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  • 25551.
    Wictor, Ingemar
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Andersson, Svante
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Charismatic leadership and empowerment in born globals2010In: McGill International Entreprenurship Conferences Series / [ed] Hamid Etemad, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25552.
    Wictor, Ingemar
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Andersson, Svante
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    The Importance of Leadership and Vision in Born Globals2012In: Business and Management Research, ISSN 1927-6001, E-ISSN 1927-601X, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 13-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the beginning of the 1990s studies of Born Global companies has become a major topic in internationalizationliterature. Earlier research has pointed out the importance of the entrepreneur in the born global firm’s internationaldevelopment. Even if many studies have been done which identify the impact of entrepreneurs and management onfirms’ internationalisation and behaviour few studies have focused on leadership in Born Global Companies. Followingearlier research, the aim of this paper is to investigate how the entrepreneur uses his/her vision in Born Globalcompanies. The main findings and conclusions are that the entrepreneur and his/ her vision have an important role inthese companies. The vision is like an umbrella and affects many important parts of the company, such as organisation,communication, recruitment, knowledge transfer and other parts that will form the company’s culture. The born globalentrepreneurs create the company values and motivate the employees in the organisation. The Born Global leaders sharethe power with subordinates. It is crucial to delegate operational decisions to subordinates so the entrepreneur can workwith strategic issues fostering the firms’ international expansion. Communication is open and straight with an openatmosphere in the culture. Good communication is important when building goals, values and conveying the leader’svision. Even if the entrepreneurs motivate their employees in a positive way the entrepreneurs still have a tight control ofthe company. The main implications from this study are that the entrepreneurs in The Born Global firms have been ableto create an innovative culture in the firm that creates international growth.

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  • 25553.
    Wictor, Ingemar
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Andersson, Svante
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    The Importance of vision in born global companies2011In: Research on Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management 2009‐2011: Introducing the Research Area of Innovation Science / [ed] Sven-Åke Hörte, Halmstad: Högskolan i Halmstad , 2011, p. 37-53Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate how the entrepreneur uses his vision in Born Global companies. Design/methodology/approach – In this qualitative study, data has been collected by carrying out case studies of three companies. The main approach has been to study the role ofvision, leadership and communication in these companies. Findings – The entrepreneur and his vision is very important in a Born Global company. The vision is like an umbrella and affects many important parts of the company, such as communication,r ecruitment, knowledge transfer and other parts that will form the company’s culture. After a few years these items will help to create the company’s handbook, which will form the guidelines for how employees in the company work and act. Even if the entrepreneurs motivate their employees in a positive way, so that they can develop and do a good job, the entrepreneurs still must control the company. Research implications – This is an area where much more research needs to be done. In this study the entrepreneurs have been interviewed. To get more information the employees need to be interviewed. Practical implications – Implications for traditional small to medium‐sized enterprise (SME) companies could help to understand what happens in Born Global companies. Originality/value – This paper uses a view of the visionary perspective to study the three companies. This could be used by more traditional companies to discover new areas of potential.

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  • 25554.
    Wictor, Ingemar
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Andersson, Svante
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Mullern, Tomas
    Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping, Sverige.
    Leadership and organization in born globals2013In: Current Issues in International Entrepreneurship / [ed] Hamid Etemad, Tage Koed Madsen, Erik S. Rasmussen, Per Servais, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2013, p. 38-69Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 25555.
    Wictor, Ingemar
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Andersson, Svante
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Müllern, Tomas
    Jönköping International Business School, Sweden .
    Leadership and Organisation in Born Globals2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25556.
    Wictorin, Christian
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Varumärkeskapital i Tjänsteföretag2002Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]
    Studiens syfte var att beskriva kundernas uppfattning av varumärkeskapital i tjänsteföretag. Avgränsningar gjordes till att enbart undersöka uppfattningen hos befintliga kunder i serviceföretag. De huvudsakliga teoretiska källor som användes var skrivna av Leonard L Berry, Christian Grönroos, Frans Melin, David A Aker och Paul Feldwick. Valet av undersökt varumärke blev Hallandstrafiken. Metodansatsen var kvantitativ och ett icke sannolikhetsurval användes. Undersökningen gjordes genom en enkätundersökning ombord på Hallandstrafikens bussar i Halmstads och Falkenbergs kommuner och 120 respondenter deltog i undersökningen. Syftet samt problemställningen som löd. “Vilken är kundernas uppfattning av ett tjänsteföretags varumärkeskapital?”, besvarades med slutsatserna att det undersökta varumärket Hallandstrafiken har ett positivt varumärkeskapital hos de befintliga kunderna samt att varumärkesinnebörden har störst inverkan för hur kunderna uppfattar varumärkeskapitalet. Varumärkesinnebörden påverkas i sin tur till störst del av kundernas upplevelser av tjänsten. Studien kom även fram till slutsatserna att personalens uppträdande inte ensamt har den kritiska rollen för kundernas uppfattning av varumärket i serviceföretag samt att det är möjligt att uppnå ett positivt varumärkeskapital hos befintliga kunder i serviceföretag utan att kunderna anser att företaget når dem effektivt med sitt presenterade varumärke.
  • 25557.
    Widegren-Kelley, Annelee
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    Man-haters or challengers. Woman Portrayed by Women in the Lyrics of Spice Girls and Alanis Morissette1998Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]
    The passage quoted is from a discussion focusing on women's relationship to lyrical poetry and how they are portrayed there. Although it deals with woman as portrayed in novels, it is not far-fetched to connect the above description to that in lyrics written for music.
  • 25558.
    Widell, Per
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Lindström, Martin
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Magnusson, Henrik
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Leasing Vilka faktorer gör leasing förmånligt?2001Student paper second termStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]
    Utredning om vilka faktorer som påverkar företags val av finansieringsform, med inriktning på leasing.
  • 25559.
    Widenfalk, Anneli
    et al.
    Department of Environmental Assessment, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 7050, SE-750 07 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Svensson, Jonas M.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS), Environmental Science, Wetland Research Centre.
    Goedkoop, Willem
    Department of Environmental Assessment, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 7050, SE-750 07 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Effects of the pesticides captan, deltamethrin, isoproturon, and pirimicarb on the microbial community of a freshwater sediment2004In: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, ISSN 0730-7268, E-ISSN 1552-8618, Vol. 23, no 8, p. 1920-1927Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In three microcosm experiments, we exposed microbial communities of a natural sediment to environmentally relevant concentrations of the fungicide captan, the herbicide isoproturon, and the insecticides deltamethrin and pirimicarb. Exposure concentrations were estimated negligible concentrations (NCs), maximum permissible concentrations (MPCs), and 100 times MPC (100MPC). Experimental endpoints were microbial community respiration and biomass, bacterial activity, and denitrification. All four pesticides inhibited bacterial activity by 20 to 24% at MPC, which corresponded to concentrations in the range of μg/kg dry-weight sediment. Treatments with deltamethrin and isoproturon showed inhibiting effects on bacterial activity at NC exposures. Surprisingly, for captan, deltamethrin, and isoproturon, this inhibiting effect was not observed at 100MPC treatments. Microbial biomass was negatively effected in MPC treatments with deltamethrin and in NC treatments with isoproturon. The tested pesticides did not affect community respiration and denitrification rates. These results show that exposure to the tested pesticides may induce toxic responses in sediment microbial communities at concentrations that are predicted to be environmentally safe.

