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  • 151.
    Bengtsson, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Uhlemann, Elisabeth
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Inbyggda system (CERES).
    Wiberg, Per-Arne
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Inbyggda system (CERES).
    Protocol for wireless real-time systems1999Inngår i: Proceedings of the 11th Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems, 1999, Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society , 1999, s. 168-174, artikkel-id 777463Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A protocol and a communication mechanism intended for time and safety critical applications using a radio channel for information transport are considered jointly. The protocol is based on a scheme of retransmissions done on demand within a given time window. Each retransmission is coded with a varying number of redundant symbols. The set of blocks used for retransmission is controlled by two quality-of-service parameters: deadline for the transmission and the probability that the correct decoded message will reach the recipient before this deadline. Analysis of a protocol model indicates that it is possible to transmit time critical information in a mobile wireless system with very low error probabilities in an industrial environment.

  • 152.
    Bengtsson, Hoai
    et al.
    Viktoria Swedish ICT, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Chen, Lei
    Viktoria Swedish ICT, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Voronov, Alexey
    Viktoria Swedish ICT, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Englund, Cristofer
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab). Viktoria Swedish ICT, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Interaction Protocol for Highway Platoon Merge2015Inngår i: 2015 IEEE 18th International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems / [ed] Lisa O’Conner, Los Alamitos: IEEE, 2015, s. 1971-1976, artikkel-id 7313411Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    An interaction protocol for cooperative platoon merge on highways is proposed. The interaction protocol facilitates a challenge scenario for the Grand Cooperative Driving Challenge (GCDC) 2016, where two platoons running on separate lanes merge into one platoon due to a roadwork in one of the lanes. Detailed interaction procedures, described with state machines of each vehicle are presented. A communication message set is designed to support platoon controllers to perform safe and efficient manoeuvres. © 2015 IEEE.

  • 153.
    Bengtsson, Jerker
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Baseband Processing in 3G UMTS Radio Base Stations2006Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents a study of functionality, service dataflows, computation characteristics and processing parameters for baseband processing in radio base stations. The study has been performed with the objective to develop a programming model that is natural and efficient to use for baseband programming and which can be efficiently compiled to parallel computing structures. In order to achieve this objective it is necessary to analyse and understand the logical architecture of the application in order to be able to define processing characteristics and thereby requirements on languages as well as on physical system architectures. Moreover, to be able to test and verify programming and mapping of functions it is necessary to have realistic but still manageable test cases. The study is focused on the third generation partnership project (3GPP) standard specifications for 3G radio base stations. The specifications cover the complete 3G network-architecture and are quite extensive and complex. To make experiments manageable, it is necessary to abstract system functionality that is not directly relevant for the RBS baseband processing. Moreover, the standard specifications only describe the required processing functionality on an abstract logical level. In this report, the functionality of the baseband functions is explained and also described using illustrations of dataflows and abstract mapping of two 3G service cases. The results of the study constitute a comprehensive description of the processing flow and the mapping of user data channels in 3G radio base stations – spanning data and control input from layer 2 to physical channel output from layer 1. Data dependencies between functions are illustrated with figures and it is concluded that these dependencies are of producer/consumer type. It is discussed how different functions can be mapped in MIMD and SIMD fashion with regard to the data dependencies, the data stream lengths and the control operations required to handle bit stream processing on word-length processor architectures.

  • 154.
    Bengtsson, Jerker
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Efficient implementation of stream applications on processor arrays2006Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis concludes work conducted on exploring the usage of parallel and reconfigurable processor architectures in industrial high-performance embedded systems. This kind of systems has by tradition been built using a mix of digital signal processors and custom made hardware. Digital signal processors provide full functional felxibility, but at the cost of lower performance. Custom made hardware can be optimized for specific functions for high performance, but at the cost of inflexibility and high development costs. A desire is to combine flexibility and performance using commercial hardware, without trading too much of performance for flexibility.

    Parallel and reconfigurable architectures provide a flexible computing space constituting processing elements that are coupled through configurable communication structures. Architectures designed with less complex processing elements render a high degree of utilizable parallelism at the cost of having to use a portion of the pocessing elements for control functions. In the thesis it is shown that it is possible to utilize this kind of architecture to achieve high performance efficiency, despite the fact that a large fraction of PEs are required to implement control-oriented portions in a fairly complex algorithm.

    A major problem is that architectures of this kind expose a very complex programming abstraction for compilers and programmers. The approach taken in this work is a domain-specific stream processing model which provides means to express application-specific dataflows and computations in terms of streams. An extensive application study comprising the baseband processing in radio base stations has been used to define sufficient data types, operators and language construct. Furthermore, to support industrial requirements on portability to different architectures, it must be possible to express parallelism and characteristic computations without exposing of hardware details in the source code.

    To be able to prototype and set up experiments with stream processing languages an experimental programming framework has been developed. A first prototype language with specific primitive types, operators and stream constructs has been implemented in order to elaborate with baseband programming. It is demonstrated how these types and operators can be used to express machine-independent bit field and other fine-grained data parallel computations. Furthermore, the language has been designed with constructs for efficient and flexible programming of reconfiguration of distributed function parameters.

