hh.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
Avgränsa sökresultatet
2345678 201 - 250 av 1238
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Träffar per sida
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
Markera
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 201.
    Borgviken, Jonathan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi.
    Johansson, Carl
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi.
    Industrial Wireless IPv6 Sensor device2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (högskoleexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 202.
    Bosshard, Pascal Fabian
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Investigation of Trajectory Optimization for Multiple Car-Like Vehicles2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 203.
    Bouguelia, Mohamed-Rafik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Nowaczyk, Sławomir
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Payberah, Amir H.
    Swedish Institute of Computer Science, Stockholm, Sweden.
    An adaptive algorithm for anomaly and novelty detection in evolving data streams2018Ingår i: Data mining and knowledge discovery, ISSN 1384-5810, E-ISSN 1573-756X, Vol. 32, nr 6, s. 1597-1633Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the era of big data, considerable research focus is being put on designing efficient algorithms capable of learning and extracting high-level knowledge from ubiquitous data streams in an online fashion. While, most existing algorithms assume that data samples are drawn from a stationary distribution, several complex environments deal with data streams that are subject to change over time. Taking this aspect into consideration is an important step towards building truly aware and intelligent systems. In this paper, we propose GNG-A, an adaptive method for incremental unsupervised learning from evolving data streams experiencing various types of change. The proposed method maintains a continuously updated network (graph) of neurons by extending the Growing Neural Gas algorithm with three complementary mechanisms, allowing it to closely track both gradual and sudden changes in the data distribution. First, an adaptation mechanism handles local changes where the distribution is only non-stationary in some regions of the feature space. Second, an adaptive forgetting mechanism identifies and removes neurons that become irrelevant due to the evolving nature of the stream. Finally, a probabilistic evolution mechanism creates new neurons when there is a need to represent data in new regions of the feature space. The proposed method is demonstrated for anomaly and novelty detection in non-stationary environments. Results show that the method handles different data distributions and efficiently reacts to various types of change. © 2018 The Author(s)

  • 204.
    Bouguelia, Mohamed-Rafik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Nowaczyk, Sławomir
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Santosh, K. C.
    The University of South Dakota, Vermillion, South Dakota, USA.
    Verikas, Antanas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Agreeing to disagree: active learning with noisy labels without crowdsourcing2018Ingår i: International Journal of Machine Learning and Cybernetics, ISSN 1868-8071, E-ISSN 1868-808X, Vol. 9, nr 8, s. 1307-1319Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose a new active learning method for classification, which handles label noise without relying on multiple oracles (i.e., crowdsourcing). We propose a strategy that selects (for labeling) instances with a high influence on the learned model. An instance x is said to have a high influence on the model h, if training h on x (with label y = h(x)) would result in a model that greatly disagrees with h on labeling other instances. Then, we propose another strategy that selects (for labeling) instances that are highly influenced by changes in the learned model. An instance x is said to be highly influenced, if training h with a set of instances would result in a committee of models that agree on a common label for x but disagree with h(x). We compare the two strategies and we show, on different publicly available datasets, that selecting instances according to the first strategy while eliminating noisy labels according to the second strategy, greatly improves the accuracy compared to several benchmarking methods, even when a significant amount of instances are mislabeled. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

  • 205.
    Bouguelia, Mohamed-Rafik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Pashami, Sepideh
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Nowaczyk, Sławomir
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Multi-Task Representation Learning2017Ingår i: 30th Annual Workshop ofthe Swedish Artificial Intelligence Society SAIS 2017: May 15–16, 2017, Karlskrona, Sweden / [ed] Niklas Lavesson, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2017, s. 53-59Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The majority of existing machine learning algorithms assume that training examples are already represented with sufficiently good features, in practice ones that are designed manually. This traditional way of preprocessing the data is not only tedious and time consuming, but also not sufficient to capture all the different aspects of the available information. With big data phenomenon, this issue is only going to grow, as the data is rarely collected and analyzed with a specific purpose in mind, and more often re-used for solving different problems. Moreover, the expert knowledge about the problem which allows them to come up with good representations does not necessarily generalize to other tasks. Therefore, much focus has been put on designing methods that can automatically learn features or representations of the data instead of learning from handcrafted features. However, a lot of this work used ad hoc methods and the theoretical understanding in this area is lacking.

  • 206.
    Bournias-Varotsis, A.
    et al.
    Wolfson School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom.
    Friel, R. J.
    Wolfson School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom.
    Harris, R. A.
    Mechanical Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom.
    Engstrom, D. S.
    Wolfson School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom.
    Selectively anodised aluminium foils as an insulating layer for embedding electronic circuitry in a metal matrix via ultrasonic additive manufacturing2016Ingår i: Solid Freeform Fabrication 2016: Proceedings of the 27th Annual International Solid Freeform Fabrication (SFF) Symposium – An Additive Manufacturing Conference / [ed] Bourell, D.L., Laboratory for Freeform Fabrication , 2016, s. 2260-2270Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Ultrasonic Additive Manufacturing (UAM) is a hybrid Additive Manufacturing (AM) process that involves layer-by-layer ultrasonic welding of metal foils and periodic machining to achieve the desired shape. Prior investigative research has demonstrated the potential of UAM for the embedding of electronic circuits inside a metal matrix. In this paper, a new approach for the fabrication of an insulating layer between an aluminium (Al) matrix and embedded electronic interconnections is presented. First, an Anodic Aluminium Oxide (AAO) layer is selectively grown onto the surface of Al foils prior to bonding. The pre-treated foils are then welded onto a UAM fabricated aluminium substrate. The bonding step can be repeated for the full encapsulation of the electronic interconnections or components. This ceramic AAO insulating layer provides several advantages over the alternative organic materials used in previous works.

  • 207.
    Bournias-Varotsis, Alkaios
    et al.
    Wolfson School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, United Kingdom.
    Harris, Russell A.
    Wolfson School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, United Kingdom.
    Friel, Ross J.
    Wolfson School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, United Kingdom.
    The effect of ultrasonic excitation on the electrical properties and microstructure of printed electronic conductive inks2015Ingår i: 2015 38th International Spring Seminar on Electronics Technology (ISSE), 2015, s. 140-145Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Ultrasonic Additive Manufacturing (UAM) is an advanced manufacturing technique, which enables the embedding of electronic components and interconnections within solid aluminium structures, due to the low temperature encountered during material bonding. In this study, the effects of ultrasonic excitation, caused by the UAM process, on the electrical properties and the microstructure of thermally cured screen printed silver conductive inks were investigated. The electrical resistance and the dimensions of the samples were measured and compared before and after the ultrasonic excitation. The microstructure of excited and unexcited samples was examined using combined Focused Ion Beam and Scanning Electron Microscopy (FIB/SEM) and optical microscopy. The results showed an increase in the resistivity of the silver tracks after the ultrasonic excitation, which was correlated with a change in the microstructure: the size of the silver particles increased after the excitation, suggesting that inter-particle bonding has occurred. The study also highlighted issues with short circuiting between the conductive tracks and the aluminium substrate, which were attributed to the properties of the insulating layer and the inherent roughness of the UAM substrate. However, the reduction in conductivity and observed short circuiting were sufficiently small and rare, which leads to the conclusion that printed conductive tracks can function as interconnects in conjunction with UAM, for the fabrication of novel smart metal components.

