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  • 25401.
    Åkesson, Maria
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Designing and evaluating the calm electronic newspaper2006In: Proceedings of the 14th European Conference on Information Systems, ECIS 2006 / [ed] Jan Ljungberg, Göteborg: IT-universitetet, Göteborgs universitet , 2006, p. 12-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports from an ongoing action research study concerning the design of the future e-newspaper, i.e. a newspaper on e-paper technology. The e-paper innovation is of great importance to the newspaper publishers since it has the potential of eventually replacing the printed newspaper due to its readability and high contrast. This study addresses the challenge of how to design calm user experience of the e-newspaper. The action research approach followed the canonical action research method, in collaboration with publisher, reader and advertiser clients. The activities include a range of data collection techniques such as project meetings, workshops, interviews and prototype testing. In the diagnosing phase we identified the core challenges for designing the e-newspaper which directed us to the literature of calm technology. Three design principles for calm user experience were formulated in the action planning phase, followed by designing three e-newspaper prototypes, which embeds the design principles, in the action taking phase. The prototypes were evaluated with 36 readers in the evaluating phase and the outcome of these evaluations was later assessed in collaboration with newspaper designers for specifying learning. The results indicate that the design principles support calm user experience.

  • 25402.
    Åkesson, Maria
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    From Multi Channel Publishing towards a Ubiquitous Media Environment2008In: Journal of Graphic Technology, ISSN 1544-9599, E-ISSN 1544-9602, Vol. 4, no 3, p. 126-148Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As most of today’s media houses publish in multiple channels, they also exist in a multitude of infrastructures. Given the ongoing diffusion of personal computers, handheld devices, and mobile telephones as well as the advent of new technologies such as the epaper, a new type of ubiquitous media environment is emerging. Drawing on this background we address the research question what are the challenges when aligning a new promising technology (such as the e-paper) with existing value networks enabling value creation in ubiquitous media environments? In this paper we report from a study with newspaper publishers in Sweden, Belgium, France and the Netherlands consisting of 18 interviews and 9 workshops. The findings show that value networks in a multiple channel publishing environment are closely related to infrastructure environment. The nature of ubiquitous media environment will have implications on value networks openness and flexibility. Value networks will need a fluid structure to cope with changes in very short cycles.

  • 25403.
    Åkesson, Maria
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Mobile Service Adoption: the Swedish Case Between 2006 and 20082008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes the development of mobile service adoption between 2006 and 2008 using the Global Acceptance of Technology model (GAT) for categorization. Two online surveys were conducted, one in 2006 and one in 2008. The online questionnaires were presented at the web sites at two Swedish newspapers with comparable circulation. The sample from 2006 includes 131 respondents and the 2008 sample include 152 respondents. The samples have comparable distribution of gender, age and mobile phone penetration. The findings show a positive development in mobile service adoption in Sweden from 2006 to 2008, e.g. a large portion of the users have upgraded their mobile phones to 3G, the cost is nolonger an important barrier for adoption and users seem to be more acquainted with using mobile services and therefore do not regard mobile services to be as complicated. However, the value of mobile services was generally rated lower in 2008 than in 2006, suggesting a new challenge for the mobile service producers.

  • 25404.
    Åkesson, Maria
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    The vision of ubiquitous media services: How close are we?2007In: Human interface and the management of information: Symposium on Human Interface 2007, held as part of HCI International 2007, Beijing, China, July 22 - 27, 2007 : proceedings. P. 2, Interacting in information environments / [ed] Michael J. Smith, Gavriel Salvendy, Berlin / Heidelberg: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2007, p. 222-232Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The high penetration of mobile devices implies that we are closing up to the vision of ubiquitous media environments. This paper reports from a broad survey about barriers, use patterns, and motivations for using mobile media services. The aim is to contribute to the understanding of mobile service adoption process by studying users in different phases of the adoption process. The findings imply that mobile services are still not adopted and ubiquitously ingrained in use patterns. There is still a long way to go.

  • 25405.
    Åkesson, Maria
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Kautz, Karl-Heinz
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Engaged Design Science: Developing Design Visions for the future e-Newspaper2010In: ICIS 2010 Proceedings - Thirty First International Conference on Information Systems, Atlanta: Association for Information Systems, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports the development of design visions for the future electronic (e-) newspaper. The ambition is to bring together the features of printed newspapers with the possibilities of online media. In an engaged design science research project we together with representatives of the newspaper industry and newspaper readers identified the three design challenges genre awareness, stress and lack of control, and obstruction. We also developed the guiding design metaphor of a calm e-reading experience and three design principles provision of media recognition support, support for user control, and support for focus on content. The design principles were evaluated through e-newspaper prototypes and on this basis we revised the design principles which led to a design theory for e-reading solutions on and for digital media.

  • 25406.
    Åkesson, Maria
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Sörensen, Carsten
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Ambidexterity under digitalization: A tale of two decades of new media at a Swedish newspaper2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 276-288Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The digitalization of the newspaper industry represents a significant challenge for incumbent companies to engage new technologies. Many companies in the industry have had to seek new markets through digital technologies to survive. This paper explores how one of the largest Swedish newspapers, Aftonbladet, has strategically embraced new media and new markets. We report a decade of engaged scholarship based on interviews and archival analysis that covers 20 years of strategic acts at the company. We consider this effort as a case of organizational ambidexterity under digitalization. The analysis seeks to extend theoretical understanding of the interrelationships between strategic intent and technological choice. The paper contributes to the understanding of ambidexterity under digitalization by theoretically framing it in terms of strategic acts. The research suggests that digitalization implies a more complex ambidexterity interrelationship between old and new markets and technologies. As digitalization enables the loosening of previously tight couplings, the clear theoretical distinction between old and new, and critically, the unproblematic transition, is brought into question. The paper suggests replacing the notion of an orderly shift from the old to the new with ambidexterity under digitalization as a duality of both old and new undergoing continual reconfiguration. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd

  • 25407.
    Åkesson, Maria
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Thomsen, Michel
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    A blended model for student-centered supervision of thesis work in higher education2016In: ICERI2016 Proceedings, Valencia: IATED , 2016, p. 906-914Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Thesis work is challenging to both students and supervisors. The traditional model of supervision is that one supervisor individually supervises thesis work. In higher education this model has been challenged with new approaches such as blended group supervision to make the process more interactive and to provide support for students to complete the thesis work on time. In this paper we report from an effort to design a model for blended group supervision with the aim to provide structure and support for students as well as supervisors. The model is discussed in relation to the theoretical concepts zone of proximal development and scaffolding. 

  • 25408.
    Åkesson, Maria
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Thomsen, Michel
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Challenges to Newspapers in Digital Platform Ecosystems2015In: MCIS 2015 Proceedings, Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems (MCIS) , 2015, p. Paper 14-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Incumbent content providers such as newspapers experience radical changes in their business environment. Digital platforms are becoming increasingly important to innovate digital media services and business. The generativity of digital platforms afforded by digital technology offers new opportunities, but also new challenges. Digital platforms exist in an ecosystem of complex networks of actorsand resources. In this paper we shed light on the challenges for incumbent content providers to adapt to and realize business opportunities in digital platforms. We do this from the viewpoints of newspaper management, platform provider and analysts of media business.

