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  • 25551.
    Örnhem, Jenny
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Mäns inställning till föräldraledighet: en sociologisk undersökning av åtta mäns tankar om att vara hemma med sina barn2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 25552.
    Örnstedt, Adam
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Ejesson, Johanna
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    The survival story of a newsprint mill.: A single case study of an industrial transformation at Hylte Mill.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The pulp and paper industry (PPI) and its products is one of Sweden's largest export goods, with newsprint as one of its major sources of income. The historically stable context had led to innovation inertia something that became clear when a sudden decrease for newsprint occurred. Hence, Stora Enso Hylte Mill, which is one of the largest producers of newsprint in Sweden realized that they needed to do something in order to secure their future. Therefore, the company started to investigate the possibility of moving into a new market, biocomposite.

    Problem discussion: Ambidexterity is a requirement for a firm to be successful over time (Birkinshaw & Gibson, 2004). In uncertain environments organizational ambidexterity appears to be positively linked to increased firm innovation, better financial performance, andhigher survival rates (O’Reilly & Tushman 2013). Hylte Mill has historically had a stablemarket, thus exploitive activities have been their main concern. As the conditions change, explorative activities are needed which creates uncertainty for the firm. How does a firm in a historically stable context that has worked with exploitation for many years organize for exploration? What changes needs to be done in the organization?

    Purpose: This master thesis will systematically go through and analyze how firms within previously stable market organize for ambidexterity and exploration. This is going to be done through three phases of an industrial transformation within the PPI. The purpose for this thesis is to increase the understanding of how organizations, operating in historically stable context, deals with radical innovation when the external environment demands it.

    Methodology: This study has been an inductive single case study. The data has been collected through five semi-structured interviews with key individuals from period of industrial turbulence.

    Findings: The barriers to innovation varies over time, when one barrier is solved another one occurs. By using ambidexterity, the firm can be better suited to handle these changes. The inertia in large established firms do not only depend on events occurring within the firm but can also be affected by external events.

    Conclusion: Ambidexterity has a positive impact on innovation in uncertain environments that creates a sense of urgency. By initially applying structural ambidexterity to provide slack, and later expand the desired culture by contextual ambidexterity, large established firms can overcome innovation inertia. Slack showed positive impact on radical innovation on both mill- level and group-level. Also, external help proved to be crucial for the radical innovation capability.

  • 25553.
    Örnstedt, Julia
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Beredskapsplan vid livsmedelsrelaterade utbrott: En praktisk vägledning vid utredning av livsmedelsutbrott i mindre kommuner2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Livsmedelsburna sjukdomar är ett globalt problem som orsakar fleramiljoner dödsfall varje år, ändå tros den rapporterande siffran vara enbråkdel av hur många som drabbas. En anledning till svårigheten att vetaden verkliga summan av problemet är bristerna gällande rapportering avlivsmedelsbura sjukdomar.

    Även om Europa ligger i framkant medstrikta krav gällande säkerhet för mat uppkommer ständigt skandalersom visar på ett bristande system. Syftet med studien var att ta fram enberedskapsplan för matförgiftning och andra livsmedelsrelaterade utbrott.Målet var att ta fram en tydlig beredskapsplan som är lätt att användaoch som lämpar sig för mindre kommuner i Sverige.

    Litteraturundersökninggjordes för att samla information till bakgrund samt för att fåen övergripande blick över de olika livsmedelsburna sjukdomarna. Däreftergenomfördes en enkätundersökning gällande hur en beredskapsplanför livsmedelsrelaterade utbrott ser ut i Sveriges mindre kommuner.

    Resultatet visar att inte alla kommuner har en färdig beredskapsplan atttillgå vid större utbrott. Det som anses användbart i en sådan plan ärframförallt mallar för rutiner som exempelvis frågeformulär till densmittade vid en matförgiftning. En anledning till bristen på beredskapsplaneri mindre kommuner tros främst bero på bristande resurser, ökadpersonaltäthet hade enligt resultatet bidragit till ökad tillgång av beredskapsplaner.Utifrån de inkommande enkätsvaren har ett förslag på enberedskapsplan som är enkel att använda utformats.

  • 25554.
    Örnstedt, Verica
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    HIV: Och AIDS-problematik hos ungdomar i Tanzania2002Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]
    Jag vistades i Tanzania i syfte att undersöka HIV - och AIDS-prlblematik hos ungdomar. Jag genomförde en fältstudie däe jag intervjuade bl.a skolpersonal, elever, läkare och präster om hur man ser på problematiken, varifrån de får sin information om sex och samlevnad i allmänhet och HIV och AIDS i synnerhet. Jag ville även undersöka vad skolpersonalen gör för att minska spridningen av smittan. Fältstudien genomfördes i Tanzania i intervjuform, där intervjuernatog plats på vederbörandes egen arbetsplats, d.v.s på skolor , sjukhus och kontor med avsikt att få de intervjude att känna sig trygga. Med hjälp av material från intervjuerna samt personliga intryck av landet och dess kultur, kan jag dra slutsatserna att informationen ungdomarna får sker genom undervisning i skolan, massmedia och genom samtal med varandra. Då undersökningar visar att spridningen av smittan ständigt ökar frågar jag mig om nuvarnade information är tillräcklig samt att den borde vara mer omfattande och spridd.
  • 25555.
    Örtenberg, Henny
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Fallet Fadime: En ideologisk diskursanalys av nyhetsrapporteringen2002Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]
    Mitt arbete med den här uppsatsen bottnar i en nyfikenhet på den av individer av utländsk ursprung som vi dagligen blir tilldelades genom media. Mitt problemområde är invandrare i media och här har jag valt att fokusera på nyhetsrapporteringen av ett specifikt fall. Det tragiska mordet på Fadime Sahindal har väckt starka debatter till liv där meningarna är delade och attityderna splittrade. Vissa menar att mordet på Fadime bottnar i samma orsaker som vilket svenskt kvinnoförtryck som helst, medan andra anser att Fadime föll offer för en hederskultur. Fallet Fadime är ett av flera känsliga fall, där kulturbegreppet kommer i kontakt med brottsdiskussioner. Min avsikt är att utifrån detta fall diskutera kring hur muslimer som grupp framställs i två dagstidningar Svenska Dagbladet och Dagens Nyheter och sedan knyta framställningen till begreppet som “kultur”, “rasism”, “ideologi”, och “diskurs”. Den huvudsakliga ambitionen och således mitt syfte är att genom en ideologikritisk diskursanalys avväpnat diskursen i de de två dagstidningarna och därmed försöka skapa klarhet i vad vi egentligen läser om vår verklighet beträffande muslimer som grupp.
  • 25556.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    A typology of the idea of learning organization2002In: Management Learning, ISSN 1350-5076, E-ISSN 1461-7307, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 213-230Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A typology of the idea of 'learning organization' is developed and presented. The typology is inductively created and based on how the term 'learning organization' is used in the literature and by practitioners. Four distinct hypes of understanding were found: 'organizational learning, 'learning at work, 'learning climate' and 'learning structure'. The same types of understanding seem to appear both in the literature and in accounts made by practitioners. Thus the term 'learning organization' is probably not unduly confusing to the practitioners. Instead, the different versions of the idea in the literature seem to give companies the opportunity to choose a version suitable for their specific situation.

