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  • 201.
    Aronsson, Cristian
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Stolt, Andreas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Revisionsberättelsens användbarhet -företagsrådgivares uppfattningar avrevisionsberättelsens innehåll.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    Revisionsberättelsens användbarhet
  • 202.
    Aronsson, Martina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Andersson, Josefine
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    OMBILDNING FRÅN HYRESRÄTT TILL BOSTADSRÄTT : En jämförelse mellan ett allmännyttigt och ett privat fastighetsföretag2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With this essay we want to describe the transformation process that the real estate owner has to go through to sell the current rented flats to tenant. We also want to provide an understanding how the valuation is performed in the transformation process and highlight the issues that affects the price in the valuations. In the essay we would like to see if the valuation and the transformation process differ in a public real estate company compared to a private real estate company. Based on this we have asked us the following question to answer:

     

    -Is there any differences in how real estate’s are valued in the transformation process between public real estate companies and private real estate companies?

     

    We have used a qualitative approach to keep our main question. The qualitative approach is based on two studies in the city of Helsingborg, where we have performed interviews with a public real estate company called Helsingborgshem and one private real estate company called Akelius. No previous study has been made with this approach which confirms our choice of approach. With this comparison we have been able to confirm a number of differences that affects some factors that in the end have big effect on the final selling price. A clear difference between the two real estate companies is that Helsingborgshem is political run because there are elected politicians in Helsingborgshem´s board that shall decide for the greater good of the community. Akelius on the other hand is run by a board that is selected by the company owners. The board’s primary objective is to fulfill the company owner’s demand for return profit. Our theory supports that the major parts of Helsingborgshem´s decisions and actions are affected by their responsibility towards the community and the tenants. The different factors are taken in to consideration when the calculations for the valuation process are made. Furthermore we consider the factors that affect the selling price the most in the transformation process in Helsingborg is where the real estate is located and demand for profit. Due to the fact that Helsingborgshem is a public real estate company without any profit purpose they have a lower demand for profit then Akelius which is a private real estate company with a demand for good return profit. Akelius chooses to have the real estate’s located in the northern, more attractive parts to go through the transformation process because they fulfill the demands that Akelius has for good return profit. In the southern parts the real estate’s that go through the transformation process don’t give the same good return profit and that is one example of why Akelius says that there are not the same conditions for performing the transformation process. By that we consider that Akelius demands a higher price than Helsingborgshem does when a transformation process is made.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 203.
    Arrhenius, Linda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Kadunic, Esma
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Kvinnligt ledarskap i byggbranschen: Kvinnliga ledares egenskaper2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kvinnliga chefer sitter i en minoritetsställning eftersom det fortfarande är mest män som är chefer (Bohlin, 2006). Könsfördelningen i byggbranschen är 4 % för kvinnor och 96 % för män (SCB, 2010). Det finns starka skäl att tro att kvinnor inte har en plats i byggbranschen eftersom kvinnorna är ett andrahandsval. När det är högkonjunktur och brist på arbetskraft rekryteras kvinnor men annars anses byggyrkena för tunga, trots att fysisk styrka inte krävs inom vissa befattningar. Dessutom finns en manlig jargong som hindrar kvinnorna att komma in i branschen (Olofsson, 2000). Gary Yukl (2002) har identifierat och delat upp ledarskap i olika förhållningssätt, ett av dessa är egenskapsperspektivet som säger att en del människor är naturliga ledare och har särskilda egenskaper. Detta med fokus på ledarens personliga egenskaper.

    Litteraturen diskuterar kvinnliga ledarstilar men det finns inga studier som visar om män och kvinnor använder sina egenskaper på olika sätt trots deras olika socialisering (Isaac, Behar-Horenstein, Koro-Ljungberg, 2009). Eftersom det inte finns några studier om kvinnor och män använder sina egenskaper på olika sätt vill vi utreda vilka dessa är och hur de skiljer sig åt i ledarskapet. Trots alla hinder finns det kvinnor som lyckats och har ledarpositioner inom byggbranschen. Vi vill ta reda på vilka egenskaper dessa kvinnor har som ledare i en väldigt mansdominerad bransch. Vår frågeformulering för uppsatsen är: Vilka egenskaper präglas en kvinnas ledarskap i byggbransch av? Syftet med vår studie är att se hur kvinnliga ledare uppfattar kvinnligt ledarskap och deras egenskaper inom en mansdominerad bransch som byggbranschen. För att uppfylla vårt syfte har vi använt oss av en kvalitativ metod med deduktiv ansats. Fyra olika respondenter i byggbranschen har intervjuats där alla fyra var kvinnor i ledande positioner. Intervjufrågor som vi ställde var formulerade utefter vår teoretiska referensram. Det vi har kommit fram till genom vår studie är att det finns egenskaper som präglar en kvinnas ledarskap inom byggbranschen. Vi har även kommit fram till att det finns en del hinder och därför är det viktigt att vara anpassningsbar.

    Vårt bidrag med denna studie är att visa vilka egenskaper som kvinnor har, samt att vi vill visa att kvinnor har en plats som ledare i byggbranschen.

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    Kvinnligt ledarskap i byggbranschen
  • 204.
    Arsenic, Slobodanka
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Ansgariusson, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Informationskällor vid kreditbedömning-skillnad mellan kvinnor och mäns informationsinsamling vid kreditbedömning-2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 205.
    Arvidsson, Andreas
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Lönn, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Företags arbete med, och kommunikation av, CSR: Hur företag arbetar med CSR och hur de kommunicerar arbetet till sina intressenter.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Title: Companies work with CSR and their communication of it.

    - How companies work with CSR and how they communicate the

    work to their stakeholders.

    Authors: Andreas Arvidsson and Anna Lönn

    Adviser: Navid Ghannad

    Examiner: Ulf Aagerup

    Level: Bachelor thesis in marketing (15 Swedish credits), spring 2014.

    Keywords: Corporate social responsibility, CSR, Social responsibility,

    Sustainability, Communication, Integrated marketing

    communications, Stakeholders.

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to bring a better understanding about

    how companies work with CSR and how they communicate it to its

    different stakeholders. The thesis will explore the following question:

    How do companies use CSR and how do they communicate their

    CSR-related work to different stakeholders?

    Method: A qualitative research method, with a deductive approach, has been

    implemented. Three personal interviews have been made on three

    different case companies.