  • 208.
    BOZKURT, Ugur
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Aslan, Mustafa
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Assembly of a UAV: hardware design of a UAV2009Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis is dedicated to assemble the hardware system of a UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) in order to prepare the platform for an autonomous flight in the air for a given path through the pre-programmed check points. A UAV is an aircraft that contains sensors, GPS, radio system, servomechanisms and computers, which provide the capability of an autonomous flight without a human pilot in the cockpit. A stable flight requires sensing the roll, pitch, and yaw angles of aircraft. Roll and pitch angles were ensured by a sensor system of FMA Direct Company called co-pilot flight stabilization system (CPD4), which allows controlling ailerons and elevator manually.

    An autopilot is required for steering the aircraft autonomously according the GPS data and the establish waypoints that the airplane have to pass by. The GPS gives heading information to the autopilot, and this uses the information of the next waypoint to decide which direction to go. Hereby an autonomous flight is provided. In this project a lego mindstorm NXT was used as an autopilot that is product of LEGO Company [1]. The output of the autopilot is used to control the airplane servos to fly in the desired direction. A software and hardware interface was designed to allow the autopilot to receive the data from the co-pilot sensor and to transmit data to the co-pilot processor, which will finally steer the actuator servos. Experiments were performed with different parts of the system and the results reported.

  • 209.
    Brasil, M. A. B.
    et al.
    Education Department, Industrial Technical School, Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, 97105-900, Brazil.
    Bösch, Bernhard
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi.
    Wagner, F. R.
    Institute of Informatics, Federal University of Rio Grande Do sul, Porto Alegre, 91509-900, Brazil.
    De Freitas, E. P.
    Institute of Informatics, Federal University of Rio Grande Do sul, Porto Alegre, 91509-900, Brazil.
    Performance Comparison of Multi-Agent Middleware Platforms for Wireless Sensor Networks2018Ingår i: IEEE Sensors Journal, ISSN 1530-437X, E-ISSN 1558-1748, Vol. 18, nr 7, s. 3039-3049Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the numerous possible applications of wireless sensor networks (WSNs), there is a key disadvantage related to the high complexity in programming WSNs, which is a result of their distributed and built-in features. To overcome this shortcoming, software agents have been identified as a suitable programming paradigm. The agent-based approach commonly uses a middleware for the execution of the software agents. In this regard, the present paper aims at comparing Java-based agent middleware platforms in their performance for the WSN application domain. Experiments were performed to analyze two versions of tracking applications, based on different agent models implemented for a given set of middleware platforms that support programming at a high-level of abstraction. The results highlight the differences in the resource consumption (CPU, memory, and energy) and in the communication overhead, providing an indication of suitability for each type of analyzed middleware, considering specific concerns while developing WSN applications. © 2001-2012 IEEE.

  • 210.
    Brauner, Paul
    et al.
    Rice University, Houston, United States.
    Taha, Walid
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Globally Parallel, Locally Sequential: A Preliminary Proposal for Acumen Objects2010Ingår i: POOSC'10, Proceedings of the 9th Workshop on Parallel/High-Performance Object-Oriented Scientific Computing, New York, NY: ACM Press, 2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    An important and resource-intensive class of computation codes consists of simulators for physical systems. Today, most simulation codes are written in general-purpose imperative languages such as C or FORTRAN. Unfortunately, such languages encourage the programmer to focus her attention on details of how the computation is performed, rather than on the system being modeled.

    This paper reports the design and implementation of a novel notion of an object for a physical modeling language called Acumen. A key idea underlying the language's design is encouraging a programming style that enables a "globally parallel, locally imperative" view of the world. The language is also being designed to preserve deterministic execution even when the underlying computation is performed on a highly parallel platform. Our main observation with the initial study is that extensive and continual experimental evaluation is crucial for keeping the language design process informed about bottlenecks for parallel execution.

  • 211.
    Broman, Jennifer
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi.
    SNMP inom IT-forensik: Hur kan SNMP användas för IT-forensiska syften?2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta arbete är att undersöka huruvida ett nätverksprotokoll som används för nätverkshantering- och övervakning kan användas inom IT-forensiska undersökningar. Arbetet börjar med en generell granskning av protokollet SimpleNetwork Management Protocol (SNMP) och dess funktioner för att skapa en grundläggande förståelse för protokollet. Ett problemscenario framställs för att kunna simuleras i arbetets experimentutförande.

    I arbetet diskuteras hur funktionernas användbarhet inom IT-forensik kan variera beroende på till exempel inom vilken sektor de IT-forensiska utredningarna utförs inom, den privata eller den offentliga. Resultatet i detta arbete pekar på att SNMP är användbart vid IT-forensiska undersökningar, men att protokollet är mer gynnsamt för den privata sektorn av IT-forensik.

  • 212.
    Brooks, C.
    et al.
    MIT.
    Iagnemma, Karl
    MIT.
    Visual Detection of Novel Terrain via Two-Class Classification2009Ingår i: Proceedings of the 24th Annual ACM: Symposium on Applied Computing 2009, New York: ACM Press, 2009, s. 1145-1150Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Remote sensing of terrain characteristics is an important component for autonomous operation of mobile robots in natural terrain. Often this involves classification of terrain into one of a set of a priori known terrain classes. Situations can frequently arise, however, where an autonomous robot encounters a terrain class that does not belong to one of these known classes. This paper proposes an approach for visual detection of novel terrain based on a two-class support vector machine (SVM) for situations when known terrain classes can be confidently associated with only a subset of the training data. Experimental results from a four-wheeled mobile robot in Mars analog terrain demonstrate the effectiveness of this approach. Copyright 2009 ACM.

  • 213.
    Brooks, C.
    et al.
    Field and Space Robotics Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, United States.
    Iagnemma, Karl
    Field and Space Robotics Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, United States.
    Dubowsky, S.
    Field and Space Robotics Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, United States.
    Vibration-based terrain analysis for mobile robots2005Ingår i: Robotics and Automation, 2005. ICRA 2005. Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Conference on, Washington, DC: IEEE Computer Society, 2005, s. 3415-3420Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Safe, autonomous mobility in rough terrain is an important requirement for planetary exploration rovers. Knowledge of local terrain properties is critical to ensure a rover's safety on slopes and uneven surfaces. This paper presents a method to classify terrain based on vibrations induced in the rover structure by wheel-terrain interaction during driving. Vibrations are measured using an accelerometer on the rover structure. The classifier is trained using labeled vibration data during an off-line learning phase. Linear discriminant analysis is used for on-line identification of terrain classes such as sand, gravel, or clay. This approach is experimentally validated on a laboratory testbed.

