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  • 151.
    Belwal, Chaitanya
    et al.
    Dept. of Computer Science, University of Houston, Houston, USA.
    Cheng, Albert M.K.
    Dept. of Computer Science, University of Houston, Houston, USA.
    Taha, Walid
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Release Offset Bounds for Response Time Analysis of P-FRP using Exhaustive Enumeration2011Ingår i: 2011 IEEE 10th International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications (TrustCom), Piscataway, N.J.: IEEE Press, 2011, s. 950-957Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Functional*Reactive Programming (FRP) is a declarative approach to modeling and building reactive systems. Priority-based FRP (P-FRP) is a formalism of FRP that guarantees real-time response. Unlike the classical preemptive model1 of real-time systems, preempted tasks in PFRP are aborted and have to restart when higher priority tasks have completed. Due to this abort-restart of nature of preemption, there is no single critical instant of release that leads to Worst-Case Response Time (WCRT) of lower priority P-FRP tasks. At this time, the only method for determining the WCRT is through an exhaustive enumeration of all release offsets of higher priority tasks between the release and deadline of the lower priority task. This makes the computational cost of WCRT dependent on the deadline of a task, and when such deadlines are large the computational costs of this technique make it infeasible even for small task sets. In this paper, we show that the release offsets of higher priority tasks have a lower and upper bound and present techniques to derive these bounds. By enumerating only those release offsets while lie within our derived bounds the number of release scenarios that have to be enumerated is significantly reduced. This leads to lower computational costs and makes determination of the WCRT in P-FRP a practically feasible proposition. © 2011 IEEE.

  • 152.
    Belwal, Chaitanya
    et al.
    Department of Computer Science, University of Houston, Houston, Texas, USA.
    Cheng, Albert M.K.
    Department of Computer Science, University of Houston, Houston, Texas, USA.
    Taha, Walid
    Department of Computer Science, University of Houston, Houston, Texas, USA.
    Zhu, Angela
    Department of Computer Science, University of Houston, Houston, Texas, USA.
    Timing Analysis of the Priority based FRP System2008Ingår i: Proceedings Work-In-Progress Session of the 14th Real-Time and Embedded Technology and Applications Symposium: 22-24 April, 2008: St. Louis, USA / [ed] Ying Lu, Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska–Lincoln, Computer Science and Engineering , 2008, s. 89-92Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Kaiabachev, Taha, Zhu [1] have presented a declarative programming paradigm called Functional Reactive Programming, which is based on behaviors and events. An improved system called P-FRP uses fixed priority scheduling for tasks. The system allows for the currently executing lower priority tasks to be rolled back to restoring the original state and allowing a higher priority task to run. These aborted tasks will restart again when no tasks of higher priority are in the queue. Since P-FRP has many applications in the real time domain it is critical to understand the time bound in which the tasks which have been aborted are guaranteed to run, and if the task set is schedulable. In this paper we provide an analysis of the unique execution paradigm of the P-FRP system and study the timing bounds using different constraint variables.

    1. R. Kaiabachev, W. Taha, A. Zhu, E-FRP with priorities, In the Proceedings of the 7th ACM & IEEE international conference on Embedded software, Pages: 221 - 230, 2007.

  • 153.
    Belyaev, Evgeny
    et al.
    Department of Signal Processing, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Molchanov, Pavlo
    Department of Signal Processing, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Vinel, Alexey
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES). Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Koucheryavy, Yevgeni
    Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    The Use of Automotive Radars in Video-Based Overtaking Assistance Applications2013Ingår i: IEEE transactions on intelligent transportation systems (Print), ISSN 1524-9050, E-ISSN 1558-0016, Vol. 14, nr 3, s. 1035-1042, artikel-id 649464Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Overtaking on rural roads may cause severe accidents when oncoming traffic is detected by a driver too late, or its speed is underestimated. Recently proposed cooperative overtaking assistance systems are based on real-time video transmission, where a video stream captured with a camera installed at the windshield of a vehicle is compressed, broadcast through the wireless channel, and displayed to the drivers of vehicles driving behind. In such a system, it is of ultimate importance to deliver video information about the opposite lane with low end-to-end latency and good visual quality. In this paper, we propose reallocating the wireless channel resources in favor of the part of the captured video frame containing the image of the oncoming vehicle. To achieve this goal, we apply automotive radar for oncoming vehicle detection, and we use the image of this vehicle as a region-of-interest (ROI) for the video rate control. We present the theoretical framework, which describes the basics of such an approach and can serve as a useful guideline for the future practical implementation of the overtaking assistance systems. The benefits of our proposal are demonstrated in relation to the practical scenario of H.264/Advance Video Coding (AVC), IEEE 802.11p/Wireless Access for Vehicular Environments (WAVE) intervehicle communication standards, and currently used automotive radars.

  • 154.
    Belyaev, Evgeny
    et al.
    Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark.
    Moreschini, Sergio
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Vinel, Alexey
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Uncoordinated multi-user video streaming in VANETs using Skype2017Ingår i: 2017 IEEE 22nd International Workshop on Computer Aided Modeling and Design of Communication Links and Networks (CAMAD), 2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Real-time video delivery in Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (V2I) scenario enables a variety of multimedia vehicular services. We conduct experiments with Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) transceivers located in the mutual proximity and exchanging Skype video calls traffic. We demonstrate that the lack of coordination between the users both at the application as well as Medium Access Control (MAC) layers results in problems with quality of service provisioning even for the setup without vehicular mobility. © Copyright 2017 IEEE

  • 155.
    Belyaev, Evgeny
    et al.
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Vinel, Alexey
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Poster: Target Packet Loss Selection for Inter-Packet Loss Protection for Video Streaming Over VANETs2014Ingår i: 2014 IEEE Vehicular Networking Conference (VNC) / [ed] Falko Dressler, Onur Altintas, Suman Banerjee, Björn Scheuermann & David Eckhoff, Piscataway, N.J.: IEEE Press, 2014, s. 197-198Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This work is dedicated to a live video streaming in vehicular networks where the application-based inter-packet forward error correction is used for the packet loss protection. A practical way to apply such a protection at the video encoder side for the unknown channel loss rate is proposed. Experimental results which demonstrate the performance for the proposed approach for a scalable extension of the H.264/AVC standard (H.264/SVC) and for the non-standardized video codec based on three-dimensional discrete wavelet transform (3-D DWT) are provided.

