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  • 101.
    Bernerson, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Terrorism, Religion and Race: A Comparison Between John Updike's Terrorist and Bernard MacLaverty's Cal2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ”Terrorism” is a term widely used today. It and its effects are portrayed and discussed innewspapers, in movies, on TV. Seeing as it seems to be present in most media, it appears quite inevitable that terrorism has also found its way into literature. Two examples of novels dealing with terrorism are the American novel Terrorist, written by John Updike in 2006 and Bernard MacLaverty's Northern Irish novel Cal, written in 1983. The novels have their similarities. They share terrorism as a major theme, and both of them have a young man as a protagonist. However, they differ in both time and place. Updike's novel is set in a post-9/11 New Jersey, while Cal takes place in a Northern Ireland divided by The Troubles. Furthermore, Updike's main character is a dedicated Muslim, while the main character of Cal is a not as dedicated Catholic. Indeed, the novels might seem similar at first, but the differences are significant.The perspective to be used in this essay is ethnic. Various theories on terrorism, manipulation and race will be used with said perspective in mind. The aim is to, with the help of relevant theories, examine and analyse the terrorism and its connection to religion and ethnicity in the two novels, in order to compare them and find out whether they portray these things in a different way or not. The question I will be asking, and thus the purpose of this essay, is whether the terrorismand its reasons, organisation – including influence by others – and connection to religion and ethnicity in the two novels mentioned above are similar or not. It is my belief that a comparative analysis of the novels will show that the terrorism and its connection to religion and ethnicity will not be the same in Cal as in Terrorist. One of the reasons for this is that they are set in environments that differ from each other not only geographically and chronologically, but also politically. Thus it seems likely that the reasons for and organisation of the terrorism will differ as well. Another reason is that the characters in Terrorist are more diverse than the ones in Cal, both in terms of religion and ethnicity. General theories dealing with reasons for terrorism, such as Kristopher K. Robison, Edward M. Crenshaw, and Craig J. Jenkins's theory on Islamist terrorism, according to which terrorism performed by Islamists is a reaction to the secular West (p. 2012), and Jeff Victoroff's rational choice theory, which suggests that terrorists are rational (p. 14), will be used to examine whether the characters of the two novels have different reasons for their terrorism or not.The next set of theories that will be used deal with influence, manipulation and brainwashing. Austin T. Turk suggests that a terrorist organisation often isolates its members inorder to ensure that they only have the required knowledge (p. 276), and since this can be used as a tool of manipulation, his theory will be used to examine, and compare, the level of influence and manipulation on the two protagonists. For similar reasons, I. E. Farber, Harry F. Harlow, Louis Jolyon West and Joel Rudinow's theories on manipulation, with and without deception, will be used in the comparative analysis. Finally, racial theories, like the theory of signs, which suggests that people have a tendency to divide others into categories based on their racial differences, along with theories on imperative patriotism and the Arab American stereotype will be used. According to Steven Salaita's imperative patriotism, only those who act and look American can be truly American (p. 154), and Jack G. Shaheen suggests that Arab Americans are, by many, thought to be violent Muslims (p. 23). Furthermore, analysts Mita Banerjee and Pamela Mansutti both suggest that there is in fact a connection between religion and race in Updike's novel (p. 16, p. 108). These theories and ideas will be used to analyse the connection between terrorism, ethnicity and religion, and then to compare the two novels, whereupon a conclusion will be drawn. I believe that this conclusion will indeed confirm my thesis.

  • 102.
    Bicer, Roza
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    To Know One Country Is to Know No Country: An Ecocritical Reading of Setting in Jane Eyre2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay explores a new way of interpreting the role of setting in Jane Eyre arguing that nature does not only provide a pretty backdrop for the story. The theoretical approach used in the study is ecocriticism, an earth-centered method. This approach is juxtaposed with a traditional linear analysis of setting in Jane Eyre. The essay is structured along two main lines. In the first part I challenge the traditional linear approach to setting and in the second I show that Jane Eyre is intertwined with nature from the very start. Lawrence Buell’s theory of place, in particular, is used to demonstrate that Eyre is not necessarily a lost soul. By contrast, the many descriptions of nature in the novel imply that her character is so entwined with setting that she could be at home wherever life may take her.

  • 103.
    Björkén, Cecilia
    Department of English, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Into the Isle of Self: Nietzschean Patterns and Contrasts in D. H. Lawrence's The Trespasser1996Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is based on a close reading of Lawrence's novel The Trespasser from a Nietzschean point of view. By adopting this perspective it aims at giving the novel the sense of unity it has so far been alleged to lack. The analysis is preceded by a detailed discussion of the concept of literary influence. Since the purpose of this study is to illuminate what is unique in Lawrence's novel rather than to claim any derivative use of Nietzsche's thought, the focus is on Lawrence's transformative and dynamic way of adopting Nietzschean themes in his novel. The Trespasser is read in its Edwardian context, with particular attention to the response that Nietzsche's philosophy met with 1900-1910. A separate section is devoted to the presentation of him in the Socialist weekly The New Age in 1908-09. The analysis of The Trespasser is conducted along two partly related lines of thought: the Apollonian-Dionysian dichotomy as it is presented by Nietzsche in The Birth of Tragedy, and the process towards a Dionysian awareness that is put forward in Thus Spoke Zarathustra. As is pointed out in chapter three, the Apollonian-Dionysian contrast is reflected chiefly in the characterization, setting, symbolism, and to some degree also in the action of the novel. In chapter four the actual progression of the plot is dealt with in terms of a Zarathustran journey and the light symbolism associated with it. Moreover, some of Lawrence's early poems are discussed in connection with Nietzschean parallels found in The Trespasser, with a view to emphasizing the pervasive influence of Nietzsche's ideas on the young Lawrence.

  • 104.
    Björkén-Nyberg, Cecilia
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM), Contexts and Cultural Boundaries (KK).
    Anatomy Is All: The Pathology of Voice in The Song of the Lark2010In: Willa Cather's The Song of the Lark / [ed] Debra L. Cumberland, Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2010, p. 21-38Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 105.
    Björkén-Nyberg, Cecilia
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Empathetic Ears: The audiobook, aesthetics and affect2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Judging from sales figures, the popularity of the audiobook is more than a passing trend. While everyone seems to have an opinion on the topic, either one listens avidly or one refuses to abandon the ingrained habit of print, the aesthetic dimension of the listening experience has long been underexplored. Recently, however, producers and researchers have started to show a growing interest in the actual voicing of a text and its aesthetic effect and, consequently, readers are becoming less categorical. Reading with one’s ears is neither inferior nor superior to reading with one’s eyes; it is quite simply a different experience.

    My talk is founded on the assumption that this difference is related to double voicing which can be studied through the theoretical lens of audionarratology. What happens when the metaphorical voice goes physical in the performing act of narration? My focus is on the materiality of voice, what Roland Barthes famously termed its “grain.” A key argument is the recorded voice as a facilitator for an empathetic stance. In my study of the shift to the listening mode with its affective potential, previous research findings on readers’ emotional responses to print texts based on such parameters as story type (descriptive, emotional) and set (sympathetic spectator, identification) will be used as a reference point.

  • 106.
    Björkén-Nyberg, Cecilia
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Hearing, Seeing, Experiencing: Perspective Taking and Emotional Engagement through the Vocalisation of Jane Eyre, Heart of Darkness and Things fall apart2020In: International Journal of Language Studies, ISSN 2157-4898, E-ISSN 2157-4901, Vol. 14, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Readers’ emotional engagement with fiction is a busy research area situated at the intersection of cognitive, affective and narrative theory. Perspective taking is a feature that cuts across the disciplines since the narrative situation is crucial for communicating experiences of narrators and characters in literary texts. However, what has been explored in less detail is how the vocalisation of print text facilitates an empathetic response due to the expressive impact of the human voice so that narratives may be visualised and experienced in a variety of ways. Within audionarratology, the concept of voice is undergoing a redefinition since it ceases to be textually mediated and can be experienced directly. Audiobook narration is a case in point. In the present study it is argued that empathy is a mediating agency that resides in the vocalisation of text rather than in the text itself. For the purpose of exploring this phenomenon, a pilot study was carried out. Three canonical English texts that had previously been studied in their entirety in print by a group of students were accessed in part in a remediated audio format. The listening experiment showed that the individual voice profile of each of the narrating actors had a significant impact on perspective taking and emotional engagement. 

  • 107.
    Björkén-Nyberg, Cecilia
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM), Contexts and Cultural Boundaries (KK).
    "Listening, listening": Music and Gender in Howards End, Sinister Street and Pilgrimage2002In: Literature and Music / [ed] Michael J. Meyer, Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2002, p. 89-115Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 108.
    Björkén-Nyberg, Cecilia
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Losing Oneself in Words: Finding Ourselves in Sound: The Halmstad Poetry Lab2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Being immersed in narratives is often said to be a means of making readers forget the passing of time. As such they may have a beneficial impact on our wellbeing not least due to our capacity to empathise with fictional characters. Poetry, by contrast, forces us to pause. Lyric poetry in particular tends to focus on states and stasis. Thus, while we naturalise texts by narrativising them, we struggle with the “unnaturalness” of poems that force us to pay attention to friction, to see, hear and voice it. This methodology helps us engage in a continuous process of understanding not only ourselves but the experiences of other people and cultures and, paradoxically, to find new narratives while doing so.

     Creative friction is explored in the Poetry Lab (Lyriklabbet), set up jointly by Halmstad city library and Halmstad university in the spring of 2017. Here poetry’s artifice and segmentivity – as opposed to naturalness and flow – is taken as a starting-point for slowing down time and dwelling on emotions and mental states. The main object is to promote a sense of wellbeing through an experimentation with words and the embodiment of voice. Existing poems are studied as well as fresh poems composed by lab members out of material that comes their way in everyday situations. In this presentation, we will be demonstrating how we work in the poetry lab. An important aspect is the use of sound technology as an instrument for challenging the naturalness of the poetic text. By manipulating, rearranging and recontextualising the text through the recorded voice the multidimensionality of the poetic material is foregrounded. The creation of such a sound archive is quite simply a means of staying sound.

  • 109.
    Björkén-Nyberg, Cecilia
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM), Contexts and Cultural Boundaries (KK).
    Roll out Beethoven: The Player Piano and Musical Waste in Edwardian England2011In: European Journal of English Studies, ISSN 1382-5577, E-ISSN 1744-4233, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 7-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To judge from literature produced in England around the turn of the twentieth century, the Edwardian period was a noisy one. The development of the player piano and the possibility provided by piano rolls for storing more music than previously helped introduce classical music to the masses. However, this process of democratisation resulted in confusion between music and noise. By analysing five Edwardian novels influenced by the player piano discourse, this article will argue that dealing with music in fiction was a means of disposing of musical waste.

  • 110.
    Björkén-Nyberg, Cecilia
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Contexts and Cultural Boundaries (KK).
    The Player Piano and the Edwardian Novel2015Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In her study of music making in the Edwardian novel, Cecilia Björkén-Nyberg argues that the invention and development of the player piano had a significant effect on the perception, performance and appreciation of music during the period. In contrast to existing devices for producing music mechanically such as the phonograph and gramophone, the player piano granted its operator freedom of individual expression by permitting the performer to modify the tempo. Because the traditional piano was the undisputed altar of domestic and highly gendered music making, Björkén-Nyberg suggests, the potential for intervention by the mechanical piano’s operator had a subversive effect on traditional notions about the status of the musical work itself and about the people who were variously defined by their relationship to it. She examines works by Dorothy Richardson, E.M. Forster, Henry Handel Richardson, Max Beerbohm and Compton Mackenzie, among others, contending that Edwardian fiction with music as a subject undermined the prevalent antithesis, expressed in contemporary music literature, between a nineteenth-century conception of music as a means of transcendence and the increasing mechanisation of music as represented by the player piano. Her timely survey of the player piano in the context of Edwardian commercial and technical discourse draws on a rich array of archival materials to shed new light on the historically conditioned activity of music making in early twentieth-century fiction.

  • 111.
    Björkén-Nyberg, Cecilia
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Translators, Tricksters and Traps: The Correspondence between Paul Solanges and Henry Handel Richardson as Life-Writing Project2017In: Life Writing, ISSN 1448-4528, E-ISSN 1751-2964, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 83-96Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1910, Paul Solanges wrote to Henry Handel Richardson, author of Maurice Guest (1908), offering to translate the novel into French. Solanges had been deeply moved by the music novel recounting the story of a piano student’s attraction to a femme fatale. Throughout the translation process, which went on for over three years and was never completed due to the translator’s death, Richardson and Solanges exchanged some 300 letters. Initially Solanges was unaware that he was corresponding with a woman and although he soon began to suspect that this was the case, he never confronted her with his suspicion. Instead, the correspondents were in implicit agreement that they were setting traps for each other, a feature that has been given some scholarly attention in the study of Richardson’s creation of her male persona. However, in the present article, the ‘story of traps’ is approached primarily from the point of view of Solanges’s life-writing project. It is claimed that due to its liminal character, the correspondence sits neatly within the trickster genre. The argument is built on Jacques Derrida’s notion of the archive as a phenomenon to be understood from a point in the future. As such, the existence today of the meticulously edited correspondence testifies to the triumphant outcome of Solanges’s painful suffering from archive fever. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

  • 112.
    Björkén-Nyberg, Cecilia
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Vocalising motherhood: The metaphorical conceptualisation of voice in listener responses to The girl on the train by Paula Hawkins2018In: International Journal of Language Studies, ISSN 2157-4898, E-ISSN 2157-4901, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 1-28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to conceptualise voice as vocalisation. Taking a multidisciplinary approach to the concept of voice, the study is informed by theoretical considerations pertaining to audionarratology, voice semiotics, and cognitive science. It is argued that the physical articulation of voice reinforces metaphorical implications. Through the illustrative example of the audiobook version of the bestselling thriller The girl on the train (2015) by Paula Hawkins, the metaphorical overtones of voice quality are discussed. In addition, the vocal impact on mental imagery, daydreaming, and phenomenal consciousness is analysed. Based on data collected from the Audible website for listener reviews, it is concluded that voice performance has an impact on the way in which both plot and discursive features are perceived. Importantly, the study shows that the gendered theme of motherhood, foregrounded in Hawkins’s novel, takes on new dimensions when the text is vocalised.

  • 113.
    Blackmore, Ashley
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    If Humour be the Food of Learning, Joke on: Perspectives of Several Italian and Swedish Upper-Secondary School Students on Humour and Dialogic Classroom Interaction2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social constructivism, known as Vygotskian theory, has been implicated in improving spoken language skills of upper-secondary school students. This qualitative study aims to investigate the perspectives of students regarding the teachers’ use of humour in ESL lessons both in Italy and Sweden. A secondary aspect of the study was to assess the use of humour in second language acquisition related to language learning and communicative competence based on dialogism and interaction. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 participants (5 males and 5 females from each of the respective countries). After analysis using phenomenography, results indicate that humorous dialogic instruction and interaction, as well as non-verbal forms of humour such as gesticulation and facial expression, have the possibility to dramatically increase the focus and interest in lesson content which facilitates better communicative understanding of English. Immediacy is perceived to improve feelings of well-being and harmony within the classroom. Humour and openness are considered important and necessary factors in improving motivation and self-belief during oral tasks as facilitated an effective, communicative learning climate. The study also proposes that there are four factors (teacher, student, subject and task) which affect learning processes, and moderation of humour, the fifth factor, acts as a scaffold to assist in stretching students’ knowledge within the ZPD.

  • 114.
    Blackmore, Ashley
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    REVITALIZING LINGUISTIC RELATIVITY: Pedagogical Implications in language teaching.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The linguistic relativity hypothesis (LRH), otherwise known as the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis (SWH), has been passionately debated over the last 60 years. It has undergone a renewed upsurge in scientific, anthropological and social interest. Several attempts have been made to prove or disprove the moderate version of the theory without producing conclusive results. This study analyses the history of the LRH and attempts to clarify its uses and limitations pertaining to ESL discourse in Swedish upper-secondary schools. Pedagogical implications of the study indicate that, if the LRH is correct, there could be a colossal, logistical impact on the national testing of semantic information in English studies which would have to be addressed in order to effectively and fairly assess every student based on their individual, cognitive skills and culturally influenced knowledge of language.  