  • 155.
    Bengtsson, Jerker
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Intermediate representations for simulation and implementation2010Inngår i: Handbook of Signal processing systems / [ed] S.S Bhattacharyya, E.F. Deprettere, R. Leupers and J. Takala, New York: Springer-Verlag New York, 2010, 1, s. 739-767Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 156.
    Bengtsson, Jerker
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Models and Methods for Development of DSP Applications on Manycore Processors2009Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Advanced digital signal processing systems require specialized high-performance embedded computer architectures. The term high-performance translates to large amounts of data and computations per time unit. The term embedded further implies requirements on physical size and power efficiency. Thus the requirements are of both functional and non-functional nature. This thesis addresses the development of high-performance digital signal processing systems relying on manycore technology. We propose building two-level hierarchical computer architectures for this domain of applications. Further, we outline a tool flow based on methods and analysis techniques for automated, multi-objective mapping of such applications on distributed memory manycore processors. In particular, the focus is put on how to provide a means for tunable strategies for mapping of task graphs on array structured distributed memory manycores, with respect to given application constraints. We argue for code mapping strategies based on predicted execution performance, which can be used in an auto-tuning feedback loop or to guide manual tuning directed by the programmer. Automated parallelization, optimisation and mapping to a manycore processor benefits from the use of a concurrent programming model as the starting point. Such a model allows the programmer to express different types and granularities of parallelism as well as computation characteristics of importance in the addressed class of applications. The programming model should also abstract away machine dependent hardware details. The analytical study of WCDMA baseband processing in radio base stations, presented in this thesis, suggests dataflow models as a good match to the characteristics of the application and as execution model abstracting computations on a manycore. Construction of portable tools further requires a manycore machine model and an intermediate representation. The models are needed in order to decouple algorithms, used to transform and map application software, from hardware. We propose a manycore machine model that captures common hardware resources, as well as resource dependent performance metrics for parallel computation and communication. Further, we have developed a multifunctional intermediate representation, which can be used as source for code generation and for dynamic execution analysis. Finally, we demonstrate how we can dynamically analyse execution using abstract interpretation on the intermediate representation. It is shown that the performance predictions can be used to accurately rank different mappings by best throughput or shortest end-to-end computation latency.

  • 157.
    Bengtsson, Jerker
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Gaspes, Veronica
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Svensson, Bertil
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Machine Assisted Code Generation for Manycore Processors2007Inngår i: Proceedings of the 9th biennial SNART Conference on Real-Time Systems (Real-Time in Sweden - RTiS'07), 2007, s. 9-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 158.
    Bengtsson, Jerker
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Hoang Bengtsson, Hoai
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Dynamic Real-time DSP on Manycores2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 159.
    Bengtsson, Jerker
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Svensson, Bertil
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    A configurable framework for stream programming exploration in baseband applications2006Inngår i: 2006 IEEE International Parallel & Distributed Processing Symposium: Rhodes Island, Greece : 25-29 April, 2006, Piscataway, N.J.: IEEE Press, 2006, s. 8-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a configurable framework to be used for rapid prototyping of stream based languages. The framework is based on a set of design patterns defining the elementary structure of a domain specific language for high-performance signal processing. A stream language prototype for baseband processing has been implemented using the framework. We introduce language constructs to efficiently handle dynamic reconfiguration of distributed processing parameters. It is also demonstrated how new language specific primitive data types and operators can be used to efficiently and machine independently express computations on bitfields and data-parallel vectors. These types and operators yield code that is readable, compact and amenable to a stricter type checking than is common practice. They make it possible for a programmer to explicitly express parallelism to be exploited by a compiler. In short, they provide a programming style that is less error prone and has the potential to lead to more efficient implementations.

  • 160.
    Bengtsson, Jerker
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Svensson, Bertil
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    A domain-specic approach for software development on manycore platforms2008Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The programming complexity of increasingly parallel processors calls for new tools that assist programmers in utilising the parallel hardware resources. In this paper we present a set of models that we have developed as part of a tool for mapping dataflow graphs onto manycores. One of the models captures the essentials of manycores identified as suitable for signal processing, and which we use as tar- get for our algorithms. As an intermediate representation we introduce timed configuration graphs, which describe the mapping of a model of an application onto a machine model. Moreover, we show how a timed configuration graph by very simple means can be evaluated using an abstract interpretation to obtain performance feedback. This infor- mation can be used by our tool and by the programmer in order to discover improved mappings.

  • 161.
    Bengtsson, Jerker
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Svensson, Bertil
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    A Domain-specific Approach for Software Development on Manycore Platforms2008Inngår i: SIGARCH Computer Architecture News, ISSN 0163-5964, E-ISSN 1943-5851, Vol. 36, nr 5, s. 2-10Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The programming complexity of increasingly parallel processors calls for new tools that assist programmers in utilising the parallel hardware resources. In this paper we present a set of models that we have developed as part of a tool for mapping dataflow graphs onto manycores. One of the models captures the essentials of manycores identified as suitable for signal processing, and which we use as target for our algorithms. As an intermediate representation we introduce timed configuration graphs, which describe the mapping of a model of an application onto a machine model. Moreover, we show how a timed configuration graph by very simple means can be evaluated using an abstract interpretation to obtain performance feedback. This information can be used by our tool and by the programmer in order to discover improved mappings.

  • 162.
    Bengtsson, Jerker
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Svensson, Bertil
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Manycore performance analysis using timed configuration graphs2009Inngår i: International Symposium on Systems, Architectures, Modeling, and Simulation, 2009. SAMOS '09 / [ed] Michael Joseph Schulte and Walid Najjar, Piscataway, N.J.: IEEE Press, 2009, s. 108-117Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The programming complexity of increasingly parallel processors calls for new tools to assist programmers in utilising the parallel hardware resources. In this paper we present a set of models that we have developed to form part of a tool which is intended for iteratively tuning the mapping of dataflow graphs onto manycores. One of the models is used for capturing the essentials of manycores that are identified as suitable for signal processing and which we use as target architectures. Another model is the intermediate representation in the form of a timed configuration graph, describing the mapping of a dataflow graph onto a machine model. Moreover, this IR can be used for performance evaluation using abstract interpretation. We demonstrate how the models can be configured and applied in order to map applications on the Raw processor. Furthermore, we report promising results on the accuracy of performance predictions produced by our tool. It is also demonstrated that the tool can be used to rank different mappings with respect to optimisation on throughput and end-to-end latency.

