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  • 201.
    Behrendt, Marek
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Ivarsson, Tommy
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Hunger indikerar inte akut energistatus hos friska människor: En måltidsintervention2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    The increasingly sedentary lifestyle of our society combined with a constantly rising caloric intake has elevated the risk of developing obesity and other metabolic diseases. There is a need to understand the underlying mechanisms of hunger regulation to effectively prevent and treat these diseases. The magnitude of which an active regulation of blood glucose has an influence on hunger regulation is rather controversial.

    Objective

    The objective of this study was to investigate how the changes in hunger and blood glucose levels may differ after a mixed meal compared to the fasting state. Research questions include: Does intermittent fasting reduce general hunger? How does an entrenched meal-pattern affect hunger? How does hunger and blood glucose change in anticipation of a meal?

    Method

    Twelve healthy subjects (7 men, 5 women), of which seven subjects regularly practiced intermittent fasting and the remaining five did not, were randomized into two groups, one group was eating pizza (Pi), and the other group was fasting (F). Blood glucose levels and hunger ratings were collected every 30 minutes, with exception of initial values that were collected 15 minutes prior to the serving of the pizzas. The subjects were unaware of which group they would be designated to until 10 minutes prior to the serving of the pizzas.

    Results

    Decline in blood glucose did not significantly differ between groups during the 5 hour window following the meal ingestion. Hunger ratings differed significantly between individuals but not between groups. However, only Pi had significantly elevated hunger ratings in the end of the test period compared to their initial ratings. In anticipation of the meal a significant change in blood glucose was observed between the groups (P = 0.05), where values dropped for Pi and rose for F. Four out of five subjects in F and one subject in Pi were considerably hungrier during time periods they reported as habitual eating occasion.

    Conclusion

    Correlations between absolute blood glucose levels and hunger could not be found. An equal rise in hunger appear regardless if subjects were fed or fasting, meaning significant hunger can appear although dietary energy still is absorbed into the blood stream. Thus our results indicate that the acute availability of dietary energy is only a relatively small part of the total hunger signaling process. A disrupted meal pattern seemed to affect hunger feelings more than the ingestion of the served meal. Thus we conclude that more research should focus on meal-pattern regulation to enable better hunger control.

  • 202.
    Belandria, My
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Schagerström, Jonna
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Adolescenters upplevelser av sjuksköterskans omvårdnadsåtgärder och behandlingar vid depression2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mental illness among adolescents aged 10-19 years increases and there are several reasons why they suffer from it. Causes such as the desire of body change, increased accessibility and internet usage, pressure to fit in and exploration of sexual identity can affect the mental health. Depression is one of the leading causes of mental illness progression among adolescents. The purpose was to investigate how adolescents with depression experience nursing interventions and treatments. To answer the purpose, a literature study was conducted with article searches in three different databases. The result led to three main categories in this study: The nursing intervention physical activity as exercise was perceived to improve self-esteem, The nursing intervention participation was perceived to create a sense of security and the third category Treatments with focus on changes in thoughts and emotions was perceived to give insight. It is important to understand the adolescents’ experience of nursing interventions and treatment for depression because it gives an awareness into how they receive it. 

  • 203.
    Bengtsson, Andreas
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Ottemark, Tilly
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Närståendes upplevelse vid oväntade dödsfall: En litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ibland sker döden oväntat och det finns ofta närstående som skall bemötas. För att kunna bemöta dem på ett adekvat sätt är det viktigt att belysa deras upplevelser i samband med dödsfallet. Syfte var att belysa upplevelser hos personer vars närstående dött en oväntad död. Metoden var en allmän litteraturstudie med 11 artiklar (tio kvalitativa och en kvantitativ) som svarade till syftet och analyserades med hjälp av färgkodning av meningsbärande enheter. Resultatet var att de närstående ville ha rak och tydlig information. De uppskattade små gester som till exempel att bli erbjuden mat eller dryck. Dödsorsaken var viktig att fastställa och att få se den döda kroppen samt att ta avsked upplevdes som betydelsefullt. Att få vara delaktig både i direkt anslutning till döden och i form av uppföljning var en del av resultatet. Relevant att beakta var den subjektiva upplevelsen då alla människor är unika. Ytterligare forskning rekommenderas för att belysa hur vårdpersonal kan påverka närståendes upplevelser i samband med oväntad död.

  • 204.
    Bengtsson, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Äldre individers upplevelser av vad som bidrar till den egna hälsan och välbefinnandet2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are four main factors contributing to good ageing: social community, meaningful occupation and participation, physical activity and good eating habits. The purpose of this study was to describe what elderly people experience contribute to their own health and well-being. Qualitative semi structured interviews were conducted with 15 people aged 75 or more. The interviews were analyzed with qualitative content analysis. Three main categories emerged under the latent theme of “feeling of having access to and control over resources making it possible to live a continued active and meaningful life as an elderly”: “living in a good physical environment”, “feeling of meaningfulness” and “feeling of independence”. It was important to the informants to have a good home and a nice neighbourhood. Meaningfulness came from social sense of community and belonging, meaningful activities and a positive attitude and faith. Independence consisted of feeling well and healthy and adapting activities as well as having a good economy and access to transportation. Access and control over these conditions made it possible to keep living an active and meaningful life. The result is in accordance to previous research within the area. It is important that health promoting efforts for the elderly has a comprehensive view and that all needs of the elderly are met as far as possible. Future research could investigate the subject in elderly with a lower self-perceived health.

  • 205.
    Bengtsson, Anna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Östlinder, Nora
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Distriktssköterskans uppfattningar av hur äldre personer med demens kan få sina omvårdnadsbehov uppfyllda inom primärvården2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In primary care , the elderly population with memory difficulty , an updated and growing group where increased knowledge in psychiatry begin to play increasingly larger role in the identification of various degrees of memory difficulties facing dementia investigations. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe how district nurses in primary care perceive that older individuals with incipient dementia or dementia diagnosis can have their needs met by primary care interventions, based on a psychiatric nursing perspective. Method: In light of the purpose of the study was chosen by the design methodology of a descriptive qualitative study with phenomenographic research approach. The interviewees consisted of five district nurses at five medical centers, geographically evenly spread over Halland County. Results: The results revealed three categories of description to describe the informants' perceptions and experiences of how older persons with incipient dementia or dementia diagnosis can have their needs met byprimary care interventions : to meet different types of patient needs, to utilize existing resources and being aware of shortcomings , constraints and opportunities for development. Conclusion: District nurses in primary care encounters various forms of needs at older people with a dementia diagnosis or symptoms of dementia. They take advantage of the existing resources, such as district nurse’s professional ability, their strategies and development resources; they perceive even relatives as a resource and take advantage of integration of resources within and outside primary care. The district nurses are aware of the limitations, weaknesses and development opportunities within their own profession, and for the great need for skills.

  • 206.
    Bengtsson, Annika
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Johansson, Ann-Katrin
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Moberg, Linda
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Patientens upplevelse av synfältsundersökningstillfället2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Visual field examination is the most important method to diagnose and identify the progression of glaucoma. Conducting visual field examination is a common task for the ophthalmic nurse. Studies show that patients have difficulty in carrying out the visual field examination, but studies on how the patient experiences the visual field examination are scarce. The aim of the pilot study was to examine the patient's experience of the visual field examination. The pilot study was conducted using a qualitative approach and data was collected through semi-structured interviews of eight patients. The material was analyzed using content analysis. The analysis resulted in five categories: experience of fear and anxiety, difficulty with focusing, experience of information, sense of security, and bodily discomfort. Failing to perform well and to possibly become impaired in their disease were major concerns that created fear and anxiety. Focusing demanded a lot of concentration and was straining on the eye. The information was perceived as both good and flawed. Patients felt a sense of security since they had done the examination before and that they met the same staff. The majority of patients felt they sat uncomfortably and that it was not patient friendly. Continued development and training on how patients experience visual field examination is recommended to improve the way the staff treats and informs the patient, but also how the ophthalmic nurse can facilitate the examination of the patient. Since this study was conducted as a pilot study further research and a full-scale study is needed for the results to be considered reliable.

