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  • 301.
    Florén, Henrik
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Organising small-firm growth2011Inngår i: Research on Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management 2009‐2011: Introducing the Research Area of Innovation Science / [ed] Sven-Åke Hörte, Halmstad: Högskolan i Halmstad , 2011, s. 117-133Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper summarises the results some major undertakings to explain small‐firm growth. This is achieved through an in‐depth reading of three Swedish doctoral theses written by Tomas Brytting (1991), Frederic Delmar (1996) and Johan Wiklund (1998), and a number ofrecently published articles that have addressed this issue. The purpose of this paper is todescribe what we know about “organising for small‐firm growth” on a firm level. The main result of the paper is a description of what is known about organising for small‐firm growth in accordance with four dimensions: i) the strategy of the growing firm, ii) the entrepreneur/manager in the growing firm, iii) the resources and the capabilities of the growing firm and iv) the consequences of small‐firm growth, i.e. what organisational growth brings to a small firm. The paper also includes a discussion of the limitations of the reviewed research and suggestions for future research.

  • 302.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Agostini, Alessandro
    Einsights Pte. Ltd., Singapore, Singapore.
    The Business Model Innovation Map: A Framework for Analyzing Business Model Innovation2015Inngår i: IAMOT 2015: 24th International Association For Management Of Technology Conference Proceedings: Technology, Innovation and Management for Sustainable Growth / [ed] Leon Pretorius & George Alex Thopil, Hatfield: University of Pretoria & Media Chef CC , 2015, s. 2192-2207Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Business model innovation has received substantial attention by both practitioners and researchers during the last fifteen years. While many companies have good processes and a shared sense of how to innovate technology, they are less capable when it comes to how they should innovate business models. This lack of practical skills is mirrored by the shortage of scholarly understanding, in which business model innovation as a phenomenon is poorly explained in comparison to e.g. product or process innovations.

    Although previous research has contributed greatly to the advancements of business model innovation, our conceptual understanding of business model innovation is still rather confused. Behind this study, lies two related assumptions; (i) not all business model innovations are the same, and, (ii) different types of business model innovation will challenge firms in different ways. To this background, the purpose of this study is to develop a framework that will allow for a conceptual differentiation between different types of business model innovation.

    The paper draws on previous studies in the field of technology and innovation management and develops a framework – “The Business Model Innovation Map” – that distinguishes between different types of business model innovation according to their degree of novelty. The framework is illustrated by several real-life examples of business model innovation.

    The paper adds to our understanding of innovation management as it allows for a better understanding of business model innovation as a distinct type of innovation. More specifically, it helps differentiating transformative business model innovations from mere incremental ones, and, as such, it presents a novel approach to categorize different types of business model innovation. The framework can serve as a basis for future in-depth empirical investigations of different types of business model innovation that can help firms to better understand how to manage such innovations. Copyright © 2015 by Halmstad University and Einsights Pte. Ltd.

  • 303.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    From Preliminary Ideas to Corroborated Product Definitions: Managing the Front End of New Product Development2012Inngår i: California Management Review, ISSN 0008-1256, E-ISSN 2162-8564, Vol. 54, nr 4, s. 20-43Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Front-end activities largely influence the outcomes of new product development processes, because it is here that firms create new ideas, give them direction, and set them in motion. We show that the front end can be understood as comprising three core activities: idea/concept development, idea/concept alignment, and idea/concept legitimization, which allow firms to create corroborated product definitions. The paper provides important implications for managers interested in front-end management, and devote specific attention to the differences between incremental and radical front end development and to the front end in the light of increasingly open innovation processes. 

  • 304.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Frishammar, Johan
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Lee, Carmen
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Ericsson, Magnus
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Luleå, Sweden.
    Gustafsson, Stefan
    Höganäs AB, Höganäs, Sweden.
    A framework for raw materials management in process industries2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Firms in the process industries manipulate materials properties to produce upgraded raw materials for applications and products upstream in a supply chain. About 25% of the most research intensive firms in the world belong to the process industries, so proper management of raw materials is a key concern for many firms. This article explores the concept of “raw materials management”. By studying the current world leader in powder metallurgy, the Höganäs Corporation, the article describes the external and internal factors impacting how raw materials are managed, and how raw material issues affect different aspects of firm performance. Managerial implications are presented elaborating three key-areas that firms should deal with when developing a strategic approach to raw materials management.

  • 305.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Löf, Anton
    RMG Consulting, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ericsson, Magnus
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Raw Materials Management in Iron and Steelmaking Firms2019Inngår i: Mineral Economics, ISSN 2191-2203, E-ISSN 2191-2211, Vol. 32, nr 1, s. 39-47Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper adds new knowledge on how raw materials should be managed in iron and steelmaking firms. While previous research has contributed significantly to how firms should deal with functional challenges related to raw materials, the understanding of Raw Materials Management from a holistic perspective is largely lacking, and extant research does not provide qualified advice to firms on this matter. This study provides such knowledge by drawing on insights from Höganäs AB, a world leader in ferrous powder metallurgy, and their efforts to identify key aspects and principles of raw materials management. Our elaboration of a more holistic view on raw materials management builds on two elements. First, we depict five external uncertainties and three internal conditions that impact firm-level raw materials management. Second, we present six critical capabilities that underpin proficient firm-level raw materials management. The paper concludes with a discussion of implications for both firms aiming to increase their raw materials proficiency and to future investigations into this important area. © The Author(s) 2018

