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  • 301.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Teider, Karin
    Vänersborgs kommun.
    Dokumentation av elevers hälsa2012In: Skolsköterskans hälsofrämjande arbete / [ed] Eva K. Clausson och Siv Morberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012, 1, p. 121-136Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 302.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Teider, Karin
    Vänersborgs kommun, Vänersborg, Sverige.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    School VIPS: A Swedish Model for Documenting All Aspects of Schoolchildren’s Health2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    BAKGRUND:

    Dokumentation av skolbarns hälsa kan vara en praktisk och etisk utmaning för skolsköterskor. Då forskning visar att skolbarns psykiska och sociala hälsoproblem har ökat under de senaste decennierna och god omvårdnad innefattar en tillförlitlig dokumentation finns ett uppenbart behov av att utveckla en struktur som underlättar arbetet för skolsköterskor. VIPS-modellen är väl utvärderad och används i en mängd olika vårdsammanhang.

    SYFTE:

    Syftet med projektet var att utveckla en särskild skol-VIPS modell.

    METOD:

    Original -VIPS, Psyk-VIPS och Prim-VIPS användes som förlaga. Modellen expertgranskades samt pilottestades av yrkesverksamma skolsköterskor.

    RESULTAT:

    Resultatet presenteras i en folder utifrån omvårdnadsprocessens huvudrubriker. Sökord relaterade till hälsosamtal och vanliga hälsoproblem bland skolbarn i olika ålder såsom kost och hudproblem är exempel på sådant som kommenteras. Hälsoproblem som kan vara ett dilemma för skolsköterskor att dokumentera är självförvållade skador och könsstympning vilka också kommenteras specifikt. Andra sökord som är relevanta för skolhälsovården är Sexualitet / Reproduktion inklusive pubertetsutveckling där även pojkars utveckling lagts till. I sökordet Psykosocialt ingår skolsituationen och drogmissbruk.

    SLUTSATS:

    En gemensam struktur av dokumentationen i skolhälsovårdsjournalen kan göra det möjligt att jämföra barn och ungdomars hälsoutveckling samt att utvärdera omvårdnadsåtgärder. Möjligheterna till uppföljning av verksamheten och framtida omvårdnadsforskning kan också öka.

  • 303.
    Clausson, Eva
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Kristianstad, Sverige.
    Teider, Karin
    Vänersborgs kommun, Vänersborg, Sverige.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    School-VIPS: a Swedish Model for Documenting All Aspects of Schoolchildren's Health2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    BAKGRUND:

    Dokumentation av skolbarns hälsa kan vara en praktisk och etisk utmaning för skolsköterskor. Då forskning visar att skolbarns psykiska och sociala hälsoproblem har ökat under de senaste decennierna och god omvårdnad innefattar en tillförlitlig dokumentation finns ett uppenbart behov av att utveckla en struktur som underlättar arbetet för skolsköterskor. VIPS-modellen är väl utvärderad och används i en mängd olika vårdsammanhang.

    SYFTE:

    Syftet med projektet var att utveckla en särskild skol-VIPS modell.

    METOD:

    Original -VIPS, Psyk-VIPS och Prim-VIPS användes som förlaga. Modellen expertgranskades samt pilottestades av yrkesverksamma skolsköterskor.

    RESULTAT:

    Resultatet presenteras i en folder utifrån omvårdnadsprocessens huvudrubriker. Sökord relaterade till hälsosamtal och vanliga hälsoproblem bland skolbarn i olika ålder såsom kost och hudproblem är exempel på sådant som kommenteras. Hälsoproblem som kan vara ett dilemma för skolsköterskor att dokumentera är självförvållade skador och könsstympning vilka också kommenteras specifikt. Andra sökord som är relevanta för skolhälsovården är Sexualitet / Reproduktion inklusive pubertetsutveckling där även pojkars utveckling lagts till. I sökordet Psykosocialt ingår skolsituationen och drogmissbruk.

    SLUTSATS:

    En gemensam struktur av dokumentationen i skolhälsovårdsjournalen kan göra det möjligt att jämföra barn och ungdomars hälsoutveckling samt att utvärdera omvårdnadsåtgärder. Möjligheterna till uppföljning av verksamheten och framtida omvårdnadsforskning kan också öka.

  • 304.
    Clausson, Eva
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Kristianstad, Sverige.
    Teider, Karin
    Vänersborgs kommun, Vänersborg, Sverige.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    School-VIPS: a Swedish Model for Documenting all Aspects of Schoolchildren's Health2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    BAKGRUND:

    Dokumentation av skolbarns hälsa kan vara en praktisk och etisk utmaning för skolsköterskor. Då forskning visar att skolbarns psykiska och sociala hälsoproblem har ökat under de senaste decennierna och god omvårdnad innefattar en tillförlitlig dokumentation finns ett uppenbart behov av att utveckla en struktur som underlättar arbetet för skolsköterskor. VIPS-modellen är väl utvärderad och används i en mängd olika vårdsammanhang.

    SYFTE:

    Syftet med projektet var att utveckla en särskild skol-VIPS modell.

    METOD:

    Original -VIPS, Psyk-VIPS och Prim-VIPS användes som förlaga. Modellen expertgranskades samt pilottestades av yrkesverksamma skolsköterskor.

    RESULTAT:

    Resultatet presenteras i en folder utifrån omvårdnadsprocessens huvudrubriker. Sökord relaterade till hälsosamtal och vanliga hälsoproblem bland skolbarn i olika ålder såsom kost och hudproblem är exempel på sådant som kommenteras. Hälsoproblem som kan vara ett dilemma för skolsköterskor att dokumentera är självförvållade skador och könsstympning vilka också kommenteras specifikt. Andra sökord som är relevanta för skolhälsovården är Sexualitet / Reproduktion inklusive pubertetsutveckling där även pojkars utveckling lagts till. I sökordet Psykosocialt ingår skolsituationen och drogmissbruk.

    SLUTSATS:

    En gemensam struktur av dokumentationen i skolhälsovårdsjournalen kan göra det möjligt att jämföra barn och ungdomars hälsoutveckling samt att utvärdera omvårdnadsåtgärder. Möjligheterna till uppföljning av verksamheten och framtida omvårdnadsforskning kan också öka.

  • 305.
    Clausson, Eva
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Kristianstad, Sverige.
    Teider, Karin
    Skolsköterska med medicinskt ledningsansvar Skolhälsovården Vänersborgs kommun, Sverige.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Skolsköterska med medicinskt ansvar Skolhälsovården Höganäs kommun, Sverige.
    SkolVIPS: en modell för omvårdnadsdokumentation i skolhälsovårdsjournalen2010Other (Other academic)
  • 306.
    Clausson, Eva
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Kristianstad, Sverige.
    Teider, Karin
    skolsköterska med medicinskt ledningsansvar Vänersborgs kommun, Sverige.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    SkolVIPS: En modell för skolsköterskans dokumentation2014Other (Other academic)
  • 307.
    Cojanu, Ionela
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Perby, Perby
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Musikens effekt på postoperativ smärta2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    All surgical procedures, whatever the extent, cause tissue damage with subsequent pain. Untreated or inadequately treated pain can lead to both physiological and psychological postoperative complications. Pharmacological treatment and especially opioid treatment is often associated with side effects. A complement to pharmacological may be non-pharmacological pain management such as music. Music is an old social phenomenon which has shown to have a positive effect on anxiety, stress and pain. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of music on postoperative pain. The study was conducted as a literature study and the result is based on fifteen scientific peer-reviewed articles. The result showed that the majority of patients undergoing surgery and who received music interventions assessed their pain lower than those who did not. Music intervention is a simple, riskfree and cost-effective method which may be a complement to pharmacological treatment of post-operative pain.

