hh.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
3456789 251 - 300 of 503
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 251.
    Hildebrand, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    "I love nat to be constreyned to love" - Launcelot and Sexual Vulnerability2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While we tend to think of rape as something that happens to female characters, Malory's text does, in fact, contain numerous male characters who suffer attempts to coerce them into sex. This happens to Bors de Ganis, and indeed, to Arthur himself. The most regular victim of this is Launcelot, who is repeatedly in danger of being forced to have sex with various women, and is, of course, in fact drugged and raped.

    Launcelot seems to attract these women through his fame and prowess, and his attachment to Guinevere frequently arouses jealousy. However, if we take into consideration rape as a crime of power more than of sexual attraction, another image of Launcelot's situation appears. This reading suggests that the women in question desire power over Launcelot - and the common threat to kill him if he will not acquiesce rather strengthens that suggestion - and this desire puts him in a uniquely vulnerable position. As they are women, they cannot be dealt with through his martial prowess and vanquished in battle; their very defenselessness causes Launcelot's vulnerability. This paper investigates how Launcelot's masculinity, based, as masculinity in Malory generally is, on prowess and the steadfast love for a specific woman, paradoxically places him in what is traditionally a feminine position - that of vulnerability to violence, including sexual violence.

  • 252.
    Hildebrand, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    Knights in Space: the Arthur of Babylon 5 and Dr. Who2002In: King Arthur in Popular Culture / [ed] Elizabeth Sklar, Don Hoffman, McFarland , 2002, p. 101-110Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 253.
    Hildebrand, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM), Contexts and Cultural Boundaries (KK).
    Male sexuality and the stain of illegitimacy: Sites of discomfort in Arthurian texts2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 254.
    Hildebrand, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM), Contexts and Cultural Boundaries (KK).
    Morgan's Children: Sex and Power2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Many contemporary text reinterpret the ambiguous character of Morgan le Fay. However, whether they cast her as an evil enemy or as misunderstood martyr, a surprising number of contemporary depictions share one element: they change the traditional number and/or the identity of Morgan’s children. Mordred is depicted as her son, rather than Morgawse’s, and there are often other sons and daughters. Morgan’s children may be her allies or adversaries, or symbols of her feminity and sexuality: the texts differ in their approaches. In this paper; I discuss the various uses made of the portrayal of Morgan as mother in texts by Bradley, Sampson, Lawhead, and others.

  • 255.
    Hildebrand, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Contexts and Cultural Boundaries (KK).
    'Nemo sine crimine vivit, and mine is to love Antiquities': The Pleasure of Historiography2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    “Nemo sine crimine vivit, and mine is to love Antiquities”: the pleasure of historiography.

    The quotation is from a letter by Charles Bertram, antiquarian, grammarian, and forger. In describing his interest in history, especially the Middle Ages, he repeatedly uses emotional terms, including ‘love’ and ‘pleasure.’ Clearly, to Bertram, the study of history is first and foremost a pleasure, and one which he finds it difficult to do without. This paper investigates the pleasure taken in knowledge of the Middle Ages, as expressed in Bertram’s letters, and argues that it is, in his case, inextricably linked with a desire to belong.

  • 256.
    Hildebrand, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Contexts and Cultural Boundaries (KK).
    'Open manslaughter and bold bawdry': Male Sexuality as a Cause of Disruption in Malory's Morte Darthur2014In: Sexual Culture in the Literature of Medieval Britain / [ed] Amanda Hopkins, Robert Allen Rouse & Cory James Rushton, Cambridge: D.S. Brewer, 2014, 1, p. 13-25Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 257.
    Hildebrand, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Contexts and Cultural Boundaries (KK).
    Party Like It's 1469: Dining in Malory's Morte d'Arthur2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Malory's text contains numerous references to eating together: after all, the most central artefact of King Arthur's court is a (round) dining table. In this paper, I will argue that dining functions as a marker for knighthood, community, and refinement: this is particularly clear in the Tale of Sir Gareth, where various aspects eating, cooking, and food marks Gareth's development from kitchen boy to famous knight. This is further supported by other parts of the Morte d’Arthur, especially where the decline from celebratory dining to the dinner where one eater is poisoned at the table signals the break-down of the community of the court.

  • 258.
    Hildebrand, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Contexts and Cultural Boundaries (KK).
    Reading desire: men desiring men in Malory2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is no doubt that, in Malory, the knights’ sexual desire is directed towards women: much of the text covers the stories of the great lovers Launcelot and Tristram. In this paper, I argue that it is possible, especially for today’s readers, to read Malory from a perspective of same-sex desire. There are three main reasons for this: the usage, between knights, of the language of a feudal world, the eroticisation of dominance and submission, and the marginalisation of one of the most explicitly desiring characters. Malory’s knights interact in the language of feudal bonds: they swear to be each other’s knights always, and to be true and loyal – in fact, the language used between knights often differs little from that used between courtly love couples. Courtly love borrowed its discourse from feudal bonds, eroticising it in the process. When feudal discourse is then used for feudal purposes – such as the swearing of one knight to another – the erotic charge of courtly love is retained, colouring the feudal bonds with desire. The interaction of knights with ladies and their interaction with each other are couched in very similar language, thus making it possible to read both as erotic. As I have argued elsewhere, many medieval texts eroticise dominance and submission, with the man as dominant in marriage, but as submissive in courtly love. So do many modern texts: the eroticisation of dominance and violence is of course not an unknown phenomenon in the contemporary world. In the light of this, much knightly interaction, which is aimed at determining a hierarchy of better/lesser knight, can also be read as expressing desire, for the top position but also for the knight currently holding that position: the lesser, defeated knight desires the winner, and shows such desire through the feudal language which – as mentioned above – carries an erotic subtext. In the story of Palomides, a reading of same-sex desire in the text is particularly possible. To readers who themselves occupy a marginalised position in society, for example due to sexual orientation, the marginalised character might offer a natural target for identification. Palomides is already marginalised due to his ethnicity and religion, making him a potential representative of other marginalised groups. Furthermore, Palomides explicitly desires Tristram’s company, and this is referred to in parallel with his desire for Isoud, using similar language. Palomides’s desire for Tristram is also expressed as a desire to defeat him or be defeated by him, thus linking the desire to eroticisation of dominance and submission. As Palomides is characterised by both his marginalisation and his desire, it is easy to read his desire itself as marginalising, deviant in a heteronormative world. For today’s reader, then, it is possible to read Malory’s text as containing desire not only between men and women, but between men, relying on a subtext of same-sex desire and eroticisation of dominance and submission even in overtly heterosexual characters.