  • 163.
    Bengtsson, Jerker
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Svensson, Bertil
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Methodologies and tools for development of signal processing software on multicore platforms2008Inngår i: 2008 proceedings of the 41st Annual IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Microarchitecture: MICRO-41, November 8-12, 2008, Lake Como, Italy, Piscataway, N.J.: IEEE Computer Society, 2008, s. 2-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 164.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS). Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Linde, Arne
    Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nordström, Tomas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS). Telecommunications Research Center Vienna (FTW), Vienna, Austria.
    Svensson, Bertil
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Taveniku, Mikael
    XCube Communication, Inc., Westford, MA, United States.
    The REMAP Reconfigurable Architecture: a Retrospective2006Inngår i: FPGA Implementations of Neural Networks, New York: Springer-Verlag New York, 2006, s. 325-360Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The goal of the REMAP project was to gain new knowledge about the design and use of massively parallel computer architectures in embedded real-time systems. In order to support adaptive and learning behavior in such systems, the efficient execution of Artificial Neural Network (ANN) algorithms on regular processor arrays was in focus. The REMAP-β parallel computer built in the project was designed with ANN computations as the main target application area. This chapter gives an overview of the computational requirements found in ANN algorithms in general and motivates the use of regular processor arrays for the efficient execution of such algorithms. REMAP-β was implemented using the FPGA circuits that were available around 1990. The architecture, following the SIMD principle (Single Instruction stream, Multiple Data streams), is described, as well as the mapping of some important and representative ANN algorithms. Implemented in FPGA, the system served as an architecture laboratory. Variations of the architecture are discussed, as well as scalability of fully synchronous SIMD architectures. The design principles of a VLSI-implemented successor of REMAP-β are described, and the paper is concluded with a discussion of how the more powerful FPGA circuits of today could be used in a similar architecture. © 2006 Springer.

  • 165.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Nilsson, Kenneth
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Svensson, Bertil
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS). Department of Computer Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    A processor array module for distributed, massively parallel, embedded computing1993Inngår i: Microprocessing and Microprogramming, ISSN 0165-6074, Vol. 38, nr 1-5, s. 529-537Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    With the increased degree of miniaturization resulting from the use of modem VLSI technology and the high communication bandwidth available through optical connections, it is now possible to build massively parallel computers based on distributed modules which can be embedded in advanced industrial products. Examples of such future possibilities are ''action-oriented systems'', in which a network of highly parallel modules perform a multitude of tasks related to perception, cognition, and action. The paper discusses questions of architecture on the level of modules and inter-module communication and gives concrete architectural solutions which meet the demands of typical, advanced industrial real-time applications. The interface between the processors arrays and the all-optical communication network is described in some detail. Implementation issues specifically related to the demand for miniaturization are discussed.

  • 166.
    Bengtsson, Matilda
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Color adjustment of digital images of clothes for truthful rendering2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    E-commerce is a growing market for selling gods and digital images are often used to display the product. However, there is a problem when the color of the object does not match the reality. This can lead to a dissatisfaction of the customer and a return of the product. Returned goods causes a significant loss in revenue for the suppliers. One reason for untruthful rendering of colors in images is due to different temperatures, or colors, of the illumination sources lighting the scene and the object. This effect can be reduced by a method called white balance. In this thesis, an algorithm based on the technique in Hsu et al. was implemented for a more truthful rendering of images of clothes and toys used in e-commerce. The algorithm removes unwanted color casts induced in the image from two different illumination sources. The thesis also marks important details missing in aforementioned paper as well as some drawbacks of the proposed technique, such as high processing time.

  • 167.
    Bengtsson, Ola
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Baerveldt, Albert-Jan
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Localization in changing environments - Estimation of a covariance matrix for the IDC algorithm2001Inngår i: Proceedings 2001 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems. Expanding the Societal Role of Robotics in the the Next Millennium (Cat. No.01CH37180): Volume 4 of 4, Piscataway, N.J.: IEEE, 2001, s. 1931-1937Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Previously we have presented a new scan-matching algorithm, based on the IDC - Iterative Dual Correspondence- algorithm, which showed a good localization performance even in the case of severe changes in the environment. The Problem of the IDC-algorithm is that there is no good way to estimate the covariance matrix of the position estimate, which prohibits an effective fusion with other position estimates from other sensors, e.g by means of the Kalman filter. In this paper we present a new way to estimate the covariance matrix, by estimating the Hessian matrix of the error function that is minimized by the IDC scan-matching algorithm. Simulation results show that the estimated covariance matrix correspond well to the real one.

  • 168.
    Bengtsson, Ola
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Baerveldt, Albert-Jan
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Robot localization based on scan-matching - estimating the covariance matrix for the IDC algorithm2003Inngår i: Robotics and Autonomous Systems, ISSN 0921-8890, E-ISSN 1872-793X, Vol. 44, nr 1, s. 29-40Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We have previously presented a new scan-matching algorithm based on the IDC (iterative dual correspondence) algorithm, which showed a good localization performance even in environments with severe changes. The problem of the IDC algorithm is that there is no good way to estimate a covariance matrix of the position estimate, which prohibits an effective fusion with other position estimates of other sensors. This paper presents two new ways to estimate the covariance matrix. The first estimates the covariance matrix from the Hessian matrix of the error function minimized by the scan-matching algorithm. The second one, which is an off-line method, estimates the covariance matrix of a specific scan, from a specific position by simulating and matching scans around the position. Simulation results show that the covariance matrix provided by the off-line method fully corresponds with the real one. Some preliminary tests on real data indicate that the off-line method gives a good quality value of a specific scan position, which is of great value in map building.

