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  • 1.
    Arvidsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Department of Computer and Information Science, Linköping University.
    Ihlström, Carina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Lundberg, Jonas
    Department of Computer and Information Science, Linköping University.
    Visions of Future News - Consensus or Conflict?2002Inngår i: Proceedings of the 25th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia (IRIS), IRIS , 2002, s. 25-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The move from print to multimedia will cause changes not only to the form of the news service but also the involved processes in the news organizations. The cooperative scenario building technique is used on a number of groups; end-users, management and media professionals to envisioning the news services of the future. We take the perspective of consensus and conflict to illustrate the identified visions. Firstly, we illuminate conflicts and consensus between the groups, regarding their visions and future use scenarios. Secondly, we show the implications of using the cooperative scenariobuilding technique in relation the consensus and conflict perspectives in cooperative design. We conclude that both consensus and conflicts could be found in the scenarios described in the paper and that the cooperative technique was suitable in this context.

  • 2.
    Bergquist, Magnus
    et al.
    Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Ljungberg, Jan
    Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Åkesson, Maria
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Combining Actor Network Theory and Genre Theory to Understand the Evolution of Digital Genres2008Inngår i: Proceedings of JAIS Theory Development Workshop, Amsterdam: Sprouts Alliance , 2008, s. 36-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we argue that a combination of Actor-Network Theory (ANT) and Genre Theory can constitute a theoretical framework for understanding how digital genres evolve. Genre theory states that genres evolve over time through reciprocal interaction between institutionalized practices and individual action; that they develop from actors’ responses to recurrent situations, and are shaped around characteristics as content, form, functionality and purpose. Genres emerge out of practice and at the same time they shape that practice. While genre theory can describe the characteristics of a genre, it cannot handle the process of how a genre is formed and what powers and forces are involved in this shaping process. In order to address this problem, several authors have incorporated structuration theory into genre analysis. However, structuration theory can only catch these constitutional processes of genre in a very broad manner. As a genre is evolving and stabilizing over time in interplay with different actors, it goes beyond what is possible to explain only by means of structuration theory. Instead, ANT could work as a tool to capture the process of how a genre takes form in negotiations with different stakeholders. In this paper we discuss how genre theory and ANT can be combined in a framework for analyzing emerging genres. We apply this theoretical framework on an e-newspaper project that embodies a new genre in the making. We will here show how evolving genre characteristics are developed, formed and stabilized in a negotiation and struggle between the involved actors when they translate their interests in ways that finally are resulting in a new genre.

  • 3.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Melander Wikman, Anita
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    A Model for Reflective Participatory Design - The Role of Participation, Voice and Space2015Inngår i: AMCIS 2015 Proceedings, AIS Electronic Library (AISeL) , 2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to contribute to the participatory tradition in health informatics by presenting a model for reflective participatory design emerging from qualitative fieldwork in a participatory project aimed to improve the health and wellbeing of older people in the northern periphery regions of Europe, through new mobile services. The model brings together two established processes in novel ways: systems development and user participation. Within each process three concepts are presented to facilitate discussion and reflection at the concept level, the process level and the integrated process level.

  • 4.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Places and Spaces - Their Influence on Innovation Milieus and Innovation Processes2015Inngår i: Proceedings of the 2015 ISPIM Conference in Budapest, June 14-17, International Society for Professional Innovation Management (ISPIM) , 2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Intensified and matured use of internet-based technologies aimed to facilitate development and innovation are increasingly characterized by a mixture of physical and digital locations; commonly referred to as places and spaces. The aim of this paper was therefore to identify different types of places and spaces central for the innovation milieus and processes of Living Lab projects, illustrate their impact on both process and results, and develop guidelines for space that can be designed in order to facilitate value-driven and democratized innovation. Based on a literature review and a cross case analyses different aspects of space, relevant for Innovation and Living Lab studies, have been identified: 1) local-global; 2) physical and digital, and 3) private-public. In the paper we focus on these concepts as tools for understanding present day innovation and we examples of how digital technology has influenced placement and permeability in relation to place and space.

  • 5.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Places and Spaces within Living Labs2015Inngår i: Technology Innovation Management Review, ISSN 1927-0321, E-ISSN 1927-0321, Vol. 5, nr 12, s. 37-47Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we propose the concepts of places and spaces as conceptual tools to facilitate the organization of innovation activities within living labs. We have taken a pragmatic perspective on these concepts regarding how they are integrated in design situations, and how different types of places and spaces can facilitate or hinder innovation. We have found that, by applying openness, realism, and influence in the different spaces of our living lab milieus, they have transformed into many different places depending on the stakeholders involved, the methods chosen, and the facilitation of activities. Hence, by understanding this line of reasoning, living lab managers can make more informed decisions and plans for innovation activities.

  • 6.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Svensson, Jesper
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    A Milieu for Innovation: Defining Living Labs2009Inngår i: Stimulating recovery: the role of innovation management : proceedings of the 2nd ISPIM Innovation Symposium, New York City, USA, 6-9 December 2009 / [ed] K.R.E. Huizingh et al, New York: ISPIM , 2009, s. 12-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A new trend of user involvement in open innovation processes has emerged. Concurring with this trend the Living Lab concept has been re-vitalized. This concept has attracted attention lately, but there exist no coherent view. In this paper we discuss and define the concept and propose five key components and five key principles for Living Labs based on experiences from over 30 development and research projects within two Living Labs, Botnia Living Lab and Halmstad Living Lab. The key components are: ICT & Infrastructure; Management; Partners & Users; Research; and Approach. The key principles are: Openness; Influence; Realism; Value; and Sustainability. Our proposed definition of a Living Lab is: A Living Lab is a user-centric innovation milieu built on every-day practice and research, with an approach that facilitates user influence in open and distributed innovation processes engaging all relevant partners in real-life contexts, aiming to create sustainable values.

  • 7.
    Crowston, Kevin
    et al.
    Syracuse University School of Information Studies, Syracuse, New York, USA.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Päivärinta, Tero
    University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway.
    Introduction to genres in communication and digital documents minitrack2008Inngår i: Proceedings of the Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, ISSN 1530-1605, artikkel-id 4438833Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Rhetoricians since Aristotle have attempted to classify communications into categories or "genres" with similar form, topic or purpose. Given a socially recognized need to communicate, individuals will typically express similar social motives, themes and topics in a communication with similar physical and linguistic characteristics, that is, they will communicate in a recognized genre.

  • 8.
    Ebbesson, Esbjörn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    A User Driven Design Approach to Creating UGC Services – Challenging the Newspaper Industry2013Inngår i: Human Interface and the Management of Information Information and Interaction Design: 15th International Conference, HCI International 2013 Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 2013 Proceedings, Part I / [ed] Sakae Yamamoto, Berlin: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2013, Vol. 8147, s. 187-196Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a user driven approach to creating user generated content services together with newspaper representatives and researchers in a Living Lab setting. Two cases are discussed, one with creating city district blogs and one with creating a site for un-employed youth. In each case both situated and distributed design activities were conducted, and the paper discusses the challenges with this approach. As the newspaper industry traditionally designs their services in-house from their own ideas and thereafter tests them with their readers, a user driven approach by readers was very challenging. However, the newspaper representatives also found it rewarding to embrace their ideas. The participating readers were very active in the situated activities but only a few continued the same activity online. The paper concludes by proposing a model for how to view the changing role of a researcher or facilitator in these types of setting. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

  • 9.
    Ebbesson, Esbjörn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Co-creating Innovative UGC Services with the Media Industry2013Inngår i: Proceedings of the Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, Piscataway: IEEE Press, 2013, s. 3057-3066, artikkel-id 6480212Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we identify challenges of involving different stakeholders in distributed co-creative open innovation processes and discuss how these challenges can be handled. In the LoCoMedia project, researchers, newspaper representatives and readers/users have co-created innovative user generated content (UGC) services. With a Living Lab approach with the user in focus in a real life setting, we have experimented with different ways of involving different stakeholders in nine experimental UGC projects. The study concludes that careful recruitment, face to face meetings as a compliment to online activities, heterogeneous participant groups, feedback and careful selection of a flexible online platform is important aspects for involving different stakeholders in co-creating innovative processes. © 2012 IEEE.

  • 10.
    Eriksen, Lars Bo
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Ihlström, Carina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Evolution of the Web News Genre - The Slow Move Beyond the Print Metaphor2000Inngår i: Proceedings of the 33rd annual Hawaii international conference on System sciences, January 4-7, 2000, Manui, Hawaii: abstracts and CD-ROM of full papers, Los Alamitos: IEEE Computer Society , 2000, s. 3014-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on repetitive visits to three Scandinavian newspaper organizations, this paper presents trajectories of evolution for three Scandinavian news sites from 1996to 1999. Genre awareness is an explanation of how usersand designers create and maintain web site awareness beyond the individual site. In the paper genre iselaborated in terms of content, form and rationale. From the data it is concluded that web news by 1999 possess characteristics that makes it distinctive from print mediaand web news sites from 1996. The immediacy of the web affords the provision of news in a continuous pattern similar to “live” reporting. Primary content of web newsis hard news that affords users to visit news sites throughout the day in order to stay informed. In comparison to print media, the web genre has introduced composites to support the users in overview, navigation and browsing of the content of a news site.

  • 11.
    Eriksen, Lars Bo
    et al.
    Intermedia, Aalborg University.
    Ihlström, Carina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    In the path of the pioneers: longitudinal study of web news genre1999Inngår i: Proceedings of the 22nd Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia (IRIS 22): "Enterprise Architectures for Virtual Organisations", Volume 1 / [ed] Timo K. Käkölä, Jyväskylä: University of Jyväskylä , 1999, s. 289-304Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on repetitive visits to three Scandinavian Newspaper organizations, this paper presents an analysis of the evolution of the web news genre from 96 to 99. Genre awareness is an explanation of how users and designers create and maintain web site awareness beyond the individual site. In the paper genre is elaborated in terms of content, form, rationale and work. From the data it is concluded that web news by 99 possess characteristics that makes it distinctive from print media and web news sites from 96. The immediacy of the web affords the provision of news in a continuous pattern similar to “live” reporting. Primary content of web news is hard news that affords users to visit news sites throughout the day to stay informed. In comparison to print media, the web genre has introduced composites to support the users in navigating and browsing the content of a news site. Internal resistance towards new media has been reduced from 96 to 99 as a consequence of increased competition in the web media.

  • 12.
    Eriksen, Lars Bo
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Ihlström, Carina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Palmer, Jonathan
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    News: From product to service2000Inngår i: Planet Internet / [ed] Kristin Braa, Carsten Sørensen, Bo Dahlbom, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2000, s. 87-112Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 13.
    Ihlström, Carina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Local Swedish Online Newspapers in Trouble?: New Services and New Roles2002Inngår i: Succeeding in the new waves of e-business: Handbook and proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Electronic Commerce, 23-25 Oct. 2002, Hong Kong: City University of Hong Kong, Faculty of Business , 2002Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    As the initial excitement over web publishing enters a more realistic phase many in the newspaper industry are beginning to ask hard questions about business models and economic success for their online newspaper ventures. Managers and editors-inchief at nine local newspapers in Sweden have been interviewed. One of the things they have in common is an expressed need for profiting from their online newsservices. 153 users of the news services of these nine newspapers have also been interviewed in order to get their view of possible new e-services. The objective of this paper is to describe the visions regarding the future from the newspaper managers’ point of view and the perceptions of the users regarding future e-services. The result show that the news sites are mainly financed by their media organizations and no one is profiting from their news sites today. The future plans of deepened news services and intermediary services were found interesting by about 20% of the users. More than 43% of the users considered themselves willing to pay for searchable archives.

  • 14.
    Ihlström, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Lundberg, Jonas
    Linköping University.
    Local Swedish Newspapers Approaching e-Business?2002Inngår i: Technology interactions: proceedings of the 6th International ICCC IFIP Conference on Electronic Publishing, held in Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic, 6-8 November, 2002 / [ed] Carvalho, Joao Álvaro, Berlin: VWF , 2002, s. 81-91Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Most Swedish newspapers have experienced receding advertising revenues during the last years and are now searching for new ways to profit from their online editions. We have conducted three future workshops with both management and end users to envision possible new services that could be profitable for the local newspapers. Furthermore we have conducted an online survey with users selected from a previous study. The objective of this paper is to describe these services and to give a user response to them. We have identified three kinds of services: advertisement services, intermediary services and news services. The results show that the end users preferred the intermediary services and that there is an interest for advertisements in a new setting.

  • 15.
    Ihlström, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Lundberg, Jonas
    Department of Computer and Information Science, Linköping University S-581 83 Linköping, Sweden.
    The Audience of Swedish Local Online Newspapers: - a Longitudinal Study2002Inngår i: Technology interactions: proceedings of the 6th International ICCC IFIP Conference on Electronic Publishing, held in Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic, 6-8 November, 2002 / [ed] João Álvaro Carvalho, Berlin: VWF , 2002, s. 92-102Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We have conducted a partly longitudinal study using online questionnaires at four Swedish local online newspapers in two different studies. The objective of this paper is to describe the users’ demographics and reading habits as well as the users’ expectations of current and future issues regarding the online edition. We also discuss online questionnaires having tried three different approaches to receive as many answers as possible. We have found that the subscribing readers of online editions have increased from one forth to more than a half of the audience, and concluded that the subscribers and nonsubscribers have different reading habits. The findings also show that almost two thirds of the respondents are men and more than 80% prefer the paper edition of the newspaper. The results indicate an interest for a multimedia paper edition for the future.

  • 16.
    Ihlström, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Lundberg, Jonas
    Department of Computer and Information Science, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    The Online News Genre through the User Perspective2003Inngår i: Proceedings of the 36th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences: 6 - 9 January 2003, Big Island, Hawaii ; abstracts and CD-ROM of full papers ; [HICSS-36] / [ed] Ralph H Sprague, Los Alamitos, Calif.: IEEE Computer Society , 2003, s. 1-10, artikkel-id 1174241Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Online newspapers, having existed on the Internet for acouple of years, are now having similar form and content,starting to shape what could be called a genre. We have analyzed the news sites of nine Swedish local newspapers using a repertoire of genre elements consisting ofnavigation elements, landmarks, news streams, headlines,search/archives and advertisements. We have alsointerviewed 153 end users at these newspapers. Theobjective of this paper is to describe the user’s perspective of the online news genre described in terms of therepertoire of genre elements. The results indicate what elements seems to be the better design choice through theuser perspective. Due to remaining similarities with the printed edition, the online newspaper genre is still avariant genre.

  • 17.
    Ihlström, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Lundberg, Jonas
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Perdrix, Ferran
    University of Lleida, Lleida, Spain.
    Audience of Local Online Newspapers in Sweden, Slovakia and Spain – a comparative study2003Inngår i: Human-Centred Computing: Cognitive, Social and Ergonomic Aspects / [ed] Don Harris, Vincent Duffy, Michael Smith & Constantine Stephanidis, London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2003, Vol. 3, s. 749-753Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Since a new online audience for local newspapers has emerged during the last years, in response to the growth of the Internet, we need to know who they are, what their reading habits are, and what their view on emerging technologies are, to be able to design good online newspapers. We have conducted a study using online questionnaires at three local online newspapers in three different countries: Sweden, Slovakia and Spain. The objective of this paper is to describe the differences and similarities between the three countries regarding audience profiles, scenarios of use, opinions of current and future issues and to discuss design implications.

  • 18.
    Ihlström, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Innovativ IT-användning (CIIT).
    Lundberg, Jonas
    Department of Computer and Information Science, Linköping University S-581 83 Linköping, Sweden.
    Vimarlund, Vivian
    Department of Computer and Information Science, Linköping University S-581 83 Linköping, Sweden.
    Rehnström, Christer
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Innovativ IT-användning (CIIT).
    Online Newspapers in Search for Profitable Services2002Inngår i: Challenges and Achievements in E-business and E-work / [ed] Brian Stanford-Smith; Enrica Chiozza & Mireille Edin, Washington: IOS Press , 2002, s. 1455-1462Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Today online newspapers are putting a lot of resources into their news sites without profiting from them. They have to find ways to gain from them in order to keep them going. Lately there has been a move from print to multimedia, i.e. news is only a part among other services at the news sites and is presented as audio and video as well. We have conducted interviews at nine local newspapers in Sweden about their current situation and future plans. We have also used a cooperative scenario building technique aiming at finding new online services that could be profitable with both newspaper management and end users. The objective of this paper is to describe the current situation for these newspapers and to discuss possible new future services. Examples of services from the workshops are e.g. advertisement on demand and intermediary services.

  • 19.
    Ihlström, Carina
    et al.
    Univ Gothenburg, Viktoria Inst, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Magnusson, M.
    Univ Gothenburg, Viktoria Inst, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Scupola, A.
    Univ Gothenburg, Viktoria Inst, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Tuunainen, Virpi Kristiina
    Univ Gothenburg, Viktoria Inst, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Myths and reality of electronic commerce barriers for SMES?2002Inngår i: Issues and trends of information technology management in contemporary organizations, Hershey: Idea Group Publishing, 2002, s. 282-284Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we look into earlier empirical research on the barriers to electronic commerce (EC) for small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). We look into research conducted in the context of information and communications technologies (ICT) in general, as well as EDI and Internet based EC. We divide the barriers, inhibitors or factors slowing down the diffusion of new technologies found in literature into those internal to an organization, and those imposed by external forces. The basic premise of this paper is, that technologies advance or change, but the barriers for SMEs to adopt them do not.

  • 20.
    Ihlström, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Magnusson, Monika
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Scupola, Ada
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Tuunainen, Virpi Kristiina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    SME Barriers to Electronic Commerce Adoption: Nothing Changes - Everything is New2003Inngår i: Managing IT in government business & communities / [ed] Gerry Gingrich, Hershey, PA : IRM Press , 2003, s. 147-163Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter we look into earlier empirical research on the barriers to electronic commerce (EC) adoption and diffusion for small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). We explore research conducted in the context of information and communications technologies (ICT) in general, as well as EDI and Internet based EC. What we are interested in is whether these barriers are something new created by the new wave of Internet based technologies. We divide the barriers, inhibitors or factors slowing down the diffusion of new technologies found in previous literature into those internal to an organization, and those imposed by external forces. The basic premise of this chapter is, that technologies advance or change, but the barriers for SMEs to adopt them do not. The authors hope that understanding this will help researchers, small companies and policy makers to move on and do something active to reduce such barriers.

  • 21.
    Ihlström, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Nilsson, Malin
    Viktoria Institute, Göteborg University, Goteborg, Sweden.
    E-business adoption by SMEs: prerequisites and attitudes of SMEs in a Swedish network2003Inngår i: Journal of Organizational Computing and Electronic Commerce, ISSN 1091-9392, E-ISSN 1532-7744, Vol. 13, nr 3-4, s. 211-223Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The context for this research is the transformation process of small and medium-sized enterprises from traditional businesses toward e-businesses and the accompanying development of the knowledge and competence among employees. SMEs constitute a great part of the Swedish industry and economy. This and the fact that they have special prerequisites concerning human and technology resources makes SMEs an interesting research focus when looking at the transformation process toward e-business. The aim of this research is to investigate SMEs with the purpose of designing, implementing, and evaluating information technology-supported activities that will allow SMEs to approach e-business. This article presents results from parts of an ongoing study, that involves seven SMEs. This study will be conducted in two main phases: first, informative and preparatory activities and second, business transformation and competence development activities. The underlying prerequisites for SMEs as well as the research approach are described. A working model is presented that illustrates stages of maturity for taking an enterprise toward e-business. The last sections present the research design, that is, planning, actions, observations, and reflections of the study up until now.

  • 22.
    Ihlström, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS). Viktoria Institute, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Malin
    Viktoria Institute, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden & Department of Computer Science and Business, University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    SMEBIZ: Transforming t-Business to e-Business2000Inngår i: IRIS 23 : Doing IT together 12-15 August, 2000, at Lingatan, Sweden: Proceedings of the 23rd Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia / [ed] L. Svensson, U. Snis, C. Sørensen, H. Fägerlind, T. Lindroth, M. Magnusson & C. Östlund, Uddevalla: Laboratorium for Interaction Technology, University of Trollhättan/Uddevalla , 2000, Vol. 2, s. 835-843Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The context for this research is the organizational process of transforming small- and medium-sized enterprises (SME) from traditional (t-) business to e-business and the accompanying development of the knowledge and competence among amployees. The aim of this research is to investigate SMEs with the purpose of designing, implementing and evaluating IT-supported activities that will allow SMEs to approach e-business.

  • 23.
    Ihlström, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Nilsson, Malin
    University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Transformation of SMEs towards E-business - The Initial Stage2000Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 24.
    Ihlström, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Innovativ IT-användning (CIIT).
    Palmer, Jonathan
    The College of William & Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia.
    Revenues for Online Newspapers: Owner and User Perceptions2002Inngår i: Electronic Markets, ISSN 1019-6781, E-ISSN 1422-8890, Vol. 12, nr 4, s. 228-236Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The newspaper industry faces hard questions about business models and economic success for their online newspaper ventures. Managers, editors-in-chief and designers at nine local newspapers in Sweden were interviewed. In addition, semi-structured interviews with 153 users/readers of the news services of these nine newspapers were also conducted. The analysis reveals differences in digital news product content and revenue generation. The paper suggests a new business model for digital news products that includes content-based revenue generation through personalization, archiving and versioning, approaches to advertising that involve more highly targeted market intermediation, and non-news activities covering advertisers and information brokerage. Results suggest that management and users agree on the importance of archives, personalized and deep news content, and a role for the newspaper as intermediary. However, users are not willing to pay for increased multimedia or an e-commerce site sponsored by the news site.

  • 25.
    Ihlström, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Svensson, Göran
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Online Newspapers: A Preliminary Study of Users' Demographics, Experiences and Habits2001Inngår i: IRIS 24 : proceedings of the 24th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia : Ulvik, Norway, 11-14 August 2001 / [ed] Solveig Bjørnestad, Richard E. Moe, Anders I. Mørch and Andreas L. Opdahl, Bergen: Department of Information Science, Univ. of Bergen , 2001, s. 519-532Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Online newspapers and their audience are explored in this paper. Based upon an online questionnaire at four Swedish newspapers with a sample of more than 3800 answers collected, the paper presents some users’ experiences of the online newspapers. The paper reports on the users regarding age, gender and location. Reading frequency and reading habits are explored as well. The findings show that almost two thirds of the respondents are men and almost 65% are in the ages between 21-40. Almost two thirds of the respondents do not read the online newspaper in any specific order, and more than 80% prefer the paper edition of the newspaper. Several findings regarding navigation purposes were found and the paper also discusses the navigation and search aspects of the news sites.

  • 26.
    Ihlström, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Åkesson, Maria
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Genre Evolution - a Framework for Online Newspapers2003Inngår i: Proceedings of the 26th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, 2003Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The online newspapers entered the Internet in the mid-nineties and since then it has become moreand more common to read the news online. There is a long tradition of designing newspapers inprint and today there is a demand from both academics and practitioners for more knowledgeabout how to design user friendly news sites. By studying the evolution of the online newspapergenre it would be possible to suggest layout implications for further development within thegenre. In this paper we suggest a framework, applying genre theory, for identifying the stages ofevolution for online newspapers. In view of a page layout analysis of the front pages of 85Swedish online newspapers our framework extends Shepherd and Watters (1998) cybergenremodel by adding a fifth leaf node and elucidating the distinctions between the leaf nodes. Ourempirical results show that the online newspaper genre in Sweden is a heterogeneous genre withonline newspapers in different stages of evolution. We have identified and categorized all contentelements on the front pages and related them to form and functionality elements and positionedthem according to a columns and sections grid. By drawing on best practice due to occurrence wehave suggested some initial layout implications for further development within the onlinenewspaper genre.

  • 27.
    Ihlström, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS). Viktoria Institute, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Örtenblad, Anders
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET).
    IT-companies: Playgrounds or Serious Businesses?2000Inngår i: IRIS 23 – doing IT together 12-15 August, 2000, at Lingatan, Sweden: Proceedings of the 23rd Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia / [ed] L. Svensson, U. Snis, C. Sørensen, H. Fägerlind, T. Lindroth, M. Magnusson & C. Östlund, Uddevalla: Laboratorium for Interaction Technology, University of Trollhättan/Uddevalla , 2000, Vol. 2, s. 1605-1616Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 28.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Mot e-papper och läsplattor - tidningarnas förberedelser2013Inngår i: På väg mot medievärlden 2020: Journalistik, teknik och marknad / [ed] Gunnar Nygren, Ingela Wadbring, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013, 5, s. 59-76Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 29.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    The e-newspaper innovation - converging print and online2005Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The new e-paper technology has provided the newspaper companies with the possibility of publishing a portable digital e-newspaper with the same readability as in print media. The e-newspaper is converging print and online with the best from two worlds, i.e. the overview and familiar design of the printed edition and the interactivity and continuous updates of the web. Based on six workshops and 14 interviews with newspaper managers, and three brainstorming sessions with the e-paper steering group (consisting of representatives from the Swedish Newspaper Publishers’ Association and eight Swedish newspaper managers) I will discuss the challenges of introducing this new innovation.

  • 30.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    The Evolution of a New(s) Genre2004Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis describes and analyzes how the online newspaper genre has evolved since its inception on the Internet in the mid-nineties. The overall research question is: What characterizes the online newspaper genre evolution? The thesis is based on both synchronic and diachronic studies with a multimethod approach (including six different studies involving, e.g., interviews, questionnaires and web site analyses) intended to provide a comprehensive picture of this genre evolution. On the basis of genre theory, the thesis proposes a framework for understanding online newspaper genre evolution, integrating design (layout) aspects with publisher and audience views. Applying this framework to the collected empirical material, the thesis presents a comprehensive and integrated view of this evolution. Over time, online newspapers have evolved into a specific digital genre, with genre characteristics such as content and form, distinguishing them from other digital genres. However, this rapid development has also lead to diversities in form and function, triggering both academics and practitioners to seek ways to design for consistency within the genre. Several factors have influenced the online newspaper genre evolution, e.g., inhouse attitudes, business model shifts and technological progress at the publishers’ side. The audience demographics, habits and preferences have also changed. The layout of the online newspapers has been altered into long pages stuffed with content like news streams, headlines, photos, and services not possible in the printed edition. There has also been a shift towards frequent updates throughout the day and more content produced for the web. In addition, the thesis contributes to digital genre theory by modifications relevant to the online newspaper genre. For example, the concepts of genre awareness and genre interdependence are elaborated, a framework for identifying genre characteristics is proposed, and the concept “positioning” is introduced. Further, the thesis also contributes with implications for online newspaper design and publishing with longitudinal mappings of online newspaper layout and the habits and preferences of the audience.

  • 31.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Visualizing Futuristic Ubiquitous Media Services: A Collaborative Approach in the Newspaper Industry2012Inngår i: ICCM 2012: 2012 8th International Conference on Computing Technology and Information Management (NCM & ICNIT) : proceedings ; Grand Hilton Hotel, Seoul, Korea (Republic of), Apr. 24-Apr. 26, 2012: Vol. 2.: ICNIT Track / [ed] Kae Dal Kwack, Franz Ko & Jungpil Shin, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Press, 2012, s. 453-458, artikkel-id 6268541Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes a collaborative approach to envision futuristic ubiquitous media services from a media house perspective and their audiences take on that. Within a 24-month action research and experimental prototyping project with nine newspaper, three prototypes and three movie clips were produced to illustrate a future vision. Based on the results from numerous questionnaires, interviews and workshops with readers and newspaper representatives, the project team suggested five futuristic services and three personas. The movie clips was based on initial findings regarding business value, advertising, integrity etc. and was made somewhat provocative to start a debate within the industry. The services in movie clips were finally evaluated by readers in online questionnaires. © 2012 AICIT.

  • 32.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Introduction: Co-Creating Innovations Minitrack2016Inngår i: Proceedings of the 49th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Science (HICSS 2016) / [ed] Tung X. Bui & Ralph H. Sprague, Jr., Washington: IEEE Computer Society, 2016, s. 1809-1809Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 33.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Henfridsson, Ola
    Viktoria Institute.
    Online Newspapers in Scandinavia: A Longitudinal Study of Genre Change and Interdependency2005Inngår i: Information Technology and People, ISSN 0959-3845, E-ISSN 1758-5813, Vol. 18, nr 2, s. 172-192Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – To examine the evolution of the online newspaper genre in Scandinavia. To provide an understanding of the institutional context in which online newspapers initially were produced and modified over time.

