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  • 1.
    Alonso-Fernandez, Fernando
    et al.
    University de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
    Fierrez, J.
    Universidad Autonoma de Madrid.
    Ortega-Garcia, J.
    Universidad Autónoma de Madrid.
    Gonzalez-Rodriguez, J.
    Universidad Autónoma de Madrid.
    Fronthaler, Hartwig
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Kollreider, Klaus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Bigun, Josef
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    A Comparative Study of Fingerprint Image-Quality Estimation Methods2007Inngår i: IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, ISSN 1556-6013, E-ISSN 1556-6021, Vol. 2, nr 4, s. 734-743Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the open issues in fingerprint verification is the lack of robustness against image-quality degradation. Poor-quality images result in spurious and missing features, thus degrading the performance of the overall system. Therefore, it is important for a fingerprint recognition system to estimate the quality and validity of the captured fingerprint images. In this work, we review existing approaches for fingerprint image-quality estimation, including the rationale behind the published measures and visual examples showing their behavior under different quality conditions. We have also tested a selection of fingerprint image-quality estimation algorithms. For the experiments, we employ the BioSec multimodal baseline corpus, which includes 19 200 fingerprint images from 200 individuals acquired in two sessions with three different sensors. The behavior of the selected quality measures is compared, showing high correlation between them in most cases. The effect of low-quality samples in the verification performance is also studied for a widely available minutiae-based fingerprint matching system.

  • 2.
    Alonso-Fernandez, Fernando
    et al.
    ATVS, Escuela Politecnica Superior, Campus de Cantoblanco, Avda. Francisco Tomas y Valiente 11, 28049 Madrid, Spain.
    Fierrez-Aguilar, Julian
    ATVS, Escuela Politecnica Superior, Campus de Cantoblanco, Avda. Francisco Tomas y Valiente 11, 28049 Madrid, Spain.
    Fronthaler, Hartwig
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Kollreider, Klaus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Ortega-Garcia, Javier
    ATVS, Escuela Politecnica Superior, Campus de Cantoblanco, Avda. Francisco Tomas y Valiente 11, 28049 Madrid, Spain.
    Gonzalez-Rodriguez, Joaquin
    ATVS, Escuela Politecnica Superior, Campus de Cantoblanco, Avda. Francisco Tomas y Valiente 11, 28049 Madrid, Spain.
    Bigun, Josef
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Combining multiple matchers for fingerprint verification: A case study in biosecure network of excellence2007Inngår i: Annales des télécommunications, ISSN 0003-4347, E-ISSN 1958-9395, Vol. 62, nr 1-2, s. 62-82Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We report on experiments for the fingerprint modality conducted during the First BioSecure Residential Workshop. Two reference systems for fingerprint verification have been tested together with two additional non-reference systems. These systems follow different approaches of fingerprint processing and are discussed in detail. Fusion experiments involving different combinations of the available systems are presented. The experimental results show that the best recognition strategy involves both minutiae-based and correlation-based measurements. Regarding the fusion experiments, the best relative improvement is obtained when fusing systems that are based on heterogeneous strategies for feature extraction and/or matching. The best combinations of two/three/four systems always include the best individual systems whereas the best verification performance is obtained when combining all the available systems.

  • 3.
    Lerin, Tommy
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    Förutsättningar och Avsättningar för Biogas för Gröna Vessigebro: Version 1.02014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The community Vessigebro, in Falkenberg and its surrounding areas housing one percent of all dairy cattle and two percent of all pigs in Sweden. This means that there is a large amount of manure as a basis for producing biogas in the area. A number of farmers have therefore formed a cooperative named Vessigebro biogas and started the project Green Vessigebro, with the goal of creating the conditions for a more profitable and more sustainable agriculture production.

    The study deals with the conditions and sale opportunities of the feasibility study Green Vessigebro. The study has looked at the work that was previously carried out for the biogas that could be produced on the farms in Vessigebro, The main pipeline for natural gas on the Swedish west coast and its operators, the Swedish Competition Act , Electricity Act , Natural Gas Act, the District Heating Act , Sustainability Act , previously proposed measures, municipality interest in biogas from Vessigebro , possible collaborations, possible sale opportunities and perform calculations with data from the municipality Ljungby for a suggested transportation of biogas between Vessigebro and Ljungby.

    The study shows that there are several interesting sale opportunities for biogas from Vessigebro. The production and use of biogas in Sweden is increasing and the trend seems set to continue. Six gas retailers can buy gas, which EON is the most established around Vessigebro with a distribution network. EON: s distribution network runs only a few kilometers from the planned upgrading plant , in Vessigebro. An already built upgrading facility is one mil from Vessigebro. Swedegas is the only main pipeline network owner with storing and balancing responsibility on the main line that is closer than EON distribution network. A number of suppliers and industries have shown interest in purchasing the biogas and the interest from potential buyers are likely to increase when the biogas production starts. A collaboration with, for example, "Arena Bioenergy Halland" increases business intelligence and can provide an increased influence with policy proposals. The use of gas and the interest is too low for the moment for tractors, boats, trains, buses and taxis to be a possible outlet specifically for Vessigebro biogas.

