-making: examining preferences for causal and effectual logics in the early stage of new ventures2011Ingår i: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 36, nr 3, s. 281-298Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The influence of entrepreneurs' career motives is examined on two alternative modes of decision-making logic; causation and effectuation. Based on Sarasvathy's (Acad Manage Rev 26(2):243-288, 2001) seminal study, causation is defined as a decision-making process that focuses on what ought to be done given predetermined goals and possible means, and effectuation as a decision-making process emphasizing the question of what can be done given possible means and imagined ends. Analysis suggests that entrepreneurs who identify themselves with linear or expert career motives have a higher preference for causal decision-making logic. Entrepreneurs who identify themselves with spiral or transitory career motives have a higher preference for effectual decision-making logic. In addition, indications that prior start-up experience moderates the relationship between career motives and effectual decision-making logic for spiral-minded entrepreneurs is found. The overall results give ample support for the assumption that entrepreneurs' career motives influence their decision-making.

  • 346.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Entrepreneurial learning and innovation: Building entrepreneurial knowledge from career experience for the creation of new ventures2011Ingår i: Technological, Managerial and Organizational Core Competencies: Dynamic Innovation and Sustainable Development / [ed] Farley Simon Nobre, David Walker & Robert J. Harris, Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 2011, 1, s. 245-263Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The relation between entrepreneurial learning and innovation is poorly understood – especially with respect to how entrepreneurs build up their capability to create new ventures. In this chapter we employ arguments from theories of experiential learning to examine the extent to which entrepreneurs’ prior career experience is associated with entrepreneurial knowledge that can be productively used in the new venture creation process. We relate entrepreneurial knowledge to two distinct learning outcomes: the ability to (1) recognize new venture opportunities, and (2) cope with liabilities of newness. Based on analysis of data from 291 Swedish entrepreneurs, we provide novel insights into how and why entrepreneurs differ in their experientially acquired abilities in different phases of the new venture creation process. © 2012, IGI Global.

  • 347.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Lund University School of Economics and Management, LUSEM; Centre for Innovation, Research and Competence in the Learning Economy (CIRCLE).
    Politis, Diamanto
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Knowledge Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Research (KEEN).
    The impact of board governance on firm-level entrepreneurship in small technology based firms2007Ingår i: The ICFAI Journal of Corporate Governance, ISSN 0972-6853, Vol. 6, nr 3, s. 43-60Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A growing body of research suggests that a firm’s governance system can significantly impact the long-term value creative potential of an enterprise by disciplining and encouraging organizational efforts to pursue risky entrepreneurial projects. Following this stream of research, we present a study of the impact of ownership and board governance on entrepreneurship in small technology-based firms. Entrepreneurship was measured by the firms’ emphasis to take an entrepreneurial strategic posture (EP), encompassing a risk-taking, innovative and proactive competitive orientation. Statistical analysis on a sample of 135 small technology-based firms shows that the level of executive ownership has no significant effect on the emphasis on EP. However, controlling for the level of ownership held by the founder of the firm reveals a significant and negative influence on firms’ commitment to EP. With respect to board governance, we find support for that a higher board involvement in networking activities by board members encourage EP efforts, while there was no significant effects of higher board monitoring. In all, the findings give ample support for the argument that variations in ownership and board governance have a significant influence on the entrepreneurial strategic posture of small technology-based firms.

  • 348.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). CIRCLE, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Work experience and the generation of new business ideas among entrepreneurs: An integrated learning framework2012Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, ISSN 1355-2554, E-ISSN 1758-6534, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 48-74Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This paper seeks to develop an integrated framework to examine how entrepreneurs' work experience is associated with the generation of new business ideas. The framework combines human capital theory with theory and research on entrepreneurial learning.

    Design/methodology/approach – A statistical analysis on a sample of 291 Swedish entrepreneurs is conducted.

    Findings – The paper finds that a learning mind-set that favors exploration is the strongest predictor of the generation of new business ideas. It also finds that breadth in functional work experience seems to favor the generation of new business ideas while deep industry work experience is negatively related to new business idea generation. In addition, the paper finds indications that a learning mind-set that favors exploration is required to more fully benefit from investments in human capital.

    Research limitations/implications – The study's findings add to knowledge of how investments in human capital via work experience, and the employment of a learning mindset that favors exploration, influence performance outcomes in the early stages of the entrepreneurial process.

    Practical implications – The study's findings suggest that entrepreneurs should develop and nurture a learning mind-set that favors exploration as this will increase their ability to generate more new business ideas. Moreover, movements across different functional work areas appear to have great potential as sources of ideas for new products and markets.

    Originality/value – Prior empirical studies have not taken individual learning preferences among entrepreneurs into account. Nor have they explicitly tested the effect of depth versus breadth in work experience. The paper thus provides novel insights with respect to how these factors interact in the process of generating new business ideas. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

  • 349.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Politis, Diamanto
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Galan, Nataliya
    University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    What happens after rapid growth?: A study of sustainable high-growth entrepreneurship in Sweden2016Ingår i: Academy of Management: Proceedings, New York: Academy of Management , 2016, artikel-id 16942Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Entrepreneurial high-growth firms contribute significantly to the economy by scaling up new innovative products, services, and business models as well as creating jobs and fostering economic growth. In this study we examine the incidence of sustainable high growth entrepreneurship in a sample of Swedish firms that have previously been experiencing rapid growth. We acknowledge growth as a multi-dimensional phenomenon by distinguishing between employee growth and sales growth. Overall, the statistical analysis suggests that the different growth trajectories shown by firms can be related to different industry life cycle positions. We also find differences related to the time that has passed since the firm were experiencing rapid growth. In addition, ex-gazelles operating in knowledge intensive sectors or with a higher degree of novelty in their market offer are not more likely to show a subsequent period of growth. Copyright © 2016, Academy of Management

  • 350.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Politis, Diamanto
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Kronholm, Johan
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Persson, Kenneth M.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Promoting innovation through a virtual incubator model: The Water Innovation Accelerator (WIN)2016Ingår i: Academy of Management: Proceedings, New York: Academy of Management , 2016, artikel-id 16798Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we explore and analyse a virtual network-centred incubator model called the Water Innovation Accelerator (WIN). The incubator model has been designed and implemented in Sweden to enable and orchestrate water-related innovative solutions by connecting different players via organized networks. Framed by theory and research on open innovation, incubation models, and entrepreneurial networks we provide an overview of the overall design, management and organization of WIN. We also analyse and assess the working and performance of WIN with respect to its purpose to aid the development and market uptake of water related innovative solutions via its entrepreneurial network. Our findings offer theoretical and empirical insights to researchers, policy makers and incubation managers that may aid current and future efforts to accelerate water innovation. Copyright © 2016, Academy of Management

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