  • 25409.
    Åkesson, Maria
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Thomsen, Michel
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Designing an educational curriculum for the digital future: an international master in "Digital Service Innovation”2018In: EDULEARN18 Proceedings / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez & I. Candel Torres, IATED , 2018, p. 6317-6323Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the design of an international master’s curriculum in Digital Service Innovation. Digitalization and the rapid development in information technology (IT) are fundamentally reshaping society. This development brings with it an increasing need for mastery of digital service innovation. The international master's program Digital Service Innovation addresses this need by studying digitalization, digital resources for value creation, and educating students in how to design innovative digital services. Digital Service Innovation is a two-year master’s program focused on sustainable value creation. Year one focuses on the concept of innovation and design driven problems solving. Year two focuses on conceptualization, design of digital services. The final degree project gives students the opportunity to apply theoretical knowledge in a design study, interacting with companies and public authorities. This is expected to improve the students' ability to understand how digital service innovation is connected to business requirements, and identify new digital services or applications. All to prepare students for working professionally in the field of digital service innovation.

  • 25410.
    Åkesson, Maria
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Thomsen, Michel
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Digital Innovation and Social Dilemmas2014In: Creating Values For All Through IT: IFIP WG 8.6 International Conference on Transfer and Diffusion of IT, TDIT 2014, Aalborg, Denmark, June 2-4, 2014. Proceedings / [ed] Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta & Nielsen, Peter Axel, Heidelberg; New York; Dordrecht; London: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2014, p. 49-61Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Digital innovation is rapidly reshaping society, affecting fundamental aspects of our everyday activities and lives. This development is accompanied with benefits as well as social dilemmas. In this paper we approach this class of challenges in IS digital innovation research. We investigate how social challenges are attended in research agendas, and reflect upon social challenges emerging from a digital service innovation project. Based on the empirical case, we present a scenario that illustrates how social challenges can unfold in digital service innovation. The case exemplifies three conflicts of interest that are used to discuss implications for the research agendas for digital innovation. We propose that explicit attention is paid to social and ethical challenges, taking a large scale and interdisciplinary approach on social and ethical challenges in digital ecosystems.

  • 25411.
    Åkesson, Maria
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Thomsen, Michel
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Work-Integrated Learning: Visualizing Research as Professional Practice2018In: ICERI2018 Proceedings, The International Academy of Technology, Education and Development, 2018, p. 9608-9612Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In higher education work place practice through work placement or internships can be integrated as part of the education, especially when educating for professions such as teachers, medical professionals or law practitioners. The overall purpose of integrating work placement in the higher education is for students to experience and learn through engaging in practice with those already educated and experienced within the respective work domain. However, on masters level in higher education we seldom allow students the same opportunity related to the researcher profession. Students are commonly invited to do project or thesis work in research projects or relating to research work. Less common is to actually invite students to participate in research professional practice as a work placement. With work placement we here refer to the student being engaged during a period of time, in full working days, together with research professionals in their everyday practice. Learning to become a researcher through work experience has been described in a case study of a Ph.D. student by e.g. Eames (2003). The study showed that work placement can provide significant learning opportunities. The learning through research everyday work was different form being educated about research, and provided a view of what it means to practice in a research profession. We propose that the same opportunity for learning can be provided in masters education.

    In this paper we report from an initiative of integrating research work practice in an informatics master program. At Halmstad University we are starting a new international master program in Digital Service Innovation (starting September 2018). The master program educates students to design sustainable digital services through design research. With the aim to inspire students for future careers as researchers we offer the students the opportunity for 8 full weeks of “Research Placement” to visualize research as professional practice. The purpose is to provide hands-on experience of research to develop their awareness, skills and abilities to practice as design researchers. It also provides the opportunity to engage with research professionals and the stakeholders involved in the research. Moreover, the students are provided the opportunity to discuss their own career paths and the social and ethical implications of their work for society. The “Research Placement” can be in an academic institution, a research institute or a research and development department in an organization. The student examination assignment is a self-study and reflection of their “Research Placement” (see e.g. LaBoskey, 2004; Schön, 1983).

    References:

    1. Eames, C. (2003). Learning to Work: Becoming a Research Scientist Through Work Experience Placements. Education, 4(2), 7-15.
    2. LaBoskey, V. K (2004). The Methodology of Self-Study and Its Theoretical Underpinnings. In International Handbook of Self-Study of Teaching and Teacher Education Practices, Eds Loughran, J. J., Hamilton, M. L., LaBoskey, V. K. and Russell, T., Springer.
    3. Schön, D. A. (1983). The reflective practitioner: how professionals think in action. Basic Books.
  • 25412.
    Åkesson, Per
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Att vara eller inte vara fysiskt aktiv bland medelålders män: En litteraturstudie2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Iakttagelser har dock visat en minskad grad av fysisk aktivitet hos befolkningen. Könsskillnader har visats vara en faktor, män och kvinnor har ibland olika motivationskällor till fysisk aktivitet. Syfte : Syftet med den här studien var att beskriva vad som motiverar medelålders män till fysisk aktivitet. Metod : Genom att ha en litteraturstudie som metod var målet att få en fördjupning av det nuvarande kunskapsområdet som berör syftet. Studien har inkluderat 15 stycken artiklar från databaserna: Cinahl, Pubmed, Sciverse och Academic search elite. Artiklarna lästes och genomgick en temaanalys. Resultat : Resultatet delades in i fem teman. Socioekonomi och psykosociala faktorer menar att socioekonomisk tillhörighet och till exempel socialt stöd är betydande faktorer. Närmiljön och dess tillgångar är styrande med tillgängliga parker, cykelbanor etcetera som visats stimulera mäns motionsvanor. Förhållandet till det manliga idealet menar bland annat att det finns förutfattade meningar om hur män ska bete sig och hur detta påverkar deras motivation till fysisk aktivitet. Möjligheter till fysisk aktivitet på arbetet och fritiden visade att ett tungt jobb minskar chansen till motion på fritiden. Vardagsmotion eller bekvämlighet är till stor del styrande av ekonomiska resurser samt om utvecklade cykel och promenadvägar som finns tillgängligt. Implikation: För att främja fysisk aktivitet hos medelålders män bör både yttre och inre faktorer tillgodoses. Mer företag bör överväga att införa hälsovård. Kanske viktigast att ge arbetare i låga socioekonomiska grupper exempelvis förmånliga priser på gymkort. Det rekommenderas upprätthållande av platser såsom cykelbanor och motionsspår, där fysisk aktivitet kan utövas. Åtgärder som riktar sig till att stärka mäns självförtroende och andra inre egenskaper som är viktiga för att främja motivation till fysisk aktivitet hos medelålders män.

