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  • 101.
    Hylving, Lena
    Swedish ICT, Gothenburg, Sweden & Oslo University, Oslo, Norway.
    Intrafaces: A Sociomaterial Take on User Interface Design2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper introduces intrafaces as a sociomaterial take on user interfaces. Intrafaces enables actions where humans and technology are entangled in the moment and are useful when developing experiences. It invites us to add to the traditional path of user interface design and change perspective on how we comprehend the world. The essence of intrafaces helps us understand how experiences emerge, how human and technology mangles to achieve an action. To design experiences one needs to: 1. consider human and technology as one in action, not as separate entities, and 2. focus on what activity these entities, the social and the technology, together accomplish, and 3. use the notion of agential cut to identify elements and relations involved in the experience. If using intrafaces when designing, the innovation span extends from only considering technology/materiality as the owner of user interfaces to thinking materiality and the social as a collective where intrafaces enable and form the experience.

  • 102.
    Hylving, Lena
    Viktoria Swedish ICT, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sociomaterial Quasi-Objects: From Interface to Experience2017In: AIS Transactions on Human-Computer Interaction, ISSN 1944-3900, E-ISSN 1944-3900, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 202-219Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, I examine design practices by contrasting the Cartesian view of separation with an ontological perspective and argue for a dynamic, multiple, and entangled world (namely, sociomateriality). In the digital era we live in, sociomateriality helps move design practices forward in order to embrace constant changes and re-configurations. The word interface manifests a worldview of separation. Researchers typically conceive an interface as belonging to an artifact; that is, the technology, the material. More so, [people] typically considers user interfaces as the layer that separates and connects the technology and the user, which enables interaction. I recognize the limitations of the well-established perspective of interface design and contrast two traditional HCI concepts (namely, usability and context) from a Cartesian versus a sociomaterial perspective. However, to embrace and capitalize on the emergent digital reality, we need a new vocabulary. I introduce helpful concepts that one can use when designing and talking about experiences, and I ground the concepts in a sociomaterial ontological perspective. The concepts and design approach presented in this paper invite and encourage researchers to focus on experiences as sociomaterial entanglements and re-configurations and not as separated social and material entities. By using Michel Serres’ (1980) term quasi-objects, I call attention to the complexity of sociomaterial entanglements that make up experiences and emphasize a holistic and inclusive design approach. In addition, introducing sociomaterial concepts, such as agential cuts and intra-actions, into the human-computer interaction domain invites researchers to think and act in new ways in the era of digitalized experiences. I examine the benefits of the sociomaterial design approach and present practical guidelines on how to approach experiential design with a sociomaterial take.

  • 103.
    Hylving, Lena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Bygstad, Bendik
    University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Nuanced Responses to Enterprise Architecture Management: Loyalty, Voice, and Exit2019In: Journal of Management Information Systems, ISSN 0742-1222, E-ISSN 1557-928X, Vol. 36, no 1, p. 14-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Enterprise Architecture Management (EAM) aims to deal with the complex- ities of information technology (IT) solutions and to achieve more organizational agility. EAM is a holistic approach to IT architecture, but the results of the approach have been variable. An under-researched aspect of EAM is how different organizational units respond to the call for a holistic approach. In this study, we investigate how different stakeholders in a large governmental agency connected to three on-going projects and their response to EAM initiatives. With a qualitative approach, we identify three options of response to EAM initiatives: (1) active compliance with the EAM strategy, (2) loyal but passive response, and (3) rebel solutions. We argue for the need of a more nuanced repertoire of actions for dealing with EAM and show how these responses are useful for understanding and managing successful EAM.

  • 104.
    Hylving, Lena
    et al.
    Viktoria Institute, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Henfridsson, Ola
    Viktoria Institute, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Digital differentiation, software product lines, and the challenge of isomorphism in innovation: A case study2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the adoption of software product line engineering to implement digital differentiation of physical products. The introduction of such software-based variety can typically be challenging for firms innovating within the realm of a manufacturing paradigm. In particular, the mutual dependency between the organization design and product design of new product developing firms may counteract attempts to induce change through software product line engineering. On the basis of innovation theory and the notion of isomorphism, the paper presents a case study of digital differentiation at one of the world’s largest automakers, GlobalCarCorp. Relating to the literatures of software product lines and product families, the contribution of the paper is a lens through which to understand the role of isomorphism in implementing digital differentiation in new product development. In addition, practical implications are derived from this in-depth study.

  • 105.
    Hylving, Lena
    et al.
    Viktoria Institute, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Henfridsson, Ola
    Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Selander, Lisen
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The Role of Dominant Design in a Product Developing Firm’s Digital Innovation2013In: Journal of Information Technology Theory and Application, ISSN 1552-6496, E-ISSN 1532-4516, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 5-21, article id 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Digital technology offers new options for product-developing firms. However, to reap the benefits of digital technology, firms need to handle the tensions between these options and the institutionalized practices established over long periods of incremental innovation. We report on a twenty-month intensive case study of a global automaker’s efforts to innovate instrument clusters and explore the influencing role of established innovation practices. We develop a conceptual model for understanding how digital technology shapes, and is conditioned by, the dominant design of a product class. Our research contributes to the emerging literature of digital innovation and offers lessons learned for established firms dealing with the contradictory logics of digitized products. 

  • 106.
    Hylving, Lena
    et al.
    Viktoria Swedish ICT, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Koutsikouri, Dina
    Swedish Center for Digital Innovation, Department of Applied IT, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Putting Phronesis to Work in Digital Innovation2016In: 2016 49th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS) / [ed] Sprague R.H. & Bui T.X., New York: IEEE Computer Society, 2016, p. 4624-4633, article id 7427760Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper uses the Aristotelian concept of phronesis (practical wisdom) as a sensitizing device to explore digital materiality in relation to user experience. We studied a digital innovation called Prudence, and observed that it possesses material properties including sensitivity to particulars, interactive ability, open-mindedness, and future orientation, making it context-aware. These properties quintessentially enabled the solution to be 'phronetic', and attune to its user's flow of activities and routines, to deliver 'good' user experiences. The study provides an opportunity for extending and strengthening current and emergent theories on digital materiality by incorporating phronesis as a vital ingredient to understand experiential computing. It also highlights the importance of embracing value-rationality to attain the kind of user delight that goes beyond what can be pre-defined in a specification. Overall, the paper contributes to show the fruitfulness of appropriating the notion of phronesis into the field of digital innovation. © 2016 IEEE.

