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  • 251.
    Danilovic, Mike
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Winroth, Mats
    Division of Operations Management, Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Managing dynamics in corporate networks2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A crucial issue in corporate networks is however to identify to what extent different strategic and operational decisions need to be coordinated between the involved companies. In this paper we elaborate on the issue of synchronization of information flow based on interconnectivities between companies in order to coordinate a corporate network by the means of DSM, Dependence Structure Matrix. The results show that DSM can be used to identify interconnectivities among actors in a network and to identify which information that needs to be transferred between companies in the network.

  • 252.
    Davčik, Nebojša St.
    et al.
    Instituto Universitario de Lisboa (IUL), Lisbon, Portugal.
    Rundquist, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    An exploratory study of brand success: Evidence from the food industry2012Ingår i: Journal of International Food & Agribusiness Marketing, ISSN 0897-4438, E-ISSN 1528-6983, Vol. 24, nr 1, s. 91-109Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Managing a successful brand that is differentiated and consumer oriented can provide a comprehensive competitive advantage. The goal of this research is to identify drivers that influence the brand and to determine which drivers influence the brand more, in order to develop a more effective business strategy. The main question is how the drivers in a proposed model contribute to brand success. An abductive theory approach is adopted and food managers from Italy and Sweden were questioned. The paper explores the enriched-food brands in the Italian and Swedish markets. The measurement scales were constructed using theory combined with suggestions from industry. The authors modeled the eight constructs as nine correlated first-order factors. The model includes seven independent variables (consumer orientation, brand differentiation, brand knowledge, new brand development, values, organization and strategy) and the dependent variable brand success. All variables contain four to six items. The variance-based structural equation modeling approach, using PLS algorithm, have been applied. This study provides insight and empirical evidence on the development and enhancement of brand success. The findings can be employed as more effective brand strategies in a sector that has been under-investigated in academic literature and practice. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

  • 253.
    Deraz, Hossam
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Assessments of Advertisements on Social Networking Sites2016Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Advertisements (ads) in social networking sites (SNSAs) have been considered by many researchers as a crucial area of research. However, the scope of the existing studies on consumers’ assessments of SNSAs has been very limited. Most of the existing studies on assessing SNSAs have focused on Ducoffe’s (1996) model with its three variables, and they have ignored other related variables like the credibility value and interactivity value of the advertisement, which are more logically related to SNSAs than the traditional ads. Moreover, most of these studies have been skewed towards younger users and have ignored the social networking site (SNS) users from other age categories. Finally, previous studies about the assessment of SNSAs have depended on data collected from users of popular SNSs and ignored active users from the brand communities (fans of brands on SNSs). In this thesis, the present author has emphasized these three points as the major gaps in the literature about assessing SNSAs. Moreover, to deepen our understanding of how SNS users assess SNSAs this study presents the research findings of three published papers with three different purposes and with different levels of analysis.

    The first article aimed to extend Ducoffe’s (1996) model – which was used in the previous literature in assessing SNSAs – by considering the ads’ credibility and interactivity values in addition to Ducoffe’s (1996) three variables of information value, entertainment value, and irritation value. A multiple regression analysis was used to test the modified model, and based on the regression analysis of testing the five predictors, the model without the irritation value had the best coefficient of determination (R2). Moreover, coefficient analysis to test the given hypothesis and to determine the coefficients of the predictors was used. According to this survey study, the four primary variables that predicted the consumers’ assessment of the SNSAs were the information value, entertainment value, credibility value, and interactivity value. As perceived by the SNS users, the interactivity value was the strongest among the four predictors.

    Based on the unexpected result ofthe irritation value of the first paper, the second paper focused on testing the extended model of the assessments of SNSAs as perceived by a different research population, in this case, brand communities’ consumers (BCCs). Based on the regression analysis of testing the five predictors, the model with the five predictors had the best coefficient of determination (R2). The coefficient analysis was used to test the given hypothesis, to determine the coefficients of the five predictors, and to form a construct equation for assessing the SNSAs. Based on this survey study, the four variables with significant positive effects on the consumers’ assessment of SNSAs were informativeness, entertainment value, credibility value, and interactivity value, while the fifth dimension (irritation value) had a significant negative coefficient on the consumers’ assessment of SNSAs. Moreover, that study provided a deeper understanding of how the BCCs assess SNSAs, and it contributed to identifying the main characteristics ofthe BCCs on an SNS.

    The third paper focused on exploring the effect of national culture on the consumers’ assessment of SNSAs. The cultural features of the respondents in that study gave additional evidence about how a nation’s cultural characteristics can influence the consumers’ assessment of SNSAs. This study helped to identify how SNS users from Egypt, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom assess SNSAs. In this study, one-way analysis of variance with post hoc tests was used to compare the assessments of the three nations. Based on the empirical findings of this survey study, the three groups had significant difference F-ratios for their perception of four of the five variables for assessing SNSAs. Their perceptions of the entertainment value did not significantly differ between the three groups while the interactivity value had the strongest F-ratio.

    The overall purpose of this study was to deepen our understanding of how SNS users are assessing SNSAs in different settings by considering SNS users, BCCs, and others from various nations. All of the studies presented here have focused on variables for assessing the ads that have been used by other researchers in different research contexts.

  • 254.
    Deraz, Hossam
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Consumers’ responses to ads on Social Networking sites: A Systematic Literature Review (SLR)Ingår i: International Journal of Electronic Marketing and Retailing, ISSN 1741-1025, E-ISSN 1741-1033Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 255.
    Deraz, Hossam
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Consumers’ Responses to Ads on Social Networking Sites: A Systematic Literature Review (SLR)2019Ingår i: Proceedings of the 17th International Conference e-Society 2019: Utrecht, The Netherlands 11 - 13 April, 2019 / [ed] Piet Kommers, Pascal Ravesteijn, Guido Ongena & Pedro Isaías, Utrecht: IADIS Press, 2019, s. 61-72Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A consequence of the growing number of the studies concerning ads on social networking sites, and the failure to provide an in-depth analysis of that stream of research is the need to adopt systematic approaches to assess and aggregate research outcomes. This article presents an up-to-date review of peer-reviewed relevant articles to consumers’ responses to advertisements on SNSs. It helps to identify 100 relevant studies published in the period 2009–2017 from different management and social science fields; including marketing, advertising, communication, social science, and relationship management. It reflects six predominate research trends; 1) Antecedents of acceptance or avoidance of ads 2) Consumers’ perception and assessment of ads’ value 3) consumers’ attitude towards ads 4) Consumers’ purchase intention  5) Consumers’ referral mechanism, and 6) Benefits gained. Also, the topics researched and major results, year of publication, journal, theoretical framework, research method, sampling, and means of analysis were examined for each article. It helps to provide an objective summary of research evidence on the antecedents of consumers’ responses to ads on social networking sites. It concludes by offering an agenda for future studies.

  • 256.
    Deraz, Hossam
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Factors Contributing to Consumers’ Assessment of Advertisement Value on Social networking sites: A Cross-Cultural Focus Group Study2019Ingår i: International Review of Management and Marketing, ISSN 2146-4405, E-ISSN 2146-4405, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 13-25Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The way online consumers assess the value of advertisements on social networking sites (SNSs) is important to know, because it has been shown that value of these advertisements can influence consumers’ behavior toward advertised products and brands. In that regard, this study aimed to provide insights into how online consumers think about and assess the value of advertisements on SNSs by using a focus group method. Two focus groups were conducted with two groups from the different cultural background (Indian and Swedish). By using Krueger and Casey’s (2000) five weighting factors, the participants revealed different weights for the tested factors. The Indian participants were more information-oriented, and the presented factors seemed applicable to them. In comparison, the Swedish participants were more focused on credibility, and factors like interactivity seemed not applicable to them. This is the first study that empirically examines online consumers’ assessment of advertisement value on SNSs by using a focus group approach. It helps to gain a deeper insight into that research phenomenon. In the future, researchers need to carry sequential exploratory studies to confirm the effects of social influence and pre-purchase search motivation.