  • 25413.
    Åkesson, Rickard
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Kämpe, Erik
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Utveckling av stomme för lantbruk2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]
    Projektet innefattar en studie av att utveckla nuvarande stom- och väggsystem för lantbruksbyggnader. Dagens produktionsanläggningar är för det mesta uppbyggda med en stomme i betong. Vilket medför att det blir en hög byggnadskostnad och lång byggtid. Därför finns det önskemål från Bygglant att utveckla ett alternativ till nuvarande stomsystem. Arbetet har koncentrerats till ta fram ett stomsystem i stål och ett väggsystem som fungerar. Stålpelare har dimensionerats med hjälp av BSK 99 beräkningsmodell och kontrollerats med beräkningsprogrammet Ramanalys. Även hammarbandet består av en kontinuerlig stålbalk som är placerad ovanpå pelarna. Olika väggsystem har studerats från olika tillverkare för att hitta dem väggelementen som är lämpligast för användning inom lantbruket. Den viktigaste faktorn är att elementen ska klara av den aggressiva miljön som råder i t.ex. svinstall. Därför är det viktigt att ha ett material som tål miljön som råder på den utsatta sidan av elementen.
  • 25414.
    Åkesson, Rikard
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Lindvall, Olle
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Intranät som Informationssystem2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Informationssystemen är idag något som tar allt större plats i företagen världen över. Detta märkts framförallt genom de stora summor som varje år spenderas på olika former av informationssystem. Denna uppsats har lagt fokus på intranät som informationssystem. Syftet är att kartlägga hur ett företag använder intranät för att sprida information. Vidare granskar vi även kopplingarna mellan hur användningsgrad och informationsinnehåll påverkar informationsspridningen i ett företag. Vi har arbetat med företaget SKF där vi har utfört intervjuer med personal för att kunna få en uppfattning kring vad de själva anser om sitt intranät samt hur det används i företaget. Det empiriska material som samlats in har analyserats och presenterats ihop med teoretiska referenser. I slutet av uppsatsen presenterar vi våra egna tankar och slutsatser kring hur ett intranät bör stödja ett företag samt hur SKF lever upp till det samma.

  • 25415.
    Åkesson Ugballa, Angelica
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Center for Social Analysis (CESAM), Centre for Studies of Political Science, Communication and Media (CPKM).
    Migrationsprocessen: Begreppsutredande studie av nya migrationsprocessen utifrån ett styrningsperspektiv.2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Genom att Sverige reformerat migrationsprocessen samt förnyat utlänningslagen 2006 skall denna studie genom en beskrivande begreppsanalys se på hur man förhåller sig till de gemensamma mål EU satt upp utifrån Haagprogrammet. Studien behandlar regeringens proposition samt utvärderingen vilka belyses från det hierarkiska styrningsperspektivet. Materialet är avgränsat till begreppen ”Tvåpartsprocessen”, ”Effektivt förfarande” samt ”Gemensamt asylområde”, utifrån Haagprogrammets tredje av de tio viktigaste vägledande direktiven för en harmoniserad migrationspolitik. Resultaten påvisar att propositionens förhållningssätt till programmet är god medan utvärderingen fått i tilläggsdirektiv att skjuta behandlingen av relationen till överordnade EG-instrument på framtiden, vilket gör att det har en väldigt begränsad hantering. Överlag och med stöd i tidigare studier anses den nya migrationsprocessen och förvaltningens omorganisering ha tydliga influenser av ett framtida ökat mellanstatligt samarbete. De mål, riktlinjer eller strategier som EU tar beslut om implementeras i det här fallet i Sverige vilket kan anses ge goda effekter på migrationspolitiken.

  • 25416.
    Åkesson Ugballa, Angelica
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    MOTTAGANDE OCH INTRODUKTION AV NYANLÄNDA BARN OCH UNGDOMAR: En kartläggning av kommunerna i Hallands län2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to identify the municipalities of Hallands’ methods, guidelines and policies in integration concerning new arrivals of children and teenagers. Some of the new arrivals are under the power of Swedish Migration Board and some of them are by a contract handed over to the municipalities. The evaluation is based on Michael Lipskys street-level bureaucracy which puts its focus on the lower level of bureaucrats meeting with clients. The frame is Skolverkets guideline for education of new arrivals which is more or less a way towards a common policy. The other document used to put up evaluation criteria’s is the Integration office united goals towards the receiving of new arrivals. The material for this evaluation is empirical in the sense of interviews made in the municipalities and document handed from each responsible bureaucrat. The result shows implications of the wide interpretation that the municipalities have. Some of them follow the directions and stop there, while others form routines and policies which go beyond the expectations. The conclusion of this study is that some municipalities have a lack of structure in the area for new arrivals of children and teenagers. This is in most of the cases because there also is a lack of liability areas. Most of the jobs are handed over to the principals who in the same way hand theirs over to the teachers. Bureaucrats need to know what is expected and there need to be documents or a reliable structure to work under.

  • 25417.
    Åkesson, Ulrika
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Bergtagen : “Jag var en slav under drogen”1997Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 25418.
    Åkring, Amanda
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Elevers upplevelser av mängden läxläsning i åk 82006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]
    Detta examensarbete handlar om hur elever i årkurs 8 upplever vad mängden läxor har för betydelse för deras motivation och attityder till deras skolgång. I denna studie, vars empiriska underlag utgörs av enkäter, är det fyra skolklasser och respektive klassföreståndare för varje klass som medverkar. Eftersom jag fått uppfattningen av att elevers åsikter inte alltid tas på allvar ville jag att de skulle få tillfälle att ge yttryck för vad de tycker i frågan. Det visade sig att de flesta elever tycker att det är bra att göra läxor av den orsaken att de anser att läxläsandet möjliggör betygshöjning. Lärandet är av sekundär betydelse. Läxorna upplevs som styrande och i många fall stressande. Resultaten i studien visar också på att lärares och elevers ambitioner med läxarbetet inte alltid överensstämmer.
  • 25419.
    Ålander, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Hållbarhet inom svensk luftfart: En studie av hur ämnet hanteras i flygbolags kommunikation2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats har jag fokuserat på frågan om hur flygbolag på den skandinaviska marknaden verkar se på och hantera ämnet hållbarhet utifrån deras marknadsföringsmässiga kommunikation mot svenska folket och svensk media. Valda utifrån deras representativa ställning granskades SAS, Norwegians och BRAs pressmeddelanden och hemsidor på två olika sätt för att kunna avgöra deras syn och hantering av hållbarhetsaspekten för deras bransch. En kvalitativ innehållsanalys mätte först i vilken omfattning de alls berörde hållbarhetsämnet i sina pressmeddelanden. Sedan granskades de pressmeddelanden som visats handla om någon hållbarhetsrelaterad aspekt/åtgärd, tillsammans med hemsidornas hållbarhetsfokuserade innehåll, för att hitta teman och vinklingar i hur och vad de valde att kommunicera när de talade om ämnet. Resultatet visade att endast 3 av 90 pressmeddelanden under det senaste halvåret var marknadsföringsmässig kommunikation kring hållbarhet, och av dem stod BRA för två och SAS för ett. Hållbarhetskommunikationen var främst centrerad runt utsläppen av växthusgaser samt de tekniska lösningar och den resursoptimering de vidtar för att minska dessa och bli hållbara. Intensiteten med vilken bolagen tar sig an hållbarhetsämnet skiljer sig marknat mellan dem. Slutsatsen blir ändå att flyget utifrån det de visar i sin marknadsföringsmässiga kommunikation i pressmeddelanden och på hemsidorna, är att man ser det som något man behöver hantera och gör det defensivt. Vidare forskning krävs för att resultatet ska få ökad validitet.