     

  • 207.
    Bengtsson, Camilla
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Sjuksköterskors uppfattningar om operationssjuksköterskans yrke2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    National Board of Health and Welfare describes an upcoming shortage of perioperative nurses in Sweden, and statistics show that the number of nurses applying to specialized training in the perioperative field is declining. In the literature, the perioperative nursing profession is described as non-visible to people in general, and that may be a reason for the lack of interest in choosing the profession. The purpose of this pilot study is to describe nursesʹ perceptions of the perioperative nursing profession. The study was conducted using qualitative inductive approach as an interview with open entry question. Data was analyzed by manifest content analysis. The results revealed three categories; Invisible and low valued, Member of the team and Practical work. The result is consistent with prior research conducted. A larger study is of value to obtain a deeper understanding of differences in perceptions. Knowledge of these perceptions may facilitate the recruitment of perioperative nurses. Specialized competence at the surgical departments increases the chances for patients to receive a safe perioperative care.

  • 208.
    Bengtsson, Emelie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Karlsson, Sara
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Barncancer och den svåra tiden som följer: Föräldrars upplevelser av stöd2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Årligen rapporteras det in ungefär 320 fall av cancertumörer bland barn och ungdomar mellan åldrarna 0-18 år. I vården av cancersjuka barn är förutom barnen, även föräldrarna i stort behov av stöd. För att öka vårdkvalitén behöver föräldrarnas upplevelser av stöd när barnet har en cancerdiagnos belysas. Syftet med denna studie var att belysa föräldrarnas upplevelser av stöd när barnet har en cancer diagnos. Metoden som användes var en systematisk litteraturstudie där resultatet av 11 vetenskapliga artiklar sammanställdes. Tre kategorier framkom: Information till föräldrarna, Delaktighet för föräldrarna samt Bemötande gentemot föräldrarna. Upplevelser av stöd under barnets sjukdomstid var individuella men majoriteten av föräldrarna fann stöd i att samtala med vårdpersonal samt andra föräldrar till cancersjuka barn. Ytterligare upplevde föräldrar stöd i att få lov att vara med sitt barn på sjukhuset. Det behövs mer forskning kring hur kvalitén på stödjande åtgärder till föräldrarna kan utvecklas

  • 209.
    Bengtsson, Emma
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Gavette, Pierre
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Stress, trots allt: Om till synes god psykosocial arbetsmiljö och tidigare kända salutogena faktorer och dess effekter på medarbetarens upplevelse av arbetsrelaterad stress2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study addresses whether some office working graduates experienced stress as a result of a seemingly favorable work environment with a high degree of demands, control and support. The issue concerns which work environment factors that were perceived to cause high stress, whether any of these factors were previously known as salutogenic and whether these factors could be behind any differences in perceived stress between departments. Collection of empirical data was done using interviews with ten respondents, nine women and one man, from two different departments within the same organization. Questions were asked regarding the respondents' experience of demands, control, support, commitment and work related stress. The results showed that the degree of stress varied between departments, mainly due to an imbalance between demand and control and deficient instrumental social support within one department. Furthermore, the authors found that previously known salutogenic factors, such as control and social contacts were shown to have had negative consequences for the respondents' mental health. In addition, the authors found unclear job descriptions to be a contributing factor to the work-related stress in both departments.

  • 210.
    Bengtsson, Emmelie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Hallström, Elina
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Ta emot mig när jag faller: Partnervåldsutsatta kvinnors erfarenheter av mötet med hälso- och sjukvården2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Intimate partner violence is a major public health problem, both globally and in Sweden, which mainly affects women in different-sex relationships. Intimate partner violence refers to physical, psychological or sexual violence by a current or former partner. The violence involves both physical and mental suffering of the abused woman and it is estimated that 17 women in Sweden dies as a result of partner violence each year. The health care system is the instance that female victims primarily choose to contact. The aim of the study was to highlight how women exposed to intimate partner violence experience meeting with health care. The study was conducted as a literature study, based on 15 scientific articles. Four major themes were identified from the results of the articles. The result of the literature study shows that a good interpersonal relationship is very important for the woman to reveal her situation. Many women have negative experiences of meeting with health care. Experiences of being asked, being treated with respect and understanding, as well as obtaining relevant information rarely occurred but were strongly requested. Enhancing the ability of health care professionals through education is of great importance. Further research should, in addition to women's experiences, also focus on the experiences of men in different-sex relationships and men and women in same-sex relationships.

  • 211.
    Bengtsson, Eva Lena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Biondic Rosander, Karolina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Storn, Bibbi
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Faktorer av betydelse för att sjuksköterskans överrapportering på en akutmottagning ska ske patientsäkert.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The work environment of the emergency department is stressful and dynamic. It had a constant high flow of patient, who need an urgent multiple care and nurse care. The most common transition of information between nurse´s is the patient handover, where the information is used for the care and the nursing care. Patient safety is jeopardized in case of lack of communication, where essential information is unfulfilled in the case of handover, both within and between different professions in health care. Lack of communication causes frequently health injuries and the emergency department is the section at the hospital where handover is most common. The purpose was to investigate which factors are important for the nurse's handover at the emergency department to occur safe for the patient. A literature study was conducted which was based on 10 articles of quantitative and qualitative methods. The results revealed two main categories with five associated subcategories: Handover within the emergency department; The importance of a structure, The work environment´s importance and The teamwork´s importance. Handover to and from the emergency department; The importance of creating an overall picture and The importance of cooperation between units within health organizations. Factors which affected the handover and accordingly the patient safety was unstructured clinical handover model, shift changes, interruptions, the environment for handoffs, interruptions, clarity, collaboration in team and between organizations, working experience, working relationships, health cultures, and ethical issues. Further research needs to highlight the factors of importance in the handover for the nurse on emergency departments.

  • 212.
    Bengtsson, Ida
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Larsson, Hanna
    Att vårda sin livskamrat: Upplevelser av att vårda en anhörig som har insjuknat i stroke2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stroke is a common disease that annually affects 30 000 people in Sweden. Stroke survivors may suffer physical and psychological disabilities. The impact of stroke also affects the next of kin´s of the stroke survivor who often become an informal caregiver. Informal caregivers of a relative stroke survivor may experience a heavy caring responsibility. The purpose of this scientific study was therefore to illuminate informal caregivers experiences of caring for a relative who has suffered a stroke. The study was conducted as a literature review in which 16 scientific articles were reviewed. In the result two themes were found, To care is burdened and To care is to adapt. The result showed that informal caregivers experienced heavy burden, loneliness and frustration. Informal caregivers felt that it was difficult and time consuming to adjust their daily lives to the relative. It was found that informal caregivers did not get enough support, information and education from health- professionals which they would have needed to learn how to cope with their new life situation. Nurses, and all health professionals, should pay attention to the situation of the informal caregivers. Continued nursing research on informal caregivers copingstrategies, and, how, were and when the nurse will give informal caregivers support, information and education is desirable.

  • 213.
    Bengtsson, Jennie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Andersson Zaheri, Philip
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Att uppleva meningsfullhet som äldre vid depression: En litteraturstudie om sjuksköterskans omvårdnadsåtgärder vid depression hos äldre2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Idag lever det drygt 350 miljoner människor i världen med depression och år 2020 beräknas depression vara det ledande skälet till sjuklighet i världen. I Sverige lever cirka 1,6 miljoner äldre varav runt 150 000 lider av depression. Antalet äldre som drabbas av depression ökar och tillståndet medför ett stort lidande, sänkt livskvalité samt ökar risken för dödlighet och suicid hos äldre. Sjuksköterskan har den avgörande rollen för att sätta in rätt omvårdnadsåtgärder då hen har den närmsta kontakten med denna patientgrupp. Syftet med studien var att belysa sjuksköterskans omvårdnadsåtgärder vid depression hos äldre. En allmän litteraturstudie genomfördes och resultatet baseras på 14 vetenskapliga artiklar som granskades och analyserades. Vid analysen av artiklarna framkom två kategorier: narrativt samtal på olika nivåer och att uppmuntra till meningsfulla handlingar. I resultat framkom omvårdnadsåtgärder som egenvård där sjuksköterskan tillsammans med den äldre fann egenvårdstrategier, att samordna och uppmuntra olika former av aktivitet som dans, musik, rörelseträning och social interaktion samt det narrativa samtalet där den äldre verbaliserade tankar, känslor samt minnen. Då antalet äldre med depression ökar bör utbildningar för allmänsjuksköterskor innehålla mer utbildning om depression hos äldre, dessutom bör kliniska verksamheter ge sjuksköterskan mer tid för att på så sätt ge äldre den omvårdnad som krävs vid depression.