  • 25560.
    Widerberg, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Törst och muntorrhet hos patienter i livets slutskede2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]
    Törst och muntorrhet är vanligt förekommande hos patienter i livets slutskede och påverkar livskvaliteten i hög grad. Palliativ vård har som mål att lindra symptom orsakade av obotbar sjukdom. Syftet med studien var att beskriva törst och muntorrhet hos patienter i livets slutskede. Metoden var litteraturstudie och artiklar söktes i databaserna Cinahl och PubMed. Resultatet visade att mellan hälften och nästan alla patienterna upplevde symptomen i varierande grad. Artificiell vätsketillförsel påverkade inte känslan av törst. Munvård och små mängder dryck kunde ge lindring under varierande tid. Uttorkning var enligt flera studier inte en bakomliggande faktor till törst och muntorrhet. Ytterligare forskning behövs på behandlingseffekter av munvård och behov av vätska hos döende patienter. Sjuksköterskor måste ta ansvar för bedömning, planering och uppföljning av åtgärder för att lindra törst och muntorrhet hos patienter i livets slutskede.
  • 25561.
    Widercrantz, Sofia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Carlsson, Josefin
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Värdeminskning av Goodwill: En komparativ studie mellan regelverken K3 och IFRS2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Förvärvad goodwill är en immateriell tillgång som uppstår vid ett rörelseförvärv, i redovisningen hos det förvärvande företaget. Detta om köpeskillingen överstiger det förvärvade företagets nettotillgångar. Denna tillgång får redovisas i balansräkningen, enligt både K3 och IFRS. Historiskt sett har det varit en stor variation mellan länder angående redovisningen, och även kring hur goodwill hanteras. Det återstår fortfarande skillnader mellan nationella och internationella regelverk, angående goodwillpostens värdeminskning. Större svenska onoterade företag kan välja att redovisa enligt antingen K3 eller IFRS, och dessa regelverk har olika värdeminskningsmetoder för tillgången; avskrivning kontra nedskrivning. I detta arbete undersöks hur dessa metoder skiljer sig åt. Värdeminskningens påverkan på företagets rapporter undersöks också. Dessa rapporter, i sin tur, utgör en del av investerarnas beslutsunderlag. Arbetet undersöker även de eventuella signaler som företaget sänder ut i samband med redovisningen kring goodwillposten.

    Egenkonstruerade typfall har skapats för att påvisa regelverkens skillnader. Dessa typfall har applicerats på ett fiktivt företag, vars omsättning och kostnader hålls konstanta, för att tydliggöra värdeminskningsmetodernas påverkan. Det fiktiva företaget, och konsekvenserna av metoderna, har observerats under fem år. Utifrån företagets finansiella rapporter kan aktuella nyckeltal beräknas. Med hjälp av signalteori, de båda regelverken, de konstruerade typfallen samt framräknade nyckeltal kan en analys genomföras för att bedöma vilka signaler hanteringen av goodwill sänder ut till investerarna.

    Resultatet av denna studie visar att regelverkens olika metoder, för hanteringen av goodwillpostens värdeminskning, skiljer sig kraftigt åt. K3:s metod kan uppfattas som en enklare strategi, medan IFRS:s metod är betydligt mer komplicerad och kräver mer från företaget i form av tid, kapital och resurser. Vidare illustrerar studien påverkningarna som värdeminskningsmetoderna medför, både på de finansiella rapporterna och på företagets nyckeltal. Det här, i sin tur, leder till att investerarna, givet det regelverk som företaget följer, får tillgång till skiftande mängd information som även kan vara av varierande kvalitet.

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  • 25562.
    Widheden, Annika
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Nygren, Björn
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Project Sawdust Lanka1995Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]
    Project Sawdust Lanka is one of the SwewCorp financed projects in Sri Lanka. The task was to create a profitable product/process from the waste rubberwood sawdust that the furniture manufacturer Woodplex Ltd, produces. The result is a new process of form-pressing seats and backs designed to fin in with the company’s existing furniture range.
  • 25563.
    Widing, Lizette
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Nilsson, Pernilla
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Granklint Enochson, Pernilla
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    A Student-Active Approach to Science Models and Representation: A Way to Improve Scientific Language of Second Language Learners?2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent years changes have taken place in European and Swedish schools. The classroom situation has in many schools changed from single-lingual to multilingual. A larger number of students in Sweden are in the beginning of speaking Swedish but who participate in the same teaching as native speakers. The science disciplines, primarily chemistry, are experienced as difficult by many students because chemistry is abstract and contain many subject-specific concepts. It is a great challenge for teachers to offer teaching adapted to all students regardless of first language.

    This study intends to investigate how a student-active approach to representations and models in chemistry might be a way to develop the scientific language of second language learners. Active student approach to  properties of polymers is a concrete way to visualize and discuss chemical bonding, often perceived abstract otherwise. The study is conducted in a multilingual class, with eight different first languages represented, in upper secondary school in Sweden. The teacher and majority of the students speak Swedish as their first language. Since several languages are represented students cannot use code switching or translanguaging when learning chemistry, to the same extent as in bilingual contexts. In this study, learning is approached as a sociocultural activity focusing on how scientific language develop through interaction with others. Data is collected from classroom practices using audio and video recordings and followed up with semi-structured interviews. Language is analysed from the perspective of adequate scientific language and correct use and understanding of subject-specific concepts using a thematic coding approach. To increase validity intra-rater reliability are used. As the amount of research on how second-language learners use subject specific language while working with models and representations in chemistry is limited, this study might provide useful information about new strategies to improve scientific language of second language learners.

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  • 25564.
    Widriksson, Peter
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Mattsson, Marcus
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Filmen Thor (2011): En religionsvetenskaplig analys av filmkaraktärenThor2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats syftar till att göra en religionsvetenskaplig analys av filmen Thor från 2011.