  • 25420.
    Ålenius, Piamari
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Schagerlöv, Caroline
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Det är det lilla som gör det stora: -hälsofrämjande åtgärder vid hypertoni2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Hypertension is common in today's society and is therefore considered to have become a national disease. An estimated 1.8 million of Sweden's adult population have hypertension. Hypertension accounts for about 13 percent of the total mortality in the world, and is seen as a risk factor for numerous cardiovascular diseases. Today there are international guidelines for the treatment of hypertension in, England and USA. However, there are no specific Swedish guidelines for treatment of hypertension. The purpose of this study was to elucidate how health interventions can influence blood pressure in people with hypertension. The results of this literature study are based on a review of 16 scientific articles which was based on literature review and order problem. The health-promoting interventions that can affect blood pressure in people with hypertension are highlighted in the results. Such interventions are weight loss, physical activity, diet, alcohol, smoking, stress and support. The effect of health promotion interventions has shown that lowering blood pressure can occur if lifestyle changes are implemented and carried out. A braking in the development of hypertension can lead to health-economic benefits to the community. National guidelines and care programs for the treatment of hypertension should be developed to a braking of hypertension to happen.

  • 25421.
    Åman, Mia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Nordström, Johan
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Häll, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    AB Omeo1997Student paper second termStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]
    This essay discribe the problems and solutions a small company must face when they depend on one large customer.
  • 25422.
    Ångström, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Kvasiexperimentell studie över effekten av ett uppgiftsspecifikt mentalt träningsprogram2000Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]
    Huvudsyftet med denna studie är att undersöka om effekten av ett uppgiftsspecifikt mentalt träningsprogram går att mäta i en kvasiexperimentell situation. Undersökningen syftar vidare till att utforma och utvärdera ett uppgiftsspecifikt mentalt träningsprogram. Försökspersonerna utgörs av fem stycken manliga cyklister (N = 5). De två första är 14 år med resp. 4 års erfarenhet, den tredje är 15 år med 3 års erfarenhet, den fjärde är 16 år med 5 års erfarenhet och den femte är 22 år med 13 års erfarenhet. Försökspersonerna deltog i två mätningar av en för övningen speciellt utformad ergometer-cykelövning (som ställer krav på den aeroba uthålligheten) med 4 veckors mental träning där i mellan. Den mentala träningen utgörs av ett 25 min långt program, innehållandes visualiserings övningar samt respons suggestioner. Försökspersonernas resultat utgörs av hur länge varje fp orkade hålla sig över sin på förhand individuellt uträknade pulsgräns. Fyra fp förbättrade sig på ett markant sätt. Hos tre av dessa kan den mentala träningen antagas ha påverkat resultatet på ett avgörande sätt. Tidigare forskning stödjer i stort dessa resultat, inga kausala samband kan dock dras p.g.a. undersökningens kvasiexperimentella natur.
  • 25423.
    Ångström, Mikael
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Larsson, Joakim
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Individens utveckling inom cykelsporten: En teoretisk studie om individens positiva och negativa utveckling inom cykelporten1999Student paper second termStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]
    Under de senaste året har cykelsporten drabbats av en hel del skandaler. Två av världens bästa cykelstall uteslöts från Tour de France och dopingsskandalerna avlöste varandra. Det har dock inte blivit mycket bättre i år då fyra cyklister redan blivit avstängda från Giro d´Italia. En fråga som man ställer sig är: vart är cykelsporten på väg, och vad är det som sker med individenrna? Är det så att man inom cykelsporten måste dopa sig för att kunna vara konkurrenskraftig? Går det att få sporten ren från “skiten” eller är det bara en utopi? Vinnaren som kommer i mål, vinner han därför att han har kämpat bäst eller har han bara bäst läkare?
  • 25424.
    Årestedt, K.
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Sweden.
    Ågren, S. A. Susanna
    Linköping University, Dept Med & Hlth Sci, Linköping, Sweden .
    Flemme, Inger
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Moser, D. M. Bedbra
    Univ Kentucky, Coll Nursing, Lexington, KY 40506, USA.
    Strömberg, A. S. Anna
    Linköping Univ, Dept Med & Hlth Sci, Linköping, Sweden .
    Psychometric properties of the Swedish version of the Control Attitudes Scale (CAS) for patients with cardiac disease and their partners2010In: European Heart Journal, ISSN 0195-668X, E-ISSN 1522-9645, Vol. 31, no Supplement 1, p. 230-230Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 25425.
    Årneby, Henrik
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS).
    The acute effect of a foam rolling and a dynamic stretch warm-up routine on jumping performance2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Self-myofascial release is widely used by athletes but the scientific evidence of its supposedly positive effects is limited. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of foam rolling as a warm-up routine in comparison with a dynamic stretching routine and how it may affect the jumping performance among subjects familiar with weight training. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the acute effect of foam rolling vs. a standardized dynamic stretch warm-up routine on jumping performance. Method: Twelve subjects, mean (SD) age 25.1 (± 3.0) years, participated in a randomized, controlled, crossover study. All subjects completed a standardized foam rolling (FR) and a dynamic stretch (DS) warm-up routine on separate days of testing. Squat jump (SJ), counter movement jump (CMJ) and loaded counter movement jump (L-CMJ) all performed bilaterally and unilaterally were conducted to investigate the acute effect of the two warm-up routines. A dependent T-test was used to investigate differences between the warm-up routines. Results: A statistical significant difference in favor of the DS was found for SJ performed bilaterally among males (p = 0.009). The mean (SD) jumping height for SJ FR was 35.6 (± 4.7) cm and for SJ DS 37.9 (± 5.2) cm. The male group also improved more in L-CMJ performed on the right leg with an external load of 54kg after DS compared to FR. No other statistical significant differences were found between the two interventions. A near statistical significant difference was found for SJ performed bilaterally for the total sample (p = 0.057) also in favor of the DS. The mean (SD) jumping height for SJ FR was 29.3 (± 8.7) cm and for SJ DS 30.5 (± 9.9) cm. Conclusion: Findings from this study supports a dynamic stretch warm-up routine prior to performing high intensity bilateral plyometrics instead of a foam rolling warm-up routine. However the data was inconsistent and more research with larger sample sizes is needed to further investigate the possible effects of foam rolling as a warm-up routine on jumping performance performed both bilaterally and unilaterally.