    Theoretical framework: The chapter begins with an explanation of the CSR concept followed

    by theories about stakeholders and communication.

    Empirical framework: The empirical framework presents the outcome of the three

    interviews. The respondents give their explanations and opinions of

    each company’s CSR-related work.

    Conclusions: The companies work and communication of CSR includes both

    differences and similarities and a major factor depends on the size and

    budget of the company.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Kommunicera CSR
  • 206.
    Arvidsson, David
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Hansen Charles, Christoffer
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Sponsorship of grassroots- and youth football teams: A qualitative study from the sponsors’ perspective2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Title: Sponsorship of grassroots- and youth football teams: A qualitative study from the sponsors’ perspective.

    Authors: David Arvidsson and Christoffer Rex Hansen Charles.

    Supervisor: Hèléne Laurell.

    Level: Bachelor thesis in marketing (15 Swedish credits), Spring 2016.

    Keywords: Sponsorship, Sport sponsorship, Local sponsorship, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Football,Grassroots, Effectiveness measurement.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to increase the understanding of sponsoring grassroots- and youth football teams.

    Theoretical framework: The theoretical framework begins with theory regarding sponsorship. CSR and its importance are also discussed. A link between sponsorship and CSR is brought forward at the end of this chapter.

    Methodology: A deductive approach and a qualitative method have been used in order to get a more detailed, deeper and descriptive explanation of the chosen subject.

    Empirical framework: The empirical framework was collected through personal interviews with respondents from five different companies. The respondents were the ones responsible for the work with sponsorship at each respective company.

    Conclusion: Companies are involved in the sponsoring of grassroots- and youth football teams in order to be seen as good citizens. It is also seen as a brand building activity and away to build relationships. A link between CSR and sponsorship can be done and sponsorship can be used as a tool to communicate companies’ CSR-initiatives. Finally, are the effects from sponsorship not measured due to the difficulties in this process, however, methods for this purpose do exist, such as customer surveys.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 207.
    Aschinger, Philipp
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Muthsam, Michaela
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    The Influence of Universities on their Region: Twenty years of Universities in Krems2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Universities play an important role within their region and the common economy. They are source of the development of essential knowledge and industrially relevant technology, have a strong influence in economic development of a region, and, as employers, they are part of the regional society. In addition universities have an influence on the competitiveness of a region through a combination of people’s wellbeing, regional feeling, reputation, and everyday happiness. Students of universities get an impression of the universities themselves and of the surrounding environment. They promote their feelings about the universities, the campus, and the city to their relatives, families, and friends.

    The focus of the present study is to visualize the influence of universities on their region, the development in the past decade and the existing challenges to combine third level education with traditional occurrences and the vicissitude of a region influenced by the universities themselves.

    The research area is the Austrian municipality Krems at the Danube with five universities which has a long tradition in education. The foundation of the first two universities in the middle of the 1990s was the start of higher education within the region.

    Inductively based approach was used for investigating how universities are influencing their environment, which needs exist and which benefits are created through a common planning and confident cooperation with the regional government. Empirical data was collected through a mix of methods; in addition to literature and statistics the main data was extracted from interviews with involved persons of the universities and the local government.

    As a result of this study the predominating topics mentioned by the interviewees are the challenges for both participants which are given by a change of society through increasing numbers of students and young people, the tasks to solve infrastructural problems, the effects and advantages for the local labor market and the purchasing power of the region, the reputation and its effects to the region, and finally the common need and ways to intensify the cooperation between the local government and the universities.

    The aim of this study is to give a broad but detailed overview about the thinking of involved persons and to compile implications to focus further research.

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    fulltext
  • 208.
    Asheim, Björn
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Annerstedt, Jan
    Copenhagen Business School, Frederiksberg, Denmark.
    Blazek, Jiří
    Charles University, Praha, Czech Republic.
    Boschma, Ron
    Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Brzica, Danes
    Institute of Slovak and World Economy, Bratislava, Slovakia.
    Lindholm Dahlstrand, Åsa
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Knowledge Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Research (KEEN).
    Cooke, Phil
    Cardiff University.
    Del Castillo Hermosa, Jaime
    Información y Desarrollo S.L., Bilbao, Spain.
    Laredo, Philippe
    Laboratoire Territoires, Techniques, Sociétés, Paris, France.
    Moula, Marina
    Cyclotron Ltd, Athens, Greece.
    Piccaluga, Andrea
    Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, IN-SAT Lab, Pisa, Italy.
    Constructing Regional Advantage: Principles, perspectives, policies2006Report (Other academic)
  • 209.
    Aslantepe, Taner
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Ezzo, Hani
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Avskaffandet av Revisionsplikten: En studie ur Skatteverkets kontrollverksamhet hos småbolag2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 210.
    Augustsson Hvit, My
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Odell, Daniel
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Användning av Customer Relationship Management hos svenska klädföretag2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today's fashion companies always want to improve their relationships with customers that allows customers to become loyal and stay with companies. The fashion companies are in a very competitive industry which means constantly keeping customers happy and try to meet their needs. More and more companies are starting to use the CRM system to keep the clients they have and also gain new ones. Using these systems, businesses can ensure each individual's shopping behavior and then use this information to make marketing and possible discounts more to the persons wants and needs. Our purpose in this study was to see whether and how three popular Swedish clothing companies work with CRM to achieve customer loyalty, and if they did not use any system, how they did instead. Therefore, we did a case study on these companies. In order to have an antithesis, we also did a case study on consumers, so we got a picture of how consumers look on customer loyalty and what they consider important when buying clothing, both in stores and online. We use, because of that, an abductive onset in this paper because it is a mix between inductive and deductive.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Anv av CRM hos svenska klädföretag
  • 211.
    Awuah, Gabriel
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Internationalization processes of firms as a challenge to handle exchange relationships2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - Researchers have mostly focused on entry processes and entry forms. What happens to a firm that has been in a foreign market for a long time would be an issue of its ability to handle important exchange relationships. This paper aims to increase our knowledge of what it takes to establish and handle exchange relationships with some actors so as to achieve a win-win and stable exchange in a foreign market.

    Design/methodology/approach – An in-depth case study was used to study the phenomenon, where the conceptual framework, interconnected networks in value creation, was used to analyze the case.

     Findings – It was found out that the multinational company (MNC) has been able to prioritize and/or invest time and resources to closely co-operate with some important customers that have brought about ‘win-win’ and stable exchange relationships between them. It was also found out that mutual orientation and adaptations have helped them to overcome any mismatch resulting from cultural influences.