  • 306.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden & Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland.
    Critical success factors in early new product development: a review and a conceptual model2018Inngår i: The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, ISSN 1554-7191, E-ISSN 1555-1938, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 411-427Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The literature on the front end in the New Product Development (NPD) literature is fragmented with respect to the identification and analysis of the factors that are critical to successful product development. The article has a two-fold purpose. First, it describes, analyses, and synthesizes those factors through a literature review of the research on the front end in NPD. Second, it conceptualizes a framework that features two types of success factors: foundational success factors (common to all the firm’s projects) and project-specific success factors (appropriate for the firm’s individual projects). The article makes recommendations for the management of this important phase of product development, discusses limitations of relevant previous research, and offers suggestions for future research. The article makes a theoretical contribution with its analysis and synthesis of the reasons for success in front-end activities and a practical contribution with its conceptual framework that can be used as an analytical tool by firms and their product managers. © 2017 The Author(s)

  • 307.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Lee, Carmen
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Survival through Business Model Innovation: A Longitudinal Case Study from the Process Industries2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Itis widely acknowledged that the design and quality of the business model is amain building block in what constitute a successful company. In this paper, weapproach the critical question of how firms can successfully renew theirbusiness models over time. The aim is to identify the main sequences of eventsthat precede business model innovation and which trigger evolutionary changesin how a firm develops and capture value. Theoretically, we approach businessmodel innovation as an evolutionary phenomenon by emphasizing the dynamic andpath dependent aspects of strategic change processes. Empirically, we employ ahistorical case study where we make an in-depth analysis of a firm in theprocess industry that has managed to innovate its business model several timessince its inception. In all, the study identifies five main sequences of eventsrelated to customer value proposition, strategic investments, corporateidentity, corporate structure, and value networks.

  • 308.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Lee, Carmen
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Survival Through Business Model Innovation: A Longitudinal Case Study from the Process Industries2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    It is widely acknowledged that the design and quality of the business model is a main building block in what constitute a successful company. In this paper, we approach the critical question of how firms can successfully renew their business models over time. The aim is to identify the main sequences of events that precede business model innovation and which trigger evolutionary changes in how a firm develops and capture value. Theoretically, we approach business model innovation as an evolutionary phenomenon by emphasizing the dynamic and path dependent aspects of strategic change processes. Empirically, we employ a historical case study where we make an in-depth analysis of a firm in the process industry that has managed to innovate its business model several times since its inception. In all, the study identifies five main sequences of events related to customer value proposition, strategic investments, corporate identity, corporate structure, and value networks.

  • 309.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Halila, Fawzi
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Hörte, Sven-Åke
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Management av eco-innovationer2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 310.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Lee, Carmen
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    The Business Model and Supply Strategy: What is the Connection between them?2013Inngår i: Proceeding of 20th International Annual EurOMA Conference, Dublin, Ireland, 2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    An assumption of this paper is that investments in business model development are only beneficial when firms understand how to deal with both customer and supplier interdependencies. We argue that an inadequate understanding of how to align supply strategy and business model design has hampered knowledge development within business model research.

    We review the literatures on business models and supply strategy to identify the conceptual intersection between these interrelated areas. We synthesize the fields of supply strategy and business model research to provide to an improved understanding of firms should incorporate a supply perspective in business model design.

  • 311.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Halmstad Univ, Sch Business Engn & Sci, Halmstad, Sweden..
    Rundquist, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Halmstad Univ, Sch Business Engn & Sci, Halmstad, Sweden..
    Fischer, Sebastian
    Sanofi Aventis Deutschland GmbH, Frankfurt, Germany.
    Entrepreneurial orientation and human resource management: effects from HRM practices2016Inngår i: Journal of Organizational Effectiveness, ISSN 2051-6614, E-ISSN 2051-6622, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 164-180Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between HRM practices and entrepreneurial orientation (EO) in large established firms. More specifically, the purpose is to add to the understanding of the influence of HRM practices on EO.

    Design/methodology/approach

    An e-mail survey was distributed to a sample of Swedish and German manufacturing firms in high-tech and medium high-tech manufacturing industries, and firms in knowledge-intensive services sectors, with more than 250 employees. In total, 810 surveys were distributed, with a response rate of 12.7 per cent. Findings - The results show that an emphasis on entrepreneurial aspects leads to an increased EO only in the case of training and development. A conclusion therefore is that it seems difficult to recruit personnel or to use appraisal and rewards as to create EO on a firm level.

    Practical implications

    The study indicates that firms aiming to increase their EO should make sure to emphasize entrepreneurial aspects during staff training and development activities. Originality/value - This empirical study paves the way towards a better understanding of the link between HRM practices and EO. The results should be of interest for both HR professionals and researchers interested in understanding this important relationship.

  • 312.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Rundquist, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Schuler, Randall S.
    Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ, USA.
    Bondarouk, Tanya
    University of Twente, Enschede, Netherlands.
    Ruël, Huub
    Windesheim University of Applied Sciences, Zwolle, Netherlands.
    HRM and innovation: themes, contingencies and directions for future research2014Inngår i: European Journal of International Management, ISSN 1751-6757, E-ISSN 1751-6765, Vol. 8, nr 5, s. 570-577Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purposes of this special issue were to connect Human Resource Management (HRM) research and innovation research and to contribute towards a better understanding of how HRM can be deployed to support organisations in their innovation efforts. In this commentary, we review the results from the five articles in this special issue in general and offer suggestions for future research from these five contributions. We do this by pinpointing a number of themes, contingencies, measurement challenges and ideas on working with other research areas that might be useful in future research on the relationship between HRM and innovation.

