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  • 251.
    Krusenvik, Linnéa
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Using Case Studies as a Scientific Method: Advantages and Disadvantages2016Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The case study as a scientific method is, and has been for a long time, a subject of heavy discussion in the scientific community. Some scientists disregard the study completely and argue that it’s nothing more than story-telling, while others claim that the case study is the most relevant research method there is. As with all scientific methods case studies have both advantages and disadvantages and the aim of this study is to present and discuss these.

  • 252.
    Kurnik, Mattias
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Testing the Cumulative Frequency Hypothesis with Multilinguals in Reading2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The non-selective and the cumulative frequency hypotheses offer competing explanations to the neurological origins of the cognate facilitation effect. Researchers have yet to establish which of these has the strongest empirical foundation, with important theoretical implications. This experiment tested the cumulative frequency hypothesis with 22 SwedishEnglish bilinguals in the eye-tracking paradigm. Data was gathered and analysed from sentence stimuli containing cognate and control words using mixed-effects statistical analysis. A significant interaction was found between Cognate Facilitation and Contextual Diversity in FFD. The results were inconclusive as regard to the dichotomy or symbiosis of non-selectivity and cumulative frequency as neurological phenomena. However, they did indicate the strong presence of cognate facilitation throughout both early and late stages of processing.

  • 253.
    Kvist, Helena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Eichborn, Nanna
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Att våga ta steget: En kvalitativ studie om hur chefer arbetar med att nå sina mål och hur en omorganisation har påverkat detta arbete2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The organization do not achieve the goals, therefore, a reorganization has taken place. Our purpose with this survey is to gain knowledge about how the managers describe their approach to developing the staff to venture out onto the labor market and how the reorganization has affected their work. Questions: How do you describe the managers' efforts to develop their staff to leave the organization? How managers experience the implementation of the reorganization and its impact on the transition process?

    Method: We ́ve used theories that involve leadership and change. We have used a phenomenological perspective and a qualitative method with an abductive approach. Thirteen interviews has been conducted. We have used semi-structured interviews with an interview guide as a basis.

    Results: Individuals venture out onto the labor market when they feel empowered, but managers need time for it to be possible. To get motivated employees, leaders need to encourage and have clear goals. By delegation of authority to employees, individuals develop in their role and time is released. Management by objectives is required for a reorganization to be fully implemented, where managers and middle managers together define the new roles. 

  • 254.
    Lahti, M.
    et al.
    Health and Well-being, Turku University of Applied Science, Turku, Finland.
    Elliä, H.
    Health and Well-being, Turku University of Applied Science, Turku, Finland.
    Jormfeldt, Henrika
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Doyle, L.
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.
    Higgins, A.
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.
    Keogh, B.
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.
    Meade, O.
    Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, School of Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom.
    Stickley, T.
    Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, School of Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom.
    Sitvast, J.
    Department of health care, University of Applied Sciences HU, Utrecht, Netherlands.
    Kilkku, N.
    School of health care and social services, Tampere University of Applied Sciences, Tampere, Finland.
    The required knowledge for lifespan mental health promotion and prevention for Master’s level mental health nurse education – the eMenthe project2018In: International Journal of Health Promotion and Education, ISSN 1463-5240, E-ISSN 2164-9545, Vol. 56, no 3, p. 143-154Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we address the kind of knowledge that is required for Master’s level nurse education for lifespan mental health promotion and prevention. Data were collected through structured interviews (N = 109). The interviews were conducted across five European countries. The data were analysed using a thematic content analysis approach. The findings show that Master’s level nurse education needs knowledge related to lifespan issues. Needs were raised in several issues like importance of increasing skills and knowledge of mental health workers. We conclude that there is a need to emphasise the knowledge required for mental health promotion and prevention for Master’s level nursing education across Europe. © 2018 Institute of Health Promotion and Education.

  • 255.
    Landgren, Jens
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Rubin, Fredrik
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Den mångfacetterade HR-rollen: En studie om HR-medarbetares upplevelser av arbetssituationen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The modern working life is going through big and rapid changes, which change the prerequisites for a lot of professions in how work should be conducted and utilized in best manners. This leads to consequences in the work situation for different professions. One profession that hasn’t a cquired a lot of focus in the research about changing work situations, is the HR Practitioners. The aim of this study is to increase the understanding in how HR Practitioners experience and manage their work situation from the basis of work demands and work resources. Three research questions have further been formed, with the aim to embrace and concrete the purpose of the study. The study is based on five selected candidates, who works as HR Generalists or HR Business Partners. The study has been conducted with a qualitative research method in the form of interviews and an abductive approach. The study demonstrates different opinions among the HR Practitioners about which kind of work resources that is considered most important at work. Results also show that HR Practitioners faces high work demands, mostly in the form of high work load and big role conflicts. Finally, the results show that HR Practitioners mostly apprehend and manage the severe work situations they face with a problem focused coping strategy.

  • 256.
    Landström, Linn
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Falk, Alexandra
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Projektimplementering i kommunala verksamheter: stödjande och hindrande faktorer2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to find out what measures could be taken in an implementation process and emphasise what supports and hinders the results of projects being implemented in ordinary operations. We chose to formulate three questions; what measures can be taken in an implementation process? What factors supports implementation? What factors hinders implementation? The study was conducted at a municipal occupational rehabilitative operation that carried out a three-year ESF project. The study was conducted by using a combination approach consisting of semi structured interviews, a participatory observation and documents from the operation and the project. The results from this study have shown that the measures that can be taken in the implementation process include for instance making the project owners, decision makers and collaborative partners involved in the project from the start and then having a working collaboration throughout the project period. The results have also shown that the factors which may seem supportive in an implementation are the need for what is intended to be implemented and also that there is an effective collaboration among all concerned parties. Finally the study results showed that the factors that may hinder the implementation are the lack of financial resources and time set aside to work on the implementation. 

  • 257.
    Larsdotter, Maria
    Halmstad University.
    Discursive (dis)orders of Disability Research: A Critical Discourse Analysis of ’participation in research’ in Swedish Disability Research articles and overviews2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis my aim is to analyse and discuss discourses of Swedish disability research, with focus on participation in research by disabled people. My research question is based on an observation that research overviews and evaluations repeatedly argue for the importance of participation of disabled people. This request has been recurrent and more or less intact in its form for over 20 years.

    My question is why this request has not been fulfilled or altered in its form. I base my theoretical framework and methodology on Critical Discourse Analysis, and the power of language in a constructed and reconstructed social reality, with a semi-structuralist approach as developed by the British sociolinguist Norman Fairclough. In focus is the discursive construction of research participation and participants.

    My result after a systemic-functional grammar analysis of governmental research reports and peer-reviewed articles published in English, in international academic journals, by researchers with affiliation to Swedish universities, is that participation is discussed in terms of disabled people primarily as the source of information rather than as actual actors in a research process. The discursive construction of disabled participants rests on identification and representation connected to being disabled / having an impairment. A discourse of knowledge validation is based on a division of roles, tasks and labour, in which researchers and participants are constructed in opposing subject positions. Participant influence is constructed in terms of subjectivity and personal interest, as opposed to the objective expertise of the researchers.

    Discourses are, however, found to be contested and inconsistent, both in terms of conceptual definitions of disability and disability research, and as manifested in actual use of language. The most fixed discourse seems to be that of requests for increased participation, and the attributing of personal experiences to participants, in contrast to attributing professional expertise to researchers.