  • 308.
    Condelius, Anna
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Staffan
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing. Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Exploring the Implementation of Individual Care Plans in Relation to Characteristics of Staff2016In: Open Journal of Nursing, ISSN 2162-5336, E-ISSN 2162-5344, Vol. 6, no 8, p. 582-590Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to explore the implementation of individual care plans in municipal elderly care in relation to characteristics of staff. Data regarding characteristics of staff were derived through a questionnaire distributed to all staff working in the care for older people, (N = 908, n = 245) in four municipalities in Sweden. The number of care plans established during a one-year period was collected through a contact person in each municipality. In total 47 individual care plans were es-tablished during the study year. Significantly more staff in the municipality that had the most number of established individual care plans agreed that there had been sufficient education (p = 0.017), sufficient time (p = 0.002) and routines established regarding individual care plans (p = 0.014) and had a significantly better job satisfaction (p = 0.001), compared to staff in the other municipalities. Implementation leaders may need to take the working conditions and the percep-tion of available resources among staff into consideration in the on-going process of implementing individual care plans.

  • 309.
    Corderfeldt, Robert
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Olhammer, Jens
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Anestesisjuksköterskors upplevelser av interhospitala patienttransporter2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nurse anesthetist work in several areas but working at an anesthetic clinic is the most common. Working at a clinic involves overseeing patients during interhospital patienttransports. Earlier studies have shown that many specialist nurses are worried and concerned over transporting patients. They experience feelings of insecurity, vulnerability, and a lack of clear guidelines. The responsibility is major and sometimes there are long distances between the hospitals. The aim of the study was to evaluate how the nurse anesthetists experience their participation during the transport of patients. The study was conducted using a quantitative approach and empirical data was collected using a questionair. Descriptive statistics were used to present the results. The results showed that the nurse anesthetists experiences of transporting patients varied greatly. Several responded that they found it difficult to give good care during the transport. There was also a large range of the answers to the question about whether they felt stressed or unconcerned during these assignments, but most were in the middle of the scale. Cooperation between the nurse anesthetists and the ambulance nurses generally worked well, they even had a strong confidence in their competence. One fourth of the nurse anesthetists reported they would prefer not to be involved in interhospital patienttransports. More research is needed in this area is great.

  • 310.
    Creson, Hadassa
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Juul, Christina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Är jag anhörig eller är jag sjuksköterska?: Legitimerade sjuksköterskors upplevelse av att vara anhörig till en närstående som vårdas på sjukhus2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Nurses who care for patients have a responsibility, to care for thepatient and relatives and to support the relationship between the patient and therelatives. Relatives knowledgebase can vary and sometimes a relative can be aregistered nurse. Depending on previous experience and knowledge the experience ofbeing a relative can be different. Aim: The aim of the literature study was to exploreregistered nurses experience of being relative to a hospitalized family member.Method: A literature study was conducted, the results were based on nine qualitativestudies. Results: Out of the nine studies, five themes emerged: Conflicts between thenursing-role and the relative-role, Professional experience, Information needs,Participation and Finding support. The results showed a clear role conflict due to theincreased knowledge of the nurse relatives in comparison to the general relatives.Since the nurse relative possessed more knowledge they demanded more informationand wished to be involved in their family members care when possible. Conclusion: There is a clear conflict between the nurse role and the relative role within relativeswho are registered nurses. In order to be able to encounter relatives with differentlevels of knowledge in health care, research on the subject should be pursued.

  • 311.
    Cronquist, Emma
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Asplund, Sara
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Att leva med svårläkta sår2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 312.
    Cronqvist, Sofie
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Emma, Persson
    Halmstad University.
    Kvinnors upplevelser i samband med en framkallad abort: En allmän litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background In Sweden, approximately 37,000 induced abortions / year are carried out. Reasons for why women carry out an induced abortion can be many. Induced abortion is a sensitive subject where ethics and morals are usually discussed. Aim The aim of this study was to highlight women's experiences in connection with an induced abortion. Methods The metod used for the actual study was a general literature study. Both qualitative and quantitative articles were used. Collected material was analyzed with an inductive approach. Trough the analysis, two main categories and six subcategories emerged. Results The results show that when a woman thinking about undergoing or has undergone an induced abortion the need to receive support and the need to perceive controll is the two most important needs. Main category The need for support has subcategories: Experience of anxiety, Experience of sadness, guilt and shame. Main category Need for control has subcategories: Experience of strength, maturity and taking responsibility, Experience of relief, Experience of discomfort and fear and experience of disappointing and loss. Conclusion of this study reveals that it is important to have good treatment and having support from both nurses and related parties has a significant role. The need for control is also an important factor for the woman that the nurse can contribute to. Depending on how well these two needs are met, different experiences may emerge. The study shows that more research is needed on women's experiences in connection with an induced abortion and which nursing care are important.

  • 313. Cucovic, Amina
    et al.
    Osmani, Arbresha
    Jag kan inte ta av min hudfärg: Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av patienters rasdiskriminering2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nurses are exposed to racial discrimination very often which can result in ill health. There is a law in Sweden that prevents from all types of discrimination and legislation that ill health at workplace should be prevented. A study was made in which the aim was to illuminate nurses’ experiences of racial discrimination caused by the patients. To reach the aim, the study was completed by a literature study and eight scientific result articles. Codes and analysis was completed by the result articles. The themes were the expression of racial discrimination and the consequences of racial discrimination. The main theme, which was the consequences of racial discrimination, was divided into two subtitles, which were feelings and coping strategies. The result showed that the patients used comments and facial expressions when they racially discriminated the nurses, which could lead to physical and mental as well as stress related damages. Being exposed to racial discrimination leads to negative feelings. Nurses have embraced different types of coping strategies in order to deal with racial discrimination, and in the worst case scenario if it didn´t work, their last alternative was to leave their workplace.

  • 314.
    Custovic, Belma
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Babic, Dragana
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Spädbarnskolik - det långvariga, otröstliga gråtandet: En litteraturstudie om föräldrarnas upplevelser2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Infant colic is a common problem that affects every fifth to tenth infant in Scandinavia and is a common reason for parents seeking to child health services for help. The aim of this study was to describe parents' experiences of living with an infant who has colic. The study was conducted as an integrative literature review based on 12 scientific articles. The results showed that infant colic affected the entire family whose living constantly alternated between hope and despair. Parents of children with colic experienced both physical and psychological impact on the health. They had difficulty controlling their emotions, which could cause the child harm. Infant colic complicated partner relationships, affected relationships within the family and reduced parents' social networks. Relief from family and friends, as well as support from the CHC-nurse was of great importance to parents. Many parents, however, felt a lack of support from the CHC-nurse and wanted more confirmation and understanding from the CHC-nurse of what they experienced during the infant's period with colic. 

