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  • 101.
    Andersson, Linus
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    The good life in an age of deep mediatization: Exploring a normative agenda for media studies2019In: Challenging the Field: Communication, Creativity & Imagination, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this paper is to address the perennial question what it means to lead a good life, and to rephrase that question in a context where human life has become enmeshed in digital media for information and communication. The purpose is to contribute to recent debates on mediatization , to relate to the notion of existential health and well-being, and finally to suggest a normative agenda for how media studies can engage with concerns over the role digital media plays in our lives. In doing so I draw on findings from my previous and current research on bystander photography at accident sites, and pathologization of media use as found in the establishment of diagnoses such as interned addiction disorder and gaming disorder. The aim is to illustrate how these phenomena initiate public negotiations and provoke imaginaries about what is a good life in an age of deep mediatization. This approach has normative as well as critical implications.

    Central research questions: how has the question of “the good life” been addressed in relation to technology? What definitions or notions of a “good life” are present or implied in public negotiations of digital technology? How can the relation between digital technology and the responsibilities of the welfare state be understood in terms of “the good life”?

    ”The good life” was introduced as a philosophical problem already in ancient Greece, most notably by Aristotle in the Nicomachean Ethics. Since then it has resurfaced throughout Western history of ideas where it becomes intertwined with intellectual investment in science and technology and the modern project. Critical theory introduced a potential conflict between the rationality that governs technological progress and the rationality of the good life. Recently, the concept of “the good life” attracted media scholars’ attention, and it was the theme for ICA conference 2014. It is also behind the interest in concepts such as ”media life”, ”digital existence”, ”elemental media”, ”deep mediatization”, and the paper engages in a discussion with that research and the question what it means to live a good life under these conditions.

  • 102.
    Andersson, Linus
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Understanding and analysing online conspiracy theories and communities2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 103.
    Andersson, Linus
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    What’s left of the radical left online?: Absence of communication, political vision, and community in autonomist web milieus in Sweden2018In: New Media and Society, ISSN 1461-4448, E-ISSN 1461-7315, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 384-398Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents and discusses results from a study of radical left-wing activism online carried out by the Swedish Media Council, a report that suggested that the Internet (i.e. the web, web 2.0, and social media) is not a prioritized arena for propaganda and recruitment for the radical left in Sweden. The purpose of this article is to re-evaluate some of these findings and add to the discussion on online activity and connectivity in political communication online, as well as to problematize simplified notions of radicalization and recruitment to pro-violent groups. Based on a hermeneutic inquiry regarding modes of communication, representations of political visions, and community, the article shows how the sites and groups studied favor one-way communication before interactivity, that political visions are limited to short-term goals in the immediate future, and that they give very little information about their activist activities to recruit supporters. © The Author(s) 2016

  • 104.
    Andersson, Linus
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Where Technology Goes to Die: Representation of Electronic Waste in Global Television News2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an analysis of television news stories, aired on global networks, which have been reporting on the problems with electronic waste (e-waste). The main objective is to present a perspective on how a “low-frequency” emergency (i.e. a lengthy and ongoing state of environmental emergency) is presented as a news-worthy issue. Drawing on literature on televised “distant suffering”, the paper engages in a multi-modal text-analysis that addresses three questions:  By what techniques is the e-waste-problem presented as an urgent issue? How is the issue addressed? What relations between the spectator and the problem on display are established through the representation? The findings shows how on-location reports from e-waste dumping sites make use of sublime imagery in the visual representations; how e-waste dumping sites are presented as strange spaces, with no clear and comprehensible history; and finally, that the representations suggests an ambivalence and uncertainty when it comes to agency (who’s responsible, what can be done?). It could be argued that these modes of representation favor a (passive) “aesthetic contemplation” of the waste, rather than possibilities for action and relief.

  • 105.
    Andersson, Linus
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Where Technology Goes to Die: Representations of ElectronicWaste in Global Television News2017In: Environmental Communication: A Journal of Nature and Culture, ISSN 1752-4032, E-ISSN 1752-4040, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 263-275Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes how electronic waste (e-waste) gets represented in television news stories. The main objective is to present a perspective on how a “low-frequency” emergency (i.e. a lengthy and ongoing state of environmental emergency) is presented as a newsworthy issue. Drawing on literature on televised “distant suffering,” the article engages in a multimodal text analysis of four newsstories about e-waste. The findings show how on-location reports from e-waste dumping sites make use of sublime imagery in the visual representations; how e-waste dumping sites are presented as strange spaces, with no clear and comprehensible history; and finally, that the representations suggest an ambivalence and uncertainty when it comes to agency (who is responsible and what can be done?). The article ends with a discussion of the implications of this mode of representation and its effectiveness in eliciting an appropriate response to the harms caused by e-waste. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

  • 106.
    Andersson, Linus
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Intervention and participation: A study of children’s involvement in the design of media literacy interventions2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents findings from a review of articles about media literacy interventions, with the purpose to discuss the value of child participation in the design of such interventions. The findings indicate that while numerous studies present evaluations of media literacy interventions, it is rare that the design processes behind these interventions are described. The most popular form of media literacy intervention is a school curriculum aimed towards tweens and teens. We argue for a closer attention to the ways in which media literacy interventions are designed in order for us to better understand when child participation can be beneficial.

  • 107.
    Andersson, Linus
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    The kids will have their say?: Child participation in media literacy interventions2017In: NordMedia 2017 – Abstracts: Division 5, Media Literacy and Media Education, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the findings from a scoping review of articles about media literacy interventions, with the purpose to discuss the value of having children to participate in the design of media literacy interventions.

    The findings indicate that while numerous studies present evaluations of media literacy interventions, it is rare that the design processes behind these interventions are thoroughly described. Furthermore, the review shows that even though child participation in the implementation of interventions is put forth as important by several studies, it is rare that participation in the design stage is discussed. Finally, the findings show that child participation in the design of media literacy interventions is not considered as a factor for successful media literacy interventions.

    The paper ends with a discussion of the implications of these findings for further research on child participation in media literacy interventions. It is argued that we need to pay closer attention to the ways in which media literacy interventions are designed in order for us to better understand what makes them succeed or fail. More specifically, the role of child participation in this respect – not only in terms of listening to their various media-related questions and needs, but also in the sense of actual co-design – must be further examined.

  • 108.
    Andersson, Linus
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Voice, Decision, Responsibility: Child Participation in the Design of Media Literacy Interventions2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 109.
    Andersson, Linus
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Sundin, Ebba
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Disaster Tourists, Smartphone Bystanders, Mediated Witnesses or Citizen Journalists? Bystander Theories and Mobile Media Practices at Accident Sites2016In: ECREA 2016 Abstact Book: Mediating (Dis)Continuities: Contesting Pasts, Presents and Futures., Prague: Czech-In , 2016, p. 176-176Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the phenomenon of bystanders who use their smartphones to film or take photographs at accident scenes, instead of offering their help to people in need or to assist medical units. This phenomenon has been extensively discussed in Swedish news media in recent years, since it has been described as a growing problem for rescue workers, like paramedics, police and fire fighters.

    Some of the early literature in social psychology explained bystander inaction by indifference, but in the late 1960’s, the American researchers Darley and Latane showed that bystander inaction could be explained as an effect of the size of the bystander crowd. With an increase of the number of the bystanders, the chances of their involvement to help decreased.

