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  • 25501.
    Zillinger, Malin
    et al.
    Department of Service Management, Lund University, PO Box 882, SE-251 08 Helsingborg, Sweden.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Adolfsson, Petra
    School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Guided tours and tourism2012In: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 1-7Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 25502.
    ZILU, WANG
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Current Wastewater Sludge Treatment Situation in Shanghai, Beijing, Chongqing2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    China has long faced the exponential increase of wastewater. Therefore, sludge as the byproduct of wastewater treatment is a worldwide and difficult problem to treat and dispose. Many cities in China are trying to find an appropriate method of achieving this. However, due to a lack of funding, technology and research, some methods suitable for local conditions are still not available, even in the most modern and biggest cities in China. This thesis is intended to describe the method used for the treatment and disposal of sludge from industries now in Shanghai, Beijing and Chongqing. Compared with these three cities, Beijing produces more sludge per day, while Shanghai has the least sludge production. Further, the industrial waste piping system is not separated from the domestic system in these three cities. Moreover, the percentage of treated sludge is still very low in Shanghai, Beijing and Chongqing. Among these three cities, even the highest treatment rate of sludge is 35.41% (Beijing). The lowest is only 10.08% (Chongqing). Considering that much more sludge will be produced in the next a few years, the current situation in these three cities presents a stern challenge. Also, a calculation about the cost of disposal of sludge in these cities is included in this thesis. Incineration is most expensive method of disposal of sludge in China, while composting is the cheapest. Considering the huge population, the current technology and the economic conditions in China, composting is the best option for the disposal of sludge.

  • 25503.
    Zimmergren, Josefin
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    Röda korset - En idé blev verklighet: En världsomspännande förening grundas2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här uppsatsen var att undersöka hur Röda Korset har utvecklats från en idé till en etablerad hjälporganisation i det moderna samhället.Organisationen fick sitt avstamp i och med Henri Dunants bok Europas blodband - minnen från Solferino som kom att påverka hur vi ser på frivillig hjälp i dag. Uppsatsen drar också paralleller mellan Dunant och Elsa Brändström som fann sitt kall i Dunants idéer.

  • 25504.
    Zimmerman, Ewa
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Disseminating information within municipalities2005In: BIR 2005: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Business Informatics Research / [ed] Per Backlund, Sven Carlsson, Eva Söderström, Skövde: Skövde University , 2005, p. 117-126Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A trend today is to disseminate information fast and make it available for everyone. In municipalities the implementation and use of intranets as a communication channel for the dissemination of information is growing. All employees in municipalities are not working in an office and have limited access to the technology; they can not visit the intranet every day. This paper presents a study of how available communication channels are used to disseminate information to employees in municipalities. The results are presented as guidelines promoting the use of intranet as a communication channel and design of further research is presented. © The authors, except as noted.

  • 25505.
    Zimmerman, Ewa
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab). Department of Computer and Systems Sciences, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Guidelines for enhanced Intranet use: a study of dissemination of information to field workers within municipalities2004Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The development and use of new technology enables our society and organizations to disseminate information very quickly. Citizens in the industrialized world have access to information using the World Wide Web and organizations can provide both customers and employees with information using intranets. This thesis investigates how municipalities disseminate information to employees using intranets or traditional communication channels such as telephone, mail, paper handouts and weekly-letters.

    Municipalities are good examples of organizations that have employees with limited access to technology and where a considerable number of the employees are working out in the field and do not have access to an intranet and its content during their daily work. The municipalities in Sweden implement intranets to disseminate information with the purpose of efficient communication with everyone in the organization simultaneously and to promote cooperation between various departments.

    A study of 10 municipalities in Sweden focusing on the dissemination of information through intranets is presented. Previous research shows that the content must be relevant, fill a need and add a value for the users otherwise the motivation for using it is lost. Therefore, an investigation of the publishing process and the routines of the information provider have been carried out with the purpose of determining how the intranets can be designed to satisfy these requirements. The most important question is how the users actually use an intranet when they have limited access to technical resources. To answer this question users have been interviewed to investigate their motivation, attitude and the information need in relation to dissemination. During the investigation three municipality employees were interviewed, the information provider, the middle-managers and the field workers. The interviews have focused on the following themes; the user's satisfaction, the content of the information, the information strategies, the available and used communication channels and finally the knowledge and awareness possessed by the actors regarding the potentials of the intranet.

    The results of the study will be presented as recommendations for municipalities and other organizations with a similar structure. The usefulness and the relevance of the guidelines were established through evaluation with the participating actors. The guidelines will support the organizations and dissemination of information to field workers in public organizations. They will also raise awareness and support the potentials of the intranet with regards to communication opportunities, discussion forums and sharing of experiences between departments.

  • 25506.
    Zimmerman, Ewa
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Cronquist, Björn
    Kristianstad University, SE-291 88 Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Emergent functions in Intranet information management2003In: Knowledge Management in Electronic Government / [ed] Wimmer, M.A., Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2003, p. 186-191Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizations and municipalities implements advanced information technology, intranets, in order to enhance information management within the organization.. This technology is implemented with great reliance on the technology aspect. New functions emerge as a consequence of technology, functions not planned for. This paper puts focus one such function, the key persons responsible for publishing on intranets. A descriptive study shows that these persons do exist and describes some problems they appreciate.

  • 25507.
    Zimmerman, Ewa
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Smedley, Jo
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    ERP Implementations – a Never Ending Story?2006In: Proceedings of the 29th IRIS, IRIS , 2006, p. 12-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) systems integrate software solutions that support the integration of all information flows leading to organizational changes. Thispaper outlines a research proposal concerning the implementation and use of ERP systems in organizations. Taking an information and knowledge perspective on organization from the management and consultant perspective, we present issues that are of interest when ERP systems are implemented and used. The paper ends with discussion concerning future work.

  • 25508.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT). Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Contrasts in Teacher Educators´ Discursive Positions; an Effect of Changes in Educational Policy Discourses?2017In: ECER 2017" Reforming Education and the Imperative of Constant Change: Ambivalent roles of policy and the role of educational research”, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25509.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Coteaching in ”music-drama”: An arena for joint creative learning2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In an aesthetic methods course within teacher education, teachers and students experienced that the different aesthetic subjects and the teachers were separated from one another. In order to improve subject collaboration and joint professional reflection in action, a coteaching project in “music-drama” was initiated. The aim of the project was to investigate how three aesthetic teachers in teacher education engaged in a coteaching project concerning music and drama and to explore the potential of coteaching in addressing the issue of providing a more integrated approach to teacher learning.. The project was designed in three phases; coplanning, coteaching and coevaluation (Murphy & Scantlebury, 2010). The aim of the study was to analyse how a music teacher and two drama teachers reflected in action in a coteaching project. The theoretical framework is sociocultural, where aspects of learning from ´the other´ in praxis by working in a ZPD is of special interest. Empirical material consists of classroom reflections in action, focus group conversations and students´ written reflections. Preliminary findings show three prominent patterns in the empirical material: • creativity as a problem solver, • synergies in subjects parallels • differences as resources for joint learning. Coteaching provided an arena for joint creative intutitive learning where trust among the teachers enabled them to work in their ZPD, a process that acquired courage and self-confidence. In conclusion, the teachers´ reflections in action appeared as expressions of being in their zone of proximal development, where courage and trust were crucial in order to engage in mutual professional learning.