  • 257.
    Deraz, Hossam
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Social Networking Sites – Consumers’ assessment of the value of advertisements (Extended Model)2018Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In light of the identified shortcomings in the earlier studies of consumers’ assessment of advertisement value on social networking sites, and the relative importance of explaining advertisement value, the overall purpose of this dissertation is to develop and empirically test a conceptual framework that can advance knowledge and increase our understanding of how online consumers assess the value of advertisements on social networking sites. In reference to this purpose, this doctoral dissertation has sought to answer the following overarching research question: What are the relevant variables that predict online consumers’ assessment of advertisement value on social networking sites, and how do these variables affect their assessment?

    To achieve the purpose of this study and to answer its overarching research question, a mixed method approach was used, adapting both quantitative and qualitative methods. A sequential explanatory strategy using mixed methods was the primary approach used to explain and interpret the quantitative results, by collecting and analyzing follow-up qualitative data. Consequently, this study started by doing a systematic literature review to identify the related factors, followed by a conceptual study to provide an extended conceptual framework that connected consumer beliefs to their sources of gratifications from using SNSs. That conceptual framework was partially examined in three survey papers to test the effects of its five belief factors (information value, entertainment value, irritation value, interactivity value, and credibility value) on assesments of advertisement value on SNSs. The three survey papers found that these five belief factors have significant effects on assessments of advertisement value on social networking sites. However, those effects varied according to consumers’ cultural backgrounds. The three survey papers were then followed by a qualitative focus group study to give a deeper explanation, and to discover the underlying reasons behind consumers’ assessment of advertisement value. That focus group study confirmed the role of culture in assessing the value of advertisements, and it gave deeper explanations behind the reasons for that variance in assessments of advertisement value within the context of social networking sites from one research population to another. In general, this study contributes to the understanding of consumers’ assessments of advertisements on social networking sites. It offers a new approach by connecting consumers’ gratifications from using social networking sites to their assessment of advertisement value. In turn, it helps to reflect a number of valuable insights that can be utilized by both researchers and marketers in order to understand how the addressed factors enhance consumers’ assessments by testing the contribution of credibility, interactivity value, social influence, pre-purchase search motivation, and cultural backgrounds, in addition to previously tested variables: information value, entertainment value, and irritation value.

  • 258.
    Deraz, Hossam
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Users’ Assessment of the Value of Advertisements on Social Networking Sites: A Conceptual Study2018Ingår i: International Review of Management and Marketing, ISSN 2146-4405, E-ISSN 2146-4405, Vol. 8, nr 6, s. 32-40Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to propose a conceptual framework addressing factors that predict users’ assessment of the value of ads on social networking sites (SNSs). The basic unit of analysis is the SNSs’ user. The action scene is composed of a set of components that together shape the outcomes of the model to identify these factors. The suggested framework consists of five belief factors (information value, entertainment value, credibility value, irritation value, and interactivity value), one motive factor (individuals’ pre-purchase search motivation), in addition to two social factors (social influence, and national culture). The study aimed to characterize these key elements of the framework, their relationship, and interactions with the perceived value of advertisements. This paper intends to create a common understanding of the basic concepts and a shared conceptual model among scholars researching advertisements on online social networks.

  • 259.
    Deraz, Hossam
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Awuah, Gabriel
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Abraha, Desalegn
    School of Technology and Society at Skövde University, Skövde, Sweden.
    The Effect of Culture on the Consumers’ Assessment of Advertisements on Social Networking Sites: Cross-cultural analysis2015Ingår i: 2015 Fifth International Conference on Digital Information Processing and Communications (ICDIPC), Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Press, 2015, s. 127-135Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Do consumers of the same brand from different culture have the same perceptions while assessing the advertisements on Social Networking Sites’ (SNSAs)? To answer this question, the data for this study were collected from brand communities’ consumers (BCCs) on SNSs. 278 respondents from three different cultural backgrounds (Egyptians, Dutch and British) answered the questionnaires. Five main variables to collect the consumers’ assessment of SNSAs were tested (information value, entertainment value, credibility value, interactivity value, and irritation value). Based on the empirical findings, the three groups perceived five of the six variables with significant difference F ratios. Consequently, their perception of the entertainment value of SNSAs has no significant differences between the three groups. Based on the cross-cultural theory, the findings of this study have some agreements and some contradictions, especially the influences of power distance and uncertainly avoidance. Moreover, the researchers used the One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with Post Hoc tests to compare between the assessments of the three groups. ©2015 IEEE

  • 260.
    Deraz, Hossam
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Awuah, Gabriel Baffour
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    The assessments of social networking advertisements; as perceived by brand communities consumers2015Ingår i: International Journal of Current Research, ISSN 0975-833X, E-ISSN 0975-833X, Vol. 7, nr 8, s. 19787-19796Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the extensive research in the context of brand communities on social networking sites (SNSs), the theoretical foundations underlying consumers’ assessment of advertisements on SNSs’ brand communities was not yet explored. The present study consequently aimed to explore how SNSs’ brand communities’ consumers assess social networks’ advertisements (SNAs). Regression analysis was used to identify the best fit model, and the most effective predictors on the assessment of SNAs. From the collected data, four dimensions had positive significant effects on the consumers’ assessment (informativeness, entertainment value, credibility value and interactivity value), while the fifth dimension (irritation value) had a significant negative effect. The results of this study had some contradictions with some results on previous studies, and confirmed other results. Moreover, the researchers used the descriptive analysis to gain deeper understanding of how the brand communities’ consumers (BCCs) on SNSs assess SNAs, and to identify the main characteristics of the BCCs on SNSs.

  • 261.
    Deraz, Hossam
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Awuah, Gabriel Baffour
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Gebrekidan, Desalegn Abraha
    Skövde University, Skövde, Sweden.
    Assessing the Value of Social Network Sites’ Advertisements2015Ingår i: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on E-Technologies and Business on the Web, Paris, France 2015 / [ed] Jean-Marc Lehu, Paris: Society of Digital Information and Wireless Communications (SDIWC) , 2015, s. 89-101Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Marketers use social network sites (SNSs) to merchandise their products and services more efficiently. However, the scope of the published studies about assessing social network sites advertisements’ value (SNSAV) is limited. The present study consequently aims to include credibility and interactivity in addition to informativeness and entertainment and irritation values as variables for the assessment of SNSAV, as perceived by SNS users.

    The data analysis supports the central concepts of this study that informativeness, credibility, interactivity and entertainment values are the main variables of assessing SNSAV, while irritation value has no significant effect on the assessment of SNSAV. Moreover, according to the beta coefficient, informativeness and entertainment values, in conjunction with credibility and interactivity values, have different effects on consumers’ assessment of SNSAV compared to the results of the previous studies.

    This study is successful in terms of introducing advertisements’ credibility and interactivity as crucial variables in the assessment of SNSAV. It is also successful with regard to offering a new construct model for assessing SNSAV based on four main dimensions: informativeness, entertainment and credibility and interactivity values. According to the data analysis, interactivity value has the highest significant effect with regard to the assessment of SNSAs.