    Research limitations/implications – The in-depth study with only one case is a stark limitation. Future research should explore the same phenomenon by studying several cases; every effort should be made to also interview customers and not only suppliers.

    Practical implication – Despite limitations, this study’s results have significant implication for a firm in that its internationalization process would also be the ability to establish and handle relationships that enhance the development of competitive capabilities that enable it to compete in any market.

    Originality/value – The major contribution of this study is to emphasize the managerial problems associated with the establishment and handling of business relationships with some important actors (e.g. suppliers and customers) in foreign markets.

  • 212.
    Awuah, Gabriel
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    The search for foreign direct investment (FDI): The case of Ghana2005Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    That foreign direct investment (FDI) is a valuable undertaking that all nations strive to attract and sustain is well known and well discussed in the literature. However, a systematic study and/or analysis of how some countries invest much in attracting FDI, but with poor results, is lacking. This paper contributes by analyzing the incessant efforts which countries make to attract FDI with very dissatisfying results. One important conclusion from this study is that while a country uses numerous incentives and alleged macro and micro policies as means to bring in much FDI, potential investors might not respond because they might be thinking about areas where they could profitably and securely put their resources to use. Ghana is a case in point when looking at a country that has not succeeded well, in spite of investments in attracting FDI.

  • 213.
    Awuah, Gabriel
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Abraha, Desalegn
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    Osarenkhoe, Aihie
    Högskolan i Gävle.
    Interactive (Networked) Internationalization: The Case of Swedish Firms2007In: Bringing the country back in: the importance of local knowledge in a global economy : proceedings of the 49th Annual Meeting of the Academy of International Business, Indianapolis, June 25-28, 2007, Indianapolis: Academy of International Business , 2007, p. 139-139Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The extant literature stresses that having foreign market presence is imperative for most firms these days. However, how firms conceive of which foreign markets to enter, the entry mode to take and the resource commitments to make are not information or decision-making processes solely confined to a firm that internationalizes its activities. The purpose of this study is to provide deeper insights into the extent to which an independent actor (s) actively collaborates with the internationalizing firm so as to jointly determine the choice of market, the mode of entry and the level of investment committed in the market to be entered and even after the entry (i.e. the on-going activities). Based on two multiple case studies, one major finding of the study shows that independent actors, with their interconnected networks, have played and are still playing a major role in influencing the internationalization processes of each of the two firms in this study.

  • 214.
    Awuah, Gabriel Baffour
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    A professional services firm's competence development2007In: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 36, no 8, p. 1068-1081Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The conceptualization of a firm's competence development has undergone some developments, as seen from the extant literature. However, studies or explanations of a firm's competence development over time seem to concentrate on firms that manufacture physical goods. The literature is devoid of studies on the competence development of professional services firms (PSFs). With two in-depth case studies, this paper seeks to shed light on factors that impinge on PSFs' competence development over time. An important finding of this study is that all the two PSFs' competence development over time has been influenced, in large measure, by their close and regular interaction with their respective immediate customers as well as with some significant third parties in their network of exchange relationships, where the actors mutually adapt to each other and also learn from each other. Evidences in all the two cases show that each of the firms has won and kept important customers that give them the most and frequent assignments per year, thanks to the factors that have affected their competence to meet customers' demand over time.

  • 215.
    Awuah, Gabriel Baffour
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Analyzing Customer-Orientation Practices of Firms from a Wider Perspective2008In: Journal of Business-to-Business Marketing, ISSN 1051-712X, E-ISSN 1547-0628, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 45-72Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to deepen our understanding of the extent to which a firm's customer orientation practice, and the outcome thereof, is affected by its network of exchange relationships.

    METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: Building on a network approach, multiple case studies are used to highlight firms' customer-orientation and the effects thereof.

    FINDINGS: Close, regular and extensive interaction and exchanges with customers and third parties have enabled each of the firms in this study to win and retain important customers over the years.

    Research Implications/Limitations : Each of the PSFs' (professional services firms) customer orientation, with its concomitant result, has been facilitated by mutual value creation by the sellers and the buyers plus the sellers' exchange relationships with third parties. However, customers' interconnected relationships and a broader quantitative study incorporating several services firms need be explored in further studies.

    ORIGINALITY/VALUE/CONTRIBUTION: The study provides insights into how a PSF utilizes its own capabilities and complementary capabilities from third parties to create superior value and satisfaction to customers.

  • 216.
    Awuah, Gabriel Baffour
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Development of a Country is a Collective Effort: The Case of Ghana2008Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Our case country Ghana, like many others in Africa, is characterized by, for example, mass poverty, huge foreign debts, poor socio-economic infrasturcture and entrepreneurial base, inability to meet the challenges of the forces of globalization, and heavy reliance on foreign loans and aid. Often times the development of the country has been the sole responsibility of a single entity, a government or a few ruling elites. It is argued in this book that to overcome the problems mentioned above, involving many actors (e.g. industry, government, universities, and the general public)will produce a collective effort, which will enable the actors to leverage their complementary capabilities to bring about a sustainable economic development. In this book we emphasize areas in which Ghana should invest now in order to effect sustainable development, which will translate into, example, poverty reduction, enabling environment for firms to emerge, grow and be competitive.

  • 217.
    Awuah, Gabriel Baffour
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Small firms' use of their business relationships to cope with increased competition2012In: International Academy of Business and Economics (IABE) 2012 Venice Summer Conference, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 218.
    Awuah, Gabriel Baffour
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    The Impact of Globalization and Trade Liberalization on Competitiveness of Firms in Less Developed Countries: A Longitudinal Study2009In: International Journal of Business Research, ISSN 1555-1296, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 7-19Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 219.
    Awuah, Gabriel Baffour
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Abraha, Desalegn Gebrekidan
    School of Technology and Society, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Networked (interactive) position: a new view of developing and sustaining competitive advantage2008In: Competitiveness Review: an international business journal, ISSN 1059-5422, E-ISSN 2051-3143, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 333-350Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – In the extant literature a firm's development of its competitive advantage is seen to be the task of the firm alone. The purpose of this paper is to introduce a new and a broader approach of how competitive advantage can be developed and maintained in today's highly competitive and dynamic markets. To this end, how a firm handles its relationships with significant actors in its network becomes very decisive for the development of its competitive advantage.

    Design/methodology/approach – Drawing on a network approach, case studies have been used to shed lights on the extent to which the development of competitive advantage of firms affect and are affected by their interaction with some actors in a network of exchange relationships.

    Findings – An important conclusion of this study is that a firm's highly valued performance, an indication of its strong position or competitive strength, has its roots in its regular and intensive interaction with some significant actors in its network.

    Research limitations/implications – All firms in this study have demonstrated that competitive advantage can be achieved by building up a strong position through interaction, learning and adaptation with some significant actors in the marketplace. Since the study is based on one setting, extending a similar study to several settings will be very useful.

    Originality/value – The paper provides insights into how a firm, in the effort to build its competitive advantage, draws on its own capabilities and complementary capabilities of its partners in a network.

  • 220.
    Awuah, Gabriel Baffour
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Abraha, Desalegn Gebrekidan
    University of Skövde, P.O. Box 408, SE-541 28, Skövde, Sweden.
    Osarenkhoe, Aihie
    University of Gävle, SE-801 76, Gävle, Sweden.
    Relationships and Networks in the Processes of Establishment of Firms in Transition Economies: Scandinavian Firms in Central and Eastern Europe2008In: International Journal of Strategic Management, ISSN 1555-2411, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 25-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A focus on the particular entry mode a firm uses to enter a new market, rather than on the process of establishment, dominates in extant literature. To fill this void, we apply an establishment process model developed from the network approach to illuminate the web of relationship forms embedded in the establishment process of two Scandinavian firms as they attempt to establish themselves in transition economies. In one case, the results show that Statoil's process of establishment in Estonia was both less time-consuming and less resource-consuming because the firm drew support from significant actors in their network of exchange relationships. In the second case, a lack of home and host country support for Scania in Croatia resulted in an arduous and costly process and less stable position in the market, with the firm's position changing several times as different problems cropped up. In light of the findings from the two cases, theoretical and practical implications for managing the establishment process are discussed.

  • 221.
    Awuah, Gabriel Baffour
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Abraha Gebrekidan, Desalegn
    University of Skövde.
    Osarenkhoe, Aihie
    University of Gävle.
    Relationships and networks in the processes of establishment of firms in transition economies: The case of Scandinavian firms in Central and Eastern Europe2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 222.
    Awuah, Gabriel Baffour
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Gebrekidan, Desalegn Abraha
    School of Technology and Society, University of Skövde.
    Osarenkhoe, Aihie
    Department of Business Studies, University of Gävle.
    Interactive (networked) internationalization: The case of Swedish firms2011In: European Journal of Marketing, ISSN 0309-0566, E-ISSN 1758-7123, Vol. 45, no 7/8, p. 1112-1129Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to provide deeper insights into the extent to which an  independent actor(s) actively collaborates with the internationalizing firm so as to jointly determine the choice of market, the mode of entry and the level of investment committed in the market to be entered and even after the entry (i.e. the ongoing activities). Design/methodology/approach – Against the previous purpose section, a qualitative research approach is selected to guide the exploratory nature of this study. Thus qualitative data are used to build the two case studies because case studies are generally a more appropriate approach when “how” and “why” questions are being posed and when the investigator has little control over events. Findings – Based on two multiple case studies, one major finding of the study shows that independent actors, with their interconnected networks, have played and are still playing a major role in influencing the internationalization processes of each of the two firms in this study. Originality/value – This is an original paper developed based on two case studies which have not been published in any journal before. The paper highlights the role of external independent actors in internationalization, which is not mentioned at all or stressed in the extant literature.

  • 223.
    Awuah, Gabriel Baffour
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Reinert, Venilton
    Univ of Blumenau, Brazil.
    A communicacäo com consumidores através da Internet: Um estudo da communicacäo - online de hotéls (Brasil, Gana e Suecia)2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 224.
    Awuah, Gabriel Baffour
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Reinert, Venilton
    Univ. of Blumenau, Brazil.
    Place marketing: a cross-country study os a place marketer's use of its network of relationships - Brazil and Sweden2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 225.
    Awuah, Gabriel Baffour
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Reinert, Venilton
    Univ. of Blumenau, Brazil.
    Place marketing: A study of a place marketer's use of its networks of relationships2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 226.
    Awuah, Gabriel Baffour
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Reinert, Venilton
    Universidade Regional de Blumenau.
    Potential tourists’ image of a tourist destination: The case of Brazil2011In: Research on Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management 2009‐2011: Introducing the Research Area of Innovation Science / [ed] Sven-Åke Hörte, Halmstad: Högskolan i Halmstad , 2011, p. 135-148Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This research deals with the image, which potential tourists may have about a tourist destination.Using a quantitative approach and a marketing and communication perspective, we tried to investigate how Brazil is seen by potential tourists who happened to be European students studying at the Halmstad University, Sweden. The research highlighted six categories, upon which the tourists’ image of Brazil is based, namely hospitality of the population, sexuality, tourism infrastructure, environment, economy, protection and safety. The results show that the image held by the studied target group about Brazil as a tourist destination, is an exotic country with a friendly population with an exuberant nature; the main identity icons are football and carnival events. Entertainment and fun are some other positive attributes mentioned by the respondents. However, violence and fragile security are the main concerns for the respondents.

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  • 227.
    Awuah, Gabriel Baffour
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Reinert, Venilton
    University of Blumenau, Brazil.
    Small firms' use of their business relationships to cope with increased competition2012In: International Journal of Business Strategy, ISSN 1553-9563, E-ISSN 2378-8585, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 36-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to explore the effect of how small firms draw on their limited networks to develop their markets and serve them well, a performance that will guarantee their survival and success. Drawing on a business relationship approach, two case studies have been used to highlight the extent to which exchange relationships have impacted on the performance of the small firms in this study. As an important finding, the study highlights the extent to which regular and intensive interactions between the case companies and the limited actors in their network have enabled each of the case companies to develop their respective niche markets and serve them well, something which also explains their survival and ability to win and retain loyal customers.

  • 228.
    Awuah, Gabriel
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Reinert, Venilton
    Universidade Regional de Blumenau, Brazil.
    The use of Internet as a marketing strategy in hotel market: A comparison between Brazil, Ghana, and Sweden2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The new information technologies (NIT), especially the Internet, have created opportunities for companies. NIT can be used as a tool to execute marketing activities on three levels: (1) a firm can convey information about its products and services, using various communications tools, (2) conduct transactions by means of e-commerce and deliver its products/services online or (3) by the help of the conventional delivering way. In the tourism market, which is an information-oriented phenomenon, the NIT has had strong influence because people use the Internet to search for information to better plan their trips. In the hotel business, for example, the customers search for the company’s core service and support services, which can fulfill their basic and secondary needs. In this perspective, this study analyzed how hotels presented their services, prices, and communicated with their customers on the Internet. The main objective was to analyze the presentation of the marketing mix strategies in the hotels’ websites. The methodology used was first an exploratory research and then a descriptive study. The method was a qualitative and the population was hotels from three countries, Ghana, Sweden and Brazil. The results showed that the information aired in the hotels’ web pages were clearly directed to their respective target audience. To promote their services, the companies studied used, as their main communication tools, advertising, Customer Relationship Management (CRM) and public relations. It can be inferred that the companies uniformly used marketing and communication tools in their websites. Thus, to market their services, no difference was found among the three firms’ use of those tools.

  • 229.
    Axel, Eriksson
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Pantzar, August
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Valet att miljöcertifiera byggnader: en studie om strategiska perspektiv och andra faktorer som kan vara avgörande i valet att miljöcertifiera byggnader2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 230.
    Axelsson, Catrin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Liborius, Nathalie
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Mål och mätning vid val och kontroll av leverantörer och produkter i samband med CSR: - I företagen Gekås AB och Vagabond International AB2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    De etiska frågorna får en alltmer central roll då den uppmärksamhet som idag finns kring arbetsförhållanden har lett till att allt fler företag vill arbeta med deras sociala ansvar. CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) är ett begrepp som ofta översätts till företagens sociala ansvar. Konsumenterna ställer även krav på företagen vilket påverkar företagens kontroller och val av leverantörer och produkter. För att veta vart ett företag är på väg, är en god förståelse för sitt företagsmål viktigt för att kunna uppnå det som förväntas av företaget. För att uppnå sina företagsmål används ofta olika mätningar och nyckeltal. Mätningen bör göras på en stabil och kontrollerbar del av företaget.

    Syftet med denna studie är att beskriva och analysera hur arbetet med mål och mätningar sker internt inom CSR-arbetet i företagen Gekås AB och Vagabond International AB, och då fokus på val och kontroll av leverantörer och produkter. Studiens forskningsfråga är "Hur arbetar Gekås AB och Vagabond International AB internt med mål och mätning i deras arbete med CSR kopplat till val och kontroll av deras leverantörer och produkter?"

    Det här är en kvalitativ studie med ett induktivt angreppssätt och ett hermeneutiskt synsätt. Vår empiriska data har vi fått genom att vi har genomfört tre intervjuer med sammanlagt fyra personer från företagen Gekås och Vagabond.

    I denna studie kommer det analyseras om vilka perspektiv och motiv inom ett arbete med CSR samt vilka målområden och mätningar Gekås och Vagabond använder sig utav i deras arbete med CSR. Det kommer bli ett underlag genom att analysera dessa områden för att få reda på de valda företagens syfte och utgångspunkter med CSR-arbetet.

    Resultatet i studien visar att det finns olika utgångspunkter och syften med respektive företags arbete med CSR. Dock är tillvägagångssätten och arbetsuppgifterna i princip densamma med deras CSR-arbete.

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  • 231.
    Axelsson, David
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Pyk, Karl
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Bibehållande av humankapital vid företagsförvärv.: En kvalitativ studie av svenska medicintekniska bolag.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mergers and acquisitions has become a common thing in recent years. Assets change owners in hope of creating synergies and desirable outcomes. Human capital, i.e. the employees behind the numbers, is one asset that is often forgotten. It is therefore important to keep these key employees in the organisation post-acquisition in order to gain or retain competitive advantages and avoid unwelcome surprises. The aim of the study is to identify how Swedish medtech companies identifies key employees during a due diligence and how they retain them afterwards. We chose a qualitative approach for the study and have therefore conducted our interviews in a semi-structured manner. The study uses competence- and resource based theory to identify key employees and how to use them as a resource to gain a competitive advantage. Our result is that human capital is not a factor that can sustain a competitive advantage since it can be transferred via mergers and acquisitions. On the other hand, the competence based view can be used to maximize the resources in form of human capital. When a company is acquired, employees start integrating in the new organisation. The study uses onboarding theory to identify key aspects in how to acclimatise key employees. A conceptual model is eventually presented with our findings where key employees are identified by way of references, the former board of directors, statistics, meetings and industrial knowledge. The HR-department does generally gets involved late in the due diligence process, something that our respondents consider a potential problem. In post-acquisition, during the onboarding process, key factors are; obtaining information about the new culture, role clarification and new challenges to keep key employees in the new organisation.

    Keywords: Human Capital, mergers & acquisitions, medtech, onboarding, key employee retention.

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  • 232.
    Axelsson, Therese
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Ben-Rejeb, Therese
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Avskrivningar på materiella anläggningstillgångar – vilka bedömningar genomförs?2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund och problemdiskussion: Onoterade företag kan välja att följa antingen Bokföringsnämndens regelverk eller Redovisningsrådets rekommendationer. De företag som följer rekommendationerna från Bokföringsnämnden kan välja mellan olika avskrivningsmetoder vid redovisning av materiella anläggningstillgångar. Redovisningsnormer kan tillåta flera korrekta val och företagen i sin tur måste själva bestämma vilken princip som ska tillämpas. Olika val som företag gör påverkar både resultaträkningen och balansräkningen. Individer har dock en tendens att utgå från egenintresset och strävar efter att välja det val som ger den största nyttan. Årsredovisningen ska emellertid vara ett tillförlitligt beslutsunderlag för externa intressenters beslutsfattande. Redovisningen ska även vara rättvisande och jämförbar men då olika metoder för att beräkna avskrivningarnas storlek är tillåtna kan detta medföra att redovisningen mellan företag inte blir jämförbar i de fall de redovisar dessa på olika sätt. Hur avskrivningsmetod och antal nyttjandeperioder påverkar företagets kostnader i resultaträkningen är en intressant fråga på grund av att företagen själva kan välja en tillåten avskrivningsmetod samt bestämma vilken avskrivningstid de vill använda. 

    Syfte: Vi vill beskriva hur större onoterade företag väljer avskrivningsmetod samt nyttjandeperiod på materiella anläggningstillgångar. Vi vill även förstå vad de använder för hjälp till att grunda sina val och beslut på.

    Resultat: Analyskapitlet behandlar hur våra respondenter fastställer avskrivningarnas storlek vilket jämförs med rekommendationer och olika redovisningsprinciper. Analysen leder fram till en slutsats som visar att företagen i vår undersökning vid redovisning av avskrivningar tenderar att välja de val som de anser är enklast och mest praktisk. Samtidigt nämner våra respondenter andra motiv till de val de gör vid bestämning av avskrivningsmetoden och nyttjandeperioden. Samtliga respondenter använder sig av linjär avskrivningsmetod eftersom de anser att denna är enkel samt att den fungerar bra i verksamheten. Ingen av respondenterna omvärderar och eventuellt byter avskrivningsmetod då detta skulle medföra en liten skillnad i resultatet. Vid bestämning av nyttjandeperioden väljer företag oftast det kortaste alternativet på grund av osäkerhet samt för att undvika att belasta resultatet med avskrivningskostnader under en längre tid. Samtliga företag använder även de materiella anläggningstillgångarna efter nyttjandeperiodens slut, det sker sällan en omvärdering av nyttjandeperioden eftersom resultatet inte väsentligt förändras i deras fall. I de fall företag agerar i egenintresse genom att välja den avskrivningsmetod som företaget själv anser ger bäst resultat kan det ifrågasättas om avskrivningarna ger en rättvisande bild då redovisningen inte är neutral.

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  • 233.
    Axhag, Sofie
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Högström, Linn
    Halmstad University.
    Riskhantering med hjälp av styrkort i bygg- och anläggningsprojekt inom den offentliga sektorn2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate companies in the public sector and how they control and estimate the risks by using scorecards in various construction projects and also to get an idea of how risk management differs depending on the project size and complexity. The essay is of the qualitative methodology and data has been collected through semistructured interviews with seven different respondents in the public sector.   

    To identify the risks that emerge in the business, companies can use balanced scorecard. The study explains how the use of Balanced Scorecard can be applied in the two companies we investigate and how the scorecard can be used to draw attention to risks. A focus on the processperspective was made in due to its use in the public sector. The purpose of the processperspective is to identify the processes that is necessary to achieve the financial goals and customer goals found in the scorecard.   

    In order to achieve the project goals it is important to work with risk management. Risk management consists of different steps, the first step is the identification of risks, the second step is to analyzing the risks and the final step is to establish a plan for the risks. The study examines how size and complexity of a project affects the risk management work of the two investigated companies in the public sector.  

    The results shows that the balanced scorecard mainly is applied as an additional tool and that the application of the scorecard in some cases does not go all the way down within the companies. The results also shows that the application of the scorecard, although is a complementary monitoring tool, works efficiently.   

    The conclusion shows that in the larger and complex projects the risk management-work is more extensive and the follow-up work is carried out more continuously. The complexity increases by the number of stakeholders involved in the projects because it often leads to ÄTA-work and time-offsets.

    Keywords: Public sector, balanced scorecard, risk management, complexity

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  • 234.
    Aydinlik, Arzu Ulgen
    et al.
    Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Donmez, Dilek
    Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Svensson, Göran
    Oslo School of Management, Oslo, Norway.
    Wood, Greg
    Deakin University, Warrnambool, VIC, Australia.
    Callaghan, Michael
    Deakin University, Warrnambool, VIC, Australia.
    Communicating the Ethos of Codes of Ethics within the Organization: A Comparison of the Largest Private Sector Organizations in Sweden and Turkey2008In: Journal of Management Development, ISSN 0262-1711, E-ISSN 1758-7492, Vol. 27, no 7, p. 778-790Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of the paper is to examine the ways that the largest private sector organizations in Sweden and Turkey communicate the intent of their codes of ethics to their employees. Design/methodology/approach – Primary data were obtained via a self-administered mail questionnaire distributed to a census of the top 500 private sector organizations based on revenue in each country. Findings – The research identified some interesting findings that showed that the small group of companies in Turkey that have a code may appear to be more “advanced” in ethics artifacts usage than Sweden. Such a conclusion is counter-intuitive as one would have expected a developed nation like Sweden to be more advanced in these measures than a developing nation such as Turkey. Culture may play a large role in the implementation of ethics artifacts in corporations and could be a major reason for this difference. Research limitations/implications – As this is such a new area of investigation in Turkey, the responses amount to only 32 companies that have a code. The small sample is indicative of the formative evolution toward having codes of ethics within companies operating within Turkey. Practical implications – This study enables those organizations that comprise corporate Turkey to view the current state of codes of ethics in Turkish companies and to compare these with the responses of a developed country of the European Union. Originality and value – A review of the literature indicates that this is the first time that such an international study specifically focused upon codes of ethics and the artifacts to inculcate the ethos of the code into every day corporate affairs has included Turkey as one of the participating countries.

  • 235.
    Aziza, Amine
    et al.
    Institut national des postes et télécommunications (INPT), Rabat, Morocco.
    Oubrich, Mourad
    Madinat Al Irfane Rabat - Institutes - Morocco, Rabat, Morocco.
    Solberg Søilen, Klaus
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    The impact of CRM on QoE: An exploratory study from mobile phone industry in Morocco2015In: Journal of Intelligence Studies in Business, ISSN 2001-015X, E-ISSN 2001-015X, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 22-35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today’s mobile phone sector is marked by intensified competition and strong market penetration. In this environment, the carriers offer their customers a wide variety of services that are quite similar from one operator to another. These customers are always searching for a quality of experience (QoE). On one hand, operators interact with their customers through CRM practices inspired by their marketing strategies and rolled out through their procedures and technological support. On the other hand, the customers expect an extremely high quality of service (QoS) and subjectively perceive the utility and usability (Qp) of these mobile services. This paradox led us to study the impact of CRM on the customer experience (QoE) in the mobile phone industry, in this study with data from Morocco. Empirical data confirms existing theory, CRM determinants for QoE include quality of service, quality of interaction with customer, claims management and customer knowledge. However, we also found that practitioners are aware that organizations should look beyond the relationship to manage the customer experience. To this end we developed a model based on the first four CRM determinants and the findings in this study.