  • 315.
    Dahl, Isabelle
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Niklasson, Emma
    Halmstad University.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda patienter när livsuppehållande behandling avslutats: En litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: There is a difference between withholding life-sustaining treatment or withdrawing life sustaining-treatment. Withholding life-sustaining treatment is defined as not initiating or not continue life-sustaining treatment, while withdrawing life-sustaining treatment is about actively stopping the treatment. Through science and proven experience, the benefits and risks associated with life-sustaining treatment should be considered for the dying patients when there is no cure. Aim: The aim was to highlight the nurses' experience of caring for patients when life-sustaining treatment is terminated. Method: The study was conducted as a general literature study. A systematic literature search was performed. Result: The study resulted in ten scientific articles that formed the results. The results revealed three categories: nurse's supporting role, emotional influence and participation in the decision-making process. Conclusion: Caring for patients with life-sustaining treatment was terminated had an emotional impact on the nurses and the nurses had lack of time and knowledge to be able to process their grief. Caring for the close relatives was seen as an important part of the nurse's care in patients. To be included in the doctor's opinion about whether the life-sustaining treatment should be terminated or not, was considered valuable because the nurses were those who followed the patient for a long time. This literature study increases the understanding of nurses' experience of caring for patients where life-sustaining treatment has been terminated. Nurses' are an important component in nursing of patients and it is important for nurses to learn how to process their feelings.

  • 316.
    Dahlberg, Sandra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Melkić, Melisa
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Effekter av fysisk aktivitet efter hjärtinfarkt2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Patients know the importance of being physically active but   few know why, which leads to lack of motivation. After myocardial infarction patients don´t have enough knowledge about lifestyle changes and the effects of secondary prevention. Nurses have got the responsibility to give information and guidance after myocardial infarction. The purpose with the literature study was to describe the effects of physical activity as secondary prevention after myocardial infarction. In the study 17 scientific articles was used. The result shows that physical activity has got a lot of advantages after myocardial infarction. The study shows that even a short period of heart rehabilitation has got god effects and leads to duration in physical activity. High intensity and variation in training gives better result which prevent a re-infarction. Physical activity also reduces stress which can be a big advantage for heart patients. In the aftercare of myocardial infarction patients it can be suitable to introduce a standard treatment plan to inform about the effects of physical activity. To maintain an enduring lifestyle change monitoring times are important. Nurses could use more evidence-based knowledge about the effects of physical activity to be able to provide safe healthcare. Further science about the patient experience of effects in relation with physical activity could be relevant to reach wider broad knowledge.

  • 317.
    Dahlgren, Malin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Kullberg, Linnea
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Kvinnors kroppsuppfattning efter mastektomi: En litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Mastektomi är en vanlig behandlingsform vid bröstcancer vilket innebär att hela bröstet opereras bort. Upplevelsen av en mastektomi är individuell och framkallar olika känslor. Det är därför viktigt att sjuksköterskan har kunskap om hur kroppsuppfattningen kan påverkas hos kvinnan efter en mastektomi. Syftet med studien var att belysa kvinnors kroppsuppfattning efter en mastektomi. En litteraturstudie genomfördes och relevanta sökord användes i databassökningen utifrån syftet. Studiens resultat bestod av 12 vetenskapliga artiklar som granskades och analyserades. I studien framkom två teman och sex kategorier vilka var Förlust i relation till kroppsuppfattning: Att förlora ett bröst, Att förlora sin femininitet och identitet samt Tacksamhet över förlusten och Kvinnans förhållningssätt efter mastektomin: Kvinnans begränsningar i vardagen, Att distansera sig och Att sträva efter en förbättrad kroppsuppfattning. Resultatet visade att det var vanligt med en negativ kroppsuppfattning efter mastektomin. Det fanns även kvinnor som inte upplevde att mastektomin förändrade deras kroppsuppfattning. Det är viktigt att sjuksköterskan får mer kunskap om kvinnors kroppsuppfattning efter en mastektomi för att kunna identifiera och vårda dessa kvinnor. Vidare forskning behövs angående vilka omvårdnadsåtgärder en sjuksköterska kan utföra för en kvinna med negativ kroppsuppfattning. 

  • 318.
    Dahlqvist Jönsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Region Halland, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Sandlund, Mikael
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    The meaning of Shared decision making for persons with long-term mental illness2013In: Breaking barriers 2013, 2013, p. 19-19Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 319.
    Dahlqvist Jönsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). Department of Research, Development and Education (FoUU), Region of Halland, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    School of Health and Social Work, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Rosenberg, David
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Sandlund, Mikael
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Service users’ experiences of participation in decision making in mental health services2015In: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 1351-0126, E-ISSN 1365-2850, Vol. 22, no 9, p. 688-697Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Service user participation in decision making is considered an essential component of recovery-oriented mental health services. Despite the potential of shared decision making to impact service users knowledge and positively influence their experience of decisional conflict, there is a lack of qualitative research on how participation in decision making is promoted from the perspective of psychiatric service users. In order to develop concrete methods that facilitate shared decision making, there is a need for increased knowledge regarding the users' own perspective. The aim of this study was to explore users' experiences of participation in decisions in mental health services in Sweden, and the kinds of support that may promote participation. Constructivist Grounded Theory (CGT) was utilized to analyse group and individual interviews with 20 users with experience of serious mental illness. The core category that emerged in the analysis described a ‘struggle to be perceived as a competent and equal person’ while three related categories including being the underdog, being controlled and being omitted described the difficulties of participating in decisions. The data analysis resulted in a model that describes internal and external conditions that influence the promotion of participation in decision making. The findings offer new insights from a user perspective and these can be utilized to develop and investigate concrete methods in order to promote user's participation in decisions. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  • 320.
    Dahlstrand, Anna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Söderblom, Sofie
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Lust, hopp och saknad: Kvinnors upplevelser av sexualitet efter hysterektomi2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge about women’s experiencesof sexuality after hysterectomy isdeficient among healthcareprofessionals. Since sexuality is acomplex phenomenon further researchis required to illustrate women’sexperiences and consequently alter thebehaviour of the healthcareprofessionals and the approach ofnursing. The aim of the study was toexplore women’s experiences ofsexuality after hysterectomy. The studywas conducted as a systematic literaturereview in which the results were basedon eleven research articles. The resultsshowed that sexuality is a subjectivephenomenon that by women isexperienced to be a part of the femaleidentity. Women who have undergonehysterectomy were likely to experience amaintained or improved sexual function postoperatively. A few womenexperienced a severely impaired sexualfunction postoperatively, which seemedto depend on several factors other thansurgery. Many women considered thereproductive ability to have a strongcorrelation with sexuality. In themeeting with women who haveundergone hysterectomy, the nurseshould have a holistic approach. Moreknowledge about the phenomenonsexuality should be involved in theeducation of nurses to improve theability of communication about intimacy.Further research of qualitative characterabout the female sexuality is needed inorder to alter the nursing to women’sneeds.