  • 262.
    Deraz, Hossam
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Awuah, Gabriel
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Gebrekidan, Desalegn Abraha
    Skövde University, Skövde, Sweden.
    Factors Predicting Consumers’ Assessment of Advertisements on Social Networking Sites2015Ingår i: International Journal of Digital Information and Wireless Communications (IJDIWC), ISSN 2225-658X, E-ISSN 2225-658X, Vol. 5, nr 2, s. 111-123Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Marketers act on social networking sites (SNSs) in order to be more efficient in merchandising their products and/or services. Even so, the scope of the published studies regarding the assessment of advertisements on social networking sites (SNAs) is limited. Consequently, the present study aimed to consider credibility and interactivity, in addition to information, entertainment and irritation values, as main factors for consumers’ assessment of SNAs, as perceived by SNSs’ users.An analysis of empirical data helped to identify four main factors for assessing SNAs. These were: information value, entertainment value, credibility value and interactivity value. Irritation value was the only factor that had no significant effect on the assessment of SNAs. Furthermore, based on the beta coefficients, the information and entertainment values of SNAs, in conjunction with credibility and interactivity values, had different outcomes from previous studies. Consequently, the interactivity value was the strongest among the four predictors for assessing SNAs.

  • 263.
    Deraz, Hossam
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Iddris, Faisal
    Department of Management Studies, University of Education, Winneba, Kumasi, Ghana.
    Customers Satisfaction in Internet Banking: A Review (2008–2017)2019Ingår i: Proceedings of the 17th International Conference e-Society 2019: Utrecht, The Netherlands 11 - 13 April, 2019 / [ed] Piet Kommers, Pascal Ravesteijn, Guido Ongena & Pedro Isaías, Utrecht: IADIS Press, 2019, s. 3-13Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a systematic review of the literature of 44 research articles published customers’ satisfaction in Internet banking between (2008 and 2017). This review aims to address this gap in the literature by identifying the antecedents predicting customer satisfaction in Internet banking literature. Achieving our aims will bring together fragmented literature to serve as a foundation for research into customer satisfaction in Internet banking involving the use of Internet banking and other related digital platforms such as the mobile-banking. The results show that Asian countries recorded the highest number of publications. Also, we identified limited research from specific regions. For example, we could not identify any peer-reviewed articles from some of the European countries such as Sweden, The Netherlands, Germany, Belgium, Denmark, and Norway. Also, there are limited studies identified from the Middle East. And even countries that have  well-developed e-commerce systems from the Middle East and Africa such as Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, Lebanon, Israel, and South Africa have no published papers. Secondly, the study identified SERVEQUAL & e-SERVEQUAL as the main theoretical framework. Third, the result shows that the main predictors of satisfaction in Internet banking are service quality, information quality, and product quality. Finally, this study confirmed the mediating role of customer satisfaction on customer loyalty toward those banks offering the Internet banking service. A comprehensive list of references is presented, along with an agenda for future research to cover the identified gaps.

  • 264.
    Dos Santos, Maria A.O.
    et al.
    Regenesys Business School, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Svensson, Göran
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER). Oslo School of Management, Oslo, Norway.
    Padin, Carmen
    Vigo University, Vigo, Spain.
    A “fivefold bottom line” approach of implementing and reporting corporate efforts in sustainable business practices2014Ingår i: Management of environmental quality, ISSN 1477-7835, E-ISSN 1758-6119, Vol. 25, nr 4, s. 421-430Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe a "fivefold bottom line" approach in implementing and reporting corporate efforts of sustainable business practices.

    Design/methodology/approach: This viewpoint from industry is based on the content analysis of the South African retail chain Woolworths. The data are gathered and derived from the company's comprehensive annual and sustainability reports from 2008 to 2011 and the company's press releases for this period focusing on their efforts of implementing and reporting sustainable business practices.

    Findings: A lesson learned from the presented "fivefold bottom line" approach to implement and report their corporate efforts of sustainable business practices is that it is adapted to fit and make sense in a specific market and society. The triple bottom line approach is usually derived from, or commonly based upon, a western perspective on the market and society in literature.

    Research limitations/implications: The authors argues that insights from industry of implementing and reporting sustainable business practices based upon different corporate "bottom line" approaches are required in literature.

    Practical implications: The authors propose that the "triple bottom line" approach may need to be commonly adapted to the country and cultural context in focus, which is not normally done, but templates are used.

    Originality/value: Triple bottom line reporting tends to follow common approaches how it is done. There is rarely seen adapted or modified "bottom line" approaches to specific market and societal characteristics in literature. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

  • 265.
    Drozdz, Sebastian
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Dufwa, Marcus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Meconnen, Robiel
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Solberg Søilen, Klaus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    An Assessment of Customer Shared Value in the Restaurant Industry – a Survey from Sweden2015Ingår i: Theoretical and Applied Economics, ISSN 1841-8678, E-ISSN 1844-0029, Vol. 22, nr 4 (605), s. 85-98Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The article tries to investigate to which extent the concept of Customer Shared Value (CSV) is relevant for a particular industry, the restaurant industry. We wanted to know if there is a correlation between social benefits and economic benefits for restaurants. We also wanted to know if restaurants already conduct their business according to the concept of Creating Shared Value, but maybe without reference to the concept as such. We found that restaurant companies in Sweden actually work to create economic benefits and social values. However we did not find that there was any clear pattern between economic value and social values. The companies with the highest total shared value are in fact the companies with the highest revenue, but there are also companies with lower revenue which have scored high in total shared value and vice versa. Most of the restaurants implicitly work with several factors of the concept such as having knowledge of the costs and causes of environmental impacts and the notion of how to treat employees fairly. The findings are valuable because they show to what extent CSV is a reality in the restaurant business today. This may have implications about how practitioner and scholars alike view the concept of CSV.

  • 266.
    Dyckmans, Christoph
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Rooney, Simon
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    The Establishment of Open Innovation Arenas: Exploring Critical Aspects2014Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore critical aspects in the establishment of an open innovation arena. This study considers only the perspective of science parks as the establisher and facilitator of the open innovation arenas. By understanding these critical aspects science parks and its participants can benefit from improved innovativeness.

    Using existing theories, a theoretical framework illustrating critical aspects for the establishment of an open innovation arena was created and subsequently tested through a qualitative research strategy. The research design included case studies into four science parks, three in Sweden and one in the UK, at various stages of establishing and facilitating open innovation arenas. The primary data comprised interviews with top management at each of the science parks, as well as one interview with a committee overseeing science parks in Sweden. The locations for the case study selection were based on Sweden and United Kingdom’s current prominence and success in fostering collaborations.

    The results of this study indicate that there are a number of critical aspects important during the establishment of open innovation arenas by science parks. Among these critical aspects are the selection of participants, a neutral and passive stance on formalization of contracts and IP, the creation of trust and motivation within the arena, the importance of the physical arena setting and the benefit of an arena topic area prominent amongst the surrounding participants. In addition, this study shows the importance of science parks’ neutral position, as well as the influence of the participants throughout all aspects.

    Based on these findings, practical and theoretical implications are presented and discussed in the paper. The key implications of this study are that science parks should play an active role to select appropriate projects and participants in order to create trust and motivation within the arena, provide a physical meeting place and access to specialized equipment that fosters communication and encourages collaboration among participants, as well as sourcing projects close to the science park’s geographical proximity. Additionally, they should choose one or more topic area and utilize networks in order to build up expertise, While science parks should play a passive role regarding formalization and IP regulations, it is important that they know how to assists the participants when requested. 

  • 267.
    Dzamalija, Zada
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Den fysiska arbetsmiljön på väg- och anläggningsprojekt: Hur styrs säkerhetsarbetet på Skanska för att uppnå bättre arbetsmiljö2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 268.
    Edquist, Charles
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Lunds universitet.
    Grünfelt, Leo
    Holst Jensen, Jonas
    Copenhagen Business School.
    Mønsted, Mette
    Copenhagen Business School.
    Entreprenørskab og vækst blandt akademikere i Norden2012Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this report is to identify the role of academics as entrepreneurs in Denmark, Norway and Sweden. We highlight the characteristics of companies established by academics and which factors that are crucial for these companies to grow. A special focus has been whether academics organise their companies in a particular way – a way that we may expect will become more common in our knowledge society.The report contains an executive summary in English, a Nordic overview in Danish, as well as national reports written in Danish, Norwegian and Swedish. 

