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  • 25451.
    Zhang, Yan
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Patch Antenna for 1420MHz Radio Telescope2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Patch antenna is one of the most rapidly popular topics in the antenna field in the past twenty years. In high-performance aircraft, spacecraft, satellite and missile applications, where size, weight, cost, performance, ease of installation, and aerodynamic profile are constraints, low profile antennas may be required. [7].

    The project is to develop a single patch antenna operating on a specific frequency 1420MHz. The frequencies near to 1420MHz are worth to observe because the hydrogen in throughout of the space can be mapped by the observation of the 21 – cm wavelength line which is corresponding to 1420 MHz radiation. The final product antenna will be used in a radio telescope as a part of the signal receiving system.

    The work within the project contains simulation, fabrication and test of final antenna. The simulation work was carried out in advanced design system which is developed by Agilent technologies, USA. The most different feature of the project is that, comparing to normal patch antenna, usually 50 ohms is selected as the matching impedance, while in this project we made it conjugate to the input impedance of the LNA. In this way we can save extra components, as well as energy consuming.

  • 25452.
    Zhang, Yan
    et al.
    Department of Informatics, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Jonsson, Magnus
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Li, Minqiang
    Department of Information Management and Management Science, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China.
    Guest editorial special issue on industrial IoT systems and applications2017In: IEEE Systems Journal, ISSN 1932-8184, E-ISSN 1937-9234, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 1337-1339, article id 8052330Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 25453.
    Zhang, Yan
    et al.
    School of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Singapore.
    Jonsson, MagnusHalmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).Li, MinqiangDepartment of Information Management and Management Science, College of Management and Economics, Tianjin University, Tianjin Shi, China.
    Special Issue on Industrial IoT Systems and Applications2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 25454.
    Zhao, Yang
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), MPE-lab.
    Zhang, Min
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), MPE-lab.
    The Ising Model on a Heavy Gravity Portfolio Applied to Default Contagion2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we introduce a model of default contagion in the financail market. The structure of the companies are represented by a Heavy Gravity Portfolio, where we assume there are N sectors in the market and in each sector i, there is one big trader and ni supply companies.The supply companies in each sector are directly inuenced by the bigtrader and the big traders are also pairwise interacting with each other.This development of the Ising model is called Heavy gravity portfolioand according to this, the relation between expectation and correlationof the default of companies are derived by means of simulations utilisingthe Gibbs sampler. Finally methods for maximum likelihood estimationand for a likelihood ratio test of the interaction parameter in the modelare derived.

  • 25455.
    Zhelezov, Dmitry
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), MPE-lab.
    Yamshchikov, Ivan
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), MPE-lab.
    Liquidity and optimal consumption with random income2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the first part of our work we focus on the model of the optimal consumption with a random income. We provide the three dimensional equation for this model, demonstrate the reduction to the two dimensional case and provide for two different utility functions the full point-symmetries' analysis of the equations. We also demonstrate that for the logarithmic utility there exists a unique and smooth viscosity solution the existence of which as far as we know was never demonstrated before.

    In the second part of our work we develop the concept of the empirical liquidity measure. We provide the retrospective view of the works on this issue, discuss the proposed definitions and develop our own empirical measure based on the intuitive mathematical model and comprising several features of the definitions that existed before. Then we verify the measure provided on the real data from the market and demonstrate the advantages of the proposed value for measuring the illiquidity.

  • 25456.
    Zheng, Yumai
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Internal Communication from a Managerial Perspective2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this thesis is to conduct a research on Eleiko Sport AB’s internal communication from a managerial perspective. The focus of this analysis is to look at how the management and organisation are structured in Eleiko, how the members of the management team view and perceive internal communication, how the internal communication within this small organisation is organised, and which communication channels are being used and why.

  • 25457.
    Zheyuan, Liu
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Evaluation of platoon Application Enabled by Contemporary ETSI ITS-G5 Standards2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25458.
    Zhiqiang, Gao
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Liwei, Ren
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Development of a lab instrument management system2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The overall goal of this project is to make the management of a large number of instruments easy at the Halmstad University workshop. An increase in the number of items borrowed needs to be managed. A lab instruments management system is developed and applied to manage the tools and instruments. The focus of the software is on managing information on borrowed instruments. The methods used come from the field of Java web application and include the methods object oriented programming, MySQL database, three-tier architecture and model-view-controller design pattern.The development of the management system is based on four features. Two features are maintenance of basic information of borrowers and instruments. The results showed that administrators can add, modify, delete, and query information of borrowers and instruments through web pages. The third feature is to borrow instruments, return instruments and to extend borrowing time. The last feature is to show statistics.The management system of instruments provides a multi-user platform for allowing the administrators to maintain user information and instrument information and helps the borrower to borrow, return and extend borrowing time. Simple statistical functions are implemented.

  • 25459.
    Zhou, Shengyan
    et al.
    Beijing Institute of Technology, China.
    Gong, Jianwei
    Beijing Institute of Technology, China.
    Xiong, Guangming
    Beijing Institute of Technology, China.
    Chen, Huiyan
    Beijing Institute of Technology, China.
    Iagnemma, Karl
    MIT.
    Road detection using support vector machine based on online learning and evaluation2010In: 2010 IEEE intelligent vehicles symposium (IV 2010), Piscataway, N.J.: IEEE Press, 2010, p. 256-261Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Road detection is an important problem with application to driver assistance systems and autonomous, self-guided vehicles. The focus of this paper is on the problem of feature extraction and classification for front-view road detection. Specifically, we propose using Support Vector Machines (SVM) for road detection and effective approach for self-supervised online learning. The proposed road detection algorithm is capable of automatically updating the training data for online training which reduces the possibility of misclassifying road and non-road classes and improves the adaptability of the road detection algorithm. The algorithm presented here can also be seen as a novel framework for self-supervised online learning in the application of classification-based road detection algorithm on intelligent vehicle. ©2010 IEEE.

  • 25460.
    Zhou, Shengyan
    et al.
    Intelligent Vehicle Research Center, Beijing Institute of Technology, China.
    Iagnemma, Karl
    Robotic Mobility Group, MIT, United States.
    Self-supervised learning method for unstructured road detection using Fuzzy Support Vector Machines2010In: IROS 2010: the IEEE/RSJ 2010 International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, Piscataway: IEEE Press, 2010, p. 1183-1189Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Road detection is a crucial problem in the application of autonomous vehicle and on-road mobile robot. Most of the recent methods only achieve reliable results in some particular well-arranged environments. In this paper, we describe a road detection algorithm for front-view monocular camera using road probabilistic distribution model (RPDM) and online learning method. The primary contribution of this paper is that the combination of dynamical RPDM and Fuzzy Support Vector Machines (FSVMs) makes the algorithm being capable of self-supervised learning and optimized learning from the inheritance of previous result. The secondary contribution of this paper is that the proposed algorithm uses road geometrical assumption to extract assumption based misclassified points and retrains itself online which makes it easier to find potential misclassified points. Those points take an important role in online retraining the classifier which makes the algorithm adaptive to environment changing.