  • 214.
    Bengtsson, Linda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Johansson, Susanna
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Omvårdnadsåtgärder för patienter med malign hjärntumör: Ett kunskapsunderlag2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Malign brain tumor is a common illness which gives different kinds of symptoms depending upon where the tumor is located. The treatment can give complications with many different symptoms. There are no clear guidelines how to practice nursing of the patient with a malign brain tumor. The aim of the study was therefore to compile knowledge about nursing interventions for patients with malign brain tumor. The study´s method was a review of literature of scientific articles, care programs, bachelor- and master´s thesis and books. Findings showed whom, how, where, what and when information should be given and how to manage the medication when patient was given chemotherapy, cortisone and epileptic seizures. Nurses must have knowledge of how observation/monitoring must be carried out. How nursing should be carried out at radiotherapy, nausea, malnutrition, fatigue/depression and at fever. One specific nurse is responsible for contacts and her role is to support and coordinate for the patient. The knowledge shows which nursing interventions the patient with a malign brain tumor needs. Implementation of the knowledge-based guidelines involves an evidence-based foundation for the nursing practice and an increased patient safety. More nursing research is needed in the future of patients with brain tumor.

  • 215.
    Bengtsson, Linnéa
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Johansson, Hanna
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    En plats för hälsa: Vårdmiljöns betydelse för patientens hälsa och välbefinnande2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nursing care is based on the humanistic perspective, which says that man should be seen in a holistic way, in which the environment is included. The purpose of this study was to illuminate the meaning of the health facility environment to the patients’ health and well-being. People are affected by places, as much as people affect each other and therefore it is important that nursing care also includes the impact of health facility environment on the patient. The results showed that various factors in the environment, both in the physical and psychosocial, can help the patient and promote his or her health and well-being. The most significant factors that can facilitate the patients’ health is the interaction between patient and nurse in the environment, safety in the new place, aesthetics in the health-care environment, continuity from the safe location to the new environment, distraction from the disease situation and facilitation of sense of control within the patient. Research shows that healthcare environment affects patients' health and well-being, however, there are no clear general guidelines on how good a health care environment should be created in the practical nursing work. It would be good for the nurses’ health care work for more knowledge and clearer general guidelines with focus on health facility environment were developed.

  • 216.
    Bengtsson Lundin, Hanna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Mjöberg, Sara
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Att skapa nya vanor och beteenden: Hur motivation påverkar människan2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kunskapen om motiverande faktorer som påverkar människor till att göra beteendeförändringar för att främja hälsa ökar kvaliteten i sjuksköterskans yrkesprofession. Syftet med studien var att beskriva faktorer som påverkar motivationen till livsstilsförändring. Studien genomfördes som en litteraturstudie där tolv vetenskapliga artiklar utgjorde underlaget för resultatet. I resultatet angavs två olika teman som kan relateras till motivationsfaktorer. Temana var sociala och psykologiska faktorer. De mest framträdande drivkrafterna relaterat till motivationsfaktorer var det sociala stödet, känslan av välbefinnande och somatiska symptom. Barriärer som framkom var bristen på engagemang, ohälsa och okunskap. Individer upplevde att tack vare ett socialt stöd och känslan av välbefinnande kunde hinder för motivation lättare övervinnas. En ökad medvetenhet bland sjuksköterskor kring vikten av motivation i det hälsofrämjande arbetet bör eftersträvas. Sjuksköterskans roll kopplas ofta ihop med vårdandet av sjuka människor men det promotiva arbetet måste också uppmärksammas. Fortsatt forskning kring vilka motivationsfaktorer som är drivande hos individer som genomgår livsstilsförändringar är nödvändig. Vidare forskning krävs för att sjuksköterskan på bästa sätt skall kunna uppmuntra och stötta individer i deras strävan mot hälsosammare levnadsvanor. Det är viktigt att sjuksköterskan under utbildningen får kunskap om motivationsfaktorer.

  • 217.
    Bengtsson, Malin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Palmgren, Fredrik
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Sjuksköterskors attityder till smärtbehandling av patienter med opioidmissbruk2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Patients with an opioid addiction may be perceived to have a socially deviant behavior which may lead to social stigmatization. To see patients as socially deviant in healthcare can lead to that they receive worse care and treatment than what they are entitled to. Pain is a subjective experience, where the patient has an individual perception of his pain and can not be compared with another's experience of pain. The purpose of the study was to examine nurses' attitudes to pain treatment of patients with opioid addiction. A systematic literature review was conducted consisting of 11 scientific articles. The results culminated in three categories: Attitudes towards patients with opioid addiction, Attitudes to the subjective pain and attitudes associated with experience and lack of knowledge. The results showed that nurses have negative attitudes towards patients with opioid addiction. The nurses were aware that patients with a previous or current opioid addiction experienced pain needed a higher dose of pain medication, they were perceived nonetheless as they lied to get an increased dose of opioids. The study highlighted a lack of knowledge of nurses regarding addiction and dependence, which could lead to a judgment of patients with opioid addiction. For further studies there is a need to study how patients with opioid addiction experienced nurses' attitudes in the caring encounter. 

  • 218.
    Bengtsson, Mimmi
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Andersen, Johanna
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Att leva med diabetes mellitus typ 2: Faktorer som påverkar individens upplevda livskvalité2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Diabetes är en av de stora folksjukdomarna ivärlden och cirka 300 000 personer i Sverige har diabetes mellitus typ 2. Tidigare forskningar har visat att olika diabetesrelaterade faktorer påverkar den upplevda livskvalitén negativt. Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att belysa vilka faktorer som påverkar den upplevda livskvalitén hos indi- vider med diabetes mellitus typ 2. Identifierade faktorer var bland annat egenvård, utbildning, komplikationer, depression, biverkningar samt behandlingar. Resultatet visade att egenvård och utbildning i sjukdomshantering hade en stark po- sitiv inverkan på livskvalitén. Studien visade också att det kan vara hälsovådligt om en individ med diabetes typ 2 drabbas av depressionssym- tom då det kan minska individens följsamhet i sin behandling vilket kan leda till svåra komplikat- ioner. Även hypo- och hyperglykemi visade sig ha en negativ inverkan på livskvalitén. Inade- kvata blodglukosvärden kan leda till mikro- och makrovaskulära komplikationer. Sjuksköterskan behöver besitta kunskaper kring hur dessa sjuk- domsrelaterade faktorer påverkar individen för att kunna hjälpa till att förbättra dennes livskvalité.

  • 219.
    Bengtsson, Oscar
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS), Biomechanics and Biomedicine.
    Petersson, Johan
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS), Biomechanics and Biomedicine.
    MAXIMAL STYRKA I ENBENSKNÄBÖJ KORRELERAR MED ACCELERATIONS KAPACITET OCH AGILITY2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Strong correlations have been found between strength in the two leg squat exercise and sprint performance in various distances but not in sprint performance in agility. In studies the most common way to test squat strength is on two legs.

    The purpose in this study was to investigate the correlation between maximal strength in a bulgarian split squat in a smith machine and speed in various sprint distances and agility.

    The test group were 19 men (age 23,9 ± 2,5 ) with regular experience in intermittent team sports. Sprint tests at 5, 10 and 20 meter and the zigzag agility test were performed. The bulgarian split squat was performed in a smith machine with the barbell on the shoulders to a depth of 110 degrees between tibia and femur.

    The results show significant correlation between maximal strength in the bulgarian split squat and sprint capacity in the 5 and 10 meter sprint test as well as the agility test. Maximal strength relative to bodyweight showed significant correlation with the 5 and 20 meter sprint as well as the agility test. The zigzag agility test also showed strong correlation between all distances in the sprint tests.