  • 313.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Tell, Joakim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    A Review of the Literature on Learning and SMEs2002Inngår i: The SEAANZ Conference, 22nd-24th September 2002, Adelaide, Australia, 2002Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 314.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Tell, Joakim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Key learning themes in the small-business literature2003Inngår i: Small Enterprise Research: The Journal of SEAANZ, ISSN 1321-5906, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 56-70Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a review of the literature on learning in small businesses. The sources for the review are two major databases on management research: Social Science Citation Index (SSCI) and ABI/INFORM (ABI). In all, about 500 abstracts published between 1973 and 2002 have been classified. The review shows that research still is built on primary empirical research and that there are no obvious core groups of researchers publishing in the field. Our review does, however, identify a general trend pointing towards an increasing interest in research on learning in small businesses. Further, it is shown that key learning themes discussed during the last 30 years related to small businesses are: education and training (of both management and employees), strategic planning and IT/Software support. During the last decade, the interest in inter-organizational learning (networks and clusters) has increased dramatically. The review indicates that research on small businesses and learning is multidisciplinary and in an early stage of its growth. An in extenso analysis, of all articles in the five most prominent journals found in the review, shows few signs of coherent bodies of knowledge on which the literature draws. Many of the articles (37%) give no accounts of explicit theory. This is the case particularly in the early publications. The review does not reveal any 'original' theory generated by the small-business research community. Instead theories are extracted from other academic disciplines, mainly from the field of economics but also from other social sciences such as sociology and psychology and from engineering. The review shows that empirical studies of learning in small businesses are rare. This means that our understanding of learning processes in this kind of organisations is limited. Research is necessary to increase our knowledge of learning in different levels but also from different perspectives in small firms. The 'small-firm effect' on learning needs to be further explored.

  • 315.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Tell, Joakim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Managerial behavior in slow and fast growing small firms2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of the paper is to fill a gap in our understanding of what makes certain small firms grow while others do not by exploring the relation between managerial behavior and small firm growth. This has been done by direct observation of the owner‐managers in twelve small manufacturing firms (six slow‐growing and six fast‐growing). Methodologically the project draws on the extensive research that has been conducted within the area of mana‐ gerial work. We have used the method of structured observation as developed by Henry Mintzberg as the primary tool for data collection. Data consists of approximately 330 hours of observation and about 2460 activities have been observed and classified according to their primary purpose.The framework used to analyze the data comes from established conceptualizations of “ma‐ nagerial behavior”. More specifically, the two groups of managers have been compared in terms of; how the managers’ allocate their time; with whom they interact; with whom do they communicate; and the roles they shoulder in their firms.What is both striking and surprising in the empirical material is that there are only minor dif‐ ferences between the groups of growing and slow‐growing firms. These differences, however, all point in the same direction and confirm one suspicion following our observations of the two groups which is that the hectic and turbulent work situation characterizing the situation of the slow‐growing managers were not present in the growing firms. There might not seem to be such a big difference between the two groups, but trivial questions consumes much of the time for managers in slow‐growing firms which isn’t the case for managers in fast‐ growing firms. This gives the managers in fast‐growing firms more time to focus on other work than the daily operations and problems of the firm, which consumes much of the man‐ agers time in slow‐growing firms

  • 316.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Tell, Joakim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Managerial behaviour in small firms: Does it matter what managers do?2012Inngår i: The work of managers: Towards a practice theory of management / [ed] Stefan Tengblad, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012, s. 245-263Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter examines why some small firms grow and others do not. The focus is on the relationship between managerial behaviour and small firm growth in fast- and slow-growing firms. Using Sune Carlson’s and Henry Mintzberg’s methodology, twelve top managers are observed - six from fast-growing firms and six from slow-growing firms. The results indicate there are no significant differences in the two manager groups as far as their roles, ’proactiveness’, networking behaviour, or managerial formality is concerned. It is suggested that there is a generic aspect that is common to the management at both fast- and slow-growing firms. Much of a small firm manager’s work, regardless of the pace of company growth, involves this generic, non-managerial behaviour (acting as a specialist or a substitute operator). Small firm managers should not overstate the importance of acting only ’managerially’. © Oxford University Press, 2013.

  • 317.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Tell, Joakim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Managerial Work and Growth in Small Firms2007Inngår i: The 20th SEAANZ Conference,  23rd- 26th September, 2007, Auckland, New Zealand, 2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 318.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Tell, Joakim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Managerial Work in Small Firms: Testing the Robustness in Mintzberg’s propositions2006Inngår i: CPDR on Innovation and Product Development / [ed] Sven-Åke Hörte, Halmstad: Halmstad University , 2006, s. 123-140Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 319.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Tell, Joakim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    On learning in University Driven Networks: Prerequisites for the learning process in networks of SME-managers and researchers2000Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 320.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Department for Project Management and FENIX Research Program, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden & Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Tell, Joakim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    The emergent prerequisites of managerial learning in small firm networks2004Inngår i: Leadership & Organization Development Journal, ISSN 0143-7739, E-ISSN 1472-5347, Vol. 25, nr 3/4, s. 292-307Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Descriptive studies have shown that co-operation in networks produces better possibilities for higher-level learning than small firms can organise on their own. Previous studies of learning in networks, however, have not considered how the prerequisites for higher-level learning develop over time in networks. This paper reports on a seven-year participant observational study of two different network constellations. A conclusion from the study is that the learning in networks of small-firm owner/managers is based on trust and has emergent prerequisites. These prerequisites are reciprocity between learning actors, the learning actors’ receptive and confronting capacity, and the transparency of the dialogue in the networks. Over time these prerequisites develop and create better opportunities for higher-level learning.