  • 25510.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Inclusion functioning as exclusion: new students entering the Academy of Music in Sweden2015In: Teachers and Teaching: theory and practice, ISSN 1354-0602, E-ISSN 1470-1278, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 277-288Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents findings from a pioneer study addressing the first co-action between students with intellectual disabilities and an Academy of Music in Sweden. The aim of the article is to study and discuss subject positions that are constructed in rhythmic lessons related to a gathering where students with intellectual disabilities interact with a group of Master of Education in Music students at an Academy of Music, and also to describe how constructions of identity are manifested in the interaction between the actors. With poststructuralist and social constructionist theories as theoretical framework, video observations were conducted to enable an overarching view of the pedagogic practice. The findings reveal that the gathering between the groups becomes an expression of inclusion functioning as exclusion, since the teacher’s position the students with intellectual disabilities in ways that obstruct equal interaction with the other student group. Finally, implications of the findings are discussed in addition to inclusion as an ideal model in educational settings.

  • 25511.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    Göteborgs universitet, Högskolan för scen och musik, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Musiklärares val av undervisningsinnehåll: En studie om undervisning i ensemble och gehörs- och musiklära inom gymnasieskolan2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The way in which music teachers choose and use the subject content in ensemble and music theory in the upper secondary school is focused in this study. The point of interest is the everyday classroom teaching of music teachers. The intentions that music teachers have with their teaching is also studied.

    This thesis is a study of music teaching and is a subject-didactic investigation, inspired by variation theory. The overarching aim of the thesis is to study how music teachers in upper secondary school choose teaching content when teaching ensemble and music theory. The teachers’ use of the teaching content implies that they choose to focus and teach certain parts in their teaching. This choice of con- tent and how it is used is in focus in this study. The research questions are: How do music teachers choose teaching content when teaching ensemble and music theory in upper secondary school? How do music teachers use the teaching con- tent in their teaching?

    The data collection includes video-documented lessons and qualitative inter- views with five music teachers in upper secondary school in 2004.

    The analysis reveals two different choices of content. When the teachers have music and theory as the content of their teaching, it is the content that guides the teaching methods, where the teacher uses a fixed content, which is then presented in different ways; this was mainly in music theory. When the content is music activities, the music teachers adjust the activity-based content in accordance with the level of the pupils’ skills in ensemble. The differences that occur in the varia- tion theory results are closely related to the teaching content. The foundations of the two different choices of content that are made by the music teachers, as well as the significance of the learning objects, are finally discussed. 

  • 25512.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Practical and Theoretical Knowledge in Contrast: Teacher Educators´ Discursive Positions2017In: Australian Journal of Teacher Education, ISSN 1835-517X, Vol. 42, no 8, p. 29-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Higher education in general and teacher education in particular have been subjected to significant changes. As there are few studies examining how actors rhetorically position themselves within this context, the ambition of the paper is to study conversations between teacher educators related to norms and values in education. The aim of the paper is to study interpretative repertoires and subject positions that are constructed in conversations between teacher educators and to discuss these in relation to qualities in teacher education.The theoretical framework emanates from post-structuralist and social constructionist theories. The empirical material consists of group conversations with teacher educators. The findings reveal that the practical and theoretical appear to be in contrast, which in turn seem to affect education quality. Finally, implications of the findings are discussed, where a future diagonal diverse discourse, combining theoretical and practical knowledge, is argued for.

  • 25513.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Why using a digital learning platform?: Teacher and school leader conversations about digital devices in teaching2018In: ICERI2018 Proceedings / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez & I. Candel Torres, Seville: The International Academy of Technology, Education and Development, 2018, p. 9372-9376Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    At present, digital technologies are implemented in school and as such, influence teachers´ practices in different ways. Digital resources could involve a reconsideration of the concept of learning in educational contexts, as well as a change in teachers´ roles and practices in the classroom. In an implementation process, different agendas and arguments could be in conflict. This is in great need of further studying, enabling a more complex discussion, giving emphasis to varying arguments concerning digital resources in school. Based on these considerations, this study focuses on a secondary school, where the municipality has decided to implement a software related to a digital learning platform for different teaching subjects. For the specific software, the software company needs to approve teachers´ design before allowing them to accomplish their teaching. In this way, it might be assumed that the software company governs the teachers´ in a way that could have consequences for their possibilities to implement their professional knowledge into their teaching practice. The aim of this paper is to study dialogues between principal and teachers related to the implementation of a digital platform in teaching, and further to discuss in what way this digital platform influences on teachers´ teaching practices. The empirical material consists of group conversations during staff meetings between principal and teachers. The theoretical framework emanates from social constructionist and poststructuralist theory, with discursive psychology and discourse theory as methodological approach. Findings reveal several aspects in the conversations, presented as different interpretative repertoires. From a principal perspective, the repertoire of persuasion is characterized by stressing positive aspects of the learning platform, regardless of subject. The principal is positioning himself as knowledgeable of the digital platform on a general level. From a teacher perspective, two repertoires appear. The repertoire of promoting is characterized by emphasizing the digital platform as user friendly for the students, while the repertoire of resistance implies questioning the adequacy of the platform related to subject matter content and student learning. The former implies that the teachers are positioning themselves as supporters of the digital platform whereas the latter means teachers positioning themselves as disputing the adequacy of the platform related to student needs. Concludingly, according to the repertoire of persuasion and the repertoire of promoting, student learning and student needs related to a specific subject matter content is considered as less important, than implementing the digital platform per se. From an educational perspective, several problematic aspects on teaching quality as well as on teacher agency appear. These aspects, as well as implications for secondary school settings, are finally discussed in addition to digital technologies as an influential tendency.

