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  • 301.
    Awuah, Gabriel
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Reinert, Venilton
    Universidade Regional de Blumenau, Brazil.
    The use of Internet as a marketing strategy in hotel market: A comparison between Brazil, Ghana, and Sweden2007Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The new information technologies (NIT), especially the Internet, have created opportunities for companies. NIT can be used as a tool to execute marketing activities on three levels: (1) a firm can convey information about its products and services, using various communications tools, (2) conduct transactions by means of e-commerce and deliver its products/services online or (3) by the help of the conventional delivering way. In the tourism market, which is an information-oriented phenomenon, the NIT has had strong influence because people use the Internet to search for information to better plan their trips. In the hotel business, for example, the customers search for the company’s core service and support services, which can fulfill their basic and secondary needs. In this perspective, this study analyzed how hotels presented their services, prices, and communicated with their customers on the Internet. The main objective was to analyze the presentation of the marketing mix strategies in the hotels’ websites. The methodology used was first an exploratory research and then a descriptive study. The method was a qualitative and the population was hotels from three countries, Ghana, Sweden and Brazil. The results showed that the information aired in the hotels’ web pages were clearly directed to their respective target audience. To promote their services, the companies studied used, as their main communication tools, advertising, Customer Relationship Management (CRM) and public relations. It can be inferred that the companies uniformly used marketing and communication tools in their websites. Thus, to market their services, no difference was found among the three firms’ use of those tools.

  • 302.
    Axel, Eriksson
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Pantzar, August
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Valet att miljöcertifiera byggnader: en studie om strategiska perspektiv och andra faktorer som kan vara avgörande i valet att miljöcertifiera byggnader2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 303.
    Axelsson, David
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Pyk, Karl
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Bibehållande av humankapital vid företagsförvärv.: En kvalitativ studie av svenska medicintekniska bolag.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Mergers and acquisitions has become a common thing in recent years. Assets change owners in hope of creating synergies and desirable outcomes. Human capital, i.e. the employees behind the numbers, is one asset that is often forgotten. It is therefore important to keep these key employees in the organisation post-acquisition in order to gain or retain competitive advantages and avoid unwelcome surprises. The aim of the study is to identify how Swedish medtech companies identifies key employees during a due diligence and how they retain them afterwards. We chose a qualitative approach for the study and have therefore conducted our interviews in a semi-structured manner. The study uses competence- and resource based theory to identify key employees and how to use them as a resource to gain a competitive advantage. Our result is that human capital is not a factor that can sustain a competitive advantage since it can be transferred via mergers and acquisitions. On the other hand, the competence based view can be used to maximize the resources in form of human capital. When a company is acquired, employees start integrating in the new organisation. The study uses onboarding theory to identify key aspects in how to acclimatise key employees. A conceptual model is eventually presented with our findings where key employees are identified by way of references, the former board of directors, statistics, meetings and industrial knowledge. The HR-department does generally gets involved late in the due diligence process, something that our respondents consider a potential problem. In post-acquisition, during the onboarding process, key factors are; obtaining information about the new culture, role clarification and new challenges to keep key employees in the new organisation.

    Keywords: Human Capital, mergers & acquisitions, medtech, onboarding, key employee retention.

  • 304.
    Axelsson, Elias
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Wolme, Kerstin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Borda - Ett hjälpande steg i sjönöd2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpOppgave
  • 305.
    Axelsson, Emil
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK).
    Källner, David
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK).
    Plastgranulat Extruder2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 poäng / 7,5 hpOppgave
  • 306.
    Axelsson, Helena
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Spångberg, Annica
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Bioackumulering av tungmetaller i vildsvin (Sus scrofa): -analys av biotillgängligheten av bly och kadmium i vildsvinslever2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    As the wild boar population increases, so does the consuming of wild boar meat. Often with the belief that this is much healthier than conventional meat. International studies have shown that wild boar meat is more likely to contain higher concentrations of soil pollutions than other game meat. The aim of this study was therefore to analyze the concentrations of lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) in the liver of free living wild boars (Sus scrofa), located in the south of Sweden. Samples were taken from 10 wild boars during the hunting season of spring, 2018. The lead and cadmium concentrations in wild boar livers were determined by AAS- atomic absorption spectroscopy. Our result shows a higher uptake for cadmium than lead. Cadmium also seem to increase with age in wild boars due to bioaccumulation. However, 7 out of 10 livers exceeded the maximum limit for food safety standards regarding lead (0,10 mg/kg) and 2 out of 10 for cadmium (0,50 mg/kg). Therefore, the consumer should practice vigilance, especially for wild boar meat originating from areas known to be contaminated.

  • 307.
    Axelsson, Magnus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap. 19760807-4675.
    Energiutvinning ur magasinerat spillvatten2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    The houses we build today are very energy efficient and we have minimized the demand of energy for heating. But tap water can still consume 50% of the total energy cost. Mandatory laws and regulations of today forces us to look over our usage of energy.

    In this report I compare my own prototype with some of the existing systems for recycling energy in wastewater. All existing systems for recycling energy in wastewater only let the new tap water meet the wastewater in a simple heat-exchanger. This way most of the energy leaves the building with a low grade of recycling.

    My experiment diverse significantly from the existing systems. In my prototype I allow the wastewater to stay for some time in the building while I recycle the energy in it. A number of tests was made in an existing building with eight flats. Using a heat pump the tank with wastewater was forced to as low temperature as possible without reaching the freezing point.

  • 308.
    Axelsson, Markus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Lundgren, Oskar
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Raytelligent Cloud2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens samhälle blir fler och fler enheter uppkopplade mot Internet vilket kan ge en annars begränsad hårdvara möjlighet att genomföra större beräkningar. Detta projekt avser att skapa ett system som hanterar en användares radarenheter i ett molnbaserat system. Systemet erbjuder även möjligheten att ladda upp användarens egna applikationer vilka använder data från radarenheten, körs på virtuella maskiner och vid behov har möjlighet att skicka notiser till användarens mobila applikationer. För att underlätta utveckling har systemet delats upp i tre delsystem. Dessa är radarenhet, molntjänst och mobilapplikation. Projektet resulterade i ett komplett system med en webbapplikation som erbjuder användaren möjlighet att registrera sina radarenheter, ladda upp källkod som kompileras och körs på en molntjänst samt möjlighet att skicka notiser till en mobilapplikation. 

  • 309.
    Ayed, Sami
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Bio- och miljösystemforskning (BLESS), Energivetenskap.
    Assessment of energy losses for the climate shell in a commercial passenger ship2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The shipping industry is facing a major challenge. Current and future emission requirements result in considerably increased operating costs. Studies have shown that it is a large potential to reduce the ship operating costs by energy effectivisation. The focus has naturally been on systems with major energy losses, such as combustion engines, propulsion and hull friction.

