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  • 101.
    Hinic, Hansi
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Gruppen för forskning om Idrott, Hälsa och Fysisk aktivitet.
    Ivarsson, Andreas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Gruppen för forskning om Idrott, Hälsa och Fysisk aktivitet.
    Utvärdering av Idrottslyftet, en delrapport2010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 102.
    Holmén, Erika
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Motivationens grundläggande beståndsdelar: Ett verktyg för att förstå elitidrottarens motivation2015Student paper other, 5 poäng / 7,5 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 103.
    Hornstrup, Therese
    et al.
    Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Wikman, Johan Michael
    Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Fristrup, Bjørn
    Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Póvoas, Susana
    Research Center in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development, CIDESD, University Institute of Maia, ISMAI, Maia, Portugal.
    Helge, Eva W.
    Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Fitness and health benefits of team handball training for young untrained women—A cross-disciplinary RCT on physiological adaptations and motivational aspects2018Inngår i: Journal of Sport and Health Science, ISSN 2095-2546, E-ISSN 2213-2961, Vol. 7, nr 2, s. 139-148Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The present study evaluated the effects of regular participation in small-sided team handball training on body composition, osteogenic response, physical performance, and cardiovascular risk factors, as well as well-being and motivation, in young untrained women.

    Methods: Twenty-eight untrained 20- to 30-year-old women were randomized to a handball training group (HG; n = 14, height 170 ± 5 cm, weight 73 ± 11 kg, VO2peak 37.7 ± 4.1 mL/min/kg) that trained 1.7 ± 0.3 times per week over 12 weeks (70 min 4 v 4 handball sessions) or an inactive control group (CG; n = 14, 169 ± 5 cm, 71 ± 12 kg, 38.1 ± 3.7 mL/min/kg). Physiological and psychological and motivational training adaptations were assessed pre- and post-intervention by dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) scans, blood sampling, physical tests, and questionnaires.

    Results: The average heart rate (HR) over all training sessions was equal to 85% ± 6% HRmax. Between-group intervention effects were observed in favor of HG for muscle mass (2.1%, p = 0.024), proximal femur bone mineral density (0.8%, p = 0.041), Yo-Yo IE1 intermittent endurance test level 1 (IE1) performance (35%, p < 0.001), and incremental treadmill test performance (11.5%, p = 0.003), but not total fat mass (p = 0.176), mean arterial blood pressure (p = 0.328), resting HR (p = 0.219), or blood lipids (p = 0.298–0.854). In CG, no changes were observed in any of the measured physiological variables after the training period. Compared to CG, HG had an increase in intrinsic motivation (p < 0.001) and in the well-being subscale “energy” (p = 0.010).

    Conclusion: Participation in regular recreational team handball training organized as small-sided games has marked beneficial effects on physical performance, musculoskeletal fitness, well-being, and motivation in untrained young women. © 2018 Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of Shanghai University of Sport. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license.

  • 104.
    Horwath, Oscar
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Changes in strength, power and bodycomposition following 8 weeks of isokinetic andisoinertial strength training.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • 105. Horwath, Oscar
    et al.
    Paulsen, Gøran
    The Norwegian Olympic and Paralympic Committee and Confederation of Sports, Oslo, Norway & Department of Physical Performance, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Esping, Tobias
    Seynnes, Olivier
    Department of Physical Performance, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Olsson, M. Charlotte
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Rydberglaboratoriet för tillämpad naturvetenskap (RLAS).
    Isokinetic resistance training combined with eccentric overload improves athletic performance and induces muscle hypertrophy in young ice hockey players.2019Inngår i: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, ISSN 1440-2440, E-ISSN 1878-1861, Vol. 22, nr 7, s. 821-826Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: To determine the combined effects of slow isokinetic resistance training and eccentric overload and compare it to traditional resistance training on strength, power, body composition and muscle hypertrophy in young ice hockey players.

    DESIGN: Experimental, randomized trial.

    METHODS: Twenty-two resistance-trained ice hockey players (18±1year) were assigned to either isokinetic resistance training and eccentric overload (ISO/ECC; n=11) or traditional resistance training (TRAD; n=11). Participants underwent supervised progressive resistance training for 8 weeks (2-3 sessions/week) involving lower body multiple-joint exercises (heavy squats and explosive jump squats). The ISO/ECC group performed their training using a computerized robotic engine system (1080 Quantum synchro, Sweden), whereas the TRAD group performed the same resistance exercises with isotonic loading. Before and after the intervention, participants were evaluated in 1RM back squat, loaded jump squats, sprint- and jump performance, body composition and muscle thickness using ultrasound measurement.

    RESULTS: Similar moderate increases in 1RM back squat and power output in the jump squats were found in both the ISO/ECC and TRAD groups (11-17%, P<0.01), whereas only the ISO/ECC group showed improvements in drop jump performance (9.8%, P=0.01). Moreover, similar trivial changes in body composition were observed in both groups, while only the ISO/ECC training group increased muscle thickness in the vastus intermedius (P=0.01) and rectus femoris muscles (P=0.03).

    CONCLUSIONS: Both modalities effectively increased maximal strength and power output, whereas isokinetic resistance training, combined with eccentric overload, improved drop jump performance and induced greater muscle hypertrophy than traditional training in young ice hockey players. © 2019 Sports Medicine Australia

  • 106.
    Hulander, Markus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS). Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Centrum för idrott och hälsoforskning (CIHF).
    PSYKOSOCIALA FAKTORERS PÅVERKAN PÅ SKADERISKEN BLAND UNGDOMSLANDSLAGSSPELARE I FOTBOLL2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie har varit att studera psykosociala faktorers påverkan på skaderisken hos ungdomslandslagsspelare i fotboll. Tvångsmässig passion är en central faktor som studerats i relation till skada. Även faktorerna antal träningstimmar per vecka, antal spelade matcher, stress, själförtroende och motivation har studerats i relation till skada. En kvantitativ design har använts där 300 svenska ungdomslandslagsspelare i fotboll ingått som undersökningsdeltagare. Använda mätinstrument i undersökningen har varit

    PANAS, PSS, Grit-scale, PCLDS, Passion Scale, SCI samt SMS. Resultaten visade att män ådrar sig fler allvarliga skador (minst 4 veckors frånvaro) än kvinnor. Vidare visade resultaten att flergångsskadade spelare har en signifikant högre tvångsmässig passion än andra spelare. Resultaten diskuteras i förhållanden till uppsatsens teoretiska ramverk samt resultat från tidigare forskning. Förslag för framtida forskning inom området ges.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 107.
    Hurtig Kokko, Emmy
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Lindhe, Rebecca
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    SKILLNADER I UPPLEVD MOTIVATION OCH SJÄLVFÖRTROENDE HOS LANDSLAGSAPELANDE OCH ICKE LANDSLAGSSPELANDE UNGDOMAR INOM FOTBOLL2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna undersökning var att studera eventuella skillnader i upplevd motivation och självförtroende mellan fotbollslandslagsspelande och icke fotbollslandslagsspelande ungdomar i åldern 14-19. Dessutom studerades eventuella skillnader mellan pojkarna och flickorna inom samma område. Total deltog 471 fotbollsspelande ungdomar varav 282 spelade i landslagen och 189 inte spelade i landslagen, 270 pojkar och 201 flickor. Spelarna fyllde vid ett tillfälle i enkäterna Grit scale, Sport Motivation Scale (SMS), The self-determination scale och Sport Confidence Inventory. Resultaten visade att det fanns skillnader mellan de landslagsspelande och icke landslagsspelande ungdomar inom variablerna upplevd motivation och upplevt självförtroende. Resultaten visade bland annat att de icke landslagsspelande ungdomarna upplever sig ha en högre grad av motivation än de landslagsspelande ungdomarna i denna studie. Dock visade resultaten att de landslagsspelande ungdomarna upplever sig ha ett högre självförtroende än de icke landslagsspelande ungdomarna i denna studie. Det finns även en signifikant skillnad mellan pojkar och flickor inom de två variablerna. Resultaten diskuteras i förhållande till uppsatsens teoretiska ramverk.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 108.
    Hvatskaya, Elena
    et al.
    St.-Petersburg State University of Physical Education and Sports, St.-Petersburg, Russia.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    St.-Petersburg State University of Physical Education and Sports, St.-Petersburg, Russia.
    Perception of the first competition: Retrospective analysis made by elite athletes1997Inngår i: Innovations in sport psychology: linking theory and practice : proceedings / [ed] Bar-Eli, Michael & Lidor, Ronnie, ISSP , 1997, s. 321-323Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 109.
    Häggblom, Jenny
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Do Compression Garment Maintain Muscular Power from a Strenuous Exercise Session?: A randomized controlled trial2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Background Compression garments have gained interest over the past ten years, especially when investigating the recovery from a strenuous strength session. Since compression garments have increased in popularity over the past years, scientific results regarding possible benefits are still lacking. 

     

    Aim The aim of the current study was to investigate the recovery from an eccentric exercise session with regards to physiological performance and perceived feelings of muscle soreness, fatigue and recovery in recreational athletes after wearing customized compression garments for 24-hours.

     

    Method Thirteen recreational athletes (age 24.7±4.0 years (mean ± SD), length 171.3±7.0 cm, weight 70.8±9.4 kg), participated in this randomized crossover designed study. After a familiarization trial, participants completed two rounds of testing and exercise in both a control (CON) and a compression condition (CG). Garments were worn for 24-hours post exercise in the compression condition whereas regular clothing were used in the control condition. Performance variables of Wingate Anaerobic cycle Test, agility t-test and broad jump were assessed as well as subjective feelings of muscle soreness, both at baseline and 24-hours post a lower body eccentric exercise session.

     

    Results Muscle soreness was significantly higher 24 hours post recovery (p=0.02) compared to baseline but no difference was seen between groups (p>0.05). There was a significant difference in perceived recovery (increased in CG, p=0.012) and fatigue (increased in CON, p=0.04) between conditions 24-hours post recovery. Physiological performance measured with Wingate, agility t-test and broad jumps were not different among either group or time (p>0.05). Perceived sleep quality was not different from pre-workout or between groups (p>0.05).

     

    Conclusion Based on our findings in the current study, there seems to be no physiological benefit in performance 24-hours after wearing customized compression garments compared to a control condition. However, there seems to be a psychological benefit from wearing the garments with a reduced feeling of fatigue and an improved recovery

  • 110.
    Håman, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker Ruchti, Natalie
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Patriksson, Göran
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Orthorexia nervosa: An integrative literature review of a lifestyle syndrome2015Inngår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 10, artikkel-id 26799Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Bratman first proposed orthorexia nervosa in the late 1990s, defining it an obsession with eating healthy food to achieve, for instance, improved health. Today, in the Swedish media, excessive exercising plays a central role in relation to orthorexia. A few review articles on orthorexia have been conducted; however, these have not focused on aspects of food and eating, sport, exercise, or a societal perspective. The overall aim of this study was to provide an overview and synthesis of what philosophies of science approaches form the current academic framework of orthorexia. Key questions were: What aspects of food and eating are related to orthorexia? What role do exercise and sports play in relation to orthorexia? In what ways are orthorexia contextualized? Consequently, the concept of healthism was used to discuss and contextualize orthorexia. The method used was an integrative literature review; the material covered 19 empirical and theoretical articles published in peer-reviewed journals. This review demonstrates a multifaceted nature of orthorexia research; this field has been examined from four different philosophies of science approaches (i.e., empirical-atomistic, empirical-atomistic with elements of empirical-holistic, empirical-holistic, and rational-holistic) on individual, social, and societal levels. The majority of the articles followed an empirical-atomistic approach that focused on orthorexia as an individual issue, which was discussed using healthism. Our analysis indicates a need for (a) more empirical-holistic research that applies interpretive qualitative methods and uses a social perspective of health, e.g., healthism and (b) examining the role of sports and exercise in relation to orthorexia that takes the problematizing of “orthorexic behaviours” within the sports context into account.

  • 111.
    Håman, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Patriksson, Göran
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Orthorexia is framed as exercise dependence in Swedish daily newspapers2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 112.
    Håman, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Patriksson, Göran
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The framing of orthorexia nervosa in Swedish daily newspapers: A longitudinal qualitative content analysis2016Inngår i: Scandinavian Sport Studies Forum, ISSN 2000-088X, E-ISSN 2000-088X, Vol. 7, s. 27-46Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explored and elucidated how orthorexia is framed in Swedish daily newspapers with a focus on characteristics of orthorexia. Key questions include: 1) how do the newspaper articles connect exercise with orthorexia? and 2) what trends in depicting exercise in relation to orthorexia do the newspaper articles represent over time? The method used was a longitudinal qualitative content analysis guided by the framing theory. We analyzed 166 articles published between 1998 and 2013. Our analysis revealed that orthorexia originally was framed as an eating disorder and subsequently included unhealthy exercise. Two trend shifts could be identified: in 2004, exercise was added as an element and in 2013 extreme exercise trends were described to influence the increase of orthorexia. The findings indicate that Swedish newspapers extend Bratman’s definition and depict orthorexia indiscriminately to describe a range of different behavioral characteristics. These results are discussed in terms of the idea of “healthism” and general health trends in society.

  • 113.
    Håman, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott. University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Prell, Hillevi
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    “If it’s not Iron it’s Iron f*cking biggest Ironman”: personal trainers’s views on health norms, orthorexia and deviant behaviours2017Inngår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 12, nr Suppl. 2, artikkel-id 1364602Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Orthorexia nervosa (ON) describes a pathological obsession with healthy eating to avoid ill health. In the Swedish context, ON is also understood in terms of unhealthy exercise. Fitness gyms are popular health-promoting places, but exercise-related problems, disordered eating and ON-like behaviour are increasing. Personal trainers (PTs) play an important role in detecting unhealthy behaviours. The aim of the present study was to illuminate PTs’ understandings of healthy and unhealthy exercise and eating behaviours in relation to orthorexia nervosa in a fitness gym context. Five focus groups with 14 PTs were conducted. These were analysed using interpretative qualitative content analysis and Becker’s model “Kinds of Deviance.” In contrast to PTs’ health norms (practicing balanced behaviours and contributing to well-being), ON was expressed mainly in terms of exercise behaviour and as being excessive and in total control. The PTs maintain that extreme behaviours are legitimized by an aggressive exercise trend in society and that they fear to falsely accuse clients of being pathological. Certain sport contexts (bodybuilding, fitness competitions and elite sports) and specific groups (fitness professionals) contribute to complicating PTs’ negotiations due to a competition, performance and/or profession norm, making it difficult to determine whether or not to intervene. © 2017 The Author(s)

  • 114.
    Håman, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott. Department of Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Prell, Hillevi
    Department of Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The challenges in responding to unhealthy eating and exercise behaviours among clients: From personal trainers’ views2017Inngår i: Proceedings of the Nordic Sport Science Conference – ‘The Double-Edged Sword of Sport: Health Promotion Versus Unhealthy Environments’ / [ed] Krister Hertting & Urban Johnson, Halmstad: Halmstad University Press, 2017, s. 57-58Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 115.
    Håman, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Lundin, Ida
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Department of Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, POBox 300, SE-405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    ”Appearance, that’s the only thing that matters” Personal trainers’ negotiations of valued bodies in a gym context2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 116.
    Håman, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Prell, Hillevi
    Department of Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Department of Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Personal trainer´s health advice to clients in the fitness gym2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Fitness gyms have become popular places for physical activity. Several individuals exercise at gyms and an increasing number hire a personal trainer (PT). PTs have an important role in offering advice and exercise programs as well as detecting unhealthy behaviors among their clients. Norms regarding exercise habits in the gyms appear to be strongly gendered, which may influence PTs’ advice. The purpose of this presentation is to describe PTs’ health advice to clients. In total, 19 PTs, nine women and ten men, aged 23 – 47 years were recruited through purposive sampling. An explorative design was employed and seven focus group discussions were carried out. These were analyzed using a qualitative content analysis guided by a gender perspective. The findings suggest that PTs had a gendered health advice approach towards women regarding exercise and diet. The PTs gave reactive health advice especially to women showing unhealthy exercise and eating behaviors in order to correct these unhealthy behaviors. The specific advice involved a) eating more and exercising less, b) focusing on performance rather than appearance and c) avoiding heavy weight lifting. However, the PTs avoided to advise men showing similar unhealthy training and eating behaviors. The PTs also had a transgressive health advice approach. They advised both women and men to a) adopt a relaxed attitude to exercise and diet, b) to prioritize and rationalize their exercise and diet and c) to eat a natural diet. The gendered health advice approach might give women and men different opportunities to improve their physical fitness, health and well-being. Men with unhealthy behaviors might not be supported by the PTs, which adversely can affect men's health. We recommend that gym managers and PT-educators increase their awareness about the importance of providing equal opportunities for women and men to improve their physical fitness and health.

  • 117.
    Håman (née Eriksson), Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Centrum för idrott och hälsoforskning (CIHF). University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Patriksson, Göran
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Disordered eating outside the sport setting: Contextualizing representations of orthorexia nervosa in Swedish daily newspapers2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the late 1990s, Bratman coined the term orthorexia nervosa to mean an unhealthy obsession of only eating healthy foods (Bratman & Knight, 2000). The research is limited and orthorexia has rarely been researched in sport settings (e.g. Eriksson et al., 2008; Segura-García et al., 2012). At this stage, this concept is considered under establishment and negotiation – a process of formation where it is not clear what orthorexia is. How orthorexia is contextualized and represented influences the establishment and understanding of the condition and concept. The aim of this study is to analyze representations of orthorexia in articles printed in Swedish newspapers, with a special view on how the articles refer to sport as a social setting. Notions of healthy and disordered eating are influenced by cultural ideas in society. The language is central in this process as it creates and organizes beliefs about social reality. Perceptions and knowledge about orthorexia are created through, for example, newspaper texts. The material included in this study was limited to national, regional and local Swedish daily newspaper articles published between January 2004 and June 2011. A total of 102 articles were included as they explicitly dealt with orthorexia. The articles were analyzed using a discourse analytical approach through a qualitative content analysis. The articles represented orthorexia in different ways: a) (un)controlled and obsessive patterns of behavior; b) sacrificing social situations; c) an eating disorder in new clothes; d) a painful existence; and e) an invisible problem. Within the last category, the way orthorexia is represented in relation to sport points to how different norms and values apply in and outside this setting. Orthorexia is only considered as disordered eating in non-sport settings. In sport, orthorexic behaviours are considered standard practice. These findings thus further problematize disordered eating in and outside sport settings.

  • 118.
    Idén Nordin, Amanda
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    How to Become and Maintain to Be a Runner: Experiences of Two Swedish Females2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine personal running histories of one successful and one less successful Swedish female runner. The focus was on finding the motivating and demotivating factors in becoming a runner, and major differences between the successful and the less successful runner. The theoretical frameworks- transtheoretical model and selfdetermination theory- were used as guides when conducting two narrative interviews. Data analysis was based on the recommendations of the Narrative Oriented Inquiry (NOI) model. Sjuzet and fabula, holistic content and categorical content analyses were the three analyses chosen out of the six recommended in the NOI model. The holistic content analysis resulted in narratives about each participant life background and previous training, personal history to become a runner, and present time and future plans for running. The categorical-content analysis revealed eight motivating factors for running, four demotivating factors for running and three themes contrasting the participants. Results are discussed in relation to the theoretical frameworks and previous research.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 119. Ingeberg, Karoline
    et al.
    Thomsen, Sofia
    En intervention på kvinnliga fotbollsspelare: kan resultatet av Sörensens test påverkas av funktionell träning?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 120.
    Isaksson, Rickard
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Sukic, Kaled
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Modererande effekt av self-efficacy respektive mental tuffhet i relation mellan motivation och mängd motion2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to: (a) examine if the relation between motivation and exercise is moderated by exercise specific self-efficacy (b) examine if the relation between motivation and exercise is moderated by mental toughness. The data collection was via a non-random convenience sample and snowball sample. The study used a quantitative cross-sectional design with 51 participants (24 men and 27 women), where the participants were between the ages 18-30 (M=23.8, SD=3.2). The results showed that exercise specific self-efficacy had a positive statistical significant correlation with self-determined exercise motivation (r = .63, p<.01) and total exercise amount (r = .47, p<.01). The result also showed that mental toughness had a positive statistical significant correlation with self-determined exercise motivation (r = .33, p<.05) and total exercise amount (r = .37, p<.01). However, the results showed no statistically significant moderating effect of exercise specific self-efficacy respectively mental toughness on the relationship between exercise motivation and amount of exercise. It is proposed that broader and more developing studies are needed within the subject and to investigate more potential underlying factors that could affect the relationship between exercise motivation and amount of exercise. The information in the following study can result in more people being able to sustain their exercise behaviour and that more people succeed with their exercise goals.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 121.
    Isbring, Evelina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    A longitudinal study of the frequency of knee pain and the effect on countermovement jump at a sports secondary school2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Studies have shown that participation in sports during adolescence has several positive aspects, both physical and mentally. Today there is more focus on competition than before and more adolescents choose to specialize in one sport. High sport specialization can cause a higher risk of injuries. Knees are one of the most common sites for adolescence to experience pain in and girls are more often exposed to this problem, compared to boys.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to longitudinally investigate the frequency of reported knee pain in 7th grade and 9th grade in a secondary school with a sports profile stratified for sex, difference in frequency of knee pain between 7th and 9th grade and whether knee pain affected performance in countermovement jump with arm swing.

    Methods: To compare frequency of knee pain between 7th and 9th grade, the test subjects (n=42, 17 girls and 25 boys) that answered the questionnaire about knee pain both years were included. The questionnaire had six options for frequency, where those who reported “never” or “rarely” were grouped as “no knee pain”. Those who reported “monthly”, “weekly”, “more than once a week” or “almost daily” were grouped as “knee pain”. Jump height was measured by countermovement jump with arm swing. The tests were performed twice, in May 2014 when the test subjects were in 7th grade (age: mean (SD) 14±0.2) and in May 2016 in 9th grade (age: 16±0.2).

    Results: In 7th grade, 74% reported knee pain (girls 82 %, boys 68%). In 9th grade, 36% reported knee pain (girls 36%, boys 35%). The difference between the frequency of knee pain in 7th and 9th grade was significant, with a lower frequency in 9th grade. In 7th grade the jump height for those with knee pain was 32.9±7.5 cm, and for those with no knee pain 33.8±5.6 cm. In 9th grade the jump height for those with knee pain was 33.5±7.2 cm, and for those with no knee pain 36.5±10.1 cm.

    Conclusion: The frequency of knee pain decreased significant from 7th to 9th grade. There was no significant difference regarding jump height in countermovement jump with arm swing between the group that reported monthly to almost daily knee pain, and the group that reported that they experienced knee pain rarely or never. The result of this study therefore indicates that self-reported knee pain does not affect jumping performance.

  • 122.
    Ivarsson, Andreas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Idrott, hälsa och fysisk aktivitet.
    Johnson, Urban
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Gruppen för forskning om Idrott, Hälsa och Fysisk aktivitet.
    Lindwall, Magnus
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Could level and change in psychosocial stress during a 7 week period predict sport injuries in a population of professional soccer players?2012Inngår i: Proceedings of the 3rd Conference on Science and Soccer, 2012, s. 163-163Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Itroduction: Involvement in competitive soccer is connected with a high injury rate (Hägglund, 2007). Previous research has suggested that a psychosocial stress (both major and minor stressors) have a great impact on injury risk (Rogers & Landers, 2005; Fawkner et al., 1999).

    Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate if individual level and change in psychosocial stress (daily hassle) during a 7 week period could predict injuries among Swedish Premiere League soccer players.

    Method: The participants were 56 (38 males and 18 females) Swedish Premiere League soccer players. Participants ranged in age from 16 – 36 years (M = 25, 05, SD = 5, 46). Participants completed the Hassle and Uplift Scale once a week for a 7-week period. During the research period, the physiotherapists for each team were asked to record any injuries occurring during the study period. Latent grpwth curve models were used to examine whether the level and change in psychological stress could predict the frequency of injury over the 7 week period.

    Result: The results showed that both high initial levels of daily hassle and negative changes in it were associated with more injuries. Moreover, intra-class correlation showed that 23,4 % of the variance in hassle over the 7 repeated observations could be explained by the within-person variance, whereas the majority of variance (76,6%) could be attributed to between-person variance.

    Discussion: The findings highlight the importance of focusing on state variables using prospective designs and appropriate change analysis in order to detect complex and dynamic associations across time in injury prediction research. It is also important to acknowledging and investigating individual differeces in order to understand how psychosocial stressors influence different athletes. Recommendations for players, coaches and physiotherapies are to be observant of the influence from daily hassles in order to be able to help the athlete to decrease injury risk by for example adjusting his/her training load due to psychological status.

  • 123.
    Ivarsson, Andreas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Johnson, Urban
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Lindwall, Magnus
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science & Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Gustafsson, Henrik
    Department of Health and Environmental Sciences, Karlstad University & Swedish Winter Sports Research Centre, Mid-Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
    Altemyr, Mats
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Fatigue as a Predictor of Sport Injuries: A Latent Class Analysis2013Inngår i: Abstracts of the ISSP 13th World Congress of Sport Psychology: July 21-26, 2013, Beijing Sport University, Beijing, China, Beijing, 2013, s. 99-100Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has showed that psychosocial factors such as fatigue, could increase risk of injury (Borotikar et al., 2008; Johnson, 2011). Therefore, the aim of the study was to investigate the potential risk of different developmental trajectory profiles in fatigue, over three weeks, for injury among Swedish junior elite soccer players. Participants were 91 junior elite soccer players at the soccer high schools (64 male and 33 female) aged between 15-18 years (M =16.57, SD = .75). All players were asked, at a weekly basis during the first three weeks of pre-season, to complete the fatigue sub-scale from Recovery-Stress Questionnaire for Athletes-Sport (Kellman & Kallus, 2001). Two months after, the athletic trainers of the participants were asked to record any injury that occurred in the last two months. Latent class analysis was performed to analyze the data. Sample adjusted BIC was used to evaluate the goodness-of-fit and to help select the best fitted model (Yang, 1998). Relative risk ratios were calculated to compare the injury risk between participants in various latent classes identified from the latent class analysis. The model with best fit (BIC = 832, entropy .77) contained four different latent classes (i.e., low stable, moderate stable, high increasing, high decreasing). Members of the low stable class characterized by low levels of fatigue over the three-week period (Intercept = 2.5, slope = -.16) were selected as the reference class when calculating relative risk rations. Members of the high increasing class, experiencing high and increasing level of fatigue over the three-week period (Intercept = 4.94, slope = .29), were exposed to the highest risk of injury (RR = 2.53), compared with the reference class, and with other classes. Results from the participants included in the two other classes as (1) the moderate stable, characterized by a stable moderate level of fatigue during the course of assessment (Intercept = 3.78, slope = .14), and (2) the high decreasing, with high but decreasing level of fatigue during the three-week period (Intercept= 5.97, slope = -1.14), were both exposed to a 1.63 greater risk of injury than the reference class. The result indicates that high levels of fatigue might increase the risks of injury among soccer players. In other words, players’ risk in sport might potentially be reduced by proper recovery protocols. It is therefore highly recommended that coaches and medical staff should work actively and continuously with athletes to aid their physical and psychological recovery.

  • 124.
    Ivarsson, Andreas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Centrum för idrott och hälsoforskning (CIHF).
    Johnson, Urban
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Centrum för idrott och hälsoforskning (CIHF).
    Podlog, Leslie
    Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Utah, Utah, USA.
    Psychological predictors of injury occurrence: A prospective investigation of professional Swedish soccer players2013Inngår i: Journal of sport rehabilitation, ISSN 1056-6716, E-ISSN 1543-3072, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 19-26Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Context:

    Athletes participating in sport are exposed to a high injury risk. Previous research has found a great number of risk factors (both physiological and psychological) that could increase injury risk.1 One limitation in previous studies is that few have considered the complex interaction between psychological factors in their research design.

    Objective: To study whether personality, stress and coping predicted injury occurrence in an elite soccer population based on a hypothesized model.

    Design: Prospective.

    Participants: 56 (n = 38 males, n = 18 females) Swedish Premiere league soccer players were selected based on convenience sampling.

    Intervention: Participants completed four questionnaires including the: Swedish Universities Scales of Personality,2 Life Events Survey for Collegiate Athletes,3 and Brief COPE4 during the initial questionnaire administration. Subsequent to the first meeting, participants also completed the Hassle and Uplift Scale,5 once per week for a 13-week period throughout the competitive season.

    Main Outcome Measures: A path analysis was conducted examining the influence of personality traits (i.e., trait anxiety), state level stressors (i.e., negative life event stress and daily hassles), and coping on injury frequency.

    Results: Results of the path analysis indicated that trait anxiety, negative life event stress, and daily hassle−were significant predictors of injury among professional soccer players accounting for 24% of the variance.

    Conclusion: The findings highlight the need for athletes, coaches and medical practitioners to attempt to reduce state level stressors, especially, daily hassles in minimizing injury risk. Educating and training athletes and coaches in proactive stress management techniques appears warranted.

  • 125.
    Ivarsson, Andreas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Arsenal Performance and Research Team, Arsenal Football Club, United Kingdom & Arsenal Psychology and Research Group, Arsenal Football Club, United Kingdom.
    Kilhage-Persson, Amanda
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Martindale, Russell
    School of Applied Sciences, Edinburgh Napier University, Edinburgh, United Kingdom & Arsenal Psychology and Research Group, Arsenal Football Club, United Kingdom.
    Priestley, David
    Arsenal Performance and Research Team, Arsenal Football Club, United Kingdom & Arsenal Psychology and Research Group, Arsenal Football Club, United Kingdom.
    Huijgen, Barbara
    Center for Human Movement Sciences, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Netherlands & Arsenal Psychology and Research Group, Arsenal Football Club, United Kingdom & Department of Psychology, University of Groningen, Netherlands.
    Ardern, Clare
    Division of Physiotherapy, Department of Medicine & Health, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden & School of Allied Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.
    McCall, Alan
    School of Applied Sciences, Edinburgh Napier University, Edinburgh, United Kingdom & Performance and Research Department, Arsenal Football Club, London, United Kingdom.
    Predictive ability of psychological factors with future performance of football players: a systematic review with meta-analysis2020Inngår i: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, ISSN 1440-2440, E-ISSN 1878-1861, Vol. 23, nr 4, s. 415-420Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: This systematic review had 3 key objectives: (1) to investigate whether psychological factors were associated with future football performance (e.g., progression to professional football, better game statistics during the next season); (2) to critically review the methodological approaches used in the included studies and summarize the evidence for the current research question; (3) to provide guidelines for future studies.

    Design: Systematic Review

    Methods: Electronic databases (SPORTDiscus, PubMed and PsycINFO) and previously published systematic and scoping reviews were searched. Only prospective studies were considered for inclusion.

    Results: Eleven published studies that reported 39 effect sizes were included. Psychological factors; task orientation, task-oriented coping strategies and perceptual-cognitive functions had small effects on future performance in football (ds = 0.20-0.29). Due to high risk of bias there were low certainty of evidence for psychological factors relationship with future football performance.

    Conclusions: Psychological factors investigated showed small effects on future football performance, however, there was overall uncertainty in this evidence due to various sources of bias in the included studies. Therefore psychological factors cannot be used as a sole deciding factor in player recruitment, retention, release strategies, however it would appear appropriate to include these in the overall decision-making process. Future, studies with more appropriate and robust research designs are urgently needed to provide more certainty around their actual role. © 2019 Sports Medicine Australia. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 126.
    Ivarsson, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Bio- och miljösystemforskning (BLESS), Biomekanik och biomedicin.
    Helgesson, Fredrik
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Bio- och miljösystemforskning (BLESS), Biomekanik och biomedicin.
    Stein, Tobias
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Bio- och miljösystemforskning (BLESS), Biomekanik och biomedicin.
    Fotbollsskador hos manliga amatörspelare i Halland säsongen 2009: En jämförelse mellan division två, tre och fyra2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Fotboll är en intressant idrott att utforska ur skadeperspektiv då det är en av de mest skadedrabbade idrotterna. Fotbollsskador uppkommer antingen akut eller över tid och åtskiljs beroende om de inträffar under träning eller match. Tidigare studier av elitspelare visar att skador främst inträffar under match i form av akuta skador. De visar också att överbelastningsskador är mer träningsrelaterade och att flertalet av dem inträffar under försäsongen. Skadeincidensen beskrivs i antalet skador per 1000 tränings- respektive matchtimmar. Elitnivå har högre incidens än amatörnivå, framförallt under match. Sextio till nittio procent av alla skador drabbar nedre extremitet. Studier visar att de mest skadedrabbade kroppsdelarna är knän, lår och fotleder men även att ljumsk- och vadskador ofta förekommer.

    Syftet med studien var att jämföra olika divisioner inom den manliga amatörfotbollen, för att se hur spelnivån kan inverka på skadebilden. Undersökningen avsåg säsongen 2009 och genomfördes i Halland med spelare från division två, tre och fyra involverade. En enkät användes för att samla in information om spelarnas skadehistorik. Totalt inkluderades 79 spelare i undersökningen och av dessa var 39 skadade och tillsammans hade de 49 skador. Vid beräkning av konfidensintervall för samtliga enkätsvar framkom inga signifikanta skillnader mellan divisionerna. Sextioen procent av skadorna var akuta och 39 % överbelastningsskador. De akuta skadorna var vanligast i division två och tre medan överbelastningsskador var vanligast i division fyra. Den totala skadeincidensen var 7,92 per 1000 matchtimmar och 2,92 per 1000 träningstimmar. Division tre hade högst skadeincidens för match med 10,63 skador och division fyra hade högst skadeincidens för träning med 4,09 skador. Av alla skador resulterade 30,6 % i en frånvaro mellan 1-7 dagar, 32,7 % mellan 8-28 dagar och 36,7 % mer än 28 dagar. Skadorna var främst lokaliserade till knä, lår och fot. Mittfältare var mest skadedrabbade följt av försvarare, anfallare och målvakter. I division två och fyra inträffade skadorna främst under för- och vårsäsongen medan det i division tre var vanligast med skador under höstsäsongen.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 127.
    James, Parker
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Bio- och miljösystemforskning (BLESS), Biomekanik och biomedicin.
    Variability of score and golf ball trajectory in elite golfers2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Introduction: Ball trajectory in the golf swing is an important outcome variable for golf performance, however, no direct investigation of ball flight trajectory variability for pre-elite players has been conducted.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine correlations between average score and ball trajectory variability (for carry and lateral displacement) on pre-elite golfers both at and between two different clubs. 

    Methods: Sixteen pre-elite/elite golfers were included in the study, 11 men and 5 women with a mean age of 22 ±2 (SD). An actual average (mean) score was calculated for each player’s first ten competition rounds. Subjects were then instructed to hit 5 balls, with focus on consistency, with their seven iron and then hit 5 balls approximately 70 metres with their preferred wedge. Ball trajectory variables were recorded using a Flightscope® Kudo Doppler radar launch monitor system (EDH South Africa (PTY) Ltd). Statistical calculation of averages, standard deviation (SD), normalised root-mean, coefficient of variance, performance error index (PEI= and Pearson’s correlation.

    Results: The results from the present study showed there was no significant correlation between average score (76.2 ±1.9) and variability of ball trajectory, for the seven iron or wedge. Results also showed average seven iron CV for carry and lateral PEIdisplacement was 5% and 3% respectively, whilst average wedge carry CV for carry and lateral PEIdisplacement was 9% and 2% respectively.  Carry CV and Lateral CV PEI were moderately correlated (r=0.61, p=0.012) with each other for the wedge.

    Conclusion: : Our findings show no correlation between shot variability and golf score, however we found weak correlation between carry and lateral variability for the wedge. In order for effective coaching more understanding into the importance of biomechanical variability and golf performance is required, further research is needed to better understand the implication of our findings

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 128.
    Jaoudat, Sarah
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Skullman, Anna
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Idrottsrelaterade utbrändhetssymptom i relation till motivationsklimat samt perfektionism hos fotbollsspelare2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 129.
    Johansson Eiben, Katarina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Svensson, Linnéa
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Strategier för att hantera skadade tävlingsidrottare- Coachers perspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att identifiera vilka primära strategier coacher använder sig av för att hjälpa en allvarligt skadad idrottare. Hur en skada upplevs och hanteras ur en coachs perspektiv är ett outforskat område. Podlog och Dionigis (2010) är en av få studier där man undersökt världselit coachers strategier. Författarna i föreliggande studie valde att använda sig av liknande tillvägagångsätt. Nio semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med coacher som hade aktiva idrottare på en lägre nivå än den högsta världseliten, samt hade erfarenheter av allvarligt skadade idrottare. Sju män och två kvinnor deltog i studien, både från individuella idrotter och lagidrotter. Det identifierades fem primära strategier: (1) målsättning, (2) socialt stöd, (3) förmedling till medicinsk personal, (4) anpassad träning och (5) individanpassat stöd. Dessa strategier kopplas i en diskussionsdel till självbestämmande teorins tre aspekter, målsättning och anpassad träning kopplades till kompetens, socialt stöd och förmedling till medicinsk personal kopplades till samhörighet, individanpassat stöd, förmedling till medicinsk personal samt målsättning till autonomi. Slutligen ges även förslag till framtida forskning, metodkritik samt implikationer.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 130.
    Johansson, Kim
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Bio- och miljösystemforskning (BLESS), Biomekanik och biomedicin.
    Jernberg, John
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Bio- och miljösystemforskning (BLESS), Biomekanik och biomedicin.
    Martinsson, Ted
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Bio- och miljösystemforskning (BLESS), Biomekanik och biomedicin.
    Postaktiveringspotentiering i knäböj med hjälp av countermovement jumps2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Postaktiveringspotentiering i knäböj med hjälp av countermovement jumps
  • 131.
    Johansson, Oliwia
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Räihä Olsson, Caroline
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Ledarskapets samband med motivation: - tvärsnittsstudie med handbolls- och fotbollsspelare2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande studie var att inom idrottskontexten studera samband mellan idrottares upplevelser av de olika ledarskapsstilarna (1) transformativt, (2) konventionellt och (3) låt-gå med olika motivationsinriktningar inom Självbestämmandeteorin (SDT). I studien deltog 117 handbolls- och fotbollsspelare i åldrarna 16-33 år (M = 19.17, SD = 3.61). Deltagarna besvarade enkäter bestående av Sport Motivation Scale-II (SMS-II) för att mäta motivationsinriktning, Transformational Teaching Questionnaire (TTQ) för att mäta upplevt transformativt ledarskap samt delar av Developmental Leadership Questionnaire (DLQ) vilket avsåg att mäta upplevt konventionellt ledarskap och låt-gå ledarskap. Resultaten visade att det fanns statistiskt signifikant samband mellan upplevt transformativt ledarskap och inre motivation samt yttre självbestämmande motivation (identifierad reglering och integrerad reglering). Vidare visades att det fanns statistiskt signifikant samband mellan upplevt konventionellt ledarskap och ickesjälvbestämmande motivation (extern reglering och introjicerad reglering). Inget signifikant samband visades mellan upplevt låt-gå ledarskap och amotivation. Studieresultaten har diskuterats i förhållande till teorier och tidigare forskning där slutsatsen är att både transformativt och konventionellt ledarskap har samband med idrottares motivation vilket kan vara betydande kunskap för praktisk tillämpning inom idrottskontexten. Studiens resultat ligger i linje med den tidigare knapphändiga forskningen inom området men mer forskning behövs.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Ledarskapets samband med motivation
  • 132.
    Johansson, Rasmus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för lärande, humaniora och samhälle.
    Persson, Rasmus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för lärande, humaniora och samhälle.
    Skadehantering i skolan: En undersökning om vad lärare i idrott och hälsa har för uppfattningar om hantering av skador vid fysisk aktivitet i skolundervisningen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund - Varje år skadas uppskattningsvis 280 000 människor i Sverige i samband med fysisk aktivitet. Vid en mjukdelsskada bör behandling ske omedelbart för att stoppa blödning samt för att minska på läkeprocessen. Erfarenhet av idrottsmedicin är av fördel för samtliga individer. För att få den bästa läkeprocessen bör behandlingen utgå från PRICE-modellen. Syfte - I denna studie undersöks vad lärare i idrott- och hälsa från västra Sverige anser om hantering av skador vid fysisk aktivitet som en del av undervisningen i idrott- och hälsa och om det borde ingå i läroplanen. Med hantering av skador vid fysisk aktivitet menar vi till exempel hur en stukad fot behandlas eller vad som ska göras om en kompis får hjärnskakning m.m. Metod - Studien är genomförd med kvalitativa intervjuer genomförda på fem stycken aktiva lärare i idrott och hälsa. Intervjuerna har varit både strukturerade och icke-standardiserade Resultat - I intervjuerna var samtliga lärare i idrott och hälsa positiva till att ha med skadehantering i läroplanen. Det kom fram både fördelar och nackdelar som till exempel att det är bra om en elev kan hantera en stukning om någon skadas där ingen medicinskt kunnig vuxen är i närheten, respektive att det finns viss tidsbrist hos lärare i idrott hälsa för att hålla ett nytt moment. Studien visar att fördelarna väger över nackdelarna. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 133.
    Johansson, viktor
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Motivation och målsättning till att genomföra och återigen delta i Vasaloppet2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Vasaloppet är världens äldsta och längsta skidlopp och inför loppet 2012 är 15800 deltagare anmälda. Tidigare forskning har rapporterat att 75 % av alla deltagare påverkas av yttre motivationsfaktorer till deltagande samt visat att målsättning är en effektiv strategi för att öka motivationen. Studiens syfte var att undersöka vad som motiverar människor att genomföra och senare återvända till Vasaloppet utifrån ett motivations- och målsättningsperspektiv. Undersökningen genomfördes genom semistrukturerade intervjuer och omfattade tio manliga med åldern (M = 33,1) Vasaloppsdeltagare som har genomfört loppet en till fyra gånger och dessutom hade anmält sig till nästkommande lopp. Resultatet visade en förändring från yttre motivation vid det första genomförandet till en högre nivå av inre motivation men med prestationsmål som målsättning vid de båda sammanhangen. Studiens respondenter upplevde en stor skillnad från första till nästkommande Vasalopp, främst att målsättningen och motivationen är större inför nästkommande lopp, detta eftersom vikten av erfarenhet tycks vara en bidragande faktor till både högre målsättning men också högre motivation. För vidare forskning rekommenderas en longitudinell studie utifrån ett liknande syfte som den aktuella studien, samt att det skulle vara av intresse att undersöka vad som får Vasaloppsdeltagare att enbart genomföra loppet en gång.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 134.
    Johnsen, Caroline
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Samband mellan vertikal hopphöjd och sprint hos unga kvinnliga gymnaster: Kandidatuppsats i Biomedicin - inriktning fysisk träning 15hp2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Gymnastik är en sport som kräver bra sprint-och hoppförmåga. Det är känt att högre sprinthastigheter kan leda till högre vertikal hopphöjd, ett måste för svårare gymnastiska moment. Plyometrisk träning är principen om högintensiva hoppövningar som tillämpar Stretch Shortening Cycle (SSC). En förbättrad SSC-förmåga kan bidra till ökad kraftutveckling och förmågan att uppnå högre vertikal hopphöjd och sprinthastigheter. Syftet med studien var att undersöka om det fanns samband mellan vertikala hopphöjden och sprinttiden vid 30 meter hos unga kvinnliga gymnaster. Sexton kvinnliga gymnaster testades i vertikal hopphöjd genom Squat jump (SJ), Countermovement jump (CMJ) och Free jump (FJ) och sprint 30 meter, varav femton gymnasters resultat har analyserats. För att studera sambandet mellan SJ, CMJ, FJ och sprinttiden vid 30 m gjordes korrelationer (Spearman, rs). En korrelation mellan 0.4 och 0.6 är medelstarkt, allt där över är starka korrelationer och allt under är svaga korrelationer. Samtliga hopp visade på en stark negativ korrelation med sprinttiden vid 30 meter, SJ rs= - 0,68, CMJ rs= -0,76, FJ rs= -0,69. Starkaste korrelationen fanns mellan CMJ och 30 meter sprint. Den starka negativa korrelationen tyder på att en högre vertikal hopphöjd har ett starkt samband med sprinthastigheten.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 135.
    Johnson, Urban
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    A content analysis of a connection between psychosocial antecedents and the occurrence of sport injury among 16 athletes2008Inngår i: Proceedings Nordic Conference: Health, participation and effects of sport and exercise / [ed] Carlsson, B., Johnson, U., Stambulova, N, Halmstad: Halmstad university , 2008, s. 23-Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 136.
    Johnson, Urban
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    A three-year follow-up of long-term injured competitive athletes: Influence of psychological risk factors on rehabilitation1997Inngår i: Journal of sport rehabilitation, ISSN 1056-6716, E-ISSN 1543-3072, Vol. 6, nr 3, s. 256-271Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The rehabilitation of 77 competitive athletes with long-term injuries was followed for 2-3 years from the time of the injury with the aim of identifying potential risk factors in rehabilitation. Seven athletes not returning to competitive sport despite favorable physical records were compared with 5 athletes who returned despite unfavorable records and with 65 athletes whose rehabilitation met expectations. Twelve tests were employed on four different occasions. The results suggested that being younger, being female, and having had no previous experience with injury characterized the nonreturning athlete. An insufficient mental plan for rehabilitation and a predominantly negative attitude toward it, as well as restricted social contacts with fellow athletes and a low mood level, appeared to accompany a problematic and prolonged rehabilitation. It was concluded that the nonreturning, long-term injured athlete can be identified as early as the beginning of the rehabilitation process.