  • 25426.
    Årnedal, Amalia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Lind Andersson, Paulina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Dags för rast!: En mikro-etnografisk studie om elevers fysiska aktiviteter2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att som barn få goda upplevelser av fysisk aktivitet kan leda till ett fysiskt aktivt liv även i vuxen ålder. Detta i sin tur kan bidra till ett välmående liv. Barn spenderar en stor del av sin vardag i skolan och därmed är raster tillfällen då de kan få möjlighet att utöva fysisk aktivitet. Trots kunskap om fördelarna med fysisk aktivitet är många elever inaktiva mer än 50 % av rasten. Anledningarna till varför de är inaktiva kan vara många. Elever har olika behov och deras åsikter och rastaktiviteter kan vara källor till att få reda på vad som skulle kunna få dem mer fysiskt aktiva under rasten. Syftet med denna mikroetnografiska studie är att, med fokus på; skolgården, läraren, samt klassen, synliggöra elevers fysiska aktivitet under rasten. Detta för att elevers handlingar, i relation till vad de uttryckt i tidigare gruppsamtal, kan bidra till mer kunskap om fysisk aktivitet på rasten. Studien skedde i två klasser, en årskurs fyra och en årskurs fem, på två skolor i södra Sverige. Efter observationer, analys och diskussion visade det sig att elevernas uttryckta ord och handlingar till viss del skilde sig från varandra. Vi kan konstatera att en kombination av kommunikation och uppmärksamt iakttagande under rasten ger en tydligare inblick i vad som kan skapa en mer fysiskt aktiv rastkultur. 

  • 25427.
    Årnedal, Börje
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Söderström, Sten-Harald
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Sinus Energiomvandlare1986Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]
    Nykonstruktion En ny metod att omvandla tryck till rotation och vise versa
  • 25428.
    Åsa, Augustsson
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Kära Dagbok...: Dagbokens betydelse för patienten2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vid sjuksköterskans omvårdnadsarbete ska fokus ligga i den enskilda patientens behov och önskningar och omvårdnaden skall vara individanpassad. Patienten skall vara delaktig och uppleva trygghet och respekt. Vid god omvårdnad måste sjuksköterskan utgå från den unika patientens behov, erfarenheter och upplevelser varpå kunskap om personen i fråga krävs. Dagboksanteckningar kan identifiera tillstånd och känslor hos patienten, vilket kan fångas upp av sjuksköterskan som i sin tur får ökad förståelse för den individuella patientens behov. Syftet med studien var att beskriva dagbokens betydelse ur patientens perspektiv. En litteraturstudie där resultatet baserades på tolv artiklar genomfördes. Resultatet belyser att dagböcker som företeelse kan identifiera känslor och tillstånd hos patienterna vilket kan hjälpa sjuksköterskan till ökad förståelse för den individuella patientens behov. Dagböckerna ökade patienternas medvetenhet om sin sjukdom eller tillstånd, vilket ledde till bättre följsamhet vid egenvård, symtomlindring och ökad delaktighet i vården. Detta kan ses som ett verktyg utifrån vilket sjuksköterskan planerar olika omvårdnadsåtgärder vilket bör uppmärksammas och utvecklas i omvårdnadsutbildningar. Dagbokens användningsområde bör expanderas och kommande forskning bör genomföras i syfte att utveckla dagbokens betydelse som ett effektivt omvårdnadsverktyg i dagliga rutiner.

  • 25429.
    Åsberg, Felicia
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    I gränslandet mellan verklighet och fantasi: Diskussion om aktuella lästrender bland ungdomar2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25430.
    Åsberg, Felicia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Katja, Johnsson
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Den personliga digitaliseringen av skolan2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolans digitalisering är ett fenomen som har fått mycket uppmärksamhet den senaste tiden. Den svenska skolan ligger i framkant vad gäller att ha tillgång till digitala verktyg samtidigt som rapporter och tidigare forskning visar att det saknas kompetens kring själva användandet av dessa. Lärare runt om i landet efterfrågar kompetensutveckling och direktiv uppifrån. Skolverket har på uppdrag av Regeringen tagit fram en ny nationell IT-strategi för skolväsendet där den svenska skolan senast år 2022 ska uppnå en vision att stärka förutsättningarna för en likvärdig tillgång till IT, stärkt digital kompetens hos både elever och lärare, samt förutsättningar för att digitaliseringens möjligheter ska tas tillvara för utveckling av skola och undervisning.

    Syftet med denna studie var att förstå fenomenet digitalisering och digital kompetens utifrån sex gymnasielärares livsvärld och vad denna kan ha för betydelse för morgondagens skola och de reviderade kursplanerna. För att besvara denna studies syfte och frågeställning har kvalitativa semistrukturerade intervjuer med ett explorativt syfte valts som metodologisk utgångspunkt. Vi har även valt att inspireras av en fenomenologisk ansats då vår studie är inriktad på lärares arbetsvardag med utgångspunkt i deras egen livsvärld och verklighet.

    Resultatet visar att lärarnas förståelse av fenomenet digitalisering och digital kompetens är högst personlig och att deras personliga inställning till fenomenet är avgörande för hur digital deras undervisning är. Lärarna uttrycker ett behov av kompetensutveckling och utrymme för diskussion och reflektion kring digitaliseringens hinder och möjligheter i undervisningen.

  • 25431.
    Åsedahl, Linnea
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Lindmark, Alexandra
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Identifiering av riskzoner för större vilt inom Halmstad kommuns vägnät2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An increased infrastructure is one of today’s biggest reasons for the fragmentation ofhabitats, making it harder for wildlife to move without risks when crossing roads. To see inwhich extent larger mammals crosses roads greenways were identified in the urban parts ofHalmstad municipality, after which a study was made on the presence of wildlife duringwinter 2015/2016. Ten areas were chosen along road 600 (Tylösandsvägen), road 610(Kustvägen), trunk road 15, trunk road 25 and trunk road 26 where inventories were carriedout for a period of seven days distributed over a period of two months. Wildlife abundanceof moose, roe deer, fallow deer, red deer, hare, wild boar, badger, red fox, wolf and lynxwere investigated by identification of track stamps in order to find out if any of the tenplaces constitutes a danger zone for wildlife-vehicle accidents and if there are anydifferences in wildlife abundance close to and further from the road as well as in woodlandand open land. The result of the study along with wildlife accident statistics show that someof the investigated areas form danger zones for larger animals; two adjacent areas alongtrunk road 26 and one area along trunk road 15. There were no significant difference inwildlife abundance on different distances from the road which means that wildlife followsthe greenways and do not see the road as an obstacle, thus more likely to crossover. Therewere also no significant difference in wildlife abundance in woodland and open land,meaning wildlife-vehicle accidents are not more likely to occur in one type of land over theother.