    A passenger ship like Stena Danica with a big climate controlled accommodation could be expected to have major heat losses. By calculating transmission losses from walls, ceilings, window sections, and the energy losses by ventilation, a general view of how heat losses are distributed has been established. The primary goal is to gather information that could be useful in further energy improvements.

    Due to lack of information and deficiently measured data have several assumptions and simplifications been made. Despite this, the calculations can be considered as indicative. The results indicated that about 50 percent of the energy losses occur by ventilation and the remaining consists of transmission losses in windows sections and climate shell, (About 25% each). The focus in the calculations has been to estimate the accommodations heating demand. Energy improvements that reduce the heating demand will reduce the cooling demand as well. This may be a greater incentive for measures as the air conditioning system are powered with higher energy quality; electricity. Besides shore power the electricity is mainly generated by diesel generators. The energy used for heating is mainly produced by waste heat or is supplied by shoreside district heating.

    Upgrading the ventilation systems are considered to be the most economic method to reduce the heat losses in the accommodation area. The ship's ventilation systems lack any type of demand control, this causes excessive energy losses as the ventilation demand vary greatly regarding to time of the day and numbers of passengers.

    The ship has a large amount of single pane windows that also contributes to large energy losses. To upgrade or replace these are considered to be more economic than to improve the insulation on the rest of the climate shell as it doesn’t affect the interior to the same extent. The latter may be worth considering in case of a major renovation of the vessel.

  • 310.
    Aziza, Amine
    et al.
    Institut national des postes et télécommunications (INPT), Rabat, Morocco.
    Oubrich, Mourad
    Madinat Al Irfane Rabat - Institutes - Morocco, Rabat, Morocco.
    Solberg Søilen, Klaus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    The impact of CRM on QoE: An exploratory study from mobile phone industry in Morocco2015Inngår i: Journal of Intelligence Studies in Business, ISSN 2001-015X, E-ISSN 2001-015X, Vol. 5, nr 2, s. 22-35Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Today’s mobile phone sector is marked by intensified competition and strong market penetration. In this environment, the carriers offer their customers a wide variety of services that are quite similar from one operator to another. These customers are always searching for a quality of experience (QoE). On one hand, operators interact with their customers through CRM practices inspired by their marketing strategies and rolled out through their procedures and technological support. On the other hand, the customers expect an extremely high quality of service (QoS) and subjectively perceive the utility and usability (Qp) of these mobile services. This paradox led us to study the impact of CRM on the customer experience (QoE) in the mobile phone industry, in this study with data from Morocco. Empirical data confirms existing theory, CRM determinants for QoE include quality of service, quality of interaction with customer, claims management and customer knowledge. However, we also found that practitioners are aware that organizations should look beyond the relationship to manage the customer experience. To this end we developed a model based on the first four CRM determinants and the findings in this study.

  • 311.
    Baaz, Matilda
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Månsson, Emma
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Dualitet i styrelsen - lönsamt eller inte?: En studie av små och medelstora företag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 312.
    Baffour Awuah, Gabriel
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Iddris, Faisal
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Studying a Firm's Innovations as a Multi-Faceted (Interactive) Socio-Technical Process2015Inngår i: Review of Business Research, ISSN 1546-2609, E-ISSN 2378-9670, Vol. 15, nr 3, s. 37-46Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to stimulate debate with regards to why firms will commit resources to innovate and the effects of the interactive nature of a firm’s innovation, as the firm engages in collaboration with several others to co-produce value. Methodologically, the study is a review of the existing literature on innovation, looking for an answer to the following. Why and how do a firm and some significant actors in its network engage in innovative activities to co-produce value? The study shows that, from a firm’s perspective, (1) a firm innovates in order to enhance its competitiveness and (2) a firm innovates because it enables it to achieve growth in an increasingly competitive environment.  A firm’s innovation should translate into value creation for some stakeholders. (3) Through innovations, a firm co-produces value, mostly, with others in its network. A firm’s internal capacity is complemented by external capacities of some actors in the firm’s network. © 2015 IABE. All Rights Reserved.

  • 313.
    Baffour Awuah, Gabriel
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Iddris, Faisal
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Studying a Firm's Innovations as a Multi-Faceted (Interactive) Socio-Technical Process2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 314.
    Bakker, Roel H.
    et al.
    Department of Applied Research in Care, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Pedersen, Eja
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Bio- och miljösystemforskning (BLESS).
    van den Berg, Godefridus Petrus
    GGD Amsterdam Public Health Service, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Stewart, R.E.
    Department of Community & Occupational Health, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Lok, W.
    Department of Applied Research in Care, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Bouma, J.
    Department of Health Care, Science shop, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Impact of wind turbine sound on annoyance, self-reported sleep disturbance and psychological distress2012Inngår i: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 425, s. 42-51Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose of the research: The present government in the Netherlands intends to realize a substantial growth ofwind energy before 2020, both onshore and offshore. Wind turbines, when positioned in the neighborhood ofresidents may cause visual annoyance and noise annoyance. Studies on other environmental sound sources,such as railway, road traffic, industry and aircraft noise show that (long-term) exposure to sound can havenegative effects other than annoyance from noise. This study aims to elucidate the relation between exposureto the sound of wind turbines and annoyance, self-reported sleep disturbance and psychological distress ofpeople that live in their vicinity. Data were gathered by questionnaire that was sent by mail to a representativesample of residents of the Netherlands living in the vicinity of wind turbinesPrincipal results: A dose–response relationship was found between immission levels of wind turbine soundand selfreported noise annoyance. Sound exposure was also related to sleep disturbance and psychologicaldistress among those who reported that they could hear the sound, however not directly but with noiseannoyance acting as a mediator. Respondents living in areas with other background sounds were less affectedthan respondents in quiet areas.Major conclusions: People living in the vicinity of wind turbines are at risk of being annoyed by the noise, anadverse effect in itself. Noise annoyance in turn could lead to sleep disturbance and psychological distress. Nodirect effects of wind turbine noise on sleep disturbance or psychological stress has been demonstrated,which means that residents, who do not hear the sound, or do not feel disturbed, are not adversely affected.

  • 315.
    Balakrishnan, Srinivas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Mohan, Raghul
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Working with Multiple Business Models: A Case Study of HMS2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Customer needs are ever changing and organizations are under constant pressure to fulfill these needs. This resulted in the organization moving in new areas and introducing new offerings/business models. In order to thrive in the competitive market, new companies were acquired with a new set of business units were introduced or existing business units are converged. This resulted in the emergence of multiple business model phenomena and ultimately strategies were developed to manage the business models simultaneously.