  • 25557.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Achieving organizational independence of employees’ knowledge using knowledge management, organizational learning, and the learning organization2009In: Handbook of research on knowledge-intensive organizations / [ed] Dariusz Jemielniak & Jerzy Kociatkiewicz, Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 2009, p. 229-242Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The ambition of this chapter is to pay some attention to more obvious, as well as more subtle, methods for organizations to become independent of the individual’s subjective knowledge, from the employees’ point of view. Terms such as ’knowledge sharing’, ’knowledge transfer’, and ’learning for all’ are almost always seen as being positive for both employers and employees. However, this chapter will critically examines those terms. Three popular management ideas relating to knowledge and/or learning have been analysed from a ’knowledge control’ perspective: knowledge management, organizational learning, and the learning organization. The main conclusion of this conceptual and elaborating chapter is that the more current and less academic ideas of the learning organization and knowledge management contain the same tools as the idea of ’old’ organizational learning as regards gaining control over knowledge, but that these two ideas additionally contain other knowledge control measures, which are more refined, in the sense that they are less obvious as knowledge control measures. The idea of ’new’ organizational learning, however, is less suited to knowledge control, since it implies that knowledge is not storable. In other words, the chapter’s contribution is an analysis of some of the most popular management ideas that deal with knowledge and/or learning relating to the organizational/employer independence of subjective knowledge, from the employees’ point of view, something which is rarely seen. © 2009, IGI Global.

  • 25558.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Are the right persons involved in the creation of the learning organization?2005In: Human Resource Development Quarterly, ISSN 1044-8004, E-ISSN 1532-1096, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 281-284Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A conventional explanation of the short notice that many management ideas get is that they are only fashions. This article presents a complementary explanation. Based on Jung's personality types and my own experiences, I suggest that mostly only people with a certain type of personality become interested in ideas such as the learning organization. I further argue that all four of Jung's personality types must join in the sculpting of learning organizations if organizations are to succeed in becoming such organizations and continue being it, and, accordingly, if the idea is to survive in the long run.

  • 25559.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Educating everyone in humanities for both post-bureaucracy and bureaucracy: a response to John Hendry2006In: Management Learning, ISSN 1350-5076, E-ISSN 1461-7307, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 291-294Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Comments on an article by John Hendry. In the main, the commentator agree with Hendry in his description of the 'intellectual tyranny of the economic mindset' and in his concern for other values and goals in business society. Management education definitely needs other than economic goals, as Hendry argues. The commentators arguments for the humanities are slightly different, though, from Hendry's, and he do not think that managers are the only group that needs education in the humanities. Finally, the commentator would like to add a few subjects and methods to those that Hendry suggests should be involved in humanities education for business students. In addition to history and literature, which Hendry suggests, the commentator also recommend education in ethics.

  • 25560.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Guest editorial for special section: Are organizations able to learn?2009In: Learning Inquiry, ISSN 1558-2973, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 21-23Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25561.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Of course organizations can learn!2005In: Learning Organization, ISSN 0969-6474, E-ISSN 1758-7905, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 213-218Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a comment for all those writers who claim that organizations cannot learn. The author consistently rejects this notion. Rather the author contends that organizations can learn, in at least two different ways. The author reviews some of the common arguments against organizational learning, and tries to answer the opponents. The main argument against the critics is that they are too busy to look for evidence that organizations are not like individuals and that organizations therefore cannot learn. Instead, the author argues that it is a question of level of analysis. The author also suggests that theories as well as knowledge in general are metaphoric, implying that organizations as such of course are able to learn. The organizational learning perspectives can, of course, be used by employers and managers in order to avoid efforts that help the individuals to learn. But they can also be appropriate perspectives of learning that help in avoiding large investments on organizational learning efforts that might be unnecessary.

  • 25562.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    On differences between organizational learning and learning organization2001In: Learning Organization, ISSN 0969-6474, E-ISSN 1758-7905, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 125-133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This conceptual paper looks at and discusses differences between the concepts of organizational learning and (the) learning organization. Since there still seems to be confusion regarding the meaning of the two concepts, aims to clarify the two main existing distinctions, that organizational learning is existing processes while learning organization is an ideal form of organization. Also distinguishes between a traditional and a social perspective of organizational learning, which the existing distinctions have not ‚ at least not explicitly. Thus, distinctions are made between three concepts. In addition to the improvement of the existing distinctions, suggests two complementary ones ‚ entities of learning and knowledge location. These two distinctions might make it easier to distinguish also between the two perspectives of organizational learning.

  • 25563.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Organizational learning: a radical perspective2002In: International journal of management reviews (Print), ISSN 1460-8545, E-ISSN 1468-2370, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 87-100Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reviews the organizational learning literature. For many years, organizational learning theory has been based on a functionalistic paradigm, but an interpretive paradigm now seems to be attaining dominance. However, neither of these perspectives of organizational learning is truly radical in the sense of challenging conditions of power and control in organizations. There are some critical texts on organizational learning (and the learning organization), but they go no further than criticism. Therefore, this paper tries to illustrate what we can call a radical perspective of organizational learning, based on themes in the critical works. The radical perspective of organizational learning implies an organization where the individuals learn as free actors. However, there are norms or rules to guarantee freedom. The learning space in the organization guarantees the occurrence of different opinions, and allows everyone to reflect upon their actions and learning. Working time and employee commitment are restricted so that work does not interfere too much with other undertakings. All employees are guaranteed permanent appointments. Finally, in the radical perspective of organizational learning, organizations die to make place for others when their missions are accomplished. After presenting the radical perspective of organizational learning, I outline some questions for future research and indicate the necessity of further development of such a perspective.