    Our conclusions based on the results are that the bulgarian split squat puts big demands on balance, stability and coordination and is therefore a specific movement towards sprints that include changes of direction. The maximum strength in a split squat is a good predictor for sprint capacity in sprints. Implementing one leg exercises in the strength and conditioning routine can be good for athletes in intermittent sports to improve the sports specific sprint capacity.

  • 220.
    Bengtsson, Pernilla
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Cederlöf, Åsa
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Sjuksköterskans attityd: till patienter med suicidalt beteende2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Health care nurse can meet patients with suicidal behavior which may seem stressful and evoke strong feelings for the nurse. There can also be a fear and uncertainty within nurses to patients with suicidal behavior that can lead to those nurses ignoring the suicidal patients. The purpose with the literature study was to illustrate the nurses’ attitude to patients with a suicidal behavior. The literature study was carried out by 5 qualitative and 10 quantitative articles, which were reviewed. It showed two categories, the judgmental attitude and the allowable attitude. The result showed that experience, age, education, psychiatric consultation and the actual mood of the nurse had significance for the attitude. It also showed that when the nurse had an allowable attitude the nursing became more positive which made the patients feel more cared for. When the nursing became negative it depended on that the nurse had a distance attitude or judgmental attitude. This could lead to that the patients recovery took a longer time. Several studies showed that the nurses who didn't have experience of working with patients with suicidal behavior had a more judgmental attitude compared to nurses with more experience. Further research of differences in male nurses’ and female nurses’ attitudes towards patients with suicidal behavior are needed, which is not showed in this study.

  • 221.
    Bengtsson, Rebecka
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Thidemansen, Mona
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Erfarenheter av palliativ vård ur ett patientperspektiv.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The experience of palliative care have been studied, but mainly from a next of kin and nursing perspective and little has been devoted to study the patient perspectives of the care offered. The purpose of this study was to illustrate experiences of palliative care from a patient perspective. Fourteen scientific articles were selected for review, analysis and processing in order to answer the present study purpose. The processing resulted in five categories, experiences of; communication, information, treatment, accessibility and place of care. Patients’ in need of palliative care experienced the communication as satisfactory. Deficiency in communication between care professions and the patient was experienced as negative. The nurse was perceived as a source of information and knowledge. Lack in given information experienced to result in decreased self-determination. The nurse treatment and availability affected the experience of care. The place of palliative care was at hospital, in hospice or at home and one common denominator was that all sites created safety for the patients. Nurses will during their careers face patients in need of palliative care. The nurses need a foundation to stand on in the meeting with the patient and it requires that the basic education includes mandatory education about palliative care. Greater cooperation between health professions and an ongoing research may help improve patients' experiences and quality of life in palliative care.

  • 222.
    Bengtsson, Veronika
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Lindälv, Lisa
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Olsson, Katarina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Skolsköterskors uppfattningar av att kommunicera hälsa med elever i årskurs fyra2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Healthiness in childhood gives conditions for a healthy life as an adult. The schools organisation and environment creates unique possibilities for health promotional work aimed at children. The school nurse plays an important role through the regular health visits performed during the school years. To meet children of different ages raises demands on the school nurses ability to communicate and mediate health messages. Health Promotion Model is used as a theoretical frame for the study. The aim of the study was to describe school nurses perceptions of communicating health with pupils in the fourth grade. The study was carried out as a qualitative study with an inductive approach. Six interviews with school nurses were held and the material was analysed with a phenomenografic method. The result of the study describes the school nurses perceptions of health communication with pupils in the fourth grade as a complex task. Three descriptive categories emerged; The relations has significance for health communication, The school nurse has a supporting role in helping the pupil to communicate its own health and The competence of the school nurse has significance for a good health communication. The categories are bound together by the word trust. The result of the study can be used within the school nurses own profession to create a wider understanding of health communication with pupils in the fourth grade. There is a need for further research regarding the pupils perceptions of health communication and also regarding the obstacles that the nurses describes. Research to develop three part communication between child-school nurse-parent is also of importance.

  • 223.
    Bengtsson, Viktor
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Pettersson, Martin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Musikintervention: Att använda musik för att lindra smärta2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Pain in all its dimensions is a state of ill health as well as a problem that affects the entire life-world of the individual. At the same time, music is something that all individuals have a subjective experience of what it means and how the body and mind are affected by its rhythm, harmony and melody. Therefore the study aimed to investigate how music as an intervention was perceived as a relief in pain. A literature study was used as method, where 11 scientific articles of both qualitative and quantitative approach was reviewed. The result was divided by code words and placed under the different pain dimensions. The result demonstrated that the music affected the individual's experience of pain in all of the dimensions. The physiological dimension, which focused on the physiological causes of the pain appeared most strongly influenced by the music intervention. Weakest influence the music had on the socio-cultural dimension, which focused largely on how the pain was manifested in the surroundings of the individual. The results also revealed that the most important thing for music intervention to be perceived as reliving in pain was that the piece of music was sufficiently appreciated by the individual.

  • 224.
    Bennedsen, Svetlana
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Boklund, Linda
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Törnkvist, Mikaela
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Anhörigvårdare till demenssjuk i hemmet - Erfarenhet av e-hälsa2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aging population is increasing in several countries in the world, which leads to an increase in people with a dementia disease. There is a development work to improve homecare so that the dementia can live at home. For carers who live with a dementia, life changes and the new change can become very demanding, leading to a mental and physical strain. Today, various e-health-based solutions are offered in care. The solutions are presented as a complement to traditional hospital care, when care can be conducted at home. The purpose of the study was to describe the carers experiences of e-health in connection with homecare for a dementia. The study was conducted as an integrative literature study, which gives a deeper understanding of a particular phenomenon in health care. The literature study results are based on 16 scientific articles. The analysis revealed five themes: Improved quality of life, emotional support, increased knowledge, simpler everyday life and technical challenges. EHealth proves to have a positive impact on quality of life, the carers felt safer and found a better balance for working in everyday life. Carers also described that ehealth was an effective way of gaining new knowledge and that it was convenient because they saved resources and energy compared to a visit to a clinic. Although technical challenges arose, the close carers were pleased with e-health-based solutions.

  • 225.
    Bennefors, Sandra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Bergström, Debbie
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Mötet efter suicidförsöket: Sjuksköterskans kunskapsbehov vid bemötande av patienter som försökt begå suicid2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The encounter with suicidal patients can occur in different departments depending ontheir need for somatic health care after suicide attempts. There is a need for broaderinterdisciplinary collaboration and knowledge about the encounter and care ofsuicidal patients as low experience in this area can create a risk of poor understandingand treatment of this patient. The nurses’ ignorance and fear to meet these patientsimpede adequate care. The aim was to highlight what knowledge nurses need to carefor patients in somatic departments who have survived suicide attempts. A literaturereview was used as method and included five qualitative and four quantitative articlesthat resulted in two themes and six categories. The first theme Approach in care ofpatients after attempted suicide had the subcategories: radiate hope and empathy;reflect on ones own attitudes, barriers and professional role; understand theimportance of good communication. The second theme Individualized holistic carefor prevention of further suicide attempts had the subcategories: see the whole person;identify risk factors and stressors; find resources for the will to live. The result can bethe implemented in clinical practice to provide nurses with greater knowledge andunderstanding of treatment, personalized guidance, patient safety and the preventionof further suicide attempts. There is an obvious need for updated guidelines,suggestions for continuing aftercare and further research on how suicidal patientsshould be treated in health care.

  • 226.
    Bensvik, Louise
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Leuchovius, Richard
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Att främja fysisk aktivitet hos inaktiva barn i åldrarna 9-13 år: En intervjustudie2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Children spend an increasing amount of time on sedentary activities. A project aimed at children in need of increasing their physical activity level was therefore initiated to prevent overweight and obesity, but also to increase children's involvement in agility and togetherness. Aim: To highlight a physical activity project aimed at children between the ages of 9-13, from the perspectives of the adults. Method: Seven semi-structured interviews were conducted with people involved in the project. The interviews were analyzed with qualitative content analysis. Results: The analysis resulted in two main categories: “Children and adults in a physical activity project ” and “To be leaders in an activity promotion project”. The informants described the project as an open and prestige less activity which created feelings of togetherness in the children and strengthened and increased their self-esteem. The children's attitude towards physical activity also showed increased pleasure and joyness for being physically active and agile. The results show the importance of custom-made projects for sedentary children. Conclusion: A custom-made physical activity project amenable for sedentary children where they can be themselves, and develop with other children and adults, creates an increased joy for physical activity and being agile.