    Purpose: The motivation behind this study, is to find the strategy for operating multiple businesses models embraced by an organization to thrive in a developing field.

    Methodology: This study is a based on qualitative analysis with a single case study method. The information has been gathered from the two semi-structured interviews with top management of the company and by means of annual reports & financial documents. The findings have been analyzed within the case analysis. The case organization is HMS Industrial Networks, a Swedish Industrial communication equipment manufacturer.

    Empirical Findings: The findings contain a total review of the organization history and business models from 1988 to 2018, based on the gathered information. It is organized in identified time periods.

    Conclusions: It can be concluded that business models of HMS have evolved from its establishment to current day. Moreover, integrating strategy used to manage multiple business models through acquisition and realizing synergies that adversely alters the distribution of possible outcomes regardless of an increase or decrease of the expected outcome.

    Future Research: The future research is needed in order to find other types of strategies for managing multiple business models.

  • 316.
    Bangalore Manjunath, Harsha
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Kumar, Santosh
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Designing of Kids Train2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Designing a Kids Train body and Chassis, where Body of a train plays an important role as it should be attractive, fun, educational, comfortable and safer for the kids. and the chassis should be able to withstand sufficient load and able to accommodate steering, battery, seating, motor, axles and bumper at all sides which is developed for SB international AB.A literature study is carried out to review various designs body of train and chassis, latest innovations and advanced materials used to manufacture the same. The various types of forces and stresses commonly acting on chassis structures are analyzed and their effects on the vehicle is understood and different types of train design is studied in order to make an attractive train for the kids by using Waterfall method to understand the concepts in designing a Train body. The pro-con analysis is conducted to evaluate merits and demerits of each alternative type of body of a train and the material to manufacture it. The most essential 

    design criteria are derived from the QFD (Quality function deployment) which then acts as important guidelines during the actual design process.Structural chassis frame is designed as per the design criteria with little modification and designing a body of a train using the CAD software CATIAV5R20 and the structural stability of the same is tested and analyzed using Inspire (solid thinking) software.

  • 317.
    Banis, Alvianos
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Johansson, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Political Communication Strategies Applied on Business Organizations2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to describe the current communication techniques and strategies used by political parties resulting in these parties achieving significant growth, understand the components of those communication techniques in order to isolate the factors attributing to this achieved success and develop a model that can be replicated from a business organization in order to achieve similar beneficial results.The study revealed that there is a clear connection between political parties and business organizations, broadening the research fields of both entities respectively. Furthermore, the findings were categorized based on potential value, with practices such as “thriving on dissatisfaction”, “taking advantage of emotions”, “showing visible structures as an organization / political party”, “intentional use of weak signals”, “leader’s direct connection to audience” and “formulating receiver interpretation of signals” appearing to have high potential in achieving success if implemented correctly in the communication strategy.

  • 318.
    Bao, Yuanjia
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Li, Yanqing
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    How can catering businesses achieve competitive advantages in Chinese market: Using service differentiation strategy as marketing strategy2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 319.
    Barcelo, Lidia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Kano Model applied to low cost airlines2017Student paper other, 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 320.
    Bark, Johanna
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Framgångsrik hållbarhetskommunikation: Kommunikationens betydelse för miljöarbete inom små och medelstora företag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar att svara på frågeställningen om hur en klimatsatsning inom små och

    medelstora företag (SME) kommuniceras på bästa sätt och var i svårigheter kan ligga. Jämförelser

    görs också med liknande projekt som genomförts och de framgångsfaktorer de haft för att se om

    de går att överföras till de små och medelstora företagen i Halland, som ingår i denna studie.

    Genom jämförelser med andra rapporter, djupintervjuer med representanter ur de medverkande

    företagen, workshops i samarbete med EMC och Alexandersoninstitutet samt analys av dessa har

    utmaningar och möjligheter i arbetet med att implicera klimatarbetet i företagens verksamhet

    identifierats. Resultaten har analyserats i enlighet med miljöpsykologisk ansats. Genom att

    utvärdera attityder, upplevd kontroll och upplevda hinder, har förslag för implementering och

    kommunikation tagits fram.

    Resultatet av djupintervjuer och workshops visar att företagen behöver vägledning när det gäller

    kommunikationen av sitt klimatarbete internt såväl som externt. Företagen vet inte vilka kanaler

    som ska väljas eller vad som ska kommuniceras. De flesta är överens om att ledningen behöver

    föregå med gott exempel. Därför bör ledningen utbildas i första hand. Företagen har bland annat

    problem med att anställda tillhör olika grupper som arbetar på skilda sätt, vilket gör att

    kommunikationen behöver anpassas för att passa respektive grupp. Svårigheter att omvandla

    klimatåtgärder till mätbara värden så att de tydligt kan redovisas för medarbetare och därmed öka

    motivationen till ett förändrat beteende är andra faktorer företagen har problem med.

    Små och medelstora företag kan arbeta med ett antal framgångsfaktorer grundade på analyser av

    ovanstående. Det är viktigt att arbeta strukturerat och med tydliga mål, det är också viktigt att

    använda sig av mindre målgrupper, även under den interna hållbarhetskommunikationen. Tesen att

    den interna kommunikationen är avgörande för ett framgångsrikt hållbarhetsarbete kan styrkas

    med hjälp av denna studie.

  • 321.
    Barth, Henrik
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Barriers to growth and development in small firms2004Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the extended summary is to develop the understanding of the existence and reasons behind barriers to growth and development in small firms. More specifically, four questions are addressed: (1) What do we know about the term barrier, how can it be defined? (2) What types of barriers to growth and development have been identified? (3) How can barriers to growth and development be addressed in a framework? and (4) How do the results of the appended papers (Papers I-V) contribute to the research field of barriers to growth and development?

    A literature review was undertaken to answer the first two questions. The literature review was conducted in two phases. The conceptual and operational definition of barriers was addressed in the first phase. The results reveal diverse ways of focusing on barriers, which made it necessary to address similar terms, such as problem and causes of business failure in the second phase of the literature review. The different terms used in the papers of the literature review are discussed in order to determine whether or not the understanding of their content is coherent and conceptual. Based on the conceptual understanding and definition of barriers, the different aspects focused on in the literature were discussed, which led to the second question, What are the various aspects of barriers to growth and development?

    The knowledge gained from the literature review and the development of the understanding of the barrier concept led to the third question, Can barriers to growth and development be addressed in a framework? The discussion takes its starting point in the studies identified in the literature review and is related to some of the appended papers (Papers I and II). Similarities and differences between frameworks used in the papers identified in the literature review are discussed and, based on this knowledge, a framework for barriers to growth and development in small firms is presented. The framework distinguishes two types of barriers, namely internal/external barriers and tangible/intangible barriers.

