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  • 2951.
    Zattoni, Alessandro
    et al.
    LUISS University and Business School, Rome, Italy.
    Witt, Michael A.
    INSEAD, Singapore, Singapore.
    Judge, William Q.
    Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA.
    Talaulicar, Till
    University of Erfurt, Erfurt, Germany.
    Chen, Jean Jinghan
    Xian Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Suzhou, China & Nankai University, Tianjin, China.
    Lewellyn, Krista
    University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY, USA.
    Hu, Helen Wei
    University of Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Luis Rivas, José
    ITAM School of Business, Mexico DF, Mexico.
    Puffer, Sheila
    D’Amore-McKim School of Business, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA.
    Shukla, Dhirendra
    University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada.
    Lopez, Felix
    University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain.
    Adegbite, Emmanuel
    Leicester Business School, De Montfort University, Leicester, United Kingdom.
    Fassin, Yves
    Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
    Yamak, Sibel
    University of Wolverhampton, Wolverhampton, United Kingdom.
    Fainshmidt, Stav
    Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA.
    van Ees, Hans
    University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.
    Does board independence influence financial performance in IPO firms?: The moderating role of the national business system2017In: Journal of world business (Print), ISSN 1090-9516, E-ISSN 1878-5573, Vol. 52, no 5, p. 628-639Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Prior evidence suggests that board independence may enhance financial performance, but this relationship has been tested almost exclusively for Anglo-American countries. To explore the boundary conditions of this prominent governance mechanism, we examine the impact of the formal and information institutions of 18 national business systems on the board independence-financial performance relationship. Our results show that while the direct effect of independence is weak, national-level institutions significantly moderate the independence-performance relationship. Our findings suggest that the efficacy of board structures is likely to be contingent on the specific national context, but the type of legal system is insignificant. © 2017 Elsevier Inc.

  • 2952.
    ZEWGW, MESFIN ASFAW
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    FRUGAL INNOVATION OF PROSTHETIC SOCKET FOR DEVELOPING COUNTRIES2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstracts

    In this thesis, we presented a frugal product and methodology for customizing prosthetic socket for developing countries where an overwhelming number of prostheses are necessary, and the availability, accessibility and cost of prosthetics are significant concerns to limb deficient persons that without the assistance of a prosthetic device may not be able to function. In order to design a frugal prosthetic socket, a design methodology is sought that will best achieve an appropriately designed, low-cost, with simple production method. Through the study of modern design methodologies, a strategy is proposed that emphasizes the intersection of the mechanical design process (contemporary design tools), biomechanics, and low-cost design. Key components of this methodology are previous research and frugal innovation in the design process. Along with a review of the state of the art, provide the groundwork for both the proposed new methodology as well as generating a new concept of prosthetic socket. The result of this study, using the generated concept and simple methodology, a frugal prosthetic socket (FPS) is developed to demonstrate the basic functionality of the concept and manufacturability of the proposed method. Finally, Frugal Prosthetic Socket is found as a solution for the problems since it can reduce one heavy complex process for optimizing customization of the prosthetic socket and reduce 70 % of the cost of the prosthetic socket by using local material (rawhide), local manufacturing technique and implementing frugal innovation concept.

  • 2953.
    Zhubi, Adrian
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Zhubi, Albert
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    K2 eller K3: Motiv till att redovisa enligt K32016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: K2 or K3 : Reasons to account according to K3 

    Authors: Adrian Zhubi and Albert Zhubi 

    Published: Spring 2016 

    Tutor: Eva Berggren 

    Background: Since 2004 BFN has given accounting standards, which started the K-project that divides companies into four different categories based on company size. The K-project's most common regulations are the main regulation principles-based K3 and the alternative regulation rules-based K2. Since 2015 it became mandatory for all joint-stock companies and economic associations to apply one of these two regulations. Companies should therefore reflect on its business and stakeholders when making a choice of regulation. This requires that the annual report should be relevant to the stakeholders. With the study we therefore want to examine the main differences that explains why companies choose K3 instead of K2 from accounting advisors’ perspective. 

    Aim: The aim of the study is to describe why companies prefer K3 instead of K2 according to accounting advisors. 

    Formulation of the problem: What do accounting advisors consider explains the companies’ choice of K3 instead of K2? 

    Methodology: The study is based on a qualitative approach. The empirical data contains a total of five interviews, one of those is a pilot interview. The study's respondents are three auditors, an accounting expert and an accounting specialist. The respondents have different experiences and are from different accounting firms.

    Results: The study shows that accounting advisors consider differences in tangible, intangible and financial assets between K2 and K3 makes companies prefer K3. Factors as depositions, deferred taxes and stakeholders also affects the choice. According to the study’s respondents, K2 is easier to apply because the regulation contains robust rules for accounting. K3 require greater knowledge at professional judgement, because the regulation includes companies with a complex business with many stakeholders.

  • 2954.
    Zidan, Hussain
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Otálvaro Herrera, Nasly Andrea
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    How does leadership develop contextual ambidexterity in project – basedorganizations?2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Statistics show that a large number of companies struggle for their survival.About 20 % of the EU companies in all the different industries that were born in 2015 couldnot survive till 2016. More specifically, only less than half of the companies that were born in2011 are still active in 2016 (Eurostat, 2018). Moreover, corporate bankruptcies in Swedenincreased by 20 % in the years 2017 to 2018 compared to 2016 (Tillvaxtanalys, 2019 ).Therefore, the main challenge for managers is to consolidate short-term and long-termthinking, encourage visions while remaining focused on execution within employees.

    Problem background: While the current literature acknowledges both the importance oforganizational ambidexterity for companies’ survival, and the role played by managers todevelop ambidexterity, research on how to achieve such ambidexterity is still narrow.Moreover, the influence of the different leadership styles on contextual ambidexterity and itseffects on individuals have hardly been attended in the literature.

