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  • 1.
    Alfermann, Dorothee
    et al.
    Leipzig University, Leipzig, Germany.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Idrott, hälsa och fysisk aktivitet.
    Sport psychology in Europe – Women’s perspective2013Ingår i: Abstracts of the ISSP 13th World Congress of Sport Psychology: July 21-26, 2013, Beijing Sport University, Beijing, China, Beijing, 2013, s. 55-55Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Compared to other disciplines of psychology, sport and exercise psychology is a very young field. Sport psychology associations were founded in a variety of countries (particularly in Europe and North America) in the 1960es and later, after the first World Congress of Sport Psychology had taken place in Rome in 1965. Despite the fact that even in those ages quite a few women were studying psychology and afterwards starting a scientific career, females in sport psychology were extremely underrepresented. One of the reasons could lie in the fact that sport, much more than psychology, was a stereotypically male field, with only a few opportunities available to women. Making a career in sport psychology was then a double contradiction for women. First, making a career in general contradicted the typical female role, and second, making a career in sport meant an untypical field for women.

    The presentation will be structured as a dialogue between the two presenters – female sport psychologists working in the field for more than 30 years. Both were born and started their careers during the period of the Cold War: Dorothee Alfermann in the Federal Republic of Germany, and Natalia Stambulova in the Soviet Union. Both countries do not exist on the European map any more reflecting dramatic political, social and economic changes in Europe during the last two decades. All the changes in the European context put their impacts on the development of sport and exercise psychology in Europe including overall organizational development, as well as female careers and their contributions to European Federation of Sport Psychology (FEPSAC), other international sport psychology organizations (e.g., ISSP, AASP) and international sport psychology events (e.g., Congresses). The dialogue will be structured around the following three themes: (a) the presenters’ own careers analyzed from the point of gender issues (e.g., female professional role models and mentors), (b) history of European sport and exercise psychology, foundation of FEPSAC and contribution of its first President Ema Geron (1969-1973), and (c) female sport psychology professionals’ role in today’s European sport psychology and their contributions to FEPSAC, ISSP, AASP, national sport psychology associations, the editorial board of Psychology of Sport and Exercise, the European Forum of Applied Sport Psychologists, the European Master’s Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology (EMSSEP), and the recent European Master’s (Mundus) Program in Sport and Exercise Psychology (EMPSEP).

  • 2.
    Back, Jenny
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Mechanisms of Exercise Dependence – A person centred approach to study the predictiveability of anxiety, obsessive passion and appearance orientation on exercise dependence2017Ingår i: Sport Psychology: Linking theory to practice / [ed] Gangyan, S., Cruz, J., & Jaenes, J.C., 2017, s. 537-538Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Exercise dependence is a maladaptive pattern of exercise with a craving for physical activity that results in extreme exercise that may generate mental health problems such as anxiety and depression. Previous research suggests that individuals with certain personality traits are more prone to develop exercise dependence. However, research on personality traits and exercise dependence is still limited. In the current study, predictive abilities of anxiety, obsessive passion and appearance orientation on exercise dependence were investigated. A longitudinal design was adopted to investigate if personality related factors could predict exercise dependence. The sample consisted of 206 regular exercisers (100 males and 106 females) from various exercise groups, sport clubs and sport science classes in Sweden (Mage = 28,5 years; SD = 9,97). The LPA (Latent Profile Analysis) showed that a model with two profiles provided best fit to the data, and that profile belonging at T1 could predict measures of exercise dependence at T2. Profile 1: “high risk exercisers” reported significantly higher levels of exercise dependence, anxiety, obsessive passion and appearance orientation compared to Profile 2: “low risk exercisers”. This study highlights factors that may characterize people who develop exercise dependence. High-risk exercisers are obsessively passionate about their training and exercise may function as a tool to cope with anxiety. If the individual for some reason is prevented from training, feelings of anxiety and guilt are often experienced. Furthermore, these individuals tend to be self-conscious about how they look and appear to other people. To them, exercise may also work as a way to achieve body ideals. The results of the current study suggest plausible mechanisms of why exercise behaviours become unhealthy and uncontrollable for some exercisers whereas others manage to remain healthy.

  • 3.
    Back, Jenny
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    TRÄNINGSBEROENDE - EN SAMBANDSSTUDIEAV POTENTIELLA MEKAN ISMER2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att studera träningsberoende i relation till ångest, depression, självkritik, passion, kroppstillfredsställelse och idrottsidentitet samt skillnader avseende dessa faktorer mellan individer med och utan träningsberoende. Vidare undersöktes om dessa faktorer kunde predicera träningsberoende. Datainsamling skedde via webbenkät. I studien deltog 124 individer, 62 män och 62 kvinnor. Enligt resultat på EDS-R kategoriserades 15 som träningsberoende, 100 som symptomatiska och 9 som icke träningsberoende. Resultatet visade signifikanta samband mellan träningsberoende, grad av träning, ångest, jämförande och internaliserad självkritik, harmonisk och tvångsmässig passion, AO samt idrottsidentitet. Vidare fanns skillnader mellan träningsberoende och icke träningsberoende gällande GLTEQ, regelbundenhet av fysisk aktivitet, genomsnittlig längd på träningspass, idrottslig ambitionsnivå, ångest, jämförande och internaliserad självkritik, tvångsmässig passion samt idrottsidentitet. Regressionsanalys visade att träningsmängd mätt i GLTEQ, genomsnittlig längd på träningspass, ångest, internaliserad självkritik, harmonisk och tvångsmässig passion förklarade 42 % av variansen hos variabeln träningsberoende. Sammantaget indikerade studiens resultat att träningsmängd, ångest, självkritik och passion kan vara mekanismer som är särskilt viktiga att beakta för att upptäcka, förebygga och behandla träningsberoende. Resultatet kan anses användbart exempelvis för idrottsföreningar, hälso- och träningsinstitutioner som sannolikt kommer i kontakt med träningsberoende individer. För dem kan studiens resultat ge kunskap som kan bidra till förståelse för vad träningsberoende är, hur individer i riskzonen kan upptäckas samt möjliga vägar till förebyggande och behandling. 

  • 4.
    Back, Jenny
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Who becomes exercise dependent? Exploring psychological risk factors for exercise dependence through a person centred approach2017Ingår i: Proceedings of the Nordic Sport Science Conference – ‘The Double-Edged Sword of Sport: Health Promotion Versus Unhealthy Environments’ / [ed] Hertting, K. & Johnson, U., Halmstad: Halmstad University Press, 2017, s. 65-66Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 5.
    Battochio, Randy C.
    et al.
    Laurentian University, Sudbury, Canada.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Idrott, hälsa och fysisk aktivitet.
    Schinke, Robert J.
    Laurentian University, Sudbury, Canada.
    Stages and demands in the careers of Canadian National Hockey League players2015Ingår i: Journal of Sports Sciences, ISSN 0264-0414, E-ISSN 1466-447X, Vol. 34, nr 3, s. 278-288Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Researchers have identified some demands of Canadian National Hockey League (NHL) players, yet there is little direction for players hoping to reach the lucrative league. The objectives of this study were to identify the stages, statuses and demands in Canadian NHL players’ careers and propose an empirical career model of Canadian NHL players. In total, 5 rookies, 5 veterans and 13 retirees had their interviews undergo an interpretive thematic analysis. Prospects face the NHL combine, training camp and minor league assignment. While developing into NHL players, rookies deal with NHL call-ups, team competition and formative production while sophomores seemed preoccupied by the opposition. Prime veterans become All-Stars by garnering point production and challenging for the Stanley Cup while seasoned veterans remain relevant through training camps. A discussion about the model’s viability is followed by applications for sport psychology researchers and practitioners. © 2015 Taylor & Francis

  • 6.
    Bengtsson, Sverker
    et al.
    Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Johnson, Urban
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Gruppen för forskning om Idrott, Hälsa och Fysisk aktivitet.
    Time, Money and Support: Student-Athletes Transition to High Achivement Sport2012Ingår i: Athletic Insight: The Online Journal of Sport Psychology, ISSN 1536-0431, E-ISSN 1947-6299, Vol. 4, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine the perceptions of within-career transition, as experienced by student-athletes striving to reach the international level. Interviews were used to examine the perceptions of 26 Swedish student-athletes with a mean age of 22.5 years practicing individual sportsatthe national elite level, involved in a career assistance program. Categories identified through thematiccontent analysis were changes experienced in the transition, the career assistance program, resources to adjust to the new level in sport, satisfaction with their current situation, and strategies to adjust to the new level in sport. The athletes highlighted the value of interpersonal support and commitment, and recognized the need to develop further coping strategies, such as stress and time management. Practical implications for promoting successful within-career transitions are discussed. © 2012 Athletic Insight, Inc.