  • 214.
    Brooks, C.A.
    et al.
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, United States.
    Iagnemma, Karl
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, United States.
    Vibration-based terrain classification for planetary exploration rovers2005Ingår i: IEEE Transactions on robotics, ISSN 1552-3098, E-ISSN 1941-0468, Vol. 21, nr 6, s. 1185-1191Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Safe, autonomous mobility in rough terrain is an important requirement for planetary exploration rovers. Knowledge of local terrain properties is critical to ensure a rover's safety on slopes and uneven surfaces. Visual features are often used to classify terrain; however, vision can be sensitive to lighting variations and other effects. This paper presents a method to classify terrain based on vibrations induced in the rover structure by wheel-terrain interaction during driving. This sensing mode is robust to lighting variations. Vibrations are measured using an accelerometer mounted on the rover structure. The classifier is trained using labeled vibration data during an offline learning phase. Linear discriminant analysis is used for online identification of terrain classes, such as sand, gravel, or clay. This approach has been experimentally validated on a laboratory testbed and on a four-wheeled rover in outdoor conditions.

  • 215.
    Brooks, Christopher A.
    et al.
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, United States.
    Iagnemma, Karl
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, United States.
    Self-Supervised Classification for Planetary Rover Terrain Sensing2007Ingår i: Aerospace Conference, 2007 IEEE, Piscataway: IEEE Press, 2007, s. 1-9Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Autonomous mobility in rough terrain is key to enabling increased science data return from planetary rover missions. Current terrain sensing and path planning approaches can be used to avoid geometric hazards, such as rocks and steep slopes, but are unable to remotely identify and avoid non-geometric hazards, such as loose sand in which a rover may become entrenched. This paper proposes a self-supervised classification approach to learning the visual appearance of terrain classes which relies on vibration-based sensing of wheel-terrain interaction to identify these terrain classes. Experimental results from a four-wheeled rover in Mars analog terrain demonstrate the potential for this approach.

  • 216.
    Brooks, Christopher A.
    et al.
    MIT.
    Iagnemma, Karl
    MIT.
    Self-supervised terrain classification for planetary surface exploration rovers2012Ingår i: Journal of Field Robotics, ISSN 1556-4959, Vol. 29, nr 3, s. 445-468Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In future planetary exploration missions, improvements in autonomous rover mobility have the potential to increase scientific data return by providing safe access to geologically interesting sites that lie in rugged terrain, far from landing areas. To improve rover-based terrain sensing, this paper proposes a self-supervised learning framework that will enable a robotic system to learn to predict mechanical properties of distant terrain, based on measurements of mechanical properties of similar terrain that has been traversed previously. In this framework, a proprioceptive terrain classifier is used to distinguish terrain classes based on features derived from rover-terrain interaction, and labels from this classifier are used to train an exteroceptive (i.e., vision-based) terrain classifier. Once trained, the vision-based classifier is able to recognize similar terrain classes in stereo imagery. This paper presents two distinct proprioceptive classifiers-a novel approach based on optimization of a traction force model and a previously described approach based on wheel vibration-as well as a vision-based terrain classification approach suitable for environments with unexpected appearances. The high accuracy of the self-supervised learning framework and its supporting algorithms is demonstrated using experimental data from a four-wheeled robot in an outdoor Mars-analogue environment. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  • 217.
    Brooks, Christopher A.
    et al.
    Tau Beta Pi, United States.
    Iagnemma, Karl
    MIT, USA.
    Dubowsky, Steven
    MIT, USA.
    Visual wheel sinkage measurement for planetary rover mobility characterization2006Ingår i: Autonomous Robots, ISSN 0929-5593, E-ISSN 1573-7527, Vol. 21, nr 1, s. 55-64Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Wheel sinkage is an important indicator of mobile robot mobility in natural outdoor terrains. This paper presents a vision-based method to measure the sinkage of a rigid robot wheel in rigid or deformable terrain. The method is based on detecting the difference in intensity between the wheel rim and the terrain. The method uses a single grayscale camera and is computationally efficient, making it suitable for systems with limited computational resources such as planetary rovers. Experimental results under various terrain and lighting conditions demonstrate the effectiveness and robustness of the algorithm.

  • 218.
    Brorsson, Sofia
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Bio- och miljösystemforskning (BLESS).
    Gelzinis, Adas
    Kaunas University of Technology, Kaunas, Lithuania.
    Tonkonogi, Michail
    Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Verikas, Antanas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Differences in the muscle activities in the forearm muscles in healthy men and women2012Ingår i: Proceedings of the XIXth Congress of the International Society of Electrophysiology & Kinesiology / [ed] Kylie Tucker et al., Brisbane, Australia, 2012, s. 437-437Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Balance between flexor and extensor muscle activity is essential for optimal function. This has been demonstrated previously for the lower extremity, trunk and shoulder function, but information on the relationship in hand function is lacking. AIM: Was to evaluate whether there are qualitative differences in finger extension force(fef), grip force, force duration, force balance and the muscle activities in the forearm flexor and extensor muscles in healthy men and women in different ages. 

  • 219.
    Broumas, Ioannis
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi.
    Design of Cellular and GNSS Antenna for IoT Edge Device2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Antennas are one of the most sensitive elements in any wireless communication equipment. Designing small-profile, multiband and wideband internal antennas with a simple structure has become a necessary challenge. In this thesis, two planar antennas are designed, simulated and implemented on an effort to cover the LTE-M1 and NB-IoT radio frequencies. The cellular antenna is designed to receive and transmit data over the eight-band LTE700/GSM/UMTS, and the GNSS antenna is designed to receive signal from the global positioning system and global navigation systems, GPS (USA) and GLONASS. The antennas are suitable for direct print on the system circuit board of a device. Related theory and research work are discussed and referenced, providing a strong configuration for future use. Recommendations and suggestions on future work are also discussed. The proposed antenna system is more than promising and with further adjustments and refinement can lead to a fully working solution.