  • 227.
    Berg, Alexandra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Karlsson, Natalie
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Dödshjälp eller livshjälp?: Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av palliativ sedering2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nurses’ role in the palliative care is to promote autonomy, quality of life and relieve suffering. Palliative sedation is a treatment method that aims to reduce unbearable suffering, but leads to a reduced level of consciousness and limitation of autonomy which the nurse contributes to. The aim of the study was to examine nurses' experiences of palliative sedation. The study was conducted as a general literature study, guided by content analysis based on an inductive approach. The results of the literature study reveals that nurses’ experience an ambivalence in the participation of palliative sedation. Nurses' experience ethical dilemmas when the desire to do what seems best for the patient, is inadequate to depriving patient autonomy and fear of hastening death. Guidelines nor the knowledge of palliative sedation are seen enough to provide nurses’ with comfort in their work with palliative sedation. An establishment of regulations and national guidelines are therefor of value to promote good care on equal terms.

  • 228.
    Bergenblad, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Validation study of a portable accelerometer to measure muscular power output: Correlation between the Beast Sensor and the linear encoder MuscleLab2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background: The ability to produce a high power output can be the deciding factor in determining which athlete wins or loses in a sporting event. Power output can be measured in an exercise like the squat or bench press. The use of a force plate, or a force plate paired with a linear position transducer is considered the gold standard when measuring power output in an exercise like the squat or bench press. Linear position transducers or linear encoders have also been considered valid methods. Power output can also be measured by accelerometers.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test the concurrent validity of the accelerometer Beast Sensor by measuring average power in explosive squatting and bench pressing at 40 % and 80 % of one repetition maximum (1RM). The linear encoder MuscleLab was used as criterion.

    Methods: 17 test subjects, five women and 12 men (average age 28 years) were recruited. Fifteen of the subjects completed two test sessions. The first session determined their 1RM. The second session took place 7-14 days later and measured average power output during two sets of three repetitions at 40 % and 80 % of the subjects 1RM in explosive squats and bench presses. The average power output of the repetitions was measured simultaneously by Beast Sensor and MuscleLab. For the Beast Sensor to be considered valid, a correlation coefficient of 0.9 or higher needed to be reached.

    Results: Beast Sensor demonstrated high or very high correlations with MuscleLab for average power output of explosive squats at 40 % of 1RM (rs = 0.91), and for explosive bench presses at 40 % (rs = 0.86) and 80 % of 1RM (rs = 0.74). However, for explosive squats at 80 % of 1RM, the correlation was low (rs = 0.42). All correlations were statistically significant with p-values of < 0.01. Beast Sensor was considered valid for squats at 40 % of 1RM, but neither at 80 % of 1RM in squats, nor at 40 % or 80 % of 1RM in bench presses.

    Conclusion: Beast Sensor showed high or very high correlations with the criterion MuscleLab in three of the four assessed data variables. Only the correlation for average power output of the explosive squats at 40 % of the subject’s 1RM reached the required correlation coefficient of 0.9 or higher for the Beast Sensor to be considered valid. Except for at 40 % of 1RM in squats, Beast Sensor missed a substantial amount of repetitions. Further studies examining the reliability of the Beast Sensor are therefore needed. 

  • 229.
    Berger, Beatrice
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Johansson, Sandra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Patienters upplevelser av att behandlas med medicinsk cannabis vid kronisk smärta: En litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Chronic pain is a widespread issue and conventional analgesic treatment is insufficient for many patients. Medical cannabis (MC) is discussed today as a pain management alternative but more research is recommended in the field to determine the risks associated with short-term and long-term treatment. The aim of this literature-based study was to explore patient´s experiences of MC as an analgesic treatment in chronic pain. An inductive approach was chosen, of which three articles with a qualitative approach, seven articles with a quantitative approach and a mixed-method article were included in the result. An analysis of the content was conducted and themes with associated subthemes were designed. The result presents different aspects that affect the experience of MC as a treatment. Stigmatization related to MC was found to occur from both the surrounding sphere and healthcare staff. Reduced pain-intensity, increased quality of life and reduction of other drugs were reported. The literature study shows that nurses should acquire knowledge about the drug as well as the experience of it, in order to respond to and inform patients who request this treatment for chronic pain. Nurses also need to be aware of the potential risks of the drug with, for example, adverse effects and risk of further abuse, and work proactively to avoid this. 

  • 230.
    Berggren, Anette
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Jansson, Eliana
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Sjöstrand, Charlotta
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    En komplex vardag: Att leva med tvångssyndrom2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tvångssyndrom är en psykisk sjukdom som ca 2 % av världens befolkning lever med och som visar sig som tvångstankar eller tvångstankar och tvångshandlingar. Den ångest som ligger bakom tvångssyndromet lindras med hjälp av tvångshandlingar. Då sjuksköterskan i sitt yrke kommer att träffa personer med tvångssyndrom är det viktigt med förståelse om hur vardagen ser ut för personer med tvångssyndrom och hur de upplever sitt syndrom.

    I denna litteraturstudie, vars syfte var att öka sjuksköterskans kunskaper kring de komplexa situationer som kan uppstå vid omvårdnaden av personer med tvångssyndrom genom att belysa erfarenheter av den levda vardagen hos personer med tvångssyndrom, har 12 artiklar varav 4 kvalitativa och 8 kvantitativa systematiskt granskats och analyserats.

    Resultatet visar att personer med tvångssyndrom lever med en låg livskvalitet i förhållande till personer utan tvångssyndrom. En försämrad livskvalitet påverkar personens vardagliga liv genom att negativt påverka relationer, arbete och utbildning.

    För att ytterligare öka förståelsen för personer med tvångssyndrom rekommenderas ytterligare kvalitativ forskning om personers upplevelser. Att nå ut till sjuksköterskestudenter och verksamma sjuksköterskor med resultatet av ny forskning är av stor vikt. Temadagar om psykisk ohälsa under utbildningen samt på arbetsplatser kan öka förståelsen inom ämnet.

  • 231.
    Berggren, Annie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Fehrm, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Skapa en vardag med en främling: närståendes upplevelser av vardagen när en familjemedlem drabbats av stroke2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Up to 30,000 people annually suffers primary stroke. Due to an older population and enlarged incidence of illness, sickness are increasingly tending to affect family and close relatives. Stroke incidence generally results in impairments which also may affect relatives’ everyday life and lived world. The purpose of this study was to illuminate the experiences of close relatives of everyday life by the time a family member suffered stroke. The study was conducted as a literature review in which twelve articles formed the result. The result showed that stroke incidence was seen as a trauma and chaos of existential meaning. The incidence was seen to have many negative effects on family functioning such as unwanted roles and unfair expectations. High stress in relationships evoked feelings of alienation. Family focused nursing might be a tool of scientific support to capture the whole family and kindred health and alleviate unnecessary suffering. Further research on information sharing and long-term psychological follow-up could help family to process the trauma.

  • 232.
    Bergholtz, Helene
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Vilson, Paulina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Patienters upplevelse av livskvalitet vid palliativ vård i hemmet: En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An increased number of patients choose to end their life in home environments, with support from palliative efforts from home care services. Since quality of life is an important goal in palliative care, knowledge of the nurse regarding which factors that affect the quality of life in the patients is important. The aim was to through a literature study explore what affected the patient´s experience of quality of life in conjunction with palliative care in the home environment. The result was from ten scientific articles, whereof two qualitative articles, seven quantitative articles and one with mixed method, which resulted in two main categories: Physical and psychological symptoms and psychosocial factors. The result showed that if both physical and psychological symptoms were alleviated, the patient´s quality of life increased. The result also deals with how the nurse in the palliative care can give the patient relevant information, support, security and hope, which also increases the quality of life. By as a nurse be able to give the patient time, both security and quality of life were increased. Something that emerged in the result was that a large proportion of patients suffered from depression, further research is needed for the development of easy-use-screening instruments. Nurses need continuous competence development in palliative care, to be able to develop new skills for the ability to take relevant care measures to be able to increase the perceived quality of life in the patients in the palliative phase.