    The knowledge available in the reviewed papers within the field of barriers to growth and development in small firms in combination with the results from the appended papers (Papers I-V) resulted in the fourth question. Part of the contribution of the appended papers concerns the operational definition, for example that barriers to innovation should be categorised as either occurring or preventing firms from innovating (Paper II), while other contributions concern specific types of barriers, for example the importance of managerial skills (Paper V). Overall, the contribution focuses on conditional factors, such as strategy and planning, organisation and management, and institution and policy factors, in relation to growth and development.

  • 322.
    Barth, Henrik
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Diversity as a competitive advantage? A case study of Immigrant Labour in Swedish Agriculture2018Inngår i: Journal of Leadership, Accountability and Ethics, ISSN 1913-8059, Vol. 15, nr 4, s. 130-137Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates cultural diversity as means to business sustainability and competitive advantage for entrepreneurs in the agricultural sector. 80 agricultural entrepreneurs have been addressed in this study, which include face-to-face meetings between entrepreneurs and candidates for employment.

    While supportive of the idea of cultural diversity as a beneficial element of business sustainability, most farmers stated they lacked both the time and the resources to manage the issues associated with immigrant workers. However, lack of organisational changes and managerial skills can also be a potential barrier for integration when the farm address growth and employment ambitions.

  • 323.
    Barth, Henrik
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Fit among competitive strategy, administrative mechanisms, and performance: A comparative study of small firms in mature and new industries2003Inngår i: Journal of small business management (Print), ISSN 0047-2778, E-ISSN 1540-627X, Vol. 41, nr 2, s. 133-147Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    At least two different administrative mechanisms are available for the small business manager to develop and to pursue a competitive strategy. One refers to managerial skills needed to implement and to follow the competitive strategy chosen by the firm. The other refers to the design of organization structure - that is, how job tasks are divided, grouped, and coordinated. This paper argues that the fit among the competitive strategy followed by a firm, the utilization of the administrative mechanisms, and the performance of the firm is related to industry maturity.

  • 324.
    Barth, Henrik
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Fit Between Competitive Strategy, Administrative Mechanisms and Performance: A Comparative Study of Small Firms in Mature and New Industries2003Inngår i: Journal of small business management (Print), ISSN 0047-2778, E-ISSN 1540-627X, Vol. 2, nr 41, s. 133-147Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    At least two different administrative mechanisms are available for the small business manager to develop and to pursue a competitive strategy. One refers to managerial skills needed to implement and to follow the competitive strategy chosen by the firm. The other refers to the design of organization structure—that is, how job tasks are divided, grouped, and coordinated. This paper argues that the fit among the competitive strategy followed by a firm, the utilization of the administrative mechanisms, and the performance of the firm is related to industry maturity.

  • 325.
    Barth, Henrik
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Immigrant Labour in Swedish Agriculture: A Sustainable Business Model Innovation2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates cultural diversity as means to business sustainability and competitive advantage for entrepreneurs in the agricultural sector. The paper focuses on challenges and barriers in immigrant workforce integration as revealed by a year-long project conducted among farmers in the region of Halland (on Sweden’s southwest coast). The paper reports on a matchmaking project between farmers seeking employees and job seekers (immigrants) seeking employment. The project began with interviews with 80 farmers and continued with an exploratory meeting with 42 farmers, four discussion meetings with 16 farmers, and face-to-face meetings between farmers and candidates for employment. The project concluded with follow-up interviews with the 42 farmers. While 42 of the 80 farmers were interested in exploring the benefits of immigrant workforce integration, the others (53%) declined further participation in the project. Ultimately, one farmer hired three immigrants. While supportive of the idea of cultural diversity as a beneficial element of business sustainability, most farmers stated they lacked both the time and the resources to manage the issues associated with immigrant workers such as their lack of technical and mechanical skills, and the language differences.

  • 326.
    Barth, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Bäckman, Emma
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Ellmarker, Josefin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Sustainable Development for Food Waste: A Case Study of Catered Meal Service at Schools and Elderly Care homes2019Inngår i: Journal of Strategic Innovation and Sustainability, ISSN 1718-2077, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 21-34Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Food waste is an important topic in the context of sustainable development. Although many studies have addressed this topic, there is still limited knowledge owing to insufficient data. This study reports on food waste in two institutional settings in a Swedish municipality: schools and elderly care homes. The findings suggest it is easier to measure and reduce food waste in stable environments, such as exist at schools, than at environments characterized by change and unpredictability, such as exist at elderly care homes. Specific areas examined and compared include cooking and receiving kitchens, infrastructure, communications, and support. © North American Business Press.

  • 327.
    Barth, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Holmén, Magnus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Rosén, Bengt-Göran
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Funktionella ytor.
    The use and abuse of 3D-printing from a business model perspective2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper analyses changes in user activities and behaviour across different types of actors following the introduction of 3D printers. 3D printing, or additive manufacturing, has been claimed to disrupt manufacturing, allowing firms to move from prototyping to full-scale end-part production and replacement part production in a one-step process. 3D printing has many different uses, for example, the manufacturing of toys, shoes, lamps and fashion accessories, and by implication many different types of users and buyers. There are few empirical studies on the types of uses and users of 3D, hampering our understanding in what ways the 3D printers may change the behaviour of users, and whether 3D printers affect the likelihood and the nature of entrepreneurship or business model innovation. To investigate this, a model was created based on the 3DP literature. The model is applied on a distributor customer database and four interview-based illustrative case studies. The empirical findings show that the use of 3DP a) lowers the knowledge and resource barriers for experimentation and entrepreneurial entry, b) increases product and concept prototyping in product development, c) provides a potential for business model innovation by expanding the boundaries of the firm upstream and downstream, and d) becomes a ticket for entrepreneurial entry. Based on our results, the paper suggests that the potential of 3D printers alter user innovative activities is high but most of the potential is latent.