  • 156.
    Belyaev, Evgeny
    et al.
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland .
    Vinel, Alexey
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES). Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Egiazarian, Karen
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Koucheryavy, Yevgeni
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Power Control in See-Through Overtaking Assistance System2013Ingår i: IEEE Communications Letters, ISSN 1089-7798, E-ISSN 1558-2558, Vol. 17, nr 3, s. 612-615, artikel-id 6423758Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In recently proposed cooperative overtaking assistance systems a video stream captured by a windshield-mounted camera in a vehicle is compressed and broadcast to the vehicle driving behind it, where it is displayed to the driver. It has been shown that this system can provide robust operation if video codec channel adaptation is undertaken by exploiting information from the cooperative awareness messages about any forthcoming increases in the multiple access channel load. In this letter we demonstrate the gains achievable in system performance when the video transmitter power control is also used. © 1997-2012 IEEE.

  • 157.
    Belyaev, Evgeny
    et al.
    Tampere University of Technology, Tempere, Finland.
    Vinel, Alexey
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Jonsson, Magnus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Sjöberg, Katrin
    Volvo GTT, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Live video streaming in IEEE 802.11p vehicular networks: Demonstration of an automotive surveillance application2014Ingår i: Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS), 2014 IEEE Conference on, Piscataway, United States: IEEE Press, 2014, s. 131-132Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Prospective IEEE 802.11p-enabled automotive video applications are identified. Preliminary experimental results of inter-vehicular live video streaming for surveillance applications are presented. A test-bed for the demonstration of the achievable visual quality under different channel conditions is described.

  • 158.
    Belyaev, Evgeny
    et al.
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Vinel, Alexey
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Surak, Adam
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Gabbouj, Moncef
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Jonsson, Magnus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Egiazarian, Karen
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Robust vehicle-to-infrastructure video transmission for road surveillance applications2015Ingår i: IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, ISSN 0018-9545, E-ISSN 1939-9359, Vol. 64, nr 7, s. 2991-3003Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    IEEE 802.11p vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure communication technology is currently an emerging research topic in both industry and academia. Respective spectrum allocation of 10 MHz channels in the 5.9 GHz band for USA and Europe allows considering inter-vehicle transmission of a live video information as a basis, which enables a new class of safety and infotainment automotive applications such as road video surveillance. This paper is first of its kind where such a video transmission system is developed and experimentally validated. We propose a low-complexity unequal packet loss protection and rate control algorithms for a scalable video coding based on the three-dimensional discrete wavelet transform. We show that in comparison with a scalable extension of the H.264/AVC standard the new codec is less sensitive to packet losses, has less computational complexity and provides comparable performance in case of unequal packet loss protection. It is specially designed to cope with severe channel fading typical for dynamic vehicular environments and has a low complexity, making it a feasible solution for real-time automotive surveillance applications. Extensive measurements obtained in realistic city traffic scenarios demonstrate that good visual quality and continuous playback is possible when the moving vehicle is in the radius of 600 meters from the roadside unit. ©2014 IEEE

  • 159.
    Benaissa, Zine El-Abidine
    et al.
    Oregon Graduate Institute, Portland, OR, USA.
    Moggi, Eugenio
    DISI, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy.
    Taha, Walid
    Oregon Graduate Institute, Portland, OR, USA.
    Sheard, Tim
    Oregon Graduate Institute, Portland, OR, USA.
    Logical Modalities and Multi-Stage Programming1999Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Multi-stage programming is a method for improving the performance of programs through the introduction of controlled program specialization. This paper makes a case for multi-stage programming with open code and closed values. We argue that a simple language exploiting interactions between two logical modalities is well suited for multi-stage programming, and report the results from our study of categorical models for multi-stage languages.

  • 160.
    Bengtsson, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Uhlemann, Elisabeth
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Inbyggda system (CERES).
    Wiberg, Per-Arne
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Inbyggda system (CERES).
    Protocol for wireless real-time systems1999Ingår i: Proceedings of the 11th Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems, 1999, Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society , 1999, s. 168-174, artikel-id 777463Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A protocol and a communication mechanism intended for time and safety critical applications using a radio channel for information transport are considered jointly. The protocol is based on a scheme of retransmissions done on demand within a given time window. Each retransmission is coded with a varying number of redundant symbols. The set of blocks used for retransmission is controlled by two quality-of-service parameters: deadline for the transmission and the probability that the correct decoded message will reach the recipient before this deadline. Analysis of a protocol model indicates that it is possible to transmit time critical information in a mobile wireless system with very low error probabilities in an industrial environment.

  • 161.
    Bengtsson, Hoai
    et al.
    Viktoria Swedish ICT, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Chen, Lei
    Viktoria Swedish ICT, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Voronov, Alexey
    Viktoria Swedish ICT, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Englund, Cristofer
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab). Viktoria Swedish ICT, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Interaction Protocol for Highway Platoon Merge2015Ingår i: 2015 IEEE 18th International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems / [ed] Lisa O’Conner, Los Alamitos: IEEE, 2015, s. 1971-1976, artikel-id 7313411Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    An interaction protocol for cooperative platoon merge on highways is proposed. The interaction protocol facilitates a challenge scenario for the Grand Cooperative Driving Challenge (GCDC) 2016, where two platoons running on separate lanes merge into one platoon due to a roadwork in one of the lanes. Detailed interaction procedures, described with state machines of each vehicle are presented. A communication message set is designed to support platoon controllers to perform safe and efficient manoeuvres. © 2015 IEEE.

  • 162.
    Bengtsson, Matilda
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Color adjustment of digital images of clothes for truthful rendering2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    E-commerce is a growing market for selling gods and digital images are often used to display the product. However, there is a problem when the color of the object does not match the reality. This can lead to a dissatisfaction of the customer and a return of the product. Returned goods causes a significant loss in revenue for the suppliers. One reason for untruthful rendering of colors in images is due to different temperatures, or colors, of the illumination sources lighting the scene and the object. This effect can be reduced by a method called white balance. In this thesis, an algorithm based on the technique in Hsu et al. was implemented for a more truthful rendering of images of clothes and toys used in e-commerce. The algorithm removes unwanted color casts induced in the image from two different illumination sources. The thesis also marks important details missing in aforementioned paper as well as some drawbacks of the proposed technique, such as high processing time.

  • 163.
    Bengtsson, Ola
    Chalmers tekniska högskola Göteborg.
    Robust self-localization of mobile robots in dynamic environments using scan matching algorithms2006Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The most fundamental task for any mobile robot is to perform self-localization in the world in which it is currently active, i.e. determine its position relative its world. Encoders that count wheel rotations are often used, which can be turned into relative position estimates by mean of integration. This process is commonly referred to as dead reckoning. Unfortunately, the errors in such position estimates grow over time due to the underlying measurements errors, which means that the errors in the dead reckoning estimates must be regularly corrected by absolute postion estimates provided by other sensors. The goal of this thesis is to evaluate the possibilities of using so called scan mathing algorithms for robust position estimation of a mobile robot, especially in environments that change over time. A scan is a set o range measurements of the environment provided by e.g. a laser scanner. By comparing a scan taken at the actual poition of the robot with a scan previously taken and stored in a map of the environment, an estimate of the absolute position of the robot can be obtained. It is important that scan matching algorithms are robust against changes in the environments, are robust against different types of environments and can judge their own results.

