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  • 101.
    Danilovic, Mike
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2). Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Business Model Innovation (BMI).
    Lind, Carl
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Liu, Lihua
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Business Model Innovation (BMI).
    Hoveskog, Maya
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Business Model Innovation (BMI).
    Business Model Innovation for Internationalization: The Case of the Chinese Wind Turbine Manufacturer Envision2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Envision Energy is an emerging energy solution provider from China which entered the wind power market in 2007. Envision became the 3th biggest turbine manufacturer in China and the 9th largest in the world in 2015. Thus, the purpose of our research is to explore the underlying factors to Envision’s successful business model for internationalization. This qualitative research is based on interviews with key personnel at Envision. Our analysis has identified four major elements of their business model for internationalization that are crucial in the success of Envision. Those four are grouped on two major clusters:Upfront elements representing the face of the Envision to market and customers:

    1. Market positioning by the clear positioning of Envision on the market areas left open by the lack of understanding of the market logic by competitors.

    2. Customer orientation by clear focus on identified customer needs and desire for quality products also here left aside by competitors.

    Backend elements representing the value creation and value deliverance elements:

    3. Human resources as the key element through interaction with customers, creating bond and relations with customers and delivering promised values to customers and delivering.

    4. Supply chain by the capacity of Envision to utilize the entire supply chain to create and deliver high quality products synchronized with Envision’s offerings to customers and customer’s expectations.

    Our research shows that Envision represents a new kind of high-tech Chinese company which works systematically to develop new business models that can enable high growth and high level of internationalization that goes beyond the capacity of technology, products as tradition goes.

  • 102.
    Danilovic, Mike
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Winroth, Mats
    Chalmers Tekniska Högskola, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Kalmar Industries Supplier Network2012Ingår i: Design Structure Matrix Methods and Applications / [ed] Steven D. Eppinger & Tyson R. Browning, Boston: MIT Press, 2012, s. 317-324Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Kalmar Industries produces heavy-duty materials handling equipment such as reach-stackers that are used in port and transportation operations. To deliver anticipated large customer orders of reach-stackers in a limited time frame, Kalmar worked to strengthen and intensify its collaboration with three major suppliers, Hiflex, Euromaster, and Kone, in a joint, co-located industrial network. The major challenge was to design the collaborative and information exchange processes between the four companies.

  • 103.
    Danilovic, Mike
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Winroth, Mats
    Division of Operations Management, Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Managing dynamics in corporate networks2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A crucial issue in corporate networks is however to identify to what extent different strategic and operational decisions need to be coordinated between the involved companies. In this paper we elaborate on the issue of synchronization of information flow based on interconnectivities between companies in order to coordinate a corporate network by the means of DSM, Dependence Structure Matrix. The results show that DSM can be used to identify interconnectivities among actors in a network and to identify which information that needs to be transferred between companies in the network.

  • 104.
    Davčik, Nebojša St.
    et al.
    Instituto Universitario de Lisboa (IUL), Lisbon, Portugal.
    Rundquist, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    An exploratory study of brand success: Evidence from the food industry2012Ingår i: Journal of International Food & Agribusiness Marketing, ISSN 0897-4438, E-ISSN 1528-6983, Vol. 24, nr 1, s. 91-109Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Managing a successful brand that is differentiated and consumer oriented can provide a comprehensive competitive advantage. The goal of this research is to identify drivers that influence the brand and to determine which drivers influence the brand more, in order to develop a more effective business strategy. The main question is how the drivers in a proposed model contribute to brand success. An abductive theory approach is adopted and food managers from Italy and Sweden were questioned. The paper explores the enriched-food brands in the Italian and Swedish markets. The measurement scales were constructed using theory combined with suggestions from industry. The authors modeled the eight constructs as nine correlated first-order factors. The model includes seven independent variables (consumer orientation, brand differentiation, brand knowledge, new brand development, values, organization and strategy) and the dependent variable brand success. All variables contain four to six items. The variance-based structural equation modeling approach, using PLS algorithm, have been applied. This study provides insight and empirical evidence on the development and enhancement of brand success. The findings can be employed as more effective brand strategies in a sector that has been under-investigated in academic literature and practice. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

  • 105.
    Engberg, Robert
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Rundquist, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Barriers in communication of an innovation strategy between strategic and operation level managers2013Ingår i: Proceedings of the 20th EurOMA Conference: Operations Management at the Heart of the Recovery / [ed] Brian Fynes & Paul Coughlan, Dublin, 2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Communication has been identified as the main barrier to strategy implementation. Using communications theory we develop a framework that can be used to understand important dimensions of communication when communicating innovation strategies. By means of a qualitative multi-case study approach, we analyze the strategy content, the communication channels used, and the communication uniformity among managers and relate these dimensions to strategy implementation success factors. We conducted a total of 32 interviews among senior managers in research and product development, HR managers, HR specialists, chief engineers, product managers, project managers, and engineers. We sought to understand how communication of an innovation strategy was performed and further how such communication was interpreted and acted upon. Our findings suggest that the content of the strategy together with the communication channels and the uniformity between managers will affect strategy implementation success. Further our findings suggest that intentional vagueness in strategy content, contrary to expectations, can be fruitful in certain cases.

  • 106.
    Estevez Luna, Antonio
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Yunicheva, Rinata
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Composition of Skunk works team2012Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this thesis is to explore the composition of the Skunk works’ innovation team, which directly influences team performance. Such research is important in order to understand how the Skunk works team deals with innovation. Specifically, how the team’s size, diversity and the roles of team members can influence its performance and have an effect on its success.

    During the time when we were looking for the definition of Skunk works we mostly found that it is a small group of highly qualified and skilled people in different fields. However, we did not find so many theories about the composition of Skunk works teams. This was due to the high level of secrecy in this field, because Skunk works was originally used only for military purposes. To have a more clear view, we decided to use theories from different research fields, such as research about Skunk works itself, and about team and team composition. We found that it is quite easy to find literature about the role of the leader as a member of the innovation team, who can also be known as the “champion”. However, on another hand we found that it is quite difficult to find information about the whole team, specifically about roles in the team. We believe that, even though the leader has a key role, a well-balanced combination of roles should be also taken into consideration in such teams.

    The research method deployed in this thesis is multiple-case study, where we have used three cases which are operating in different companies and industries, such as entertainment, scientific research and industrial manufacturing, as well in different geographical positions, such as Sweden and Spain. We have collected data via interviews and secondary data, where we interviewed a representative of these three companies via personal interviews and by e-mail.

    The findings from this thesis provide evidence that the team composition elements, such as roles in the team, as well its size and diversity can influence on further efficiency of the team. During our research we found that all three companies, especially teams in those companies, could be good examples of Skunk works. Moreover, during the research we found that our findings can be in line with existing studies, that it is unnecessary that the project should be in total secret or fully mandated and that there are a lot of other types of Skunk works teams as well. Also during the research we confirmed with other present studies required characteristics for the “champion” and for other team members. Another finding was about the optimal number of team members in a Skunk works team.