  • 328.
    Barth, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Melin, Martin
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Dept. of Work Sciences, Business Economics and Environmental Psychology, Alnarp, Sweden.
    A Green Lean approach to global competition and climate change in the agricultural sector – A Swedish case study2018Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 204, s. 183-192Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Increased global competition in the agricultural sector is rapidly changing the structure of farms and farming. As the number of small and diversified farms (often family-owned) decreases, the number of large and specialized farms (often corporate-owned) is increasing. In this transformation, the agricultural sector is more and more concerned with strategy, innovation, and competition in the effort to be more productive and more profitable. At the same time, the sector faces demands that it become more environmentally responsible in its policies and practices. This paper proposes a Lean Implementation Framework that small and mid-size farms can use as they aim to increase production and profit and yet support environmental sustainability. This case study takes an action-oriented research approach that focuses on the implementation of a Green Lean approach at 34 Swedish farms using various Lean tools. The paper describes how training sessions, farm visits, workshops, and counseling were used to introduce the farmers to the benefits and risks of the implementation of a new business model that added Green elements to the traditional business model design. The paper concludes with recommendations for adaptations to the Framework and suggestions for future research. © 2018

  • 329.
    Barth, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Ulvenblad, Per-Ola
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Ulvenblad, Pia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Towards a Conceptual Framework of Sustainable Business Model Innovation in the Agri-Food Sector: A Systematic Literature Review2017Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 9, nr 9, artikkel-id 1620Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to increase our understanding of sustainable business model innovation in the agri-food sector in terms of its theoretical and practical approaches for sustainability and their degree of complexity and maturity. The paper is based on a systematic literature review of 570 journal articles on business models and business model innovation published between 1990 and 2014. Of these articles, only 21 have business model innovation as their main focus. The review shows that research interest in the agri-food sector has increased in these years. The paper proposes a conceptual framework for sustainable business model innovation in the agri-food sector that can be used to meet the challenges encountered in taking a sustainability perspective. © 2017 by the authors

  • 330.
    Bas, Turker
    et al.
    Yeni İK Consulting Group, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Aydinlik, Arzu Ulgen
    School of Business, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Svensson, Göran
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER). Oslo School of Management, Oslo, Norway.
    Mysen, Tore
    Oslo School of Management, Oslo, Norway.
    Erenel, Fahri
    İstanbul Kemerburgaz University, Istanbul, Turkey.
    A Validation of a Conscientious Corporate Brand Framework – a Turkish Study2013Inngår i: International Journal of Business and Globalisation, ISSN 1753-3627, E-ISSN 1753-3635, Vol. 10, nr 2, s. 173-184Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study tests a construct of Conscientious Corporate Brand (hereinafter called CCB) introduced by Rindell et al. (2011). It assesses the dimensions of environmental and climate change issues, and the internal and external corporate codes of ethics. Subsequently, it builds upon and validates previous research in the field of ethical branding. The study was performed in business-to-business relationships of large Turkish companies. Copyright © 2013 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

  • 331.
    Bas, Turker
    et al.
    Strategic Research Institute of TWC, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Aydinlik, Arzu Ulgen
    School of Business, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Svensson, Göran
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER). Oslo School of Management, Oslo, Norway.
    Mysen, Tore
    Oslo School of Management, Oslo, Norway.
    Keskin, Nurzahit
    Halkbank of Turkey, Ankara, Turkey.
    RELQUAL in Turkish business relationships – theory testing and measurement model2012Inngår i: International Journal of Business Excellence, ISSN 1756-0047, E-ISSN 1756-0055, Vol. 5, nr 6, s. 620-638Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines a construct of relationship quality (RELQUAL) in Turkish business relationships, and appears to be the first of its kind in this region. The sample frame comprises the 500 largest companies in Turkey based upon revenue across multiple industries. The analysis yield support to the argument that continuity, trust, coordination, opportunism, commitment, formalisation, specific assets, dependence, satisfaction and cooperation are separate constructs that play an important role in creating relationship quality in Turkish business relationships. This study is of managerial and theoretical interest to executives and researchers since it provides a framework of constructs to be considered in corporate efforts in maintaining satisfactory levels of relationship quality, not only in Turkish business relationships, but it may also be applicable in other business relationships and countries. Copyright © 2012 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

  • 332.
    Basavalingappa, Sharat
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Grid-Tied Solar Photovoltaic (PV) System with Battery storage: A Brief Techno-Economic Analysis2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Most of the world’s electricity is being generated through conventional sources of energy like coal and nuclear. People are realizing the dire effect of using these fuels, and the amount of CO2 being released into the environment. Therefore, in recent year there has been a shift in emphasis towards cleaner ways of generating electricity. One such recent trend is solar photovoltaics (PV), which has seen rapid growth over the years. This ever-increasing trend of adopting PV system allows consumers to be producers or “Prosumers”. Due to the irregular production capability of solar PV, the need for an energy storage system like a battery bank is on the rise as well. This report evaluates how solar PV can be used in combination with a battery bank to supply the annual electricity demand for a household with little to no support from the grid. The building is assumed to be located in Bangalore, India. The energy demand for the household is estimated based on the requirements of a basic Indian house standard. The size and configuration of each component have been done with regards to the total load demand. Furthermore, the cost of the whole system is estimated in order to evaluate the feasibility of the grid-tied system from an economic perspective. The results show that a PV system consisting of four 270W solar panels, a battery bank of eight150Ah lead-acid batteries and a 48V 4kW inverter is required to meet the annual energy demand of the house. The results show that from a technical standpoint, the above-mentioned technology is feasible. The results from the economic evaluation show that the localized cost of energy(LCOE) for the system is ₹6.01/kWh or € 0.078/kWh or 0.84SEK/kWh and the payback time for the given system is 16.19 years. On the bright side, there are new technological advancements in the PV field every day, which could mean that an energy system of this type can be an achievable and practical alternative.

    Most of the world’s electricity is being generated through conventional sources of energy like coal and nuclear. People are realizing the dire effect of using these fuels, and the amount of CO2 being released into the environment. Therefore, in recent year there has been a shift in emphasis towards cleaner ways of generating electricity. One such recent trend is solar photovoltaics (PV), which has seen rapid growth over the years. This ever-increasing trend of adopting PV system allows consumers to be producers or “Prosumers”. Due to the irregular production capability of solar PV, the need for an energy storage system like a battery bank is on the rise as well.

    This report evaluates how solar PV can be used in combination with a battery bank to supply the annual electricity demand for a household with little to no support from the grid. The building is assumed to be located in Bangalore, India. The energy demand for the household is estimated based on the requirements of a basic Indian house standard. The size and configuration of each component have been done with regards to the total load demand. Furthermore, the cost of the whole system is estimated in order to evaluate the feasibility of the grid-tied system from an economic perspective.

    The results show that a PV system consisting of four 270W solar panels, a battery bank of eight 150Ah lead-acid batteries and a 48V 4kW inverter is required to meet the annual energy demand of the house. The results show that from a technical standpoint, the above-mentioned technology is feasible. The results from the economic evaluation show that the localized cost of energy (LCOE) for the system is ₹6.01/kWh or € 0.078/kWh or 0.84SEK/kWh and the payback time for the given system is 16.19 years. On the bright side, there are new technological advancements in the PV field every day, which could mean that an energy system of this type can be an achievable and practical alternative.