    The main contributions of the thesis are threefold. First, two new sector-based scan matching algorithms are presented that are based on two existing scan-matching algorithms known as the Cox's and IDC algorithm. The sector-based variants, Cox-S and IDC-S, increase the performance of the existing algorithms, especially in environments containing severe changes. Second, two new methods are presented for estimating the uncertainty of the IDC algorithm. These methods improve the self-judgment of the IDC and IDC-S significantly, as the existing method for estimating the uncertainty was not reliable. Third, the new sector-based scan matching algorithms are evaluated and compared to the existing algorithms on the basis of simulations and real world experiments made with two different mobile robots. The experiments focus on the performance of the algorithms in hanging environments, and on their performance as part of a complete loalization system, i.e. fusing the outcome with dead reckoning. The experiments show a clear advantage of using sector-based scan matching algorithms in terms of increased robustness against changed environments. The experiments show that use especially of a combination of the two sector based algorithms Cox-S and IDC-S, while also using the new method for estimating the uncertainty of the IDC-S, achieves significantly better performance in changing environments compared to the existing algorithms.

  • 164.
    Bengtsson, Ola
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Baerveldt, Albert-Jan
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Localization in changing environments - Estimation of a covariance matrix for the IDC algorithm2001Ingår i: Proceedings 2001 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems. Expanding the Societal Role of Robotics in the the Next Millennium (Cat. No.01CH37180): Volume 4 of 4, Piscataway, N.J.: IEEE, 2001, s. 1931-1937Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Previously we have presented a new scan-matching algorithm, based on the IDC - Iterative Dual Correspondence- algorithm, which showed a good localization performance even in the case of severe changes in the environment. The Problem of the IDC-algorithm is that there is no good way to estimate the covariance matrix of the position estimate, which prohibits an effective fusion with other position estimates from other sensors, e.g by means of the Kalman filter. In this paper we present a new way to estimate the covariance matrix, by estimating the Hessian matrix of the error function that is minimized by the IDC scan-matching algorithm. Simulation results show that the estimated covariance matrix correspond well to the real one.

  • 165.
    Bentes, João
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Khandelwal, Siddhartha
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Carlsson, Hampus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi.
    Kärrman, Marcus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi.
    Svensson, Tim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi.
    Wickström, Nicholas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Novel System Architecture for Online Gait Analysis2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Although wearable devices can be used to perform continuous gait analysis in daily life, existing platforms only support short-term analysis in quasi-controlled environments. This paper proposes a novel system architecture that is designed for long-term, online gait analysis in free-living environments. Various aspects related to the feasibility and scalability of the proposed system are presented.

  • 166.
    Berbineau, Marion
    et al.
    IFSTTAR, Villeneuve d’Ascq, France.
    Jonsson, MagnusHögskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).Bonnin, Jean-MarieTelecom Bretagne, Cesson Sévigné, France.Cherkaoui, SoumayaUniversité de Sherbrooke, Canada.Aguado, MarinaUniversity of the Basque Country, Bilbao, Spain.Rico Garcia, CristinaDLR, German Aerospace Center, Oberpfaffenhofen-Wessling, Germany.Ghannoum, HassanSNCF, Paris, France.Mehmood, RashidUniversity of Huddersfield, UK.Vinel, AlexeyTampere University of Technology, Finland.
    Communication Technologies for Vehicles: 5th International Workshop, Nets4Cars/Nets4Trains 2013, Villeneuve d' Ascq, France, May 14-15, 2013, Proceedings2013Proceedings (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
  • 167. Berg, Jacob
    et al.
    Landin, Niclas
    Kommunikationskort2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (högskoleexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Raytelligence har utvecklat en radar som kan registrera rörelse och hjärtfrekvens hos människor. Datan från radarn skickas över Universal Serial Bus (USB) till en extern dator. För att produkten ska bli mer användarvänlig krävs en bättre kommunikationslösning. Projektet går ut på att implementera en trådlös kommunikation i form av bluetooth och Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) som kan skicka datan från radarn trådlöst till en extern dator eller mobil enhet. I rapporten beskrivs de olika metoderna som använts för att åstadkomma den trådlösa kommunikationen. Det beskrivs passande gränssnitt, val av passande kommunikationsmodul, implementering och kalibrering av antenn, val av komponenter och olika sätt att motverka Elektromagnetisk Interferens (EMI) för att få bra förutsättningar för en Elektromagnetisk kompatibilitet (EMC)-certifiering. Resultatet av projektet är en produkt som bygger på kommunikationsmodulen RS9113 och Raytelligence radarkort.

  • 168.
    Bergenhem, Carl
    et al.
    SP - Technical Research Institute of Sweden Department of Electronics, Borås, Sweden.
    Jonsson, Magnus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Two Protocols with Heterogeneous Real-Time Services for High-Performance Embedded Networks2012Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    High-performance embedded networks are found in computer systems that perform applications such as radar signal processing and multimedia rendering. The system can be composed of multiple computer nodes that are interconnected with the network. Properties of the network such as latency and speed affect the performance of the entire system. A node´s access to the network is controlled by a medium access protocol. This protocol decides e.g. real-time properties and services that the network will offer its users, i.e. the nodes. Two such network protocols with heterogeneous real-time services are presented. The protocols offer different communication services and services for parallel and distributed real-time processing. The latter services include barrier synchronisation, global reduction and short message service. A network topology of a unidirectional pipelined optical fibre-ribbon ring is assumed for both presented protocols. In such a network several simultaneous transmissions in non-overlapping segments are possible. Both protocols are aimed for applications that require a high-performance embedded network such as radar signal processing and multimedia. In these applications the system can be organised as multiple interconnected computation nodes that co-operate in parallel to achieve higher performance. The computing performance of the whole system is greatly affected by the choice of network. Computing nodes in a system for radar signal processing should be tightly coupled, i.e., communications cost, such as latency, between nodes should be small. This is possible if a suitable network with an efficient protocol is used. The target applications have heterogeneous real-time requirements for communication in that different classes of data-traffic exist. The traffic can be classified according to its requirements. The proposed protocols partition data-traffic into three classes with distinctly different qualities. These classes are: traffic with hard real-time demands, such as mission critical commands; traffic with soft real-time demands, such as application data (a deadline miss here only leads to decreased performance); and traffic with no real-time constraints at all. The protocols are analysed and performance is tested through simulation with different data-traffic patterns.