    The past decade has seen an growing scholarly interest in “media witnessing”, both in terms of witnessing from a distance through mass media, as discussed by Peters, and “citizen camera-witnessing”, a term popularised by the works of Allan and Andrén-Papadopoulos. This literature recognizes the complexity of concepts such as active/passive and proximity/distance when it comes to media witnessing in the digital era.

    Drawn from previous research and theories, the aim of this paper is to discuss how bystander theory can be further developed to include the action of mobile media practices at scenes like accidents. From this perspective, the paper also draws attention to what could be a part of a mediated cultural trauma found in contemporary society and thereby connects to the theme of the conference.

    The paper identifies four categories in the literature that are relevant for further research into the phenomenon and to be connected to the framework of bystander theories. These categories are: “disaster tourism”, “citizen (photo) journalism”, “media witnessing”, and “digital media ethics”.

    The paper ends with a discussion about possible theoretical approaches to further empirical studies on contemporary bystander phenomena.

  • 110.
    Andersson, Linus
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Westberg, Niklas
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Autism, new media and the transformation of "the social"2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    People with Asperger Syndrome and high function autism generally suffers from impaired social skills and a strong need for a private space for oneself. In diagnostic classifications of mental illnesses social awkwardness and a strong desire for solitude are viewed as symptoms of mental disorder and as deviances from an imagined normality.

    Based on interviews with autistic people and analysis of social interaction between them on a social media platform the aim of this paper is to investigate how new social media transform their situation in various ways. New social media, with its culture of connectivity, reshape how they relate to others and themselves and transform vulnerabilities that are always at play in encounters between human beings. At play are also changing borders between the public and the private as well as the questioning of communicative ideals based on face-to-face encounters.

    More specifically we focus on how new social media transforms: 1) vulnerabilities between people in social interaction as well as the “interaction order” that regulates this interaction; 2) what it means to be a social being – and consequently to be involuntary lonely or seeking solitude. 

  • 111.
    Andersson, Malin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Johansson, Sofie
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Sjuksköterskans upplevelser av moralisk stress: Med maktlöshet i centrum2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nurses are experiencing huge demands and big loads in their daily work, both from patients and from colleagues and from themselves so that they often feel inadequate. This great physical and psychological workload means that nurses are concerned about the quality of care which gives rise to the moral distress. Nurses are experiencing this moral distress at greater extent than other professions and is a major reason why nurses quit their jobs. In previous research, few studies have moral distress as their main purpose. Therefore this general literature review intends to look more closely at what the nurse is experiencing in his or her moral distress. The purpose was to describe the nurse's experiences of moral distress. For this purpose, 13 qualitative research articles were selected and the results revealed six categories: Powerlessness, Frustration, Agony, Anger, Self-doubt and Guilt. Powerlessness has a significant role and contributed to many of the other emotions listed. Powerlessness is mainly due to the nurse not feeling involved in decision-making regarding the patient. To reduce the nurse's moral distress collaboration between professions could be encouraged. Further Swedish research could be needed to identify whether moral distress is a contributing factor to the current nursing shortage.

  • 112.
    Andersson, Maria
    et al.
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Section of Rheumatology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden & Spenshult Research and Development Center, Oskarström, Sweden.
    Larsson, Ingrid
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). Spenshult Research and Development Center, Oskarström, Sweden.
    Reasons to stop drinking alcohol among patients with rheumatoid arthritis – a mixed method study2016In: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, ISSN 0003-4967, E-ISSN 1468-2060, Vol. 75, no Suppl 2, article id 1295Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Studies of alcohol use in patients with rheumatoid arthritis are sparse and studies of why patients choose to stop drinking alcohol in particular.

    Objectives: The aim of the current study was twofold: first to identify patients with RA who stopped drinking alcohol and compare those to patients drinking alcohol, and second, to explore reasons to stop drinking alcohol.

    Methods: In 2010 a self-completion postal questionnaire was sent to all 2,102 prevalent patients in the Better anti-rheumatic farmacotherapy (BARFOT) study enquiring about disease severity, physical function (HAQ) and health related quality of life (EQ5D), pain, fatigue, patient global assessment (PatGA) and lifestyle factors e.g. alcohol. The questions assessing alcohol included the question “Have you stopped drinking alcohol?” and an open question “Why have you stopped drinking alcohol?” A mixed method design was used and 1512 patients had answered the alcohol questions and was included in the study of those 86 had stopped drinking alcohol. Seventy-one patients answered the open question and their answers were analyzed with qualitative content analysis (1).

    Results: Comparing patient with RA using alcohol or not, the patients who stopped drinking alcohol was older median age (min-max) 69 (36–90) vs. 66 (23–95), p=0.011, more men 42% vs. 29%, p=0.015, had worse physical function, median HAQ (min-max) 0.50 (0–3.00) vs. 1.00 (0–2.75), p<0.001, worse health related quality of life, median EQ5D (min-max), 0.69 (-0.59–1.00) vs. 0.76 (-0.02–1.00), p<0.001, worse self-perceived health, median PatGA (min-max) 5 (0–10) vs. 3 (0–10), <0.001, more pain, median (min-max) 5 (0–10) vs. 3 (0–10), p<0.001, and more fatigue median (min-max) 6 (0–10) vs 4 (0–10), p<0.001. There were no differences between the groups regarding disease duration, swollen and tender joints. The qualitative content analysis resulted in five categories describing the reasons for patient with RA to stop drinking alcohol: disease and treatment, health and wellbeing, work and family, faith and belief and dependences and abuse.

    Conclusions: Patients with RA who stopped drinking alcohol have a lower physical function, health related quality of life, self-perceived health and more pain and fatigue comparing to patients with RA drinking alcohol. The reasons to stop drinking alcohol were of different nature such as medical, physical, mental, social and spiritual

  • 113.
    Andersson, Marie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Ludvigsson, Linda
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Kvinnors upplevelser av sexuell dysfunktion: En litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sexuality is a fundamental part of being human and sexual health is an important part of holistic care. More women than men suffer from sexual dysfunction. Nevertheless, nurses rarely address women's sexual health. The purpose of the study was to highlight women's experiences of sexual dysfunction. In response to the purpose, a general literature study was conducted. A systematic literature search resulted in 14 results critically reviewed. Data processing revealed three categories: Inability to live up to social expectations, The impact of dysfunction on health and The need for support. The result showed that women with sexual dysfunction experienced social expectations that with sexual dysfunction became impossible to live up to. The women expressed that dysfunction affected health and there was also a need for support from both the partner and the healthcare sector. The healthcare confirmation of dysfunction was described to reduce the perceived expectations. Redefining sexuality could be supportive in finding new ways of sexual health. Healthcare is considered to be the most reliable source of information and women experience a high level of confidence in the nursing profession. Based on the results of this study, nurses are expected to have great opportunities to support women for sexual health. Nurses need to routinely raise the issue of sexuality. Sexual health also needs to be an important part of nursing education so that sexuality becomes as obvious as addressing, for example, tobacco habits and sleep.