  • 25432.
    Åsedal, Emil
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Servicekvalitet i fastighetsskötseln2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senaste åren har det blivit allt vanligare att fastighetsägare outsourcar fastighetsförvaltningen, i stället för att bedriva den med egna resurser. Det talas om att outsourcing tillåter en mer flexibel organisation som möjliggör högre servicekvalitet till hyresgästerna. Samtidigt lyfts risken i att tappa kontakten med hyresgästerna och insynen i fastigheten fram som en av fördelarna med att bedriva fastighetsförvaltningen med egna resurser.

    Syftet med den här undersökningen var att undersöka hur servicekvaliteten i fastighetsskötseln kan påverkas av fastighetsägarens val av förvaltningsform. Genom att jämföra servicekvaliteten när den bedrivs med egna resurser och när den bedrivs outsourcad ville jag kunna peka på de för- och nackdelar som kännetecknar de olika förvaltningsformerna.

    Studien genomfördes i form av en jämförande fallstudie, och enligt kvantitativ metodik. De två bostadsföretag som valdes ut till studien var HFAB i Halmstad och AB Bostäder i Borås. Båda är kommunalägda företag som är marknadsdominerande på sina respektive orter. HFAB fungerar som en ren beställarorganisation och outsourcar hela fastighetsförvaltningen, och AB Bostäder bedriver fastighetsförvaltningen helt med egna resurser.

    Studien visade på att de signifikanta skillnaderna som kunde uppmätas företagen emellan gällde skillnader i den kvalitetsdimension som behandlar teknisk utkomst, och skillnader i den processuella rättsdimensionen – den kvalitetsdimension som behandlar själva felanmälningsprocessen. Skillnaderna i den tekniska utkomsten förklarades som förmodat företagsspecifika, och skillnaderna i den processuella kvalitetsdimensionen förklarades bero på den fördel i flexibilitet som utvinns genom outsourcing.

  • 25433.
    Åsell, Julian
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Amoi, David
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Leasing - en studie om skillnader mellan K3 och IFRS: En komparativ studie mellan K3 och IFRS gällande redovisning av leasing ur ett intressentperspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Accounting intends to provide support and information to society. Therefore, it is important that the accounting reflects reality. The current lease standard IAS 17 for European international level has been criticized because it has its purpose in a classification between financial or operational leases. Companies in Sweden applying K3 chapter 20 treat leases in the same way through a classification. This has created opportunities for companies to invent an account where major values in terms of assets and liabilities are off-balance-sheet through operational lease agreements. Hence, there has been an international discussion between the IASB and the FASB for a long time if leases classified as operational really reflect a fair view of companies applying IFRS standards. This debate is about an increase in transparency in accounting and corporate financial reporting is constantly present in these debates. Because this financial information is often the only information which stakeholder has at its disposal as a basis for decision making. Due to these problems and to develop a more consistent reporting, the IASB has chosen to create a new lease agreement - IFRS 16 Leases.

    IFRS 16 has another approach to lease agreements as it is based on a right of use. This entails significant changes for lessees, as they, based on the right of use, need to report leases as assets and liabilities in their balance sheets. The IASB has already implemented IFRS 16, but it is not required to comply with the standard until 1 January 2019 when IFRS 16 enters into force.

    The purpose of the study is to describe and analyze the differences between companies applying K3 chapter 20 and the forthcoming standard IFRS 16 regarding lease agreements. Furthermore, the purpose of the study is to investigate and illustrate, by typical cases, differences in financial reports and relevant key ratios and how these effects may affect the company's stakeholders.

    Through a qualitative research method, fictional typical cases have been designed to draw conclusions that answer the purpose and research question of this paper. The study addresses what differences exist in the treatment of classification, valuation and definition of lease agreements. Thus, it can be established and demonstrate that, in application of the forthcoming leasing standard IFRS 16, an increase in assets and liabilities in the companies balance sheet is made. This implies significant changes as they must account for a lease agreements right of use and obligations. These changes have a significant impact on key ratios such as returnability, equity, debt ratio and leverage formula. Furthermore, the conclusion can show that stakeholders are affected in a significant way as changes in financial reports affect their analyzes and ultimately decision-making.

  • 25434.
    Åsenlöf, Pernilla
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Demmelmaier, Ingrid
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Emilson, Christina
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Pettersson, Susanne
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Bergman, Stefan
    Spenshult Centre for Rheumatic Disease, Oskarström, Sweden.
    Step-Up: An Innovative Stepped-Care Protocol for Tailored Behavioral Medicine Treatment in the Management of Musculoskeletal Pain in Primary Care2013In: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, ISSN 0003-4967, E-ISSN 1468-2060, Vol. 72, no Suppl. 3, p. A120-A120Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Multimodal rehabilitation and tailored behavioral medicine treatments should be provided to patients suffering from persistent and activity limiting pain according to current state-of-science. There is also evidence that a minimal intervention including 'stay-active advice' can produce effects comparable to effects of comprehensive treatment packages. Nevertheless, there is a gap of knowledge regarding which individuals who benefit the most from which modalities of pain treatment, at what time point, and with the highest cost-effectiveness. Accordingly, we have set up an innovative stepped-care protocol for the management of musculoskeletal pain in primary care, which is evaluated in a randomized controlled trial.

    Objectives: The aim is to compare effects and cost-effectiveness of a stepped care model including advice and tailored behavioral medicine pain treatment (experimental condition) with a stepped care model including advice and physical exercises (comparison condition) for patients with low back and neck pain and/or widespread pain including fibromyalgia in primary care. A further aim is to characterize patients who benefit/do not benefit from the respective steps i.e. treatments varying in dose and content.

    Methods: A stratified randomized stepped care design is applied. Stratification is based on primary care center and psychological risk profile. A consecutive selection is performed at primary care centers in southern, central and northern Sweden. After having received a minimal intervention (step 1) comprising 'stay-active advice', participants scoring high on the Örebro Musculoskeletal Pain Questionnaire (ÖMPQ) according to preset criteria are randomly allocated to an eight-week treatment in step 2. The experimental condition includes supervised physical exercises integrated with either (a) graded activity, or (b) hierarchical graded exposure depending on psychological risk profile. The comparison condition includes supervised physical exercises irrespective of risk profile. Primary outcome is pain-related disability complemented with a comprehensive set of secondary outcomes adhering to the IMMPACT recommendations.

    Results: The stepped-care design will be presented including illustrations of conclusions possible to draw with this kind of innovative design.

    Conclusions: There is a call for stepped-care interventions within pain intervention research, particularly in the primary care setting. However, published studies are still lacking. This study will contribute to an important progression of behavioral medicine pain treatments by the way treatments are tailored in accordance with psychological risk profile. This will be discussed to stimulate research activities and collaboration within this area of research and clinical implementation.