  • 169. Berggren, Per
    et al.
    Hiljemark, Rasmus
    Mot grönare IT: En studie om att förstå hinder företag ställs inför vid införandet av grön-IT2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 170.
    Bergholm, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Gallardo, Sascha
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Svensson, Jonny
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Positionering och Spårning av mobila enheter, ur ett IT–forensiskt perspektiv2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens Sverige så har de mobila enheterna en självklar plats i våra fickor, likväl som i vårt samhälle och i dess brottslighet, vilket gör att det sedan några år är att anse självklart att de även har en central roll i IT–forensiska utredningar inom våra polismyndigheter. Men vid sidan av konkreta bevis för begångna brott lagrar enheterna dessutom ofta data som kan användas för att spåra enheten, och därmed också dess brukare, över tid, vilket givetvis är av intresse av polismyndigheter men skulle även kunna vara av stort intresse för exempelvis försäkringsbolag och andra delar av den 'civila sektorn' som driver utredningar men som saknar polisens befogenheter. För att ge ett så brett användningsområde som möjligt fokuserar därför rapporten inte bara på datat som är tillgängligt från den faktiska enheten och hur de kan användas för spårning och positionering, utan försöker även på praktiskt väg undersöka i vilken grad dessa metoder kan utföras med allmänt tillgänglig mjuk- och hårdvara.

  • 171.
    Biba, Panagiota
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi.
    New waviness measurement system using RGB LED lights2015Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the rapid technological developments in the car industry and the high quality demands of customers, manufacturers and researchers focus on the reduction of surface roughness making use of various surface topography measurement systems. This master thesis focuses on development of a waviness measurement system (WMS) at Volvo Cars where light from different heights and angles illuminates the surface of an extended object in order to acquire images with different intensities due to shadowing effect and reflection. With this, surface irregularities and imperfections can be detected both in polished and unpolished surfaces for improving the car panels in the manufacturing process.  The initial WMS idea was to illuminate the surface at different heights from the four corners of a dark room using 20 flash lights and a camera positioned exactly on the top of the surface in the middle of the room. The first light goes on and the image is acquired. This procedure continues for all flash lights in 19s.The acquired images were evaluated by Matlab application. With the new WMS system flash lights are replaced by 32 RGB COB LED lights using the DMX512 protocol to communicate with them. The system runs in 9s which is half the time of the old WMS system. New LabView and Matlab codes were adjusted to the new parameters and devices. In the end, measurements were taken with different surfaces, exposure times and color lights. Details of the new devices and software are analyzed in this thesis.  

  • 172.
    Bigun, Josef
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Choy, Kwok-wai
    Olsson, Henrik
    Evidence on skill differences of women and men concerning face recognition2001Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a cognitive study regarding face recognition skills of women and men. The results reveal that there are in the average sizable skill differences between women and men in human face recognition. The women had higher correct answer frequencies then men in all face recognition questions they answered. In difficult questions, those which had fewer correct answers than other questions, the performance of the best skilled women were remarkably higher than the best skilled men. The lack of caricature type information (high spatial frequencies) hampers the recognition task significantly more than the lack of silhouette and shading (low spatial frequencies) information, according to our findings. Furthermore, the results confirmed the previous findings that hair style and facial expressions degrades the face recognition performance of humans significantly. The reported results concern 1838 individuals and the study was effectuated by means of Internet.

  • 173.
    Bigun, Josef
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Karlsson, Stefan M.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Histogram of directions by the structure tensor2011Ingår i: Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Applied Sciences in Biomedical and Communication Technologies, New York, NY: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Many low-level features, as well as varying methods of extraction and interpretation rely on directionality analysis (for example the Hough transform, Gabor filters, SIFT descriptors and the structure tensor). The theory of the gradient based structure tensor (a.k.a. the second moment matrix) is a very well suited theoretical platform in which to analyze and explain the similarities and connections (indeed often equivalence) of supposedly different methods and features that deal with image directionality. Of special interest to this study is the SIFT descriptors (histogram of oriented gradients, HOGs). Our analysis of interrelationships of prominent directionality analysis tools offers the possibility of computation of HOGs without binning, in an algorithm of comparative time complexity.

  • 174.
    Bigun, Josef
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Mikaelyan, Anna
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Dense frequency maps by Structure Tensor and logarithmic scale space: application to forensic fingerprintsManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Increasingly, reliable absolute frequency and orientation maps are needed, e.g. for image enhancement. Less studied is however the mutual dependence of both maps, and how to estimate them when none is known initially. We introduce a logarithmic scale space generated by the trace of Structure Tensor to study the relationship. The scale space is non-linear and absolute frequency estimation is reduced to an orientation estimation in it. We show that this offers significant advantages, including construction of efficient estimation methods, using Structure Tensor yielding dense maps of absolute frequency as well as orientation. In fingerprints, both maps can successively improve each other, combined in an image enhancement scheme via Gabor filtering. We verify that the suggested method compares favorably with state of the art, using forensic fingerprints recognition as test bed, and using test images where the ground truth is known. Furthermore, we suggest a novel continuous ridge counting method, relying only on dense absolute frequency and orientation maps, without ridge detection, thinning, etc. We present new evidence that the neighborhoods of the absolute frequency map are useful attributes of minutiae. In experiments, we use public data sets to support the conclusions.

  • 175.
    Bigun, Josef
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Mikaelyan, Anna
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Frequency map by Structure Tensor in Logarithmic Scale Space and Forensic Fingerprints2016Ingår i: PROCEEDINGS OF 29TH IEEE CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER VISION AND PATTERN RECOGNITION WORKSHOPS, (CVPRW 2016), Piscataway, NJ: IEEE, 2016, s. 204-213, artikel-id 7789522Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Increasingly, absolute frequency and orientation maps are needed, e.g. for forensics. We introduce a non-linear scale space via the logarithm of trace of the Structure Tensor. Therein, frequency estimation becomes an orientation estimation problem. We show that this offers significant advantages, including construction of efficient isotropic estimations of dense maps of frequency. In fingerprints, both maps are shown to improve each other in an enhancement scheme via Gabor filtering. We suggest a novel continuous ridge counting method, relying only on dense absolute frequency and orientation maps, without ridge detection, thinning, etc. Furthermore, we present new evidence that frequency maps are useful attributes of minutiae. We verify that the suggested method compares favorably with state of the art using forensic fingerprints as test bed, and test images where the ground truth is known. In evaluations, we use public data sets and published methods only.