  • 7.
    Book, Robert T.
    et al.
    Southern Denmark University, Odense, Denmark.
    Henriksen, Kristoffer
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Towards investigating athletic talent developmentenvironments in underserved communities in the United States2018Ingår i: The Science and Practice of Racket Sport for Improved Performance and Health: Special Focus on Table Tennis: Book of Abstracts / [ed] Urban Johnson, Lars Kristén, Miran Kondrič, Halmstad: Halmstad University , 2018, s. 69-70Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: This presentation will focus on the content of PhD project of the first author who has had extensive experiences of working in American schools within underserved (i.e., poor) communities. In spite of lacking resources, some of these schools are able to contribute into developing high performance athletes in various sports (including racket sports) and empowering them to achieve the success against the odds. These real life examples served as an inspiration to investigate such athletes’ career pathways and environments in which they had grown up.

    Aim and theoretical framework: The aim of this project is to acquire knowledge regarding the challenges and barriers faced by athletic talent development environments in underserved communities (UATDEs) and how successful UATDEs manage to help athletes achieve athletic and personal success against the odds. The study is based on the holistic ecological approach (Henriksen, 2010; Henriksen & Stambulova, 2017), and particularly on the athletic talent development environment (ATDE) model. The model was previously applied to study ATDEs in Scandinavia with its high social and economic equality. Conversely, in the United States, with its large income gap, many underserved communities struggle to produce elite athletes, and little investigation has been conducted surrounding such environments.

    Project design and method: The project will consist of three studies. Study 1will focus on exploring career pathways to athletic success and related environmental and personal factors in American athletes with low SES background through a series of interviews. Another series of interviews will be used in Study 2 to examine key stakeholders' perspectives on challenges faced and strategies implemented in UATDEs. In Study 3, the case study approach will be used to investigate two successful UATDEs within American communities and identify shared features responsible for their talent development success.

    Expected results: It is expected that Study 1 will reveal that athletes at the UATDEs were forced to deal with hardship and overcome a number of challenges that made them more resilient compared to those from affluent circumstances. From Study 2 it is expected to identify a spectrum of complicated issues (e.g., lack of funding, less access to practice time, lower moral, high stress and low levels of communication and support) that the UATDEs deal with. The anticipated results from Study 3 are that successful UATDEs have unique but also shared features that may form the basis for developing UATDE frameworks as an expansion of the holistic ecological approach.

  • 8.
    Borg, Elin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Idrottsskador: Kan individen påverka rehabiliteringsutfallet?2011Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med aktuell studie var att få en uppfattning om hur skadade idrottare använder sig av målsättningsarbete under rehabiliteringen, samt vad de har för upplevelser av a) det sociala stödet och, b) självförtroendet. Till grund för studien formades tre stycken frågeställningar: (1) hur har de skadade idrottarna använt sig av målsättningsarbete, (2) hur ser idrottarnas sociala stöd ut samt (3) hur upplever idrottarna sitt självförtroende. Studien genomfördes med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer på sju stycken deltagare. Deltagarna var två kvinnor och fem män i åldrarna 17 till 33 (M=24.6), från olika idrotter och olika nivåer. Intervjuerna dokumenterades med hjälp av bandspelare för att sedan analyseras genom kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultatet visade att självförtroendet påverkades negativt vid skada samt att stödet från familjen och vännerna ansåg viktigast under rehabiliteringen. I aktuell studie framkom det också att det sociala stödet i stor utsträckning hade förändrats under rehabiliteringen. I diskussionen sammankopplas studiens resultat med föreskrivna teoretiska referensramar.

  • 9.
    Brander Löf, Caroline
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Lindblom, Sanna
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    The effects of acute aerobic exercise on executive functions2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to examine the acute effects of exercise on three executivefunctions: attention, inhibition and working memory, in regularly exercising women (​n​ = 10)and men (​n​ = 10). Furthermore, the purpose was to investigate if different intensity levels ofaerobic exercise had an effect on executive functioning. Twenty adults, aged 21-54 years,participated in the study. The participants were randomly assigned to one of two differentexercise intensity levels, moderate or vigorous. Every participant was assigned twoconditions, inactive and active. In both conditions, the participants were exposed to twentyminutes on a stationary bicycle, followed by a 10 minute delay before testing cognitivefunctions. To evaluate executive performance, three cognitive tests were used: the Strooptest, Trail Making Test and Digit span. No significant results were found. Results fromprevious studies, combined with the present study, indicate that the relationship betweenexercise and executive functioning is very complex and needs further research.

  • 10.
    Burchard Erdvik, Irina
    et al.
    Faculty of Social and Health Sciences, Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Elverum, Norway & Department of Physical Education, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Haugen, Tommy
    Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway.
    Ivarsson, Andreas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Säfvenbom, Reidar
    Department of Physical Education, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Global Self-Worth among Adolescents: The Role of Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction in Physical Education2019Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, ISSN 0031-3831, E-ISSN 1470-1170Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Global self-worth is important for healthy development and learning, and is therefore highlighted as a major aim in the Norwegian physical education (PE) curriculum. Based on prior research this study aimed to assess potential differences in global self-worth and contextual basic need satisfaction among 2854 adolescents (47.5% boys, 52.5% girls, ages 13 and 16) participating in different movement contexts, and to determine whether basic need satisfaction in PE relates to global self-worth. Structural equation modeling analyses indicate that basic need satisfaction in PE relates significantly to global self-worth. However, adolescents who do not participate in movement contexts outside school report significantly lower basic need satisfaction in PE compared to their sports-active peers, and could possibly therefore experience reduced global self-worth development through PE. Findings support research showing that sports active youth reap most of the benefits of PE, and thus, that PE violates the principles of equal education. © 2019 Burchard Erdvik et al. Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

  • 11.
    Bäckmo, Philip
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Yrkesrelaterad livskvalitet hos psykoterapeuter och sambandet med dispositionell mindfulness, self-compassion och decentrering2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    De senaste åren har det skett en kraftig ökning av sjukskrivningar bland psykologer och psy-

    koterapeuter. Forskning har visat att dessa yrkesgrupper riskerar att drabbas av stressrelaterad problematik i samband med att möta patienter med trauma och andra former av psykisk ohäl- sa. Dispositionell mindfulness och self-compassion har i tidigare forskning visat ett negativt samband med stresserelaterad problematik, men har endast i begränsad omfattning studerats i samband med den stress psykoterapeuter möter. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka sambandet mellan yrkesrelaterad livskvalitet hos legitimerade psykoterapeuter och dispositio- nell mindfulness, self-compassion och decentrering, samt undersöka ifall bakgrundsvariabler såsom psykoterapeuters ålder, arbetstid och meditationserfarenhet har något signifikant sam- band med yrkesrelaterad livskvalitet. I studien deltog 59 legitimerade psykoterapeuter i både offentlig och privat verksamhet och sambanden undersöktes genom en korrelationsanalys. Resultaten visade på signifikanta samband mellan mindfulness, self-compassion, decentrering och yrkesrelaterad livskvalitet hos psykoterapeuter. Inga signifikanta samband gick att finna mellan bakgrundsvariablerna och någon av de beroende variablerna. Baserat på resultaten är det rekommenderat att psykoterapeuter som upplever stress i sitt arbete utvecklar inre förhåll- ningssätt baserat på mindfulness och self-compassion. 

  • 12.
    Dahl, Mattias
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Idrott, hälsa och fysisk aktivitet.
    Rolling with the tackles: Helping handball players and coaches cope withclub transition2015Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att undersöka ett lags uppfattning om hur klubbens övergång upplevs avbåde spelare och tränare, undersöka påverkan av klubbövergången på grundläggandepsykologiska behov som upplevs av spelare samt tränare och slutligen göra en kortsiktigintervention i syfte att underlätta spelares anpassning till klubbövergången. Studien baseras påtre teorier: the Athletic Career Transitional Model, Självbestämmande-teorin och detholistiska ekologiska synsättet. Studiens deltagare representerade en klubb i södra Sverige ochbestod av totalt 23 spelare åldern 15-17 (M = 15,96, SD = 0,64), klubbens manager, tränareoch föräldrar. Studien var en mixed method interventionsstudie (enkät, semi-struktureradeintervjuer och en intervention bestående av utbildningstillfällen samt en implementeringsfas).Resultatet visade att klubben fortfarande handskas med resterna av sin övergång trots att deförbiser det. Studien fann att klubben främst kräver elitsatsning från spelare, erfar hinder när detgäller individuella skillnader samt kommunikation inom klubben och resurser i form av omtyckta,välutbildade tränare. Dessutom fanns klubbövergången påverka alla grundläggande behov på någotsätt, förändringen i ledningen förde positiva värderingar med sig med autonomistödjande åtgärderoch tränare. Ökad elitsatsning påverkar och bristfällig kommunikation inom klubben påverkadeockså grundläggande behov. Resultat från interventionen samt implikationer med en grund i deteorier som används presenteras slutligen.

  • 13.
    Dahl, Mattias
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Andersson, Viktor
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Can we recreate the ”Bengan Boys” era?: A case study on Athletic Talent Development Environment and psychological needs in young handball players2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The study’s purpose was to describe a handball ATDE (Athletic Talent Development Environment) in the south of Sweden and to examine and derive the success factors of the ATDE, and within this context explore the motivational climate and autonomy support as perceived by members of the ATDE. The study is based on three theories: the Holistic ecological approach, Self Determination theory and Achievement Goal theory. The study’s participants all represented a club in the south of Sweden and consisted of players in the age of 15-19, the club manager, coaches and parents. The study was conducted through semi-structured interviews, observations and analysis of documents surrounding the club's vision and training/match policies. A total of seven interviews with four players, two coaches and the manager were conducted. Five observations at a minimum of 90 minutes gave the authors a broader view of the ATDE. An analysis of content and a triangulation with the supervisor were conducted in order to interpret the empirical data.

    The study revealed that the club is under re-organization, and its enthusiasm to evolve and become even better. The study found the ATDE to have a mastery oriented and autonomy supportive climate which in many ways contributed to the successful features of the ATDE. The study confirms earlier research regarding ATDE success factors as well as connections between SDT and AGT. The results also provide a deeper understanding of how successful factors, relationships, motivational climate and the autonomy support in an ATDE, affects young handball player’s motivation to evolve and reach their full potential. Implications with a basis in the theories used are presented.

  • 14.
    Ekengren, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Linnér, Lukas
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Moving to Play Abroad: Experiences of Transnational Team Handball Players2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Many athletes strive to excel in their sport, dreaming of fame and fortune, aiming for a career as a professional athlete. In the Nordic countries, becoming professional often implies a migration across national borders. In this relocation, it is not only crucial for transnational athletes to adapt in sport, a cultural and psychological adaptation is also needed (Ryba, Haapanen, Mosek, & Ng, 2012; Agergaard & Ryba, 2014). The purpose of this study was to examine team handball players’ experiences of their first transition and adaptation to a professional league in a foreign country, with a specific focus on their perceived demands and coping strategies. Participants were 18 senior elite team handball players (10 male, 8 female). During narrative-type interviews participants were encouraged to tell their story, focusing on how they experienced their first transnational transition. Participants’ narratives were analyzed using inductive thematic analysis (Braun & Clarke, 2013), themes and patterns of meaning were identified. The four major themes of perceived transition demands were: ‘Learn new cultural and social codes’, ‘Adjust to the rules of the new club’, ‘Accept the result focused environment’, ‘Acknowledge your role and play it’. Three themes of coping strategies were: ‘Embrace the challenge’ (e.g., be aware of the new context, negotiate and adapt to new norms and expect the unexpected) ‘Embrace yourself’ (e.g., to care for and prioritize yourself in a self-centered, but still positive way) and ‘Embrace your demons’ (e.g., accept feelings of doubt and anxiety and carry on regardless of them). Based on the research findings recommendations will be provided for psychological support of transnational athletes in their transition and adaptation abroad.

  • 15.
    Etéus, Mathias
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Hellberg, Erica
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Support within a Swedish university dual career program - golf students' and stakeholders' perspectives2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande studie var att utforska golf student-idrottares upplevelser av stöd i deras dubbla karriärs miljö från ett helhetsperspektiv. Samt att utforska nyckelpersoners perspektiv på den dubbla karriärens miljö och stödet som finns för golf student-idrottarna, från ett helhetsperspektiv. För att undersöka syftet gjordes två semistrukturerade  intervjuguider, en med frågor om fem olika domäner, idrottslig, akademisk, psykosocial, psykologisk och finansiell. Den andra hade frågor i samma domäner samt frågor om strukturen inom den dubbla karriär miljön. Deltagarna i studien var nio golf student-idrottare som tävlade på internationell eller nationell nivå, medelåldern var 21 (SD=1.80), samt tre nyckelpersoner med en medelålder på 41.33 (SD=8.39). Baserad på resultatet har en utvecklad version av Athletic talent development  environment model tagits fram. Föreliggande studies slutsats var att student-atleterna upplevde mer stöd än brist på stöd i deras dubbla karriär miljö och att mest stöd gavs inom den idrottsliga domänen.

  • 16.
    Franck, Alina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Individual pathways through the junior-to-senior transition: Narratives of two Swedish team sport athletes2019Ingår i: Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, ISSN 1041-3200, E-ISSN 1533-1571Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Athletes frequently describe the JST as the most difficult within-career transition, and many of them have acknowledged that they failed to cope well with it (e.g., Stambulova, 2009). Athletes’ development in the junior-to-senior transition (JST) is influenced by narratives existing within relevant contexts and settings. This study served as a follow-up to the quantitative longitudinal study to gain a deeper understanding of individual JST paths through a qualitative narrative approach. The aim was to explore two team sport athletes’ (John, the football player, and Anna, the basketball player) JST pathways, emphasizing psychosocial factors that were perceived as facilitating and debilitating the process. Narrative type interviews were conducted, and the holistic-form structural analysis (Smith, 2016) was used. Through their narratives, John and Anna reconstructed their JST paths, attaching meanings to certain events, recounting the people involved, and making personal reflections. John had a performance and family narrative and Anna, an enjoyment and relationship narrative. They perceived their key facilitating persons to be their family members and teammates. The debilitating factors were some coaches’ behaviors. At the time of this study, John and Anna had already terminated their athletic careers and had refocused on getting an education. Although they did not reach elite senior levels in their sports, they found their athletic career meaningful life experiences.

  • 17.
    Franck, Alina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Idrott, hälsa och fysisk aktivitet.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Idrott, hälsa och fysisk aktivitet.
    Swedish Athletes’ Transition from Junior to Senior Sports: A Quantitative Longitudinal Study2013Ingår i: Abstracts of the ISSP 13th World Congress of Sport Psychology: July 21-26, 2013, Beijing Sport University, Beijing, China, Beijing, 2013, s. 58-58Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to explore the process of the transition from junior to senior sports in Swedish athletes. Previous studies showed that the junior-to-senior transition (a) is initiated by a set of demands relevant to athletic and non-athletic development, (b) lasts for about two years, (c) known for a high dropout rate and often described by athletes as the most difficult within-career transition (e.g., Bruner et al., 2008; Stambulova, 2009; Vanden Auweele et al., 2004). This quantitative longitudinal study included five measurements that were conducted every six months, and altogether covered two-and-a-half-years with two measurements of the transition variables and one measurement of related personal variables each year. The following package of four instruments was used: the Transition Monitoring Survey (Stambulova, Franck, & Weibull, 2012), the Athletic Identity Measurement Scale (Brewer, Van Raalte, & Linder, 1993), the Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire (Duda, 1989) and the Physical Self-Perception Profile – Revised (Lindwall, Hagger, & Asci, 2007). In the first measurement 101 club-based Swedish athletes (74 males and 27 females) of 15 -20 years old took part. The dynamics of participants was characterized by an increasing dropout rate from each measurement to the next, and as a result only 37 participants were left to the time of the final (fifth) measurement. Overall dynamics of transitional variables throughout the five measurements was characterized by an increase in motivation and perceived quality of adjustment on the senior athletic level from the first to the third measurement followed by a decrease in these variables across the last two measurements. Decrease in the athletes’ perceived degree of adjustment was especially relevant to their adjustment to senior competitions and to combining sport and studies. Perceived importance of sport (especially of competitions) decreased progressively from the first to the fifth measurement. The other transitional variables (e.g., perceived demands, resources, coping strategies, stress level, need in support) were characterized by various types of dynamics. Meanwhile athletes’ athletic identity and overall satisfaction with their sport and life were rather high and stable across all the five measurements. The next step in the data treatment will be based on the Multilevel Modeling and the Latent Growth Curve Analysis to identify successful and less successful transitional pathways with relevant dynamics and patterns of the transitional and personal variables.

  • 18.
    Franck, Alina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Idrott, hälsa och fysisk aktivitet.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Idrott, hälsa och fysisk aktivitet.
    Swedish junior athletes’ personal profiles in relation to the dynamics of adjustment in the junior-to-senior transition2015Ingår i: Book of Abstracts of the 20th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science – 24th - 27th June 2015, Malmö – Sweden / [ed] A. Radmann, S. Hedemborg & E. Tsolakidis, Malmö: European College of Sport Science (ECSS) , 2015, s. 295-295Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    According to previous research, the junior-to-senior transition (JST) is decisive for athletes who want to reach the elite/professional sport level, it lasts for 2-4 years, and is known for its high dropout rate. The longitudinal study of the junior-to-senior transition process in Swedish club-based athletes conducted by the authors involved several lines of data analysis with this presentation focusing on the dynamics of athletes’ junior-to-senior transition adjustment in relation to their personal characteristics. The study had five measurements conducted every six months using several instruments; these instruments measured the athletes’ level of athletic identity, task- and ego orientation, self-esteem and adjustment in the transition process. The latent profile analysis identified three profiles (based on athletes personal characteristics; BIC = 771.11; entropy = 0.87; Parametric Bootstrapped likelihood ratio test = -356.07, p < 0.001). In the profile-1, athletes (34 males and 11 females) were characterized by high athletic identity, self-esteem, task orientation, and the JST motivation; they also had moderately high ego orientation. These athletes perceived to be 72 % adjusted at the first measurement, had a positive progression through the transition process, and at the fifth measurement perceived to be 83 % adjusted at the senior level. In the profile-2, athletes (30 males and 7 females) perceived themselves to have high self-esteem and the JST motivation, relatively high athletic identity and task orientation complemented by moderate ego orientation. They perceived themselves to be 66 % adjusted at the first measurement, had a positive progression through the transition process, and at the fifth measurement perceived themselves to be 73% adjusted. In the profile-3 athletes (9 males and 9 females) reported high self-esteem, relatively high task orientation, as well as moderate athletic identity, ego orientation and the JST motivation. These athletes perceived to be 62 % adjusted at the first measurement, had almost no progression through the transition process, and at the fifth measurement perceived themselves to be 64 % adjusted. These findings supported our hypothesis that athletes with different profiles of personal characteristics follow different pathways through the JST process. The JST pathways are going to be explored more in detail with the aim to understand transition variables contributing to the dynamics of perceived adjustment. Further this knowledge can be used in assisting athletes in the JST.

  • 19.
    Franck, Alina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott. Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    The junior to senior transition: A narrative analysis of the pathways of two Swedish athletes2019Ingår i: Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, ISSN 2159-676X, E-ISSN 2159-6778, Vol. 11, nr 3, s. 284-298Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There are as many careers with various pathways as there are athletes, and the interest in the junior-to-senior transition (JST) stems from its particular importance for athletes’ lives when aiming for the senior elite levels of their sports (Stambulova 1994, 2009). This study is a follow-up of the quantitative longitudinal study that investigated the JST process in Swedish sport club athletes (Franck et al. 2016a, 2016b). The aim of this study was to explore two athletes’ (pseudonyms Erik, the swimmer, and Jessika, the tennis player) JST transition pathways, emphasising psychosocial factors that were perceived as facilitating and debilitating the transition process. Narrative type interviews were conducted, and the stories were analysed using the holistic-form structural analysis (Smith 2016). The analysis provided a central storyline (performance narrative) that is similar for both athletes, and two side storylines: Erik’s effort and relationship narrative and Jessika’s injury and reorientation narrative. They shared psychosocial factors that were perceived as facilitating the transition process, including family, coaches and sport club environment. For Erik, the debilitating factors were the negative changes in the group and a poor relationship with the new coach. The debilitating factors that influenced Jessika’s JST were the decrease/loss of financial support and the challenge of facing younger opponents against whom she felt she shouldn’t lose when making a comeback after an injury. After the JST, both Erik and Jessika changed their tracks in life, terminated their athletic careers and focused on pursuing higher education qualifications.

  • 20.
    Franck, Alina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Weibull, Fredrik
    School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom.
    Profiles of personal characteristics and relevant pathways in the junior-to-senior transition: A longitudinal study of Swedish athletes2016Ingår i: International Journal of Sport Psychology, ISSN 0047-0767, Vol. 47, nr 6, s. 483-507Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study the specific foci were as follows: (1) to identify profiles of athletes in the junior-to-senior transition (JST) based on their personal characteristics (athletic identity, self-esteem and goal orientation) and (2) to describe the JST pathways relevant to the profiles. This quantitative longitudinal study included five measurements that were conducted approximately every six months. The following package of four instruments was used: the Athletic Identity Measurement Scale (Brewer, Van Raalte, & Linder, 1993), the Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire (Duda, 1989), the self-esteem sub-scale from the Physical Self-Perception Profile – Revised (Lindwall, Hagger, & Asci, 2007) and the Transition Monitoring Survey (Stambulova, Franck, & Weibull, 2012). In the first measurement 100 club-based Swedish athletes (73 male and 27 female) with the mean age of 16.51 (SD = 1.32) participated. The Latent Profile Analysis identified three profiles of athletes and several similarities and differences can be seen in the profiles of athletes’ transition pathways. The main findings are: (1) three profiles of personal characteristics associated with different JST transition pathways were identified; (2) athletic identity appeared to be key personal characteristic that influenced the dynamic of adjustment and (3) different styles of coping strategies were associated with different JST pathways. The JST pathways relevant to the profiles are discussed based on the theoretical framework and previous research.

  • 21.
    Gustafsson, Allis
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Nilsson, Sara
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Konsekvenser av ett muskulöst ideal på Instagram: En studie kring skillnader i muskelsträvan och träningsrelaterat instagram-användande mellan crossfitutövare och traditionellt gymaktiva2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Huvudsyftet med föreliggande studie var att undersöka skillnader mellan crossfitutövare och traditionellt gymaktiva i muskelsträvan, träningsrelaterat instagram-användande, tvångsmässig passion och träningsmängd samt undersöka samband avseende dessa variabler. Vidare undersökte studien om exponering för tränings- och utseenderelaterade bilder, tvångsmässig passion samt ökat träningsbeteende efter exponering för bilder på instagram kan predicera muskelsträvan. Genom en kvantitativ forskningsansats fick deltagarna besvara en enkät innefattande mätinstrumenten: Godin Leisure- Time Exercise Questionnaire, The Passion Scale, Drive for muscularity scale. Utifrån ett bekvämlighetsurval rekryterades 156 deltagare (66 män och 89 kvinnor, en person uppgav inte kön) i åldern 16-65 år (M=28). Studien visar att crossfitutövare har mer muskelsträvan, träningsrelaterat instagram-användande, tvångsmässig passion samt träningsmängd jämfört med traditionellt gymaktiva. Muskelsträvan visade positiva samband med träningsrelaterat instagram-användande, tvångsmässig passion samt träningsmängd. Vidare visade studien att exponering för tränings- och utseenderelaterade bilder på Instagram, tvångsmässig passion samt ökat träningsbeteende efter exponering för bilder på Instagram kan predicera muskelsträvan. För framtida forskning föreslås att undersöka om andra grupper med stort träningsrelaterat instagram-användande också har mer muskelsträvan samt tvångsmässig passion.

  • 22.
    Götsén, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Virolainen, Victor
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Stress och hälsa hos elitfotbollsdomare2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie hade som syfte att undersöka vilka orsaker till stress svenska elitfotbollsdomare upplever samt hur domarna hanterar den upplevda stressen. Vidare syfte var att undersöka hur stressen påverkar domarnas hälsa, och vilken påverkan stressen har på beteendet hos domarna. Urvalet till denna studie bestod av 10 svenska elitfotbollsdomare, både män och kvinnor, med domaruppdrag inom Allsvenskan eller Superettan säsongen 2011. En semistrukturerad intervjuguide användes under antingen telefon- eller personliga intervjuer. Intervjuerna analyserades genom en kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultatet som framkom i denna studie ligger huvudsakligen i linje med den tidigare forskningen som har gjorts inom området. Vidare visar även resultatet att de deltagande domarna i huvudsak inte upplever en negativ påverkan av stressen på deras hälsa. De resultat som framkom i studien diskuteras vidare i samband med tidigare forskning inom detta område och runt de metodologiska frågor som framkom av studien. Förslag för framtida forskning samt hur resultatet av studien kan appliceras praktiskt ges.

  • 23.
    Holmberg, Sophie
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    PASSION FÖR FOTBOLL - EN STUDIE PÅ SVENSKA ELITFOTBOLLSGYMNASIER2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den aktuella studien var att på svenska elitfotbollsgymnasier (1) undersöka samband mellan psykosociala variablerna motivation (i.e., inre och yttre former), självbestämmande och passion (i.e., harmonisk och tvångsmässig) samt (2) undersöka samband mellan passion och frekvensen träningstimmar. I studien ingick 220 ungdomsspelare från fem svenska elitfotbollsgymnasier (pojkar n =169, flickor n =51). I studien användes Passion Scale för att mäta spelarnas passion för fotboll, Sport Motivation Scale (SMS) för att se vilka motiv deltagande är byggt på samt Self-Determination Scale (SDS) för att mäta upplevt självbestämmande. Resultatet visade att inre motivation och självbestämmande förklarar 39 % av den totala variansen av harmonisk passion för fotboll samt att inre motivation har en partiell positivt medierande effekt mellan självbestämmande och harmonisk passion. Introjektionerad reglering förklarar (som ensam faktor) 28 % av den totala variansen av tvångsmässig passion för fotboll. Vidare påvisades ett negativt samband mellan harmonisk passion och frekvens träningstimmar. Resultatet har analyserats och diskuterats i relation till tidigare forskning.