    The main conclusions drawn from this thesis are that firstly, the composition of a Skunk works team can influence the further team productivity and success of the project. Secondly, that the optimal size of team should not exceed ten people. Thirdly, we can conclude that properly chosen roles as well as characteristics of team members can have an influence on the further success of an innovation project.

  • 107.
    Evers, Natasha
    et al.
    NUI Galway, Galway, Ireland.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    The role of stakeholders in developing marketing capabilities in internationalising SMEs2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to extend the concept of dynamic capabilities in relation to the marketing function of the organisation, with particular focus on the role of stakeholders in marketing capability-building processes to deliver unique marketing assets for competitive advantage in international new ventures. Using a cross-country case approach of firms in Ireland, Sweden and Denmark, we identify and empirically examine the role of stakeholder groups in developing market-relating capabilities that enable firms to acquire and effectively respond to the dynamic international market environments. This study suggests that small internationalising firms must move beyond market orientation strategies for developing marketing capabilities to consider other stakeholder groups for driving firm performance.  This study finds that various stakeholders play a critical role in influencing the nature of the firm’s marketing capabilities. The nature of stakeholder groups can influence the learning processes of the firm and thus can determine the type of marketing capabilities and marketing assets the firm develops for competitive advantage.

    In particular, we find that managerial capabilities of entrepreneur/manager stakeholder are central in managing and leveraging the relationships between the firm and stakeholder relationships for capturing and regenerating marketing resources and capabilities for generating rents.

  • 108.
    Evers, Natasha
    et al.
    J.E. Cairnes School of Business and Economics, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Hannibal, Martin
    Department of Marketing and Management, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.
    Stakeholders and Marketing Capabilities in International New Ventures: Evidence from Ireland, Sweden and Denmark2012Ingår i: Journal of International Marketing, ISSN 1069-031X, E-ISSN 1547-7215, Vol. 20, nr 4, s. 46-71Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Few studies have examined the dynamic capabilities perspective in the context of international new ventures (INVs) and, in particular, toward their marketing activities. Using a cross-country case approach, this article explores the role of stakeholders in the marketing capability–building processes of INVs in Ireland, Sweden, and Denmark. The study reveals that different stakeholders play a critical role in influencing how INVs build their marketing capabilities to respond effectively to the dynamic nature of international markets in which they operate. The results show that different stakeholder groups (allied, cooperative, neutral, and entrepreneur) can influence the learning processes (single-, double-, and triple-loop) of the firm and can determine the nature of dynamic marketing capabilities (incremental,renewing, and regenerative) needed to create and sustain international competitive advantage. Furthermore, “effectuation logic” can explain how entrepreneurs manage and leverage stakeholder relationships in marketing capability processes to cocreate value for the firm. By incorporating dynamic capabilities, stakeholder, and learning theories, this study offers a dynamic, process-oriented model for INV research and provides much-needed qualitative insights into the dynamic capabilities theory of the firm. © 2012, American Marketing Association.

  • 109.
    Evers, Natasha
    et al.
    National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Hannibal, Martin
    South Denmark University, Odense, Denmark.
    Stakeholders and Marketing Capabilities in International New Ventures: Evidence from Ireland, Sweden and Denmark2012Ingår i: Proceedings of the 54th Annual Meeting of the Academy of International Business, East Lansing MI: Academy of International Business: Rethinking the Roles of Business, Government and NGOs in the Global Economy / [ed] S. Feinberg & T. Kiyak, Michigan: Academy of International Business , 2012, s. 233-233Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Few studies have examined dynamic capabilities perspective in the context of INVs and particularly toward their marketing activities. This paper aims to extend the concept of dynamic capabilities in relation to the marketing function of the organization, with particular focus on the role of stakeholders in marketing capability-building processes to deliver competitive advantage in international new ventures (INVs). Using a cross-country case approach of firms in Ireland, Sweden and Denmark, we explore the role of stakeholder groups in developing market-relating capabilities that enable INVs to effectively respond to the dynamic nature of international market they operate in. This study finds that various stakeholders play a critical role in influencing how INVs build their marketing capabilities for their international development. The nature of stakeholder groups can influence the learning processes of the firm and thus can determine the type of marketing capabilities the firm develops for international competitive advantage. In particular, we find that capabilities of entrepreneur/manager stakeholder are central in managing and leveraging the relationships between the firm and stakeholder relationships for dynamically modifying, renewing and regenerating marketing capabilities.

  • 110.
    Florén, Henrik
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Organising small-firm growth2011Ingår i: Research on Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management 2009‐2011: Introducing the Research Area of Innovation Science / [ed] Sven-Åke Hörte, Halmstad: Högskolan i Halmstad , 2011, s. 117-133Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper summarises the results some major undertakings to explain small‐firm growth. This is achieved through an in‐depth reading of three Swedish doctoral theses written by Tomas Brytting (1991), Frederic Delmar (1996) and Johan Wiklund (1998), and a number ofrecently published articles that have addressed this issue. The purpose of this paper is todescribe what we know about “organising for small‐firm growth” on a firm level. The main result of the paper is a description of what is known about organising for small‐firm growth in accordance with four dimensions: i) the strategy of the growing firm, ii) the entrepreneur/manager in the growing firm, iii) the resources and the capabilities of the growing firm and iv) the consequences of small‐firm growth, i.e. what organisational growth brings to a small firm. The paper also includes a discussion of the limitations of the reviewed research and suggestions for future research.

  • 111.
    Florén, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Halila, Fawzi
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Hörte, Sven-Åke
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Management av eco-innovationer2011Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 112.
    Freeman, Joanne
    et al.
    University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore, Australia.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Lawley, Meredith
    University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore, Australia.
    Export Performance: Regional verses Metropolitan SMEs2006Ingår i: McGill International Entrepreneurship Conference Series 2006, Conference Proceedings, 2006Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the largely unresearched area of export performance of SMEs located in regional areas. In many countries like Australia exporting is fundamental to sustaining regional communities. In addition the contribution of SMEs is increasingly important in many economies as they play a critical role in economic development. However, in general the literature fails to take into account the environmental context where SMEs are located and much research combines regional and metropolitan SMEs, thus not allowing a clear distinction to be made.