  • 25564.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Senge’s many faces: problem or opportunity?2007In: Learning Organization, ISSN 0969-6474, E-ISSN 1758-7905, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 108-122Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to discuss both possibilities and problems with Senge’s (1990) many faces in The Fifth Discipline, i.e. the fact that different authors refer to different excerpts from his book as his version of the learning organization. Design/methodology/approach - The paper shows that the authors’ understandings of Senge, in which a literature review resulted, are seen in the light of theories of travelling of management ideas, particularly the "translation model". Findings - The paper finds that both possibilities and problems with Senge’s many faces were found. A fatal problem is that the many faces jeopardize the confidence in the concept and eventually its existence. But the strong connections to Senge’s book, that the authors have, reduces the problems, and Senge’s many faces might not cause that much trouble after all. Research limitations/implications - The paper shows that anyone who wishes to can, for different reasons, refer to Senge, and his version of the learning organization, and thereby gain legitimacy. One does not have to be very accurate; as it seems, almost anything goes. Practical implications - In the paper the "translation model" is divided into two sub-models, which probably will sharpen future translation research. Originality/value - The paper is a study in which it is shown how authors understand other authors. This is an example that is rarely seen. Both possibilities and problems are discussed with vagueness to Senge’s many faces. This is not very common. A special case of the translation model is developed (the "smorgasbord model"), better suited to deal with the type of idea that focuses on copying of excerpts from a specific book than the traditional translation model (the "whispering game model").

  • 25565.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    The learning organization: towards an integrated model2004In: Learning Organization, ISSN 0969-6474, E-ISSN 1758-7905, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 129-144Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents an integrated model of the learning organization. It is based on empirical research of the learning organization literature, as well as on practitioners' understandings of the concept where learning organizations were often described in terms of four distinct individual aspects, no more and no less. This article argues these aspects cannot be treated as separate, and that the four aspects have to be combined in order to create a true learning organization. The four aspects are: learning at work; organizational learning; developing a learning climate; and creating learning structures. The article suggests that only those organizations that have implemented all of the aspects should be called ‚"learning organizations", and those organizations that have implemented only one aspect should be called "partial learning organizations"

  • 25566.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Toward a contingency model of how to choose the right type of learning organization2004In: Human Resource Development Quarterly, ISSN 1044-8004, E-ISSN 1532-1096, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 347-350Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The learning organization is in itself a vague idea, and many argue that the idea must be adapted to each single organization and its particular needs before it can be implemented. There is very little guidance, though, on how to adapt the (vague) idea. This forum piece therefore tentatively suggests a contextual model of how to choose the right type of learning organization, among four types. It also suggests some areas where research is needed in order to develop the model further.

  • 25567.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Vague and Attractive: Five Explanations of the Use of Ambiguous Management Ideas2005In: Philosophy of Management, ISSN 1740-3812, E-ISSN 2052-9597, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 45-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reviews the literature on the diffusion and popularity of vague management ideas. Is it the vagueness in itself that makes them so popular, or are there other explanations? Five possible explanations for the attraction of ambiguous management ideas are suggested: (i) concretising; (ii) symbolic legitimisation; (iii) seduction; (iv) unknown use; and (v) challenge. Some of the explanations are explicitly suggested in the literature, whereas others are explanations offered by the present author on the basis of a review of the literature. The five explanations are categorised according to the level of consciousness of the use of vague ideas among the users, and according to whether the ideas are implemented in actual practice or used only in talk. The present paper also discusses what management researchers could do to help those who use vague management ideas. © 2005, Springer International Publishing AG.

  • 25568.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Ulvenblad, Pia
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Knowledge Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Research (KEEN).
    A Little About a Lot: On Scientific Reports and Reference Techniques2012 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 25569.
    Örtengren, Sofia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Gidlund, Alexander
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Riskhantering i infrastrukturprojektet Varbergstunneln2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose is to describe and analyze the risk management of project risks and financial risks in the infrastructure project Varberg tunnel during the planning phase, in which two players have been studied, the Swedish Transport Administration and the Varberg municipal operations, and their perspective on risk management and how these actors' perspectives differ in order to get an understanding of how different types of risks and stakeholder risk manage from their perspective in an infrastructure project.

    Background and problem: The Swedish Transport Administration task is to ensure that trains arrive on time, transport is done as safely as possible and with the least possible environmental impact. Together with other stakeholders they will ensure that the best possible social utility is created for the money. On 21 March 2013, the government's admissibility decision of subprojects through Varberg to extend the railway from single track to double track. This is one of the biggest challenges in Varberg municipality, where the municipal and state planning must go hand in hand. There are considerable risks associated with infrastructure projects but there are also great opportunities for socio-economic profitability. To identify risks requires a general approach because the individuals do not possess all the information necessary to know where all the various risks are within the activity. The problem with risk assessment is that the knowledge of the risks affecting the tunnel project are scarce and therefore entails difficulty in valuing them. Businesses need to manage risks, and businesses that ignore the risk, consider the risk as their enemy or plan for just one future are more vulnerable.

    Research issue: How is risk management of project risks and financial risks in the infrastructure project Varberg tunnel during the planning phase?

    Methodology: This thesis is a qualitative study that uses an inductive approach. The empirical data is collected from three different interviews linked to the Varberg tunnel.

    Result: The main difference between the stakeholders is the scope of risk management. The Swedish Transport Administration is implementing a much larger risk management than the municipality of Varberg. Risk identification is more similar between the stakeholders, the difference is how they methodically work. Risk assessment is qualitative at the Swedish Transport Administration and quantitative at Varberg municipality. Management of risk is carried out not in any methodical way at Varberg municipality, the only manage interest rate risks while the Transport Administration manages all risks and implement this in a methodical way.