  • 24.
    Hulander, Markus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Centrum för idrott och hälsoforskning (CIHF). Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Gruppen för forskning om Idrott, Hälsa och Fysisk aktivitet.
    Carlander, Ida
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Centrum för idrott och hälsoforskning (CIHF). Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Gruppen för forskning om Idrott, Hälsa och Fysisk aktivitet.
    ELITFOTBOLLSSPELARES ANVÄNDNING AV INDIVIDUELLA MÅLSÄTTNINGAR RELATERAT TILL MOTIVATION OCH UPPLEVD KOMPETENS2009Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna undersökning har varit att studera huruvida individuella målsättningaranvänds inom elitfotboll. Dessutom undersöktes vilka målsättningsstrategier som föredrassamt vilka av dem som uppfattas som mest effektiva. Vidare studerades hur användningen avolika målsättningsstrategier är relaterat till elitfotbollspelares upplevda kompetens ochmotivation. . Även skillnader mellan ordinarie och icke ordinarie spelare samt juniorer ochseniorer studerades. Slutligen undersöktes även interaktionen mellan målsättningsarbetet,motivation och upplevd kompetens. Totalt deltod 101 fotbollsspelare i studien. Metoden somanvändes var kvantitiv och bestod av enkäterna GSSQ, TEOSQ samt Harterskompetensfrågeformulär (1980). Resultaten visade att resultatmål var som den mestföredragna målsättningen. Vidare var inre motivationsinriktning vanligare än yttre. Resultatenvisade även att målsättningars upplevda effektivite samt spelarnas motivation var lägst hosicke ordinarie juniorer. Interaktionseffekterna visade även att icke ordinarie juniorer uppleverlägre nivå av upplevd kompetens. Resultaten diskuteras i förhållande till uppsatsens teoretiskaramverk.

    Nyckelord: Elitfotbollsspelare, motivation, målsättning, upplevd kompetens

  • 25.
    Hurtig Kokko, Emmy
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Lindhe, Rebecca
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    SKILLNADER I UPPLEVD MOTIVATION OCH SJÄLVFÖRTROENDE HOS LANDSLAGSAPELANDE OCH ICKE LANDSLAGSSPELANDE UNGDOMAR INOM FOTBOLL2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna undersökning var att studera eventuella skillnader i upplevd motivation och självförtroende mellan fotbollslandslagsspelande och icke fotbollslandslagsspelande ungdomar i åldern 14-19. Dessutom studerades eventuella skillnader mellan pojkarna och flickorna inom samma område. Total deltog 471 fotbollsspelande ungdomar varav 282 spelade i landslagen och 189 inte spelade i landslagen, 270 pojkar och 201 flickor. Spelarna fyllde vid ett tillfälle i enkäterna Grit scale, Sport Motivation Scale (SMS), The self-determination scale och Sport Confidence Inventory. Resultaten visade att det fanns skillnader mellan de landslagsspelande och icke landslagsspelande ungdomar inom variablerna upplevd motivation och upplevt självförtroende. Resultaten visade bland annat att de icke landslagsspelande ungdomarna upplever sig ha en högre grad av motivation än de landslagsspelande ungdomarna i denna studie. Dock visade resultaten att de landslagsspelande ungdomarna upplever sig ha ett högre självförtroende än de icke landslagsspelande ungdomarna i denna studie. Det finns även en signifikant skillnad mellan pojkar och flickor inom de två variablerna. Resultaten diskuteras i förhållande till uppsatsens teoretiska ramverk.

  • 26.
    Jones, Emelie
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Samband mellan socialt stöd och motivation bland lagidrottare2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att på lagidrottare (1) undersöka samband mellan motivation och socialt stöd utifrån familj, tränare och kompisar, (2) undersöka skillnader i upplevt stöd från familj, tränare och kompisar samt (3) undersöka skillnader mellan kvinnor och män inom variablerna motivation och socialt stöd. I studien deltog 101 lagidrottare (män n =49, kvinnor n =52) från totalt fem olika idrotter, synkroniserad konståkning, fotboll, handboll, innebandy samt ishockey, i åldrarna 16-40 (M = 22,39; SD =3,66). Data samlades in via kvantitativ ansats, mätinstrument som användes var Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support samt The Behavioural Regulation In exercise Questionnaire-2. Resultatet visade positiva samband mellan motivation och socialt stöd, där framförallt stöd från kompisar var positivt relaterat med inre motivation. En kombination av stöd utifrån familj, kompisar och tränare uppvisade  ett positivt samband med inre motivation. Yttre kontroll påvisade ett positivt samband med tränare samt i ett negativt samband med kompisar. Vidare framkom att män uppvisade en högre nivå av inre motivation samt en lägre nivå av yttre- och introjicerad kontroll än kvinnor. Slutligen påvisade resultatet ingen skillnad mellan kvinnor och män i upplevt socialt stöd. Resultatet har analyserats och diskuterats i relation till tidigare forskning. 

  • 27.
    Jonsson, Linus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    EXPLORING EXERCISE BEHAVIOR AND WELL-BEING OF SWEDISH UNIVERSITY STUDENTS - A SELF-DETERMINATION PERSPECTIVE2012Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka relationer mellan motivations profil, self-efficacy, de gundläggande psykologiska behoven, motionsvanor samt välbefinnande bland svenska universitets studenter. Ett frågeformulär bestående av instrumenten GLTEQ, SHIS, BPNES, BREQ-2 och BARSE distribuerades vid ett universitet i södra Sverige. Respondenterna (n=260) var män (n=122) och kvinnor (n=138). För analys och bearbetning av den insamlade datan användes SPSS med analysmetoderna Pearson's r och Multipla Regressionsanalyser. Resultaten visade att kompetens, autonomi och tillhörighet var positiva prediktorer för självbestämmande motivation, medan identifierad reglering, inre reglering samt barriärspecifik självtillit var positiva prediktorer för ansträngande motion. Vidare visade resultaten att endast kompetens var en positiv prediktor för välbefinande, dock så påvisades positiva samband mellan alla de grundläggande psykologiska behoven och välbefinnande. För att främja universitets studenters motionsvanor och välbefinnande är slutsaten att det sannolikt vore framgångsrikt att basera interventioner utifrån tillfredställande av de grundläggande psykologiska behoven.

  • 28.
    Jonsson, Linus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Lidén, Ulf
    MOTIVATION, PERCIEVED BARRIERS AND SELF-EFFICACY TOWARDS PHYSICAL ACTIVITY - A STUDY OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS PHYSICAL ACTIVITY BEHAVIORS2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate to what extent university students are regularly physically active, what motives and barriers they perceive towards exercise and the relationship between motivational profile, self-efficacy and exercise behaviors. A questionnaire including the instruments Physical Activity Stages of Change, BARSE, BREQ-2 and Exercise Adherence Questionnaire was distributed at a university in southern Sweden. The respondents (n = 251) were Men (n = 104) and Women (n = 147). For analysis and processing of the gathered data SPSS was used with One-Way ANOVA, Pearson's r and Regression Analysis. The study showed that 70 percent of the students were regularly physically active. The most common motives for exercise were to improve health and increase physical strength whilst the most frequent barriers were lack of motivation and lack of energy/fatigue. The results also revealed positive correlations between identified regulation, intrinsic regulation, barrier self-efficacy and physical activity.

  • 29.
    jönsson, mikael
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och omvårdnad.
    Manliga elittränares upplevelse av fenomenet kollektivt självförtroende2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 30.
    Karanovic, Aleksandra
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Werngren, Kähler, Ewa
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Organisatoriskt engagemang2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka vilka faktorer i den psykosociala arbetsmiljön som gynnar det organisatoriska engagemanget samt om kommunikation har någon speciell betydelse i detta avseende. Tidigare forskning har påvisat samband mellan psykosociala arbetsmiljöfaktorer och organisatoriskt engagemang. Tidigare forskning har även påvisat att kommunikation är en betydande psykosocial arbetsmiljöfaktor. Undersökningen är genomförd på en gymnasieskola i Södra Sverige. Datainsamlingen bestod av intervjuer och enkäter. Totalt utfördes två intervjuer samt en enkätundersökning med 47 deltagare. Resultatet visade inget samband mellan organisatoriskt engagemang och de undersökta faktorerna kommunikation, socialt stöd, påverkansmöjligheter och utvecklingsmöjligheter. I diskussionen framgick det att kommunikation var en betydande faktor som hade samband med socialt stöd, påverkansmöjligheter och utvecklingsmöjligheter.

  • 31.
    Karlsson, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Thorvaldsson, Valgeir
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Johansson, Boo
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Birth cohort differences in the effects of cardiovascular risk factors on fluid cognition in old age2016Ingår i: 23NKG2016: 23rd Nordic Congress of Gerontology, Tampere, Finland: Abstracts, 2016, s. 78-79Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: A large body of evidence indicates that cardiovascular risk factors are related to neurodegenerative processes leading to cognitive decline and eventually dementia. The aim of this study was to investigate birth cohort differences in the effects of cardiovascular risk on cognitive performance and rate of cognitive change.

    Method: We used data from three cohorts born in 1901-02, 1906-07, and 1930 measured at ages 70, 75, and 79 years on two fluid cognitive measures (i.e. spatial ability and logical reasoning). We used the Framingham Risk Score based on simple office-based non-laboratory predictors (age, systolic blood pressure, BMI, smoking and diabetes status) to calculate cardiovascular risk.

