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  • 1651.
    Winter Söderberg, Cristoffer
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    Göransson, Stephanie
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    THE BANK CRISIS FINANCIAL RATIOS: A comparative research of the UK and Sweden during 2006-20102011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The credit crunch that started the 9th of August 2007 is generally viewed as the most significant crisis to affect the financial markets and the global economy since the 1930s.The UK financial sector was heavily hit by the crisis which resulted in a dry up in lending and left a black hole in the British banks‟ finances. During the last quarter of 2010 the GDP shank unexpectedly with 0.5 percent from the third quarter which created concerns about going back into the recession. Contrarily, for Swedish economy 2010 was an impressing year with an unexpected GDP growth of 7, 3 percent in the last quarter.The purpose of this study is to analyse how the finance crisis has affected the leading banks‟ performance within the two countries and see whether the differences in values can explain the difference in GDP growth during the last quarter of 2010. The analyse is performed through a financial ratio analysis of the different banks.The final results of the research indicates to that the Swedish banks have been more profitable, have had a more secure and higher quality of lending and more capacity to lower cost related to income than the British banks. The more distinctive negative influence is mostly based on the larger amount of credit losses the British banks had to experience which contributed to their significant decrease in earnings per share which created scepticism on the credit market followed by a severe slowdown in consumption and in GDP growth. Since the credit losses never got to same levels in Sweden as in the UK the scepticism of the Swedish banking system did not affect the reduction in credit use and house prises to the same extent and GDP growth could recover back to normal levels sooner than in the UK.

  • 1652.
    Wislander, Emmy
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    Lundqvist, Tom
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    Styrelse och Ledningsgrupp - Hur går det till?: En studie över hur styrelse och ledningsgrupp interagerar vid strategi2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 1653.
    Wolfsteller, Corinna
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    Jingyu, Yu
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    HR Practices - Lessons of successful, innovative companies2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Motivation: Through the increasing demand in new products, companies within international business context have to implement innovation efforts and so, they are searching for talents in an increasing amount of available employees.

    Problem statement: The problem of those firms is to employ the right people (talents) on one side and to ensure the innovative performance of the company on the other side.

    Research approach: For solving this issue, a qualitative research was chosen, while conducting a Swedish and a German case study of suitable companies and interviewing them about their practices of attracting, selecting, and integrating talents.

    Results: There is support found for the connection between the recruitment of talents and the innovative performance.

    Conclusions: The results contribute to talent management and provide lessons from successful cases as a guideline for other companies. For the reason that the case studies do not belong to a specific industry, the results are potentially generalizable.

  • 1654.
    Wolfsteller, Corinna
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Wang, Yichen
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    The interactive process of mass customization2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Expressing the individual personality with the help of the products, people use, and the mass customization are getting closer to our daily life. As a result, more and more companies have begun to implement mass customization in different industries. Also, flexible production becomes a key factor to win the market after more online customization appear and connect different demanders across the borders. Between companies and customers, there exists an important connection which is the interactive process influencing mass customization. An interactive process consists of three parts which are named: information about customers, trans-formation of data and use of information to produce more products. However, there are a lot of factors that will affect the interactive process and finally set thereby requirements for mass customization. During this research, the authors use a qualitative case study and deductive ap-proach to obtain a theoretical model. Through interviewees with two managers of Dooria AB and a visit of the factory in Kungsätter, the authors identified high quality approach, experienced employees, high loyalty of employees, flexibility of human capital, flexibility of production, feedback of customers, education information flow and interaction as important factors which influence the interactive process. Hence, this investigation provides insights about the interrelations between these factors. So, manager in similar industries can identify the situation of their own company and improve the efficiency mass customization.

  • 1655.
    Wood, Greg
    et al.
    Bowater School of Management and Marketing, Deakin University, Warrnambool, Australia.
    Svensson, Göran
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Singh, Jang
    Odette School of Business, University of Windsor, Canada.
    Carasco, Emily
    University of Windsor, Canada.
    Callaghan, Michael
    Bowater School of Management and Marketing, Deakin University, Warrnambool, Australia.
    Implementing the Ethos of Corporate Codes of Ethics: Australia, Canada and Sweden2004Inngår i: Business Ethics. A European Review, ISSN 0962-8770, E-ISSN 1467-8608, Vol. 13, nr 4, s. 389-403Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1656.
    Xu, Chenke
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    Hu, Hao
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    Factors influencing SMEs' export performance: A case study of Chinese SMEs2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Small and medium-sized enterprises play much more important roles in both domestic and international markets nowadays. The issue that factors influence their export performance (mainly the export sales and profits) also becomes much more attractive these years. The purpose of this thesis is to investigate the factors which influence the SMEs’ export performance and how each factor influences the SMEs’ export performance. This study is built on a modified model of the factors influencing the SMEs’ export performance. The authors use case study to conduct this research, and one company’s (Company B’s) data is collected through the semi-structured interview. Some findings are obtained: the important factors which influence Company B’s export performance contain the trade shows, the expenses on getting the authentication, capital sources, export rebate, firm network, firm previous experience, firm competencies, personal network, international orientation and personal previous experience. In addition, the authors also find the effect of firm size is indirect. However, customs duty, transportation, as well as building up the brand do not play important impacts on export performance. Take the trade shows as an example, personal cards and product samples are sent to the customers, then the customers who are interested in the products will contact Company B. In this way, the customers are accumulated and the export sales increase. Thus, the export performance is enhanced.