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to develop an understanding on how leaders, throughambidextrous leadership styles, create a context that enables individuals to achieve contextualambidexterity. More specifically, this master’s thesis aims to define a conceptual frameworkthat shows the influence of the leadership styles on contextual ambidexterity

    Methodology: In order to answer our research question, a qualitative research was conductedwith a deductive approach. Eight Interviews, four managers and four employees, wereconducted in four project-based organizations within the software industry in Sweden.

    Findings: The key findings are that transformational leadership style was found to foster “trustand support” in social support, and “stretch” in performance management, while thetransactional leadership style was only found in discipline in the organizational context.

    Conclusions: This study shows how developing adaptability in an organization requiresmanagers to apply transformational leadership style to the social support dimensions of theorganizational context. On the other hand, developing alignment in an organization requiresmanagers to apply both transformation and transactional styles rather than transactional. Mangers also need to balance the intensity of their leadership styles as both styles need to be emphasized equally well.

  • 2955.
    Zivojinovic, Petar
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Hendrika, Yustine
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    From Problem Solving to an Integrated Organizational Approach: A Continuation Study of the Diffusion of an Innovation2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis presents a continuation study about the diffusion of innovation in the manufacturing companies. The focus of this study is the diffusion of innovation in technology and CAD is the selected technology that is widely used in the manufacturing companies. The foundation of this study is the previous work that has been conducted by Jan Löwstedt and Christer Norr in 1991 that explained about the diffusion of technology during that time. Thereafter, technology has experienced a rapid change. There is not a continuation study afterwards. The purpose of this study is to see how the technology has changed and how people use it over time, and what driving forces are behind it, so an extension information for the PLC perspective can be formed.

    Theoretical framework was built by analyzing the previous studies as the foundation to see what has changed over time. The concept of the diffusion of innovation, PLC, and the development of CAD in terms of technical and organizational perspective wise from several researchers are also disclosed to support the empirical findings.

    The approach of this study is based on a qualitative study where empirical data are collected through interviewing Swedish manufacturing companies that use CAD in their companies.

    The result of this study reveals that the usage of CAD technically is not dramatically changed: it is still mainly in providing a visceral visualization. But, the paradigm shifting in utilizing CAD in the organization is worth exploring. Where it is triggered by the need to get more advanced technology-wise. The diffusion of technology could contribute the paradigm shifting in the way of working. This study shows that the companies tend to maximize the result of the technology by integrating the result not exclusively only for the design department, but also for other parties such as: the engineering calculation department and customers. However, this study could present a sharper pattern if there were more companies that were in the early stage of CAD as the source of information.

  • 2956.
    Zsoldos, Andreas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Study on biomass in semiaquatic insects (Odonata) over a 20-year period in central, Sweden.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about how biomass of dragonflies insects have changed over the past 20-years in a forested area of central Sweden. This was done by analysing previously collected Odonata larvae stored in ethanol where sampling effort corrects the weight per locality. The results display a small but significant biomass increase over past decades, going against the recently observed trend of biomass decline in insects. However, this biomass gain was not even between the families, the ones that increased the most was Aesnidae and Libelluidae.  The reasons for the observed increase are discussed, some possible suggestions are less disturbance in their environments and their ability to adapt due to their long evolution giving them a phenotypical advantage.

  • 2957.
    Åhlund, Anton
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS), Energy Science. Halmstad University.
    Solar Cooling: -A study of two thermal systems2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Electricity-driven air-conditioning is energy-intensive and puts a strain to many grids during hot periods in warm climates. Solar thermal cooling could be an alternative to conventional cooling, using a renewable energy source and supplying the most energy during peak demand periods with insignificant effect to the electric grid.

    Office buildings in warm climates have high cooling loads, naturally peaking during daytime because of occupancy and ambient temperature. Thus, office buildings have a seemingly advantageous relationship between the possible supply of solar thermal energy and cooling demand. With this background, solar cooling systems for two office buildings with the same dimensions are investigated, placed in a tropical- and a sub-tropical location.

    There are great differences in the design conditions for solar cooling systems in the tropics and the sub-tropics, between the chosen locations Manila and Abu Dhabi more specifically.

    Manila has a quite evenly distributed cooling load while Abu Dhabi has a strongly pronounced summer season with very high maximum cooling loads, while the winter temperatures are relatively low. The prior described conditions creates a big difference between loads throughout the year, making a thermal chiller less effective in this aspect. However Abu Dhabi is expected to have an overall smoother- and ultimately a more high performance solar cooling system due to lower humidity, which facilitates the important cooling of the chiller.

    Evacuated tube collectors were used at both sites, where the collectors in Manila needs to be larger relative to the chiller cooling capacity, in order to compensate for the irregularity of direct solar radiation.

    The electricity price in Abu Dhabi is too low for the solar cooling system to be economically feasible compared to a conventional system, where the net values over 20 years are 163 000 € and 127 000 €, respectively. Manila has on its hand a very high price for electricity, making the 20-year net values for both the solar cooling- and the conventional system approximately 170 000 €.

  • 2958.
    Åhlén Mulio, Sandra
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Auchenorrhyncha community composition inrestored wetlands of different age in Southwest of Sweden:: Can different communities or species be used as indicators for naturalness?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Våtmarker är hotade ekosystem som är artrika och tillhandahåller viktiga ekosystemtjänster. Man började restaurera våtmarker i Sverige som åtgärd inom jordbruket för minskad avrinning av närsalter, men senare även ur bevarandebiologiskt perspektiv. Främst riktades insatserna mot fåglar och däggdjur, men numera även många insekter.

    Insekter används alltmer som indikatorer för olika ändamål och Auchenorrhyncha (stritar) utgör en sådan grupp som börjat få alltmer uppmärksamhet. Då de livnär sig på växtsaft, förekommer i stort sett överallt där vaskulära växter har sin utbredning och ofta har specifika krav på både habitat och födoväxter, uppfyller de därmed många av kraven som ställs på en indikatorart. Stritar valdes därför för att se om de kan nyttjas som indikatorer på restaurerade våtmarkers grad av “naturalness”.