  • 25514.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Ericsson, Claes
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Studenter med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning i rytmikundervisning inom högre musikutbildning: subjektspositioner, identitet och kunskapsbildning2013In: Nordisk musikkpedagogisk forskning: Årbok, ISSN 1504-5021, Vol. 14, p. 105-125Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is based on a larger research project where the overall ambition is to critically discuss the encounter between students with intellectual disabilities and the Academy of Music. The aim of the article is to study the subject positions that are offered to the students, and how identity is constructed in interaction between the participants in teaching situations. The aim is also to describe the knowledge formation in a broad sense. The theoretical points of departure are the poststructuralist and the social constructionist theories, where the subject is considered as an agent that constructs reality in social interaction, but also as restricted by prevailing discourses. Discourse analysis is being used, with the aid of analytic tools developed within discursive psychology. Two different promi- nent discourses in rhythmics are identified: the protective therapeutic discourse, and the reproductive musical discourse. As a final conclusion, subject positions as well as knowledge formations contained in these discourses are discussed. 

  • 25515.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Ericsson, Claes
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    The silenced discourse2012In: NORDISCO 2012, Book of Abstracts, 2012, p. 77-77Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, based on a larger research project, the ambition is to problematize the first appointment between persons with intellectual disabilities and Swedish Higher Music Education. The aim of the study is to investigate subject positions that are constructed in eurhythmics related to the appointment between a group of students with intellectual disabilities and a group of student teachers, and to study how identity is constructed in interaction between the actors. Also, the aim is to describe the knowledge formation that is materialized. The theoretical framework is built on post-structuralist and social constructionist theory. Discursive psychology has been useful in the micro analysis of the situations in the classroom. A Foucault inspired analysis has contributed with an overarching view on the concept of discourse as well as a point of departure to reveal the silent discourse. Finally, Discourse theory as it is formulated by Laclau and Mouffe is suitable for discussing different available subject positions and a so called overdetermined identity. Inspired by an ethnografic approach, video observations were made for an extended period of one term in order to develop an understanding of the culture constructed in the practice. The results show that the silenced discourse, the unspeakable, is constructed from the fact that the students with intellectual disabilities both are insufficiently skilled for the task as leaders in eurhythmics, and less skilled than the student teachers. When the teachers feel awkwardness spreading among the visiting students, they use verbal and bodily strategies trying to cover up the fact that the disabled students do not possess adequate skills. Finally, the silenced discourse is discussed in addition to a hegemonic discourse in the Swedish politics of education.

  • 25516.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Fritzdorf, Liselott
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Panzio, Fredrik
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Mission Possible 2.0: Livesändning som fördjupning av examination2017In: Högskolepedagogisk konferens: Aktiv studentmedverkan i högre utbildning - vad innebär det?: Program 16 november 2017, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Lärarlaget i Förskollärarutbildningen på Högskolan i Halmstad har sedan starten HT 2011 systematiskt arbetat med utbildningens digitala progression. Vi har hittills genomfört digitala projekt med studenterna trots att brist på utrustning och teknikstöd har gjort det komplicerat. I föreliggande projekt har vi tagit nästa steg i kvalitetsutvecklingen av den digitala progressionen med stöd av de nya möjligheter Digitalt laborativt center (DLC) erbjuder. Examinationsformer inom högre utbildning tenderar att präglas av kunskapsredovisning och akademiskt skrivande. Mot bakgrund av detta är motivet för projektet att bidra till att synliggöra hur digital ljud- och bildproduktion kan utgöra examinationsformer i lärarutbildning, vilket vi ser som strategiskt viktigt för utbildning vid såväl akademi som hela Högskolan. Motivet är också att lyfta fram hur kvalitet i lärarutbildningen kan utvecklas via studentaktivt lärande med stöd av DLC för redan befintliga utbildningsdelar. Vårt projekts ambition är sammantaget att uppmärksamma lärar- och studentroller i vår undervisning med nya digitala redskap och att beakta de kritiska aspekter som förs fram. Projektets syfte är att utveckla kursmomentet Mission Possible till 2.0, vad gäller digital visuell produktion. Detta har inneburit att del av examination har sänts live ifrån DLC, där det finns ljud och bild av god kvalitet. Studenter har skött den digitala tekniken respektive agerat experter utifrån de områden de har läst in sig på i kursen och ställt frågor till inbjudna gäster inom respektive område ifrån fältet. Lärarna har haft rollen som debattmoderatorer. Den live-sända examinationsdelen har utvärderats specifikt av studenterna, vilket också inbegriper deras perspektiv på projektet i relation till erfarenheter av deltagande. Under presentationen kommer examinationens utformning och genomförande att beskrivas närmare tillsammans med en problematisering av såväl process som produkt.

  • 25517.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Holmberg, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Immanence, realism and construction: variations of posthumanistic subjects2015In: Abstract book, Gothenburg: University of Gothenburg , 2015, p. 163-163Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, posthumanist perspectives have become increasingly influential in the pedagogical research debate. The need for theories also capable of handling materialities as actors can be related to the increasing amount of technical devices present in everyday life, as in teaching contexts from preschool to university. Today, human´s use of different materialities is taken for granted, but materialities´ influence on the human has not been as obvious. From a posthumanist perspective characterized by anti-anthropocentrism where immanence and non-hierarchical approaches are emphasized, opportunities to understand materialities as acting subjects are created.

    Within this perspective, different ways of handling the subject have evolved which we find both interesting and important to further explore. The aim of the study is to analyze and problematize posthumanist subjects in pedagogical research. Thus, the ambition is to clarify subject formations and specify subjects that appear, which in turn contributes to visualizing different subject forms. Methodological tools from posthumanist theory are used to find different Entrances in the research Rhizome. The findings are presented as specific Entrances in the Rhizome. The Entrances show different subject formations, where subjects with similarities to poststructuralist perspectives, subjects in a critical framework, as well as more radical posthumanist subjects emerge. Finally, the subject variation that has appeared is further discussed and problematized. 

  • 25518.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Holmberg, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Students served at all costs and rescued from difficulties: consequences of neoliberal ideas in teacher education in Sweden2014In: ICERI2014 Proceedings / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres, Valencia: IATED Academy , 2014, p. 867-873Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decades, neoliberal ideas have increased their influence in society at large, as well as in higher education. As teacher educators, we experience a growing trend that emphasizes the teacher's ability to be “liked” and “popular” at different levels of the educational system. Also, teacher education at large seems to profile through management, where a good reputation becomes weapon in the race to gain market shares. As a consequence of this emphasis is placed on quantification of students´ apprehensions, as it becomes a tool for success in the popularity-rankings, which in turn create possibilities to attract more students. For students already in the system, we have identified that they are more concerned about them selves and their own education than they are taking collective responsibility for a mutual education.

    This is in great need of further studying, enabling a more complex discussion, giving emphasis to varying consequences of neoliberal ideas in teacher education. Such a discussion opens up for issues as student freedom related to knowledge, teaching and becoming a teacher in a market-driven logic as well as issues related to the educational system at large and to society.

    Based on these considerations, the aim of this ongoing project is to study dialogues between students and teachers related to activities in teacher education and to discuss this in the light of neoliberal ideas. Data consists of written correspondence between teacher students and teachers produced during two months in 2014. The theoretical framework is built on social constructionist and poststructuralist theory, with discursive psychology and discourse theory as methodological approach.