  • 321.
    Dahlén, Anneli
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Korsheden, Liza
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Se mig för den jag är: Homosexuella personers erfarenheter av omvårdnad2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Heteronormativity prevails in today's society. In the field of healthcare, everyone is entitled to equal care. However, there may be attitudes among nurses who can contribute to unequal care for homosexual persons. The purpose of the literature study was to illustrate homosexual persons´ experiences of nursing. The literature study was based on nine qualitative scientific articles and one quantitative article. The results showed that homosexuals experienced negative attitudes, ignorance and discrimination in nursing, which appeared in different ways. This led to shortcomings in communication between the nurse and the patient and many homosexuals felt that they were at risk of poorer care if they chose to be open with their sexuality. The result of this could be that they avoided the medical care for fear of being discriminated against. Homosexuals could use different strategies in contact with healthcare to facilitate the treatment. Homosexuals who had experiences of meeting nurses without prejudices made them feel confirmed and seen for whom they were. The nurse may have processed her own values, which has resulted in a value base for sexual identity in order to ensure that all patients receive an equal care. The results of the study can be used in the education of nurses and professional nurses to raise awareness of this norm perspective.

  • 322.
    Dahlén, Johanna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Andersson, Isabelle
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Kellgren, Linn
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Sjuksköterskans omvårdnad till patienter med bipolär sjukdom2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bipolar disorder is a common mental illness throughout the world. The disease means that a patient commutes between manic and depressive phases. The disease debuts at all ages, but most common between puberty and the age of 35. The disease is difficult to diagnose because it is common for other problems to be involved. Bipolar disorder is stressful to the patient who has suffered and usually requires drug treatment in combination with support from the nurse. The purpose of the study was to illuminate nursing care for patients with bipolar disorder. A literature study has been performed, where scientific articles has been critically reviewed. The processing of the data revealed three main categories. The result is based on trust, support, and information and education to highlight the nursing care of patients with bipolar disorder. The result showed that the nurse’s support and guidance to self-care are important factors of good nursing care. The result revealed that patients feel both health and illness in their bipolar state. Mutual trust, respect and being taken seriously were something that was highly valued for the patients as well as information and education being a major part of the nursing care. Further research could lead to increased knowledge and a deeper understanding of patients with bipolar disorder. 

  • 323.
    D´Alesio, Mitya
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    En pilotstudie för medicinsk yogaintervention - ett verktyg för egenvård2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background: Stress reducing breathing exercises gives the ability to prevent psychosocial issues that may give an extended risk of illness. Yoga, breathing exercises and meditation (mindfulness) are tools, which the individual can use to influence his/her wellbeing for the better. With the tool of medicinal yoga the individual is taught self-care that could generate improved wellbeing.Use: To describe differences of medicinal yoga by vitality, self-efficacy (faith in his/her own ability), depression, anxiety- and stress symptoms before and after yoga intervention. Method: The selection for the pilot study was randomly selected. The participants reported themselves to medicinal yoga class that was held for 10 weeks. Thirty-seven participants trained yoga and they got to before and after completed yoga class fill in a self-assessment form containing the measure instruments SF-36, General Self-Efficacy Scale [GSES] and Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale [DASS-21]. T-test was used to compare data before and after yoga intervention.Results: Result shows that adults can reduce their anxiety and perceived stress by support of medicinal yoga and that this training approach could be a possible tool of self-care.Conclusion: In long term being able to evolve new areas of treatment requires more science about efficiency mechanisms of medicinal yoga that could be of importance to our health.

  • 324.
    Danielsson, Louise
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Ekdahl, Caroline
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    HIV är en del av mig: Upplevelsen av att leva med humant immunbristvirus som ungdom och ung vuxen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The number of HIV-positive individuals in the world is increasing and nurses therefore need adequate knowledge about living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Living with HIV as a youth and young adult can be hard since these individuals are in a sensitive transition age. The purpose of this literature study was to highlight the experiences of living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) as a youth and young adult. This study is a general literature study where a content analysis was used to reach the results. Ten different categories were identified which resulted in four themes: When life stops, I in relations to others, Health-care related factors and When life goes on. Living with HIV as a youth was found to be difficult and was affected by stigmatization in society. Trying to keep the diagnosis a secret could affect sexual health and drug adherence. Relationships with healthcare professionals were found to be significant, which together with support groups could contribute to increased self-confidence and acceptance about the disease. It’s vital for nurses to have correct knowledge about HIV and a holistic approach to be able to provide a person-centred care. More research on the experience of living with HIV is needed.

  • 325.
    Danielsson, Sara
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Karlsby, Pia
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Trösta mig!: Betydelsen av tröst i omvårdnad2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    People are in need of comfort throughout life, it is a part of health care from a holistic approach. It is therefore important that the nurse understands the value of comfort in their work and the importance for the patient. The aim was to highlight what consolation is in nursing. The study was conducted as a literature review where 13 scientific articles were the basis for the results. Often patients have many emotional feelings such as concern, anxiety and are in need of consolation in nursing. The nurse comforted by listening, being quiet, talking and sitting next to the patient calmly, which reassured the patient and relieving suffering. The family was as a support and a comfort because they knew the patient's needs. Consolation often occurred when patients with the same diagnosis were conversing with each other. They felt that they could talk about everything, even the experiences that they couldn’t share with their family. Patients also found solace within themself, and they could control their own anxiety, worry and nervousness. It is of great importance that comfort emerges in nursing education, research and out in the field for a better understanding of consolation.

  • 326.
    de Mauleon, Adelaide
    et al.
    Department of Geriatric Medicine, Gerontopole, Toulouse University Hospital, INSERM 1027, Toulouse, France.
    Sourdet, Sandrine
    Department of Geriatric Medicine, Gerontopole, Toulouse University Hospital, INSERM 1027, Toulouse, France.
    Renom-Guiteras, Anna
    Institut fuer Allgemeinmedizin und Familienmedizin, Universitaet Witten/Herdecke, Witten, Germany.
    Gillette-Guyonnet, Sophie
    Department of Geriatric Medicine, Gerontopole, Toulouse University Hospital, INSERM 1027, Toulouse, France.
    Leino-Kilpi, Helena
    Department of Nursing Science, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
    Karlsson, Staffan
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Bleijlevens, Michel
    Department of Health Services Research, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
    Zabalegui, Adelaida
    Hospital Clinic de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
    Saks, Kai
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.
    Vellas, Bruno
    Department of Geriatric Medicine, Gerontopole, Toulouse University Hospital, INSERM 1027, Toulouse, France.
    Jolley, David
    Personal Social Services Research Unit, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.
    Soto, Maria
    Department of Geriatric Medicine, Gerontopole, Toulouse University Hospital, INSERM 1027, Toulouse, France.
    Associated Factors With Antipsychotic Use in Long-Term Institutional Care in Eight European Countries: Results From the RightTimePlaceCare Study2014In: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, ISSN 1525-8610, E-ISSN 1538-9375, Vol. 15, no 11, p. 812-818Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: To determine factors associated with the antipsychotic (AP) prescription for people with dementia (PwD) recently admitted to institutional long-term carefacilities (LTCFs) and to ascertain differences in the use of this medication in 8 European countries.

    Design: An exploratory cross-sectional study.