  • 169.
    Bentes, João
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Service platform for continuous delivery of assisted living systems2016Inngår i: Middleware Doctoral Symposium'16: Proceedings of the Doctoral Symposium of the 17th International Middleware Conference, New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2016, artikkel-id 6Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A smart home has potential to support independent living of elderly people in their preferred living environments. However, smart home systems do not fully address the aims of Ambient assisted living (AAL), mainly due to limited support outside the home. This need of continuous delivery of assistance for elderly people on the go require technology which extends the home into the society. This ongoing work proposes to identify the architectural requirements for a service platform being able to continuously deliver assistive services at home and beyond. © 2016 Copyright held by the owner/author(s). Publication rights licensed to ACM.

  • 170.
    Bentes, João
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Khandelwal, Siddhartha
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Carlsson, Hampus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi.
    Kärrman, Marcus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi.
    Svensson, Tim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi.
    Wickström, Nicholas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Novel System Architecture for Online Gait Analysis2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Although wearable devices can be used to perform continuous gait analysis in daily life, existing platforms only support short-term analysis in quasi-controlled environments. This paper proposes a novel system architecture that is designed for long-term, online gait analysis in free-living environments. Various aspects related to the feasibility and scalability of the proposed system are presented.

  • 171.
    Beohar, Harsh
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Cuijpers, Pieter
    Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
    Avoiding Diamonds in Desynchronisation2014Inngår i: Science of Computer Programming, ISSN 0167-6423, E-ISSN 1872-7964, Vol. 91, nr PART A, s. 45-69Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The design of concurrent systems often assumes synchronous communication between different parts of a system. When system components are physically apart, this assumption becomes inappropriate. Desynchronisation is a technique that aims to implement a synchronous design in an asynchronous manner by placing buffers between the components of the synchronous design. When queues are used as buffers, the so-called 'diamond property' (among others) ensures correct operation of the desynchronised design. However, this property is difficult to establish in practice. In this paper, we give sufficient and necessary conditions under which a concrete synchronous design (i.e., without the unobservable action) is equivalent to an asynchronous design and formally prove that the diamond property is no longer needed for desynchronisation when half-duplex queues are used as a communication buffer. Furthermore, we discuss how the half-duplex condition can be further relaxed when the diamond property can be partially guaranteed. To illustrate how this theory may be applied, we desynchronise the synchronous systems that are synthesised using supervisory control theory. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

  • 172.
    Beohar, Harsh
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Mousavi, Mohammad Reza
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    A Pre-congruence Format for XY-simulation2015Inngår i: Fundamentals of Software Engineering: 6th International Conference, FSEN 2015 Tehran, Iran, April 22–24, 2015, Revised Selected Papers / [ed] Mehdi Dastani & Marjan Sirjani, Cham: Springer, 2015, Vol. 9392, s. 215-229Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    XY-simulation is a generalization of bisimulation that is parameterized with two subsets of actions. XY-simulation is known in the literature under different names such as modal refinement, partial bisimulation, and alternating simulation. In this paper, we propose a precongruence rule format for XY-simulation. The format allows for checking compositionality of XY-simulation for an arbitrary language with structural operational semantics, by performing very simple checks on the syntactic shape of the rules. We apply our format to derive concrete compositionality results for different notions of behavioral pre-order with respect to different process calculi in the literature. © IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2015

  • 173.
    Beohar, Harsh
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Mousavi, Mohammad Reza
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Input-output conformance testing based on featured transition systems2014Inngår i: Proceedings of the 29th Annual ACM Symposium on Applied Computing, Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2014, s. 1272-1278Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We extend the theory of input-output conformance testing to the setting of software product lines. In particular, we allow for input-output featured transition systems to be used as the basis for generating test suites and test cases. We introduce refinement operators both at the level of models and at the level of test suites that allow for projecting them into a specific product configuration (or a product sub-line). We show that the two sorts of refinement are consistent and lead to the same set of test-cases. © Copyright 2014 ACM

  • 174.
    Beohar, Harsh
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Mousavi, Mohammad Reza
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Input–output conformance testing for software product lines2016Inngår i: The Journal of logical and algebraic methods in programming, ISSN 2352-2208, E-ISSN 2352-2216, Vol. 85, nr 6, s. 1131-1153Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We extend the theory of input-output conformance (IOCO) testing to accommodate behavioral models of software product lines (SPLs). We present the notions of residual and spinal testing. These notions allow for structuring the test process for SPLs by taking variability into account and extracting separate test suites for common and specific features of an SPL. The introduced notions of residual and spinal test suites allow for focusing on the newly introduced behavior and avoiding unnecessary re-test of the old one. Residual test suites are very conservative in that they require retesting the old behavior that can reach to new behavior. However, spinal test suites more aggressively prune the old tests and only focus on those test sequences that are necessary in reaching the new behavior. We show that residual testing is complete but does not usually lead to much reduction in the test-suite. In contrast, spinal testing is not necessarily complete but does reduce the test-suite. We give sufficient conditions on the implementation to guarantee completeness of spinal testing. Finally, we specify and analyze an example regarding the Ceiling Speed Monitoring Function from the European Train Control System. (C) 2016 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc.