  • 259.
    Hildebrand, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM), Contexts and Cultural Boundaries (KK).
    Riding off to Adventure and into Court: Perceval as Other (or, Is that Boy Ready to Leave Mother?)2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 260.
    Hildebrand, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Språk, kultur och samhälle.
    Sitting on the Sidelines: Disability in Malory2017In: Arthuriana: The Quarterly for the International Arthurian Society-North American Branch, ISSN 1078-6279, E-ISSN 1934-1539, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 66-80Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The presence of a small number of disabled characters in Malory’s text points to the normalization of ability: disability is outside the norm. This paper argues that disability is marginalized to the point of invisibility in the text because it is a site of anxiety for the intended audience.

  • 261.
    Hildebrand, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Contexts and Cultural Boundaries (KK).
    Sitting on the Sidelines: Disability in Malory2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Late medieval tournaments were not a safe sport; deaths and injuries are mentioned by contemporary chroniclers, the most famous case being the death of Henry II of France in 1559. Clearly some of these injuries, where the knight escaped death, led to long-lasting or permanent disability. The disability need not hinder an active life: Götz of Berlichingen, having lost his right arm in battle, wore an articulated prosthetic arm. This shows the importance of warlike endeavour to the knightly classes, considering the ingenuity expended on allowing the disabled man to participate in physical activities and, when in armour, present an able-bodied image.

    In Malory’s works, as in all narratives of chivalric deeds, death is an expected and frequent outcome of knightly activities. However, we encounter few disabled characters: knights either die or heal. In Malory’s text, ability is normalised: lasting injury and disability is outside the norm, marginalised to the point of invisibility. This is surprising, considering that the audience must have been familiar with permanent, more or less disabling, effects of knightly life. Oliver Auge has argued that “affected nobles were ... seen as disturbing elements within the society” and may have internalised this perspective;[1] thus, in Malory’s perfect Arthurian world, disability is not admissible. The exceptions to this are Pellam -  the Grail guardian - and Sir Urry. These two characters, while sharing a long-term disability, differ in narrative function. Pellam is the literary descendant of the Fisher King of earlier Arthurian texts,[2] who is always, as Kisha G. Tracy has pointed out, “defined by his disability.”[3] Sir Urry, on the other hand, seems to appear in the narrative only to provide Lancelot with proof of his worthiness.

    Malory introduces Pellam’s disability at the very beginning, making it a significant part of the story of Sir Balin. Here we see Pellam engaging in battle, desiring to avenge his brother, but resulting in Pellam himself being injured: “and kynge Pellam lay so many yerys sore wounded, and myght never be hole tylle that Galaad the Hawte Prynce heled hym in the queste of the Sankgreall”[4] – at which point his name has changed to Pelles and the story of his maiming is different.

    The story of the maimed king and his healing is, even for Malory, inconsistent and confusing. King Pellam/Pelles is wounded – though there are contradictory stories of that wounding - and will be healed by Galahad; however, there is another Fisher King, and once the healing takes place, not Pelles but another unnamed knight is the object of healing. Pellles’s disability is by no means as dominant in Malory’s text as in the various earlier Perceval/Grail texts: it is only referred to in the two stories of his wounding and once mentioned by Galahad. The same silence about disability can be found in the narrative of Sir Urry. Sir Urry’s injury, which occurred in a tournament, has been aggravated by sorcery and caused disability: his healing restores him to full knightly ability. Thus, we see the disabled knight only briefly, and focus is on the attempts at healing.

    Despite disability being the defining characteristic in previous literary incarnations of the Grail king, and despite the experience of Sir Urry – long-term disability after an injury – being a realistic feature of the chivalric world, disability is consistently hidden by the reader’s attention being diverted, the symbolism of the disability, or even the disabled character, shifting throughout the narrative. Disability and the disabled are unstable sites in the text, and seem to be sites of anxiety for the intended audience.

    [1] Oliver Auge, ”Noblemen injured in fights and jousts: in the field of tension between honour and ability” Medizin, Gesellschaft und Geschichte 2009/28 21-46, abstract.

    [2] Although clearly not identical in Malory, as Galahad asks to be remembered “unto my grauntesyre kynge Pelles, and unto my lorde kynge Pecchere, and say hem” Sir Thomas Malory, Works, ed. Eugéne Vinaver, 2nd ed. (Oxford: Oxford UP, 1977) 519 (my emphasis).

    [3] Kisha G. Tracy, “Representations of Disability: the Medieval Literary Tradition of the Fisher King” Ryler, Joshue E., ed., Disability in the Middle Ages: Reconsiderations and Reverberations (Farnham: Ashgate, 2010) 105-118, 105.

    [4] Malory 54.

  • 262.
    Hildebrand, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    The Display of Honour: Clothing and Armour in Malory's Le Morte Darthur2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This session looks at the appropriate display of rank and wealth in Scandinavian and English courtly literature, through textiles, armour, and gift-giving. The objects referenced in these texts allowed the contemporary reader to place the characters at the appropriate level of the hierarchy, judging their rank by the value of the objects displayed in public settings. The texts also served as instructions for proper consumption and guided the reader into ways of establishing and displaying aristocratic identities in public settings.

  • 263.
    Hildebrand, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    The Female Reader at the Round Table: Religion and Women in Three Contemporary Arthurian Texts2001Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Stretching back at least a thousand years, Arthurian literature constitutes a vigorous and varied genre that attracts scholarly attention. In a close reading of three modern Arthurian texts, Mary Stewart’s Merlin trilogy, The Crystal Cave(1970), The Hollow Hills (1973), The Last Enchantment (1979), Marion Bradley’sThe Mists of Avalon (1982), and Stephen Lawhead’s Pendragon Cycle, Taliesin(1987), Merlin (1988), Arthur (1989), Pendragon (1994), and Grail (1997), this study focuses on the intersection between two of the genre’s motifs: religion and gender. Inspired by the medieval Arthurian tradition, which is exemplified in my discussion by Geoffrey of Monmouth’s Historia Regum Britanniae and Sir Thomas Malory’s Works, these three texts rewrite the medieval stories, not merely by changing the plots, but by expressing new political, social, and cultural views of the gendering of religion.

    Stewart’s, Bradley’s and Lawhead’s novels portray different religious traditions: respectively, an eclectic monotheism, Neo-Pagan Wicca, and Christianity. They also offer different gender perspectives: in Stewart, the ungendering of the narrator and the unobtrusive inclusion of women as independent actors; in Bradley, feminist and female religion; and in Lawhead, the rejection of women as independent actors in religion.

    Modelled on the feminist reader response theory developed by Patrocinio P. Schweickart, my reading centres on the female readers’ identification as moderated by her faith, and aims to demonstrate that the female reader’s response will inevitably be coloured by the objects of identification offered by the text, by their portrayal of women as religious actors, and by the feminisation of evil that is apparent in them.

    Besides privileging the female perspective, my reading also attempts to recognise and critique patriarchal portrayals of women. Ultimately, my study shows that the female reader’s identification or alienation proceed from the interaction of the her own experience with the texts’ portrayal of religion and gender.