  • 1657.
    XU, XIAOCHEN
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    JIN, YOUQI
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    Chinese Buying Process and the Influence of Different Marketing Promotional Tools: Marketing Promotional Tools in an Evolving Context2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 poäng / 120 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    A company might offer the best product with best price on the market, but the marketing 

    plan would not be reached unless you have a great marketing communication strategy 

    with your target consumers and other important audience. Promotion as the key of marketing 

    mix plays a core role in consumers’ decision as well as the success of the market. In order to 

    use marketing promotional tools strategically, companies should learn about the consumers 

    purchase behavior as well as the process of consumers to have a purchase decision. The 

    purpose of this thesis is to give some implication from the perspective of how to mix the 

    marketing promotional tools in an appropriate way for those who want to entry Chinese 

    clothing market. This study is built on a modified model by Charles's (2012) "The goals 

    of promotional mix in AIDA".

    We use the method of case study to conduct this investigation, and the data of two companies 

    which in clothing industry (Company M and Company Y) are collected through the semi-structured 

    interview. The data of consumer behavior is collected by the questionnaire sent to our friends to fill. 

    Some findings are obtained: Chinese company use different promotional tools mix to meet Chinese 

    consumers' buying behavior over time. The influence of promotional tools on Chinese buying process 

    may have some difference to western people.

  • 1658.
    XU, ZAOXUAN
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    The Challenges of brand innovation in different brand portfolio strategies2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 poäng / 120 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s knowledge-based economies, the global competition has become fiercer. In order to respond to competition and gain a competitive advantage or, in some cases, survive, company takes a variety of means to improve its competitiveness. Companies that do not acknowledge the effective ways to innovate its brands fail to gain more market share and there is also a risk of losing their occupied market share. It is important for companies to innovate its brand effectively.

     

    The purpose of this thesis is to identify the challenges related to brand innovation in the context of two different types of brand portfolios (i.e. “the house of brands”, and “the branded house”).

     

    In this thesis, I use a case study to analyze three cases in one company so as to realize the importance of brand innovation and its challenges. In order to gather the important information, I interview respondents of Haier which is a big home appliance company in China.

     

    This study demonstrates that the companies need to know the challenges of brand innovation a company face depending on its brand portfolio strategy. In addition, it is better for companies to make the right strategies when they innovate their brands, and to learn how to overcome the challenges of brand innovation. 

  • 1659.
    XU, ZAOXUAN
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    WU, HOUQIANG
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    Analyzing how companies respond to competition in an Industry: A Case Study of two B2C e-commerce companies in China2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 60 poäng / 90 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays global competition has become more and more rigorous when entrepreneur operates a company in e-commerce industry. Companies, which don’t acknowledge the effective ways to respond to global competition, fail to gain more market share and there is also a risk of losing their occupied market share. It is important for companies to respond to competition effectively. By using Porter’s five forces model, we can analyze how companies respond to competition more comprehensive.  

     

    The purpose of this thesis is to demonstrate some of competition that companies face and analyze how companies respond to competition when operating in e-commerce industry.

     

    In this thesis, we use a case study to analyze two companies’ competition strategies so as to develop an understanding of the e-commerce competitive environment and realize the importance of responding to various competitions in e-commerce market. In order to gather the important information, we interview respondents of two Chinese B2C companies. Two B2C companies are: JD Company and Amazon China. JD Company is a domestic company and Amazon China is a multinational company.

     

    This study demonstrates that the companies need to improve their competitiveness to respond to competition such as improving the quality of product, the logistic system, and the after-sale service. In addition, it is better for companies to make the strategies such as low-price strategy and differentiation strategy to respond to competition. 

  • 1660.
    Yang, Ming
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    Chen, XinJing
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    Transformation of Chinese OEM-----Case study2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the globalization trend, the transformation of Chinese OEM has become a hot topic in the last decades. Although the previous literature suggested that there were many different determinants influencing firms to be successful companies, there is a lack of combination in the context of Chinese OEM. Thus, the purpose of this research study is to find out the approach of Chinese OEMs to successfully launch their own products based on three perspectives - organizational structure, processes and culture.Applying a qualitative approach, the data was gathered through semi-structured telephone interviews with the senior personnel of one Chinese OEM company (Damekiss), complemented with secondary data collected from the company’s and public websites.The results of analysis showed different views of how organizational structure, process and culture influencing on the transformation of Chinese OEM. We found that four functions (i.e. manufacturing, distribution, new product development and human resource management) influenced the transformation of Chinese OEM in organizational structure perspective. Among these functions, human resource management and distribution are extremely weak in the organizational structure of Chinese OEM. Regarding to the process of formulating these functions, the deep understanding of the customers’ preferences and collaboration partners that influenced building distribution were figured out. In the case company, it showed a relative poor ability on distribution which would be the barriers for further developing. Building HRM process was raised as another issue of the transformation of Chinese OEMs. According to the case company, HRM was poorly organized. The recruitment did not get enough attention; the training programs stayed at a lower level. The last not least, the corporate culture was also proven to be playing an important role in the transformation of Chinese OEMs. Awareness of corporate culture as one of significant aspects influencing the entire company was found in the case company. Slogan, company heroes and rituals as an internal culture were properly used to motivate employees.

  • 1661.
    Yar Hamidi, Daniel
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Chairperson leadership and entrepreneurial strategic posture in SMEs: a conceptual framework and research model2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper outlines a conceptual framework with a research model for understanding innovation-promoting board leadership in entrepreneurial small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The framework and research model depict the behavioural aspects of board leadership and how these are related to strategy development and the entrepreneurial strategic posture of entrepreneurial SMEs. Engaging in innovation is identified as a fundamental strategic posture in entrepreneurial SMEs. The advantages of a team production perspective on board leadership embedded in behavioural theories are discussed, as are the theoretical and managerial implications of the proposed framework and research model.

  • 1662.
    Yar Hamidi, Daniel
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Governance for Innovation – Board Leadership and Value Creation in Entrepreneurial Firms2016Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation has identified, developed and empirically tested concepts associated with the capacity of chairpersonship to promote innovation in entrepreneurial small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). A multi-methodological approach is applied in five studies, comprising a systematic literature review, three empirical studies and a concluding conceptual paper.