  • 25435.
    Åshage, Carina
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    Invandraren möter svensken. Om hur svensk film under 1990- och 2000-talet skildrar invandrare.2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]
    Denna uppsats söker svar på frågan kring hur svensk film skildrar invandrare. Med hjälp av den hermeneutiska analysmetoden och med visst stöd i ideologkritik undersöker den åtta svenska filmer från 1990- 2000-talet. Dessa åtta filmer skildrar på ett eller annat sätt hur invandrare och svenskar lever sida vid sida i det svenska samhället. Det handlar om rasism och kriminalitet, men också om kärlek och kampen för rätten till ett eget liv. Den teoretiska delen utgörs av olika begrepp: invandrare, kultur, svenskhet, etnicitet och människosyn. En slutsats i uppsatsen är att samtidigt som dessa filmer bidrar till en ökad förståelse för andra kulturer upprätthåller de också synen på invandrare som ickesvenskar.
  • 25436.
    Åshage, Carina
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    Stereotypes and Normbreakers: A Study on the Portrayal of Gender in William Shakespeare´s Much Ado About Nothing2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]
    This essay analyzes the play Much Ado About Nothing in order to find out how it depicts men and women, with the focus on women. Are all the men and women in the play pictured in a traditional way, with vulnerable and dependent females and strong and independent males, or are there any characters in the play that are portrayed in a different way? Although the play is mainly wrapped around everything that happens to Hero and Claudio, it is Benedick and Beatrice that stand as the most interesting characters when it comes to the way Shakespeare pictures men and women. Therefore, the focus of this analysis is on Benedick and Beatrice.
  • 25437.
    Åshage, Carina
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Terrorism i morgonpress och kvällspress2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 25438.
    Åshage, Carina
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Terrorism i morgonpress och kvällspress2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka vilken diskurs som präglar nyhetsartiklar (från Dagens Nyheter och Aftonbladet) som handlar om terrorism och terrorister.

    Teori: Studien görs ur ett diskursanalytiskt och semiotiskt perspektiv genom att studera artiklarnas huvudsakliga ämne, den schematiska strukturen samt hur ordföljden och ordvalet ser ut i nyhetstexterna.

    Metod: Undersökningen grundar sig dels på en kvantitativ analys där artiklarnas huvudsakliga ämne bestäms, dels på en djupare, kvalitativ analys där nyhetstexterna granskas mer ingående gällande den språkliga formen.

    Resultat: Resultaten visar att den språkmässiga skillnaden i rapporteringen om terrorism i artiklarna från de båda tidningarna är marginell. Den största skillnaden ligger dels på det kvantitativa planet gällande de huvudsakliga ämnena, dels på den schematiska uppbyggnaden. Diskursen överlag i artiklarna grundar sig på synsättet att terrorism utgör ett hot mot samhället, vilket i ett längre perspektiv skulle kunna leda till hat och förakt mot Arabvärlden och människor som kommer därifrån.

  • 25439.
    Åstrand, Björn
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Vision Based Perception for Mechatronic Weed Control2005Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of computer-based signal processing and sensor technology to guide and control different types of agricultural field implements increases the performance of traditional implements and even makes it possible to create new ones. This thesis increases the knowledge on vision-based perception for mechatronic weed control. The contributions are of four different kinds:

    First, a vision-based system for row guidance of agricultural field machinery has been proposed. The system uses a novel method, based on the Hough transform, for row recognition of crop rows.

    Second is a proposal for a vision-based perception system to discriminate between crops and weeds, using images from real situations in the field. Most crops are cultivated in rows and sown in a defined pattern, i.e. with a constant inter-plant distance. The proposed method introduces the concept of using these geometrical properties of the scene (context) for single plant recognition and localization. A mathematical model of a crop row has been derived that models the probability for the positions of consecutive crops in a row. Based on this mathematical model two novel methods for context-based classification between crops and weeds have been developed. Furthermore, a novel method that combines geometrical features of the scene (context) and individual plant features has been proposed. The method has been evaluated in two datasets of images of sugar beet rows. The classification rate was 92 % and 98 %, respectively.

    The third contribution is the design of a mobile agricultural robot equipped with these perception systems and a mechanical weeding tool intended for intra-row weed control in ecologically cultivated crops.

    The fourth contribution is a demonstration of the feasibility of the perception systems in real field environments, especially with respect to robustness and real-time performance. The row guidance system has been implemented in three different row cultivators and performed inter-row weed control at two commercial farms. The robot has proven to be able to follow a row structure by itself, while performing weed control within the seed line of a crop row, i.e. intra-row cultivation. 

  • 25440.
    Åstrand, Björn
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Baerveldt, Albert-Jan
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    A mobile robot for mechanical weed control2003In: International Sugar Journal, ISSN 0020-8841, Vol. 105, no 1250, p. 89-95Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an autonomous agricultural mobile robot for mechanical weed control in outdoor environments. The robot employs two vision systems: one grey-level vision system that is able to recognise the row structure formed by the crops and to guide the robot along the rows and a second, colour-based vision system that is able to identify a single crop among weed plants. This vision system controls a weeding-tool that removes the weed within the row of crops. It has been shown that colour vision is feasible for single plant identification, i.e. discriminating between crops and weeds. The system as a whole has been verified, showing that the subsystems are able to work together effectively. A first trial in a greenhouse showed that the robot is able to manage weed control within a row of sugar beet plants.

  • 25441.
    Åstrand, Björn
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Baerveldt, Albert-Jan
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    A vision based row-following system for agricultural field machinery2005In: Mechatronics (Oxford), ISSN 0957-4158, E-ISSN 1873-4006, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 251-269Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the future, mobile robots will most probably navigate through the fields autonomously to perform different kind of agricultural operations. As most crops are cultivated in rows, an important step towards this long-term goal is the development of a row-recognition system, which will allow a robot to accurately follow a row of plants. In this paper we describe a new method for robust recognition of plant rows based on the Hough transform. Our method adapts to the size of plants, is able to fuse information coming from two rows or more and is very robust against the presence of many weeds. The accuracy of the position estimation relative to the row proved to be good with a standard deviation between 0.6 and 1.2 cm depending on the plant size. The system has been tested on both an inter-row cultivator and a mobile robot. Extensive field tests have showed that the system is sufficiently accurate and fast to control the cultivator and the mobile robot in a closed-loop fashion with a standard deviation of the position of 2.7 and 2.3 cm, respectively. The vision system is also able to detect exceptional situations by itself, for example the occurrence of the end of a row.

  • 25442.
    Åstrand, Björn
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Baerveldt, Albert-Jan
    Halmstad University.
    An agricultural mobile robot with vision-based perception for mechanical weed control2002In: Autonomous Robots, ISSN 0929-5593, E-ISSN 1573-7527, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 21-35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an autonomous agricultural mobile robot for mechanical weed control in outdoor environments. The robot employs two vision systems: one gray-level vision system that is able to recognize the row structure formed by the crops and to guide the robot along the rows and a second, color-based vision system that is able to identify a single crop among weed plants. This vision system controls a weeding-tool that removes the weed within the row of crops. The row-recognition system is based on a novel algorithm and has been tested extensively in outdoor field tests and proven to be able to guide the robot with an accuracy of 2 cm. It has been shown that color vision is feasible for single plant identification, i.e., discriminating between crops and weeds. The system as a whole has been verified, showing that the subsystems are able to work together effectively. A first trial in a greenhouse showed that the robot is able to manage weed control within a row of crops.