    Findings show several aspects in the dialogues between teachers and student teachers, presented as different interpretative repertoires. From a student perspective, the repertoire of demands implies claiming to be served at all costs, while the repertoire of resignation implies appealing to be rescued from difficulties. The students are positioning themselves as consuming children in need of support whereas the teachers are positioned as helping facilitators. From a teacher perspective, the repertoire of adherence is characterized by responsiveness, whereas the repertoire of resistance means questioning students´ matter. Here, the teachers position themselves as facilitators or as critics, where the latter is seen as an expression of a competing idea, challenging the repertoires from a student perspective. From an educational perspective, several problematic aspects on education quality as well as on the supply of teachers to society appears. Finally, implications for teacher education settings are discussed in addition to neoliberalism as an influential tendency. 

  • 25519. Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    et al.
    Lindgren, Monica
    Zandén, Olle
    Singing in Swedish Secondary Schools: A diverse discursive practice2018In: 23rd Conference of Nordic Network for Research in Music Education, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25520.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Nilsson, Pernilla
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Does content matter?: Developing preschool teachers' pedagogical content knowledge in music education2018In: The Finnish Journal of Music Education, ISSN 1239-3908, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 25-38Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25521.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Nilsson, Pernilla
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Teaching in a digital learning platform: A case study of how second language English teachers express their Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) during collegial reflections2018In: ICERI2018 Proceedings, The International Academy of Technology, Education and Development, 2018, p. 9366-9371Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decade, digital technologies have been more and more integrated into teachers´ classroom practice. Perceptions of knowledge and the teacher´s role might change when digital resources are introduced in the classroom - regardless of the subject. As a consequence, teachers might reconsider the concept of learning in educational contexts. Despite a vast number of studies from a Technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK) perspective, there is still a need for studies that focus on how TPACK develops among teachers. Thus, the aim of this case study is to explore how three teachers´ Technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK) is expressed during a second language English project in secondary school. The research question is: How are teachers´ components of TPACK expressed and integrated within their reflections on their teaching in a second language English project with a digital learning platform? The theoretical framework is based on Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK) and more specifically on technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK), which is essential to this study. The empirical data consists of video recorded stimulated recall group interviews and the analysis is inspired by the structures of content analysis. The research context was a compulsory school situated near a larger town. The school had a special license with a digital learning company that provided a digital learning management system called Digital learning platform (DLP), that offered opportunities to arrange teaching projects digitally. The results show that several combined components of TPACK are present in teachers´ reflections on their teaching; Technological pedagogical knowledge (TPK), Technological content knowledge (TCK), and Pedagogical content knowledge (PCK). The way in which these components appear seems to depend on the phase in the project. Thus, when planning the project, expressions of TPACK are characterised by suggestions of how to use the Digital Learning Platform (DPL), whereas reflections after teaching were characterised by analysing the use of the DPL related to advantages or disadvantages for students´ learning processes. Overall, the teachers´ reflections on their teaching developed, where components of TPACK related to functions in the DPL after the project were referred to in a more deepened and differentiated way. In summary, discussions and reflections with regard to the possibilities and limitations for learning with the use of DPL in school and important questions concerning teachers´ digital competence were elucidated. As such, the result of this study might create a discussion of and recommendations for how teachers choose, combine, implement, and evaluate digital technologies for different teaching and learning situations.

  • 25522.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Nilsson, Pernilla
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    When Content Matters - Capturing and Developing Preschool Student Teachers´ Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Music2017In: ABSTRACTS: SENIOR RESEARCH: NNMPF 2017: The 22nd Annual Conference of the Nordic Network for Research in Music Education, March 14-16 2017, 2017, p. 37-37Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on a group of preschool student teachers´ reflections of their Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK) during a 10-week music methods course. The student teachers created Content Representations (CoRe) when planning before and reflecting after their music lessons in a preschool context. The analysis of written reflections in CoRe protocols about the teaching of “Dynamics” indicates changes in focus between CoRe 1 and CoRe 2, suggesting a development of PCK. More specifically it was a progress from children gaining experience to children´s understanding, from teaching strategies to children´s learning, and from the teacher governing the activity to involve children collaboration. In conclusion, this approach to enhancing preschool teachers´ professional development in music adapting a CoRe based methodology has a promising potential to make their PCK more explicit and elaborate.

  • 25523.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Wennergren, Ann-Christine
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Sjöberg, Ulrika
    Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Tensions in communication – Teachers and academic facilitators in a critical friendship2018In: Action Research, ISSN 1476-7503, E-ISSN 1741-2617, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 7-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper concerns the complex relationships between external facilitators and tea- chers in action research, as they work in a critical friendship to develop interaction in specific ways that open up rather than shut down communication and learning. The aim is to contribute with knowledge about interpersonal communication between academic facilitators and teachers in a development process where the teachers had a lack of influence in the initial phase of the project. The findings reveal that communication in a context of incompatible positions and professional distance did not lead to further communication, whereas communication in a context of confidence, mutual reliance, and challenge opened up possibilities for further dialogue. We identified three aspects affecting communication: absence of ownership of specific problems, trust without relationship, and courage before trust. Implication for the action research community is the importance of making strategies for critical friendship explicit. This assists for teachers to internalize the role. © The Author(s) 2016

  • 25524.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Heléne
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Estetisk verksamhet inom högre utbildning2011In: Musik och kunskapsbildning: En festskrift till Bengt Olsson / [ed] Monica Lindgren, Anna Frisk, Ingemar Henningsson, Johan Öberg, Göteborg: Konstnärliga fakulteten, Göteborgs universitet , 2011, p. 201-205Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 25525.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Heléne
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Högre musikutbildning för studenter med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25526.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Heléne
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Inclusion as exclusion2013In: The 41st Annual Congress of the Nordic Educational Research Association: Disruptions and eruptions as opportunities for transforming education: Abstract book, 2013, p. 305-305Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, which is a part of a larger research project, the ambition is to problematize and to critically discuss the first appointment between students with intellectual disabilities and the Academy of Music in Sweden. The aim of the study is to investigate subject positions which are constructed in an encounter between a group of music instrumentalist student teachers and a group of students with intellectual disabilities. Also, the aim is to study how identity is constructed in interaction between the actors. The theoretical framework is post-structuralist and social constructionist theory. Discursive psychology has been used in a micro analysis of the activities in the classroom. A Foucault inspired analysis has provided an overarching view on the concept of discourse and Discourse theory as it is formulated by Laclau and Mouffe is suitable for a discussion of different available subject positions and a so called overdetermined identity. Inspired by an ethnografic approach, video observations were made for an extended period of time in order to study how the culture was constructed in practice. The results show that inclusion can be considered as exclusion, since the teachers positions the group of students with intellectual disabilities in ways that obstruct interacting with the other student group, constructing a practice that widen the gap between them.