  • 115.
    Blomquist, Niklas
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Petersson, Håkan
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    En litteraturstudie om modersmålets roll i målspråksundervisningen2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 116.
    Blomquist, Niklas
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Petersson, Håkan
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    "Man vill ju inte bli en Ola-Conny": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om olika faktorerspåverkan på elevers produktion av muntligengelska.2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 117.
    Brander, Alice
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    "Developing Language Learners with Dörnyei: a Study of Learning Environments and Motivation at a Swedish Upper-Secondary School"2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a small, mixed-methods study focusing principally on the learning experience element of Dörnyei’s L2 motivational self system and its effect on students’ ideal and ought-to selves. The specific purpose of this investigation was to explore the L2 classroom environment and explore any potential relationship to the ideal and ought-to selves of the students. The secondary element of this study was to discover whether this potential relationship could impact teacher-training and how.

    The study was conducted in two English (L2) classes at a Swedish upper-secondary school. A quantitative questionnaire was compiled using features from previous studies in this field and questions designed for this particular study. Each student filled out a questionnaire individually. The results of these were then analysed to establish a picture of the students’ general level of motivation, their possible selves, their classroom environment, and how they felt the former was affected by the latter. Qualitative contributions to the investigations were made through interviews with individual students and observation of lessons.

    The results indicated that, for the majority, four components of the classroom environment impacted significantly on the ideal and ought-to selves of the students, namely, the teacher, the group cohesiveness and orientedness and finally, the facilities. However, one factor did not demonstrate such a noteworthy influence: course material. The implications of these findings are that course material may not be as critical as originally thought in influencing student motivation. Moreover, teacher-training could, in future, include training on ideal and ought-to selves in order to maximize the positive effect of the classroom environment, as a whole, on individuals. This could be achieved by, for example, adapting the classroom facilities to suit different student needs, forming groups based on common interests and allowing for extra-curricular activities to enhance group-cohesiveness.

  • 118.
    Brandorf, Sten
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM), Contexts and Cultural Boundaries (KK).
    Kronotoper i Hjalmar Bergmans författarskap2009In: Samlaren: tidskrift för svensk litteraturvetenskaplig forskning, ISSN 0348-6133, E-ISSN 2002-3871, p. 55-84Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 119.
    Broman, Julia
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    "Uppkomsten av avfall ska förebyggas": En läsbarhetsstudie av passiva verb och nominaliseringar i texter från kommuners hemsidor2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats undersöker läsbarheten i texter från tolv olika kommunhemsidor. Genom att räkna förekomsten av passiva verb och nominaliseringar vill jag jämföra och visa på skillnader mellan kommunerna utifrån geografisk placering, invånarantal och texttyp. Även nominalkvoten studeras för att få en bredare översikt över texternas läsbarhet. Resultatet visar att den texttyp som har flest antal passiva verb är texten om politik medan texten om återvinning är den texttyp som har flest nominaliseringar. Nominalkvoten är hög och ligger i genomsnitt på runt 2,5 i det allra flesta kommuner vilket visar att texterna är mycket informationstäta. Mellersta Sverige är den region med högst andel passiva verb och nominaliseringar och dessa texter kan därför tolkas som svårare och mer abstrakta. Den region med minst andel passiva verb och nominaliseringar är västra Sverige. Studien visar också att de mindre kommunerna har ett högre antal passiva verb och nominaliseringar än vad de större kommunerna har. Att det finns stora skillnader mellan olika regioner och kommuner med olika invånarantal beror troligtvis på att klarspråksarbetet inte prioriteras lika högt på alla platser runtom i Sverige. Ett klarspråksprojekt kostar pengar och det kan vara en av anledningarna till att vissa kommuner väljer att inte arbeta med klarspråk så mycket som de kanske skulle behöva. En annan anledning kan vara att attityderna till klarspråk ibland är negativa och gör att språkfrågorna får låg status.

  • 120.
    Broomé, Adam
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    "Världslitteraturens störste dramatikergenom tiderna föddes 1564": En sociosemiotisk analys av hur läromedel legitimerar litteratur2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen undersöker hur ett antal läromedel i svenska på gymnasienivå legitimerar den litteratur som de behandlar. Syftet med uppsatsen är att med hjälp av van Leeuwens kategorier för legitimering synliggöra hur läromedlen legitimerar litteraturens plats i svenskämnet samt om legitimeringen skiljer sig åt mellan litteratur som uppfattas som kanonisk och litteratur som inte anses vara kanonisk. Undersökningen gör nedslag i läromedlen och fokuserar på ett antal utvalda författarskap. Forskningen kring begreppet kanon framhäver Shakespeare och Homeros som centrala delar och författarskapen utgör därför en stor del av resultatet. I syfte att synliggöra huruvida Shakespeare och Homeros behandlas annorlunda än den övriga litteraturen består analysens tredje del av ett potpurri av författare som inte tillskrivs samma status. Den huvudsakliga analysen har gjorts av skriften och därefter används identifierade hierarkier från en kompositionell analys som förstärkning av kategorierna för legitimering. Resultatet visar att de undersökta läromedlen behandlar Shakespeare och Homeros som om de vore en del av en kanon trots att Skolverket inte presenterar någon gemensam litteraturlista. Skolans uppdrag är bland annat att främja det kritiska tänkandet, något som läromedlen inte lever upp till.

  • 121.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Contexts and Cultural Boundaries (KK).
    Aus weiblicher Perspektive: Ein Vorwort2007In: Frauen und Apfelbäume: Roman / [ed] Moa Martinson, Zürich: Atrium-Verlag , 2007Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 122.
    Brusewitz, Oskar
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Identification: Problem or opportunity?2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 123. Brödje, Catrine
    Bourdieu och tiotalets svenska litterära fält: Kvinnliga författare i skuggan2001In: Häften för Kritiska Studier, ISSN 0345-4789, Vol. 34, no 1, p. 51-61Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 124. Brödje, Catrine
    Den drunknade kvinnan: En förändrad genusordning i början av förra seklet2002In: Samlaren: tidskrift för svensk litteraturvetenskaplig forskning, ISSN 0348-6133, E-ISSN 2002-3871, Vol. 123, p. 111-129Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Catrine Brödje, Women's death by drowning. A literary motif at the turn of the century 1900 

    The picture of a dead woman was a common motif around the previous turn of the century. In the four literary texts that I am studying in this essay, a woman drowns. The texts are Georg Heym's poem "Die Tote im Wasser", Bertolt Brecht's ballad "Vom ertrunkenen Mädchen", Kate Chopin's novel The Awakening and Anna Lenah Elgström's short story "Det sjungande barnet". 

    It is strange that women's death by drowning is a common motif in these four different texts published between 1899 and 1927 in Sweden, Germany and the United States. It may be a coincidence, but the common motif is there and therefore calls for a comparison.

    Brecht's, Heym's, Chopin's and Elgström's texts are read in the light of the changed gender order, which was a result of the discourse on modernity in the early 1900s, and thereby the different gendered views on the motif women's death by drowning are made visible. The essay will explore the possibility of letting female and male writers establish a dialogue, where both the female and the male voices are heard instead of stopping at the fact that the motif of women's death by drowning becomes solely a male monologue.

  • 125.
    Brödje, Catrine
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Contexts and Cultural Boundaries (KK).
    En heteromedial läsning av Molly Johnsons roman Pansarkryssaren (1955)2010In: Översättning – adaption, interpretation, transformation: IASS 2010 proceedings : föredrag vid den 28:e studiekonferensen i International Association of Scandinavian Studies (IASS) i Lund 3-7 augusti 2010 / [ed] Claes-Göran Holmberg och Per Erik Ljung, Lund: Lund University Open Access, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 126.
    Brödje, Catrine
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM), Contexts and Cultural Boundaries (KK).
    En heteromedial läsning av Molly Johnsons roman Pansarkryssaren (1955)2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 127.
    Brödje, Catrine
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Ett annat tiotal: En studie i Anna Lenah Elgströms tiotalsprosa1998Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates the literary texts by Elgström in relation to the political, cultural and literary context of the years between 1910 and 1920.

    Among her contemporaries Elgström was important, but today she is completely unknown. The literary criticism of her time is one of the reasons why her writings have been transferred to the periphery. When she made her début, Elgström was very positively received. After that, the literary critics were not capable of seeing the innovative aspects of her prose of that period and a discussion of incomprehensibility was initiated, in which words like hysterical, extatic and exalted became catchwords. It appears that Elgström created a form of expression that was not yet accepted in literature. The male dominated literary criticism was at a loss and Elgström was ignored.

    The prose she wrote during the period in question has a distinctly experimental approach. In her literary texts, that are violating the standard conventions, Elgström appears as a female modernist and creates alternative images in the form of feminist and pacifist utopias. Expressionism is the modernist movement that can mainly be related to her prose of this period. Like the expressionists, she expresses a new sense of life which is permeated with religious conceptions.

    In the study the female modernism is seen in a feminist perspective, as well as in a perspective of gender theory where networks constitute an important basis. Elgström often worked in female networks and thus she became an important figure in the context of female literature and female politics of that time.

    By showing Elgström's kinship with the nation-wide early Swedish modernism, the Finno-Swedish modernism and the German expressionism, as well as by illustrating Elgström's position in the context of female literature and female politics of that time, the study contributes to a different image of the 1910s.

  • 128.
    Brödje, Catrine
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM), Contexts and Cultural Boundaries (KK).
    Eva Heggestad, Alice Lyttkens i och om 1930-talet. Skrifter från Centrum för genusvetenskap. Uppsala 20092010In: Samlaren: tidskrift för svensk litteraturvetenskaplig forskning, ISSN 0348-6133, E-ISSN 2002-3871, Vol. 131, p. 476-478Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 129.
    Brödje, Catrine
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM), Contexts and Cultural Boundaries (KK).
    Hur gör litteratur motstånd mot krig? Sofi Qvarnström, Motståndets berättelser. Anna Lenah Elgström, Marika Stiernstedt, Elin Wägner och första världskriget2010In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 77-79Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 130.
    Brödje, Catrine
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM), Contexts and Cultural Boundaries (KK).
    I en imaginär dialog2004In: Fortællingen i Norden efter 1960: [den 24. IASS-studiekonference 2002] / [ed] Anker Gemzøe, Aalborg: Aalborg Universitetsforlag, 2004, p. 304-309Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 131.
    Brödje, Catrine
    Department of Comparative Literature, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Kanon, genre och genus: Anna Lenah Elgström och Birgitta Trotzig2003In: Genrer och genreproblem: Teoretiska och historiska perspektiv / [ed] Beata Agrell & Ingela Nilsson, Göteborg: Daidalos , 2003, p. 151-157Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 132.
    Brödje, Catrine
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM), Contexts and Cultural Boundaries (KK).
    Kropp och kön i Frida Steenhoffs tidiga dramatik - från Lejonets unge (1896) till Kärlekens rival (1912)2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 133. Brödje, Catrine
    Mötet mellan liv och död – Anna Lenah Elgström och Birgitta Trotzig2002In: Signum : katolsk orientering om kyrka, kultur, samhälle, ISSN 0347-0423, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 8-21Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 134. Brödje, Catrine
    "Se kvinnorna". Marika Stiernstedt, Hjalmar Söderberg och den genuspolitiska kontexten i början av 1900-talet2012In: Samlaren: tidskrift för svensk litteraturvetenskaplig forskning, ISSN 0348-6133, E-ISSN 2002-3871, Vol. 133, p. 223-241Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    "'Se kvinnorna'. Marika Stiernstedt, Hjalmar Söderberg and the gender-political context at the beginning of the 20th century"

    This study discusses the concept of intertextuality by examining Martin Bircks ungdom (1901) and Doktor Glas (1906) by Hjalmar Söderberg and Lilas äktenskap (1910) by Marika Stiernstedt in the context of early 20th century gender-political discussion. Stiernstedt and Söderberg raise questions about sex, gender, love, sexuality and morality against a backdrop of works such as Lifslinjer I (1903) by Ellen Key, Ny kärlek. En bok för mogna andar (1902) by Elisabeth Dauthenday (1902) and to some extent Fyra böcker om Kristi efterföljelse (1894) by Thomas a Kempis. Stiernstedt and Söderberg show in their literary work that the contemporary gender-political discussion was characterized by security and perplexity. The female protagonists in their novels seem to be trapped in what Birgitta Holm calls “the no man's land of feminine desire", that is, in a borderland between an increasingly loosened Victorian ideal woman and an even more vague idea of the New Woman. However, although these three women live under entirely different conditions, they can still be regarded as forerunners to the New Woman.

  • 135.
    Burman, Anna-Karin
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    An Idea Is a Life Form: An attempt to find evidence of the Conceptual MetaphorTheory by studying the Old English poem Beowulf2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This small study concerns occurrences of metaphor, metonymy and conceptual metaphor in the Old English poem Beowulf. The first 224 lines of Beowulf were searched for non-literal passages. Thefound passages were sorted into the groups conventionalized metaphor, metonymy and innovativemetaphor. The conceptual metaphors were in turn sorted into target domains and source domains and grouped within the domains. These were then compared to Modern English and Modern Swedish metaphors and conceptual metaphors with the help of dictionaries and corpus studies.

    Beowulf was also looked at as a small corpus. Words which were suspected to be used inmetaphorical senses were searched for in the full text and the results were examined and comparedwith modern language usage.

    It was found evident that Old English and Modern English, as well as Modern Swedish, have many conceptual metaphors in common both when in comes to experiential metaphors and culturally grounded metaphors.

  • 136.
    Börjesson, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Socialtanter och paragrafryttare: Synen på polisen och sociala myndigheter i Magdalena Graafs Det ska bli ett sant nöje att döda dig2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att genom närläsning av Magdalena Graafs självbiografi Det ska bli ett sant nöje att döda dig, studera hur stereotypa föreställningar kommer till uttryck. De stereotypa föreställningar som valts är synen av polisens och de sociala myndigheters arbete.

         Hermeneutisk metod har används för att få en så fullständig uppfattning av bokens innehåll som möjligt. Därtill har också närläsning av texten gjorts med syfte att hitta alla ställen i boken då Magdalena Graaf talar om polisen eller de sociala myndigheterna. I resultat och analysdelen jämförs den stereotypa bild som finns i Magdalena Graafs bok med liknade studier av stereotyper inom faktionslitterturen. Uppsatsen avslutas sedan med en slutdiskussion där jag sammanfattar och svarar på uppsatsens syfte och frågeställningar. Vidare görs en redogörelse för hur forskning påvisar att de stereotypa föreställningar som finns i faktionslitteratur kan bidra till att ovana, okritiska läsare för sina fördomar bekräftade och betraktar faktionen som en ren faktatext.

  • 137.
    Börjesson, Mattias
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    Swedes’ Understanding of Printed Ads in English: A Study of How Well Swedish Adults Understand the Message of Printed Ads in English2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Advertising in English is becoming more and more common in Sweden, as well as in other non-Anglophone countries, and not all previous studies agree on how well these ads are understood by the local population. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to achieve a broader understanding as to how well the message of printed ads in English are understood by the Swedish adult population. Moreover, this study aims to establish whether there are any common tendencies or patterns in the levels of understanding between the five ads chosen for this study, and how these relate to the personal and demographic characteristics present within my sample.

    The findings of this study indicate that 60% of the printed ads in English are properly understood by most people. Moreover, this study found that the reason for not understanding an ad in English most often is that the ad is drawing on a myth that could not be recognized as something natural by the reader.

    However, as only 12 subjects were included in this study, no generalizations could be made for the whole Swedish population, and a more extensive research study is thus encouraged.

  • 138.
    Cantmo, Kristoffer
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    Comparison of two Learner’s Dictionaries regarding Delexical verbs2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to find out which dictionary is the best for learners and how it can be improved even further, regarding delexical verbs.

  • 139.
    Carlsson, Nils
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    English and Culture: Learning About Us and Them: A Study About Teachers' Conceptions and Teaching of Culture in the English Classroom2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, four teachers of English as a foreign language were interviewed about their conceptions of culture and language. The purpose was to investigate what they consider important to teach their students about culture and how they attempt to achieve this in practice. Furthermore, it was discussed whether the teaching of culture can be improved. The study was conducted through semi-structured interviews, using theory about culture taught from either a product perspective, as observable behaviors, facts and information, or from a process perspective, as values, attitudes and empathy with otherness. The results showed that the teachers generally aimed to teach culture from a process perspective, promoting empathy, deconstructing stereotypes and teaching about the students’ own culture as well as cultural features in other parts of the world. They also listed some methods of achieving this aim. However, many of the teaching methods were more centered around facts and information, particularly about national cultures. This suggested an approach more focused on culture as a product, which may be detrimental to the voiced goals of teaching culture as a process. 