    Design/methodology/approach – A longitudinal study of three different types of newspapers in three Scandinavian countries. The study is based on interviews with newspaper representatives conducted during recurring visits in 1996, 1999 and 2002, and web page analysis of their online newspapers.

    Findings – The study illustrates how online newspapers have established a number of communicative practices significant for recognizing them as a distinct digital genre, and it outlines a set of institutional factors shaping the ongoing change of these newspapers. In addition, the study demonstrates the emergence of sequential interdependencies between online and printed news.

    Originality/value – The focus on Scandinavian newspapers in this paper complements studies conducted in other parts of the world regarding online newspaper genre evolution.

  • 34.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Kalling, Thomas
    Lund University.
    Proposing a Business Model Framework for the e-newspaper2007Inngår i: Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Information Systems, ECIS 2007 / [ed] Hubert Österle, Joachim Schelp, Robert Winter, St. Gallen, Switzerland: University of St. Gallen , 2007, s. 251-262Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The newspaper industry is facing a new innovation, i.e. the e-newspaper published on e-paper technology, which holds the potential of replacing the printed newspaper in the future, heavily reducing production and distribution costs, thereby catching the interest of the industry. As the newspaper firms lately have experienced declining subscription and advertising revenues, they have been forced to seek other revenue sources, e.g. by providing online newspapers and mobile news services. Thus, the traditional business model from print has not been successfully transferred to digital media. In this paper, we have used the Business Model Construct to analyze the empirical findings from 19 interviews, 9 workshops and 4 brainstorming sessions with newspaper representatives to propose a business model framework for the e-newspaper. This framework includes four typical business models: International Newspaper, the Interpress Newsagent, Community Micronews and Local Newspaper and corresponding business model components.

  • 35.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Kalling, Thomas
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Åkesson, Maria
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Fredberg, Tobias
    Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Business models for m-services: Exploring the e-newspaper case from a consumer view2008Inngår i: Journal of Electronic Commerce in Organizations, ISSN 1539-2937, E-ISSN 1539-2929, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 29-57Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents the consumer view of an innovative m-service, that is, the e-newspaper, which is published for a mobile reading device equipped with an e-paper display. The research question of this article is: What are the implications of the consumer view of future m-service innovation on business models? In this article, we present empirical results from an online survey with 3,626 respondents representing the consumer view. The factor analysis revealed three aspects of consumer preferences, that is, Ubiquitous access, Prestige of news source and Local anchorage and advertising. These were then correlated with media behavior and e-newspaper preferences to indicate three possible market segments. We then discuss the implications that these consumer views could have on developing new business models, followed by a comparison to earlier research. Finally, we propose an integrated e-newspaper business model framework consisting of three models, ubiquitous, local, and prestige.

  • 36.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Lundberg, Jonas
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    A Genre Perspective on Online Newspaper Front Page Design2004Inngår i: Journal of Web Engineering, ISSN 1540-9589, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 50-74Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Taking a genre perspective on design, this article proposes eight design recommendations for online newspapers. These recommendations are based on features that mediate a specific purpose and use between publisher and audience, which we describe as genre rules in terms of purpose, form, and positioning. They are also based on genre change regarding design, and the heritage from print regarding form and shared content elements. We have a) studied genre change through a web page analysis of nine Swedish online newspapers in 2001 and 2003, using the genre concepts content, form, functionality and positioning, and b) derived genre rules through publishers and audience understanding of the genre. We have interviewed managers, designers and editors-in-chief at the nine newspapers as well as 153 members of their audience. We show that in the design process for digital documents, it is useful to have genre awareness, i.e. to be aware of the genre characteristics, the producer's design purpose and the audience recognition and response.

  • 37.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Sabelström Möller, Kristina
    The Swedish Newspaper Publishers’ Association.
    Åkesson, Maria
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    The Challenge of Production in e-paper Publishing - from new consumption to new workflows2005Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    New publishing technologies, such as electronic paper (e-paper), bring new demands on newspaper publishers in the way they produce, publish and distribute their contents. E-paper as a new mobile publishing channel will not only be a technical challenge to the publishers, but will also change the consumption of news products. In this paper we take an outside-in perspective on the impact of this new channel, by taking a starting-point in possible new consumption. Based on three empirically founded scenarios of future consumption, we discuss what impact the e-paper publishing channel will have on distribution, systems of the media house, i.e. editorial, advertising and subscription, and on workflows.

  • 38.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Svensson, Jesper
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    A User Centered Innovation Approach Identifying Key User Values for the E-newspaper2009Inngår i: International Journal of E-Services and Mobile Applications, ISSN 1941-627X, E-ISSN 1941-627X, Vol. 1, nr 3, s. 38-78Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We have studied the pre-adoption phase of the e-newspaper, i.e. a newspaper published with e-paper technology. The research question of this article is: In what way can a user centered innovation process contribute to identifying key values in mobile innovations? The aim of this article is threefold: firstly, to identify key values for the e-newspaper, and secondly, to examine the intention to adopt a new possible innovation and thirdly, to explore user centered design processes ability to capture user values early in the innovation process. We have identified seven key user values: mobility, availability, personalization, usability, interactivity, readability and environment. Furthermore, we found that surprisingly many would consider exchanging their traditional newspaper with an e-newspaper in the future, indicating that the e-newspaper have a fair chance of becoming an important innovation. Finally, we propose a four phase model for identifying user values in a pre-adoption phase of an innovation.