    Finally, the results are discussed in addition to inclusion as an ideal model in educational settings. The study´s relevance to Nordic educational research show as it is a pioneer study, covering the first time students with intellectual disabilities are gaining access to an university setting in Sweden, enabling a discussion of similar projects in other countries. Also, the issue of inclusion is of interest, as it constitutes a hegemonic discourse in Swedish, as well as in Nordic politics of education.

  • 25527.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Heléne
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Muntlig gestaltande examination som lärtillfälle2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Många examinationsformer inom högskolan präglas av kunskapsredovisning och akademiskt skrivande. Mot bakgrund av lärarstudenternas missnöje med en sådan examinationsform i kursen estetiska lärprocesser påbörjades 2008 processen att förändra densamma. Idag ges kursen Estetiska lärprocesser och samspel där planeringen inför den avslutande muntliga, gestaltande examinationen börjar redan vid kursintroduktionen. Under kursens gång har studenterna flera handledningstillfällen inför examinationen samt ett litteraturseminarium där de presenterar kunskapsinnehållet praktiskt genom estetiska uttrycksformer samtidigt som de problematiserar litteraturen. För att studenterna ska befinna sig i sin utvecklingszon är instruktionerna till examinationen att de själva lägger upp genomförandet. Under examinationen redovisar sedan varje student individuellt sin lärprocess i kursen. Studenten ska beskriva den egna lärprocessen i relation till teoretiska perspektiv med hjälp av estetiska uttrycksformer som gestaltar det egna lärandet. Det egna kunskapandet står i centrum och studenten reflekterar ofta kring vad hon/han har lärt sig i processen och under genomförandet av examinationen. Efter examinationen får studenterna reflektera över sin kunskapsutveckling. Den fortsatta utvecklingen av examinationen pågår kontinuerligt tillsammans med studenterna. En aspekt är avvägningen mellan omfånget på det skriftliga underlaget till examinationen och den praktiska redovisningen. Under presentationen kommer examinationens utformning och genomförande att beskrivas närmare tillsammans med en problematisering av såväl process som produkt.

  • 25528.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Heléne
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Music Teachers´ Choice of Teaching Content: A Study of the Teaching of Ensemble and Music theory in Upper Secondary School2010In: Crossing borders: Nordic research in music education in an international perspective / [ed] Karin Johansson, Malmö: Malmö Academy of Music , 2010, p. 24-25Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The way in which music teachers choose and use the subject content in ensemble and music theory in upper secondary school is focused in this study. The point of interest is the everyday classroom teaching of music teachers. The intentions that music teachers have with their teaching are also studied. This thesis is a study of music teaching and is a subject-didactic investigation, inspired by variation theory. The study is a contribution to empirical-oriented didactics since it generates knowledge of how the relation between content and teaching methods is constituted in music teaching. The overarching aim of the thesis is to study how music teachers in upper secondary school choose teaching content when teaching ensemble and music theory. The teachers´ use of teaching content implies that they choose to focus and teach certain parts in their teaching. This choice of content and how it is used is in focus in this study. The research questions are: How do music teachers choose teaching content when teaching ensemble and music theory in upper secondary school? How do music teachers use the teaching content in their teaching? The data collection includes video-documented lessons and qualitative interviews with five music teachers in upper secondary school. The selection of music teachers was made by strategic selection in order to obtain varied, substantial information of the ways music teachers handle the music content. The analysis reveals two different choices of content. When the teachers have music and theory as the content of their teaching, it is the content that guides the teaching methods, where the teacher uses a fixed content, which is presented in different ways; this was mainly in music theory. When the content is music activities, the music teacher adjusts the activity-based content in accordance with the pupils’ level of skills in ensemble. Music as a subject matter of facts describes the teaching that occurs. In teaching, verbal instructions are made explicit by practical instructions. The pupils´ forms of activity are principally reproductive and reflective. The holistic approach, which is prominent in the intentions music teachers have with their teaching, is not reflected in their actual teaching. Instead, they choose to focus a part of the text without paying attention to its relation to a broader musical context. The teaching corresponds to the curriculum with regard to teaching fundamental concepts, but does not relate to music-making. When teachers express musical intentions, these do not correspond to their teaching and vice versa. The variation theory analysis is a result of the researcher´s external perspective, where analytical tools have been used on the empirical material. The teachers have not been informed about the variation theory perspective. The music teachers choose a content to teach their pupils. By way of the learning objects, which might be constituted by actions as mentioned earlier, the teacher develops the pupils´ skills by focusing and varying the critical aspects of the content in question, which generates different patterns of variation. For example, in order to teach a chromatic scale, the teacher focuses on the pupils´ skills to define, recognise and write the scale. This implies more than one critical aspect in the teacher´s use of the teaching content. From an overall perspective, the critical aspects are characterized by motor skills and by following rules. The differences that occur in the variation results are closely related to the teaching content. In music theory, the most prominent pattern of variation is generalisation, which implies that a phenomenon is varied by focusing on different expressions of it. In ensemble, the patterns of variation are principally constituted by generalisation and separation. The teachers´ ways of handling the teaching content in ensemble also imply that they separate a part of this content and use it separated from the larger context in which it appears. Teaching addressed to one individual pupil is characterised by separation, whilst teaching addressed to a group of pupils relates to generalisation. Furthermore, the sequence of the patterns of variation seems to relate to different contents in different ways. The pattern of variation occurs in different orders of appearance depending on the content. The foundation for the two different choices of content that are made by the music teachers, as well as the significance of the learning objects, are finally discussed. Music and theory as content relate to anaesthetic foundation, while music as activity as the content implies a social foundation. These foundations of content are also related to theories of Bildung. A learning object signifies a certain way of apprehending the content. The occurrence of different patterns of variation has a significant relation to the teaching content. The music-oriented didactic and variation theory perspective in this study are related to one another by way of expressions of an emic and etic approach, respectively, where the music teachers´ focus on skills validates the two analyses of this study. Music as a subject matter of skills is discussed. Higher music education and the curriculum for ensemble and music theory in upper secondary school are also included in the discussion. Pedagogical implications of this study are that different content generates different ways of teaching, shown by the sequencing of the pattern of variation. The way music teachers handle the content differs when teaching is addressed to an individual pupil or a group of pupils. All four pattern of variation, separation, generalisation, contrast and fusion, occur in this study, though not in all learning objects. Thus, the character of the content seems to have an impact on the patterns of variation.