    De grundläggande metoderna som använts i arbetet är en diskursanalysmetod som är influerad av Simon Lindgrens populärkulturella arbetsfält, och en komparativ studie av Joseph Campbells teoriom monomyten.

    Våra tolkningar och arbetet kommer fram till att Thor passar in i Campbells teori om monomyten.

    This essay aims to make a religious scientific based analysis of the movie Thor from 2011.

    The basic methods used in this work are a discourse analysis, influenced by Simon Lindgren’s popular culture field of expertise, and a comparative study of Joseph Campbell's theory of the monomyth.

    Our interpretations and this work concludes that Thor fits into Campbell's theory of the monomyth. The results imply that Campbell's theory proves to be applicable in modern times narration on film. Events and actors in the film fit with several elementary parts in a hero-myth according to Campbell.

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    Thor 2011
  • 25565.
    Widäng, Ingrid
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Self-respect, dignity and confidence: conceptions of integrity among male patients2002Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]
    Integrity, a complex concept that includes many dimensions, is a part human nature and a prerequisite for being a whole person. Another aspect concerns acting according to general ethical rules principles, i.e. moral integrity. Preserving the patient´ integrity is an important aspect in nursing care, as a number of situations arises in which the patient can feel threatened or violated. The aim of this Swedish study to describe how male patients conceive integrity. Seventeen male patients were interviewed and the data was analysed by a phenomengraphic approach. The male patients expressed twelve different conceptions of integrity that were summarised into three description categories: self-respect, dignity and confidence. This means that patients give themselves integrity when they believe in themselves, have the courage to set boundaries, have control over themselves and their situation, and have the possibility of being alone. Caregivers can preserve the patient´s integrity by seing him trustworthy and as a whole person, and by showing respect. Confidence in a caring situations is characterised by trust in the professionals, a balance between the patient´s and the caregivers´ desires, patient participation, the possibility to be free and confidentiality of information. Integrity could be described as what something “is” and as a “relationship” with oneself and others. It is an absolute necessity for caregivers to treat patients in accordance with moral integrity in order preserve the patients´ integrity. The findings raise questions about female patients´ conceptions and about how patients react and express themselves when they feel threatened or violated.
  • 25566.
    Widäng, Ingrid
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Self-respect, dignity and confidence: conceptions of integrity among male patients2003In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 42, no 1, p. 47-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background.

    Integrity is a complex and important concept in ethical reasoning and in nursing care. Integrity is part of being a human being, a wholeness, and in this sense it also refers to health. Preserving patients' integrity is an important aspect of nursing care, as a number of situations arise in which they can feel threatened or violated. Integrity can also refer to acting according to general ethical principles and rules, i.e. moral integrity.

    Aim.

    The aim of this Swedish study was to describe how male patients conceive integrity.

    Methods.

    Seventeen male patients were strategically selected for interviews, which were analysed by a phenomenographical approach.

    Findings.

    The patients expressed 12 different conceptions of integrity that were summarized into three description categories: self-respect, dignity and confidence. This means that patients give themselves integrity when they believe in themselves, have the courage to set boundaries, have control over themselves and their situation, and have the possibility of being alone. Caregivers can preserve a patient's integrity by seeing him as trustworthy and as a whole person, and by showing respect. Confidence in a caring situation is characterized by trust in professionals, a balance between patients' and the caregivers' wishes, patient participation, the possibility of being free and confidentiality of information.

    Discussion.

    Integrity could be described as what something 'is' and as a 'relationship' with oneself and others. It is imperative that caregivers are aware of patients' conceptions of integrity in order to identify and preserve their integrity and also so that they treat them in accordance with moral integrity. The findings are limited to male patients, and questions about female patients' conceptions are raised.

  • 25567.
    Widén, Carl
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    A Monumental Transgression: Incest, Abjection and the Unrepresentable in Paul Auster's Invisible2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay offers an analysis of Paul Auster's novel Invisible. The main focus of the essay is on the incestuous love affair between Adam Walker and his sister Gwyn. It is argued that the novel via this incestuous affair is addressing the issue of the unrepresentable, what Lacan termed the “real” that lies beyond the symbolic order. It is shown that the concept of the unrepresentable has been a central theme in Auster's work throughout his career. The main theoretical foundation of the essay is Julia Kristeva's theories regarding the “abject.” A summary of Kristeva's theories is therefore offered, as well as a summary of research into the incest taboo.

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  • 25568.
    Widén, Hanna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Björklund Reijnow, Johan
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    En lysande studie om läroböcker i fysik: En text- och bildanalys om det fysikaliska fenomenet ljus i två läroböcker för årskurs 4–62018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I grundskolan förväntas elever tillägna sig kunskaper om naturvetenskapens begrepp, processer och teorier, för att förstå olika fysikaliska, biologiska och kemiska samband. Forskning visar att de naturorienterande ämnena har störst andel elever som inte uppnår kunskapskraven efter avslutad grundskola, vilket kan bero på att innehållet i läroböcker är otillräckligt i förhållande till aktuella styrdokument och forskning. Innehållet i text och bild kan ha ett diffust samband samt att vardagsanknytning saknas, vilket kan göra kunskapen svårtillgänglig för elever. Syftet med studien är att analysera vilka förutsättningar för lärande läroböcker för årskurs 4–6 i de naturorienterande ämnena erbjuder elever i grundskolan. De forskningsfrågor vi kommer besvara är: 1) hur framskrivs det fysikaliska fenomenet ljus genom texter i två läroböcker för årskurs 4–6? 2) hur representeras det fysikaliska fenomenet ljus genom bilder i två läroböcker för årskurs 4–6? Vi har utfört en kvalitativ studie och använt en läsbarhetsanalys samt en bildanalys för att bearbeta vår data. Resultaten visar att läroböckerna inte sätter kunskapen i ett större perspektiv. De visar även att alternativa uppfattningar om fenomenet ljus kan uppstå genom de båda läroböckerna. Ytterligare resultat är att läroböckerna ställer höga krav på elevers läsförmåga, samt att de ställer olika krav på elevers förkunskaper genom de analogier som används. Resultaten visar även att läroböckernas språk och kontext framskrivs och representeras på ett enkelt eller ett avancerat sätt. Vår slutsats är att de två läroböckerna ger olika förutsättningar för lärande, och att ingen av dem ger tillräckliga förutsättningar på egen hand. Detta ställer höga krav på lärares förmåga att kritiskt granska läroböcker och komplettera undervisningen på rätt sätt, i förhållande till de förutsättningar läroböckerna ger.