  • 137.
    Johnson, Urban
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Coping strategies among long-term injured competitive athletes. A study of 81 men and women in team and individual sports1997Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 7, nr 6, s. 367-372Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Differences in personality, mood and coping ability between athletes of a high competitive level with long-term injuries (n=81), with a mean age of 24.4 years, and a matched non-injured group (n=64), with a mean age of 24.2 years, were investigated. Three self-rating scales were employed: mood adjective check-list, general coping questionnaire and Karolinska scales of personality. Although no differences in basic personality traits were found, being injured was found to result in a depressed mood state and in the activation of coping strategies directed at receiving help. Comparisons were made between injured male and female athletes as well as between team-sport and individual-sport athletes. Women were found to become more anxious and tense and to have a stronger inclination to use emotion-focused coping strategies. Team-sport athletes were found to cope more in terms of 'passive acceptance' of help from others, whereas individual athletes were found to activate 'problem-solving' strategies in face of a stressor. The results suggest that social aspects of rehabilitative work are important and support the concept that rehabilitative work with long-term injured athletes should be individualized to be maximally effective. They also support the usefulness of cognitive models of the injured athlete's experience of being long-term injured. Such models, however, do not account for differences between the sexes or between individual and team athletes.

  • 138.
    Johnson, Urban
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Mental återhämtning och rehabilitering efter idrottsskada2008Inngår i: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, Vol. 17, nr 1, s. 36-39Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    För att etablera sig på hög idrottslig nivå krävs, förutom: talang, hård fysisk träning, positivsocial miljö, god återhämtningsförmåga även att du är mer eller mindre skadefri. Tyvärrdrabbas många lovande idrottsungdomar och senioridrottare av skadeproblem som såvälfördröjer som även i vissa fall omöjliggör återgång till tävlingsidrotten igen. Denna artikeldiskuterar området kring mental återhämtning och rehabilitering efter idrottsskada.

  • 139.
    Johnson, Urban
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    The Multiply Injured versus the First-Time-Injured Athlete during Rehabilitation: A Comparison of Nonphysical Characteristics1996Inngår i: Journal of sport rehabilitation, ISSN 1056-6716, E-ISSN 1543-3072, Vol. 5, nr 4, s. 293-304Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on rehabilitation of multiply injured athletes shows no convincing evidence that physiological factors exclusively can explain injury-proneness in sport. Neither can any single psychological factor characterize the injury-prone athlete. Injury-proneness seems to be best explained by a complex web of extrinsic and intrinsic risk factors. The present study focused on a comparison of mental factors and coping strategies of high-level athletes with sport injuries. A psychological profile of 25 multiply injured athletes was compared to 14 first-time seriously injured athletes. Factors such as impulsiveness, risk-taking attitude, introaggression, and psychic anxiety did not differentiate multiply injured athletes from other athletes with injuries. The first-time-injured group, however, had psychological difficulties associated with long-term injuries or other serious life crises. The first-time-injured athletes tended to experience the rehabilitation period as stressful, and they showed less self-confidence and scored lower on an overall mood scale than the multiply injured athletes. © 1996 Human Kinetics

  • 140.
    Johnson, Urban
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Ekengren, Johan
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Andersen, Mark B.
    Victoria University, Australia.
    Injury Prevention in Sweden: Helping Soccer Players at Risk2005Inngår i: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology (JSEP), ISSN 0895-2779, E-ISSN 1543-2904, Vol. 27, nr 1, s. 32-38Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined the effectiveness of a prevention intervention program to lower the incidence of injury for soccer players with at-risk psychosocial profiles. The Sport Anxiety Scale, the Life Event Scale for Collegiate Athletes, and the Athletic Coping Skills Inventory-28 were used to screen for psychosocial risk factors outlined in the stress and injury model (Williams & Andersen, 1998). Thirty-two high injury-risk players were identified and randomly assigned to treatment and control groups. Injuries of participants were reported by their coaches. The intervention program consisted of training in 6 mental skills distributed in 6 to 8 sessions during 19 weeks of the competitive season. The results showed that the brief intervention prevention program significantly lowered the number of injuries in the treatment group compared with the control group. © 2005 Human Kinetics Publishers, Inc.

  • 141.
    Johnson, Urban
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Gunnarsson, Martin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Petersson, Jerry
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Ledarskap – individen i gruppen2004Inngår i: Perspektiv på sport management, Stockholm: SISU idrottsböcker , 2004, s. 122-155Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 142.
    Johnson, Urban
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Ivarsson, Andreas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Otillräcklig återhämtning ökar skaderisken2010Inngår i: Svensk Idrottsmedicin, ISSN 1103-7652, Vol. 29, nr 1, s. 22-24Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 143.
    Johnson, Urban
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Idrott, hälsa och fysisk aktivitet.
    Ivarsson, Andreas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Idrott, hälsa och fysisk aktivitet.
    Karlsson, Jón
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Football Research Group, Linköping, Sweden.
    Hägglund, Martin
    Football Research Group, Linköping, Sweden & Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Waldén, Markus
    Football Research Group, Linköping, Sweden & Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Börjesson, Mats
    The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden & Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Rehabilitation after first-time anterior cruciate ligament injury and reconstruction in female football players: a study of resilience factors2016Inngår i: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, ISSN 2052-1847, Vol. 8, artikkel-id 20Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Most of the research in the area of psychosocial factors in rehabilitation after sports injuries has focused on risk behaviors, while relatively few studies have focused on behaviors that facilitate rehabilitation. The objective of our study was to understand the psychosocial features that characterize elite female football players who express a resilient behaviour during rehabilitation after a first-time anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and reconstruction.

    Methods

    A qualitative method was used based on individual in-person interviews and video communication of players who incurred a first-time ACL tear during the 2012 season of the Swedish Women’s Elite Football League. In total, 13 players had a first-time ACL and were interviewed post-season. The interviews were followed by a thematic content analysis. Based on this, eight players were identified as showing resilient behaviors during their rehabilitation and were included in the final analysis.

    Results

    Three core themes representing psychosocial factors that help players cope successfully with rehabilitation were identified: (I) constructive communication and rich interaction with significant others; (II) strong belief in the importance and efficacy of one’s own actions; and (III) the ability to set reasonable goals.

    Conclusions

    The findings suggest three core themes of psychosocial factors that characterize first-time ACL-injured elite female football players showing resilience during rehabilitation after ACL reconstruction. Suggestions for medical teams about ways to support communication, self-efficacy, and goal-setting during the rehabilitation process, are provided. © 2016 The Author(s).

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 144.
    Johnsson, Elin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Elitdressyrryttares visualiseringsupplevelser samt deras förståelse och upplevelse av instrumentet the Survey of imagery experiences in sport2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Blakeslee och Goff (2007) föreslår att dressyrryttares visualiseringsfärdigheter bör skilja sig från andra sporter som inte involverar ett djur. Enligt Murphy, Nordin och Cumming, (2008) finns det ett behov av ett instrument som tar hänsyn till visualiseringstyp, funktion och dess utgång. The survey of imagery experiences in sport (SIES; Weibull & Wallsbeck, 2009; Wallsbeck & Weibull, 2009) är ett relativt nytt instrument som mäter dessa variabler. Syftena i denna studie var därför att: (1) studera elitdressyrryttares visualiseringsupplevelser, (2) studera elitdressyrryttares förståelse och (3) upplevelse av instrumentet SIES. En kombination av kvalitativ och kvantitativ metod användes i studien. Dressyrryttarnas visualiseringsupplevelser skiljde sig till viss del från tidigare forskning. Till exempel användes flest visualiseringsmönster för syftet hitta rätt känsla och hörselsinnet inkluderades i många visualiseringsmönster. Deltagarnas förståelse och upplevelse av SIES var god med endast några få oklarheter gällande bland annat effekt och frekvens.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 145.
    Jonsson, Linus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    EXPLORING EXERCISE BEHAVIOR AND WELL-BEING OF SWEDISH UNIVERSITY STUDENTS - A SELF-DETERMINATION PERSPECTIVE2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate relationships between motivational profile, self-efficacy, basic needs satisfaction, exercise behavior and well-being among Swedish university students. A set of the instruments including GLTEQ, SHIS, BPNES, BREQ-2 and BARSE was distributed at a university in southern Sweden. The respondents (n = 260) were men (n = 122) and women (n = 138). For analysis and processing of the gathered data SPSS was used with Pearson's r and Multiple Regression Analysis. The results showed that competence, autonomy and relatedness were positive predictors of self-determined motivation, whilst identified regulation, intrinsic regulation and barrier self-efficacy were positive predictors for strenuous exercise. Moreover a regression analysis showed that only competence was a significant predictor for well-being, however, positive correlations were shown between all the basic needs and well-being. To promote university students exercise and well-being, the conclusion is that it most probably would be successful to base interventions with focus on basic needs satisfaction.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 146.
    Jonsson, Linus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Exploring exercise behavior and well-being of Swedish university students - A self-determination perspective2012Inngår i: Book of Abstract, 2012, s. 15-16Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 147.
    Jonsson, Linus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Self-Determination Theory in Practice2013Inngår i: Book of Abstracts: ENYSSP 9th Workshop: 25-26th October 2013, Gothenburg, Sweden / [ed] Jonsson, Linus, 2013, s. 10-10Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a growing body of research supporting the positive effects of physical activity and exercise on both psychological and physiological well-being. However, most people do not engage in regular exercise. Moreover, research shows that individuals who initiate a new exercise program drop out within three to six months. This begs the question, how do we get people to start and adhere to a regular exercise regimen?

    It is generally accepted that participation in sport will lead to positive outcomes including increased psycho-social development and physical health. However, research shows that sport participation can lead to damaged self-esteem, anxiety, depression, body image concerns, and disordered eating. This begs the question, how do we promote optimal functioning and well-being of athletes in the world of sports?

    The purpose of this workshop is to explore how Self-Determination Theory (SDT) can be used in practice to (1) promote physical activity/exercise based on the principles of Autonomy Support and ‘Motivational Interviewing’; (2) promote optimal functioning and well-being of athletes. The workshop will include the following: 1) a brief introduction 2) discussion in smaller groups 3) presentation of the group discussions.

    Recommended readings

    Bartholomew, K. J. (2011). THE ROLE OF INTERPERSONAL CONTROL AND NEED THWARTING IN THE PREDICTION OF ILL-BEING IN SPORT: A SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY APPROACH. University of Birmingham: Thesis for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.

    Chatzisarantis, N. L. D., & Hagger, M. S. (2009). Effects of an intervention based on self-determination theory on self-reported leisure-time physical activity participation. Psychology and Health, 24(1), 29-48.

    Ng, J. Y. Y., Ntoumanis, N., Thogersen-Ntoumani, C., Deci, E. L., Ryan, R. M., Duda, J. L., & Williams, G. C. (2012). Self-Determination Theory Applied to Health Contexts: A Meta-Analysis. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 7, 325-340.

    Sarrazin, P. G., Tessier, D. P., Pelletier, L. G., Trouilloud, D. O., & Chanal, J. P. (2006). The effects of teachers’ expectations about students’ motivation on teachers’ autonomy-supportive and controlling behaviors. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 4, 283-301.

    Su, Y-L., & Reeve, J. (2011). A Meta-analysis of the Effectiveness of Intervention Programs Designed to Support Autonomy. Educational Psychology Review, 23, 159-188.

  • 148.
    Jonsson, Linus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Departement of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The role of autonomy and controlling teachers behaviors on pupils needs satisfaction and needs thwarting2014Inngår i: ISBNPA 2014 Abstract Book: 21-24 May: San Diego, California, 2014, s. 325-325Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Physical Education (PE) can be of importance for increasing pupils’ physical activity (PA) levels, whereas the PE teachers may play an important role in motivating the pupils to engage in PA. Based on the tenets of Self-Determination Theory (SDT), the overall aim of this study is to explore social conditions that satisfies versus thwarts the basic psychological needs of pupils, and in turn impacts well-/ill-being and behavior outcomes in the PE context.

    Methods: A set of SDT-based instruments measuring perceived autonomy supportive/controlling teacher behaviors, needs satisfaction/thwarting, motivation, and physical (in)activity will be distributed to about 200 pupils in grades seven to nine.Structural equation modeling will be used to test a proposed working model.

    Results: On the one hand, it is expected that if the pupils perceive their PE teacher as autonomy supportive this will satisfy the pupils’ basic needs, and in turn lead to more self-determined motivation and enhanced well-being. Self-determined motivation will in turn predict healthy behaviors, such as PA. On the other hand, it is expected that if the pupils perceive their PE teacher as controlling this will thwart the pupils’ basic needs, and in turn lead to more controlled motivation and greater ill-being. Controlled motivation will in turn predict unhealthy behaviors, such as physical inactivity.

    Conclusions: There is a lack of knowledge in the literature regarding the effects of controlling teachers’ behavior on pupils’ needs thwarting and ill-being. This knowledge should be considered essential when developing future interventions and educating new PE teachers.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 149.
    Jonsson, Linus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Departement of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The role of basic needs satisfaction in the prediction of university students exercise behavior and well-being2014Inngår i: ISBNPA 2014 Abstract Book: 21-24 May: San Diego, California, 2014, s. 374-374Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Despite the growing body of research supporting the positive effects of exercise on both psychological and physiological well-being, most people do not engage in regular exercise. Grounded in Self-Determination Theory, the purpose of this study was to examine relationships between basic needs satisfaction, self-efficacy, motivation, exercise behavior and well-being among Swedish university students.

    Methods: A set of instruments measuring basic needs satisfaction, barrier self-efficacy, motivation, well-being, and exercise behaviors was distributed at a university in southern Sweden. The respondents (n=260) were men (n=122) and women (n=138) with a mean age of 22. To analyze and process the gathered data, SPSS was used with Pearson’s r and Multiple Regression Analysis.

    Results: The results showed that competence, autonomy and relatedness were positive predictors of self-determined motivation. Identified regulation, intrinsic regulation and barrier self-efficacy were positive predictors for strenuous exercise. Moreover, positive correlations between all the basic needs, strenuous exercise and well-being were shown. No significant correlations between light or moderate exercise and the independent variables appeared.

    Conclusions: This study provides further support for Self-Determination Theory and Self-Efficacy Theory. To promote strenuous exercise and well-being among Swedish university students it appears important to create a need supportive exercise environment, where the basic needs can be satisfied.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 150.
    Jonsson, Linus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Lidén, Ulf
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Weman-Josefsson, Karin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Göteborg Universitet.
    Motivation, perceived barriers and self-efficacy towards physical activity - a study of university students physical activity behaviors2012Inngår i: Svensk idrottspsykologisk förening Årsbok 2012, Örebro: Svensk idrottspsykologisk förening , 2012, s. 21-46Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
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