     

     

     

  • 258.
    Larson, Sara
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Johansson, Frida
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Den akademiska karriärens glastak: En kvalitativ studie om kvinnliga akademikers upplevelser av möjlighet till akademisk karriär2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate female academics’ experiences of the opportunity for academic career. The study answers the following research questions: How do female academics perceive the career structure by the university from a gender perspective? Which opportunities and obstacles to career development did they identify and can they be connected to gender/gender equality? In order to answer our aim and our research questions a qualitative method is used in the form of semi-structured interviews with women at the university concerned. The theoretical starting points used to analyze the empirical material are Yvonne Hirdman’s gender system and a model by Rosabeth Moss Kanter. The result shows that women at the university experience the opportunity for academic career as limited since the career structure is adapted to a male norm, which contributes to an impeding effect on women’s career development. Furthermore, the result confirms previous research that shows women face impeding factors linked to gender when trying to advance in their careers. 

  • 259.
    Larsson, Elisabeth
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Den skenbara normbrytaren: - En studie av genuskonstruktion i fyra svenska bilderböcker för barn2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstract

    Elisabeth Larsson

    Den skenbara normbrytaren – en studie av fyra svenska bilderböcker

    UV5002 Ht 2011

    I förskolans uppdrag ingår att motverka stereotypa genusnormer, vilket även innefattar att oreflekteratpresentera sådana via litteratur skriven för barn. Genom att uppmärksamma barnlitteratur somskapare och upprätthållare av genusstereotyper och genusnormer kan detta medvetandegöras ochdärmed bemötas.Är bilderböcker för barn bärare av genusnormer eller är de objektiva och fria från dylika värderingar?Med den frågeställningen som utgångspunkt tar föreliggande uppsats sig an Pija Lindenbaumsbilderböcker Gittan och gråvargarna, Gittan och älgbrorsorna, Lill-Zlatan och morbror raringsamt Kenta och barbisarna för att undersöka huruvida dessa motverkar eller cementerar rådandesyn på kön och genus.Studien tar avstamp i ett feministiskt poststrukturalistiskt perspektiv, då man inom denna riktningfokuserar på de normer och ramar som styr formandet av sociala genusstrukturer, vilket är engrundläggande del i föreliggande studie.Studien bygger på Maria Nikolajevas förslag till analysverktyg, vilka fokuserar på hur genusframställs i bilderböcker riktade till barn.Analysen visar att samtliga studerade verk är bärare av genusvärderingar som inte ligger i linjemed dem som förskolan förväntas förmedla, trots att verken till ytan sett marknadsför sig som genusmedvetna.Studien har relevans för aktiva inom pedagogisk verksamhet för yngre barn då den fokuserar påhur sagda verk inverkar på en yngre publik. Studien kan även med fördel läsas av litteratur- och genusvetaredå dessa ämnen intar en framträdande roll i tidigare nämnda undersökning.

  • 260.
    Larsson, Ellinor
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Höglin, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Vilken betydelse har internkommunikation vid förändringsarbete?: En fallstudie från ett medarbetarperspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s society change management is something most organizations and companies will have to face. In this study our aim is to investigate the importance of internal communication from a co-worker perspective and how internal communication from top management can contribute to corporation as well as deviance from employees/workers. We have studied an organization which has experienced significant change where two organizations have marched together and created a new organization. We have chosen to do an empirical study based on previous theories/studies. We have used semi structured interviews to try and prove our purpose. Our research questions are:

    • How was the change process initially communicated to the employees?

    • How does the employees feel about the implementation of the new working ways?

    • What new knowledge has the change brought with it?

    The results show that the internal communication varied during the process of change from being clear about goals and aims to become blurred in the implementation phase. Participation was perceived as important but not decisive in the change process. Greater transparency and honesty from management were called for.

  • 261.
    Larsson, Katja
    Halmstad University.
    Chefsutveckling i offentlig verksamhet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Thiscandidatepaperspurpose is to examine and analyze how a municipalityscan support and develop their managers and how managers have experienced the effort that has been made. Within the framework of purpose, I focus on perceptions of how formal management training and informal learning affects leadership development in the municipality. The study is qualitative in nature, inspired by the hermeneutical approach when the study focuses on interpreting and understanding a whole through document analysis and interviews. Qualitative, semi-structured interviewswere conducted to get an insight into what managers would like to develop and how this should be done. The result shows that there are positive experiences of the leadership program implemented in the municipality and that the respondents feel that they have a common set of values to work with and to develop further as leaders. The lessons described as knowledge about tasks and theories, reflection, networking, exchange of experiences with and support of other participants. Respondents also feel that theprogram can be developed including personal development, feedback, forums, and to allow more time for reflection. Based on participants' experiences and the section of the literature examined are presented in conclusion positive aspects of leadership program and how municipalities can develop their leadership programs.

  • 262.
    Leandersson, Jessica
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Genusarbete i fokus: En kvalitativ undersökning rörande genusarbete i förskolan.2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka om pedagogerna på en förskola i Halmstad arbetar genusinriktat, genom att jämföra förskolan i Halmstad med förskolan Tittmyran. Teori kapitlet kommer att ta upp ett par viktiga saker såsom vad genus innebär eftersom det ska ge en bild av begreppet. Därefter kommer genusprojektet Tittmyran att tas upp med fokus på pedagogernas arbetssätt före den stora förändringen till en mer genusinriktad förskola.  Under metod kommer jag att beskriva hur jag gått tillväga med mitt arbete, vilka val jag har gjort men också hur tillförlitligt jag anser mitt eget arbete är. Jag kommer även att ta upp viss etik såsom att det är viktigt att alla deltagande ska vara insatta i vad arbetet går ut på redan från början. Mitt arbete är en kvalitativ undersökning där jag valt observationer som mitt sätt att samla information angående mitt ämne. Jag har valt att utgå ifrån Kajsa Wahlströms bok, Flickor, pojkar och pedagoger.  Min undersökning visade på att pedagogerna på Halmstad förskola bara bitvis arbetade genus-inriktat, eftersom pedagogerna till viss del följde traditionella könsmönster har de en bit kvar på vägen innan jag kan säga att pedagogerna arbetar helt genusinriktat. För ett mer genusinriktat arbete skulle jag rekommendera att de använde sig av trestegsmetoden som pedagogerna på Tittmyran gjorde. 

  • 263.
    Lennartsson, Charlotte
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Malmgren, Sandra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Kampen om arbetskraften: Hur ska organisationer attrahera morgondagens sjuksköterskor?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Lack of nurses has been a long time both in Sweden and the rest of the world, which is a growing problem that needs to be solved in order for organizations to be able to conduct safe care. The aim of this study is therefore to investigate what organizations can do to become more attractive as employers for nurses. To answer the purpose, questions are used that answer which of a number of factors that are considered important in the choice of employers among nurses, what organizations do today to attract newly educated nurses and how organizations can secure the provision of nurses' skills in the future.

    The model of attractive work forms the basis of the study and is used to design  uestionnaires and interview guides. Theories about employer branding, leadership, psychosocial work environment, working conditions, boundless work and balance in life are the basis for the analyzes of the study. The study is based on an abductive approach and a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods has been used through a questionnaire for nursing students and interviews with HR-staff, trade union and one head of department.

    The result of the study showed that the largest proportion of nurse students valued many of the factors as important or very important and the factor valued by most students as very important was a good balance between working life and privacy. The nurse students also evaluated factors that imply a developmental work where they can use their skills highly. To attract newly graduated nurses, social media and personal meetings are being used today to create personal contacts with prospective nurses. As organizations may find it difficult to compete with pay, other benefits or a higher healthcare allowance can attract labor.