  • 236.
    Baaz, Matilda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Månsson, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Dualitet i styrelsen - lönsamt eller inte?: En studie av små och medelstora företag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 237.
    Bahonjic, Jasmina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Glamocic, Selma
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Löneformer inom fastighetsmäklarbranschen: Hur ledningen kan påverka fastighetsmäklarnas motivation med olika löneformer samt fördelar och nackdelar med att erbjuda dem.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens titel: Löneformer inom fastighetsmäklarbranschen – hur ledningen kan påverka fastighetsmäklarnas motivation med olika löneformer samt fördelar och nackdelar med att erbjuda dem.

     

    Författare: Jasmina Bahonjic & Selma Glamocic

     

    Handledare: Eva Berggren

     

    Examinator: Titti Eliasson

     

    Problemformulering: Hur kan ledningen påverka fastighetsmäklarnas motivation med olika löneformer?

     

    Bakgrund: Provision är den löneform som är den mest vanliga i fastighetsmäklarbranschen. Provision är dock inte den enda löneformen som förekommer i branschen utan även fast lön samt en kombination av fast lön och rörlig lön förekommer, men i mycket mindre utsträckning. Mäklare som är medlemmar i Mäklarsamfundet anser att provisionslönerna är en av de sämsta sakerna med mäklaryrket, dock är det i slutändan ändå ledningen som bestämmer löneformen. En av ledningens viktigaste uppgifter är att styra och motivera sina anställda, och olika löneformer har en påverkan på just styrning och motivation. Detta har lett fram till vår problemformulering där vi är intresserade av att utifrån ledningens perspektiv se hur olika löneformer kan påverka mäklarnas motivation.

     

    Syfte: Syftet med denna uppsats är att beskriva de olika löneformerna som idag förekommer i fastighetsmäklarbranschen samt förstå hur de påverkar motivationen ur ledningens perspektiv. Vi vill även undersöka vilka för- och nackdelar som finns med att erbjuda dessa löneformer.

     

    Metod: Uppsatsen är baserad på en kvalitativ metod. Det är tre personer med ledningsposition från Mäklarhuset, Svensk Fastighetsförmedling samt Fastighetsbyrån som har intervjuats. Samtliga intervjuer har gjorts som besöksintervjuer.

     

    Slutsats: Fast lön är inte lika motiverande som rörlig lön, eftersom den inte är kopplad till prestation. Dock kan fast lön fungera som motivationsfaktor om den är relativt låg eller väldigt hög, eller om den anställda mäklaren känner sig nöjd och trygg. Fast lön kan även vara motiverande när den är beroende av att en överlåtelse sker.

    Rörlig lön är till största del motiverande, eftersom den till skillnad från fast lön beror på prestation. Däremot kan rörlig lön även leda till en negativ press på grund av att den anställda mäklaren hela tiden behöver prestera bra.

    En kombination av fast lön och rörlig lön är motiverande, eftersom en del av lönen ändå beror på prestationen. Samtidigt finns det en trygghet i och med den fasta delen av lönen.

     

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  • 238.
    Baidori, Adam
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Björk, Rufus
    Halmstad University.
    Företagsledningars syn på roch hantering av risker med finansiell stress2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 239.
    Banis, Alvianos
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Johansson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Political Communication Strategies Applied on Business Organizations2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to describe the current communication techniques and strategies used by political parties resulting in these parties achieving significant growth, understand the components of those communication techniques in order to isolate the factors attributing to this achieved success and develop a model that can be replicated from a business organization in order to achieve similar beneficial results.The study revealed that there is a clear connection between political parties and business organizations, broadening the research fields of both entities respectively. Furthermore, the findings were categorized based on potential value, with practices such as “thriving on dissatisfaction”, “taking advantage of emotions”, “showing visible structures as an organization / political party”, “intentional use of weak signals”, “leader’s direct connection to audience” and “formulating receiver interpretation of signals” appearing to have high potential in achieving success if implemented correctly in the communication strategy.

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  • 240.
    Bao, Yuanjia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Li, Yanqing
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    How can catering businesses achieve competitive advantages in Chinese market: Using service differentiation strategy as marketing strategy2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 241. Barcelo, Lidia
    et al.
    Bentz, Hugo
    Gauzelin, Sophian
    The influence of Beer Packaging on CustomerPerception and Purchase Decision.: A case study, Europe2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 242.
    Barth, Henrik
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Barriers to growth and development in small firms2004Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the extended summary is to develop the understanding of the existence and reasons behind barriers to growth and development in small firms. More specifically, four questions are addressed: (1) What do we know about the term barrier, how can it be defined? (2) What types of barriers to growth and development have been identified? (3) How can barriers to growth and development be addressed in a framework? and (4) How do the results of the appended papers (Papers I-V) contribute to the research field of barriers to growth and development?

    A literature review was undertaken to answer the first two questions. The literature review was conducted in two phases. The conceptual and operational definition of barriers was addressed in the first phase. The results reveal diverse ways of focusing on barriers, which made it necessary to address similar terms, such as problem and causes of business failure in the second phase of the literature review. The different terms used in the papers of the literature review are discussed in order to determine whether or not the understanding of their content is coherent and conceptual. Based on the conceptual understanding and definition of barriers, the different aspects focused on in the literature were discussed, which led to the second question, What are the various aspects of barriers to growth and development?

    The knowledge gained from the literature review and the development of the understanding of the barrier concept led to the third question, Can barriers to growth and development be addressed in a framework? The discussion takes its starting point in the studies identified in the literature review and is related to some of the appended papers (Papers I and II). Similarities and differences between frameworks used in the papers identified in the literature review are discussed and, based on this knowledge, a framework for barriers to growth and development in small firms is presented. The framework distinguishes two types of barriers, namely internal/external barriers and tangible/intangible barriers.

    The knowledge available in the reviewed papers within the field of barriers to growth and development in small firms in combination with the results from the appended papers (Papers I-V) resulted in the fourth question. Part of the contribution of the appended papers concerns the operational definition, for example that barriers to innovation should be categorised as either occurring or preventing firms from innovating (Paper II), while other contributions concern specific types of barriers, for example the importance of managerial skills (Paper V). Overall, the contribution focuses on conditional factors, such as strategy and planning, organisation and management, and institution and policy factors, in relation to growth and development.

  • 243.
    Barth, Henrik
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Diversity as a competitive advantage? A case study of Immigrant Labour in Swedish Agriculture2018In: Journal of Leadership, Accountability and Ethics, ISSN 1913-8059, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 130-137Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates cultural diversity as means to business sustainability and competitive advantage for entrepreneurs in the agricultural sector. 80 agricultural entrepreneurs have been addressed in this study, which include face-to-face meetings between entrepreneurs and candidates for employment.