  • 107.
    Hylving, Lena
    et al.
    Viktoria Swedish ICT, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Schultze, Ulrike
    Cox School of Business, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX, United States & Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Evolving the Modular Layered Architecture in Digital Innovation: The Case of the Car’s Instrument Cluster2013In: International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS 2013): Reshaping Society Through Information Systems Design: Volume 2, Red Hook, NY: Curran Associates, Inc., 2013, article id 13Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Digital innovation entails the combining of digital and physical components to produce novel products. The materiality of digital artifacts, particularly the separation between their material and immaterial features, which is expressed through a layered architecture, lays the foundation for the generative potential of digital innovation. Gaining an understanding of the work involved in creating such a layered architecture and tracing the shifts in the material sub-stratum as physical products are digitalized provides insight into the organizational implications of digital innovation. To this end, we study the digitalization of the automobile by focusing on the evolution of a car manufacturer’s instrument cluster or Driver Information Module (DIM) from 2005 onwards. Based on laddering interviews with 20 people involved in the development of three increasingly digitized DIMs, this paper traces the progressive dissociation between the material and non-material aspects of digitalized artifacts and the organizational implications of evolving a modular layered architecture. © (2013) by the AIS/ICIS Administrative Office All rights reserved.

  • 108.
    Hylving, Lena
    et al.
    Viktoria Institute, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Selander, Lisen
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Under the Guise of Openness: Exploring Digital Innovation in User Interface Design2012In: ECIS 2012 Proceedings, 2012, article id 37Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we are concerned with the ways digital components increasingly challenge preexisting work practices in traditional product development. By drawing on an in depth case study of an automakers attempt to respond to digital innovation, we explore digital innovation in a hardware regime. More specifically, we studied challenges connected to the specification process, and the difficulties of working with digital innovation in user interface design. Based upon our analyses of AutoInc, a world leading car manufacturer, we draw three overarching conclusions. First, specifying requirements for a digital material is in some ways a paradox. That is, the nature of digital innovation enforces agility both in terms of specification and use; it is, so to say, a volatile material. Second, we found that with two innovation regimes in one firm, different characteristic in forms of architecture, design and organizational structures need to coexist. This typically brings tensions between the urge for managerial control and the principles of openness. Last, this study indicates that fine-grained level of specifications may also force a shift in the locus of innovation. Thus, autonomy in the design process may be unintentionally narrowed.

  • 109.
    Håkansson, Daniel Clarke
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Lundström, Markus
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Autentisering och Riskmedvetande: En studie om Lösenordshantering och Risktagande2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    After regular discussions about whether authentication with static passwords is a good approach, an idea emerged to investigate how people handle their authentication credentials. This report tackles the task of mapping weaknesses associated with authentication regarding the method, as well as human security awareness and risk taking. During the study, a survey was conducted in which 100 people completely responded, all with varying age and employment. We asked how they value, create, and manage their passwords. The respondents were also tasked to take a position on a number of allegations, regarding their security awareness and risk-taking in connection with authentication.The result of the study shows that the majority reuse passwords to a very high extent. It also appears that a large majority uses memorization as the maintechnique for password management. The result also shows that respondents to a great extent think the complexity of the password is more important than its length. In addition, only 22% of respondents felt unsafe with a password that is 8 characters long, which is a low percentage since 8 characters are too weak today.Though the subject is complex, a combination of length and complexity is desirable to create a strong password. In addition to that the passwords must be unique to each service. Using memorization as its main method is unfortunately not applicable in these cases. A better strategy is to use, for example, a password manager or to generate a memorandum chant. For example, take the first letter of each word in one sentence, My cat is called Glenn he has 3 legs White nose & Redlink which can result in McicGhh3lWn&Rl. A good start to improve one’s password management is to firstly evaluate authentication credentials as valuable, read upon the subject, and then develop a strategy that is appropriate to one’s needs.

  • 110.
    Iftikhar, Amjad
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Shah, Muhammad Aoon
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Latif, Fowad
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Multi-Protocol Label Switching To Support Quality of Service Needs2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Multi-Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) is a technique that can be used to improve the performance of a computer communication network. By use of MPLS, data packets can be switched on the basis of labels rather than routed on the basis of destination address. MPLS supports different features like QoS, traffic engineering and VPNs etc.

    This thesis evaluates the working and performance of MPLS and its support for Quality of Service. QoS is required in the network when real time traffic is transported.

    In this thesis it is described, how QoS guarantees are assigned to the IP packets and how MPLS QoS environment differs from the traditional IP routing environment. MPLS QoS works as the IP QoS, but MPLS QoS enhances the capability of network as compared to the IP QoS based network.

    The thesis studies the use of MPLS in an integrated environment with DiffServ QoS model and also implements MPLS QoS in a Lab environment to compare MPLS QoS with IP QoS. Real time traffic faces longer delays in IP QoS based networks. MPLS QoS reduces the delays in real time traffic transmission.

    The study results and the practical implementations show that MPLS QoS provide much better results than simple IP QoS.

  • 111.
    Ihlström, Carina
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Local Swedish Online Newspapers in Trouble?: New Services and New Roles2002In: Succeeding in the new waves of e-business: Handbook and proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Electronic Commerce, 23-25 Oct. 2002, Hong Kong: City University of Hong Kong, Faculty of Business , 2002Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As the initial excitement over web publishing enters a more realistic phase many in the newspaper industry are beginning to ask hard questions about business models and economic success for their online newspaper ventures. Managers and editors-inchief at nine local newspapers in Sweden have been interviewed. One of the things they have in common is an expressed need for profiting from their online newsservices. 153 users of the news services of these nine newspapers have also been interviewed in order to get their view of possible new e-services. The objective of this paper is to describe the visions regarding the future from the newspaper managers’ point of view and the perceptions of the users regarding future e-services. The result show that the news sites are mainly financed by their media organizations and no one is profiting from their news sites today. The future plans of deepened news services and intermediary services were found interesting by about 20% of the users. More than 43% of the users considered themselves willing to pay for searchable archives.

  • 112.
    Ihlström, Carina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Lundberg, Jonas
    Linköping University.
    Local Swedish Newspapers Approaching e-Business?2002In: Technology interactions: proceedings of the 6th International ICCC IFIP Conference on Electronic Publishing, held in Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic, 6-8 November, 2002 / [ed] Carvalho, Joao Álvaro, Berlin: VWF , 2002, p. 81-91Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Most Swedish newspapers have experienced receding advertising revenues during the last years and are now searching for new ways to profit from their online editions. We have conducted three future workshops with both management and end users to envision possible new services that could be profitable for the local newspapers. Furthermore we have conducted an online survey with users selected from a previous study. The objective of this paper is to describe these services and to give a user response to them. We have identified three kinds of services: advertisement services, intermediary services and news services. The results show that the end users preferred the intermediary services and that there is an interest for advertisements in a new setting.