    Findings: Estimates from multiple-group latent growth curve models (LGCM) revealed higher levels of cognitive performance but faster rate of decline in later born cohorts compared with earlier born cohorts. But most importantly, the results indicated no association between the Framingham risk score and cognitive performance or change.

    Conclusion: Our findings suggests either no association between cardiovascular risk and cognition in old age, or  that the Framingham Risk Score, based on simple office-based non-laboratory predictors, may not be suitable for predicting cognitive functioning in old age.

  • 32.
    Karlsson, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Thorvaldsson, Valgeir
    Department of Psychology and Centre for Aging and Health (AgeCap), University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Johansson, Boo
    Department of Psychology and Centre for Aging and Health (AgeCap), University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Cognitive decline, stability, and gain between ages 70 and 79 in three Swedish birth cohorts2017Ingår i: 4th International Conference Aging & Cognition 2017, April 20–22: Abstract Book, 2017, s. 50-50Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate secular trends regarding proportions of individuals showing cognitive decline, stability, or gain between ages 70 and 79 years. For this purpose we analyzed data from three Swedish birth cohorts, born 1901-02, 1906-07, and 1930, and four cognitive measures (i.e. verbal meaning, figure identification, logical reasoning, and spatial ability). Using the standard error of measurement (SEm) at baseline (i.e. 70 years of age), participants were categorized as showing cognitive decline (if decreasing by more the 1 SEm between ages 70 and 79), gain (if increasing by more than 1 SEm) or otherwise evincing stability. χ²-tests indicated statistically significant differences between the cohorts for all four cognitive measures. For all cognitive measures earlier born cohorts consisted of a smaller proportion of individuals showing cognitive decline, and a larger proportion showing cognitive gain compared to later born cohorts. Possible explanations for these results are discussed in terms of cohort differences in selective survival and/or cognitive reserve.

  • 33.
    Klarström, Josefine
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Sandklef, Sofie
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Motivationsklimat, målinriktning och självkänsla inom CrossFit2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande uppsats var undersöka sambanden mellan motivationsklimat, målinriktning och självkänsla inom CrossFit jämfört med konditionsbaserad gruppträning. Vidare undersöktes om Modellen för sambandet mellan motivationsklimat, individuella skillnader, och känsla och motivation kunde appliceras inom CrossFit. I studien deltog sammanlagt 95 deltagare, både CrossFitutövare (N=45) och deltagare inom konditionsbaserad gruppträning (N=50) från sydvästra Sverige. I studien användes Perceived Motivational Climate in Sports Questionnaire-2 (PMCSQ-2), Achievement Goals Questionnaire for Sports (AGQ-S) samt Physical Self Perception Profile-R (PSPP-R). Resultatet visade en signifikant skillnad i uppgiftsorienterat klimat och självkänsla mellan CrossFitutövare och deltagare i konditionsbaserad gruppträning. Vidare påvisades samband mellan motivationsklimat, målinriktning och självkänsla inom CrossFit vilket delvis stödjer modellen. Framtida forskning bör vidare granska motivationsklimat, målinriktning, självkänsla och motivation inom CrossFit jämfört med konditionsbaserad gruppträning i en population bestående av fysiskt inaktiva nybörjare.

  • 34.
    Lilja, Josefine L.
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Frodi-Lundgren, Annika
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Johansson Hanse, Jan
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Josefsson, Torbjörn
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lundh, Lars-Gunnar
    Department of Psychology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Sköld, Camilla
    Department of Clinical Science, Danderyd Hospital, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hansen, Erling
    Department of Psychology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Broberg, Anders G.
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire-Reliability and Factor Structure: A Swedish Version2011Ingår i: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, ISSN 1650-6073, E-ISSN 1651-2316, Vol. 40, nr 4, s. 291-303Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Two studies were conducted to assess the Swedish version of the Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ), which was originally created by Baer et al. (2006). The aim of Study 1 was to examine the psychometric properties of the FFMQ using data from 495 individuals. Quantitative and qualitative analyses resulted in a reduction of the scale by 10 items. Psychometric properties, including internal consistency of the revised instrument, were examined. The Swedish FFMQ provides results comparable to those obtained by Baer. Cronbach’s alphas were high for all the facets. The Swedish FFMQ appears to be a potentially useful tool in measuring mindfulness among Swedish participants. The aim of Study 2 was to test the suggested hierarchical five-factor solution and construct validity, using a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Similar to findings for the English version of the FFMQ, the CFA showed that the Observing facet was not a significant part of an overall self-reported mindfulness structure in a Swedish population with little meditation experience. © 2011 Copyright Swedish Association for Behaviour Therapy.

  • 35.
    Lilja, Josefine L.
    et al.
    Gothenburg Univ, Dept Psychol, S-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Lundh, Lars-Gunnar
    Lund Univ, Dept Psychol, Lund, Sweden..
    Josefsson, Torbjörn
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Falkenström, Fredrik
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Behav Sci & Learning, Linkoping, Sweden..
    Observing as an Essential Facet of Mindfulness: A Comparison of FFMQ Patterns in Meditating and Non-Meditating Individuals2013Ingår i: Mindfulness, ISSN 1868-8527, E-ISSN 1868-8535, Vol. 4, nr 3, s. 203-212Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the most comprehensive measures of mindfulness is the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) with five factors-Observing, Describing, Acting with awareness, Non-judging, and Non-reactivity. Hierarchical confirmatory factor analyses, however, have suggested that only four of the FFMQ factors (i.e. all except Observing) were components of "an overall mindfulness construct"-which is puzzling because Observing represents a core aspect of all definitions of mindfulness. The purpose of the present study was to approach this problem by a person-oriented approach, focusing on patterns on the FFMQ scales, rather than linear associations between them. Data on the FFMQ were collected on 817 individuals. Cluster analysis according to the LICUR procedure was used to group these participants in 13 clusters, according to their profiles of scores on the five FFMQ scales. Of the participants, 325 were categorized as meditators and 317 as non-meditators. To test hypotheses about the relation between Observing and mindfulness (which we assumed should be higher among meditators), the meditators/non-meditators categorization was cross-tabulated with the FFMQ clusters. The results showed that all clusters in which meditators were over-represented had high scores on Observing, and all clusters in which meditators were under-represented had low scores on Observing-which supports the hypothesis that mindfulness is related to high levels of Observing. The relationship between Observing and Non-judging, however, was found to be more complex than expected. The results are discussed in terms of mindfulness seen as a multidimensional skill, which may develop differently in various subgroups of individuals.

  • 36.
    Lindwall, Magnus
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Weman Josefsson, Karin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Stenling, Andreas
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Markland, David
    Bangor University, Bangor, United Kingdom.
    Approaching a broadened view on behavioral regulation in exercise: A closer look at different facets of introjected regulation using the revised BREQ-42019Ingår i: Abstract Book: 7th International Conference on Self-Determination Theory. May 20-24, 2019, The Netherlands, 2019, artikel-id 12D-096Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Identifying different types of motivation that regulate behavior in an exercise context has been of high interest in exercise psychology science. One of the most widely used instruments for this purpose is the Behavioural Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire-2 (BREQ-2; Markland & Tobin, 2004), which recently has been revised (BREQ-3, Cid et al., 2018) to include also integrated regulation. In previous work, questions have been raised about the nature of introjected regulation, suggesting it can be divided into two different types of regulations, mirroring avoidance and approach.  Therefore, BREQ-3 has been further revised to include items that measure: two facets of introjected regulation (approach and avoidance), resulting in a 28-item instrument (named BREQ-4) measuring seven types of exercise regulation.

    The purpose of this paper is to examine: (i) the factorial structure of the new and revised instrument BREQ-4; and (ii) associations between the two newly developed facets of introjected regulation (approach and avoidance), exercise behavior and the other types of regulation in the context of exercise.

    Two subsamples, one from the UK consisting of 412 younger (mean age: 21.6 years) adults recruited from various Facebook groups, and one from Sweden, consisting of 369 middle aged (mean age: 40.7) working individuals, also recruited via Facebook, were used. In both samples, data was collected online through Qualtrics. Structural equation modeling was used to examine factorial validity and associations between latent constructs of exercise regulation in BREQ-4 and self-reported exercise behavior.

    Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the 28-item 7-factor model displayed acceptable fit to data in both samples. Configural and metric invariance, but not scalar invariance, between the two samples was established. Avoidance regulation was unrelated to exercise behavior in both samples, whereas approach regulation was weakly and positively associated with exercise in the UK sample. Avoidance and approach was moderately to strongly associated in both samples. In terms of patterns of associations with the other types of regulations, results were similar in both samples: avoidance was more strongly associated with extrinsic regulation whereas approach was more robustly associated with self-determined types of motivation (identified, integrated and intrinsic motivation).  