  • 220.
    Bruneau, Julien
    et al.
    INRIA, Bordeaux, France.
    Consel, Charles
    INRIA, Bordeaux, France.
    O’Malley, Marcia K.
    Rice University, Houston, TX, United States.
    Taha, Walid
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES). Rice University, Houston, TX, United States.
    Hannourah, Wail Masry
    HVAC Consultant, Cairo, Egypt.
    Preliminary results in virtual testing for smart buildings2012Ingår i: Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, ISSN 1867-8211, E-ISSN 1867-822X, Vol. 73, s. 347-349Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Smart buildings promise to revolutionize the way we live. Applications ranging from climate control to fire management can have significant impact on the quality and cost of these services. However, a smart building and any technology with direct effect on the safety of its occupants must undergo extensive testing. Virtual testing by means of computer simulation can significantly reduce the cost of testing and, as a result, accelerate the development of novel applications. Unfortunately, building physically-accurate simulation codes can be labor intensive. To address this problem, we propose a framework for rapid, physically-accurate virtual testing of smart building systems. The proposed framework supports analytical modeling and simulation of both a discrete distributed system as well as the physical environment that hosts it. © 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

  • 221.
    Bruneau, Julien
    et al.
    INRIA Bordeaux Sud-Ouest Talence, Talence, France.
    Consel, Charles
    INRIA Bordeaux Sud-Ouest Talence, Talence, France.
    O’Malley, Marcia
    Rice University Houston, Houston, USA.
    Taha, Walid
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Hannourah, Wail Masry
    HVAC Consultant Cairo, Cairo, Egypt.
    Virtual Testing for Smart Buildings2012Ingår i: 2012 Eighth International Conference on Intelligent Environments / [ed] Randall Bilof, Piscataway, N.J.: IEEE Press, 2012, s. 282-289, artikel-id 6258534Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Smart buildings promise to revolutionize the way we live. Applications ranging from climate control to fire management can have significant impact on the quality and cost of these services. However, smart buildings and any technology with direct effect on human safety and life mustundergo extensive testing. Virtual testing by means of computer simulation can significantly reduce the cost of testing and, as a result, accelerate the development of novel applications. Unfortunately, building physically-accurate simulation codes can be labor intensive.To address this problem, we propose a framework for rapid, physically-accurate virtual testing. The proposed framework supports analytical modeling of both a discrete distributed system as well as the physical environment that hosts it. The discrete models supported are accurate enough to allow the automatic generation of a dedicated programming framework that will help the developer in the implementation of these systems. The physical environment models supported are equational specifications that are accurate enough to produce running simulation codes. Combined, these two frameworks enable simulating both active systems and physical environments. These simulations can be used to monitor the behavior and gather statistics about the performance of an application in the context of precise virtual experiments. To illustrate the approach, we present models of Heating, Ventilating and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) systems. Using these models, we construct virtual experiments that illustrate how the approach can be used to optimize energy and cost of climate control for a building. © 2012 IEEE.

  • 222.
    Brunnegård, Oliver
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Wikestad, Daniel
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Visual SLAM using sparse maps based on feature points2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Visual Simultaneous Localisation And Mapping is a useful tool forcreating 3D environments with feature points. These visual systemscould be very valuable in autonomous vehicles to improve the localisation.Cameras being a fairly cheap sensor with the capabilityto gather a large amount of data. More efficient algorithms are stillneeded to better interpret the most valuable information. This paperanalyses how much a feature based map can be reduced without losingsignificant accuracy during localising.

    Semantic segmentation created by a deep neural network is used toclassify the features used to create the map, the map is reduced by removingcertain classes. The results show that feature based maps cansignificantly be reduced without losing accuracy. The use of classesresulted in promising results, large amounts of feature were removedbut the system could still localise accurately. Removing some classesgave the same results or even better in certain weather conditionscompared to localisation with a full-scale map.

  • 223.
    Buehler, Martin
    et al.
    Boston Dynamics, 515 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139, United States.
    Iagnemma, Karl
    MIT, USA.
    Editorial for Journal of Field Robotics - Special issue on the DARPA Grand Challenge2006Ingår i: Journal of Field Robotics, ISSN 1556-4959, Vol. 23, nr 8, s. 461-462Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 224.
    Buehler, Martin
    et al.
    Vecna Technologies, Cambridge, USA.
    Iagnemma, Karl
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, United States.
    Singh, Sanjiv
    Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, USA.
    Editorial: [for the Special issue on the 2007 DARPA Urban Challenge, Part I]2008Ingår i: Journal of Field Robotics, ISSN 1556-4959, Vol. 25, nr 8, s. 423-424Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 225.
    Buehler, Martin
    et al.
    Vecna Technologies, Cambridge, USA.
    Iagnemma, Karl
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.
    Singh, Sanjiv
    Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, USA.
    Editorial: [Special issue on the 2007 DARPA Urban Challenge, Part II]2008Ingår i: Journal of Field Robotics, ISSN 1556-4959, Vol. 25, nr 9, s. 567-568Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 226.
    Buehler, Martin
    et al.
    Vecna Technologies, Cambridge, USA.
    Iagnemma, Karl
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.
    Singh, Sanjiv
    Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, USA.
    Editorial: [Special Issue on the 2007 DARPA Urban Challenge, Part III]2008Ingår i: Journal of Field Robotics, ISSN 1556-4959, Vol. 25, nr 10, s. 725-726Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 227.
    Byttner, Stefan
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS). Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Algorithms for ion current based sensing of combustion variability and pressure peak position2003Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 228.
    Byttner, Stefan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Holmberg, Ulf
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Closed-loop control of EGR using ion currents2008Ingår i: Proceedings of the 27th IASTED International Conference on Modelling, Identification, and Control, MIC / [ed] L. Bruzzone, Anaheim: ACTA Press, 2008, s. 7-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Two virtual sensors are proposed that use the spark-plug based ion current sensor for combustion engine control. The first sensor estimates combustion variability for the purpose of controlling exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) and the second sensor estimates the pressure peak position for control of ignition timing. Use of EGR in engines is important because the technique can reduce fuel consumption and NOx emissions, but recirculating too much can have the adverse effect with e.g. increased fuel consumption and poor driveability of the vehicle. Since EGR also affects the phasing of the combustion (because of the diluted gas mixture with slower combustion) it is also necessary to control ignition timing otherwise efficiency will be lost. The combustion variability sensor is demonstrated in a closed-loop control experiment of EGR on the highway and the pressure peak sensor is shown to handle both normal and an EGR condition.

  • 229.
    Byttner, Stefan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Holmberg, Ulf
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Ion Current Based Control of Combustion Variability2003Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 230.
    Byttner, Stefan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Nowaczyk, Sławomir
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Prytz, Rune
    Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rögnvaldsson, Thorsteinn
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    A field test with self-organized modeling for knowledge discovery in a fleet of city buses2013Ingår i: 2013 IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics and Automation (ICMA 2013) / [ed] Shuxiang Guo, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Press, 2013, s. 896-901, artikel-id 6618034Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Fleets of commercial vehicles represent an excellent real life setting for ubiquitous knowledge discovery. There are many electronic control units onboard a modern bus or truck, with hundreds of signals being transmitted between them on the controller area network. The growing complexity of the vehicles has lead to a significant desire to have systems for fault detection, remote diagnostics and maintenance prediction. This paper aims to show that it is possible to discover useful diagnostic knowledge by a self-organized algorithm in the scenario of a fleet of city buses. The approach is demonstrated as a process consisting of two parts; Unsupervised modeling (where interesting features are discovered) and Guided search (where the previously found features are coupled to additional information sources). The modeling part searches for simple linear models in a group of vehicles, where interesting features are selected based on both non-randomness in relations and variability in the group. It is shown in an eight months long data collection study that this approach was able to discover features related to broken wheelspeed sensors. Strikingly, deviations in these features (for the vehicles with broken sensors) can be observed up to several months before a breakdown occur. This potentially allows for sufficient time to schedule the vehicle for maintenance and prepare the workshop with relevant components. © 2013 IEEE.