  • 176.
    Bigun, Josef
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Teferi, Dereje
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Damascening video databases for evaluation of face tracking and recognition – The DXM2VTS database2007Ingår i: Pattern Recognition Letters, ISSN 0167-8655, E-ISSN 1872-7344, Vol. 28, nr 15, s. 2143-2156Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Performance quantification of biometric systems, such as face tracking and recognition highly depend on the database used for testing the systems. Systems trained and tested on realistic and representative databases evidently perform better. Actually, the main reason for evaluating any system on test data is that these data sets represent problems that systems might face in the real world. However, building biometric video databases with realistic background for testing is expensive especially due to its high demand of cooperation from the side of the participants. For example, XM2VTS database contain thousands of video recorded in a studio from 295 subjects. Recording these subjects repeatedly in public places such as supermarkets, offices, streets, etc., is not realistic. To this end, we present a procedure to separate the background of a video recorded in studio conditions with the purpose to replace it with an arbitrary complex background, e.g., outdoor scene containing motion, to measure performance, e.g., eye tracking. Furthermore, we present how an affine transformation and synthetic noise can be incorporated into the production of the new database to simulate natural noise, e.g. motion blur due to translation, zooming and rotation. The entire system is applied to the XM2VTS database, which already consists of several terabytes of data, to produce the DXM2VTS–Damascened XM2VTS database essentially without an increase in resource consumption, i.e., storage, bandwidth, and most importantly, the time of clients populating the database, and the time of the operators.

  • 177.
    Bildtmark, Kim
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi.
    Jädersand, Robin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi.
    Security Awareness for Mobility: En studie om företagsmobilitet och de säkerhetsrisker som följer2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 178.
    Bilstrup, Katrin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Inbyggda system (CERES).
    Böhm, Annette
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Inbyggda system (CERES).
    Lidström, Kristoffer
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Inbyggda system (CERES).
    Jonsson, Magnus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Inbyggda system (CERES).
    Larsson, Tony
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Inbyggda system (CERES).
    Uhlemann, Elisabeth
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Inbyggda system (CERES).
    Report on the Collaboration between CVIS and CERES in the Project Vehicle Alert System (VAS)2009Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In March 2007, an agreement was made for interchange of experiences between CVIS and the Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES) at Halmstad University in Sweden. The majority of the work relating to this collaboration has been conducted within the CERES project Vehicle Alert System (VAS), aiming to use vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communications to provide different types of warning messages. The main focus of the VAS project is on communication and in particular the lower layers of the communication stack are investigated. VAS involves academic researchers from Halmstad University as well as researchers from Volvo Technology, SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden and the company Free2move. This report presents the results of the VAS project, its publications, and other issues of interest both to the CVIS consortium as well as a broader scope.

  • 179.
    Bilstrup, Katrin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Inbyggda system (CERES).
    Uhlemann, Elisabeth
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Inbyggda system (CERES).
    Ström, Erik G.
    Chalmers.
    Medium access control in vehicular networks based on the upcoming IEEE 802.11p standard2008Ingår i: World Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS), 2008, World Congress on ITS , 2008, s. 12-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, initial simulations are presented showing that the upcoming IEEE 802.11p standard is not suitable for traffic safety applications requiring reliable, low delay communication between vehicles. The medium access control procedure is one of the most important parts in the design of delay-constrained communication systems, and emerging vehicle safety applications put new stringent demands on timely and reliable delivery of data packets. The medium access procedure used in 802.11p is carrier sense multiple access, which is inherently unsuitable for time-critical data traffic since it is contention-based and cannot provide a finite upper bound on the time to channel access. The simulation results indicate that with IEEE 802.11p, channel access cannot be granted in a manner that is sufficiently predictable to support reliable, low-delay communications between vehicles on a highway.

  • 180.
    Bilstrup, Katrin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Inbyggda system (CERES).
    Uhlemann, Elisabeth
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Inbyggda system (CERES).
    Ström, Erik G.
    Chalmers.
    Bilstrup, Urban
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Inbyggda system (CERES).
    Evaluation of the IEEE 802.11p MAC method for vehicle-to-vehicle communication2008Ingår i: 68th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, 2008. VTC 2008-Fall: IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC) (2008), Piscataway, N.J.: IEEE Press, 2008, s. 1-5Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the medium access control (MAC) method of the upcoming vehicular communication standard IEEE 802.11p has been simulated in a highway scenario with periodic broadcast of time-critical packets (so-called heartbeat messages) in a vehicle-to-vehicle situation. The 802.11p MAC method is based on carrier sense multiple access (CSMA) where nodes listen to the wireless channel before sending. If the channel is busy, the node must defer its access and during high utilization periods this could lead to unbounded delays. This well-known property of CSMA is undesirable for time critical communications. The simulation results reveal that a specific node/vehicle is forced to drop over 80% of its heartbeat messages because no channel access was possible before the next message was generated. To overcome this problem, we propose to use self-organizing time division multiple access (STDMA) for real-time data traffic between vehicles. This MAC method is already successfully applied in commercial surveillance applications for ships (AIS) and airplanes (VDL mode 4). Our initial results indicate that STDMA outperforms CSMA for time-critical traffic safety applications in ad hoc vehicular networks.

  • 181.
    Bilstrup, Katrin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Inbyggda system (CERES).
    Uhlemann, Elisabeth
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Inbyggda system (CERES).
    Ström, Erik G.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Inbyggda system (CERES).
    Bilstrup, Urban
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Inbyggda system (CERES).
    On the ability of the 802.11p MAC method and STDMA to support real-time vehicle-to-vehicle communications2009Ingår i: EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, ISSN 1687-1472, E-ISSN 1687-1499, Vol. 2009, nr 902414, s. 1-14Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Traffic safety applications using vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication is an emerging and promising area within the intelligent transportation systems (ITS) sphere. Many of these new applications require real-time communication with high reliability, meaning that packets must be successfully delivered before a certain deadline. Applications with early deadlines are expected to require direct V2V communications, and the only standard currently supporting this is the upcoming IEEE 802.11p, included in the wireless access in vehicular environment (WAVE) stack. To meet a real-time deadline, timely and predictable access to the channel is paramount. However, the medium access method used in 802.11p, carrier sense multiple access with collision avoidance (CSMA/CA), does not guarantee channel access before a finite deadline. In this paper, we analyze the communication requirements introduced by traffic safety applications, namely, low delay, reliable, real-time communications.We show by simulation of a simple, but realistic, highway scenario, that vehicles using CSMA/CA can experience unacceptable channel access delays and, therefore, 802.11p does not support real-time communications. In addition, we present a potential remedy for this problem, namely, the use of self-organizing time division multiple access (STDMA). The real-time properties of STDMA are investigated by means of the same highway simulation scenario, with promising results.

  • 182.
    Bilstrup, Katrin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Inbyggda system (CERES).
    Uhlemann, Elisabeth
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Inbyggda system (CERES).
    Ström, Erik G.
    Chalmers, Gothenburg.
    Bilstrup, Urban
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Inbyggda system (CERES).
    On the ability of the IEEE 802.11p and STDMA to provide predictable channel access2009Ingår i: Proceedings of the 16th World Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS), 2009, s. 10-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Emerging traffic safety applications requiring low delay communications will need vehicle ad-hoc networks. The only communication standard currently supporting this is IEEE 802.11p. However, 802.11p uses the medium access method CSMA/CA, which has a major drawback: unbounded worst case channel access delay. We therefore propose an algorithm already in commercial use in the shipping industry: STDMA. With STDMA, nodes always get predictable channel access regardless of the number of competing nodes and the maximum delay is deterministic. In this paper we elaborated with different parameter settings for the two protocols with the aim of improving performance without altering the standards.