    Setting: LTCFs from 8 European countries (Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, The Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and England).

    Participants: A total of 791 PwD recently admitted to an LTCF and their caregivers.

    Measurements: Baseline data from RightTimePlaceCare survey was used. Patients' medical conditions, neuropsychiatric symptoms, physical and cognitive status, and medications were recorded. Multiple logistic regression models were used to assess associations with the AP use. 

    Results: A group of 296 patients (37.4%) of 791 patients recently admitted received AP medication. The prevalence of the use of 1 or more APs varied between study countries, ranging from 12% in Sweden to 54% inSpain. Factors independently associated with the AP use were living in Sweden [odds ratio (OR) 0.12, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.05-0.30], Finland (OR 0.26, 95% CI 0.14-0.48), Germany (OR 2.75, 95% CI 1.55-4.86) and Estonia (OR 6.79, 95% CI 3.84-12.0). The odds of AP use decreased with the presence of a dementia specific unit inthe LTCF (OR 0.60, 95% CI 0.39-0.92), but was higher among residents with a hyperactivity behavior (OR 2.12, 95% CI 1.41-3.18).

    Conclusion: The current study shows that more than one-third of the residents recently admitted received APs and that prescription frequency across countries varied significantly. This study raises the possibility that the presence of a dementia-specific unit might play a role in the AP use. Further studies should investigate this association and seek better understanding of what will achieve optimal quality of AP use among newly admitted residents in LTCF. © 2014 AMDA - The Society for Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Medicine.

  • 327.
    de Morais, Wagner Ourique
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Sant'Anna, Anita
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Wickström, Nicholas
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    A Wearable Accelerometer Based Platform to Encourage Physical Activity for the Elderly2008In: Gerontechnology : international journal on the fundamental aspects of technology to serve the ageing society, ISSN 1569-1101, Vol. 07, no 02, p. 129-181Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The growth in the elderly population will pose great pressure on the healthcare system to treat common geriatric problem. Preventive approaches like encouraging elderly people to perform physical exercises can decrease the risk of developing chronic diseases. In cases when diseases already have developed, further developments could possibly be retarded. In this work a wearable platform to recognize user’ s    movements    presented.    The    platform    provides interactions with simple computer games designed to promote physical activity.

  • 328.
    Dehlin, Lena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Mårtensson Rag, Lena
    Research and Development Unit, Varberg Hospital, Varberg, Sweden.
    Adolescents' experiences of a parent's serious illness and death2009In: Palliative & Supportive Care, ISSN 1478-9515, E-ISSN 1478-9523, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 13-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective:

    Adolescence is characterized by increasing liberation from parents as the young person evolves into an independent individual. Experiencing the serious illness and death of a parent during this phase implies great stress. Serious illness involves uncertainty, worry, and hope at the same time that it is necessary for everyday life to function. This study sought to describe adolescents' experiences in the serious illness and death of a parent.

    Methods:

    The study was carried out using a qualitative method. Data were collected in interviews with five adolescents who were 14-17 years of age when one of their parents died.

    Results:

    The results show that the parent's illness was a strong threat, as the adolescents understood that their own and the family's lives would be greatly changed by the illness/death. The incomprehensibility of the parent's serious illness and death was a threatening condition on its own. The adolescents strived to make the inconceivable more conceivable to understand what was happening. They also described the necessity of finding different ways of relating to and managing the threat, such as restoring order, seeking closeness, adapting, gaining control, avoiding talking about the illness, not accepting and counting the parent out. The adolescents described feelings of being alone and alienated, even though they were close to family and friends and they did not actively seek support. The lives of the adolescents were changed by their experiences, beyond their bereavement over the parent. They felt that they had become more mature than their friends and that there had been a change in their thinking about life, changes in values, and changes in their views of relationships with other people.

    Significance of results:

    The results of the present study can form a basis for developing a support program whose purpose would be to prevent effects on health.

  • 329.
    Delander, Eva
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Petersson, Malin
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Upplevelser av kommunikation i öppenvården för den äldre personen med kronisk sjukdom2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many older people with chronic illness are cared for in their own homes and often need input from outpatient care. The aim was to highlight the experiences of communication for the older person with chronic illness in the meeting with outpatient care. The study was conducted as a literature review of 10 scientific papers. The importance of having time for conversation and that health professional listens actively emerged. The older persons with chronic disease want to feel compassion by getting attention and friendly treatment. Reliance occurs when communication has good quality. Participation in the care creates the opportunity to follow the advice given and the ability to live with and manage their chronic disease and the aging process better. Education for nursing students and nurses working in out patient care and research in communication is important in the future. This can create conditions for a credible and safe environment for the older person with chronic illness.

  • 330.
    Della Casa, Cristina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Holmer, Linnea
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Anhörigas erfarenheter av att närvara under återupplivning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Cardiac arrest is an unexpected traumatic event, in which resuscitation is a necessary practice. Previous guidelines have recommended family-members to be taken outside of the room. Nowadays it is recommended that they are given the chance to be present during resuscitation. There are different opinions among healthcare professionals in the field, therefore there is a need of in-depth understanding of it. The aim of this study was to describe family-members experiences when being present during resuscitation. This study is conducted as a general literature study. Through the analysis of scientific articles, four categories emerged: Communication when present during resuscitation, Support when present during resuscitation, Understanding of death when present during resuscitation, Processing when present during resuscitation. The result showed the importance of the healthcare professionals supporting role, by maintaining a good communication with the family members. Furthermore, the result showed that having family-members present at the time of resuscitation, led to a lower grade of depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, along with an eased grief process, compared with the family-members reactions, who weren’t present during resuscitation. Increased knowledge is required for healthcare professionals to be able to practice a professional disposal of family- members during resuscitation. 

  • 331.
    Demker, Rose-Marie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Sterki Evergren, Ida
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    En annan syn på livet: Äldres upplevelse av att leva med grav synnedsättning2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Learning how to live with severe visual impairment in old age affects many areas in their everyday life and for an ophthalmic nurse it is important to understand these pa­tients’ experiences. The aim of the study was to find out elderly people’s experiences of suffering of age-related visual impairment. The study is an integrative literature study in which the analysis resulted in three areas of special meaning for these pa­tients: loosing independence, life was not as planned and finding new ways. The result shows that elderly with visual impairment where less active, less independent, and less ple­ased with life than those with good visual ability. Research showed that el­der´s visual ability had great meaning of how they experienced their health. Having a person centered approach the ophthalmic nurse can support these patients in their life­style changes and through a dia­logue prepare patients for the upcoming changes of life living with visual impairment. The ophthalmic nurse can also support the patients to get realistic expectations of the future. The ophthalmic nurse can me­diate contact with supportive functions such as Synverksamheten, and thereby help pati­ents to find solutions coping with their everyday life.