  • 264.
    Hildebrand, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM), Contexts and Cultural Boundaries (KK).
    The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly: Saracens in Malory's Works2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sir Thomas Malory's works include several Saracens, most prominent of which is Sir Palomides. They are clearly defined by their religion: they are named as Saracens, which to Malory means Muslims, and identified as unbaptized, thus not belonging to the church. However, the ethical judgements made about them relies entirely on their adherence, or lack thereof, to the chivalric code and courtoisie. The texts portrays them as heretical or pagan, but as capable of morally right behaviour even before conversion to Christianity.

  • 265.
    Hildebrand, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM), Contexts and Cultural Boundaries (KK).
    The Image of Roman Britain: The Middle Ages as a Stepping-Stone2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1757, Charles Bertram published an ms ascribed to Richard of Westminster. He claimed that it was 'a copy of an old Manuscript Fragment,' although it was a forgery made by Bertram himself. However, while this manuscript was presented as medieval, and as providing new knowledge about Britrain, the new knowledge is actually concerned with Roman Britain. In this paper, I argue that Bertram uses the Middle Ages as a stepping stone to Roman Britain, and represents the Middle Ages as a depository of long-forgotten knowledge rather than as era of interest in itself.

  • 266.
    Hildebrand, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    The Matter of Britain: Roman Scotland and the British Empire2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1757, the Englishman Charles Bertram published, in Copenhagen, a text and map of supposed medieval origins, which showed new information on the extent of Roman Britain, particularly in Scotland. This text, and particularly the map, introduced a previously unknown Roman province which covered large parts of southern Scotland, as well as roads and stations extending into this area. It was, of course, not genuine.

    Nevertheless, this new information was eagerly embraced by many antiquaries and historians. In the aftermath of the Jacobite risings, any evidence that the union of Scotland and England had ancient origins was welcome, as it implied that this union was, in a sense, natural, and had existed in a warmly admired Roman era, on which the emerging British Empire was keen to model itself.

    The text comprises many aspects of international medievalism and intentional misuse of a medieval past. This paper discusses how the forgery engages the relationship between England and Scotland after the Union, but also the position of Bertram as an Englishman in exile and his desire for a nostalgically remembered England.

  • 267.
    Hildebrand, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Språk, kultur och samhälle.
    The Other Cornwall Girl2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the medieval texts, Morgawse is generally a less ambiguous character than Morgaine; although the mother of Mordred and a willing adulteress, she is unwaveringly loyal to Arthur. She has no great success with her sons, but is not portrayed as anything worse than possibly foolish. She even appears briefly as the love interest of Sir Lamorak, one of the great knights and lovers of Malory’s Tale of Sir Tristram.

    However, in modern texts, especially those rehabilitating Morgaine (or other female characters) Morgawse emerges as a much more problematic character. This begins in Stewart’s Merlin trilogy, where she is conflated with the woman who seduces and traps Merlin – while that character, still present in the text, is instead rehabilitated as a positive figure. It is also present in the texts by Bradley, Sampson, and Bradshaw, to mention a few.

    Depictions of Morgawse as (semi-)villain, despite their often overt feminist approach to the Arthurian stories, tend to include a strong contempt for female sexuality and for those embracing a traditionally feminine gender role. Morgawse is often presented as seductive, promiscuous, and inclined to work through and for her children, rather than to realise personal ambitions. In this paper, I discuss what happens to this female character when texts rehabilitate other female characters, and how the various portrayals of Morgawse exhibit a number of problematic ideas about women and sexuality.

  • 268.
    Hildebrand, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Språk, kultur och samhälle.
    The Other Cornwall Girl: Morgause in Twentieth-Century English Literature2018In: Journal of International Arthurian Society, E-ISSN 2196-9353, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 25-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Morgause is an understudied character in Arthurian scholarship. In Malory, she is relatively positively presented as a queen, as a mother of knights and as a sexually active woman; she is always seen from these perspectives, which define her as a character. In modern portrayals, there is no novel with Morgause as a main character, but she appears frequently as a secondary one. The focus is on her sexuality, which is sometimes contrasted against Morgaine le Fay’s. Morgause’s sexual independence is frequently condemned and used to depict her as a negative character, or even the villain of the piece

  • 269.
    Hildebrand, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    The trappings and trimmings: clothes, food, and decoration in Herra Ivan2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In translating and adapting Chrétien’s Yvain for the Swedish court and nobility, the author seems to have been aiming at presenting an ideal to be imported. Thomas Småberg has pointed out that the author wanted to introduce models for behaviour by portraying courtly manners, feasts, and battles, including scenes that are not present in the original (Småberg 212, 209). I would here like to look at how the text depicts the outer markings of aristocracy: elegant clothes made from expensive fabrics, fancy dining, and the usage of fabrics in furnishing homes. 

    It is of course dangerous to put too much weight on the minor differences between the texts, even though Sofia Lodén has shown that ”the French romance was the Swedish translator’s main source text and that the saga served as occasional support” (Lodén 283). Nevertheless, the author was not adverse to excluding parts he found uninteresting (like the flirtatious conversation between Laudine and Yvain on their first meeting) so it seems fair to assume that the relevant parts of the text, even if translated directly, contain subjects and depictions the author made a conscious choice to retain.

    The text is strongly concerned with the fabrics used by the characters, for clothing and for decoration. Here the author often expands on the original, and also tends to define the materials used as expensive and rich (kostelik, rik, dyr) – while the terms have the wider meaning of ’valuable, spendid’ they are also closely associated with the amount of money one would have to pay for the item in question. In this paper, I will discuss how the outer markings of aristocracy are presented and used to define the correct and courtly lifestyle for a nobleman in 14th century Sweden.

  • 270.
    Hildebrand, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Språk, kultur och samhälle.
    The two Elaines and their fathers: Malory’s (dis)obedient daughters2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Malory’s two Elaines, of Carbonek and of Astolat, are generally noted for their love for Lancelot, in both cases unrequited and in one case fatal. However, I am interested here in their positions as daughters, and how their sexuality is explicitly portrayed as under patriarchal control.

    The sexuality of both Elaines is under the control of their fathers, and, to some extent, other male family members. However, as daughters they are dissimilar: Elaine of Carbonek is obedient to patriarchal control, Elaine of Astolat disobedient.

    In the case of Elaine of Carbonek, she is explicitly told to seduce the drugged Lancelot, in order to conceive Galahad. Having her partner selected by her father, without much consultation of her own desires, is, of course, not an exceptional situation in a text written in 1469, the only exceptional circumstances being the absence of a wedding. While the intercourse is fornication, and in Lancelot’s case, rape, these aspects are ignored in favour of the greater good served by Galahad’s conception.

    Elaine of Astolat, on the other hand, makes the choice to approach Lancelot with a request to be his wife, and, on being refused, wants to be his lover. Lancelot’s responds with horror at the thought of abusing his hosts’ hospitality by having sex with the virgin daughter of the house. Here, too, patriarchal control over the daughter’s (and sister’s) sexuality is obvious: Lancelot, while a faithful lover to Guinevere, to which he can hardly admit, seems not so much to reject Elaine of Astolat for his own reasons, but genuinely distressed at the thought of how he would treat her male family members by acquiescing.