  • 114.
    Andersson, Marie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Motin, Helena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Samband mellan ungdomars psykiska hälsa och socilat kapital2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The increasing mental health issues among adolescent in Sweden is a major public health issue. Research shows that the social capital of young people can be seen as a health source, and that protection factors, such as family and friends, have an impact on mental health . District nurses in school health service have an important role in their work with individual's health factor to promote the mental health. The aim of this study was to describe whether there is a relationship between mental health and social capital, as social network, social ability and sense of belonging among girls and boys aged 14-16 years. The cross-sectional study was performed in a smaller town in southwest of Sweden. A sample of 461 adolescents aged 14-16 years participated. Data for the self-rated mental health and the perception of social network, social ability and sense of belonging were collected from the instrument Minneapolis Manchester Quality of Life (MMQL). Both girls and boys rated their mental health and social capital high. There was no clear connection between mental health and social capital, in forms of social network, social ability and sense of belonging. Social capital could be highlighted as a health addiction by the district nurse in health promotion. More longitudinal studies are needed to gain more knowledge about the effect of social capital on mental health, as well as the role of social media in youth social capital.

  • 115.
    Andersson, Martina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Petersson, Magdalena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Får jag leva eller dö?: Upplevelser av att vara patient i samband med en organtransplantation2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Organ transplantation is offered to patients with a life-threatening illness when there is no other medical or surgical treatment that can improve their condition. To receive an organ is a life changing experience for a patient. Patients and their families need guidance, compassion and support from nurses. Since a transplantation is a large surgery, patients need nursing care before, under and after the surgery. In order to support patients in this process it is important for nurses to study how a transplant is experienced. The aim of the study was to describe experiences of being an organ transplant patient. The method was a literature study consisting ten articles. Four categories appeared in the result, Experiences of information, Experiences of support, Experiences of loss of control and Experiences of getting a second chance. To go through an organ transplantation is a life changing experience for a patient in many different ways. To be able to manage this, patients need help from healthcare teams. Nurses need to understand this patient group better in order to improve their care. 

  • 116.
    Andersson, Melinda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Hasani, Kaltrina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Patienters upplevelser av att smärtbehandlas med opioider: Med fokus på långvarig smärta2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Opioids have become a common method of treatment for patients with chronic pain that contribute to adequate pain relif. Pain relief can lead to patients being exposed to opioid-induced risks that causes inadequate pain relief for the patients. The aim of the study was to highlight patients experiences of being treated with opioids for chronic pain. The literature review is based on a inductive approach and the results are based on 14 scientific articles, including seven qualitative articles and seven quantitative articles. A content analysis of the article was used which resulted in three different themes: The professional and social support, Impact on the body and mind and Will to overcome opioid-therapy. The result showed both positive and negative experiences among patients with chronic pain treated with opioids. Patients experienced the professional meeting as particularly significant because it gave them hope and support. Patients could however also experience prejudice and negative attitudes which contributed to inadequate care for the patients. The study suggests that nurses are in need of education and knowledge about opioids and their impact on the body to contribute with good patient education and good nursing care.

  • 117.
    Andersson, Moa
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Annervi, Susanne
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Larsson, Marie
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Leken läker alla sår: En litteraturstudie om lekens betydelse i omvårdnad.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Varje år befinner sig cirka 95 000 barn på sjukhus i Sverige. För att kunna möta dessa barn på en adekvat nivå samt att kunna vara korrekt i sin profession krävs det att sjuksköterskor besitter stor kunskap och respekt inom sitt område. Barn kan uppleva att de har en minskad kontroll över sin verklighet när de har blivit sjuka och hamnar i en ny miljö. Avsaknaden av kontroll och osäkerhet kan leda till ovisshet samt oförutsägbarhet. Osäkerheten bidrar till en känsla av att mista greppet om situationen barnen befinner sig i. Syftet var att belysa lekens psykologiska effekter i samband med omvårdnad för barn. Metoden som användes var en litteraturstudie vilken var uppbyggd av fjorton vetenskapliga artiklar vilka analyserades och sammanställdes. Resultatet visade att leken i omvårdnad påvisade olika effekter hos barnen. Fyra övergripande kategorier valdes ut efter noggrant genomförd granskning och redovisas i litteraturstudiens resultatdel. Kategorierna som redovisas är: leken som distraktionsmoment, leken som informationsverktyg, leken som ångestreducering och leken som bearbetningsfas. Då befintlig forskning generellt inriktas på lekens effekter relaterat till ångest- och stressymtom hos barnen och deras föräldrar, behövs mer specifik forskning där upplevelsen av leken i omvårdnad belyses.

  • 118.
    Andersson, My
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Lindkvist, Katarina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    “Man är rätt så utelämnad till sig själv som enhetschef, det gäller att vara lite påhittig": -En kvalitativ studie om enhetschefers handlingsutrymme i arbetet med sjukskrivningar inom offentlig äldreomsorg2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to investigate how unit managers work with sick leave due to work-related mental health in public elderly care. Based on the aim, four issues have been worked out to develop and increase understanding of the study's problem area. The methodology of the study is qualitative interviews with a hermeneutic approach and thematic analysis as a method of processing. The qualitative interviews were conducted with nine unit managers from two different municipalities in southern Sweden. The results showed that unit managers have latitude to work preventively to reduce sick leave and that differs from how rehabilitation is handled. Unit managers in elderly care have clear guidelines when it comes to rehabilitation while preventive work does not have it. Therefor, unit manager have latitude for working more prevention to reduce sick leave. All respondents understood that preventive work is an important factor in reducing sick leave, but that time and number of employees can make it difficult for preventive work to be prioritized.

  • 119.
    Andersson, Natalie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Lundgren, Josefin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Att hantera sitt livsöde: Copingstrategier hos personer med ALS2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Amyotrofisk lateralskleros (ALS) är en obotlig neurodegenerativ sjukdom som leder till muskelförtvining och förlamning. Syftet med studien var att beskriva copingstrategier hos personer med ALS. Studien genomfördes som en systematisk litteraturstudie med deduktiv riktad innehållsanalys. Tolv resultatartiklar analyserades och sammanställdes. Två kategorier beskrivs enligt befintlig teori: problemfokuserad coping och känslofokuserad coping. Den problemfokuserade copingstrategin självständighet och den känslofokuserade copingstrategin användande av stöd visades ge personer med ALS ett bättre välbefinnande genom att minska oro och ångest. Användandet av copinstrategier sågs variera beroende på individen och sjukdomsprogressionen. Den känslofokuserade copingstrategin undvikande sågs föredras i ett tidigare skede av sjukdomen medan den omdefinierande copingstrategin jag är filosofisk mot min sjukdom det som kommer må komma, som är en annan form av känslofokuserad copingstrategi, användes mer i slutskedet av sjukdomen ALS. Personer med ALS ökade hanteringen av sin sjukdom genom att använda rätt copingstrategier vid rätt tidpunkt i sjukdomsförloppet. För att personer med ALS ska kunna uppleva trygghet trots sin sjukdom bör sjuksköterskan ha god kunskap om copingstrategier. 