  • 269.
    Egels-Zandén, Niklas
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Gothenburg Research Institute (GRI), Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Aagerup, Ulf
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Misery as Corporate Mission: User Imagery at the Nightclub The Spy Bar2008Ingår i: Journal of Current Issues in Finance, Business and Economics, ISSN 1935-3553, Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 55-68Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite extensive corporate responsibility research into both what products firm produce and how they produce them, research is lacking in one product category in which the what and how linkage create questionable corporate practice – luxury products. Luxury is in some cases created by companies controlling the so-called user imagery of their customers, i.e., by companies encouraging ‘desirable’ individuals to consume their products and obstructing ‘undesirable’ individuals from consumption. This chapter critically analyses the implications of this corporate practice based on a study of Sweden’s most luxurious nightclub. The study’s results show that the nightclub has organised its activities to allow categorisations of individuals into ‘desirable’ and ‘undesirable’ customers. Furthermore, the study shows that a creation of ‘misery’ for the vast majority of individuals (the ‘undesirable’) is essential for creating ‘enjoyment’ for the selected few (the ‘desirable’). The chapter concludes by discussing implications for practitioners interesting in altering this situation.

  • 270.
    Egeskog, Andrea
    et al.
    Division of Physical Resource Theory, Department of Energy and Environment, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Barretto, Alberto
    Brazilian Bioethanol Science and Technology Laboratory (CTBE), Campinas, Brazil.
    Berndes, Göran
    Division of Physical Resource Theory, Department of Energy and Environment, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Freitas, Flavio
    Division of Land and Water Resources Engineering, Department of Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Holmén, Magnus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Sparovek, Gerd
    USP- Esalq- University of São Paulo, Piracicaba, Brazil.
    Torén, Johan
    SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, Department of Energy and Bioeconomy, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Actions and opinions of Brazilian farmers who shift to sugarcane: an interview-based assessment with discussion of implications for land-use change2016Ingår i: Land use policy, ISSN 0264-8377, E-ISSN 1873-5754, Vol. 57, s. 594-604Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Sugarcane ethanol systems can deliver large greenhouse gas emissions savings if emissions associated with land-use change are kept low. This qualitative study documents and analyzes actions and opinions among Brazilian farmers who shift to sugarcane production. Semi-structured interviews were held with 28 actors associated with sugarcane production in three different regions: one traditional sugarcane region and two regions where sugarcane is currently expanding. Most farmers considered sugarcane a land diversification option with relatively low economic risk, although higher risk than their previous land use. Beef production was considered a low-risk option, but less profitable than sugarcane. In conjunction with converting part of their land to sugarcane, most farmers maintained and further intensified their previous agricultural activity, often beef production. Several farmers invested in expanded production in other regions with relatively low land prices. Very few farmers in the expansion regions shifted all their land from the former, less profitable, use to sugarcane. Very few farmers in this study had deforested any land in connection with changes made when shifting to sugarcane. The respondents understand “environmental friendliness” as compliance with the relevant legislation, especially the Brazilian Forest Act, which is also a requirement for delivering sugarcane to the mills. Indirect land-use change is not a concern for the interviewed farmers, and conversion of forests and other native vegetation into sugarcane plantations is uncontroversial if legal. We derive hypotheses regarding farmers’ actions and opinions from our results. These hypotheses aim to contribute to better understanding of what takes place in conjunction with expansion of sugarcane and can, when tested further, be of use in developing, e.g., policies for iLUC-free biofuel production.

  • 271.
    El-Awad, Ziad
    et al.
    School of Economics and Management, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Politis, Diamanto
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). School of Economics and Management, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Entrepreneurial learning and innovation: The critical role of team-level learning for the evolution of innovation capabilities in technology-based ventures2017Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, ISSN 1355-2554, E-ISSN 1758-6534, Vol. 23, nr 3, s. 381-405Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to develop a conceptual model that explains how learning processes at the team level connect with individual and organizational levels of learning in technology-based ventures, thereby influencing the evolution of innovation capabilities in the entrepreneurial process.

    Design/methodology/approach: The 4I organizational learning framework is used as an overarching theoretical structure to acknowledge entrepreneurial learning as a dynamic process that operate on multiple levels in technology-based ventures. Embedded in this logic, research on team learning is integrated into this theorizing to examine how learning processes at the team level bridge and connect with learning processes operating at individual and organizational levels.

    Findings: The conceptual model identifies different sets of team learning processes critical for the routinization and evolution of innovation capabilities in technology-based ventures. In this respect, the conceptual model advances the scholarly understanding of entrepreneurial learning as a dynamic process operating across multiple levels in technology-based ventures.

    Originality/value: By conceptualizing how individual streams of experiences over time become institutionalized via interaction, conversation and dialogue, the paper provides novel insights into the critical role of team learning for bridging individual and organizational levels of learning in the entrepreneurial learning process. © 2017, © Emerald Publishing Limited.

  • 272.
    Emmitt, Stephen
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Architectural Technology: Research & practice2013 (uppl. 1)Bok (Refereegranskat)
  • 273.
    Emmitt, Stephen
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Research processes and practicalities2013Ingår i: Architectural Technology: Research & Practice / [ed] Emmitt, Stephen, Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013, 1, s. 231-246Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 274.
    Emmitt, Stephen
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Loughborough University, UK.
    Kirti, Ruikar
    Loughborough University, UK.
    Collaborative Design Management2013 (uppl. First)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 275.
    Engberg, Robert
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Altmann, Peter
    Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Regulation and Technology Innovation: A comparison of Stated and Formal Regulatory Barriers throughout the Technology Innovation Process2015Ingår i: Journal of Technology Management & Innovation, ISSN 0718-2724, E-ISSN 0718-2724, Vol. 10, nr 3, s. 85-91Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Regulation is often mentioned as a barrier to technology innovation in various industries. Delayed market entry, stifled creativity, added activities and resource requirements are some frequently mentioned barriers. The study presented here explored various claims of regulation acting as a barrier to technology innovation. The findings suggest that formal statutory requirements only partly explain why regulation is perceived as a technology innovation barrier. Findings further indicate several discrepancies between stated and formal regulatory barriers and suggest that the majority of the stated barriers emerge within the organization during operationalization and the technology innovation process. © Journal of Technology Management & Innovation, 2015.

  • 276.
    Engberg, Robert
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Hörte, Sven-Åke
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Lundbäck, Magnus
    School of Business, Gunnebo AB, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Strategy implementation and organizational levels: resourcing for innovation as a case2015Ingår i: Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance, ISSN 2051-6614, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 157-175Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    – The purpose of this paper is to further the understanding of the link between human capital and strategy across hierarchies.

    Design/methodology/approach

    – Using data on personality traits as a proxy for strategy implementation success, empirical data included 1,738 Operational Personality Questionnaire personality traits assessments in one large multinational firm. Respondents spanned from top-management to white-collar employees. Besides personality traits, measures include employment level and employment status. In addition, a total of 43 interviews were performed on the employee-level, with middle managers, with senior managers, and with executive-level managers.

    Findings

    – After a strategic shift, successful implementation of a human resource management (HRM) strategy decreased down through the hierachies. This has implications for a firm trying to realign its resources to a new strategy. If the strategic shift is large, this will pose a great problem as human capital further down in the hierarchy will not be aligned to the new strategy, but rather be aligned to the old strategy.

    Research limitations/implications

    – The findings are discussed using the concept of the strategic centre of gravity. The authors elaborate on the concept in terms of the origin, mass, and inertia of the strategic centre of gravity.