    How, then are the actions of the two daughter – one obedient, one disobedient – portrayed? Elaine of Carbonek appears in the text as a perfect daughter: obedient, faithful to Lancelot, even willing to challenge Guinevere for him. She gives birth to a son who becomes the best knight in the world; while his lineage from Lancelot – and, through him, from Jesus – is clearly part of his natural ability as a knight, Malory’s text largely subscribes to good children coming from morally pure mothers. The lack of a morally pure mother results in a morally corrupt child; Elaine of Carbonek, as the mother of Galahad, must be completely pure. The rape of Lancelot, who never consents to sex with Elaine, is either seen as irrelevant or blamed on Elaine’s father.

    Elaine of Astolat, on the other hand, dies for her unrequited love for Lancelot. It has been argued by Reynolds that her death should not be seen as a good death, as she defends her right to think of Lancelot even on her deathbed. She is the disobedient daughter, willing to offer herself as lover to a man who will not marry her, subverting the whole patriarchal system of women given in exchange between men. Her death implies that her love is excessive, and that independence can be fatal.

  • 271.
    Hildebrand, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Contexts and Cultural Boundaries (KK).
    Tropical Knights: Chivalry and Masculinity in Malory and Hawaii Five-02015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The works of Malory portray a masculinity which is based on prowess in combat and desire for a more or less unattainable woman. Despite this, the masculinity is deeply concerned with homosocial desire verging on the homoerotic, and with discussing emotional experiences. Similarly, the masculinity of Hawaii Five-0 (2010) is based in shared violence, but diverges from the standard type of masculinity portrayed in cop shows by including homoerotic elements as well as the discussion of emotional experiences. Thus, Hawaii Five-0 is not only groundbreaking but in fact reinvents a masculinity which was once unremarkable in a work of chivalry.

  • 272.
    Hildingsson, My
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Using Harry Potter to Discuss Moral Values and Equality in the English Language Classroom2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen tittar på hur Harry Potter-böckerna kan användas för att diskutera moralfrågor i skolan. Syftet är att belysa användbara delar av Harry Potter-böckerna och ge exempel på hur och varför de är användbara för att diskutera rasism och jämlikhet mellan kön. Analysmetoden är en tematisk analys, där alla sju Harry Potter-böckerna har lästs noggrant för att plocka ut teman som överensstämmer med sådana teman man bör diskutera i skolan enligt läroplanen.

    Det jag kommer fram till är att Harry Potter-böckerna mycket väl skulle kunna användas för att diskutera frågor som rasism och jämlikhet mellan kön då detta är centrala teman i böckerna. Baserat på tidigare forskning kring litteratur och klassrumsdiskussioner av moraliska frågor kommer jag fram till att Harry Potter-böckerna skulle fungera väl i undervisningssituationer där man diskuterar moraliska dilemman eller dylikt.

  • 273.
    Hildingsson, My
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Stejre, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Kvinnorna i litteraturhistorien: Hur ser det ut i läroböckerna idag2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to show what differences, if any, there are between how men and women are decribed in new litterature history textbooks for upper secondary school and then to compare them with and older textbook where differences already have been spotted. The books we anlyze are Svenska timmar litteraturen by Svante Skoglund (2012) and Ekengrens svenska by Hans-Erik Ekengren and Britta Lorentzson-Ekengren (2011) and the one we compare them to is Den levande litteraturen by Ulf Jansson (2007). To help us anlyze these textbooks we use Charles Tilly's theory about categorical inequality where he states that inequality exists because of people's fondnes for placing their fellows in different categories such as e.g. man/woman and old/young. We also use De los Reyes' and Mulinari's theory which states that to get rid of the categorical inequality we need to think intersectionally. That means that we need to recognize that one person does not belong to only one category but travelles between them and may also belong to several categories at once. With the help of these theories we find that the newer textbooks do not treat men and women equally. Often men are allowed to travel between categories whilst women are reduced to being just women. In comparison with the older textbook there has been some improvement as to how many women they present but as our main focus was the quality and not the quantity the result is quite disappointing and we feel that this is something that the producers of schoolbooks need to put some thought into.

  • 274.
    Hoffert, Anna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Sjöqvist, Therese
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Kommunikation i förskolan2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 275.
    Häljestam, Göran
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    The unreliability of Dr. Sheppard and Humbert Humbert: A study of the unreliable narrators in Christie’s The Murder of Roger Ackroyd and Nabokov’s Lolita2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of the unreliable narrator has been studied in academic circles for the last fifty years. When an author decides to create unreliable narration, there is a reason for it. This essay compares the unreliability in Vladimir Nabokov’s Lolita and Agatha Christie’s The Murder of Roger Ackroyd, using theories formulated by Tamar Yacobi, Bruno Zerweck, Therese Heyd, James Phelan and Amit Marcus. In The Murder of Roger Ackroyd the technique of other-deceptive narration is used by Christie. In Lolita the unreliability is complex. Using both other-deception and self-deception to create discrepancies between descriptions of the same event and phenomenon, Nabokov succeeds in creating an intricate unreliability. The effects of the unreliability in both novels, however, create an emotional bond between the reader and the narrator. The reader can be emotionally cathected to the narrator, even if the narrator is clearly a criminal.

  • 276.
    Högvall, Sara
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Can Fanfiction Authors Transcend the Binary?: Male homoerotic relationships in the Harry Potter Universe.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to investigate whether fanfiction allows for liberation by disrupting traditional gender roles and if it can transcend the binary categorization of sex. This will be done by looking at the transformation of a heteronormative relationship into a homosexual one.

  • 277.
    Hörnberg, Hanna
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    I ensamhetens rum: En motivstudie av den skrivande kvinnan, gestaltad i romanerna Ingen mans kvinna, Kärlek i Europa och Grand final i skojarbranschen.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The paper is a study of how the female writer is portrayed in the Swedish novels Ingen manskvinna [No man’s women] (1919) by Ulla Bjerne, Kärlek i Europa [Love in Europa] (1981) by Birgitta Stenberg and Grand final i skojarbranschen [Grande finale in the humbug game] (2011) by Kerstin Ekman. The analysis of the novels portrayed female writer and how her writing interacts with society’s gender roles, are based on a gender theory, with Beverly Skeggs theory of respectability as the theoretic framework. I also make use of an intersectional theory as an analytic tool. The purpose of the paper is also to apply genre studies and investigate the form and conventions of the artist novel and how the selected novels relate to the genre.