    Conclusions: Risk management is carried out in different ways depending on the perspective of the stakeholder and the type of risk that is risk managed. Risk management can be either methodological or non-methodical. Our view is that this is due to the stakeholder’s responsibility and the complexity of risk management for the stakeholder. Which perspective stakeholders have, we believe, affect if the stakeholder have a long term or short term perspective. The Swedish Transport Administration will only be done with projecting of the tunnel while the municipality of Varberg has to live with it in generations to come.

  • 25570.
    Öst, Andreas
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Ljunggren, Björn
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Image i tjänstesektorn1997Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]
    Hur används och vilken betydelse har begreppen image, löfte och kvalitet i tjänsteföretagens marknadsföring? Genom att utveckla en modell vill vi förklara hur dessa begrepp förhåller sig till varandra, samt vilken betydelse företagets anställda har i interaktionen. Med modellen till hjälp ska vi sedan undrsöka hur man skapar en tydlig image trots en signifikant abstrakt del hos produkten. Vidare kommer vi genom en marknadsundersökning applicera modellen på verkligheten.
  • 25571.
    Öst, Josefine
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    Ett minnesmonument för framtiden - Carl Fredrik Reuterswärds Kolskyffeln i Nässjö 19992011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    1998 beslutade Nässjö kommun att ett minnesmonument skulle uppföras lagom till millenieskiftet. En av de drivande personerna till idén var Jan Holmquist som vid tidpunkten var Kultur- och fritidschef för kommunen. Monumentet skulle göras av "den bäste" varpå Carl Fredrik Reuterswärd fick förfrågan.Skulpturen gestaltar Nässjö stad med hjälp av ett minne, historien om stadens uppbyggnad med järnvägen som en central del. Tåg som rörde sig framåt med hjälp av hårt arbete och kol inspirerade konstnären. Skisserna till verket spelar stor roll för att kunna förstå konstnärens intention med Kolskyffeln. Varje linje betyder någonting och konstnären undersökte former och uttryck genom att skissa. Kolskyffeln har fått utstå mycket negativ kritik. Redan innan konstverket uppfördes irriterade det både invånare och kommunpolitiker. Även nu, elva år efter uppförandet, klagar Nässjös invånare över Kolskyffeln. Upprörda insändare i tidningar menade att en skulptur, som inte tycks likna någonting, för en miljon kronor var onödig. Dessutom tyckte politiker att konstnären inte själv hade skapat verket när det huggits av andra. Att Reuterswärd inte kunde göra ett verk som liknade hans signaturverk Non-Violence kanske förundrade och provocerade invånarna, troligen var de inte bekanta med att mångfald är Carl Fredrik Reuterswärds övergripande konstnärliga stil.

  • 25572.
    Östan, Sandra
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Undervisning om miljö och hållbar utveckling på gymnasiet2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med det här examensarbetet är att utifrån lärares perspektiv beskriva och analysera miljöundervisning på gymnasieskolan. Eftersom jag är intresserad av den miljöundervisning som alla gymnasieelever möter valde jag att enbart fokusera på lärare som undervisar i

    kärnämneskurserna samhällskunskap A och naturkunskap A. Det är framförallt tre olika

    aspekter av undervisningen som studeras: innehåll, arbetssätt och mål. Jag vill skapa en bild över vad miljöundervisningen handlar om, vilka metoder lärarna använder i sin undervisning och redogöra för lärarnas tankar kring undervisningens mål och dess framtid.

    Undersökningen grundar sig på både kvantitativa och kvalitativa arbetsmetoder. Dels genomfördes en enkätundersökning för att ge studien bredd, dels intervjuade jag fem lärare för att även få fram ett djup. En annan anledning till att jag använde enkäter är att jag utgick från lärarnas svar på dessa då passande intervjupersoner valdes ut. Den huvudsakliga fokusen lades sedan på intervjuerna eftersom det är genom dessa som jag bäst får fram lärarnas tankar och åsikter.

    Resultaten visar att lärarna lägger stor vikt vid hållbar utveckling och att de strävar efter att öka elevernas medvetenhet. Fokus ligger på framtiden och undervisningen har ett brett perspektiv som väver in olika aspekter. Det finns en önskan om att eleverna ska bli ansvarstagande genom att se konsekvenserna av olika livsstilar och handlande. Dessutom tas aktuella ämnen gärna upp i undervisningen för att ge möjligheter till att påverka elevernas värderingar. Ett arbetssätt som lärarna uppskattar är samtal och diskussioner eftersom eleverna då behöver reflektera samtidigt som de aktiveras. Lärarna anser att det finns behov

    av förbättringar, och det är tydligt att samverkan över ämnesgränserna skulle bidra till att utveckla miljöundervisningen.

  • 25573.
    Östberg, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    Människans inre ljus: Gudserfarenhet och väckelse i Jean-Jacques Rousseaus "Savojardprästens trosbekännelse"2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen behandlar gudserfarenhet och språkbruk hos Jean-Jacques Rousseau och dess likheter med pietismen. Både Rousseau och pietismen betonade människans känslor framför förnuftet, i en för övrigt förnuftsorienterad tid. De menade att människans känslor måste tillåtas komma till uttryck i trosfrågor och när de talar om hur människan erfar Gud och det gudomliga använder de liknande ord och begrepp. Studiens syfte är således att studera dessa likheter, med fokus på Rousseaus språkbruk och bildvärld.

  • 25574.
    Östberg, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Nyholm, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Gullberg, Bo
    Lund University, Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmö, Sweden.
    Råstam, Lennart
    Lund University, Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmö, Sweden.
    Lindblad, Ulf
    Lund University, Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmö, Sweden.
    Tooth loss and obesity in a defined Swedish population2009In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 37, no 4, p. 427-433Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: To explore the association between tooth loss and obesity in an adult Swedish population, and to investigate the influence of socioeconomy, life-style, and co-morbidity.

    Methods: A cross-sectional population health survey conducted in 2001-2005 in 2816 randomly selected Swedish men and women (age: 30-74 years; participation rate 76%). Main measures were; tooth loss: < 20 remaining teeth (self-reported), general obesity: BMI[≥]30 kg m-2, abdominal obesity: waist circumference > 88 in women and > 102 cm in men. Adjustments were made for socioeconomy, life-style, and co-morbidity.