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  • 25569.
    Widén, Kristian
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Encouraging innovation through new approaches to procurement2003In: Construction Process Improvement / [ed] Brian Atkin, Jan Borgbrant & Per-Erik Josephson, Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Publishing, 2003, p. 143-153Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25570.
    Widén, Kristian
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Innovation brokers in the Swedish construction sectorManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As demand on the construction sector to improve has grown in many countries an increasing understanding of the complexity of the national innovation system has developed. in other industrial sectors, with similar complexity, the concept and the importance of innovation brokers has been identified. This concept is examined here in the context of the Swedish construction sector. A number of organisational types, acting as innovation brokers, have been identified. There are no organisations acting as innovation brokers solemnly and their level of independency can to some extent be questioned. This may not be a problem as such; because of the construction innovation system in Sweden varies from the innovation systems from where the concept of innovation brokers has been identified.

  • 25571.
    Widén, Kristian
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Innovation Diffusion in the Construction Sector2006Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Innovation and development are the backbone of a thriving market economy. It is through innovations of various kinds that nations, industries and companies compete. Many actions in areas internationally and nationally will affect the construction sector. Research into construction innovation has attracted increasing interest. There have been studies ranging from how national research policies support construction innovations to how projects should be organised. One general conclusion is that the level of innovation needs to be improved. There is a need to assess the potential barriers and enablers to achieving a better diffusion of innovations in construction. The overall aim of the research is to increase knowledge of the factors creating successful development, implementation and diffusion of innovations in the construction sector. More specifically, the research aims to understand where the usefulness and weaknesses exist in applying established innovation theory, particularly in regard to diffusion, within the Swedish construction context with the further aim of identifying a suitable basis for creating a shared understanding among stakeholders of the innovation process at work.

    A conceptual model for improving the existing situation was developed using contextualised innovation and diffusion theories. The model was tested using the findings in several supporting papers. It was found that actions in line with the conceptual model would enhance the probability of successful diffusion. The research has also investigated national policies, innovation brokerage and (research and) development projects in Sweden and found systemic weakness in the innovation process. The research has also found that tools of analysis not normally associated with the research problem in the construction domain can be used to provide improved insights to policy makers, innovation brokers and development managers. Significant in this regard is the criticality of communication vertically within the supply chain and laterally amongst suppliers with respect to specific innovations, such that diffusion becomes a normal and, therefore, integral feature of construction activity. The tools of analysis identified and adopted in the research can be used directly by policy makers, innovation brokers and development managers to lead to a shared understanding of barriers and enablers to innovation and a basis for continual improvement. In this connection, causal loop diagrams can aid in assessing the type of organisations needed in communication. Shortcomings in communication can, to a certain extent, also be mitigated by innovation brokers.

  • 25572.
    Widén, Kristian
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Innovation in the Construction Process; a comparison with Complex Product SystemsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Innovations in construction materials and components are made without being integrated with other materials and components. It is not even enough with innovations only in construction materials and components. This paper is mainly a literature study of research regarding Complex Product Systems (CoPS) and the construction process. The construction process can be compared with theories concerning another context, as in the case of theories of CoPS. According to theory, one problem in a construction process is that solving single issues is not adequate as the required result is often influenced by other issues, confounding the expected outcome. CoPS focuses on system design, knowledge transfer, cross co-operation interactions and communication, and skills and knowledge. It is necessary that these focus work well to achieve an innovation process. Using traditional forms of cooperation, these areas often pose problems in the construction process. The forms of co-operation, which have greater potential than others, are those that do not separate design from production.

  • 25573.
    Widén, Kristian
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Innovation in the Construction Process: A Theoretical Framework2002Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The demands on the construction industry can be met either by fulfilling them by applying existing knowledge and solutions or by creating something new. Trying to meet demands with existing knowledge and solutions is only possible to a certain point, beyond which it is necessary to create something new.

    This thesis aims to create a theoretical framework for new forms of co-operation that encourage innovative procedures. The theoretical framework is based on innovation theories.

    Findings suggest that motivation to innovate is important. It is mainly the client who can provide the incentives for innovation, while it is mainly a malfunctioning process that breaks them down. The process is very much the result of the forms of co-operation used. In the comparison between the construction process and the innovation process eight aspects are found, which are directly influenced by how the co-operation forms are function, namely, allowing the actors to be involved during an extended period of every project, communication, contractual incentives to encourage innovation, early involvement of the different parties, learning, relationship and co-operation with other parties, risk and reward, and support for the idea of longer relationships between the actors.

  • 25574.
    Widén, Kristian
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Innovation roles for clients: implementing building information modelling2017In: Clients and Users in Construction: Agency, Governance and Innovation / [ed] Kim Haugbølle & David Boyd, Abingdon: Routledge, 2017, p. 214-228Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 25575.
    Widén, Kristian
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Modelling the causes and effects of problems in the construction processManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The construction process is faced with many challenges, not least dealing with concerns over an adversarial culture, weak suppliers integration and variable quality. With its different levels and numerous participants, the process can be a complex affair. There is a need to understand how the different elements of the process relate to, and effect, each other. The paper presents an analysis of the relationships between certain of these elements, by treating the construction process in a system' context. The particular use of casual loop diagrams to help improve understanding of the interdependences between elements that are considered to the problematic is explored. These diagrams can be used to identify connections of importance when seeking solutions and examples of their use are presented. They show the relationships between problems and those factors that may reinforce or balance one another. The approach advocated in this paper provides tentative steps towards unravelling some of the complexity that obscure the root cause of problems inherent in the process.

  • 25576.
    Widén, Kristian
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Nationella innovationsstrategier i byggsektorn – en internationell kartläggning2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Huvudsyftet med rapporten är att göra en kartläggning av nationella innovationsstrategier och en lägesbeskrivning om hur man behandlar innovations frågor i andra länder. Målet är att bidra till en förståelsegrund för hur det fortsatta arbetet med att öka möjligheterna till att en innovativ byggindustri i Sverige ska kunna utvecklas.

    Förståelsen för innovationssystem och processer har ökat, där några nya är specifikt intressanta för byggbranschen.

    Om man ser resultatet av TG 35 arbete som en bild av hur det förhåller sig i omvärlden ligger Sverige bra till. Flera av de aspekter som lyfts fram som något man arbetar med eller kommer att påbörjat i de undersökta länderna pågår redan, i större eller mindre omfattning, i Sverige.