  • 264.
    Lidell, Evy
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Hildingh, Cathrine
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Arvidsson, Barbro
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Awareness in research supervision: a single subject study2008In: Vård i Norden, ISSN 0107-4083, E-ISSN 1890-4238, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 23-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Theoretically, one part of supervision is the direct object i.e. what can be learnt, another part is the indirect object aiming at how the learning process is constituted and influenced by both the doctoral student and his/her supervisor. Emphasising both the what and the how object of learning as well as their interrelationship may be an important factor for the development of the role of supervisor in research. The aim of this study was to describe supervision of doctoral students from the perspective of a research supervisor. Interview data were analysed in accordance with content analysis. The result showed that research supervision had a latent content of awareness of underlying structures and the preconditions for learning that became visible through self-appraisal, orientation towards a goal, in the interaction and the performance of an art. Awareness was a cornerstone in research supervision that enabled both the what and the how aspect of learning.

  • 265.
    Liinason, Mia
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Cuesta, Marta
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Gränsdragningar och överskridanden: Feministisk aktivism som hoppets politik2016In: Gränser, mobilitet och mobilisering : Boundaries, mobility and mobilisation, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Med utgångspunkt i ett två-årigt etnografiskt fältarbete med feministiska aktivistiska grupper i Sverige har vi undersökt vilken förändring feministiska aktivister syftar till att åstadkomma, vilka frågor de driver och hur de utövar och stärker sin kamp. Genom sina heterogena protester riktade grupperna vårt intresse mot två dominanta narrativ i Sverige idag: nyliberalismen och nationen. Feministiska aktivisters mångfacetterade kritik av dessa narrativ går att förstå som ett tänkande och handlande från gränsen, där geografiska, kunskapsmässiga, politiska och sociala gränser synliggörs, förhandlas och omförhandlas i en feministisk dekolonial kamp mot modernitetens och kapitalismens kontinuerliga expansion. I sin kamp utmanar och förändrar feministiska aktivister samhället, men de förändrar även våra förståelser av makt och våra relationer till varandra. Som ett resultat av fältarbetet publicerade vi under våren 2016 boken Hoppets politik (Makadam förlag). I boken ifrågasätter vi det rådande antagandet om feminism som en fragmenterad och/eller försvagad rörelse och visar istället hur feministiska aktivisters sammansatta protester mot kopplingarna mellan sexism, cis/heteronormativitet, rasism och kapitalism gör det möjligt att bygga allianser inom feminism, samtidigt som gränsdragningar, liksom viljan att överskrida gränser, fortfarande har en central funktion inom feministisk kamp. Mot bakgrund av analyserna i boken vill vi i den här presentationen ge några exempel på hur detta tänkande och handlande från (den andra sidan) gränsen kommer till uttryck inom feministisk aktivism idag.

  • 266.
    Linares, Victoria
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Sevestedt Widmark, Amanda
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Framgångsfaktorer i implementeringsprocessen: En studie om implementeringen av delen i AFS 2015:4 som rör kränkande särbehandling.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine the implementation process of AFS 2015:4, organisational and social work environment2, focusing on the part concerning victimization in the public sector. Another objective was to identify the central success factors in the implementation process.

    The study was conducted in a county in southern Sweden. The essay is centred around four questions. The first question concerned how Human Resources (HR) and managers have interpreted and followed the guidelines of AFS 2015:4, the second one how aware the workers were of earlier mentioned guide lines and the third question was about whether the different levels of employees had a uniform experience of the implementation of AFS 2015:4. The fourth question was about the central success factors in the implementation process. A method combination was used to collect the empirical material where four qualitative interviews were conducted on the HR and management levels and a survey with 27 respondents among the workers. The main result showed that HR and the managers had followed the guidelines of AFS 2015:4 and had an awareness of what those guidelines meant. The awareness among the workers was not quite as thorough but the majority of the workers was knowledgeable about the guidelines in AFS 2015:4. The most prominent success factors in the county were clear instructions, a well-functioning ”systematic work environment effort”, well established support functions, participation in the creation of the routines, education and a wide awareness about the implementation process on several levels. 

  • 267.
    Lindberg, Jennifer
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Back, Linnéa
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Samverkan inom den kommunala hemvården: En undersökning om den kommunala sjuksköterskans upplevelser av samverkan2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna undersökning utfördes på Halmstads kommuns hemvårdsförvaltning och fokuserade på hur olika yrkesgrupper arbetade genom samverkan med varandra. Vi fann av intresse att ta reda på hur sjuksköterskorna upplever att samverkan fungerar tillsammans med hemtjänstpersonalen och vilken påverkan den egna professionen och tillit har i samverkan.Syftet med undersökningen var att genom sjuksköterskornas berättelser skildra deras upplevelser av samverkan med övrig personal inom hemtjänsten. Med hjälp av organisatoriska teorier och centrala begrepp som profession, makt och tillit har vi analyserat och tolkat deras upplevelser och därmed skapat en förståelse av samverkan mellan hemsjukvården och hemtjänsten. Undersökningen genomfördes med en kvalitativ metod där data samlades in genom observationer och semistrukturerade personliga intervjuer med åtta kommunalt anställda sjuksköterskor. Resultatet visade att de kommunala sjuksköterskorna har en delad uppfattning kring samverkan och hur samverkan figurerar på olika nivåer. Det fanns även skilda uppfattningar om vad syftet med samverkan är. Objektet för samverkan är oklart, vilket leder till att organiseringen av samverkan skiljer sig åt mellan sjusköterskorna i deras arbete tillsammans med hemtjänstpersonalen. Den egna professionen får en olik innebörd i arbetet med samverkan, vilket innebär att det kan uppstå personifiering av makt, något som även påverkar graden av tillit mellan sjuksköterskorna och hemtjänstpersonalen.

  • 268.
    Lindell, Daniel
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Stridh, Wictor
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Kvinnor i byggbranschen: Några kvinnors upplevelser kring kränkande särbehandling med koppling till upplevda möjligheter till kompetensutveckling2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien undersöker hur upplevelser av särbehandling kan inverka på kvinnors möjlighet till kompe- tensutveckling inom en organisation i byggbranschen. Detta har genomförts genom att intervjua kvinnliga medarbetare inom byggbranschen för att få deras syn och erfarenheter kring bland annat kränkande särbehandling, kompetensutveckling och karriärutveckling. Resultatet tyder på att kvin- norna inte upplevde någon kränkande särbehandling vid studiens genomförande men de beskrev ändå händelser som skulle kunna tolkas som kränkande särbehandling. Resultatet pekade inte heller på någon koppling mellan kränkande särbehandling och upplevda möjligheter till kompetensutveck- ling inom organisationen. Istället visade resultatet på att det fanns en stor avsaknad av kvinnliga förebilder inom byggbranschen och att tillkomsten av fler kvinnliga förebilder skulle kunna leda till att kvinnors intresse för byggbranschen skulle kunna öka och således bidra till att branschen uppnår en jämnare könsfördelning. 

  • 269.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Balancing performance-based expectations with a holistic perspective on coaching: a qualitative study of Swedish women’s national football team coaches’ practice experiences2017In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 12, no 1, article id 1358580Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore how an exclusive sample of women’s national football team coaches described how they implement careful coaching while facing social and organizational pressure to win medals.

    Method: To consider coaches’ negotiations, we drew on Noddings’ concept of caring. Using an interpretive research paradigm, we conducted in-depth interviews with five Swedish women’s national football team coaches. An abductive approach was used to simultaneously process the theoretical framework of “ethics of care” and the empirical data.

    Results: The coaches unanimously adopted a holistic perspective to coaching. The coaching strategies they described included promoting players’ development, well-being, and sustainable elite performance; listening to the players’ voices and engaging in dialogue; and creating a positive environment and promoting fair play.

    Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that the women coaches, despite performance pressure, adopt caring coaching in the form of Noddings’ pedagogical modelling, dialogue, and confirmation strategies, and provide an example of how coaches can adopt caring, holistic, and athlete-centred coaching while working at the highest level of competitive sport and achieving competitive success. 

    © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. 

  • 270.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg.
    Haraldsson, Katarina
    Department of Research and Development within Education, Region Jönköping County and Department of Public Health and Community Medicine/Primary Health Care, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg.
    Håman, Linn
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    ‘Pulse for learning and health [PuLH]’ in primary school; pupils’ experiences2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To improve academic performance and health in schoolchildren, the program Pulse for learning and health [PuLH] in Sweden has introduced moderate to vigorous physical activities [MVPA] three times a week (á 30 minutes). The teachers used a child-centered coaching approach, which has the child’s best interests in mind and focused on having fun. The objective of this contribution is to describe what Swedish pupils convey, using their own voices, about their experiences of participating in the school-based program PuLH. We have taken on children’s perspectives in order to be able to understand the children’s own culture. Eight schools in the Region of Jönköping, Sweden, have implemented PuLH. In total, 73 pupils (34 girls, 39 boys, grades 4-9) were recruited through purposive sampling. Thirteen focus group interviews (n=71) and individual interviews (n=2) were carried out. An explorative design was employed, in which data were categorized using qualitative content analysis. The analysis resulted in four major themes, which we classify as ‘promotes academic performance’, ‘promotes a learning school environment’, ‘promotes health and well-being’, and ‘individual and structural barriers’. The pupils stated that they increased their working capacity, the classroom environment became more calm and peaceful, they got more cohesion and new friends, their needs and interest were in focus, they felt more alert and got in a better mood, they increased their physical competence, their habits became healthier and illness decreased. However, some of the pupils revealed individual and structural barriers, which reduced pleasure and motivation to participate in MVPA due to; poor planning and that they felt time pressure, felt uncomfortable showing their bodies and digital challenges. We recommend that schools take pupils’ interests and needs into consideration when planning for and implementing MVPA activities and not use MVPA as a 'quick fix' i.e. to solve complex problems regarding pupil's learning.

  • 271.
    Lindgren, Thomas
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS). Volvo Car Corporation, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Bergquist, Magnus
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Pink, Sarah
    RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia.
    Berg, Martin
    Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Fors, Vaike
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Experiencing Expectations: Extending the Concept of UX Anticipation2018In: Nordic Contributions in IS Research: 9th Scandinavian Conference on Information Systems, SCIS 2018, Odder, Denmark, August 5–8, 2018, Proceedings / [ed] Sune Dueholm Müller & Jeppe Agger Nielsen, Cham: Springer, 2018, Vol. 326, p. 1-13Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper demonstrates the role of pre-product user experience (UX) in product design. For automotive companies, questions concerning how users will experience not yet available products is pressing - due to an increase in UX design for products, combined with a decrease in time-to-market for new products. Conventional UX research provides insights through investigating specific situated moments during use, or users’ reflections after use, yet cannot provide knowledge about how users will engage with not yet existing products. To understand pre-product UX we undertook a netnographic study of three people’s experiences of expecting and owning a Tesla car. We identified how modes of anticipation evolve before using the actual car, through online social interaction, creating a pre-product experience. The study offers a foundation for theorizing pre-product UX as socially generated anticipated UX, as well as insights for UX design in industry. © Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018.

  • 272.
    Lindholm Dahlstrand, Åsa
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Knowledge Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Research (KEEN).
    Att göra pengar av forskning?2009In: Management of Technology, ISSN 1102-5581, no 4, p. 5-6Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 273.
    Lindholm Dahlstrand, Åsa
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Knowledge Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Research (KEEN).
    Jacobsson, Staffan
    Institutionen för energi och miljö, Miljösystemanalys, Chalmers.
    Elg, Lennart
    Vinnova.
    Is the commercialisation of European academic R&D weak?: a critical assessment of a ‘dominant belief’ and associated policy responses2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 274.
    Lindholm Dahlstrand, Åsa
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Politis, Diamanto
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Women business ventures in Swedish university incubators2013In: International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1756-6266, E-ISSN 1756-6274, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 78-96Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Despite a growing interest in both women and university academic entrepreneurship, there are very few studies addressing women’s academic entrepreneurship. The authors address this gap by focusing on university incubators for women’s academic entrepreneurship. The purpose of this paper is to examine and analyze the significance of university incubators for the promotion and development of women’s academic business start-ups.

    Design/methodology/approach: The authors use a unique Swedish database for multivariate statistical tests on the performance of groups of women- and men-led ventures, as well as on groups of women incubatees. The database includes data for over 1,400 ventures, out of which 210 ventures are by women entrepreneurs.

    Findings: About 15 percent of the ventures in the incubators are started and managed by women entrepreneurs. Several significant differences were found between the groups, but the overall conclusion is that the Swedish incubators in this study do not show any evidence of being able to decrease the gender gap in the commercialization of university science.

    Originality/value: The study makes three important contributions. First, it applies a multilevel design that takes into consideration the relationship between individual firms and the incubator environment. Second, the authors conducted their analysis on women academic entrepreneurs who start their ventures in incubators, which means that the authors are concerned with a specific knowledge-intensive context, where men and women entrepreneurs possess fairly similar levels of human capital. Third, the unique database allows statistical analysis on a large data set, which provides research-based knowledge about the conditions for entrepreneurial career development among women in academic environments. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

  • 275.
    Ljungberg, Ulrika
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Stübner, Josefin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Viktiga faktorer för ett innovativt arbetsklimat: En kvalitativ studie om vilka faktorer som främjar respektive motverkar ett innovativt arbetsklimat2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background to this study is the growing interest in innovation, more specifically what is called workplace innovation. It involves an organization's implementation of new combined innovations within the organization of work, HRM (Human Resource Management) and supportive technology. In the research world, there has been research within the area for a long time, although it has been underrepresented within the service industry.

    The purpose of the study has been to further increase understanding of workplace innovation. This by focusing on the factors that promote or counteracts an innovative working climate and tries to identify which factors are considered to be particularly important.

    Knowledge has been taken from theory and research in the field. Empirical data has been collected through qualitative interviews, which have been compiled and analyzed based on our theoretical reference framework.

    The result showed a number of factors that influenced the activities both from a promoting as well as a counteracting perspective. The factors that were considered to be particularly important in terms of promotion factors were stable and safe personnel, idea time and present leadership. In terms of counteracting factors, it has been shown that there is high staff turnover, unattended personnel and central management are the most important. Based on empirical knowledge, new knowledge has emerged, in relation to theory and research, that a stable staff group and high staff turnover have been shown to affect activities to the extent that it cannot be wiped away.

  • 276. Ljungmark, Oscar
    et al.
    Palmer, Robert
    Ledarskap i samband med #Metoo.: En intervjustudie om Försvarsmakten och Polismyndigheten.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskningsområdet hur myndigheter utövar ledarskap i relation till deras #metoo-inspirerade upprop är mycket begränsat. Studiens syfte har varit att undersöka hur två av Sveriges största myndigheter, Försvarsmakten och Polismyndigheten, har utövat ledarskap i samband med upprop sprungna ur egen organisation och anställda kvinnors uppfattning härom.