     

  • 183.
    Bilstrup, Urban
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Bluetooth and Wireless Multihop Networks in Industrial Communication Systems2008Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this thesis is to investigate the use of short-range wireless communication technology in industrial communication systems where there is a need for guaranteed timely delivery of correct information. Methods for achieving such capability are developed in the context of the physical layer, the data link layer and the application layer. Based on the insight that it is impossible to achieve strict determinism in a wireless communication system, a probabilistic definition of hard real-time systems is suggested, and thus a guarantee is given in the form of the probability of fulfilling a certain goal. Since a wireless channel is time variant, it is also necessary to continuously keep track of available resources. Allocation and link management methods for wireless communication systems therefore need to be dynamic and of an online character. An exhaustive resource allocation method with redundancy is first proposed for single message delivery and then extended for the operation of a single Bluetooth piconet. However, many devices in an industrial automation system have limited computational resources, especially if wireless sensors/actuators powered by battery or wireless power are considered. This implies that methods used for resource allocation must be of low computational complexity. The complexity issue becomes evident when large systems are implemented, even if each individual sensor generates small amounts of data. The upstream and downstream flows of data grow rapidly in a hierarchical system with many sub-systems, sensors and actuators. It is empirically shown that the aggregated data flow in a monitoring system requires powerful communication nodes already at low levels in the industrial communication hierarchy. A predictable system requires that representative entities for the available resources are defined. In a communication system with a single broadcast domain, such as a single Bluetooth piconet, the resource space is often limited to the time domain. When a multihop wireless network with multiple broadcast domains is considered, the spatial domain is added as an available resource and, if a multi-channel radio transceiver is used, the frequency is also added as an available resource domain. These three domains represent the physical resource space that is available for a wireless multihop network. These are subject to trade-off in all of the three lowest protocol layers, and one of the most challenging problems in the design of a wireless multihop network is how to achieve efficient sharing of these resources. This problem is addressed by proposing a clustered architecture based on a dual-radio node that enables dynamic use of these resource domains.

  • 184.
    Bilstrup, Urban
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Parsapoor, Mahboobeh
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    A Framework and Architecture for a Cognitive Manager Based on a Computational Model of Human Emotional Learning2013Ingår i: Proceedings of SDR-WInnComm-Europe 2013: Wireless Innovation European Conference on Wireless Communications Technologies and Software Defined Radio / [ed] Lee Pucker, Kuan Collins & Stephanie Hamill, 2013, s. 64-72Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we propose an architecture for a cognitive engine that is based on the emotional learning cycle instead of the traditional cognitive cycle. The cognitive cycle that traditionally has been used as reference for cognitive radio is on the basis of the Unified Theories of Cognition (UTC) to model rational decision making in humans. UTC represents a rational goal-oriented decision-action made by an intelligent agent. However, the emotional cycle represents an emotional reaction-oriented cycle instead. These two models differ in function and structure of learning, decision making and optimization. In this work the structure of these two learning cycles are compared and a computational model for artificial emotional learning based engine is suggested.

  • 185.
    Bilstrup, Urban
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Sjöberg, Katrin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Svensson, Bertil
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Wiberg, Per-Arne
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Capacity limitations in wireless sensor networks2003Ingår i: ETFA 2003: 2003 IEEE Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation, September 16-19, 2003, Lisbon, Portugal : proceedings, Piscataway, N.J.: IEEE , 2003, s. 529-536, artikel-id 1247752Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It is expected that wireless sensor network will be used in home automation and industrial manufacturing in the future. The main driving forces for wireless sensor networks are fault tolerance, energy gain and spatial capacity gain. Unfortunately, an often forgotten issue is the capacity limits that the network topology of a wireless sensor network represents. In this paper we identify gains, losses and limitations in a wireless sensor network, using a simplified theoretical network model. Especially, we want to point out the stringent capacity limitations that this simplified network model provide. Where a comparison between the locality of the performed information exchange and the average capacity available for each node is the main contribution.

  • 186.
    Bilstrup, Urban
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Sjöberg, Katrin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Wiberg, Per-Arne
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    A comparison of spatial energy consumption distribution for single- and mulihop wireless network architectures2004Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 187.
    Bilstrup, Urban
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Svensson, Bertil
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Wiberg, Per-Arne
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Knowledge Horizon - Dynamic limitations in a wireless ad hoc network2003Ingår i: SNCNW 2003 Swedish National Computer Networking Workshop 2003 on-line proceedings, 2003, s. 1-3Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we investigate the impact of node mobility in a wireless ad hoc network (WAHN). Especially we investigate the possibility to provide guaranteed services in a WAHN, i.e., the network topology predictability. We combine link expiration time (LET) estimation with information propagation speed (IPS) in a time-space diagram and as result an operation area is revealed. The result gives that a WAHN, where the nodes are mobile, has a knowledge horizon (KH), the distance of which is dependent on the mobility of the nodes. Beyond the KH, knowledge about the network state is impossible to achieve. Thus, we can not predict long distance network topology state when the node mobility is high.

  • 188.
    Bilstrup, Urban
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Wiberg, Per-Arne
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Bluetooth in industrial environment2000Ingår i: 2000 IEEE International Workshop on Factory Communication Systems: proceedings : 6-8 September, 2000, ISEP, Porto, Portugal / [ed] IEEE, Piscataway, N.J.: IEEE Press, 2000, s. 239-246Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper an initial study of the use of Bluetooth in industrial environment is presented. The tests have been performed at a paper-mill, and in an office environment at Halmstad University. It shows the possibility to use Bluetooth for wireless short range communication in an industrial environment.

  • 189.
    Bilstrup, Urban
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Wiberg, Per-Arne
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Routing protocol for wireless real-time multihop networks1999Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 190.
    Binotto, Alécio Pedro Delazari
    et al.
    Informatics Institute, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Pignaton de Freitas, Edison
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES). Informatics Institute, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Pereira, Carlos Eduardo
    Electrical Engineering Department, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Larsson, Tony
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Towards Dynamic Task Scheduling and Reconfiguration using an Aspect Oriented Approach applied on Real-time concerns of Industrial Systems2009Ingår i: Elsevier IFAC Publications / IFAC Proceedings series, ISSN 1474-6670, Vol. 13, nr PART 1, s. 1423-1428Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    High performance computational platforms are required by industries that make use of automatic methods to manage modern machines, which are mostly controlled by high-performance specific hardware with processing capabilities. It usually works together with CPUs, forming a powerful execution platform. On an industrial production line, distinct tasks can be assigned to be processed by different machines depending on certain conditions and production parameters. However, these conditions can change at run-time influenced mainly by machine failure and maintenance, priorities changes, and possible new better task distribution. Therefore, self-adaptive computing is a potential paradigm as it can provide flexibility to explore the machine resources and improve performance on different execution scenarios of the production line. One approach is to explore scheduling and run-time task migration among machines’ hardware towards a balancing of tasks, aiming performance and production gain. This way, the monitoring of time requirements and its crosscutting behaviour play an important role for task (re)allocation decisions. This paper introduces the use of software aspect-oriented paradigms to perform machines’ monitoring and a self-rescheduling strategy of tasks to address nonfunctional timing constraints. As case study, tasks for a production line of aluminium ingots are designed. © 2009 IFAC.