    Results: 420 individuals (21.2%) had < 20 remaining teeth: 30-59 years 6.0%, 60-74 years 53.5%. Mean BMI was similar in men and women (26.9 kg m-2), however, both general and abdominal obesity was still more frequent among women (both p < 0.001). There was a significant interaction between age and tooth loss in the association with both general (p = 0.004) and abdominal obesity (p < 0.011) in men. In participants below 60 years of age, the association between tooth loss and general obesity (OR 2.17 [95% CI 1.51 - 3.12]) and abdominal obesity (2.23 [1.58 - 3.15]), respectively, was statistically significant independent of age and gender, and remained so also when accounting for differences in socioeconomy, life-style, and co-morbidity. There was no similar association in those 60 years or older. The findings in men and women were robust and concordant.

    Conclusions: Common mechanisms for oral health and obesity should be explored more also including longitudinal designs. The findings are important for targeting comprehensive interventions against obesity and tooth loss, especially among younger adults.

  • 25575.
    Östberg, Charlotte
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Tenland, Simon
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Ungdomars motivation till att söka arbete: En undersökning av kort- och långtidsarbetslösa ungdomar2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to gain knowledge on how time of unemployment may affect an individual's motivation in the search of a job. The main issue is whether the motivation to find a job differs between short and long term unemployed young people between 18-26 years of age. The motivation has been examined by comparing the short-and long-term unemployed differ in perceived locus of control, self-efficacy, the value of a work, and perceived requirements and actual effort spent. 106 unemployed youths, all registered at the Employment Service, participated in the survey. The results showed no significant differences between short-and long-term unemployed in the motivation to find work. A limitation of the study is that the difference in time between the groups short-and long-term unemployed is small.

  • 25576.
    Östberg, Per
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Persson, Alexander
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    ”Det är inte bara släng in en boll och låt de rulla”: - En studie i hur pedagoger arbetar med fysisk, psykisk och social hälsa2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25577.
    Östby, Elias
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Ewaldsson, Morgan
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Nedskräpade återvinningsstationer - En studie om fördelning av ansvar2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    In Sweden, responsibility for the collection and recycling of packaging and newspapers lies with the producers. Therefore, the major producers created a joint

    collection with 5800 recycling stations. The stations are the responsibility of a coordinating body, Förpacknings och Tidningsinsamlingen (FTI) which ensures Government regulations are adhered to by the producers.

    In 2006, the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) carried out an evaluation of the collection of packaging and newspapers. EPA´s research showed

    that 80 percent of households were satisfied with the collection but that there were also shortcomings, including problems with littering at the recycling stations.

    We have tried to approach the litter issue from different angles in order to suggest

    possible measures to reduce the problem. An important aspect proved to be uncertainties regarding the concept of operators.

    As there are currently many parties involved in the collection process this lead to the issue of who is legally considered as the operator of the recycling stations. We discovered, when we studied the subject, that there had been some reorganization of FTI's activities, which we believe contributes to making the question of who is to be

    regarded as operators clearer.

    We have also examined FTI's and the municipalities environmental offices’ approach to the problem. Overall, the survey shows that the degree of cooperation between FTI and the environmental offices is at a satisfactory level, but that there are differences in how the problem is perceived, particularly in regard to the cause of the litter.

    Based on the investigation, we have come up with some suggestions for actions that may contribute to a reduction in litter and further enhance cooperation between the

    municipalities’ environmental offices and FTI.

    Some conclusions we have reached are that EPA should provide clearer guidance on the question of what constitutes an appropriate collection and that the municipalities’ environmental offices should be invited to the consultations between FTI and the municipalities regarding the recycling stations on a regular basis.

  • 25578.
    Öster, Malin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Magnusson, Elin
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Byggrummet och Dockvrån: en studie ur ett genusperspektiv av barns lek på förskola och i förskoleklass2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25579.
    Österberg, Birgitta
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Mobbning i arbetslivet: ett samhällsproblem2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]
    Min uppsats om mobbning på arbetsplatser består av två delar: en genomgång av tidigare publicerad kunskap och min kvalitativa intervjuundersökning och analys av denna. I båda delarna skildrar jag utvecklingen från den första konflikten till den totala utslagningen från arbetsmarknaden. Mitt syfte med uppsatsen är att försöka beskriva hur den mobbade upplever sin situation på arbetsplatsen och dessutom analysera varför det som hände kunde hända. Jag väljer kvalitativ metod för att göra en explorativ undersökning med hjälp av djupintervju av sju intervjupersoner. I den första delen av uppsatsen refererar jag i första hand till vad Heinz Leymann, Ingela Thylefors och Ståle Einarsen har skrivit om mobbning på arbetsplatser. I analysen använder jag mig av följande teorier: Gerd Lindgrens om arbetskulturens betydelse, Erving Goffmans om stigmatisering, Harald Ofstads om förakt och svaghet och Olof Peterssons om maktbegreppet. Min slutsats blir att mobbning på arbetsplatserna är ett samhällsproblem därför att det drabbar så många människor och att följderna blir så allvarliga för den enskilde och så kostsamma för samhället.
  • 25580.
    Österberg, Elin
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Att lära på olika sätt1999Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 25581.
    Österberg, Ellen
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Vilén, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Utökad sätesjustering av “The Armadillo“2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report describes a solution to an adjustment problem found on “The Armadillo”. This product can be described as a bicycle, but with four wheels instead of two, and has a somewhat more complex construction than an electric bicycle. In today’s construction there are difficulties in using the bike if the driver is not within the range of 170-190 cm tall, which obviously limits the user of the product. The main user are those who work with the product. The task of the project was therefore to find a solution to this problem, with free hands without major limitations. This has been done in cooperation the company that owns the product, Velove, where a couple of visits have been made to study the design further, as well as examine the possibilities and limitations that exist. Methods such as Fredy Olsson with small modification have been used, this has simplified the work as a clear structure has been obtained on approaches. The project group has used different ideas to generating and evaluating product ideas, including where we included other students for inspiration, in order to reach a promising concept within the group. Two ready-made digital prototype concepts have been developed in Catia V5, where one of them has advanced into a physical prototype in plastic material. The construction allows a longer span and allows more drivers to use today’s Armadillo. The solution is another smaller rail that goes over the today’s existing rail witch makes it possible to further adjust the length span for the driver. The construction is a superstructure on the existing Armadillo and does not require a reconstruction of the bike.