  • 278.
    Ivarsson, Sofie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Svensson, Amanda
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Elevers läs - och skrivutveckling genom tonsatta berättelser: en kvalitativ studie utifrån svenskundervisning2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    De estetiska uttrycksformerna är relativt ovanliga när det handlar om att inkludera dem i undervisningen, exempelvis musik integrerat i svenskundervisningen. Musiken används mest i skolundervisning i form av sånger för att gynna elevernas kulturarv. Musikämnet har mer potential än så och kan användas på ett mer didaktiskt sätt, exempelvis genom att utveckla elevernas läs- och skrivutveckling i form av en varierad svenskundervisning. En sådan integrering av musik i svenskämnet blir dock enformigt ifall musik endast används i syfte att lära elever nya sånger. Eleverna ska ha en varierad skolgång samt en konstellation av musik och språk som lärande metoder i undervisningen. Det finns en del vetenskapliga arbeten om musik integrerat i undervisningen, dock behövs det ytterligare forskningen inom detta område. Därför vill vi bidra genom vår forskning för att visa vad musik har att tillföra i svenskundervisningen, specifikt inom läs- och skrivutveckling. Syftet för studien är att undersöka relationen mellan elevernas samarbete och deras textbearbetning utifrån ett sociokulturellt perspektiv kombinerat med ett multimodalt perspektiv. Syftet mynnar ut i två frågeställningar: Vad resonerar eleverna om när de skriver en berättelse till en given melodi? På vilket sätt bidrar musiken till elevernas läs- och skrivutveckling när de skriver en berättelse till en given melodi? Studien besvarar frågorna genom en sammanställning och analys från empiri utifrån tre kännetecken ur det sociokulturella perspektivet kombinerat med det multimodala perspektivet, nämligen kreativitet, mediering och socialt samspel. Det övergripande resultatet, är att eleverna resonerar om vad de kan ta bort, byta plats eller lägga till ord från sina berättelser för att den ska förhålla sig bättre till melodin. Det andra övergripande resultatet är att musiken bidrar till elevernas läs- och skrivutveckling, eftersom musik kan stimulera deras medvetenhet om textens syfte, att skriva en berättelse till en given melodi. Musiken bidrar även till att eleverna bearbetar sina texter på en högre nivå, genom att läsa meningarna högt för att förhålla sig både till melodin och berättelsens struktur.

  • 279.
    Jackson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    "The Sibyl was safe in her jar, no one could touch her, she wanted to die": Possessing Culture and Passion in A.S. Byatt's Possession2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the essay is to discuss the power narration has over our gender roles. John Fiske and Pierre Bourdieu´s theoretical texts have been used to discuss the connection between power and culture in A.S. Byatt’s novel Possession: A Romance. Possession demonstrates how male academics take part in shaping knowledge about the past and the present from their perspective. Byatt uses allusions to myth and folktales to emphasise both the romance theme of the novel and how the past has formed us and continues to affect us in our relationships and social roles. The novel reveals how women are trapped by cultural myths about women’s roles in society. The female characters’ fates demonstrate the complexity of heterosexual relationships for independent women in a society where women are supposed to be taken care of by men. The roles imposed on women in romance stories in particular can be seen as a reductionist patriarchal view of women. Byatt emphasizes how women who at varying levels do not collaborate with men are punished for their chosen lifestyles and how some, like homosexual women, have been removed or have chosen to remove themselves from society in different ways. Byatt attempts to demythologize social myths concerning women and men by rewriting traditional myths and fairy tales. Still, Possession does not ultimately challenge the importance of the heterosexual relationship or the male and female characters’ gender roles.

  • 280.
    Jalhed, Frida
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Språk, kultur och samhälle.
    Namn på karaktärer i fantasylitteratur genom tiderna: En onomastisk jämförelse av namn i svensk och engelsk fantasylitteratur2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här undersökningen har jag haft som syfte att se om det finns ett förändrat namn­givningsmönster i fantasylitteratur som har skett över tid och om denna förändring sker samtidigt och på samma sätt i fantasy från Sverige och i fantasy från Storbritannien. Till denna undersökning valdes 14 engelska böcker och 14 svenska böcker. Det valdes två från varje årtionde, från 50-talet till 2010-talet. Dessa böcker excerperades och namnen analyserades. Det framkom att namntypernas användning i svensk och engelsk fantasy skiljer sig mycket från varandra. Det kan observeras att det varierar vilka namntyper som används under vissa perioder. 

  • 281.
    Jangblad Jukic, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    Can Humbert be Trusted with the Telling of His Tale?A Deconstructive Study of Binary Oppositions in Vladimir Nabokov’s Lolita2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Lolita, Humbert is obsessed with the 12-year-old Lolita. It is a vulgar and disturbing story which raises questions about morality and ethics. With a sophisticated and elegant narrative, Humbert manages to draw attention to language rather than to his actions. Through fancy prose style Humbert covers up and hides his horrible actions. His verbal game serves to manipulate his readers to accept Humbert´s feelings and actions and sympathize with him.  Humbert´s narration is very persuasive and the reader is easily fooled to concentrate on what he says rather than what he does.

    In this essay deconstructive method is used to analyse Lolita. The study shows how binary oppositions are used in Lolita and what effect they have on the reader´s comprehension of the text. The study presents a number of incongruities in Humbert´s telling of the story and therefore the essay argues that Humbert cannot be trusted with the telling of his tale.

  • 282.
    Jarekvist, Anja
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    The social construction of gender: A comparison of Tennessee Wiliam´s A Streetcar Named Desire and Eugene O´Neill´s Long Day´s Journey into Night2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay focuses on making a comparative gender analysis between Eugene O´Neill´s play “Long Day´s Journey into Night” and Tennessee William’s play “A Streetcar Named Desire”. It emphases the portraying of socially constructed gender and how the authors present their characters in relation to emotional response as well as power and acting space. 

  • 283.
    Jederud, Sandra
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    Are Girls One Step Ahead when Learning English?: A Study of Gender Differences in Language Acquisition2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay was underpinned by the premise that boys and girls receive an equal education in EFL (English as a Foreign Language) in Swedish schools. The purpose with this essay was to examine whether there are any differences between boys and girls when it comes to understanding grammatical structures and listening comprehension in English in a county in central Sweden. The investigation focused on tests that were carried out after every section of teaching in the various areas. A descriptive method was used which consisted of quantitative approaches; i.e. content analysis of questionnaires answered by 60 pupils in the ages of 10-11. A following analysis was thereafter conducted with reference to the theories by Vygotskij, Piaget and Skinner that are used in the investigation.

    The results showed that the girls had slightly better results in all of the tests in grammatical structures except one, and in all of the listening comprehension questionnaires, which indicates a better understanding of these parts in EFL learning. It remains to be established why these differences have occurred as the number of pupils in the study cannot be considered valid as representations of Swedish pupils in general. The conclusion of the result however, was that educators in EFL need to increase their knowledge concerning differences in learning between boys and girls. They also need to consider whether the EFL lessons being delivered in classrooms are equally beneficial to both sexes.