    The dissertation focuses on how the chairperson of the board of directors influences value creation in entrepreneurial SMEs. Value creation in this context is about the performance of strategic leaders at entrepreneurial firms’ upper echelons in acting and making strategic choices aimed at increasing firms’ capability to engage in innovation. Innovation is defined as the generation and/or adoption of an idea or behaviour, relating to a product, service, device, system, policy or program, which is new to the adopting organization.

    Innovation has been widely recognized as a concept central to economic growth and societal development. Governance is widely recognized as essential for the support and development of innovations in firms. However, the academic literature is scarce regarding how the chairperson of the board can contribute to and promote innovation in SMEs.

    This dissertation offers theoretical and empirical insights into how the chairperson of the board of directors influences value creation in entrepreneurial SMEs. In this respect, the dissertation offers a conceptual framework and a research model for understanding board leadership in promoting innovation in entrepreneurial SMEs. The framework and research model emphasize the behavioural aspects of board leadership and show how these are related to the development of entrepreneurial SMEs.

    Furthermore, the findings in this dissertation provide actionable knowledge for practitioners and policymakers. In this respect, the dissertation contributes theoretical and empirical understandings of the benefits of employing external chairpersons with relevant knowledge and experience in SMEs. These insights also provide practitioners with advice on the qualifications and processes that can help them to develop innovation-promoting boards.

  • 1663.
    Yar Hamidi, Daniel
    University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    What do non-executive chairpersons do in owner-managed firms? – evidence from Sweden2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The board of directors is often emphasized as an untapped resource in small and medium enterprises (SMEs). However, literature and research addressing issues of boards and governance has by tradition focused on large publicly held corporations while leaving the SME context largely unexplored. In this study, the aim is to examine how board leadership and the external chairperson may contribute to value creation in owner managed SMEs. More specifically, this study adopts a process perspective by looking at the role of the external board chairperson in owner-managed SMEs and how this role is carried out by the chairperson by engaging in different tasks and interpreted by the owner-managers. The study is based on a case study and interviews with chairpersons, board members and owners of two owner-managed SMEs. The tasks and processes of the board of directors in SMEs are thus discussed. The leadership responsibility of the board is in the center of attention and an eclectic theoretical perspective is applied to the discussion. Findings provide theoretical and practical insights into chairperson’s task involvement in owner managed SMEs. Suggestions about implications and further research are presented.

  • 1664.
    Yar Hamidi, Daniel
    et al.
    University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Board chairmanship and innovation in growth oriented firms: Opening up the black box of leadership in the boardroom2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we present a framework of how board chairperson practices may promote innovation in small entrepreneurial firms. A case study approach is employed involving interviews with experienced board members. In our analysis we identify a set of chairperson practices related to issues such as structure, processes and culture, which serves as prerequisites for effective board work. In addition, we distinguish another set of innovation-driving chairperson practices related to the cognitive aspects of the board’s work. Overall, our findings provide a conceptual foundation for the value creating potential of board leadership embedded within the boundaries of the entrepreneurial firm and its operations. 

  • 1665.
    Yar Hamidi, Daniel
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Chairpersonship and board strategy involvement in small and medium-sized enterprises2018Inngår i: Journal of Leadership, Accountability and Ethics, ISSN 1913-8059, Vol. 15, nr 2, s. 86-97Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A critical issue when setting up a board of directors in small and medium-sized enterprises relates to the chairperson position. This study examines whether and how chairperson’s experience and leadership influence the extent to which the board of directors is involved in strategy. We rely on survey data from multiple respondents in 326 firms and use regression analysis to test our hypotheses. We find that chairpersons’ board experience and leadership efficacy have a positive and significant effect on boards’ involvement in strategy. Our findings provide ample support for the significance of chairperson behaviours in explaining board outcomes in firms.   

  • 1666.
    Yar Hamidi, Daniel
    et al.
    University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Corporate governance and innovation in small entrepreneurial firms: The board chairperson’s role2016Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1667.
    Yar Hamidi, Daniel
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Developments and Trends in Research on Board Leadership: A Systematic Literature Review2014Inngår i: International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics, ISSN 1477-9048, E-ISSN 1741-802X, Vol. 9, nr 3, s. 243-268Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a systematic literature review of 139 articles on board leadership that were published in business and management journals since 1980s. Journal names, author country affiliations, topics and focus levels, theories, empirical contexts, and methodologies are presented and analysed. We also assemble and analyse this data thematically in order to identify and frame developments and trends in researchers ideas on board leadership. This analysis provides guidance for researchers by identifying different research streams on board leadership. The analysis may also serve as basis for theory development in board leadership research that can inform policymaking and best practice recommendations. Copyright © 2014 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

  • 1668.
    Yar Hamidi, Daniel
    et al.
    Borås University, Borås, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    The chairperson and board strategy involvement in SMEs2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    For decades boards of directors have been strongly encouraged to take on an active strategy role. However, while such behaviour is generally seen as an indicator of board effectiveness much is still unknown about drivers of board strategic involvement. This is particularly true for small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) that make up around 95 percent of all business enterprises. A critical issue when setting up a board of directors in SMEs relate to the chairperson position. In this study we seek to contribute to scholarly research and literature on actual board behaviour in SMEs by examining whether and how the experience and leadership efficacy of the chairperson influence the extent to which the board of directors are involved in setting the strategic direction of the firm. We rely on questionnaire data collected from multiple respondents in 324 Norwegian SMEs. The variables used are based on validated scales related to behavioral aspects of actual board work developed by corporate governance scholars. We use multiple regression analysis to test our hypotheses. Overall, we find that the board experience and leadership efficacy of the chairperson has a positive and significant effect on the extent to which the board of directors are involved in strategy in SMEs. To this end, our findings suggest that chairperson behaviours have a greater impact compared to structural leadership conditions in explaining board outcomes in SMEs.