  • 332.
    Djupsjö, Sofia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Lundin, Ulrika
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Diabetiska fotsår: Vad påverkar livskvaliteten2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Diabetes is a disease which in many cases leads to various complications, one of them is foot ulcers. Living with diabetic foot ulcers can affect the quality of life, therefore it is important to gain knowledge about what affects the quality of life in order to provide better care and improve well-being. The aim was to highlight aspects that affects the quality of life in people with diabetic foot ulcers. The data collection resulted in 12 articles who responded to the purpose of the study. The examination of the articles was conducted and data was categorized. Five categories emerged which showed that fear, pain, immobility, knowledge and support affected the quality of life among people with diabetic foot ulcers. There was a fear of delayed wound healing, development of new wounds, and for the risk of amputation in the future. Pain from diabetic foot ulcers was perceived as frustrating and was one of the causes of immobility, which in turn created the social isolation. This knowledge was important in order to prevent the occurrence of new foot ulcers so that those affected could seek treatment earlier. In order to manage everyday life, it was therefore important to receive support from different people in the surrounding. The nurse can improve the care and create better quality of life by seeing the person behind the foot ulcer.

  • 333.
    Dolk, Sara
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Ekdahl, Elin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Sjuksköterskans mätning av kroppstemperatur samt hantering av feber hos barn inom pediatrisk verksamhet2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    One of the most common ways to detect illness is to measure body temperature. The patient's body temperature is used to determine diagnosis and treatment. The aim of the study was to investigatenurses method for measurement of body temperature andmanagement offever in childrenin thepediatricdepartment. A questionnaire based on previous studies was created.  This questionnaire was used to perform a total survey at a pediatric department in southern Sweden. The questionnaire was formed around four themes; Definition offever, Measurement of body temperature, Assessment of fever andFever-reducingmeasures. The result showedclear variations between the nurses, both in terms of the choiceofwhich measurement instrument to useand procedures fortemperature measurement. How the nurses chose to treat fever also differed between them. The nurses assessed the child's need for antipyretics based on the general condition of the child, but when the nurse felt that the temperature was too high, antipyretics was given. This temperature varied between 38°C-40°C. In Sweden there is no national guidelines about fever management and at the department where the survey was preformed there was not any local guidelines concerning management of fever in children. Guidelines would make it easier for nurses to take consistent decisions regarding the management of fever. This in turn would lead to safer and more evidence-based care for children and the ability to provide good support to their parents. When parents receive good advice and support they feel more confident which will lead to, them being able to manage their child's fever and reduce the need to seek pediatric care.

  • 334.
    Dolléus, Johanna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Persson, Sofie
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Emotionellt stöd efter missfall: upplever föräldrar brister i omvårdnaden?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Of all registered pregnancies about 20% end in miscarriage. When a nurse meets these women and a potential partner in health care, they have a great need for emotional support. A miscarriage can be a loss of a child that the parents wanted and waited for, the loss involves feelings of sadness, anxiety, helplessness, and sometimes guilt. In the emotionally stressful situation that a miscarriage means parents need emotional support through confirmation, information, and by gaining empathy and understanding from the nurse. The aim of this study was to examine the perceived deficiencies in nursing care after a miscarriage with a focus on emotional support. By examining 11 research articles four themes emerged which revealed shortcomings in the care: deficiencies in interactions, consequences of terminology, deficiencies in communication and lack of follow-up. The shortcomings that emerged in the result means an increase in suffering when parents felt that medical staff diminished their loss and did not see their individual care needs from a holistic perspective. To avoid shortcomings in the emotional support Swanson’s Theory of Care can be implemented as a tool in nursing care. Furthermore, the results indicate a great need for improved skills so that the nurse can be prepared to meet parents who have experienced miscarriage. Through knowledge of the perceived deficiencies, can the nurse in the future be better at identifying and satisfying the emotional needs that arise after a miscarriage.

  • 335.
    Doyle, Louise
    et al.
    Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.
    Ellilä, Heikki
    Turku University of Applied Science, Turku, Finland.
    Jormfeldt, Henrika
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Lahti, Mari
    Turku University of Applied Science, Turku, Finland.
    Higgins, Agnes
    Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.
    Keogh, Brian
    Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.
    Meade, Oonagh
    University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom.
    Sitvast, Jan
    Utrecht University of Applied Sciences, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Stickley, Theodore
    University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom.
    Kilkku, Nina
    Tampere University of Applied Sciences, Tampere, Finland.
    Preparing master-level mental health nurses to work within a wellness paradigm: Findings from the eMenthe project2018In: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 1445-8330, E-ISSN 1447-0349, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 823-832Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mental health promotion remains an important component of mental health nursing practice. Supporting wellness at both the individual and societal levels has been identified as one of the key tenets of mental health promotion. However, the prevailing biomedical paradigm of mental health education and practice has meant that many nurses have not been equipped to incorporate a wellness perspective into their mental health practice. In the present study, we report on an exploratory study which details the knowledge, skills, and attitudes required by master-level mental health nurses to practice within a wellness paradigm from the perspective of three groups of key stakeholders: (i) service users and family members (n = 23); (ii) experienced mental health nurses (n = 49); and (iii) master-level mental health nursing students (n = 37). The findings, which were reported from individual and focus group interviews across five European countries, suggested a need to reorientate mental health nursing education to include a focus on wellness and resilience to equip mental health nurses with the skills to work within a strengths-based, rather than a deficits-based, model of mental health practice. Key challenges to working within a wellness paradigm were identified as the prevailing dominance of the biomedical model of cause and treatment of mental health problems, which focusses on symptoms, rather than the holistic functioning of the individual, and positions the person as passive in the nurse-service user relationship. © 2017 Australian College of Mental Health Nurses Inc.

  • 336.
    Dreijer, Sara
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Paulsson, Sofie
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Patienters behov av stöd i samband med hjärtrehabilitering2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To be stricken with a myocardial infarction implies psychological and physical strain for the patient, and the following cardiac rehabilitation make demands on lifestyle changes. Support from nursing staff and social network are of importance for the patient's ability to deal with the disease and its consequences. The aim of this study was to describe patients need for social support in rehabilitation following a myocardial infarction. The results are based on 13 research articles. The results indicate that the patients are in need of professional support, support in the daily life and support through shared experiences. The social support from the family is significant for the accomplishment of lifestyle changes, and the rehabilitation is negatively affected if the family makes too high demands or act overprotective. The patients found social support in the fellowship of rehabilitation- or support groups and succeed to a greater extent in achieving lifestyle changes. However there are difficulties in adjusting these groups to the participants’ individual needs. Individually adjusted information and assistance with strategies to handle stress in the daily life are demanded by the patients. To be able to offer optimum rehabilitation, the healthcare needs to take into consideration every patient and individualize the rehabilitation process within available guidelines and possibilities. Further research in support and rehabilitation after a myocardial infarction is desirable to investigate how rehabilitation- and support groups can be adjusted based on the different needs of the participants.