  • 113.
    Ihlström, Carina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Lundberg, Jonas
    Department of Computer and Information Science, Linköping University S-581 83 Linköping, Sweden.
    The Audience of Swedish Local Online Newspapers: - a Longitudinal Study2002In: Technology interactions: proceedings of the 6th International ICCC IFIP Conference on Electronic Publishing, held in Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic, 6-8 November, 2002 / [ed] João Álvaro Carvalho, Berlin: VWF , 2002, p. 92-102Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have conducted a partly longitudinal study using online questionnaires at four Swedish local online newspapers in two different studies. The objective of this paper is to describe the users’ demographics and reading habits as well as the users’ expectations of current and future issues regarding the online edition. We also discuss online questionnaires having tried three different approaches to receive as many answers as possible. We have found that the subscribing readers of online editions have increased from one forth to more than a half of the audience, and concluded that the subscribers and nonsubscribers have different reading habits. The findings also show that almost two thirds of the respondents are men and more than 80% prefer the paper edition of the newspaper. The results indicate an interest for a multimedia paper edition for the future.

  • 114.
    Ihlström, Carina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Lundberg, Jonas
    Department of Computer and Information Science, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    The Online News Genre through the User Perspective2003In: Proceedings of the 36th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences: 6 - 9 January 2003, Big Island, Hawaii ; abstracts and CD-ROM of full papers ; [HICSS-36] / [ed] Ralph H Sprague, Los Alamitos, Calif.: IEEE Computer Society , 2003, p. 1-10, article id 1174241Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Online newspapers, having existed on the Internet for acouple of years, are now having similar form and content,starting to shape what could be called a genre. We have analyzed the news sites of nine Swedish local newspapers using a repertoire of genre elements consisting ofnavigation elements, landmarks, news streams, headlines,search/archives and advertisements. We have alsointerviewed 153 end users at these newspapers. Theobjective of this paper is to describe the user’s perspective of the online news genre described in terms of therepertoire of genre elements. The results indicate what elements seems to be the better design choice through theuser perspective. Due to remaining similarities with the printed edition, the online newspaper genre is still avariant genre.

  • 115.
    Ihlström, Carina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Innovative use of IT (CIIT).
    Lundberg, Jonas
    Department of Computer and Information Science, Linköping University S-581 83 Linköping, Sweden.
    Vimarlund, Vivian
    Department of Computer and Information Science, Linköping University S-581 83 Linköping, Sweden.
    Rehnström, Christer
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Innovative use of IT (CIIT).
    Online Newspapers in Search for Profitable Services2002In: Challenges and Achievements in E-business and E-work / [ed] Brian Stanford-Smith; Enrica Chiozza & Mireille Edin, Washington: IOS Press , 2002, p. 1455-1462Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today online newspapers are putting a lot of resources into their news sites without profiting from them. They have to find ways to gain from them in order to keep them going. Lately there has been a move from print to multimedia, i.e. news is only a part among other services at the news sites and is presented as audio and video as well. We have conducted interviews at nine local newspapers in Sweden about their current situation and future plans. We have also used a cooperative scenario building technique aiming at finding new online services that could be profitable with both newspaper management and end users. The objective of this paper is to describe the current situation for these newspapers and to discuss possible new future services. Examples of services from the workshops are e.g. advertisement on demand and intermediary services.

  • 116.
    Ihlström, Carina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Magnusson, Monika
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Scupola, Ada
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Tuunainen, Virpi Kristiina
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    SME Barriers to Electronic Commerce Adoption: Nothing Changes - Everything is New2003In: Managing IT in government business & communities / [ed] Gerry Gingrich, Hershey, PA : IRM Press , 2003, p. 147-163Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter we look into earlier empirical research on the barriers to electronic commerce (EC) adoption and diffusion for small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). We explore research conducted in the context of information and communications technologies (ICT) in general, as well as EDI and Internet based EC. What we are interested in is whether these barriers are something new created by the new wave of Internet based technologies. We divide the barriers, inhibitors or factors slowing down the diffusion of new technologies found in previous literature into those internal to an organization, and those imposed by external forces. The basic premise of this chapter is, that technologies advance or change, but the barriers for SMEs to adopt them do not. The authors hope that understanding this will help researchers, small companies and policy makers to move on and do something active to reduce such barriers.

  • 117.
    Ihlström, Carina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Innovative use of IT (CIIT).
    Palmer, Jonathan
    The College of William & Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia.
    Revenues for Online Newspapers: Owner and User Perceptions2002In: Electronic Markets, ISSN 1019-6781, E-ISSN 1422-8890, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 228-236Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The newspaper industry faces hard questions about business models and economic success for their online newspaper ventures. Managers, editors-in-chief and designers at nine local newspapers in Sweden were interviewed. In addition, semi-structured interviews with 153 users/readers of the news services of these nine newspapers were also conducted. The analysis reveals differences in digital news product content and revenue generation. The paper suggests a new business model for digital news products that includes content-based revenue generation through personalization, archiving and versioning, approaches to advertising that involve more highly targeted market intermediation, and non-news activities covering advertisers and information brokerage. Results suggest that management and users agree on the importance of archives, personalized and deep news content, and a role for the newspaper as intermediary. However, users are not willing to pay for increased multimedia or an e-commerce site sponsored by the news site.

  • 118.
    Ihlström, Carina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Svensson, Göran
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Online Newspapers: A Preliminary Study of Users' Demographics, Experiences and Habits2001In: IRIS 24 : proceedings of the 24th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia : Ulvik, Norway, 11-14 August 2001 / [ed] Solveig Bjørnestad, Richard E. Moe, Anders I. Mørch and Andreas L. Opdahl, Bergen: Department of Information Science, Univ. of Bergen , 2001, p. 519-532Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Online newspapers and their audience are explored in this paper. Based upon an online questionnaire at four Swedish newspapers with a sample of more than 3800 answers collected, the paper presents some users’ experiences of the online newspapers. The paper reports on the users regarding age, gender and location. Reading frequency and reading habits are explored as well. The findings show that almost two thirds of the respondents are men and almost 65% are in the ages between 21-40. Almost two thirds of the respondents do not read the online newspaper in any specific order, and more than 80% prefer the paper edition of the newspaper. Several findings regarding navigation purposes were found and the paper also discusses the navigation and search aspects of the news sites.