  • 25529.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Heléne
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Ericsson, Claes
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    The Silenced Discourse: Students with Intellectual Disabilities at the Academy of Music in Sweden2012In: Australian Journal of Teacher Education, ISSN 1835-517X, Vol. 37, no 9, p. 67-80Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, based on a larger research project, the ambition is to critically discuss the first collaboration between students with intellectual disabilities and the Academy of Music in Sweden. The article presents an analysis of video observations of lessons in rhythmics, related to an encounter between the students with intellectual disabilities and a group of student teachers. The theoretical and methodological framework emanates from post-structuralist and social constructionist theories. The results show that the silenced discourse, the unspoken, is constructed from the fact that the students with disabilities both are insufficiently skilled for the task as leaders in rhythmics, and less skilled than the student teachers. Finally, the silenced discourse is discussed, where assumptions of normality and issues of inclusion are addressed as well as a hegemonic discourse in the Swedish politics of education.

  • 25530.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Heléne
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Holmberg, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Quality and Knowledge Content in Music Activities in Preschool: The Impact of Human Materiality Combinations2017In: Journal of Research in Childhood Education, ISSN 0256-8543, E-ISSN 2150-2641, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 103-112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Traditionally, pedagogical research has been child centered, where materialities often have been considered as objects and tools. However, in recent posthuman research, attempts have been made to consider human materiality combinations to have impact on pedagogical activities in preschool, but to a large extent music as an issue has been neglected. Therefore, the aim of this research study is to discuss pedagogical quality and knowledge content in music activities in preschool by focusing on combinations of human and materiality subjects as “cyborgs.” Particularly, this is essential for preschool, teacher education, and research, contributing alternative understandings of learning settings. A theoretical framework emanates from posthumanist theories, where the authors apply methodological concepts used in their earlier work to study music activities. The empirical material was produced in Spring 2013. The analysis of video observations identifies two different characters of a cyborg, the guitar-human, and the CD human having quite different impacts on the music activities. Nevertheless, they have in common that they create intensities with the children, where entanglements between human and materiality become the activity. Finally, the cyborgs are discussed, where issues and dilemmas related to pedagogical quality, knowledge content, agency, and competence are addressed.

  • 25531.
    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Heléne
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    Holmberg, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Research on Education and Learning within the Department of Teacher Education (FULL).
    The Sounding iPad as a Resource for Teaching Children in Preschool2014In: Minding the Sound – Sounding the Mind: Soundscapes Past and Present, Imagined and Real: 27-28 November 2014, Halmstad: Halmstad University , 2014, p. 6-6Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, digital technologies have become more important in educational contexts in general and in preschool educational activities in particular. This paper is a part of a larger study focusing on every day activities in preschool where educators and children are using I-pads as musical and physical movement resources. More specifically, the aim in this paper is to study how musical activities with sounding I-pads in preschool are staged. The theoretical framework is built on discursive psychology, which emanates from social constructionist and poststructuralist ideas. Discursive psychology has been used in an extensive micro-analysis of video recorded I-pad related music activities in preschool. Data was collected during March/April 2013. Findings show that an increased space for children's participation and agency constructs an educator position that is challenged, transformed and opened up for negotiation. The educator position is questioned by the child's alternative music repertoire and prominent position related to the sounding I-Pad. At the expense of other sounding musical resources that enable the teacher to position him-/herself as a competent educator, the I-pad permeating the music activities implies a resource that both teachers and children have mutual access to. Hereby, the educator position becomes open to both teachers and children. Altogether, this legitimates a dismantled educator responsibility, Findings are considered problematic referred to quality and available knowledge formation in the music activities.

  • 25532.
    Zingmark, Erika
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Wiklund, Ida
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Förändrad kosthållning genom motiverande samtal: En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Unhealthy eating habits are a major problem that causes most diseases in Sweden today. Diet has a major impact on becoming ill and good healthcare is of high importance for av healthier population. Within healthcare Motivational Interviewing is used as a method to increase motivation to make a change. Aim: To describe the patient's experience and change following a MI-based dietary counseling performed by the nurse. Method: General literature study with content analysis. Result: The literature study is based on nine scientific articles that resulted in three main categories with respective subcategories. The result showed that MI counseling can help people change their diet with the help of motivation and support from the nurse, but it also showed barriers to the implementation of a change in diet. The result also took on the physical and cognitive changes that occurred after the MI interview with the nurse. Conclusion: To make a change, motivation is required. Motivation can be positively or negatively affected by various aspects such as the caregiver's implementation of the conversation and the patients own will to change. The result indicated that the patient's change is affected by the quality of the motivational interview.

  • 25533.
    Zirnig, Bianca
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Ska vi leka med nå't?: - En studie om leksaksutbudet på två förskolorsamt två pedagogers argument kring valet avleksaker.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Följande studie handlar om leksaksutbudet på två förskolor i Småland. Leksaksutbudet harkartlagts och pedagogernas argument kring sina val av leksaker, har undersökts. I min studiehar jag valt en kvalitativ forskningsansats där jag har observerat leksaksutbudet samtintervjuat pedagogerna på förskolorna. Tidigare forskning ger en överblick på hurleksaksutbudet såg ut för ca 20 år sedan och beskriver vikten av att förskolepersonal gör ettaktivt val då leksaker köps in. Det finns olika syn på vilka leksaker som lämpar sig bättre änandra. Exempelvis är begreppet ”pedagogiska leksaker” ett uttryck som diskuteras. Mittresultat visar att leksaksutbudet på förskolorna är relativt klassiskt, samt att pedagogernasargument kring valet av leksaker, överensstämmer med det utbud av leksaker som finnstillgängligt för barnen på förskolorna.

  • 25534.
    Zivanovic, Gordana
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    "Här lever vi, och här ska vi satsa på vår och våra barns framtid": -En "framgångsrik" berättelse om romska kvinnors liv i Sverige idag2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to find out how a few different women with a Roma heritage sees their to succeed possibilities in Sweden.

    To illustrate these issues has an hermeneutical approach been used. Materials were collected through interviews with Romani women in a municipality in western Sweden. The material created during the interview sessions is based on the five interviewees' interpretations of how they look at their life and the recognition of Roma people.