  • 231.
    Byttner, Stefan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Rögnvaldsson, Thorsteinn
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Svensson, Magnus
    Volvo Technology, SE-405 08 Göteborg, Sweden.
    Consensus self-organized models for fault detection (COSMO)2011Ingår i: Engineering applications of artificial intelligence, ISSN 0952-1976, E-ISSN 1873-6769, Vol. 24, nr 5, s. 833-839Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Methods for equipment monitoring are traditionally constructed from specific sensors and/or knowledge collected prior to implementation on the equipment. A different approach is presented here that builds up knowledge over time by exploratory search among the signals available on the internal field-bus system and comparing the observed signal relationships among a group of equipment that perform similar tasks. The approach is developed for the purpose of increasing vehicle uptime, and is therefore demonstrated in the case of a city bus and a heavy duty truck. However, it also works fine for smaller mechatronic systems like computer hard-drives. The approach builds on an onboard self-organized search for models that capture relations among signal values on the vehicles’ data buses, combined with a limited bandwidth telematics gateway and an off-line server application where the parameters of the self-organized models are compared. The presented approach represents a new look at error detection in commercial mechatronic systems, where the normal behavior of a system is actually found under real operating conditions, rather than the behavior observed in a number of laboratory tests or test-drives prior to production of the system. The approach has potential to be the basis for a self-discovering system for general purpose fault detection and diagnostics.

  • 232.
    Byttner, Stefan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Rögnvaldsson, Thorsteinn
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Wickström, Nicholas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Estimation of combustion variability using in-cylinder ionization measurements2001Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the use of the ionization current to estimate the Coefficient of Variation for the Indicated Mean Effective Pressure, COV(IMEP), which is a common variable for combustion stability in a spark-ignited engine. Stable combustion in this definition implies that the variance of the produced work, measured over a number of consecutive combustion cycles, is small compared to the mean of the produced work. The COV(IMEP) is varied experimentally either by increasing EGR flow or by changing the air-fuel ratio, in both a laboratory setting (engine in dynamometer) and in an on-road setting. The experiments show a positive correlation between COV(Ion integral), the Coefficient of Variation for the integrated Ion Current, and COV(IMEP), when measured under low load on an engine in a dynamometer, but not under high load conditions. On-road experiments show a positive correlation, but only in the EGR and the lean burn case. An approach based on individual cycle classification for real-time estimation of combustion stability is discussed. © Copyright 2001 Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc.

  • 233.
    Byttner, Stefan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Rögnvaldsson, Thorsteinn
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Wickström, Nicholas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Strategies for handling the fuel additive problem in neural network based ion current interpretation2001Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    With the introduction of unleaded gasoline, special fuel agents have appeared on the market for lubricating and cleaning the valve seats. These fuel agents often contain alkali metals that have a significant impact on the ion current signal, thus affecting strategies that use the ion current for engine control and diagnosis, e.g., for estimating the location of the pressure peak. This paper introduces a method for making neural network algorithms robust to expected disturbances in the input signal and demonstrates how well this method applies to the case of disturbances to the ion current signal due to fuel additives containing sodium. The performance of the neural estimators is compared to a Gaussian fit algorithm, which they outperform. It is also shown that using a fuel additive significantly improves the estimation of the location of the pressure peak. © 2001 Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc.

  • 234.
    Bärwald, Anton
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi.
    Aleksic, Jimmie
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi.
    Felsökning av EtherNet/IP med cross-platform applikation2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (högskoleexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In the industry there is a need for a more efficient way to troubleshoot machines that uses the protocol EtherNet/IP. The current methods is time consuming and complex. This project gather data from a simulated network and analyze the data. The result of the analyze is presented on a cellphone application with a description and a possible solution. The application is a cross-platform application developed with Cordova. The simulated network is created on a Raspberry Pi 2. The analyze is done on another Raspberry Pi 2 running the software Node-RED. Communication between the simulated network Raspberry and the cellphone is with Bluetooth Low Energy. Communication between cellphone and the server is with MQTT. There are several areas where this kind of application may suit. This project is in one specific area – troubleshooting EtherNet/IP.

  • 235.
    Böhm, Annette
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Delay-sensitive wireless communication for cooperative driving applications2013Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Cooperative driving holds the potential to considerably improve the level of safety and efficiency on our roads. Recent advances in in-vehicle sensing and wireless communication technology have paved the way for the development of cooperative traffic safety applications based on the exchange of data between vehicles (or between vehicles and road side units) over a wireless link. The access to up-to-date status information from surrounding vehicles is vital to most cooperative driving applications. Other applications rely on the fast dissemination of warning messages in case a hazardous event or certain situation is detected. Both message types put high requirements on timeliness and reliability of the underlying communication protocols.

    The recently adopted European profile of IEEE 802.11p defines two message types,periodic beacons for basic status exchange and event-triggered hazard warnings, both operating at pre-defined send rates and sharing a common control channel. The IEEE 802.11p Medium Access Control (MAC) scheme is a random access protocol that doesnot offer deterministic real-time support, i.e. no guarantee that a packet is granted access to the channel before its deadline can be given. It has been shown that a high number of channel access requests, either due to a high number of communicating vehicles or highdata volumes produced by these vehicles, cannot be supported by the IEEE 802.11p MAC protocol, as it may result in dropped packets and unbounded delays.

    The goal of the work presented in this thesis has therefore been to enhance IEEE 802.11p without altering the standard such that it better supports the timing and reliability requirements of traffic safety applications and provides context-aware andefficient use of the available communication resources in a vehicular network. The proposed solutions are mapped to the specific demands of a set of cooperative driving scenarios (featuring infrastructure-based and infrastructure-free use cases, densely and sparsely trafficked roads, very high and more relaxed timing requirements) and evaluated either analytically, by computer simulation or by measurements and compared to the results produced by the unaltered IEEE 802.11p standard.

    As an alternative to the random MAC method of IEEE 802.11p, a centralized solution isproposed for application scenarios where either a road side unit or a suitable dedicated vehicle is present long enough to take the coordinating role. A random access phase forevent-driven data traffic is interleaved with a collision-free phase where timely channel access of periodic delay-sensitive data is scheduled. The ratio of the two phases isdynamically adapted to the current data traffic load and specific application requirements. This centralized MAC solution is mapped on two cooperative driving applications: merge assistance at highway entrances and platooning of trucks. Further,the effect of a context-aware choice of parameters like send rate or priority settings based on a vehicle’s position or role in the safety application is studied with the goal to reduce the overall number of packets in the network or, alternatively, use the available resources more efficiently. Examples include position-based priorities for the merge assistance use case, context-aware send rate adaptation of status updates in anovertaking warning application targeting sparsely-trafficked rural roads and an efficient dissemination strategy for warning messages within a platoon.