  • 25582.
    Österberg Hyll, Sanna
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Elevers tankar kring gemenskap: En kvalitativ studie om sambandet mellan gemenskap och prestation2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25583.
    Österberg, Irene
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Själv-döljande vid perfektionism vid ätstörningar 2000Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]
    Tidigare forskning har visat att perfektionism har samband med ätstörningar. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka om perfektionism och “själv-döljande” skiljer sig mellan kvinnor med ätstörningar och en kontrollgrupp, vidare om “själv-döljande” agerar som en mediator variabel vid sambandet mellan perfektionism och ätstörningar. Femton kvinnor diagnostiserade för anorexia nervosa eller bulimia nervosa enligt DSM-IV undersöktes och jämfördes med en icke klinisk kontrollgrupp bestående av trettio kvinnor från en gymnasieskola. I studien användes två självrapporterande frågeformulär; Frosts Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale och Larson & Chastains Self-concealement Scale. Resultaten visade att kvinnor med ätstörningar hade signifikant högre värden vid perfektionism och “själv-döljande” jämfört med kontrollgruppen, vidare att “själv-döljande” ej agerar som mediator variabel mellan perfektionism och ätstörningar, utan “själv-döljande” kan ses som ett karaktärsdrag i vid ätstörningar.
  • 25584.
    Österberg, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Idrotts-självförtroende och motivation: Hos kvinnliga och manliga elit- respektive amatörspelare i bandy2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to exam the possible differences in the experienced self-confidence and motivation among the elite players in bandy and amateur players in bandy. In addition, any differences between boys and girls within the same area to be studied. A total of 112 athletes participated of whom 52 of them classified as elite players and 60 amateur players, with 62 boys and 50 girls. The athletes filled at one point in the questionnaires The Sport Motivation Scale, Harter’s (1980) “competence scale” and The Sport Confidence Inventory. The results demonstrated differences between elite players and amateur players in the variables perceived motivation and perceived self-confidence. The results showed that the amateur players had a higher perceived amotivation than elite players experienced in this study. Furthermore, results showed that elite players feel they have a higher sport-confidence than amateur players had. Furthermore, it shows also the result of a significant difference between boys and girls perceived motivation and sport-confidence in this study. The boys show a higher result in motivation and sport-confidence.

  • 25585.
    Österblom, Johan
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Larsson, Patrik
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Emissioner i nybyggda hus: Tidig användning av ventilationssystem2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]
    Examensarbetet behandlar emissioner som uppstår vid byggnationer och vad byggnadsindustrin vidtar för åtgärder för att minimera risken för att problem kan uppstå på grund av dessa. Rapporten undersöker även om de åtgärder byggnadsindustrin vidtar är tillräckliga eller om ytterligare åtgärder behövs för att minska de primära emissionerna. En av dessa åtgärder som rapporten behandlar närmare är möjligheten av att starta upp ventilationssystemet vid driftsatt anläggning för att tillåra en längre “vädringsperiod# av byggnaden innan inflyttning sker.
  • 25586.
    Östergård Hansen, Emma
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Molnar, Hanna
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Man vill ju inte se glupsk ut: En kvalitativ studie om unga vuxna kvinnors ätande2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25587.
    Österlind, Jane
    et al.
    School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden & Department of Palliative Care Research, Ersta Sköndal University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hansebo, Görel
    Department of Palliative Care Research, Ersta Sköndal University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Andersson, Janicke
    Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Ternestedt, Britt-Marie
    Department of Palliative Care Research, Ersta Sköndal University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hellström, Ingrid
    Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    A discourse of silence: professional carers reasoning about death and dying in nursing homes2011In: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 529-544Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nursing homes are a setting in which death and dying is common. How death and dying is articulated and the actions that take place in a nursing home constitute a discourse that guides the staff in their work. The aim of this study was to explore the discourse of death and dying in nursing homes from the perspective and understanding of the staff. The study draws on Foucault's discourse analysis. Data are from five focus-group discussions held with 28 staff of four different nursing homes in Sweden. The findings show that the discourse had three characteristics: (a) dying was silent and silenced, (b) emotions were pushed into the background, and (c) attentiveness to death arose after the moment of the elderly person's death. The structure of the discourse was characterised by a movement between two positions, avoiding and confronting death, the main focus being on avoidance. The articulation and practices of silence highlight a need to regard dying as a process that requires attention. One way to ensure appropriate attention could be to instil the philosophy of palliative care in nursing homes, including training and support for the staff in their work. The study demonstrates that nursing-home staff need more knowledge and support to enable them to feel that they do a good job.

  • 25588.
    Österlund, Sigrid
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Linderborg, Björn
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Pettersson, Martin
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Användningen av mjukvaruplattformar för projektledning och planering2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]
    Uppsatsen behandlar hur projektledare och projektplanerare använder sig av datorprogram som är avsedda för att hjälpa till i ett projekt.
  • 25589.
    Österström, Jesper
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    3D modellering av formningsviror1999Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]
    Improvement of the 3D forming fabric-modeling program that Anders Werners master thesis, 3D Representation of forming fabrics, resulted in. Converting the existing 3D-program from MATLAB 4 to MATLAB 5. This applies particularly to handling images and dialog windows. Installation and file handling are programmed in the program language DOS. Developing 3d representation of the pattern TRIOTEX and DUOTOP TSS. Studying photos of cuts from forming fabrics to find how the pattern influences the thread position. Special calculation routines for DUOTOP TSS are developed. Handling graphic objects in 3D environment, using MATLABs functions for lights and surface. Developing graphic user interface in MATLAB 5. It gives prominence to how defective the representations are and make proposal of improvement. A list of references recommend further reading.
  • 25590. Östervall, Stefan
    Mobil eluppvärmning av fritidsutrustning: En produktutveckling av värmeslingor för handförda redskap2011Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25591.
    Östlund, Hanna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Waldau, Maja
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    "Men då var det tyst. Ingen sa metoo": - En analys av retorik och berättarstrategier i dokumentärfilmen Josefin Nilsson - Älska mig för den jag är2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens samhälle är intresset för dokumentärfilmer större än någonsin och flera dokumentärfilmer lyfter upp ämnen som berör, engagerar och upprör människor. Samhällsdebatter har inletts efter att dokumentärfilmer har publicerats. Syftet med denna uppsats är att bidra till ökad kunskap om hur retoriska grepp och berättarstrategier samverkar, skapar engagemang och legitimitet i dokumentärfilmen om artisten Josefin Nilssons livshistoria. Studiens metod är en kritisk retorisk analys och studien har sin grund i både retorisk teori och Bill Nichols dokumentära berättarstrategier. Dokumentärfilmens dominerande appellform var pathos argument och den deltagande strategin genomsyrade dokumentärfilmen. Resultatet visade också att det finns en etisk problematik med att representera en annan människas liv.