  • 25577.
    Widén, Kristian
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Public Policies and Innovation in the Construction Industry2006In: Clients Driving Construction Innovation: Moving Ideas into Practice / [ed] Kerry Brown, Keith Hampson, Peter Brandon & Janet Pillay, Brisbane, Qld.: CRC Press, 2006, p. 275-280Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25578.
    Widén, Kristian
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    The Construction Process; a Systems ApproachManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The construction process is believed to have problems. The causes suspected and their solutions have been put forward, but the problems in the construction process have not disappeared. The primary aim of this article is to show that many of the problems perceived are interlinked in a system and that this is one of the reasons that the solutions have not had the expected impact. A systems approach, with reinforcing and balancing causal loop diagrams, has been used to show this. A secondary aim is to give some recommendations for the improvement of the construction process. The article first investigates how to fulfil the goals of a project and solve the problems perceived of the construction process. The main findings are that the systems approach gives a useful understanding of the interconnections between some of the perceived problems and that in some cases it is not enough to change only the most obvious cause of the problem. The causal loop diagrams clearly show that the reinforcing loops are balanced by balancing loops. These are good as they will hinder negative reinforcing loops from becoming vicious, but bad as they may hinder a positive development of the reinforcing loops.

  • 25579.
    Widén, Kristian
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    The Effects of Public Policies on the Construction Industry: How To Analyze and Predict Them?2006In: Clients Driving Innovation: Moving Ideas into Practice, Brisbane, Qld: CRC Press, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25580.
    Widén, Kristian
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Utveckling, implementering och spridning av innovationer i byggsektorn2010In: Management of innovation and technology, ISSN 1102-5581, no 2, p. 8-9Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 25581.
    Widén, Kristian
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Andersson, Ola
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Johansson, Rasmus
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Implementation of an Organisational Innovation: The case of partnering in Sweden2008In: Clients Driving Construction Innovation: Benefiting from Innovation / [ed] Kerry Brown, Keith Hampson, Peter Brandon & Janet Pillay, Brisbane, Qld.: CRC Press, 2008, p. 235-240Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25582.
    Widén, Kristian
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Atkin, Brian
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Hommen, Leif
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Setting the game plan – The role of clients in construction innovation and diffusion2008In: Clients Driving Innovation / [ed] Peter Brandon & Shu-Ling Lu, Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 2008, p. 78-87Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25583.
    Widén, Kristian
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Hansson, Bengt
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Diffusion characteristics of private sector financed innovation in Sweden2007In: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433X, Vol. 25, no 5, p. 467-475Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although construction is considered to be slow in adopting new technology and new processes, innovation, research and development are performed routinely. Nonetheless, knowledge about what affects the diffusion of research results - in the context of innovations - is incomplete, limiting the effectiveness of procedures designed to evaluate project proposals. The aim is to examine the factors that can influence the diffusion of results, in this case from externally funded construction innovation projects. A Fisher's exact test is performed on six concepts derived from general innovation theory which are tested on 20 development projects. The test is used to establish the significance of the six concepts and their applicability to construction-related innovation. The results reveal support for all six concepts, although only four of them attract a high level of significance. External lateral and vertical communication and external integration during the development phase are shown to increase the chances of successful diffusion and should therefore be assessed in project proposals.

  • 25584.
    Widén, Kristian
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Hansson, Bengt
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    The construction sector tries to take the lead – A sector lead approach to construction process improvement2005In: Proceedings of the 2005 International Conference on Construction and Real Estate Management : Challenge of innovation in construction and real estate / [ed] Wang Yaowu & Shen Qiping, Beijing: China Architecture & Building Press , 2005, p. 274-277Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In many reports the improvements of the actors in the construction sector have been requested. One explicit factor that has been called for is an increase in cooperation and communication between the different actors. The Swedish construction sector in general has not been swift in accepting new process improvements as they have been put forward by academics or government. There are many possible explanations, among them are that the solutions have been too much of 'desk products', not suitable for direct application into the construction sector and its firms. In the southern region of Sweden a sector initiated and lead initiative with an aim of developing the construction and the real estate management process, increase the profitability across the supply-chain, increase the human value among the actors of the construction process, and increase the image of construction, has been carried out. The forum resulted in increase of knowledge of the construction industry and effect of different actors on it for those who participated. On a more general level a program with the aim of increasing the efficiency and improving the image of the construction industry was developed. This paper discusses the approach as such; advantages and disadvantages as well as lessons learned. It also reports on the outcome of the initiative.

  • 25585.
    Widén, Kristian
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Jönsson, Per-Ola
    Skanska, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Governmental guidelines: a barrier to innovative procurement?2003In: Knowledge construction: proceedings of the Joint International Symposium of CIB Working Commissions : W55 : Building economics, W65 : Organisation and management of construction : W107 Construction in developing countries, 22-24 October 2003, Singapore / [ed] George Ofori & Florence Yean Yng Ling, Singapore: Dept. of Building, National University of Singapore , 2003, Vol. 2, p. 438-447Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25586.
    Widén, Kristian
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Lember, Veiko
    Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estland.
    Olander, Stefan
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Helby Petersen, Ole
    Danish Institute of Governmental Research, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Scherrer, Walter
    University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria.
    Institutional reasons for not implementing PPPs in the transport sector2012In: COST Action TU1001: Public Private Partnerships in Transport Trends & Theory: 2011 Discussion Papers / [ed] Athena Roumboutsos & Nunzia Carbonara, Bari: Favia , 2012, p. 108-121Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Italian implementation of PPP has its own features which distinguish it from other models adopted in Europe and in the world. International literature lacks of contributions about the Italian case, while the analyses on this issue in the national literature are not systemic. To fill this gap we aim at characterizing the main features of Italian PPPs, in comparison to the features of such partnerships in Europe and in the world.

    Design/methodology/approach – In order to describe the PPP implementation, the paper proposes a theoretical framework describing PPP as it is conceived by international literature.

    Findings – A set of factors, like uncertainty on the rules, complex procedures and the lack of private competences  on PPP, hinder the involvement of private operators in PPPs. Consequently, PPP project financing structure is mainly based on public guarantees, even because of scarce utilization of capital markets for funding.

    Social implications – Practitioners and scholars can use this framework analysis in order to know strengths and weaknesses of PPP application in their socio-economic context.

    Originality/value – The proposed framework represents a useful tool for comparing the application of PPPs among different sectors and different countries. Furthermore, the theoretical framework can be considered a starting point of future research aiming at developing a tool for assessing the expected performance of PPP projects.