  • 191.
    Bjurdelius, Andreas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Bjurdelius, Pierre
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Blomqvist, Alexander
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Automated Router and Switch Backup2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (högskoleexamen), 5 poäng / 7,5 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Today's companies are growing in a steady pace, with more and more network devices added to the network it is very important to keep track of and monitor the status of devices. Even though the wireless evolution has come, it all depends on the wired connections to supply a continuous connection to the rest of the world.

     

    This thesis explores, tests and informs about creating a functional system that automatically creates backups of configuration files from network devices and how to troubleshoot networking problems and maintain a network to keep it in good shape.

     

    Even though many companies have manual backups of router and switch configurations, the possibility to have this part automated should be desired by most companies. It can open up for the administrators in the company to have more time over to help the employees that are experiencing problems at the same time as the automated system eliminates the possible errors that a human can cause.

    Of course one can see it the other way, that it takes away manual labor for the employees, but it is just a small part of the job yet it is so very important that making this service automated is a good choice for a company.

    Integrity is proven by the means of backups and by the option to see the difference between the previous backups and the most recent.

     

    The three of us have worked as a group to do all tests and to write the documentation. After working with a couple of companies it is clear that well functional backup systems of network devices are not as common as it should be. Companies that do take backups of the network devices often do this manually.

    When seeing this it makes sense to use a reliable system that uses revision handling so it is easy to see the recent changes made to the devices.

     

    The results ended up in a working automated backup system for routers and switches. The automated system is running Debian and connects to all the routers and switches in the network to collect the configuration files with the help of rancid.

    The thesis also explains the functions of concepts such as disaster recovery and different maintenance models.

  • 192.
    Blomqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Byttner, Stefan
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Rögnvaldsson, Thorsteinn
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Holmberg, Ulf
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Different Strategies for Transient Control of the Air-Fuel Ratio in a SI Engine2000Ingår i: SAE transactions : journal of fuels and lubricants, Warrendale, Pa.: Society of automotive engineers (SAE) , 2000, Vol. 109Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper compares several strategies for air-fuel ratio tran-sient control. The strategies are: A factory-standard look-up table based system (a SAAB Trionic 5), a feedback PI controller with and without feed-forward throttle correction, a linear feed-forward control algorithm, and two nonlinear feed- forward algorithms based on artificial neural networks. The control strategies have been implemented and evaluated in a SAAB 9000 car during a transient driving test, consisting of an acceleration in the second gear from an engine speed of 1500 rpm to 3000 rpm. The best strategies are found to be the neural network based ones, followed by the table based factory system. The two feedback PI controllers offer the poorest performance.

  • 193.
    Bocharova, Irina
    et al.
    St.-Petersburg University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, St.-Petersburg, Russia & University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.
    Kudryashov, Boris
    St.-Petersburg University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, St.-Petersburg, Russia & University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.
    Lyamin, Nikita
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Frick, Erik
    AstaZero Hällered, Sandhult, Sweden.
    Rabi, Maben
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Vinel, Alexey
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES). Department of Electrical Engineering, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Bergen, Norway.
    Low Delay Inter-Packet Coding in Vehicular Networks2019Ingår i: Future Internet, ISSN 1999-5903, E-ISSN 1999-5903, Vol. 11, nr 12, artikel-id 212Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In Cooperative Intelligent Transportation Systems (C-ITSs), vehicles need to wirelessly connect with Roadside units (RSUs) over limited durations when such point-to-point connections are possible. One example of such communications is the downloading of maps to the C-ITS vehicles. Another example occurs in the testing of C-ITS vehicles, where the tested vehicles upload trajectory records to the roadside units. Because of real-time requirements, and limited bandwidths, data are sent as User Datagram Protocol (UDP) packets. We propose an inter-packet error control coding scheme that improves the recovery of data when some of these packets are lost; we argue that the coding scheme has to be one of convolutional coding. We measure performance through the session averaged probability of successfully delivering groups of packets. We analyze two classes of convolution codes and propose a low-complexity decoding procedure suitable for network applications. We conclude that Reed–Solomon convolutional codes perform better than Wyner–Ash codes at the cost of higher complexity. We show this by simulation on the memoryless binary erasure channel (BEC) and channels with memory, and through simulations of the IEEE 802.11p DSRC/ITS-G5 network at the C-ITS test track AstaZero.

  • 194.
    Bocharova, Irina
    et al.
    Department of Information Systems, St. Petersburg University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, St.-Petersburg, Russia & Institute of Computer Science, University of Tartu, Estonia.
    Kudryashov, Boris
    Department of Information Systems, St. Petersburg University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, St.-Petersburg, Russia & Institute of Computer Science, University of Tartu, Estonia.
    Rabi, Maben
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Lyamin, Nikita
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Dankers, Wouter
    Volvo GTT, Goteborg, Sweden.
    Frick, Erik
    AstaZero, Hällered, Sandhult, Sweden.
    Vinel, Alexey
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES). Department of Electrical Engineering, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Bergen, Norway.
    Characterizing Packet Losses in Vehicular Networks2019Ingår i: IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, ISSN 0018-9545, E-ISSN 1939-9359, Vol. 68, nr 9, s. 8347-8358Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To enable testing and performance evaluation of new connected and autonomous driving functions, it is important to characterize packet losses caused by degradation in vehicular (V2X) communication channels. In this paper we suggest an approach to constructing packet loss models based on the socalled Pseudo-Markov chains (PMC). The PMC based model needs only short training sequences, has low computational complexity, and yet provides more precise approximations than known techniques. We show how to learn PMC models from either empirical records of packet receptions, or from analytical models of fluctuations in the received signal strength. In particular, we validate our approach by applying it on (i) V2X packet reception data collected from an active safety test run, which used the LTE network of the AstaZero automotive testing site in Sweden, and (ii) variants of the Rician fading channel models corresponding to two models of correlations of packet losses. We also show that initializing the Baum-Welch algorithm with a second order PMC model leads to a high accuracy model. © 2019 IEEE.