  • 119.
    Ihlström, Carina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Åkesson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Genre Evolution - a Framework for Online Newspapers2003In: Proceedings of the 26th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, 2003Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The online newspapers entered the Internet in the mid-nineties and since then it has become moreand more common to read the news online. There is a long tradition of designing newspapers inprint and today there is a demand from both academics and practitioners for more knowledgeabout how to design user friendly news sites. By studying the evolution of the online newspapergenre it would be possible to suggest layout implications for further development within thegenre. In this paper we suggest a framework, applying genre theory, for identifying the stages ofevolution for online newspapers. In view of a page layout analysis of the front pages of 85Swedish online newspapers our framework extends Shepherd and Watters (1998) cybergenremodel by adding a fifth leaf node and elucidating the distinctions between the leaf nodes. Ourempirical results show that the online newspaper genre in Sweden is a heterogeneous genre withonline newspapers in different stages of evolution. We have identified and categorized all contentelements on the front pages and related them to form and functionality elements and positionedthem according to a columns and sections grid. By drawing on best practice due to occurrence wehave suggested some initial layout implications for further development within the onlinenewspaper genre.

  • 120.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Visualizing Futuristic Ubiquitous Media Services: A Collaborative Approach in the Newspaper Industry2012In: ICCM 2012: 2012 8th International Conference on Computing Technology and Information Management (NCM & ICNIT) : proceedings ; Grand Hilton Hotel, Seoul, Korea (Republic of), Apr. 24-Apr. 26, 2012: Vol. 2.: ICNIT Track / [ed] Kae Dal Kwack, Franz Ko & Jungpil Shin, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Press, 2012, p. 453-458, article id 6268541Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes a collaborative approach to envision futuristic ubiquitous media services from a media house perspective and their audiences take on that. Within a 24-month action research and experimental prototyping project with nine newspaper, three prototypes and three movie clips were produced to illustrate a future vision. Based on the results from numerous questionnaires, interviews and workshops with readers and newspaper representatives, the project team suggested five futuristic services and three personas. The movie clips was based on initial findings regarding business value, advertising, integrity etc. and was made somewhat provocative to start a debate within the industry. The services in movie clips were finally evaluated by readers in online questionnaires. © 2012 AICIT.

  • 121.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Introduction: Co-Creating Innovations Minitrack2016In: Proceedings of the 49th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Science (HICSS 2016) / [ed] Tung X. Bui & Ralph H. Sprague, Jr., Washington: IEEE Computer Society, 2016, p. 1809-1809Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 122.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Svensson, Jesper
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    A User Centered Innovation Approach Identifying Key User Values for the E-newspaper2009In: International Journal of E-Services and Mobile Applications, ISSN 1941-627X, E-ISSN 1941-627X, Vol. 1, no 3, p. 38-78Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have studied the pre-adoption phase of the e-newspaper, i.e. a newspaper published with e-paper technology. The research question of this article is: In what way can a user centered innovation process contribute to identifying key values in mobile innovations? The aim of this article is threefold: firstly, to identify key values for the e-newspaper, and secondly, to examine the intention to adopt a new possible innovation and thirdly, to explore user centered design processes ability to capture user values early in the innovation process. We have identified seven key user values: mobility, availability, personalization, usability, interactivity, readability and environment. Furthermore, we found that surprisingly many would consider exchanging their traditional newspaper with an e-newspaper in the future, indicating that the e-newspaper have a fair chance of becoming an important innovation. Finally, we propose a four phase model for identifying user values in a pre-adoption phase of an innovation.

  • 123.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Svensson, Jesper
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Co-creation in Living Labs: Experiences from Halmstad Living Lab2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Halmstad Living Lab was established in 2007 with the application areas of health technology and media, but have been working with co-creation since 2004. Our experiences from co-reation is derived from four research projects, two within media (DigiNews and UbiMedia) and two from health technology (Secure at Home - Living Lab and Secure at Home - Smart Locks). We have conducted 100 user involvement activities with around 500 individuals in face to face activities and over 7000 individuals in online surveys. The empirical activities all relates to different innovation processes concerning both products and services. The innovation processes has involved different stakeholders such as companies, researchers and users who have worked in an open environment to create and validate innovations. Below we discuss our experiences.

  • 124.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Svensson, Jesper
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Åkesson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    How would you like your e-newspaper?: converging the best of two worlds2005In: HCI international 2005: 11th international conference on human-computer interaction, July 22-27, 2005, Caesars Palace, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA / [ed] Gavriel Salvendy, Mahwah N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The introduction of the e-newspaper, i.e. a newspaper based on e-paper technology brings new design challenges. In this paper we report from two parallel studies, an online questionnaire to newspaper readers and a questionnaire to newspaper designers. The aim was to find out what qualities to bring from print and online to the e-newspaper as initial input in the design process to design a usable and acceptable artifact. The results show both similarities and differences between the two respondent groups.

  • 125.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Åkesson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    User Generated Content in News Media – a Comparison of Reader and Newspaper Views2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The newspaper industry is forced to find new business models for their digital channels due to decreasing revenues from subscription, single copy sales and advertising. One of many paths to explore is user generated content (UGC). UGC has been described as a democratizing “tool”, a new way for newspapers to connect to their audience, and also to attract advertisers in a new way. So far, research on UGC in a newspaper setting has either focused on the user or the newspaper perspective. By two different questionnaires, one to newspaper readers with 3663 respondents and one to newspaper staff with 204 respondents we attempt to make a comparison of reader and newspaper views on UGC in news media. The purpose of this paper is to describe perceptions and views of user generated content in the newspaper context, and to investigate if there is a gap between newspaper staff and reader perceptions. The findings show that readers in general value UGC to be important and attractive content, but that only a few are positive to contribute with UGC. Newspaper staff shows a tendency to think that users rate UGC content value higher than they actually do. Newspaper staff also rate that users are more likely to contribute with UGC than they actually are. There is also a difference between what newspaper staff think motivates readers to contribute and what the reader survey shows. This paper contributes to the understanding of UGC and also provides valuable insights to newspaper firms considering exploring UGC.

  • 126.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Åkesson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Hakeröd, Jesper
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Advertising in Ubiquitous Media Environments2007In: Proceedings of the 30th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, IRIS 30. Tampere, Finland / [ed] Tarja Tiainen, Hannakaisa Isomäki, Mikko Korpela, Anja Mursu, Minna-Kristiina Paakki, Samuli Pekkola, Tampere, Finland: Department of Computer Sciences, University of Tampere, Finland , 2007, p. 150-168Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper address advertising in ubiquitous media environments by empirically discussing challenges suggested in previous research. We have performed 15 interviews, 4 workshops and 3 brainstorming sessions with publishers and advertisiers. Our findings agree with previous research but also point out several additional challeging issues. We conclude by suggesting that the publishers are well suited to take on the role as pervasive service providers and identify four specific

    challenges related to that role: 1) How to develop models to produce and make use of consumer information dynamically over time in a ubiquitous media environment?; 2) How to adjust advertising to consumer preferences, i.e. advertising on consumer terms?; 3) In what ways can advertising be integrated with services/content adjusted to context? and 4) How to create an arena for building relations between consumers and advertisers as well as between advertisers?

  • 127.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Åkesson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Svensson, Jesper
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Living Labs: Dilemmas of an Active Researcher2009In: eChallenges e-2009 Conference Proceedings / [ed] Paul Cunningham & Miriam Cunningham, Dublin: International Information Management Corporation Limited, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses Living Labs from a researcher view based on experiences from Halmstad Living Lab with about 100 activities with different stakeholders. We define Living Labs as a milieu based on continuity, in which methods and techniques are used to empower users and to involve all relevant stakeholders, in open innovation processes in realistic settings. The relevant stakeholders are; researchers, companies, users, public partners and stakeholders of emerging technology. We argue for the relevance of the researcher stakeholder and discuss the dilemmas of an active researcher regarding role, process, outcome and relations. We conclude by suggesting a model indicating tensions in a Living Lab from a researcher view, i.e. neutrality vs. taking sides; research process vs. innovation process; research contribution vs. market value; and critical reflections vs. socialization.

  • 128.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Åkesson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Svensson, Jesper
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Fredberg, Tobias
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Audience view on new technology for media consumption2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we experiment with different audience groups to study how they differ with respect to the adoption of new media products/services. We expand the existing framework of early adopters, which is heavily directed towards the technological aspects of a product, by including users that are more interested in the social and content-related aspects of products/services. We are interested in seeing whether these audience groups differ in terms of preferences for new media products in order to shed light on possible strategies for the introduction of the e-newspaper. The study was done in a larger research project, DigiNews, on the introduction of e-newspapers. The paper is built on the results from an online survey on attitudes and preferences towards new technology, media in general and a planned e-newspaper. Data was collected from in total 2976 respondents at the web sites of three Swedish newspapers Aftonbladet, Göteborgs-Posten, and Sundsvalls Tidning.

  • 129.
    Imhontu, Eromon Emmanuel
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Kumah, Owusu Yaw
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    A SURVEY ON NEAR FIELD COMMUNICATION IN MOBILE PHONES & PDAS2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The last few years has witnessed a fast growth in technological advancement which has led to the development of several consumer electronic devices for different purposes or functionalities. For convenience and efficiency, there is the need to bring together all the different functionalities of these devices into a single multipurpose device such as mobile phone with the help of NFC (near field communication) technology.

    The need for NFC technology in mobile devices is fast gaining popularity in some countries, especially with the successes recorded in some of the NFC pilot projects. The NFC enabled mobile device is very intuitive; works with already existing infrastructures (i.e. ISO/IEC 14443 smartcards and it readers), allows for multiple applications, has a high level of security and comes with unique and attractive features, such as the ability to serve as both reader and writer modes, etc. NFC standards are specified by NFC Forum and it has a well organised ecosystem.

    This thesis is focused on the potentials of NFC and how it is used as a multipurpose device.

     

  • 130. Isaksson, Vincent
    et al.
    Hylving, Lena
    Viktoria Swedish ICT, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The Effect of Anarchistic Actions in Digital Product Innovation Networks: The Case of "Over the Air" Software Updates2017In: Proceedings of the 50th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS), Honolulu: Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS) , 2017, p. 5763-5772Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we explore mirroring challenges when an incumbent firm endeavor digital innovation. More specifically, we describe how AutoInc, organized according to the physical vehicle it produces, is challenged when an “over the air” software service is developed and implemented. Using the mirroring hypothesis as a point of departure to understand existing and emerging innovation networks, we recognize anarchistic actions. The analysis reveals the emergence of anarchic actions and how they challenge well-established federative innovation networks within the organization. With continued focus on technology, the project and organization disregarded necessary social structure development, which resulted in reduced capabilities to utilize the digitalized service. This qualitative paper also illustrates how the mirroring hypothesis, although originating from product innovation literature, can be used to understand digitalization dynamics. To the end, the analysis shows that the digital product innovation classification structure may need additional tuning.

  • 131.
    Iversen, Jakob
    et al.
    University of Wisconsin Oshkosh, 800 Algoma Blvd., Oshkosh, WI 54901-8675, USA.
    Ngwenyama, Ojelanki K.
    Ryerson University, Toronto, Canada.
    Problems in Measuring Effectiveness in Software Process Improvement: A Longitudinal Study of Organizational Change at Danske Data2006In: International Journal of Information Management, ISSN 0268-4012, E-ISSN 1873-4707, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 30-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Software process improvement (SPI) is a widely recognized approach that software companies implement to improve quality, productivity, and time-to-market. Assessing and analyzing performance improvements are important SPI activities. However, many SPI managers have found it difficult to develop and implement effective performance measurement programs for SPI, in part because guidelines for conducting SPI measurements are scarce. We address this gap in the SPI literature by examining major problems that SPI change agents encounter when developing and implementing SPI measurement programs. We report on a longitudinal study of an SPI change initiative and the challenges that the SPI Team faced in dealing with the issues of measuring effectiveness of the initiative. We systematically analyze an SPI performance measurement program to understand its limitations and the problems that the SPI Team encountered when implementing it. We used an organizational change theory framework to derive theoretical and practical insights that can help managers and researchers develop and implement better SPI performance measurement programs.

  • 132. James Emmanuel Roy, Muggalla
    et al.
    Garimella, Pradeep
    Evaluation of Parallel Programming Standards For  Embedded High Performance Computing2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this project is to evaluate parallel programming standards for embedded high performance computing. There is a huge demand for high computational speed and performance in the present radar signal processing, so more processors are needed to get enough performance. One way of getting high performance is by dividing the work on multiple processors. At the same time, it has to get low communication overhead and good speedup. This has been done by using parallel computing languages such as OpenMP and MPI.We use these parallel programming languages on radar signal benchmark which is similar to many tasks in radar signal processing. For running OpenMP, a shared memory system SUNFIRE E2900 is used and for MPI, a SUNFIRE E2900, containing 8 nodes which uses SUN HPC cluster tools v5 is used. The OpenMP program shows pretty good speedup up to 5 processors, there after an increase in communication overhead is observed. MPI has shown low communication overhead at the beginning but got decreases when the numbers of processors were increased. Both OpenMP and MPI show similar aspects, at certain limit as the number of processors are increased there is decreasing trend in efficiency and increase in communication overhead. According to our results, OpenMP is a relatively easy to use program when compared to MPI. When using MPI it is up to the programmer to make explicit calls in order to parallelize.