  • 1669.
    Yera, Daniel
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Pichou, Alexandra
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Sports Marketing in European Clubs2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Sports marketing have been growing constantly over the last years and have become a key for the success of the football clubs. The methods used have become more sophisticated and an increasing number of clubs are realizing the importance of the marketing and specially the promotion strategies. The purpose of this study is to have a better understanding on how the communication strategies are being used in the European football teams (French, Spanish and German) to attract fans to their stadiums. In order to reach this purpose, research question is focused on how the European teams use this promotion strategies to attract people to the stadium. Based on this research question, a review of relevant literature was conducted, resulting in a frame of references, which was used to guide this study's data collection. A qualitative, multiple case study approach was used to find the data. The findings indicate that although his individual objectives of the tools can be different they can still be used overall to lead to the same overall goal.

  • 1670.
    Yu, Cui
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    Zhang, Ting
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    American Fast Food in Chinese Market: A Cross-Culture Perspective: The Case of KFC and McDonald's2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Culture differences play a significant role in the international marketing, which has drawn many researchers‟ attention. This dissertation will focus on how the cross-cultural environments influence the choice of marketing strategies.

    The theoretical framework of this study mainly contains cross-culture theories and 4P marketing strategy. These theories are put together in an analytical model where a connection between the two theories is explained that will be used as a foundation in gathering and analyzing the empirical findings.

    The qualitative research strategy is employed in this dissertation. Utilizing the multiple case studies, we choose two sample companies both from USA. The empirical data was gathered through semi-structured interviews on the telephone. Data was also supplemented with secondary data such as company web pages and scientific articles.

    The conclusion can be drawn from this study is that culture differences influence the 4P marketing strategies in both of the companies in different ways. Language, value and customer behaviors of a national culture are main factors to affect the implementation of marketing strategy in the international markets.

  • 1671.
    yu, cui
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    zhang, ting
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    Internal factors affecting the organizational internationalization process: Evidence from Huawei case study2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The relevance of global economy are being enhanced day by day, organizational internationalization is becoming more and more important nowadays. Many companies have stated their internationalization process, but not all of them are successful. Thus, the main purpose and aim of this study is to research the relationship between the internal management of organization and firm internationalization process, and find out the most important internal factors (entrepreneur, corporate culture, organizational human resource management) which could push organization to identify the internationalization opportunity and to operate the internationalization process. In this paper, authors construct an original theoretical framework, and chooses Huawei Company as a real example to examine the theoretical results which are concluded from the existing studies.

  • 1672.
    Yu, Hyungmin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    Wei, Yuxiang
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    An Exploratory Study: The Main Challenge of Chinese Expatriate Managers Working in Western Companies2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 1673.
    Yu, Lijing
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    Fu, Yun
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    Successful Entry Strategies on the Chinese Market: -A Case Study of a Swedish Industrial Company: SKF2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 poäng / 60 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays, the Chinese market is attracting more and more attention from foreign countries, which consider China as a potential partner. Making feasible decisions is the foundation of accessing success in the Chinese markets. Thus, it is important to take the first step as choosing the entry strategies, and then analyzing the variety of social environment and economic circumstance. According to different situations, companies are required to prepare alternative strategies for the changeable markets.

    This is a case study of a Swedish industrial company- SKF, which entered into the Chinese market successfully. The purpose of this study is to analyze the strategies that SKF used during the process of entering the Chinese market, and find out the successful factors as well as the cause of failure. Our case study is aimed to provide an answer to the research questions and generate imitable entry strategies for western industrial companies who want to explore in the Chinese market.

    Our research questions are: Q1: What strategies have adopted by SKF and how these strategies worked out to enter into the Chinese market? Q2: What are the successful factors of industrial companies to enter the Chinese market?

    Two experienced product managers are invited to be the interviewee of our thesis. The collected data provided both Swedish and Chinese perspectives, which reflect the eastern western culture differences and concept differences.

    The results show that SKF made the acquaintance with big customers through distributors, which built up the customers’ network and company’s foundation at the early age of the expansion. However, failing experience of joint venture gave a lesson to SKF and encouraged SKF to work with independent consultant firms, which occurred to be an alternative solution to replace the position of joint venture. Although there are different perspectives from Swedish side and Chinese side, the successful factors have been concluded as unique products, marketing demands, communication and customers.

    The implication of this case study is to provide the strategies that contribute SKF to be the leaders in bearing industry, which is worth to be learned and imitated by other similar industrial companies. 

  • 1674.
    Yue Wen, Zhao
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Key Success Factors behind Mobile Games: A Business Model for the Chinese mobile game market2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 poäng / 60 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The research question is formulated as “what are the key success factors making a mobile game become a big success in China? ” to view the key success factors behind new launched mobile games and how company’s business model and marketing strategy that bring them into and help them succeed in the China market.

     

    A qualitative method with the deductive approach has been using in this paper to be able to answer and interpret the studied questions. Four in-depth interviews were conducted to collect the primary data, which have been following as the purpose is to do a cross-case analysis to identify the similarities and difference of each company behave their business model and marketing strategy, to contribute game success in China market.

     

    The main factors contributing to the success of mobile game in China market including internally strategic factors and externally tactic factors. Technical skill and resource, R&D ability and market knowledge and experience as the internal key success factors behind mobile game success in China. The mobile game companies use localization, wide distribution channel collaboration and social integration to suit the market needs and requirements.

     

    From the results of the study have been identified to as to how is the business model for the China mobile game market. Through collaborating with abroad local distribution channel can increase their knowledge capacity of the local market to create a better value proposition. In China mobile game market, social integration and cross promotion can be seen as very important and through collaborating firms can work around these factors and create, capture and deliver better value to the customers.