     

    Denna induktiva studies teoretiska utgångspunkter utgörs av ledarskapsteorier utvecklade vid Försvarshögskolan, däribland ledarskapsmodellen, indirekt ledarskap samt studier om militära chefers containerfunktion och ”smittostudien”. Givet analys av empiriskt utfall har teoretiska utgångspunkter kompletterats med ytterligare perspektiv som tidigare studier om etiskt ledarskap och test av en ”trickle down modell” och Försvarsmaktens ledningsfilosofi.

    Inom ramen för studien har sjutton (17) personer deltagit från Försvarsmakten och åtta (8) från Polismyndigheten.

     

    Studiens resultat visar att respektive myndighet har utövat ett indirekt ledarskap. I fallet Försvarsmakten erhåller myndighetsledningen fortsatt högt förtroende för ledarskapet och dess hantering i samband med upprop. Inom Polisen hyses lågt förtroende för sin myndighets ledarskap och hantering av upprop. Inom båda myndigheter är trenden att förtroendet sjunker på lägre organisatorisk nivå. I relation till teoretiska utgångspunkter visar studiens resultat på att chefers bristande förmåga till containering dvs meningskapande och meningsgivande leder till negativ smitta med följden att anställda kvinnor alltjämt hyser lågt förtroende för sin arbetsgivare att åstadkomma varaktig förändring.  

     

    Studiens bidrag till samhällsvetenskapen innefattar ny empiri, ett vidgat perspektiv för studier om ledarskap, indirekt ledarskap och identifiering av vilka krafter som inverkar vid chefers förmedling av budskap. Process, begrepp och relaterade krafter redovisas i genererad modell; budskapsmodellen.

  • 277.
    Lundh, Christoffer
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Edebjär, Sabina
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Män som mikroföretagare: Hur beskriver de balansen mellan arbete och övrigt liv?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore how six men who run a micro-enterprise

    with a maximum of 10 employees handle the balance between work and other

    life. Qualitative approach with semi-structured interviews was conducted and the

    sample consisted of six men with micro-enterprises of varying ages. The themes

    used in the interviews were boundless work, roles, boundaries strategies and

    demand / control - social support. The results showed that micro- entrepreneurs

    do not experience any major imbalance between work and other life. The study

    revealed that the division of roles in the home of the elderly respondents was of

    the classical gender character that woman took great responsibility in the home.

    Among the younger respondents the unpaid work at home was equal divided.

    Social support was perceived highly by all respondents, and they also

    experienced a high level of control over the requirements of the job. The

    discussion touched aspect that differences in experiences depending on age are

    and future research proposals was given.

    Keywords: micro-entrepreneurs, boundless work, roles, boundaries strategies,

    demand-control / social support.

  • 278.
    Lundin, Cia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Furbring, Helena
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Kompetensutveckling inom offentlig verksamhet: En kvalitativ studie om medarbetares upplevelse av möjlighet till lärande och kompetenutveckling2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to examine the possibilities to competence development within two different departments at the country council of Halland. This is done to obtain an understanding of the existing preconditions for learning and competence development within the above mentioned organization. The purpose of the study is to get an answer to the following questions: (1) How does the employees of the country council of Halland view their abilities to develop new competence themselves? (2) How are the healthcare units learning within the workplace structured? (3) What are the precondition for learning within the workplace? (4) How are the co-workers within the country council of Halland attracted to staying and at the same time given the opportunity to develop themselves? To get an answer to these questions we have conducted nine individual interviews with respondents in different professions within the country council of Halland. The outcome of these interviews shows that the respondents view their possibility to develop competence as good and that there is a good climate for learning. They also show that there is an adequate infrastructure that enables learning whithin the country council of Halland. It was also found that there is a wide selection of different educations made available to the employees. The employees also find that there is a great deal of freedom when it comes to individual choices and preferences among these educations. The three main weaknesses to be able to develop competence were found to be lack of time and resources for participating in various courses and educations along with the demands from the management. We believe that the lack of time hinders tha respondents being creative and reflective during their workplace learning. When cutbacks are done within the organization they are not seldom done in the number of staff which hampers the learning due to the fact that fewer employees are to conduct the same tasks within a smaller timeframe. At the same time the respondents feel that they have a lot of freedom to act and that they also have the possibility to influence and be a part of the decisions taken that effect their own workunit. In conclusion, tha employees of the country council of Halland view their own organization as stabile and reliant which contributes to a high level of satisfaction and that the employees are willing to stay and develop themseves within the organization.

  • 279.
    Luthfa Karim, Sabrina
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    The Uncertainty-Embedded Innovation Process: A study of how uncertainty emerges in the innovation process and of how firms address that to create novelty2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite much discussion in the literature of uncertainties in relation to the innovation process, there is little knowledge of how they emerge in this process. This thesis accordingly aims to understand how uncertainty emerges in the innovation process and how firms address that uncertainty to create novelty from the process. Uncertainty is embedded in the innovation process (Jalonen, 2012), which implies that it is not only a factor affecting the innovation process but also an outcome of the process itself. To fulfil the purpose of this study, it is important to understand how the innovation process unfolds over time. It is well established that innovation is a process of recombining resources (Schumpeter, 1934) through the performing and linking of certain activities in sequence (Richardson, 1972; Dubois, 1994; Bankvall, 2011) by various actors (i.e., firms and organizations) in a network context (Håkansson and Olsen, 2012; Lampela, 2012; Love and Roper, 2001; Pittaway et al., 2004; Powell et al., 1996). To fulfil the purpose of this study, the following research question has been asked: How and why do actors undertake and link resource recombination activities in a network context, thereby managing uncertainties in the innovation process?

    The thesis investigates the innovation process in two companies. One of the companies had completed its innovation journey and the other had almost done so. The discussion gives a detailed account of: the activities these companies performed alone and jointly with their partners in a network context; the resources they exchanged with each other and recombined to bring new solutions to the market; the uncertainties created in the process of recombining the resources; and the activities they undertook in response to address these uncertainties. The innovation process in the case companies is analysed in light of a conceptual model developed here based on Dubois’ (1994) “end product related activity structure model”, Håkansson’s (1987) “ARA model/network model”, and Goldratt’s (1997) “critical chain concept”.

    This study identifies the conditions under which uncertainties emerged in the innovation process in the studied companies. One of the significant conditions was resource unavailability, which was caused by actors’ reluctance to share resources, prohibition by government policy, and the resources’ own conflicting conditions and internal resistance (Håkansson and Snehota, 1995; Håkansson and Waluszewski, 2002; Waluszewski, 2004). Resource unavailability caused inertial and repetitive activities and delayed the process of producing an outcome, having such an impact on the activities under the condition of path dependency (Arthur, 1994; David, 2000). Another observed condition was the actors’ lack of knowledge of resource combination (Jalonen, 2011).

    A type of uncertainty that seriously affects the outcome of the innovation process is the activity void, a situation in which no activity is taking place. Activity voids are created from resource unavailability either by an actor’s reluctance to share resources or by the outcome of combining conflicting resource properties.

    The outcome of the innovation process is therefore affected by the key actor’s attempt to reduce the activity void by making compromises at the three levels, interplay among which construct the process, i.e., actors, resources, and activities. To manage uncertainties, managers make many compromises when they perform and link various activities. Although the underlying motivation for making compromises is rational, it is boundedly rational (Simon, 1957) because by making compromises, managers forego expectations of having all the properties or of being able to plan, undertake, and link activities as intended. This study also reveals that sometimes actors prefer not to make compromises despite knowing that this might cost a great deal. Accordingly, the findings suggest that compromises made within a working relationship allow actors to produce novelty without deviating from the desired path by ensuring access to resources and partners’ abilities. On the contrary, compromises not made in the relationship can threaten actors’ ability to produce the desired novelty, as the exchange of partners’ resources and abilities is hindered in a poor relationship. Compromises made in resource configuration and activities threaten actors’ ability to produce the desired novelty by limiting their choices, while compromises not made in resource configuration and activities allow actors to produce the desired novelty without deviation.