  • 25461.
    Zhou, Shengyan
    et al.
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Haidian, Beijing 100081, China.
    Xi, Junqiang
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Haidian, Beijing 100081, China.
    McDaniel, Matthew W.
    Robotic Mobility Group, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, United States.
    Nishihata, Takayuki
    Robotic Mobility Group, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, United States.
    Salesses, Phil
    United States Army, Topographic Engineering Center, Alexandria, VA 22315, United States.
    Iagnemma, Karl
    Robotic Mobility Group, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, United States.
    Self-Supervised Learning to Visually Detect Terrain Surfaces for Autonomous Robots Operating in Forested Terrain2012In: Journal of Field Robotics, ISSN 1556-4959, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 277-297Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Autonomous robotic navigation in forested environments is difficult because of the highly variable appearance and geometric properties of the terrain. In most navigation systems, researchers assume a priori knowledge of the terrain appearance properties, geometric properties, or both. In forest environments, vegetation such as trees, shrubs, and bushes has appearance and geometric properties that vary with change of seasons, vegetation age, and vegetation species. In addition, in forested environments the terrain surface is often rough, sloped, and/or covered with a surface layer of grass, vegetation, or snow. The complexity of the forest environment presents difficult challenges for autonomous navigation systems. In this paper, a self-supervised sensing approach is introduced that attempts to robustly identify a drivable terrain surface for robots operating in forested terrain. The sensing system employs both LIDAR and vision sensor data. There are three main stages in the system: feature learning, feature training, and terrain prediction. In the feature learning stage, 3D range points from LIDAR are analyzed to obtain an estimate of the ground surface location. In the feature training stage, the ground surface estimate is used to train a visual classifier to discriminate between ground and nonground regions of the image. In the prediction stage, the ground surface location can be estimated at high frequency solely from vision sensor data.

  • 25462.
    ZHOU, XI
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    LUO, YAOYAO
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Implementation of Hierarchical Temporal Memory on a Many-core Architecture2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis makes use of a many-core architecture developed by the Adapteva Company toimplement a parallel version of the Hierarchical Temporal Memory Cortical LearningAlgorithm (HTM CLA). The HTM algorithm is a new machine learning model which ispromising in the aspect of pattern recognition and inference. Due to its complexity,sufficiently large simulations are time-consuming to perform on sequential processor,therefore, in this thesis we have investigated the feasibility of using many-core processors torun HTM simulations.In this thesis, a parallel implementation of the HTM algorithm on the proposed many-coreplatform has been done in C. In order to evaluate the performance of parallel implementation,some metrics such as speedup, efficiency and scalability have been measured throughperforming some simple pattern recognition tasks. Implementing the HTM algorithm on asingle-core computer established the baseline to calculate the speedup and efficiency ofparallel implementation for the purpose of evaluating scalability.In this thesis, three mapping methods which are block-based, column-based and row-based,have been selected to parallelize the HTM from many mapping methods. In the experimentwith small training examples, the row-based mapping method gained the best performancewith a high speedup because of the lesser influence of training example variability, andreflected a good scalability when implemented on different numbers of cores. However, theexperiment with a relatively large amount of training examples gives almost identical resultsfrom all three mapping methods. In contrast with the small experiment, the full set experimentused much more diverse input and the mapping method did not influence the average runningtime for this training set. All three mappings have showed almost perfect scalability and thereis linear speedup increasing with number of cores, for the dataset and HTM size used.

  • 25463.
    Zhou, Yingqiu
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Business Relationships between Swedish Clothing Industry Companies and Chinese suppliers: A case study of Hennes & Mauritz (H&M)2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]
    The purpose of this study is to gain a deeper understanding of a company’s business relationship building strategies and processes, especially in the field of doing business with the foreign business partners. In this study, a case study was conducted with the company of H&M. The ARA (actor- resource-activity) business relationship model was used as a theoretical framework in order to analyze H&M- Chinese suppliers’ business relationships. The results show that H&M- Chinese suppliers’ relationships are very important for the company’s overall business success. The relationship building is always a long process, which needs a lot of investments both in time and money. Since there is a significant culture difference, H&M has built up four production offices with Chinese employees in order to help the company to select and communicate with the Chinese suppliers. Guanxi as a relationship building strategy is especially important to know when doing business with Chinese suppliers.
  • 25464.
    Zhu, Angela Yun
    et al.
    Department of Computer Science, Rice University Houston, TX 77005, USA.
    Inoue, Jun
    Department of Computer Science, Rice University Houston, TX 77005, USA.
    Peralta, Marisa Linnea
    Department of Computer Science, Rice University Houston, TX 77005, USA.
    Taha, Walid
    Department of Computer Science, Rice University Houston, TX 77005, USA.
    O’Malley, Marcia
    Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science Rice University, Houston, TX 77005, USA.
    Powell, Dane
    Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science Rice University, Houston, TX 77005, USA.
    Implementing Haptic Feedback Environments from High-level Descriptions2009In: Embedded Software and Systems, 2009. ICESS '09. International Conference on: proceedings, Los Alamitos, Calif.: IEEE Computer Society, 2009, p. 482-489Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Haptic feedback can be a critical component of virtual environments used in cognitive research, rehabilitation, military training, and entertainment. A limiting factor in the innovation and the acceptance of virtual environments with haptic feedback is the time and cost required tobuild them. This paper presents a development environmentcalled iAcumen that supports a new approach for programming such systems. This approach allows the developer todirectly express physical equations describing the underlying dynamics. By raising the level of abstraction for thedeveloper, we avoid many of the problems that limit the effectiveness of traditional approaches.