  • 321.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Tell, Joakim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    What do owner-managers in small firms really do?: Differences in managerial behavior in small and large organizations2004Inngår i: Small Enterprise Research: The Journal of SEAANZ, ISSN 1321-5906, Vol. 12, nr 1, s. 57-70Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The research presented is a replication of Mintzberg's on managerial work. The article focuses on owner-managers in small manufacturing firms in an initial attempt to reveal the nature of the work undertaken by this type of managers. The purpose is to describe what they do and to compare their behaviour with that of managers in large and intermediate organizations as described by Mintzberg and Kurke & Aldrich. Our study compliments an earlier small-scale study on managerial behavior in small firms and includes sufficient data to test Mintzberg's propositions on managerial work. Empirically this paper draws on an observational study that deployed the method of structured observation. The daily activities of the small-firm owner-managers in our study are characterized by, among other things, informality and constant interruption as the process by which their work is organized. This differs partly from the results found in the studies of managers' work in larger organizations, where formal and planned activities serve more often as the procedure through which the managers design their work. Of Mintzberg's seven propositions, we found support for four, although with some hesitation. This calls into question the asserted generality of several such propositions. Our study indicates that there seem to be certain myths about what small-firm owner-managers really do, myths that need to be considered in future research.

  • 322.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Tell, Joakim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    What do owner-managers of small firms really do?2003Inngår i: The 48th ICSB World Conference, June 15-18, 2003, Belfast, Northern Ireland, 2003Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 323.
    Franzén, Tintin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Sahlberg, Johan
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Ledarskap, svåra samtal: En studie om chefers uppfattning om svåra samtal kopplat mot utbildning och erfarenhet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien syftar till att undersöka vad Luftstridsskolans chefer upplever som det svåra i samband med ett svårt samtal. Vi kommer även att undersöka hur deras utbildning och erfarenhet påverkar hanterandet av svåra samtal. I denna studie har vi valt att belysa det svåra samtalet mellan chef och medarbetare, detta utifrån chefens perspektiv, med hjälp av enkät och intervjuer.   Svåra samtal är en del av chefers vardag och genomförs av chefer på alla nivåer i olika former. Redan från gruppchefsnivå förväntas chefer tillämpa det utvecklande ledarskapet enligt Försvarsmaktens ledarskapsmodell. I ledarstilen eftersträvas bland annat personlig omtanke i form av att ge stöd och feedback.   Vad som upplevs vara det svåra i samband med ett svårt samtal beror på flera aspekter, såsom vilken erfarenhet man har, vilket mått av empati man besitter och vilken personlig relation man har till medarbetaren.   Det som övergripande upplevs som svårt är oron för hur medarbetaren reagerar på negativ feedback och dennes känslomässiga reaktioner i samband med detta. Även oro för att budskapet inte skall nå fram på grund av bristande självinsikt hos medarbetaren är en gemensam nämnare för de flesta cheferna i studien. Dessa oroskänslor upplevs oftast starkare inför samtalet än under själva genomförandet.  Utbildning kan underlätta själva genomförandet av ett samtal i form av samtalsmetodik och utbildning av delgivning av feedback. Utbildning minskar dock inte det obehag som kan upplevas inför ett svårt samtal. Obehaget grundar sig till stor del på oro för hur motparten kommer att reagera på negativ feedback eller kritik. Denna oro blir inte mindre oavsett utbildning, men kan lindras genom personlig reflektion och tillvaratagande av erfarenhet genom liknande genomförda samtal eller situationer.  

  • 324.
    Freeman, Joanne
    et al.
    University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore, Australia.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Lawley, Meredith
    University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore, Australia.
    Export Performance: Regional verses Metropolitan SMEs2006Inngår i: McGill International Entrepreneurship Conference Series 2006, Conference Proceedings, 2006Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the largely unresearched area of export performance of SMEs located in regional areas. In many countries like Australia exporting is fundamental to sustaining regional communities. In addition the contribution of SMEs is increasingly important in many economies as they play a critical role in economic development. However, in general the literature fails to take into account the environmental context where SMEs are located and much research combines regional and metropolitan SMEs, thus not allowing a clear distinction to be made.

  • 325.
    Fri, William
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    Pehrsson, Tobias
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Solberg Søilen, Klaus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    How Phases of Cluster Development are Associated with Innovation: the Case of China2013Inngår i: International Journal of Innovation Science, ISSN 1757-2223, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 31-44Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Both Volvo and SAAB are now Chinese owned car companies. This means that a substantial amount of Swedish innovation takes place in China. In order to understand this phenomenon better and what it means to innovation strategy we look at how industrial clusters in the automobile industry in different phases of development differ. The Diamond Model is used to explain and measure the competitive situation in three cluster regions in China. The new automobile manufacturing clusters of Chongqing and Chengdu (2C) is compared with two well-developed clusters in Shanghai and Jiangsu, and Beijing and Hebei. Although Shanghai is the most attractive automobile cluster, automobile manufacturing firms choose to locate their production in other regions. The move is also related to the level of innovation in different regions.

  • 326.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Characteristics in information processing approaches2002Inngår i: International Journal of Information Management, ISSN 0268-4012, E-ISSN 1873-4707, Vol. 22, nr 2, s. 143-156Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes and compares different information processing approaches (terms). The purpose is to identify similarities and differences in the terms, relate them to and compare them with each other, but also to identify their underlying concepts and the course of events they represent. The terms or approaches addressed are Environmental scanning, Business, Competitive, Competitor, Market and Political intelligence, Marketing research and Information management. It was concluded that all approaches have a strong future orientation and strong ties to decision-making, and advocate that information is ennobled in one way or the other. The main differences lie in their focus, and in their scope. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 327.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Information use in strategic decision making2003Inngår i: Management Decision, ISSN 0025-1747, E-ISSN 1758-6070, Vol. 41, nr 4, s. 318-326Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the issue of information use in strategic decision making. The study employs a case study as a research strategy together with personal interviews and documentation as means of data collection. The starting-point is four specific strategic decisions recently made by medium-sized companies in Sweden. The study provides the reader with an insight into management information behaviour when taking strategic decisions, by addressing questions such as: Why is information used? What kind of information does management use? How do they obtain it? And finally, where do they obtain it? In addition, a short review of the literature pertaining to the above stated questions is provided.