  • 175.
    Beohar, Harsh
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Mousavi, Mohammad Reza
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Spinal test suites for software product lines2014Inngår i: Proceedings: Ninth Workshop on Model-Based Testing (MBT 2014) / [ed] Alexander K. Petrenko, Holger Schlingloff, Sydney: Open Publishing Association , 2014, Vol. 141, s. 44-55Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A major challenge in testing software product lines is efficiency. In particular, testing a product line should take less effort than testing each and every product individually. We address this issue in the context of input-output conformance testing, which is a formal theory of model-based testing. We extend the notion of conformance testing on input-output featured transition systems with the novel concept of spinal test suites. We show how this concept dispenses with retesting the common behavior among different, but similar, products of a software product line. © H. Beohar & M.R. Mousavi.

  • 176.
    Beohar, Harsh
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Varshosaz, Mahsa
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Mousavi, Mohammad Reza
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Basic behavioral models for software product lines: Expressiveness and testing pre-orders2016Inngår i: Science of Computer Programming, ISSN 0167-6423, E-ISSN 1872-7964, Vol. 123, s. 42-60Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to provide a rigorous foundation for Software Product Lines (SPLs), several fundamental approaches have been proposed to their formal behavioral modeling. In this paper, we provide a structured overview of those formalisms based on labeled transition systems and compare their expressiveness in terms of the set of products they can specify. Moreover, we define the notion of tests for each of these formalisms and show that our notions of testing precisely capture product derivation, i.e., all valid products will pass the set of test cases of the product line and each invalid product fails at least one test case of the product line. © 2015 The Authors.

  • 177.
    Berbineau, Marion
    et al.
    IFSTTAR, Villeneuve d’Ascq, France.
    Jonsson, MagnusHögskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).Bonnin, Jean-MarieTelecom Bretagne, Cesson Sévigné, France.Cherkaoui, SoumayaUniversité de Sherbrooke, Canada.Aguado, MarinaUniversity of the Basque Country, Bilbao, Spain.Rico Garcia, CristinaDLR, German Aerospace Center, Oberpfaffenhofen-Wessling, Germany.Ghannoum, HassanSNCF, Paris, France.Mehmood, RashidUniversity of Huddersfield, UK.Vinel, AlexeyTampere University of Technology, Finland.
    Communication Technologies for Vehicles: 5th International Workshop, Nets4Cars/Nets4Trains 2013, Villeneuve d' Ascq, France, May 14-15, 2013, Proceedings2013Konferanseproceedings (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 178.
    Berg, Alexander
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Yazdi, Sadegh
    Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark.
    Nowzari, Ali
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Storm, Kristian
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Jain, Vishal
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Tillämpad matematik och fysik (MPE-lab). Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Vainorius, Neimantas
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Samuelson, Lars
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Wagner, Jakob B.
    Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark.
    Borgström, Magnus T.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Radial Nanowire Light-Emitting Diodes in the (AlxGa1-x)yIn1-yP Material System2016Inngår i: Nano letters (Print), ISSN 1530-6984, E-ISSN 1530-6992, Vol. 16, nr 1, s. 656-662Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Nanowires have the potential to play an important role for next-generation light-emitting diodes. In this work, we present a growth scheme for radial nanowire quantum-well structures in the AlGaInP material system using a GaInP nanowire core as a template for radial growth with GaInP as the active layer for emission and AlGaInP as charge carrier barriers. The different layers were analyzed by X-ray diffraction to ensure lattice-matched radial structures. Furthermore, we evaluated the material composition and heterojunction interface sharpness by scanning transmission electron microscopy energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The electro-optical properties were investigated by injection luminescence measurements. The presented results can be a valuable track toward radial nanowire light-emitting diodes in the AlGaInP material system in the red/orange/yellow color spectrum. © 2015 American Chemical Society.

  • 179.
    Berg, Martin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Smart jewellery: measuring the unknown2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Self-tracking devices and apps often measure and provide interpretations of personal data in a rather straightforward way, for instance by visualising the speed and distance of a run or the quality of sleep during a night. There is however a growing number of devices that take the data analysis further by providing insights and algorithmic advices about domains of our lives that are otherwise thought of as difficult to grasp. This paper explores two devices of this kind, namely the Moodmetric and the ŌURA which are two recently released smart rings with associated mobile apps that claim to measure emotions and rest, promote happiness and help users to perform better. Whereas several studies have shed light over how users engage with self-tracking apps and devices, little attention has been paid to how these technologies stem from dreams, hopes and imaginaries of designers and developers. This paper approaches self-tracking from a producer perspective in order to frame how users and their everyday lives are imagined by designers and how these assumptions are built into the technologies. Empirically, the paper is based on a content analysis of blog posts, marketing materials and user guides from the ŌURA and Moodmetric companies along with video interviews with company representatives as well as recordings of their public appearances. Engaging with the field of software studies as well as the emerging field of self-tracking studies, this paper aims at providing a basis for further design oriented studies of self-tracking.

  • 180.
    Berg, Martin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Fors, Vaike
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Workshops as Nodes of Knowledge Co-production: Beyond Ideas of Automagical Synergies2017Inngår i: Theoretical Scholarship and Applied Practice / [ed] Sarah Pink, Vaike Fors & Tom O'Dell, New York: Berghahn Books, 2017, s. 53-72Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 181.
    Berg, Martin
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Malmö, Sverige.
    Fors, VaikeHögskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).Willim, RobertLunds universitet, Lund, Sverige.
    Samverkansformer: Nya vägar för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap2018Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 182. Bergenhem, Carl
    et al.
    Jonsson, Magnus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Inbyggda system (CERES).
    A pipelined fiber-ribbon ring network with heterogeneous real-time support2006Inngår i: ARTES - A network for Real-Time research and graduate Education in Sweden 1997-2006 / [ed] Hansson, H., Uppsala: Uppsala university : Department of Information Technology , 2006, s. 23-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper presents results of simulations done with the CCR-EDF (Control Channel based Ring network with EDF scheduling) pipelined ring network together with a case study of system area networks for radar signal processing. The topology of the network is a pipelined unidirectional fibre-ribbon ring that supports several simultaneous transmissions in non-overlapping segments. Access to the network is divided into slots. In each slot the node that has the highest priority message is permitted to transmit. This feature of the medium access protocol gives the network the functionality for earliest deadline first scheduling. Different classes of traffic are supported for the user. These are guaranteed logical real-time channels (LRTC), best effort (BE) channels and non real-time (NRT) traffic. The case study used is from an airborne radar signal processing (RSP) application. Results of the simulations indicate that the CCR-EDF network works well with the RSP application studied.