    Håvning och uppsamling med modifierad lövblås användes för att samla stritarna. Analyser över artfördelningen I landskapet visade signifikanta resultat på en icke slumpartad fördelning av arterna över de olika insamlingslokalerna och indikatorarter kunde väljas varefter ett modifierat index användes för att uppskatta arternas kvalité. Statistiska analysmetoder applicerades på insamlade variabler, men utan signifikans. Jaccards coeffcient of community användes för att verifera effektiviteten av insamlingen och det visade sig att jag i snitt samlat 1/3 av de arter som finns i landskapet. Ett fåtal arter uppfyllde kraven och i kombination med ett index över naturalness kunde 4 slutgiltiga arter väljas som indikatorarter. Auchenorrhyncha kan användas som indikatorer på naturalness i restaurerade våtmarker men då resultatet av denna studie inte var övertygande i sig själv bör man i framtida studier kombinera indexmetoderna med andra analyser och taxa för en helhetsbild när det gäller bedömning av naturalness i restaurerade våtmarker. Nya fynd av stritar för Halland och en rödlistad art hittades också i och med detta arbete och kan ses som ett bidrag till en uppdaterad förekomstbild i det svenska landskapet.

  • 2959.
    Årneby, Henrik
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS).
    The acute effect of a foam rolling and a dynamic stretch warm-up routine on jumping performance2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Self-myofascial release is widely used by athletes but the scientific evidence of its supposedly positive effects is limited. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of foam rolling as a warm-up routine in comparison with a dynamic stretching routine and how it may affect the jumping performance among subjects familiar with weight training. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the acute effect of foam rolling vs. a standardized dynamic stretch warm-up routine on jumping performance. Method: Twelve subjects, mean (SD) age 25.1 (± 3.0) years, participated in a randomized, controlled, crossover study. All subjects completed a standardized foam rolling (FR) and a dynamic stretch (DS) warm-up routine on separate days of testing. Squat jump (SJ), counter movement jump (CMJ) and loaded counter movement jump (L-CMJ) all performed bilaterally and unilaterally were conducted to investigate the acute effect of the two warm-up routines. A dependent T-test was used to investigate differences between the warm-up routines. Results: A statistical significant difference in favor of the DS was found for SJ performed bilaterally among males (p = 0.009). The mean (SD) jumping height for SJ FR was 35.6 (± 4.7) cm and for SJ DS 37.9 (± 5.2) cm. The male group also improved more in L-CMJ performed on the right leg with an external load of 54kg after DS compared to FR. No other statistical significant differences were found between the two interventions. A near statistical significant difference was found for SJ performed bilaterally for the total sample (p = 0.057) also in favor of the DS. The mean (SD) jumping height for SJ FR was 29.3 (± 8.7) cm and for SJ DS 30.5 (± 9.9) cm. Conclusion: Findings from this study supports a dynamic stretch warm-up routine prior to performing high intensity bilateral plyometrics instead of a foam rolling warm-up routine. However the data was inconsistent and more research with larger sample sizes is needed to further investigate the possible effects of foam rolling as a warm-up routine on jumping performance performed both bilaterally and unilaterally.

  • 2960.
    Åsedahl, Linnea
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Lindmark, Alexandra
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Identifiering av riskzoner för större vilt inom Halmstad kommuns vägnät2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An increased infrastructure is one of today’s biggest reasons for the fragmentation ofhabitats, making it harder for wildlife to move without risks when crossing roads. To see inwhich extent larger mammals crosses roads greenways were identified in the urban parts ofHalmstad municipality, after which a study was made on the presence of wildlife duringwinter 2015/2016. Ten areas were chosen along road 600 (Tylösandsvägen), road 610(Kustvägen), trunk road 15, trunk road 25 and trunk road 26 where inventories were carriedout for a period of seven days distributed over a period of two months. Wildlife abundanceof moose, roe deer, fallow deer, red deer, hare, wild boar, badger, red fox, wolf and lynxwere investigated by identification of track stamps in order to find out if any of the tenplaces constitutes a danger zone for wildlife-vehicle accidents and if there are anydifferences in wildlife abundance close to and further from the road as well as in woodlandand open land. The result of the study along with wildlife accident statistics show that someof the investigated areas form danger zones for larger animals; two adjacent areas alongtrunk road 26 and one area along trunk road 15. There were no significant difference inwildlife abundance on different distances from the road which means that wildlife followsthe greenways and do not see the road as an obstacle, thus more likely to crossover. Therewere also no significant difference in wildlife abundance in woodland and open land,meaning wildlife-vehicle accidents are not more likely to occur in one type of land over theother.

  • 2961.
    Åsell, Julian
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Amoi, David
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Leasing - en studie om skillnader mellan K3 och IFRS: En komparativ studie mellan K3 och IFRS gällande redovisning av leasing ur ett intressentperspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Accounting intends to provide support and information to society. Therefore, it is important that the accounting reflects reality. The current lease standard IAS 17 for European international level has been criticized because it has its purpose in a classification between financial or operational leases. Companies in Sweden applying K3 chapter 20 treat leases in the same way through a classification. This has created opportunities for companies to invent an account where major values in terms of assets and liabilities are off-balance-sheet through operational lease agreements. Hence, there has been an international discussion between the IASB and the FASB for a long time if leases classified as operational really reflect a fair view of companies applying IFRS standards. This debate is about an increase in transparency in accounting and corporate financial reporting is constantly present in these debates. Because this financial information is often the only information which stakeholder has at its disposal as a basis for decision making. Due to these problems and to develop a more consistent reporting, the IASB has chosen to create a new lease agreement - IFRS 16 Leases.

    IFRS 16 has another approach to lease agreements as it is based on a right of use. This entails significant changes for lessees, as they, based on the right of use, need to report leases as assets and liabilities in their balance sheets. The IASB has already implemented IFRS 16, but it is not required to comply with the standard until 1 January 2019 when IFRS 16 enters into force.

    The purpose of the study is to describe and analyze the differences between companies applying K3 chapter 20 and the forthcoming standard IFRS 16 regarding lease agreements. Furthermore, the purpose of the study is to investigate and illustrate, by typical cases, differences in financial reports and relevant key ratios and how these effects may affect the company's stakeholders.