  • 233.
    Berglund, Jenny
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Haraldsson, Caisa
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Högt tryck på hälsan: En metasyntes om hur glaukom påverkar livet2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Glaucoma is a progressive chronic disease that slowly decreases visual perception. In order to optimize and individualize the care to people living with glaucoma, the ophthalmic nurse needs to understand the impact glaucoma has on daily life. The aim of this metha-synthesis is to present a synthesis of current research concerning experiences of living with glaucoma. The results of this metha-synthesis indicates that the feelings and experiences of living with glaucoma are coherent internationally. Glaucoma has both an emotional impact and an effect of the perceived autonomy. The treatment and regularly contacts with healthcare providers disturbs daily life. In order to improve the perceived health, persons with glaucoma need knowledge, how to cope with the different dimensions of the disease and the treatment. If the ophthalmic nurse, more efficiently could identify the areas in need of care, health promoted, check-up intervals prolonged, and the costs of healthcare reduced. Further research is needed concerning what persons living with glaucoma would prefer the healthcare to focus on, as well as the socioeconomic impact of their preferences.

  • 234.
    Berglund, Malin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Granville-Self, Anette
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Distriktssköterskans förhållningssätt till hälsolitteracitet i bemötandet av patienter på en vårdcentral2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Health literacy is the patient's cognitive ability to understand and apply health information. According to Henderson's nursing theory the nurse should understand and assist the patient who does not have sufficient motivation, knowledge or strength to independently achieve health. The aim of this study was to identify the district nurses' attitude to health literacy in their treatment of patients at a medical centre. The study was a qualitative interview study with an inductive approach. Five district nurses from three medical centres were interviewed using an interview guide based on semi-structured questions. A qualitative content analysis was performed and revealed the following theme; the district nurse encouraged patient participation through an approachable and committed approach to health literacy. Three categories were identified; strive for trust, adapt to the patient and encourage empowerment. The district nurses described that they strived to create insight and motivation to encourage them to participate in their own health care. None of the district nurses in this pilot study were familiar with the term health literacy. Despite this, they described that they understood that their patients had differing abilities in understanding and applying information. This pilot study offers a basis for a full-scale study of district nurses application of health literacy, customized to Swedish health care system. 

  • 235. Berglund, Marika
    et al.
    Jönsson, Ulrika
    Distriktssköterskors upplevelser av kommunikationssvårigheter med icke-svensktalande patienter vid triage på vårdcentral2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: I takt med den ökande invandringen till Sverige möter distriktssköterskor allt oftare icke-svensktalande patienter, som söker hjälp i triaget på vårdcentraler. För att kunna gör en medicinsk bedömning och avgöra vårdnivå behöver det finnas en fungerande kommunikation mellan distriktssköterskan och patienten. Distriktssköterskan behöver dessutom kunna förmedla information bland annat i form av egenvårdsråd till dessa patienter. Syfte: Att undersöka distriktssköterskors upplevelser av kommunikationssvårigheter med icke-svensktalande patienter vid triage på vårdcentral. Metod: Studien är en intervjustudie baserad på tolv intervjuer. Dataanalysen genomfördes med kvalitativ innehållsanalys enligt Graneheim och Lundman . Resultat: I resultatet framkom två kategorier: En utmanande kommunikation och Att kunna kommunicera på andra sätt. Distriktssköterskor berättade att de upplevde osäkerhet och oro för att missa en allvarlig åkomma på grund av språksvårigheter. De uttryckte även att bristen på tid utgjorde ett hinder i kommunikationen. Dessutom uppgavs ett antal olika kulturella faktorer som försvårade kommunikationen med icke-svensktalande. Distriktssköterskorna använde sig av uppfinningsrikedom och fantasi för att kunna kommunicera. De tog även hjälp av anhöriga som tolkade eller professionella tolkar.  Konklusion: Att kommunicera med icke-svensktalande vid triage är en utmaning för distriktssköterskor och kräver att distriktssköterskorna kan kommunicera på andra sätt. Ökade resurser i form av tid och lättare tillgång till tolk hade kunnat underlätta för distriktssköterskor som möter dessa patienter. Utbildning i transkulturell, kulturanpassad omvårdnad på grund- och specialistutbildningar inom omvårdnad skulle kunna öka förståelsen och kunskapen och därigenom leda till bättre förutsättningar för kommunikation.   

  • 236.
    Bergman, Emelie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Emmelie, Johansson
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Intensivvårdssjuksköterskans smärtbedömning av en medvetslös patient2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Patienter som vårdats på en intensivvårdsavdelning beskriver ofta att de under vistelsen upplevt smärta, vilket kan ge traumatiska minnen lång tid efter. Patienten är i regel ventilatorbehandlad och har en fluktuerande medvetandegrad eller är medvetslösa. Vid medvetslöshet har patienten inte förmåga att uttrycka sig verbalt utan andra sätt att tolka och bedöma smärta ska då användas. Syftet med denna studie var att belysa hur intensivvårdssjuksköterskan evidensbaserat bedömer smärta hos en medvetslös intensivvårdspatient. En deskriptiv kvalitativ studie genomfördes. Fokusgruppsintervju med tre intensivvårdssjuksköterskor utfördes på en intensivvårdsavdelning i Västra Sverige och analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Intensivvårdssjuksköterskorna observerade och bedömde patientens ansikts-, kroppsliga- och fysiologiska uttryck. Teamet runt patienten och information av närstående ansågs viktiga vid smärtbedömning. Smärtanamnes och dokumentation var andra faktorer som gav förutsättning för bedömning. Avsaknad av bedömningsinstrument, tidspress och personalbrist utgjorde hinder för smärtbedömning. Bedömningen ansågs vara individuell beroende på erfarenhet, intuition, personlig tolkning och utvärdering efter smärtlindring. Implementering av smärtbedömningsinstrument kan leda till kontinuerlig och strukturerad bedömning.

  • 237.
    Bergman, Lina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS), Biomechanics and Biomedicine.
    Algotsson, Marcus
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS), Biomechanics and Biomedicine.
    Effekten av 6 veckor unilaterala knäböj, med eller utan isokinetiskt motstånd, på power och sprinttid på is hos manliga ishockeyspelare2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Ice-hockey are physically demanding. To be able to perform during a game it is required thatthe players have a high maximum leg strength and power. A bilateral squat is a valid and widespread exercise for improving muscle strength and power in the legs. Even more specific forice-hockey is the unilateral squat. During an isokinetic movement the velocity is pre-set andtherefore constant, while the force can be altered during the movement. Most isokineticsystems have been designed for unilateral training, but in terms of isokinetic multi-jointexercises, such as the squat, there seems to be no research until this day.The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of six weeks unilateral strength training(squat), either through traditional or isokinetic training, on power-output and 17.3 m sprinttime on ice among male junior ice-hockey players.20 elite male ice-hockey players, 18-19 years of age, was randomly divided in two differenttraining groups. One group (QG) did isokinetic unilateral squats in 1080 Quantum, with anangle of 110o degrees in the knee joint. The other group (SG) did traditional unilateral squatsin a Smith-machine, also with an angle of 110o degrees in the knee joint. The period oftraining was set to six weeks. Both groups participated in pre- and post-tests consisting ofsprint on ice and peak power in unilateral and bilateral jump squats.A significant improvement was seen with QG in peak power performed on both legs(p=0,004). SG had a significant improvement in unilateral squat performed on the right leg(p=0,018). A tendency to significant improvement was seen with QG in the ice-sprint(p=0,059).Isokinetic unilateral squat in a Smith-machine with a concentric velocity set to 0,2m/sec andan eccentric velocity set to 4,0m/sec with a maximum force is an effective exercise toimprove power-output on two legs, perhaps also to improve sprint ability on ice, among icehockeyplayers. It is difficult to draw conclusion about the results from this study whetherisokinetic unilateral squats is an effective method to improve the power compared totraditional unilateral squats in a Smith-machine with maximum speed.