    Practical implications

    – A successful strategic shift in this sense will to a great extent depend on how successful the implementation is at lower levels of hierarchy, thus pointing to the importance to considering this when designing and pursuing strategic change.

    Originality/value

    – The research contributes to the HRM literature by furthering the understanding of aligning human capital on different organizational levels to strategy and by developing the concept of the strategic centre of gravity. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited

  • 277.
    Engberg, Robert
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Rundquist, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Barriers in communication of an innovation strategy between strategic and operation level managers2013Ingår i: Proceedings of the 20th EurOMA Conference: Operations Management at the Heart of the Recovery / [ed] Brian Fynes & Paul Coughlan, Dublin, 2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Communication has been identified as the main barrier to strategy implementation. Using communications theory we develop a framework that can be used to understand important dimensions of communication when communicating innovation strategies. By means of a qualitative multi-case study approach, we analyze the strategy content, the communication channels used, and the communication uniformity among managers and relate these dimensions to strategy implementation success factors. We conducted a total of 32 interviews among senior managers in research and product development, HR managers, HR specialists, chief engineers, product managers, project managers, and engineers. We sought to understand how communication of an innovation strategy was performed and further how such communication was interpreted and acted upon. Our findings suggest that the content of the strategy together with the communication channels and the uniformity between managers will affect strategy implementation success. Further our findings suggest that intentional vagueness in strategy content, contrary to expectations, can be fruitful in certain cases.

  • 278.
    Eriksson, Helena
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Regionalt lärande och ledarskap (RELL).
    Befolkning, samhälle och förändring: Dynamik i Halmstad under fyra decennier2010Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Förändringar i samhället diskuteras ofta på en aggregerad nivå där det argumenteras för att samhället förändras från ett modernt industrisamhälle till ett postindustriellt samhälle. Genom att studera samhället på en lokal nivå är det möjligt att studera komplexitet och variationer av de aggregerade teorierna kring samhällsförändring, det vill säga studera förändring i ett kontext av tid och plats. Utgångspunkten i denna studie är att analysera förändring i ett lokalsamhälle. Studien är en fallstudie av Halmstad, en kommun på Sveriges västkust, mellan åren 1968 och 2006. Det empiriska materialet består av analyser av demografisk statistik och arbetsmarknadsstatistik där offentlig statistik har används. Dessutom har analyser av officiella och historiska dokument samt intervjuer med personer aktiva i Halmstad gjorts. Tre tidsperioder identifieras i analysen, vilka karaktäriseras av olika mönster i befolkningen. Perioderna karaktäriseras även av förändringar på arbetsmarknaden och i befolkningens sysselsättning. Dessa förändringar analyseras genom samspelet mellan aktörer i lokalsamhället och aktörer och influenser som kommer utifrån. Genom analyser av reflexivitet visas hur förändring och stabilitet influeras av samspelet mellan det nya och det existerande, eller innovation och tradition.

  • 279.
    Eriksson, Helena
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Haga, Trond
    Aker Stord Applied Science, Stord, Norway.
    Hofmaier, Bernd
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    The Initiation and Organization of Regional Innovation Processes2010Ingår i: Learning Regional Innovation: Scandinavian Models / [ed] Marianne Ekman, Bjørn Gustavsen, Bjørn T. Asheim, Øyvind Pålshaugen, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010, 1, s. 150-169Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The comparison of the different innovation and development attempts in the Nordic countries through benchmarking was the purpose of the project on which this contribution focuses. The aim of the project was, first, to study and analyse different ways of organizing and managing regional development and innovation processes and, second, to compare the results in order for the collaborative actors to reflect and learn from each others’ approaches and experiences. © Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2011.

  • 280.
    Eriksson, Helena
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Regionalt lärande och ledarskap (RELL).
    Hofmaier, Bernd
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Regionalt lärande och ledarskap (RELL).
    Högskolor och institut – normsystems roll i samarbete2009Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senaste åren har man från politiskt håll lyft frågan kring relationen mellan högskolor och institut och vad dessa båda aktörer har för roller. Man har pekat på ett behov av mer samverkan mellan högskolor och institut. Detta paper är en analys av två samverkansprojekt mellan högskolor och institut. Intervjuer samt en workshop har genomförts med aktörer från deltagare i projekten och dessa har analyserats utifrån Mertons (1973) och Zimans (1994, 2000) teorier om normsystem inom högskolor respektive institut. Skillnad i normsystem mellan högskolorna och instituten analyseras utifrån synen på kunskap och forskning bland deltagarna i projekten. Skillnaderna i normsystemen kan ses få konsekvenser för hur verksamheten inom högskolorna och institut organiseras. Dessa två utgångspunkter, skilda sätt att se på kunskap och forskning samt olika sätt att organisera sin verksamhet på, skapar i sin tur både möjligheter men även svårigheter att arbeta tillsammans.

  • 281.
    Erlandsson, Maria
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Forslund, Elin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Are intermediary luxury fashion brands excluding overweight and obese women in the UK, by not offering their sizes among its assortments?2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Are intermediary luxury fashion brands excluding overweight and obese women in the UK, by not offering their sizes among its assortments?

    Authors: Elin Forslund and Maria Erlandsson

    Supervisor:Ulf Aagerup

    Level: Bachelor thesis in marketing (15 ECTS). Spring 2015.

    Key concepts: Fashion, Intermediary Luxury, Brand Identity, Brand Image, User Imagery and Self-image Congruence.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to review the sizes available in store by three leading intermediary luxury fashion brands offered in the UK and compare it with the actual body shapes of the female UK population. This will show whether intermediary luxury fashion brands exclude overweight and obese women, by not offering their sizes among its assortments. We want to find out whether it is possible to reveal a correlation between existing branding theories and intermediary luxury fashion assortments in the UK.

    Theoretical framework: Our frame of reference consists of established branding theories and previous research concerning brand identity, brand image, self-image congruence, user imagery, segmentation and luxury branding.

    Method: This is a cross-sectional research of the descriptive kind.  We have used a deductive research approach and a quantitative research method.

    Empirical findings: In this chapter we are presenting the results of our study through a table demonstrating the distribution of individuals and garments over weight classes. Also, any significant differences between supply and demand within any of the categories will be revealed through a Z-test.

    Conclusions: Obese women are by all means excluded by intermediary luxury fashion brands. The overweight women have significantly less jeans to choose from than what should be supported by their relative share of the female UK population. However, it turned out that they are not entirely excluded as they still have an amount of tops to choose from that closely matches their demand. Also we succeeded with identifying a causal correlation between branding theories and the result of our study. Therefore we have managed to provide further knowledge on how intermediary luxury fashion brands can become successful.

  • 282.
    Estevez Luna, Antonio
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Yunicheva, Rinata
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Composition of Skunk works team2012Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this thesis is to explore the composition of the Skunk works’ innovation team, which directly influences team performance. Such research is important in order to understand how the Skunk works team deals with innovation. Specifically, how the team’s size, diversity and the roles of team members can influence its performance and have an effect on its success.

    During the time when we were looking for the definition of Skunk works we mostly found that it is a small group of highly qualified and skilled people in different fields. However, we did not find so many theories about the composition of Skunk works teams. This was due to the high level of secrecy in this field, because Skunk works was originally used only for military purposes. To have a more clear view, we decided to use theories from different research fields, such as research about Skunk works itself, and about team and team composition. We found that it is quite easy to find literature about the role of the leader as a member of the innovation team, who can also be known as the “champion”. However, on another hand we found that it is quite difficult to find information about the whole team, specifically about roles in the team. We believe that, even though the leader has a key role, a well-balanced combination of roles should be also taken into consideration in such teams.