    It can be concluded that IEEE 802.11p as is does not provide sufficient support for the specific timing and reliability requirements imposed by the exchange of safety-criticalreal-time data for cooperative driving applications. While the proper, context-awarechoice of parameters, concerning send rate or priority level, within the limits of the standard, can lead to improved packet inter-arrival rates and reduced end-to-end delays,the added benefits from integrating MAC solutions with real-time support into the standard are obvious and needs to be investigated further.

  • 236.
    Böhm, Annette
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Jonsson, Magnus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Kunert, Kristina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Vinel, Alexey
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Context-Aware Retransmission Scheme for Increased Reliability in Platooning Applications2014Ingår i: Communication Technologies for Vehicles: 6th International Workshop, Nets4Cars/Nets4Trains/Nets4Aircraft 2014, Offenburg, Germany, May 6-7, 2014. Proceedings, Cham: Springer, 2014, s. 30-42Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent advances in cooperative driving hold the potential to significantly improve safety, comfort and efficiency on our roads. An application of particular interest is platooning of vehicles, where reduced inter-vehicle gaps lead to considerable reductions in fuel consumption. This, however, puts high requirements on timeliness and reliability of the underlying exchange of control data. Considering the difficult radio environment and potentially long distances between communicating platoon members, as well as the random channel access method used by the IEEE 802.11p standard for short-range inter-vehicle communication, those requirements are very difficult to meet. The relatively static topology of a platoon, however, enables us to preschedule communication within the platoon over a dedicated service channel. Furthermore, we are able to set aside parts of the available bandwidth for retransmission of packets in order to fulfil the reliability requirements stated by the platoon control application. In this paper, we describe the platooning framework along with the scheduling algorithm used to assign retransmission slots to control packets that are most likely to need them. This retransmission scheduling scheme offers a valuable tool for system designers when answering questions about the number of safely supported vehicles in a platoon, achievable reductions in inter-vehicle gaps and periodicity of control packets. © 2014 Springer International Publishing.

  • 237.
    Böhm, Annette
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Jonsson, Magnus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Uhlemann, Elisabeth
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Co-existing periodic beaconing and hazard warnings in IEEE 802.11p-based platooning applicationsManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    A platoon of trucks driving at the same, mutually agreed speed while keeping a minimum inter-vehicle distance will reduce fuel consumption, enhance transport efficiency as well as improve the safety of other adjacent road users. The European profile of IEEE 802.11p for inter-vehicle communications uses a single 10 MHz control channel dedicated to safety-critical data, shared by periodic status updates, CAM (Cooperative Awareness Message), and event-triggered warnings, DENM (Decentralized Environmental Notification Message). Coupled with the random access delay inherent to the 802.11p medium access method, the strict timing and reliability requirements of platoon applications are not easily met. To this end, we evaluate by simulation the effect of IEEE 802.11p-compliant send rate adaptations and message type prioritizations and the choice of warning dissemination strategy on CAM transmissions and DENM dissemination in a platooning scenario. Simulation studies of a platoon of 10-20 vehicles in a busy highway scenario show that the context-aware choice of send rate, priority class and dissemination strategy not only reduce the dissemination delay of DENMs but even has a significant effect on the throughput of CAMs exchanged by platoon members.

  • 238.
    Böhm, Annette
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Jonsson, Magnus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Uhlemann, Elisabeth
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Co-Existing Periodic Beaconing and Hazard Warnings in IEEE 802.11p-Based Platooning Applications2013Ingår i: VANET 2013 - Proceedings of the 10th ACM International Workshop on VehiculAr Inter-NETworking, Systems, and Applications, New York, NY: ACM Press, 2013, s. 99-101Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A platoon of trucks driving at the same, mutually agreed speed while keeping a minimum inter-vehicle distance will reduce fuel consumption, enhance transport efficiency as well as improve the safety of other adjacent road users. The European profile of IEEE 802.11p for inter-vehicle communications uses a single 10 MHz control channel dedicated to safety-critical data, shared by periodic status updates, and event-triggered warnings. Coupled with the random access delay inherent to the 802.11p medium access method, the strict timing and reliability requirements of platoon applications are not easily met. To this end, we evaluate the effect of IEEE 802.11p-compliant send rate adaptations and message type prioritizations and the choice of warning dissemination strategy in a platooning scenario. Simulation studies of a platoon of 10-20 vehicles in a busy highway scenario show that a context-aware choice of send rate, priority class and dissemination strategy not only reduces the hazard warning dissemination delay but also has a significant effect on the throughput of periodic beacons.

  • 239.
    Böhm, Annette
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Jonsson, Magnus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Uhlemann, Elisabeth
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Performance comparison of a platooning application using the IEEE 802.11p MAC on the control channel and a centralized MAC on a service channel2013Ingår i: 2013 IEEE 9th International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Computing, Networking and Communications (WiMob), Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Press, 2013, s. 545-552, artikel-id 6673411Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent advances in cooperative driving hold the potential to significantly improve safety, comfort and efficiency on our roads. An application of particular interest is platooning of trucks, where it has been shown that keeping a minimum inter-vehicle distance results in considerably reduced fuel consumption.This, however, puts high requirements on timeliness and reliability of the underlying exchange of control messages betweenplatoon members. The European profile of IEEE 802.11p, recently adopted by ETSI, defines two message types to this end, periodic beacons for basic cooperative awareness (CAM) and event-triggered decentralized environmental notification messages (DENM), both of which will use one common control channel. IEEE 802.11p employs a random medium access protocol, which may experience excessive delays during high network loads. To mitigate these effects, ETSI standardizes a decentralized congestion control algorithm to, e.g., lower the CAM update frequency during high loads. However, this may prevent proper functionality of a platooning application. In this paper we propose a solution that instead uses a dedicated service channel for platooning applications and compare its performance to standard-compliant IEEE 802.11p inter-platoon communication on the control channel. Service channels typically have less strict requirements on send rates, data traffic types and medium access methods. Our service channel solution combines a random access phase for DENM with a centralized, scheduled access phase for CAM. Using a service channel enables us to guarantee timely channel access for all CAM packets before a specified deadline while still being able to provide a reasonable DENM dissemination delay. © 2013 IEEE.