  • 328.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Managing Information in New Product Development: A Literature Review2005Inngår i: International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management (IJITM), ISSN 0219-8770, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 259-275Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The new product development (NPD) process is frequently described as a sequence of information processing activities, but "information in NPD" occupies a broader conceptual space than the reduction of uncertainty. This article reviews the area of "information in NPD" by examining the literature on environmental scanning, market orientation, gatekeepers, cross-functional integration, and information use. It is argued that we can understand the process of managing information in terms of three steps: Acquiring, sharing and using. A tentative framework for this area is proposed, and managerial implications resulting from this literature review and tentative frame are outlined and presented.

  • 329.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Towards a theory of managing information in new product development2005Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with various information aspects of new product development (NPD). In total, the thesis consists of 6 research articles appended in full, and an introductory text that integrates and theorizes with and from these papers.

    The first paper is a review article examining the literature on and role of information in NPD. The main argument put forward here is that information processing can be understood in terms of three steps: acquiring, sharing, and using information. The second paper is a largescale survey that examines the relationship between market and entrepreneurial orien-tation and performance in NPD. A market orientation is to a large extent about acquiring, disseminating and using market information, while an entrepreneurial orientation partly is about ignoring such information, and instead trying to be innovative, proactive, and take risks. The results show that a market orientation and innovativeness are positively related to NPD performance, and that neither product nor environmental characteristics moderate these relationships. The third paper is also a survey, and investigates the extent to which management of external information is associated with innovation performance. The main findings are that scanning the technological sector of the environment was positively associated with innovation performance, while scanning customers, suppliers, and competitors proved to be negatively correlated with innovation performance. Crossfunctional integration in the form of collaboration as well as using information from the industry environment also proved to be positively related to innovation performance.

    The last three papers have a centre of gravity in “management of information & environ-ment”, and not so much in new product development per se. Paper four describes and com-pares different information processing approaches (e.g. environmental scanning, marketing research) in order to identify their similarities and differences, but also their underlying con-cepts and the course of events they represent. The main conclusion is that differences exist primarily in terms of focus and scope. Paper five is a review and tentative integration of different perspectives in organization – environment research: the adaptive, the resource-dependence, the cognitive and the population-ecology perspective. The review identifies differences and similarities among these perspectives, suggests tentative conclusions on why the adaptive perspective is so frequently utilized at the expense of the other three, and suggests constructivism as a feasible avenue for combining and integrating these perspectives. Finally, the sixth and final paper deals with information use in the context of strategic decisionmaking. With a case study approach, the questions of why information is used, what kind of information is used, where it is obtained, and how it is obtained were addressed, and the results from this paper are mainly descriptive.

    The purpose of the introductory text is two-fold. In addition to providing integration of the appended papers, the main purpose is theory construction (i.e. elicitation of constructs and propositions). In the introduction, all six appended papers together with a new literature search and a new pilot case study are used to generate propositions about management of information, information sources, and the need for cross-functional integration in three different phases of the NPD process. In addition, suggestions regarding theoretical connections are made. The introduction text concludes with reflections, managerial implications, limitations, and future research.

  • 330.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Role of Strategic Orientations for International Performance in Smaller Firms2006Inngår i: McGill Conference on international Entrepreneurship, 2006Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 331.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Division of Entrepreneurship and Industrial Management, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    The overestimated role of strategic orientations for international performance in smaller firms2009Inngår i: Journal of International Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1570-7385, E-ISSN 1573-7349, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 57-77Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how market orientation (MO) and entrepreneurial orientation (EO) relate to international performance in small firms. Empirically, the article draws on survey data from 188 Swedish SMEs. Results show that strategic orientations have a very limited influence on international performance in these firms. Proactiveness and, to some extent, a market orientation proved positively associated with international performance, while innovativeness and risk taking show no such relationship. Our findings highlight the problems associated with using “traditional” MO and EO constructs in an SME setting and point to the need of developing more appropriate constructs tailored to this context. We also note that the MO construct was developed from a “causal view” of marketing, while successful small international firms rely more on effectuation logic. The article also contributes to the debate between the two dominant perspectives that address firms’ early internationalization processes: the process theory of internationalization and the international new venture perspective, where our results are in favor of the latter.

  • 332.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Florén, Henrik
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Research Note: What is the “fuzzy front end”, why is it important, and how can it be managed?2009Inngår i: Managing Innovation: Integrating Technological, Market and Organisational Change / [ed] Joe Tidd, John Bessant & Keith Pavitt, Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, 2009, 4, s. 341-343Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 333.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Center for Management of Innovation and Technology in Process Industry (Promote), Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
    Florén, Henrik
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Where New Product Development Begins: Success Factors, Contingencies and Balancing Acts in the Fuzzy Front End2008Inngår i: Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Management of Technology, IAMOT 2008, 2008, s. 47-Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In light of the increasing attention to predevelopment activities in new product development, this paper reviews the literature on the “fuzzy front end” (FFE). By means of an extensive literature study, we identify, describe and analyze 17 important success factors for organizing and managing the FFE. Our findings first highlight which success factors firms need to excel in when managing and organizing the FFE. Second, the findings show that focusing these factors is not sufficient as such, as interdependencies among factors call for a broader approach. Therefore, relationships among factors and not just the factors per se need to be taken into account. Third, the paper identifies key contingencies requiring adjustment of the FFE process at the firm level. Furthermore, the paper draws attention to several “balancing acts” which impose on firms a trade-off among important variables, where maximizing one dimension may imply the minimizing on another. The paper ends with additional post-hoc analysis of the literature, followed by implications for the scholarly literature as well as management practice.