  • 238.
    Bergman, Louize
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Carlsson, Jessica
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Äldre personers upplevelse av att leva ensamma efter förlust av partner2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att förlora en partner är en dominerande händelse hos äldre och att bli ensam efter förlust av partner förändrar livet radikalt. Personer som efterlämnats behöver all hjälp och stöd de kan få för att hantera sin sorg och anpassa sig till den nya situationen som änka eller änkling. Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att beskriva äldre personers upplevelse av att leva ensam efter förlust av partner. Resultatet baseras på 17 vetenskapliga artiklar och analysen resulterade i två kategorier: känslor och tankaroch livsförändringar. I resultatet framkom att personer som blivit ensamma efter förlust av partner kunde uppleva ångest, oro, tomhet och meningslöshet. I studien framkom även upplevelser av att ha förlorat sin identitet och att känna sig ensam bland vänner och familj och en känsla av utanförskap i samband med gruppaktiviteter. Förlusten kunde öka risken för ohälsa men för en del individer innebar förlusten ett ökat välbefinnande. Därför är det viktigt att sjuksköterskan sätter sig in i varje unik individs situation för att kunna bedriva en personcentrerad omvårdnad och stödja individen i att leva ensam efter förlusten av en partner. Med förändrade sociala roller och relationer kommer det i framtiden behövas ny forskning då upplevelsen av att leva ensam efter förlust av partner sannolikt kommer att förändrats.

  • 239.
    Bergman, Stefan
    Research and Development Centre, Spenshult, Oskarström, Sweden.
    Psychosocial aspects of chronic widespread pain and fibromyalgia2005In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 27, no 12, p. 675-683Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: To study the impact on health status as measured by SF-36 in groups of subjects having chronic musculoskeletal pain with different degree of generalization: No chronic pain (NCP), chronic regional pain (CRP), chronic widespread pain (CWP), CWP with a stricter 'Manchester' definition (CWP-M), and clinically defined fibromyalgia (FM). The study also examines the association between psychosocial and lifestyle background variables, and these pain-groups.

    METHOD: A cross-sectional study with a postal survey to 3928 subjects, constituting a representative sample of the adult general population, followed by clinical examination in a selected group of subjects with CWP. CWP and FM were diagnosed according to ACR 1990 fibromyalgia criteria. Health status was measured by SF-36 Health Survey.

    RESULTS: Patients with CWP, CWP-M, and FM were found to present with more severe impairment of health status than the other two population groups. Several psychosocial factors, such as belonging to a lower socio-economic group, being an immigrant, living in a compromised housing area, having lower educational level, experiencing lower social support and having a family history of chronic pain, were associated with the populations with CWP and FM.

    CONCLUSIONS: The spectrum of impact on health and association to background variables, with respect to a stricter definition of CWP, indicates that these factors are important to attend to in the understanding and management of CWP and FM.

    © 2005 Taylor & Francis Group Ltd.

  • 240.
    Bergman, Stefan
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden & University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden & RandD centre Spenshult, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Haglund, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, The Rydberg Laboratory for Applied Sciences (RLAS). RandD centre Spenshult, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Aili, Katarina
    RandD centre Spenshult, Halmstad, Sweden & Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Olsson, Cecilia
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bremander, Ann
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, The Rydberg Laboratory for Applied Sciences (RLAS). Lund University, Lund, Sweden & RandD centre Spenshult, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Chronic widespread pain, sleep problems and pressure pain thresholds in a population sample2018In: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, ISSN 0003-4967, E-ISSN 1468-2060, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 1645-1646Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 241.
    Bergman, Stefan
    et al.
    Primary Care Centre Hertig Knut, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Herrström, Per
    Högström, K.
    Petersson, Ingemar F.
    Svensson, Björn
    Jacobsson, Lennart T.
    Chronic musculoskeletal pain, prevalence rates, and sociodemographic associations in a Swedish population study2001In: Journal of Rheumatology, ISSN 0315-162X, E-ISSN 1499-2752, Vol. 28, no 6, p. 1369-1377Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of chronic regional and widespread musculoskeletal pain in a sample of the general adult population and study the association to age, sex, socioeconomic class, immigration, and housing area.

    METHODS: A cross sectional survey with a postal questionnaire to 3928 inhabitants on the west coast of Sweden.

    RESULTS: The age and sex adjusted prevalence of chronic regional pain (CRP) was 23.9% and chronic widespread pain (CWP) 11.4% among 2425 subjects who responded to the complete questionnaire. Odds ratio (OR) for CWP showed a systematic increasing gradient with age and was highest in the age group 59-74 yrs (OR 6.36, 95% CI 3.85-10.50) vs age group 20-34 yrs. CWP was also associated with female sex (OR 1.91, 95% CI 1.41-2.61), being an immigrant (OR 1.83, 95% CI 1.22-2.77), living in a socially compromised housing area (OR 3.05, 95% CI 1.48-6.27), and being an assistant nonmanual lower level employee (OR 1.92, 95% CI 1.09-3.38) or manual worker (OR 2.72, 95% CI 1.65-4.49) vs being an intermediate/higher nonmanual employee. OR for CRP showed a systematic increasing gradient with age and was highest in the age group 59-74 yrs (OR 2.22, 95% CI 1.62-3.05) vs age group 20-34 yrs. CRP was also associated with being a manual worker (OR 1.63, 95% CI 1.19-2.23) vs being an intermediate/higher nonmanual employee.

    CONCLUSION: Chronic musculoskeletal pain is common in the general population. Sociodemographic variables were overall more frequently and strongly associated with CWP than with CRP, which indicates different pathophysiology in the development or preservation of pain in the 2 groups.

  • 242.
    Bergman, Stefan
    et al.
    Research and Development Centre, Spenshult, Oskarström, Sweden.
    Jacobsson, Lennart T.H.
    Herrström, Per
    Petersson, Ingemar F.
    Health status as measured by SF‐36 reflects changes and predicts outcome in chronic musculoskeletal pain: a 3‐year follow up study in the general population2004In: Pain, ISSN 0304-3959, E-ISSN 1872-6623, Vol. 108, no 1-2, p. 115-123Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The SF-36 is a well-validated health status instrument measuring eight different health concepts. One aim of this study was to compare health status as measured by SF-36 in subjects from the general population with no chronic pain (NCP), chronic regional pain (CRP), and chronic widespread pain (CWP). A second aim was to assess if SF-36 could reflect changes in pain status over time. A third aim was to study if health status at baseline, measured by SF-36, could predict pain status 3 years later. The study was designed as a 3-year follow up with a postal questionnaire, including the SF-36 health survey, to 2357 subjects from the general population aged 20-74 years. The results were controlled for age, sex, co-morbidity, and socio-economic status. At baseline, all eight health concepts of SF-36 discriminated between subgroups with NCP, CRP and CWP. Changes in SF-36 over the 3-year follow up time coincided with improvement or deterioration of pain status. Baseline SF-36 scores predicted pain outcome 3 years later. These results support that both physical and mental aspects of health status as measured by SF-36 are affected by the burden of musculoskeletal pain, are sensitive to changes in pain status, and also predict the further development of pain. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 243.
    Bergsten, Ulrika
    et al.
    Research and Development Centre at Spenshult Hospital, Oskarström, Swede.
    Bergman, Stefan
    Research and Development Centre at Spenshult Hospital, Oskarström, Swede.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Alfredsson, Lars
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Berglund, Anita
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Petersson, Ingemar F.
    Lund University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
    Arvidsson, Barbro
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Patients’ conceptions of the cause of their Rheumatoid Arthritis: A qualitative study2009In: Musculoskeletal Care, ISSN 1478-2189, E-ISSN 1557-0681, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 243-255Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 244.
    Bergsten, Ulrika
    et al.
    School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Bergman, Stefan
    Spenshult Hosp, Ctr Res & Dev, Oskarstrom, Sweden .
    Fridlund, Bengt
    School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Arvidsson, Barbro
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    “Delivering knowledge and advice”: Healthcare providers’ experiences of their interaction with patients’ management of rheumatoid arthritis2011In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 6, no 4, article id 8473Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rheumatic diseases are often chronic and involve a lifetime of suffering. The focus of rheumatology care is to support patients to manage their lives and master their disease. Healthcare providers and patients have different views on the consequences of living with rheumatic diseases and patients are reporting unmet healthcare needs. There is a need to integrate providers’ perspective to develop the quality of rheumatology care. The aim was to explore healthcare providers’ experiences of their interaction with patients in their management of RA. Interviews with 18 providers from different clinical settings were analysed in accordance with the grounded theory method. A core category; Delivering knowledge and advice was found to be the most important task and involved providing the patient with information about the disease and appropriate forms of treatment. Healthcare providers’ attitudes and patients’ responses influenced the outcome of the delivery of knowledge and advice and three dimensions emerged; completed delivery, adjusted delivery and failed delivery. There were differences in the providers’ experiences in their interaction with patients as well as in reflections on their role as the delivering part. There could be difficulties in the interaction when patients’ expectations and preferences were not taken into account when giving advice. These findings highlight the importance of developing rheumatology care, as no provider or patient benefits if the delivery of knowledge and advice becomes a failed delivery. The healthcare organization must acknowledge the difficulties involved in the interaction with patients in their management of RA and find methods to develop a more person-centred approach to care.