  • 284.
    Jensen, Sabina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Rugged Individualism in F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to analyze the concept of rugged individualism in F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby. This paper will also examine the American Dream since rugged individualism is related to the American Dream. Marxist criticism problematizes rugged individualism and the American Dream. The title character Jay Gatsby is portrayed as an exemplary rugged individualist. Gatsby shows several traits of rugged individualism and he can be used as a representative for both rugged individualism and the American Dream.

  • 285.
    Johansson, Anna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Ingemarsson, Frida
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Vad handlar texten om?: En studie om hur elevers läsförståelse kommer till uttryck samt kan identifieras vid ett litteraturarbete2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En försämring av svenska elevers läsförståelse har skett under de                                  senaste tio åren. Samtidigt som definitionen av läsförståelse är vida diskuterat vad läsförståelse innefattar eller ej. Enligt Läroplanen för grundskola, skola och fritidshem 2011 är en godtagbar läsförståelse när eleven uppvisar ett gott läsflyt och kan återberätta explicita delar ur texten. I motsatts till läroplanen menar ett flertal forskare att läsförståelse innefattar så mycket mer än ett gott läsflyt. Studien syftar till att synliggöra hur elevers läsförståelse kommer till uttryck och kan identifieras under ett litteraturarbete genom att fokusera på förmågorna läsa på raderna, mellan raderna och bortom raderna.  För att synliggöra elevers läsförståelse har reciprocal teaching använts som metod där eleverna har samtalat kring textens innehåll, vidare har eleverna videoinspelats för att fånga deras uttryckta läsförståelse under de samtal eleverna fört. Studiens resultat visar hur elevernas förmåga att läsa på – och mellan raderna var mest förekommande medan endast ett fåtal elever uttryckte en antydan att läsa bortom raderna. Resultatet visar att användandet av ett litteraturarbete för att identifiera elevers läsförståelse var fördelaktigt då flera olika nivåer av läsförståelse kunde identifieras.

  • 286.
    Johansson, Caroline
    Halmstad University.
    Received Pronunciation, Estuary English and Cockney English: A Phonologic and Sociolinguistic Comparison of Three British English Accents2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 287.
    Johansson, Christina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Learning to Learn: Multiple intelligences in the language classroom2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Fifty-two students in year nine and three teachers in rural Sweden have taken part in an investigation on learning preferences in general and listening in particular. The starting-point for the study is Gardner’s multiple intelligences and the purpose is to investigate how well students know their own learning abilities or strategies and how that knowledge corresponds with work at school. The result shows that students are aware of their preferred strategy but many of them need to work with developing additional abilities in order to improve their English. There is also an apparent difference between students’ relation to listening and teachers’ approach to the same though some of the difference is due to the lack of possibilities in the conventional classroom. This small and limited study briefly discusses the possible implications for teaching and learning in the diversified classroom.

  • 288.
    Johansson, Emelie
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Emotionella flickor och omtänksamma pojkar: En undersökning om hur kvinnliga och manliga karaktärer representeras och framställs i barn- och ungdomslitteratur2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens syfte har varit att undersöka hur flickor/kvinnor respektive pojkar/mänrepresenteras och framställs i barn- och ungdomslitteratur samt vilka skillnader som finnsmellan kvinnliga respektive manliga författare.Metoden har bestått av en kvantitativ frekvensanalys och en mer subjektiv kvalitativtolkning och bedömning av karaktärerna.Resultatet har visat att det främst förekommer pojkar/män i böckerna men attflickor/kvinnor talar mest. Samtidigt visar kvinnliga författare en tendens att beskrivakaraktärerna med de egenskaper som sägs stämma överens med deras kön medan manligaförfattare visar sig vara mer könsöverskridande i sina personbeskrivningar. Undersökningensresultat kan sägas bekräfta de tidigare teorier som finns om huruvida kvinnors och mäns språkskiljer sig åt.

  • 289.
    Johansson, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    Extensive Reading and Grammatical Development: A Case Study within SLA2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a case study focusing on the effects of extensive reading. The study mainly deals with grammatical development and the relationship between input and output, but it also discusses learning strategies. The study aimed to answer the following question: To what extent, and in what ways, does extensive reading affect output and grammatical performance?

    The essay analyses the grammatical performance of a Spanish speaking PhD student in chemistry, whose main exposure to English was scientific literature during the study period. Accuracy tests were used in combination with free writing.

    The study did not find any direct, unquestionable relationship between extensive reading and grammatical development. Instead it shows the difficulty of separating input and output. However, the study indicates that output may be an effective tool for improving grammatical performance and that some focus on form may be necessary, at least for the grammatical development of adults. Furthermore, the study indicates that teaching may influence grammatical performance and, therefore, the presentation of grammar needs to be carefully considered.

  • 290.
    Johansson, Fredrik
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Postcolonial Identity in Ireland: Hybridity, Third Space, and the Uncanny: in Hugo Hamilton’s THE SPECKLED PEOPLE A Memoir of a Half-Irish Childhood and THE SAILOR IN THE WARDROBE2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay explores and investigates post-colonial identity in Ireland in Hugo Hamilton’s The Speckled People: A Memoir of a Half-Irish Childhood (2003) and The Sailor in the Wardrobe (2006). Relying primarily on Homi K. Bhabha’s postcolonial criticism, which draws on some ideas from psychoanalysis, this essay argues that the autobiographies resonate well with the ideas of culture as a strategy of survival and of the post-colonial child as an analyst of Western modernity. Thus, three chosen concepts; ‘the Uncanny’, ‘Third Space’ and ‘Hybridity’ work together to reveal a recurring theme of split and duplicity in reference to the colonial past throughout. Furthermore they also reveal that the actual writing of the autobiographies in itself must be regarded as a way of responding to and negotiating that very same split and duplicity in reference to Ireland’s past.  

  • 291.
    Johansson, Jenny
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    Bilinguisme : Une diversité linguistique – une ressource2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [fr]

    Les familles bilingues sont de plus en plus nombreuses dans notre société, et dans les écoles aujourd’hui il y a beaucoup plus d’étudiants qui parlent couramment plus d’une langue qu’il y a quelques années.

    Un nouveau système d’apprentissage où les langues étrangères seront plus utilisées dans les matières comme les maths, l’histoire, la géographie, la biologie, etc. pourrait avoir un impact positif sur l’apprentissage des langues étrangères mais aussi sur les autres matières et aussi un impact favorable sur les élèves qui seront plus en confiance en eux même et plus préparer en sortant des écoles pour affronter la nouvelle société multilingue. 

    Le bilinguisme est une ressource très précieuse tant pour l’individu que pour la société. La langue porte la culture et elle est nécessaire pour communiquer, penser, rêver ainsi pour se développer en tant qu’êtres humains.  

    L’homme est un être social et la nécessité de communiquer nous motive à apprendre des langues.

    Il y a une différence importante entre être capable de communiquer dans une langue et d’utiliser une langue comme un outil de réflexion, une personne parfaitement bilingue doit savoir faire les deux. 

    Les langues se ressemblent de structures et une des conséquences de ce fait est que dans les sociétés plurilingues, les enfant exposés à diverses langues sont habitués à comparer plus ou moins inconsciemment et ils deviennent plus facilement multilingues. Les écoles d’aujourd’hui ont besoin de faire quelques changements pour s’adapter à une enseignement bilingue car le bilinguisme est une ressource qu’il faut commencer d’utiliser dans notre société multilinguistique. On pourrait avoir le même effet  dans les écoles si on introduirait les langues étrangères plus tôt dans l’enseignement.

  • 292.
    Johansson, Jessica
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Andersson, Madeléne
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    IKT som redskap i undervisningen: En litteraturstudie om digitala verktyg och andraspråkselevers språkutveckling2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens samhälle ökar antalet nyanlända elever i grundskolan på grund av det oroliga världsläget. Skolan kan ses som en plattform, där andraspråkselever kan lägga en grund för sin språkutveckling, vilket ställer stora krav på skolans språkundervisning. Det sker en ständig utveckling i användandet av informations- och kommunikationsteknik (IKT), eftersom digitala verktyg får en allt större roll i dagens digitala samhälle. Syftet med litteraturstudien är att kartlägga tidigare forskning kring lärares användning av IKT i andraspråksundervisning. Utifrån syfte och frågeställningar har vi genomfört systematiska sökningar, för att söka efter relevant vetenskaplig litteratur. Forskningen har sedan analyserats och kritiskt granskats för att sammanställas till ett resultat.

    Studiens resultat visar att det finns positiva, men även några negativa konsekvenser med användandet av IKT, för att gynna andraspråkselevers språkutveckling. Resultatet visar även att integrering av IKT i undervisningen ställer stora krav på läraren, samt att lärares inställningar har en betydande roll för användningen av digitala verktyg. En balanserad användning av IKT i undervisningen är därför betydelsefullt för en framgångsrik språkutvecklande undervisning. Litteraturstudiens resultat visar på ett begränsat utbud av tidigare forskning kring negativa konsekvenser i användningen av digitala verktyg, hos andraspråkselever och deras språkutveckling. Vidare forskning som berör området bör därför komplettera den forskning som idag finns tillgänglig.  

  • 293.
    Johansson, Josefin
    Halmstad University.
    No Laughing Matter: A study of the use of comedy in public service announcements2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is a study which is intended to explore how public service announcements in broadcast media use humour as a method of conveying their core messages in a manner which is both memorable and persuasive; to consider why humour is chosen as a strategy; and to identify the similarities and differences in the use of humour in PSAs and commercial broadcast advertising. Six video commercials were analysed in total: three PSAs and three advertisements. The analysis identified semantic and stylistic features including metaphors, puns, idioms, vagueness, polysemes, homonyms, homographs and homophones, as well as visual metaphors. It continued on to investigate how PSAs contextualise their messages, applying Grice's co-operative principle, as well as the principles of relevance, as proposed by Sperber and Wilson (1986).

    The results revealed that the PSAs examined appear to show the application of a range of linguistic devices that contribute to making their content humorous. Ambiguity, mostly generated by verbal and visual metaphors, vagueness and polysemy, appears to be the most common strategy for stimulating interest and engaging the viewer. It was observed that viewers must possess the ability to recover meaning through non-linguistic signifiers, such as body language, and through contextual cues. It was also established that similar linguistic devices tend to be used in the production of PSAs and advertisements to create humorous content, but to a different extent.

  • 294.
    Johansson, Linda
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    "Fula ord": En undersökning i ungdomars språkbruk.2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens huvudfrågor var att undersöka vilken attityd ungdomar har till användandet av de som benämns som fula ord samt varför de använder dem. Ett ord som kallas för fult innebär att de är ett tabubelagt ord. Det är ett ord som är kraftfullt, framkallar reaktioner vilket innebär att det inte bör sägas. De som personer som använder dessa ord mest är arbetarklassen och ungdomar, framförallt killarna. Dock har tjejerna börjat jämna ut skillnaderna genom att använda de ”fula orden” allt mer.

    Orsakerna till att de så kallade fula orden används är för det första för att uttrycka känslor. Det kan vara när en plötslig känslomässig förändring sker eller när man utsätts för fysisk smärta. Sedan kan det också vara en språklig anledning som tas till för att chockera och förstärka ens budskap. Lägg där till att de kan användas för att visa på vänskap och samhörighet, men också för att visa på makt.

    Ungdomars attityd gentemot att använda de som kallas för fula ord varierar, men de flesta använder dem om än i olika omfattning. De anser inte att de ska användas i offentliga sammanhang som i nyhetsprogram i media, men att det är okej i den privata sfären. Det är också i den privata sfären som de flesta använder dem oavsett kön, ålder eller klass. Det egna användandet beror dock till stor del på den uppfostran man har fått samt vilken attityd gentemot dem man har. När killar och tjejer jämförs påvisas inga större skillnader, även om tjejerna i större omfattning använder sig av eufemism. Det ska bero på att tjejer oftare strävare efter ett mer vårdat språk.

    Medias påverkan på attityden och användandet av de så kallade fula orden är omtvistad. De används i allt större omfattning idag i underhållningsprogram och på internet, även om de mer allvarliga delarna av medias utbud oftast inte brukar dem. Dock förekommer de allt mer i skrift idag, då många privatpersoner skriver både krönikor, bloggar och allt mer SMS.

    Uppfattningen att många av de ”fula orden” blivit allt mer stereotypa och mindre chockerande resulterar i att behovet av nya uppkommit. Det vanligaste sättet att bilda nya är att låna från andra språk rakt av eller att översätta dem till svenska. Behovet av att provocera och framkalla reaktioner finns dock kvar, även om möjligheten styrs av omgivningens attityd gentemot de så kallade fula orden.

     

     

     

  • 295.
    Johansson, Lisabeth
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Engström Jönsson, Isabella
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Kan laborativ matematikundervisning vara en väg till förståelse och lustfylldhet?2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna systematiska litteraturstudie har i syfte att studera hur lärares perspektiv på laborativ matematik framställs i tidigare forskning, där det empiriska materialet utgörs av vetenskapliga artiklar. Elevers resultat och intresset för matematiken fortsätter att försämras även om vi kan se en vändning utifrån senaste mätningar. Dock framkommer inte vad som ligger bakom den ändrade riktningen, vår tanke är att undervisningen inte varieras tillräckligt och den traditionella undervisningen dominerar. Kan därmed laborativ matematik vara en väg till lustfylldhet och förståelse? Resultatet visar en positiv syn på de laborativa materialen där det kan fungera som en bro mellan det konkreta och det abstrakta. Däremot förespråkar flertalet lärare en varierad undervisning eftersom alla elever har olika lärstilar och för att på bästa sätt tillgodose elevernas lärande. Vi kan även se ett gap mellan viljan att använda sig av en varierad undervisning och möjliga hinder, vilket genererar till att lärarna känner osäkerhet och inte tillämpar arbetssättet i den mån som önskas. Slutligen vill vi lyfta att det laborativa materialet i sig inte utvecklar elevernas lärande, utan det som gör det meningsfullt är dess syfte och hur materialet används i undervisningen. Vidare forskning är att studera elevernas förhållningssätt gentemot laborativt arbete och undersöka vilka elever som gynnas av laborativ matematikundervisning.