  • 334.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Center for Management of Innovation and Technology in Process Industry, Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
    Florén, Henrik
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Joakim, Wincent
    Division of Entrepreneurship, Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
    Patterns of Uncertainty and Equivocality during Predevelopment: Findings from Process‐Based Firms2009Inngår i: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Management of Technology, 2009, s. 14-Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous literature suggests that innovation managers should prioritize uncertainty reduction in early phases of innovation projects. When uncertainty is high, the general prediction is negative consequences in the form of time‐delays, waste of resources, unclear team vision and, ultimately, concept failure. There are strong reasons to believe, however, that simultaneous management of equivocality is equally important, but this concept has largely been neglected in previous research. By means of a case‐study relying upon exploratory interviews addressing unique observations of 58 innovation projects, we notice that the perhaps most significant challenge for being successful or not is not the initial levels of uncertainty. Rather, it is managerial attempts to actively fight for reducing uncertainty but also addressing the equivocality dimension in the pre‐development stages of the innovation process. We observe reduced patterns of uncertainty and equivocality in successful product innovation and process innovation projects in pre‐development stages. This was not the case for unsuccessful projects. Similarly, we find significantly lower levels of equivocality for successful projects, which is a contribution to prior research suggesting that uncertainty is the major concern during predevelopment. Moreover, our results show that perceived patterns of uncertainty and equivocality differ between product innovation and process innovation projects in different sub‐phases of pre‐development. Key results are summarized as propositions which not only provide guidance for future research, but also provide direct managerial implications on how to address uncertainty and equivocality in different sub‐phases of predevelopment.

  • 335.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Florén, Henrik
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Beyond Managing Uncertainty: Insights from Studying Equivocality in the Fuzzy Front-End of Product and Process Innovation Projects2011Inngår i: IEEE transactions on engineering management, ISSN 0018-9391, E-ISSN 1558-0040, Vol. 58, nr 3, s. 551-563Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown uncertainty reduction to be critical in the fuzzy front end of the innovation process, but little attention has been given to the equally important concept of equivocality, although it is a defining characteristic of many front-end projects. To address this research gap, this paper report the resultsfrom a longitudinal, multiple case study of four large companiesoriented to both product and process innovation. First, our results show that both uncertainty and equivocality is more effectively reduced in successful front-end projects than in unsuccessful ones. Second, the negative consequences of equivocality appear more critical to front-end performance than the consequences following uncertainty. Third, our results show that uncertainty and equivocality are reduced sequentially in successful projects and simultaneously in unsuccessful projects. Finally, uncertainty and equivocality takes longer time to reduce in process innovation projects than in product innovation projects, which is a consequence of the systemic nature of process innovation. Altogether, these findings provide strong implications for managing front-end projects more proficiently.

  • 336.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Hörte, Sven Åke
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    The role of market orientation and entrepreneurial orientation for new product development performance in manufacturing firms2007Inngår i: Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, ISSN 0953-7325, E-ISSN 1465-3990, Vol. 19, nr 6, s. 765-788Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall purpose of this article is to examine the relationships between two strategic orientations and performance in new product development. The first orientation considered is market orientation; the second one considered is entrepreneurial orientation, which reflects a firm's propensity to innovate, to be proactive, as well as its willingness to take risks. Drawing upon a sample of 224 mid-sized manufacturing firms, multiple regressions with and without interaction terms were used for testing seven hypotheses. The results show that a market orientation and innovativeness were positively related to performance in new product development, while proactiveness and risk taking show no such relationship. The results also show that neither product characteristics nor environmental characteristics moderate these relationships. In terms of implications, our results suggest that contradictory and to some extent paradoxical capabilities are needed to increase performance in new product development, and that the different components of an entrepreneurial orientation do not impact new product development performance equally.

  • 337.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Hörte, Sven-Åke
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Managing External Information in Manufacturing Firms: The Impact on Innovation Performance2005Inngår i: The Journal of product innovation management, ISSN 0737-6782, E-ISSN 1540-5885, Vol. 22, nr 3, s. 251-266Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing upon a sample of 206 medium-sized manufacturing firms, this article investigates the extent to which management of external information is associated with innovation performance. The overall purpose of the article is to examine whether or not those organizations that are better at managing external information are also those that are the better innovators. The research strategy used was a survey, and data were collected by means of mail questionnaires (with a 62.4% response rate). A multiple regression analysis was used for hypothesis testing. The results show that scanning the technological sector of the environment was positively associated with innovation performance, while scanning customers, suppliers, and competitors proved to be negatively correlated with innovation performance. Cross-functional integration in the form of collaboration also proved significantly correlated with innovation performance, while interaction showed no such relationship. Further, decision-making based on information from the industry environment correlated significantly with innovation performance. Research and managerial implications of these findings are presented and are discussed.