  • 120.
    Andersson, Olov
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Den tredje kraften: Om påverkanskrafter under avvecklingsprocessen av de svenska vårdhemmen för personer med utvecklingsstörning2011Report (Other academic)
  • 121.
    Andersson, Petra Lilja
    et al.
    Lund Univ, Dept Hlth Sci, Lund, Sweden..
    Ahlner-Elmqvist, Marianne
    Lund Univ, Dept Hlth Sci, Lund, Sweden..
    Johansson, Unn-Britt
    Sophiahemmet Univ Coll, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Sci, Danderyd Hosp, Div Med, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Larsson, Maria
    Karlstad Univ, Dept Nursing, Karlstad, Sweden..
    Ziegert, Kristina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Nursing students' experiences of assessment by the Swedish National Clinical Final Examination2013In: Nurse Education Today, ISSN 0260-6917, E-ISSN 1532-2793, Vol. 33, no 5, p. 536-540Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish National Clinical Final Examination (NCFE) was established in 2007 in order to examine nursing students' clinical competence upon completing their Bachelor's degree in nursing. The NCFE constitutes an innovative method of examination, divided into two parts: a written and bedside test. The aim of this study was to evaluate nursing students' experiences of being assessed by means of the NCFE, in order to obtain information that could be used to improve the examination. A survey was conducted using a questionnaire with open-ended questions concerning the written and the bedside part of the NCFE. The answers from 577 third-year nursing students were analysed using content analysis. The nursing students regarded the NCFE as promoting further learning and as an important means of quality assurance. Its comprehensive nature was perceived to tie the education together and contributed to the students' awareness of their own clinical competence. The strengths of the NCFE especially highlighted were its high degree of objectivity and the fact that it took place in a natural setting. However, the students felt that the NCFE did not cover the entire nursing programme and that it caused stress. It thus appears to be important to reconsider the written theoretical part of the examination and to standardise the bedside part. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 122.
    Andersson, Robin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Castlin, Julia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Arbetslöshet, vad gör det med oss?: - Om arbetssökandes upplevelser kring arbetslöshet och hälsa2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Author: Julia Castlin and Robin Andersson

    Title: The impact of unemployment - About job seekers perceptions and experiences of unemployment and health

    Supervisor: Jan Karlsson

    The aim of this study was to examine how unemployed experience their everyday life and how their health is affected by being unemployed. Another purpose of this study was toexamine which challenges the unemployed are experiencing and how they are handled. Furthermore, this study aspired to see how unemployed can learn about its health during unemployment by experiences from themselves and others. Method: This study included six semi-structured interviews with unemployed, which lasted for 30-40 minutes each. The unemployed, participating in this study had been without work for at least two months and were registered on, or in the process of registration with Arbetsförmedlingen (Employment Service, the largest agency providing jobs in Sweden). Theory: The theories that are addressing both health and pedagogy are: sense of coherence (SOC), experiential learning and communities of practice. All of these three theories have formed the core of an analyzing table, which facilitates findings of correlation between empirical data and theory, in order to enable answers regarding the purpose of this study. Results: The results that emerged from this study indicated that the health of unemployed is affected by the self-efficacy of achieving their individual goals. Expectations from the social environment also seem to be a factor to the health of the unemployed. Resources in terms of financial security and social support also showed indications of contributing to a better subjective well-being. The majority of the unemployed in this study perceived that receiving employment was the greatest challenge. However, the causes of the perceived difficulties were varying and the obstacles were individual, such as lack of resources, lack of experience/education and competition on the labor market. The interviews also revealed that several of the participants had developed new “ideas/theories” that can facilitate the management of similar situations in the future. These new ideas may have emerged either through own experience or through exchange with other people. Conclusion: The health status during unemployment seems to be dependent of the individual’s manageability of the situation, as in accordance with the theories of experiential learning and self-efficacy, depends on the individual’s previous experience and self-efficacy.Thus the likelihood of receiving employment seems to increase if the individual has a strong SOC.

  • 123.
    Andersson Rydell, Malin-Simone
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Sexualiserat våld mot kvinnor i våld i nära relationer: En kvalitativ studie om jourkvinnors erfarenheter av sexualiserat våld och pornografi2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna kandidatuppsats tar avstamp i fakta om det sexualiserade våldets omfattning. Avsikten med arbetet är att beskriva och analysera medarbetare på kvinnojourer, deras beskrivning av sexualiserat våld mot kvinnor i våld i nära relationer - hur det förstås, i vilket syfte och dess konsekvenser samt om pornografikonsumtion tycks vara kopplad till förövarens våld. Målet med uppsatsen är utöver redovisning av materialet även att genom genusvetenskapliga teorier och hermeneutisk kunskapssyn reflektera över varför sexualiserat våld mot kvinnor i nära relationer sker. Uppsatsens metoder är av kvalitativ karaktär och datainsamlingen framkommer genom semistrukturerade intervjuer. De teoretiska utgångspunkterna arbetet använder sig av är; genussystem, det idealiska offret

    – det motspänstiga offret, hegemonisk maskulinitet och våldets normaliseringsprocess. Uppsatsens resultat pekar på att våldet på samtliga kvinnojourer är omfattande och betydande. Resultat visar också att våldet beskrivs som främst uppdelat i två dimensioner: psykiskt och fysiskt som i grunden har sitt ursprung i makt och kontroll. Våldsdimensionerna beskrivs som återkommande i syfte att kontrollera och kränka sin partner som leder till att den utsatta partnern lyder, känner osäkerhet och tvivlar på sitt omdöme. Vidare visar resultaten att sexualiserat våld mot kvinnor i nära relationer beskrivs som svårpersonligt och rationaliserat. Det vill säga att våldet är mycket svårt att prata och berätta om. Detta grundar i stigmatisering av våldet och ger konsekvens av skuld och skamkänslor. Resultaten pekar även på olika sätt för kvinnor att hantera våldet hon utsätts för – hur våldet normaliseras för kvinnan och -eller visar motmakt mot våldet. Pornografikonsumtion tycks inte leda till definitivt våld. Däremot visar resultatet att pornografikonsumtion kan medföra svårigheter till relationen. Som att porren väljs före partnern och att konsumenten kan finna inspiration från porren samt genom olika utövande tvinga sin partner till olika handlingar, hämtade från porrens innehåll. Diskussionen och slutsatserna diskuterar de presenterade resultaten på en mer övergripande nivå och i relation till uppsatsens syfte och frågeställningar

  • 124.
    Andersson, Sabine
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Nyhlén, Mari
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Barns upplevelser av att leva med synnedsättning2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Children with disabilities experience more problems and difficulties with their health and decreased quality-of-life conditions than other children. An integrative litteraturestudy was used to describe the experiences of children with visual impairment and their everyday-life. This study includes an anlysis of 13 articles. The children described scenarios in which social settings were avoided due to problems or concerns that may arise involving the visual impairment. Many of the children with visual impairment and their families attended leisure services that were arranged by different childrens organisations. The children described both positive and negative experiences when meeting with their caregivers. Some of the children described a frustration of having to explain their medcial and health condition to caregivers who were not familiarwith their medical and personal history. A recurring theme in several studies was physical activity and school and how self-esteem and confidence of the children often depended on opportunities to participate in these subjects. Children experienced disappointments and frustrations over the stigmatisation that visual impairment involved. The study encompasses a topic that is relatively unexplored and in need of further research to provide greater understanding. Research that focuses on evaluating the well being of children and youth living with vision loss is sparingly both in Sweden and abroad. By summarizing the existing research, increased knowledge could lead to a more individualized nursing care for these children.

  • 125.
    Andersson, Sandra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Carlson, Malin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Kravprofilens roll vid rekrytering: En kvalitativ studie av en rekryteringsprocess med fokus på kravprofilen2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study has been to examine how a recruiting process may work in a highly skilled industry and how the involved Human Resources (HR) personnel describe it. Of particular focus was how the competence profile was used throughout the recruiting process. To meet this objective, two research questions were developed: How may a recruiting process work? How may the competence profile be used during a recruiting process and what obstacles and opportunities may consequently present themselves.