  • 240.
    Böhm, Annette
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Jonsson, Magnus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Uhlemann, Elisabeth
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Performance evaluation of a platooning application using the IEEE 802.11p MAC on a control channel vs. a centralized real-time MAC on a service channelManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent advances in cooperative driving hold the potential to significantly improve safety, comfort and efficiency on our roads. An application of particular interest is platooning of trucks, where it has been shown that keeping a minimum inter-vehicle distance results in considerably reduced fuel consumptions. This, however, puts high requirements on timeliness and reliability of the underlying exchange of control messages between platoon members. The European profile of IEEE 802.11p, recently adopted by ETSI, defines two message types to this end, periodic beacons for basic cooperative awareness (CAM) and event-triggered decentralized environmental notification messages (DENM), both using the common control channel. The IEEE 802.11p employs a random medium access protocol, with excessive delays that may prevent proper functionality of a platooning application. To mitigate the effects of this, ETSI standardizes a decentralized congestion control algorithm to, e.g., lower the CAM frequency when needed. Some service channels with less strict requirements on send rates, data traffic types or medium access methods are available. In this paper we compare the performance of decentralized, standard-compliant inter-platoon communication using IEEE 802.11p on the control channel with a solution based on a service channel, which combines a random access phase for DENM with a centralized, scheduled access phase for CAM. A dedicated service channel for platooning applications enables us to always guarantee timely channel access of CAM packets before a specified deadline and our simulations show that this is achieved at very small sacrifices in DENM dissemination delay.

  • 241.
    Böhm, Annette
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Kunert, Kristina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Data age based MAC scheme for fast and reliable communication within and between platoons of vehicles2016Ingår i: International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Computing, Networking and Communications, Piscataway: IEEE, 2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Heavy vehicles driving as platoon with highly reduced inter-vehicle gaps has shown considerable fuel saving potential, but put high timing and reliability requirements on the underlying control data exchange. The recently standardized IEEE 802.11p protocol suite for Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks (VANETs) and its message types do neither support the demands of a platooning application nor take advantage of its properties. We therefore propose a framework for centralized channel access with retransmission capabilities for safety critical control data exchange based on the data age of earlier received messages, DA-RE (Data Age based REtransmission scheme). A simulation comparison to the 802.11p random access Medium Access Control (MAC) protocol shows that the intelligent assignment of retransmission opportunities considerably improves the reliability of platooning control data. We also propose a power control based scheme for early platoon detection allowing several platoons to temporarily share a channel and show that the safe and reliable operation of their vehicles is not compromised. © 2016 IEEE.

  • 242.
    Böhm, Annette
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Kunert, Kristina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Data age based retransmission scheme for reliable control data exchange in platooning applications2015Ingår i: 2015 IEEE International Conference on Communication Workshop (ICCW), Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Press, 2015, s. 2412-2418Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent advances in cooperative driving hold the potential to significantly improve safety, comfort and efficiency on our roads. Platooning of heavy vehicles, where automated or semi-automated driving allows minimal inter-vehicle gaps, has shown considerable reductions in fuel consumption. Although using the same wireless communication technology, a platoon differs from a VANET (Vehicular Ad-hoc NETwork) in several points. It is centralized in its nature, with a well-defined group leader, its topology is fairly stable and it has very challenging requirements on timeliness and reliability of its control data exchange. Therefore, the IEEE 802.11p protocol suite and its recently defined message types do neither support the needs of a platooning application nor take advantage of its properties. A platoons control loop must continuously be fed with fresh data, so the information age is an important parameter to be closely monitored. In this paper, we therefore propose a framework for centralized channel access and retransmission capabilities for safety critical inter-platoon control data based on the data age of earlier received messages. A simulation evaluation compares our solution to a) the decentralized, standard-compliant IEEE 802.11p MAC (Medium Access Control) method, and a time-slotted scheme b) with and c) without retransmissions and shows that the centralized, data age based retransmission scheme clearly outperforms its competitors in terms of maintained data age. © 2015 IEEE.

  • 243.
    Böhm, Annette
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Lidström, Kristoffer
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Jonsson, Magnus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Larsson, Tony
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Evaluating CALM M5-based vehicle-to-vehicle communication in various road settings through field trials2010Ingår i: Proceedings - Conference on Local Computer Networks, LCN, (2010 12 01): 613-620, Piscataway, N.J.: IEEE Press, 2010, s. 613-620Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Future cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) applications aimed to improve safety, efficiency and comfort on our roads put high demands on the underlying wireless communication system. To gain better understanding of the limitations of the 5.9 GHz frequency band and the set of communication protocols for medium range vehicle to vehicle (V2V) communication, a set of field trials with CALM M5 enabled prototypes has been conducted. This paper describes five different real vehicle traffic scenarios covering both urban and rural settings at varying vehicle speeds and under varying line-of-sight (LOS) conditions and discusses the connectivity (measured as Packet Reception Ratio) that could be achieved between the two test vehicles. Our measurements indicate a quite problematic LOS sensitivity that strongly influences the performance of V2V-based applications. We further discuss how the awareness of these context-based connectivity problems can be used to improve the design of possible future cooperative ITS safety applications.

  • 244.
    Bösch, Bernhard Bösch
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Performance Comparison of Multi Agent Platforms in Wireless Sensor Networks.2012Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The technology for the realization of wireless sensors has been available for a long time, but due to progress  and  development  in  electrical  engineering  such  sensors  can  be  manufactured  cost effectively  and  in  large  numbers  nowadays.  This  availability  and  the  possibility  of  creating cooperating  wireless  networks  which  consist  of  such  sensors  nodes,  has  led  to  a  rapidly  growing popularity  of  a  technology  named  Wireless  Sensor  Networks  (WSN).  Its  disadvantage  is  a  high complexity in the task of programming applications based on WSN, which is a result of its distributed and  embedded  characteristic.  To  overcome  this  shortcoming,  software  agents  have  been  identified as  a  suitable  programming  paradigm.  The  agent  based  approach  commonly  uses  a  middleware  for the execution of the software agent. This thesis is meant to compare such agent middleware in their performance in the WSN domain. Therefore two prototypes of applications based on different agent models are implemented for a given set of middleware. After the implementation measurements are extracted  in  various  experiments,  which  give  information  about  the  runtime  performance  of  every middleware in the test set.  In the following analysis it is examined whether each middleware under test  is  suited  for  the  implemented  applications  in  WSN.  Thereupon,  the  results  are  discussed  and compared with the author’s expectations. Finally a short outlook of further possible development and improvements is presented.

  • 245.
    Caizzone, Stefano
    et al.
    German Aerosp Ctr DLR, Inst Commun & Nav, Wessling, Germany.
    Elmarissi, W.
    German Aerosp Ctr DLR, Inst Commun & Nav, Wessling, Germany.
    Marinho, Marco
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Antreich, F.
    Fed Univ Ceara UFC, Dept Teleinformat Engn, Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil.
    Direction of arrival estimation performance for compact antenna arrays with adjustable size2017Ingår i: 2017 IEEE MTT-S INTERNATIONAL MICROWAVE SYMPOSIUM (IMS), Piscataway: IEEE, 2017, s. 666-669, artikel-id 8058657Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The quest for compact antenna arrays able to perform robust beamforming and high resolution direction of arrival (DOA) estimation is pushing the antenna array dimensions to progressively shrink, with effects in terms of reduced performance not only for the antenna but also for beamforming and DOA estimation algorithms, for which their assumptions about the antenna properties do not hold anymore. This work shows the design and development of an antenna array with adjustable mutual distance between the single elements: such setup will allow to scientifically analyse the effects that progressive miniaturization, i.e. progressively smaller mutual distances between the antennas, have on the DOA estimation algorithms, as well as show the improvements obtained by using array interpolation methods, i.e. techniques able to create a virtual array response out of the actual array one, such as to comply with the algorithms’ requirements on the antenna response. © 2017 IEEE.