  • 25465.
    Zhu, Angela Yun
    et al.
    Department of Computer Science, Rice University Houston, Houston, TX, USA.
    Taha, Walid
    Department of Computer Science, Rice University Houston, Houston, TX, USA.
    Cartwright, Robert
    Department of Computer Science, Rice University Houston, Houston, TX, USA.
    Martel, Matthieu
    Laboratoire ELIAUS-DALI, Universit´e de Perpignan, Perpignan Cedex, France.
    Siek, Jeremy G.
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Colorado, Boulder, USA.
    In Pursuit of Real Answers2009In: 2009 International Conference on Embedded Software and Systems: ICESS 2009 : proceedings, 25-27 May, 2009, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, P.R. China, Los Alamitos, Calif.: IEEE Press, 2009, p. 115-122Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Digital computers permeate our physical world. This phenomenon creates a pressing need for tools that help us understand a priori how digital computers can affect their physical environment. In principle, simulation can be a powerful tool for animating models of the world. Today, however, there is not a single simulation environment that comes with a guarantee that the results of the simulationare determined purely by a real-valued model and not by artifacts of the digitized implementation. As such, simulation with guaranteed fidelity does not yet exist. Towards addressing this problem, we offer an expository account of what is known about exact real arithmetic. We argue that this technology, which has roots that are over 200 years old, bears significant promise as offering exactly the right technology to build simulation environments with guaranteed fidelity. And while it has only been sparsely studied in this large span of time, there are reasons to believe that the time is right to accelerate research in this direction.

  • 25466.
    ZHU, JINPING
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    SONG, NAN
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Evaluating Business Process Management Maturity: A case study on a Chinese electronic company2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25467. Zhu, Yuanwen
    et al.
    Jia, Wang
    Migrating the New Horizon website to WordPress2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are different problems associated with a static website, such as management and content update. To address these problems, one alternative is to use Content Management System (CMS), such as WordPress. This project describes the process of migrating a static website to WordPress and adding six additional functionalities according to requirements from a company. In the meantime, theme is used to customize the website based on company’s requirements; specific WordPress plugins and widgets are used to implement additional requirements, including submenus, user registration and login, content update, Facebook and Twitter integration, and RSS support for the new content. Besides, solutions are given to resolve problems, such as the conflict with Internet Explorer (IE) and WordPress security issues. The outcome of this work allows the company to use WordPress to manage the website, to publish automatically new content into online social networking services, to provide customized information to registered users as well as to allow web syndication.Key words: Content Management System, Solution Stack, Static and dynamic website, WordPress

  • 25468.
    Zhu, Yun
    et al.
    Rice University, USA.
    Westbrook, Edwin
    Rice University, USA.
    Inoue, Jun
    Rice University, USA.
    Chapoutot, Alexandre
    Rice University, USA.
    Salama, Cherif
    Rice University, USA.
    Peralta, Marisa
    Rice University, USA.
    Martin, Travis
    Rice University, USA.
    Taha, Walid
    Rice University.
    O’Malley, Marcia
    Rice University, USA.
    Cartwright, Robert
    Rice University, USA.
    Ames, Aaron
    Texas A&M, USA.
    Bhattacharya, Raktim
    Texas A&M, USA.
    Mathematical Equations as Executable Models of Mechanical Systems2010In: Proceedings of the 1st ACM/IEEE International Conference on Cyber-Physical Systems, ICCPS '10, New York, NY: ACM Press, 2010, p. 1-11Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cyber-physical systems comprise digital components that directly interact with a physical environment. Specifying the behavior desired of such systems requires analytical modeling of physical phenomena. Similarly, testing them requires simulation of continuous systems. While numerous tools support later stages of developing simulation codes, there is still a large gap between analytical modeling and building running simulators. This gap significantly impedes the ability of scientists and engineers to develop novel cyber-physical systems. We propose bridging this gap by automating the mapping from analytical models to simulation codes. Focusing on mechanical systems as an important class of physical systems, we study the form of analytical models that arise in this domain, along with the process by which domain experts map them to executable codes. We show that the key steps needed to automate this mapping are 1) a light-weight analysis to partially direct equations, 2) a binding-time analysis, and 3) symbolic differentiation. In addition to producing a prototype modeling environment, we highlight some limitations in the state of the art in tool support of simulation, and suggest ways in which some of these limitations could be overcome. © 2010 ACM.

  • 25469.
    Zhu, Yuqi
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Zhang, Yunbu
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    A Comparative Case Study on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) between SMEs and MNCs2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to describe the behaviors that multinational corporations(MNCs) and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are taking for carrying outcorporate social responsibility (CSR) under the context of sustainable development.Besides, the factors which drive and influence the performance are further exploredand discussed.The thesis is to be analyzed by means of a literature review, qualitative case study,semi-structured interviews, within case study and cross case study.By adopting these methods, the thesis shows that both MNCs and SMEs are aware ofand actively shouldering CSR in spite of different contents and approaches. MNCs areable to integrate economic, environment and social values into CSR strategy whileSMEs focus more on economic values. Competitive pressures, social expectations andinternal governance system are the main drivers of MNCs. By contrast, owners’ desiregives rise to the performance of carrying out CSR strategy by SMEs.It is suggested that a new domain of CSR namely, political social responsibility isfound through the study. It demonstrates that MNCs with the state-owned nature haveparticular missions and responsibilities to serve the country and society, which is notcommon but exists in the world.

  • 25470.
    Zhuang, Qian
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    Ton, Ann
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    Kristianstad Kommuns destinationsutveckling: Utvecklingen utifrån tre hållbara aspekter2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The ongoing construction of Kristianstad is a trade mall in the city center, the City Hall and the railway station neighborhood is rebuilding, new residential projects are planned and "The healthy garden", "Accessibility for everyone" and "ERA-farms" are also current. Kristianstad has always a sustainable way of thinking in the background during the development and they are trying to meet all three perspective of sustainability: economical, ecological and social. The municipality seeks knowledge both by sharing their own and takes part in other municipalities in the development process.

  • 25471.
    Zhuang, Weihua
    et al.
    University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.
    Jamalipour, Abbas
    University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
    Bai, Fan
    Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.
    Vinel, Alexey
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Emerging Technologies, Applications, and Standardizations for Connecting Vehicles: [From the Guest Editors]2015In: IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine, ISSN 1556-6072, E-ISSN 1556-6080, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 33-35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The articles in this special section focus on the state of the art in the emerging technology for vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communications, the latest development in standardizations and regulations, and potential services and applications for vehicles on roads. © Copyright 2015 IEEE

  • 25472.
    Zhuang, Weihua
    et al.
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Waterloo, ON, Canada.
    Jamalipour, Abbas
    University of Sydney, Sidney, Australia.
    Bai, Fan
    Caign, Universitarnegie Mellon University, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champy of Southern California, United States.
    Vinel, Alexey
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Emerging Technologies, Applications, and Standardizations for Connecting Vehicles (Part II)2017In: IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine, ISSN 1556-6072, E-ISSN 1556-6080, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 23-25Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 25473.
    Zhubi, Adrian
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Zhubi, Albert
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    K2 eller K3: Motiv till att redovisa enligt K32016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: K2 or K3 : Reasons to account according to K3 

    Authors: Adrian Zhubi and Albert Zhubi 

    Published: Spring 2016 

    Tutor: Eva Berggren 

    Background: Since 2004 BFN has given accounting standards, which started the K-project that divides companies into four different categories based on company size. The K-project's most common regulations are the main regulation principles-based K3 and the alternative regulation rules-based K2. Since 2015 it became mandatory for all joint-stock companies and economic associations to apply one of these two regulations. Companies should therefore reflect on its business and stakeholders when making a choice of regulation. This requires that the annual report should be relevant to the stakeholders. With the study we therefore want to examine the main differences that explains why companies choose K3 instead of K2 from accounting advisors’ perspective. 

    Aim: The aim of the study is to describe why companies prefer K3 instead of K2 according to accounting advisors. 

    Formulation of the problem: What do accounting advisors consider explains the companies’ choice of K3 instead of K2? 

    Methodology: The study is based on a qualitative approach. The empirical data contains a total of five interviews, one of those is a pilot interview. The study's respondents are three auditors, an accounting expert and an accounting specialist. The respondents have different experiences and are from different accounting firms.

    Results: The study shows that accounting advisors consider differences in tangible, intangible and financial assets between K2 and K3 makes companies prefer K3. Factors as depositions, deferred taxes and stakeholders also affects the choice. According to the study’s respondents, K2 is easier to apply because the regulation contains robust rules for accounting. K3 require greater knowledge at professional judgement, because the regulation includes companies with a complex business with many stakeholders.

  • 25474.
    Zicheng, Wang
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Nouri, Mohammad
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Investigation on Filament Extrusion of Thermoplastic Elastomer (TPE) for Fused Deposition Modeling2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is an investigation of the TPE filament for Fused Deposition Modelling (FDM) manufacturing method. All the investigations aim to optimize the quality of the filament in order to make Thermoplastic Elastomer (TPE) material possible for FDM manufacturing method. Optimization experiments were made to find out key parameters in the extrusion process that determine the quality of the filament. With the optimal parameters, further investigation of the additive content in the TPE granulate was made to solve the current problem of the filament in practical 3D printing, which the high surface friction massively affects the FDM manufacturing feasibility. The filaments were manufactured by the desktop extruder 3devo filament extruder and the surface friction tests were performed on TribotesterTM.

    Additionally, discussion was made to summarize the pros and cons of TPE material as well as the significance of 3D printing TPE. Potential application and benefits are mentioned for combining the property of TPE and the advantage of FDM manufacturing. Current state-of-art extrusion equipment and FDM technology are also summarized.

  • 25475.
    Zidan, Hussain
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Otálvaro Herrera, Nasly Andrea
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    How does leadership develop contextual ambidexterity in project – basedorganizations?2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Statistics show that a large number of companies struggle for their survival.About 20 % of the EU companies in all the different industries that were born in 2015 couldnot survive till 2016. More specifically, only less than half of the companies that were born in2011 are still active in 2016 (Eurostat, 2018). Moreover, corporate bankruptcies in Swedenincreased by 20 % in the years 2017 to 2018 compared to 2016 (Tillvaxtanalys, 2019 ).Therefore, the main challenge for managers is to consolidate short-term and long-termthinking, encourage visions while remaining focused on execution within employees.

    Problem background: While the current literature acknowledges both the importance oforganizational ambidexterity for companies’ survival, and the role played by managers todevelop ambidexterity, research on how to achieve such ambidexterity is still narrow.Moreover, the influence of the different leadership styles on contextual ambidexterity and itseffects on individuals have hardly been attended in the literature.

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to develop an understanding on how leaders, throughambidextrous leadership styles, create a context that enables individuals to achieve contextualambidexterity. More specifically, this master’s thesis aims to define a conceptual frameworkthat shows the influence of the leadership styles on contextual ambidexterity

    Methodology: In order to answer our research question, a qualitative research was conductedwith a deductive approach. Eight Interviews, four managers and four employees, wereconducted in four project-based organizations within the software industry in Sweden.

    Findings: The key findings are that transformational leadership style was found to foster “trustand support” in social support, and “stretch” in performance management, while thetransactional leadership style was only found in discipline in the organizational context.

    Conclusions: This study shows how developing adaptability in an organization requiresmanagers to apply transformational leadership style to the social support dimensions of theorganizational context. On the other hand, developing alignment in an organization requiresmanagers to apply both transformation and transactional styles rather than transactional. Mangers also need to balance the intensity of their leadership styles as both styles need to be emphasized equally well.

  • 25476.
    Ziegenfeldt, Tony
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Yrkeslärares kunskaper kring elever med neuropsykiatriska diagnoser2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Yrkeslärare ska vara kunniga i sitt hantverksyrke, de ska kunna förmedla kunskaper på ett pedagogiskt sätt och möta elever med olika förutsättningar och behov. Syftet med denna studie var att ta reda på om yrkeslärare upplever att de har kunskaper att bemöta elever med neuropsykiatriska diagnoser och hur påverkar skolans kunskapskrav bemötande av elever med neuropsykiatriska diagnoser. Fyra verksamma yrkeslärare inom gymnasieskolan djupintervjuades utifrån en kvalitativ ansats med inspiration av fenomenografin. Resultatet visar att yrkeslärarna upplever att de inte har den kunskap de skulle vilja ha kring neuropsykiatriska diagnoser för att bemötande ska bli bra.

  • 25477.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Changes and transitions of responsibility when next of kin becomes the caregivers2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    In the ordinary everyday existence of individuals, life usually goes by without them reflecting on its fragility or their relationships. Individuals in a close relationship are united with each other in a mutual dependency and share memories from the past, perceptions of the present and dreams and hopes for the future. When one of them suddenly seriously ill and thereby assumes the role of seriously ill patient while the other takes on the role of close relative, their normal life is changed into an extraordinary situation. Everyday life can be complex when next of kin are preoccupied with taking responsibility of the care, which in turn lead to a changed life situation and restrictions in everyday life. The summary of the current knowledge highlighted the importance of understanding of next of kin´ coping approaches during responsibility for caring at home. 

    Aim and method

    This study explores the process of changes for next of kin´ in a care home for older relatives from the perspectives of the responsibility for caring. Data were collected using narrative interview with 8 next of kin’ at home. The following questions were asked: Please describe the changed situation you have gone through, when you having the difficult care situation and what did you do to cope with your situation? The individual interviews were nearly all transcribed verbatim, a few were listen to and taking notes during listening. The data set were analyzed by using thematic analysis.