  • 140.
    Cederhag, Pär
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Multimodalt framställningssätt i läromedel: En läromedelsanalys av digitalt läromedel i svensk litteratur för årskurs 7-92019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Digitaliseringen i skolan med bland annat dess digitala läromedel skapar idag förutsättningar för att arbeta med multimodalitet på ett lättare och ett mer utvecklat sätt än tidigare. Även i skolans styrdokument framgår det att detta är ett område, i vilket eleverna ska få kunskap. Denna studie syftar till att identifiera vilka meningsskapande resurser som används i ett digitalt material med utgångspunkt ur ett multimodalt perspektiv.

    Materialet omfattar ett urval ur Gleerups digitala läromedel i svenska för årskurs 7-9. Inriktningen är mot berättande texter och lyrik. Materialet analyseras med utgångspunkt från följande frågeställningar:

    Vilka olika multimodala funktioner används i det digitala läromedlet? På vilket sätt samspelar olika medier?

    Hur underlättar det multimodala framställningssättet kommunikationen mellan läromedel och elev?

    Den analysmodell som används i studien utgår från ett antal frågor som ställs till var och en av de artiklar som valts ut ur materialet. Urvalet är hämtat från olika nivåer i den struktur som läromedlet presenterar.

    Resultatet tyder på att användningen av olika medier är begränsat och att materialet i stort sett håller sig inom teckenvärldarna skriftlig och visuell design. Uppbygganden och strukturen är i mångt och mycket hämtat från den traditionella läroboken i pappersform. Kopplingarna mellan skriftlig verbal text och exempelvis bild är många gånger diffus och svårtolkad och kan kräva en viss förförståelse av användaren för att kunna kopplas på ett sätt som bidrar till meningsskapande. Det begränsade multimodala framställningssättet gör det svårt att besvara hur kommunikationen förstärks och hur det multimodala framställningssättet fungerar som meningsskapande i det material som analyserats.

  • 141.
    Chammas, Michella
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    The benefits of using cases in teaching2017Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Teaching with case studies has expanded extensively and it has shown that this methodology is a very good manner for the learner to maintain the given knowledge and challenge themselves in more than one way. Teaching with cases opens up the walls of curiosity of decision-making, problem-solving, discussions and more. The case methodology is rich in detail which allows the apprentices learn not only theoretical concepts but practical concepts in different case situations.

  • 142.
    Chammas, Michella
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Users' perception of future alternatives to Facebook2016Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research investigates the future of Facebook by the users' perspectives, obtained through a survey and scientific articles. Facebook enables multiple benefits as it is focusing on reaching individuals worldwide. Since Facebook has many wide options in their programming, it entertains users’ and has possibilities to explore into an even wider social networking site. A sample of 217 users responded whether or not Facebook will be overtaken by other new services. Overall, 52,5 percent of the respondents did not think that Facebook will be overtaken compared with 47,5 percent of the respondent who thought that Facebook will be overtaken. Some users do not experience Facebook like before, while other users still find it useful. By comparing the theoretical chapter with the empirical chapter, Facebook enables connection with friends, internet marketing and other satisfying alternatives.

  • 143.
    Chau, Mia
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    A Murderer's "Fancy Prose Style" - The Unreliable Narration in Vladimir Nabokov‟s Lolita 2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The narrator in Lolita can easily be perceived as trustworthy and sympathetic after a first reading of the novel. However, after a second reading of Lolita, numerous signs of unreliability are arguably detected, and are therefore well-worth examining further in order to enlighten the narrator‟s true function. The aim of this essay is to explore the unreliability of the narrator and protagonist Humbert Humbert in Lolita.

  • 144.
    Christoffer, Broling
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Reklamens grammatik: Diskurs och konsumentkultur i reseannonser2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsens syfte är att undersöka vilka diskurser som finns i reklamannonser för

    resebolag. Frågeställningen anknyter till något som kallas för konsumentkultur: föreställningen

    om att den moderna människan konstruerar sin identitet utefter de konsumtionsval som han

    eller hon gör. Den analysmodell som används bygger på en grammatikteori som heter

    systemisk-funktionell grammatik, vilken pekar ut betydelse och funktion som språkets centrala

    delar.

    Resultatet visar att reklamannonserna utnyttjar konsumentkulturen genom att sätta läsaren i

    fokus och presentera en rad olika valmöjligheter för honom eller henne; erbjudandena sträcker

    sig i ett spann mellan lugna och aktiva upplevelser för att nå ut till så många som möjligt.

    Diskursen är säljande och går ut på att ge läsaren makten att själv få välja, det vill säga

    konstruera sin egen identitet.

  • 145.
    Cox, Timothy
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    'Enter the New Negroes': Images of race in American culture2007In: Comparative literature studies (Urbana), ISSN 0010-4132, E-ISSN 1528-4212, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 332-336Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 146.
    Dahl, Alice
    Halmstad University.
    A Semiotic Study of Signs Used in a Swedish Primary School.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Semiotics and the concept of signs can be used to analyse the signs that can be found in a Swedish primary school in order to understand and expand our understanding of the role of signifiers, including cultural ones, in child education. The study identifies what signs can be found, what purpose they have and what category of sign they belong to, whether they are signs as defined by Saussure, how they might be categorized within Peirce‘s triadic typology and, applying Barthes’ notion of cultural signification, the extent to which they contribute to maintaining and promoting a school’s identity and values. In order to analyse the signs, a Swedish public primary school located in Halmstad was visited and the visible signs were photographed and catalogued. In order to confirm the intentions behind the design and meaning of signs, an interview with a senior teacher was arranged. The result, and signs, that were documented and described; these included drawings, emergency escape signs, posters, diplomas and other instructions with picture or sign language representations. The signs were categorized and analysed using semiotic theories of signs suggested by Saussure, Peirce and Barthes. The study facilitates a clearer understanding of the range of functions of signs in schools, both for practical purposes and as signifiers of culture and identity, and also highlights the possible applications and limitations of using semiotic theories in investigating generated meanings in physical locations.