  • 333.
    BASSO, Grégoire
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    MOULIN, Arnaud
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    The marketing influence of sport nutrition in the fitness market: The Case of France.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Title: The influence of sport nutrition in the fitness market

     

    Supervisor: Venilton Reinert

     

    Course: Strategic Marketing with Independant Project

     

    Purpose: The objective of the thesis was to get a better comprehension and knowledge by the examination of links between the marketing influence of sport nutrition on people's decision to practice fitness. In fact, the marketing influence of sport nutrition contribute to create new trends of fitness practicing in France.

     

    Methodology: To write this thesis, secondary data coming from books, scientifical revue, website has been used. A quantitative research method and an explorative and descriptive research approach has been used for this study. Then, a questionnaire using a convenience and snowball sample has been done to collect primary data.

     

    Conclusion: Sport nutrition companies’ want to influence people to practice fitness to gain market share. Their product are linked to the practice of fitness therefore, convince people to practice fitness make them gain new potential customers.

  • 334.
    Bauhn, Lovisa
    et al.
    Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nuclear Chemistry, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ekberg, Christian
    Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nuclear Chemistry, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Fleischer, Siegfried
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Rydberglaboratoriet för tillämpad naturvetenskap (RLAS).
    Mattsson, Marie
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Rydberglaboratoriet för tillämpad naturvetenskap (RLAS).
    On the spot study reveals the missing carbon sink2017Inngår i: / [ed] Martin Novak, 2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    An increasing amount of CO2 emitted from human activities globally does not add to the increase in the atmosphere. Taking the ocean sink into acount, the fate of about 3 Gt C annually remains to be explained. This huge amount is calculated as the residual from known fluxes1 We present an `on the spot´ study that is based on systematic soil sampling in different regions and over the years since 2004. The difference between gross heterotrophic respiration (GHR) in the soil, and net heterotrophic respiration (NHR) that is the part of the carbon dioxide leaving the ground surface, was analyzed. The accumulated data indicate a within-soil CO2 sink of the same magnitude as the sink derived from different fluxes1 . Both approaches describe the same sink but our results show that the sink is CO2 uptake from the soil atmosphere, not emitted CO2 that is returned to some unknown area on land. The energy yield needed from nitrification to explain the observed reduction of CO2 to organic material is large, and NH4 + is recycled several times. It was unexpectedly observed that O2 was released in this gross nitrification cycle and this was confirmed with H2 18O incubations in soils2 . The large CO2 sink changes between seasons, between sites and even from a sink to an additional source, which may explain why it has so long been ”missing”.

    1 Le Quéré et al. 2015. Global Carbon Budgets 2015. Earth Syst. Sci. Data 7, 349–396

    2 Fleischer S. et al. 2013. Dark oxidation of water in soils. Tellus B 65, 20490

  • 335.
    Bay, Bjorn
    et al.
    Institute of Odontology, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Hilliges, Marita
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Bio- och miljösystemforskning (BLESS).
    Weidner, Christian
    Department of Physiology 1, University of Erlangen, Erlangen, Germany.
    Sandborgh-Englund, Gunilla
    Institute of Odontology, Karolinska Institutet, P.O. Box 4064, SE-141 04 Huddinge, Sweden.
    Response of human oral mucosa and skin to histamine provocation: laser Doppler perfusion imaging discloses differences in the nociceptive nervous system2009Inngår i: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 67, nr 2, s. 99-105Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. To investigate the existence of histamine-excitable nerve fibers in the oral mucosa and to compare the response to histamine provocation in healthy volunteers with that in a small group of patients with chronic oral pain. Material and methods. Thirteen healthy volunteers and six patients suffering from chronic oral pain took part in the study. Blood perfusion was monitored in the hard palate, the tongue, and the skin of the cheek using laser Doppler perfusion imaging (Perimed; Sweden). Baseline scannings were performed, followed by 15 scannings after iontophoresis of histamine (1%). A free description of the sensations was then obtained from the participants after finishing the measurements. Results. Compared to pre-histamine scanning, histamine application resulted in a considerable increase in blood perfusion in all regions (p0.001) that was significantly higher in skin than in oral mucosa (p0.001). There were no significant differences between the healthy volunteers and the patients regarding baseline blood flow, increased blood perfusion, or flare size after histamine provocation. The sensory impression was reported to be more persistent and intense in the skin than in the oral mucosa. No effect on mucosa could be detected by visual inspection. Conclusions. Intra-oral flare could be induced by activating histamine-excitable nerve fibers. Both duration and intensity of the flare were considerably less pronounced than in the control skin site. Histamine application was not clearly associated with itch.

  • 336.
    Bazes, Alex
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Baker, Andrew
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Redesign of the package tester2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 337.
    Belka, Linda
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Bio- och miljösystemforskning (BLESS), Biomekanik och biomedicin.
    Larsson, Jonathan
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Bio- och miljösystemforskning (BLESS), Biomekanik och biomedicin.
    Rullstolshjälpmedel för tetraplegiker: Utveckling och utvärdering av en prototyp2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppskattningsvis 2000 personer lever med diagnosen tetraplegia i Sverige idag. Orsaken till skadan är trauma mot halskotpelaren som resulterar i total förlamning i bålen och de nedre extremiteterna. Ju högre upp skadan är placerad, desto större blir även förlamningen i de övre extremiteterna. Det traditionella sättet, att driva en manuell rullstol framåt med hjälp av drivringen, är med dessa funktionsbortfall, inte optimalt för att ta sig framåt eller över hinder. Ett prototyphjälpmedel, som förändrar rörelsemönstret till att större delen av kraften riktas i tangentiell riktigning framåt, med hjälp av de starkaste kvarvarande musklerna, utvecklades i projektet.

    Projektet har tillämpat dynamisk produktutveckling, med användarna i fokus, för att få fram en prototyp som uppfyller användarnas krav och som framförallt är användarvänlig. Detta har gjorts genom insamling av data under bland annat studiebesök, marknadsundersökningar och användarträffar. Prototypframtagningen skedde genom kontakt med näringslivet.

    Resultaten som kom fram vid användartesterna visade att prototypen kunde hjälpa till att öka maxkraften, för en av de två testpersonerna, som krävdes för att ta sig upp över en tröskel. Prototypen gav dock en upplevd försämring av manövreringsförmågan, då inte alla prototypens komponenter fungerad optimalt. Det krävs ytterligare tester och utvecklingsarbete innan produkten kan fungera i större utsträckning och för en större målgrupp.