  • 25587.
    Widén, Kristian
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Olander, Stefan
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Effects of a Lack of Support for Public Private Partnerships: The Swedish Case2010In: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Innovation in Architecture, Engineering & Construction (AEC) / [ed] Anumba, C. J., Bouchlaghem, N. M., Messner, J. I., Parfitt, M. K., Loughborough: Loughborough University , 2010, p. 668-676Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is part of a small European minority in the perceived societal gain of PPP. After a pilot PPP project in late 1990’s no additional project has been started in Sweden. Although there is interest from both public infrastructure clients and construction companies the national government has very clearly stated that infrastructure projects should be procured in a traditional way where all funding should come from the national budget. The purpose of this paper is to discuss how a lack of support for governmental interests in PPP solutions affect the innovative climate of infrastructure investments. Broadly defined, PPP solutions are arrangements where the public sector together with a private partner engages in a long-term co-operation to solve a public need. The opponents in Sweden base their arguments on the viewpoint that it if the state cannot finance a well needed infrastructure project within the national budget there is no need for a private initiative since the state can borrow funds on better terms than a private actor. However, the proponents see PPP as way of not only financing well needed project but also as a way of improving the innovative climate of the infrastructure sector. In short, the opponents only see PPP as an alternative way of financing public projects while the proponents see PPP as a opportunity to improve performance of infrastructure facilities by long-term partnerships and incentives to adopt new and innovative solutions in construction and maintenance. The study presented here shows that the main effects of a lack of PPP solutions is the following: First, the time from an identified need until finished project becomes very long since each project needs to fit in the yearly national budget. Secondly, when national funds are insufficient, well needed infrastructure projects are delayed in the planning process often with no definite new time plan, and very rarely does the government borrow additional funds. Thirdly, there is a tendency to divide large infrastructure facilities in smaller entities in order to fit them in the national budget, which has the effect that the full benefits of the investment are delayed. Finally, and maybe most importantly, the Swedish government’s reluctance to adopt PPP solutions and to finance infrastructure projects in small entities, promotes traditional design and build contracts with very small incentives for adopting new innovative solutions to improve the construction process.

  • 25588.
    Widén, Kristian
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Olander, Stefan
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Atkin, Brian
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Links between Successful Innovation Diffusion and Stakeholder Engagement2014In: Journal of Management in Engineering, ISSN 0742-597X, E-ISSN 1943-5479, Vol. 30, no 5, article id 04014018Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Stakeholders can positively assist or hinder attempts at innovation. Much depends on the nature of their engagement. The stakeholder engagement process can be complex and unpredictable, more so if no strategic plan is put in place or if no systematic thinking is invested in the innovation. Stakeholder engagement in the innovation process in general and innovation diffusion in particular is examined in the context of construction. From a theoretical perspective, analysis of the effect of stakeholders could be expected to help in refining the innovation process so that it produces decisions and outcomes more likely to lead to successful innovation and diffusion. To cover diverse applications from product development to the drafting and implementation of national standards, 19 innovation projects were studied. Through a statistical analysis of stakeholder involvement, based on a Fisher's exact test, it was concluded that a structured process of engagement has to be an integral part of the innovation process. Accordingly, an explicit plan for communication and engagement with identified key stakeholders is necessary ex ante as a condition for successful innovation and diffusion. © 2014 American Society of Civil Engineers.

  • 25589.
    Widén, Kristian
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Olander, Stefan
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Hansson, Bengt
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Industry initiated development program: How to measure the effects?2006In: Construction in the XXI Century: Local and global challenges: Joint 2006 CIB W065/W055/W086 International Symposium proceedings / [ed] Roberto Pietroforte, Enrico De Angelis & Francesco Polverino, Napoli: Edizioni Scientifiche Italiane , 2006, p. 1-12Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25590.
    Widén, Kristian
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Olander, Stefan
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Nordvall, Frida
    NCC Construction, Solna, Sweden.
    Public Procurement of Industrially Produced Housing2009In: Proceedings of 5th Nordic Conference on Construction Economics and Organisation, Vol. 1, 2009, p. 13-20Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The aim of the research was to investigate how a model for public procurement could be designed with the aim of including industrially produced housing in the procurement process in Sweden.

    Methodological approach

    The study was performed in two steps, an initial literature review and then a case study. The literature review aimed at creating an understanding of how this is done in other contexts and what the public procurement legislation allows. The case study investigated the current procurement process using an existing project between two companies, one public client and a contractor.

    Results

    Conclusions from case study are that co-operation in an early stage is desirable as well as involving the contractor in an early stage. In the process every involved should get the opportunity to use their knowledge in the process and form the project. The criteria for evaluation is important as well as the objectives for the project. To use an industrial produced housing also demands special attention to the regulation of secrecy. An important conclusion is that it should be possible, within the existing regulatory context, to procure industrial produced housing. The adoption of competitive dialogue, though, would probably increase the possibility of it to happen regularly.

    Status

    The paper is based on research that is finished.

    Contribution

    The work helps to identify the problems and possibilities of public clients procuring industrially produced housing. It reveals that the main obstacles as such is not the legislation, but at the same time it could probably made easier by the adoption of competitive dialogue into the Swedish procurement legislation.

  • 25591.
    Widén, Kristian
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Winkler, Charlotta
    WSP Environmental, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Identifying bottlenecks in the photovoltaic systems innovation ecosystem – an initial study2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Solar energy is likely to play a major role in future renewable energy systems. One important part in that is the integration of photovoltaic (PV) systems into the built environment. Earlier studies show that the institutional framework plays a major role for achieving a broad implementation of PV systems. It has however also shown that the value network of PV systems needs to be understood and developed further. In that respect, earlier research on innovation diffusion into the built environment shows the necessity of involving and understanding key stakeholders. Stakeholder analysis may help in identifying key stakeholders but fail in assessing the stakeholders’ role in the value network as it does not, for example, take into account the relational effects. Innovation Eco Systems is an approach that has the potential to do this as it addresses the alignment structure of the partners needed for the value proposition to occur. The aim with this initial study is to address the use of innovation ecosystem as a way of assessing implementation of PV systems in the built environment. Two structured workshops with two key stakeholder categories, Clients and Suppliers, were held to identify the main barriers for a broader implementation of PV systems into the built environment in Sweden. The main results show that the earlier studies were right in that the institutional framework is a major factor, but also that the value network is important and that the problems in the value network is perceived somewhat different between the two categories. This suggests that it will be necessary to address the value network from the perspective of the actors by applying an innovation ecosystem analysis. It also helped in identifying other important stakeholders in the value network that will be needed to include in the future studies. To summarize, the findings of this initial study suggest that innovation ecosystem will address a more comprehensive picture on the implementation of PV systems in the built environment. However, to be able to identify bottlenecks and subsequent solutions to these bottlenecks further studies of the complete innovation ecosystem, with its stakeholders, is necessary. The ongoing project is currently carrying out these studies in a Swedish context.