  • 25592.
    Östlund, Kristian
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre for Studies of Political Science, Communication and Media (CPKM), Media and Communication Science.
    Marknadsföring i datorspel: Annonsörernas nya guldgruva2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte:Studiens syfte är att studera hur marknadsföring i datorspel är utformat och om det skett någon förändring i marknadsföring de senaste tio åren. 

    Problemområde: Medielandskapet har förändrats stort det senaste decenniet. Detta har gett upphov till nya kanaler för marknadens aktörer att marknadsföra sig i. Datorspel har blivit en av dessa kanaler.

    Metod:Jag har genomfört en innehållsanalys av tre stycken datorspelsserier med tre spel i vardera. Analysen har baserats på anteckningar och bilder från datorspelen.

    Resultat:Resultatet visade att samtliga marknadsföringsstrategier användes i datorspelen. Advergames och Product Placement var dominanta och förekom i åtta av nio datorspel. Resultatet tydde inte på någon förändring av marknadsföringsstrategier över tid.

  • 25593.
    Östman, Jimmy
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Olsén, Henrik
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    EEX2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]
    Projektet EEX är inom genren Exertainment och syftar till att få träning att bli roligare/intressantare i t ex en grafisk miljö.
  • 25594.
    Östman, Johan
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Aids efter medieapokalypsen1999Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]
    Förliggande uppsats avhandlar hur aids kan skildras i massmedier i dag. Delar ur en dokumentärfilm samt en artikelserie om tolv texter undersöks. De slutsatser som kan dras utifrån analyserad empiri, i skenet av diskuterad teori, är främst att aids förefaller cementeras spatialt hos de Andra och temporalt i imperfekt: Sjukdomen har i texterna dels förpassats till invandrare, främmande kontinenter och socialt utslagna, dels sorterats in bredvid till exempel spetälskan, svarta döden och koleran i västvärldens pestarkiv. I mitten av åttiotalet rådde aidshysteri i en västvärld som, när allt kommer omkring, sett sig väl förskonad från epidemin. En utgångspunkt är att denna hysteri till stor del har varit medialiserad. Från denna utgångspunkt redovisas och diskuteras ett relativt brett urval av teoretiska perspektiv - diskursanalytiska, medicinsociologiska, idéhistoriska och modernitetsteoretiska - som tillsammans utgör en nödvändig språngbräda för den egna analysen att utgå från.
  • 25595.
    Östman, Johan
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Aids, risk och diskursen om Afrika: En kritisk analys av faktaprogram och dokumentärfilmer i SVT och TV4, 1985-20012002Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]
    Uppsatsen frågar sig hur den implicita betraktaren positionerats inför aidsrisken i svensksända reportage, faktaprogram och dokumentärfilmer som behandlar ämnet. Dessutom ställs frågan om vilka mer övergripande betydelsesystem som ges uttryck i detta samtal. Undersökningen placerar sig därmed bland andra kritiskt tolkande ansatser till den medierade konstruktionen av hiv och aids. Analysen identifierar och lyfter fram en diskurs om ”afrikansk aids” ur ett totalurval av dokumentärfilmer, reportage och faktaprogram som sänts i SVT och TV4 mellan 1985 och 2001. Undersökningen kan sluta sig till att 1) konstruktionen och positioneringen av en implicit västlig mottagare i riskzonen innan 1990; 2) ett tidigt virologiskt tolkningsföreträde till sjukdomskomplexet; 3) etablerade föreställningar om Afrikas ”promiskuösa” kultur och kontinentens ”naturligt” bördiga jordmån för virusmutationer; och slutligen 4) vissa aspekter av en hårdragen dokumentärrealistisk berättarstrategi samverkat och skapat en kraftfull symbolisk marginalisering av Afrikas aidssituation. En marginalisering som först under slutet av nittiotalet tycks utmanas i det dokumentära samtalet.
  • 25596.
    Östmar, Mattias
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    “det goda samtalet”: om förståelse och rationalitet i en TV-debatt2000Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]
    I denna uppsats har jag undersökt om begreppet kommunikativt handlande är tillämpbart på en TV-debatt. Jag har valt TV-debatten “Svart eller Vitt” som sändes 000215 och handlade om porr. Jag har transkriberat debatten och delat upp den i två tema “porr och påverkan” och “porr och censur”. Därefter har jag sorterar ut påståenden och argument som passar in under respektive tema. Analysen visar att begreppet kommunikativt handlande är tillämpbart på programmet, men att Habermas begrepp lämpar sig bäst för direkt kommunikation. Medierad kommunikation inbegriper även “tittaren”, vilket gör att det inte alltid är lätt att avgöra om debattdeltagarnas yttranden är riktade till den implicite “tittaren” eller till de övriga debattdeltagarnas yttranden. Vidare visar analysen att “Svart eller Vitt” programmet inte har ett definierat och avgränsat tema för diskussionen, vilket försvårar analysen med hjälp av begreppet. Debattdeltagarna argumenterar inte heller ofta efter principen tes - argument, vilket försvårar tilllämpningen. Begreppet är således tillämpbart, men det är ytterst lite i TV-debatten som låter sig analyseras djupare än konstaterandet att debatten inte är förståelseinriktad eller därmed “rationell”, såsom Habermas definierar begreppet.
  • 25597.
    Özdes, Denise Seher
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS), Ecology and Environmental Science.
    Utfasning av miljö- och hälsofarliga kemikalieprodukter för att uppnå miljömålet "Giftfri miljö": Ett exempel från vård- och äldreomsorgsförvaltningen i Alingsås kommun2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Jag har valt att göra ett examensarbete för Alingsås kommun som går ut på att ta reda på vilka kemiska produkter som används inom vård och äldreomsorgen i Alingsås kommun samt komma med förslag och arbetsätt för Alingsås kommun att arbeta mer effektivt med deras utfasningsarbete. Genom att genomföra en litteratursammanställning av miljölagstiftningen, inventera kemikalie produkter som används i äldreboendena samt genomföra intervjuer om andra kommuners kemikaliearbete kan syftet med uppsatsen uppnås. Uppsatsen är en del av arbetet för att uppnå en del av Alingsås miljömål. Arbetet inleddes med en kemikalieinventering för samtliga äldre boenden där alla påträffbara rengöringsprodukter sammanställdes. De kemikalieprodukter som påträffades var rengöringsmedel för olika användningsområden. De rengöringsprodukter som inte var miljömärkta listades i en enskild lista och undersöktes. Meningen med undersökningen var att garantera att inga ämnen i produkterna var särskilt farliga för människors hälsa- och miljö. Resultatet av intervjuerna visade att det skiljer sig mellan olika kommuners kemikaliearbete men svaren visade också att alla kommuner arbetar med någon del som berör kemikaliearbetet men på olika nivåer. Litteraturstudien visar att miljömärkta produkter måste uppfylla en del krav för att bli miljömärkta, genom att använda sig av miljömärkta produkter bidrar man till att minska användingen av skadliga kemiska ämnen som påverkar miljö- och hälsa. Alingsås äldreboenden använder sig inte av några farliga rengöringsprodukter men en del av produkterna är inte miljömärkta som de borde vara enligt kommunens miljöpolicy och borde därför ersättas. Jämförelsevis utifrån de intervjuade kommunerna samt Alingsås kommun ligger Alingsås kommun på en bra nivå i sitt kemikaliearbete. En del bitar behöver utvecklas och med hjälp av enkla metoder kan man skapa ett bättre kemikaliearbete.

  • 25598.
    Özgurdamar, Deniz
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Att läsa eller inte läsa?: En studie om elevers läsvanor på det estetiska programmet.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie undersöker jag läsvanorna hos elever på det estetiska programmet, samt hur lärare i ämnet svenska inspirerar och motiverar sina elever för att öka deras kunskaper om och deras intresse för fiktionsläsning. Jag kommer att presentera ett forskningsläge baserat på receptionsteorin, vilket är samma teori som jag utgår från i min undersökning. Frågor jag ska undersöka är bland annat hur elevernas läsvanor ser ut och vad de läser om de själva får välja. Jag kommer även presentera frågor om lärares undervisning i ämnet svenska med fokus på läsvanor. Studien innehåller en enkätundersökning med två klasser som läser på det estetiska programmet, intervjuer med tre elever och intervjuer med lärarna som undervisar dem i ämnet svenska.

  • 25599.
    Özgurdamar, Deniz
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Bilder i historieundervisningen: Bild som kunskapsförmedlar2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is based on the interviews I've done with both teachers and students, as I analyzeand evaluate from a historical educational perspective. I present research on the topic and how the image of the teaching may look differently. Pupils' learning process can vary, and in a society where image is a big part of their life is according to me a pity not to use more pictures in the school, especially in the teaching of history. It is not enough that teachers begin to use more image in his teaching, but they use the images in the right way, where students get the chance to learn how to analyze and interpret the image's meaning and history than just tell you what they see.

  • 25600.
    Ørstavik, Kristin
    et al.
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo.
    Namer, Barbara
    Department of Physiology and Experimental Pathophysiology, University of Erlangen/Nürnberg.
    Schmidt, Roland
    Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Schmelz, Martin
    Department of Anesthesiology Mannheim, University Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany,.
    Hilliges, Marita
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS).
    Weidner, Christian
    Department of Physiology and Experimental Pathophysiology, University of Erlangen/Nürnberg.
    Carr, Richard W.
    Department of Physiology and Experimental Pathophysiology, University of Erlangen/Nürnberg.
    Handwerker, Hermann
    Department of Physiology and Experimental Pathophysiology, University of Erlangen/Nürnberg.
    Jørum, Ellen
    Laboratory of Clinical Neurophysiology, Department of Neurology, Rikshospitalet-Radiumhospitalet Medical Center, Oslo, Norway.
    Torebjörk, H. Erik
    Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Abnormal Function of C-Fibers in Patients with Diabetic Neuropathy2006In: Journal of Neuroscience, ISSN 0270-6474, E-ISSN 1529-2401, Vol. 26, no 44, p. 11287-11294Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The mechanisms underlying the development of painful and nonpainful neuropathy associated with diabetes mellitus are unclear. We have obtained microneurographic recordings from unmyelinated fibers in eight patients with diabetes mellitus, five with painful neuropathy, and three with neuropathy without pain. All eight patients had large-fiber neuropathy, and seven patients had pathological thermal thresholds in their feet, indicating the involvement of small-caliber nerve fibers. A total of 163 C-fibers were recorded at knee level from the common peroneal nerve in the patients (36–67 years old), and these were compared with 77 C-fibers from healthy controls (41–64 years old). The ratio of mechano-responsive to mechano-insensitive nociceptors was ~2:1 in the healthy controls, whereas in the patients, it was 1:2. In patients, a fairly large percentage of characterized fibers (12.5% in nonpainful and 18.9% in painful neuropathy) resembled mechano-responsive nociceptors that had lost their mechanical and heat responsiveness. Such fibers were rarely encountered in age-matched controls (3.2%). Afferent fibers with spontaneous activity or mechanical sensitization were found in both patient groups. We conclude that small-fiber neuropathy in diabetes affects receptive properties of nociceptors that leads to an impairment of mechano-responsive nociceptors. Copyright © 2006 Society for Neuroscience

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