  • 25443.
    Åstrand, Björn
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Bouguerra, Abdelbaki
    Learning Systems Lab (AASS), Dept. of Technology, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Andreasson, Henrik
    Learning Systems Lab (AASS), Dept. of Technology, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Lilienthal, Achim J.
    Learning Systems Lab (AASS), Dept. of Technology, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Rögnvaldsson, Thorsteinn
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    An autonomous robotic system for load transportation2009In: Program and Abstracts, Fourth Swedish Workshop on Autonomous Robotics, SWAR'09 / [ed] Lars Asplund, Västerås: Mälardalen University , 2009, p. 56-57Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 25444.
    Åstrand, Björn
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Johansson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Segmentation of partially occluded plant leaves2006In: IWSSIP 200613th International Conference on Systems, Signals and Image ProcessingSeptember 21-23, 2006, Budapest, Hungary / [ed] Balázs Enyedi, András Reichardt, Stockholm: Harlequin , 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    N/A

  • 25445.
    Åström, Alexander
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    The Korean Peninsula: Where the Cold War Never Ended: The Foreign Policy of the Republic of Korea on a peaceful reunification with the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines different foreign policies of the Republic of Korea (South Korea) towards the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) with regards to a peaceful reunification of the Korean Peninsula. The paper uses the theoretical framework of Social Constructivism to analyze what impact the different foreign policies of South Korea towards North Korea have had on their relations, thus providing an understanding of what impact those foreign policies have had on the peaceful reunification process of the Korean Peninsula. The paper will also look at the First Korean Nuclear Crisis, the Second Korean Nuclear Crisis, the ROKS Cheonan sinking and the shelling of Yeonpyeong, and with the help from the theoretical framework of Social Constructivism, analyze what impact those incidents have had on South Korea’s foreign policy and relations with North Korea, thus providing an understanding what impact those incidents have had on the peaceful reunification process of the Korean Peninsula.

  • 25446.
    Åström, Oscar
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Landin, Robin
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Ledarskap i en agil verksamhet: En kvalitativ studie om hur ledarskapet påverkas vid en förändring2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to explore and understand how leadership is affected when an organization was undergoing a change to an agile business. The background to the survey is based on the traditional view of leadership as the manager led and distributed work. During the 1950s, changed the perception of management and labor in which employees became more involved in the work process.

    Starting from this, our research focused on the effects of leadership that occurs when an organization goes from "command and control" to "empowerment". Hence, we will address the following questions: How has the control (across teams) changed for the line manager in the transition from Classic Waterfall to Agile, How has the change affected the line manager's information retrieval to implement IPM-dialogues and How does the change in style of leadership impact the organization when entering an agile organization.

    We have used a qualitative method in which eight semi-structured interviews were conducted with line managers from two departments to collect the empirical material. The results have indicated that the physical location affects both the control and management style of line managers. Leadership style is also influenced largely by the employees' level of maturity and that the organization is in process of a change.

  • 25447.
    Åström, Sara
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS), Energiteknik.
    Jorlöv, Josefine
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS), Energiteknik.
    Karaktärisering av solcellsmoduler: en fördjupning i solcellsteknik och metoder för karaktärisering2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP, has recently invested in a pulsed solar simulator to measure and characterize photovoltaic modules. The following report investigates the differences in the analysis between the new solar simulator and SP's existing pulsed solar simulator. All measurements have been performed on four different solar modules, two solar modules of type CIS and two solar modules of type crystalline silicon. We have also carried out practical measurements to see which environmental factors that affect the analysis from the new solar simulator. The surrounding factors consisted of ambient lighting, reflections from the new solar simulator and soiling of the monitor cell. The results show a difference between the quantified values of the new and existing solar simulator, where most of the measurements in the existing solar simulator are higher. The differences are probably due to measurements being made at a higher irradiance level than according to the standard. Furthermore, the results show that there are environmental factors affecting the analysis from the new solar simulator; a soiled monitor cell have the greatest influence on the outcome. 

  • 25448.
    Åström, Ulrica
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Att balansera vardagen: En grounded theory-studie om tonårsflickors upplevelser2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25449.
    Åvall, Eva
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Ultraljuddiagnostik; Ett utbildningsprogram för hjärtsjuksköterskor2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]
    Under de senaste decennierna har hjärtsjukvården utvecklats och stora framsteg har gjorts för att diagnosticera och behandla olika hjärtsjukdomar. Stora krav ställs på personalen för snabbt omhändertagande då den hjärtsjuke patienten söker vård. Idag används ultraljuddiagnostik på alla sjukhus och kan omgående ge svar på sjukdomsbilden hos patienter med hjärtsjukdom. Hjärtsjuksköterskans vidareutbildning i medicinsk teknik är ett krav för att vara delaktig i användningen av olika undersökningsmetoder. Syftet med denna studie var att utveckla ett utbildningsprogram för hjärtsjuksköterskor i praktisk och teoretisk ultraljuddiagnostik. En kardiolog och fyra erfarna hjärtsjuksköterskor på hjärtavdelningen i Helsingborg har tillsammans utformat ett utbildningsprogram som successivt och metodiskt har arbetats fram genom teoretiska diskussioner och praktisk träning. Resultatet utgörs av ett utbildningsprogram bestående av programpunkter samt en mall som fickkompendium att använda i det dagliga arbetet. För att få kunskap om utbildningsprogrammets användbarhet kommer det att testas av ett antal sjuksköterskor som arbetar inom hjärtavdelningen.
  • 25450.
    Öberg, Björn
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Arnåsen, Mattias
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    LEDARSKAP OCH PERSONLIGHET INOM IDROTTEN: Prefererat ledarskap i relation tillpersonlighet hos lagidrottare på elitjuniornivå2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between elite junior athlete’s   leadership preferences and their personality. Study participants consisted of 167 elite juniors, aged 16-20 years (M = 17,29). Subjects were both male (116) and female (51), and active in interactive sports. Participants were asked to answer three questionnaires (1) Demographic facts (2) Leadership Scale for Sports (LSS) (3) NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI). Subsequent correlation analyses showed significant associations between Extraversion, Democratic behavior and Positive Feedback, and between Neuroticism and social supportive behavior. The results also showed a significant correlation between the personality trait Agreeableness and Autocratic and Social support behavior. One conclusion from the results is that preferred leadership is a function of the athlete’s personality traits. This suggests that leadership in sports should be characterized by flexibility and adaptation to athlete’s individual differences to a greater extend. Examples of practical implications and future research are presented.

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