  • 338. Bellini, Anna
    et al.
    Gabrielson, Per
    Wiklund, Daniel
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK).
    Gunnarsson, L.
    Frictional properties of different austenitic stainless sheet surface topographies: Industrial trials at Alfa Laval2006Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 339.
    Bencic, Michelle
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Persson, Erik
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Banken som kreditgivare: En kvalitativ studie om hur banker bedömer immateriella tillgångar i tjänsteföretag.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Banker har en viktig roll i det finansiella systemet, de hjälper företag att växa genom att erbjuda hjälp att täcka finansieringsbehov genom kreditgivning. Innan krediten beviljas av banken görs en kreditbedömning. Banken kräver i många fall även att säkerhet lämnas av det kreditsökande företaget. Problematik kan uppstå då företag innehar en stor del immateriella tillgångar, så som intellektuellt kapital, vilket kan vara fallet för tjänsteföretag. Immateriella tillgångar är svåra att värdera, inte bara för banken men även företaget som innehar dem. På grund av att många immateriella tillgångar inte kan tas upp i balansräkningen uppstår ett gap mellan företagets redovisade värde och dess marknadsvärde. Detta gör det svårt för banker att objektivt bedöma företag vars tillgångar till stor del är av immateriell karaktär. Föreliggande uppsats har till syfte att utifrån problemformuleringen ”Hur tar banker hänsyn till tjänsteföretags immateriella tillgångar vid ett kreditärende?” skapa förståelse för hur banker tar hänsyn till immateriella tillgångar vid kreditbedömningen av företag som ansöker om kredit samt hur immateriella tillgångar bedöms som säkerhet vid kreditgivning. Detta uppnås genom intervjuer med sex respondenter som arbetar som företagsrådgivare eller chef på bank. Resultatet visade att kreditbedömningen är det som bankerna oftast anser vara mest väsentligt när kredit beviljas, även om de till stor del också kräver att företaget lämnar någon form av säkerhet. Beroende på vilken typ av säkerhet som lämnas kan banken anpassa kreditvillkoren. De tillgångar eller villkor som lämnas som säkerhet skall helst vara förknippade med krediten och möjliga att sälja vidare på en andrahandsmarknad alternativt fungera som ett styrmedel för banken. Immateriella tillgångar anses av respondenterna vara otillräckligt för att fungera som säkerhet på grund av sådana svårigheter. Gällande kreditbedömningen angav hälften av respondenterna att den behöver anpassas efter tjänsteföretag. De som ansåg detta tenderade även att inkludera immateriella tillgångar i kreditbedömningen, framför allt eftersom immateriella tillgångar anses nära förknippade med särskilda risker. Slutligen visade resultatet även att respondenterna ansåg att immateriella tillgångar är ett komplement till övrig finansiell information i kreditbedömningen.

  • 340.
    Bengtsson, Elias
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Knowledge Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Research (KEEN).
    Grothe, Magdalena
    European Central Bank, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
    Lepers, Etienne
    Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris, France.
    Home, safe home: Cross-country monitoring framework for vulnerabilities in the residential real estate sector2018Inngår i: Journal of Banking & Finance, ISSN 0378-4266, E-ISSN 1872-6372Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents and assesses a framework for monitoring vulnerabilities related to the residential real estate sector, which can be easily employed for policy purposes. The framework provides intuitive and transparent early warning signals through a composite vulnerability measure, which aggregates indicators in a model-free way across three dimensions of real estate sector vulnerabilities (i.e. valuation, household indebtedness and the bank credit cycle). Our vulnerability measure proves to be a significant predictor of historical real estate crises, with a better forecasting performance than the majority of advantageously in-sample calibrated model-based measures. © 2018 Elsevier B.V.

  • 341.
    Bengtsson, Elias
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Knowledge Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Research (KEEN).
    Holmberg, Ulf
    Jönsson, Kristian
    Identifying systemically important banks in Sweden – what do quantitative indicators tell us?2013Inngår i: Sveriges Riksbank economic review, E-ISSN 2001-029X, nr 2, s. 50-71Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The global nancial crisis has led to an increased focus on identifying systemically-important nancial institutions and on assessing to what extent they contribute to risks in the nancial system. However, producing an identi cation method is complicated and associated with several dif cult choices. This article provides some guidance on how to design methods for identifying systemically-important banks in Sweden. Both simple and advanced indicators are used. One conclusion is that the systemic importance of the four major Swedish banks varies considerably over time. It is also apparent that the different indicators can provide different results for the ranking of systemically- important banks, despite the fact that each indicator in itself provides a rather constant ranking over time. The different indicators of systemic importance should therefore be able to complement each other to a great degree. This suggests that several different indicators may be needed when assessing the risks in individual banks and the system as a whole.

  • 342.
    Bengtsson, Elin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Andreasson, Alfons
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    X.int: An internationalization service developed in collaboration with Cactus Utilities AB2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpOppgave
  • 343.
    Bengtsson, Elin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Nilsson, Sandra
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Hållbarhetsredovisning ur ett ledarskapsperspektiv: - En studie om hur och varför företag, inom livsmedelsbranschen, använder hållbarhetsredovisning2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie ämnar förklara hur och varför företag, inom livsmedelsbranschen, använder hållbarhetsredovisning utöver lagkravet. Livsmedelsbranschen är speciellt intressant eftersom det är en bransch som har stor påverkan, både socialt, miljömässigt och ekonomiskt. I takt med den växande populationen i världen har livsmedelssektorn en stor roll att spela i framtiden för att kunna tillgodose jordens befolkning med livsmedel på ett hållbart sätt.

     

    Vår forskningsfråga är således “hur och varför använder företag, inom livsmedelsbranschen, hållbarhetsredovisning?” Kvalitativa intervjuer har genomförts med hållbarhetsansvariga på företag för att kunna besvara nämnd forskningsfråga. Hållbarhetsansvarig har en ledande och betydande roll för hållbarhetsredovisningen inom företaget och följaktligen tolkas och analyseras deras utsagor. Vidare tar vi hjälp av legitimitetsteorin, intressentteorin och institutionell teori för att försöka förstå hur och varför företag använder hållbarhetsredovisning. Dessutom har en analysmodell konstruerats för att underlätta tolkningen av insamlad empiri.

     

    De resultat som framkommit utifrån empirin är att hållbarhetsredovisningen används som en hållbarhetsmotor och som ett uppföljningsdokument för det verkliga hållbarhetsarbetet inom företagen. Vidare leder hållbarhetsredovisningen till ökad medvetenhet kring företagets hållbarhetsarbete och medför intern struktur för företaget. Hållbarhetsredovisningen är således mest relevant ur ett internt perspektiv. Hållbarhetsansvarig väljer hållbarhetsredovisningens innehåll och då detta innehåll kan vinklas i en riktning som blir fördelaktig för företaget, kan hållbarhetsredovisningen följaktligen inte anses vara fullt trovärdig och pålitlig. Vidare har intressenterna den största påverkan på utformningen av företagets hållbarhetsredovisning.