    The study was conducted utilizing the qualitative method. The results are based on seven semi-structured interviews conducted at an HR department at a highly skilled organization. We have used established theory about the recruiting process, competence profile, about decision-making and the various perspectives on recruiting.

    The results show that the recruiting process generally is a formalized process and contains pre-defined steps and various selection methods. In the end, the decision is made based on a comprehensive and all-inclusive review of the applicant. The study also shows that the competence profile is considered valuable, although not always of a top priority. Moreover, the study shows that the competence profile enables the identification of the recruiting need, facilitates matching of applicants, and is used to support decisions throughout the process. Noted obstacles were time constraints, an already biased view due to the previous employee which held the position, and that a favorite candidate existed early on in the process.

  • 126.
    Andersson, Sara
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Cramér, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Att leva med ett organ från en avliden donator -  en humanbecoming2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The need for organ transplants has risen considerably, that is why there are more organ transplants carried out each year. To acquire a new organ means for many that somebody has to die during circumstances that an organ can be donated and the donor or their relatives must have a will to donate their organ. The transplant process is long and doesn't end when the new organ is transplanted, in addition to lifelong medication there can be many thoughts and questions that can arise. The purpose of this study was to describe the patients experience to live with an organ from a deceased donor. The study was carried out like a general literature study. The ten resulting articles were assessed, compiled and resulted in the following five themes: Experience of gratefulness, Experience of responsibility to the donator, Experience of a changed self, Experience of guilt and Experience of grief. The main findings from the study is that the recipient experiences a change in their self and experience of gratefulness. A wider understanding around the recipient experiences after a transplant with an organ from a deceased donor, where personal treatment is needed to support the requirements.

  • 127.
    Andersson, Sofia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Damm, Cecilia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Johansson, Elin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    ”Har glasögon” -  Omvårdnad och dokumentation av patienters synförmåga inom geriatrisk vård2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 128.
    Andersson, Sofie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Gottlind, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Psykosocial förändring i slutenvård: En kvalitativ studie om behandlingspersonalens främjande vård av ungdomar på institution2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay is completed at one of Sweden's institutions in inpatient treat boys, 15-21 years old, sentenced to compulsory treatment under the “Act on the Care of Young Persons”, LVU or “Act of youth custody”, LSU. The purpose of the study is to increase understanding of how the treatment is inpatient care. The survey is based on a qualitative study through  interview with the treatment staff at the institution. The interview is based on previous research that deals with criminal identity, registerdata- patterns in compulsory care, development and treatment of destructive behavior and ADAD- a investigative instrument. The results show that the majority of young people have had a difficult childhood marked by alienation, that causes low self-esteem and often abuse, and crime. The staff's task will be to motivate and strengthen the individual to himself and give him the power to re-integrate into society framework. The analysis of the results is made from a sociological perspective where we started from the Established and the outsiders, Micro Sociology and Empowerment. It shows that the stigma amplifies the youngster's destruction. The arrival at the department is characterized by shame and it is necessary for the youngsters that it becomes manageable. This is done through the connection  the youngsters have to the staff that brings confidence and motivation, which is necessary to create empowerment.

  • 129.
    Andersson, Åsa
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Lundberg, Frida
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Sårbarhet: En emotionell anknytning mellan sjuksköterska och patient2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Vulnerability is a phenomenon that with life changing events becomes more apparent. The nurse’s approach to their own and the patient’s vulnerability affects the caring relationship where all the feelings the patient is experiencing is considered. For the patient to dare express the feelings that vulnerability induces it is important not to disregard it. Caring tradition implies a deeper emotional connection between the patient and nurse, it fills an important and central part in caring for vulnerable patients. The aim of the study was to illuminate what vulnerability is within caring. The method was a literature study where systematical searches in different databases with care focus resulted in ten scientific result articles. With inspiration from content analysis the result articles were processed and analysed. The result clarifies experiences of vulnerability within caring through the categories: feelings, courage, alleviation, and burden-resource. It emerged that vulnerability occurs because of different reasons for the patient and nurse and how vulnerability is considered has impact on the emotional connection that is needed in a caring relationship. The conclusion from the literature study is that vulnerability is an important phenomenon to have knowledge of. It is relatively unexplored and demands further research with the purpose of exploring vulnerability in a caring context and thereby give the nurse better tools to be able to give best possible care based in scientific evidence.

  • 130.
    Anderzon, Emilie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Claesson, Jenny
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Sjuksköterskans erfarenhet av att administrera intravitreala injektioner2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 131.
    Andreasson, Josefin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Stolt, Lisa
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    "Man vill ju inte vara den som säger det": En kvalitativ undersökning om varför arbetsrelaterade förslitningsskador uppstår trots förebyggande arbetsmiljöarbete2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 132.
    Andreasson, Marie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Bjerså, Caroline
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Att opereras och vara vaken: Upplevelser utifrån patientperspektivet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A common procedure in surgery is local or regional anesthesia in contrast to general anesthesia. These forms of anesthesia demand a lot from the patient in terms of collaboration. During the surgical procedure, the perioperative nursing care needs to be adapted to each patient’s individual needs. Therefore, this study is a literature review with the aim to describe patients’ experiences during awake surgery. The results were categorised from three themes, experiences of pain and discomfort, experiences of anxiety and fear, experiences of vulnerability or participation. Patients undergoing awake surgery experience pain, discomfort, anxiety and fear of hearing, seeing and feeling anything during the surgical procedure. The feeling of not having control of your own body results in experiences of feeling vulnerable. To be close to the patient and have a good communication between the nurse anesthetist and the patient create experiences of participation. The role of the nurse anesthetist is to find nursing interventions which relieve and help the patient in these situations. The results are discussed according to the Comfort Theory’s context; physical, psychospiritual, sociocultural and environmental. The skills for the nurse anesthetist are to find nursing interventions which relief and ease the situation for the patient. Furthermore, there is a need to investigate effects of different nursing interventions on patients’ satisfaction and comfort in the perioperative setting.

  • 133.
    Andrén, Linn
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Erlandsson, Mathilda
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Sjuksköterskestudenters erfarenheter av vårdande i livets slutskede: En allmän litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: End-of-life care strives to improve the quality of life for patients with a life-threatening illness and their relatives. One of the nurses’ most important tasks are to provide care for patients at the end of their lives and for their relatives. Nursing students are tomorrows nurses, therefore they need to have knowledge about caring in end-of-life. Purpose: The purpose was to describe nursing student’s experiences of caring in end-of-life. Method: A general literature study based on 11 scientific articles. The data process resulted in four categories: insufficiency about caring in end-of-life, handling difficult situations in end-of-life, cooperation in caring in end-of- life and lack of knowledge about caring in end-of-life. Results: Nursing students became emotionally engaged when they met patients in end-of-life and their relatives. They experienced different ways to cope with the difficult situations that arose when caring in end-of-life. Nursing students also felt that it was important to establish relationships with patients as well as include the relatives in the care, they also described that communication with patients and their relatives could be challenging. However, it was also found that nursing students experienced insufficient skills and knowledge about caring in end-of-life. Conclusion: Caring in end-of-life caused feelings of insufficiency, loneliness and anxiety for the nursing students. Coping strategies included both total involvement in the care, and distancing one’s self from it. Nursing students experienced cooperation with both patients and relatives through communication as meaningful. However, nursing students experienced that the education in end-of-life care are inadequate. 