    Through a qualitative research method, fictional typical cases have been designed to draw conclusions that answer the purpose and research question of this paper. The study addresses what differences exist in the treatment of classification, valuation and definition of lease agreements. Thus, it can be established and demonstrate that, in application of the forthcoming leasing standard IFRS 16, an increase in assets and liabilities in the companies balance sheet is made. This implies significant changes as they must account for a lease agreements right of use and obligations. These changes have a significant impact on key ratios such as returnability, equity, debt ratio and leverage formula. Furthermore, the conclusion can show that stakeholders are affected in a significant way as changes in financial reports affect their analyzes and ultimately decision-making.

  • 2962.
    Åström, Sara
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS), Energiteknik.
    Jorlöv, Josefine
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS), Energiteknik.
    Karaktärisering av solcellsmoduler: en fördjupning i solcellsteknik och metoder för karaktärisering2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP, has recently invested in a pulsed solar simulator to measure and characterize photovoltaic modules. The following report investigates the differences in the analysis between the new solar simulator and SP's existing pulsed solar simulator. All measurements have been performed on four different solar modules, two solar modules of type CIS and two solar modules of type crystalline silicon. We have also carried out practical measurements to see which environmental factors that affect the analysis from the new solar simulator. The surrounding factors consisted of ambient lighting, reflections from the new solar simulator and soiling of the monitor cell. The results show a difference between the quantified values of the new and existing solar simulator, where most of the measurements in the existing solar simulator are higher. The differences are probably due to measurements being made at a higher irradiance level than according to the standard. Furthermore, the results show that there are environmental factors affecting the analysis from the new solar simulator; a soiled monitor cell have the greatest influence on the outcome. 

  • 2963.
    Öberg, Mikaela
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Case studies as literature2016Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2964.
    Öberg, Mikaela
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    The importance of finding a clear definition of innovation2017Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2965.
    Öberg, Mikaela
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Stenberg, Anneli
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Smoothers och icke-smoothers: en kartläggning och probleminventering av income smoothing hos svenska börsnoterade företag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2966.
    Öberg, Theodor
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Oldby, Marcus
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Interactive Marketing: E-mail - Tomorrow´s Tool for Online Purchases2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to gain a better understanding of how customers behave with email

    and spontaneous online shopping and in which degree prospects or customer would be

    affected by functions in interactive e-mails.

  • 2967.
    Ödman, Emily
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Karlsson, Linus
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Flervåningshus i trä: En undersökning rörande byggandet i Halland2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    This paper is based on interviews, a literature study and seminars. It describes the

    situation in Halland when it comes to multi-story housing built in timber. From 1874

    to 1994, Sweden had a regulation that prohibited construction of timber houses with

    more than two stories as a result of big city fires. After the regulation was revoked,

    people started to build multi-story houses in timber again. Compared to the rest of

    the country there was not that many built in Halland. Construction entrepreneurs

    here possess the right competence and it is close to the raw material. Even though

    that, there are only five multi-story houses built in the county.

    Result from this study shows that the main problem of implementing multi-story

    housing built in timber is biases and lack of knowledge. Many of the players in the

    construction industry do not base their decisions on fact when it comes to choose

    timber or not. This in combination with a lack of information regarding financial

    issues and unfavorable regulations has resulted in a slow development of the

    implementation of multi-story houses. The reasons behind this are discussed in the

    paper and some possibilities of change are presented.

  • 2968.
    Öhman, Oliver
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Wikman, Christian
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Konstruktion av svingarm till EcoistVehicleTM2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report will be about a mechanical design project that has been developed by Christian Wikman and Oliver Öhman. The assignment was given by EcoistVehicleTM to complete a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering at Halmstad University.

    Princip- och Primärkonstruktion (Olsson, 1995), Fundamentals of Vehicle Dynamics (Gillespie, 1992) and a large amount of research on the web has been used as the foundation for the method that’s been used all through this project.

     

    EcoistVehicleTM is a vehicle project started by Thomas Koch. It is an electrically powered, single seat, three wheeled vehicle that's driven by a single rear wheel. The idea behind the car is to transport the driver to his destination in an environmentally friendly way. The car is suited for commuting in the countryside with a range of 40-50km. The purpose of the assignment that was given in the spring of 2017 was to look into faster methods of designing and manufacturing a swingarm for the vehicle.

     

    Our assignment was to design and possibly manufacture a swingarm for the driving rear wheel that should fit the specifications of the car and have a relatively fast manufacturing process for a series of 10-20 cars. Our mentor and taskmaster has a request to 3D-print the larger parts of the swingarm then after work the mounting surfaces and mating surfaces with milling.

    Several manufacturing processes used in the automotive industry for the production of motorcycle swingarms will be screened and compared to get the method that will fit this project.

     

    The authors have contributed with a higher knowledge of 3D-printing, specifically aluminum, different design concepts together with analysis of the design to test the solidity of the final product.

  • 2969.
    Ölmeby, Sara
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Ekman, Anna-Karin
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Datormodellen Diasock2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Rapporten går igenom steg för steg processen att ta fram datormodellen Diasock. Idag så finns det många människor som lider av diabetes och många utav dessa personer drabbas även av fotproblem. Fotkomplikationer är svåra att behandla och patienter kommer ofta in för sent med sina sår som i värsta fall kan leda till amputation. I samarbete med forskarna på Linköpings universitetssjukhus gavs uppdraget att ta fram en strumpa med insydda sensorer. Strumpan kommer underlätta för diabetiker då de själva kan ha en överblick på sina egna värden och på så sätt söka vård i tid om de behövs. Gruppen har blivit inspirerad av Fredy Olssons metod princip och primärkonstruktion(1995) som använts i tidigare kurser. Det gjordes även ett studiebesök på sjukhuset för att få mer insikt i alla problem som kan uppstå och för att få nya perspektiv från andra yrkesroller. Gruppen lade ner mycket tid på att anpassa strumpan efter en diabetikers fot, då de har speciella krav och inte kan använda vanliga strumpor. Mycket fokus hamnade även på placering av sensorerna. Det gjordes många skisser och efterhand valdes det att utgå ifrån funktionsstrumpan med sensorer på/vid tryckpunkterna. Strumpan är ritad i CATIA V5 där det valdes att arbeta i arbetsbänken Imagine & Shape. För att bättre visualisera datormodellen användes programvaran Keyshot där materialen blir mer realistiska. Projektet resulterade i en datormodell av en strumpa, speciellt utformad för att motverka uppkomsten av diabetessår. Strumpan blev anpassad för att passa en diabetiker.