  • 245.
    Bergsten, Ulrika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Bergman, Stefan
    Spenshult Hospital, Oskarström, Sweden.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Arvidsson, Barbro
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    "Striving for a good life" - the management of reumatoid arthritis as experienced by patients2011In: Open Nursing Journal, ISSN 1874-4346, E-ISSN 1874-4346, Vol. 5, p. 95-101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim:

    To generate a theoretical model how patients experience their management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in everyday life.

    Method:

    An explorative design with the grounded theory approach was used by interviewing 16 informants with RA.

    Results:

    The generated theoretical model emerged in a core category-Striving for a good life with two categories; making use of personal resources and grasping for support from others, which formed the base of managing RA. When relating these categories together, four dimensions emerged which characterised patients' different ways of managing RA: mastering, relying, struggling and being resigned.

    Discussion:

    The management of RA incorporated the use of personal resources and the grasping for support from others. Both self-management strategies and patients' need of support were highlighted as aspects that were of importance when managing RA. Patients' experiences of their need of support to manage RA give extended knowledge that is of importance for nurses and other healthcare providers. The relationship between patients and healthcare providers is always the key to a good encounter. Interventions to increase self-management in RA have to incorporate this knowledge when trying to increase patients' self-efficacy and with their experience of support.

  • 246.
    Bergstrand, Sanna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Ottosson, Frida
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Skammen, skulden och tystnaden: Att bli utsatt för sexuella övergrepp, offrets reaktioner och sjuksköterskans förhållningssätt2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sexuella övergrepp är det mest integritetskränkande brottet som en människa kan utsättas för. Sjuksköterskor kommer att stöta på patienter som blivit utsatta för sexuella övergrepp eftersom det är ett växande samhällsproblem. Syftet med litteraturstudien var att belysa vanliga reaktioner samt sjuksköterskans förhållningssätt till vuxna individer som blivit utsatta för sexuella övergrepp. Resultatet delades in i tre teman: reaktioner, sjuksköterskans förhållningssätt och att komma tillbaka efter sexuella övergrepp. Alla människor är olika och får olika reaktioner, dock är de vanligaste reaktionerna efter sexuella övergrepp att känna skam och skuld, ångest och flashbacks. I värsta fall kan drabbade personen utveckla posttraumatiskt stressyndrom. Som sjuksköterska är det viktigt att skapa en god relation till patienten och våga ställa frågor vid misstanke om sexuella övergrepp för att kunna ge en så god vård som möjligt. Att komma tillbaka efter sexuella övergrepp är en lång resa och alla har olika sätt att bearbeta händelsen på. Bearbetningen börjar när patienten har accepterat händelsen och det sker i olika takt. Forskning inom detta område behövs för att på bästa sätt kunna bemöta och hjälpa patienter som blivit utsatta för sexuella övergrepp, även mer utbildning i sjuksköterskeprogrammet efterfrågas.

  • 247.
    Bergén, Sara
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Björk, Marina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Upplevelsen av att vara syskon till ett långvarigt sjukt barn: En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The healthy child is affected by living with a sibling that has a chronic disease the same way as it affects the whole family. It is important that the nurse includes the healthy siblings in the care, sees them as a part of the family and helps them to a sense of coherence. The aim in this literature study was to describe the sibling´s experience of having a brother or sister with a chronic disease. The result includes ten articles and from them three themes with subthemes emerged. The first theme is changes for the sibling with subthemes as challenges for the family and challenges in everyday life. The second theme that emerged was the sibling’s needs with four subthemes: need of the family, need in everyday life, need of knowledge and need of support. The last theme was the sibling´s feelings with the following subthemes: feelings about the family, feelings about themselves and feelings about the environment. The siblings want to be seen as a part of the family and they feel that the sibling relationship deepens. They want to be involved in the care of the sick child and they have a need of information about what they can do, but also the need for increased knowledge about diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. 

  • 248.
    Berndtsson, Karin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Lekman, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Jag är unik men ändå som alla andra: En litteraturstudie om att vara ung och leva med en kronisk sjukdom2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To live with a chronic disease as an adolescent or a young adult is combined with a lifelong reliance on, and frequent contact with the healthcare system. Young people have both life dreams and thoughts of the future that may have to be revalued due to their chronic disease. The study was made as inductive literature review. The aim was to illuminate the experience of adolescence and young adult living with a chronic disease. Four themes emerged: experience of wanting to feel normal, perception of health and quality of life, experiences in relation to the future and experience of independence. The young people with a chronic disease had a desire to be accepted and treated as anyone else. Mental strength and adaption to life were seen as important factors of health. The conclusion was that young people experienced a varying need of support why it is needed knowledge among health care professionals to adapt this. Further research about this specific age group is needed and increased knowledge about this phenomenon is vital for nurses meeting adolescence and young adults with chronic disease.

  • 249.
    Bernhardsdottir, Johanna
    et al.
    Department of Nursing University of Iceland Reykjavik Iceland & Landspitali-The National University Hospital of Iceland Reykjavik Iceland .
    Dimmit Champion, Jane
    School of Nursing The University of Texas at Austin Austin, TX USA .
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). The Institute of Health and Care Science Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg Gothenburg Sweden.
    The experience of participation in a brief cognitive behavioural group therapy for psychologically distressed female university students2014In: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 1351-0126, E-ISSN 1365-2850, Vol. 21, no 8, p. 679-686Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to elucidate the experience of participation in four sessions of cognitive behavioural group therapy for psychological distress for female university students' (n = 19), aged 22–45 years. Data were gathered with semi-structured interviews during March and April 2008 and analysed according to thematic content analysis. The results identified four themes: ‘Gaining knowledge and understanding’, ‘Becoming more balanced and positive in thinking’, ‘Feeling more self-confident and in control’ and ‘Opportunities for practice and in-depth reflections’. Future recommendations include an increase in sessions from four to five, with one booster session to follow-up on newly acquired skills. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  • 250.
    Berntsen, Hedda
    et al.
    Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Ivarsson, Andreas
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Kristiansen, Elsa
    School of Business, University of South-Eastern Norway, Drammen, Norway.
    Need-supportiveness and athlete well-being: Coaches’ competence-support at risk in the elite sport context throughout the season2019In: Current Issues in Sport Science, ISSN 2414-6641, Vol. 4, article id 010Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore how perceptions of coaches’ behaviour affected athletes’ wellbeing, by examining: (a) the potential change in perceptions of need-support from the coach (over an academic year), and (b) the within-person relationship between the three aspects of need-supportiveness and subjective vitality at the end of the winter sport season. Elite student athletes (N = 102, M age = 17.04) completed a questionnaire three times. Bayesian growth curve analyses showed that perceptions of relatedness and autonomy support were stable and high throughout the year. In contrast, perceptions of competence support decreased during the season. In addition, the results showed a credible positive within-person relationship between changes in all three facets of needsupportiveness from the coach and vitality measured at the end of the season, which supports SDT tenets. These findings reveal the importance of need-support for athletes’ well-being, and show that competence support needs extra attention in the elite sport context where competence satisfaction is constantly challenged.

2345678 201 - 250 of 2006
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