  • 337.
    Drevik, Elin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Johansson, Julia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    "Vårt barn kommer att dö": Föräldrars upplevelser och erfarenheter av palliativ vård av barn2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vårdpersonalens kunskap och medvetenhet kring föräldrars upplevelser och erfarenheter av palliativ vård av barn bör ökas då även barn är i behov av denna typ av vård. Syftet med denna studie var därför att belysa föräldrars upplevelser och erfarenheter av palliativ vård av barn. Studien genomfördes som en litteraturstudie med systematiska sökningar där sökorden grundades på syftet. Vid granskning och analys av resultatartiklarna identifierades fem teman. Resultatet visar att många föräldrar upplevde övergången till palliativ vård som fruktansvärd och identisk med att låta barnet ge upp och dö. För att skapa en trygg och säker vård sågs relationen mellan vårdpersonal och familj som en viktig byggsten. Relationen skapades genom kontinuitet, tillit samt visad empati och resulterade i en rak och ärlig kommunikation som sågs som A och O i den palliativa vården för barn. Familjecentrerad vård bör således bedrivas för att skapa god vårdkvalitet för såväl barnet som för föräldrarna. En mer omfattande forskning krävs kring ämnet för att vårdpersonal skall kunna ha kunskap kring föräldrars upplevelser och erfarenheter vid palliativ vård av barn. Det hade varit av vidare intresse att undersöka hur sjuksköterskan uppfattar föräldrars upplevelser och erfarenheter av den palliativa vården av barn. Det kan även vara intressant att undersöka hur sjuksköterskan själv uppfattar den palliativa vården av barn.

  • 338.
    Duarte, Anette
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Standardvårdplaner – till vilken nytta?2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Standardized care plans are commonly used in health care and are under constant development. Standardized care plans are to varying degrees evidence-based and designed with varying quality. Standardized care plans are used as a tool for improving the quality of care and are seen as a pre-formulated treatment plan. Research is needed into whether standardized care plans reduce the amount of redundant documentation, save time and increase quality of care. The aim of this literature study was to describe the situation regarding effects of using standardized care plans. In this study 10 scientific articles were analyzed. Results show that standardized care plans can improve quality of care, reduce redundant documentation and decrease time spent on documentation. However, there are studies that demonstrate the opposite. Standardized care plans can be seen as a tool for providing high-quality basic care for all patients. Scientific evidence should be used for development of standardized care plans and therefore priority should be given to making resources for this work available. There is a need for further research to validate the effects of standardized care plans as the results from this literature study are ambiguous. It would also be interesting to compare the views from patients, staff and management on the effects of using standardized care plans.

  • 339.
    Duerlund, Sara
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Karlsson, Beatrice
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Nilsson, Karin
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Studenthandledning under verksamhetsförlagd utbildning i sjuksköterskeutbildning: - handledares och studenters uppfattningar2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Precepting nursing students is a complex assignment which is time consuming and requires planning. Preceptors experience lack of support from co-workers and their manager. Ideally the preceptor’s regular work assignments should be reprioritized enabling the preceptor to allocate more time for student supervision. The purpose of this literature review is to highlight student preceptorship during clinical placement and explore the students’ and preceptor’s opinions of each others roles during the clinical placement period. The review is build upon 20 articles that have been analyzed with the help of different themes comprising of supervisor and student relationship. The study concludes that lack of the adequate time is the main reason why preceptors experience their student supervision insufficient. The students express that most important factor for a valuable clinical placement is that they are met with respect and an inviting tone from both the preceptor and the co-workers. It was also found important that the students must be aware of their personal responsibility, understand their limitations and understands when to step back and let someone with more experience take over. The conclusion is that preceptors need more allocated time to supervise the students during, as well as training in student supervision. To make the preceptors workload balanced, their co-workers and manager must help them decrease their regular work assignments. The co-workers and manager also needs to understand how time consuming precepting students during clinical placement can be. The implication of this review is that the quality of the nursing training can get better if we improve training in precepting of nursing students, and sponsors more research around collaboration between the preceptors and the university.

  • 340.
    Duerlund, Sara
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Karlsson, Malin
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Sjuksköterskans erfarenhet av införandet och arbetet med RETTS-Psy på en psykiatrisk akutmottagning: Ett omvårdnadsperspektiv2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att arbeta som sjuksköterska på en psykiatrisk akutmottagning innebär ansvar att ta beslut i komplexa situationer samt ställer stora krav. För att underlätta bedömning av patientens vårdbehov och minska risken för subjektiva bedömningar genomfördes ett utvecklingsarbete genom införande av triageringsverktyget och beslutsunderlaget RETTS-Psy vid en psykiatrisk akutmottagning i Västsverige. Syftet med pilotstudien var att ur ett omvårdnadsperspektiv belysa sjuksköterskans erfarenhet av införandet och arbetet med RETTS-Psy. Studien genomfördes utifrån en kvalitativ ansats via semistrukturerade intervjuer med fyra strategiskt utvalda sjuksköterskor. Materialet analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys och fyra teman kunde urskiljas. Resultatet visade sjuksköterskans erfarenhet av att arbetssättet och akutjournalen tydliggjort patientens vårdbehov och då underlättat i prioriteringsarbetet samt bidragit till ökad patientsäkerhet. Att patienten blir bedömd efter snar ankomst erfors ha bidragit till bättre överblick, men även att sjuksköterskan upplevde en begränsning i omvårdnadssamtal och dokumentation. Valet av kvalitativ ansats som analysmetod ansågs passande då den insamlade datan svarade på pilotstudiens syfte som var att undersöka sjuksköterskans erfarenhet. Vidare forskning inom akutpsykiatrisk omvårdnad vore önskvärt likaså forskning om patientens upplevelse av omvårdnad och triagering på en psykiatrisk akutmottagning.

  • 341.
    Dunér, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nordström, Monica
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Support networks and social support for persons with psychiatric disabilities–a Swedish mixed-methods study2012In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 15, no 5, p. 712-732Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore the structure, interaction, and function of the support networks of women and men with psychiatric disabilities. The study took a mixed-methods approach, using quantitative (n=181) and qualitative (n=42) data from a region in southern Sweden. The quantitative results showed that the respondents received widespread support of different types and from many different sources. However, the qualitative interviews revealed that many of the interviewees did not perceive the received support as supportive. The respondents’ internal resources influenced both their ability to receive support and their perception of the support. The informal and formal support sources formed the external resources of the respondents. Our interviewees often experienced formal support as conditional support, while informal support from the family was experienced as unconditional. There was thus a gap between the structure and function of the social support. This article contributes important knowledge from the perspective of persons with psychiatric disabilities.

  • 342.
    Edberg, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Staffan
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Westergren, Albert
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Difficulties in nursing care for older peoplereceiving public care at home or in sheltered accommodation2005In: 18th World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, June 26-30, 2005: Abstracts / [ed] Elizabete Viana de Freitas & Carlos André Oighenstein, Basel: S. Karger, 2005, p. 488-489Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 343.
    Edelborg, Malin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Lorentzon, Elvira
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Tilliten till sjuksköterskan – Är den tillräcklig?: En allmän litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Trust poses expectations that the nurse in his profession should be credible to all patients. Trust in nursing provides the potential for developing a relationship between nurse and patient in which the nurse has a greater opportunity to provide important information that can be crucial to the patient's health.

     Aim: To describe patients' experiences of trusting the nurse.

    Method: The study was conducted as a general literature review with systematic searches where the result is based on 10 scientific articles. Data processing resulted in four categories that highlight what the patient experiences is trusting the nurse; To be seen, to get time, to be respected and to be heard.