  • 296.
    Johansson, Marie
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    "Det är på det hela taget ett förbannadt språk vi ha": En analys av språk och stil i Hjalmar Söderbergs romaner i jämförelse med Peter Cassirers analys av Historietter2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna undersökning analyserar ett urval stildrag och språkaspekter i tre av Hjalmar Söderbergs fyra romaner: Förvillelser (1895), Martin Bircks ungdom (1901) och Doktor Glas (1905) och relatera resultatet till Peter Cassirers motsvarande analys av stilen och språket i novellsamlingen Historietter (Cassirer 1970).

    Undersökningen är av stilistisk karaktär och studerar huruvida texter i olika genrer av en och samme författare kan skilja sig, eller visa sig överensstämma, med den övriga produktionen. Metoden är kvalitativ när det gäller de motiviska aspekterna och berättarsynvinkeln och kvantitativ när det gäller de språkliga och allmänt stilistiska aspekterna.

    Resultatet visar att somliga stilaspekter sammanfaller mellan novellerna i Söderbergs Historietter och hans romaner, speciellt vad gäller de språkliga aspekterna. Andra stildrag är inte gemensamma, men detta beror huvudsakligen på att noveller och romaner har skilda format, såsom längd och uppbyggnad. Detta gäller till exempel aspekterna på miljö och persongalleri. Det beror även på att Söderbergs flanörstil är tydligare i hans romaner än i hans noveller. Frågan om distans eller närhet till läsaren är en fråga som skiljer sig mellan novellerna och romanerna. Söderberg skapar i sina romaner, genom ett antal stilgrepp, en närvaro och en närhet till läsaren. I novellerna däremot finns en distans som författaren skapar genom andra stilgrepp.

    Vad gäller stilen är den koncentrerad i Söderbergs noveller. Även i romanerna är stilen en aning koncentrerad, med många huvudsatser, förhållandevis korta meningar och knapp personbeskrivning. Både noveller och romaner är tämligen lättöverskådliga och lättlästa, tack vare avsaknaden av långa meningar med många satser. Denna undersökning visar också att Söderberg genererar en slags närhet mellan texten/berättaren och läsaren, genom läsarapostroferingar, tempusanvändning och en väl beskriven miljö kombinerat med väder i sina romaner. 

  • 297.
    Johansson, Martina
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Elevers språkbruk: Vad två svensklärare på gymnasiet anser om elevers språkbruk och vad som kan påverka språkbruket.2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study is to investigate whether there are any changes in the use of language among pupils and how some teachers look at this. The questions the study is based on is: How does Swedish teachers in high school look at the use of language among pupils in and outside of school? Is there any change in the language use of pupils today compared to before? and What can this change, if so, depend on? Theoretically the study is based on research on the development of language in the modern Swedish society and how we use language to communicate in different ways. Furthermore, the study is based on research on young people's use of language and language development mainly outside of but also in school. The survey method used in this essay is of qualitative character and consists of separate semi-structural interviews with Swedish teachers in high school. The results and the analysis show that young people's use of language is linked to their identity and are dependent on the various situations you are in, and that spoken and written languages are converging more and more. In the discussion there will be reflection upon what has emerged in the results and analysis.

  • 298.
    Johansson, Mats
    Halmstad University.
    Clefts in contrast: a contrastive study of it clefts and wh clefts in English and Swedish texts and translations2001In: Linguistics, ISSN 0024-3949, E-ISSN 1613-396X, Vol. 39, no 3, p. 547-582Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents corpus-elicited contrastive data relevant to the inter- and intralanguage study of cleft constructions. It is shown that even in closely related languages like English and Swedish, the frequency and distribution of different types of cleft constructions vary greatly. Previous approaches to the study of clefts in English have attempted to derive distributional differences between types of clefts from their syntactic, semantic, or informational properties, or from processing constraints. However, these analyses do not easily carry over to the contrastive data presented here. In particular, attempts to account for the distribution of different types of cleft in English in terms of independent factors cannot account for the correspondences found in translated texts. The aims of this paper are (1) to present a methodology for establishing differences between languages based on the study of authentic texts, (2) to show that closely related languages like English and Swedish differ in the frequency and distribution of different types of cleft, and (3) to propose a parameter along which the function of marked word-order constructions may vary across languages.

  • 299.
    Johansson, Moa
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Rådeby, Stefanie
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Utsagor om Läslyftets uttryck i praktiken: En kvalitativ studie om svensklärares undervisning av sakprosa på gymnasiet2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande uppsats syftar till att undersöka huruvida effekter från Läslyftet blir framträdande i utsagor om den egna praktiken bland svensklärare på gymnasiet, som deltagit i fortbildningen. Vi analyserar och jämför därför hur tre verksamma svensklärare med erfarenhet av Läslyftet och fyra verksamma svensklärare utan den erfarenheten, omtalar sin undervisning i gymnasieelevers läsförståelse av sakprosa. Materialet samlades in genom kvalitativa intervjuer och analyserades med ett analysverktyg beträffande lärarstilar som vi utformat utifrån aktuell forskning. Genom att studera den här forskningen fann vi tre olika förhållningssätt till vem som bär ansvaret för elevers utveckling av läsförståelse i sakprosa, två förhållningssätt till utmaningar i elevers läsning av sakprosa samt två sätt att förhålla sig till utveckling och utmaning undervisningen. Dessa olika förhållningssätt utformade vi till sju lärarstilar. Genom att applicera dessa lärarstilar på informanternas utsagor kunde vi jämföra huruvida lärarstilar med anknytning till Läslyftet blev mer framträdande bland de lärare som tagit del av fortbildningen. Resultatet visar att lärarstilarna med anknytning till Läslyftets utgångspunkter förekommer i större utsträckning bland de informanter som har erfarenhet av Läslyftet.

  • 300.
    Johansson, Monique
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    Edith Wharton's View of Women: Lily Bart in The House of Mirth2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay I plan to show how Wharton, through Lily, criticised society, and more specifically its expectations of women. My thesis is that Wharton and her character Lily exposed the upper class society of New York, and its ruthlessness, by voicing a woman’s point of view. Therefore, the main purpose here is to reveal the complexity of the lives women led in order to fulfil society’s expectations and I thereby plan to explore what it was like living in a world governed by strict rules of conduct.

3456789 251 - 300 of 503
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf