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  • 1.
    Ali Hamad, Rebeen
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Järpe, Eric
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Lundström, Jens
    JeCom Consulting, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Stability analysis of the t-SNE algorithm for human activity pattern data2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Health technological systems learning from and reacting on how humans behave in sensor equipped environments are today being commercialized. These systems rely on the assumptions that training data and testing data share the same feature space, and residing from the same underlying distribution - which is commonly unrealistic in real-world applications. Instead, the use of transfer learning could be considered. In order to transfer knowledge between a source and a target domain these should be mapped to a common latent feature space. In this work, the dimensionality reduction algorithm t-SNE is used to map data to a similar feature space and is further investigated through a proposed novel analysis of output stability. The proposed analysis, Normalized Linear Procrustes Analysis (NLPA) extends the existing Procrustes and Local Procrustes algorithms for aligning manifolds. The methods are tested on data reflecting human behaviour patterns from data collected in a smart home environment. Results show high partial output stability for the t-SNE algorithm for the tested input data for which NLPA is able to detect clusters which are individually aligned and compared. The results highlight the importance of understanding output stability before incorporating dimensionality reduction algorithms into further computation, e.g. for transfer learning.

  • 2.
    Ali Hamad, Rebeen
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Salguero Hidalgo, Alberto
    University of Cádiz, Cádiz, Spain.
    Bouguelia, Mohamed-Rafik
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Estevez, Macarena Espinilla
    University of Jaén, Jaén, Spain.
    Quero, Javier Medina
    University of Jaén, Jaén, Spain.
    Efficient Activity Recognition in Smart Homes Using Delayed Fuzzy Temporal Windows on Binary Sensors2020Ingår i: IEEE journal of biomedical and health informatics, ISSN 2168-2194, E-ISSN 2168-2208, Vol. 24, nr 2, s. 387-395Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Human activity recognition has become an active research field over the past few years due to its wide application in various fields such as health-care, smart home monitoring, and surveillance. Existing approaches for activity recognition in smart homes have achieved promising results. Most of these approaches evaluate real-time recognition of activities using only sensor activations that precede the evaluation time (where the decision is made). However, in several critical situations, such as diagnosing people with dementia, “preceding sensor activations” are not always sufficient to accurately recognize the inhabitant's daily activities in each evaluated time. To improve performance, we propose a method that delays the recognition process in order to include some sensor activations that occur after the point in time where the decision needs to be made. For this, the proposed method uses multiple incremental fuzzy temporal windows to extract features from both preceding and some oncoming sensor activations. The proposed method is evaluated with two temporal deep learning models (convolutional neural network and long short-term memory), on a binary sensor dataset of real daily living activities. The experimental evaluation shows that the proposed method achieves significantly better results than the real-time approach, and that the representation with fuzzy temporal windows enhances performance within deep learning models. © Copyright 2020 IEEE

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