  • 183.
    Bergenhem, Carl
    et al.
    SP - Technical Research Institute of Sweden Department of Electronics, Borås, Sweden.
    Jonsson, Magnus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Two Protocols with Heterogeneous Real-Time Services for High-Performance Embedded Networks2012Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    High-performance embedded networks are found in computer systems that perform applications such as radar signal processing and multimedia rendering. The system can be composed of multiple computer nodes that are interconnected with the network. Properties of the network such as latency and speed affect the performance of the entire system. A node´s access to the network is controlled by a medium access protocol. This protocol decides e.g. real-time properties and services that the network will offer its users, i.e. the nodes. Two such network protocols with heterogeneous real-time services are presented. The protocols offer different communication services and services for parallel and distributed real-time processing. The latter services include barrier synchronisation, global reduction and short message service. A network topology of a unidirectional pipelined optical fibre-ribbon ring is assumed for both presented protocols. In such a network several simultaneous transmissions in non-overlapping segments are possible. Both protocols are aimed for applications that require a high-performance embedded network such as radar signal processing and multimedia. In these applications the system can be organised as multiple interconnected computation nodes that co-operate in parallel to achieve higher performance. The computing performance of the whole system is greatly affected by the choice of network. Computing nodes in a system for radar signal processing should be tightly coupled, i.e., communications cost, such as latency, between nodes should be small. This is possible if a suitable network with an efficient protocol is used. The target applications have heterogeneous real-time requirements for communication in that different classes of data-traffic exist. The traffic can be classified according to its requirements. The proposed protocols partition data-traffic into three classes with distinctly different qualities. These classes are: traffic with hard real-time demands, such as mission critical commands; traffic with soft real-time demands, such as application data (a deadline miss here only leads to decreased performance); and traffic with no real-time constraints at all. The protocols are analysed and performance is tested through simulation with different data-traffic patterns.

  • 184.
    Berger, Christian
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Mousavi, Mohammad RezaHögskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Cyber Physical Systems. Design, Modeling, and Evaluation: 5th International Workshop, CyPhy 2015, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, October 8, 2015, Proceedings2015Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 185.
    Bergman, Lars
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Using multicoloured halftone screens for offset print quality monitoring2005Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In the newspaper printing industry, offset is the dominating printing method and the use of multicolour printing has increased rapidly in newspapers during the last decade. The offset printing process relies on the assumption that an uniform film of ink of right thickness is transferred onto the printing areas. The quality of reproduction of colour images in offset printing is dependent on a number of parameters in a chain of steps and in the end it is the amount and the distribution of ink deposited on the substrate that create the sensation and thus the perceived colours. We identify three control points in the offset printing process and present methods for assessing the printing process quality in two of these points:

    • Methods for determining if the printing plates carry the correct image

    • Methods for determining the amount of ink deposited onto the newsprint

    A new concept of colour impression is introduced as a measure of the amount of ink deposited on the newsprint. Two factors contribute to values of the colour impression, the halftone dot-size and ink density. Colour impression values are determined on gray-bars using a CCD-camera based system. Colour impression values can also be determined in an area containing an arbitrary combination of cyan magenta and yellow inks. The correct amount of ink is known either from a reference print or from prepress information. Thus, the deviation of the amount of ink can be determined that can be used as control value by a press operator or as input to a control system.

    How a closed loop controller can be designed based on the colour impression values is also shown.

    It is demonstrated that the methods developed can be used for off-line print quality monitoring and ink feed control, or preferably in an online system in a newspaper printing press.

  • 186.
    Bergman, Lars
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Verikas, Antanas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Intelligent Monitoring of the Offset Printing Process2004Inngår i: Proceedings of the IASTED International Conference on Neural Networks and Computational Intelligence, ACTA Press, 2004, s. 173-178Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we present a neural networks and image analysis based approach to assessing colour deviations in an offset printing process from direct measurements on halftone multicoloured pictures--there are no measuring areas printed solely to assess the deviations. A committee of neural networks is trained to assess the ink proportions in a small image area. From only one measurement the trained committee is capable of estimating the actual amount of printing inks dispersed on paper in the measuring area. To match the measured image area of the printed picture with the corresponding area of the original image, when comparing the actual ink proportions with the targeted ones, properties of the 2-D Fourier transform are exploited.

  • 187.
    Bergman, Lars
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Verikas, Antanas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Bacauskiene, M.
    Department of Applied Electronics, Kaunas University of Technology.
    Unsupervised colour image segmentation applied to printing quality assessment2005Inngår i: Image and Vision Computing, ISSN 0262-8856, E-ISSN 1872-8138, Vol. 23, nr 4, s. 417-425Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We present an option for colour image segmentation applied to printing quality assessment in offset lithographic printing by measuring an average ink dot size in halftone pictures. The segmentation is accomplished in two stages through classification of image pixels. In the first stage, rough image segmentation is performed. The results of the first segmentation stage are then utilized to collect a balanced training data set for learning refined parameters of the decision rules. The developed software is successfully used in a printing shop to assess the ink dot size on paper and printing plates.

  • 188.
    Bergman, Lars
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Verikas, Antanas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Englund, Cristofer
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Kindberg, J.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Olsson, J.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Sjögren, B.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Modelling and Control of the Web-Fed Offset Newspaper Printing Press2003Inngår i: Proceedings of the Technical Association of the Graphic Arts, TAGA, Technical Association of the Graphic (TAGA) , 2003, s. 27-29Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We present an approach to modelling and controlling the web-fed offset printing process. An image processing and artificial neural networks based device is used to measure the printing process output - the observable variables. The observable variables are measured on halftone areas and integrate information about both ink densities and dot sizes. From only one measurement the device is capable of estimating the actual relative amount of each cyan, magenta, yellow, and black ink dispersed on paper in the measuring area. We build and test linear and non-linear printing press models using the measured variables andother parameters characterising the press. The observable variables measured and the press model developed are then further used by a control unit for generating control signals - signals for controlling the ink keys - to compensate for colour deviation. The experimental investigations performed have shown that the non-linear model developed is accurate enough to be used in a control loop for controlling the printing process. The control accuracy - the tracking accuracy of the desired ink level - obtained from the controller was higher than that observed when controlling the press by the operator.

  • 189.
    Bergquist, Magnus
    et al.
    Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Ljungberg, Jan
    Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Åkesson, Maria
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Combining Actor Network Theory and Genre Theory to Understand the Evolution of Digital Genres2008Inngår i: Proceedings of JAIS Theory Development Workshop, Amsterdam: Sprouts Alliance , 2008, s. 36-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we argue that a combination of Actor-Network Theory (ANT) and Genre Theory can constitute a theoretical framework for understanding how digital genres evolve. Genre theory states that genres evolve over time through reciprocal interaction between institutionalized practices and individual action; that they develop from actors’ responses to recurrent situations, and are shaped around characteristics as content, form, functionality and purpose. Genres emerge out of practice and at the same time they shape that practice. While genre theory can describe the characteristics of a genre, it cannot handle the process of how a genre is formed and what powers and forces are involved in this shaping process. In order to address this problem, several authors have incorporated structuration theory into genre analysis. However, structuration theory can only catch these constitutional processes of genre in a very broad manner. As a genre is evolving and stabilizing over time in interplay with different actors, it goes beyond what is possible to explain only by means of structuration theory. Instead, ANT could work as a tool to capture the process of how a genre takes form in negotiations with different stakeholders. In this paper we discuss how genre theory and ANT can be combined in a framework for analyzing emerging genres. We apply this theoretical framework on an e-newspaper project that embodies a new genre in the making. We will here show how evolving genre characteristics are developed, formed and stabilized in a negotiation and struggle between the involved actors when they translate their interests in ways that finally are resulting in a new genre.

  • 190.
    Bergquist, Magnus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Ljungberg, Jan
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Remneland, Björn
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rolandsson, Bertil
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    From e-government to e-governance: social media and public authorities legitimacy work2017Inngår i: Proceedings of the 25th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS), 2017, s. 858-872Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Social media increasingly condition how public authorities build legitimacy when engaging with citizens. In this paper we report on a study of the increasing use of and exposure to social media and social networking platforms in two Swedish public authorities, the Social Insurance Agency (SIA) and the police force. Although formally grounded on the same civic principles, the two authorities have significantly different approaches to social media as a way to generate internal and external legitimacy. SIA has mainly implemented an e-government approach to rationalize services to become more efficient and customer oriented, by using social media as one of several media channels. The police force, however, adopted an e-governance approach to build legitimacy through interaction and reflexive discussion between government and citizens as a way to create transparency and nuance citizens’ attitude towards the police force. Building on a two-dimensional public government/governance framework, we reflect on how the two studied authorities’ social media practices shape and are shaped by different governing practices in their legitimacy work.

  • 191.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Melander Wikman, Anita
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    A Model for Reflective Participatory Design - The Role of Participation, Voice and Space2015Inngår i: AMCIS 2015 Proceedings, AIS Electronic Library (AISeL) , 2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to contribute to the participatory tradition in health informatics by presenting a model for reflective participatory design emerging from qualitative fieldwork in a participatory project aimed to improve the health and wellbeing of older people in the northern periphery regions of Europe, through new mobile services. The model brings together two established processes in novel ways: systems development and user participation. Within each process three concepts are presented to facilitate discussion and reflection at the concept level, the process level and the integrated process level.

  • 192.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Places and Spaces - Their Influence on Innovation Milieus and Innovation Processes2015Inngår i: Proceedings of the 2015 ISPIM Conference in Budapest, June 14-17, International Society for Professional Innovation Management (ISPIM) , 2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Intensified and matured use of internet-based technologies aimed to facilitate development and innovation are increasingly characterized by a mixture of physical and digital locations; commonly referred to as places and spaces. The aim of this paper was therefore to identify different types of places and spaces central for the innovation milieus and processes of Living Lab projects, illustrate their impact on both process and results, and develop guidelines for space that can be designed in order to facilitate value-driven and democratized innovation. Based on a literature review and a cross case analyses different aspects of space, relevant for Innovation and Living Lab studies, have been identified: 1) local-global; 2) physical and digital, and 3) private-public. In the paper we focus on these concepts as tools for understanding present day innovation and we examples of how digital technology has influenced placement and permeability in relation to place and space.