  • 113.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Role of Strategic Orientations for International Performance in Smaller Firms2006Ingår i: McGill Conference on international Entrepreneurship, 2006Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 114.
    Frishammar, Johan
    et al.
    Entrepreneurship and Innovation Group, Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
    Lichtenthaler, Ulrich
    University of Mannheim, Department of Management and Organization, Mannheim, Germany .
    Rundquist, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Identifying technology commercialization opportunities: the importance of integrating product development knowledge2012Ingår i: The Journal of product innovation management, ISSN 0737-6782, E-ISSN 1540-5885, Vol. 29, nr 4, s. 573-589Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    New product development (NPD) is a knowledge-intensive activity, perhaps even more so in recent years given the shift toward more open innovation processes, which involve active inward and outward technology transfer. While the extant literature has established that knowledge is critical for NPD performance, knowledge generated through NPD can have an additional impact on external technology exploitationas when firms go beyond pure internal application of knowledge to commercialize their technologies, for example, by means of technology outlicensing. Grounded in the knowledge-based view of the firm, this paper examines how the integration of domain-specific knowledge, procedural knowledge, and general knowledge generated through NPD affects a firm's proficiency in identifying technology commercialization opportunities. Additionally, analysis of how technology opportunity identification relates to technology commercialization performance is provided. Empirically, the paper draws on survey data from 193 Swedish medium-sized manufacturing firms in four industries active with NPD, and regression analyses and structural equation modeling were used to test the hypotheses. The results highlight the importance of integrating domain-specific and general NPD knowledge to proficiently identify technology licensing opportunities. The empirical findings also provide strong support for a subsequent link between technology opportunity identification and technology commercialization performance. Altogether, these results point to strong and previously unexplored complementarities between inward and outward technology exploitation, that is, between NPD and technology licensing. As such, the results provide important theoretical implications for research into the fields of knowledge integration, technology exploitation, opportunity identification, and technology markets. Moreover, the results have significant managerial implications concerning how knowledge generated through NPD can help firms to achieve both strategic and monetary benefits when trying to profit from technology. In particular, to set up proficient technology commercialization processes, it appears beneficial for firms to integrate knowledge that is gained through the ordinary activities of developing and commercializing products. Specifically, the integration of domain-specific knowledge and general knowledge helps firms to match their technologies with new applications and markets, which is often the critical barrier to successful technology commercialization activities. Managers are thus encouraged to integrate domain-specific knowledge and general knowledge from NPD to reap additional benefits in profiting from investments in innovation and technology.

  • 115.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Knowledge Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Research (KEEN).
    Tell, Joakim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    University professors and research commercialization: An empirical test of the "knowledge corridor" thesis2009Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    There has been an increasing interest in the determinants and outcomes of successful technology transfer and commercialization of research results. In this study we test the validity of the “knowledge corridor” thesis for explaining the involvement of university professors’ in the early stages of research commercialization. Statistical analysis on a sample of 86 respondents from engineering, natural science and medical faculties in a large Swedish university shows that both entrepreneurial and private industry experience significantly influence their ability to spot and generate business ideas in their research. Moreover, we find that research based business idea generation increase at a faster rate for professors with private sector work experience who have more time for research in their positions. The article ends with a discussion of our empirical findings together with its implications for support activities related to technology transfer and commercialization of research results.

  • 116.
    Ghannad, Navid
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    The role of the entrepreneur in the international new venture – opening the black box2013Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite significant research output in recent decades on international new ventures (INVs),little attention has been paid to understanding the processes and conditions under whichthe entrepreneur identifies and exploits an opportunity and subsequently creates valuewithin the firm. As a result, the dynamics involved in the role of the entrepreneur during theestablishment and internationalization of INVs remain in a black box. In order to understandthe context, interaction among players and other dynamics involved before, during, and afterthe establishment of the INV’s creation and development, a different approach is needed. Theaim of this dissertation is to describe and understand the role of entrepreneurs in the processof establishment and internationalization of international new ventures.

    Three longitudinal case studies were conducted between 1999 and 2008 with a total of 108interviews using snowball sampling. In addition, comprehensive secondary data have beencollected to enrich the empirical cases with thick descriptions, and to enhance content validityas well as the reliability of the research.

    This study offers a more nuanced picture of how entrepreneurs’ characteristics influencethe international development of their firms. For example, it appears that it was neitherthe previous foreign experience, the education, nor the previously developed internationalnetwork (as suggested by previous literature) that can be credited for the rapid and vastinternationalization of the case firms. Instead, it is suggested that an entrepreneur’schildhood and prior life story directly influences their behaviour in the INV. We proposethat different types of entrepreneurs are important factors to understanding firms’ differentinternationalization patterns. Depending on the backgrounds of the entrepreneurs, theydeveloped preferences, skills, and especially desires that would come to affect the totalbehaviour of their future organizations. This study also develops the notion of psychicdistance into three separate spaces - the physical, the mental and the social space. Forexample, the context and experience during childhood creates the foundations for theentrepreneurs’ mental and social space, which can separately, but also in relation toeach other, offer a more accurate and deeper understanding of the actions taken by theentrepreneurs in the INV. Furthermore, this study has shown that the role and characteristicsof the entrepreneur do change over time, which also determines the individual’s sensitivity toopportunities and the international behaviour of the company.

  • 117.
    Ghannad, Navid
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    The Influence of Entrepreneur’s background on the behaviour and development of Born Global´s Internationalization Processes2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    While much of the research on small firm internationalization has concentrated on export strategies, little attention has been paid to understand the process and conditions under which the entrepreneur identify and exploit an opportunity and subsequently creating value in the newly-borned small and medium-sized firm. As a result of the above, the new research domain of International Entrepreneurship was introduced in mid 1990s and has steadily been growing in terms of number of journals, conferences and scholars associated to this field.

     

    Still, we believe that the dynamics involved in the role of entrepreneurial manager during the internationalization process does remain in a black box. This gap has also been identified by several researchers within the field. In fact, in order to fill this gap Autio, Sapienza and Almeida (2000, p. 921) suggests: ”It would be useful to have case studies or other fine-grained approaches that can follow individual firms from inception through maturity to examine such issues as how internal and external conditions affect not only the timing of internationalization but the processes and outcomes of variations in choice”.

     

    Although we agree with Autio, Sapienza and Almeida’s quote above we do believe an expanded approach that not start with the firms inception bit also include entrepreneurs’ experiences already from childhood will further expand the understanding of firms internationalization. Previous research (e.g. Hisrich, 1990; De Vries & Florent-Treacy, 2003; Drennan, Kennedy & Renfrow, 2005) has shown that individual’s childhood do affect the mindset of the entrepreneurs and eventually reflects their outlook on life and business. Reviewing prior research in the field of International business or International entrepreneurship one gets stroked by the fact a majority of the articles focus on the interception of the company and it´s behaviour forward, without looking at the prior story of the entrepreneur. Within the field of International business there has been attempts made to correlate various variables (i.e education, prior work experience, prior international experience etc) to the speed or success (i.e turnover, amount of foreign sales, number of markets, etc) of the company.

     

    We do propose that in order to understand a company’s establishment and especially the international development and behaviour, one must look at the entrepreneur’s background as far back as possible. 

     

    Following the above discussion the aim of this article is to explore the relationship between the entrepreneur’s prior life story and the development and behaviour of their Born Global firm.

     

    Methodology

    Six years of intense qualitative field research, including 108 personal interviews, from three entrepreneurial “Born-Globals” firms are compared and contrasted with our theoretical framework in mind. Data are retrospectively, chronologically collected staring from entrepreneur’s childhood friends until today´s employees and business partners in order to gain an understanding of the individual and his role in the organizational competence development and expansion. The method of snowball technique was used in order to identify respondents and to secure the reliability in the data received.

     

    Findings

     

    This study show that earlier models and theories are not enough to understand the variation of internationalization processes that different Born global firms are carrying out. For example, none of the traditional models can explain the speed or behaviour of the Internationalization. In fact, empirical evidence do suggest that a person’s childhood and prior life story does directly influence the behaviour of the entrepreneur and thus shed some light on the irregularities in speed, market choice, and modes of entry of the Born global firm.

     

    This study provides evidence that the entrepreneur’s mental models are shaped already in child-hood and do not have to be created through earlier professional experience. Further, it is also shown, that internationalization per se is not a main objective for the entrepreneurs but a consequence of broader mental models including the entrepreneur’s view of life and view of business development. These mental models are changed over time, which also have consequences for the firm´s international development. We also showed that different types of entrepreneurs could be identified that developed their companies in different directions. A good understanding of the firm’s behavior and development could be reached by studying the entrepreneur’s background.

  • 118.
    Ghannad, Navid
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    The influence of the entrepreneur’s background on the behaviour and development of born globals’ internationalisation processes2012Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, ISSN 1476-1297, E-ISSN 1741-8054, Vol. 15, nr 2, s. 136-153Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    While much of the research on small firm internationalisation has concentrated on export strategies, little attention has been paid to understanding the process and conditions under which the entrepreneur identifies and exploits an opportunity. The aim of this study is to explore the relationship between the entrepreneur's prior life story and the development and behaviour of his or her born global firm. Six years of intense qualitative field research, including 108 interviews from three entrepreneurial 'born global' firms are compared and contrasted within our theoretical framework. In this study empirical evidence suggests that a person's childhood and prior life story directly influences the behaviour of the entrepreneur. We propose that different types of entrepreneurs are important factors to understand firms' different internationalization patterns. Depending on the backgrounds of the entrepreneurs, they developed preferences, skills, and especially desires that will affect the total behaviour of their future organisations. Copyright © 2012 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

  • 119.
    Ghannad, Navid
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Ljungquist, Urban
    School of Management, Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Change of entrepreneurial agenda in a core competence context: exploring the transformation from technology focus to market focus2012Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing, ISSN 1742-5360, E-ISSN 1742-5379, Vol. 4, nr 2, s. 148-167Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The newest small firms - the start-ups in general and the international new ventures (INV) in particular - face major difficulties from the beginning. Not only do they need to bring competitively unique products to a new, highly competitive market, but they also must be successful in convincing customers of their products' benefits. This ultimate small firm test is in fact very similar to the criteria that define the core competence concept. Still, core competence matters have historically been delimited to large, preferably diversified companies. In this paper, we apply core competence theory and entrepreneurship theories on a small firm's empirical context. We concentrate on technology focused INVs and on the change, or transformation, these start-ups must complete in order to adopt a more market-oriented focus. Without the transformation, we argue, the small firm will not be able to expand. The purpose of the paper is to explore parts of the processes changed during the transformation and to enhance our understanding of core competence applicability on small companies. We formulate propositions, empirically guided and theoretically anchored, that describe four different components that facilitate the small firm technology-to-market transformation. Copyright © 2012 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

  • 120.
    Grönevall, Richard
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Danilovic, Mike
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Managing Project Portfolios: The Next Step2011Ingår i: Invest on Visualization: Proceedings of the 13th International DSM Conference / [ed] Steven D Eppinger, et al, München: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH, 2011, s. 203-213Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Designing the portfolio management process for your projects in a complex environment is a task that puts all your capabilities on the line. The steps that need to be taken all stems from having a sufficient knowledge of your planned and ongoing projects. If you don’t, the output will be irrelevant. The use of methods in arranging information and analyzing it is so far only presented on a conceptual level or as a top-down selection method, this article presents the actual output of a case that will be used as input to a larger and forthcoming study of how a process for project portfolio management develops with the use of dependency structure- and domain mapping matrices.

  • 121.
    Halila, Fawzi
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    The adoption and diffusion of environmental innovations2007Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is an attempt to improve the understanding of the process of adoption and diffusion of environmental innovations. The thesis is based on two research projects. One project deals with the diffusion of environmental innovations and why they are less successful on the market than other innovations. The other project is about the adoption of environmental innovations by Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs) and how to facilitate the adoption process.There are at least two good reasons why we should support the adoption and diffusion of eco- innovations. One argument from an environmental point of view is that successfully managing the environment is the greatest challenge facing us in the future and the global scenarios for the next decades are not encouraging. Another argument, from an economic point of view, for the need of eco-innovations is that the eco-industry is one of the most growing industries in the world and is likely to be worth around $600 billion worldwide by 2010.However, there are some indications that environmental innovations have a difficult time in gaining success in the marketplace and in spreading among potential customers, possibly more difficulty than some other kinds of innovations have.The overall objective of this thesis is to generate knowledge regarding the adoption and diffusion of environmental innovations. One purpose is to add to our understanding of environmental innovations and to their similarities and differences to “other” innovations. Another purpose is to understand and describe how networks can be used to facilitate the adoption of environmental innovations. The main research questions that I try to answer are:1) How can environmental innovations be classified? 2) Are environmental innovations less successful on the market than other innovations? 3) What are the main reasons for the differences in market success between environmental innovations and other innovations? 4) How could networks be used as a development method to facilitate the adoption of environmental innovations by SMEs?Several different methodological approaches have been used to develop a broader picture of different types of innovations and their development, adoption and diffusion. Two different approaches were used during the first project, dealing with the diffusion and market success of environmental innovations. The first one is mainly based on using questionnaires. The other approach is qualitative and based on case studies. Through a series of case studies of innovators and innovations we tried to achieve a better picture of the actual phenomena.The second project is about the adoption of an organizational environmental innovation by SMEs using a network. Since the goal of this project has been not only to observe the phenomena of the implementation of environmental innovation by SMEs using a network, but also to contribute to the development process, an action-oriented research approach was used in this project.Three main conclusions can be drawn on the basis of this thesis. Firstly, the new innovation classification system developed in this thesis improves the possibilities for distinguishing between innovations that are similar but not identical. A very large proportion of the analyzed eco-innovations are often classified as product redesign innovations. With the help of the new classification system it is possible to discern different types among those classified as product re-Vdesign innovations. Some are rather simple and accordingly classified as product care innovations, while others are classified as minor or major product improvements or even functional innovations. Secondly, our empirical studies results show that the environmental innovations are less successful on the market than “other” innovations. The empirical studies also show that there are mainly three factors which are especially important to consider in the improvement of environmental innovations’ marketing success. These three are: “Realism while evaluating one’s own innovation”, “Access to capital” and “Utilization of network”.Thirdly, to adopt an environmental innovation is not an easy task for small organizations, such as SMEs. But to be a part of and use a network is a possible way to facilitate the adoption process.

  • 122.
    Halila, Fawzi
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Rundquist, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    The development and market success of eco-innovations: A comparative study of eco-innovations and “other” innovations in Sweden2011Ingår i: European Journal of Innovation Management, ISSN 1460-1060, E-ISSN 1758-7115, Vol. 14, nr 3, s. 278-302Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The study, which compares the success factors for eco-innovations with those factors for other innovations, is intended to improve our understanding of how ecoinnovations achieve market success. A case study design is used. Six eco-innovations cases and six other innovations cases are compared. Data were obtained mainly from interviews with the eco-innovators and the other innovators, written materials about the innovations, and secondary data from an earlier quantitative study. The study shows that there are both similarities and differences in the success factors for the two types of innovations. One similarity is that a network with diverse competences supports successful innovators. However, for eco-innovators the network is used more for solving technological problems. Other innovators use the network to a greater extent for assistance with financing and marketing. In addition, eco-innovators have greater difficulty than other innovators in attracting venture capital for development. The results indicate that an interesting approach for future research would be to take a life-cycle perspective that identifies the factors that influence the further growth and development of eco-innovative firms. The identification of the success factors for eco-innovations’ development may improve their chances of success. Furthermore, the results can help policymakers improve the support system for commercialization of eco-innovations. As a comparative study of success factors for eco-innovations and other innovations, the study presents a new way to identify such factors for eco-innovators.

  • 123.
    Hansson, Linnea
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Wrangmo, Anton
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Solberg Søilen, Klaus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Optimal ways for companies to use Facebook as a marketing channel2013Ingår i: Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society, ISSN 1477-996X, E-ISSN 1758-8871, Vol. 11, nr 2, s. 112-126Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Social media has increased as a marketing channel, and Facebook is the biggest social media company globally. Facebook contains both positive and negative information about companies; therefore, it is important for companies to manage their Facebook page to best serve their own interests. Although most users are familiar with business and marketing activities on Facebook, they use it primarily for fun and personal purposes. The most effective methods for companies to use Facebook have not been clear. The personal nature of Facebook presents unique challenges for companies by raising ethical and social responsibility issues that are important to users. The purpose of this paper is to discover how companies can optimize their use of Facebook as a marketing channel. Design/methodology/approach – A survey was conducted. The respondents were 158 users of Facebook in Sweden; complete answers were provided by all respondents. In a series of specific questions and comments, the respondents were asked to describe an optimal marketing solution on Facebook for companies. They rated different functions, which were illustrated with pictures, to help in the cognitive process and to avoid misunderstandings. Findings – Most users who have an opinion on the issue accept marketing on Facebook, but only in the right amount. There are basically two groups: those who think that companies have no place on Facebook and those who want companies to be active on Facebook. The latter group emphasizes the importance of meaningful posts without unsolicited sales messages, and would prefer to search for the companies themselves rather than being bombarded by company messages. By far, status updates and pictures/images were found to be the most important functions to respondents. Research limitations/implications – The sample consisted of only Swedish users. Another limitation was that, since many Facebook users do not normally think about the implications of being exposed to marketing on Facebook, they have difficulty taking a position on many issues related to the service.Practical implications – The results give companies a clear idea of how to effectively use Facebook in their marketing efforts. Originality/value – A large number of companies are currently asking themselves, “How can we use Facebook in an optimal way?” The results in this study answer this question and lead directly to saving time and resources for these companies. 

  • 124.
    Hossam, Deraz
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Xiaoxiong, Ye
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    SNSs Advertising Value2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Scholars considered advertising within the SNSs’ as one of the crucial integrated communication tools within the recent few years, due to the cost reduction, its efficiency in reaching the targeted market, in addition SNSs give wider access to new markets as they have high penetration value worldwide. Therefore, many companies consider the SNSs as an essential marketing tool in both local and international markets.

    Problem & Purpose: Due to the identified shortage in the earlier studies about measuring the Social Network Sites (SNSs) advertising value, the present authors found the reasons for why it is important to identify the factors affecting the SNSs users’ perception of SNSs’ ad value. The main purpose for the authors was to identify and explore the related factors to the SNSs’ ad value and to measure the SNSs’ users' perception to those factors.

    Theoretical Framework: The gap in the SNSs ad value theories as identified from the literature review, made the authors built their own model based on Duccoff’s (1996) model, which was later developed according to other literature related to the online ad value. Then ten hypotheses were created to test the correlation between the new model variables.

    Methodology & Analysis: In this exploratory research, the authors used the quantitative approach to collect the empirical data through distributing a survey to the university students in Halmstad University. To analyze the collected data both descriptive and correlation analyses were used, which helped to achieve the research purpose and to test the new model.

    Conclusion: By analyzing the empirical data the authors concluded that the SNSs’ users from the Swedish university students were more information oriented, males were more interactive with SNSs ad than females but in general both genders were more irritated and less trusting to the SNSs’ ads. The ten tested hypotheses proved the efficiency of the created model; even so, further research with different market segments may support the conceptual framework model as recommended by this research.

    Key Words: Advertising value, I-marketing, Personal characteristics, Personal orientation, SNSs

  • 125.
    Hoveskog, Maya
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Innovation-related Activities in a Low-tech Industry: A Study of the Electroplating and Surface Treatment Industry in Sweden2011Ingår i: Research on Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management 2009‐2011: Introducing the Research Area of Innovation Science / [ed] Sven-Åke Hörte, Halmstad: Högskolan i Halmstad , 2011, s. 55-81Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Given the complex and interdependent nature of innovation, it is a diverse phenomenon which takes place both in high‐ and low‐tech industries. The purpose of this paper is to increase our understanding about low‐tech industries’ innovation‐related activities and the specific capabilities of the companies that influence those. To achieve this purpose this study has performed an empirical analysis of the Swedish context of the Swedish Electroplating and Surface Treatment Industry (ESTI) and the characteristics of the companies operating in it. It investigated how the companies perceived their expertise and innovative activities in comparison with their main competitors. The main types of innovation the ESTI companieshad undertaken in a three‐year period (2004–2006) were studied. The research and development (R&D) and personnel qualification improvement expenditures were explored. The study looked into collaboration and the factors which companies perceived as important in order to collaborate. Our empirical evidence shows that innovation in the ESTI is shaped notby R&D but by other determinants, such as specific and rare capabilities in, for example, processing technologies, logistics, ability to spot, evaluate and exploit external knowledge as well as their ability to establish and sustain intercompany relationships. Strong relationships and integration with customers and suppliers emerge as pivotal for the innovation‐related activities in the ESTI. Additionally, close collaboration, facilitated by a strong intermediate institution, such as the Swedish Association of Surface Treatment Companies (Svensk YtbehandlingsFörening – SYF, also shape the innovation‐related activities in the ESTI.

  • 126.
    Hoveskog, Maya
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Antonova, Diana
    University of Rousse, Faculty of Business and Management, Bulgaria.
    Collaboration and Innovation in Sweden and Bulgaria: A Study of a Mature Industry2011Ingår i: International Journal of Economic Sciences and Applied Research, ISSN 1791-5120, Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 121-151Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays, creation, exchange and transfer of knowledge (CETK) are turning into the most significant activity for companies. This article sheds light on Swedish and Bulgarian companies within a mature industry in terms of their knowledge flows for collaboration and innovation. Companies from the two countries as well as Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and large firms are compared. Quantitative and qualitative research methods are combined. A set of variables which have a positive relationship with the companies’ research and development (R&D) activities and innovation is developed. It was found out that the set of variables employed can predict the innovation and R&D of companies, laying of electrochemical and conversion surface treatments with functional and decorative purposes (ECSTFDP) for the sample. In both countries innovation and R&D are positively affected by places for knowledge exchange followed by collaboration factors and market situation. However, the factors for collaboration and interaction are the most important for increasing the innovation activities in companies with ECSTFDP, irrespective of size, age and country of operation. Moreover, the article reveals the vital role of the social element in the CETK, which is also emphasized in the knowledge management literature. Furthermore, it illustrates that companies are influenced by the number of factors in this collaboration and actively evaluate the trade-offs from it. Additionally, the dynamics of the market is setting the pace and degree of newness of innovation and R&D activities.

  • 127.
    Hoveskog, Maya
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Halila, Fawzi
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Danilovic, Mike
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2). Shanghai Dianji University Shanghai, China.
    Business Model Innovation in the Chinese Wind Power Industry: The Case of Goldwind in the Emerging Economy of Africa2013Ingår i: Strategic Management Forum 2013: The Internationalization Strategy of Chinese Firms – Dialogue Between Entrepreneurs and Scholars, Euromed Management/KEDGE Business School – Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai: Shanghai Jiaotong University , 2013, s. [29]-[29]Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    With the rise of emerging economy (EEs) as main engine of global growth, the intensified competition in the wind energy industry and internationalization to EEs, enterprises need to rethink and innovate their business models in order to succeed. The overall purpose of this article is to explore the drivers of business model innovation (BMI) in emerging-country multinational enterprises (EMNEs) in the context of an EE market, particularly in the wind energy industry and with special focus on inclusive business activities. For this purpose a single case study of Goldwind (China), one of the most important actors in the wind power industry, was applied. The results of this research show that to gain a competitive advantage in EEs requires capabilities to deal with the specific EEs related drivers of change: 1) fast growth and high demand combined with high uncertainty; 2) lower level of market-oriented socioeconomic development; 3) stronger governmental influence on the market; and 4) the need for simple, cheap and easy to maintain technologies. Therefore, it is important that managers position their enterprises in the EEs first as local players and only then as multinationals. Our study indicates that future research should focus on the main elements and the drivers of change that would shape BMI by adding new variables, specifically related to EE.

  • 128.
    Hoveskog, Maya
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Kunev, Svilen
    University of Ruse, Faculty of Business and Management, Ruse, Bulgaria.
    Centaurs and Entrepreneurs in the Bulgarian Equine Industry: The Case of Novex Horse Riding Club2011Ingår i: Case studies book on entrepreneurship and innovation and business creation and management / [ed] Svilen Kunev, Kostas Galanakis, Paraskevi Gkiourka, Ruse, Bulgaria: Ruse University , 2011, s. 178-185Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This case study is based on results from research and collaboration between Vaggeryd municipality, Sweden and Jönköping International Business School, Sweden. The last stage of this long-term research project was to increase understanding of entrepreneurship and equine-related business organizations in two different contexts (Bulgaria and UK). The equine industry is growing organically and is an unusual context in which to study entrepreneurship. This case is based on both primary and secondary data, resulting from extensive empirical research and displays the tradition of horse breeding in Bulgaria, together with some contemporary aspects of the sector. The focus is on one particular Bulgarian equine business from the Ruse region of Bulgaria – the Novex horse riding club and its owner Mr. Emil Rusev. However, it also incorporates the points of view of the other studied Bulgarian equine entrepreneurs (Centaurs). The attitudes towards horse riding, strategies for attracting customers and some steps for overcoming obstacles in Emil’s entrepreneurial activity are presented. Possible options for future development of the Novex club and for the whole equine industry are discussed.

  • 129.
    Hörte, Sven Åke
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Arbete, arbetsmiljö och arbetsmiljöarbete2009Ingår i: Perspektiv på arbetsmiljöarbete / [ed] Hörte, Sven Åke & Christmansson, Marita, Halmstad: Högskolan i Halmstad , 2009, 1, s. 13-27Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 130.
    Hörte, Sven Åke
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Forskningsstilar inom arbetsmiljöarbete - ontologiska, epistemologiska och metodologiska perspektiv2009Ingår i: Perspektiv på arbetsmiljöarbete / [ed] Hörte, Sven Åke & Christmansson, Marita, Halmstad: Högskolan i Halmstad , 2009, 1, s. 109-125Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 131.
    Hörte, Sven Åke
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Research on Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management 2009-2011: Introducing the Research Area of Innovation Science2011Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 132.
    Hörte, Sven Åke
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Simulering av innovationssystem: Slutrapport från projektet Innovationssystemet "Trådlös kommunikationsteknik i Sydvästsverige"2003Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 133.
    Hörte, Sven Åke
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Bååth, Lars
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Hofmaier, Bernd
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Research Platform at the University of Halmstad "Technology, Entrepreneurship, Innovation, and Industry": Final report of activities and results2001Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 134.
    Hörte, Sven Åke
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Edgren, JanHögskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Innovation management2003Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 135.
    Hörte, Sven-Åke
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Att ge struktur åt rapporter och uppsatser2010Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 136.
    Hörte, Sven-Åke
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    CPDR on Innovation and Product Development2006Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 137.
    Hörte, Sven-Åke
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Introduction: Innovation science as an area of research2011Ingår i: Research on Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management 2009‐2011: Introducing the Research Area of Innovation Science / [ed] Sven-Åke Hörte, Halmstad: Högskolan i Halmstad , 2011, s. 1-3Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 138.
    Hörte, Sven-Åke
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Styles of research in Ergonomics2006Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 139.
    Hörte, Sven-Åke
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Barth, Henrik
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Chibba, Aron
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Florén, Henrik
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Frishammar, Johan
    Department of Business Administration and Management, Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
    Halila, Fawzi
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Rundquist, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Tell, Joakim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Product Development in SMEs: A literature review2008Ingår i: International Journal of Technology Intelligence and Planning (IJTIP), ISSN 1740-2832, E-ISSN 1740-2840, E-ISSN 1740-2840, Vol. 4, nr 3, s. 299-325Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Product Development (PD) in Small and medium-sized Firms (SMEs) is a long-neglected research area, and little cumulative work has been conducted previously. The purpose of this paper is to provide a first overview of the area of PD in SMEs. In doing so, we draw upon a sample of 149 peer-reviewed research papers selected from an initial sample of 5694 papers. The review provides tentative answers to issues such as the analytical and methodological approaches of the papers, which topics or areas of research have been focused on by previous scholars, and what kinds of topics that are well covered.

  • 140.
    Hörte, Sven-Åke
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Christmansson, Marita
    Perspektiv på arbetsmiljöarbete2009Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 141.
    Jenster, Per
    et al.
    Nordic International Management Institute (NIMI), China.
    Solberg Søilen, Klaus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    The Relationship between Strategic Planning and Company Performance – A Chinese perspective2013Ingår i: Journal of Intelligence Studies in Business, ISSN 2001-015X, E-ISSN 2001-015X, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 15-30Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    What is the relationship between Strategic Planning and Company Performances in Chinese companies? Is there a correlation between Company Performance and the Strategies adopted by these companies, using the Miles and Snow model for Aggressiveness Strategies? And is it possible to say something more about what kind of Strategic Planning gives better Company Performances? We wanted to separate here between the Planning which is related to what is called Competitive Intelligence and other activities related to Planning. The Idea was to be able to say something about the importance of Competitive Intelligence. We also wanted to use more extensive statistical analysis with more variables in light of the criticisms that has been raised about the methodology of previous studies. We found that better planning had a positive effect on a number of key business performance measures. We found that there was indeed a distinction between the different strategies selected and Company Performance. The strategy type named Reactors performed systematically less well than companies who choose one of the other strategies. Moreover we found that there were differences between different planning activities and Company Performance and that activities related to Competitive Intelligence were on the average more important for Company Performance than other Planning activities.

  • 142.
    Kormann, Gerhard
    et al.
    IMC University of Applied Science Krems, Krems an der Donau, Austria.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).
    Moser, Reinhard
    University of Economics and Business, Wien, Austria.
    Wictor, Ingemar
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Will the Digital Transformation become a Game Changer in the Field of Internationalisation Research?2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims at investigating the way in which digital technologies affect the internationalisation of businesses and how digital transformation can be incorporated into current theories of internationalisation and international entrepreneurship (IE).

    In order to define how digitalisation has been treated in the academic literature on Internationalisation, we will attempt to examine the range of existing research in the field. The Uppsala Model will be used as a tool to assess whether the impact of digital technologies can be integrated into current “stage” theories of internationalisation. This will eventually allow us to determine to what extent these models are valid in the context of our research.

    We will need to consider the evolution of digitalisation, which in the context of internationalisation has normally been understood as to mean merely internet-based communication technologies. The concept of digitalisation used in this paper goes beyond communication technologies and includes such aspects as industrial technologies and the “Internet of Things”, often referred to as emerging digital economies or “digital revolution”.

    Our goal is to identify aspects which have so far not been satisfactorily investigated. These may call for adjustments to current theories of internationalisation or, alternatively, require the emergence of totally new theories.

    The paper will be organised as follows. We will first define a contextual framework of the phenomenon we call digital transformation based on a meta-analysis through a comprehensive literature review. We will then integrate this digital framework into the Uppsala Model (UM) in order to assess whether it is sufficient to explain a “digitalised establishment chain”, and finally discuss whether “stage” theories are still useful. The paper will close closes with major findings followed by considerations of limitations and implications for further research.

    The work on this paper is part of an Austrian-Swedish research project called “Enterprise 4.0”, which aims at investigating digital transformation processes in international entrepreneurial firms, with special emphasis on internationalisation processes.

  • 143.
    Larsson, Bengt
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Hjort, Bengt
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Söderlind, Lars
    Wennersten, Marcus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    Logistik vid husbyggande: Några praktikfall2008Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: I slutet av 70-talet påbörjades studier om överförbrukning av material i byggproduktionen med FoU-Väst som pådrivare och SBUF som finansiär. Det genomfördes då ett antal “materialspills- projekt” som blev ganska uppmärksammade och som påverkade synen på hur viktigt det är att hantera byggmaterial på rätt sätt. Under de mer än trettio år som gått sedan dess har ett flertal utvecklingsprojekt om byggandets logistik genomförts. Men ämnet är inte uttömt, byggande innebär ständig utveckling och eftersom 50 % av kostnaderna i ett byggprojekt är kostnader för material finns det fortfarande många möjligheter till effektivisering. I detta utvecklingsprojekt har några arbetsplatser studerats samtidigt som samverkan med några byggmaterialleverantörer har undersökts.

    Syfte: Det finns ett betydande slöseriet inom byggmaterialhanteringen. Brister i inköps- och materialhanteringsprocessen påverkar i hög grad byggandets effektivitet. Exempel på detta är överproduktion, korrigeringsarbete, onödig förflyttning av material, stora materiallager, väntetid i produktionen och onödiga arbetskraftsförflyttningar. Allt detta rör logistiken på byggarbetsplatsen. Bygglogistik omfattar planering, organisering, koordinering och kontroll av materialflöden från råmaterial tills det att materialet byggts in i den färdiga byggnaden. Syftet med detta projekt har varit att identifiera och förklara faktorer som har betydelse för materialflödeskostnadernas struktur och storlek, och som är möjliga att påverka. Normala byggmaterial har valts ut för praktikfallsstudier – material som är besvärliga ur logistikperspektiv och som har en stor besparingspotential.

    Genomförande: Med stöd från SBUF har arbetet utförts av deltagare från PEAB och Högskolan i Halmstad. För att samla in materialet till rapporten gjordes en omfattande litteraturstudie. Vidare gjordes uppföljningar på sju olika husbyggnadsarbetsplatser och intervjuer med sex byggmaterialtillverkare/leverantörer genomfördes.

    Resultat: Erfarenheter från tidigare projekt: Det finns alltså en mängd studier gjorda som visar på olika brister i byggandets materialhantering och många menar att med utnyttjande av studiernas rekommendationer borde kostnaderna för material och hantering av material kunna minskas med bortåt 50 %. Den största vinsten kan nås genom att effektivisera hantering och lagring av byggmaterial. Reduktion av materialspill och minskade störningar kan också ge minskade logistikkostnader. Lägsta pris är ofta inte det samma som lägsta totalkostnad. Det fysiska flödet på byggarbetsplatsen kan förbättras genom att försöka skapa tillgång till nödvändigt byggmaterial utan att bygga upp för stora lager. Byggmaterial som lagras länge riskerar att användas till annat, fördärvas eller att stjälas. Byggmaterialterminaler kan i vissa fall vara ett alternativ till lager på byggarbetsplatsen. Många pekar på vikten av långsiktigt samarbete mellan leverantör och entreprenör/projekt. Men denna samverkan försvåras genom att byggarna går från projekt till projekt och att det krävs så många olika byggmaterial. Det kontinuerliga samarbetet och standardisering av kommunikation och produkter blir lidande på grund av detta.Under senare år har det blivit vanligare med import av byggmaterial. Import kan ge billigare priser men risken är att dessa vinster äts upp av ökande logistikkostnader.

  • 144.
    Laurell, Hélène
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Achenhhagen, Leona
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    The role of networks during different epochs of the early internationalization journey in a medical technology firm2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of different types (i.e. both social and economic) of networks for the internationalization of new ventures is increasingly acknowledged in academic research (e.g. Coviello, 2006). Despite this increasing attention, few studies have in detail studied the role of networks and the link between networks and internationalization journeys over time (cf. Slotte-KockandCoviello, 2010). Instead, a rather descriptive, snap-shot approach to studying networks is still common. In addition, network dynamics are likely to be different in different industries. For life-science industries such as medical-technology Stremersch and Van Dyck (2009) demand that due to the specific industry characteristics new concepts would be needed to adequately understand the dynamics of this industry.In this paper, we attempt to contribute to filling gaps in current research by reconstructing the emergence and following the development of the network ties of an international new venture during different critical epochs of its internationalization journey. We present an in-depth case study of a Swedish SME from the medical-technology industry and the development of its network relations over time. By providing a detailed account of this development, we hope to improve the understanding of how different network constellations are related to the internationalization process over time.

  • 145.
    Laurell, Hélène
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Achtenhagen, Leona
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    The internationalization challenge - Enabling and constraining factors in the medical-technology sector2010Ingår i: Strategic Entrepreneurship - The Promise for Future Entrepreneurship, Family Business and SME Research: Rencontres de St-Gall 2010 / [ed] Fueglistaller, Urs, Volery, Thierry and Weber, Walter, St. Gallen: KMU Verlag HSG , 2010, s. 327-345Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    SMEs in high-technology industries, such as life-sciences, face a fundamental challenge. On theone hand, high product development costs push companies into early internationalization to increaseturnover and recover investments. On the other hand, internationalization is constrained, e.g. by financialand managerial resource limitations or the demand to follow local regulations. To date, little isknown about how high-tech SMEs actually manage this challenge. This paper presents an in-depthcase study of the internationalization process of a Swedish high-tech SME, to develop a better understandingof how the trade-offs related to internationalization are handled in practice. Combining insightsfrom the process theory of internationalization with international new venture theory, our findingsoutline factors affecting the internationalization process specific to the medical-technology industry,the company and the founding team.

  • 146.
    Laurell, Hélène
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Achtenhagen, Leona
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    The internationalization challenge- managed by a new venture from the medical technology sector2009Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    SMEs in the life sciences industries face a fundamental challenge. On the one hand, high product development costs push companies into early internationalization to increase turnover and recover investments. On the other hand, they face tough hinders towards internationalization, such as financial and managerial resource limitations as well as the demand to follow local regulations. To date, little is known about how SMEs manage this challenge in practice. This paper presents an in-depth case study of the internationalization process of a Swedish SME from the medical technology industry, to develop a better understanding of how this challenge is handled in practice. Our findings outline some industry-specific characteristics affecting the internationalization process, such as the regulatory burden, complex buying patterns and lengthy lead times. These determinants lead to financial vulnerability, which has an impact on how (further) internationalization can be pursued. Being able to conduct business in English as well as the structure of the foreign country’s healthcare organization are important factors when entering new geographical markets. International congresses and fairs are important events for developing new network links and building brand recognition. Existing international contacts also play a crucial role in the choice of the international distribution channels. Local network ties are important for developing the initial business idea development as well as to secure financing.

  • 147.
    Laurell, Marie Hélène
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Achtenhagen, Leona
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Andersson, Svante
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    The Role of the Founding Team and its Network Ties During Different Phases of the Early Internationalization Journey2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of different types (i.e. both social and economic) of networks for the internationalization of new ventures is increasingly acknowledged in academic research (e.g. Coviello, 2006). Despite this increasing attention, few studies have in detail studied the role of networks and the link between networks and internationalization journeys over time (cf. Slotte-KockandCoviello, 2010). Instead, a rather descriptive, snap-shot approach to studying networks is still common. In addition, network dynamics are likely to be different in different industries. For life-science industries such as medical-technology Stremersch and Van Dyck (2009) demand that due to the specific industry characteristics new concepts would be needed to adequately understand the dynamics of this industry. 

    In this paper, we attempt to contribute to filling gaps in current research by reconstructing the emergence and following the development of the network ties of an international new venture during different critical epochs of its internationalization journey. We present an in-depth case study of a Swedish SME from the medical-technology industry and the development of its network relations over time. By providing a detailed account of this development, we hope to improve the understanding of how different network constellations are related to the internationalization process over time.

  • 148.
    Liu, Lihua
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Danilovic, Mike
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Hoveskog, Maya
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Halila, Fawzi
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    The Swedish Maintenance and Services Market in Wind Power Industry Lessons Learned and Opportunities for Chinese Service Providors2013Ingår i: Advances in Social Science, Humanities, and Management: 2013 International Conference on Advances in Social Science, Humanities, and Management (ASSHM 2013), Paris: Atlantis Press, 2013, s. 133-138Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents results from an investigation of maintenance and service market of Swedish wind power industry. Although the average number of disruptions per wind turbine only increased slightly from 2007 to 2009 in Sweden, the average downtime, the average electricity production loss and accordingly economic loss to the wind power operators increased 3 times during the same period. Equipped with strong production power, technology skills and expertize, Chinese wind turbine manufacturers have opportunity to enter the Swedish wind power maintenance and service market, and bring benefit to Swedish wind power industry and to themselves‟ internationalization process and sustainable development. 

  • 149.
    Ljungquist, Urban
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Ghannad, Navid
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Growth in international new ventures: facilitating and redundant components beyond start-up2015Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing, ISSN 1742-5360, E-ISSN 1742-5379, Vol. 7, nr 2, s. 103-127Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the paper is to identify facilitating and redundant components of core competence development during the growth of international new ventures (INVs). Through a longitudinal empirical study comparing three cases based on a large number of interviews, we describe how individual competences essential for the start-up firm (entrepreneurial, market and network) over three phases (small, youth and mature) eventually become redundant or transform into institutionalised routines. An INV built on technology competence needs to combine with market competences, preferably in parallel, for ideal market development. To expand further, the entrepreneurial competence ultimately should be reduced or omitted. To boost expansion, explicate visions and policies should be added to maintain the entrepreneurial spirit and legacy, and to guide employees. Copyright ©2015 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

  • 150.
    Ljunquist, Urban
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Ghannad, Navid
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    Obstacles and Facilitators of Developments in Entrepreneur-driven Firms2012Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To identify facilitating and redundant components of core competence development during the growth phases in entrepreneur-driven SMEs. • Methodology: Conducts a longitudinal empirical study based on large number of interviews. • Findings: Describes how individual competences critical for a start-up firm (entrepreneurial, market and network) eventually are transformed into organisational routines and institutionalised. Highlights distinction between competence and organisational structure. The latter could emerge incrementally in a firm, yet also be a tool to manage organisational change. • Research limitations/implications: Brings in-depth knowledge by qualitative analysis. Future studies should test our findings in large-scale study with quantitative analysis. • Practical implications: A start-up built on technology competence needs to combine with market competences, preferably in parallel, or in sequence, for ideal core competence development. To expand further, the entrepreneur ultimately must step down. Important to balance the firm's ambidexterity by adding exploitation to the initial exploration. To boost expansion further, explicate visions and policies must be added, which will guide and release employees' innovative drive. • Social implications: Suggests how entrepreneurial spirits could be transformed to facilitate growth beyond small firm size. • Originality/value: Informs scholars and managers of core competence facilitators during SMEs growth phases.

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