  • 25592.
    Widén, Louise
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Andersson, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Den som inget frågar, får inget veta: Sjuksköterskors professionella möte med våldsutsatta kvinnor2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Våld mot kvinnor är ett stort problem i dagens samhälle. Våldet har stora effekter på kvinnors hälsa och sjukvården har ett optimalt läge i att upptäcka och hjälpa kvinnorna ur våldssituationen. Sjuksköterskan är ofta den första inom vården som möter kvinnorna. Möten med våldsutsatta kvinnor omges av utmaningar för sjuksköterskan både på ett professionellt och personligt plan. Syftet med studien var att belysa bemötande och omhändertagande av våldsutsatta kvinnor ur ett sjuksköterskeperspektiv. Utifrån analys av 12 vetenskapliga artiklar framkom fyra faktorer som arbetets resultat bygger på. För att sjuksköterskor skall vårda våldsutsatta kvinnor på ett optimalt vis behövs kunskap om våld, ett bra förhållningssätt gentemot patienten, god hantering av egna känslor samt förståelse av miljöns betydelse. Samtliga faktorer har ett stort samband med varandra och är grundläggande för sjuksköterskor i mötet med våldsutsatta kvinnor. Pågående forskning inriktas på att fördjupa kunskap och insatsmetoder för organisationer och myndigheter i bekämpandet av våld. Grundutbildningen för sjuksköterskor borde inkludera undervisning om våld i närarelation och förbereda sjuksköterskor för att kunna hantera den emotionella press som kan uppstå i mötet med våldsdrabbade kvinnor. 

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  • 25593.
    Wiedenkeller, Johanna
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Namnets betydelse för den kulturella identiteten hos flerspråkiga gymnasieelever2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Individuals or families migrating between countries and starting a new life abroad has been a constant throughout human history. Sometimes, the migrants have children in the new host country; usually these children are then raised bilingually. Earlier studies show that in these cases, the children usually receive names common either in the country where they were raised, or the one(s) their parents migrated from. However, these studies typically do not analyse how this naming choice would affect second-generation individuals later in life, despite names being one of the earliest ways for individuals to form a cultural identity.

    The study aims to determine how the names of bilingual high school students tie together with which names they would give their hypothetical children, using a survey aimed at such students living in Halmstad, Sweden. The names of both students and their hypothetical children were categorised as “marked” or “unmarked”, judging by how many by similar names were born in Sweden, both during the years 1998-2000 and 2016-18.

    Out of the students that answered the survey, 45 of them were bilingual; out of them, 80% had “marked” first names, i.e. names which would be seen as unusual/foreign in Sweden. However, they suggested a total of 79 names for their future children, and out of those suggestions, 70% would be considered “marked” – a decrease of 10 percent, despite the larger name pool involved. There was also a notable difference in naming habits based on gender: very few of the students with “unmarked” names were male, but the surveyed group suggested a balanced amount of female and male unmarked names for their own children.

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  • 25594.
    Wiener, Ted
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Johan, Claesson
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Lärarreflektion – en produkt av utbildning eller ett godtyckligt funderande?: - en studie i hur lärare använder sig av reflektion i sitt yrke2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Reflektion kom under 1980-talet att bli ett centralt begrepp inom pedagogiken för att belysa och förklara läraryrkets professionalitet. Idag menar däremot vissa forskare och teoretiker att reflektionens initiala nytta har förbytts till att istället vara en förklaring till läraryrkets låga professionsstatus, och att detta beror på en inflationsartad användning av begreppet. Detta till trots används begreppet reflektion flitigt i såväl lärarutbildning som elevers styrdokument, något som vi i denna uppsats tagit fasta på.

    Det är paradoxen mellan reflektion som ett verktyg till lärarprofessionaliseringen å ena sidan, och reflektion som en orsak till läraryrkets deprofessionalisering å andra sidan tillsammans med lärarutbildningens fokus på reflektion som undersöks i vår uppsats. Mer specifikt görs detta genom att undersöker vilka likheter och skillnader som kan finnas mellan behöriga och obehöriga lärares sätt att tänka kring, och använda sig av, begreppet reflektion.

    Uppsatsens empiri utgörs av sex stycken lärarintervjuer där fyra av dessa är behöriga och två obehöriga. Intervjuerna analyseras utifrån vår uppfattning att reflektion synliggörs i tre olika dimensioner. Hur lärare definierar och tänker kring begreppet belyses i en begreppsdimension och hur läraren använder sig av reflektion är uppdelat i en innehållsdimension och en tidsdimension.

    Resultaten som framkom var att behöriga lärare reflekterar kring elevernas utvecklingspsykologiska utveckling för att anpassa undervisningen efter dessa, att obehöriga lärare främst reflekterar utan något egentligt fokus. Dessutom var reflektionsbegreppet mångtydigt och ingen lärare hade samma definition som någon annan. Majoriteten av lärarnas reflektioner skedde efter handling.

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  • 25595.
    Wieslander, Inger
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Cardiac rehabilitation care efforts for patients with ischaemic heart disease: a 5-year comparative study at 18 hospitals in Sweden1999Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]
    Cardiac rehabilitation is described as a life-long process, starting at the onset of the disease and continuing throughout life. The majority of cardiac rehabilitation programmes are multiphase and interdisciplinary, including physical exercise, education and counselling. The aim of the study was to compare different cardiac rehabilitation approaches regarding patients with ischaemic heart disease and their next-of-kin during a 5-year period in five counties in Western Sweden. The method of data collection was questionnaries, which were answered on two occasions, in 1993 and 1998, by a person appointed by the respective department of medicine. The questions dealt with the cardiac rehabilitation organisation, which target groups were invited to participate, what rehabilitation efforts were offered, and which healthcare professionals were involved in the cardiac rehabilitation, In all, 18 hospitals (2 university, 6 county and 10 district county hospitals) took part in the study. The results show that patients with myocardial infarction and their next-of-kin were offered a well-functioning cardiac rehabilitation care, both in 1993 and in 1998, at the university, county and district county hospitals. For patients, who had undergone a bypassoperation, and their next of kin, cardiac rehabilitation was only available to a lesser extent, while patients with angina pectoris and their next-of-kin had the least possibilities of receiving cardiac rehabilitation during the 5-year period. No cardiac rehabilitation programmes were specially designed for women and an age limit existed in some cases. The cardiac rehabilitation care effort, which had been developed the most during th period of measurement, provided education about stress management. Dieticians, cardiologists, physiotherapists and nurses were the healtcare professionals most frequently included in the cardiac rehabilitation teams at the university and county hospitals, both in 1993 and in 1998. The corresponding healthcare professionals at the county hospitals were cardiologists, social workers, clergymen, physiotherapists and nurses. Suggestions for further research are to develop individual cardiac rehabilitation programmes and to carry out a randomised study of patients with angina pectoris and their next-of-kin as well as of female patients with ischaemic heart disease.
  • 25596.
    Wieslander, Inger
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Cardiac rehabilitation in hospital and at home: a long-term study from the perspective of women who have suffered their first myocardial infarction2004Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The general aim of this licentiate thesis was to describe and compare, from a longitudinal perspective, the extent of cardiac rehabilitation efforts as well as changes in social support and social network in women who have suffered their first myocardial infarction (MI). The studies had a descriptive, comparative and longitudinal design. Data were collected from healthcare professionals at 18 acute hospitals, who on two occasions answered a questionnaire dealing with cardiac rehabilitation efforts. From these 18 hospitals, 240 women who had suffered a first MI were consecutively chosen to answer a questionnaire on three occasions on the subject of social support and social network. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse data over time. The result showed that patients with different ischaemic heart disease diagnoses and their next-of-kin were offered different cardiac rehabilitation programmes (CRPs). None of the hospitals offered a CRP that was specifically designed for women. The women experienced that the extent of general support, support from relatives, and professional support changed positively over time. The women who participated in a CRP reported less need for professional support over time compared to non participants. This licentiate thesis provides knowledge about social support and social network that can be used to develop CROPs based on the special needs of women with MI and their relatives.