  • 193.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Places and Spaces within Living Labs2015Inngår i: Technology Innovation Management Review, ISSN 1927-0321, E-ISSN 1927-0321, Vol. 5, nr 12, s. 37-47Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we propose the concepts of places and spaces as conceptual tools to facilitate the organization of innovation activities within living labs. We have taken a pragmatic perspective on these concepts regarding how they are integrated in design situations, and how different types of places and spaces can facilitate or hinder innovation. We have found that, by applying openness, realism, and influence in the different spaces of our living lab milieus, they have transformed into many different places depending on the stakeholders involved, the methods chosen, and the facilitation of activities. Hence, by understanding this line of reasoning, living lab managers can make more informed decisions and plans for innovation activities.

  • 194.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Svensson, Jesper
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    A Milieu for Innovation: Defining Living Labs2009Inngår i: Stimulating recovery: the role of innovation management : proceedings of the 2nd ISPIM Innovation Symposium, New York City, USA, 6-9 December 2009 / [ed] K.R.E. Huizingh et al, New York: ISPIM , 2009, s. 12-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A new trend of user involvement in open innovation processes has emerged. Concurring with this trend the Living Lab concept has been re-vitalized. This concept has attracted attention lately, but there exist no coherent view. In this paper we discuss and define the concept and propose five key components and five key principles for Living Labs based on experiences from over 30 development and research projects within two Living Labs, Botnia Living Lab and Halmstad Living Lab. The key components are: ICT & Infrastructure; Management; Partners & Users; Research; and Approach. The key principles are: Openness; Influence; Realism; Value; and Sustainability. Our proposed definition of a Living Lab is: A Living Lab is a user-centric innovation milieu built on every-day practice and research, with an approach that facilitates user influence in open and distributed innovation processes engaging all relevant partners in real-life contexts, aiming to create sustainable values.

  • 195.
    Bernard, Florian
    et al.
    MPI Informatics, Saarland Informatics Campus, Saarbrücken, Germany.
    Thunberg, Johan
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Goncalves, Jorge
    LCSB, University of Luxembourg, Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg.
    Theobalt, Christian
    MPI Informatics, Saarland Informatics Campus, Saarbrücken, Germany.
    Synchronisation of partial multi-matchings via non-negative factorisations2019Inngår i: Pattern Recognition, ISSN 0031-3203, E-ISSN 1873-5142, Vol. 92, s. 146-155Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work we study permutation synchronisation for the challenging case of partial permutations, which plays an important role for the problem of matching multiple objects (e.g. images or shapes). The term synchronisation refers to the property that the set of pairwise matchings is cycle-consistent, i.e. in the full matching case all compositions of pairwise matchings over cycles must be equal to the identity. Motivated by clustering and matrix factorisation perspectives of cycle-consistency, we derive an algo- rithm to tackle the permutation synchronisation problem based on non-negative factorisations. In order to deal with the inherent non-convexity of the permutation synchronisation problem, we use an initialisation procedure based on a novel rotation scheme applied to the solution of the spectral relaxation. Moreover, this rotation scheme facilitates a convenient Euclidean projection to obtain a binary solution after solving our relaxed problem. In contrast to state-of-the-art methods, our approach is guaranteed to produce cycle-consistent results. We experimentally demonstrate the efficacy of our method and show that it achieves better results compared to existing methods. © 2019 Elsevier Ltd

  • 196.
    Bhanu, Bir
    et al.
    University of California at Riverside, USA.
    Ratha, Nalini K.
    IBM T.J. Watson Research Center, USA.
    Kumar, Vijay
    Carnegie Mellon University, USA.
    Chellappa, Rama
    University of Maryland.
    Bigun, Josef
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Guest Editorial: Special Issue on Human Detection and Recognition2007Inngår i: IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, ISSN 1556-6013, E-ISSN 1556-6021, Vol. 2, nr 3 part 2, s. 489-490Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The 12 regular papers and three correspondences in this special issue focus on human detection and recognition. The papers represent gait, face (3-D, 2-D, video), iris, palmprint, cardiac sounds, and vulnerability of biometrics and protection against the spoof attacks.

  • 197.
    Bigun, Josef
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Fingerprint features2009Inngår i: Encyclopedia of biometrics / [ed] Stan Z. Li, New York: Springer-Verlag New York, 2009, s. 465-473Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 198.
    Bigun, Josef
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Multiple experts2009Inngår i: Encyclopedia of biometrics / [ed] Stan Z. Li & Anil Jain, Springer, 2009, s. 986-993Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 199.
    Bigun, Josef
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Vision with Direction: A Systematic Introduction to Image Processing and Computer Vision2006Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Presents a systematic, mathematically rigorous examination of modern signal processing concepts used in computer vision and image analysis. This book is illustrated with 4-color graphics and applications, including biometric person authentication, texture analysis, optical character recognition, motion estimation and tracking.

  • 200.
    Bigun, Josef
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Bigun, Tomas
    TietoEnator ArosTech AB, Linköping.
    Symmetry derivatives of Gaussians illustrated by cross tracking2001Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose a family of complex differential operators, symmetry derivatives, for pattern recognition in images. We present three theorems on their properties as applied to Gaussians. These show that all orders of symmetry derivatives of Gaussians yield compact expressions obtained by replacing the original differential polynomial with an ordinary polynomial. Just like Gaussians, the symmetry derivatives of Gaussians are (form) invariant to Fourier transform, that is they are rescaled versions of the original. As a result, the symmetry derivatives of Gaussians are closed under the convolution operator, i.e. they map on a member of the family when convolved with each other. Since Gaussians are utilized extensively in image processing, the revealed properties have practical consequences, e.g. when designing filters and filtering schemes that are unbiased w.r.t. orientation (isotropic). A use of these results is illustrated by an application: tracking the cross markers in long image sequences from vehicle crash tests. The implementation and the results of this application are discussed in terms of the theorems presented, along with conclusions.

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