    The research method deployed in this thesis is multiple-case study, where we have used three cases which are operating in different companies and industries, such as entertainment, scientific research and industrial manufacturing, as well in different geographical positions, such as Sweden and Spain. We have collected data via interviews and secondary data, where we interviewed a representative of these three companies via personal interviews and by e-mail.

    The findings from this thesis provide evidence that the team composition elements, such as roles in the team, as well its size and diversity can influence on further efficiency of the team. During our research we found that all three companies, especially teams in those companies, could be good examples of Skunk works. Moreover, during the research we found that our findings can be in line with existing studies, that it is unnecessary that the project should be in total secret or fully mandated and that there are a lot of other types of Skunk works teams as well. Also during the research we confirmed with other present studies required characteristics for the “champion” and for other team members. Another finding was about the optimal number of team members in a Skunk works team.

    The main conclusions drawn from this thesis are that firstly, the composition of a Skunk works team can influence the further team productivity and success of the project. Secondly, that the optimal size of team should not exceed ten people. Thirdly, we can conclude that properly chosen roles as well as characteristics of team members can have an influence on the further success of an innovation project.

  • 283.
    Evers, Natasha
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER). JE Cairnes School of Business and Economics, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Decision-making logics in international opportunity exploration and exploitation in high tech ventures2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the decision-making logics of entrepreneurs during the exploration and exploitation phases of international opportunities. Data was collected from four med-tech international new ventures in Ireland and Sweden. Adopting a longitudinal approach, we captured the processual dynamics of exploration and exploitation and identified decision-making behaviours adopted by INV entrepreneurs in different phases of the international opportunity process. This study finds that he entrepreneur’s decision-making logic falls contingent on their personal knowledge base and nature of industry dynamics surrounding the exploration and exploitation processes. The study finds that those entrepreneurs with a scientific and engineering background drew on causation decision-making logic in the exploration processes concerning technology development, whereas during the exploitation process they enacted more effectuated behaviours in decisions particulary relating to marketing experimentation and development, mainly due to their lack of prior commercial experience and business know-how. This study contributes to the domain of international entrepreneurship (IE) research with a particular focus on decision-making logic in the exploration and exploitation processes of international opportunities. It offers empirical insights into the degree of applicability of effectuation and causation logic in entrepreneurial decision-making. As IE is a young discipline, this study makes a number of inroads in advancing knowledge in the causation and effectuation theoretical perspectives on IE with specific focus on the complex entrepreneurial processes of exploration and exploitation of international opportunities in high tech contexts.

  • 284.
    Evers, Natasha
    et al.
    National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Dynamic Managerial Capabilities And International Opportunity Creation – Empirical Insights From Irish And Swedish Case Firms2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper builds upon and empirically tests our recently JIEN published conceptual model developed by Andersson and Evers (2015). This conceptual framework which advances the three core components of the dynamic managerial capabilities: cognitive, social and human capital (Adner and Helfat, 2003) is an attempt to conceptualise and provide theoretical understanding as to how dynamic managerial capabilities are developed within small internationalising firms for creating and capturing international opportunities.  Building upon this conceptual model and extant theoretical studies, this paper sets out to do three things. Firstly, drawing upon the recent conceptual model developed by Andersson and Evers, (JIEN 2015), this research inquiry explores the role of dynamic managerial capabilities in how international opportunities are created and exploited in Irish and Sweden small internationalising companies. Second, it examines the dichotomy between opportunity discovery and the emergent yet controversial concept of opportunity creation. Thirdly, it explores empirically the theoretical relevance of opportunity creation across the findings. Fourthly, this research pays particular attention to top managers and their top management teams (TMTs) as the primary source of dynamic managerial capabilities.  In the empirical evidence, we seek to understand how dynamic managerial capabilities are developed and utilized by INV managers to create and capture international opportunities. 

  • 285.
    Evers, Natasha
    et al.
    NUI Galway, Galway, Ireland.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    The role of stakeholders in developing marketing capabilities in internationalising SMEs2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to extend the concept of dynamic capabilities in relation to the marketing function of the organisation, with particular focus on the role of stakeholders in marketing capability-building processes to deliver unique marketing assets for competitive advantage in international new ventures. Using a cross-country case approach of firms in Ireland, Sweden and Denmark, we identify and empirically examine the role of stakeholder groups in developing market-relating capabilities that enable firms to acquire and effectively respond to the dynamic international market environments. This study suggests that small internationalising firms must move beyond market orientation strategies for developing marketing capabilities to consider other stakeholder groups for driving firm performance.  This study finds that various stakeholders play a critical role in influencing the nature of the firm’s marketing capabilities. The nature of stakeholder groups can influence the learning processes of the firm and thus can determine the type of marketing capabilities and marketing assets the firm develops for competitive advantage.

    In particular, we find that managerial capabilities of entrepreneur/manager stakeholder are central in managing and leveraging the relationships between the firm and stakeholder relationships for capturing and regenerating marketing resources and capabilities for generating rents.

  • 286.
    Evers, Natasha
    et al.
    J.E. Cairnes School of Business and Economics, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Hannibal, Martin
    Department of Marketing and Management, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.
    Stakeholders and Marketing Capabilities in International New Ventures: Evidence from Ireland, Sweden and Denmark2012Ingår i: Journal of International Marketing, ISSN 1069-031X, E-ISSN 1547-7215, Vol. 20, nr 4, s. 46-71Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Few studies have examined the dynamic capabilities perspective in the context of international new ventures (INVs) and, in particular, toward their marketing activities. Using a cross-country case approach, this article explores the role of stakeholders in the marketing capability–building processes of INVs in Ireland, Sweden, and Denmark. The study reveals that different stakeholders play a critical role in influencing how INVs build their marketing capabilities to respond effectively to the dynamic nature of international markets in which they operate. The results show that different stakeholder groups (allied, cooperative, neutral, and entrepreneur) can influence the learning processes (single-, double-, and triple-loop) of the firm and can determine the nature of dynamic marketing capabilities (incremental,renewing, and regenerative) needed to create and sustain international competitive advantage. Furthermore, “effectuation logic” can explain how entrepreneurs manage and leverage stakeholder relationships in marketing capability processes to cocreate value for the firm. By incorporating dynamic capabilities, stakeholder, and learning theories, this study offers a dynamic, process-oriented model for INV research and provides much-needed qualitative insights into the dynamic capabilities theory of the firm. © 2012, American Marketing Association.

  • 287.
    Evers, Natasha
    et al.
    National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Hannibal, Martin
    South Denmark University, Odense, Denmark.
    Stakeholders and Marketing Capabilities in International New Ventures: Evidence from Ireland, Sweden and Denmark2012Ingår i: Proceedings of the 54th Annual Meeting of the Academy of International Business, East Lansing MI: Academy of International Business: Rethinking the Roles of Business, Government and NGOs in the Global Economy / [ed] S. Feinberg & T. Kiyak, Michigan: Academy of International Business , 2012, s. 233-233Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Few studies have examined dynamic capabilities perspective in the context of INVs and particularly toward their marketing activities. This paper aims to extend the concept of dynamic capabilities in relation to the marketing function of the organization, with particular focus on the role of stakeholders in marketing capability-building processes to deliver competitive advantage in international new ventures (INVs). Using a cross-country case approach of firms in Ireland, Sweden and Denmark, we explore the role of stakeholder groups in developing market-relating capabilities that enable INVs to effectively respond to the dynamic nature of international market they operate in. This study finds that various stakeholders play a critical role in influencing how INVs build their marketing capabilities for their international development. The nature of stakeholder groups can influence the learning processes of the firm and thus can determine the type of marketing capabilities the firm develops for international competitive advantage. In particular, we find that capabilities of entrepreneur/manager stakeholder are central in managing and leveraging the relationships between the firm and stakeholder relationships for dynamically modifying, renewing and regenerating marketing capabilities.