  • 2970.
    Ölmeby, Sara
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Weber Hansson, Jessica
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Hälsomätningar på vårdcentraler2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis work has been carried out in collaboration with a specialist physician and Hälsoteknikcentrum Halland. The project is a part of an innovation project which involves developing a health scanner that will be able to carry out standard measurements on patients and thereby facilitate and streamline healthcare. The part in this report concerns the development of the booth itself for the complete product as well as the attachment of the technology. The thesis objective is about developing a concept that automatically adjusts the instruments depending on the patient being measured, as well as creating an optimal environment where the measurements can be performed correctly.

    By using brainstorming and a functional analysis, a number of concepts could be developed. These were then evaluated against the analysis and further developed to match the specification of requirements and other guidelines. The result was a booth, adapted for both sitting and standing positions, with an automatically closing folding wall and with an arm that keeps the patient at the right distance from the measuring devices. The project has also included an investigation of, as well as discussion about, the materials and manufacturing methods that may be used in a future production of the concept.

    The result was a virtual model, ready to be used for the production of a real-size prototype. In addition, the model was also used to visualize the concept in the form of images and animations made in KeyShot 6.

  • 2971.
    Örnstedt, Adam
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Ejesson, Johanna
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    The survival story of a newsprint mill.: A single case study of an industrial transformation at Hylte Mill.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The pulp and paper industry (PPI) and its products is one of Sweden's largest export goods, with newsprint as one of its major sources of income. The historically stable context had led to innovation inertia something that became clear when a sudden decrease for newsprint occurred. Hence, Stora Enso Hylte Mill, which is one of the largest producers of newsprint in Sweden realized that they needed to do something in order to secure their future. Therefore, the company started to investigate the possibility of moving into a new market, biocomposite.

    Problem discussion: Ambidexterity is a requirement for a firm to be successful over time (Birkinshaw & Gibson, 2004). In uncertain environments organizational ambidexterity appears to be positively linked to increased firm innovation, better financial performance, andhigher survival rates (O’Reilly & Tushman 2013). Hylte Mill has historically had a stablemarket, thus exploitive activities have been their main concern. As the conditions change, explorative activities are needed which creates uncertainty for the firm. How does a firm in a historically stable context that has worked with exploitation for many years organize for exploration? What changes needs to be done in the organization?

    Purpose: This master thesis will systematically go through and analyze how firms within previously stable market organize for ambidexterity and exploration. This is going to be done through three phases of an industrial transformation within the PPI. The purpose for this thesis is to increase the understanding of how organizations, operating in historically stable context, deals with radical innovation when the external environment demands it.

    Methodology: This study has been an inductive single case study. The data has been collected through five semi-structured interviews with key individuals from period of industrial turbulence.

    Findings: The barriers to innovation varies over time, when one barrier is solved another one occurs. By using ambidexterity, the firm can be better suited to handle these changes. The inertia in large established firms do not only depend on events occurring within the firm but can also be affected by external events.

    Conclusion: Ambidexterity has a positive impact on innovation in uncertain environments that creates a sense of urgency. By initially applying structural ambidexterity to provide slack, and later expand the desired culture by contextual ambidexterity, large established firms can overcome innovation inertia. Slack showed positive impact on radical innovation on both mill- level and group-level. Also, external help proved to be crucial for the radical innovation capability.

  • 2972.
    Örnstedt, Julia
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Beredskapsplan vid livsmedelsrelaterade utbrott: En praktisk vägledning vid utredning av livsmedelsutbrott i mindre kommuner2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Livsmedelsburna sjukdomar är ett globalt problem som orsakar fleramiljoner dödsfall varje år, ändå tros den rapporterande siffran vara enbråkdel av hur många som drabbas. En anledning till svårigheten att vetaden verkliga summan av problemet är bristerna gällande rapportering avlivsmedelsbura sjukdomar.

    Även om Europa ligger i framkant medstrikta krav gällande säkerhet för mat uppkommer ständigt skandalersom visar på ett bristande system. Syftet med studien var att ta fram enberedskapsplan för matförgiftning och andra livsmedelsrelaterade utbrott.Målet var att ta fram en tydlig beredskapsplan som är lätt att användaoch som lämpar sig för mindre kommuner i Sverige.

    Litteraturundersökninggjordes för att samla information till bakgrund samt för att fåen övergripande blick över de olika livsmedelsburna sjukdomarna. Däreftergenomfördes en enkätundersökning gällande hur en beredskapsplanför livsmedelsrelaterade utbrott ser ut i Sveriges mindre kommuner.

    Resultatet visar att inte alla kommuner har en färdig beredskapsplan atttillgå vid större utbrott. Det som anses användbart i en sådan plan ärframförallt mallar för rutiner som exempelvis frågeformulär till densmittade vid en matförgiftning. En anledning till bristen på beredskapsplaneri mindre kommuner tros främst bero på bristande resurser, ökadpersonaltäthet hade enligt resultatet bidragit till ökad tillgång av beredskapsplaner.Utifrån de inkommande enkätsvaren har ett förslag på enberedskapsplan som är enkel att använda utformats.