  • 280.
    Lydell, Marie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Hildingh, Cathrine
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Söderbom, Arne
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Ziegert, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Future challenges for occupational health services can be prevented by proactive collaboration with the companies using the services: a participatory and reflection project2017In: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare, ISSN 1178-2390, E-ISSN 1178-2390, Vol. 10, p. 217-225Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: There is clearly a need for research in the field of occupational health service (OHS) for applying new perspectives. Proactive collaboration is needed between the OHSs and the companies. The customers of the companies using the services should be able to safeguard themselves from the health problems caused by the work environment through proactive collaboration with the OHSs.

    Objective: The main purpose of this interdisciplinary study was to explore how the stakeholders reflected to create and agree on core values for future challenges in OHS, as seen from the perspectives of OHS professionals and customer companies.

    Methodology: An action research process was conducted. This study was divided into three phases. In phase I, the data were collected from interviews and diaries of interdisciplinary occupational health professionals (n=12). A focus group that sampled the eight managers of the customer companies was also included. In phase II, a questionnaire was developed with 24 questions focusing on examining the future challenges for OHS. The questionnaire was sent to customer companies (n=116). In phase III, a scoping review was undertaken.

    Results: Three categories emerged from the analysis: “Balancing complex situations” clarified the complexity regarding senior employees; “Working with a proactive approach” indicated the need for working with a new proactive approach supporting sustainable health; and “Collaborate internally and externally” showed good relationships between the customer and the OHS, which is a mutual responsibility to both the partners.

    Conclusion: The results outlined that it is necessary to take action to apply new proactive health promotions, with a focus on workplace health promotion. The results also indicated that interventions for senior employees are of importance. This study was done in collaboration with the stakeholders from the occupational health care service center and the managers from the customer companies. The use of a participatory research design, including close collaboration with the participants, allows the researchers to see the challenges.

     

  • 281.
    Lydell, Marie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Hildingh, Cathrine
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Söderbom, Arne
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Ziegert, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    How to Promote Workplace Health in order to Work into Old Age: Experiences from Employees in an Industrial Setting2019In: Scientifica, ISSN 2090-908X, E-ISSN 2090-908X, Vol. 2019, article id 3942569Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Health is important in workplaces. A good organisational climate in a workplace plays a major role in the employees’ well-being at work and is also associated with increased productivity. Today, employees are expected to work into older age and it is a challenge for companies to promote health and well-being for this growing group. Purpose. The purpose of this study was to explore how to promote workplace health at present time and for the end of working life in the perspective of employees. Design/Methodology/Approach. The study had an explorative design, and a thematic analysis was chosen. The inclusion criteria were persons 50 years and older, working in the company and planning to continue working into old age. A total of 21 coworkers (14 men) participated in the study. Three focus group interviews were conducted. Findings. The results from the focus group interviews are presented in four themes: handle change in a changeable workplace, take responsibility for health concerns, get confirmation for feeling needed, and support and tolerance adapted for each employee. Practical Implications. Promoting health should be an urgent mission for employees themselves as well as for managers in order to support employees in working into old age. The health promotion must be suitable for each employee and should be designed in such a way as to avoid inequality in workplace health. Originality/Value. There is a need for more health-promoting behaviours, support, and activities for employees in order to work into old age.

  • 282.
    Lynhagen, Sofia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Rasbiologins offer: En kritisk diskursanalys om rasbiologins uppkomst och påverkan2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this study is to investigate how racial biology gained its foothold in the Swedish welfare society, the consequences it entailed and how to motivate sanctions against individuals who were considered to deviate from the norm. In order to investigate these issues, I have used discourse analysis as a method. The material I have used has consisted of motions to the Swedish parliament, journal entries and other documents of importance that have been written during this time. The consequences of racial biology are the eugenics measures that affect a large group of the population, through sterilization and institutionalization. The actions are motivated by the need for protection of society and the need to reduce the risk of degeneration of the genes. The most evident in the documents, to the Swedish parliament, regarding the establishment of a racial biology institute are cost effective and degeneration issues.

  • 283.
    Löfdahl, Gun-Britt
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Urell, Marinette
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Nära ledarskap: En framtida ledarskapsstrategi i omsorgsarbete på Hemvårdsförvaltningen i Halmstad kommun2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Trough the contact with the HR (Human Resources) department of home care management in Halmstad municipality, emerged from the management a wish for a documentation for what should be included in leadership at middle management level in the future. People in middle management positions have a large impact on the operation staff and are also in charge of the individual corporate performance and its success. As we have previously been active in the management of multiple role configurations, including middle-management positions, we have some prior understanding of the complexity of this position. The study was conducted with the aim to investigate different aspects of what leadership for middle managers in home care management in Halmstad municipality may mean to them. With the help of different theories and models various aspects were analyzed due to the impact of leadership.

    Due to the studies purpose and questions, two focus groups was conducted and interviews with respondents from both the lower and superior positions in home care management in Halmstad municipality was done. In addition, four individual interviews were done with middle management representatives from home care management.

    Our results demonstrate that leadership includes and are influenced by aspects derived from the organizational structures and tools, as well as to the clarity of home care management communication process. The analyses and conclusions leads to a model called "close leadership” - a future leadership approach that demonstrates how a different leadership approach can be used instead.

  • 284.
    Magnusson, Sebastian
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Meltzer, Markus
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Motivation till att göra ett bra arbete i läraryrket: Hur ledarskap och sociala relationer bidrar till motivation att göra ett bra arbete2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka lärares upplevelse av ledarskap och sociala relationer på arbetsplatsen samt lärares upplevda motivation till att göra ett bra arbete. Studien genomfördes med kvalitativ metod med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer, antalet respondenter till uppsatsen är sex. Teorierna som har använts i den här uppsatsen är Self determination theory (SDT), Effort reward imbalance (ERI) modellen och Krav-kontroll-stöd modellen, denna studie har haft speciellt fokus på stödvariabeln. Resultatet visade på att lärarna upplevde gott ledarskap och välfungerade relationer på arbetsplatsen samt en hög grad av motivation. Analysen visade att den största motivationsfaktorn till att göra ett bra arbete enligt lärarna var de sociala relationerna, elevernas resultat och uppskattningen från eleverna. Enligt respondenterna var eleverna och de sociala relationerna en större anledning till upplevd motivation än ledarskapet, det kan bero på att samtliga respondenter upplevde hög kontroll över arbetet. Studien visade också på en god trivsel och bra sammanhållning på arbetsplatsen, detta är enligt resultatet en bidragande faktor  till den höga motivationen att göra ett bra arbete.

  • 285.
    Malmberg, Claes
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Hållbar utveckling och bedömning2018In: Lärportalen: Hållbar utveckling / [ed] Claes Malmberg, Stockholm: Skolverket , 2018, p. 1-11Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här texten behandlar formativ bedömning som, eftersom den har fokus på elevers lärande, också går under namnet lärande bedömning. Texten kommer att knyta an till såväl utbildning för hållbar utveckling som ämnesövergripande undervisning. Anknytningen rör komplexiteten i frågorna, autenticiteten, det pluralistiska perspektivet och det demokratiska handlingsperspektivet. När det gäller formativ bedömning görs nedslag i autentiska problem, autentisk bedömning, planering genom formativt förhållningsätt samt matriser.