  • 1675.
    Zadayannaya, Liudmila
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    ORGANIZATIONAL MEMORY SYSTEMS AS A SOURCE OF LEARNING FOR NEW EMPLOYEES IN AN INNOVATIVE CONTEXT2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Organizational memory is said to be one of the essential factors of organizational learning, particularly in a part that is concerned with knowledge flowing from an organization to its employees. Often viewed as a system of knowledge repositories, organizational memory is argued to be important in various contexts. The purpose of this study is to explore an impact of the organizational memory in two such contexts, namely in a situation of presence of new employees and organization involved in innovation activity. The importance of organizational memory for the new employees can be explained by the fact that it is through facing it they socialize in the organization. Organizational memory also influences innovative behaviour of employees.

    This researched is performed in a form of a case study; where the object of study finds itself in a combined context – new employees of R&D department learn from different organizational memory systems. The data for this case study were collected through qualitative interviewing of both the newcomers and their supervisor.

    The results show that new employees face a range of memory systems, and this range does not depend on the innovativeness of the work they are involved in. It was found possible to look separately into the systems and methods the newcomers accessed them. The most important access methods in this case turned out to be personal communication and IT-enabled means, however a number of other methods were also found relevant for the case.

    Focusing on how this knowledge can support innovative behaviour of the new employees, this study has found several ways in which both incremental and radical innovations can be enhanced. The memory systems have been found to affect innovative behaviour of the newcomers by demonstrating expectance of this behaviour, by providing “old” knowledge, as well as hints where one can possibly find “old” and “new” knowledge.

    In general, the findings suggest that looking into memory systems separately from the ways to access them might give valuable insights for rethinking how properties of the memory systems have been defined so far.

  • 1676.
    Zattoni, Alessandro
    et al.
    LUISS University and Business School, Rome, Italy.
    Witt, Michael A.
    INSEAD, Singapore, Singapore.
    Judge, William Q.
    Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA.
    Talaulicar, Till
    University of Erfurt, Erfurt, Germany.
    Chen, Jean Jinghan
    Xian Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Suzhou, China & Nankai University, Tianjin, China.
    Lewellyn, Krista
    University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY, USA.
    Hu, Helen Wei
    University of Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Luis Rivas, José
    ITAM School of Business, Mexico DF, Mexico.
    Puffer, Sheila
    D’Amore-McKim School of Business, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA.
    Shukla, Dhirendra
    University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada.
    Lopez, Felix
    University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain.
    Adegbite, Emmanuel
    Leicester Business School, De Montfort University, Leicester, United Kingdom.
    Fassin, Yves
    Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
    Yamak, Sibel
    University of Wolverhampton, Wolverhampton, United Kingdom.
    Fainshmidt, Stav
    Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA.
    van Ees, Hans
    University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.
    Does board independence influence financial performance in IPO firms?: The moderating role of the national business system2017Inngår i: Journal of world business (Print), ISSN 1090-9516, E-ISSN 1878-5573, Vol. 52, nr 5, s. 628-639Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Prior evidence suggests that board independence may enhance financial performance, but this relationship has been tested almost exclusively for Anglo-American countries. To explore the boundary conditions of this prominent governance mechanism, we examine the impact of the formal and information institutions of 18 national business systems on the board independence-financial performance relationship. Our results show that while the direct effect of independence is weak, national-level institutions significantly moderate the independence-performance relationship. Our findings suggest that the efficacy of board structures is likely to be contingent on the specific national context, but the type of legal system is insignificant. © 2017 Elsevier Inc.

  • 1677.
    ZENG, LE
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    CHEN, SIYUAN
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    Green marketing strategies for international firms in China: A case study of Emerson Electric Co., Ltd2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpOppgave
  • 1678.
    Zhang, Pingying
    et al.
    Department of Management, Coggin College of Business, University of North Florida, FL, USA.
    Voordeckers, Wim
    KIZOK Research Center, Hasselt University, Belgium.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    CIRCLE, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Huse, Morten
    eDepartment of Innovation and Economic Organisation, Norwegian School of Management BI, Norway.
    From boards as value assemblers to value creators: Integrating static and dynamic perspectives on board information2009Inngår i: Contemporary Issues in International Corporate Governance / [ed] Suzanne Young, Prahran, Vic.: Tilde University Press , 2009, s. 43-57Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1679.
    Zhu, Yuqi
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    Zhang, Yunbu
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    A Comparative Case Study on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) between SMEs and MNCs2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 poäng / 60 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to describe the behaviors that multinational corporations(MNCs) and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are taking for carrying outcorporate social responsibility (CSR) under the context of sustainable development.Besides, the factors which drive and influence the performance are further exploredand discussed.The thesis is to be analyzed by means of a literature review, qualitative case study,semi-structured interviews, within case study and cross case study.By adopting these methods, the thesis shows that both MNCs and SMEs are aware ofand actively shouldering CSR in spite of different contents and approaches. MNCs areable to integrate economic, environment and social values into CSR strategy whileSMEs focus more on economic values. Competitive pressures, social expectations andinternal governance system are the main drivers of MNCs. By contrast, owners’ desiregives rise to the performance of carrying out CSR strategy by SMEs.It is suggested that a new domain of CSR namely, political social responsibility isfound through the study. It demonstrates that MNCs with the state-owned nature haveparticular missions and responsibilities to serve the country and society, which is notcommon but exists in the world.