  • 2973.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    A typology of the idea of learning organization2002In: Management Learning, ISSN 1350-5076, E-ISSN 1461-7307, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 213-230Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A typology of the idea of 'learning organization' is developed and presented. The typology is inductively created and based on how the term 'learning organization' is used in the literature and by practitioners. Four distinct hypes of understanding were found: 'organizational learning, 'learning at work, 'learning climate' and 'learning structure'. The same types of understanding seem to appear both in the literature and in accounts made by practitioners. Thus the term 'learning organization' is probably not unduly confusing to the practitioners. Instead, the different versions of the idea in the literature seem to give companies the opportunity to choose a version suitable for their specific situation.

  • 2974.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Achieving organizational independence of employees’ knowledge using knowledge management, organizational learning, and the learning organization2009In: Handbook of research on knowledge-intensive organizations / [ed] Dariusz Jemielniak & Jerzy Kociatkiewicz, Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 2009, p. 229-242Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The ambition of this chapter is to pay some attention to more obvious, as well as more subtle, methods for organizations to become independent of the individual’s subjective knowledge, from the employees’ point of view. Terms such as ’knowledge sharing’, ’knowledge transfer’, and ’learning for all’ are almost always seen as being positive for both employers and employees. However, this chapter will critically examines those terms. Three popular management ideas relating to knowledge and/or learning have been analysed from a ’knowledge control’ perspective: knowledge management, organizational learning, and the learning organization. The main conclusion of this conceptual and elaborating chapter is that the more current and less academic ideas of the learning organization and knowledge management contain the same tools as the idea of ’old’ organizational learning as regards gaining control over knowledge, but that these two ideas additionally contain other knowledge control measures, which are more refined, in the sense that they are less obvious as knowledge control measures. The idea of ’new’ organizational learning, however, is less suited to knowledge control, since it implies that knowledge is not storable. In other words, the chapter’s contribution is an analysis of some of the most popular management ideas that deal with knowledge and/or learning relating to the organizational/employer independence of subjective knowledge, from the employees’ point of view, something which is rarely seen. © 2009, IGI Global.

  • 2975.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Are the right persons involved in the creation of the learning organization?2005In: Human Resource Development Quarterly, ISSN 1044-8004, E-ISSN 1532-1096, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 281-284Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A conventional explanation of the short notice that many management ideas get is that they are only fashions. This article presents a complementary explanation. Based on Jung's personality types and my own experiences, I suggest that mostly only people with a certain type of personality become interested in ideas such as the learning organization. I further argue that all four of Jung's personality types must join in the sculpting of learning organizations if organizations are to succeed in becoming such organizations and continue being it, and, accordingly, if the idea is to survive in the long run.

  • 2976.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Educating everyone in humanities for both post-bureaucracy and bureaucracy: a response to John Hendry2006In: Management Learning, ISSN 1350-5076, E-ISSN 1461-7307, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 291-294Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Comments on an article by John Hendry. In the main, the commentator agree with Hendry in his description of the 'intellectual tyranny of the economic mindset' and in his concern for other values and goals in business society. Management education definitely needs other than economic goals, as Hendry argues. The commentators arguments for the humanities are slightly different, though, from Hendry's, and he do not think that managers are the only group that needs education in the humanities. Finally, the commentator would like to add a few subjects and methods to those that Hendry suggests should be involved in humanities education for business students. In addition to history and literature, which Hendry suggests, the commentator also recommend education in ethics.

  • 2977.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Guest editorial for special section: Are organizations able to learn?2009In: Learning Inquiry, ISSN 1558-2973, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 21-23Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2978.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Of course organizations can learn!2005In: Learning Organization, ISSN 0969-6474, E-ISSN 1758-7905, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 213-218Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a comment for all those writers who claim that organizations cannot learn. The author consistently rejects this notion. Rather the author contends that organizations can learn, in at least two different ways. The author reviews some of the common arguments against organizational learning, and tries to answer the opponents. The main argument against the critics is that they are too busy to look for evidence that organizations are not like individuals and that organizations therefore cannot learn. Instead, the author argues that it is a question of level of analysis. The author also suggests that theories as well as knowledge in general are metaphoric, implying that organizations as such of course are able to learn. The organizational learning perspectives can, of course, be used by employers and managers in order to avoid efforts that help the individuals to learn. But they can also be appropriate perspectives of learning that help in avoiding large investments on organizational learning efforts that might be unnecessary.

  • 2979.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    On differences between organizational learning and learning organization2001In: Learning Organization, ISSN 0969-6474, E-ISSN 1758-7905, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 125-133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This conceptual paper looks at and discusses differences between the concepts of organizational learning and (the) learning organization. Since there still seems to be confusion regarding the meaning of the two concepts, aims to clarify the two main existing distinctions, that organizational learning is existing processes while learning organization is an ideal form of organization. Also distinguishes between a traditional and a social perspective of organizational learning, which the existing distinctions have not ‚ at least not explicitly. Thus, distinctions are made between three concepts. In addition to the improvement of the existing distinctions, suggests two complementary ones ‚ entities of learning and knowledge location. These two distinctions might make it easier to distinguish also between the two perspectives of organizational learning.

  • 2980.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Organizational learning: a radical perspective2002In: International journal of management reviews (Print), ISSN 1460-8545, E-ISSN 1468-2370, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 87-100Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reviews the organizational learning literature. For many years, organizational learning theory has been based on a functionalistic paradigm, but an interpretive paradigm now seems to be attaining dominance. However, neither of these perspectives of organizational learning is truly radical in the sense of challenging conditions of power and control in organizations. There are some critical texts on organizational learning (and the learning organization), but they go no further than criticism. Therefore, this paper tries to illustrate what we can call a radical perspective of organizational learning, based on themes in the critical works. The radical perspective of organizational learning implies an organization where the individuals learn as free actors. However, there are norms or rules to guarantee freedom. The learning space in the organization guarantees the occurrence of different opinions, and allows everyone to reflect upon their actions and learning. Working time and employee commitment are restricted so that work does not interfere too much with other undertakings. All employees are guaranteed permanent appointments. Finally, in the radical perspective of organizational learning, organizations die to make place for others when their missions are accomplished. After presenting the radical perspective of organizational learning, I outline some questions for future research and indicate the necessity of further development of such a perspective.