    Findings and conclusion

    Four themes revealed from narrative interviews with the next of kin´. The four themes were: Sources of responsibility related to family interaction; Consequences of changes for everyday; Importance on maintaining their own conditions; Roles and relationships over time. Based on a synthesis of data the themes and basic transitions that emerged were termed “re-constructing roles and relationships”. This highlights the subtle and dynamic way of changes and reinforces the importance of understanding the transitions from multiple perspectives. The results of the study may encourage people to engage themselves in self-help activities and strengthen them to believe they are to care for each other.

  • 25478.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Conceptions of life situations among next-of-kin of haemodialysis patients1999Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]
    The presence of a renal disease in the family is a strain on both the patient and the next-of-kin, affection the life situation. Surprisingly, few studies dealing with next-of-kin´s experiences are available, why the aim of this study was to describe, seen from a nurse perspective, how the next-of-kin of haemodialysis patients conceive their life situation. Data was collected by means of interviews with twelve strategically selected informants and analysed according to the phenomenographic method. Six main conceptions of how next-of-kin of haemodialysis patients conceived their situation emerged: a feeling of confinement, a feeling of social isolation, a feeling that the way of life has changed, a feeling of security in life, a feeling of a threatening future, and promoting health. Next-of-kin expressed a large measure of commitment to, and concern for, the sick person. In spite of their life situation having been dramatically changed, next-of-kin described an ability to adapt. By the help of society, the feelings of confinement and social isolation can be despersed, enabling next-of-kin to promote health inte their role towards the sick person. Suggestions for further research are to study what adaption strategies next-of-kin use in their life situation.
  • 25479.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Everyday Life among Next of Kin of Haemodialysis Patients2005Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Everyday life can be complex when next of kin of haemodialysis patients are preoccupied with taking care of the patient and his/her health, which implies the difficulties and requirements needed. The general aim of this thesis was to explore and describe everyday life among next of kin of haemodialysis patients with focus on the life situation, health, time and professional support. Two perspectives of the thesis was applied: a holistic perspective on the everyday life of next of haemodialysis patient and a social perspective with focus on human communication and understanding of next of kin’s experience of everyday life. A qualitative descriptive and explorative design, comprising a phenomenographic and content analysis was used in Studies I-IV. The data collected in the studies consisted of interviews with next of kin to haemodialysis patient and analysis of professional support for next of kin to chronic haemodialysis patients in nursing documentation from two hospitals in Sweden. The experience of time in everyday life among next of kin of haemodialysis patients demonstrated that time for them is minimised and life space contracted. Next of kin experienced ambivalence towards their own health, especially in cases of patients’ spouses When next of kin of haemodialysis patient’s became involved in the patients’ care, they experienced arduousness in relation to their own health as well as less uninterrupted time for themselves in everyday life, and their life situation was characterised by confinement and social isolation. They were aware of the prognosis of renal disease and the fact that haemodialysis is a life-sustaining treatment, which forced them to live for the moment. The everyday life among the next of kin changed when the family became involved in the care, which in turn lead to a changed life situation and restrictions in everyday life. Lack of knowledge in nursing documentation of professional support revealed necessity of the readiness of next of kin. It is therefore important to be familiar with this in the nursing process, especially when the patient and their next of kin need support and attention in everyday life.

    Original papers not included.

  • 25480.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Going in Dialysis is Time to Live: Family’s Experiences of Everyday Life with Haemodialysis Treatment2010In: Proceedings of the Sustaining Everyday Life Conference: April 22–24 2009, Campus Norrköping, Sweden / [ed] Kristina Karlsson and Kajsa Ellergård, Linköping: Linköping University , 2010, p. 123-133Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Time is a central concept when attempting to capture how life develops as results of the interaction between the individual and those in his/her immediate environment. Chronic renal disease such as ESRD with chronic haemodialysis not only shortens life but also places everyday life on a thin line survival paramount. The haemodialysis is also a time-consuming treatment that makes it necessary to carefully plan of everyday life and involves next of kin to a large degree. The aim of this study was to explore the content of time in everyday life as experienced by the next of kin of haemodialysis patients. This study used explorative and descriptive design with a content analysis approach. The interviews, which were conducted in the informants’ homes, lasted 20-60 minutes and were audio-taped and transcribed verbatim in order to not to lose any information. Twenty next of kin were selected purposive with the criterion of having at least one year of experience as a next of kin of a patient on haemodialysis. The content of time in everyday life can be described as follows: fragmented time, vacuous time and uninterrupted time. Conclusion which illustrate how time is minimised and life space contracted for next of kin and their family. They were aware of the prognosis of renal disease and the fact that haemodialysis is life-sustaining treatment, which forced them to live for the moment. It is important to gain insight into how time influences the next of kin’s experiences of everyday life and how this knowledge can be communicated in the nursing science.

  • 25481.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Interventiv kontinuerlig kollegial granskning och dess betydelse vid omvårdnadsdokumentation1994Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]
    Sjuksköterskan har ett professionellt ansvar för en kontinuerlig planering och utvärdering av omvårdnadsarbetet och det resultat som uppmätes. Utvecklingen av omvårdnadsdokumentationen är mycket viktig för en kontinuerlig kvalitetssäkring så att vidtagna omvårdnadsåtgärder blir synliga. I en kvantitativ deduktiv studie, där en hypotes antogs om att interventiv kontinuerlig kollegial granskning är nödvändig för att upprätthålla kvaliteten granskades omvårdnadsdokumentationen under ett år vid fem mättillfällen. Granskningarna genomfördes vid med hjälp av ett instrument uppbyggt kring tre dimensioner; struktur, innehåll och kvalitet. Dimensionerna mättes med hjälp av beskrivande och analyserande statistik. I studien kunde inte någon signifikant trend påvisas med avseende på det betydelsefulla i en interventiv kontinuerlig kollegial granskning för att upprätthålla god kvalitet på omvårdnadsdokumentationen. Resultatet tyder på att det behövs en annan typ av kollegial satsning t ex som individuell undervisning i omvårdnadsdokumenation.
  • 25482.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Journal club - a forum of discussion for scientific dialectics2010In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 4652-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the sometimes hectic routines of daily academic work, it can be difficult to find opportunities for naturally creative encounters with our colleagues, where we can jointly focus methodological issues in research. Where do we find the time and place for constructive discussions on published research? And how can we foster such meetings?

    As a senior lecturer and researcher, I have a strong interest in research seminars in the field of clinical activity, as well as long-standing experience of coordinating and leading such seminars. I also gained extensive knowledge of seminar dynamics from my doctoral studies at the University of Linköping.

    Over the years, I have developed a particular way of working with seminars, aiming to contribute to the establishment of interdisciplinary research groups at the School of Health and Social Science, at Halmstad University. One of my ideas was to take advantage of the privileged position of our university, and the fact that it hosts a scientific journal and its Editor-in-Chief, Professor Lillemor Hallberg. This is why I started the Journal Club in 2006—the same year that the International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being was launched.