  • 1680.
    Zhubi, Adrian
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Zhubi, Albert
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    K2 eller K3: Motiv till att redovisa enligt K32016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel: K2 eller K3 : Motiv till att redovisa enligt K3 

    Författare: Adrian Zhubi och Albert Zhubi 

    Färdigställt: Våren 2016 

    Handledare: Eva Berggren

    Bakgrund: BFN har sedan 2004 gett ut allmänna råd, vilket har medfört att K-projektet skapats där företag delas in i fyra olika kategorier beroende på företagsstorlek. K-projektets vanligaste regelverk är huvudregelverket principbaserade K3 och alternativregelverket regelbaserade K2. Sedan 2015 är det obligatoriskt för samtliga aktiebolag och ekonomiska föreningar att tillämpa ett av dessa två regelverk. Företag bör därmed reflektera över dess verksamhet och intressenter vid val av regelverk. Valet kan ställa krav på att årsredovisningen ska vara relevant för intressenter. Vi vill därför med studien undersöka vilka väsentliga skillnader som förklarar att företag väljer K3 framför K2. Detta utifrån redovisningsrådgivares perspektiv. 

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att förklara vilka skillnader som ligger bakom att företag föredrar K3 istället för K2 utifrån redovisningsrådgivares perspektiv. 

    Problemformulering: Vad anser redovisningsrådgivare förklarar företags val av K3 framför K2? 

    Metod: Studien består av en kvalitativ ansats. Den empiriska datan består av totalt fem intervjuer, varav en är pilotintervju. Studiens respondenter består av tre revisorer, en redovisningsexpert samt en redovisningsspecialist. Respondenterna har olika erfarenheter och är från olika revisionsbyråer.

    Resultat: Studien visar att redovisningsrådgivare anser skillnader i materiella, immateriella och finanisella anläggningstillgångar i K2 och K3 gör att företag föredrar K3. Avsättningar, uppskjuten skatt och intressenter är även påverkande faktorer. Samtliga respondenter var eniga om att K2 är enklare att tillämpa då regelverket innehåller handfasta regler för redovisning. K3 ställer större krav på kunskap vid professionell bedömning då regelverket tar hänsyn till en komplex verksamhet med fler företagsintressenter.

  • 1681.
    Åberg, Marcus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    Sönne, Johan
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    Styrning och venture capital: En studie om styrningen förändras av venture capital i svenska företag2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 1682.
    Åsell, Julian
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Amoi, David
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Leasing - en studie om skillnader mellan K3 och IFRS: En komparativ studie mellan K3 och IFRS gällande redovisning av leasing ur ett intressentperspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Redovisningen har för avsikt att ge underlag och information till samhället. Därför är det viktigt att redovisningen återger verkligheten. Den nuvarande leasingstandarden IAS 17 för europeisk internationell nivå har varit föremål för kritik eftersom den har sin ansats i en klassificering mellan finansiell eller operationell leasing. Företag i Sverige som tillämpar K3 kapitel 20 behandlar leasingavtal på samma sätt genom en klassificering. Detta har skapat möjligheter för företag att uppföra en redovisning där stora värden i form av tillgångar och skulder hamnar utanför balansräkningen genom operationella leasingavtal. Därav har det pågått en internationell diskussion mellan IASB och FASB under en längre tid om leasingavtal som klassificeras som operationella verkligen återger en rättvisande bild av företag som tillämpar IFRS standarder. Denna debatt handlar om en ökning av transparens inom redovisning och företagens finansiella rapportering är konstant närvarande i dessa debatter. Därför att denna finansiella information oftast är det enda intressenter har till sitt förfogande som beslutsunderlag. På grund av dessa problem och för att utveckla en rapportering som är mer konsekvent har IASB därav valt att skapa en ny standard för leasingavtal - IFRS 16 Leasing.

    IFRS 16 har ett annat tillvägagångssätt för leasing då den har sin ansats i en nyttjanderätt. Detta medför betydande förändringar för leasingtagare då de, baserat på nyttjanderätten, behöver rapportera leasingavtal som tillgångar och skulder i sina balansräkningar. IASB har redan implementerat IFRS 16 men däremot är det inte krav på att följa standarden fram tills 1 januari 2019 då IFRS 16 träder i kraft.

    Studiens syfte är att beskriva samt analysera vilka skillnader det finns mellan företag som tillämpar K3 kapitel 20 och den kommande standarden IFRS 16 gällande leasingavtal. Vidare är syftet med studien att med hjälp av typfall undersöka och åskådliggöra skillnader i finansiella rapporter samt relevanta nyckeltal och hur dessa effekter kan påverka företagets intressenter.

    Genom en kvalitativ forskningsmetod har det konstruerats fiktiva typfall för att kunna dra slutsatser som besvarar denna uppsats syfte och forskningsfråga. Studien behandlar vad för skillnader det finns vid behandling av klassificering, värdering och definition av leasingavtal. Därmed kan det konstateras och påvisa att vid tillämpning av den kommande leasingstandarden IFRS 16, medför det att en ökning sker av tillgångar och skulder i företagens balansräkning. Detta innebär betydande förändringar eftersom de måste redovisa ett leasingavtals nyttjanderätt och förpliktelser. Dessa förändringar får en väsentlig påverkan på olika finansiella mått. Vidare kan det konstateras att intressenter berörs och påverkas på ett väsentligt sätt eftersom förändringar i finansiella rapporter påverkar deras analyser och i slutändan beslutsunderlag.

  • 1683.
    Öberg, Mikaela
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Stenberg, Anneli
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Smoothers och icke-smoothers: en kartläggning och probleminventering av income smoothing hos svenska börsnoterade företag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 1684.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    A typology of the idea of learning organization2002Inngår i: Management Learning, ISSN 1350-5076, E-ISSN 1461-7307, Vol. 33, nr 2, s. 213-230Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A typology of the idea of 'learning organization' is developed and presented. The typology is inductively created and based on how the term 'learning organization' is used in the literature and by practitioners. Four distinct hypes of understanding were found: 'organizational learning, 'learning at work, 'learning climate' and 'learning structure'. The same types of understanding seem to appear both in the literature and in accounts made by practitioners. Thus the term 'learning organization' is probably not unduly confusing to the practitioners. Instead, the different versions of the idea in the literature seem to give companies the opportunity to choose a version suitable for their specific situation.