  • 2981.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Senge’s many faces: problem or opportunity?2007In: Learning Organization, ISSN 0969-6474, E-ISSN 1758-7905, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 108-122Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to discuss both possibilities and problems with Senge’s (1990) many faces in The Fifth Discipline, i.e. the fact that different authors refer to different excerpts from his book as his version of the learning organization. Design/methodology/approach - The paper shows that the authors’ understandings of Senge, in which a literature review resulted, are seen in the light of theories of travelling of management ideas, particularly the "translation model". Findings - The paper finds that both possibilities and problems with Senge’s many faces were found. A fatal problem is that the many faces jeopardize the confidence in the concept and eventually its existence. But the strong connections to Senge’s book, that the authors have, reduces the problems, and Senge’s many faces might not cause that much trouble after all. Research limitations/implications - The paper shows that anyone who wishes to can, for different reasons, refer to Senge, and his version of the learning organization, and thereby gain legitimacy. One does not have to be very accurate; as it seems, almost anything goes. Practical implications - In the paper the "translation model" is divided into two sub-models, which probably will sharpen future translation research. Originality/value - The paper is a study in which it is shown how authors understand other authors. This is an example that is rarely seen. Both possibilities and problems are discussed with vagueness to Senge’s many faces. This is not very common. A special case of the translation model is developed (the "smorgasbord model"), better suited to deal with the type of idea that focuses on copying of excerpts from a specific book than the traditional translation model (the "whispering game model").

  • 2982.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    The learning organization: towards an integrated model2004In: Learning Organization, ISSN 0969-6474, E-ISSN 1758-7905, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 129-144Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents an integrated model of the learning organization. It is based on empirical research of the learning organization literature, as well as on practitioners' understandings of the concept where learning organizations were often described in terms of four distinct individual aspects, no more and no less. This article argues these aspects cannot be treated as separate, and that the four aspects have to be combined in order to create a true learning organization. The four aspects are: learning at work; organizational learning; developing a learning climate; and creating learning structures. The article suggests that only those organizations that have implemented all of the aspects should be called ‚"learning organizations", and those organizations that have implemented only one aspect should be called "partial learning organizations"

  • 2983.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Toward a contingency model of how to choose the right type of learning organization2004In: Human Resource Development Quarterly, ISSN 1044-8004, E-ISSN 1532-1096, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 347-350Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The learning organization is in itself a vague idea, and many argue that the idea must be adapted to each single organization and its particular needs before it can be implemented. There is very little guidance, though, on how to adapt the (vague) idea. This forum piece therefore tentatively suggests a contextual model of how to choose the right type of learning organization, among four types. It also suggests some areas where research is needed in order to develop the model further.

  • 2984.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Vague and Attractive: Five Explanations of the Use of Ambiguous Management Ideas2005In: Philosophy of Management, ISSN 1740-3812, E-ISSN 2052-9597, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 45-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reviews the literature on the diffusion and popularity of vague management ideas. Is it the vagueness in itself that makes them so popular, or are there other explanations? Five possible explanations for the attraction of ambiguous management ideas are suggested: (i) concretising; (ii) symbolic legitimisation; (iii) seduction; (iv) unknown use; and (v) challenge. Some of the explanations are explicitly suggested in the literature, whereas others are explanations offered by the present author on the basis of a review of the literature. The five explanations are categorised according to the level of consciousness of the use of vague ideas among the users, and according to whether the ideas are implemented in actual practice or used only in talk. The present paper also discusses what management researchers could do to help those who use vague management ideas. © 2005, Springer International Publishing AG.

  • 2985.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Ulvenblad, Pia
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Knowledge Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Research (KEEN).
    A Little About a Lot: On Scientific Reports and Reference Techniques2012 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 2986.
    Örtengren, Sofia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Gidlund, Alexander
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Riskhantering i infrastrukturprojektet Varbergstunneln2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose is to describe and analyze the risk management of project risks and financial risks in the infrastructure project Varberg tunnel during the planning phase, in which two players have been studied, the Swedish Transport Administration and the Varberg municipal operations, and their perspective on risk management and how these actors' perspectives differ in order to get an understanding of how different types of risks and stakeholder risk manage from their perspective in an infrastructure project.

    Background and problem: The Swedish Transport Administration task is to ensure that trains arrive on time, transport is done as safely as possible and with the least possible environmental impact. Together with other stakeholders they will ensure that the best possible social utility is created for the money. On 21 March 2013, the government's admissibility decision of subprojects through Varberg to extend the railway from single track to double track. This is one of the biggest challenges in Varberg municipality, where the municipal and state planning must go hand in hand. There are considerable risks associated with infrastructure projects but there are also great opportunities for socio-economic profitability. To identify risks requires a general approach because the individuals do not possess all the information necessary to know where all the various risks are within the activity. The problem with risk assessment is that the knowledge of the risks affecting the tunnel project are scarce and therefore entails difficulty in valuing them. Businesses need to manage risks, and businesses that ignore the risk, consider the risk as their enemy or plan for just one future are more vulnerable.

    Research issue: How is risk management of project risks and financial risks in the infrastructure project Varberg tunnel during the planning phase?

    Methodology: This thesis is a qualitative study that uses an inductive approach. The empirical data is collected from three different interviews linked to the Varberg tunnel.

    Result: The main difference between the stakeholders is the scope of risk management. The Swedish Transport Administration is implementing a much larger risk management than the municipality of Varberg. Risk identification is more similar between the stakeholders, the difference is how they methodically work. Risk assessment is qualitative at the Swedish Transport Administration and quantitative at Varberg municipality. Management of risk is carried out not in any methodical way at Varberg municipality, the only manage interest rate risks while the Transport Administration manages all risks and implement this in a methodical way.

    Conclusions: Risk management is carried out in different ways depending on the perspective of the stakeholder and the type of risk that is risk managed. Risk management can be either methodological or non-methodical. Our view is that this is due to the stakeholder’s responsibility and the complexity of risk management for the stakeholder. Which perspective stakeholders have, we believe, affect if the stakeholder have a long term or short term perspective. The Swedish Transport Administration will only be done with projecting of the tunnel while the municipality of Varberg has to live with it in generations to come.