  • 37.
    Linnér, Lukas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Ekengren, Johan
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Profiles of Dual Career Competences of Swedish University Student-Athletes2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Combining sport and education (or work) is termed as athletes ‘dual careers’ (DC) and it is an evolving area of research in Europe, guided by the European Union Guidelines on Dual Careers of Athletes (2012). In this presentation, results from a Swedish national study will be presented. The aim of the study was to investigate university student-athletes’ DC competences (i.e., knowledge, skills, experience and attitudes) for a successful DC. The study is part of the European project ‘Gold in Education and Elite Sport’ (GEES) involving eight other European countries. Seventy-one Swedish university student-athletes (mean age= 25.2) representing various sports completed the DC Competence Survey. The survey measured student-athletes’ perceptions (i.e., importance and possession) of 38 DC competences (e.g., ability to prioritize, dedication to succeed, self-discipline, ability to cope with stress), and student-athletes’ experience of, coping with, and use of competences in seven challenging DC scenarios (e.g., missing important days in school, moving away from home, injury). The Latent profile analysis on student-athletes’ possession of competences indicated that the model with a 3-profile solution provided the best fit (entropy = 0.876; Parametric Bootstrapped likelihood ratio test =.01). Profile-1 (P1: n=7) corresponded to student-athletes with an average level of competence; Profile-2 (P2: n=42) to an average-to-good level of competence, and Profile-3 (P3: n=22) to a good competence level. Profile-3 outscored the two other profiles in terms of mean coping with all seven DC scenarios (P1: M=3.39; P2: M=3.58; P3: M=4.15), indicating that the more competences student-athletes possessed the better they coped. However, the pattern of coping between profiles was not consistent across all scenarios, suggesting that some competences were more important for some scenarios and less important for others. Further analysis aims to reveal scenario-specific competences to guide practitioners helping student-athletes in specific DC scenarios.

  • 38.
    Linnér, Lukas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Lindahl, Kent
    The Swedish Sports Confederation, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wylleman, Paul
    Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussel, Belgium.
    Swedish university student-athletes’ dual career scenarios and competences2019Ingår i: International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, ISSN 1612-197X, E-ISSN 1557-251XArtikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper presents the Swedish data on university student-athletes’ dual career (DC) competences and coping, from the European project “Gold in Education and Elite Sport” (GEES). A cross-sectional quantitative design was implemented with the objectives to explore: (a) the student-athletes’ perceived need to develop DC competences in order to successfully combine sport and study, (b) if the student-athletes experienced and how they coped with specific DC scenarios, and (c) the magnitude of the association between the student-athletes’ possession of prioritized DC competences for each scenario and their scenario-specific coping. Seventy-one university student-athletes with a mean age of 25.21 completed the DC competency questionnaires developed within the GEES. The student-athletes reported their perception of importance and possession of 38 DC competences (e.g., cope with stress, prioritizing), as well as coping with seven DC scenarios (e.g., miss significant days of study), and selected the five most important competences (from the list of 38) to cope with each scenario. The results revealed that the student-athletes: (a) perceived a need to develop more than 70% of the DC competences to successfully combine sport and studies, (b) had experienced and coped average-to-good with the DC scenarios, and (c) possession of the top five prioritized competences was moderately-to-strongly related to their coping in three scenarios. The study extends understanding of Swedish university student-athletes’ DC competences and has contributed to development of Swedish National Guidelines for elite athletes’ dual careers (2018). © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

  • 39.
    Linnér, Lukas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Parker, James
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Bio- och miljösystemforskning (BLESS).
    Ekengren, Johan
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Dual Career Balance in Student-Athletes University Transition2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Balancing studies, a personal life and sports, that is, having a dual career, is considered as a challenge associated with transitional demands in athletic and non-athletic (psychological, psychosocial, academic/vocational, financial) domains (Wylleman, Reints, & De Knop, 2013). The aim of this study was to investigate student-athletes’ university transition with a specific focus on how student-athletes balance different domains of their lives. Twenty-three Swedish university student-athletes (mean age= 21.52; 16 males and 7 females) representing six sports (equestrianism, golf, handball, ice hockey, soccer, table tennis) partook in the study. Participants completed the Dual Career Monitoring Survey (DCMS), weekly, over the first twelve weeks of their university education. The DCMS is developed by the authors and measures student-athletes perceptions of balance, time investments, demands, coping, satisfaction, resources and barriers in relation to sport, studies, private life, social life and financial situation. In exploring student-athletes’ perception of dual career balance throughout the twelve weeks, an intra-class correlation analysis revealed a between-person variance of 0.14 (14%). That is, with regards to balance in their dual careers 86% was due to within-person variance, suggesting that balance is idiosyncratic and that further analysis should investigate within-person change. Encouraged by these findings we continued with a person-centered analysis using the Dynamic P-technique for modeling patterns of data (Nelson, Aylward, & Rausch, 2011). The relationships between changes in balance (i.e., prioritizing sport, studies or other domains of life), demands, coping and satisfaction throughout the twelve weeks will be presented. Our findings contribute to the understanding of balance as a central tenet of athletes’ dual careers (Second author et al., 2015). From our findings we suggest practitioners to take into account the individual dynamics in dual career balance from a whole-person perspective.

  • 40.
    Lyckberg, Pernilla
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Fritzson, Maria
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    En socialpsykologisk studie om personers upplevelser av Rehabvistelsen Första Steget på Kurorten i Varberg2010Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with our research in Varbergs Kurort is to study how persons that have been a part of the individual adjusted rehabilitation program First Step have found their stay during their program. The program holds a team of professionals that together work with the individual’s physical and mental health. In our study we have included eight women and to men in the age between 35-65 years who all suffered from a slight mentally illness. Out of a social psychological perspective we have based our study from the social and room environment and how their self-recovery has affected their wellbeing during their rehabilitation. In our study we have out of qualitative interviews put together our results. The interviews were out of a narrative character where the persons told us about parts out of their lives. Our results shows that there is a huge individual development depending on what faze they are in their depression ore on their way recovering from depression. Most of them felt an enormous support from the staff and by meeting people in similar situations as their own. Also the beautiful surroundings had a positive effect of their recovering. The results have been analysed from Johan Asplunds theory about social responses and unsocial responses, how the social environment affects the individual. We also made an environmental psychological analysis with the theory about restorative surroundings and the term cognitive maps that makes the spatial environmental affects of the individual rehabilitation.

  • 41.
    Martin, Simon
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). ENS Rennes (France).
    Are perfectionistic and stressed athletes the main victims of the «silent epidemic»? A prospective study of personal and interpersonal risk factors of overuse injuries in sport2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Overuse injuries (OI) account for a substantial part of sport injury incidence among athletes of various sports and levels. They lead to serious consequences for athletes’ physical and mental health, as well as athletic performance. Despite the gradual onset of symptoms, athletes often persevere in training and competing. The present study aimed to identify psychological risk profiles suggested to explain maladaptive behaviors prior or in response to first signs of overuse injuries. Design: Prospective cohort study. Methods: 149 athletes representing 10 individual and team sports responded to a range of questionnaires regarding personal (athletic identity, perfectionistic concerns, grit and negative life stress) and interpersonal (coach-athlete relationship) psychological traits. By using the mobile application Briteback®, participants subsequently answered the OSTRC Overuse Injury Questionnaire on a weekly basis during a 10 weeks period. A latent profile analysis was used in order to identify different psychological profiles. Results: Athletes were classified into 3 latent profiles regarding their psychological characteristics: profile 1 was labelled a “perfectionistic OI risk profile”, profile 2 a “negative stress OI risk profile” whereas profile 3 was called a “low risk profile for OI”. Indeed, athletes in profile 1 and 2 were found to be significantly more often affected by overuse problems than individuals in profile 3 (71% of the time, χ² (2) = 9.62, Hedges’ g = (0.71), p < .01 and 70% of the time χ² (2) = 9.13, Hedges’ g = (0.68), p < .01 vs 45% of the time), with athletes in profile 1 also experiencing more substantial overuse problems than for profile 3 (35% vs 21% of the time; χ² (2) = 4.12, Hedges’ g = (0.50), p < .05). Conclusions: Our findings support the existence of two “risk profiles” in which athletes are characterized either by elevated perfectionistic concerns or by high negative stress. These findings could be explained by the perseverative and rigid personality of perfectionistic concerns individuals and by the hypothesis of a synergy between psychological and physiological stress for negative stressed athletes. Coaches should pay particular attention to the psychological characteristics of their athletes in order to prevent overuse injury occurrence and worsening, especially those with high perfectionistic concerns and negative life stress. Cognitive behavioral interventions supporting at-risk athletes in reframing their rule-governed behaviors might decrease the risk of overuse problems.