  • 286.
    Malmberg, Elin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Sech, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Konsten att behålla och värna om nyckelkompetensen: En studie genomförd inom Landstinget Halland2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When we first contacted Halland County Council they expressed the need to be able to attract and retain employees. Since individuals with key competence have a big influence on the overall success of the organization we chose to carry out a study with the purpose to examine which conditions individuals with key competence within Halland County Council experience as central to their specific work situation. By using different theories and models we analyze and find out how such conditions can affect the ability of the employer to retain these individuals. We have chosen to examine in what way the conditions that emerge are central to the individuals work satisfaction, motivation and their will to stay or leave their workplace. 

     

    Based on the purpose of this study we have carried out six qualitative interviews with key employees and HR management on one of the units within Halland County Council.

     

    Our results show that conditions that has to do with work satisfaction and motivation affect and are affected by perceived organizational support which in turn affect the ability of the employer to retain individuals with key competence. The analysis finally concludes into our own model of AFBN (the ability of the employer to retain key competence) that shows these relationships.

  • 287.
    Malmstrom, Malin
    et al.
    Department of Economics and Technology and Society, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL). Department of Economics and Technology and Society, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Department of Economics and Technology and Society, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden & Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland.
    Gender Stereotypes and Venture Support Decisions: How Governmental Venture Capitalists Socially Construct Entrepreneurs' Potential2017In: Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, ISSN 1042-2587, E-ISSN 1540-6520, Vol. 41, no 5, p. 833-860Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present study, we conduct a discourse analysis on a set of longitudinal observations of government venture capitalists' decisions to identify how gender stereotypes are socially constructed and activated when assessing entrepreneurs' potential in the financial distribution of venture support. The present study finds that female entrepreneurs risk receiving significantly less venture capital, which is caused by the language and rhetoric used that relates to gender differences when funding decisions are made. We consider and discuss the implications of our results for related research about distributing venture capital and the social constructions of female and male entrepreneurs. © 2017 The Authors

  • 288.
    Malmström, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Voitkane, Aija
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL). Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland; University of St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland; Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden & Swedish Research Excellence Centre CIIR, Luleå, Sweden.
    VC Stereotypes About Men and Women Aren’t Supported by Performance Data2018In: Harvard Business Review, ISSN 0017-8012, no March 15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Male entrepreneurs are the beneficiaries of the overwhelming majority of venture capital investments. But are their ideas really better investment opportunities for VCs than those pitched by women? Not necessarily. In a two-part study, researchers observed that venture capitalists adopt markedly different stereotypical notions of female and male entrepreneurs during their decision-making processes. These stereotypical notions, which cast men as having traits better suited to starting successful companies, don’t hold up when compared with venture performance data from annual reports. In other words, there is no statistical evidence that many myths about female entrepreneurs are true.

  • 289.
    Malmström, Malin
    et al.
    Department of Economics and Technology and Society, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden and Hanken School of Economics, Luleå, Sweden.
    Voitkane, Aija
    Department of Economics and Technology and Society, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden and Hanken School of Economics, Luleå, Sweden.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL). Department of Economics and Technology and Society, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden and Hanken School of Economics, Luleå, Sweden.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Department of Economics and Technology and Society, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden and Hanken School of Economics, Luleå, Sweden.
    When stereotypical gender notions see the light of day, will they burst?: Venture capitalists' gender constructions versus venturing performance facts2018In: Journal of Business Venturing Insights, ISSN 2352-6734, Vol. 9, p. 32-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although often discussed, there has been limited effort to match venture capitalists’ construction of gender notions with specific facts about the entrepreneurs’ venturing activities. This study shows how stereotypical gender notions of both men and women entrepreneurs are embedded in venture capitalists’ assessments and analyses as well as explores whether or not these notions have substance based on actual performance. Drawing on interview data and statistical analysis of objective key performance information from accounting reports, we identify four myths in the evaluations of 126 venture capital applications for governmental capital that do not have any significant empirical substance. We discuss these findings’ implications for the study of myths in women's entrepreneurship. © 2018 The Authors

  • 290.
    Mathisson, Lennie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Condliffe, Jennifer
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Kulturellt implementeringsarbete: -En kvalitativ och kvantitativ studie av organisationskultur inom ett svenskt bygg- och anläggningsföretag2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Organizational culture has been described as a shared perception of reality and values ​​within a group of individuals. Within the group's shared values ​​about what is appropriate and inappropriate behavior and shared values ​​make it easier for individuals to understand what is expected of them. If the desired culture from the management team is not consistent with the culture of the employees there might be a collision. This because the culture is fundamental to what is appropriate and inappropriate behavior and creates solidarity within the organization. This study was conducted in a construction company in Sweden. The company started about three years ago and has chosen to focus on creating a specific and consistent organizational culture. The management team has an interest to find out if the culture they have strived to implement is the culture that the employees are experiencing.

    The purpose of this study is to explore whether the organizational culture that management pursues is the same as the employees experience. The aim is to see if these two experiences are the same or in any way differs. In case of any discrepancies, we will suggest possible development opportunities.

    The study's empirical material is collected by means of questionnaires, interviews and observations.

    The study shows that in several occasions that management and staff perceptions of the organization's culture are the same. A couple of matters stuck out from the outcome of the study, where, for example, the common events were not appreciated as much as expected and for the most part appreciated by employees born in 80’ - and 90's.

  • 291.
    Meijnders, Anneloes
    et al.
    Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
    Midden, Cees
    Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
    Olofsson, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
    Öhman, Susanna
    Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
    Matthes, Jörg
    University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland.
    Bondarenko, Olha
    Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
    Gutteling, Jan
    University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands.
    Rusanen, Maria
    University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland.
    The Role of Similarity Cues in the Development of Trustin Sources of Information About GM Food2009In: Risk Analysis, ISSN 0272-4332, E-ISSN 1539-6924, Vol. 29, no 8, p. 1116-1128Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In evaluating complex new technologies, people are usually dependent on information provided by others, for example, experts or journalists, and have to determine whether theycan trust these information sources. This article focuses on similarity as the basis for trust.The first experiment (= 261) confirmed that a journalist writing about genetically modified (GM) food was trusted more when his attitude was congruent with that of his readers. In addition, the experiment showed that this effect was mediated by the perceived similarity of thejournalist. The second experiment (= 172) revealed that trust in a journalist writing aboutthe focal domain of GM food was even influenced by him expressing a congruent attitudein an unrelated domain. This result supports a general similarity account of the congruenceeffect on trust, as opposed to a confirmatory bias account. © 2009 Society for Risk Analysis.

  • 292.
    Melander, Johanna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Tängnander, Josefin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Vilka kunskaper och erfarenheter från min studietid kan komma att vara relevanta i arbetslivet?: Bemanningsbranschens kompetenskrav och förväntningar på nyexaminerade personalvetare.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Each year, a substantial amount of students begins studies revolving around staffing and working life at universities and colleges. When graduating, the student moves on with knowledge from an interdisciplinary education and begins the search for an occupation. It is common practice for newly graduated human resources managers to apply for a position at staffing agencies. This makes it relevant to investigate which competence requirements and expectations that staffing agencies in Sweden place on newly graduated human resources managers and what makes them employable.

    The purpose of this study is to investigate what knowledge and experience from studying human resources management that considered most relevant in five of Swedens biggest staffing companies.

    Since the study deals with an in-depth picture of perceptions about competence requirements, expectations and employability, qualitative interviews were conducted. Data from five interviews with four of Sweden ́s largest staffing agencies and one smaller, is the starting point for the results and analysis of the study. Phenomenological methodology has been used in the analysis to explain the own perceptions and thoughts about the chosen topic among the respondents.