  • 288.
    Evers, Natasha
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER). Marketing Discipline, J.E. Cairnes School of Business & Economics, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.
    Cunningham, James A
    Newcastle Business School, Northumbria University, Newcastle Upon Tyne, United Kingdom.
    Hoholm, Thomas
    Department of Innovation and Economic Organisation, BI Norwegian Business School, Oslo, Norway.
    International entrepreneurship in universities: Context, emergence and actors2016Ingår i: Journal of International Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1570-7385, E-ISSN 1573-7349, Vol. 14, nr 3, s. 285-295Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This special issue presents an opportunity to explore the international aspects of academic and university based international entrepreneurship. Over the last decades much research attention has been focused on university spin-off firms (USOs) on issues such as, creation, risk, strategies and performance (see Druilhe and Garnsey, 2004; Link and Scott, 2005; Lockett and Wright, 2005; Walter et al, 2006; Wright et al., 2006). There has been a dearth of studies that have examined the international dimensions and aspects of university-based spin-off firms. The six articles presented in this special issue point towards interesting future research agendas at the interface between academic and international entrepreneurship. Three core themes emerge from this special issue: Context, Emergence and Actors. In sum, this special issue pinpoints: firstly, specific features of universities and research organizations as contexts for international technology entrepreneurship; secondly, the process of organizational emergence and entrepreneurial cognition; and thirdly, insight into learning processes of USOs and the role of non-academic actors. Our article concludes by identifying future avenues of research. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media New York

  • 289.
    Evers, Natasha
    et al.
    National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.
    Kuivalainen, Olli
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Industry Factors Influencing International New Ventures’ Internationalisation Processes2015Ingår i: The Rise of Multinationals from Emerging Economies: Achieving a New Balance / [ed] Palitha Konara, Yoo Jung Ha, Frank McDonald & Yingqi Wei, Houndmills, Basingstoke Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015, 1, s. 226-242Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The nature of the industry, or the environment in which the firm operates, can have a significant impact on the internationalisation of the new venture. The impact of industry factors has received limited attention in the context of international entrepreneurship. This chapter builds on extant studies on International New ventures (INVs) operating in different industrial contexts. Particular attention is given to the role of industry influences in the processes of new venture internationalisation, in terms of geographical scope (number of target markets the firm enters), entry strategy (entry mode in foreign markets, e g distributers or subsidiaries) and internationalisation speed (the time span between the legal creation of a firm and its first international sale and the speed of a firm’s continued international growth). The goals of this chapter are the following: First, we present some insights into the industry idiosyncrasies and INVs and present a conceptual framework identifying key industry variables to aid further examination of the role industry factors on new venture internationalisation processes and strategies. Such key influencing factors are (1) knowledge intensity and product 2) industry life cycle, 3) degree of global industry integration [A1] (4) industry network dynamics, (5) business model and 6) local industry cluster internationalisation. Second, we build up propositions how industry affects the internationalisation process of the INVs. In this we provide a platform for further studies in the domain of international entrepreneurship.

  • 290.
    Fallahi, Sara
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Holmén, Magnus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Björkdahl, Joakim
    Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Organizing business model innovation in established firms2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Research focusing on business model innovation tends to either be case-based, studying the transformation of a firm’s business model, or normative in terms of how to implement new business models. Prior research has tended to neglect the various choices and decisions of the organization for business model innovation and the mechanisms that lead to good or poor business model implementation performance. This paper identifies mechanisms that influence the performance of the business model innovation process. Empirically, the paper draws on two case studies of two multinational firms, Skanska and IKEA, and how they organized their business model innovation processes. The paper identifies four mechanisms, including search, leadership, commitment, and external collaboration, derived from within-case and cross-case analysis. The paper contributes to the growing field of business model innovation by showing important mechanisms that influence the potential and performance of the implemented business model innovations.

  • 291.
    Floriani, Dinora Eilete
    et al.
    UNIVALI - Universidade do Vale do Itajaí, Itajaí, Brazil.
    Morandi, Carini
    UNIVALI - Universidade do Vale do Itajaí, Itajaí, Brazil.
    Vasconcellos, Silvio
    FURB - Universidade Regional de Blumenau, Blumenau, Brazil.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Speed and Permanence: Elements of Internationalization of Technology-Based Firms2019Ingår i: Multinational Enterprises and their Non-market Social and Political Strategies', 46th Annual Conference of the Academy of International Business AIB-UKI (UK & Ireland Chapter), Brighton, The University of Sussex / [ed] Vikrant Shirodkar, 2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyzes the speed of internationalization and the permanence of the international operations of technology-based firms. We evaluated two types of technology-based companies: the creative ones, which are those whodevelopand sell software for digital entertainment, education, andgames; and the traditional ones, that is, those that develop and sell software for financial, legal, industrial sectors, among others. The speed with which these firms enter the international market after their foundation was analyzed, as well as the length of time these companies stay operating abroad, thus identifying sustainability over time. The search for results of this research used a qualitative, multiple case study with four internationalized technology-based firms, divided into two groups: creative and traditional. The contribution of this research is to explore which factors that influence the speed and permanence consider the potential of the intangible resource of creativity as a competitive advantage for rapid access to international markets, which, in turn, generates the knowledge that reflects in technological innovation to adapt and compete globally, making international operations sustainable over time.

  • 292.
    Florén, Henrik
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Collaborative approaches to management learning in small firms2003Ingår i: Journal of Workplace Learning, ISSN 1366-5626, E-ISSN 1758-7859, Vol. 15, nr 5, s. 203-216Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to describe how learning in collaborative approaches – in this paper labeled “collaborative approaches to management learning” (CAML) – can support the learning situation of small firm owner-managers. Drawing on a socio-cognitive learning framework, the context of the small firm and its consequences for management learning are framed and discussed. Drawing on four episodes of management learning in CAML, it is suggested that CAML establishes a new context in which old truths can be questioned and new insights can be created. In CAML the owner-managers are offered a position on the periphery of practice of the other managers and other network visitors, where trust among the network participants provides the foundation for admitting and openly facing lack of knowledge on different issues, something that is prohibited within their enterprises, due to the lack of peers and expected omniscience of the owner-manager.

  • 293.
    Florén, Henrik
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Managerial work and learning in small firms2005Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with how managerial work sets the agenda for managerial learning in small firms. Although studies of learning in organizations are numerous, research on managerial learning in the small-firm context is limited. In particular, our knowledge of managerial learning suffers from an insufficient understanding of what top managers in small firms do. The primary purpose of this thesis is to describe how the work of small-firm managers sets the agenda for managerial learning, and how their learning can be supported. Additionally, the thesis explores the use of so-called “Action Technologies” in supporting managerial learning in small firms.Drawing on an observational study of six owner-managers in small (17-43 employees) manufacturing firms, and a synthesis of earlier studies, this thesis shows that three features of managerial work shape managerial learning in small firms: The small firm’s top manager (i) operates in context with specific structural conditions that affect his/her behavior, (ii) have certain cognitive predispositions guiding his/her behavior, and (iii) have certain behavioral preferences directing his/her behavior.The main argument in this thesis is that managerial learning in small firms is made difficult due to features that make it hard to come to a point where learning (in terms of reflection and conceptualization) is given time and resources, as the manager has trouble in finding time for learning, and as learning risks to become low-priority. Learning is also difficult due to barriers related to the learning process: the work of the manager fosters a superficial learning orientation, makes it difficult to probe deeply into and to develop complicated understandings of issues at hand, and makes peer-learning rarely possible.Drawing on an action research project of managerial learning in four networks of small-firm owner-managers, the thesis also explores, in a concrete manner, how managerial learning might be supported in a way that circumvents the deficient situation for managerial learning in this kind of firm. More specifically, it seems that Action Technologies by their design constitute a learning context that supports the learning of the small-firm top manager by dissolving the barriers to learning identified above.