  • 246.
    Calcagno, Cristiano
    et al.
    DISI, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy.
    Moggi, Eugenio
    DISI, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy.
    Taha, Walid
    Department of Computing Sciences, Chalmers, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Closed Types as a Simple Approach to Safe Imperative Multi-Stage Programming2000Ingår i: Automata, Languages and Programming: 27th International Colloquium, ICALP 2000 Geneva, Switzerland, July 9–15, 2000 Proceedings / [ed] Ugo Montanari, José D. P. Rolim & Emo Welzl, Heidelberg: Springer, 2000, s. 25-36Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Safely adding computational effects to a multi-stage language has been an open problem. In previous work, a closed type constructor was used to provide a safe mechanism for executing dynamically generated code. This paper proposes a general notion of closed type as a simple approach to safely introducing computational effects into multi-stage languages. We demonstrate this approach formally in a core language called Mini-MLref BN. This core language combines safely multi-stage constructs and ML-style references. In addition to incorporating state, Mini-ML ref BN also embodies a number of technical improvements over previously proposed core languages for multi-stage programming.

  • 247.
    Calcagno, Cristiano
    et al.
    Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom.
    Moggi, Eugenio
    DISI, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy.
    Taha, Walid
    Rice University, Texas, USA.
    ML-like Inference for Classifiers2004Ingår i: Programming Languages and Systems: 13th European Symposium on Programming, ESOP 2004, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2004, Barcelona, Spain, March 29 - April 2, 2004. Proceedings / [ed] David Schmidt, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2004, Vol. 2986, s. 79-93Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Environment classifiers were proposed as a new approach to typing multi-stage languages. Safety was established in the simply-typed and let-polymorphic settings. While the motivation for classifiers was the feasibility of inference, this was in fact not established. This paper starts with the observation that inference for the full classifier-based system fails. We then identify a subset of the original system for which inference is possible. This subset, which uses implicit classifiers, retains significant expressivity (e.g. it can embed the calculi of Davies and Pfenning) and eliminates the need for classifier names in terms. Implicit classifiers were implemented in MetaOCaml, and no changes were needed to make an existing test suite acceptable by the new type checker. © Springer-Verlag 2004.

  • 248.
    Calcagno, Cristiano
    et al.
    Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom.
    Taha, Walid
    Rice University, Houston, TX, USA.
    Huang, Liwen
    Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA.
    Leroy, Xavier
    INRIA, Roquencourt, France.
    Implementing Multi-stage Languages Using ASTs, Gensym, and Reflection2003Ingår i: Generative Programming and Component Engineering: Second International Conference, GPCE 2003, Erfurt, Germany, September 22-25, 2003. Proceedings / [ed] Frank Pfenning & Yannis Smaragdakis, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2003, Vol. 2830, s. 57-76Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper addresses theoretical and practical aspects of implementing multi-stage languages using abstract syntax trees (ASTs), gensym, and reflection. We present an operational account of the correctness of this approach, and report on our experience with a bytecode compiler called MetaOCaml that is based on this strategy. Current performance measurements reveal interesting characteristics of the underlying OCaml compiler, and illustrate why this strategy can be particularly useful for implementing domain-specific languages in a typed, functional setting. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003.

  • 249.
    Calikus, Ece
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Nowaczyk, Sławomir
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Pinheiro Sant'Anna, Anita
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Byttner, Stefan
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Ranking Abnormal Substations by Power Signature Dispersion2018Ingår i: Energy Procedia, ISSN 1876-6102, E-ISSN 1876-6102, Vol. 149, s. 345-353Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The relation between heat demand and outdoor temperature (heat power signature) is a typical feature used to diagnose abnormal heat demand. Prior work is mainly based on setting thresholds, either statistically or manually, in order to identify outliers in the power signature. However, setting the correct threshold is a difficult task since heat demand is unique for each building. Too loose thresholds may allow outliers to go unspotted, while too tight thresholds can cause too many false alarms.

    Moreover, just the number of outliers does not reflect the dispersion level in the power signature. However, high dispersion is often caused by fault or configuration problems and should be considered while modeling abnormal heat demand.

    In this work, we present a novel method for ranking substations by measuring both dispersion and outliers in the power signature. We use robust regression to estimate a linear regression model. Observations that fall outside of the threshold in this model are considered outliers. Dispersion is measured using coefficient of determination R2 which is a statistical measure of how close the data are to the fitted regression line.

    Our method first produces two different lists by ranking substations using number of outliers and dispersion separately. Then, we merge the two lists into one using the Borda Count method. Substations appearing on the top of the list should indicate higher abnormality in heat demand compared to the ones on the bottom. We have applied our model on data from substations connected to two district heating networks in the south of Sweden. Three different approaches i.e. outlier-based, dispersion-based and aggregated methods are compared against the rankings based on return temperatures. The results show that our method significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art outlier-based method. © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  • 250.
    Calikus, Ece
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Nowaczyk, Sławomir
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Pinheiro Sant'Anna, Anita
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Gadd, Henrik
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap. Öresundskraft, Helsingborg, Sweden.
    Werner, Sven
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Rydberglaboratoriet för tillämpad naturvetenskap (RLAS).
    A data-driven approach for discovering heat load patterns in district heating2019Ingår i: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 252, artikel-id 113409Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding the heat usage of customers is crucial for effective district heating operations and management. Unfortunately, existing knowledge about customers and their heat load behaviors is quite scarce. Most previous studies are limited to small-scale analyses that are not representative enough to understand the behavior of the overall network. In this work, we propose a data-driven approach that enables large-scale automatic analysis of heat load patterns in district heating networks without requiring prior knowledge. Our method clusters the customer profiles into different groups, extracts their representative patterns, and detects unusual customers whose profiles deviate significantly from the rest of their group. Using our approach, we present the first large-scale, comprehensive analysis of the heat load patterns by conducting a case study on many buildings in six different customer categories connected to two district heating networks in the south of Sweden. The 1222 buildings had a total floor space of 3.4 million square meters and used 1540 TJ heat during 2016. The results show that the proposed method has a high potential to be deployed and used in practice to analyze and understand customers’ heat-use habits. © 2019 Calikus et al. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

2345678 201 - 250 av 1238
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf