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  • 1.
    Billström, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Entrepreneurial Networks in University Spin-offs – An Analysis of the External Entrepreneur Model2014Ingår i: Entrepreneurship, People and Organisations: Frontiers in European Entrepreneurship Research / [ed] Robert Blackburn, Frédéric Delmar, Alain Fayolle & Friederike Walter, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2014, s. 136-154Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the study we examine whether external entrepreneurs show differences compared with inventor entrepreneurs in the way they interact and network with others in the start-up process, and – if so – how these differences become manifested in their venturing efforts. The study uses a case study design of four university spin-offs across different industries and development stages originating from a Swedish technical university. In general, our findings emphasize the critical role of incubators for supporting the commercialization and diffusion of technology as they bridge structural holes between research oriented and commercial networks. However, we also find evidence that the external entrepreneur model contains network elements that on the whole makes it more effective in the venturing process. As such, the external entrepreneur model seems to be a highly potent technology transfer mechanism with potential to orchestrate efforts to commercialize public research for the benefit of industry and broader society.

  • 2.
    El-Awad, Ziad
    et al.
    School of Economics and Management, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Politis, Diamanto
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). School of Economics and Management, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Entrepreneurial learning and innovation: The critical role of team-level learning for the evolution of innovation capabilities in technology-based ventures2017Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, ISSN 1355-2554, E-ISSN 1758-6534, Vol. 23, nr 3, s. 381-405Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to develop a conceptual model that explains how learning processes at the team level connect with individual and organizational levels of learning in technology-based ventures, thereby influencing the evolution of innovation capabilities in the entrepreneurial process.

    Design/methodology/approach: The 4I organizational learning framework is used as an overarching theoretical structure to acknowledge entrepreneurial learning as a dynamic process that operate on multiple levels in technology-based ventures. Embedded in this logic, research on team learning is integrated into this theorizing to examine how learning processes at the team level bridge and connect with learning processes operating at individual and organizational levels.

    Findings: The conceptual model identifies different sets of team learning processes critical for the routinization and evolution of innovation capabilities in technology-based ventures. In this respect, the conceptual model advances the scholarly understanding of entrepreneurial learning as a dynamic process operating across multiple levels in technology-based ventures.

    Originality/value: By conceptualizing how individual streams of experiences over time become institutionalized via interaction, conversation and dialogue, the paper provides novel insights into the critical role of team learning for bridging individual and organizational levels of learning in the entrepreneurial learning process. © 2017, © Emerald Publishing Limited.

  • 3.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Hägg, Gustav
    Lund university, Lund, Sweden.
    Landström, Hans
    Lund university, Lund, Sweden.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Lund university, Lund, Sweden.
    Entrepreneurship education as a scholarly field of research: A systematic review of scientific articles 1980-20172018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We conduct a systematic literature review of research on entrepreneurship education published in the period 1980-2017 to examine how entrepreneurship education research has developed as a scholarly field since the 1980s. Our search enables us to synthesize and analyse 334 articles published in 62 peer-reviewed academic journals. Two major observations emerge. First, entrepreneurship journals are over time playing a decreasing role as primary outlets for communicating and disseminating entrepreneurship education research. Second, entrepreneurship education research has over the past decades continued to be an interesting and highly relevant topic. However, the migration of entrepreneurship education research from “mainstream” entrepreneurship conferences and journals, combined with its closeness to (educational) practice, seems to have produced a practice-oriented research agenda largely guided by empirical descriptions, thus compromising some of its academic legitimacy.

  • 4.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Landström, Hans
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Hägg, Gustav
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Exemplary contributions from Europe to entrepreneurship education research and practice2018Ingår i: A Research Agenda for Entrepreneurship Education / [ed] Alain Fayolle, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, s. 105-126Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The growth of entrepreneurship education has played an important role in building up an academic infrastructure for entrepreneurship research. In this chapter we identify exemplary European contributions to entrepreneurship education research and practice. We discuss the evolution of entrepreneurship education as a scholarly field in Europe with particular emphasis on its social infrastructure and cognitive development. Thereafter we use a systematic literature review to identify important contributions made by European-based scholars to entrepreneurship education research published in peer-reviewed academic journals. Based on the review we identify top research journals with the most published articles on entrepreneurship education, the most cited articles, and the most influential scholars. We end the chapter with a description of the European Entrepreneurship Education Award (EEEA) together with summary analyses of the work of the six Award Laureates.

  • 5.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). CIRCLE, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Lindholm Dahlstrand, Åsa
    CIRCLE, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Politis, Diamanto
    CIRCLE, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Sustainable high-growth entrepreneurship: A study of rapidly growing firms in the Scania region2014Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, ISSN 1465-7503, E-ISSN 2043-6882, Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 29-40Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of high-growth entrepreneurship is widely acknowledged. Previous studies, however, have shown that only a few rapidly growing firms manage to sustain their growth trajectory over long periods. This paper addresses high-growth entrepreneurship in the Scania region of Sweden. The authors analyse a sample of high-growth firms and find that only a minority exhibit sustained high growth. They also compare sustainable high-growth firms with temporary high-growth firms, using unique data about their innovation and R&D activities. The analysis shows that sustainable high-growth firms are more often involved in activities aimed at developing and improving existing production processes, and are also less committed to international operations in new foreign markets. The results can be used to advise policy makers on how to understand and support high-growth entrepreneurship in regional innovation systems.

  • 6.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Lund University School of Economics and Management, LUSEM Centre for Innovation, Research and Competence in the Learning Economy (CIRCLE) .
    Politis, Diamanto
    Lund University School of Economics and Management, LUSEM Centre for Innovation, Research and Competence in the Learning Economy (CIRCLE) .
    Been there, done that: exploring the influence of industry and functional work experience on opportunity recognition2006Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The recognition of new venture opportunities has been acknowledged as one of the most important abilities of successful entrepreneurs. Explaining the recognition of new venture opportunities has thus become an important element of the scholarly study of entrepreneurship. Building on this stream of research, we present a study of the influence of prior industry and functional work experience on entrepreneurs’ ability to recognize new venture opportunities. As a theoretical point of departure we acknowledge two alternative lines of reasoning in the literature as explanations of opportunity recognition; the expert thesis and the intersectional thesis. Statistical analysis is made on a sample of 291 Swedish individuals with recent experience of starting up a new venture. In all, the overall results give ample support for the intersectional thesis. The findings suggest that entrepreneurs with experience across different industries and work functions have an enhanced ability to recognize new venture opportunities. On the other hand, we do not find any support for the expert thesis. The findings show no association between deeper experience within a particular industry or work function and generating more new venture opportunities. In addition, a more fine grained analysis of the type of business opportunity recognized reveal supporting evidence that experience across functional areas is positively associated with more innovative business opportunities.

  • 7.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Centre for Innovation, Research and Competence in the Learning Economy (CIRCLE), Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Institute of Economic Research, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Board Control and Corporate Innovation: An Empirical Study of Small Technology-based Firms2006Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper follows a behavioral perspective on boards and governance in exploring the influence of board control on corporate innovation in small technology-based firms. An analysis of 135 Swedish technology-based firms suggests that board involvement in decision control may influence corporate innovation. The results suggest that board involvement in strategic decision control is positively associated with process innovation, while board involvement in financial decision control is positively associated with organizational innovation. No association is found between board involvement in decision control and product innovation.

  • 8.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Centre for Innovation, Research and Competence in the Learning Economy (CIRCLE), Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Institute of Economic Research, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Board control and corporate innovation: an empirical study of small technology-based firms2006Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper follows a behavioural perspective on boards and governance in exploring the influence of board control on corporate innovation in small technology-based firms. An analysis of 135 Swedish technology-based firms suggests that board involvement in decision control may influence corporate innovation. The empirical results show that board involvement in strategic decision control is positively associated with process innovation, while board involvement in financial decision control is positively associated with organizational innovation. No association is found between board involvement in decision control and product innovation. Overall, the findings suggest that board involvement in decision control may promote corporate innovation but that different kinds of decision control influence different forms of innovation.

  • 9.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Circle, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Institute of Economic Research, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Board control and innovation: An empirical study of small technology-based firms2009Ingår i: The value creating board: Corporate governance and organizational behaviour / [ed] Morten Huse, Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Routledge, 2009, s. 505-519Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we examine the influence of board control on innovation in small technology-based firms. An analysis of 135 Swedish technology-based firms suggests that board involvement in the control over strategig decisions and outcomes can have a significant influence on innovation. The empirical results suggest that board strategic control involvement is positively associated with process innovation, while board involvement in financial control is positively associated with organizational innovation. No association is found between board control and product innovation. In all, our findings contribute to a better understanding of how bords may contribute to value creation in small technology-based firms and also suggest some areas where further scholarly inquiry is highly warranted.

  • 10.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Career motives and entrepreneurial decision-making: examining preferences for causal and effectual logics in the early stage of new ventures2011Ingår i: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 36, nr 3, s. 281-298Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The influence of entrepreneurs' career motives is examined on two alternative modes of decision-making logic; causation and effectuation. Based on Sarasvathy's (Acad Manage Rev 26(2):243-288, 2001) seminal study, causation is defined as a decision-making process that focuses on what ought to be done given predetermined goals and possible means, and effectuation as a decision-making process emphasizing the question of what can be done given possible means and imagined ends. Analysis suggests that entrepreneurs who identify themselves with linear or expert career motives have a higher preference for causal decision-making logic. Entrepreneurs who identify themselves with spiral or transitory career motives have a higher preference for effectual decision-making logic. In addition, indications that prior start-up experience moderates the relationship between career motives and effectual decision-making logic for spiral-minded entrepreneurs is found. The overall results give ample support for the assumption that entrepreneurs' career motives influence their decision-making.

  • 11.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Entrepreneurial learning and innovation: Building entrepreneurial knowledge from career experience for the creation of new ventures2011Ingår i: Technological, Managerial and Organizational Core Competencies: Dynamic Innovation and Sustainable Development / [ed] Farley Simon Nobre, David Walker & Robert J. Harris, Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 2011, 1, s. 245-263Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The relation between entrepreneurial learning and innovation is poorly understood – especially with respect to how entrepreneurs build up their capability to create new ventures. In this chapter we employ arguments from theories of experiential learning to examine the extent to which entrepreneurs’ prior career experience is associated with entrepreneurial knowledge that can be productively used in the new venture creation process. We relate entrepreneurial knowledge to two distinct learning outcomes: the ability to (1) recognize new venture opportunities, and (2) cope with liabilities of newness. Based on analysis of data from 291 Swedish entrepreneurs, we provide novel insights into how and why entrepreneurs differ in their experientially acquired abilities in different phases of the new venture creation process. © 2012, IGI Global.

  • 12.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Centre for Innovation, Research and Competence in the Learning Economy CIRCLE, Lund University, Sweden.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Department of Business Administration, Lund University, Sweden.
    Prediction or control? Exploring the influence of career experience and career motives on entrepreneurial decision making2007Ingår i: Entrepreneurship, competitiveness and local development / [ed] Iandoli, Luca, Landström, Hans & Raffa, Mario, Northampton, Massachusetts, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2007, s. 95-118Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 13.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Lund University School of Economics and Management, LUSEM; Centre for Innovation, Research and Competence in the Learning Economy (CIRCLE).
    Politis, Diamanto
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Knowledge Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Research (KEEN).
    The impact of board governance on firm-level entrepreneurship in small technology based firms2007Ingår i: The ICFAI Journal of Corporate Governance, ISSN 0972-6853, Vol. 6, nr 3, s. 43-60Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A growing body of research suggests that a firm’s governance system can significantly impact the long-term value creative potential of an enterprise by disciplining and encouraging organizational efforts to pursue risky entrepreneurial projects. Following this stream of research, we present a study of the impact of ownership and board governance on entrepreneurship in small technology-based firms. Entrepreneurship was measured by the firms’ emphasis to take an entrepreneurial strategic posture (EP), encompassing a risk-taking, innovative and proactive competitive orientation. Statistical analysis on a sample of 135 small technology-based firms shows that the level of executive ownership has no significant effect on the emphasis on EP. However, controlling for the level of ownership held by the founder of the firm reveals a significant and negative influence on firms’ commitment to EP. With respect to board governance, we find support for that a higher board involvement in networking activities by board members encourage EP efforts, while there was no significant effects of higher board monitoring. In all, the findings give ample support for the argument that variations in ownership and board governance have a significant influence on the entrepreneurial strategic posture of small technology-based firms.

  • 14.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). CIRCLE, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Work experience and the generation of new business ideas among entrepreneurs: An integrated learning framework2012Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, ISSN 1355-2554, E-ISSN 1758-6534, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 48-74Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This paper seeks to develop an integrated framework to examine how entrepreneurs' work experience is associated with the generation of new business ideas. The framework combines human capital theory with theory and research on entrepreneurial learning.

    Design/methodology/approach – A statistical analysis on a sample of 291 Swedish entrepreneurs is conducted.

    Findings – The paper finds that a learning mind-set that favors exploration is the strongest predictor of the generation of new business ideas. It also finds that breadth in functional work experience seems to favor the generation of new business ideas while deep industry work experience is negatively related to new business idea generation. In addition, the paper finds indications that a learning mind-set that favors exploration is required to more fully benefit from investments in human capital.

    Research limitations/implications – The study's findings add to knowledge of how investments in human capital via work experience, and the employment of a learning mindset that favors exploration, influence performance outcomes in the early stages of the entrepreneurial process.

    Practical implications – The study's findings suggest that entrepreneurs should develop and nurture a learning mind-set that favors exploration as this will increase their ability to generate more new business ideas. Moreover, movements across different functional work areas appear to have great potential as sources of ideas for new products and markets.

    Originality/value – Prior empirical studies have not taken individual learning preferences among entrepreneurs into account. Nor have they explicitly tested the effect of depth versus breadth in work experience. The paper thus provides novel insights with respect to how these factors interact in the process of generating new business ideas. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

  • 15.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Politis, Diamanto
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Galan, Nataliya
    University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    What happens after rapid growth?: A study of sustainable high-growth entrepreneurship in Sweden2016Ingår i: Academy of Management: Proceedings, New York: Academy of Management , 2016, artikel-id 16942Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Entrepreneurial high-growth firms contribute significantly to the economy by scaling up new innovative products, services, and business models as well as creating jobs and fostering economic growth. In this study we examine the incidence of sustainable high growth entrepreneurship in a sample of Swedish firms that have previously been experiencing rapid growth. We acknowledge growth as a multi-dimensional phenomenon by distinguishing between employee growth and sales growth. Overall, the statistical analysis suggests that the different growth trajectories shown by firms can be related to different industry life cycle positions. We also find differences related to the time that has passed since the firm were experiencing rapid growth. In addition, ex-gazelles operating in knowledge intensive sectors or with a higher degree of novelty in their market offer are not more likely to show a subsequent period of growth. Copyright © 2016, Academy of Management

  • 16.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Politis, Diamanto
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Kronholm, Johan
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Persson, Kenneth M.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Promoting innovation through a virtual incubator model: The Water Innovation Accelerator (WIN)2016Ingår i: Academy of Management: Proceedings, New York: Academy of Management , 2016, artikel-id 16798Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we explore and analyse a virtual network-centred incubator model called the Water Innovation Accelerator (WIN). The incubator model has been designed and implemented in Sweden to enable and orchestrate water-related innovative solutions by connecting different players via organized networks. Framed by theory and research on open innovation, incubation models, and entrepreneurial networks we provide an overview of the overall design, management and organization of WIN. We also analyse and assess the working and performance of WIN with respect to its purpose to aid the development and market uptake of water related innovative solutions via its entrepreneurial network. Our findings offer theoretical and empirical insights to researchers, policy makers and incubation managers that may aid current and future efforts to accelerate water innovation. Copyright © 2016, Academy of Management

  • 17.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Sten K. Johnson Centre for Entrepreneurship (SKJCE), Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Lindholm Dahlstrand, Åsa
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Categorization and analysis of academic patents: Developing a framework to examine differences in technology, opportunity and commercialization characteristics2014Ingår i: Academic Entrepreneurship: Creating An Entrepreneurial Ecosystem / [ed] Andrew C. Corbett, Donald S. Siegel & Jerome A. Katz, Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2014, 1, s. 169-195Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There has been a significant rise in the number of patents originating from academic environments. However, current conceptualizations of academic patents provide a largely homogenous approach to define this entrepreneurial form of technology transfer. In this study we develop a novel categorization framework that identifies three subsets of academic patents which are conceptually distinct from each other. By applying the categorization framework on a unique database of Swedish patents we furthermore find support for its usefulness in detecting underlying differences in technology, opportunity, and commercialization characteristics among the three subsets of academic patents.

  • 18.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Lindholm Dahlstrand, Åsa
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Entrepreneurship and technological innovation: The influence of uncertainty and entrepreneurial ability on innovation speed in new technology start-ups2014Ingår i: Entrepreneurship, People and Organisations: Frontiers in European Entrepreneurship Research / [ed] Robert Blackburn, Frédéric Delmar, Alain Fayolle & Friederike Walter, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2014, s. 116-135Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the study we develop and test a novel theoretical framework that examine how innovation speed in technology start-ups are influenced by the uncertain character of the technologies and markets that underlie patented inventions. We rely in our framework on previous conceptual and empirical work to distinguish between perceived state, effect and response uncertainty and to hypothesize about their potential differential impact on innovation speed. In addition, our framework also seeks to explain how the ability of the technology entrepreneur to spot and seize new business opportunities influences the uncertainty-speed relationship in start-up settings. We tested our framework and hypotheses on a unique and comprehensive dataset with detailed information about patented inventions commercialized in start-ups by independent technology entrepreneurs in Sweden. Overall, our results show the value and importance of distinguishing between different kinds of perceived uncertainty when theorizing about the process of developing and commercializing patented inventions in new technology start-ups. Moreover, our empirical findings suggest that the ability to spot and seize new business opportunities can be both an asset and a liability in this process.

  • 19.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). CIRCLE, Lund University, Lund, Sweden .
    Politis, Diamanto
    CIRCLE, Lund University, Lund, Sweden .
    Lindholm Dahlstrand, Åsa
    CIRCLE, Lund University, Lund, Sweden .
    Patents and entrepreneurship: The impact of opportunity, motivation and ability2013Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, ISSN 1476-1297, E-ISSN 1741-8054, Vol. 19, nr 2, s. 142-166Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we examine individual patent holders and the fate of their inventions. A unique database consisting of over 800 private individuals who have obtained decision rights over a new technology in Sweden is used to analyse how opportunity and individual level characteristics are related to the likelihood that patented inventions are commercialised in a new or existing small firm. Our findings show that the likelihood that patent holders commercialise inventions through such an entrepreneurial mode is influenced by opportunity novelty and the perceived entrepreneurial ability of the individual. © 2013 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

  • 20.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Politis, Diamanto
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Oxana, Shveykina
    Deloitte, London, UK.
    Early-stage finance and the role of external entrepreneurs in the commercialization of university-generated knowledge2012Ingår i: Venture Capital: an International Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance, ISSN 1369-1066, E-ISSN 1464-5343, Vol. 14, nr 2-3, s. 175-198Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The past decade has seen a plethora of policy initiatives that seek to bridge the chasm between investments in public R&D and its effective diffusion in society. This article uses a case study approach to explore and contrast the effectiveness of different entrepreneur models in financing and developing university spin-offs (USOs). The distinction between different entrepreneur models is based on whether the USOs are championed by university employees that seek to commercialize their own inventions or by external entrepreneurs who are not the original inventors but with acquired rights to develop and commercialize technology originating from university research. Our analysis show that external entrepreneurs have a different mind-set that makes them better equipped to deal with opportunities and obstacles related to financing and developing USOs. However, the development paths of USOs are embedded in a more complex web of path-dependent interactions, where the championship of the USO becomes interwoven with existing and emerging social relationships and opportunities, and challenges related to the technology that is commercialized. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

  • 21.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Politis, Diamanto
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Persson, Kenneth
    Lund Technical University, Lund, Sweden & Sweden Water Research AB, Ideon Science Park, Lund, Sweden.
    Kronholm, Johan
    WIN – Water Innovation Accelerator, Ideon Science Park, Lund, Sweden & Kronholm Development AB, Dalby, Sweden.
    Promoting water-related innovation through networked acceleration: Insights from the water innovation accelerator2018Ingår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 171, nr Supplement, s. 130-139Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The current state of the water and sanitation sector has put water-related innovations high on the global policy agenda. However, the systemic complexity that typically surrounds such contexts call for actionable knowledge of how to enable and orchestrate innovative solutions by connecting different players via organized networks. In this study we explore and analyse the Water Innovation Accelerator, which is a virtual network-centred incubator model designed and implemented in Sweden. Framed by theory and research on open innovation, incubation models, and entrepreneurial networks we provide an analysis of the design, working and performance of the Water Innovation Accelerator. In sum, our findings provide empirical support for virtual accelerators as an effective means to aid the development and market uptake of water related innovative solutions. Its overall effectiveness builds on its ability to bring private and public actors with different assets and competencies together via its entrepreneurial network, where the incubator team play a critical role for identifying and encouraging network-embedded innovation opportunities. However, the perceived effectiveness of the acceleration process for SMEs seems to be contingent on whether they are positioned in later stages of the innovation process, as well as their proximity to the incubator network. In these respects, the study provides valuable insights that may aid researchers, incubation managers and policy makers in current and future efforts to accelerate water innovation.

  • 22.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Lunds university, Lund, Sweden.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Tell, Joakim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    University professors and early stage research commercialization: An empirical test of the knowledge corridor theory2012Ingår i: International Journal of Technology Transfer and Commercialisation, ISSN 1470-6075, E-ISSN 1741-5284, Vol. 11, nr 3/4, s. 213-233Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we test the knowledge corridor theory as an explanation of university professors' involvement in the early stages of research commercialisation. A statistical analysis was made of a sample of full professors from the engineering, natural sciences and medical faculties at a large public university in Sweden. The analysis shows that not only entrepreneurial experience but also private sector work experience significantly influence the ability to identify and develop business ideas based on research. Moreover, the analysis shows that research–based business idea generation increases faster for professors with private sector work experience who as well have more time for research in their positions.

  • 23.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Knowledge Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Research (KEEN).
    Tell, Joakim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Centre for Technology, Innovation and Marketing Management (CTIM2).
    University professors and research commercialization: An empirical test of the "knowledge corridor" thesis2009Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    There has been an increasing interest in the determinants and outcomes of successful technology transfer and commercialization of research results. In this study we test the validity of the “knowledge corridor” thesis for explaining the involvement of university professors’ in the early stages of research commercialization. Statistical analysis on a sample of 86 respondents from engineering, natural science and medical faculties in a large Swedish university shows that both entrepreneurial and private industry experience significantly influence their ability to spot and generate business ideas in their research. Moreover, we find that research based business idea generation increase at a faster rate for professors with private sector work experience who have more time for research in their positions. The article ends with a discussion of our empirical findings together with its implications for support activities related to technology transfer and commercialization of research results.

  • 24.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Tell, Joakim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Politis, Diamanto
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Business Simulation Exercises in Small Business Management Education: Using Principles and Ideas from Action Learning2010Ingår i: Action Learning: Research and Practice, ISSN 1476-7333, E-ISSN 1476-7341, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 3-16Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent calls to close the rigour-relevance gap in business school education have suggested incorporating principles and ideas from action learning in small business management education. In this paper we discuss how business simulation exercises can be used as a platform to trigger students' learning by providing them with a platform where they can merge theory with practice. We provide theoretical arguments accompanied by illustrations to show how such initiatives can create a more student-centred teaching structure than what is usually practised in contemporary business school education. This may in turn work as a potential bridge between the safe harbour of traditional classroom teaching and the more chaotic and complex world of managerial practice.

  • 25.
    Lindholm Dahlstrand, Åsa
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Politis, Diamanto
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Women business ventures in Swedish university incubators2013Ingår i: International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1756-6266, E-ISSN 1756-6274, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 78-96Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Despite a growing interest in both women and university academic entrepreneurship, there are very few studies addressing women’s academic entrepreneurship. The authors address this gap by focusing on university incubators for women’s academic entrepreneurship. The purpose of this paper is to examine and analyze the significance of university incubators for the promotion and development of women’s academic business start-ups.

    Design/methodology/approach: The authors use a unique Swedish database for multivariate statistical tests on the performance of groups of women- and men-led ventures, as well as on groups of women incubatees. The database includes data for over 1,400 ventures, out of which 210 ventures are by women entrepreneurs.

    Findings: About 15 percent of the ventures in the incubators are started and managed by women entrepreneurs. Several significant differences were found between the groups, but the overall conclusion is that the Swedish incubators in this study do not show any evidence of being able to decrease the gender gap in the commercialization of university science.

    Originality/value: The study makes three important contributions. First, it applies a multilevel design that takes into consideration the relationship between individual firms and the incubator environment. Second, the authors conducted their analysis on women academic entrepreneurs who start their ventures in incubators, which means that the authors are concerned with a specific knowledge-intensive context, where men and women entrepreneurs possess fairly similar levels of human capital. Third, the unique database allows statistical analysis on a large data set, which provides research-based knowledge about the conditions for entrepreneurial career development among women in academic environments. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

  • 26.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Business angels and value added: What do we know and where do we go?2008Ingår i: Venture Capital: an International Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance, ISSN 1369-1066, E-ISSN 1464-5343, Vol. 10, nr 2, s. 127-147Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Business angels have been highlighted as important stakeholders for potential high-growth ventures. Extant empirical research provides evidence that they not only contribute with money but also bring added value to the ventures in which they have invested. However, despite the reported benefits of the value added provided by these investors there are very few studies that try to conceptualize this important issue. The present study seeks to meet this shortcoming by presenting a review of literature and research on business angels and value added. The overall objective is to recognize the range of value added activities that business angels have been reported to perform, aggregate the findings into a set of distinct but complementary value adding roles, and then link these roles to theoretical perspectives that explain why they have the potential to contribute to added value. Four different value added roles performed by informal investors are presented together with an explanation of how they can be seen as complementary to each other. The following discussion is then used to guide future studies of business angels and value added towards areas where our knowledge is still limited.

  • 27.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Knowledge Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Research (KEEN).
    Determinants of exploration and exploitation in the process of entrepreneurial learning2005Ingår i: Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research 2005: proceedings of the twenty-fifth annual Entrepreneurship Research Conference / [ed] Shaker A. Zahra, Babson Park, Massachusetts: Arthur M. Blank Center for Entrepreneurship, Babson , 2005, s. 16-29Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a study of the process through which entrepreneurs transform experience into knowledge. By bringing theories of experiential learning into the field of entrepreneurship, a model of determinants of exploration and exploitation in the process of entrepreneurial learning is constructed and tested on a sample of 291 Swedish entrepreneurs. The findings suggest that entrepreneurs with a higher preference for an effectual reasoning and with a transitory career orientation show a significantly higher emphasis on an explorative mode of transforming career experience into knowledge. Similarly, entrepreneurs with a higher preference for a causational reasoning and with an expert career orientation show a significantly higher emphasis on an exploitative mode of transformation. The overall results give ample support for the overall argument that entrepreneurial learning can be conceived as an experiential process where entrepreneurs develop knowledge both by exploiting previous skills and knowledge as well as exploring new possibilities in the ventures they are involved in.

  • 28.
    Politis, Diamanto
    School of Economics and Management, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Does prior start-up experience matter for entrepreneurs' learning?: A comparison between novice and habitual entrepreneurs2008Ingår i: Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, ISSN 1462-6004, E-ISSN 1758-7840, Vol. 15, nr 3, s. 472-489Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to present a study of the role of prior start-up experience as a source of learning in the entrepreneurial process. Three learning outcomes are examined with respect to a comparison between habitual and novice entrepreneurs: skills for coping with liabilities of newness, preference for effectual reasoning, and attitudes towards failure. This is an empirical study based on statistical analysis conducted on a sample of 231 Swedish entrepreneurs that have started a new independent firm in 2004. The findings suggest that habitual and novice entrepreneurs differ significantly with regard to several interesting aspects of the hypothesized dimensions. The findings provide a better understanding of start-up experience as a source of learning and its effects on the skills, preferences and attitudes of habitual entrepreneurs. Previous research has suggested that prior start-up experience is an important source of entrepreneurial learning, but has not put much effort into explaining how this particular type of experience influences various learning outcomes on an individual level. The present study advances these suggestions by showing how prior start-up experience influences entrepreneurs' skills for coping with liabilities of newness, effectual reasoning and attitudes towards failures. Moreover, the study contributes to existing literature and research on entrepreneurial learning by developing explorative measures of individual learning outcomes that have been highlighted as influenced by prior experience in recent entrepreneurship research.

  • 29.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Entrepreneurship, career experience and learning: developing our understanding of entrepreneurship as an experiential learning process2005Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Varför är vissa individer bättre på att identifiera och exploatera nya affärsmöjligheter än andra? Ett antagande som ofta lyfts fram är att framgångsrika entreprenörer förväntas ha utvecklat specifika kunskaper genom tidigare karriärerfarenhet, vilket i sin tur främjar deras entreprenörskap. Om detta antagande stämmer, hur kan vi förstå denna erfarenhetsbaserade lärprocess? Det övergripande syftet med avhandlingen är att utveckla begrepp som ökar vår förståelse för entreprenörskap som en erfarenhetsbaserad lärprocess, och baserat på detta empiriskt testa ett konceptuellt ramverk som förklarar hur individer skapar entreprenöriell kunskap genom karriärerfarenhet. För att uppnå det övergripande syftet har fem separata studier utförts och inplacerats i studiens övergripande teoretiska ramverk. Den empiriska delen av avhandlingen består av personliga intervjuer samt en större enkätundersökning på entreprenörer i Sverige. Avhandlingens resultat visar att entreprenörskap bör ses som en livslång lärprocess som sker både före och efter en företagsstart. Detta innebär att skeenden och händelser som bidrar till att individer lär sig att identifiera och exploatera nya affärsmöjligheter behöver förstås ur ett vidare perspektiv som fångar upp både variationen och spännvidden i individens karriärerfarenhet. Att lära sig entreprenörskap är således inte enbart ett fenomen som sker i typiska entreprenöriella situationer, som t ex vid en företagsstart, utan är även något som sker i individers vardagliga arbetssituation långt innan de ens tänkt bli involverade i företagsetablering. Avhandlingens resultat visar även på ett behov av att ompröva det dominerande synsättet på entreprenöriellt lärande, som på ett förhållandevis oproblematiskt sätt förutsätter en direkt länk mellan en specifik erfarenhet och att kunskap erhålls ifrån denna specifika erfarenhet. De empiriska resultaten visar snarare att olika typer av karriärerfarenhet leder till olika typer av entreprenöriell kunskap, men också att den kunskap som utvecklas beror på om entreprenören föredrar att fokusera på att utforska nya möjligheter eller på att exploatera redan befintliga färdigheter. Det finns således ett behov av att skilja på begreppen "erfarenhet" och "kunskap" för att bättre förstå entreprenörskap som en erfarenhetsbaserad lärprocess.

  • 30.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Lunds universitet.
    Informella investerares lärprocesser i karriären2003Ingår i: Småföretaget och kapitalet: Svensk forskning kring små företags finansiering / [ed] Hans Landström, Stockholm: SNS förlag, 2003, s. 244-264Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 31.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Knowledge Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Research (KEEN).
    Prior start-up experience as a source of learning: A comparison of novice and habitual entrepreneurs2006Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 32.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). School of Economics and Management, Lund University, Sweden.
    The Process of Entrepreneurial Learning: A Conceptual Framework2005Ingår i: Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, ISSN 1042-2587, E-ISSN 1540-6520, Vol. 29, nr 4, s. 399-424Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article seeks to advance the theoretical knowledge of entrepreneurial learning by reviewing and synthesizing available research into a conceptual framework that explains the process of entrepreneurial learning as an experiential process. The framework identifies three main components in the process of entrepreneurial learning: entrepreneurs' career experience, the transformation process, and entrepreneurial knowledge in terms of effectiveness in recognizing and acting on entrepreneurial opportunities and coping with the liabilities of newness. Based on the arguments in the article, five major propositions were developed to refine our understanding of entrepreneurial learning. Finally, theoretical and practical implications were discussed.

  • 33.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    The process of entrepreneurial learning: A conceptual framework2008Ingår i: Entrepreneurial learning: Conceptual frameworks and applications / [ed] Richard T. Harrison & Claire M. Leitch, London: Routledge, 2008, s. 44-71Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Extant research suggests that entrepreneurs who have been involved in starting up a new venture also seem to be more successful and effective in starting up and managing their second and third organization (see e.g. Lamont 1972; Vesper 1980; Ronstadt 1988; Starr and Bygrave 1992; Wright et al. 1998). If this is true, what expertise and special knowledge do these entrepreneurs gain from doing their first start-up, and how do entrepreneurs develop their personal experiences into such expertise and special knowledge? Considering that entrepreneurship is a field of research that has not been particularly well studied in relation to the process of learning (Agnedal 1999; Rae and Carswell 2001; Ravasi et al. 2004), it is not surprising that these and similar questions have remained largely unanswered within this field.

  • 34.
    Politis, Diamanto
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Lund University.
    Entrepreneurial decision making: Examining preferences for causual and effectual reasoning in the new venture creation process2006Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 35.
    Politis, Diamanto
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    CIRCLE. Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Entrepreneurs' attitudes towards failure: An experiential learning approach2007Ingår i: Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research 2007: Proceedings of the Twenty-seventh Annual Entrepreneurship Research Conference / [ed] Zacharakis, Andrew [et al.], Wellesley, Mass.: Babson College , 2007Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we employ theories of experiential learning to examine why some entrepreneurs have developed a more positive attitude towards failures compared to others. The empirical findings support our guiding proposition that more favourable attitudes towards failing can be learned through entrepreneurs' life and work. Our results suggest that previous start up experience is strongly associated with a more positive attitude towards failure. Moreover, we also find that experience from closing down a business is associated with a more positive attitude towards failure. In sum, our findings add to our knowledge of why some entrepreneurs have a more positive attitude towards failures compared to others. It also provides some general implications for our understanding of entrepreneurial learning as an experiential process.

  • 36.
    Politis, Diamanto
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Entrepreneurs' attitudes towards failure: An experiential learning approach2009Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, ISSN 1355-2554, E-ISSN 1758-6534, Vol. 15, nr 4, s. 364-383Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    – This paper employs theories of experiential learning to examine why some entrepreneurs have developed a more positive attitude towards failures compared to others.Design/methodology/approach – The paper conducts statistical analysis on a sample of 231 Swedish entrepreneurs that have started new independent firms in 2004.

    Findings

    – The empirical findings support the guiding proposition that more favourable attitudes towards failure could be learned through entrepreneurs' life and work. The results suggest that previous start up experience is strongly associated with a more positive attitude towards failure. The paper also finds that experience from closing down a business is associated with a more positive attitude towards failure. In addition, a more fine‐grained analysis suggests that experience from closing down a business due to reasons of poor performance is a highly valuable source of learning while closure due to more personal reasons does not lead to the same result.

    Research limitations/implications

    – In sum, the findings add to the knowledge of why some entrepreneurs have a more positive attitude towards failure compared to others. It also provides some general implications for the understanding of entrepreneurial learning as an experiential process.

    Practical implications

    – A positive attitude toward failure might be a significant asset for entrepreneurs as it might help them to deal with and learn from their mistakes and to move forward. The results indicate that the attitudes toward failure are not homogeneous among entrepreneurs. Rather, this attitude can, at least to some degree, be influenced due to new experiences and new information.

    Originality/value

    – The paper provides novel insights with regard to the role that critical career experiences can play for the development of entrepreneurs' attitudes towards failure. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

  • 37.
    Politis, Diamanto
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Lund University.
    Exploring the role of experience in the process of entrepreneurial learning2005Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Researchers have recently showed an increasing interest in understanding entrepreneurship as an experiential learning process. In this article, we investigate the role of prior career experience for the development of entrepreneurial knowledge, i.e., knowledge that facilitates for individuals to recognize and act on opportunities as well as to organize and manage new ventures. Based on an analysis of 291 Swedish entrepreneurs we find links between various career experiences and the development of entrepreneurial knowledge. In addition we also find evidence that the entrepreneurs’ preference for exploring new possibilities vs. exploiting pre-existing knowledge are important to consider to explain this process. The study ends with a discussion of the findings, together with suggestions for future research.

  • 38.
    Politis, Diamanto
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Informal investors and value added: the contribution of investors' experientially acquired resources in the entrepreneurial process2006Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 39.
    Politis, Diamanto
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    CIRCLE, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Informal investors' governance of their portfolio firms: A board perspective2001Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 40.
    Politis, Diamanto
    et al.
    Lund University School of Economics and Management, Lund, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Modes of learning and entrepreneurial knowledge2015Ingår i: International Journal of Innovation and Learning, ISSN 1471-8197, E-ISSN 1741-8089, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 101-122Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we examine how entrepreneurs differ in their modes of learning and whether variations in modes of learning have any influence on their possession of entrepreneurial knowledge that increase their ability to recognise and exploit new business opportunities. Based on statistical analysis of 291 entrepreneurs we find that a learning mode that favours exploration is positively associated with the ability to recognise a higher number of business opportunities. A learning mode that favours exploitation is on the other hand negatively associated with the ability to cope with liabilities of newness. Adding to this, we find that the positive association between career experience and entrepreneurial knowledge is stronger with a learning mode that favours exploration. Copyright © 2015 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

  • 41.
    Politis, Diamanto
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Norwegian School of Management BI, Oslo, Norway.
    The role of informal investors in the entrepreneurial process: An empirical study of opportunity, motivation and ability2005Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study seeks to advance the understanding of the role of informal investors in the entrepreneurial process, something that up to date has received very limited attention. By analysing the life experience and career background of four informal investors the study explore their motivation for being involved in entrepreneurial opportunities, and the personal resources these individuals build up and develop during their careers that facilitate this involvement. The overall results suggest that their careers can be described as an experien- tial learning process that has facilitated the development of valuable skills and knowledge that is of critical importance for the entrepreneurial projects they become involved in. The paper ends with a discussion of its findings and implications for future research.

  • 42.
    Politis, Diamanto
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Lindholm Dahlstrand, Åsa
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Academic entrepreneurship: Multi-level factors associated with female-led incubator projects2014Ingår i: Women’s Entrepreneurship in the 21st Century: An International Multi-Level Research Analysis / [ed] Kate V. Lewis, Colette Henry, Elizabeth J. Gatewood & John Watson, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2014, 1, s. 32-49Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter we examine how institutional factors in and around university incubators are associated with the likelihood that a female will engage in the commercialization of university science by championing an incubator project. Our empirical data comes from a unique database consisting of over 1400 venture projects in 19 Swedish incubators that are part of a nationally financed incubator program. Our findings suggest that women’s engagement in academic entrepreneurship is related to a number of institutional factors operating at multiple levels in and around incubators. We find systematic differences related to 1) the proportion of female faculty in senior positions at the associated university, 2) the presence of women on incubator boards; and 3) the technological sector of the project itself. In all, our findings largely support the notion that university incubators can be seen as embedded in gendered structures, where socially and culturally constructed roles and relationships between men and women create imbalances in their prospective career opportunities.

  • 43.
    Politis, Diamanto
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Landström, Hans
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Informal investors as entrepreneurs: The development of an entrepreneurial career2002Ingår i: Venture Capital: an International Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance, ISSN 1369-1066, E-ISSN 1464-5343, Vol. 4, nr 2, s. 78-101Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Informal investors have proved to be highly valuable for the growth of the firms in which they have invested. Therefore, it is important to understand what motivates potential informal investors to make their initial investment as well as how already active investors develop their entrepreneurial careers. Such an understanding may prove helpful in directing efforts to locate and attract potential and existing informal investors. This paper investigates the entrepreneurial career of four informal investors. Based on the personal stories of these individuals, we explore their career patterns and present the central concepts of the different career phases they have progressed through. The results indicate that informal investors have experienced three overall career phases: (1) the corporate career phase; (2) the entrepreneurial learning phase; and (3) the integrated investment career phase. Each career phase provides informal investors with possibilities for learning and developing valuable competencies in order to advance in their entrepreneurial career. During the corporate career phase, the investors learn a 'managerial logic' and create a platform on which they can build up their managerial competence, establish a network, and legitimize their reputation. In the following entrepreneurial learning phase, the investors make use of this platform in varying entrepreneurial projects, mainly as consultants, which in turn provides them with the possibilities for learning the 'logic' behind entrepreneurial processes. During the integrated investment career phase, informal investors extend the platform by making use of their managerial and entrepreneurial competence in the firms in which they invest, and thus act as both entrepreneurs and informal investors in the firms in which they are involved.

  • 44.
    Politis, Diamanto
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Winborg, Joakim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Knowledge Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Research (KEEN).
    Lindholm Dahlstrand, Åsa
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Knowledge Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Research (KEEN).
    Exploring the mindset of university entrepreneurs: Do they have a different resource logic?2008Ingår i: Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research, ISSN 0740-7416, Vol. 28, nr 4Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Principal Topic: Universities are today increasingly acknowledged as powerful drivers of innovation, job creation and economic growth. To promote and support university-based entrepreneurship there has been a tremendous increase in the supply of entrepreneurship courses and the creation of business incubators. As a result of this development there is an increasing group of entrepreneurs that have been educated or fostered in the university context, and who often continue to develop their new ventures in close interaction with the university. The principal research question we ask in this paper is whether university entrepreneurs have a different resource logic compared to entrepreneurs that start up their ventures independently of the university and its surrounding innovation system. Resource logic is in the paper defined as a set of ideas for how to secure and use resources in the start-up process, and we link this concept to three streams of research that can be related to the resource logic of entrepreneurs; effectual decision making, bootstrapping orientation; and personal networking.

    Method: The empirical study was designed as a questionnaire survey. The questionnaire was sent out to two groups of entrepreneurs resulting in responses from 182 university entrepreneurs and 209 non- university entrepreneurs. The hypotheses are tested using parametric and non-parametric tests in SPSS.

    Results and Implications: In line with our hypotheses the results suggest that university entrepreneurs to a larger extent have a mindset that favours both effectual reasoning and the use of bootstrapping. When it comes to use of network contacts the results were however contrary to our hypothesis. In sum, our findings add to our knowledge about the extent to which the close connection to the university has any significant influence on the resource acquisition behaviour of university entrepreneurs once they start an entrepreneurial career. The paper develops and uses the concept of “resource logic”. On the basis of this concept the paper provides general implications for our understanding of differences in the mindset of entrepreneurs in the start-up process.

  • 45.
    Politis, Diamanto
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Winborg, Joakim
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Lindholm Dahlstrand, Åsa
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Exploring the resource logic of student entrepreneurs2012Ingår i: International Small Business Journal, ISSN 0266-2426, E-ISSN 1741-2870, Vol. 30, nr 6, s. 659-683Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study responds to the call in recent research for comparative studies examining whether student entrepreneurs are different to other kinds of entrepreneurs. Based on institutional theory, the specific question we ask in this study is whether student entrepreneurs who start up their firms in close relation to the university have a different resource logic compared to entrepreneurs who start their firms outside the university context. We define resource logic as the individual's set of ideas for how to secure and use resources, and we link this concept to theories of effectual reasoning and bootstrapping to develop our argument. Moreover, we identify two different viewpoints about the effects of the university milieu on the resource logic of student entrepreneurs and we develop hypotheses to test the different viewpoints. The findings give overall support for the view that student entrepreneurs have developed a resource logic that favours both effectual reasoning and the use of bootstrapping methods.

  • 46.
    Voordeckers, Wim
    et al.
    Hasselt University, Belgium.
    van Gils, Anita
    Maastricht University, The Netherlands.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Lund University.
    Huse, Morten
    Norwegian School of Management BI.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Lund University.
    Structures and behaviour: A cross-country comparison of boards of directors in SMEs2008Ingår i: Proceedings of EURAM Annual Conference 2008, 2008, s. 1-30Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Prior cross-country governance studies mainly built on agency theory’s governance model. Recently, the use of this theoretical perspective has been criticized from both institutional theory as well as the behavioural perspective. Institutional theory would predict that a significant part of the variation in board behaviour could be attributed to the institutional context of a country. In contrast, the behavioural perspective follows the reasoning that board behaviour is expected to be determined by firm-specific challenges and needs rather than the broader institutional context and hence, predicts that the institutional context of a country does not explain variation in actual board behaviour. The aim of this study is to examine the empirical validity of these opposing predictions about board behaviour. Using a database of SMEs of three countries with a different governance system (Belgium, the Netherlands and Norway), our statistical analyses mainly support the predictions of the behavioural perspective.

  • 47.
    Voordeckers, Wim
    et al.
    Hasselt University, Hasselt, Belgium.
    Van Gils, Anita
    Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL). Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Huse, Morten
    University of Witten/Herdecke, Germany & Department of Communication and Culture, Norwegian School of Management BI, Oslo, Norway.
    Board structures and board behaviour: A cross-country comparison of privately held SMEs in Belgium, the Netherlands and Norway2014Ingår i: International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics, ISSN 1477-9048, E-ISSN 1741-802X, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 197-219Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we examine and compare formal board structures and actual board behaviour in privately held SMEs. We integrate and build on ideas from institutional theory and the behavioural theory of the firm to propose that privately held firms have specific governance needs that 'decouple' formal board structures from actual board behaviour. Following this logic, we expect board structures to vary across countries while board behaviour does not. We test this in a cross-country sample of SMEs in Belgium, the Netherlands and Norway. The empirical results support the proposition that board structures are largely decoupled from actual board behaviour in privately held SMEs. Overall, the findings imply that it is possible to coordinate and disseminate board development research and practice across countries despite national differences in formal board structures. Copyright © 2014 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

  • 48.
    Winborg, Joakim
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Knowledge Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Research (KEEN).
    Politis, Diamanto
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Knowledge Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Research (KEEN).
    Can bootstrapping be learnt from experience?: the role of human capital for explaining bootstrapping orientation in new businesses2009Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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