  • 133.
    Jansson, Kajsa
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Runesson, Anton
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Sunnegård, Mathias
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Användningen av automatiska kontroller i svenska företag: Att använda sig av ERP-systemets automatiska kontroller för att öka tillförlitligheten i den finansiella rapporteringen2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today's ERP systems provide companies the opportunity to streamline and reduce the cost of their operations through a variety of functions. Companies today put great faith in their ERP systems. The transactions within and between the different systems consist of a collection of data that require monitoring and control to reduce risks of errors in financial reporting. One type of tool is automated controls that can be either preventive or detective. The purpose of this study was to describe and analyze how three large Swedish manufacturing companies make use of automatic controls in their ERP systems and to compare how their views are similar to or different from the accounting firms who work daily to evaluate the reliability of financial information. To get a deeper understanding of the subject, we used a qualitative study with an inductive approach. In the theoretical framework we developed our three main concepts; ERP, automatic controls and risk management. We have interviewed three manufacturing companies and three accounting firms, which gave us two different perspectives on the use of automated controls. All interviews were recorded and were conducted as personal interviews at each respondents' workplace. The results of this study show that all the companies at various levels make use of automatic controls. Two of the companies have a more advanced set of controls while the third is still at a low level. The audit firms have a similar approach as presented in the theoretical framework and represent the utopia that modern business endeavor’s to achieve.

  • 134.
    Jivsäter, Linda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Larsson, Carolina
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Design av digitala lärplattformar i en blandad lärmiljö för att skapa en känsla av gemenskap2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Allt mer utbildning sker online och det påverkar även studenter som studerar på campus. Campusutbildning använder mer och mer utbildning online via Learning Management System (LMS) vilket skapar en blandad lärmiljö för studenter. När utbildning går från face-to-face på campus till online uteblir de sociala möten studenterna eftersöker när de väljer att studera på campusutbildning. Ett sätt att skapa sociala möten i blandade lärmiljöer är att designa LMS för att skapa en känsla av gemenskap. Gemenskap är ett mänskligt behov och viktigt att designa för när mer utbildning sker online. Denna studie utfördes med en designorienterad forskningsansats där designförslag baserade på gemenskapskriterier implementerades i en prototyp. Designförslagen utvärderades genom en prototyp för att ta reda på om en känsla av gemenskap kunde skapas hos studenter i en blandad lärmiljö. Denna studie resulterade i designförslag för hur LMS kan designas för en blandad lärmiljö för att skapa en känsla av gemenskap

  • 135.
    Johansson, Christian
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Nilsson, Robin
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    RAM-minnets kontaminering vid tillämpning av forensiska verktyg2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport behandlar ett specifikt område inom IT-forensik och informationssäkerhet. Då en berörd part behöver agera i ett skarpt läge, kan kunskaperna om volatilt minne vara avgörande. I takt med att IT-brott har ökat dramatiskt, har det också bidragit till en enorm utveckling inom de forensiska ramarna. IT-forensikerns handlingar är av avgörande karaktär då minnet förändras kontinuerligt, därför eftersträvas minimala förändringar på systemet.

    Ett datorsystem är utrustat med ett fysiskt minne vars syfte är att temporärt lagra information då det är aktivt. Detta minne kan vara en rik informationskälla ur ett forensiskt perspektiv. Volatilt minne är uppbyggt av binärkod som går att analysera med hjälp av verktyg. Idag finns det ett stort utbud av verktyg för allmänheten och myndigheter, därför begränsas rapporten med inriktning mot kommersiella metoder.

    För att effektivisera det praktiska utförandet, tillämpas virtualisering som underlättar påvisning av konsistent datautvinning. Vid experimenterande av volatilt minne erhölls framgångsrika resultat där det gick att fastställa förändringar i minnesallokeringen. Då ett program exekveras, resulterar det i märkbara förändringar som går att urskilja i det fysiska minnet. När verktyget sedan har utfört sina givna instruktioner, går det att tolka den procentuella skillnaden mellan minnes-dumparna. Detta bidrog till de förutbestämda målen.

    Det fysiska minnet är ett relativt nytt och outforskat tekniskt område. Valmöjligheten för en minnesutvinning kan innefatta allt från hårdvaru- till mjukvarulösningar där tyngden på denna rapport baseras på mjukvarulösning. Alla IT-forensiker bör få upp ögonen för denna informationstillgång som kan vara nyckeln till framgång under live-respons.

  • 136.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    Högskolan Väst, Trollhättan.
    Svensson, Lars
    Högskolan Väst, Trollhättan.
    Dynamics in an innovation boundary context: Exploring a living lab process from a community of practice perspective2011In: Proceedings of IRIS 2011 / [ed] Timo Leino, Trondheim: Tapir Akademisk Forlag, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is based on studies of a living lab process, which is an open, user-centric, innovation approach, where several actors from industry, user groups and academia are involved. We aim to describe and analyze the dynamics in an innovation boundary context based on a living lab process. An action-oriented research approach was applied and the empirical results are from The Find Project (TFP), with the aim of customizing an ICT product based on the needs of a user group. The findings are analyzed from a community of practice perspective where the three different communities i) researchers from Halmstad Living Lab (HLL), ii) ICT developers (ICTD), and iii) next of kin’s to demented elderly persons (NOKD) represented the units of analysis. The analysis identified several boundary situations that played a vital role for the innovation process. The contribution of our research to innovation theory is a process model describing the dynamics in an innovation boundary context with regard to boundary objects-in-use as well as to brokering. The research highlights two different levels of brokering: i) product/service brokering; and ii) process brokering.

  • 137.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Boundary dialogues in user-centric innovation2012In: 18th Americas conference on information systems 2012: Seattle, Washington, USA, 9-12 August 2012, Vol. 4, Red Hook: Curran Associates, Inc., 2012, Vol. 4, p. 2910-2919Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is based on a user-centric innovation project, Free2Ride, which is seen as an example of community interaction that overcomes boundaries. Free2Ride aimed at developing a piece of ICT safety equipment consisting of a sender (on the horse) and a receiver (application in a smartphone) to be used by equestrian club members during their everyday riding activities. We will answer the research question of what the characteristics of a boundary dialogue in user-centric innovation activities are. The aim of the paper is to propose a model describing the characteristics of boundary dialogue in user-centric innovation that involve different communities of practices such as ICT developers, users and researchers. We applied a combination of research approaches consisting of action research and engaged scholarship approach. The theoretical framework for analyzing our findings is communities of practices with a specific interest in boundary spanning and learning dialogues. Our contribution is a model describing the characteristics of boundary dialogues in user-centric innovation. An important element of that model is the mental wandering, inwards and outwards, by core members in a community. We discuss the temporal as well as the symbolic nature of the mental wandering during the boundary dialogue in user-centric innovation activities. © (2012) by the AIS/ICIS Administrative Office All rights reserved.