    Initially, I simply sent an invitation to my fellow researchers at the School of Health and Social Science, explaining the purpose of the meetings. The idea was to use the Journal Club to discuss selected articles from the International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, and critically examine them.

    It is essential that the articles are distributed to participants well in advance, and that participants have had time to read the contents, so they are prepared to critically examine the aims, methods and results of the discussed articles.

    My vision with the meetings at the Journal Club was to give added impetus to scientific dialectics at the School, to develop a critical approach and deepen methodological understanding. We need a continuous reflection concerning qualitative research approaches and various standpoints with respect to research ethics, in order to increase methodological awareness in our research. In this way, the monthly seminars contribute to developing our competencies as researchers, as well as keeping our knowledge up-to-date.

    Another aim of the Journal Club is to be a discussion forum for interdisciplinary research issues, relating to health, life-styles, well-being and the quality of life. Uniting a critical mass at our school, and bringing about an engaging discussion, allows us to test our ideas in a stimulating dialogue with colleagues. It also provides an opportunity to widen and deepen our understanding of current issues.

    The Journal Club has met since the autumn term 2006, always on the same day of the week, at the same time and place, at the School of Health and Social Science. The objective is to give these encounters a “club feeling”, and to shape a tradition of a recurrent event at the School. Before each seminar at the Journal Club, an invitation is sent to all teaching and research staff at the School.

    The availability of the most recent articles from the International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, combined with the Editor-in-Chief's contribution to the seminars, gives the meetings an additional dimension, and strengthens the impact that the Journal Club has at Halmstad University. The role of the Club is also strengthened by the important position that the International Journal of Qualitative Studies occupies on our own nursing programmes, both at junior and senior levels. The articles are widely used and discussed on our Nursing science and Methods courses.

  • 25483.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Livet i skuggan av dialys: beskrivning av anhörigas vardag ; tema: välfärd och välbefinnande2007In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 84, no 3, p. 239-246Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25484.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Maintaining families´well-being in everyday life2011In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 7206-7211Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to discuss how everyday life changes for the family in the event of chronic illness or disability. It changes physically due to loss of body function and socially due to time and other constraints related to treatment or lack of mobility. Equally important, there is a psychological impact due to the uncertainty of the future. The article will explore how family participation can help to maintain well-being in everyday life. The family should therefore focus on their own needs as much as on the needs of the family members who are ill. In order to maintain well-being in everyday life, it is crucial for the family to create routines and spend time doing things that they enjoy. By doing this, the family will create a rhythm of well-being regardless of the critical family situation. Family members and professional caregivers also need to come together at the beginning and during the illness or disability event to discuss changes that could be made day-to-day for all those involved, thereby making for an easier transition into care giving.

  • 25485.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Opportunities with integrated Cancer blog - a Swedish Pilot Project on Cancer Rehabilitation Process2013In: eHealth and Nursing: Innovation for the Future / [ed] Sheerin, F, Sermeus, W and Ehrenberg, A, 2013, p. 330-332Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25486.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Vård av anhörig: ett livsstilval med konsekvenser för hälsan2010In: Hälsa och livsstil: forskning och praktiska tillämpningar / [ed] Lillemor R-M Hallberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010, 1, p. 289-305Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25487.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Ahlner Elmqvist, Marianne
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Johansson, Unn-Britt
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Larsson, Maria
    Department of Nursing, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Lilja Andersson, Petra
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    How the Final Swedish Clinical Exam Prepares the Nursing Students for Their Future Challenges-Qualitative Analysis2014In: Creative Education, ISSN 2151-4755, E-ISSN 2151-4771, Vol. 5, no 21, p. 1887-1894Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The national clinical final examination (NCFE) plays an important role in order to measure the level of knowledge and performance of nursing students. Our findings indicate that the design of the NCFE is beneficial for the students’ clinical reasoning and problem solution in the caring situation. The aim of this study was to investigate the experiences of the NCFE from lecturers who corrected the written part examination. A further aim was to study the lectures and the RN during observation in the bedside part of the examination. The NCFE is divided into two parts: a theoretical (written) part and a practical (bedside) part. In nursing education it is essential to assess nursing competencies for the future professional role such as the assessment of clinical competence that has become central to evaluate what outcomes are assessed. In addition, it provides a valuable approach to measure the level of knowledge and performance of nursing students. Future development of the NCFE is necessary regarding the degree to which the examination meets learning objectives and educational results.

  • 25488.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Forsberg, Elenita
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    “The happiness with dancing give power to life”: Qualitative analysis of Dance for Parkinson with a salutogenic perspective2019In: The international fields of arts, health and wellbeing, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25489.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). Department of Medicine, Central Hospital Halmstad, S-301 85 Halmstad, Sweden.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). Department of Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden .
    Conceptions of life situation among next-of-kin of haemodialysis patients2001In: Journal of Nursing Management, ISSN 0966-0429, E-ISSN 1365-2834, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 231-239Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The presence of renal disease in a family is a strain on both the patient and the next-of-kin, affecting their life situations. Surprisingly, few studies dealing with the ways that the next-of-kin experience their situation are available. The aim of this study was to describe how the next-of-kin of haemodialysis patients conceive their life situation. Data were collected by interviewing 12 people who live with someone with dialysis-treated renal disease and analysed according to a qualitative method inspired by the phenomenographic approach. Six description categories of how the subjects construed their life situation emerged: a feeling of confinement; a feeling of social isolation; a feeling that the way of life has changed; a feeling of security in life; a feeling of a threatening future; and promoting health. The next-of-kin generally expressed a large degree of commitment to and concern for the sick person. In spite of their life situation having been dramatically changed, the next-of-kin described an ability to adapt. With the help of society the feelings of confinement and social isolation can be dispersed, enabling the next-of-kin to promote the health of the sick person. A suggestion for further research is to study what adaptation strategies next-of-kin use in their life situation.

  • 25490.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Lidell, Evy
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Health in everyday life among spouses of haemodialysis patients: a content analysis2006In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 223-228Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the fact that haemodialysis requires that spouses support and assist their partner during the treatment period, little attention has been focused on their health. The aim of this study was to explore experiences of health in everyday life among spouses of haemodialysis patients. The study had an explorative and descriptive design based on content analysis. Thirteen participants were interviewed in their home without the presence of the patient. The results show that arduousness was experienced when that spouses' everyday life was taken up by caring for the patient at the expense of his/her own health. Spouses exhibited stamina and neglected their own health when focusing on the patient and minimising their own condition. Independence in everyday life revealed that spouses who cared about themselves and looked after their own health experienced relaxation and happiness, which protected their health. Clinical interventions should include an assessment of the spouses' health and everyday life in order to plan the care to ensure that it is directed towards increasing their independence. Instruments need to be developed that assess when and how spouses experience the greatest sense of well-being, if they have scope for relaxation and recovery, and what type of support they require in their everyday life.