  • 1685.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Are the right persons involved in the creation of the learning organization?2005Inngår i: Human Resource Development Quarterly, ISSN 1044-8004, E-ISSN 1532-1096, Vol. 16, nr 2, s. 281-284Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A conventional explanation of the short notice that many management ideas get is that they are only fashions. This article presents a complementary explanation. Based on Jung's personality types and my own experiences, I suggest that mostly only people with a certain type of personality become interested in ideas such as the learning organization. I further argue that all four of Jung's personality types must join in the sculpting of learning organizations if organizations are to succeed in becoming such organizations and continue being it, and, accordingly, if the idea is to survive in the long run.

  • 1686.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Educating everyone in humanities for both post-bureaucracy and bureaucracy: a response to John Hendry2006Inngår i: Management Learning, ISSN 1350-5076, E-ISSN 1461-7307, Vol. 37, nr 3, s. 291-294Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Comments on an article by John Hendry. In the main, the commentator agree with Hendry in his description of the 'intellectual tyranny of the economic mindset' and in his concern for other values and goals in business society. Management education definitely needs other than economic goals, as Hendry argues. The commentators arguments for the humanities are slightly different, though, from Hendry's, and he do not think that managers are the only group that needs education in the humanities. Finally, the commentator would like to add a few subjects and methods to those that Hendry suggests should be involved in humanities education for business students. In addition to history and literature, which Hendry suggests, the commentator also recommend education in ethics.

  • 1687.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Of course organizations can learn!2005Inngår i: Learning Organization, ISSN 0969-6474, E-ISSN 1758-7905, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 213-218Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a comment for all those writers who claim that organizations cannot learn. The author consistently rejects this notion. Rather the author contends that organizations can learn, in at least two different ways. The author reviews some of the common arguments against organizational learning, and tries to answer the opponents. The main argument against the critics is that they are too busy to look for evidence that organizations are not like individuals and that organizations therefore cannot learn. Instead, the author argues that it is a question of level of analysis. The author also suggests that theories as well as knowledge in general are metaphoric, implying that organizations as such of course are able to learn. The organizational learning perspectives can, of course, be used by employers and managers in order to avoid efforts that help the individuals to learn. But they can also be appropriate perspectives of learning that help in avoiding large investments on organizational learning efforts that might be unnecessary.

  • 1688.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    On differences between organizational learning and learning organization2001Inngår i: Learning Organization, ISSN 0969-6474, E-ISSN 1758-7905, Vol. 8, nr 3, s. 125-133Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This conceptual paper looks at and discusses differences between the concepts of organizational learning and (the) learning organization. Since there still seems to be confusion regarding the meaning of the two concepts, aims to clarify the two main existing distinctions, that organizational learning is existing processes while learning organization is an ideal form of organization. Also distinguishes between a traditional and a social perspective of organizational learning, which the existing distinctions have not ‚ at least not explicitly. Thus, distinctions are made between three concepts. In addition to the improvement of the existing distinctions, suggests two complementary ones ‚ entities of learning and knowledge location. These two distinctions might make it easier to distinguish also between the two perspectives of organizational learning.

  • 1689.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Organizational learning: a radical perspective2002Inngår i: International journal of management reviews (Print), ISSN 1460-8545, E-ISSN 1468-2370, Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 87-100Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reviews the organizational learning literature. For many years, organizational learning theory has been based on a functionalistic paradigm, but an interpretive paradigm now seems to be attaining dominance. However, neither of these perspectives of organizational learning is truly radical in the sense of challenging conditions of power and control in organizations. There are some critical texts on organizational learning (and the learning organization), but they go no further than criticism. Therefore, this paper tries to illustrate what we can call a radical perspective of organizational learning, based on themes in the critical works. The radical perspective of organizational learning implies an organization where the individuals learn as free actors. However, there are norms or rules to guarantee freedom. The learning space in the organization guarantees the occurrence of different opinions, and allows everyone to reflect upon their actions and learning. Working time and employee commitment are restricted so that work does not interfere too much with other undertakings. All employees are guaranteed permanent appointments. Finally, in the radical perspective of organizational learning, organizations die to make place for others when their missions are accomplished. After presenting the radical perspective of organizational learning, I outline some questions for future research and indicate the necessity of further development of such a perspective.

  • 1690.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Senge’s many faces: problem or opportunity?2007Inngår i: Learning Organization, ISSN 0969-6474, E-ISSN 1758-7905, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 108-122Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to discuss both possibilities and problems with Senge’s (1990) many faces in The Fifth Discipline, i.e. the fact that different authors refer to different excerpts from his book as his version of the learning organization. Design/methodology/approach - The paper shows that the authors’ understandings of Senge, in which a literature review resulted, are seen in the light of theories of travelling of management ideas, particularly the "translation model". Findings - The paper finds that both possibilities and problems with Senge’s many faces were found. A fatal problem is that the many faces jeopardize the confidence in the concept and eventually its existence. But the strong connections to Senge’s book, that the authors have, reduces the problems, and Senge’s many faces might not cause that much trouble after all. Research limitations/implications - The paper shows that anyone who wishes to can, for different reasons, refer to Senge, and his version of the learning organization, and thereby gain legitimacy. One does not have to be very accurate; as it seems, almost anything goes. Practical implications - In the paper the "translation model" is divided into two sub-models, which probably will sharpen future translation research. Originality/value - The paper is a study in which it is shown how authors understand other authors. This is an example that is rarely seen. Both possibilities and problems are discussed with vagueness to Senge’s many faces. This is not very common. A special case of the translation model is developed (the "smorgasbord model"), better suited to deal with the type of idea that focuses on copying of excerpts from a specific book than the traditional translation model (the "whispering game model").