  • 25597.
    Wieslander, Inger
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Baigi, Amir
    Göteborg University.
    Turesson, Christina
    Central Hospital Halmstad.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Växjö University.
    Women's social support and social network after their first myocardial infarction: a 4-year follow-up with focus on cardiac rehabilitation2005In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 4, no 4, p. 278-285Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Knowledge about women's recovery following a myocardial infarction (MI) with focus on how their social support and network change over time as a result of participation in a cardiac rehabilitation programme (CRP) is not well established. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe and compare social support and network changes over a 4-year period in women with a first MI, based on socio-demographic and situational data. Method: A longitudinal, comparative study with a non-randomised design including pre- and post-tests (1 and 4 years after MI) was carried out in 18 hospitals in Sweden. Consecutively chosen women (N = 240) answered a questionnaire on the subject of social support and network. Results: The women who participated in a CRP were mainly dependent upon professional support during the first year after MI (p < 0.0001), while those who declined to participate in a CRP needed professional support throughout the whole 4-year period (p = 0.001). Participation in CRP was dependent on the women's age, those under 60 years (p = 0.050). Conclusion: There is a need to develop CRPs that are specifically designed for women based ontheir age and family relationships. Nurses' training programmes should place greater emphasis on cardiac rehabilitation from the perspective of women with focus on professional support. © 2005 European Society of Cardiology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 25598.
    Wieslander, Inger
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Cardiac rehabilitation efforts for patients with ischaemic heart disease - a 5-year comparative review in five counties in western Sweden2001In: Coronary Health Care, ISSN 1362-3265, E-ISSN 1532-2025, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 16-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today’s cardiac rehabilitation programmes are multiphase and interdisciplinary. The aim of the study was to compare different cardiac rehabilitation approaches available to patients with ischaemic heart disease and their next-of-kin during a 5-year period in five counties in Western Sweden. Questionnaires were answered on two occasions, in 1993 and 1998, dealing with the cardiac rehabilitation organization, the target groups invited, rehabilitation efforts, and the health-care professionals involved in the cardiac rehabilitation. The results show that patients with myocardial infarction and their next-of-kin were offered a well-functioning cardiac rehabilitation, both in 1993 and in 1998, at the university, county and district county hospitals. For patients who had undergone bypass surgery and their next-of-kin, cardiac rehabilitation was only available to a lesser extent. Patients with angina pectoris and their next-of-kin had the least possibility of receiving cardiac rehabilitation during the 5-year period. No cardiac rehabilitation programmes were specially designed for women, and an age limit existed in some cases. The most developed cardiac rehabilitation effort was the stress management education. The health-care professionals most frequently included in the cardiac rehabilitation teams at the university and district hospitals were dieticians, cardiologists, physiotherapists and nurses, both in 1993 and in 1998. The corresponding health-care professionals at the county hospitals were cardiologists, social workers, clergymen, physiotherapists and nurses. A research implication can be to identify who the next-of-kin are, what their experiences are of participating in a cardiac rehabilitation programme and how important they are to these patients.

  • 25599.
    Wieslander, Inger
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Fridlund, Bengt
    School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Mårtensson, Jan
    School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Cardiac Rehabilitation Nurses’ Experiences of Factors Influencing Female Patients’ Recovery After Their First Myocardial Infarction2013In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, London: Sage Publications, 2013, Vol. 12, p. S77-S78Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    Secondary prevention care after a Myocardial Infarction (MI) has not improved during the last 15 years at the same rate as acute MI care. One reason could be that research and health care focus more on treatment, symptoms and risk factors and not on the individuals’ perceptions of the recovery process after an MI. Most previous research focuses on recovery from the women’s and their partners’ point of view. Since cardiac rehabilitation nurses meet many women after MI, their experiences of the women’s recovery process may be an important complement perspective.

    Purpose

    The aim was to explore cardiac rehabilitation nurses’ experiences of factors influencing female patients’ recovery after their first MI.

    Method

    The study was conducted using qualitative content analysis. Twenty cardiac rehabilitation nurses were interviewed and the study was carried out at 10 hospitals in Sweden.

    Conclusions

    Cardiac rehabilitation nurses experienced that women’s recovery after an MI was influenced by factors that were both related to their own individual as well as by their surroundings factors. The underlying meaning of women´s recovery is characterized as the transition process to the recovery to health.

  • 25600.
    Wieslander, Inger
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Fridlund, Bengt
    School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden Jönköping.
    Mårtensson, Jan
    School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Female patients' recovery after their first myocardial infarction2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    Secondary prevention care after a Myocardial Infarction (MI) has not improved during the last 15 years at the same rate as acute MI care. One reason could be that research and health care focus more on treatment, symptoms and risk factors and not on the individuals’ perceptions of the recovery process after an MI. Most previous research focuses on recovery from the women’s and their partners’ point of view. Since cardiac rehabilitation nurses meet many women after MI, their experiences of the women’s recovery process may be an important complement perspective.

    Purpose

    The aim was to explore cardiac rehabilitation nurses’ experiences of factors influencing female patients’ recovery after their first MI.

    Method

    The study was conducted using qualitative content analysis. Twenty cardiac rehabilitation nurses were interviewed and the study was carried out at 10 hospitals in Sweden.

    Conclusions

    Cardiac rehabilitation nurses experienced that women’s recovery after an MI was influenced by factors that were both related to their own individual as well as by their surroundings factors. The underlying meaning of women´s recovery is characterized as the transition process to the recovery to health.

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