    Results: The result shows that the patient experiences trust when being seen, which can help the patient feel safe and feel involved in his or her own care. By getting time, the patient can feel that the nurse understands that trust can not be stressed. When the patient feels respected by the nurse, he experiences more equality, which makes the patient feel important. When the patient feels that they are heard, the relationship between them is deepened and the patient perceived that the relationship was mutual.

    Conclusion: Trust in the nurse may be the basis for the patient's perception of care. This can help the patient gain a clearer understanding of the nursing care performed by the nurse. Further research on the patient's experience of trust is important and could contribute to development in health care.

  • 344.
    Edvardsson, Emma
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Karlsson, Alexandra
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Den dolda sjukdomen: Kvinnors upplevelser av att leva med endometrios2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Endometriosis is a chronic disease affecting approximately 10 percent of all women in their reproductive years. Worldwide are 176 million women estimated to be affected by the disease. Endometriosis causes a tremendous suffering affecting the physical, mental, social and sexual wellbeing of women. Indepth knowledge about how women experience their condition and their bodies is required to provide high quality care and promote wellbeing. The purpose of this study was to describe women’s experiences of living with endometriosis. The research was conducted in a literature review consisting of 12 articles eight of which were qualitative and four quantitative. The scientific articles was completed in England (2), Norway, New Zealand, Denmark, Austria (3), Australia (3), Iran and USA between 2004-2014. The result showed that women experienced tremendous dissatisfaction as regards the care they received resulting in suffering. The disease affected aspects of life negatively which gave rise to life suffering and disease suffering. Although endometriosis is one of the most common diseases in the world, there is a detrimental lack of knowledge and incomprehension among health care professionals and the general public. There is thus a great need for improvements. Health care professionals must develop a better understand of how endometriosis affect women, avoiding a diminishing attitude to personal testimonies of grave suffering. More knowledge about endometriosis among health professionals and among the general public is necessary. There is a need for more education on the subject in the context of nursing studies.

  • 345.
    Edvinsson, Jessika
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Larsson, Manda
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Att vara motarbetad av sin kropp: Att leva med multipel skleros2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Multiple Sclerosis is a chronic, inflammatory disruption in the central nervous system and also one of the world’s most common neurological diseases. The nursing theorist Katie Eriksson describes the human being as a whole unit of body, soul and spirit. She also explains that suffering is a part of life. The aim of the study was to describe the experiences of individuals living with Multiple Sclerosis. This literature study included searches in several databases with the intention to find scientific results articles. 13 results articles which referred to experiences of individuals with Multiple Sclerosis, generated one main theme To feel discouraged by one’s body and two themes Physical experiences and Mental and spiritual experiences with subthemes. Living with the disease meant that the mental and spiritual experiences were more numerous than the physical experiences. The different themes were identified using Eriksson’s theory of the human being, as a whole unit. A conclusion of great importance was that living with the disease meant a limitation in everyday life. The literature study can contribute to further knowledge and understanding in people whom are involved in the disease. In turn, this can lead to decreased life suffering in people with Multiple Sclerosis. 

  • 346.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    "Genom mina ögon": Barn med erfarenhet av cancer beskriver genom egna fotografier vad som främjar deras hälsa2014In: FoUU-dagen 2014: En upptäcktsfärd genom hallänningens liv, Halmstad: Region Halland , 2014, p. 29-29Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 347.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Lidell, Evy
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Clausson, Eva K.
    Kristianstad University, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Awareness of demands and unfairness and the importance of connectedness and security: Teenage girls’ lived experiences of their everyday lives2015In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 10, article id 27653Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, a number of studies have demonstrated that stress and mental health problems have increased among adolescents and especially among girls, although little is still known concerning what girls experience in their everyday lives. The aim of this study was to describe the phenomenon of teenage girls’ everyday lives, as experienced by the girls themselves. A phenomenological approach of reflective lifeworld research was used, and the findings are based on eight qualitative interviews with girls aged 13–16 years. The essence of teenage girls’ everyday lives as experienced by the girls themselves can be described as consciousness regarding demands and unfairness and regarding the importance of connectedness and security. The girls are aware of the demands of appearance and success, and they are conscious of the gender differences in school and in the media that affect them. The girls are also conscious about the meaning of connectedness with friends and family, as well as the importance of the security of their confidence in friends and feeling safe where they stay. If teenage girls feel connected and secure, protective factors in the form of manageability and meaningfulness can act as a counterweight to the demands and unfairness of everyday life. For professionals who work with teenage girls, the results from this study can be important in their work to support these girls.

  • 348.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention. School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Nygren, Jens
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Enskär, Karin
    School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    ‘Through my eyes’: health-promoting factors described by photographs taken by children with experience of cancer treatment2016In: Child Care Health and Development, ISSN 0305-1862, E-ISSN 1365-2214, Vol. 42, no 1, p. 76-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Health promotion for children with cancer should be based on the children's own needs and desires. Because there is a lack of knowledge in this area, the aim of this study was to explore what promotes health from the perspective of children with experience of cancer treatment.

    Methods

    Fifteen children between 8 and 12 years of age participated in focus groups with three children in each group. The children were given a camera and instructions to photograph subjects that promote their health. Focus group discussions were based on the photographs and the children's own description of those photographs. The analysis of focus group discussions and photographs was conducted using inductive content analysis.

    Results

    According to the children, health-promoting factors are defined as meaningful relationships, recreational activities and a trustful environment. Meaningful relationships include togetherness within the family, affection for pets and friendship with peers. Recreational activities include engagement in play and leisure, withdrawal for relaxation and feeling enjoyment. Trustful environment includes confidence in significant others and feeling safe.

    Conclusions

    Knowledge from this study can contribute to health promotion interventions and quality improvements in the health care of children with experience of cancer treatment. Children's experiences with what promotes health in their everyday lives provide a better understanding of the type of support children prefer when promoting their own health. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  • 349.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Enskär, Karin
    Hälsohögskolan i Jönköping, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Nygren, Jens
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Friendship from the perspective of children with experience of cancer: A focus group study2013In: Pediatric Blood & Cancer, ISSN 1545-5009, E-ISSN 1545-5017, Vol. 60, no suppl. 3, p. 43-43Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 350.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention. School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Enskär, Karin
    School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Nygren, Jens M.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Friendship Relations From the Perspective of Children With Experience of Cancer Treatment: A Focus Group Study With a Salutogenic Approach2015In: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, ISSN 1043-4542, E-ISSN 1532-8457, Vol. 32, no 3, p. 153-164Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Friendships are significant to child development and health but diseases such as cancer can interrupt the contact with friends. The purpose of this study was to describe perceptions of friendship from the perspective of children undergoing cancer treatment, in order to build knowledge that can be used in a health promotion intervention for these children. Fifteen children between 8 and 12 years of age participated in focus groups, where a mixture of informative and creative techniques were used. The focus group discussions were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The analysis resulted in three generic categories, “Common interests and experiences,” “Mutual empathic actions.” and “Mutual trust and understanding,” incorporating seven subcategories. Based on children’s descriptions from a salutogenic perspective, friendship emerged as An equal and mutual commitment that evolves over time and with interactions face-to-face and digitally, a child perspective on friendship should be central to the development of health promotion interventions designed to support friendship relations of children treated for cancer. © 2014 by Association of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology Nurses

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