    The conditions make it interesting for Vessigebro biogas to look at five different options for sale opportunities of the biogas. Three options are based on a pipeline to either the pipeline, owned by Swedegas or EON distribution line alternatively a pipeline to EON upgrading facility. One possibility is to replace vehicles that run on fossil fuels with gas-powered vehicles providing a local use and purpose and the aims of the project Green Vessigebro. The calculations made by the study with different conditions shows that a very interesting and possible sale opportunity is a transportation of biogas between Vessigebro and Ljungby.

    The conclusion from the study shows that conditions and sale opportunities are good for the planned biogas production of Green Vessigebro to become reality.

  • 4.
    Lövberg, Pernilla
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    Tjänligt vatten i kranen - Membranteknik gör det möjligt: En utredning av pilotförsök i Glemmingebro2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Nanofiltration is a proper way of preparation of drinking water. The process has a lot in common with reverse osmosis where a semipermeable membrane is used to separate a pure water flow from the remaining water. A pilot plant was used to ensure that nanofiltration is a suitable technology for a specific waterworks station in Glemmingebro, Ystad. The purpose was also to find out if a pH-adjustment is needed for feed water in a possible full scale plant.  In this case nanofiltration is used mainly to remove sulphate and calcium since the raw water contains concentrations of these substances which exceed the limits for potable water. It is important to receive a high recovery (RC), otherwise the deliviery of water won’t be high enough. On the other hand a high RC increases the risk of precipitates, which require more frequent cleaning. An optimal RC has already been calculated, the intention of this survey is to consider whether the theory is consistent with reality or not. Calculations of the highest acceptable pH-value were made in a computer program from Dow, ROSA. The result indicates that nanofiltration is suitable to use in this waterworks station and a pH-adjustment is needed when the pH level of raw water exceeds 7.7.

  • 5.
    Waara, Sylvia
    et al.
    School for Sustainable Development of Society and Technology, Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Waara, Karl-Otto
    School for Sustainable Development of Society and Technology, Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Forsberg, Åke
    School for Sustainable Development of Society and Technology, Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Fridolfsson, Magnus
    Tekniska förvaltningen, Örebro Kommun, Atleverket, Örebro, Sweden.
    Performance of a Constructed Wetland System for Treatment of Landfill Leachate2008Inngår i: Proceedings Waste 2008: Waste and Resource Management – a Shared Responsibility / [ed] Marie Townshend, Stanton-on-the-Wolds: Waste Conference Ltd. , 2008, s. 655-667Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The performance of a constructed wetland for treatment of landfill leachate has been evaluated based upon data obtained during 4 years (2003-2006). It consists of a series of 10 ponds with a total capacity of 52.000 m3 covering 8 ha. Using univariate and multivariate statistics (PCA) the reduction pattern of a large number of chemical parameters including heavy metals has been investigated in 3 parts of the wetland with equal volume. Analyses show that many parameters are removed to the greatest extent in the first part of the system (e.g. many heavy metals, total suspended solids) or the second part of the system (N-NH4) while other parameters such as total nitrogen are more gradually reduced (10 ton/year removed).  Toxicity testing with 5 bioassays showed that toxicity was sometimes observed at the inlet but no toxicity was observed at the outlet for 4 of the test species. The data presented will be used for optimizing the treatment process as well as to improve the monitoring program.

  • 6.
    Wu, Yi Ning
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap. School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Suzhou University of Science and Technology, Suzhou, China.
    Mattsson, Marie
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Rydberglaboratoriet för tillämpad naturvetenskap (RLAS).
    Ding, Min Wei
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap. School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Suzhou University of Science and Technology, Suzhou, China.
    Wu, Meng T.
    School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Suzhou University of Science and Technology, Suzhou, China.
    Mei, Juan
    School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Suzhou University of Science and Technology, Suzhou, China.
    Shen, Yao Liang
    School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Suzhou University of Science and Technology, Suzhou, China.
    Effects of Different Pretreatments on Improving Biogas Production of Macroalgae Fucus Vesiculosus and Fucus Serratus in Baltic Sea2019Inngår i: Energy & Fuels, ISSN 0887-0624, E-ISSN 1520-5029, Vol. 33, nr 3, s. 2278-2284Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Global warming along with energy demand and rising prices of natural energy resources have motivated studies to find some renewable and clean energy. The use of algae as the third-generation biofuel can avoid the competition for farmland, and algae can be considered as a potential future source of renewable energy. Algae can be used for biogas production through anaerobic digestion (AD). Fucus vesiculosus and Fucus serratus are the two dominating species of brown seaweed growing in the Baltic Sea in the southwest of Sweden. Pretreatment can significantly affect the biogas production because hydrolysis of the algae cell wall structure is a rate-limiting step in the AD process. In this study, four different pretreatments: mechanical, microwave (600 W, 2 min), ultrasonic (110 V, 15 min), and microwave combined with ultrasonic (600 W, 2 min; 110 V, 15 min) were applied to the seaweed and then codigested with a biogas plant leachate. The aim of this study was to investigate methane yields from AD after these pretreatments. The results showed that when compared with only mechanical pretreatment, the ultrasonic, ultrasonic combined with microwave, and microwave pretreatments could obtain increased cumulative methane yields of 167, 185, and 156%, respectively. The combined pretreatment showed a maximum methane yield of 260 mL/g·of volatile solids after 20 days of digestion. The ultrasonic combined with microwave pretreatment showed a significant improvement in methane yield when compared with the mechanical pretreatment. Copyright © 2019 American Chemical Society

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