  • 338.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Entrepreneurship and Innovation Group, Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
    Lichtenthaler, Ulrich
    University of Mannheim, Department of Management and Organization, Mannheim, Germany .
    Rundquist, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Identifying technology commercialization opportunities: the importance of integrating product development knowledge2012Inngår i: The Journal of product innovation management, ISSN 0737-6782, E-ISSN 1540-5885, Vol. 29, nr 4, s. 573-589Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    New product development (NPD) is a knowledge-intensive activity, perhaps even more so in recent years given the shift toward more open innovation processes, which involve active inward and outward technology transfer. While the extant literature has established that knowledge is critical for NPD performance, knowledge generated through NPD can have an additional impact on external technology exploitationas when firms go beyond pure internal application of knowledge to commercialize their technologies, for example, by means of technology outlicensing. Grounded in the knowledge-based view of the firm, this paper examines how the integration of domain-specific knowledge, procedural knowledge, and general knowledge generated through NPD affects a firm's proficiency in identifying technology commercialization opportunities. Additionally, analysis of how technology opportunity identification relates to technology commercialization performance is provided. Empirically, the paper draws on survey data from 193 Swedish medium-sized manufacturing firms in four industries active with NPD, and regression analyses and structural equation modeling were used to test the hypotheses. The results highlight the importance of integrating domain-specific and general NPD knowledge to proficiently identify technology licensing opportunities. The empirical findings also provide strong support for a subsequent link between technology opportunity identification and technology commercialization performance. Altogether, these results point to strong and previously unexplored complementarities between inward and outward technology exploitation, that is, between NPD and technology licensing. As such, the results provide important theoretical implications for research into the fields of knowledge integration, technology exploitation, opportunity identification, and technology markets. Moreover, the results have significant managerial implications concerning how knowledge generated through NPD can help firms to achieve both strategic and monetary benefits when trying to profit from technology. In particular, to set up proficient technology commercialization processes, it appears beneficial for firms to integrate knowledge that is gained through the ordinary activities of developing and commercializing products. Specifically, the integration of domain-specific knowledge and general knowledge helps firms to match their technologies with new applications and markets, which is often the critical barrier to successful technology commercialization activities. Managers are thus encouraged to integrate domain-specific knowledge and general knowledge from NPD to reap additional benefits in profiting from investments in innovation and technology.

  • 339. Fürst Hörte, Gunilla
    et al.
    Hansson, Agneta
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Projekthanteringskompetens nödvändig för långsiktigt arbete2006Inngår i: Vad hände sen?: Långsiktiga effekter av jämställdhetssatsningar under 1980- och 90-talen / [ed] Elisabeth Sundin & Ulla Göranson, Stockholm: VINNOVA - Verket för innovationssystem , 2006, s. 221-243Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 340.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Handbook of Research on Corporate Governance and Entrepreneurship2017Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 341.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Lunds universitet.
    Styrelsearbete i riskkapitalfinansierade företag2003Inngår i: Småföretaget och kapitalet: Svensk forskning kring små företags finansiering / [ed] Hans Landström, Stockholm: SNS förlag, 2003, s. 225-243Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 342.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Calabrò, Andrea
    University of Witten/Herdecke, Witten, Germany.
    Huse, Morten
    BI Norwegian Business School, Oslo, Norway.
    Boards and Value Creation in Family Firms: An Extended Team Production Approach2016Inngår i: The Handbook of Board Governance: A Comprehensive Guide for Public, Private, and Not-for-Profit Board Members / [ed] Richard Leblanc, Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 2016, 1, s. 748-763Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 343.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Norwegian School of management, BI, Oslo, Norway .
    Huse, Morten
    Norwegian School of Management, Oslo, Norway & Bocconi University, Milan, Italy.
    Context, behavior and evolution: Challenges in research on boards and governance2004Inngår i: International Studies of Management and Organization, ISSN 0020-8825, E-ISSN 1558-0911, Vol. 34, nr 02, s. 11-36Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we present an overview of empirical research on boards and governance in leading U.S. and international academic journals in general management. Samples, methods, theories, and main concepts are presented and compared. The contributions are positioned with respect to contingency perspectives, behavioral perspectives, and evolutionary perspectives. Through an analysis of 127 empirical articles, we find that most studies on boards and governance have been influenced by a research tradition that treats the board of directors as an isolated “black box.” Only few studies explore boards in context or explore behavioral perspectives of boards. Almost no studies include evolutionary perspectives. Based on our analysis, we explore alternative research streams and outline various directions for future research.

  • 344.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Lund University.
    Huse, morten
    Norwegian School of Management BI, Oslo, Norway.
    Context, behaviour and evolution: Challenges in research on boards and governance2009Inngår i: The Value Creating Board: Corporate governance and organizational behaviour / [ed] Morten Huse, Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Routledge, 2009, s. 10-32Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we present an overview of empirical research on boards and governance in leading U.S. and international academic journals in general management. Samples, methods, theories, and main concepts are presented and compared. The contributions are positioned with respect to contingency perspectives, behavioral perspectives, and evolutionary perspectives. Through an analysis of 127 empirical articles, we find that most studies on boards and governance have been influenced by a research tradition that treats the board of directors as an isolated “black box.” Only few studies explore boards in context or explore behavioral perspectives of boards. Almost no studies include evolutionary perspectives. Based on our analysis, we explore alternative research streams and outline various directions for future research.