  • 147.
    Dahlin, Jenny
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Second Language Learner Development: A Study of English as an Additional Language Support Program at The Early Learning Centre in Bangkok, Thailand2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a qualitative study focusing on support of English as an Additional Language provided to students in an international school in Bangkok. The study aims to answer the following questions through literature and responses from interviewees: To what extent does EAL benefit second language learners’ development of language acquisition? and How is the EAL learners’ language proficiency monitored?

    The study was conducted at the international school The Early Learning Centre in Bangkok, including interviews with five EAL students with Swedish as their L1, and one EAL teacher, and questionnaires sent to three parents. The theoretical starting point describes the aspects that are of concern in this study: language acquisition, second language acquisition, English as an additional language in general and at The Early Learning Centre, and English as an additional language continuum. The data indicates that EAL programs that deliver both mainstream and withdrawal support is the accurate way to connect it to the curriculum.

    The results showed that EAL support provides students with sufficient help in acquiring academic and social language skills. ELC uses withdrawal support to improve language skills in smaller groups where the focus lies in learning language and transfer knowledge between L1 and L2. The study also indicates that to monitor language proficiency, assessments are important to monitor skills and development.

  • 148.
    Dalsman, Sara
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Enkelt och tydligt eller svårt och ologiskt på trafikbolags webbplatser?: En språkvetenskaplig studie om användarvänlighet och begriplighet utifrån mottagares upplevelser2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här uppsatsen undersöks tre trafikbolags webbplatser utifrån en utvald mottagargrupps upplevelser. Mottagargruppen utgörs av studerande på universitet eller högskola och undersökningarna genomfördes med hjälp av att personer ur denna mottagargrupp agerade informanter. Syftet var att ta reda på i vilken mån mottagarna upplevde webbplatserna som användarvänliga och begripliga och hur detta påverkade deras helhetsintryck av webbplatserna.

    I uppsatsen redogörs för två undersökningar; dels ett praktiskt experiment och dels en digital enkätundersökning. Det praktiska experimentet var en kombination av metoderna observation och intervju, där 15 informanter fick testa webbplatsernas användarvänlighet genom att svara på frågor om struktur och visuellt utseende samt göra ett praktiskt test där de skulle hitta specifika webbsidor. I enkätundersökningen ställdes webbplatsernas begriplighet i fokus genom att 29 informanter svarade på frågor om textinnehållet på utvalda webbsidor. I båda undersökningarna ingick även en jämförelse av informanternas helhetsintryck av de tre webbplatserna.

    Resultaten visade att alla tre webbplatser upplevdes som mer eller mindre begripliga, dock med vissa skillnader mellan webbplatserna. Däremot uppstod tydliga problem och skillnader gällande användarvänligheten och det framkom kritik mot innehållets mottagaranpassning. I båda undersökningarna värderade informanterna sina sammanfattande helhetsintryck på ett liknande sätt, vilket visar på ett samlat resultat där en av webbplatserna värderades som bäst medan en bedömdes ge sämst intryck.

  • 149.
    Danesved, Adam
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Skapande av relationer och maktförhållanden i dagens och dåtidens svenska partiledardebatter.: En komparativ analys av den interpersonella strukturens förändring i svenska politiska debatter.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Earlier research of the historical change of format, language and power in Swedish political debates is non existent. The general attitude is that the political debates have gotten more aggresive and rough.The purpose with this thesis was to examine in what way the swedish political debates have changed. The main focus was on the interpersonal structure, which laguage they use to create power relations. The analyzing method was a critical discourse analysis and a comparative analysis of four different parliament debates; two older ones and two newer ones. The thesis result showed that the debate climate in swedish political debates have become more kindhearted and with more positive language use. On the other hand have the political debates increased in the matter of tempo and format, this gives people the perception of an more aggresive and negative debate.The conclusion is that the swedish political debates of today is more positive in form of building relations, though further research is necessary.

  • 150.
    Danielsson, Martina
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    "Män skriver inte om tamponger": En undersökning om människors bild av skribentens kön2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this essay is to identify opinions of masculine and feminine language in a written text. The aim is to examine whether the reader of a text can define the anonymous author’s sex, judging only by elements such as choice of words or sentence structure. Are there any differences between the sexes as they appear in written language, and is the common man able to make this distinction? The essay is based on several studies on people’s ideas on masculine and feminine language, as well as studies on actual differences. Together with my own empiric study, I try to make some overall generalizations about on what people base their assumptions. The study was made with a questionnaire of 6 questions based on a magazine diary, both of which were published on the Internet. The respondents were asked to first read the text and then answer the questions. Of a total 60 people asked to participate, the questionnaire was answered by 33, 17 men and 16 women, between the age of 20−30. The result shows that people had trouble finding the masculine aspects of the text, even though the author of the diary was a man. It is possible that the type of text they were asked to analyze was one usually associated with a feminine author. The subject of the text, choice of words, and the overall gut feeling was the strongest indicators that the author is a woman. Out of 33 people, 28 answered that the author was a woman.

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