  • 134.
    Anna, Andersson
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Lisa, Phan
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Att inte kunna få barn: Mäns upplevelser av infertilitet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Infertility is a diagnosis that can effect both men and women but the man’s experiences are far less explored than the woman’s experiences. A literature study was done, where the aim of the study was to highlight men's experiences of living with infertility. The result is based on 11 scientific articles and shows four categories; Emotional aspects, Experiences of life impact, Social aspects and Experiences of support and information outside the relationship and family. The result shows that infertility can mean many different mixed emotions, such as frustration, guilt, helplessness, disappointment and isolation. One option for achieving pregnancy was to undergo fertility treatment, which could be perceived as very trying. During the treatment process many men felt that their main role was to be there to support their partner. Infertility was also perceived as difficult to talk about outside the relationship with the partner. For some of the men internet forums for infertile became a meeting place, where they could exchange information and experiences regarding their life situation. The men’s experiences regarding health professionals varied. Some of the men thought they were given a lot of support while others experienced that information from the health professionals was insufficient and this could have been given more attention to. The men dealt with their situation differently, the majority sought support from their partner while other men instead went to their family. Isolation was a common consequence of infertility because the men did not want to burden their family and friends.

  • 135.
    Antonsson, Maria
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Ving, Angelica
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Fri från cancer?: Patienters upplevelser av att leva med en rädsla för recidiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Fear of recurrence is a common issue among patients who have had cancer. It is important that the nurse has knowledge of how the fear of recurrence can affect healthin order to be able to support these patients in a satisfactory manner. The purpose of the literature study was to describe patients' experiences of the fear of recurrence after having cancer.Ten articles that matched the purpose of the study were reviewed and compiled. By condensing the content, the data processing revealed three categories that formed the result: Fear of recurrence is maintained by recurring reminders, fear of recurrence creates emotional and existential vulnerability andfear of recurrence affects the quality of life. In the results of the literature study, several factors were identified that triggered patients' fear of recurrence. These factors were follow-up visits, media, stories of other people's cancer and bodily changes. The result also showed patients' thoughts and feelings that gave them an emotional and existential vulnerability. The fear of recurrence greatly affected the patients' quality of life and had a negative impact on their health. It is of great importance that the nurse draws attention to factors in patients who can be associated with fear of recurrence and more research is needed on how the nurse can adequately support these patients.

  • 136.
    Anvari, Maryam
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Hannoun, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    "Man behöver ju någon": - En kvalitativ studie om ensamkommande flyktingbarns upplevelser av de sociala relationer de har skapat i Sverige2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka ensamkommande flyktingbarns upplevelser av de sociala relationer de har skapat i Sverige. Genom att studera olika aspekter av deras sociala relationer blev det möjligt att kontextualisera dessa i förhållande till studiens teman; sociala relationer/sociala band, integration och tillhörighet. Studien har utifrån tidigare forskning, relevanta teorier samt öppna intervjusamtal med åtta pojkar, använt sig av en kvalitativ forskningsmetod.

    Resultaten visar att de sociala relationer som informanterna har skapat i Sverige har fungerat som ett socialt stöd och har bidragit till deras välmående. Informanternas bristande språkkunskaper var det största hindret för att söka sig utanför den egna etniska gruppen. Detta bidrog till att deras sociala relationer endast präglas av den egna etniska gruppen samt de sociala relationer som skapats på boendet. Den kulturella identiteten präglas då endast av kulturen inom gruppen vilket har bidragit till att ungdomarna inte har kunnat identifiera sig med det svenska samhället och därmed saknar de känslor av tillhörighet. Detta tyder på att informanterna inte har lyckats integreras i det svenska samhället.

  • 137.
    Anwar, Ashna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Lachonius, Lovisa
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    "Lilla gumman, du är ändå inte stark": En studie av hur kvinnliga poliser upplever att de blir bemötta av samhället.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    "You are not strong enough" and "honey" are just some of the prevailing sentences that female police officers meet when they work in the community and meet the public. Being a woman in a male-dominated profession can be difficult when it comes to how they are treated and the opportunity to climb within the organization. The purpose of the present study was to find out how female police officers perceive that they are being treated by society's citizens, but also in the workplace. In the study, Erving Goffman's theory of impression management, Axel Honneth's theory of the three dimensions, Jean Lipman Blumen's theory of homosociality and heterosociality, and Morrison's theory of glass ceiling have been applied. These theories have been applied in order to answer the study's questions. The result of this study is presented by semi-structured interviews in a qualitative design, where ten female police officers participated in the interview and shared their experiences. The analysis of the results showed, with the aid of theories and scientific articles, that it is a harder climate for women in a male-dominated profession, both in terms of development opportunities and partly how women within the profession are treated by the society. The conclusion of the result and analysis showed that even though gender equality in the police profession is increasing, there are still differences between the sexes, which is based far behind in history and is difficult to get away from.

  • 138.
    Apelqvist, Annie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Hoverberg, Isabelle
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    När benen inte längre kan stötta dig: En litteraturstudie om betydelsen av stöd efter en planerad benamputation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Losing a body part is life changing. An amputation involved a physical change and a mental change in patients' lives. Purpose: To describe the importance of support for patients following a planned leg amputation. Method: A literature study conducted in three different databases. The study resulted in nine articles that are presented in four themes; the importance of support at physical changes, the importance of support at psychological changes, the importance of support at existential changes and the importance of social support. Result: The study resulted in four themes; (I) illustrated how physical changes affected patients and patients' ADL. (II) describes the psychological impact on patients after amputation, and that the support must focus on the mental as well as the physical. (III) describes the support of healthcare professionals and that patients must master new skills. (IIII) highlights the importance of social support from close relatives, friends and people around. Conclusion: In the result it emerged that an amputated patient needs several different orientations of support after amputation. The need for support and seeing the whole person needs to be included in the nursing profession. It is therefore of significant importance that the study results need to be highlighted.

  • 139.
    Aptich, Nursen
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Azaric, Mirjana
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenhet av arbete med flyktingbarn och deras föräldrar på barnavårdscentralen2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     Nurses working in Child Health Centers (CHC-nurses) face daily refugee children and their parents in their work and these meetings vary depending on various factors.The aim of this study was to describe CHC-nurses experience of working with refugee children and their parents. Semi-structured interviews were conducted and were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. From the result three categories emerged; to create security, to be responsive and to provide support. In the category to create security the CHC-nurses described how they worked to create equal care, increase accessibility, and highlight the importance of the continuity in the health care of refugee children. Category to be responsive comprised nurses' approach to the individual child's needs which was applied with respect, understanding and acceptance of cultural differences. Providing support through helpfulness with language and communication difficulties, the right customized information and collaboration with other professions gave refugee children safer and faster integration into the Swedish society. Difficulties described by the CHC-nurses were communication through interpreters, lack of resources and lack of continuity in the work with refugee children. Continued research is needed to increase knowledge and understanding of refugee children’s needs. Further studies in development, organization and coordination of activities engaged in health care for refugee children are needed.