  • 39.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Svensson, Jesper
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Co-creation in Living Labs: Experiences from Halmstad Living Lab2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Halmstad Living Lab was established in 2007 with the application areas of health technology and media, but have been working with co-creation since 2004. Our experiences from co-reation is derived from four research projects, two within media (DigiNews and UbiMedia) and two from health technology (Secure at Home - Living Lab and Secure at Home - Smart Locks). We have conducted 100 user involvement activities with around 500 individuals in face to face activities and over 7000 individuals in online surveys. The empirical activities all relates to different innovation processes concerning both products and services. The innovation processes has involved different stakeholders such as companies, researchers and users who have worked in an open environment to create and validate innovations. Below we discuss our experiences.

  • 40.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Svensson, Jesper
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    How to predict the future of an IT innovation?: Examining Pre-adoption of the e-newspaper2008Inngår i: Proceedings of the 31st Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, IRIS (Information Systems Research in Scandinavia) , 2008Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we investigate the perceptions of potential adopters in a pre-adoption phase of a new mobile innovation, i.e. the e-newspaper, a newspaper service published on e-paper technology, by applying Rogers’ (1995) Innovation-Decision Process and perceived attributes of innovations. We have conducted a study in two stages, in 2005 and 2006, with user evaluations of e-newspaper prototypes and early version of an e-newspaper, including tests, questionnaires and interviews. The overall research question is: What attributes are central from a user adoption perspective to launch a successful e-newspaper innovation? The paper contributes to existing adoption and m-commerce research by a) exploring the applicability of Rogers' framework in a pre-adoption phase in two stages, comparing the results regarding perceived attributes and intention to adopt, and b) presenting detailed descriptions of factors that enhance or inhibit an e-newspaper introduction, compared to other publication channels. The identified factors influencing the intention to adopt besides price are; mobility, interactivity, readability, format and size, functionality, usability and navigation.

  • 41.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Svensson, Jesper
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    The Mobile E-newspaper Innovation - examining the pre-adoption phase2007Inngår i: Proceedings of 6th Annual Global Mobility Roundtable, 2007, 2007Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we investigate the perceptions of potential adopters in a pre-adoption phase of a new mobile innovation, i.e. the e-newspaper, a newspaper service published on e-paper technology, by applying Rogers’ (1995) Innovation-Decision Process and perceived attributes of innovations. We have conducted a study in two stages, in 2005 and 2006, with user evaluations of e-newspaper prototypes and early version of an e-newspaper, including tests, questionnaires and interviews. The overall research question is: What attributes are central from a user adoption perspective to launch a successful e-newspaper innovation? The paper contributes to existing adoption and m-commerce research by a) exploring the applicability of Rogers' framework in a pre-adoption phase in two stages, comparing the results regarding perceived attributes and intention to adopt, and b) presenting detailed descriptions of factors that enhance or inhibit an e-newspaper introduction, compared to other publication channels. The identified factors influencing the intention to adopt besides price are; mobility, interactivity, readability, format and size, functionality, usability and navigation.

  • 42.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Svensson, Jesper
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Åkesson, Maria
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Designing the Future e-newspaper: the da Vinci Approach2005Inngår i: HCI international 2005: 11th international conference on human-computer interaction, July 22-27, 2005, Caesars Palace, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, Mahwah N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2005Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we propose an approach for gathering data to generate user requirements for an artifact under development, in this case the e-newspaper based on an e-paper solution. Inspired by future workshops, scenario- and mock-up techniques we suggest the da Vinci approach. In addition to describing the approach we also report types of requirements possible to derive. We conclude by discussing experiences from applying the approach in the DigiNews project.

  • 43.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Svensson, Jesper
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Åkesson, Maria
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    How would you like your e-newspaper?: converging the best of two worlds2005Inngår i: HCI international 2005: 11th international conference on human-computer interaction, July 22-27, 2005, Caesars Palace, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA / [ed] Gavriel Salvendy, Mahwah N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2005Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The introduction of the e-newspaper, i.e. a newspaper based on e-paper technology brings new design challenges. In this paper we report from two parallel studies, an online questionnaire to newspaper readers and a questionnaire to newspaper designers. The aim was to find out what qualities to bring from print and online to the e-newspaper as initial input in the design process to design a usable and acceptable artifact. The results show both similarities and differences between the two respondent groups.

  • 44.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Svensson, Jesper
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Åkesson, Maria
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Participatory Design of Future Every Day IT Artifacts: Engaging readers and publishers in designing the e-newspaper2005Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we describe a PD approach applied in a context of designing a future everyday IT artifact with limited resources. In the DigiNews project we aim at proposing design suggestions for the future e-newspaper, i.e. a newspaper based on e-paper technology. The PD approach includes future workshop, scenario and mock-up techniques and focus groups. Based on eleven workshops with readers, newspaper staff and advertisers and three different focus groups involving readers, newspaper designers and interaction designers respectively, we illustrate the various types of results which could be derived from this approach.

  • 45.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Åkesson, Maria
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    An Interorganizational Learning Approach to New Innovations: Exploring the e-newspaper Case2007Inngår i: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Intellectual Capital, Knowledge Management and Organisational Learning / [ed] Dan Remenyi, Reading, U.K.: Academic Conferences Limited, 2007, s. 179-187Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we are addressing the following research question: How can an interorganizational learning approach influence an industry business strategy for a new innovation? When adopting new innovations organizations need to learn about the innovation’s gains and how it functions in the organizations line of business. This organizational learning process varies between “trial and error”, information seeking or a“wait and see” approach etc. When new innovations have the potential to cause paradigm shifts to whole industries interorganizational learning approaches are called for. We have explored the e-newspaper case, i.e. the introduction of e-paper technology in the newspaper industry. E-paper is a reflecting display technology with properties very close toprint on paper, with high contrast and readability. Thus, an e-newspaper, i.e. a newspaper service published on an e-paper device, holds the potential of replacing the printed editionin the long run, thereby heavily reducing printing and distribution cost, making it an interesting prospect for the industry. In two research projects, DigiNews and UbiMedia, we have conducted interviews, future workshops, design focus group and steering committee meetings with newspaper representatives from nine Swedish newspaper companies and the Swedish Newspaper Publishers´ Association. The purpose of this paper is to analyze how an interorganizational learning approach between competing organizations to new innovations can play out using the four modes of knowledge conversion by Nonaka and Takeuchi (1995). The results indicates that by taking such an approach, Swedish newspaper organizations were able to reach an agreement on collaborating on distribution, possible standards and business models while still competing on content, thereby initiating a joint business strategy for the e-newspaper introduction. Summing up, the findings show that an interorganizational learning approach benefits from: (1) being organized at very early in the innovation process; and (2) being organized by a neutral facilitator and academics are suitable for that role.