    The result indicated that the majority have a positive view of the graduate group of newly graduated human resources managers. Prior to employment, the majority has competence requirements for post-secondary education, but it appeared that four of the staffing agencies make exceptions where relevant industry experience can compensate for a lack of the aforementioned.

    The highest-valued traits are social skills. There is also demand for competence in labor law, economics and organizational development. Furthermore, expectations on newly graduated human resources managers are to be cooperative, vigilant, forward, outgoing and have an eagerness to learn.

    Internship and student-related work in addition to studies increase employability of the newly graduated human resources manager. 

  • 293. Melin, Martin
    et al.
    Barth, Henrik
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Value stream mapping for sustainable change at a Swedish dairy farm2019In: International Journal of Environment and Waste Management, ISSN 1478-9876, E-ISSN 1478-9868Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This case study increases our understanding of Lean implementationin which value stream mapping (VSM) is used to create an action plan at asmall dairy and cattle farm in southwest Sweden. The researchers, thefarmer-owner, and farm employees followed a step-by-step approach thatresulted in ideas for operational improvements for the dairy activity. Data werecollected in interviews with the farmer/owner, researcher participation inworkshops, and researcher observations. The results reveal that VSM is aneffective way to create a culture of collaboration among the farm staff and tobetter define their roles and responsibilities as well as improve routines,communications, and task completion. In the two-to-three year periodfollowing the VSM project, specific improvements were observed in milkproduction/quality and animal health. The results also reveal that while Leanprinciples are relevant given the repetitive nature of agriculture routines andtasks, the VSM element of lead-time reduction is less relevant owing to theunique value adding biological processes in the agriculture sector. © 2019 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

  • 294.
    Mellbourn, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Developing a culture of conflict prevention2004Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 295.
    Mellbourn, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Center for Social Analysis (CESAM).
    Development, security and conflict prevention: security as a millennium goal2005Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 296.
    Melvinsson, Johan
    Halmstad University.
    Hundförare som profession: Kvalitativ studie om hundförare inom Försvarsmakten och deras passionsdrivna utveckling.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The dog handlers in in the Swedish Armed Forces are a small category of soldiers who, together with their dogs, are driven by the passion to develop. Since 2010, they are employed soldiers and the dog handlers are developing, the skills are strengthened and an experience is building up. It is reflected in the commitment that exists with them. A boundless commitment where the boundary between what is job and spare time is blurred as created by the characters the dog handlers are. A cross-border commitment driven by the desire to expand cooperation within the Swedish Armed Forces and collaboration with civil authorities where they can provide Sweden with their abilities. Finally, we have the emotional commitment, relationships between dog and dog handler and affiliation. Is it merely positive to burn for their cause and strongly want to push their business forward or are there risks that should be considered? The study describes the dog handlers situation and ambitions today, the opportunities they see developing the dog services within the Swedish Armed Forces, and addresses the pros and cons of involvement in the work that exists. What creates the conditions for developing, what obstructs the development of a group of people, and some risks that exist with everyday imbalance. Imbalance between work and leisure that can lead to long-term stress, ill-health and, in the worst case, sick leave.

  • 297.
    Midden, Cees J. H.
    et al.
    Department of Technology Management, Eindhoven University, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
    Boy, Daniel
    Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, Centre d'Études de la Vie Politique Français (Cevipof), Paris, France.
    Einsiedel, Edna
    Faculty of General Studies, University of Calgary, Canada.
    Fjæstad, Björn
    Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
    Liakopoulos, Miltos
    Europäische Akademie zur Erforschung von Folgen wissenschaftlich-technischer Entwicklungen, Bad Neuwahr-Ahrwiler, Germany.
    Miller, John D.
    Centre for Biomedical Communications, Northwestern University, Chicago, USA.
    Öhman, Susanna
    Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
    Wagner, Wolfgang
    Institute für Pädagogie und Psychologie, Johannes-Kepler-University, Linz, Austria.
    The structure of public perceptions2002In: Biotechnology: The making of a global controversy / [ed] Martin W. Bauer, George Gaskell, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002, p. 203-223Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 298.
    Mineur, Therese
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group. Örebro universitet, Örebro, Sverige.
    Skolformens komplexitet: Elevers erfarenheter av skolvardag och tillhörighet i gymnasiesärskolan2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish upper secondary education consists of different types of schools. One type of school is the upper secondary for pupils who have assessed as having an intellectual disability. The aim of this study is to increase the knowledge and understanding of pupils’ experiences of everyday life in school, and how they perceive the significance of their sense of belonging to this type of school. An additional aim of the study is to increase the knowledge about different ways of organizing the education and teaching. The collection of data started with a national questionnaire survey which was directed to headteachers at the schools. Based on the results from the survey five schools were selected. By participant observations at the schools and repeated interviews with 14 young women and 12 young men, the first person perspective has been studied and analysed through an interpretive approach.

    The analysis showed that knowledge about the schools different ways of organizing the teaching are of importance, to understand pupils’ diverse experiences of school life. As an example it has an impact on how the pupils evaluate different types of knowledge, but also how they view their future opportunities. Any clear connection between the schools different ways of organizing the education and teaching and pupils’ experiences of their sense of belonging to this type of school has not emerged. Instead pupils’ awareness, confidence, uncertainty, dejection and determination are to be seen as a framework of understanding, telling us about their experiences of their school affiliation. Together they demonstrate a complexity surrounding pupils’ situation, associated to both advantages and disadvantages in school, but also their thoughts about identity and how they perceive being categorized as deviant by others. The analysis also showed that expectations on the pupils, and their possibilities in the school context, are related to a special school culture and to gender differences.

  • 299.
    Mineur, Therese
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Swedish education in upper secondary schools for students with intellectual disabilities: from a student perspective2015In: Research and Practice in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, ISSN 2329-7018, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 165-179Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish upper secondary education includes special secondary schooling for students with intellectual disabilities. The aim of this study was to gain an understanding of students’ experiences of attending special secondary schools. An interpretative approach was used to analyse data from repeated in-depth interviews with 14 female and 12 male students from 5 different schools. Analysis revealed participants’ school experiences could be categorised in three different ways; having a sense of awareness, a sense of confidence, and a sense of uncertainty, while their overarching attitudes towards school attendance were characterised by dejection, determination, or a combination of these. These different experiences of school and attitudes towards it demonstrate the complexity of the participants’ situation, the advantages and disadvantages of this type of schooling, and the participants’ experiences of being categorised as deviant by others. © 2015 Australasian Society for Intellectual Disability

  • 300.
    Mineur, Therese
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Mallander, Ove
    Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Tideman, Magnus
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group. Living with Disability Research Centre, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.
    Self-advocacy in Sweden - impact on identity and social relations2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: In recent years an increased number of adults with intellectual disability in Sweden have been organized in self-advocacy groups since they no longer accept the perceived subordinate role as a disabled person in society. The aim of this study was to gain an understanding of the importance of being a member in a self-advocacy group and what impact it had on the members' daily life, relationships, self-determination and identity.

    Method: An interpretative approach was used to analyze data from interviews with 26 participants in four different groups. The semi-structured interviews were supplemented with eight interviews conducted with support workers, focus-group interviews, observations during meetings and document reviews.

    Findings: The findings suggest that the participants' engagement in a self-advocacy group is meaningful in several but varies ways. An improved life-situation consisting of strengthened control in every-day life and increased self-confidence are of great importance, but equally important is the perceived possibility to help others and make a difference in their lives. Self-advocacy is primarily understood in terms of achieved independence and social connections within the group, but also as influencing outsiders' attitudes.

    Conclusions: The self-advocacy movements indicate a significant change in society and are important for the target group as well as for shaping future support and treatment. 

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