  • 140.
    Aradottir, Louis
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Möllgård, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Att explodera i handling: Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av hjärt- och lungräddning2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Between 2005-2014 a total of 15959 cardiac arrests were registered at Swedish hospitals. Nurses’ are often the first people on the scene of a cardiac arrest and it is required of them to be educated in CPR and CPR-D. In CPR many elements that must be performed during a short period of time and under high pressure are included. It is important that nurses’ get the opportunity to process the situation to progress in their profession and deal with potential feelings that might occur. The aim was to explore nurses’ experiences during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in hospitals. The study was a literature review where 11 articles were used for the result. The articles generated three major themes; nurses’ experiences before CPR, nurses’ experiences during CPR and nurses’ experiences after CPR. Continuous CPR- training was as a positive experience that prepared nurses’ for real situations. However, the simulations were viewed as being too simplistic and not realistic enough. The CPR- situation was often experienced as stressful with high levels of anxiety that made the nurses’ adrenaline flow which could have both a positive and negative impact on cognitive function. The nurses’ experienced that they after the event felt a need to process emotions and a good instrument for that was considered debriefing. Further research on nurses' experiences of CPR is required to determine why some nurses’ are more affected than others by the event despite similar training.

  • 141.
    Arasimowicz, Tim
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Dyfvermark, Elias
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Identitet, jämförelse och kultivering på sociala medier: En kvalitativ studie om användares resonemang kring relationen mellan sociala medier, det psykiska välbefinnandet samt synen på den egna identiteten.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to increase the understanding regarding the relationship between social media use and mental well-being. By doing this the study further aims to contribute with qualitative insights to a research-field dominated by quantitative studies. By means of semi-structured interviews, users reasoning regarding social media uses potential effects on their mental well-being and perception of their own identity was investigated. The empirical data was later analyzed using social identity theory, social comparison theory and cultivation theory. Results showed that social media use can affect mental well-being and the perception of one's identity in a number of ways, with the type of interaction being an important factor in regard to outcome. Positive interactions like connecting with friends and like-minded, were linked to positive effects on mental well-being. While negative interactions, like comparison of one’s own appearance, success or activity with others were linked to negative effects on well-being. Potential reasons why and suggestions for further research are discussed in the study’s conclusion.

  • 142.
    Archer, Trevor
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Josefsson, Torbjörn
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Lindwall, Magnus
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Effects of physical exercise on depressive symptoms and biomarkers in depression2014In: CNS & Neurological Disorders: Drug Targets, ISSN 1871-5273, E-ISSN 1996-3181, Vol. 13, no 10, p. 1640-1653Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Regular physical exercise/activity has been shown repeatedly to promote positive benefits in cognitive, emotional and motor domains concomitant with reductions in distress and negative affect. It exerts a preventative role in anxiety and depressive states and facilitates psychological well-being in both adolescents and adults. Not least, several meta-analyses attest to improvements brought about by exercise. In the present treatise, the beneficial effects of exercise upon cognitive, executive function and working memory, emotional, self-esteem and depressed mood, motivational, anhedonia and psychomotor retardation, and somatic/physical, sleep disturbances and chronic aches and pains, categories of depression are discussed. Concurrently, the amelioration of several biomarkers associated with depressive states: hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis homeostasis, anti-neurodegenerative effects, monoamine metabolism regulation and neuroimmune functioning. The notion that physical exercise may function as "scaffolding" that buttresses available network circuits, anti-inflammatory defences and neuroreparative processes, e.g. brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), holds a certain appeal. © 2014 Bentham Science Publishers.

  • 143.
    Arnarsson, Arsaell
    et al.
    University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Nygren, Jens
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Nyholm, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Torsheim, Torbjorn
    University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Augustine, Lilly
    University of Kristianstad, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Bjereld, Ylva
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Markkanen, Ilona
    University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Schnohr, Christina w.
    University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Rasmussen, Mette
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Nielsen, Line
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Bendtsen, Pernille
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Cyberbullying and traditional bullying among Nordic adolescents and their impact on life satisfaction2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of cybervictimization in the six Nordic countries and to assess its overlap with traditional bullying. A further aim was to examine potential associations between life satisfaction, on the one hand, and traditional bullying and cyberbullying on the other. Methods: Analyses were based on data from the 2013⁄2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study. It included 32,210 boys and girls, aged 11, 13, and 15, living in the six Nordic countries. Results: The prevalence of cyberbullying by both pictures and by messages was around 2% in all the Nordic countries except Greenland. There it was considerably higher. The prevalence of being bullied in a traditional manner varied widely by country. For boys, this type of bullying was most frequent in the youngest age group and then decreased steadily in the older age groups. Girls were on average more likely to be cyberbullied. Cyberbullying was more common among 13- and 15-year-olds than 11-year-olds. Higher family affluence was unrelated to the risk of cyberbullying. However, it was related to traditional bullying and combined forms of bullying. Compared with intact families, cybervictimization was commoner among single-parent families and stepfamilies. Adjusting for age, gender, family affluence, and family structure, those subjected to cyberbullying had lower life satisfaction than those who were not bullied. Conclusions: We found relatively little overlap between cyberbullying and traditional bullying, indicating that the two may be separate phenomena stemming from different mechanisms, at least in the Nordic context.

  • 144.
    Arnell, Erika
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Höjskeld, Lena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Diagnosen få känner till: Erfarenheter av Myalgisk encefalomyelit/kroniskt trötthetssyndrom2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS) is a complex disease of unknown etiology. Although ME/CFS is not visible on the outside, it leads to disability in varying degrees. There is a lack of knowledge regarding the disease, which often leads to a delayed or incorrect diagnosis. ME/CFS represents an ethical challenge for research, society and especially for healthcare professionals since no evidence-based nursing or treatment are available. The aim was to investigate people’s experiences with ME/CFS. Three categories emerged in the data analysis: meeting with the health care, impact on daily life and adaption to the new life situation. The result shows experiences of people with ME/CFS and how they feel they are treated by the healthcare system and the lack of knowledge that exists. It appears that the disease affects identity, relationships and abilities in physical activity. The result also shows how life changes and what strategies are required to manage everyday life when the conditions in life change. To meet the nursing needs of people with ME/CFS, more research on the subject, as well as education for healthcare professionals, are necessary.

  • 145.
    Arvidsson, Barbro
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). Malmö School of Education, Malmö, Sweden.
    Group supervision in nursing care: a longitudinal study of psychiatric nurses' experiences and conceptions2000Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of group supervision in nursing care is to understand nurses’ experiences from real care settings and to structure these in a professional and personal context. An interventional and longitudinal method of research was chosen in this study of group supervision in nursing care. The overall aim of the present study was to examine and investigate how psychiatric nurses’ professional competence changed over time as a result of group supervision in nursing care. The sample consisted of two groups (N=12) of nurses, who received clinical supervision over a period of two years. The study is composed of three interim studies. The aim of Interim study 1 was to describe how psychiatric nurses experienced group supervision in nursing care. A questionnaire was constructed to investigate if, and to what degree, the participants experienced safety, trust and learning during the supervision sessions. The questions asked focused on the concepts ‘a feeling of friendship’, ‘allowing atmosphere’, ‘understanding’ and ‘competence’. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics, and the informants’ comments were categorised. Dairy notes were presented as a background to the ratings, words and quotations. The supervision process was analysed based on theories on supervision, including Maslow’s need theory. The results showed that the supervision climate was, to a high degree, characterised by safety, trust and learning regardless of when the rating was made. The theoretical basis of the interim study and the most common words and expressions appearing in the results were used to design a general model of supervision. The aim of Interim studies 2 and 3 was to investigate the influence of supervision in nursing care, after one and after two years of ongoing supervision as well as four years after completed supervision, on the psychiatric nurses’ professional competence. Data consisted in answers provided during interviews with the informants. Data was analysed according to the phenomenographical method. Interim studies 2 and 3 resulted in four description categories: ‘a feeling of job satisfaction’, ‘gaining knowledge and competence’, ‘gaining a sense of security in nursing situations’ and ‘a feeling of personal development’. In Interim study 3, an additional two description categories emerged: ‘realising the value of supervision’ and ‘a sense of professional solidarity’. The findings gave valuable proof that group supervision in nursing care has a lasting influence on nurses’ professional competence in the form of a distinct professional identity and an integrated nursing care perspective. Group supervision contributes to maintaining the participants’ strength and energy to carry on working, which makes continuing supervision necessary.