    The interview results show that Roma women have gone through various changes linked to school, language, family, work. Young women and their parents have become more aware that education is an important capital to invest in, in order to later obtain a good job and future. When it comes to school the results show that Roma children have become better at reading but there is still some Roma children who do not attend school, even though there is their native language, Romani, in many schools. Furthermore, the results show that the cooperation between home and school is still not good. With the recognition of Roma, Roma got their own national day and information on Romani at different authorities. However, books still lack on novel Chib. Despite recognition of the Roma as a minority group in Sweden, the results show that there is still discrimination against Roma people in the labor market. The results were used as a basis for the analysis based on theoretical approaches: Bourdieu, social and symbolic capital, individualization of women Beck & Beck-Gernsheim, "We and "the others "of Ålund respectability of Skeggs and Nancy Fraser recognition and redistribution

  • 25535.
    Zivkovic, Philip
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Mygren, Emelie
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    IKT - Möjligheter och hinder för lärare: Begreppets villkor ur ett sociologiskt perspektiv2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25536.
    Zivkovic, Philip
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Persson, Magnus
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Mentorskap för elever i gymnasieskolan: Organisations- och professionsrelaterade villkor för lärare2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25537.
    Zivojinovic, Petar
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Hendrika, Yustine
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    From Problem Solving to an Integrated Organizational Approach: A Continuation Study of the Diffusion of an Innovation2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis presents a continuation study about the diffusion of innovation in the manufacturing companies. The focus of this study is the diffusion of innovation in technology and CAD is the selected technology that is widely used in the manufacturing companies. The foundation of this study is the previous work that has been conducted by Jan Löwstedt and Christer Norr in 1991 that explained about the diffusion of technology during that time. Thereafter, technology has experienced a rapid change. There is not a continuation study afterwards. The purpose of this study is to see how the technology has changed and how people use it over time, and what driving forces are behind it, so an extension information for the PLC perspective can be formed.

    Theoretical framework was built by analyzing the previous studies as the foundation to see what has changed over time. The concept of the diffusion of innovation, PLC, and the development of CAD in terms of technical and organizational perspective wise from several researchers are also disclosed to support the empirical findings.

    The approach of this study is based on a qualitative study where empirical data are collected through interviewing Swedish manufacturing companies that use CAD in their companies.

    The result of this study reveals that the usage of CAD technically is not dramatically changed: it is still mainly in providing a visceral visualization. But, the paradigm shifting in utilizing CAD in the organization is worth exploring. Where it is triggered by the need to get more advanced technology-wise. The diffusion of technology could contribute the paradigm shifting in the way of working. This study shows that the companies tend to maximize the result of the technology by integrating the result not exclusively only for the design department, but also for other parties such as: the engineering calculation department and customers. However, this study could present a sharper pattern if there were more companies that were in the early stage of CAD as the source of information.

  • 25538. Zivojinovic, Petar
    et al.
    Roos, Mattias
    PALU2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25539.
    Zizzi, Sam J.
    et al.
    West Virginia University, Morgantown, USA.
    Andersen, Mark B.Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Being mindful in sport and exercise psychology: Pathways for practitioners and students2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 25540.
    Zlocki, Jakob
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Center for Sport and Health Science (CIHF).
    Johansson, Mattias
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Center for Sport and Health Science (CIHF).
    Mindfulness och dess effekt på uppmärksamhets- och perceptionsförmåga bland tävlingsinriktade idrottsutövare: En experimentell pilotstudie.: 2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of one 45 minute mindfulness session on: (1) Sustained attention abilities, (2) executive attention abilities, and (3) perceptual abilities. An experimental study was carried out on athletes (n = 48) who all met the specific requirements for being able to participate in this study. The results showed no significant difference in all three variables between the experiment group and the control group. In conclusion, the results and implications are discussed in relation to previous research, supported by theoretical frames of references. 

  • 25541.
    zoelfikar, elghoul
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Stöldskydd2011Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25542.
    Zoric Wikholm, Amanda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Wettermark, Lena
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    En prisad arbetsplats: -En studie av de sociala relationernas betydelse för de anställdas trivsel på Västergruppen Städ i Halmstad2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstrakt Syftet med denna studie är att genom ett kvalitativt fältarbete undersöka hur sociala relationer skapas och upprätthålls i arbetsgruppen Västergårdsgruppens Städ och hur dessa relationer i sin tur påverkar verksamheten, framför allt i fråga om städarnas trivsel och arbetsinsats. Inledningsvis genomförde vi en förstudie i form av en kvantitativ enkätundersökning, för att bredda vår förförståelse av fältet, vars resultat gav oss tydligare fokus inför de sju intervjuer som därefter genomfördes. De som intervjuades var enhetschefen för Städserviceenheten i Halmstad, områdeschefen för bl.a. Västergårdsgruppens Städ, samt 6 av de anställda städarna inom arbetslaget. Resultatet visar att den förändringsprocess som inleddes för ca 3 år sedan har spelat en viktig roll både för yrkesgruppens status och för de sociala relationerna på arbetsplatsen. De förändringar som genomförts på arbetsplatsen har bidragit till en stark gemenskap mellan de anställda, samt även möjliggjort nya sociala kontakter inom verksamheten. Dessa sociala relationer utgör en viktig del i fråga om städarnas trivsel på arbetsplatsen. Denna gemenskap och trivsel ger upphov till en god arbetsmoral hos städarna, vilken i sin tur gynnar verksamheten genom de goda resultat som uppnås på de regelbundna kvalitetskontrollerna.

     

  • 25543.
    Zsoldos, Andreas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Study on biomass in semiaquatic insects (Odonata) over a 20-year period in central, Sweden.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about how biomass of dragonflies insects have changed over the past 20-years in a forested area of central Sweden. This was done by analysing previously collected Odonata larvae stored in ethanol where sampling effort corrects the weight per locality. The results display a small but significant biomass increase over past decades, going against the recently observed trend of biomass decline in insects. However, this biomass gain was not even between the families, the ones that increased the most was Aesnidae and Libelluidae.  The reasons for the observed increase are discussed, some possible suggestions are less disturbance in their environments and their ability to adapt due to their long evolution giving them a phenotypical advantage.

  • 25544.
    Zsoldos, Charlott
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Specifika läs- och skrivsvårigheter i svenskämnet - Hur man bemöter dyslexi i klassrummet2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    This essay contains explanations of what dyslexia is. It has concreate suggestions of how to plan and how to work with students with dysfunction. The focus on previous studies in the field of dyslexia is narrowed down to generally Swedish studies.

  • 25545.
    Zsoldos, Charlott
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Textlämplighet för dyslektiker? – En studie av läroböcker som används i engelska A på gymnasiet2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien är att undersöka textlämpligheten och dyslexianpassning av de texter som förekommer i svenska läroböcker i engelska A på gymnasiet. De läroböcker som undersöks är Master Plan, Straight Forward, RealTime1 och Spring Board 1. För att navigera rätt bland tidigare forskning och lärobokstexterna väljer jag att jobba utefter en frågeställning:

    1. Vad kan ses som dyslexianpassning och vad är icke dyslexianpassning i läroböcker som används i engelska A?

    För att kunna undersöka textlämpligheten och dyslexianpassningen i lärobokstexterna användes två metoder; strukturell textanalys och innehållsanalys/läsbarhetsanalys. Resultatet av dessa analyser är bland annat att läroboken RealTime1 har stora fördelar för elever med dyslexi vad gäller textlämplighet.