  • 344.
    Bengtsson, Erika
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Junefelt, Josefine
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Riskspridning i fastighetsbolag: Hur tillämpningen sker för att minimera risk och generera avkastning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 345.
    Bengtsson, Malin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Westerblad, Matilda
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Middle Manager's Skillset and Organizational Change in the Supply Chain2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The globalized world is acknowledged by increased competition, and since competition today is between supply chains there is an importance of controlling the supply chain. The globalization is one of the reasons for the increasing need for organizational change, and the process of implementing strategic change is affected by skills for effective leadership; conceptual, interpersonal and technical skills.

    The purpose of this study was to develop an understanding of the middle manager’s skillset and how it differs through the phases of organizational change in supply chain. By focusing on middle managers, we put emphasis on the individuals involved in putting the plan for organizational change into practice. A model is developed to explain the utilization of skills in the phases of transition.

    For this study we used a qualitative research method with a single case study design, by interviewing seven middle managers in an international organization. The empirical data were based on semistructured interviews with respondents in middle managerial positions in supply chain. An abductive approach was applied through the process of writing the thesis.

    Environmental factors as a reason for organizational changes in supply chain were initially described in the theoretical framework. Change and the phases in change processes as well as the middle manager's role in the change process were further explained. Required skills for effective leadership when presenting, implementing and embedding organizational change initiatives were further described.

    This thesis shows that a middle manager who faces an organizational change in supply chain are required to focus on specific skills at different points of time, when operating in the different phases of transition.

  • 346.
    Bengtsson, Oscar
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Bio- och miljösystemforskning (BLESS), Biomekanik och biomedicin.
    Petersson, Johan
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Bio- och miljösystemforskning (BLESS), Biomekanik och biomedicin.
    MAXIMAL STYRKA I ENBENSKNÄBÖJ KORRELERAR MED ACCELERATIONS KAPACITET OCH AGILITY2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Starka samband har tidigare framkommit mellan den maximala styrkan i knäböj på två ben och sprintkapacitet rakt fram på varierande distanser men inte på sprintkapacitet i agility. Gemensamt för de flesta studier är dock att styrketesterna endast utförts på två ben.

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka korrelationen mellan maximal styrka i enbensknäböj i smith-maskin och sprintförmågan i löpningar, både rakt fram och med riktningsförändringar.

    Testgruppen bestod av 19 män (23,9 ± 2,5 år) med regelbunden träningserfarenhet av intermittenta lagsporter. Sprinttester gjordes på 5, 10 och 20 meter rakt fram samt ett zigzag agilitytest för att testa sprintkapacitet med riktningsförändringar. Enbensknäböj i smith-maskin genomfördes med stången på axlarna och ett djup på 110 grader vinkel mellan femur och tibia.

    Resultaten av studien visade på signifikanta korrelationer mellan den maximala styrkan i enbensknäböj och sprintkapaciteten på 5 och 10 meter samt i agility. När den maximala styrkan var relaterad till kroppsvikten hittades signifikanta korrelationer mellan 5 och 20 meter samt i agility. Zigzag agilitytest visade sig vara starkt korrelerat med alla de uppmätta sprintdistanserna.

    Våra slutsatser av resultatet i studien är att knäböj på ett ben ställer stora krav på balans, stabilitet och koordination och är därför rörelsespecifikt mot löpning som innehåller riktningsförändringar. Den maximala styrkan i enbensknäböj är en god förutsägare till sprintkapacitet både i löpningar rakt fram och med riktningsförändringar. Enbensträning kan med fördel implementeras i fysträningen inom idrotter med ett intermittent rörelsemönster för att förbättra den idrottspecifika sprintkapaciteten.

  • 347.
    Bengtsson, Sara
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Bröchner, Josefine
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    DIGITALISERINGSTRENDER: En studie om hur digitaliseringen förändrar revisorns arbete2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • 348.
    Bengtsson, Simon
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Bio- och miljösystemforskning (BLESS), Energivetenskap.
    Economic and environmental implications of a conversion to natural gas.2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 349.
    Bengtsson, Therese
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Håkansson, Daniel
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Real-time marketing effects on brand in social media2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 180 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this research is to investigate whether RTM-advertising is a more effective and attractive way of creating social media content compared to traditional social media marketing, and if so, provide insights on what makes it successful. The objective is also to get a greater understanding if such real-time marketing may affect the consumers’ perception of a brand due to the lack of time to consider the content of the marketing message. Further we wish to research if and what kind of impact events have on the real-time marketing effectiveness. Lastly we provide recommendations on how to, according to us, best practice RTM-advertising on social media today.

    Theoretical framework: The theoretical framework consists of the essentials of brand equity and the importance of having a strong brand, as well as the emerging of a digital marketing platform and how it affect how companies perform marketing activities today. Further the theoretical framework covers the basic of social media and development of RTM. Considering RTM being a new phenomenon, previous scientific theories on the subjects are limited.

    Method: The research is based on a triangulation, a combination of both qualitative and quantitative research methods. This was made to get a broad perspective on the subject with viewpoints from both experts and consumers. The qualitative part consisted of five interviews with experts in the field of marketing as well as online observations of real-time marketing activities. The quantitative part consisted of a survey with 296 responses.

    Conclusions: The conclusions made in this research is that RTM is an effective and attractive way of creating social media marketing if made according to the following guidelines: 1) Build content on up-to-date news, so called newsjacking, 2) Be selective on what events to work on to make sure they are in alignment with your brand personality, 3) Use weather related happenings to build real-time content that is relevant and geographically on target, and 4) Interact with other brands and start a two way conversation. However, advertising in real-time may jeopardize how the brand is perceived by its consumers, since it may 1) Confuse the consumers, a luxury brand may for example come off as too mainstream, 2) Be misunderstood, considering the lack of time to plan and reconsider, and 3) Have the brand come out as Page 3 of 76 unauthentic, if the real-time content fail to reach high engagement, making it look dull and unattractive. Lastly, events have shown to have an impact on the effectiveness of the real-time advertisement, since 1) It provides brand with a short-cut to creating content that people are talking about, 2) Events are easy to plan beforehand, and 3) Events often open up to unpredicted happenings that consumers want to talk about, creating a so called opportunistic real-time opportunity.

  • 350.
    Benyahia, Najat
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Inverkan på Göteborgs Energi Nät ABs elnät av en ökning av Solcellsanläggningar2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
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