  • 46.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Åkesson, Maria
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Genre characteristics - a front page analysis of 85 Swedish online newspapers2004Inngår i: Proceedings of the 37th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2004 / [ed] Ralph H Sprague, Los Alamitos, Calif.: IEEE Computer Society , 2004, s. 10-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The online newspapers entered the Internet in the mid-nineties and since then it has become more and more common to read news online. There is a long tradition of designing newspapers in print but today there is a demand from both academics and practitioners for more knowledge about how to design user friendly news sites. The challenge is to design the online newspaper, in this rapidly changing media, to be the same familiar, user friendly and universally accepted product as the printed newspaper. We have designed a study in three parts to address this challenge. The overall research question is: How can design for a media in rapid development be communicated within a genre? The purpose of the first part of the study, presented in this paper, is to build a framework for identifying genre characteristics and to describe the Swedish online newspaper genre of today. We have conducted a front page analysis on the total population of 85 Swedish online newspapers. We suggest a quadruple of the genre concepts and a grid to handle positioning when building the framework. To describe the Swedish online newspaper genre we have used the taxonomy for the evolution of cybergenres together with the so called broadsheet metaphor. Aiming at a more comprehensive understanding of the online newspaper genre we modified the model by adding the leaf node 'progressed'.

  • 47.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Åkesson, Maria
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Introducing the e-newspaper - Audience Preferences and Demands2007Inngår i: Openness in digital publishing: awareness, discovery and access : proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, organised by the Vienna University of Technology (Vienna, Austria), Vienna, June 13-15, 2007 / [ed] Leslie Chan, Bob Martens, Vienna: IRIS-ISIS Publications , 2007, s. 65-74Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper adds to the overall understanding of new media adoption in general and the promotion of the e-newspaper in particular by empirically studying the preferences and demands of the potential users. The e-newspaper is a newspaper published on e-paper technology. The findings in this paper is based on the results from two studies, i.e. an online questionnaire with 3626 respondents and an evaluation in real life settings with 10 families over a two week period. Our initial hypothesis was that: users confronted with a vision of new technology and services are more positive to adopt than users with actual use experience of technology and services in an early stage of development with inherent technology problems. The research question of the paper is: How does use experience influence perceptions of preferences and demands for the e-newspaper? The findings showed that the hypothesis proved to be false, the test persons that have an actual use experience of the e-newspaper, despite the shortcomings in the device and service, were more positive to adopt than the respondents that have experienced concept movies and prototypes with more advanced functionality and interface.

  • 48.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Åkesson, Maria
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Managing Digital Innovation in Newspaper Organizations2013Inngår i: The Proceedings of the 6th ISPIM Innovation Symposium, Melbourne – 08-11 December 2013: Innovation in the Asian Century , International Society for Professional Innovation Management (ISPIM) , 2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The newspaper industry has certainly benefitted from technological innovations but at the same time received new competition, challenging their position in the media landscape, forcing them to explore new innovative ideas to find new profitable revenue streams. Based on 77 interviews with newspaper managers from Europe, US and Japan over a period of seven years (2007-2013), this paper addresses the research question: How are newspaper organizations managing digital innovation? This paper takes a theoretical perspective from literature on digital innovation, and use concepts of open and closed innovation to propose a model of management modes in digital innovation. The practical implications of this study will contribute to the ongoing debate within the challenged newspaper industry.

  • 49.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Åkesson, Maria
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Multi-users and Multi-contextuality – A Mobile Tourism Setting2007Inngår i: Human-Computer Interaction, Pt 4, Proceedings: HCI Applications and Services / [ed] Julie A. Jacko, Berlin: Springer, 2007, s. 48-57Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports from an initial stage of a Swedish project concerning mobile IT support for tourism. From three workshops with actors within the tourism sector we identified barriers and challenges in designing IT support for all phases of the tourist life cycle. Thereafter we designed and evaluated a mobile tourism guide in real life setting with six different user groups. The research question of this paper is: What factors influence the design of mobile services to be used by multi-users in multiple contexts? The initial findings show that indeed there are several design challenges regarding e.g. a) the visibility of the content of the screen when multi-users are simultaneously using the service, b) the audibility of the speaker voice in the service when used in a surrounding with traffic noise, c) providing optional designs for different context, i.e. indoors/outdoors etc, and d) providing personalization options for different group sizes.

  • 50.
    Ihlström Eriksson, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Åkesson, Maria
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE), Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Ubiquitous Advertising Challenges2008Inngår i: ICMB 2008: proceedings, 7th International Conference on Mobile Business : Creativity and Convergence : 7-8 July, 2008, Barcelona Spain, Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society, 2008, s. 9-18Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to further explore new issues on advertising in ubiquitous information environments by theoretically and empirically discussing challenges of ubiquitous advertising. We have performed 15 interviews and 9 workshops with publishers and advertisers from the media industry. Our findings confirm previous research but also point out several additional challenging issues. We contribute to theory and practice by suggesting additional challenges for ubiquitous advertising regarding: 1) dynamic data exploitation, 2) real-time advertising adjustment (and channeling) to user behavior and preferences, 3) context adaptation and 4) user-advertiser relations.

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