  • 25546.
    Zuckermann Hirsch, Jørgen
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    How does a company Go green?: Important steps towards a sustainable business strategy2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The results of the supposed man-made climate change have lead to a concern for the environment that is affecting how businesses operate. Businesses are facing greater pressure from stakeholders and government regulations to take more responsibility and care for the environment. Thus companies are facing a wide spectrum of new problems, but also new opportunities. In facing these problems companies must react to how the world is changing and to integrate environmental concerns into the vision and company strategy to become a more environmentally friendly and thus greener company. An issue pressing is how to maintain sustainability for the environment as well as pursuing to be a sustainable company facing the threats of today and the future to come due to climate change. Important aspects a company must take into consideration in order to go green are: sustainability, company strategy, government regulations, internal processes and policies, corporate social responsibility and how to form a corporate culture as these are all parts of how a company changes into focusing on becoming greener and thus more environmentally friendly.

     

    This study brings forth the actions and reactions of three companies perceived as pioneers towards becoming greener in their respective industries. During the course of mapping out how a company goes green, an analytical model has been created with the help of already existing and accepted theoretical frameworks. The purpose of the model is to create structure and consistency to map out what important steps the company has taken to become greener. A qualitative method of research has been applied. Three respondents active in various fields, all with environmental connections, from Wilhelm Wilhelmsen (WW), Statkraft and Statoil has been interviewed with questions concerning their work towards sustainability and a green vision within the company. The analysis is based on relevant theories combined with the empirical data collected. What stands out in the conclusions is that the companies researched have taken different important steps when becoming greener and working to achieve sustainability. The differences can be illustrated in the own-developed model. The model is applied to crystallize what dimensions in the companies that are affected. Factors such as government regulations and how internal processes and policies are changed are standing out as examples of how a company’s dimensions are affected differently depending on the respective company’s strategy and business model. 

     

  • 25547.
    Zukauskaite, Elena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Variety of Regional Innovation Systems and Their Institutional Characteristics2018In: New Avenues for Regional Innovation Systems: Theoretical Advances, Empirical Cases and Policy Lessons / [ed] Arne Isaksen, Roman Martin & Michaela Trippl, Cham: Springer, 2018, p. 41-60Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Regional Innovation Systems (RISs) come in many shapes. Current RIS typologies, however, pay insufficient attention to institutional factors and as a consequence they fall short of capturing an essential source of variety of RISs in a systematic way. This chapter contributes to a further conceptual development of the RIS approach by capturing regional variety not only in terms of actors and networks but also in terms of institutions. It is shown that an institutional perspective can enrich existing RIS typologies by providing insights into the distinctive institutional frameworks of different RIS types and their particular institutional bottlenecks. Three main causes of institutional bottlenecks are identified, that is, lack of or poorly developed institutions, inappropriate institutions, and contradicting/poorly aligned institutions. As shown in this chapter the institutional perspective advocated here holds a strong potential to contribute to a further conceptual development of the RIS approach. © Springer International Publishing AG 2018. All rights reserved.

  • 25548.
    Zukauskaite, Elena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Trippl, Michaela
    University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
    Plechero, Monica
    University of Venice, Venice, Italy.
    Institutional Thickness Revisited2017In: Economic Geography, ISSN 0013-0095, E-ISSN 1944-8287, Vol. 93, no 4, p. 325-345Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last two decades, the notion of institutional thickness has become a key reference for a large body of work that has sought to provide profound insights into the link between institutions and regional development. However, only few attempts have been made to reassess the concept, to improve its methodology, and to reflect on its empirical application. The aim of this article is to revise the original concept of institutional thickness. We draw on and seek to contribute to current work in economic geography and related disciplines on the role of organizations and institutions in regional development. We identify some crucial limitations and provide suggestions for how they can be addressed. It is argued that much can be gained by (1) explicitly elaborating on the relation between the organizational and institutional dimensions of thickness, (2) moving beyond overly static views on thickness, (3) developing a multiscalar approach to thickness, and (4) identifying features for assessing thickness in absolute and relative terms. © 2017 Clark University.

  • 25549.
    Zuniga Johansson, Annelie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Tufvesson, Johanna
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Förskolegården: En kvalitativ studie om barns uppfattningar2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att studera vad barn har för uppfattningar kring förskolegårdens

    utformning, innehåll och användningsområden utifrån ett pedagogiskt syfte.

    Ytterligare en aspekt är att synliggöra hur barn uppfattar delaktighet med sig själva

    som utgångspunkt samt pedagogerna i relation till förskolegården. Studien har utförts

    med hjälp av kvalitativ innehållsanalys, med en induktiv ansats. Det empiriska

    materialet har framställts med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer med fjorton barn

    på två olika förskolor i Sverige. Barnen som intervjuats är i åldrarna mellan två och

    fem år. Resultatet visade att barnen är relativt nöjda med sin förskolegård samtidigt

    som de hellre vistas inomhus om de själva får välja miljö. Att barnen hellre vistades

    inomhus berodde på att det fanns fler möjligheter att välja lekredskap och material

    inomhus. Barnen uppfattade sig själva som mindre delaktiga och mindre erfarna då

    det gällde att ta beslut gällande förskolegården. Resultatet visade på att det fanns en

    viss bristande kunskap hos barnen när det gällde förskolegårdens pedagogiska syfte.

    Slutsatsen som dragits är att förskolegården behövs utvecklas och uppmärksammas då

    den är betydelsefull för barns lärande och utveckling.

  • 25550.
    Zvizdic, Jasmina
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Öresjö, Maria
    Halmstad University.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenhet kring vårdandet av patienter med akut förvirring2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Acute confusion is a cognitive impairment that occurs suddenly. Affected patients are for example perceived as agitated, restless and apathetic. Patients describe the experience of acute confusion as an abstract reality, this complicates the care process. The aim of this study was to describe nurses’ experience in the care of acutely confused patients. The method was a literature study with a systematic approach where the data processing was inspired by qualitative content analysis. The literature study shows that nurses who meet acute confused patients in wards may experience a lack of time and increased stress. The patient with acute confusion also affects other health careers and patients, requiring more resources in terms of monitoring and nurses with the right skill sets. Nurses are more focused on preserving the safety of the acutely confused patients than the person behind the acute confusion. Nurses’ attitudes towards the acutely confused patients are based on gaining control of the patients through various strategies. Unawareness of acute confusion is displayed by nurses’ inconsistency of the use of evidence-based knowledge. Prioritizing work is necessary to make the work more effective, it also helps the nurse to be at hand for all patients, although, managing and using time more effectively falls at the expense of the acutely confused patients. Good communication and awareness of the ageism that occurs is of importance so that the patients’ experiences become optimal and for reduction of suffering when in or after an acute confusion state.

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