  • 25491.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Fridlund, Bengt
    School of Health Sciences and Social Work, Växjö University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Lidell, Evy
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Professional support for next of kin of patients receiving chronic haemodialysis treatment: a content analysis study of nursing documentation2007In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 353-361Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim and objectives. The aim of this study was to examine the content of nursing documentation with a focus on professional support for next of kin (NoK) of patients receiving chronic haemodialysis treatment. Background. Professional support in nursing focuses on promotion, maintenance and restoration of health and prevention of illness. Design. The study had a descriptive design and qualitative content analysis was used to search for themes based on descriptions contained in the collected nursing documentation. Methods. The total number of nursing records of patients receiving chronic haemodialysis treatment (n = 50) for the 5-year period 1998–2002 was included. All nursing documentation was systematic in accordance with the VIPS-documentation model. Results. The professional support could be described within the framework of three themes: to explore NoK's supportive resources, to enable NoK' readiness in caring for the patient and to co-operate with NoK in the care of the patient in the home, captured by the core theme which described the professional support as a continuous process. Conclusions. Next of kin are a supportive resource in the nursing care of patients receiving chronic haemodialysis treatment and professional support for NoK focuses on planning their participation in the care of patients in the home. Relevance to clinical practice. Professional support for NoK should be documented in family focused nursing diagnoses, which would make it possible to search for different types of support. Future research might explore nurses' or NoK's views on carer support.

  • 25492.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Lidell, Evy
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    "Time for dialysis as time to live": Experiences of time in everyday life of the Swedish next of kin of hemodialysis patients2009In: Nursing and Health Sciences, ISSN 1441-0745, E-ISSN 1442-2018, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 45-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore the content of time in everyday life as experienced by the next of kin of patients on hemodialysis in Sweden. Chronic renal disease often requires hemodialysis, which is a time-consuming treatment that makes it necessary to carefully plan everyday life and involves the next of kin to a large degree. This study used a descriptive design with a content analysis approach. The analysis of the data from the twenty interviews revealed the experiences of time in the everyday lives of the next of kin of a patient on hemodialysis. The content of time in everyday life can be described as follows: fragmented time, vacuous time, and uninterrupted time. The findings show how everyday life time for the next of kin is minimized and that the common life space is contracted. The next of kin must be provided with supervision in order to provide them with more of their own time in everyday life, which can benefit their health.

  • 25493.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Lidell, Evy
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Time in everyday life as experienced by next of kin of haemodialysis patientsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim The aim of this study was to explore the content of time in everyday life as experienced by the next of kin of haemodialysis patients.

    Background Chronic renal disease often requires haemodialysis which is a time-consuming treatment that necessitates careful planning of everyday life and involves next of kin to a large degree. Next of kin's time can be severely restricted when his/her life is devoted to the needs of the haemodialysis patient.

    Method This study used explorative and descriptive design with a qualitative content analysis approach. Twenty next of kin selected purposive with the criterion of having at least one year of experience as a next of kin of a patient on haemodialysis.

    Results Analysis of data from the interviews revealed experiences of time in everyday lives of the next of kin of haemodialysis patients. Their experiences were reflected in the concepts fragmented time, vacuous time and uninterrupted time.

    Conclusion The experience of time in the everyday lives of next of kin of haemodialysis patients demonstrated that time for themselves was minimised and that common life space contracted. The next of kin were also aware of the prognosis of renal disease and the fact that haemodialysis was a life-sustaining treatment, which forced them to live in the present. They afforded wellness when they experienced a break from everyday live and could use their time for their own needs. Attention should be focused on time in the nurse's assessment of the next of kin's everyday life and whether or not next of kin have sufficient time required for the patient's care. There is need for further research that focuses on a generalisation of the fmdings by means of the development of instruments that can contribute assessment of time in everyday life among next of kin of chronically ill patients.

  • 25494.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Hallberg, Ulrika
    Nordiska Högskolan för Folkhälsovetenskap.
    Paulsson, Gun
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Book review: "Developing grounded theory. The second generation"2010In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 5058-Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Developing Grounded Theory. The Second Generation is a very useful and clarifying book arisen from a one-day symposium on advances in qualitative methods in Alberta, 2007. The conference was sponsored by the International Institute for Qualitative Methodology (IIQM). For the first time, the students of Barney Glaser and Anselm Strauss, “the second generation” of grounded theory researchers, met to discuss grounded theory and its developments. With the exception of Janice Morse, the authors of this book worked directly with Anselm Strauss and Barney Glaser. In this volume they provide a description of the history, principles and practice of the grounded theory methods.

  • 25495.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Högstedt, Benkt
    Dept. of Development and Research, Central Hospital, Halmstad, Sweden .
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Lidell, Evy
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Time distribution factors of hospital and home care among chronic haemodialysis patients2004In: EDTNA-ERCA journal, ISSN 1019-083X, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 19-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, many studies are available that focus on haemodialysis; however studies on the time distribution factor involved are lacking. It is therefore important to study the distribution of time, taking into account outpatient care, inpatient care and home care. The aim of the study was to chart over a five-year period, the time distribution factors of hospital care and home care among chronic haemodialysis patients. The design of the study was descriptive, and the data material was drawn from a patient register (N = 61). The data analysis was performed by means of both descriptive and inferential statistics.

  • 25496.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Karlsson, Staffan
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Kristén, Lars
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Ivarsson, Andreas
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Dancing Together for Social Sustainability from a Life Course Perspective - Integrating Children and Senior Citizens in Action Research Project2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This project has its starting-point in dance project with children and senior citizens. Children and senior citizen have their own health challenges. The Swedish culture does not encourage intergenerational activities in organizations and communities. Intergenerational contacts are in many terms referred to within families, except certain environments such as the educational institutions. Especially, the intergenerational contacts between children and senior citizens are neglected as an important factor in promoting knowledge and health in society. It does not need to be questioned, that both knowledge and health contributes to the sustainability in society. If individuals from different generations have the opportunity to exercise physical activities together, it is likely that it generates positive values for social sustainability. Social constructivism combined with a life course perspective is the fundamental theoretical standpoint for this project.  We will explain the complex matter of how theses processes of “constructed realities” are accomplish before approaching the central ideas of social constructivism in relation to our project.