    While supportive of the idea of cultural diversity as a beneficial element of business sustainability, most farmers stated they lacked both the time and the resources to manage the issues associated with immigrant workers. However, lack of organisational changes and managerial skills can also be a potential barrier for integration when the farm address growth and employment ambitions.

  • 244.
    Barth, Henrik
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Fit among competitive strategy, administrative mechanisms, and performance: A comparative study of small firms in mature and new industries2003In: Journal of small business management (Print), ISSN 0047-2778, E-ISSN 1540-627X, Vol. 41, no 2, p. 133-147Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    At least two different administrative mechanisms are available for the small business manager to develop and to pursue a competitive strategy. One refers to managerial skills needed to implement and to follow the competitive strategy chosen by the firm. The other refers to the design of organization structure - that is, how job tasks are divided, grouped, and coordinated. This paper argues that the fit among the competitive strategy followed by a firm, the utilization of the administrative mechanisms, and the performance of the firm is related to industry maturity.

  • 245.
    Barth, Henrik
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Fit Between Competitive Strategy, Administrative Mechanisms and Performance: A Comparative Study of Small Firms in Mature and New Industries2003In: Journal of small business management (Print), ISSN 0047-2778, E-ISSN 1540-627X, Vol. 2, no 41, p. 133-147Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    At least two different administrative mechanisms are available for the small business manager to develop and to pursue a competitive strategy. One refers to managerial skills needed to implement and to follow the competitive strategy chosen by the firm. The other refers to the design of organization structure—that is, how job tasks are divided, grouped, and coordinated. This paper argues that the fit among the competitive strategy followed by a firm, the utilization of the administrative mechanisms, and the performance of the firm is related to industry maturity.

  • 246.
    Barth, Henrik
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Immigrant Labour in Swedish Agriculture: A Sustainable Business Model Innovation2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates cultural diversity as means to business sustainability and competitive advantage for entrepreneurs in the agricultural sector. The paper focuses on challenges and barriers in immigrant workforce integration as revealed by a year-long project conducted among farmers in the region of Halland (on Sweden’s southwest coast). The paper reports on a matchmaking project between farmers seeking employees and job seekers (immigrants) seeking employment. The project began with interviews with 80 farmers and continued with an exploratory meeting with 42 farmers, four discussion meetings with 16 farmers, and face-to-face meetings between farmers and candidates for employment. The project concluded with follow-up interviews with the 42 farmers. While 42 of the 80 farmers were interested in exploring the benefits of immigrant workforce integration, the others (53%) declined further participation in the project. Ultimately, one farmer hired three immigrants. While supportive of the idea of cultural diversity as a beneficial element of business sustainability, most farmers stated they lacked both the time and the resources to manage the issues associated with immigrant workers such as their lack of technical and mechanical skills, and the language differences.

  • 247.
    Barth, Henrik
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Rosén, Bengt Göran
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, The Rydberg Laboratory for Applied Sciences (RLAS).
    The use and abuse of 3D printing - Towards a mobile business model framework2019In: International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, ISSN 2248-9622, E-ISSN 2248-9622, Vol. 9, no 11, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper aim to clarify changes in user activities and behaviour across different types of actors following the development of 3D printers. It proposes a mobile business model and outlining the features of development for direct digital manufacturing.

    The exploratory study show that the use of 3D printing a) lowers the knowledge and resource barriers for experimentation and entrepreneurial entry, b) increases product and concept prototyping in product development, c) provides a potential for business model innovation by expanding the boundaries of the firm upstream and downstream, and d) becomes a ticket for entrepreneurial entry

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  • 248.
    Barth, Henrik
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Luleå, Sverige.
    Tillväxthinder i mindre företag2001In: Tillväxtföretagen i Sverige / [ed] Per Davidsson, Frédéric Delmar, Johan Wiklund, Stockholm: SNS förlag, 2001, 1, p. 234-249Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 249.
    Barth, Henrik
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Holmén, Magnus
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Rosén, Bengt-Göran
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Mechanical Engineering and Industrial Design (MTEK), Functional Surfaces.
    The use and abuse of 3D-printing from a business model perspective2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper analyses changes in user activities and behaviour across different types of actors following the introduction of 3D printers. 3D printing, or additive manufacturing, has been claimed to disrupt manufacturing, allowing firms to move from prototyping to full-scale end-part production and replacement part production in a one-step process. 3D printing has many different uses, for example, the manufacturing of toys, shoes, lamps and fashion accessories, and by implication many different types of users and buyers. There are few empirical studies on the types of uses and users of 3D, hampering our understanding in what ways the 3D printers may change the behaviour of users, and whether 3D printers affect the likelihood and the nature of entrepreneurship or business model innovation. To investigate this, a model was created based on the 3DP literature. The model is applied on a distributor customer database and four interview-based illustrative case studies. The empirical findings show that the use of 3DP a) lowers the knowledge and resource barriers for experimentation and entrepreneurial entry, b) increases product and concept prototyping in product development, c) provides a potential for business model innovation by expanding the boundaries of the firm upstream and downstream, and d) becomes a ticket for entrepreneurial entry. Based on our results, the paper suggests that the potential of 3D printers alter user innovative activities is high but most of the potential is latent.

  • 250.
    Barth, Henrik
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Melin, Martin
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Dept. of Work Sciences, Business Economics and Environmental Psychology, Alnarp, Sweden.
    A Green Lean approach to global competition and climate change in the agricultural sector – A Swedish case study2018In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 204, p. 183-192Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Increased global competition in the agricultural sector is rapidly changing the structure of farms and farming. As the number of small and diversified farms (often family-owned) decreases, the number of large and specialized farms (often corporate-owned) is increasing. In this transformation, the agricultural sector is more and more concerned with strategy, innovation, and competition in the effort to be more productive and more profitable. At the same time, the sector faces demands that it become more environmentally responsible in its policies and practices. This paper proposes a Lean Implementation Framework that small and mid-size farms can use as they aim to increase production and profit and yet support environmental sustainability. This case study takes an action-oriented research approach that focuses on the implementation of a Green Lean approach at 34 Swedish farms using various Lean tools. The paper describes how training sessions, farm visits, workshops, and counseling were used to introduce the farmers to the benefits and risks of the implementation of a new business model that added Green elements to the traditional business model design. The paper concludes with recommendations for adaptations to the Framework and suggestions for future research. © 2018

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