  • 146.
    Arvidsson, Barbro
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Grupphandledning i omvårdnad utmanar sjuksköterskans kompetens2004In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 81, no 4, p. 334-339Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Handledning i omvårdnad startade bland sjuksköterskor inom den psykiatriska vården i England. Under 1960-talet började handledning av sjuksköterskor införas på en psykiatrisk avdelning vid Ullevåls sjukhus i Norge. Utvecklingen av handledning i omvårdnad/yrkesmässig handledning i omvårdnad har sedan dess spridits via den psykiatriska vården till den somatiska (Hermanson m.fl., 1994), och kom i slutet av 1980-talet även till Sverige.

  • 147.
    Arvidsson, Barbro
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Yrkesmässig handledning i omvårdnad2006In: Psykiatrisk omvårdnad: att stödja hälsofrämjande processer, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2006, p. 139-154Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Boken, den första i sitt slag, har ett hälsofrämjande förhållningssätt både vad gäller att förhindra att psykisk ohälsa uppstår och att förhålla sig till personer som i någon mening drabbats av psykisk ohälsa. Syftet är att locka fram hälsofrämjande processer, att hitta hälsan i det sjuka.

    Författarna beskriver den vårdande insatsen, mötet och relationen mellan vårdare och patient/vårdtagare. Boken belyser också betydelsen av att övriga sociala relationer fungerar, såväl inom familjen som i övriga samhällslivet. Värdet av stöd till vårdarna i form av yrkesmässig handledning lyfts fram, liksom vårdmiljöns betydelse.

    Boken vänder sig till universitets- och högskolestudenter vid specialistutbildningar för sjuksköterskor inom psykiatrisk omvårdnad, vid utbildningar med inriktning mot folkhälsa samt till kliniskt verksamma inom hälso- och sjukvården.

    (Från Studentlitteratur)

  • 148.
    Arvidsson, Barbro
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Arvidsson, Susann
    Department of Research and Development, Spenshult Hospital, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Hellström, Elisabeth
    Department of Research and Development, Spenshult Hospital, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Persson, Ulrika
    Department of Research and Development, Spenshult Hospital, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Petersson, Ingemar F.
    Department of Research and Development, Spenshult Hospital, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Patients' perceptions of drug dispensing in a rheumatological in-patient unit2005In: Musculoskeletal Care, ISSN 1478-2189, E-ISSN 1557-0681, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 213-223Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction:

    The dispensing of drugs in medical care systems is, in most countries, strictly regulated, and nurses are responsible for distributing drugs to in-patients.

    Aim:

    To describe the perceptions of patients with rheumatic diseases regarding traditional drug dispensing during in-patient care and rehabilitation in a specialized rheumatological care unit.

    Method:

    Twenty in-patients who stayed in the Spenshult Hospital unit for 3-4 weeks and who were on continuous medication were chosen for the study. The phenomenographic approach was used for the collection and analysis of data.

    Findings:

    Three descriptive categories emerged - Relief, Active Participation and Dependence. These descriptive categories comprised: three perceptions for Relief (to experience security, to be served, to dare to bother), two for Active Participation (to rely on one's own ability, to search for knowledge) and two for Dependence (lack of independence, lack of information).

    Conclusion:

    The patients experienced relief due to the nurse assuming responsibility for the medication and its dispensation. Patients expressed a wish to be more active in the management of their medication, as they trusted their own ability. The patients articulated that they were dependent on the nurse to give them the correct medication and they also asked for more information about their medication.

  • 149.
    Arvidsson, Barbro
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Baigi, Amir
    Department of Primary Health Care, Sahlgrenska Academy, Göteborg University, Sweden.
    Skärsäter, Ingela
    Faculty of Health and Caring Sciences, Institute of Nursing, The Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Sweden.
    Changes in the effects of process-oriented group supervision as reported by female and male nursing students: a prospective longitudinal study2008In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 437-444Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this prospective longitudinal study was to perform a large-scale investigation over a longer period of time, to evaluate changes in the effects of process-oriented group supervision (PGS) as reported by female and male nursing students undergoing a 3-year nursing education. The study included nursing students (n = 183) who were followed during their 3-year study period in relation to their participation in PGS.

    Methods:

    A questionnaire consisting of three subscales: supportive (six items), educational (six items) and developmental (six items) as well as three items of a socio-demographic character (age, gender and previous experience of healthcare work) was used. Student’s t-test was conducted to compare the educational, supportive and developmental subscales between the first and third year.

    Results:

    Females had a significant increase in the educational subscale (p = 0.018) over the 3-year study period, while no such difference was found for the males (p = 0.733). The female students also exhibited an increase in the supportive subscale (p = 0.031) over the 3-year period, while there was no difference for the male students (p = 0.426). There was also an increase in the developmental subscale for the female students over the 3-year period (p = 0.047) but no significant difference for their male counterparts (p = 0.912). For the study group as a whole, an increased positive effect of supervision was observed in the educational subscale (p = 0.020).

    Conclusions:

    The findings have strengthened the argument for the use of PGS in nursing education. To achieve the goal of PGS, which is supportive, educational and developmental in nature, it is important to bear in mind that the supervision needs of women and men can differ. Further research should therefore map out the supervisees’ experiences and expectations of participating in a single sex group.

  • 150.
    Arvidsson, Barbro
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Franke, Anita
    Department of Education, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nurses' various ways of conceiving their learning process as doctoral students: A phenomenograhic study2013In: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 1471-5953, E-ISSN 1873-5223, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 53-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: The aim was to describe variations in how doctoral students conceive their learning process to become researchers in the light of their professional background as nurses. BACKGROUND: Nursing research is an emerging discipline and the number of nurses who acquire a doctor's degree is increasing. METHOD: The study had a descriptive, qualitative design with a phenomenographic approach and was carried out by means of 20 interviews. RESULTS: Three different description categories emerged: (1) A learning process that provides a synthesis of different parts of the research process aimed at developing preparedness for action within the nursing profession. (2) A learning process where practical problems are integrated with and problematised in relation to scientific theories. (3) A learning process involving the transformation from nurse to researcher. CONCLUSIONS: The description categories revealed that the focus was on solving problems that occur in health care and synthesising them by means of research tools. Furthermore, the doctoral students explored different ways of understanding and developing their awareness of the nature of research. Focus was also on the nursing profession and practice and a shift towards the role of a researcher was evident.

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