    The overall aim was to understand the knowledge of the social value of intergenerational physical activities, and how different age groups communicate their experiences in a life course perspective. There were many things we could learn in a life course perspective through activities among children and senior citizens, and how we could make use of this knowledge for implementations for social sustainability in general. This study included a three-stage process qualitative data from 48 stakeholders describing in individuals diaries about daily exercise, collected during one and a half year, with focus groups interviews with 24 children and 24 senior citizens. The third stage dancing activities was conducted, and follow up interviews with both participants. The thematic analysis was used emerge the results. We found a common joy for both children and senior citizens when performing the physical activities. Women believed physical activities improved their inclusion and social networks. The men found that the physical activities improved their wellbeing and health.

  • 25497.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.
    Larsson, Glenn
    Region Halland, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Holmström, Madelaine
    Region Halland, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Follow up study of Assessment by Ambulance and Triage Classification (RETTS) in Electronic Health Records2015In: ACENDIO 2015: eHealth and Nursing: Knowledge for Patient Care / [ed] Fintan Sheerin, Walter Sermeus & Anna Ehrenberg, Dublin: Association for Common European Nursing Diagnoses, Interventions and Outcomes , 2015, p. 28-29Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The ordinary process for the ambulance nurse is to give prehospital care and transport all patients to the emergency ward regardless of the patients’ medical conditions. The Ambulance organisation south of Sweden has introduced a model of prehospital care for all adult patients with different severities of illness.

    Aim: The main focus of the study is to give a faster prehospital assessment in collaboration with the ambulance nurse and primary health care. The secondary focus is to investigate the use of RETTS (Rapid Emergency Triage, and Treatment System) while writing the information regarding the patient. If the patient’s condition turns out to be level GREEN by RETTS, the ambulance nurse contact with the primary care physicians for a dialogue and together they decide which level of care is the most appropriate for the patient’s condition. There are three levels of care; 1. The patient is able to stay at home with supervision from the primary health care. 2. The ambulance transporting the patient to the primary health care unit for assessment. 3. The ambulance transport the patient to the emergency ward.

    Method: The study design was to exploratory interventions study. The data was conducted in all Electronic Health Records during August – September 2014 (N=67). The ambulance nurse assess patients from 18 years and older with (RETTS). There are three levels of care; 1. The patient is able to stay at home with supervision from the primary health care. 2. The ambulance transporting the patient to the primary health care unit for assessment. 3. The ambulance transport the patient to the emergency ward. The data was analyzed by a descriptive method conducted by statistics from the nurses while using the clinical support systems (RETTS) for decision-making.

    Results: Preliminary results will be presented with focus on clinical decision-making, clinical support systems by RETTS, and how ambulance nurse administrated their decision in Electronic Health Records.  

  • 25498.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Pham, Lotta
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Ways of promoting health to patients with diabetes and chronic kidney disease from a nursing perspective in Vietnam: A phenomenographic study2016In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 11, article id 30722Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Health promotion plays an important role in the management of diabetes and chronic kidney disease, especially when the prevalence of the disease is rising in Vietnam. Nurses have been identified to be the front figure in health promotion; however, little is written about how nurses in Vietnam work with these issues. Therefore, the aim of this study was to describe nurses’ conceptions about how health is promoted, with special focus on physically activity, for patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and/or end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Individual interviews were done with 25 nurses working at two major hospitals in Hanoi, Vietnam. A phenomenographic approach was used to analyse the interviews. Nurses described how creating positive relationships and supporting patients to take part in their social context promoted health. Health was also promoted by educating patients and relatives about health and disease and by supporting patients to be physically active. The findings indicate that the Vietnamese nursing knowledge about health promotion needs to be gathered, and health promotion needs to be further integrated in the education. Further research is necessary to examine patients’ knowledge and attitudes about health and the efficiency of various health-promoting strategies in the Vietnamese context. © 2016 L. Pham & K. Ziegert

  • 25499.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Mapping family and social space in caring: a metamethod study2008In: Parallel presentations: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, Taylor&Francis , 2008, p. 29-29Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social relations are about how we treat each other. They imply explicit and tacit knowledge, rules of behaviour, and values inherent in specific social spaces. When a family is struck by a life-threatening illness, the individual’s ‘‘life space’’ tends to shrink. This impacts the mutual relationships in the family, as well as the situation in the home. Therefore, there are obvious dialectics between spatial and social dimensions, when close relatives are afflicted by serious illness. This paper explores how research on homecare involves space in analysing social issues.Meta-method analysis was chosen, in order to extend the review format and analyse meta-questions. Meta-synthesis in different research areas and fora involved the examina- tion of a set of qualitative studies. Material was collected using the Cinahl, PubMed and Academic Search data- bases. These were supplemented by the Social Science Index, Sociological Abstract and Science Direct, to explore if aspects of care and space are treated in social science. The sample consisted of 38 articles, displaying a wide variety of methods. Findings suggest that in the fields of caring and sociological research, spatial factors are only implicitly described, and the dynamics of the social and spatial dialectics in home caring relationships seem to be rare. The concept of space in caring is found in a few studies in human geography. The observed absence of a spatial perspective in caring is problematic, since it neglects the fact that relationship and caring are situated in context.

  • 25500.
    Ziegert, Kristina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Schjetlein, Anne-Marie
    Halmstad County Hospital, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Learning of simulated cardiac arrests in hospital environments to support performance of the multidisciplinary team2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Survival after cardiac arrest in hospital environments has in various studies reported to be between 15-39%. In Swedish hospitals 30% of patients who suffer cardiac arrest survive to discharge. There are significant opportunities for improvement in cardiac arrests in hospitals, especially those on general wards. There are few studies of the multidisciplinary team performance regarding both technical and non-technical skills in simulated cardiac arrest on general wards.

    Summary of Work: The focus of this study was to observe the multidisciplinary team performance in simulated cardiac arrest on general wards to gain knowledge about existing methods and thus be able to identify areas for improvement. The study design was an exploratory observational study. There were 33 participants in a total of three wards. The simulated cardiac arrest was videotaped, and a patient simulator was used.

    Summary of Results: The results suggest that guidelines not always were adhered to cooperation. In the order for the guidelines to work in the multidisciplinary team, background knowledge is required. However, the team leader did not coordinated to the multidisciplinary team work, and did not use effective communication.

    Conclusions: Finally, the result suggested suboptimal performance regarding leadership and communication, which in turn affected resources and working environment. The opportunity with simulation is to train together in a situation without any risk for the patients.

    Take home Messages: Simulated cardiac arrests will give the opportunity to train the multidisciplinary team technical and non-technical skills.

     

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