  • 294.
    Florén, Henrik
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Managerial work in small firms: summarising what we know and sketching a research agenda2006Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, ISSN 1355-2554, E-ISSN 1758-6534, Vol. 12, nr 5, s. 272-288Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this article is to describe the basic characteristics and qualities of managerial work in small firms.

    Design/methodology/approach: The article draws on a summary and synthesis of five studies from the “managerial-work research tradition” that investigates the behaviour of top managers in small firms by means of direct observation. Studies are evaluated by using research on managers' jobs in general, and some needs as well as guidelines for future research on entrepreneurial and managerial work in small firms are suggested.

    Findings: Managerial work in small firms is described by discussing: how managers divide their time between different activities; managerial interaction and communication, and the elements of managerial work in small firms. Three limitations of existing studies are identified: they are difficult to compare; they adopt a simplistic conception of the constituents of managers' jobs, and more specifically of the relation between the managing actor and the context in which he/she works; and they fail to recognise to the value of inductive analysis.

    Research limitations/implications: Future studies of managerial work in small firms have much to gain by considering the development that has been taking place within general management theory and in the study of managers' jobs. This article contributes a first step towards bringing research on managers' jobs into the small-business research community.

    Originality/value: The paper initiates a better understanding of the basics of managerial work in small firms, which has not previously been elaborated upon and is an important step in exploring the dynamics of small business management.

  • 295.
    Florén, Henrik
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Organising small-firm growth2011Ingår i: Research on Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management 2009‐2011: Introducing the Research Area of Innovation Science / [ed] Sven-Åke Hörte, Halmstad: Högskolan i Halmstad , 2011, s. 117-133Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper summarises the results some major undertakings to explain small‐firm growth. This is achieved through an in‐depth reading of three Swedish doctoral theses written by Tomas Brytting (1991), Frederic Delmar (1996) and Johan Wiklund (1998), and a number ofrecently published articles that have addressed this issue. The purpose of this paper is todescribe what we know about “organising for small‐firm growth” on a firm level. The main result of the paper is a description of what is known about organising for small‐firm growth in accordance with four dimensions: i) the strategy of the growing firm, ii) the entrepreneur/manager in the growing firm, iii) the resources and the capabilities of the growing firm and iv) the consequences of small‐firm growth, i.e. what organisational growth brings to a small firm. The paper also includes a discussion of the limitations of the reviewed research and suggestions for future research.

  • 296.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Agostini, Alessandro
    Einsights Pte. Ltd., Singapore, Singapore.
    The Business Model Innovation Map: A Framework for Analyzing Business Model Innovation2015Ingår i: IAMOT 2015: 24th International Association For Management Of Technology Conference Proceedings: Technology, Innovation and Management for Sustainable Growth / [ed] Leon Pretorius & George Alex Thopil, Hatfield: University of Pretoria & Media Chef CC , 2015, s. 2192-2207Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Business model innovation has received substantial attention by both practitioners and researchers during the last fifteen years. While many companies have good processes and a shared sense of how to innovate technology, they are less capable when it comes to how they should innovate business models. This lack of practical skills is mirrored by the shortage of scholarly understanding, in which business model innovation as a phenomenon is poorly explained in comparison to e.g. product or process innovations.

    Although previous research has contributed greatly to the advancements of business model innovation, our conceptual understanding of business model innovation is still rather confused. Behind this study, lies two related assumptions; (i) not all business model innovations are the same, and, (ii) different types of business model innovation will challenge firms in different ways. To this background, the purpose of this study is to develop a framework that will allow for a conceptual differentiation between different types of business model innovation.

    The paper draws on previous studies in the field of technology and innovation management and develops a framework – “The Business Model Innovation Map” – that distinguishes between different types of business model innovation according to their degree of novelty. The framework is illustrated by several real-life examples of business model innovation.

    The paper adds to our understanding of innovation management as it allows for a better understanding of business model innovation as a distinct type of innovation. More specifically, it helps differentiating transformative business model innovations from mere incremental ones, and, as such, it presents a novel approach to categorize different types of business model innovation. The framework can serve as a basis for future in-depth empirical investigations of different types of business model innovation that can help firms to better understand how to manage such innovations. Copyright © 2015 by Halmstad University and Einsights Pte. Ltd.

  • 297.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    From Preliminary Ideas to Corroborated Product Definitions: Managing the Front End of New Product Development2012Ingår i: California Management Review, ISSN 0008-1256, E-ISSN 2162-8564, Vol. 54, nr 4, s. 20-43Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Front-end activities largely influence the outcomes of new product development processes, because it is here that firms create new ideas, give them direction, and set them in motion. We show that the front end can be understood as comprising three core activities: idea/concept development, idea/concept alignment, and idea/concept legitimization, which allow firms to create corroborated product definitions. The paper provides important implications for managers interested in front-end management, and devote specific attention to the differences between incremental and radical front end development and to the front end in the light of increasingly open innovation processes. 

  • 298.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Frishammar, Johan
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Lee, Carmen
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Ericsson, Magnus
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Luleå, Sweden.
    Gustafsson, Stefan
    Höganäs AB, Höganäs, Sweden.
    A framework for raw materials management in process industries2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Firms in the process industries manipulate materials properties to produce upgraded raw materials for applications and products upstream in a supply chain. About 25% of the most research intensive firms in the world belong to the process industries, so proper management of raw materials is a key concern for many firms. This article explores the concept of “raw materials management”. By studying the current world leader in powder metallurgy, the Höganäs Corporation, the article describes the external and internal factors impacting how raw materials are managed, and how raw material issues affect different aspects of firm performance. Managerial implications are presented elaborating three key-areas that firms should deal with when developing a strategic approach to raw materials management.

  • 299.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Löf, Anton
    RMG Consulting, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ericsson, Magnus
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Raw Materials Management in Iron and Steelmaking Firms2019Ingår i: Mineral Economics, ISSN 2191-2203, E-ISSN 2191-2211, Vol. 32, nr 1, s. 39-47Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper adds new knowledge on how raw materials should be managed in iron and steelmaking firms. While previous research has contributed significantly to how firms should deal with functional challenges related to raw materials, the understanding of Raw Materials Management from a holistic perspective is largely lacking, and extant research does not provide qualified advice to firms on this matter. This study provides such knowledge by drawing on insights from Höganäs AB, a world leader in ferrous powder metallurgy, and their efforts to identify key aspects and principles of raw materials management. Our elaboration of a more holistic view on raw materials management builds on two elements. First, we depict five external uncertainties and three internal conditions that impact firm-level raw materials management. Second, we present six critical capabilities that underpin proficient firm-level raw materials management. The paper concludes with a discussion of implications for both firms aiming to increase their raw materials proficiency and to future investigations into this important area. © The Author(s) 2018

  • 300.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden & Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland.
    Critical success factors in early new product development: a review and a conceptual model2018Ingår i: The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, ISSN 1554-7191, E-ISSN 1555-1938, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 411-427Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The literature on the front end in the New Product Development (NPD) literature is fragmented with respect to the identification and analysis of the factors that are critical to successful product development. The article has a two-fold purpose. First, it describes, analyses, and synthesizes those factors through a literature review of the research on the front end in NPD. Second, it conceptualizes a framework that features two types of success factors: foundational success factors (common to all the firm’s projects) and project-specific success factors (appropriate for the firm’s individual projects). The article makes recommendations for the management of this important phase of product development, discusses limitations of relevant previous research, and offers suggestions for future research. The article makes a theoretical contribution with its analysis and synthesis of the reasons for success in front-end activities and a practical contribution with its conceptual framework that can be used as an analytical tool by firms and their product managers. © 2017 The Author(s)

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