  • 195.
    Bocharova, Irina
    et al.
    ITMO University, Saint Petersburg, Russia & University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.
    Kudryashov, Boris
    ITMO University, Saint Petersburg, Russia & University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.
    Rabi, Maben
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Lyamin, Nikita
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Dankers, Wouter
    Volvo GTT, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Frick, Erik
    AstaZero, Hällered, Sweden.
    Vinel, Alexey
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Modeling Packet Losses in Communication Networks2019Ingår i: 2019 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory: Proceedings, 2019, s. 1012-1016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    An approach to constructing discrete models of packet losses suitable for a wide variety of communication network applications is studied. It is based on estimating parameters of probabilistic automata described via so-called pseudo-Markov chains. The new technique is applied both to approximating a discrete time analog process at the output of known channel models and to the experimental data stream. Comparison of models is performed by computing probabilities of more than m losses out of n transmitted packets (P (m, n)). It is shown that for the Rician fading channel with exponential correlation and correlation determined by a Bessel filter, the obtained rank-two and rank-three discrete modes, respectively, provide high accuracy coincidence of P (m, n) performances. The rank-three discrete model computed on the experimental data stream obtained from the LTE network provides significantly better approximation of P (≥ m, n) performance than that obtained by the Baum-Welch algorithm.

  • 196.
    Boeira, Felipe
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS). Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil & Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Barcellos, Marinho P.
    Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Pignaton de Freitas, Edison
    Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Vinel, Alexey
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Asplund, Mikael
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Effects of Colluding Sybil Nodes in Message Falsification Attacks for Vehicular Platooning2017Ingår i: 2017 IEEE Vehicular Networking Conference (VNC) / [ed] Onur Altintas, Claudio Casetti, Nicholas Kirsch, Renato Lo Cigno & Rui Meireles, 2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the impact of vulnerabilities associated with the Sybil attack (through falsification of multiple identities) and message falsification in vehicular platooning. Platooning employs Inter-Vehicular Communication (IVC) to control a group of vehicles. It uses broadcast information such as acceleration, position, and velocity to operate a longitudinal control law. Cooperation among vehicles allows platoons to reduce fuel consumption and risks associated with driver mistakes. In spite of these benefits, the use of network communication to control vehicles exposes a relevant attack surface that can be exploited by malicious actors. To carry out this study, we evaluate five scenarios to quantify the potential impact of such attacks, identifying how platoons behave under varying Sybil attack conditions and what are the associated safety risks. This research also presents the use of location hijacking attack. In this attack, innocent vehicles that are not part of a platoon are used as a way to create trust bond between the false identities and the physical vehicles. We demonstrate that the ability to create false identities increases the effectiveness of message falsification attacks by making them easier to deploy and harder to detect in time.

  • 197.
    Boeira, Felipe
    et al.
    Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Barcellos, Marinho
    Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Pignaton de Freitas, Edison
    Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Vinel, Alexey
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Asplund, Mikael
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    On the impact of sybil attacks in cooperative driving scenarios2017Ingår i: 2017 IFIP Networking Conference (IFIP Networking) and Workshops, IEEE, 2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Platooning employs a set of technologies to manage how a group of vehicles operates, including radar, GPS and Inter-Vehicular Communication (IVC). It uses broadcasted information such as acceleration, position and velocity to operate vehicle members of the platoon. Cooperation among vehicles allows platoons to reduce fuel consumption and risks associated with driver mistakes. In spite of these benefits, the use of IVC to control vehicles exposes a relevant attack surface that can be exploited by malicious actors. In this paper we study the impact of vulnerabilities associated with the Sybil attack (through falsification of multiple identities) and message falsification in vehicular platooning. Simulation results show that this attack may impact the longitudinal control and compromise the entire platoon control. © Copyright 2018 IEEE

  • 198.
    Boonen, Dries
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    The impact of bias on the predictive value of EHR driven machine learning models.2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (högskoleexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The  rapid  digitization  in  the  health  care  sector  leads  to  an  increaseof  data.  This  routine  collected  data  in  the  form  of  electronic  healthrecords (EHR) is not only used by medical professionals but also hasa  secondary  purpose:  health  care  research.  It  can  be  opportune  touse this EHR data for predictive modeling in order to support medi-cal professionals in their decisions. However, using routine collecteddata  (RCD)  often  comes  with  subtle  biases  that  might  risk  efficientlearning of predictive models. In this thesis the effects of RCD on theprediction performance are reviewed.In particular we thoroughly investigate and reason if the performanceof  particular  prediction  models  is  consistent  over  a  range  of  hand-crafted sub-populations within the data.Evidence  is  presented  that  the  overall  prediction  score  of  the  algo-rithms trained by EHR significantly differ for some groups of patientsin  the  data.  A  method  is  presented  to  give  more  insight  why  thesegroups of patients have different scores.

  • 199.
    Borg, Markus
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden AB, Lund, Sweden.
    Englund, Cristofer
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden AB, Lund, Sweden.
    Wnuk, Krzysztof
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Durann, Boris
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden AB, Lund, Sweden.
    Lewandowski, Christoffer
    QRTECH AB, Mölndal, Sweden.
    Gao, Shenjian
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Tan, Yanwen
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Kaijser, Henrik
    AB Volvo, Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lönn, Henrik
    AB Volvo, Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Törnqvist, Jonnas
    QRTECH AB, Mölndal, Sweden.
    Safely Entering the Deep: A Review of Verification and Validation for Machine Learning and a Challenge Elicitation in the Automotive Industry2019Ingår i: Journal of Automotive Software Engineering, ISSN 2589-2258, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 1-19Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Deep neural networks (DNNs) will emerge as a cornerstone in automotive software engineering. However, developing systems with DNNs introduces novel challenges for safety assessments. This paper reviews the state-of-the-art in verification and validation of safety-critical systems that rely on machine learning. Furthermore, we report from a workshop series on DNNs for perception with automotive experts in Sweden, confirming that ISO 26262 largely contravenes the nature of DNNs. We recommend aerospace-to-automotive knowledge transfer and systems-based safety approaches, for example, safety cage architectures and simulated system test cases.© 2019 The Authors.

  • 200.
    Borg, Richard
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Svensson, Timmy
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Assistansrobot "Slangaren"2011Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (högskoleexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektet är ett steg mot att automatisera brandbekämpning. Målet är att minimera personskador genom att ersätta brandmän med robotar och andra tekniska hjälpmedel. Framförallt i farliga miljöer där det finns risk för t.ex. explosioner eller ras. Robotarna är lätta att ersätta och kan manövreras säkert på behörigt avstånd. Idén kommer från företaget Drones Networking som strävar efter att ta fram ett autonomt brandsläckningssystem. Resultatet av projektet är en prototyp av en robot som ska sköta slanghanteringen vid brandbekämpningen.

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