  • 345.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Norwegian School of Management BI, Oslo, Norway.
    Huse, Morten
    Norwegian School of Management BI, Oslo, Norway.
    “Outside” directors in SME boards: a call for theoretical reflections2005Inngår i: Corporate Board: Roles, Duties & Composition, ISSN 2312-2722, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 28-37Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Good governance for SMEs is critical for economic development and growth in both developed and developing economies. In this paper we focus on boards and governance in small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) by investigating the role and contribution of “outside” directors in this setting. By contrasting board role theories against different types of SMEs, firms are expected to recruit “outside” board members for various reasons. Illustrated by 52 empirical studies of “outside” directors in SMEs we show how agency theory, resource based view of the firm, and resource dependence theory can be applied to understand the multiple roles that “outside” directors can play in family firms, venture capital-backed firms and other SMEs. The illustration shows that the concept “outside” director is not the same in different theories and in different empirical settings. Based on this finding, we argue for the need to have a conscious and balanced use of theories for understanding the role and contribution of “outside” directors in SMEs.

  • 346.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Huse, Morten
    Centre for Church Research and Scandinavian Institute for Research in Entrepreneurship, Slependen, Norway.
    The venture capitalist and the board of directors in SMEs: roles and processes2002Inngår i: Venture Capital: an International Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance, ISSN 1369-1066, E-ISSN 1464-5343, Vol. 4, nr 2, s. 125-146Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper provides an attempt to direct the research in the area of venture capitalists and the board of directors in SMEs. Issues about boards in venture capital-backed technology based industrials are explored, and various research designs are used to meet different research questions. Empirical results indicate that venture capital firms purposefully use boards in the portfolio firm, and boards in venture capital-backed firms are more active than boards in other firms. The venture capitalist and the entrepreneur/owner-manager of the portfolio firm may have diverging expectations to board roles. In this setting the board becomes an interesting meeting place for studying the processes and the dynamics between external and internal stakeholders. Future research in this area should integrate board role theories and board process theories.

  • 347.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Hägg, Gustav
    Lund university, Lund, Sweden.
    Landström, Hans
    Lund university, Lund, Sweden.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Lund university, Lund, Sweden.
    Entrepreneurship education as a scholarly field of research: A systematic review of scientific articles 1980-20172018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We conduct a systematic literature review of research on entrepreneurship education published in the period 1980-2017 to examine how entrepreneurship education research has developed as a scholarly field since the 1980s. Our search enables us to synthesize and analyse 334 articles published in 62 peer-reviewed academic journals. Two major observations emerge. First, entrepreneurship journals are over time playing a decreasing role as primary outlets for communicating and disseminating entrepreneurship education research. Second, entrepreneurship education research has over the past decades continued to be an interesting and highly relevant topic. However, the migration of entrepreneurship education research from “mainstream” entrepreneurship conferences and journals, combined with its closeness to (educational) practice, seems to have produced a practice-oriented research agenda largely guided by empirical descriptions, thus compromising some of its academic legitimacy.

  • 348.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Lunds universitet.
    Johnsson, Eythor
    University of Iceland, Copenhagen Business School.
    Styrelser i unga entreprenörsdrivna företag2013Inngår i: Magma - Tidsskrift for økonomi og ledelse, ISSN 1500-0788, E-ISSN 1500-6069, nr 7, s. 40-50Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Styrelser lyfts ofta fram som en outnyttjad resurs i nya och unga företag. Det finns dock begränsat med studier som lyfter fram det unga framväxande företagets särskilda behov och villkor. I denna artikel tar vi ett steg mot att bättre förstå användandet av styrelser i unga entreprenörsdrivna företag som vill växa och expandera på inhemska och internationella marknader. Studiens empiriska data kommer från unga företag som medverkat i Seed Forum International. Vi analyserar företagens finansieringskällor och utvecklingsfas i förhållande till deras styrelseaktivitet. Sammantaget visar studien att styrelsen får större roll och betydelse när organisationens resursberoenden utvecklas i takt med att företaget växer. Vidare finner vi att aktiva styrelser i unga entreprenörsdrivna företag tar ett helhetsansvar för organisationens utveckling genom att vara involverade i en bred repertoar av olika styrelserelaterade uppgifter.

  • 349.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Landström, Hans
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Hägg, Gustav
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Exemplary contributions from Europe to entrepreneurship education research and practice2018Inngår i: A Research Agenda for Entrepreneurship Education / [ed] Alain Fayolle, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, s. 105-126Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The growth of entrepreneurship education has played an important role in building up an academic infrastructure for entrepreneurship research. In this chapter we identify exemplary European contributions to entrepreneurship education research and practice. We discuss the evolution of entrepreneurship education as a scholarly field in Europe with particular emphasis on its social infrastructure and cognitive development. Thereafter we use a systematic literature review to identify important contributions made by European-based scholars to entrepreneurship education research published in peer-reviewed academic journals. Based on the review we identify top research journals with the most published articles on entrepreneurship education, the most cited articles, and the most influential scholars. We end the chapter with a description of the European Entrepreneurship Education Award (EEEA) together with summary analyses of the work of the six Award Laureates.

  • 350.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). CIRCLE, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Lindholm Dahlstrand, Åsa
    CIRCLE, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Politis, Diamanto
    CIRCLE, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Sustainable high-growth entrepreneurship: A study of rapidly growing firms in the Scania region2014Inngår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, ISSN 1465-7503, E-ISSN 2043-6882, Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 29-40Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of high-growth entrepreneurship is widely acknowledged. Previous studies, however, have shown that only a few rapidly growing firms manage to sustain their growth trajectory over long periods. This paper addresses high-growth entrepreneurship in the Scania region of Sweden. The authors analyse a sample of high-growth firms and find that only a minority exhibit sustained high growth. They also compare sustainable high-growth firms with temporary high-growth firms, using unique data about their innovation and R&D activities. The analysis shows that sustainable high-growth firms are more often involved in activities aimed at developing and improving existing production processes, and are also less committed to international operations in new foreign markets. The results can be used to advise policy makers on how to understand and support high-growth entrepreneurship in regional innovation systems.

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