  • 138.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Ulrika, Lundh Snis
    Högskolan Väst.
    Svensson, Lars
    Högskolan Väst.
    Exploring brokering situations in an innovation boundary context2011In: Selected Papers of the Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia: “IRIS 34 - ICT of Culture – Culture of ICT” / [ed] Judith Molka-Danielsen & Kai Kimppa, Trondheim: Tapir Akademisk Forlag, 2011, p. 15-Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is based on studies of a living lab process, which is an open, user-centric, innovation approach, where several actors from industry, user groups and academia are involved. We aim to describe and analyze the dynamics in an innovation boundary context based on a living lab process. An action-oriented research approach was applied and the empirical results are from The Find Project (TFP), with the aim of customizing an ICT product based on the needs of a user group. The findings are analyzed from a community of practice perspective where the three different communities i) researchers from Halmstad Living Lab (HLL), ii) ICT developers (ICTD), and iii) next of kin’s to demented elderly persons (NOKD) represented the units of analysis. The analysis identified several boundary situations that played a vital role for the innovation process. The contribution of our research to innovation theory is a process model describing the dynamics in an innovation boundary context with regard to boundary objects-in-use as well as to brokering. The research highlights two different levels of brokering: i) product/service brokering; and ii) process brokering.

  • 139.
    Johansson, Olivia
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Pleijel, Angelica
    Halmstad University.
    En studie om hur konsulter kan bygga kundens förtroende vid en ERP-implementation2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    När organisationer implementerar ett nytt ERP-system innebär det inte bara att en ny mjukvara skall införas utan även att en förändring sker i organisationen. Hantering av människor anses som grundläggande för att nå framgång vid förändringar. Vid en ERP-implementation när kund och konsult skall samarbeta står mycket på spel för de inblandade parterna. Det skapas ett beroende mellan dem vilket gör att förtroende spelar en viktig roll.

    Genom en litteraturstudie beskrivs villkoren för förtroendeskapande vid en ERP-implementation. Med en kvalitativ undersökning har empiri samlats in från kunder och konsulter för att få en förståelse för utmaningar och svårigheter med att skapa förtroende.

    Studiens resultat bidrar med tips för hur konsulter kan skapa kundens förtroende i kund- och konsultrelationen vid en ERP-implementation.

  • 140. Johnsson, Elias
    et al.
    Falk, Pernilla
    Informella ledares roll vid en ERP-implementering2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 141.
    Jonasson, Joakim
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Adolfsson, Jesper
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Integration av ERP-system efter företagsförvärv: Utmaningar ur konsultens perspektiv2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Företagsförvärv har blivit en allt vanligare strategi för tillväxt hos företagen för att ta nya marknadsandelar och utöka sitt produktutbud. En allt vanligare problematik efter ett företagsförvärv är integrationen av ERP-system. Vårt syfte med studien är att öka företagens möjligheter att genomföra lyckade ERP-integreringar efter företagsförvärv. Genom att beskriva problematiken runt integrationer efter företagsförvärv, har vi identifierat utmaningar och föreslagit lösningar som kan öka företagens möjlighet att genomföra lyckade ERP-integreringar. Det har lett fram till problemformuleringen:

    Hur kan företag öka sina möjligheter att genomföra lyckade ERP-integreringar efter företagsförvärv?

    Vi har genomfört en kvalitativ undersökning där sex konsulter med tidigare erfarenheter från integrationsprojekt intervjuades. Vi har utöver dessa intervjuer genomfört fem uppföljningsintervjuer där vi validerade vårt resultat. Denna studie har inga ambitioner att ge en fulländad bild av ämnesområdet kring ERP-integrationer. Istället kommer vi utifrån befintlig litteratur och insamlad empiri presentera slutsatser adresserat till projektledningen av ERP-integrationer.

    Studiens resultat består av sex olika utmaningar som är: bedöma omfattning, skapa enhetlig målsättning, skapa förändringsklimat, integrera företagskulturer, genomföra kunskapsöverföring och genomföra återkoppling tillsammans. Vi ger även förslag på lösningar för hur det går att hantera dessa utmaningar.

  • 142.
    Jonsson, Frida
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Magnusson, Mikaela
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Välj Rätt: En kvalitativ studie till eller av valet av molnbaserat affärssystem2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Affärssystem har expanderat de senaste åren, det här eftersom företag ser fördelar med att använda systemet. Affärssystem kan kort sammanfattas till att vara ryggraden i företag, eftersom systemet förser med en helhetslösning. I dagsläget kan företag välja att införskaffa ett lokalt installerat affärssystem eller ett molnbaserat affärssystem. Det lokalt installerade affärssystemet innebär att systemet existerar inom företagets väggar och det molnbaserade affärssystemet innebär att systemet ligger på molnet. I den teoretiska referensramen har motiv samlats in som bedöms vara centrala anledningar, till varför företag väljer att införskaffa ett lokalt installerat affärssystem. Motiven för lokalt installerat affärssystem var underlaget till den empiriska studien för att studera vilka motiv som företag har vid införskaffning av molnbaserat affärssystem. Den empiriska studien genomfördes med sex stycken små företag runt om i Sverige som idag använder molnbaserat affärssystem. När informationen var insamlad kring varför företag väljer lokalt installerat respektive molnbaserat affärssystem gjordes en jämförelse kring dessa motiv. Det visade sig att motiven till viss del stämmer överens, men att de kategoriseras annorlunda. Den främsta skillnaden mellan lokalt installerat och molnbaserat affärssystem är mobiliteten. 

  • 143.
    Karlsson, Caroline
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Digital kompetensportfolio för designkompetens: - Hur kan en digital kompetensportfolio stödja utveckling och synliggörande av designkompetens2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Digitala kompetensportföljer ökar i popularitet och deras användningsområde har under de senaste åren ökat. En digital kompetensportfölj kan demonstrera en individs framsteg, prestationer och hjälpa till att visa upp hur väl en student behärskar den kompetensen som krävs inom ett visst yrkesområde. Forskning pekar på att designkompetens och designförmåga är någonting som är svårt att fånga samt förmedla då en stor del av en designers designprocess genomförs inne i huvudet på designern. Jag har genom en kvalitativ studie, intervjuat olika roller gällande deras tankar om hur designkompetens kan utvecklas och synliggöras. Studien resulterade i riktlinjer hur en digital kompetensportfolio kan stödja utveckling och synliggörande av designkompetens.