  • 42.
    Palm, Hanna
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Nilsson, Michaela
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Relationen mellan behovsfrustration, motivation och träningsberoende2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 43.
    Pedersen, Eja
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Rydberglaboratoriet för tillämpad naturvetenskap (RLAS).
    Persson Waye, K.
    Department of Acoustics, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark.
    Audio-visual reactions to wind turbines2003Ingår i: Acta Acoustica united with Acustica, ISSN 1610-1928, E-ISSN 1861-9959, Vol. 89, nr Suppl.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A cross sectional study with the aim of evaluating dose response relationships between noise exposure from wind turbines and subjective reactions was performed in a flat landscape in Sweden. The study area comprised 16 turbines. Subjective reactions were obtained by a questionnaire, which purpose was masked. The response rate was 69% (356 respondents). Outdoor noise levels (dBA) were calculated for each dwelling at 2.5 dB intervals. The results showed a significant dose response relationship between noise level and annoyance. The prevalence of noise annoyance was comparatively high. In the categories of greatest noise exposure 37.5-40 dBA and >40 dBA, 20% (95%Cl: ±12.4) and 36% (95%Cl: ±18.4) were very annoyed. The noise only explained part of the annoyance. Noise annoyance was also correlated to visual factors such as the respondents’ opinion of the turbines’ impact on the landscape. To further study interactions between noise annoyance and visual disturbance, the shadows from wind turbines (hours/year) were calculated for each respondent and used as dose for annoyance of shadows, but also as a variable when trying to explain noise annoyance. The results of the analysis and the possible interactions between audio and visual annoyance will be presented at the conference.

  • 44.
    Remdahl, Sophia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Vittnespsykologi betydelsen av missvisande information samt centrala och perifera detaljer2010Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att undersöka om en veckas retentionsintervall påverkar vittnens minnesbild. Vidare undersöks om man kan inkorporera missvisande information i ett vittnesminnesbild och om vittnen minns centrala detaljer i större utsträckning än perifera detaljer.Totalt deltog 17 män och 31 kvinnor i studien. Försökspersonerna fick se en filmsekvens på 1.35 minuter. Vidare fick de fylla i ett frågeformulär med 10 frågor. Efter en veckas retentionsintervall fick försökspersonerna fylla i samma frågeformulär men hälften hade fått en sammanfattning med vilseledande information. Slumpmässig fördelning användes. Resultatet visade att en veckas retentionsintervall inte påverkade minnesbilden men att en delförsökspersoner tog till sig den missvisande informationen och inkorporerade den i sin minnesbild. En större generalisering kan ej genomföras men resultaten påvisar betydelsen av missvisande information samt centrala och perifera detaljer för vittnes utsagor.

  • 45.
    Ryba, Tatiana
    et al.
    Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark .
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Idrott, hälsa och fysisk aktivitet.
    In a Different Voice: Women’s Careers in Sport and Exercise Psychology2013Ingår i: Abstracts of the ISSP 13th World Congress of Sport Psychology: July 21-26, 2013, Beijing Sport University, Beijing, China, Beijing, 2013, s. 55-55Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Invoking Carol Gilligan’s feminist classic in the title of this symposium, we seek to refute the silenced place of women in the written history of our field. The invisibility of formal recognition of women’s contribution to the development of international sport psychology is especially ironic because female trailblazers “were highly visible during their careers due to their extreme underrepresentation” (Krane & Whaley, 2010, p. 349). Challenging a common sense assumption that research and professional structures are gender neutral, this symposium foregrounds female narratives and experiences in, and of, sport psychology to highlight the fundamentally gendered underpinnings of such common concepts as career, success, and science. The female career paths in sport psychology academic discipline and profession will be shared by five remarkable women who contextualize their life stories within the sociocultural and historical forces that shaped their careers in the North America, Africa, Asia, and Western and Eastern Europe.

  • 46.
    Ryba, Tatiana
    et al.
    University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland & Research Institute for Olympic Sports, Muurame, Finland.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Idrott, hälsa och fysisk aktivitet.
    Russia2016Ingår i: Routledge International Handbook of Sport Psychology / [ed] Robert J. Schinke, Kerry R. McGannon & Brett Smith, New York. NY: Routledge, 2016, s. 9-19Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 47.
    Ryba, Tatiana
    et al.
    Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    The turn towards a culturally informed approach to career research and assistance in sport psychology2013Ingår i: Athletes' careers across cultures / [ed] N. Stambulova and T. Ryba, London: Routledge, 2013, s. 1-16Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 48.
    Ryba, Tatiana
    et al.
    Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Idrott, hälsa och fysisk aktivitet.
    The wind has changed: Culture in athletes’ career research2013Ingår i: Abstracts of the ISSP 13th World Congress of Sport Psychology: July 21-26, 2013, Beijing Sport University, Beijing, China, Beijing, 2013, s. 56-57Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The area of athlete career development and transitions has traditionally been dominated by a Western perspective, an imbalance which has had a considerable influence on shaping career studies in sport psychology more generally. This presentation is based on our edited book “Athletes’ Careers across Cultures”, in which we employ theoretical tenants of the cultural turn to approach career as a socially and culturally constituted context in which the development of athletes occurs. Briefly outlining how culture has been studied in career transition research, we position our discussion within the metaphor of waves. The cross-cultural wave is representative of the universalist approach to career in the study of similarities and differences in cognitive, emotional and behavioral functions of athletes in different countries. Cross-cultural career studies are typically carried out within the positivist epistemology, using different questionnaires about athletes’ beliefs and attitudes (e.g., Dimoula, Torregrosa, Psychountaki, &González, 2012; Alfermann, Stambulova, & Zemaityte, 2004; Stambulova, Stephan, & Jäphag, 2007). The wave of cultural mindset is located within a constructivist paradigm of cultural psychology. Cultural researchers have challenged the extant career models, which suggest that athletes across cultures undertake similar career pathways and experience comparable career transitions (e.g., Carless, & Douglas, 2009; Douglas, & Carless, 2009; Schinke, Ryba, Danielson, Michel, Peltier, Enosse, et al., 2007). In our discussion, we focus on the emerging ‘third wave’ to explicate how culture functions as discourse in the context of athletes’ careers. Culture as discourse operates through common sense assumptions embedded in social institutions, such as national sport federations and academic institutes, enabling athletes to access certain contextually contained skills and practices whilst simultaneously restricting, even denying, the development of others. We therefore argue for the need to open sport psychological knowledge to culturally diverse intellectual traditions, perspectives and concerns, which will allow researchers and practitioners to better understand local problems within the dynamics of cultural diversity in athlete career development and assistance.

  • 49.
    Ryba, Tatiana
    et al.
    KIHU – Research Institute for Olympic Sports Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Ronkainen, Noora
    Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.
    Bundgaard, Jens
    Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Selänne, Harri
    LIKES - Center for Sport and Health Sciences Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Cultural transitions and adaptation in a transnational athletic career2015Ingår i: / [ed] O. Schmid and R. Seiler, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    With the rising globalization of the sports economy, athletic careers have become increasingly transnational. In comparison with an international career, a transnational athletic career is more open-ended regarding the countries of one’s origin, settlement, and retirement. The production of mobility and adaptation to a cultural transition are critical phases for initiating and maintaining the transnational career. In this paper, we conceptualize cultural transition as a quasi-normative career transition, typically coinciding with other within-career transitions and career termination. In other words, cultural transitions are normative or predictable in the course of transnational athletic careers. The paper is based on data gathered for the research of transnational athletes’ career development and transitions in Nordic countries—that is, participants had at least one migration to or from Finland, Sweden, Norway, or Denmark during the duration of their career. The participants were both male and female, either professional or amateur in various sports, and their ages varied from 18 to 37. Narrative inquiry from the life story perspective (Atkinson, 1998) was used to elicit and analyze 15 athletes’ narrations of the ways in which their careers were negotiated in a complex sociocultural space spanning physical and discursive borders (i.e., geographic, linguistic and socio-political). Through narrative analysis, we discerned several interconnected storylines related to elite sporting (sub)cultures, gender and ethnicity discourses embedded in a particular sociocultural context, and transformative life transitions in and through which personal meanings were reconstructed. We suggest that (1) meaning reconstruction and (2) repositioning in social networks constitute the key psychological processes associated with the cultural transition. The results moreover empirically substantiated the concepts of cultural transition and adaptation, which are the focus of this presentation. The present research also contributes to clarifying the emerging concepts and establishing a common language in career transitions literature.

  • 50.
    Ryba, Tatiana
    et al.
    Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Stambulova, Natalia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Idrott, hälsa och fysisk aktivitet.
    Schinke, Robert
    Laurentian University, Sudbury, Ontario, Canada.
    Si, Gangyan
    Hong Kong Sports Institute, Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
    Selanne, Harri
    LIKES Research Center, Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Ronkainen, Noora
    Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
    McGannon, Kerry
    Laurentian University, Sudbury, Ontario, Canada.
    Cultural Competence and Ethics of Difference in Sport Psychology Research and Practice2013Ingår i: Lifelong Physical and Mental Well-Being through Sport and Exercise: 2013 Conference Proceedings & Program, Indianapolis, IN: Association for Applied Sport Psychology , 2013, s. 139-139Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
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