  • 1691.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    The learning organization: towards an integrated model2004Inngår i: Learning Organization, ISSN 0969-6474, E-ISSN 1758-7905, Vol. 11, nr 2, s. 129-144Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents an integrated model of the learning organization. It is based on empirical research of the learning organization literature, as well as on practitioners' understandings of the concept where learning organizations were often described in terms of four distinct individual aspects, no more and no less. This article argues these aspects cannot be treated as separate, and that the four aspects have to be combined in order to create a true learning organization. The four aspects are: learning at work; organizational learning; developing a learning climate; and creating learning structures. The article suggests that only those organizations that have implemented all of the aspects should be called ‚"learning organizations", and those organizations that have implemented only one aspect should be called "partial learning organizations"

  • 1692.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Toward a contingency model of how to choose the right type of learning organization2004Inngår i: Human Resource Development Quarterly, ISSN 1044-8004, E-ISSN 1532-1096, Vol. 15, nr 3, s. 347-350Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The learning organization is in itself a vague idea, and many argue that the idea must be adapted to each single organization and its particular needs before it can be implemented. There is very little guidance, though, on how to adapt the (vague) idea. This forum piece therefore tentatively suggests a contextual model of how to choose the right type of learning organization, among four types. It also suggests some areas where research is needed in order to develop the model further.

  • 1693.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Vague and Attractive: Five Explanations of the Use of Ambiguous Management Ideas2005Inngår i: Philosophy of Management, ISSN 1740-3812, E-ISSN 2052-9597, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 45-54Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reviews the literature on the diffusion and popularity of vague management ideas. Is it the vagueness in itself that makes them so popular, or are there other explanations? Five possible explanations for the attraction of ambiguous management ideas are suggested: (i) concretising; (ii) symbolic legitimisation; (iii) seduction; (iv) unknown use; and (v) challenge. Some of the explanations are explicitly suggested in the literature, whereas others are explanations offered by the present author on the basis of a review of the literature. The five explanations are categorised according to the level of consciousness of the use of vague ideas among the users, and according to whether the ideas are implemented in actual practice or used only in talk. The present paper also discusses what management researchers could do to help those who use vague management ideas. © 2005, Springer International Publishing AG.

  • 1694.
    Örtengren, Sofia
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Gidlund, Alexander
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Riskhantering i infrastrukturprojektet Varbergstunneln2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet är att beskriva och analysera riskhantering av projektrisker och finansiella risker i infrastrukturprojektet Varbergstunneln under planeringsfasen där två aktörer har studerats, Trafikverket och Varbergs kommunala verksamhet, och deras perspektiv på riskhantering och hur dessa aktörers perspektiv skiljer sig åt för att få förståelse för hur olika typer av risker och aktörer riskhanterar utifrån deras perspektiv i ett infrastrukturprojekt.

    Bakgrund och problem: Trafikverkets uppgift är att se till att tågen kommer i tid, transporter sker så säkert som möjligt och med minsta möjliga miljöpåverkan. Tillsammans med andra aktörer ska de se till att den bästa möjliga samhällsnyttan skapas för pengarna. Den 21 mars 2013 kom regeringens tillåtlighetsbeslut för delprojektet genom Varberg för att bygga ut järnvägen från enkelspårig till dubbelspårig. Detta är en av de största utmaningarna i Varbergs kommun där den kommunala och den statliga planeringen måste gå hand i hand. Det finns stora risker kopplat till infrastrukturprojekt men det finns också stor möjlighet till samhällsekonomisk lönsamhet. Att identifiera risker kräver ett generellt tillvägagångsätt eftersom att individer inte innehar all den informationen som krävs för att veta vart alla diverse risker befinner sig i verksamheten. Problemet med riskvärdering är att kunskapen om vilka som påverkar vid tunnelprojekt är knappa. Verksamheter behöver hantera risker och verksamheter som inte gör det är mer sårbara om de ignorerar risk, betraktar risk som deras fiende eller endast planerar för en enda framtid.

    Forskningsfråga: Hur utförs riskhantering av projektrisker och finansiella risker i infrastrukturprojektet Varbergstunneln under planeringsfasen?

    Metod: Den här uppsatsen är en kvalitativ studie där vi som författare har använt en induktiv ansats. Empirin har samlats in från tre olika intervjuer kopplat till Varbergstunneln. 

    Resultat: Den största skillnaden mellan aktörerna är omfattningen av riskhanteringen och hur de metodiskt arbetar. Trafikverket genomför ett mycket större riskhanteringsarbete än Varbergs kommunala verksamhet. Riskidentifieringen är mer likartat mellan aktörerna, skillnaden är hur de metodiskt arbetar. Riskvärderingen är kvalitativ hos Trafikverket och kvantitativt hos Varbergs kommunala verksamhet. Hantering av risk genomförs inte på något metodiskt sätt hos Varbergs kommunala verksamhet, det enda som hanteras är ränterisker medan Trafikverket hanterar alla risker och genomför detta på ett metodiskt sätt.

    Slutsats: Riskhanteringen utförs på olika sätt beroende på vilket perspektiv aktören har och vilken typ av risk som riskhanteras. Riskhanteringen kan vara antingen metodisk eller icke-metodisk. Vår uppfattning är att detta beror på aktörens ansvar och hur komplicerat riskhanteringen är för aktören. Vilket perspektiv aktören har anser vi påverka om aktören är långsiktig eller kortsiktig. Trafikverket ska endast bli klar med projekteringen av tunneln medan Varbergs kommunala verksamhet ska leva med den i generationer framöver.

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