  • 144.
    Karlsson, Stålhammar, Adam, Lars-Henrik
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Sociala medier: En studie kring hur företag kan använda sociala medier för kunskaps- och informationsspridning2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study examines what three companies believe are the possibilities regarding the use of technologies in social media, in order to share knowledge and information within the company as well as with partners, and with customers externally. Journals and scholarly articles on IT-related areas, writes franticly about how social media can support a company’s activities and allow for easier collaboration for businesses. Through our literature review, we have found that the current KMS does not support the needs of existing knowledge and information sharing. The purpose of this study is to examine the techniques that companies use today to spread information and knowledge internally and externally, and what knowledge and ambitions these possess regarding the technology and possibilities within the area of social media. We conducted a literature review and created an interview guide. The Interview guide was used to conduct personal interviews with respondents from the three companies. Conclusion of the study showed that the respondents perceived their own company as limited in terms of resources to be able to have a constant dialogue with their customers in social media. It was also found out that the respondents felt that more extensive surveys of the business value of social media are a must. While all respondents felt that there are great opportunities for customer- and involvement of partners in the development of products through dialogues on forums. For successful usage of social media, strategies and training is required. Ethical issues proved important for what information may be published in social media. The value on social media usage was dependent on which customer segment (B2B alt. B2C) the company was trying to reach.

  • 145.
    Klang, Mathias
    et al.
    Viktoria Institute, University of Göteborg; LLM Program, University of Strathclyde.
    Ihlström, Carina
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Olsson, Stefan
    Viktoria Institute, University of Göteborg; IT University, Gothenburg.
    Overcoming Barriers: Why SMEs Should Consider Networks2002In: International Journal of Services Technology and Management, ISSN 1460-6720, E-ISSN 1741-525X, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 68-81Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    "Firms, markets and relational contracting are important economic institutions. They are also the evolutionary product of a fascinating series of organisational innovations." [1] Small and medium sized enterprises (SME) are at a disadvantage when competing in a global environment. This paper looks at the need for specialised and adequate tools for the small and medium sized enterprise. These tools are comprised of both human and technical elements if they are to be successful in providing SMEs with the wherewithal to compete efficiently on the global marketplace.

  • 146.
    Kollreider, Klaus
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Fronthaler, Hartwig
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Bigun, Josef
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Evaluating liveness by face images and the structure tensor2005In: Proceedings - Fourth IEEE Workshop on Automatic Identification Advanced Technologies, 2005, New York: IEEE Press, 2005, p. 75-80Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A technique evaluating liveness in short face image sequences is presented The intended purpose of the proposed system is to assist in a biometric authentication framework, by adding liveness awareness in a non-intrusive manner. Analyzing the trajectories of single parts of a live face reveal valuable information to discriminate it against a spoofed one. The proposed system uses a lightweight novel optical flow, which is especially applicable in face motion estimation based on the structure tensor and a few frames. It uses a model-based local Gabor decomposition and SVM experts for face part detection. An alternative approach for face pan detection using optical flow pattern matching is introduced as well. Experimental results on the proposed system are presented.

  • 147.
    Kositanurit, B.
    et al.
    Fiscal Policy Office, Information and Communication Technology Center, Ministry of Finance, Thailand.
    Ngwenyama, Ojelanki K.
    Research Institute for Technology Management and Organizational Learning, School of Information Technology Management, Ryerson University, Toronto, Canada.
    Osei-Bryson, K-M
    Department of Information Systems, Information Systems Research Institute, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, United States.
    An Exploration of Factors that Impact Individual Performance in an ERP Environment: An Analysis Using Multiple Analytical Techniques2006In: European Journal of Information Systems, ISSN 0960-085X, E-ISSN 1476-9344, Vol. 15, no 6, p. 556-568Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the factors that can impact individual performance when using enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems. Starting from the proposition that organizational performance depends on individuals' task accomplishments, we test a structural model of task-technology fit, ERP user satisfaction, and individual performance in ERP environments. This research utilizes a survey method to examine the perceptions of ERP users. We performed factor and reliability analyses to assess the validity of the survey instrument. Six factors were identified as having an impact on individual performance: System Quality, Documentation, Ease of use, Reliability, Authorization, and Utilization. To explore the relationships among these factors, we conducted regression and multivariate adaptive regression splines analysis, and compared the findings from these two analytical techniques. The study provides evidence that System Quality, Utilization, and Ease of Use are the most important factors bearing on individual performance in ERP environments. Our findings also provide IT managers and researchers with knowledge of how these factors can be manipulated to improve individual performance when using ERP systems.

  • 148.
    Kron, Hanna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Olsson, Johanna
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    En studie om hur medlemmar engagerar sig i grupper på sociala medieplattformar som syftar till att skapa hållbara livsstilar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media can be used as an effective tool for engaging people, building social networks and influencing people's decisions, however, research is requested regarding how social media promotes engagement as there is a limited understanding of this. In order to increase this understanding, a study was conducted on how members engage in groups on social media platforms with the goal to create sustainable lifestyles. The context in which this was investigated was facebook groups where members have committed to, or interested in a vegan or vegetarian lifestyle. Reducing the consumption of animal products can be a sustainable lifestyle because the consumption and production of animal foods is one of the main causes of the most serious environmental problems on both a local and global scale. The study was conducted with a qualitative research approach in which a netnographic study was performed in the chosen context. The results of the netnographic study were analyzed using a thematic analysis. Based on the analysis, various ways were identified regarding how members engage in groups on social media platforms with the aim of creating sustainable lifestyles.

  • 149.
    Lahti, Angelica
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Naraha, Sanna
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Etik vid användarinvolvering: Att se individen bakom användaren2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays ethics within user involvement will often be linked to the need for users in the development stage of IT-products. It is hard to find ethical guidelines regarding the treatment of users throughout a project process. In this study that is approached by identifying ethical themes, related to treatment of users, and cooperation with users through a litterateur review. The study aims to investigate how practitioners solve challenges they experience in user involvement throughout all the stages of an ITproject. It also aims to give practitioners support in finding and managing ethical challenges. With interviews, practitioners’ current solutions to experienced problemshave been identified and challenges have been verified. Interviewed practitioners did notconsider how they manage ethical challenges. It is obvious challenges often get approached when they appear, rather than get prevented. The study results in a proposal regarding ethical solutions as education and substantiating ethical concepts which can be used as support to solve challenges within user involvement.

  • 150.
    Lam, Mina
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    En organisationsenhets utmaningar vid förberedelse av datamigration2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Allt fler system blir integrerade till en gemensam plattform som kallas för affärssystem. Genom att vara integrerade med andra informationssystem, kan ett affärssystem skapa snabbare informationsflöden i en organisation. Implementation av ett affärssystem kan skapa många fördelar, men för att organisationer ska nå dit finns det utmaningar. Denna studie kommer att behandla utmaningar vid förberedelse av datamigration i en organisationsenhet, dvs. en del av en organisation. För att identifiera utmaningar vid datamigration har kvalitativa undersökningstekniker tillämpats på konsulter och en organisationsenhet som håller på att implementera ett underhållssystem i ett affärssystem.

12345 101 - 150 of 242
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