  • 2987.
    Österberg, Ellen
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Vilén, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Utökad sätesjustering av “The Armadillo“2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report describes a solution to an adjustment problem found on “The Armadillo”. This product can be described as a bicycle, but with four wheels instead of two, and has a somewhat more complex construction than an electric bicycle. In today’s construction there are difficulties in using the bike if the driver is not within the range of 170-190 cm tall, which obviously limits the user of the product. The main user are those who work with the product. The task of the project was therefore to find a solution to this problem, with free hands without major limitations. This has been done in cooperation the company that owns the product, Velove, where a couple of visits have been made to study the design further, as well as examine the possibilities and limitations that exist. Methods such as Fredy Olsson with small modification have been used, this has simplified the work as a clear structure has been obtained on approaches. The project group has used different ideas to generating and evaluating product ideas, including where we included other students for inspiration, in order to reach a promising concept within the group. Two ready-made digital prototype concepts have been developed in Catia V5, where one of them has advanced into a physical prototype in plastic material. The construction allows a longer span and allows more drivers to use today’s Armadillo. The solution is another smaller rail that goes over the today’s existing rail witch makes it possible to further adjust the length span for the driver. The construction is a superstructure on the existing Armadillo and does not require a reconstruction of the bike.

  • 2988.
    Özdes, Denise Seher
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS), Ecology and Environmental Science.
    Utfasning av miljö- och hälsofarliga kemikalieprodukter för att uppnå miljömålet "Giftfri miljö": Ett exempel från vård- och äldreomsorgsförvaltningen i Alingsås kommun2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Jag har valt att göra ett examensarbete för Alingsås kommun som går ut på att ta reda på vilka kemiska produkter som används inom vård och äldreomsorgen i Alingsås kommun samt komma med förslag och arbetsätt för Alingsås kommun att arbeta mer effektivt med deras utfasningsarbete. Genom att genomföra en litteratursammanställning av miljölagstiftningen, inventera kemikalie produkter som används i äldreboendena samt genomföra intervjuer om andra kommuners kemikaliearbete kan syftet med uppsatsen uppnås. Uppsatsen är en del av arbetet för att uppnå en del av Alingsås miljömål. Arbetet inleddes med en kemikalieinventering för samtliga äldre boenden där alla påträffbara rengöringsprodukter sammanställdes. De kemikalieprodukter som påträffades var rengöringsmedel för olika användningsområden. De rengöringsprodukter som inte var miljömärkta listades i en enskild lista och undersöktes. Meningen med undersökningen var att garantera att inga ämnen i produkterna var särskilt farliga för människors hälsa- och miljö. Resultatet av intervjuerna visade att det skiljer sig mellan olika kommuners kemikaliearbete men svaren visade också att alla kommuner arbetar med någon del som berör kemikaliearbetet men på olika nivåer. Litteraturstudien visar att miljömärkta produkter måste uppfylla en del krav för att bli miljömärkta, genom att använda sig av miljömärkta produkter bidrar man till att minska användingen av skadliga kemiska ämnen som påverkar miljö- och hälsa. Alingsås äldreboenden använder sig inte av några farliga rengöringsprodukter men en del av produkterna är inte miljömärkta som de borde vara enligt kommunens miljöpolicy och borde därför ersättas. Jämförelsevis utifrån de intervjuade kommunerna samt Alingsås kommun ligger Alingsås kommun på en bra nivå i sitt kemikaliearbete. En del bitar behöver utvecklas och med hjälp av enkla metoder kan man skapa ett bättre kemikaliearbete.

  • 2989.
    Ørstavik, Kristin
    et al.
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo.
    Namer, Barbara
    Department of Physiology and Experimental Pathophysiology, University of Erlangen/Nürnberg.
    Schmidt, Roland
    Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Schmelz, Martin
    Department of Anesthesiology Mannheim, University Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany,.
    Hilliges, Marita
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS).
    Weidner, Christian
    Department of Physiology and Experimental Pathophysiology, University of Erlangen/Nürnberg.
    Carr, Richard W.
    Department of Physiology and Experimental Pathophysiology, University of Erlangen/Nürnberg.
    Handwerker, Hermann
    Department of Physiology and Experimental Pathophysiology, University of Erlangen/Nürnberg.
    Jørum, Ellen
    Laboratory of Clinical Neurophysiology, Department of Neurology, Rikshospitalet-Radiumhospitalet Medical Center, Oslo, Norway.
    Torebjörk, H. Erik
    Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Abnormal Function of C-Fibers in Patients with Diabetic Neuropathy2006In: Journal of Neuroscience, ISSN 0270-6474, E-ISSN 1529-2401, Vol. 26, no 44, p. 11287-11294Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The mechanisms underlying the development of painful and nonpainful neuropathy associated with diabetes mellitus are unclear. We have obtained microneurographic recordings from unmyelinated fibers in eight patients with diabetes mellitus, five with painful neuropathy, and three with neuropathy without pain. All eight patients had large-fiber neuropathy, and seven patients had pathological thermal thresholds in their feet, indicating the involvement of small-caliber nerve fibers. A total of 163 C-fibers were recorded at knee level from the common peroneal nerve in the patients (36–67 years old), and these were compared with 77 C-fibers from healthy controls (41–64 years old). The ratio of mechano-responsive to mechano-insensitive nociceptors was ~2:1 in the healthy controls, whereas in the patients, it was 1:2. In patients, a fairly large percentage of characterized fibers (12.5% in nonpainful and 18.9% in painful neuropathy) resembled mechano-responsive nociceptors that had lost their mechanical and heat responsiveness. Such fibers were rarely encountered in age-matched controls (3.2%). Afferent fibers with spontaneous activity or mechanical sensitization were found in both patient groups. We conclude that small-fiber neuropathy in diabetes affects receptive properties of nociceptors that leads to an impairment of mechano-responsive nociceptors. Copyright © 2006 Society for Neuroscience

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